Townships: Parbold

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1911.

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'Townships: Parbold', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, (London, 1911), pp. 178-181. British History Online [accessed 25 June 2024].

. "Townships: Parbold", in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, (London, 1911) 178-181. British History Online, accessed June 25, 2024,

. "Townships: Parbold", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, (London, 1911). 178-181. British History Online. Web. 25 June 2024,

In this section


Iperbolt, 1195; Perebold, 1202; Perbold, 1212; Perbalt, Perbald, 1292. The local pronunciation is Perbot or Parbot.

Parbold appears to have been taken from Wrightington. It has an area of 1,159 acres, (fn. 1) and the population in 1901 numbered 579. The surface is hilly, the general slope being from a height of 400 ft. on the north-east border down to the Douglas, which here forms the boundary on the south and west, being also the boundary of the parish and hundred. From the summit mentioned there is an extensive prospect, the mountains of Cumberland and Wales and the Isle of Man being visible.

The principal road is that which goes westward from Wigan to Ormskirk, crossing the Douglas by a bridge (fn. 2) at the south-west corner of the township. The village lies in the same quarter. The Lancashire and Yorkshire Company's line from Wigan to Southport runs west near the southern border, and has a station at the village. The Leeds and Liverpool Canal passes through the township between the railway and the river.

There are quarries of good building stone worked.

The soil is a strong clayey loam with subsoil of marl, stone and coal. Wheat, oats and potatoes are grown.

Fifty hearths contributed to the hearth tax in 1666; the largest house was that of John Crisp, with six hearths. (fn. 3)


The early history of PARBOLD is involved in that of Wrightington. Before 1242 it had come into the hands of Robert de Lathom, who held it of the lord of Manchester by the service of the fourth part of a knight's fee. (fn. 4) Robert de Lathom gave it to Richard his son and his issue, and Richard had four daughters— Lucy, Alice, Katherine and Cecily. Two died without issue, and in 1351 the claimants were Henry de Trafford in right of his wife Lucy daughter of Alice, and Thomas son of Richard de Bradshagh of Pennington by Cecily his wife. (fn. 5) The Lathoms of Tarbock and their heirs also claimed the manor of Parbold (fn. 6); but the head of the family, Sir Thomas de Lathom, recovered the whole and granted it to his younger son Edward, (fn. 7) ancestor of the Lathoms who continued to hold the manor down to the end of the 17th century.

Lathom of Parbold. Or on a chief indented azure three plates.

Edward de Lathom, after receiving Parbold from his father, (fn. 8) was further endowed with a fourth part of the manor of Wrightington by his elder brother Sir Thomas, (fn. 9) and these manors appear in later times to have been treated as one. The descent is thus given in a plea of 1511 (fn. 10) : Edward — son, Robert (fn. 11) — son, Edward — son, Robert. Some time during the 15th century, perhaps by the second Edward, the manor of Allerton in Childwall was acquired together with other lands in that neighbourhood. (fn. 12) Robert Lathom (fn. 13) died in 1516 holding the manor of Parbold and the fourth part of the manor of Wrightington of Thomas Earl of Derby by knights' service and the rent of a rose and 23d., the earl holding the same of Lord La Warr by like service, and Lord La Warr of the king as of his duchy of Lancaster by knights' service. The manor of Parbold was worth £10 a year and the fourth part of Wrightington £5. William Lathom son and heir of Robert was sixty years of age and more. (fn. 14)

