Townships: Haigh

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1911.

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'Townships: Haigh', in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4, (London, 1911) pp. 115-118. British History Online [accessed 18 April 2024]

In this section


Hage, 1193; Hagh, 1298, and common, with Haghe; Ha, Haw, xvi cent.; also Haigh.

This township forms the north-eastern corner of the parish. On the west it is bounded by the Douglas, and on the north a small brook running into the Douglas divides it from Blackrod. The ground rises towards the east and north, and the village of Haigh, near the middle of the Aspull boundary and 2½ miles north-east of Wigan, is one of its highest points, about 520 ft. above sea level. The Hall is on the slope of the hill to the west of the village. The area is 2,135½ acres. (fn. 1) The population in 1901 was 1,164. (fn. 2)

Roads lead from the village, north to Blackrod, west to Standish, and south to Wigan and Aspull. The London and North Western and Lancashire and Yorkshire Companies' joint railway passes through the township on the western side, where it is joined by a short connecting line from the Wigan and Preston Railway; there is a station called Red Rock. The Lancaster Canal also winds through the western part of the township, near the Douglas.

The woods and grounds of Haigh Hall, occupying 500 acres, clothe the south-western slopes with pleasant scenery in contrast with the surrounding collieries of a black country. It is a common sight to see the gaunt and black coal-shafts rising from the midst of corn fields and plantations. For Haigh has its agriculture, as well as mining and manufacturing industries, wheat, oats, and potatoes being grown in spite of an exposed situation and smoke from neighbouring factories &c., the soil being clay upon a shaley rock. The Hall itself commands a fine panorama of the district around Wigan. Haigh has long been celebrated for its cannel coal; (fn. 3) this is almost exhausted, but coal-mining is the great industry of the place. There are also a brewery, and dyeing and bleaching works.

The township is governed by a parish council.

William Roby, 1766 to 1830, a Congregational divine of note, was a native of Haigh. (fn. 4)


The early history of the manor of HAIGH cannot be traced. About 1220–1230 it belonged to the Marsey fee, sold to Ranulf, Earl of Chester. (fn. 5) A Hugh de Haigh, most probably Hugh le Norreys, to whom the adjacent Blackrod was granted, paid 3 marks in 1193–4 for having the king's good will. (fn. 6) Richard de Orrell granted to Cockersand Abbey land in Haigh, adjacent to Hugh's ridding, about 1220; (fn. 7) and as a century later Sir Robert de Holland held it of the Earl of Lancaster, (fn. 8) together with other manors which had belonged to Richard de Orrell, it might be supposed that Haigh was part of the Orrell family's holding. (fn. 9) In 1282, however, Hugh son of Alan le Norreys was lord of Haigh. (fn. 10)

In 1298 William son of Richard de Bradshagh and Mabel his wife were in possession of the manors of Haigh and Blackrod, (fn. 11) which were Mabel's right as heir of the last-named Hugh le Norreys. Her husband from his name is supposed to have been a descendant of the Bradshaghs of Bradshaw, near Turton.

In 1302 William de Bradshagh held the twelfth part of a knight's fee in Haigh of the Earl of Lancaster; (fn. 12) ten years later the title of William and Mabel was assured by a fine. (fn. 13) For his share in Adam Banastre's rebellion in 1315 and the death of Henry de Bury, (fn. 14) Sir William de Bradshagh was outlawed for felony and by 1317 his manors of Haigh and Blackrod had been taken into the king's hands and demised to Peter de Limesey, but Mabel de Haigh intruded herself. (fn. 15) Sir William was living in 1328, (fn. 16) and appears to have been killed at Winwick in August 1333. (fn. 17)

