Townships: Spotland

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1911.

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, 'Townships: Spotland', in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5, (London, 1911) pp. 206-213. British History Online [accessed 26 May 2024].

. "Townships: Spotland", in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5, (London, 1911) 206-213. British History Online, accessed May 26, 2024,

. "Townships: Spotland", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5, (London, 1911). 206-213. British History Online. Web. 26 May 2024,

In this section


Spotland, 1276; Spotlond, 1292; variants are Spotlaunde, Stoplond, 1292.

Wolstonesholm, 1276.

Whiteworth, 1330.

This township occupies the north-west part of the parish, and has a total area of 14,174 acres. Its name is allied to Spodden, a valley running from north to south of it, down which flows a tributary, the Spodden Brook, to join the Roch on the western side of Rochdale. To the east and north-west of this valley the surface rises to 1,500 ft.; the northern end of the township, called Brandwood, occupies the slope down to the Irwell, which forms the principal boundary in that direction. The hamlets of this township were: Catley Lane, 2,701½ acres; Woodhouse Lane, 262; Chadwick, 717; Clay Lane, 90½; Wolstenholme and Cheesden, 2,262½ Falinge, 278 ; Healey, 853; Whitworth, Higher End, 1,247; and Lower End, 2,894½; Brandwood, Higher End, 1,574; and Lower End, 1,294.

Two principal roads spread out from Rochdale. One goes northward up the Spodden, through Broadley, Healey, Whitworth, Facit, and Shawforth, to Bacup; it is lined with houses and factories almost all the way. The other goes west through Norden, Wolstenholme, and Cheesden to Edenfield, where it joins the road from Bury to Burnley. Between these another road crosses Rooley Moor and Brandwood Moor to reach Newchurch in Rossendale. The Lancashire and Yorkshire Company's railway runs north from Rochdale to Bacup, with stations named Facit, Shawforth, and Britannia.

The 'Whitworth doctors,' famous in the latter part of the 18th century and much of the 19th, began with the two brothers John and George Taylor; the last of the line died in 1876. (fn. 1)

A curious 18th-century charm was found at Healey in 1876. (fn. 2)

Part of Spotland was taken into the borough of Rochdale on its formation, and additional portions have been incorporated since. Brandwood has been added to Bacup. The remainder of the ancient township is included in the modern districts of Norden and Whitworth. The local board of Norden, a place whose old name was Blackpits, was formed in 1878; it became a township in 1894. There are twelve members in the urban district council, each of the four wards —Catley Lane, Chadwick, Wolstenholme, and Woodhouse Lane—returning three. For Whitworth a local board was formed in 1874; (fn. 3) this area also became a township in 1894, and the urban district council has twelve members, returned by four wards—Facit, Healey, Shawforth, and Whitworth.

The stocks at Whitworth were formerly within the chapel yard.

The 'Manstone,' on Monston Edge between Healey and Wardle, has the popular explanation that it was thrown by Robin Hood from Blackstone Edge.


The principal landowners in Spotland were the Abbot and convent of Whalley, their lands having been acquired through a large number of different gifts; (fn. 4) and after the confiscation the Holts of Gristlehurst purchased the manor of SPOTLAND. (fn. 5) The Holts of Stubley also claimed a manor there; it was called the manor of NADEN. (fn. 6) The local name was used by one or more families, including that of the reeve (fn. 7) In 1292 John de Lacy of Cromwellbottom claimed various lands improved from the waste; it was declared that the Abbot of Whalley, Robert de Whitworth, Robert son of Henry, and Richard son of Ivo, held the waste in common. (fn. 8)

Whalley Abbey. Gules three whales havriant from the mouth of each the head of a crosier issuant or.

The old 'town of Spotland' afterwards became divided into the hamlets of Catley Lane and Woodhouse Lane. (fn. 9) The former included lands and estates of which only a brief mention can be given: Ellenrod, (fn. 10) Brotherod, (fn. 11) Coptrod, (fn. 12) Caldershaw, Broadley, Greave, (fn. 13) Redfern, (fn. 14) and some others; (fn. 15) the latter — Woodhouse (fn. 16) and Sidholme. (fn. 17) The common lands in Spotland in 1626 measured 1,000 acres, including 672 in Shore Moor, Hunger Hill, &c. (fn. 18)

CHADWICK (fn. 19) gave a surname to its principal landowners, who can be traced from early times till their extinction in the 18th century. (fn. 20) Oliver Chadwick died in July 1542 holding a capital messuage in Spotland and various other messuages and land there of Robert Holt of Stubley in socage by a rent of 12d.; Roger his son and heir was twenty years of age. (fn. 21) Roger died about the end of 1610, (fn. 22) and his son Oliver in 1621; the latter held the capital messuage, as before, of John Holt of Stubley by a rent of 12d., also other lands of James Holt and of Sir John Byron by rents of 6d. and 2d. respectively; his son and heir John was thirty years old. (fn. 23)

Chadwick of Chadwick. Gules an escutcheon within an orle of martlets argent.

John dying without issue about 1631 the estate went to a cousin, also John Chadwick—son of Robert, a younger son of the above-named Roger; his son Jonathan recorded a pedigree in 1664. (fn. 24) Though Jonathan had four sons and three daughters, all died without issue, the last of the family being Sarah Chadwick, who died in 1722, unmarried. (fn. 25) She left her estates to a relative, the Rev. Roger Kay, (fn. 26) and he gave Chadwick Hall to Bury Grammar School, on refounding it in 1726. (fn. 27)

CHADIVICK HALL is situated about 1½ miles to the west of Rochdale on the Bury Road, and is now a farm-house. The date 1620 is on a stone on the north side, but the present house is only a fragment of the building erected by Oliver Chadwick in that year. A view of the hall as it existed in 1799 (fn. 28) shows a long two-story stone building, the principal front facing south, with three gables and a projecting wing at the east end. The north front had two gables only at its east end, the western half being under one long roof and having an upper bay window of eleven lights and a porch leading into a through passage forming the screens. At the north-east was a large detached barn standing at right angles to the main building. This barn, along with the whole of the west end of the house, including the through passage-way, has now disappeared, and all that remains is the original east wing and adjoining hall, having a total frontage north and south of 45 ft. The building shows two gables on each front, with low mullioned windows with hoodmoulds, and has stone-slated roofs. There is some oak panelling in one of the lower rooms, but otherwise the interior of the house is without interest, and the south side of the east wing has been modernized and sash-windows inserted. A new barn was erected about 1840 to the east of the present house, on part of the site of the destroyed wing.

