Townships: Goosnargh

Pages 190-206

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1912.

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Gusansarghe, Dom. Bk.; Gunanesarg, 1205; Gosannesareghe, Gosanesarwe, 1226; Gosenargh, 1244; Gosanarche, 1251; Gosenhar, 1257; Gossenarwe, 1290; Gosnargh, 1297. Pronounced Goosnar.

Trelefelt, Dom. Bk.; Threlefel, 1244; Threlefal, 1257. Neuhuse, Dom. Bk.; Nusum, 1249; Neusum, 1251.

Goosnargh gives its name to a detached chapelry of Kirkham, comprising Goosnargh, Newsham and Whittingham. The first-named portion has of itself a content of 8,324 acres, (fn. 1) while Newsham, a detached portion to the west, has 348, so that the whole township measures 8,672 acres. In 1901 it had a population of 1,091. (fn. 2) Goosnargh proper contains a number of hamlets or farmsteads. The name belongs specially to the lower or south-western part of the township and to the village (fn. 3) round the chapel, which stands close to the border of Whittingham. The higher or north-eastern part was known as Threlfall—a name no longer in common use—and had its chapel, which was called White Chapel. To the north-east of Goosnargh Chapel lies Eaves Green and to the northwest Middleton; Inglewhite is 1½ miles north of the last-named, and has St. Anne's Well (fn. 4) to the south of it and Fairhurst to the north. Beesley is north of Eaves Green, and has Kidsnape to the east and Bulsnape to the north-east, and further to the east, on the border of Chipping, is Loudscales, overlooking the River Loud, there forming the boundary. There were six ancient divisions called tithings— Church, Beesley, Kidsnape, Longley, Aspenhurst and Threlfall. (fn. 5)

The principal feature of the northern end is Beacon Fell, which attains a height of 874 ft. above the sea. From it the ground slopes away in all directions, but more especially to the west and south-west. The 300-ft. line runs diagonally across the township by Fairhurst, Beesley and Kidsnape, with higher ground to the east and lower to the west. To the north of the Fell are Lickhurst and Broadhead, and further north is the River Brock, forming the boundary on that side.

The township is crossed by a large number of country roads. Through Newsham passes the London and North-Western Company's main line to the north, with a station called Barton and Broughton. To this station there is a footpath over the fields from Goosnargh village. The Preston and Lancaster Canal crosses Newsham at Hollowforth.

Newsham was separated from Goosnargh in 1894 and annexed to Barton (fn. 6); the present reduced township is governed by a parish council. (fn. 7)

The soil is of every variety, with subsoil of clay. The land is chiefly in grass, being occupied as follows in Goosnargh and Whittingham jointly: Arable, 50 acres; permanent grass, 10,794½; and woods and plantations, 197½. (fn. 8) The population is now employed solely in agriculture; formerly there were silk and cotton manufactures. (fn. 9) Goosnargh is noted for cheese and butter; also for a kind of small, sweet cake.

The Thirlmere pipe line conveys the Manchester water supply through the eastern parts of Goosnargh and Whittingham.

There is a market cross at Inglewhite Green. (fn. 10) Here two fairs for cattle and sheep are held—on the Tuesday before Ascension Day and on 5 October. A sheep fair is held on 25 April. A workhouse formerly stood there.

There are remains of several ancient crosses, (fn. 11) and at Inglewhite was a pit known as 'cuckstool pit.' (fn. 12)

Lists of the principal inhabitants at different times in the 17th century have been printed. (fn. 13)

Among the burials recorded in the registers for August 1644 are those of a ' soldier found slain ' on the 1st and another soldier on the 16th. They may have belonged to the royal troops driven out of Amounderness on 18 August.

The worthies of the chapelry include the Ven. William Marsden and George Beesley, who suffered death during the Elizabethan persecution in 1586 and 1591; Alexander Rigby, a noteworthy Parliamentarian, baron of the Exchequer, who died in 1650 (fn. 14); William Bushell, founder of the hospital at Goosnargh, who was high sheriff in 1733, and died in 1735 (fn. 15); Peter Armstrong Whittle, born at Inglewhite in 1789, a miscellaneous writer who publiihed several topographical works, and died in Liverpool in 1866 (fn. 16); William Threlfall of Hollowforth, a Wesleyan missionary, killed in Namaqualand in 1825; Edward Kirk, journalist and antiquary, 1832 to 1885 (fn. 17)


In 1066 Goosnargh, Threlfall and Newsham, each assessed as one ploughland, were held by Earl Tostig as members of his lordship of Preston. (fn. 18) Afterwards Goosnargh and Threlfall—or part of them, viz. a plough-land and a half—were granted out in thegnage, being held by the service of 12s. a year and 6s. 8d. for a sor goshawk; and Newsham became part of the barony of Penwortham.

