Townships: Standish-with-Langtree

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1911.

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'Townships: Standish-with-Langtree', in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, ed. William Farrer, J Brownbill( London, 1911), British History Online [accessed 22 July 2024].

'Townships: Standish-with-Langtree', in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6. Edited by William Farrer, J Brownbill( London, 1911), British History Online, accessed July 22, 2024,

"Townships: Standish-with-Langtree". A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6. Ed. William Farrer, J Brownbill(London, 1911), , British History Online. Web. 22 July 2024.

In this section


Stanedis, 1206; Stanediss, 1219; Standissh, Stanedich, Stanedissh, 1292; Standisch, 1330.

Langetre, 1206; Longetre, 1330.

The two portions of this township—Standish and Langtree—lie respectively in the south and north of the area; the former measures 1,696 acres, and the latter, which has two detached portions, 1,568, or 3,264 acres in all. (fn. 1) They were sometimes regarded as distinct townships. The Douglas forms part of the boundary on the eastern side, and again touches Standish after flowing round Wigan. The remainder of the eastern boundary is formed by Bradley Brook, while the western is Mill Brook; both flow into the Douglas. A ridge of higher land running north and south occupies the centre; it rises to 370 ft., while on the eastern and western boundaries the surface is from 120 to 160 ft. above sea level. The population in 1901 numbered 6,303. (fn. 2)

The village stands on the higher ground near the centre, having grown up along the principal road, that from Wigan to Preston. From this road a branch goes off northward to Chorley. The London and North Western Company's main line to Carlisle runs north through the township, near the eastern boundary; it has stations called Boar's Head and Standish, the latter nearly a mile from the village. From Boar's Head a branch line crosses the Douglas to join the Lancashire Union line, from which in turn a branch turns off to join the first-named near Standish station. There is a mineral railway from coal pits near the village to the main line. An electric tramway service connects the village with Wigan.

The soil is clay, with subsoil of clay, stone and coal; wheat and oats are grown. Valuable mines of coal are worked.

There were as many as 174 hearths chargeable to the tax in 1666. The largest houses were the halls of Standish, Langtree and Bradley and the rectory. (fn. 3)

About 1700 it is stated that goods were brought from London in wagons as far north as Standish, and thence distributed by carts. (fn. 4)

A local board was formed in 1872, (fn. 5) and this was in 1894 replaced by an urban district council of nine members.

The market cross is a modern one on the ancient steps; the stocks and well are adjacent. Sites of three other ancient crosses are known. (fn. 6) On the northern boundary is a well known as 'Hic Bibi.'

Henry Finch, the Puritan vicar of Walton, ejected in 1662, was born at Standish in 1633; he died in 1704. (fn. 7) Another distinguished native was Charles Walmesley, younger brother of the John who married the heiress of Ince, near Wigan. He was born at Wigan Lane House in Langtree in 1722, became a Benedictine monk in 1739, and finally Bishop of Rama (1756) and Vicar Apostolic of the Western district 1764 till his death in 1797. He gained a great reputation as a mathematician, publishing astronomical treatises, and being elected member of the Royal Society; he also wrote an explanation of the Apocalypse under the assumed name of Pastorini. (fn. 8) Leonard Calderbank, Vice President of Prior Park College, was born at Standish in 1809; he died in 1864. (fn. 9)


In the 12th century, if not earlier, STANDISH and Langtree were members of the Penwortham barony, and Richard Bussel, lord of Penwortham from about 1150 to 1164, (fn. 10) gave them to Richard Spileman, who had married the grantor's sister. They were assessed as one plough-land each. In 1212 Thurstan Banastre held them by the service of a sore hawk annually. (fn. 11) The Banastre lordship, which appears to be that held later by William de Ferrers Earl of Derby, and then by 'the lords of Leylandshire,' (fn. 12) was a mesne between the lord of Penwortham and the immediate tenants, who adopted the local surnames—Standish and Langtree—and are supposed to have descended from Richard Spileman, having perhaps married his daughters and co-heirs.

Ralph de Standish occurs in the time of Richard I, (fn. 13) and in 1206 agreed with Siward de Langtree as to the partition of the manor and advowson of Standish. (fn. 14) He died in 1219–20, and was succeeded, it is alleged, by a son Richard, a younger son, Alexander, having long held the rectory, and almost immediately succeeding his father in the manor. (fn. 15) His son Ralph followed, (fn. 16) and left three sons, who held the manor one after another—Edmund, Hugh and Jordan. (fn. 17) Jordan's eldest son, Ralph, died without issue in or before 1296, and a younger son, William, succeeded, (fn. 18) holding the manor for nearly thirty years. In 1311 it was recorded that the barons of Penwortham had an ancient custom of 2s. a year out of the townships of Standish and Langtree, the lords of which were bound to do suit to the court of Penwortham from three weeks to three weeks. (fn. 19)

Standish of Standish. Sable three standing dishes argent.

William was, about 1322, succeeded by his son John, who lived till about 1350, (fn. 20) and whose eldest son William appears to have died before his father without issue. (fn. 21) The manor descended to a younger son Henry, (fn. 22) whose brother Ralph distinguished himself and was made a knight. (fn. 23) Henry de Standish died in 1396 holding the manor of Standish and the advowson of the church of the lords of Leylandshire, also the fourth part of the manor of Shevington. Ralph his son and heir was then of full age. (fn. 24) By that time the tenure of Standish and Langtree was said to be by the third part of a knight's fee. (fn. 25)

Ralph son and heir of Henry de Standish in 1398 procured a general pardon from the king. (fn. 26) He seems afterwards to have been appointed escheator in Ireland and to have died there. (fn. 27) He was succeeded about 1418 by his son Lawrence, (fn. 28) who revived the ancient family claim to the advowson of Wigan, and received certain compensation. (fn. 29) He died about 1434, (fn. 30) his son being Sir Alexander, to whom in 1423–4 an annuity of 20 marks had been granted by the Crown for his services. (fn. 31) He did not long survive his father, dying in 1445 holding the manor of Standish, the advowson of the church and various lands in Standish and Shevington, also a burgage in Ormskirk. (fn. 32) Ralph, his son, of full age, augmented the family inheritance by marriage with Margery daughter and co-heir of Richard Radcliffe of Chadderton (fn. 33); in 1452–3 he obtained general pardons from the Crown. (fn. 34)