In the same hamlet were the estates of Oakenrod (fn. 29) and Broadhalgh. (fn. 30) OAKENROD HALL stands in a commanding position on high ground above the River Roch, and is a two-story stone-built house, with stone-slated roofs, now in a state of semi-dilapidation and let in several tenements. It overlooks the river and has a long irregularly broken elevation of about 80 ft. to the east, which appears to have been added to at various times; but the principal front faces west with a regular frontage of about 45 ft., with a north wing, apparently a later addition, projecting some 25 ft., and a large stone chimney in its south gable. There is no date on the building, but it appears to have been erected about the middle of the 17th century, probably replacing an older house on the same site, but it was much altered about the beginning of the 18th century during the residence of Edmund Butterworth. The principal or west front has little architectural distinction, the roof being straight with overhanging eaves, and has five large mullioned and transomed windows on each floor, with a central entrance which preserves its original oak door and iron hinges. The rectangular space in front is inclosed as a garden by a fence wall with moulded coping, and the old gate piers with square moulded caps still remain opposite the entrance. There was formerly another gateway to the garden at the south-west angle, but this is built up and the piers gone. Both sets of piers had formerly ornamental tops, but these have disappeared. The east front must have been originally the more picturesque, but it is now spoiled by additions and is in a bad state of repair. The walling is of rough stone, and some of the windows retain their old diamond quarries with wide leading painted white. In the cottage at the south-east corner are the remains of a fine oak staircase with twisted balusters and a large tapering twisted newel-post going up to the ceiling and supporting a beam above. The stairs are apparently not in their original position, half balusters coming awkwardly in front of a window. (fn. 31)

The hamlet of Clay Lane, in the western corner, seems to have been taken out of Chadwick. Bagslate Common in 1626 contained 114 acres. (fn. 32)

WOLSTENHOLME appears to have been held by the Chethams. (fn. 33) It likewise gave a surname to the principal owner or resident. (fn. 34) The old hall was a two-story stone-built house with gables and mullioned windows, but all trace of it has now disappeared. (fn. 35) In 1626 the largest estate was that of Samuel Bamford of Bamford. (fn. 36) The Holts of Gristlehurst (fn. 37) and Ashworth (fn. 38) were also holders of land there. In 1626 there were common lands measuring 823 acres. (fn. 39)

Wolstenholme of Wolstenholme. Azure a lion passant guardan between three pheons or.

FALINGE, a dependency of Whitworth, was held by a local family, who were among the benefactors of Stanlaw Abbey. (fn. 40) John Royds purchased part of the hamlet in 1756, and his descendants are now the chief landowners there. (fn. 41) The Hospitallers had some land in the hamlet, in which was St. Mary's Croft, held in 1626 by Robert Holt. (fn. 42)

Royds of Falinge. Ermine on a cross engrailed betiveen Jour lions rampant gules a spear in pale proper between four bezants.

Two oxgangs in HEALEY, which was also a dependency of Whitworth, had belonged to Hugh de Eland, who gave them in free marriage with his daughter Wymark, wife of Jordan de Mitton. They were acquired by Gilbert de Notton and given to Stanlaw Abbey. (fn. 43)

The Healeys of Healey, who were benefactors of Stanlaw, (fn. 44) appear to have been succeeded by a branch of the Chadwicks. (fn. 45) John Chadwick died in November 1496 holding two messuages and lands in Hundersfield, Spotland, and Butterworth of the king as Duke of Lancaster; Thomas, his son and heir, was only ten years of age, and his wardship was granted to James Stanley, clerk. (fn. 46) His descendant, Jordan Chadwick, died in 1634, holding a messuage in Healey, together with other messuages and lands in Spotland and Hundersfield; John, his son and heir, was seventeen years of age. (fn. 47) The common land of Healey in 1626 was 240 acres in extent. (fn. 48)

Healey of Healey. Azure three boars' heads couped in pale argent.

HEALEY HALL stands on elevated ground commanding a wide prospect, about 2 miles north-west of Rochdale, and is a plain rectangular stone classic building with pediment and cornice, erected in 1774 in place of an older house which dated from 1618, and was in its turn a rebuilding of a still older structure. The 17th-century building was of two stories with four gables to the front, and with mullioned and transomed windows on the ground floor and low mullioned windows above. (fn. 49) This house being much decayed, in 1773 was taken down and the present mansion, which is said to be 'exactly of the same extent in front as the old house and on the same site,' (fn. 50) built. In the early part of the 19th century the house was divided into two tenements, but has since been restored to its original state. Over the back door is an inscribed stone taken from the old house with a number of initials of the Chadwick family and the date 1618. (fn. 51)

WHITWORTH was, about 1200, held in moieties by the Elands and Liversedges. (fn. 52) John de Eland granted his moiety to Stanlaw Abbey; it included the services of the moieties of Healey and Falinge; the monks were to pay the ancient farm of 4s. for Whitworth, and 2s. for the other hamlets. (fn. 53) Robert de Liversedge gave his moiety to Sawley Abbey, at a rent of 4s., and Robert de Flamborough confirmed the grant. (fn. 54) The Abbot of Sawley transferred it, at the same rent, to the nuns of Hampole, (fn. 55) and the prioress and convent in 1259 granted their land in Whitworth to Robert son of Randle the White, at a rent of 16s. (fn. 56) Of this portion the Abbot of Stanlaw held 2 oxgangs, or a moiety, and Andrew son of Robert de Whitworth granted his rights in the remainder sometime after the abbey had been translated to Whalley. (fn. 57) In 1322 an inquiry was held as to the loss the king might sustain by this alienation, and licence of mortmain was subsequently granted. (fn. 58) Whitworth, like Spotland, was acquired by the Holts of Gristlehurst, and in 1626 Theophilus Holt was the principal owner, having nearly two-thirds of the land in his possession. (fn. 59) Facit (fn. 60) and Tong (fn. 61) were parts of the Whalley lands. The Common in 1626 measured 515 acres in three parcels. (fn. 62)

BRANDWOOD was granted to Stanlaw by Roger de Lacy about 1200, (fn. 63) and passed to the Holts; Theophilus Holt, in 1626, held nearly the whole of it. (fn. 64) It is called Rossendale in the Survey.

As in the other townships of the parish, there were from old time a large number of freeholders, whose names may be collected from various documents, including especially the Survey of 1626. (fn. 65) There was tnen copyhold land in each of the hamlets—over 2,400 acres in all.

The land-tax returns of 1788–96 show that the ownership was greatly subdivided.


Whitworth Chapel was built about 1529 by the inhabitants of the hamlet, and was intended to serve Wardle and Healey also. (fn. 66) In 1552 it was found to be scantily furnished, (fn. 67) and a century later the Parliamentary Commissioners recommended that it should be made a parish church. (fn. 68) The church was rebuilt in 1775 (fn. 69) and again in 1850; it is called ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S. (fn. 70) The appointment of the curate was vested in four trustees, but there was no endowment. Bishop Gastrell, in 1717, found that the settled income was £6 6s. 8d.; (fn. 71) but in 1720 John Starky of Rochdale gave £200 on condition that the patronage should be vested in him, (fn. 72) and some other gifts were secured, including £400 from Queen Anne's Bounty. (fn. 73) The patronage is now vested in Keble College, Oxford. The following have been curates and vicars since the Restoration:— (fn. 74)

c. 1662 Thomas Dewhurst
? — Robert Smethurst
1677 Abraham Butterworth, B.A. (Emmanuel Coll. Camb.)
1680 Joseph Whitworth
c. 1699 James Whitehead, M.A. (fn. 75) (St. Mary Hall, Oxf.)
oc. 1717 Jonathan Hanson (fn. 76)
1723 Edmund Holme, M.A. (Brasenose Coll. Oxf.)
1778 William Currer, M.A. (fn. 77) (St. John's Coll. Camb.)
1804 Hugh Hornby, M.A. (fn. 78) (Christ's Coll. Camb.)
1829 George Heron, B.A. (Brasenose Coll. Oxf.)
1830 Richard Parkinson, B.D. (fn. 79) (St. John's Coll. Camb.)
1841 Isaac Gaitskell, M.A. (Trin. Coll. Camb.)
1877 Edwin Brierley
1901 James Ralph Scholfield, M.A. (St. John's Coll. Camb.)