Bernard son of Ailsi was lord of GOOSNARGH about 1160, (fn. 19) and was succeeded by his son Robert, who about 1190 gave land to the Hospitallers. (fn. 20) He died in 1206, (fn. 21) and his heirs held the 12 oxgangs of land in 1212 by the service above stated (fn. 22) The heirs were three daughters—Iseult, who married Richard son of Swain (de Catterall) (fn. 23); Beatrice wife of Hugh de Mitton (fn. 24); and Avice, who married (1) Oliver son of Nigel de Longford (fn. 25) and (2) Michael de Aslacton. (fn. 26) In 1242 accordingly the manor was held by their heirs, (fn. 27) Richard de Catterall, (fn. 28) Hugh de Mitton (fn. 29) and Henry de Longford. (fn. 30) Two oxgangs of land, i.e. a sixth part of the manor, were acquired by William de Clifton, who died in 1258, (fn. 31) or by his predecessors; this in time led to a nominal readjustment, the representatives of the three co-heirs being said to hold fivesixths of the manor. There were other changes. The Mitton third was surrendered to the Earl of Lancaster and then granted to the Hoghtons of Hoghton (fn. 32) and the Clifton part was divided between Clifton and Boteler of Rawcliffe. (fn. 33) Thus in 1346 five-sixths were held equally by Richard de Catterall, Sir Adam de Hoghton and Nicholas de Longford, and the other sixth equally by William de Clifton and Richard le Boteler. (fn. 34) A century later the tenants were Richard Catterall, Richard Hoghton and Nicholas Longford; Richard Clifton and Nicholas Boteler. (fn. 35)

Early in the 16th century the Catterall portion became further divided, (fn. 36) and one fraction continued to be claimed by the family of Townley of Barnside for some time. (fn. 37) The Hoghtons, perhaps holding the Longford share, (fn. 38) appear to have acquired part of the Catteralls', (fn. 39) and the manor was spoken of as theirs absolutely. About 1630 (fn. 40) the manor was purchased from Sir Richard Hoghton out of the marriage portion of Charlotte wife of James Lord Strange, afterwards Earl of Derby. (fn. 41) It was acquired by Hugh Cooper, lord of the manor of Carnforth, (fn. 42) and about 1680 was held by John Warren of Poynton in Cheshire, (fn. 43) who married the daughter and heir; and so descended to his great - grandson Sir George Warren, (fn. 44) and from him to Lord de Tabley, who about 1860 sold the right of toll at Inglewhite fair to Mr. R. Baillie of Fulwood. That was supposed to be the only remaining manorial right. (fn. 45)

Warren of Poynton. Checquy or and azure on a canton gules a lion rampant argent.

The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem had a considerable estate in THRELFALL, (fn. 46) possibly the half plough-land noticed above as wanting, and, as the Catteralls were their tenants, (fn. 47) the predominance of this family was assured. They appear to have been the only manorial family resident within Goosnargh proper. Their estate was known as the manor of BULSNAPE, (fn. 48) and on the partition became the residence of Thomas Procter in right of his wife Elizabeth daughter of Thomas Catterall (1579). (fn. 49) After several changes of ownership, (fn. 50) Bulsnape was in 1650 acquired by James Fishwick, (fn. 51) and it continued in his family till 1777, (fn. 52) when it was again sold. Bulsnape Hall is situated about 1½ miles to the east of Inglewhite, and is a three-story building, now used as a farm-house. It was originally E-shaped in plan, with wide end gables and a narrow middle one over the porch, which is the full height of the house. The left-hand wing, however, has disappeared and the building is very much modernized, nearly all the windows being new and the walls covered with stucco. An oak staircase with carved balustrade still remains, and other evidences of the original building are visible in the interior. Remains of a moat could be seen up to about 1856, but have now disappeared. (fn. 53)

WHITE LEA, another part of the Catteralls' estate in Threlfall, (fn. 54) was sold, as a third part of the manor, by Gervase Strickland and Katherine his wife to James Kighley in 1591. (fn. 55) John Kighley died in 1616 holding it of the king by the fortieth part of a knight's fee and leaving an infant son Hugh as heir. (fn. 56) This family, who were Roman Catholics, (fn. 57) remained in possession till 1726; from Charles Gibson, who then purchased, the estate descended to his great-great-grandson Charles Gibson, who died in 1832. (fn. 58) The estate was then sold to William Blackledge, who was succeeded by his son John.