Alexander, his son, succeeded him about 1468. (fn. 35) He was knighted in Scotland in 1482, (fn. 36) and died in 1507 holding the manor of Standish of Sir Edward Stanley, Sir Richard Shireburne and Lady Le Strange in socage by a rent of 5s. yearly, together with other manors and lands. Ralph, his son and heir, was twenty-eight years of age. (fn. 37)

Ralph also married an heiress—Alice, one of the daughters of Sir James Harrington of Wolfage. (fn. 38) He died in 1538 holding the manor of Standish, the advowsons of the church and the three chantries, with lands, &c., in Standish, Wigan, Shevington, Worthington and Coppull; a third part of the manor of Chadderton, and lands in Chadderton, Glodwick, Witton and Rochdale; lands, &c., in Duxbury, Chorley, Blackrod, Heath Charnock, Charnock Richard, Ormskirk and Wrightington. The manor of Standish was held of the Earl of Derby, Lord Mounteagle, and Richard Shireburne by a rent of 6s. 8d. Alexander son and heir of Ralph was then thirty-six years of age. (fn. 39) Alexander died within a year of his father, in 1539, leaving a son Ralph, only nine years of age, (fn. 40) who was taken into the king's wardship and died in 1546, (fn. 41) his younger brother Edward, born in July 1532, being the heir. (fn. 42)

Edward Standish thus grew up in a time of great religious and social changes, and, though notoriously hostile to the Reformation, (fn. 43) he seems to have been able to avoid conviction for recusancy. His method was thus described in 1577 by the Bishop of Peterborough: 'There is one Mr. Standish, supposed to be a man of 500 marks yearly revenue and worth £1000 in substance, that dwelleth some time at Wolfage, a house in Northamptonshire in the parish of Brixworth; but for the most part he dwelleth in Lancashire as I am informed—where he is said to be ever when I send for him, so that I could never get him to any conference as yet. But I am certified by very credible report, and do believe, he never came to the church since the queen's majesty's reign.' (fn. 44) He added to his estates by purchase, (fn. 45) and by the marriage of his son Alexander with Elizabeth daughter and heir of Adam Hawarden of Woolston secured another increase. (fn. 46) He died in 1610 holding the manors of Standish and Langtree, and the advowson of the church, of Richard Shireburne and Edward Rigby in socage by a rent of 6s. 8d., various other lands in Lancashire and the manor of Brixworth in Northamptonshire. Alexander his son and heir was over fifty years of age. (fn. 47)

Alexander resided at Woolston, and Standish was assigned to his son Ralph, who had married Frances Gerard, (fn. 48) and who succeeded to the whole inheritance about 1623. (fn. 49) Ralph Standish also avoided conviction for recusancy, and perhaps on account of his age took no part in the Civil War. (fn. 50) The eldest son Edward, described as of Woolston, took the king's side, and his estates were sequestered by the Parliament and sold. (fn. 51) A younger son, Alexander, was a colonel in the king's army, and part of the father's estate was sequestered in consequence. (fn. 52)

Edward Standish succeeded his father about 1656; he recorded a pedigree in 1664, being then fortyseven years of age, (fn. 53) and died in 1682, leaving a son and heir William, who died in 1705. (fn. 54) William's heir was his son Ralph, who joined the Jacobites in 1715, but secured his liberation and the restoration of his estates. (fn. 55) He died about 1752, (fn. 56) and his son having died before him without surviving issue the inheritance ultimately went to the issue of a daughter Cecilia, who had married William Towneley of Towneley. (fn. 57) Her second son, Ralph Towneley Standish, had Standish, but died without issue, and the manor went to his sister Cecilia's son Thomas Strickland of Sizergh, who assumed the name of Standish. He died in 1813, and on a division of his estates Standish became the share of his son Charles Strickland Standish, who died in 1864. (fn. 58) His son Charles Henry Widdrington Lionel Standish succeeded him, and dying in 1883 was in turn succeeded by his son, Mr. Henry Noailles Widdrington Standish, the present lord of the manor.

STANDISH HALL is situated to the south-west of the village, near the western boundary of the township, on high ground facing south, overlooking the valley of the Douglas. The house has been built at different periods, and consists of two main blocks at right angles to one another, the south front forming a kind of courtyard inclosed on its north and east sides The original building seems to have been of the usual H type, of timber and plaster on a stone base, facing east and west. The middle wing of this house, built about the year 1574, forms part of the east wing of the present building, but on its east side the external wall has been rebuilt in brick within the last few years and the lower part brought forward. To the north of this a brick wing has been added, probably towards the end of the 17th century, when many alterations appear to have been made in the original house, and the south wing was rebuilt as a chapel in 1742–3. In 1748 the present three-story square brick wing, which forms the principal part of the house, was built to the west, and there was a later addition in 1822, when a long one-story wing was built still further west, consisting of dining and drawing rooms. The appearance of the house with its variety of dates is interesting and not unpicturesque, the old black and white 16th-century wing—the upper part of which is carried on a plaster cove—grouping well with the 18th-century brick chapel and the later tall, plain building between which and the chapel it forms the connecting link. All the roofs are covered with stone slates and the half-timber front has quatrefoil panels on the ground floor, with a long window of nineteen lights above, between which and the cove are square panels with diagonal bracings. The great hall, which was originally about 36 ft. by 17 ft., is now used as a billiard room and has been so much altered and modernized as to preserve nothing of its original appearance. It appears always to have had a flat ceiling, and the three rooms and corridor over it, on the upper floor, probably preserve the old plan, though two of the rooms are modernized. The third, however, as well as the corridor, retains its old oak panelling, and a door at the end of the corridor has good Ionic pilastered jambs, probably of the same date as the later 17th-century wing to the north, which has several interesting rooms on the first floor with Renaissance wainscoting, and a good staircase with turned balusters. In one of the bedrooms, which has square oak panelling the full height of the walls, is a fine fireplace with a large plaster shield with the Standish arms (fn. 59) and crest, with cherubs' heads as supporters. A doorway in this room has bold Ionic pilaster architraves, and all the detail of the wainscoting is good. The room known as the library, also on the first floor, is wainscoted with tall boldly-moulded panels opening as doors to bookcases behind—a very good example of late 17thcentury woodwork. In the fireplace the Ionic pilaster with dentilled cornice is again used with good effect.