Mabel's title to the Norreys lands must have been recognized, for in 1336 and 1337, when a widow and childless, she arranged for the succession to the manors as absolute owner, granting them to her husband's nephews; Haigh to William, a son of John de Bradshagh, and Blackrod to Roger son of Richard, who was another son. (fn. 18) In 1338 she founded a chantry in Wigan Church for her husband's soul and her own, as also for the soul of Edward II. (fn. 19) In 1346 Mabel de Bradshagh, heir of Hugh le Norreys, held the manor of Haigh for the twelfth part of a knight's fee and by the service of 10d. yearly. (fn. 20) She was living two years later. (fn. 21)

Early in 1365 Roger de Bradshagh of Westleigh demanded the manor of Haigh from William de Bradshagh and Sir Henry de Trafford, in virtue of the settlement of 1312. (fn. 22) There may have been two Williams in succession, for William de Bradshagh, who died in 1380 seised of the manor of Haigh, left a son and heir Thomas only twelve years of age. (fn. 23) Thomas de Bradshagh took part in the Percy rising of 1403 and was present at the battle of Shrewsbury; afterwards he received a pardon from Henry IV. (fn. 24) He was living in 1425. (fn. 25)

His son and heir was James Bradshagh, (fn. 26) who, with many others, was accused of the death of John Tailor; he appears to have been released from attendance at the trial, but died in the summer of 1442 before it came to an end. (fn. 27) He had held lands in Wigan called Rudgatehurst of the rector, and the manor of Haigh of the king, as Duke of Lancaster, for the twelfth part of a knight's fee and by the service of 10d. yearly. His son and heir was William Bradshagh, aged twenty-three. (fn. 28)

William Bradshagh was accuser and accused in various pleas of the next succeeding years. (fn. 29) He had several children, but the manor descended to his son James, (fn. 30) who died in May 1491, leaving as heir his son Roger, then twenty-three years of age and more. There were also two younger sons, Ralph and William, and a daughter Constance. (fn. 31) Roger, who was made a knight, had no children, and died in December 1537, the heir being his brother Ralph, then about sixty years of age. (fn. 32) Ralph died early in 1554, his heir being his brother William's son Roger, aged about thirty-six. (fn. 33)

Roger Bradshaw of Haigh died 20 February 1598–9. (fn. 34) To the religious system established by Elizabeth he showed 'some degree of conformity,' but was of 'general note of evil affection in religion, and a non-communicant.' (fn. 35) In temporal matters the time was one of prosperity for the family, the cannel-coal of Haigh being famous already, and bringing wealth to the lord of the manor. (fn. 36)

Bradshaw of Haigh. Argent two bendlets between three martlets sable.

His son James having died before him he was succeeded by his grandson Roger, twenty-one years of age in 1599. (fn. 37) He also, after some wavering, adhered to the ancient religion, (fn. 38) but died in May 1641, before the outbreak of the Civil War. (fn. 39) His grandson and heir Roger, being then only thirteen years of age, took no part in the war, and the estates escaped the sequestration and forfeiture which would no doubt have overtaken them under the Commonwealth. (fn. 40) The minority, however, involved the placing of the heir under a Protestant guardian; he changed his religion and conformed to that established by law. (fn. 41) In 1679 he was made a baronet (fn. 42); he was knight of the shire in 1660, (fn. 43) showing himself an opponent of the Presbyterians (fn. 44) and also of the adherents of Monmouth. (fn. 45) He died in 1684, and his son Roger three years later, (fn. 46) when the third Sir Roger Bradshaw, his son, succeeded. (fn. 47) His son Sir Roger, the last baronet, died in 1787 without issue, (fn. 48) the heir to the manor and estates being his sister Elizabeth. (fn. 49)

She married John son of Sir Humphrey Edwin, (fn. 50) and her daughter and heir, Elizabeth, married Charles Dalrymple of North Berwick, whose daughter and heir, Elizabeth Bradshaigh, (fn. 51) married Alexander Lindsay, sixth Earl of Balcarres. He thus became lord of the manor of Haigh, (fn. 52) which has descended regularly (fn. 53) with the title to James Ludovic Lindsay, Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, who succeeded in 1880. (fn. 54) His son, Lord Balcarres, is the member of Parliament for the Chorley division of the county. At the Hall is a valuable library, including a Mazarin Bible among the printed books. (fn. 55)

Lindsay, Earl of Crawford and Balcarres.Quarterly, 1 and 4: Gules a fesse checky argent and azure for Lindsay; 2 and 3: Or a lion rampant gules debruised by a ribbon sable, for Abernethy.

