Townships: Padiham

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1911.

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'Townships: Padiham', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, (London, 1911), pp. 492-496. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol6/pp492-496 [accessed 16 June 2024].

. "Townships: Padiham", in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, (London, 1911) 492-496. British History Online, accessed June 16, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol6/pp492-496.

. "Townships: Padiham", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6, (London, 1911). 492-496. British History Online. Web. 16 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol6/pp492-496.

In this section

PADIHAM

Padiham, 1241; Padingham, 1296 (unusual). This township has an area of 1,953 acres (fn. 1) well situated on the southern slope of a ridge which attains over 800 ft. above sea level. The Calder and a tributary called the Lodge from the south-east form the southern boundary, and upon it stands the older part of the town of Padiham, which has now extended beyond the river into Hapton. In 1901 there was a population of 12,205 in Padiham (including 1,838 from Hapton) and 133 in North Town; so that the old township of Padiham had 10,500 inhabitants. High Whitaker lies 1½ miles north-east of the town.

The roads from Whalley and from Blackburn join at the western edge of the town, and then as Church Street and Burnley Road pass eastward through it to form the principal street. The old church stands near the centre of it; and from that point another road goes north by Slade over the hill to Sabden and Clitheroe. A street leads south over the Calder to the railway station, which is in Hapton, and the Burnley Road itself crosses the river at the southeast part of the town; and it has a branch into Hapton across the Lodge. The railway named is the Great Harwood loop of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Company's line from Blackburn to Burnley via Accrington.

With the progress of manufactures the population increased, and changes in local government became necessary. A local board was formed in 1873 from part of the townships of Padiham and Hapton, (fn. 2) and powers to supply water and gas were granted to it by Acts of 1874 (fn. 3) and 1876. (fn. 4) In 1894 the local board district was made a separate township or civil parish, the remainder of Padiham, the rural part, becoming a new township called North Town, (fn. 5) part of which was added to Padiham in 1896. (fn. 6) Padiham, i.e. the new township, is governed by an urban district council of fifteen members, chosen equally from five wards named Bank House, Clay Bank, Partridge Hill, Stockbridge and Green. There is a technical and art school erected in 1900. The public cemetery in Padiham Green was laid out in 1852. A fair for pedlary is held by custom on the second Thursday in August. (fn. 7)

The cotton manufacture is the great industry of the town; it was noteworthy in 1825, (fn. 8) and there are now a great number of mills. There are also foundries and other industries, including quarrying and coal-mining. A mine of sea coal at Padiham and Broadhead is recorded in a compotus of 1434. (fn. 9) The soil is a heavy clay, overlying shale; the agricultural land in Padiham itself and the neighbourhood is almost entirely devoted to pasturage, as the following table will show (fn. 10) :—

Arable land ac. Permanent grass ac. Woods and plantations ac.
Padiham 1,325½ 120
Simonstone 880 169
Read 909 345½
Hapton 2,687 174
Higham with West Close Booth 1,395 19½
Sabden 1,420 23
Dunnockshaw 492
9,108½ 851

There is a company of the East Lancashire Regiment (Territorials).

The Ightenhill Court Rolls mention the cuckstool at Padiham in 1572, but there were no stocks in 1596. The Green bridge, a footbridge between Padiham and Hapton, is named in 1602.

The county lay of 1624, based on the ancient fifteenth, required Padiham and the adjacent townships to raise £4 17s. 5¾d. towards each £100 levied on the hundred. The separate townships gave thus: Padiham, £1 1s. 11¼d.; Simonstone, 19s. 1½d.; Read, 17s. 4¼d.; Hapton, £1 13s. 11¾d.; Heyhouses, 3s. 2d.; Dunnockshaw, 1s. 11d. Higham was in the forest, and its separate contribution is not given.

The chapelry included Padiham, Simonstone, Read and Hapton.