The estates descended (fn. 15) to Thomas Lathom, who died in 1597, (fn. 16) and his son Richard, who died in 1602, leaving as heir a son Thomas, fifteen years old. (fn. 17) Thomas died in 1623 holding Parbold and the fourth part of Wrightington as before, together with another fourth part recently bought of Roger Kirkby; his heir was his son Richard, only five months old. (fn. 18) The family adhered to Roman Catholicism, and in the Civil War to the king's side. (fn. 19) Hence Richard Lathom's estates were confiscated for treason in 1652 (fn. 20) and ordered to be sold. (fn. 21) Allerton had to be alienated, and though a pedigree was recorded in 1664 (fn. 22) and the family retained Parbold a little longer, they were unable to retrieve their losses. Their possessions were therefore sold about 1680 to John Crisp, (fn. 23) whose descendants retained them for a century, (fn. 24) the manors of Parbold and Wrightington with various lands being sold to William Dicconson of Wrightington about 1791. (fn. 25) They have since descended with Wrightington. Manor House Farm is now known as Damstead Wood Farm. (fn. 26)

The Hospitallers held a considerable estate in Parbold from an early time. (fn. 27) The family which bore the local name, of which little is known, may have held part of the 'alms land,' (fn. 28) and probably ultimately sold their right to the Lathoms. Richard Lathom about 1540 held two parcels, paying 6d. each. (fn. 29) The Banastres of Parbold also held part, and at the same date Richard Banastre held the Bewhouse by a rent of 11d. (fn. 30) The priory of Burscough also had an estate. (fn. 31)

Richard Lathom and Lawrence Finch contributed to the subsidy of 1542–3 for their lands. (fn. 32) A few other names occur in pleadings (fn. 33) and inquisitions. (fn. 34) Parbold House in 1582 seems to have been owned by Richard Prescott. (fn. 35) A dispute as to Lighthurst in Parbold occurred in the time of Edward VI. (fn. 36)

In 1783 the late Sir John Tyrrell's heirs were the chief landowners, others being John Nelson and Mrs. Sale. In 1798 William Dicconson and John Assheton Nelson were the principal contributors to the tax. (fn. 37)


The ancient chapel of St. Mary, now destroyed, (fn. 38) was known as DOUGLAS CHAPEL. It was probably built by the Hospitallers for the use of their tenants, (fn. 39) but in later times the Lathoms of Parbold were considered the patrons. (fn. 40) This, however, may have been in respect of the chantry founded in the chapel by one Henry Parbold, as it was reported. (fn. 41) Little is known of its history or chaplains before the Reformation, while afterwards it probably fell out of use for a time, the small endowment having been confiscated and the people to a great extent remaining faithful to the ancient religion. (fn. 42) Bishop Bridgeman, about 1620, may be regarded as its restorer, (fn. 43) and in 1650 the Commonwealth surveyors found that some small endowments had been given and that it was in regular use. (fn. 44) Seventy years later, however, the income was only £10, it being at this time 'supplied by the rector of Eccleston or his curate every Sunday except when the sacrament was administered at the mother church.' (fn. 45) A grant was obtained from Queen Anne's Bounty in 1767. (fn. 46) The building was replaced by the present Christ Church in 1875, and was taken down in 1878. The rector of Eccleston is now the patron.

The following have been curates and vicars (fn. 47) :—

1677 John Leigh
oc. 1679 Thomas Marsden
1728 William Dewhurst, B.A. (fn. 48) (St. John's Coll., Camb.)
1739 Thomas Wadeson
oc. 1762 Thomas Evans (fn. 49)
1766 William Knowles (fn. 50)
1770 Thomas Walker (fn. 51)
1798 John Johnson (fn. 52)
1829 John Price (fn. 53)
1860 William Price, B.A. (Corpus Christi Coll., Camb.)
1874 William Coombes
1885 Henry Powell Owen-Smith, M.A. (fn. 54) (Magdalene Coll., Camb.)
1909 Thomas Gleave

Parbold Hall was at one time the centre of the Catholic mission, (fn. 55) but Wrightington took its place, and the present church of Our Lady and All Saints was not built till 1884. It is served by the Benedictines. (fn. 56)