Apart from the Bradshaw family there do not seem to have been any important landowners (fn. 56) in the township, though in 1600 Ralph Charnock was also returned as a freeholder. (fn. 57)

A poor man named John Rycroft was in trouble with the Commonwealth authorities during the Civil War; he explained that he had assembled with the king's men on Westhoughton Common but had not joined them later. (fn. 58)

In connexion with the Established Church St. David's, Haigh, was consecrated in 1833 as a chapel of ease to Wigan; a district was assigned five years later. The rector of Wigan is patron. (fn. 59) At New Springs, St. John Baptist's, an iron church, was licensed in 1871; and rebuilt in brick in 1897.

A school was founded here about 1660 by the township. (fn. 60)


  • 1. 2,130 acres, including 68 acres of inland water; Census Rep. of 1901.
  • 2. Including Willoughby's.
  • 3. See the account by Roger North in 1676, quoted in Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), from the Life of Lord Guildford, iii, 554; see also Baines, Lancs. Dir. 1825, ii, 613. There is a notice of a cannel mine being on fire in 1737 in Lancs. and Ches. Hist. and Gen. Notes, iii, 106.
  • 4. Dict. Nat. Biog.
  • 5. Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 37, from the Duchy Coucher. The Marsey fee is only imperfectly described in the survey of 1212.
  • 6. Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 78; after the rebellion of John, Count of Mortain, afterwards king. If Hugh le Norreys be rightly identified with Hugh de Haigh it may indicate that he had been settled in Haigh before Blackrod was granted to him; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 68, where he is called Hugh de Blackrod.
  • 7. Cockersand Chart. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 612. The boundaries began at 'the road to the church,' and went up to the head of Green syke, and so to Hugh's ridding, and by the dyke to the starting point.
  • 8. Inq. 11 Edw. II, no. 4, quoted below. Haigh and Blackrod were both held of Sir Robert. After Robert de Holland's forfeiture it was found that he had held the manor by a rent of 10d.; Roll of Foreign Rent of Derbyshire in Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, 379. In an account of his lands made about 1326 it is stated that his manor of Haigh had been leased to Henry de Atherton and Adam de Bradshaw for £20 a year; Duchy of Lanc. Misc. 10/15. In the Feodary compiled in 1324 it is stated that Robert de Holland held the manor of Haigh by the service of 10d. as the fourth part of a knight's fee; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 36b. In all other inquisitions the twelfth, not the fourth, part of a fee is recorded. The 10d. rent continued down to the 17th century.
  • 9. See the account of Orrell. It is more likely that Robert de Holland had had the grant of a mesne manor from Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and that it was not restored to him by Edward III.
  • 10. So described he attested a Haydock charter of Robert de Holland's in that year; Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxxviii, 231. From the account of Blackrod it will be found that the descent was as follows:—Hugh le Norreys (1191–1221) —s. Hugh (1233) —bro. Alan —s. Hugh —dau. Mabel. Hugh son of Alan had a brother Henry, &c. Emma la Norreys held messuages and lands in Haigh in 1290; De Banco R. 86, m. 95.
  • 11. Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 185; a surrender to William de Atherton. It is recorded that Thomas de Osbaldeston put in his claim. Kuerden (MSS. ii, fol. 213, no. 5) has preserved a grant of the manor by William de Atherton to William de Bradshagh, about that time or earlier. In 1295 William and Mabel de Bradshagh had a contest with Adam de Walton, rector of Wigan, the latter charging them with having diverted the water-course between Haigh and Standish to the injury of his mills. They replied that they had only erected a mill by the Douglas, two leagues from Adam's mill. The jury found that the new mill had been made by William's father, Richard de Bradshagh, while he was guardian of William and Mabel, and that it had been to the loss of the rector's mill; Assize R. 1306, m. 19; 1321, m. 7 d. Brief and unsatisfactory abstracts of some Bradshaw deeds are printed in Croston's edition of Baines, Lancs. iv, 291, 292. There are others in Kuerden MSS. loc. cit.