Manor

There was no separate manor of PADIHAM, the land being held almost entirely by copyholders of the manor of Ightenhill. In 1241 the annual value of Padiham was returned at £8 0s. 6d. (fn. 11) The survey after the death of Edmund de Lacy shows that in 1258 there were 24 oxgangs of land, each of 9 acres. The services due from each oxgang were a rent of 18d., ploughing once a year and reaping in autumn. The assarts amounted to 114 acres. There were eight cottagers paying 6d. each every year and one free tenant, Gilbert de Padiham, who had 20 acres and rendered 20s. a year. (fn. 12) The value here indicated is only about £5 a year, but the inquest of 1311 records £12 19s. 2d. as the income derived from Padiham by Henry de Lacy; the 24 oxgangs were held in bondage by twenty-five customary tenants at a rent of 6s. for each oxgang and 4d. more in lieu of works remitted; tenants at will occupied 99½ acres of land at a total rent of 33s. 2d.; and the water-mill was worth 40s. a year. There were then two free tenants, John de Whitaker, who held 44 acres at 25s. rent, and Richard Mawson (Matthewson), 25½ acres at 9s. (fn. 13) By 1323 the receipts had further increased, probably by improvements from the waste, for half an acre had been approved that year, and by the larger sum from the mill, viz. £5 2s. Repairing the mill had cost 3s. 8d. and a chest for holding the grist taken as toll 1s. 3d. (fn. 14)

A partition of lands in Padiham was made as follows in 1526: William Banastre and John Roe to have 2 oxgangs of land in Stockbridge at the west side of Padiham Hey, 40 acres; Simon Haydock, 2 oxgangs at Church Hill in Padiham Field and west part of Gadweyne, 32 acres; Thomas Marshall and Nicholas Whitaker, 2 oxgangs at Townwall Bank in Padiham Field and the east part of Gadweyne, 32 acres; Thomas Lister, 2 oxgangs at the east of Padiham Hey and a close called Bancroft, 40 acres; Roger Cockshott and Richard Webster, 2 oxgangs in Hargreave (Horgref) Hey and four parts of the Sands and Bondyard. Various roadways were provided for. (fn. 15)

A survey made in 1602 shows that there were 12 oxgangs of land on the east side of Padiham, of which Lawrence Shuttleworth held 6, Richard Webster 1½, the heirs of Edward Cockshott, Nicholas Hancock, William Anderton, Hugh Roe (Stockbridge) 1 each and the heirs of Ellen and Anne Ingram ½. On the west side were 12 oxgangs also, of which Edmund Starkie held 3½, George Hallstead 1½, Thomas Robinson, John and William Hoghton, Thomas Shuttleworth, John Robinson, James Hargreaves, John Whitaker and the heirs of Richard Webster each 1. (fn. 16) Twelve other oxgangs of land were then reckoned, of which Lawrence Shuttleworth held 2 at Scolebank, 8½ at High Whitacre and ½ at Copthurst; Edmund Starkie held 1 at Wallgreen. (fn. 17) Inclosures of the commons were made about that time, (fn. 18) and at the inclosure in 1618 Shuttleworth had allowance of common for 18½ oxgangs and 5 acres. (fn. 19) The copyhold rents about that time amounted to £11 2s. 11½d., including £1 10s. for Heyhouses. (fn. 20) On the settlement with the copyholders in the time of James I the mill was excepted, being claimed by the Towneleys. (fn. 21)

HIGH WHITACRE was an ancient free tenement and gave its surname to a family of long continuance there. (fn. 22) Lawrence son of Miles Whitaker died in 1515, leaving a daughter Elizabeth as heir, she being a few months old; his estate consisted of three messuages, &c., in Padiham and Simonstone, held of the king by socage and 14d. rent. By the entail Henry Whitaker, brother of Lawrence, should succeed after the death of Miles, the father. (fn. 23) He died in 1521, when, his son and heir Bernard having also died before him, the estate of six messuages, &c., in High Whitacre, Padiham, Northwood and Simonstone went to two daughters, Elizabeth and Isabel, aged six and three years respectively, at Miles Whitaker's death. Northwood was said to be held of the king by the tenth part of a knight's fee. (fn. 24) Afterwards a Lawrence Whitaker is found in possession (fn. 25); his son Henry died before him, leaving a young son John as heir in 1578. (fn. 26) Shortly afterwards, as appears by the surveys above cited, the estate was acquired by the Shuttleworths of Gawthorpe, (fn. 27) with whom it remains.