An endowment for a 'Protestant schoolmaster' was given in 1724. (fn. 80)

In more recent times a number of places of worship have been erected in the township. For the Church of England there are St. Paul's, Norden, 1861; (fn. 81) St. Saviour's, Bacup, 1865; (fn. 82) and St. John the Evangelist's, Facit, 1871. (fn. 83) The patronage of St. Saviour's is vested in the Church Association; of the others in the Bishop of Manchester.

There are Primitive Methodist, Free Methodist, and Congregational churches at Whitworth, (fn. 84) and a Salvation Army barracks.

There are also Wesleyan churches at Bagslate and Cheesden, and a Free Methodist one at the former place.

At Whitworth is the Roman Catholic church of Our Immaculate Mother and St. Anselm, 1869; (fn. 85) and at Norden are the church of St. Mary, 1904, with a house of Redemptorist fathers, and a poor law school for boys, conducted by the Brothers of Charity.


  • 1. Fishwick, Rochdale, 85; Pal. Notebk. ii, 59; Old ham Notes and Gleanings, i, 160.
  • 2. Fishwick, op. cit. 534, with facsimile.
  • 3. Lond. Gaa. 14 Aug. 1874.
  • 4. See Whalley Coucher (Chet. Soc), iii, 637–800; i, 153, &c. Adam son of William de Eccles gave to Geoffrey son of Geoffrey the Dean 4 oxgangs in Spotland held of Hugh de Eland by a rent of 4s.; ibid, iii, 744, 746. Henry son of Geoffrey de Whalley afterwards released to Stanlaw Abbey all his right in the 4 oxgangs, being a fourth part of the vill of Spotland; the under-tenants were Henry de Spotland, 2; Hugh de Thelwall, 1; and Michael son of Robert the Reeve, 1; ibid, iii, 747. Robert son of Essolt (or Astulf) de Asterleys, who had previously surrendered his claim to Geoffrey and Henry de Whalley, then released it to the monks; ibid, iii, 745, 748. Hugh son of William de Thelwall afterwards gave his oxgang and land in Fernylea to the monks at a rent of 19½d., and subsequently released this rent; ibid, iii, 750, 751. Michael son of Robert also resigned his oxgang ; ibid, iii, 742.
  • 5. The grant by Henry VIII to Thomas Holt, made in 1542, included the manor of Spotland with its appurtenances, Whitworth, Tong End, Rockliffe, and Brandwood; a rent of £3 11s. 4d. was to be paid; Pat. 33 Hen. VIII, pt. 6. Sir Thomas Holt died in 1562, holding the manor of Spotland, with lands and rents in Spotland, Hundersfield, Whitworth, Tong End, Rockliffe, Greave Clough, Tong, Brandwood, Facit, Long Acres, Horsecroft, Hallstead, Swineshead, Wolstenholme, Naden, Hallowes, and Falinge; the greater part was held of the queen in chief by the fourth part of a knight's fee, but email portions were held of Charles Holt of Stubley, a minor, John Wolstenholme, and Robert Savile; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 46. See also Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 81–6, iii, 371–8, where some family settlements are recited; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 25 (Theophilus Holt, 1628); and the account of Gristlehurst in Middleton parish. The estates were dispersed soon after the Restoration, but a 'manor of Spotland' is named as late as 1718, when Robert Hey wood and John Starky were in possession; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 279, m. 86. From pleadings quoted in Fishwick, Rochdale, 78, it appears that courts were actually held in 1573, though there seems never to have been a manor properly so called. According to the Survey of 1626 Theophilus Holt had only 197 acres; Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxi, 170.
  • 6. In 1311 Henry de Lacy of Cromwellbottom held half a plough-land in Spotland by the annual service of 20s.; De Lacy Inq. (Chet. Soc), 20. The service for the sixth part of the manor of Rochdale was thus charged on a small part of it. The Stubley family would no doubt claim in respect of the rights of these Lacys; gee Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 31. In 1500 the messuage and lands in Spotland held by Thomas Holt, who died in 1494, were stated to have been occupied by Richard Belfield; they were held of the king by knight's service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 46. In 1555 and later the manor of Spotland' is named as part of the estate; ibid, x, no. 48 &c. Naden was in 1562 held by Thomas Holt (of Gristlehurst) of Charles Holt of Stubley, who held of the queen; but a rent of 2s. was payable and 6d. also to the Earl of Derby; ibid, xi, no. 46. Robert Holt in 1626 held 121 acres in the hamlet of Spotland and claimed one messuage as his manor house; Surv. in Raines MSS. xxi, 171. At Naden (Naueden or Naveden) a minor Holt family were in occupation about 1600; Fishwick, op. cit. 510. In earlier times it had been given by Hugh de Eland in free marriage with Margery his daughter, wife of Gilbert de Notton; Whalley Coucher, iii, 640. It gave a name to the immediate holders. Maud widow of Thomas de Naden claimed dower in a messuage and land in Wolstenholme in 1277 against Roger son of Robert de Naden; De Banco R. 21, m. 5 d, 58. Adam de Naden occurs in 1323–5, and John his son in 1325; Lancs. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 17, 143, 150. Somewhat later Henry de Naden is named as witness to a charter; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 1, m. 4. William de Naden was plaintiff in 1364 respecting lands in Spotland ; De Banco R. 418, m. 376. Isabel widow of Thomas Naden claimed dower in Spotland in 1516 against James Holt 5 Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 119, m. 8. Part of Naden was held by the Chadderton family. The district known as Naden lies partly in Wolstenholme.
  • 7. Adam de Spotland, living about 1190, gave to Rochdale Church 6 acres in Spotland in Watland Wood, Doning Booth, and Chadwick by Ireford; these were granted to Alexander his son, a clerk, who passed them on to his brother John; Whalley Coucher, iii, 727–31. Henry son of John de Spotland granted Hugh son of Martin meadow in the Mosiley, and afterwards made a grant to Stanlaw; ibid, iii, 732, 753. Hugh and Henry sons of Martin de Spotland were also benefactors; ibid, iii, 736, 752. Martin is also called 'de Witley'; iii, 733. Henry son of Geoffrey de Whalley gave to Michael son of Robert the Reeve (already mentioned) an oxgang in Spotland at 13½d. rent; and Michael son of Robert de Spotland gave half an oxgang to his brother Alexander, lying on the Chadwick side of Redbrook, within these bounds— Redbrook, Catshaw, Selfull Lache, Grimsley Carr, Blacklache under Selfull, the lache towards Naden, by Naden to Bagslate, Helesclough, Roch, Spotbrook, and Redbrook; but Redfern and Twofoldhee were excepted; ibid, iii, 739. Alexander de Spotland afterwards gave this half oxgang of land to the monks of Stanlaw; ibid, iii, 741. Randle de Spotland in 1292 claimed common of pasture against the Abbot of Stanlaw, but was nonsuited; Assize R. 408, m. 30.