  • 1. The Census Rep. of 1901 gives 1,161 acres, including 17 of inland water.
  • 2. This bridge, called Three Bridge, is perhaps the successor of the 'Risenebrige' of the Cockersand charters, quoted below.
  • 3. Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
  • 4. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 154. See also the account of Wrightington. Robert de Holland seems to have held the Lathom share of Dalton and Parbold in 1320, and his successor Lord Lovel about 1480; see Mamecestre (Chet. Soc.), ii, 288; iii, 515. These occupy exactly the same place as the Lathoms do in other rentals; ibid. iii, 479. There was payable 3s. for sake fee and 5s. for castle ward, of which Parbold contributed 4s. (ibid. iii, 491); also puture of the serjeants. A mesne manor must therefore have been created for the Hollands.
  • 5. This statement of the descent is from Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2 (Pentecost, 2 Duke Henry), m. 8. At that time the four daughters were all dead. See also Genealogist (new ser.), xvi, 201–6. Richard de Lathom being of full age in 1291 claimed 5 acres in Parbold against Roger Banastre; De Banco R. 91, m. 268 d. Richard claimed against Geoffrey son of Roger Banastre in 1316; ibid. 214, m. 250. He was one of the defendants to a claim for land put forward by Edmund de Rigby in 1325; Assize R. 426, m. 3. He was still living in 1328, when he released to Katherine de Lathom his right in lands formerly Robert de Lathom's; Kuerden MSS. iii, W 26 d. His death took place between 1329 and 1332, in which latter year his daughter Lucy as widow of John de Warburton had to defend her title to the manor; De Banco R. 292, m. 53. Cecily, a sister, was under age in 1335; ibid. 304, m. 43 d. In 1344 Lucy made a feoffment of the manor of Parbold; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 120; and in 1346 she was wife of Thomas le Strange; De Banco R. 348, m. 404. By her first husband she had a son Edward, who must have died before 1350; ibid. 358, m. 19; 361, m. 59. The last reference marks the appearance of Henry de Trafford and Thomas de Bradshagh as claimants of the manor; Thomas was still a minor. Their claims were prosecuted for several years. Thomas de Bradshagh sued for thirteen messuages, two mills, &c., at Easter, 1354; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. 4. Henry de Trafford and Lucy his wife continued their claim for the manor in 1355; ibid. 4, m. 4.
  • 6. Richard son of Robert de Lathom granted to Alexander de Lathom lands in Parbold, &c.; Kuerden MSS. iii, W 26 d. Ellen widow of Henry de Lathom (of Tarbock) in 1288 claimed dower against Richard de Lathom, Alexander de Lathom, Roger Banastre and others in two messuages, two mills, &c., in Parbold; De Banco R. 75, m. 38 d. Richard son of the later Henry de Lathom (of Tarbock) in 1325 claimed a messuage and land in Parbold against John son of Alexander de Lathom; ibid. 257, m. 36. About the same time the said Richard laid claim to the manor of Parbold, and his namesake of Parbold summoned the lord of Lathom to warrant him; De Banco R. 263, m. 240 d. The reasons for the claim are not given, but it was prosecuted for thirty years. Richard son of Henry de Lathom was still prosecuting his claim against Richard de Lathom of Parbold in 1329; ibid. 277, m. 82. In 1332 Lucy widow of John de Warburton was the defendant, and two years later the claim against her was continued by Richard son of Richard de Torbock; ibid. 292, m. 53; 297, m. 12. There are references in subsequent years, and in 1346 Sir William Carles demanded the manor in right of his wife Emma; ibid. 346, m. 264 d.; 358, m. 19. It was declared that Thomas le Strange and Lucy his wife (the above-named Lucy) had in 1349 'no lands in Lancashire'; ibid. 358, m. 64 d. The Carles claim was still put forward in 1355; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 4, m. 18 d.