The chapel consists of a chancel 13 ft. 6 in. by 13 ft. and nave 29 ft. 8 in. by 19 ft. 6 in.; it is now very dilapidated, having been disused for a long period. It is built of brick with gabled ends and has a wooden turret at the west and clock in the gable. The windows are lofty and with semicircular heads, the whole being a rather dignified example of Renaissance brickwork. The old gallery at the west end with its shaped balustraded front remains, but the plaster of the ceiling and walls is broken and falling to pieces, and the sanctuary has been stripped of its ornamentation, though the carved rails and the classic altarpiece with Tuscan columns and broken pediment remain. High up in the north wall is a window from one of the upper rooms in the old building, which was at one time used by the priest in charge. In the south wall are two pieces of moulded oak about 6 ft. apart which appear to be of 16th century date and are very probably part of the old south wing of the house round which or on whose foundations the chapel may have been partially built. There is a spout head on the south side dated 1743. Originally the chapel was entered by a door at the west end of the north wall, approached from the house by a covered way along the outside of the 16th-century wing, but this is now built up, the only entrance being by the door on the north side of the sanctuary.

The later three-story block is without any external architectural features except in the doorway, which has a pedimented head and good detail. The window openings, however, are well proportioned and the windows retain their original barred sashes, and a plain parapet and hipped roofs give a certain dignity to the front, which is, however, destitute even of stone quoins to the angles. A spout head bears the date 1748 and the initials of Ralph and Mary Standish, and the interior contains two interesting 17th-century carved oak mantelpieces brought here from Borwick Hall. One is in the old drawing room, now the morning room, immediately to the right of the entrance and is an elaborate piece of work with two panels separated by carved figures supporting a cornice and strapwork frieze. The first panel contains the royal arms, (fn. 60) with garter and motto and lion and unicorn supporters. The other shield has the arms of Bindloss of Borwick impaling Eltofts, with the inscription 'byndlos 1603 eltofts.' The morning room is panelled all round with square-framed diamond-shaped 17th-century panelling, now painted white, and has a good 18th-century plaster ceiling. The mantel in the study is of somewhat similar type, with the royal arms in the first panel, but without the Scotch and Irish quarters, inclosed by the garter and surmounted by the crown, with motto and lion and griffin supporters. The other panel has the arms of Bindloss of Borwick impaling Dalton. The fireplace below is of 18th-century date and bears the arms of Standish impaling Howard. (fn. 61) The wide 18th-century staircase is built side by side with the earlier one, divided only by a wall, and has a substantial fretwork balustrade.

A spout head on the low west wing has the date 1822 and the initials of Charles Standish.

The moat encircling the hall is said to have been filled up in 1780, at which date much of the original building was removed. (fn. 62)

The descent of LANGTREE cannot be traced in full detail. The Siward de Langtree who had a moiety of the manor of Standish in 1206 (fn. 63) may have been the same as the Siward de Standish of 1177–8. (fn. 64) He was a benefactor of Cockersand Abbey, (fn. 65) and his son Richard, who succeeded in or before 1219, (fn. 66) was also a benefactor. (fn. 67) In 1246 a Henry de Standish appears to have been in possession, (fn. 68) and his son, Henry de Langtree, about 1270 acknowledged that he held by hereditary right three tenements in Worthington, Langtree and Shevington of the Abbot and convent of Cockersand, paying 12d. rent for each and ½ mark at death. (fn. 69) In 1288 he held Langtree of William de Ferrers by homage and a service of 5s. 8d. yearly. (fn. 70)

The next of the family found in possession (fn. 71) is Thomas de Langtree, in the time of Edward II, (fn. 72) from whom the descent can be traced, with but one break, to Richard Langtree, who died in July 1527 holding the manor of Langtree, with messuages and lands in the township, of the Earl of Derby, Lord Mounteagle, and Hugh Shireburne as of the manor of Chorley in socage by a rent of 5s. 8d. (fn. 73) John, his son and heir, who was then twentytwo years of age, (fn. 74) died in 1564 holding the manor as before and six burgages in Wigan (fn. 75); his heir was his son Gilbert, thirty-four years of age, who recorded a pedigree in 1567 (fn. 76) and made a settlement of his estates in 1588. (fn. 77)

Langtree. Sable, a cheveron argent, a canton ermine.

The family seem to have acted a more consistent part than their neighbours of Standish, being found among the recusants convict.' (fn. 78) The heavy penalties resulting probably contributed to their ruin, for though Thomas Langtree, lord of the manor during the Commonwealth, did not take any active part against the Parliament, his lands were sequestered for recusancy, and he was overwhelmed with debt. (fn. 79) The estate was confiscated in 1652 and sold, (fn. 80) and the family disappears from view. (fn. 81) The manor also ceases to be named.

BRADLEY was formerly part of the Duxbury estate. (fn. 82) The hall was at one time the property of the Claytons of Adlington. (fn. 83) The Bradshaghs, (fn. 84) Gidlows, (fn. 85) Fords of Wigan (fn. 86) and other neighbouring families had lands in Standish. (fn. 87)

In addition to Cockersand, the Hospitallers (fn. 88) had lands in Standish. The holding of Thomas Fleetwood of Rossall in 1570 was perhaps a purchase of some of the old religious endowments. (fn. 89)

In 1542–3 the landowners contributing to the subsidy were the wife of Richard Langtree, John Langtree and Ralph Bradshagh, (fn. 90) and in 1564 Edward Standish, John Langtree and Seth Foster. (fn. 91) The sequestrations and confiscations of the Commonwealth period had their effects in Standish, (fn. 92) and a number of 'Papists' registered estates in 1717. (fn. 93) James Blundell, yeoman, incurred forfeiture for treason in 1715. (fn. 94) Edward Standish was the principal landowner in 1786, paying about a fifth of the land tax. (fn. 95)

The parish church has been described above.

The Wesleyan Methodists have a small church, built in 1897, and the Primitive Methodists one built in 1891.

The Society of Friends had a meeting place in Langtree in the 18th century. The burial-ground still remains. (fn. 96)

In a place where many of the inhabitants long adhered to the ancient religion with great resolution (fn. 97) it is probable that mass was said frequently during the severest times of proscription (fn. 98) at Standish or Langtree Hall or elsewhere. (fn. 99) The succession of priests is known from about 1715. (fn. 100) The existing church of Our Lady of the Annunciation was built in 1884, the chapel at Standish Hall, built in 1742, having been used till then. A pre-Reformation chasuble, with ancient chalice and altar stones, have been preserved.