  • 8. Assize R. 408, m. 68 d.; some other pleas at the same assize show a like ownership; m. 27 d, 73 d. Earlier than this, in 1278, John de Lacy had complained that the Abbot of Stanlaw, Robert de Whitworth, and German his brother had cut down his trees, &c. at Spotland; De Banco R. 23, m. 40. Richard son of Ivo is probably the same who occurs in Clegg in Butterworth.
  • 9. These hamlets are not recognized in the Survey of 1626. Catley is no doubt connected with the Catshaw named in a former note.
  • 10. Alexander de 'Ailwarderod' released to the monks of Stanlaw the rent of 1d. due to him from land purchased from his brother Michael in Spotland, belonging to an oxgang in Broadhalgh; Whalley Coucher, iii, 754. From another charter it appears that this Alexander was also known as Cotterel (iii, 759); he seems also to be the Alexander son of Robert the Reeve already mentioned. In more recent times Ellenrod was owned by a Chadwick family; Fishwick, op. cit. 496.
  • 11. It was part of the Whalley lands. Alan de Mar land gave to Andrew his son, at a rent of 2d., the land called Broderod in Spotland with the appurtenances of half an oxgang; Whalley Coucher, iii, 762. Andrew son of Alan de Marland by his will left all his land in Spotland, held of Adam his brother, to the monks of Stanlaw, together with his body; the rent of 2d. was to be paid to Adam and his heirs; ibid, iii, 790. The rent appears to be that of Henry son of Martin for land in Witley which was released by Adam ; ibid, ii, 600. Henry son of Henry de Witley granted to the monks all his right in Broderode; ibid, iii, 678. About 1540 the wife of James Green was the tenant; ibid, iv, 1,225. It formed part of the estate of the Holts of Gristlehurst, and was in the 18 th century purchased by James Royds of Deeplish, in whose family it has since descended; Fishwick, op. cit. 497.
  • 12. A number of deeds about Copthurst and Coptrod will be found in the Whalley Coucher, iii, 733–6, 764 ; ii, 600. About 1540 James Gartside held 2 oxgates of land and a ' peacle' of pasture in Coptrod at a rent of 16s. 8d.; ibid, iv, 1226. See also the account of the Linneys below.
  • 13. See Whalley Coucher, iii, 776, and note; also Fishwick, op. cit. 503. Edward Rawsthorne in 1563 obtained two messuages, &c. in Spotland from his father Lawrence ; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 25, m. 231.
  • 14. Alexander son of Robert de Spotland gave to the monks of Stanlaw the rent of 7½d. due from Henry de Redfern for Fernilea and Redfern; Whalley Coucher, iii, 753. Thomas Redfern, who died in 1601, held a messuage in Redfern in Spotland and another in Wolstenholme; James, his son and heir, was fifty years of age; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xviii, no. 28. See also Fishwick, op. cit. 506.
  • 15. Among others whose holdings are recorded in the Surv. of 1626 (ut sup. 173–7) are Henry son and heir of John Hopwood, 75 acres, paying a rent of 10d, to (the assigns of) Savile; Jordan Chadwick (see Healey), 47 acres, paying 9d. to Robert Holt; John Whittakers, 53 acres, paying 3s. to Robert Holt and 6d. to Theophilus Holt; the widow of Alexander Butterworth (see Belfield), 89 acres; and the heir of Robert Holt of Ashworth (see Wolstenholme) claimed 85. Thomas Hopwood and Alice his wife in 1575 made a settlement of their lands, mill, &c.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 37, m. 78. Thomas died at Spotland on 2 January 1627–8, holding four messuages, a water corn-mill, &c. in Spotland and Hundersfield; the heir was his grandson Henry (son of John, son of Thomas), thirteen years of age. Priscilla, the widow of John, afterwards married Robert Chadwick. By a settlement made in 1609 the estates had been settled on John and his heirs male, with remainder to his daughter Alice. The lands were held of Sir John Byron, except an acre in Spotland, held of the king; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 70. The residence was known as Spotland Gate. It was at one time the property of W. Harrison Ainsworth, the novelist; Fishwick, op. cit. 515–18, where there is a pedigree. Samuel Hopwood, who died in 1640, held a messuage, &c., in Spotland of Robert Holt of Castleton and Thomas Holt of Gristlehurst ; he left a son and heir John, twenty-six years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix, no. 89. He lived in Woodhouse Lane; Fishwick, op. cit. 518.
  • 16. It was for several centuries the residence of a family named Bentley; see Fishwick, op. cit. 518. Samuel Greave of Woodhouse in 1626 held various lands in Spotland, for which he paid quit-rents as follows: To the king, 13s. 4d; to the suppressed priory of St. John, 9½d.; and to Holt of Stubley, 12d.; Surv. in Raines MSS. xxi, 179.
  • 17. This was formerly part of the estate of the Radcliffes of Langley, and then of the Bamfords; see Fishwick, op. cit. 519.
  • 18. Manor Surv. ut sup. 190.
  • 19. Robert son of Adam de Spotland gave to Henry son of Peter de Haworth as much land within the bounds of Chadwick as pertained to 2 oxgangs of land, one inherited and the other purchased from John de Lacy, the said bounds being: From the Roch to Red brook, up this to Catshaw, thence to Scholefull lache, to Grimsley, up to Black lache, as far as Naden, descending by Naden up to the boundary between Chadwick and Bamford, along this boundary as far as the Roch, and so back to the starting-point; Whalley Coucher, iii, 796.
  • 20. The Chadwicks were probably a branch or continuation of one of the Spotland families, for, as already stated, about 1190 Adam de Spotland gave an acre in Chadwick to Rochdale Church; ibid, iii, 727. Robert son of Adam de Chadwick gave to Stanlaw Abbey some land in Chadwick; ibid, iii, 776. Henry son of Martin de Spotland gave to Stanlaw the land his father had bought from Robert de Chadwick within the bounds of Sedewalhelin nabbe; ibid, iii, 752. Andrew son of Henry de Chadwick made various grants to the monks, including a release of 4d. rent, dated 1308; ibid, iii, 785–7. Some of these grants mention Ireford in Chadwick, and Robert son of Andrew de Chadwick about 1250 gave the monks two assarts in Ireford heys; ibid, iii, 789. Andrew son of Henry de Chadwick may be the same as Andrew son of Henry de Spotland, who appears between 1277 and 1308 as releasing various small rents due from the monks ; ibid, iii, 788, 797; and see ii, 605. Chadwick ford is also named. In 1369 William son of John de Chadwick and Agnes his wife purchased various messuages and lands in Spotland from Geoffrey de Lightollers and Cecily his wife, Adam de Clegg and Agneg his wife, and Adam del Brook and Margaret his wife; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 175. William and Henry de Chadwick were living in 1381; Fishwick, Rochdale, 34. Robert son of Nicholas de Chadwick in 1445 granted his lands to Henry son of his brother John ; Fishwick, op. cit. 489 (quoting Sydhall title deeds). An estate in Spotland and Hundersfield was in 1509 settled by Hugh Chadwick the elder, John his son, and Hugh son of John; but these do not seem to have been of the Chadwick Hall family; Final Cone, iii, 167.