  • 7. Sir Thomas de Lathom in 1344 claimed twelve messuages, two mills, lands and rent in Parbold against two chaplains, probably feoffees of the Lathoms of Parbold, for they summoned Thomas le Strange and Lucy his wife to warrant them; De Banco R. 340, m. 402 d.; 348, m. 404. In 1348 Sir Thomas de Lathom the elder claimed the manor against Edward son of John de Warburton, who was still a minor; ibid. 356, m. 511. He appears to have made an agreement, for in 1352 Sir William Carles and Emma his wife pursued their claim for the manor against Edward son of Sir Thomas de Lathom, who, being a minor, called Sir Thomas to warrant him; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 3 (Pentecost), m. 2 d. (Mich.). In some of the suits previously referred to Sir Thomas de Lathom, Eleanor his wife and Edward de Lathom were the defendants. The whole matter seems to have been settled by 1356, when all the pleas ceased: for instance, Sir Geoffrey de Warburton the elder did not in Dec. 1355 prosecute his suit against Sir Thomas de Lathom the elder and others; ibid. 4, m. 240.
  • 8. Edward de Lathom in 1371 claimed a messuage and land in Parbold against Richard the Parker of Lathom; De Banco R. 443, m. 306; 448, m. 75.
  • 9. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ii, no. 7; Edward de Lathom was still living in 1385, and in 1389 (I' an duz of Ric. II) he became bound to Robert Banastre; Towneley MS. OO, no. 1187.
  • 10. Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 112, m. 18 d.; Robert Lathom v. Thomas Stopford, concerning four messuages, 50 acres of land, &c., which Thomas de Lathom the elder gave to Edward his son and the heirs male of his body.
  • 11. Eleanor widow of Robert Lathom in 1446 claimed dower in a messuage and land in Parbold against Ellen widow of Richard Woodward; ibid. 9, m. 7b. John Lathom, canon of Beverley, was perhaps of this family. His will (1470) is printed in Test. Ebor. (Surtees Soc.), iii, 173.
  • 12. See the account of Allerton.
  • 13. Robert Lathom was in possession in 1473; Mamecestre, iii, 479.
  • 14. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 7. Besides the three manors he had lands in Woolton and Walton-on-the-Hill.
  • 15. At this point there is some obscurity, perhaps due to illegitimate succession. William is said to have had a son William, whose son Richard was father of the Thomas named in the text; Piccope MS. Pedigrees (Chet. Lib.), ii, p. 37. William Lathom was described as 'a great man in those parts' in 1527; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 148. Richard Lathom was in possession in 1546, when he purchased two gardens, &c., in Parbold and Wrightington from Richard Banastre; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 170. See also Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 182, 222. He was still living in 1567, when he claimed from Richard Stopford and others suit to the halmote court; ibid. ii, 348, 353. Thomas Lathom was a defendant in 1578; ibid. iii, 69. He and Isabel his wife sold land in Walton in 1577; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 39, m. 83. John Lathom of London claimed the manors of Allerton, Parbold and Wrightington (one-fourth) and various lands as son and heir of Robert brother and heir of William son and heir of Robert. This last must be the Robert who died in 1516, so that at the date given for the petition John Lathom must have been a very aged man. He asserted that various deeds came into the hands of Richard Lathom of Parbold, who wrongfully entered and took the profits. See Duchy of Lanc. Plead. cciii, L 16.
  • 16. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 32. The estate included the manor of Parbold, with a capital messuage there, water-mill, &c., a fourth part of the manor of Wrightington, a chantry founded in the chapel of Douglas, with lands belonging to it, the advowson of Eccleston, &c. Richard the son and heir was thirty-four years of age.
  • 17. Ibid. xviii, no. 44. His mother Isabel was still living. He made a settlement of Allerton on behalf of his wife Elizabeth and his younger sons, Edward, Peter, William, Richard and John.
  • 18. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 404–6. Elizabeth his mother was still living.
  • 19. See Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. iv, 146, where it is stated that Thomas Lathom appeared on the recusant rolls in 1605. Richard Lathom took part in the attack on Lancaster in 1643, when the town was burnt by the Royalists; Cal. Com. for Comp. i, 21.
  • 20. Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 43.
  • 21. Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iv, 68. Richard Lathom was seised of quit-rents due to the lord of the manor of Parbold worth £3 12s. 4d. a year, and of customary works worth 5s., and of court baron and court leet fines, &c., 2s. 6d.; also of a messuage called Parbold Hall, water gristmill and lands in Eccleston and Wrightington worth £104 12s. a year. George Hurd of London, merchant, purchased the manor of Parbold, &c.