The ASHES was held by a family bearing the local name, Threlfall, who held lands of the Bartons of Barton, who in turn appear to have held this portion of their estate of Ralph Catterall by rendering a pound of cummin yearly. (fn. 59) There is little known of the early history of the Threlfalls. (fn. 60) Edmund Threlfall of the Ashes died in 1617, leaving a son John, aged twelve. (fn. 61) He was a Roman Catholic, and had suffered the sequestration of two-thirds of his estate for religion. (fn. 62) The son John died young, (fn. 63) and it was another son, Cuthbert Threlfall, whose estate at the Ashes was sequestered for 'delinquency' under the Commonwealth and forfeited in 1653. (fn. 64) Cuthbert's son Edmund was a Jacobite, and was killed by a party of soldiers sent to arrest him in 1690. (fn. 65) He was succeeded by his brother Cuthbert, (fn. 66) who as a 'Papist' registered his estate in 1717. (fn. 67) A brother John was in possession soon afterwards, and later in the century the Ashes was sold, and has since changed hands several times. (fn. 68) Ashes stands in a secluded situation some distance from the highway on rising ground north-east of Inglewhite; but apart from the doorway, which has a curious winged figure in a triangular frame carved over the square stone head, (fn. 69) is of little interest, being almost wholly modernized. Traces of a moat are still to be seen, and in one of the walls, which is from 4 ft. to 6 ft. thick, are cavities locally known as 'hiding places.' (fn. 70) The house is of two stories and faces south-west.

The HILL was in 1600 the residence of a family named Beesley. (fn. 71) Francis Beesley was fined for recusancy between 1591 and 1607. (fn. 72) His brother George, ordained at Rheims in 1587, was sent on the English mission in the following year, that of the Armada. He was captured after about two years, and though tortured to make him reveal the names of his hosts he would tell nothing, and was at last executed for his priesthood in Fleet Street, London, 1591. (fn. 73) From the Beesleys (fn. 74) the estate went to the Blackburnes, a branch of the Stockenbridge family, who were in possession in 1754. (fn. 75) WHITE HILL was the seat of a branch of the Heskeths, also a Roman Catholic family. (fn. 76) In consequence of their taking part in the Civil War on the king's side their estate was sequestered, (fn. 77) and on their afterwards joining in the rebellion of 1715 it was forfeited, (fn. 78) and has since had many owners. (fn. 79) Some other estates in Threlfall have points of interest in their history. (fn. 80) Higher Lickhurst was acquired by the trustees of the Goosnargh Hospital in 1819. (fn. 81)

The Ven. William Marsden is said to have been born at a farm called the Mountain, on the east side of Beacon Fell, about 1563. He was ordained priest at Rheims in 1586 and sent on the English mission, but the ship he sailed in was driven ashore on the Isle of Wight. Marsden was captured, and, rejecting the equivocation suggested by a lenient judge, was condemned and suffered death as a traitor 25 April 1586. (fn. 82)

In the Church tithing the KIRKHOUSE was about 1600 held by a branch of the Helme family, (fn. 83) of whom other branches appear in Goosnargh and Chipping. (fn. 84) It was purchased by Sir Nicholas Shireburne of Stonyhurst in 1694. (fn. 85)

MIDDLETON at one time gave surname to a local family. (fn. 86) Afterwards it occurs in connexion with the Coore, (fn. 87) Greenhills (fn. 88) and Singleton families, (fn. 89) the story being made clear by pleadings of 1447 and later, in which Alan Singleton claimed three messuages, 6 acres of land and 12d. rent in Goosnargh against John Catterall, late of Flasby in Craven. It appeared that Richard son of Grimbald de Coore in the time of Edward II gave the property to Geoffrey son of Grimbald de Coore (by fine in 1323), and it descended to Adam son and heir of Geoffrey to Adam's daughter Christiana (wife of William de Greenhills in 1393), who had two children—William, who died without issue, and Alice, mother of the plaintiff. The defendant replied that one Alan de Catterall had had possession and had given it to defendant and his son John. (fn. 90)