  • 12. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 313; Feud. Aids, iii, 81. The mesne lordship of Robert de Holland is not recognized here or later.
  • 13. Final Conc. ii, 9. The remainder was to 'the heirs of William,' which occasioned a lawsuit later. Also Kuerden, loc. cit. no. 3.
  • 14. Coram Rege R. 254, m. 52.
  • 15. Inq. a.q.d. II Edw. II, no. 4. The inquiry was made at Haigh in June 1318, when the manors had been in the king's hands a year and a day. It may be added that in 1319 Mabel asserted that her husband was dead; Assize R. 424, m. 8d. These facts are utilized in the wellknown legend of Sir William and his wife; see Bridgeman, Wigan Ch. 695–9; also Harland and Wilkinson, Lancs. Legends, 45; Topog. and Gen. ii, 365–9. That there is some basis for the legend may be gathered from entries in the Close R., Mabel being called wife of Peter de Limesey in 1318 (unless there is an error in the record) and 'Mabel de Haigh' simply in the following year; Cal. Close, 1313–18, p. 554; 1318–23, p. 8.
  • 16. De Banco R. 273, m. 121 d.; Sir William de Bradshagh charged Adam de Hindley and others with having forcibly carried off his goods at Haigh and Blackrod.
  • 17. Coram Rege R. 297, Rex, m. 23 d.
  • 18. Final Conc. ii, 101, 107. The former of these was a grant of the manor of Haigh to William de Bradshagh for his life. The latter was a settlement of the succession after Mabel's death; to William son of John de Bradshagh, with remainders to the sons of Richard de Bradshagh his brother, and a further remainder to Henry son of Robert le Norreys. Alan son of Henry de Eltonhead, another Norreys, put in his claim. Also Kuerden, loc. cit. nos. 11, 13. As Mabel de Haigh she made a grant of two plough-lands (probably the manor) in Worthington in 1318; Final Conc. ii, 28.
  • 19. See the account of Wigan Church; Kuerden, loc. cit. no. 16–21.
  • 20. Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc. 36). In the same year Dame Mabel accused William son of John de Bradshagh of breaking down her close and doing other damage; De Banco R. 348, m. 338.
  • 21. The sheriff accounted for 10d. from Mabel de Bradshagh for the manor of Haigh for ward of Lancaster Castle; Duchy of Lanc. Var. Accts. 32117, fol. 7b.
  • 22. De Banco R. 419, m. 180 d.; 425, m. 363 d.; 429, m. 68. The descent is clearly stated; Sir William de Bradshagh died without issue, and the claimant, as son of Richard son of John de Bradshagh, brother of Sir William, was the heir entitled to the manor. For the Trafford feoffment see Kuerden, loc. cit. nos. 35–8.
  • 23. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 9; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 354. In the aid collected in 1355 William de Bradshagh contributed for the twelfth part of a knight's fee formerly held by Hugh le Norreys; Feud. Aids, iii, 91. In 1397–8 Isabel, widow and executrix of William de Bradshagh, was called upon to account for the issues of a house at Haigh; L.T.R. Mem. R. 163, m. xiii, 167, m. x.
  • 24. Add. MS. 32108, nos. 1491, 1495, 1507.
  • 25. He was juror from 1397 to 1425; Lancs. Inq. (Chet. Soc.), i, 65 &c. In 1399 his feoffees regranted the manor to him with remainder to James his son and heir; Kuerden, loc. cit. no. 39. William de Bradshagh seems to have been in possession of Haigh at the time of Thomas's outlawry; Duchy of Lanc. Knts. Fees, 1/20, fol. 8b. Edward was there in 1429; Lancs. Inq. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 35.