HARGREAVE, to the north of the town, was the possession of the Webster family from the 15th century to 1798, when it was sold to Le Gendre Piers Starkie and became part of the Huntroyde estate. (fn. 28)

Of the other local families there is little to be said; the names of the principal ones have been recorded above. (fn. 29) Whalley Abbey had some land in Padiham. (fn. 30) In 1617 there were twenty-eight copyhold tenements. (fn. 31)

There were as many as 118 hearths liable to the tax in 1666. The chief houses were those of Christopher Dickinson with eight hearths, Robert Thornley seven and Bernard Parker six; two houses had five hearths, two others four and eleven three. (fn. 32)

The land tax return of 1787 shows that the chief landowners were Robert Shuttleworth, Le Gendre Starkie and Strethill Harrison.

Church

There seems no doubt that the first place of worship here was the chantry chapel of ST. LEONARD, founded about 1455 by John Marshall, J.U.B., an official of Cardinal Langley's and said to have been a native of the township. (fn. 33) He obtained the king's licence in 1452 to purchase lands and alienate in mortmain to support a chantry priest at the church or chapel of Padiham. (fn. 34) Other gifts were added and a small stipendiary chaplaincy was also founded. (fn. 35) At the confiscation of these endowments in 1546–7 Ralph Thornburgh the incumbent of Marshall's chantry was found to be celebrating for the souls of his founder and others and distributing 33s. 4d. in alms to the poor on 1 March yearly. The people of the neighbourhood made use of it instead of going to the parish church at Whalley. The income, derived from lands in Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire, was £7 8s. 6d. (fn. 36) John Hey, the stipendiary priest, had only 26s. 6d. (fn. 37) The lands were sold, (fn. 38) but the chapel was allowed to continue, and, as in other cases, a sum representing the net value of the chantry was paid to the chaplain out of the duchy revenues. (fn. 39)

The church stands on high ground at the north end of the town on the ancient site. The 15th-century chapel appears to have been rebuilt about the time of Henry VIII, but the nave having become ruinous was pulled down, and a new one built in 1766, 'with an attention to economy not very laudable among so opulent a body of parishioners.' (fn. 40) The old tower, however, was left standing, and was described in 1866 by Sir Stephen Glynne as 'of the local Perpendicular type, of ordinary character with battlement and pinnacles.' The original early 16th-century east window had also been retained, but everything else was 'modern and bad.' (fn. 41) This building, however, had already been condemned and was pulled down the same year, when the foundation-stone of the present church was laid. The building, which was not finished till 1869, is of stone and consists of a chancel with north and south aisles, north and south transepts, clearstoried nave of five bays with north and south aisles, south porch, and tower at the west end of the south aisle. It is a good example of modern Gothic 15th-century style, with high-pitched slated roofs and embattled tower with lofty pinnacles. There are galleries in the transepts.

The old octagonal stone font presented by John Paslew, last Abbot of Whalley, in 1525 has been preserved. Its sides are panelled and carved with the emblems of the Passion and the sacred monograms in shields, and a shield charged with three molets. At the east end of the floor of the nave is a brass to Thomas Yate, 'servante to the right worshipfull Richard Shuttleworth 34 yeares,' who died at Gawthorpe 30 May 1643, with a rhyming inscription. (fn. 42) Close by is a stone with the name of Sir Richard Shuttleworth 27 July 1687. In the south aisle is a modern brass to Sir J. P. Kay-Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe, who died in 1877, and in the Starkie chapel on the south side of the chancel are mural monuments to many members of the Starkie family.

Some fragments of heraldic and other old glass are inserted in the window of the vestry. (fn. 43)

There is a ring of eight bells. Six were cast in 1842, and in 1901 a seventh and a tenor bell were added in memory of Colonel Le Gendre Starkie (d. 1899), and the whole recast by Mears & Stainbank. (fn. 44)

The plate consists of a chalice, paten and flagon inscribed 'Padiham Church 1803,' and with the Starkie arms; a chalice given by Mr. L. G. N. Starkie and Mrs. Starkie in 1863; and a paten 'Presented to Padiham Church by F. Rounthwaite 1865.'