The Singletons having established their claim, granted it to endow a chantry. (fn. 91) On the suppression of these foundations it was acquired by Robert Helme, whose sons defended their right as against Thomas Tyldesley, the representative of the founders. (fn. 92) It was acquired not long afterwards by Alexander Rigby of Wigan, who died in 1621 holding Middleton Hall, Topping House, with dovecote, lands, &c., of the king as of his manor of Clitheroe; also Eyves Hall, of the Earl of Derby (formerly the Hospitallers' land), by 1d. rent; and a messuage, &c., in Aspenhurst of Sir Richard Hoghton by 5s. rent. His son and heir Alexander was twenty-six years of age. (fn. 93)

The younger Alexander (fn. 94) was a bencher of Gray's Inn. He resided at Ribby, being perhaps desirous of the style of Rigby of Ribby. He was returned for the Short Parliament in 1640 and then for the Long Parliament as a member for Wigan, at once distinguishing himself as a zealous Puritan. On the outbreak of the Civil War he showed himself equally active on the Parliamentary side, first as a civilian, sequestrator, &c., (fn. 95) and then as a soldier with a colonel's commission. His son Alexander was lieutenant-colonel under him, and raised a company within Goosnargh. He took Thurland Castle, after a siege of seven weeks, in October 1643, but lost his reputation next year by the fruitless leaguer of Lathom House and the defeat at Bolton. He then seems to have retired from war and devoted his attention to Parliament and to the sequestering of 'Papists' and delinquents' estates.' His son Alexander, however, continued his military career. The father was appointed one of the judges of Charles I, but did not act. In 1649 he was made a baron of the Exchequer, but did not enjoy his dignity long, dying 18 August 1650. In religion he was an Independent, hostile to Presbyterianism as well as to Episcopacy. His son Alexander seems to have been a member of the Presbyterian Classis in 1646. (fn. 96)

This son succeeded to Middleton, and was member of Parliament for Lancaster in 1658. He and his brother Edward fell under suspicion at the beginning of the reign of James II, and were ordered into custody in 1685. Alexander Rigby died in 1694, (fn. 97) and from him the estate descended to the Knowles family, but there is nothing in the history to call for remark.

To this part of the township may have belonged the family or families using Goosnargh as a surname. They occur in the pleadings, (fn. 98) but the nature of their estate is unknown, except in the case of Alexander Goosnargh of Stalmine, who died in 1524 holding lands in the township of Richard Hoghton in socage; the heir was a grandson Alexander Wering. (fn. 99) Eaves or Eyves Hall has been mentioned among the possessions of Alexander Rigby; some particulars have been preserved of Eaves Green. (fn. 100)

BRADCROFT, which may stand for the obscure third part of the manor once belonging to Longford, was owned by the Bartons of the adjacent township of Barton, (fn. 101) who long held KIDSNAPE of the Hoghton family by a rent of 6s. 8d. (fn. 102) William Clifton, (fn. 103) described as 'of Kidsnape,' died in 1517 holding lands in the tithing of Richard Hoghton and John Boteler by services unknown. He left three daughters and heirs—Isabel, aged twenty-nine, wife of Ralph Venables in 1528; Joan, twenty-six, who married John Beconsaw; and Anne, twenty, who married Bartholomew Hesketh. (fn. 104)

BEESLEY (fn. 105) gave a surname to one or more local families. That seated in Threlfall has been mentioned above, and it is not possible to trace the others or state their tenures exactly, though they are often named in pleadings and other records. (fn. 106) Jane the wife of Henry Beesley died in 1585, and Henry died in 1591 holding half a messuage, &c, called Barnard House or the Hey of Beesley, the tenure of which was not recorded. The heir was a son William. (fn. 107) Thomas Beesley, who died in 1637, held 'Beesley's lands'; his son Robert, aged forty, was heir (fn. 108) WHINNY CLOUGH (fn. 109) was part of the Hoghton estate in the time of Elizabeth; later held by the Bamber family of Poulton, and more recently by the Parks of Preston. (fn. 110) It is now owned by Mr. William P. Park of Ashton-on-Ribble. (fn. 111)