  • 1. 3,266, including 18 of inland water; Census Rep. 1901.
  • 2. Including Crook.
  • 3. Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9. Edward Standish had eighteen hearths, Langtree Hall ten, Bradley Hall, Dr. Brideoak and Thomas Smith eight each, Wigan Lane House seven and Thomas Taylor six.
  • 4. W. Stout, Autobiography, 28, 70.
  • 5. Lond. Gaz. 11 Oct. 1872.
  • 6. Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xvii, 18, 19.
  • 7. See Walton-on-the-Hill; Dict. Nat. Biog.
  • 8. Ibid.; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. v, 569; Preston Guardian Sketches, no. 701; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 137.
  • 9. Dict. Nat. Biog.
  • 10. V.C.H. Lancs. i, 337.
  • 11. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 31. Nothing is known of Richard Spileman. A contemporary Hugh Spileman was one of the Abbot of Shrewsbury's 'men of Woolston'; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 287.
  • 12. Some indications of it will be found in subsequent notes. It is possible that the Banastre holding was conveyed to the Marsey family, who already held five plough-lands in the parish, for at the sale about 1230 to Randle Earl of Chester (to whom Ferrers succeeded) Standish, Langtree, Shevington, Charnock, Heath Charnock, Duxbury, Adlington and Whittle are named; Ormerod, Chesbire (ed. Helsby), i, 37. This might account for the double lordship which appears in several of the townships. See also Inq. and Extents, i, 29.
  • 13. Lancs. Pipe R. 378. He may be the Ralph de Standish son of Leising mentioned in the ancient note to a Langtree charter; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 514.
  • 14. Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 24. Ralph retained the ploughland in Standish, a moiety of the advowson of the church, common of wood and other easements, and 16 acres of assarted land on the south side of Standish Church. See Bracton's Note Bk. no. 1386. There are a large number of Standish charters in Kuerden's MSS., but many of them are but brief notes. Abstracts of nearly 400—in some cases the full deed is given—are printed in Local Glean. Lancs. and Ches. ii. Mrs. Tempest has made abstracts of others and has kindly placed them at the editors' service.
  • 15. This appears from disputes as to the advowson. Ralph de Standish was the defendant in 1219 and Alexander, as 'son and heir,' in 1220; Curia Regis R. 70, m. 16; 74, m. 8. The descent in the text is derived from the pedigree set forth by William de Standish in 1310 in support of his claim to the advowson of Wigan, to which, as he alleged, his ancestor Ralph de Standish had presented a clerk in the time of Richard I; De Banco R. 180, m. 218. Apart from this nothing seems known of the Richard son of Ralph who has the second place in the descent.
  • 16. Ralph de Standish was in possession in 1246, when he with Henry de Standish and others in the parish brought a writ against William de Ferrers Earl of Derby, alleging that he should acquit them of the services demanded for Standish, &c., by the guardians of the lands of John formerly Earl of Lincoln; Assize R. 404, m. 14 d. It seems clear from this that Ferrers occupied the place of Banastre in 1212. Hugh son of Gerard de Duleys granted land in Shevington to Ralph de Standish, Hugh, rector of Standish, being one of the witnesses; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 362.
  • 17. In 1288 it was found that Jordan de Standish held Standish, with the advowson of the church, of William de Ferrers by homage and the service of 5s. 8d. yearly; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 269. He and the other tenants provided puture for the serjeants. He died in 1290; ibid. 274. Jordan son of Ralph de Standish granted lands in Langtree and Standish to Alan de Burlegh; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 4. Jordan de Standish demised for twenty years to Nicholas (son) of Hugh and Maud mother of Robert de Haydock, rector of Standish, land within these bounds: Beginning at the land of John son of Hulle, ascending to Robert de Worthington's land called Hatchacre, round the outside of the Hut Lanc, Proceeding to the church land to the west as far as 'le walle' of the church, descending the Walle Lanc to South Brook as far as the acre held by Siward and so to the start; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 5. The seal is appended; it bears a conventional flower, surrounded by the legend 's' iordani d' stan.' Jordan de Standish granted a messuage to William de Burlegh, whose son Roger dying without issue, the tenement was unsuccessfully claimed in 1341 by William's daughter Goditha and her husband Richard de Newton, miller. The possessors were John de Burlegh and Ellen his wife; De Banco R. 328, m. 366. Edmund son of Jordan de Standish in 1346 gave to Richard his son lands in Standish and Langtree, with remainders to his other sons—Robert, Edmund and Henry; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 145. There are some other deeds referring to him in the same volume. Robert son of Edmund de Standish frequently occurs in the Standish deeds and acquired Arley in Blackrod, the Standishes of Arley being apparently his descendants. See Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 36, 51, &c.
  • 18. Thomas le Waleys in 1298 complained that whereas the wardship and marriage of William brother and heir of Ralph son of Jordan de Standish belonged to him, one Robert the Serjeant and Alice his wife had abducted the heir; De Banco R. 123, m. 30. Cecily the widow of Ralph son of Jordan de Standish in 1313–14 had common of pasture in Standish; Assize R. 424, m. 6 d. Mabel and Alice daughters of Jordan de Standish occur in the deeds; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 9–13. Some of the deeds (as printed) are dated Edward I instead of Edward II. In 1318–19 a settlement was made of the moiety of the manors of Standish and Langtree and the advowson of Standish Church on William son of Jordan de Standish and his heirs; ibid. no. 16. About the same time William and Eleanor his wife made a settlement of the eighth part of the manor of Shevington; ibid. no. 8.
  • 19. De Lacy Inquest (Chet. Soc.), 22. In the Compotus of 1296 the farm of Standish and Langtree is similarly returned as 2s., and the same in 1305; Compoti (Chet. Soc.), 10, 97.
  • 20. In 1329 John son of William, lord of Standish, granted to Henry son of Henry son of Anabil de Shevinley a piece of land in Standish bounded by land of John de Burlegh, the Cockscroft, Standish Moor and the Kirk Brook, and another piece in Shevington, in exchange for Shevinley, which lay on the west side of the manor of Standish; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 17. Henry had been accustomed to pay a pig as rent; ibid. no. 18. John de Standish and Thomas de Langtree in 1336 came to an agreement regarding the approvements of the waste; ibid. no. 27. John de Standish attested a charter in May 1351; ibid. no. 37.