  • 21. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 16. About 1540 he held lands of the late abbey of Whalley by a rent of 1s.; Whalley Coucher, iv, 1225.
  • 22. An abstract of his will is printed in Wills (Chet. Soc.) (new ser.), i, 206.
  • 23. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 275. John Chadwick of Chadwick Hall held 106 acres in 1626; Surv. ut sup. 161.
  • 24. Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 73.
  • 25. See Fishwick, op. cit. 487–90, where there is a pedigree.
  • 26. Corry, Lancs, ii, 552.
  • 27. Char. Rep. of 1828, xix, 216. The gift included Coptrod, Bagslate, Bentwood, and other lands in Spotland.
  • 28. Illustrations of the north and south fronts in 1799 are given in Corry, Lancs. i, 268.
  • 29. Alexander de Ellenrod granted a moiety of Oakenrod to the monks of Stanlaw, and Alexander de Oakenrod, son of Robert de Spotland, gave them all his land in Twofoldhee; Whalley Coucher, iii, 755–6. In 1273 Robert son of Alexander de Oakenrod gave to Adam, son of Richard son of John de Hulton (see the account of Buckley), the rents due from Adam de Bamford and another for pieces of land in Chadwick; Agecroft D. no. 333. William de Turnagh acquired land in Spotland in 1299; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 188. He gave Adam de Bradley lands in Oakenrod and the Greave, to be held of the chief lords, John de Eland and Henry de Lacy, by the accustomed services, viz. a rent of 2d. to each ; Fishwick, op. cit. 491, quoting the Survey of 1626. In the re:gn of Elizabeth the Radcliffes of Ordsall held a messuage, fulling-mill, &c., in Spotland and Oakenrod, of the queen in socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiif, no. 33; xv, no. 45. Afterwards it passed into the possession of the Gartsides, who held it for about a century; it is now owned by the Royds family; Fishwick, op. cit. 493–6, where there is a pedigree. James Gartside died 25 February 1625–6 holding a messuage and lands in Spotland of Robert Holt, and leaving a widow Isabel and three young daughters— Susanna, Alice, and Anne—as heirs. He left his lands to his brother Henry, who was to give the daughters marriage portions; Towneley MS. C, 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 465. Henry Gartside held 75 acres in 1626; Surv. ut sup. 160. He died 29 January 1636–7, holding Oakenrod below Rochdale of Robert Holt, and leaving a son James, a year old. James was the younger son, Gabriel the elder having, it appears, died soon after his father, who names him in his will. There were also three daughters. Samuel, brother of Henry, was next heir male; Towneley MS. C, 8, 13, p. 466. See Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 115. Gabriel Gartside, who resided in Butterworth, was guardian to the heir of his cousin Henry Gartside of Oakenrod, and at the beginning of the Civil War was on that account required to send a soldier to the muster held by Lord Strange; but, according to his own story, he had tried to withdraw the man from the king's side, and had supplied men and money for the Parliament. Unfortunately he was afterwards 'encompassed by the enemy, surprised, and brought into Lathom,' but escaping made his way to the Parliamentary quarters. His property was sequestered, and though he took the National Covenant he had to pay a fine of £28; Royalist Composition Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 2–4. A pedigree was recorded in 1664–5.
  • 30. John son of Robert de Spotland granted to William the Serjeant, at 1d. rent, land in Broadhalgh, as much as pertained to 1 oxgang; the bounds are thus described: from Elysclough, where it met the Roch, up as far as the hedge, thence by ditches to Dogwall, by Dogwallclough to the Roch, and so to the startingpoint; Whalley Coucher, iii, 757. The 1d. rent was afterwards released; ibid, iii, 754. For the more recent history see Fishwick, op. cit. 503. In 1626 Robert Holt held 113 acres in Chadwick; Surv. ut sup. 160.
  • 31. There is an illustration of Oakenrod Hall in 1830 in Fishwick, Rochdale, 492, from a sketch by George Shaw in Raines MSS. i, 56.
  • 32. Surv. ut sup. 168.
  • 33. Lands in Wolstenholme and Butterworth, apparently the Chetham inheritance, were settled in 1278; Final Conc. i, 154. Geoffrey de Chadderton in 1311 held an oxgang of land in Wolstenholme by the service of 12d. a year, and Roger de Pilkington also held an oxgang in 'Pilkington' by the same service; De Lacy Inq. (Chet. Soc), 20. John de Radcliffe of Chadderton was plaintiff in 1367 respecting Spotland, and defendant in 1370; De Banco R. 426, m. 35, 86 d.; 440, m. 244. In the next year Thomas son of Thomas de Bamford claimed a messuage and land in Spotland against John de Radcliffe; ibid. R. 441, m. 57. Later the Standishes and Ashtons of Chadderton held land in Rochdale of the king; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 4, 21, 23. In a deed of partition in 1534 part of the land is called Nadenland in Spotland, Thomas Holt and Ralph Naden being tenants; Robert Holt paid 6d. for the attachment of a mill in Wolstenholme, and there were other messuages and lands in Spotland and Hundersfield; Raines D. in the Chetham Library. Sir John de Pilkington (perhaps by inheritance from Chetham) held Greenbooths in Spotland in 1424, and granted it to Geoffrey son of John de Holt; Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), i, 197.
  • 34. Among the witnesses to Adam de Spotland's charter, c. 1190, already cited, were Martin de Wolstenholme, Robert his brother, Andrew de Wolstenholme, and Henry his brother; Whalley Coucher, iii, 728. John de Wolstenholme occurs in 1309; ibid, iii, 784. John also appears in 1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 33. Thomas son of Thomas de Wolstenholme did not prosecute a claim for land in Spotland against John de Buersill and others in 1329 ; Assize R. 427, m. 3 d. At Pentecost 1352 Robert son of Robert de 'Hayward' claimed a messuage and lands in Spotland against Robert son of John de Wolstenholme; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 8 d. In 1626 an 'ancient grant' by Sir Henry Savile to Thomas son of Thurstan Wolstenholme was produced, of land called Wolstenholme; a rent of 2s. was due ; Surv. ut sup. 193. John Wolstenholme who died in 1555–6 held a messuage called Wolstenholme, with lands, water-mill, &c., of Sir Henry Savile in socage, by a rent of 2s.; he also held lands called Bradshaw of the king and queen by a rent of 2d. John his son and heir was nineteen years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, no. 39. Bradshaw is mentioned in a Whitworth charter in the Whalley Coucher, iii, 675. John Wolstenholme and Jane his wife in 1582 sold ten messuages, &c, in Wolstenholme to Thomas and Lawrence Hardman; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 44, m. 146. Thomas Hardman in 1626 held only 47 acres; Surv. 194. Some further notes aboat the Wolstenholme family are given in Fishwick, op. cit. 526–8.