  • 26. Croston's Baines, iv, 292; his mother was Margaret, daughter of Robert de Highfield. It was an earlier Robert de Highfield who granted lands in Rudgatehurst to William de Bradshagh and Mabel his wife; Kuerden, loc. cit. no. 10, 12.
  • 27. Lettice, widow of John Tailor, summoned a large number of people in the neighbourhood to answer for the death of her husband on 2 Feb. 1440–1. They included James Bradshagh of Haigh, Alice his wife, William son of James, Christopher son of Thomas Bradshagh, the wife of Gilbert (another son of Thomas), Ivo and Richard, sons of Thomas son of Ivo Bradshagh of Haigh or Pennington, Richard Houghton of Aspull, Ralph and John, sons of John Gidlow of Aspull, Alexander and Gilbert Nowell of Read, etc.; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 3, m. 15. James Bradshagh seems to have taken part in the assault, but was allowed to go sine die; ibid. m. 37. Two years later the trials concluded; Christopher Bradshagh was outlawed for the felony, James had died, and the rest were all acquitted; ibid. R. 5, m. 18b; 21, 5b.
  • 28. Towneley MS. DD, no. 1484. In 1436–7 a dispensation was granted for the marriage of William Bradshagh and Agnes daughter of John Gerard of Ince; Baines, op. cit. (ed. Croston), iv, 292.
  • 29. Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 5, m. 24, ordered to keep the peace towards Thomas Cayley; R. 8, m. 3, and R. 9, m. 10b charged Christopher Bradshagh and others with waylaying him with intent to kill, but did not prosecute; m. 12, 19b, 37, accused of trespass and fined for defaults; R. 10, m. 36b, warrant for his arrest. A pardon was granted in 1457–8; Baines, loc. cit.
  • 30. By fine in August 1477 the manor of Haigh with its appurtenances, as also a water-mill and land in Wigan, were settled on James son and heir of William Bradshagh of Haigh, whose widow Agnes was living, with remainders to Roger, Ralph, and William, sons of James Bradshagh and Joan his wife, daughter of Alexander Standish, and heirs male; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 9, m. 3. The covenant of marriage between James and Joan is dated 1463; Baines, loc. cit.
  • 31. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 106; James's wife was named Joan, and Roger's Anne.
  • 32. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 16; the fine of 1477 and other settlements are recited. Roger Bradshagh was 'not at home' when the herald came in 1533, so that only his arms were recorded; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 174. His will is in P.C.C. Sir Roger's widow Anne married Nicholas Butler of Rawcliffe and various disputes followed; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 70. She died at Hoole 22 Aug. 1554; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 182. Henry Bradshagh of Halton, Buckinghamshire, attorney-general of the king, seems to have been concerned in the manor; Close, 37 Hen. VIII, pt. ii, no. 46; pt. iv, no. 37.
  • 33. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, no. 41. William Bradshaw is named in various suite of the time; Ducatus (Rec. Com.), ii, 32.
  • 34. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 59; the tenure was unchanged. A pedigree was recorded in 1567; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 88.
  • 35. Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 245, quoting S.P. Dom. Eliz. ccxxxv, 4. His son Thomas was a serjeant-at-arms to the queen; Ducatus (Rec. Com.), iii, 295.
  • 36. Leland, writing about 1536, noted that 'Mr. Bradshaw hath a place called Haigh a mile from Wigan. He hath found much cannel like sea coal in his ground, very profitable to him'; Itin. vii, 47. These mines led to various law suits; see Ducatus (Rec. Com.), ii, 179, &c. In 1554 Roger Bradshaw said that he was owner of the demesne lands of the manor of Haigh, within which there had always been certain mines or pits of a kind of fuel called cannel, wherein the tenants within the lordship had been accustomed to dig and get cannel to be 'spent and brent' in their tenements, for which they had paid by boons, presents, and averages; Duchy Plead. iii, 182.