  • 21. John son of William de Standish in 1332 gave his eighth part of the manor of Shevington to his son William and Margery his wife, a rent of 12¼d. being payable; Standish D. no. 20. A few weeks later a settlement was made of the manor and advowson of Standish, except four messuages and 15 acres; the remainders, after John de Standish, were to William his son and his heirs by Margaret daughter of Adam de Holcroft; should William die without issue, the manor was to descend to his brothers Henry, Edmund and Ralph in succession; ibid. no. 21; Final Conc. ii, 89. Margaret widow of William de Standish (father of John) was holding a third in dower. One of these Margarets was probably the wife of Adam de Tyldesley in 1339, when an agreement was made with John de Standish as to claims in Standish and Shevington; Adam and Margaret undertook, if required, to sell and release by fine in the King's Bench all their right 'at the costs of the said John for their going and returning, that is to say, 2s. each day for their reasonable journey'; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 33.
  • 22. John de Standish in 1343 granted to his son Henry, who was to marry Joan daughter of Henry de Worsley, all his lands, &c., in Shevington except those inclosed within his park; ibid. no. 34. Joan survived her husband; ibid. no. 80. Henry de Standish was in possession in 1353, when his park of Shevington is named; ibid. no. 39, 40. Four years later he made an agreement with Richard de Langtree as to the wastes; by the arbitration of friends an equal valuation was to be made of the wastes and the inclosures which had from time to time been made by themselves or their ancestors; ibid. no. 43. The wastes of Standish and Langtree (described as 'a hamlet of Standish') were the subject of further agreements in 1362, when the two lords (Henry and Richard) gave lands to Thomas de Eccleston and Robert de Standish in exchange for their rights of common of pasture in the wastes, then extending to 300 acres. From these deeds (ibid. no. 52, 53) it appears that the wood stretched from the park of Standish to the boundary of Wigan, and that the pasture lay in the north-west quarter of the township, its bounds beginning at the church and reaching to the borders of Wrightington and Shevington. Henry de Standish in 1363 claimed the custody of lands in Standish during the minority of John son and heir of Richard Stalon against Christiana the widow of Richard and Ralph de Standish; De Banco R. 415, m. 150; 416, m. 90. In 1381 Henry de Standish granted to Hugh de Standish land called Bolton Field lying between the bounds of Wigan and the Twelve Acre, and extending to the road from Wigan to Standish [and] as far as the Douglas, in exchange for a moiety of 15 acres of the waste of Standish and Langtree next Byrlegh clough as far as the ford by the Cinderheap, and a moiety of a piece of the waste on Ratonraw Green in the same vill; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 99. The seal shows the ancient coat of the family—a saltire within a border engrailed. In 1383 Henry de Standish released to the rector of the church a field called Eldefield; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 70.
  • 23. The king in 1353 granted a pardon to Ralph son of John de Standish for breach of the peace, ordering no one to reproach him for what had been done on 10 April 1352; ibid. no. 38. By 1364 he had acquired lands in Wigan, Standish, Langtree and Shevington, which had belonged to Edmund de Fulshagh and others; ibid. no. 40, 46, 50, 57. He appears afterwards to have served the Black Prince, who granted him an annuity of £20 out of the manor of Sutton near Macclesfield, which was continued to him (as Ralph de Standish, esq.) by Richard II; Cal. Pat. 1377–81, p. 124. As Sir Ralph de Standish he was made warden of Scarborough Castle in 1381; ibid. 1381–5, pp. 32, 47. In Oct. 1382, as Sir Ralph de Standish, he explained to his dearest brother Gilbert de Standish, the rector, the objects of a feoffment he had made. His lands in Wigan, Standish, &c., were for the use of his wife Elizabeth for life, for his issue by her, in default to Joan de Standish and heirs, then to John de Standish son of Mary de Ince. The deed was made in London; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 102. Sir Ralph died soon afterwards, his annuity being at once granted to another; Cal. Pat. 1381–5, p. 180. The feoffees in May 1383 granted the lands to his widow Elizabeth with remainders to their sons Nicholas and Ralph and issue, and then to John and Joan children of Mary de Ince; ibid. no. 104. The widow soon afterwards married Thomas Lampet; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 75, 76. The whole or most of the estate was in 1407 purchased by Ralph Standish of Standish; ibid. no. 93–102.
  • 24. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 64.
  • 25. In an aid levied in 1378 it is stated that 6s. 8d. was due from Henry de Standish and Gilbert de Langtree for the third part of a knight's fee in Standish and Langtree; Harl. MS. 2085, fol. 423. At the same time William de Harrington was said to hold the third part of a fee there (ibid.), and in 1446 Thomas de Harrington held the same as feoffee; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20.
  • 26. Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 82. His mother Joan released to Ralph 100 acres in Standish and the Great Heys near the hall; ibid. no. 80. He had in 1359 been contracted to marry Cecily daughter of Roger de Bradshagh, and she was still living in 1411–12; ibid. no. 47, 48, 82, 103. John 'Standwich' is said by Froissart (Chron. i, 650) to have killed Wat Tyler, but Stow gives the name as Cavendish.
  • 27. Dep. Keeper's Rep. xli, App. 727, 760.
  • 28. The eighth part of the manor of Shevington and lands, &c., in Standish were in 1398 settled by Ralph son of Henry de Standish and Cecily his wife upon Lawrence son of Ralph and Lora daughter of Sir Roger de Pilkington; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 115. Shortly afterwards Lawrence and Lora are called husband and wife; ibid. (Local Glean.), no. 84. She was living in 1422; ibid. no. 113.
  • 29. Ibid. no. 120–3.
  • 30. In 1419 Lawrence arranged the marriage of his sister Eleanor and John son and heir-apparent of Henry Birkhead; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 110. A further agreement as to the wastes of Standish and Langtree became necessary in 1431, when Lawrence de Standish and Richard de Langtree referred the point in dispute to arbitrators; ibid. (Local Glean.), no. 124. He arranged in 1421 that his son Alexander should marry Constance daughter of John Gerard of Brynn; ibid. no. 111. The marriage took place, and Constance survived her husband, being alive in 1468; ibid. no. 112, 129, 152.
  • 31. Ibid. no. 116.
  • 32. Towneley MS. DD, no. 1479. The manor and advowson of Standish were held of Sir William de Ferrers of Groby, Margaret widow of Sir William de Harrington and Robert de Shireburne, but the services were unknown.
  • 33. See the account of Chadderton.
  • 34. Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 137. Ralph Standish took part in a division of Chadderton in 1454–5; his wife Margery, the heiress, survived him and was living a widow in 1473; ibid. no. 139, 153. She afterwards married Thomas Radcliffe and died in 1476, when Alexander, her son and heir, was twenty-four years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 126. Ralph seems to have died in 1468, when there was a settlement of family disputes; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 152.