In Longley tithing Higher and Lower BARKER are noteworthy. About 1450 Barker in Goosnargh was a portion of the estates of Richard Clifton of Clifton. (fn. 112) Of Higher Barker there is little to be said (fn. 113); Lower was about 1670–80 the residence of the lord of the manor of Goosnargh, John Warren of Poynton, (fn. 114) who in 1674 procured the royal charter for holding two fairs annually at Inglewhite in this tithing. (fn. 115) INGLEWHITE was the estate of a family named Sidgreaves, (fn. 116) of whom Christopher was recorded as a freeholder in 1600, (fn. 117) and James recorded his estate as a 'Papist' in 1717. (fn. 118) He died in 1759 and was succeeded by a son James, whose greatgrandson dying without issue in 1853 the estate was sold. (fn. 119) In 1869 it became the property of William Shawe of Preston, and is now held by the Knowles trustees.

BLACKHALL or Blakehall (fn. 120) was long the seat of a family named Midgehall. (fn. 121) George Midgehall died in 1557, leaving a son Robert, aged thirty-three, heir to an estate comprising Brabinfield in Goosnargh, held of Richard Hoghton by 18d. rent, two messuages held of the Crown as of the dissolved monastery of Cockersand by 12d. rent, 3 acres held of the heirs of Ralph Catterall by the rent of a catapult, and two messuages in Threlfall held of the heirs of Richard son of Adam de Woodacre. (fn. 122) Robert's son George died in 1612, leaving a son Robert as heir, (fn. 123) and he in turn (fn. 124) left a son George, who died in 1626 under age and without issue, the estate then reverting to his uncle Edward Midgehall. (fn. 125) This Edward was in trouble in the Civil War time, for he took the king's side and his estates were sequestered and ultimately sold by the Parliament for his 'delinquency.' (fn. 126) The family about that time became Protestant, and the estate continued in the male line till 1807, when it was sold to James Sidgreaves of Inglewhite and was in 1847 purchased by William Shawe of Preston. (fn. 127)

LATUS House had more anciently the name of Clifton House. (fn. 128) The family of Latus or Latewise held it in the time of Elizabeth and later, (fn. 129) but by 1650 it had passed to the Rigby family. (fn. 130) About a century later it was in the hands of Parkinson, a wide-spreading family found in several parts of the township. (fn. 131) It afterwards went to Talbot and was sold to Philip Park of Preston. St. Anne's Well is on this estate. A Longley charter dated 1494 mentions Benetfield, the highway to the church of Goosnargh, Tinklerfield and Stonyford. (fn. 132)

Of Aspenhurst there is little record except of the estate of Fairhurst held by the Rigbys of Middleton, already mentioned.

Little need be said of other estates and landowners occurring in the records. Cockersand Abbey (fn. 133) and Conishead Priory had some land in the township. (fn. 134) John Singleton of Chingle Hall died in 1530 holding of Richard Hoghton by a rent of 6s. 8d. (fn. 135) William Wilson in 1619 held lands of Sir Richard Hoghton by a rent of 5s.; they had been purchased from Thomas Shireburne and had no doubt formed part of the Catterall estate. (fn. 136) Joshua Gallard in 1638 held his lands of the king by the two-hundredth part of a knight's fee. (fn. 137) William Barnes's messuage and lands were held of James Lord Strange as of his manor of Goosnargh by 5s. 1d. rent. (fn. 138) In other cases the tenure is stated either vaguely (fn. 139) or not at all. (fn. 140)

Under the Commonwealth rule the estates of a number of Royalists and recusants were sequestered and in some cases sold outright. (fn. 141) In 1717 nine estates of ' Papists' were registered. (fn. 142)