  • 22. Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 176; Richard's son and heir Thomas was aged seventeen in 1664. From the Piccope pedigree already quoted it appears that Thomas left two daughters. He had five brothers—Richard, William, Christopher, George and George—and five sisters. Of the brothers William succeeded; Christopher was a priest, and at one time served at Puddington. As William presented to the rectory of Eccleston in 1704 and 1706 it is probable that he became a Protestant. He is said to have died about 1730, and members of the family occur in Parbold later; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xi, 211. Peter Lathom, founder of the charity, is said to have belonged to it.
  • 23. A settlement of the manors of Parbold, Wrightington and Allerton, with various lands, was made in 1653 by Richard Lathom and Katherine his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 151, m. 104. Two years later, in a fine regarding the manor of Parbold and lands there and in Wrightington, the deforciants were Richard Lathom, Katherine his wife, George Hurd and Elizabeth his wife, while the plaintiff was John Crisp; ibid. bdle. 155, m. 141. This was probably a mortgage, but it will be seen that John Crisp presented to the rectory of Eccleston in 1672. Thomas Crisp of Parbold died in 1758, aged sixty-eight; he was Sheriff of Lancashire in 1715–16 (P.R.O. List, 74) and member for Ilchester in 1727. According to the monument in Eccleston church he was 'a polite scholar and a fine gentleman.'
  • 24. In 1762 William Law was plaintiff in a fine regarding the manors of Parbold and Wrightington and Mary Crisp, widow, Sir John Tyrrell and Mary his wife were deforciants; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 368, m. 36. In 1788 George Wood and James Topping appear to have held the same; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 647, m. 15. From G.E.C.'s Complete Baronetage (iv, 37) it appears that Sir John Tyrrell married Mary daughter and heir of Thomas Crisp of Parbold by Mary his wife, and died in 1766, leaving two daughters—Mary who married the third Earl of Arran (s.p.), and Elizabeth, unmarried.
  • 25. Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xi, 211.
  • 26. Ibid. xv, 199; the same article contains a number of interesting details of houses, &c., in the neighbourhood. At the farm-house mentioned are stone panels inscribed HL and TL 1686.
  • 27. The details have been given above in the account of Wrightington. Prior's Wood is the name of a house near Douglas Chapel. The Prior of St. John in 1319 claimed lands, &c., against Nicholas de Ripon; De Banco R. 231, m. 82.
  • 28. In 1202 Syrid daughter of Vivian released to Henry son of Bernard (de Parbold) 4 oxgangs of land which was claimed by inheritance; Final Conc. i, 19. The Parbold family must at that time have held half the manor. Henry de Parbold granted lands to Cockersand Abbey, parts of which adjoined the Hospitallers' lands. The local names occurring in the charters are— Risen bridge, Waingate, Clough, Fernclough, Douglas, Greenlache, Lighthurst Clough, Haverhule Carr; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 506–10. His name as a witness occurs a little earlier; ibid. ii, 497. Mabel de Parbold in 1246 complained of the death of Albin her husband (who had held 8 acres of Robert de Lathom) and Richard her son; but it appeared that they were robbers of cattle and had been executed; Assize R. 404, m. 17. In 1273 Maud daughter of Richard complained that various persons had attacked and wounded her at Parbold, and that Hugh son of Adam de Parbold was wrongfully detaining her chattels; De Banco R. 3, m. 24 d. Robert son of Robert son of Alan de Parbold in 1277 claimed a messuage, &c., against Warine de Bispham; ibid. 21, m. 60. Henry son of Adam de Parbold was in 1292 summoned by William son of Henry de Lighthurst to acquit him of the service demanded by Richard de Lathom out of a free tenement in Parbold; Assize R. 408, m. 42 d. At the same time Robert son of Adam de Parbold complained that the Prior of St. John had disseised him of common of pasture in Parbold; but the prior replied that the land referred to was wood, not pasture, and that William the Chaplain held the soil of the wood and pasture for life; ibid. m. 62 d.