  • 35. In 1451–2 Ralph de Standish conveyed his estates in Lancashire, Cheshire, Warwickshire and Essex to feoffees in order to make settlements on the marriage of Alexander his son and heir with Sibyl daughter of Henry Bold; ibid. no. 135, 136, 140–2. Sibyl is mentioned again in 1484; ibid. no. 171. In 1476 Alexander Standish made a further agreement with the lord of Langtree respecting the approvement of the waste; ibid. no. 155. In 1479 he made a declaration to the Abbot of Norton of his innocence in the affray at Wigan with Sir Thomas Gerard of Brynn; ibid. no. 162. In the following year the disputes between the families were referred to arbitration and Sir Thomas was ordered to pay £10 15s. 8d. to the 'uses of the fellowship of the said Alexander that have had bloody strokes in the said matter'; ibid. no. 167. A feoffment of the manor of Standish was made about the same time; ibid. no. 165.
  • 36. Metcalfe, Bk. of Knights, 7.
  • 37. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 25. Sibyl his widow was living at Bromley in Wigan at the date of the inquisition.
  • 38. The marriage settlement is dated 16 Aug. 1497; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 183. (Perhaps it should be a year later; ibid. no. 182.) The manor of Wolfage or Brixworth was on division assigned to the Standishes. From the same deeds it appears that Ralph Standish secured a lease of the rectory and made many purchases of land in Shevington, Duxbury, Wigan, &c. A pedigree was recorded in 1533; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 103.
  • 39. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 21. Ralph's will is given in Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 299; Alice his wife is named in it.
  • 40. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 23. The heir, not married, was at that time in the custody of Alice Standish, widow (his grandmother). Alexander's will is in Dods. MSS. xxii, p. 233. An annuity out of the manor of Chadderton with the wardship and marriage of Richard (Ralph) son and heir of Alexander Standish was granted to the Earl of Derby in 1540; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App. 560. In 1518 an agreement was made for the marriage of Alexander son and heirapparent of Ralph Standish with Anne daughter of Sir William Molyneux of Sefton; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 201.
  • 41. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 17. In the will of Thurstan Tyldesley of Wardley, 1547, it is stated that his daughter Mary had been espoused to Ralph Standish, and a desire is expressed that the match should be continued by her marriage with Edward the brother and heir of Ralph; Piccope's Wills (Chet. Soc.), i, 101. In 1583 Edward Standish was suing for woods called Gillotts and Hayhurst in Chadderton, Coppull and Duxbury, the defendant being Mary widow of his brother Ralph, and afterwards wife of William Tatton; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 257, m. 9.
  • 42. Edward Standish obtained livery in 1553; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 107.
  • 43. He was reported to the queen's ministers as disaffected in 1584 and 1586; Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 227, 239. He was, however, a justice of the peace in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 244. Two of his sons were convicted recusants; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 365
  • 44. Birt, Eliz. Settlement, 386; quoting S. P. Dom. Eliz. cxviii, no. 29.
  • 45. Standish D. (Local Glean.), no 311, 316, &c. On the other hand he sold his interest in the manor of Brighington in Norfolk, part of his grandmother's inheritance; ibid. no. 312. See also Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 16, m. 37; 43, m. 206; 47, m. 31.
  • 46. Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 326. 'The new mansion house of the said Edward called the Hall of Standish' is mentioned in the covenant.
  • 47. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 185; various family arrangements are given in detail. Edward married Ellen daughter of Sir William Radcliffe of Ordsall, and recorded a pedigree in 1567; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 102. Edward's widow was Elizabeth Towneley; her will was proved in 1614. For a settlement by Alexander Standish in 1610 see Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 75, no. 11.
  • 48. Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 338. Ralph's second wife, the mother of his children, was Bridget Molyneux of Sefton.
  • 49. Alexander Standish was living in 1616; ibid. no. 341. The inquisition after the death of Elizabeth Standish, widow, who died in 1623, was taken in 1627. It refers to the manor of Woolston and states that Ralph Standish, her son and heir, was forty years of age; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 1090. Settlements of the manors of Standish, Shevington, &c., were made by Ralph Standish in 1613 and later; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 81, no. 8; 121, no. 5.
  • 50. In his petition to the Parliament in 1652 Ralph Standish stated that he was 'neither recusant nor delinquent'; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2812. He had in 1632 paid £30 on refusing knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 222. A survey of part of his estate seems to have been made in 1634; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 1091.
  • 51. See Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2574; Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 38. Nothing is said about his recusancy. He is probably the 'Master Standish of Standish' who took part in Lord Strange's attack on Manchester in 1642; Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 51. Edward Standish was in 1632 contracted to marry Elizabeth daughter of Sir Francis Howard of Naworth; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 364.
  • 52. Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2812.
  • 53. Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 291. William the son of Edward was then twenty-six years old and married to Cecilia daughter (and heir) of Sir Robert Bindloss of Borwick. Settlements of the manor were made by Edward Standish in 1660 and 1669; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdles. 165, m. 8; 182, m. 102. In 1677 a Private Act was obtained enabling the trustees of Edward Standish to sell lands for the payment of his debts; 29 Chas. II, cap. 13.
  • 54. William Standish was one of those charged with participation in the supposed Lancashire plots of 1690 and 1694. The hall was alleged to have been a meetingplace of the conspirators and was accordingly searched. See Lancs. Plot (Chet. Soc.), 36, 37; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 238, 297, &c. A settlement of the Standish manors was made in 1698; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 240, m. 140. Cecilia Standish, widow of William, in 1717 registered her estate, including the manor of Standish; Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 143.
  • 55. There are rentals of Ralph Standish among the Forfeited Estates Papers, P.R.O.
  • 56. His will seems to have been proved in 1755; Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 284, from R. 29 of Geo. II at Preston. Deeds concerning the estates were in 1736 enrolled in the Common Pleas; Hil. 10 Geo. II, 56/7. Ralph Standish and Cecilia, his only child, were parties.
  • 57. The latter part of the descent is taken from a full pedigree in Piccope MS. Pedigrees (Chet. Lib.), i, 79; see also Burke's Commoners, ii, 67.