  • 37. James son and heir of Roger Bradshaw married, in or before 1567, Jane the daughter and heir of Thomas Hoghton of Hoghton; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 44.
  • 38. Richard son of Roger Bradshaw of Haigh was baptized at Wigan, 28 Dec. 1601; Reg. 51. In 1623, on entering the English College at Rome under the name of Barton, he gave the following particulars: 'My true name is Richard Bradshaw. I am in my twentysecond year, was born in Lancashire, and for the most part brought up there. My parents are Roger Bradshaw of Haigh . . . and Anne his wife. The former, who had been brought up in the Catholic religion, left it in his youth; at length, however, by the goodness of God, about six months ago, he again embraced the true faith and I hope will persevere in it until death. My mother, brought up a Catholic by her parents [Anderton of Lostock], has never professed any other religion. I have seven brothers and six sisters, all of whom are Catholics. I received some local schooling until my fifteenth year, when I gave myself up to hunting and suchlike youthful sports; but by good fortune being sent to St. Omers College, I applied myself to humanity studies. I was always a Catholic.' He afterwards joined the Society of Jesus, and from 1655 to 1660 was head of the English Province; Foley, Rec. Soc. Jesus, i, 229–32, where extracts from his letters are given; vii, 78; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i, 287; Dict. Nat. Biog. Thomas Bradshaw, a younger brother, entered the English College from St. Omers in 1626, and made a similar declaration: 'My chief relations are uncles and aunts, all Catholics, except one uncle, Alexander Bradshaw, who is a Protestant'; Foley, i, 228. He also became a Jesuit and laboured in England from 1650 to 1663; vii, 79. A third brother Peter, also a Jesuit, served the English missions from 1650 to 1675, and was twice rector of the Lancashire district; ibid. vii, 77. Another brother, Edward, a Carmelite, after a term of imprisonment was banished, but returned to England and ministered at Haigh Hall; he was a student of English antiquities; Gillow, op. cit. i, 286. Another brother, Christopher, was a secular priest. Three of the sisters were nuns. A brother William was knighted by Charles I; his will is printed in Lancs. Wills (Chet. Soc. new ser.), ii, 66.
  • 39. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix, no. 66. His eldest son James was buried at Wigan 7 June 1631; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 229, 230. A pedigree was recorded in 1613; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 57. Roger refused knighthood, paying in 1632 a composition of 20 marks; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 222.
  • 40. Royalist Comp. Papers, i, 228–33; it is obvious that strict inquiries were made by the Commonwealth authorities. There are numerous references to the family in the Cal. of Com. for Compounding.
  • 41. The guardianship system was a common and successful means of inducing such conformity. Dr. Wroe, warden of Manchester, who preached the funeral sermon, said: 'His religion was true Protestant; not that of late falsely so called, but that which is by law established, the religion of the Church of England; in which he was happily educated and instructed in his greener years by the care and directions of the Right Honourable James, Earl of Derby, to whom he was entrusted by his faithful guardian, John Fleetwood of Penwortham, esq.; to whose religious designs and the joint endeavours of his virtuous consort he owed the early impressions of piety, and in that family first commenced Protestant, and was thence sent into the Isle of Man, where the principles he had already imbibed were soon cultivated and improved under the umbrage of that religious, loyal and great man;' quoted in Pal. Note Bk. ii, 34. One of his sisters was a nun and the other married Thomas Culcheth of Culcheth.