The registers begin in June 1573. (fn. 45)

The visitation lists show that in 1548 there were three priests in addition to the cantarist, but one of them died about that time, and another disappeared before 1554; then the third went, and in 1562–3 only the old chantry priest remained. (fn. 46) In 1565 another name is given, but from that time there appears to have been no more than the one minister, until modern changes demanded new arrangements. It does not appear who nominated these curates—probably it was the vicar of Whalley—but in 1730 the advowson was acquired by Piers Starkie of Huntroyde, who had given £200 to the endowment, (fn. 47) and it has since descended in his family, Mr. E. A. Le Gendre Starkie being now the patron.

In the Commonwealth time an allowance of £50 was made to the curate out of Royalist sequestrations, (fn. 48) but in 1717 the certified income was not quite £16, the addition to the duchy pension being derived from benefactions by members of the Starkie family and others and from fees. (fn. 49) More recent augmentations have raised the present net value to £286 a year. (fn. 50)

The following have been incumbents:—

Chantry Priests

1445 Oliver Hall (fn. 51)
1486 Ralph Taylor (fn. 52)
1495 John Shuttleworth (fn. 53)
1496 William Hesketh (fn. 54)
1503 Tristram Yate (fn. 55)
1505 Thomas Brook (fn. 56)
1514 Hugh Hargreaves (fn. 57)
1536 John Clerk (fn. 58)
1540 Ralph Thornburgh (fn. 59)
Curates
oc. 1565 Henry Craven (fn. 60)
William Booth (fn. 61)
oc. 1576 Thomas Lawson (fn. 62)
oc. 1592 William Morvell (fn. 63)
Edmund Scholefield (fn. 64)
oc. 1599 John Baxter (fn. 65)
oc. 1619 Walter Borset (fn. 66)
oc. 1627 Robert Hill (fn. 67)
oc. 1635 Samuel Akeroyde (fn. 68)
oc. 1639 John Breres, M.A. (fn. 69)
oc. 1664 Roger Barton (fn. 70)
oc. 1669 Elisha Clarkson (fn. 71)
1676 Robert Sheffield, M.A. (fn. 72)
1685 Richard Kippax, B.A. (fn. 73) (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1695 John Grundy (fn. 74)
1735 John Holmes, B.A. (fn. 75) (Balliol Coll., Oxf.)
1740 James Fishwick (fn. 76)
1793 John Adamson (fn. 77)
1823 Sanford John Cyril Adamson (fn. 78)
1863 Henry Arthur Starkie, M.A. (fn. 79) (Trinity Hall, Camb.)
Vicars
1865 Joseph Hamilton Fox (fn. 80)
1874 Fitzherbert Astley Cave-Browne-Cave, M.A. (fn. 81) (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1877 James Alexander Maxwell Johnstone, M.A. (fn. 82) (Pemb. Coll., Camb.)
1886 James Tyas, B.A. (fn. 83) (Lond.)
1896 Henry Haworth, M.A. (fn. 84) (St. John's Coll.,Camb.)
1905 Arthur Everard Mills (fn. 85)

Services are also held at St. Matthew's iron church, Partridge Hill, built 1871, by the clergy of St. Leonard's.

At Slade there was a Nonconformist meeting to which Thomas Jollie ministered, but it seems to have died out about 1688. (fn. 86)

The Wesleyan Methodists had a chapel at Padiham in 1779; they afterwards built one at Cross Hill in 1847. There is also a Primitive Methodist chapel.

The Baptists have two churches. That in Burnley Road was built in 1846; Mount Zion dates from 1866. There is a Congregational chapel.

The large Unitarian chapel was built in 1822.

A schoolhouse was built about 1680, (fn. 87) but no endowment was provided until about 1756, when a fund was raised by the efforts of Richard Webster of Hargreave.

The charities of this chapelry were reported upon in connexion with those of Whalley, as above. More recently the National school has received a gift of £500 under the will of W. R. Chew, who died in 1906, for prizes for good conduct and efficiency in work and play.