  • 58. Charles Standish served as M.P. for Wigan in 1837 and 1842; he was a Liberal; Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lancs. 241, 242.
  • 59. The shield is one of ten quarters.
  • 60. Quarterly(1) and (4)—1 and 4 France, 2 and 3 England, (2) Scotland, (3) Ireland, which is the shield of the Stuart sovereigns.
  • 61. Ralph Standish married Lady Philippa Howard daughter of the sixth Duke of Norfolk; she died 1731.
  • 62. Baines, Lancs. (ed. Harland), ii, 160.
  • 63. Final Conc. i, 24, quoted above.
  • 64. Lancs. Pipe R. 38. Siward de Langtree's name occurs in a charter made about 1190; ibid. 378.
  • 65. Cockersand Chartul. ii, 513; he gave land called Wallcroft in his vill of Langtree, bounded on the east by Perburn, on the south by Worthington and a road to the west, by a valley and stream on the other sides. From this it seems that the brook bounding Standish on the north was the Perburn.
  • 66. See the account of the disputes as to the advowson.
  • 67. Cockersand Chartul. ii, 515. The bounds of one grant were defined by Aspensnape, Tathelache and Perburn, and of another by the Harestan between Langtree and Worthington, the great brook up to Beleford, up by a certain shady place (wascellum) between Littlecroft and Wetbutts, by ditches and crosses to the cross in Greenlache, and so to the starting-point.
  • 68. Henry was one of the plaintiffs in the plea of 1246 respecting homage, quoted above; Assize R. 404, m. 14 d. He may have married the heiress of Richard de Langtree.
  • 69. Cockersand Chartul. ii, 517. In 1276 William son of William de Preston and Eleanor his wife claimed a tenement in Standish against Henry de Langtree, but were unsuccessful; Assize R. 405, m. 1 d. Henry de Langtree in the time of Jordan de Standish made a grant of land lying near the boundaries of Wigan; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 7.
  • 70. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 269.
  • 71. William son of Henry de Langtree gave a release of land granted by his father; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 145b.
  • 72. From Thomas de Langtree living in the time of Edward II the pedigree is given thus in a pleading of 1429:— Thomas —s. Thomas—s. Richard —s. Gilbert —s. Richard, the plaintiff; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 2, m. 31. The dispute arose from a grant by the first-named Thomas to John son of Ralph de Bradshagh in 1311 of 3 acres of land and waste lying together in the vill of Standish and Langtree at a rent of 12½d. Adam son of Ralph de Bradshagh was in 1313–14 plaintiff against Thomas de Langtree in a plea of mort d'ancestor; Assize R. 424, m. 4 d. The agreement as to the wastes in 1336 and 1357 to which Thomas and Richard de Langtree were parties has been mentioned above. Richard son of Thomas de Langtree in 1341 paid 12d. to the lord of Penwortham as relief on succeeding; Mins. Accts. bdle. 1091, no. 6. In the same year he allowed Dame Mabel de Bradshagh for her life his attachment of the water of Douglas at a rent of 2s. (Bradshaw D.); and in 1348 gave John de Standish licence to make a mill on the Douglas between the mills of Worthington and Haigh, in return for 2½ acres of land; Standish D. (Local Glean.) no. 35. In 1370 Margery widow of Richard de Langtree claimed a third part of the manor of Langtree against Thomas son of Richard; De Banco R. 440, m. 33. Gilbert son of Richard de Langtree in 1377–8 granted to Robert son of Edmund de Standish right of turbary at Hodspull in the vill of Standish in exchange for Robert's claim to the waste in Langtree; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 63. In the preceding year Gilbert de Langtree and his wife Alice, daughter of Robert de Winstanley, are mentioned, Gilbert being bound to pay £40 in case he moved for a divorce; Add. MS. 32105, no. 339. In 1383–4 Gilbert made a settlement of his manor of Langtree; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 357. Gilbert was still living in 1401; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 2. Richard son of Gilbert de Langtree was married by dispensation to Elizabeth daughter of Ralph de Standish, and land called Standish Wood was settled upon them, with remainders to Richard's brothers, Ralph, Gilbert, Robert and Henry; Standish D. (Local Glean.), no. 363. In another deed (no. 124) Richard is described as grandson of Richard de Langtree. The next known possessor is Lawrence Langtree, with whom the recorded pedigree begins. He was witness to a deed in 1458; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest), no. 146. He had disputes with the Standish family, and Gilbert his son was a party to them in 1484–5; ibid. (Local Glean.), no. 172. Gilbert Langtree ten years later received £2, portion of damages awarded him against Lawrence Standish; Standish D. no. 180.
  • 73. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 55.
  • 74. John Langtree's name appears in the Visit. of 1533 (Chet. Soc. 191), but the herald had not spoken with him and no particulars are given.
  • 75. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 18; the estate included a water-mill in Standish and Langtree. John Langtree had in 1562 purchased messuages in Standish, &c., from Richard Rutter; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 22, m. 87. For the Rutter family see ibid. bdles. 12, m. 34; 24, m. 132.
  • 76. Visit. (Chet. Sec.), 66.
  • 77. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 50, m. 212. Administration of Gilbert's estate was granted in Feb. 1596–7; Wills (Chet. Soc. new ser.), i, 218. His son Edward succeeded, and died in 1619 holding the manor of Langtree and various lands as before; Thomas, his son and heir, was not quite of full age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 207. Thomas Langtree made a settlement of his manor and lands soon after coming of age; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 99, no. 13.
  • 78. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 167. Thomas Langtree in 1631 paid £10 on refusing knighthood; ibid. i, 214.
  • 79. Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iv, 59–64. Though Thomas Langtree appears to have avoided any share in the war, his son Edward served with Prince Rupert. Hence the father's whole estate in Leyland Hundred was sequestered for 'delinquency ' and two-thirds of that in Amounderness for 'recusancy only.'
  • 80. Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 43. The purchaser was Samuel Foxley of Westminster, the estate being described as 'half the manors of Langtree, Standish, Coppull, Worthington and Swarbreck'; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2660.
  • 81. Thomas Langtree, Edward his son, Samuel and Joshua Foxley were deforciants in a fine of 1655 relating to the manor of Langtree and lands in Standish, Langtree, Wigan and Worthington; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 157, m. 97.
  • 82. Henry de Langtree gave Bradley to Hugh son of Robert de Haydock, rector of Standish; Kuerden MSS. iii, W 26. It was perhaps the estate in Standish settled by fine in 1304; Final Conc. i, 204. In Kuerden MSS. vi, fol. 96, are a number of short notes of Standish of Duxbury deeds relating to acquisitions of land in Standish by Hugh de Haydock (Standish) and his successors. Bradley was in 1471 in the possession of Christopher son and heir of James Standish; no. 101. A 'manor of Bradley,' of tenure unknown, was held by Thomas Standish of Duxbury in 1517, being occupied by his mother Alice; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 11; see also Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 398. Hugh Cooper, the benefactor of Chorley, records in his will (1682) that he had purchased Bradley from Sir Richard Standish; he bequeathed it to his grandson Hugh Warren.