  • 29. Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 83b, 84.
  • 30. Ibid. Some account of the Banastre family has been given under Wrightington. In 1447 William Coppull was bound to give acquittances to Richard Banastre and others for the sum of 10s. yearly from lands in Parbold in right of his wife; B.M. Add. Chart. no. 8496. For a dispute as to Parratt's fields and Lighthurst see Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 168, 262.
  • 31. Henry de Parbold was the benefactor. The bounds began at Deadmansyke head and easements of the vill and wood of Parbold were included; Burscough Reg. fol. 54b. The following were the tenants in 1536, after the Suppression: Gilbert Banastre for Fairhurst, 12d.; Edward Lathom for lands of William Lathom, 12d.; Richard Wilson, Richard Banastre (for his own land), heirs of Richard Parbold, William Walles for Wallfield (in the occupation of James German); Duchy of Lanc. Rentals and Surv. bdle. 4, no. 6a, 6b. From the above it seems clear that Fairhurst was partly in Parbold and partly in Wrightington.
  • 32. Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 130, no. 126.
  • 33. Adam son of Emma de Tunley in 1292 was non-suited in his claim against Henry son of Adam Juet for a tenement in Parbold; Assize R. 408, m. 36. Emma widow of Thomas Kitson in 1339 sought lands in Wrightington and Parbold against Adam son of Thomas Kitson and against John son of Roger Banastre; De Banco R. 318, m. 178 d.
  • 34. Robert Simpson and Anne his wife made a feoffment of a messuage and land in Parbold in 1577, which they sold ten years later to Richard Holland; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 39, m. 151; 49, m. 204. Holland died shortly afterwards holding lands in Upholland, Parbold and Ormskirk, leaving a son and heir James, over sixty-eight years old; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 20. James Holland died in 1605 holding land in Parbold of the king as of his manor of East Greenwich; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 31. His son and heir Richard was eleven years of age. William Hawett, 1638, held land by a similar tenure; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 511. Arthur Finch of Wrightington and Robert Hesketh of Rufford held parts of the Hospitallers' lands; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), ii, 179; iii, 357. Nicholas Rigby of Harrock, 1629, held of Richard Lathom; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 1000.
  • 35. Ducatus Lanc. iii, 131. William Orrell in 1583 purchased lands in Dalton, Parbold, &c., from Richard Prescott the younger, Joan his wife, Thomas Lassell and Edward his son; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 45, m. 156.
  • 36. Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Edw. VI, xxxi, B 3. It contained 10 acres and was granted by Richard Banastre of Wrightington to Katherine Barton, widow, for life; on her second marriage to Lawrence Finch her son entered into possession, whereupon Richard Banastre complained.
  • 37. Land tax returns at Preston.
  • 38. For an account of the old building which stood near the Douglas, half a mile south of Christ Church, see Mr. W. F. Price's essay in Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xi, 207–34. Two views are given, and from these it is conjectured that the building shown was built in 1420, and that a large aisle was added on the north side about forty years later. The pulpit (1648), desk and font were removed to the new church. The bell, recast in 1741 at Wigan, is now in the schools. There are two chalices and an almsdish given by Eleanor daughter of Nicholas Rigby of Harrock in 1749, and more modern plate. The registers do not begin till 1813.
  • 39. John priest of Douglas occurs about 1240; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 201. William the Chaplain in 1292 has been mentioned above. In 1306 the Prior of St. John complained that Richard de Lathom had broken into his chapel at Douglas and carried off his goods; De Banco R. 158, m. 16 d.; 163, m. 96. Richard de Stainolf, chaplain of Douglas, occurs in 1378–9; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 266. In Nov. 1402 William de Derby, the chaplain, gave the lands, &c., pertaining to the chapel of Douglas (Dogohulle) to Sir John de Ireland of Hale and others as trustees or lessees; Hale D. It is noteworthy that in 1445 the chapel was said to be 'in the parish of Wigan'; Lich. Epis. Reg. ix, fol. 127b.