Footnotes

  • 1. The changes described in the text give the present township of Padiham (including part of Hapton) 970 acres, including 14 of inland water; while North Town has 1,139 acres, including 16 of inland water. In 1904 part of North Town was taken into the new township of Sabden.
  • 2. Lond. Gaz. 25 Nov. 1873.
  • 3. 37 & 38 Vict. cap. 78.
  • 4. 39 & 40 Vict. cap. 25. Gas works were established in 1846 by a company.
  • 5. Local Govt. Bd. Order 31617.
  • 6. Ibid. 35308. Part of Padiham was added to North Town.
  • 7. A fair was held in the 17th century, but appears to have been forbidden in 1641; Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 247, 250.
  • 8. The place is not named in Aikin's Country round Manch. 1795.
  • 9. Compotus R. of Mich. 18 Hen. VI19 Hen. VI, reciting a demise of the mine to James Banastre for ten years. See also Whitaker, Whalley, i, 361. Henry Marshall, vicar of Wilmington, in 1550 bequeathed his lease of a coal mine in Padiham to Elizabeth Marshall, widow. Richard Marshall her son is named. To the poor of Padiham 13s. 4d. was given; Pal. Note Bk. iii, 212; Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 23.
  • 10. a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
  • 11. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 156.
  • 12. Ibid. 215.
  • 13. Ibid. ii, 7. The compotus rolls of 1296 and 1305 show £11 1s. from the farm of Padiham, £4 12s. from the mill and 6s. 8d. in lieu of works remitted; De Lacy Compoti (Chet. Soc.), 8, 104.
  • 14. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 191. The mill had existed in 1253, when inquiry was ordered as to the value of the wheel there, by which a man had been killed. Edmund de Lacy was to answer; Close, 67, m. 8. Various persons were in 1324 fined for not repairing the millpond; Lancs. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 32. In the same volume will be found records of the sums paid for entry to lands in 1323–4.
  • 15. Folds MSS. There were some minor adjustments. Banastre, Lister and Roe had to pay 4d. for Guldfield. Banastre was to have a fifth of the Ringyard of Hargreave Hey. Marl might be taken at Cross Bank. The roadways were (1) a sufficient way between the lands of James Willisill to the watergate of Padiham Hey, (2) a waingate from Cross Bank to Town wall, (3) a waingate from Hargreave Hey to the east end of Padiham and south side of Padiham Hey, (4) a bridle way from Padiham to Tuacr'gate. Each oxgang was to give a day's work (or two, if necessary) to the filling up of the coal pits on William Banastre's land. There is a list of tenants in 1527 in Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, bdle. 5, no. 12.
  • 16. Folds MSS. Some minor variations have been left unnoticed. Lawrence Shuttleworth's 6 had belonged to Banastre (2), Haydock (2) and Lister (1½); also Padiham Whitacre (½). He also tenanted Cockshott's oxgang. There were also twelve messuages in each of the east and west parts of the township.
  • 17. Ibid. A list of the twenty-two tofts follows; each paid ½d. toll.
  • 18. Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 292, 280.
  • 19. Folds MSS.
  • 20. Ibid. Richard Shuttleworth paid £2 18s. 10½d. and Francis Webster 29s. 3d.
  • 21. Lancs. and Ches. Rec. ii, 238, 26–, &c. The mill had been granted to Sir William Wood (ibid. ii, 388), who sold to John Towneley and Richard his son in 1604; Folds MSS.
  • 22. John de Whitaker has been named in 1311. In 1323 Richard de Whitaker paid 25s. as relief on succeeding him; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 186. A William de Whitaker paid 5s. on succeeding to half an oxgang of land in 1324; Lancs. Ct. R. 30. Dr. Whitaker supposes that his family had branched off from them; Whalley, ii, 55. Some of the references given under Simonstone may concern the High Whitacre family.
  • 23. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 77. Another son, Christopher, is named. In 1512 there was an arbitration in disputes between Miles Whitaker and Lawrence his son and heir-apparent on one side and John and George Hoghton on the other; Add. MS. 32104, fol. 133, no. 567. Henry Whitaker was perhaps father of the Lawrence of 1547. He married Alice Nowell; Visit. of 1567 (Chet. Soc.), 36. The Subsidy Rolls give Henry Whitaker in 1524 and Lawrence in 1543; Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 130, no. 82, 125.