  • 83. Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 161.
  • 84. A branch of this family settled in Langtree, as appears by a deed and pleading already cited. Their estate went back to the middle of the 13th century, when Henry de Langtree gave Ralph son of Adam de Bradshagh land adjoining Perburn; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 4. In 1313 Thomas de Langtree demised to Robert de Bradshagh and his heirs by Cecily his wife land between Hodpull Moss and the Brewsterfield and a headland at the Saltersgate, with remainder to Adam brother of Ralph for life; ibid. no. 25. Adam son of Ralph de Bradshagh was in 1331 refeoffed of his lands in Standish and Langtree; the remainder was to Cecily daughter of Adam and his wife Hawise; ibid. no. 42. Cecily daughter of Hawise daughter of Austin the Harper in 1332 claimed a messuage, &c., in Langtree against Henry son of Robert and kinsman and heir of Adam de Bradshagh and Adam son of John de Bradshagh; Assize R. 1411, m. 12; De Banco R. 294, m. 152. William son of Adam de Bradshagh of Langtree in 1380 held his father's lands in Shevington; Standish D. (Mrs. Tempest's abstract), no. 97. An agreement was made in 1475 between Richard Bradshagh and Gilbert Whalley, both of Langtree, for the marriage of the former's son Ralph to Gilbert's daughter Katherine; ibid. no. 159. In the following year there was a partition of lands in Standish, Langtree and Shevington between Lawrence Claughton (grandson of John Claughton) and Robert Moody, heirs of Adam Bradshagh; ibid. no 166. Margaret widow of Gilbert Bradshagh in 1543 claimed dower in her husband's lands against Ralph, who was son of Henry brother of Gilbert and heir male. Gilbert's daughters Ellen and Grace also claimed portions. Next year Ralph Bradshagh sold his estate to Ralph Standish of Standish; ibid. no. 230, 233. The purchase appears to have been completed by Edward brother and heir of Ralph Standish in 1548; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 170. This purchase may be the origin of the 'manor of Langtree' which afterwards appears in descriptions of the Standish family's estate.
  • 85. For this family see the account of Aspull. Ralph Gidlow, who died in 1531, held part of a tenement in Langtree of John Langtree by the rent of 12d. It had descended from one John Perlebarn (? Perburn) to the representatives of his three daughters, viz. to Ralph Gidlow as son of John son of Ralph son of Joan, to Roger Haydock as son of William son of Hugh son of Katherine, and to James Aspinall as son of Hugh son of Margaret. Robert Gidlow was Ralph's son and heir; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 6; vi, no. 12. Roger Haydock in 1547 purchased Robert Gidlow's part of the inheritance in Langtree and Coppull; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 256. The Haydock family occur from time to time, and produced one of the rectors of the parish, but no account can be given of them. John Haydock of Coppull died in 1622 holding land of Thomas Langtree by a rent of 12d.; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 314.
  • 86. The Fords have been mentioned in preceding notes. In 1569 Alexander Ford of Swinley purchased a third part of a messuage in Standish, Langtree and Shevington from Roger Breres; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 69; see also ibid. bdle. 31, m. 88. In another fine Roger Breres and Jane his wife appear among the sharers of another tenement, Robert Langton, Ralph Gillar, Alice his wife, Margaret Chorley, Thomas Osbaldeston and Elizabeth his wife being the others; ibid. bdle. 41, m. 73.
  • 87. Thus Alexander Standish of Duxbury in 1622 held lands, &c., in Standish and Langtree, but the services were unknown; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 400. Nicholas Worthington and Agnes his wife had a messuage, &c., in Langtree in 1589; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 51, m. 250. William Taylor in 1618 held lands in the same of Thomas Langtree by 8d. rent; Thomas, his son and heir, was forty years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 152. Ellen Chamberlaine, widow, held land, &c., of the Fairclough inheritance; ibid. iii, 346.
  • 88. Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375. Emma widow of Richard de Molyneux of Sefton was a tenant in 1329; De Banco R. 279, m 180 d. About 1540 Ralph Standish was the tenant, paying a rent of 12d.; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 83b
  • 89. His lands in Standish were held of the queen as of her manor of East Greenwich; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 2.
  • 90. Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 130, no. 126.
  • 91. Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 210.
  • 92. John Prescot, a minor, in 1651 desired to compound for the delinquency of his late father, Robert Prescot; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2795. James Rigby in 1653 desired to compound, his estate having been ordered for sale; ibid. iv, 3103. John Rigby of Standish Wood desired to clear himself of the charge of delinquency; ibid. iv, 2815. For pedigree see Visit. of 1613 (Chet. Soc.), 24. In addition to the estates of Prescot and Rigby, the following were ordered for sale by the Confiscation Act of 1652: John Brown, George Hornby and Lawrence Standish; Index of Royalists, 41, 42, 44.
  • 93. The following are given in Estcourt and Payne's Engl. Cath. Non-jurors: Oliver Bibby (130), Thomas Blundell (131), John Buller (125), Emir Grimboldston (129), William Smith (131), Alexander Standish (99—he inherited from his brother Edward), and Ralph Taylor (106). It is remarked that the last-named had a son Thomas, who entered the English College in Rome in 1695; Foley, Records S. J. vi, 445.
  • 94. Forfeited Estate Papers, Lancs. L 5.
  • 95. Land tax returns at Preston.
  • 96. Quaker Charities Rep. 1905, p. 44. The ground was purchased in 1709. A later meeting-house in Standish, 1812, was sold to the Wesleyans; Note by Dr. Shaw. See also Kuerden's statement quoted in the introduction to Standish.
  • 97. Lists of recusants are printed in Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 176–9, for 1628; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), v, 102, for 1670 (about), and Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xix-xx, 246–9, for 1706.
  • 98. Alexander Gardiner, a seminary priest, 'used the parish of Standish' in 1588. The Ven. Edward Bamber, priest, was once captured near Standish, about 1640; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i, 120.
  • 99. In 1716 it was reported to the government that 'Thomas Brockholes of Standish, co. Lanc., who is a popish priest . . . has an estate in Standish Wood . . . which he holds as a priest of the Church of Rome, and is to go always to popish priests'; Payne's Engl. Cath. Rec. 95.
  • 100. Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 155. A Dominican (Fr. James D. Darbyshire) was at Standish 1726–8. The English Benedictines served the mission from 1741 to 1873. In 1774 Bishop Walton confirmed 247 persons and Bishop Gibson 38 in 1784.