  • 35. Ibid, 528, where a sketch of the house in 1830, by George Shaw, is given.
  • 36. The Bamford family were very early holders of land in the neighbourhood. Robert de Spotland released to the monks of Stanlaw his right in Stonlegh, with the homage and service (19d.) of Thomas de Bamford; Whalley Coucher, iii, 776. Thomas and Adam his brother occur from 1277 to 1310; ibid, iii, 788–95. Robert son of Thomas de Bamford was defendant to a Spotland claim in 1311; De Banco R. 189, m. 9 d. Adam de Bamford in 1324–31 gave all his lands in Chadwick to Sir Richard de Byron; Byron Chartul. no. 16/203, 2/204. Richard de Bamford was in 1323 defendant in a Spotland plea; De Banco R. 247, m. 3 d. He was again in 1330 defendant to a claim for a messuage in Spotland made by Adam the Clerk of Bury and Agnes his wife; ibid. R. 281, m. 221 d. Avice daughter of Thomas de Bamford in Lent 1352 claimed two messuages, 30 acres of land, &c, against Roger (a minor) son of Beatrice, daughter of John Stikewind, and others; the plaintiff was one of the heirs of Thomas son of Richard de Bamford, but it was alleged that Thomas had alienated the tenement in dispute; Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 1, m. 4. James Scholefield in 1544 purchased a messuage and land in Spotland from Arthur Bamford; Pa), of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 250. In 1557 Adam Bamford had lands, &c., in Wolstenholme and Spotland; ibid. bdle. 17, m. 177. John Bamford, of Bamford and Withington, died in 1559, holding a messuage, &c, in Spotland of Robert Holt and Robert Savile in socage by a rent ot 2s. 8d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 61. A little later the tenure is described as the hundredth part of a knight's fee; ibid, xi, no. 38. In 1619 the tenure of the messuage, &c., in Spotiand was described as of Sir John Byron the younger and John Holt in socage by 2s. 8d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 179. Samuel son of William Bamford in 1626 held 322 acres, which had been the Wolstenholme family's estates, as he produced their charter; Surv. ut sup. 192. In a plea of 1326 a charter was adduced by which Adam de Bury gave land in Wolstenholme to Thomas de Strangeways and Agnes his wife; Abbrev. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 355. As late as 1581 a Thomas Strangeways had land, &o, in Spotiand and Rochdale; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 43, m. 152.
  • 37. Surv. ut sup. 196; Theophilus Holt had 149 acres.
  • 38. Ibid. 196; Richard son and heir of Robert Holt of Ashworth held 142 acres. The lands of Robert Holt in Wolstenholme, Spotiand, Marcroft Gate, and Cheesden, had been held of the Ashtons of Middleton as part of the Bamford estate; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 441. Other Ashtons held lands in Spotiand. Thus James Ashton and Anne his wife in 1545 made a settlement of six messuages, &c, in Wolstenholme, Spotiand, and Hundersfield; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 184. Arthur Ashton (seethe account of Clegg) in 1547 purchased ten messuages, &c, in Hundersfield and Spotland from James Gartside, and the same (or another ten) from Roger Gartside in 1558; ibid. bdle. 13, m. 233; 19, m. 92. In 1566 he purchased land from Richard Linney and Katherine his wife; ibid, bdle. 28, m. 269. (Richard Linney had in 1564 purchased lands, &c., in Spotiand and Hundersfield from Lawrence Buckley and Margaret his wife; ibid. bdle. 26, m. 74.) Richard Ashton and Elizabeth his wife sold some land in Spotiand in 1562; ibid. bdle. 24, m. 51. John Chadwick of Yelandrod had two messuages and lands in Wolstenholme in 1588 ; ibid. bdle. 50, no. 26. For Yealand see Fishwick, op. cit. 81.
  • 39. Surv. ut sup. 206.
  • 40. A moiety of Falinge was included in the grant of Whitworth made to Stanlaw by John de Eland; Whalley Coucher, iii, 637. Orm de Falinge gave ¼ oxgang in Halwerdewerd to his son Robert; a rent of 13½d. was to be paid to Stanlaw; ibid, i, 155. Andrew and Randle sons of Orm de Falinge granted to the monks of Stanlaw the rents they had received from certain lands; and Adam son of Geoffrey de Falinge gave the homage and service of William son of William the Serjeant and Adam son of Henry del Field; ibid, iii, 769–71. Adam son of Henry del Field (called 'de Spotiand ' in the title) surrendered to the monks the house and land he had held of them; and Robert son of Adam son of Henry confirmed it; ibid, iii, 774–5. The latter may be the Robert son of Adam de Falinge who released to the abbey all claim to his hereditary lands in the hamlet; ibid, iii, 794. In 1330 Randle son of Gilbert de Falinge gave to the monks of Whalley all his lands, &c, in the 'Falenges'in the vill of Spotiand; ibid, iii, 798–9. It came into the hands of the Holts of Gristlehurst with the rest of Spotiand, as is shown by the inquisition of 1562 already cited. Theophilus Holt in 1626 held 154 acres; Surv. ut sup. 152.
  • 41. Fishwick, Rochdale, 509–12, where a pedigree of the Royds family maybe seen.
  • 42. Surv. 153. There is quoted in the same place the grant of land in Falinge made by Lawrence Buckley of Whitfield in 1564 (see fine already cited) to Richard Linney, great-grandfather of Edmund Linney, living in 1626.
  • 43. Whalley Coucher, iii, 680; ii, 623; see also iii, 637.
  • 44. Anketil son of Andrew the Chaplain of Rochdale gave to his brother Clement an oxgaag of land in Healey with an assart there, at a rent of 12d. and four horse irons; ibid, iii, 781. It was probably the same oxgang which about 1200–20 Robert the son of Anketil de Healey gave to Stanlaw Abbey at a rent of 16d.; ibid. Clement son of Andrew the Priest held another oxgang of Hugh son of Jordan de Mitton at a rent of 6d.; ibid, iii, 782. Clement sold both oxgangs to the abbey ; ibid, iii, 777. Dolfin de Healey had two sons, Adam and Henry, who had lands in Castleton; ibid, ii, 596–7. In a note Canon Raines, quoting the Healey deeds, says that Henry had a son John who died about 1272 holding house and land at Healey; Andrew the son of John was in possession in 1310, and by his wife Avice daughter of Henry de Marland had a son Thomas, whose oniy child Avice, wife of Adam son of Nicholas de Ogden, in 1338 released to her son Alexander all her lands in the vill of Spotland; Alice de Ogden, a descendant and co-heir of Alexander, married John Chadwick of Healey before 1445. Peter de Healey granted the monks the land called Healeyhalghes, the bounds going from Shore to