  • 24. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 25, taken in 1538.
  • 25. Lawrence made a settlement of twenty messuages in High Whitacre, Padiham, Clitheroe, &c., in 1547; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 214. He had a messuage at Northwood in 1554; Towneley MS. HH, no. 121. Margaret Whitaker, widow, was claiming dower in Padiham about that time; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 307.
  • 26. The wardship of the heir, which had been granted to Bernard Towneley of Hurstwood, was by him transferred to Christopher Marton of Eshton in 1578; Add. MS. 32104, fol. 120, no. 520. John Whitaker and Elizabeth his wife made a feoffment of seven messuages, &c., in Padiham, Simonstone, Clitheroe and Whalley in 1589; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 51, m. 7.
  • 27. Lawrence Shuttleworth, B.D., died in 1608 holding High Whitacre and lands in Padiham of the king as duke in socage by a rent of 29s. His heir was his nephew Richard (son of Thomas) Shuttleworth; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 109.
  • 28. Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 56. Lawrence Whitaker and Richard Webster were landowners in 1564 and Richard Webster in 1600 and 1626; Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 131, no. 212, 274, 317.
  • 29. The Banastres of Altham had some land in Padiham; the tenure was usually described as socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 34 (not known); viii, no. 31, &c. Henry Ryley was in 1578 claiming a messuage, &c., against Nicholas Banastre and others; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 26. As is shown above, the Banastre estate was acquired by the Shuttleworths by 1602. John Hoghton of Little Pendleton had 1 oxgang of land in Padiham in 1498; Add. MS. 32104, no. 585. A dispute between James Willisill and John Roe was referred to arbitration in 1527; it concerned in part a right of way between Scholebank and Padiham; ibid. no. 516 (fol. 119). Both surnames occur in the later pleadings; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 152, 164, 496. In 1404 Ralph Rishton was concerned in Poope oxgang in Padiham; note from Ightenhill Halmote R. The Sagar of Guygate estate was the subject of dispute in 1650; Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 27, 28.
  • 30. The tenants in 1537 were Henry Cockshott and the wife of Richard Marshall, paying 6s. in all; Whalley Couch. (Chet. Soc.), iv, 1214.
  • 31. Towneley MS. 'Honor of Clitheroe.' The names of the tenants were: Edmund Ashton, esq., Nicholas Banastre, esq., Richard Shuttleworth, esq., Nicholas Starkie, gent. (who also had Priest Chamber), William Anderton, the heirs of Thomas Chilers (who also had land formerly belonging to Whalley Abbey), Nicholas Duxbury, Thomas Grimshaw, Nicholas and William Hancock (infant), George and Nicholas Halstead, James Hargreaves, Richard Hey, Hugh Hindle, John Houghton, William Houghton, John Peel, John Robert, Henry Robinson, John Robinson, Thomas Robinson, Hugh Roe, Richard Sagar, John Shuttleworth, James Smith, John Starkie, William Waddington, Richard Webster, Lawrence Whitaker.
  • 32. Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
  • 33. Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 142–3, where an outline of Marshall's career is given. At his death he was prebendary of York and Southwell, master of Sherburn Hospital and rector of Wheldrake. By his will of 1462 he desired to be buried in York Minster; to the Abbot of Whalley he left a bowl and ewer, with a request for his prayers.
  • 34. Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 49. As the lands were 'for the use of a chantry priest at the church or chapel of Padiham,' there was some chapel already in existence. Marshall may have built it for this purpose; at all events, the chantry priest was the curate, and not merely an auxiliary.