  • 40. Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 147. Hugh Rigby of Parbold, chaplain and incumbent of the chapel of Our Blessed Lady in Parbold alias Douglas, stated that he was presented about 1520 by William Lathom, the said William and his ancestors having been 'without time of mind' founders and patrons thereof, and that he had been forcibly expelled. Henry Stananought was alleged to have obtained by craft a new presentation from William Lathom, 'being an old gentleman and blind,' on the assertion that Hugh Rigby was neglecting his duty at Douglas on account of his other benefice in Somerset.
  • 41. Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 231. The statement that Henry Parbold was founder is doubtful. Henry Stananought was at that time (1535) chaplain, and the revenue was 69s. 8d. Stananought was still incumbent in 1547–8 at the Suppression, being fifty-six years of age. The only ornaments were a chalice and vestment. The income was derived from lands in Parbold and Dalton. See Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 158–9. A bell remained at Douglas Chapel in 1552; Church Goods (Chet. Soc.), 127.
  • 42. About 1610 it was returned that Douglas Chapel was 'without minister or stipend of late times'; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 11.
  • 43. An inscription on a window in the old chapel stated that Bishop Bridgeman caused the windows to be painted in 1621; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xi, 214. In 1626 Thomas Legh bequeathed £20 to Douglas Chapel by Parbold; Wills (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 126.
  • 44. Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 116. The endowment consisted of capital sums of £20 and £5 for a 'preaching minister'; and the rector of Eccleston had been ordered to pay £55 a year to the minister. As early as 1646 a sum of £30 had been ordered to be paid out of the revenues of the Dean and Chapter of Chester; Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 23; see also p. 44. William Brownsword signed the 'Harmonious Consent' of 1648 as 'preacher at Douglas,' and was there in 1650; see the account of Hoole. Jonathan Scholefield, who signed the 'Harmonious Consent' as minister of Heywood, is said to have been ejected from Douglas Chapel in 1662; Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. iv, 23.
  • 45. Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 375–6.
  • 46. Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xi, 228. Some further particulars are given.
  • 47. This imperfect list is taken from the church papers at Chester and from Mr. W. F. Price's in the article just quoted.
  • 48. Entered St. John's Coll. in 1723; R. F. Scott, Admissions, iii, 38. Buried at Ormskirk 9 Feb. 1733–4.
  • 49. Buried in 1764. He lived at Newburgh.
  • 50. Vicar of Ormskirk.
  • 51. Previously rector of Eccleston.
  • 52. In a report made to the Bishop of Chester at his visitation in 1821 it was stated that the incumbent lived at Bretherton, 8 miles off. The usual congregation was 200. There was a service with sermon on Sunday morning, also on the great festivals, and the sacrament was administered quarterly. There were many Dissenters and many Roman Catholics.
  • 53. He resided at Standish, but towards the close of his life procured the erection of a vicarage house at Parbold.
  • 54. Died 19 Feb. 1909, soon after being preferred to the rectory of Brindle.
  • 55. The incumbent of Douglas in 1804 sent the following report to the Bishop of Chester: 'In the chapelry of Douglas are 67 Papists, one person, viz. Thomas Bimson, junr., perverted to Popery by marrying a Papist woman. There are three places where they assemble for worship, viz.: Wrightington Hall, Parbold Hall and Fairhurst Hall; their priests are Mr. Felix Delalond of Wrightington Hall, Mr. Marsh of Parbold Hall, and Mr. Orton of Fairhurst Hall. There is a Popish school kept at Parbold Hall by Mr. Marsh'; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xi, 225. The 'Popish school' is now at Ampleforth; ibid. xiii, 167.
  • 56. Liverpool Catb. Annual.