Heaves in Balshaw, to the brook, to Falinge Syke, Spot Brook (Spodden), Arnolds Rode, Elis Rode, and Light Hazels ; ibid, iii, 777. William the son of Peter and others made supplementary grants ; ibid, iii, 668, 778–80. John son of Elote de Healey in 1292 had to defend his title to a messuage and a half oxgang in Spotiand against Adam of the Bergh, grandson and heir of Robert the Clerk of Anglezarke; Assize R. 408, m. 3. Robert de Anglezarke, clerk, held 1½ oxgangs in Healey by grant of Adam son of William de Healey, who held of the Abbot of Stanlaw; and Richard son of Robert afterwards surrendered it to the abbot; Whalley Coucher, ii, 615–17. Adam of the Bergh appears as plaintiff in 1300; De Banco R. 134, m. 135 d. John son of Richard de Tonwallcliff in 1355 secured damages in a claim against the Abbot of Whalley and Alexander de Healey; it appeared that Richard held a messuage and land of the abbot in socage, but Alexander de Healey, pretending that the tenure was knight's service, took possession, John being a minor; Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 4, m. 8. John de Tonwallcliff was again plaintiff in 1374, William son of Geoffrey de Healey being defendant; De Banco R. 456, m. 10. Tonwallcliff is several times named in the Whalley Coucher, e.g. iii, 658, 660. Ellen widow of Adam de Hopwood claimed dower in Spotiand in 1370 against William son of Geoffrey de Healey; De Banco R. 440, m. 118 d. About 1540 the abbey tenants included William and James Healey and Richard Lord; Whalley Coucher, iv, 1232, 1225. In 1594 John Healey and Susan his wife held a messuage and lands in Spotiand; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 56, m. 62. In 1626 John son of Thomas Healey held 113 acres in Healey, paying a quit rent of 2s. to Theophilus Holt; while Thomas Healey of Lower Healey (son of Thomas) held 30 acres; Surv. ut sup., 209, 210. Theophilus Holt (as representing Whalley Abbey) had 106 acres in his own hands; ibid. 208.
  • 45. See preceding note. In 1626 Jordan Chadwick, holding 86 acres, produced a charter from Richard de Healey to John his brother, granting land in Healey at a rent of 12d.; a half oxgang held by Henry son of William was excepted; ibid. 208. See also Fishwick, Rochdale, 482–5. Abstracts of a number of the Chadwick of Healey evidences are printed in Corry, Lancs. ii, 645, &c.
  • 46. Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 42; the services due were not known.
  • 47. Ibid, xxvii, no. 36. The tenures are not stated. A curious pedigree appears in the printed Visit. of 1613 (Chet. Soc), 110. Another pedigree was recorded in 1664; see Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 74. The family, retaining Healey Hall, afterwards settled at Ridware in Staffordshire. Charles Chadwick, who died in 1829, was an antiquary.
  • 48. Surv. ut sup. 215.
  • 49. There is an elevation of Old Healey Hall in Corry's Lancs, ii, 553.
  • 50. Corry, Lancs, ii, 637, where a description of the new building is given.
  • 51. Fishwick, Rochdale, 485. On the house is a long Latin inscription adapted from Horace, and a stone cut in 1800 bears on it 'John de Heley, 1250,' and 'i.c. 1483.'
  • 52. The history of the Liversedge moiety is told in the Inq. a.q.d. of 1322; Whalley Coucher, iii, 706–8.
  • 53. Ibid. iii. 637. The grantor reserved his right to hunt. By a second charter he granted the waste, and then gave Hallsteads and Swineshead; ibid. 639–43. A large number of charters concerning Whitworth are given in the Coucher, iii, 637–726. For the tenants about 1540 see ibid, iv, 1226–8, Whitworth, Tong End, and Rockliffe. The commons were Bagden, Prickshaw, and Trough.
  • 54. Ibid, iii, 719, 729, 726.
  • 55. Ibid, iii, 720.
  • 56. Ibid, iii, 695.
  • 57. Ibid, iii, 703, 711, 712.
  • 58. Ibid, iii, 704, 721. At the inquisition it was shown that the Abbot of Stanlaw had held 2 oxgangs of land of Robert de Whitworth by a rent of 8s. 2d., Germain, Robert's brother, 1 oxgang, by 3s. 6d.; Geoffrey de Whitworth, ¼ oxgang, by 1s. 2d.; and Michael de Shaw, 2 acres, by 2d. rent; ibid, iii, 707. Thus ¾ oxgang was left to Robert de Whitworth himself. The rents payable to Andrew son of Robert in 1321 were— Abbot of Whalley, 8s. 2d.; Robert son of Henry son of Gemme, 3s. 6d.; Thomas son of Robert del Stock, 1s. 2d.; and John son of Michael de Shaw, 2d.; ibid, iii, 703. In 1331 Robert son of Henry de Whitworth had a rent of 10d. from Geoffrey (son) of Adam de Buckley, 8d. from John son of Richard son of Swain, and a peppercorn from Henry del Stock; ibid, iii, 723. John de Buckley in 1339 released to Whalley all his right in the thirtieth part of Whitworth; ibid, iii, 725.
  • 59. Surv. ut sup. 217. Other holders were Richard Milne, 61 acres; Jordan Chadwick (Healey), 74 acres; and Robert Holt, copyhold land called Ugshott, 187 acres. Ugshott land is named in a grant by Swain de Whitworth to the monks of Stanlaw; Whalley Coucher, iii, 654.
  • 60. Ibid, iii, 686, 664; it is called Faghside. James Marland claimed Facit in 1566; Richard Milne and Francis Holt were the other holders; see Fishwick, Rochdale, 85.
  • 61. Hugh de Whitworth gave to Swain his son ½ oxgang in Tong, which was the fourth part of his lands there; Wballey Coucher, iii, 653. For the Scholfields of Tong End, see Fishwick, Rochdale, 522–3. In 1575 Francis Holt purchased from Alexander Scholfield and Emma his wife, eight messuages, lands, &c, in Whitworth and Spotland; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 37, m. 121.
  • 62. Surv. ut sup. 233.
  • 63. Wballey Coucher, i, 153. The bounds of this pasture in the forest began at Gorsiches lache, went to Cowpe Head and by Cowpe to the Irwell, up the river to Fulebachope (Bacup) to Saltergate, Hamstalsclough, Denesgreve, and across the moss to Cumbe hope at Gorsiche Lache. The monks could place one hundred cows there with their produce up to two years old. For the tenants in 1540, see ibid, iv, 1228.
  • 64. Surv. ut sup. 235.