  • 35. In 1521 Robert Smith of Padiham made a gift to St. Leonard of Padiham, the trustees being Thomas son and heir of Henry Ryley of the Green and Hugh Hargreaves, the chantry priest; Starkie D. at Huntroyde, H 43. Ten years later a dispute in which the feoffees of this chantry and those of Our Lady's service of Blackburn were concerned was referred to arbitration; ibid. H 46. In 1532 there is mentioned the 'parish' of Padiham; Act Bk. of Whalley (Chet. Soc.), 152. In 1536 there were four wardens of the 'church' of Padiham; Starkie D., H 52. One Hugh Moore gave lands in Higham for the maintenance of the Jesus service at Padiham, as was attested by his nephews John and Richard Moore in 1561; Duchy of Lanc. Spec. Com. no. 33.
  • 36. Raines, Chantries, 142–5.
  • 37. Ibid. 240.
  • 38. Pat. 31 Eliz. pt. xi. The chapel in 1547 had three or four bells and various 'ornaments,' &c., seized by the Crown agents; Raines, op. cit. 263, 277, 280. Two bells were sold by the commissioners of Edward VI; Augm. Off. Misc. Bks. clxx, m. 5.
  • 39. Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 50. The sum nominally due was £6 19s. 2d., but deductions were made.
  • 40. Whitaker, Whalley (ed. 3, 1818), 268. A brief for the rebuilding was issued in 1763.
  • 41. Glynne, Churches of Lancs. (Chet. Soc. new ser. xxvii), 45.
  • 42. The inscription is as follows:— Heare lyes interr'd within this earth w hom cruell death dep rived of breath who livinge threescore ye ares & odd resygnes ag aine his soule to God.
  • 43. Notes on the arms formerly to be seen in the church are in Kuerden MSS. vi, fol. 48.
  • 44. The inscriptions on the old bells were: (1) 'S. J. C. Adamson, incumbent.' (2 and 3) names of churchwardens. (4) 'Dono 4th 1842 Janet Shuttleworth.' (5) 'Dono 5th 1842 Le Gendre N. Starkie.' (6) 'Dono 6th 1842 John Dugdale and brother.' These were retained in 1901, and the names of the vicar (Henry Haworth), churchwardens and sidesmen added.
  • 45. The entries 1573–1653 have been printed by the Lancs. Par. Reg. Soc. 1903.
  • 46. Visit. Lists at Chester Dioc. Reg.
  • 47. Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 343 n.
  • 48. In 1650 a grant of £50 a year was ordered out of Mr. Clifton's sequestered estate; Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 89, 92. This sum was actually paid in 1651–3; ibid. 237, 249. An order for £33 10s. had been made in 1648, and was in force in 1650; Whitaker, op. cit. i, 221; Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 164.
  • 49. Gastrell, loc. cit. There were four wardens.
  • 50. Manch. Dioc. Dir.
  • 51. Lich. Epis. Reg. xi, fol. 38b. He was apparently the first chaplain of St. Leonard's chantry, and was presented by the founder, John Marshall. In a modern list in the parish register books one William Booth is named as 'clerk, of Padiham,' in 1470. Perhaps the date should be 1570.
  • 52. Ibid. xii, fol. 121. He was presented by Guy Marshall. The cause of vacancy is not given.
  • 53. Ibid. xiii, fol. 158; on the death of R. Taylor, Guy Marshall being patron.
  • 54. Ibid. fol. 230; by Guy Marshall, of Etton in Yorkshire, on the death of J. Shuttleworth.
  • 55. Raines, Chantries, 144, citing Blyth's Reg. W. Hesketh was dead.
  • 56. Ibid.; presented by Richard Marshall on the death of T. Yate. In 1512 the curate of Padiham was ordered, in virtue of the obedience due by him to the Apostolic see, to cite Alice wife of John Stevenson to appear to give evidence at the Abbot of Whalley's court in a marriage suit; Act Bk. of Whalley, 13.
  • 57. Lich. Epis. Reg. xiii-xiv, fol. 58b; presented by Richard Marshall on the resignation of T. Brook. About this time Padiham Chapel is frequently mentioned as a place where public penance was performed; Act Bk. of Whalley, 134, &c. Hugh Hargreaves is named in 1533 as 'chaplain of Padiham'; ibid. 171. He also appears in the Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 230, the income of the chantry being recorded as £4 13s. 4d. Early in 1535 Thomas Marshall (the patron) and others one day entered the chapel while Hugh Hargreaves was holding service there and dragged him from the altar, demanding the evidences of the foundation; Pal. of Lanc. Indictments, Lent, 26 Hen. VIII, bdle. 1.