  • 42. Burke, Extinct Baronetcies. A pedigree was recorded in 1664; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 52.
  • 43. Pink and Beaven, Parl. Rep. of Lancs. 77, 78. He was made a knight in the same year; Le Neve, Knights (Harl. Soc.), 77. He was re-elected in 1661, this Parliament lasting till 1678. There is a monument to him in Wigan Church; Bridgeman, op. cit. 701, 702. In a fine of 1673 the estate is described as the manor of Haigh, sixty-four messuages, two water-mills, a saw-mill, 500 acres of land &c., with views of frankpledge in Haigh and Wigan. The deforciants were Sir Roger Bradshaw, kt., Elizabeth his wife, and Roger Bradshaw, esq.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 191, m. 71.
  • 44. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 84. There are a number of Bradshaw letters in this volume.
  • 45. Ibid. 161.
  • 46. The son represented the borough of Wigan in 1678, and the county in 1685; Pink and Beaven, op. cit. 228, 79. Like his father he was a Tory. He was knighted in 1679; Le Neve, Knights, 330.
  • 47. He was a member for Wigan in fourteen successive Parliaments from 1695 till his death, 25 Feb. 1746–7; Pink and Beaven, op. cit. 230–3. According to this he was Tory down to the accession of George I, when he became a Whig. He restored the family chapel in Wigan Church in 1719; Bridgeman, op. cit. 620. A view of Haigh Hall as it existed in his time is given in Baines' Lancs. For recoveries of the manor in Aug. 1697, see Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 466; in 1727, R. 524, m. 7 d.; in 1730, R. 533, m. 2d.
  • 48. Little seems to be known of the last Sir Roger, or of the male descendants of the previous baronets.
  • 49. These and the subsequent particulars are from the pedigree in Baines, Lancs. (ed. Croston), iv, 294–296.
  • 50. See the note in G.E.C., Complete Peerage, ii, 419; Herald and Gen. vi, 62; viii, 186, 187.
  • 51. She died 10 Aug. 1816. There is a monument to her in Wigan Church; Bridgeman, op. cit. 703. There was a recovery of the manor in 1804; Aug. Assize, 44 Geo. III, R. 5.
  • 52. The Earl of Balcarres resided at Haigh, which has since remained the principal seat of the family. He became de jure 23rd Earl of Crawford in 1808, but did not assume the title. He died in 1825, and was buried at Wigan; see Dict. Nat. Biog.
  • 53. See G.E.C. loc. cit. James, son of the sixth earl by Elizabeth Dalrymple, was member for Wigan 1820 to 1825, and was created Baron Wigan of Haigh Hall in 1826. In 1848 the House of Lords decided that he had justified his claim to the earldom of Crawford. He died 15 Dec. 1869. For his younger son Colin, see Dict. Nat. Biog. The eldest son and heir, Alexander William Crawford Lindsay, Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, author of Hist. of Christian Art, &c., died 13 Dec. 1880; see Dict. Nat. Biog. He was succeeded by his son, the present lord of Haigh.
  • 54. He was member for Wigan 1874 to 1880, is a fellow of the Royal Society, and was formerly president of the Royal Astronomical Society.
  • 55. Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. i, 59; iii, 236.
  • 56. Robert son of Richard de Windle granted to his brother Adam Haleshurst and Middlehurst in Haigh; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 213, n. 22.
  • 57. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 238, 243. Robert Charnock, in right of James Bradshaw, claimed possession of a watermill, &c. in Haigh in 1581; Ducatus (Rec. Com.), iii, 109; see also iii, 435. Roger Bradshaw was the only landowner contributing to the subsidy in 1628; Norris D. (B.M.). Other holders of land in the 16th century were Thomas Holt, Christopher Anderton, and Gilbert Sherington, probably as purchasers of land of suppressed monasteries and chantries.
  • 58. Cal. of Com. for Compounding, ii, 1093.
  • 59. Bridgeman, Wigan Ch. 783; Lond. Gaz. 3 Apr. 1838.
  • 60. Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 251.