  • 65. Alice and Aldusa in 1246 successfully claimed land in Chadwick as heirs of their father William de Raidwath; Assize R. 404, m. 8 d. Liulph de Reddewoth was a benefactor of Stanlaw; Wballey Coucber, iii, 785. Alice widow of Robert son of Thomas de la Lee in Lent 1352 claimed a messuage and land in Spotland against John son of Maud, daughter of Cecily the Marshal's daughter; Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 1, m. 4 d. The dispute was long-continued. The defendant called on William Emson de Ainsworth, Almarica his wife, Robert de Bromley, Margery his wife, John son of Roger de Clegg, and Alice his wife, to warrant him, the wives named being sisters and heirs of Robert de la Lee; ibid. R. 6, m. 3. See also Assize R. 441, m. 4, 4d. James de Greenhalgh in 1422 acquired an estate in Spotland; Final Conc, iii, 81. In 1576 Thomas Greenhalgh died holding a messuage and lands there of Francis Holt by a peppercorn rent; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 10. From a preceding note it will be seen that such a rent was, in 1331, paid by Henry del Stock for land in Whitworth. Robert Holt of Carburton, Notts., was in 1529, in possession of messuages, mill, &c, in Spotland and Hundersfield; Geoffrey, his son and heir, sold all or most of the estate to Thomas Holt in 1539; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 11, m. 129, 27. Francis Holt in 1575 had to make good his title to lands in Dean Bank, and Greenbooths in Spotland, against the daughters and co-heirs of Geoffrey; Fishwick, op. cit. 377, quoting Duchy Plead. Eliz. lxii, T. 7. Henry Holt of Fieldhouse, in 1523, contributed to the subsidy for his lands; Fishwick, Rochdale, 37. He died in 1526. holding five messuages, &c, in Spotland and Hundersfield, of Robert Holt by knight's service and a rent of 3s. 8d. Grace, his daughter and heir, was two years of age; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 10. Sir Edmund Trafford in the time of Henry VIII held two messuages, &c, in Rochdale of Robert Holt of Stubley; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 20. They were in Spotland and were sold to Francis Holt in 1564; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 26, m. 136. William Strangeways and Eleanor his wife in 1564. sold four messuages, &c, in Spotland and Rochdale, to Robert Holt; ibid. bdle. 26, m. 242. Richard Chadwick died in 1621 holding messuages and lands in Spotland and Hundersfield, also a messuage in Manchester, and leaving a son and heir Robert, twenty years of age. The lands were chiefly held of Sir John Byron, but a small part in Spotland was held of John Holt of Stubley; Lancs. Inq. p.m.(Rec.Soc.Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 273. This family was of Spotland Gate; see Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. ii, 195 n. Ottiwell Greave in 1569 purchased a messuage in Spotland from John son and heir of Thomas Belfield; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 177. Edmund Greave in 1608 died seised of messuages and lands in Spotland held of Theophilus Ashton of Clegg by a rent of 4d. Ottiwell his son was forty-one years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches), i, 126. This estate is called Fernhill; Fishwick, op. cit. 504. One of the Linney family is believed to have lived at the 'Great House' in Rochdale, close to which ran the brook called Lothburn; Fishwick, op. cit. 523–5. Richard Linney died in 1619 holding lands in Hundersfield and Spotland of the king, as of the dissolved Hospital of St. John, by two rents of 6d. each; also cottages in Rochdale and an acre in Coptrod, this last being held of the king by knight's service; Edmund, his son and heir, was nine years old; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 113; iii, 368. Edmund Linney died 25 Oct. 1636, holding much the same lands, and leaving a widow Ellen, and a son and heir Richard, only three years old; Towneley MS. C, 8,13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 748. The Smallshaw is named in the Wballey Coucber, iii, 761. It was owned by the Crossleys in the 17th century; Fishwick, op. cit. 508. James Crossleydied in 1623 holding two messuages and lands in Spotland of Robert Holt of Stubley by the 200th part of a knight's fee; James, his son and heir, was four years old; Towneley MS. C, 8, 13, p. 241–2.
  • 66. The foundation deed (1532) is printed in Fishwick, Rochdale, 164–7. It states that Robert Holt of Stubley and the freeholders gave 50 'fall' of land, and that a number of the people built it; the priest's wages were to be collected by the chapel reeves, who, like the priest, were to be appointed by four trustees. The king (probably as lord of Rochdale) might prohibit service there if he judged it advisable, on account of the poverty of the place. It was confiscated with other chapels in 1548 and bought back from the Crown by the people; Raines, Chant. (Chet. Soc), ii, 277. In 1626 the chapel and chapel yard occupied 25 perches; Surv. ut sup. 232.
  • 67. Ch. Gds. (Chet. Soc), 49. John Yate was the priest; he was still there in 1563 and 1565 (Visitation Lists), being, however, 'decrepit.' His will was proved in 1574; ibid. 52. During the latter part of Elizabeth's reign the chapel seems to have been served by a licensed 'reader,' the vicar of Rochdale or his curate perhaps officiating from time to time; see Fishwick, op. cit. 171. About 1610 it is mentioned as a chapel of ease supported by the inhabitants; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 12. The curates had probably other charges; see the list in Fishwick, op. cit. 171, 172.
  • 68. Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 20. James Stevenson was minister in 1641 and till his death in 1649 i he was succeeded by George Stott, who did not approve of the Presbyterian government, and left; see W. A. Shaw, Bury Classis (Chet. Soc), 256, 257. John Bullock, a husbandman of Bolton, appears in 1657–8; ibid. 221.
  • 69. a A brief ordering collections for the rebuilding was granted in 1772.
  • 70. Fishwick, op. cit. 167.
  • 71. Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc), ii, 154. Of this income £5 was the interest on £100 given by James Wolfenden of Hades in Wardle on condition that the curate should be M.A. or B.A.
  • 72. Ibid, ii, 157. For the Starky family see the account of Tonge in Prestwich. On the death of James Starky in 1846 the patronage became vested in his kinsmen, Joseph Langton and the Rev. William Hornby. In 1889 the patron was L. Brierley.
  • 73. Fishwick, op. cit. 169.
  • 74. This list is derived mainly from the work just quoted pp. 172–6, where full accounts of the curates, &c, will be found. The benefice has ranked as a vicarage since 1866, when the Rochdale Vicarage Act was passed.
  • 75. This curate was appointed by the vicar of Rochdale, but the 'four men' vindicated their right; see the case stated in Notitia Cestr. ii, 154–6 n. He was afterwards rector of North Meols.
  • 76. The church papers at Chester Dioc. Reg. begin with this curate.
  • 77. Also vicar of Clapham, Yorkshire.
  • 78. Also vicar of St. Michael's on Wyre.
  • 79. Afterwards fellow of Manchester.
  • 80. Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 157; End. Char. Rep. (1904), 16.
  • 81. Land. Gaz. 10 June 1862.
  • 82. Ibid. 6 Feb. 1866.
  • 83. For district, see Lond. Gaz. 5 Nov. 1867.
  • 84. Nonconformity existed in the 17th century; the chapel at Hallfold, erected in 1720, was replaced by the present building in 1850. The fluctuating history of the congregation is told in Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. iii, 269–79.
  • 85. Mass was said on Sundays for some years before 1860, and a wooden chapel was built in 1862; Kelly, Engl. Cath. Missions, 432.