  • 58. Lich. Epis. Reg. xiii-xiv, fol. 35b. Thomas Marshall of Padiham, the patron, had assigned the next presentation to the Abbot of Whalley, but in Aug. 1536 Henry VIII presented on the death of H. Hargreaves.
  • 59. Ibid. fol. 38; Thomas Marshall presented on the death of John Clerk. As stated in the text, Thornburgh appears in the visitation lists down to 1563, his being the only name in those of 1562–3.
  • 60. Visit. List at Chester. In 1568 his host, John Towneley, said that he had kept Craven or Crane in his house for six years, during four of which he had served the cure of Padiham, but had resigned on account of health; Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 208. There were no doubt more serious reasons for his resignation, and when Craven, 'a priest in his lifetime suspected of religion,' was buried at Whalley, secretly as was alleged and with the ancient rites, Bishop Chadderton ordered inquiry to be made; Chet. Misc. (Chet. Soc.), vi (1), 24.
  • 61. Named in Robert Nowell's accounts (ed. Grosart, p. 328).
  • 62. Henry Pennant's MS. Acct. Bk. fol. 74b. He was probably appointed in 1575; ibid. fol. 6.
  • 63. Visit. List.
  • 64. Named as 'sometime parson'; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 15. Perhaps earlier than Morwell.
  • 65. His name occurs in the list compiled about 1610 as 'the stipendiary minister . . . . maintained by the king'; ibid. 10. He was married as curate on 15 Apr. 1599. One of his sons was buried 25 Feb. 1605–6 and another son John was baptized at Padiham 2 Feb. 1606–7; Reg. He was himself buried there 7 Mar. 1616–17; ibid.
  • 66. He signed the registers from 1619 to 1626. The name is also given as Burfet and Burfoot. He was described as 'lecturer' in 1622; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 68. In the same year he was presented to the bishop, because he 'doth not use the sign of the cross in baptism; doth not read service according to the form prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer; denied to christen a child of Roger Waring's which was very weak and which died the same day'; Visit. Returns.
  • 67. He signed the registers in 1627. John Bartonwood, 'clerk' of Padiham, occurs in the registers in 1633.
  • 68. Reg.
  • 69. Ibid. He remained curate during the Commonwealth time, becoming a member of the Presbyterian Classis in 1646 and signing the 'Harmonious Consent' in 1648. He was still at Padiham in 1653, but was perhaps the Mr. John Breres appointed to Heapey in 1657; Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 248; ii, 201.
  • 70. Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 50. Roger Barton is named as curate in Apr. 1664 in a marriage licence at Chester; he died in 1667.
  • 71. Note by Mr. Earwaker. Clarkson was also curate of Altham. He probably succeeded Barton, whose name appears (cancelled) in the visitation list of 1671. Clarkson's name appears in 1671 and 1674.
  • 72. Visit. List.
  • 73. Ibid. He was 'conformable' in 1689; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 229. In the following year he went to Burnley and no one is recorded as curate of Padiham in 1691.
  • 74. Visit. List.
  • 75. The church papers at Chester Dioc. Reg. begin here. Holmes was presented by P. Starkie of Huntroyde on the death of John Grundy. He went to Haslingden in 1739.
  • 76. For pedigree see H. Fishwick, Goosnargh, 154. He was nominated by P. Starkie.
  • 77. He was nominated by Le Gendre P. Starkie on the death of J. Fishwick.
  • 78. He was son of the preceding incumbent and was nominated by the king on account of the lunacy of Piers Starkie, the patron.
  • 79. He became incumbent of Staniforth in 1865 and rector of Radcliffe in 1867.
  • 80. The district chapelry was formed in 1868 and then the benefice was declared a vicarage; Lond. Gaz. 6 Mar., 7 Apr.
  • 81. Afterwards vicar of Longridge.
  • 82. Vicar of Astley 1885.
  • 83. The surname was originally Tyass.
  • 84. Vicar of Altham 1891.
  • 85. Vicar of Read 1893. Mr. Mills has assisted the editors in compiling the list of incumbents and in other ways.
  • 86. Jollie's Note Bk. (Chet. Soc.), 7, 78, 91, 135.
  • 87. Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 345; End. Char. Rep. of 1826.