NEWSHAM, as already stated, was after the Conquest a member of the barony of Penwortham, and the mesne tenant was the lord of Woodplumpton, (fn. 143) with which manor it continued to descend till the 17th century or later. (fn. 144) There seem to have been several subdivisions of the land, and the principal holders took the surname of Newsham. Little is known of them. (fn. 145) Adam de Newsham in 1361 purchased six messuages, land, &c, in Newsham from Roger de Farington and Amery his wife. (fn. 146) John Newsham, living in 1467, died in 1515, but the tenure of his estate was not known; his heir was his grandson John, then aged fourteen. (fn. 147) A pedigree was recorded in 1567. (fn. 148) In 1585 George Newsham held the Newsham Hall estate of John Warren by 17s. rent. (fn. 149) Robert Newsham was a freeholder in 1600. (fn. 150) Soon afterwards the family disappeared from view, and Newsham Hall was before 1660 acquired by the Wilsons of Tunley in Wrightington; by them it was sold to John Bourne of Stalmine Hall in 1782 and has since descended with his estates. (fn. 151) William Singleton of Bank Hall held land in Newsham of John Warren in 1573. (fn. 152) The Fishwicks occur. (fn. 153)

Newsham of Newsham. Azure on a fesse argent three crosslets gules.

HOLLOWFORTH with its mill was the estate bought by Robert de Holland in 1292 (fn. 154) and held in 1323–4 by William de Holland of Euxton of the heirs of Stockport by a rent of 2s. (fn. 155) Like Euxton it descended to Molyneux of Sefton, (fn. 156) and was in 1558 sold by Sir Richard Molyneux to George Newsham. (fn. 157) Land in Hollowforth was held by the Middletons in 1600–40. (fn. 158) The estate of Lawrence Parkinson of Hollowforth was one of those sequestered and sold under the Commonwealth. (fn. 159) There is still a mill at Hollowforth.

Alexander Rigby, James Sidgreaves and Thomas Helme each paid £10 in 1631, having refused knighthood. (fn. 160)

John Reynolds of Newsham as a 'Papist' registered a leasehold estate in this part of the township in 1717. (fn. 161) Robert Shepherd of Barnacre did the same. (fn. 162)


In the grant of Kirkham to Vale Royal Abbey in 1281 its 'chapels' were included, (fn. 163) so that it is probable that ST. MARY'S, Goosnargh, already existed. It was frequently called a 'church,' and its district a 'parish' before the Reformation. (fn. 164) Direct proof of its existence begins in 1330, when its 'chaplain' was required to send an ox of the value of 10s. to the Abbot of Vale Royal (as rector) every year. (fn. 165) Complaint was made of an assault upon Sir Adam Banastre at Goosnargh Church in 1336, (fn. 166) and that the chapel was in constant use is shown by the names of the ministering priests which have been preserved. (fn. 167) John son of Adam de Whittingham granted certain lands in 1379–80 to Henry Moton, the rent being a pound of wax, due to the church of B. Mary of Goosnargh. (fn. 168) There was in it a second altar, that of St. John the Baptist, the priest at which in 1528–9 received an endowment—perhaps temporary—from William Barnes of Tewkesbury. (fn. 169) A more substantial endowment was secured to the chaplain celebrating in the 'church or chapel' of B. Mary the Virgin of Goosnargh by Alan Singleton, the statutes of the chantry being ordained by Roger Singleton in 1508. (fn. 170) This chantry was in existence at the confiscation of such endowments in 1547–8. It had a revenue of £5 a year. (fn. 171)

What happened during the next fifty or sixty years is uncertain. A curate was probably maintained there, but the stipend was only £3 18s. from the tithes of Christ Church, Oxford, (fn. 172) increased no doubt by occasional offerings. The curate of 1611 was presented to the bishop for having given notice of the rush bearing 'on the Sabbath day,' leading to piping in the church and churchyard, (fn. 173) while eleven years later the curate had not preached himself and had procured only two sermons in the year; he kept ale to sell. (fn. 174) The arrangement of the seats in 1635 has been preserved. (fn. 175) The Presbyterian discipline was accepted without resistance in 1646, and the minister in 1648 signed the 'Harmonious Consent.' There was in 1650 no allowance to the minister, except £50 from the Committee of Plundered Ministers. (fn. 176) This would, of course, cease at the Restoration, but Christ Church afterwards increased the allowance from the tithes to £19 18s. (fn. 177) About 1720 a grant was obtained from Queen Anne's Bounty, (fn. 178) and the incumbent's income has gradually increased until it is now £201. (fn. 179) A separate parish was assigned in 1846. (fn. 180)

The church stands on the north side of the village of Goosnargh, and consists of chancel 25 ft. 6 in. by 20 ft. with north vestry, nave 70 ft. 6 in. by 20 ft. 6 in., north aisle 74 ft. 6 in. by 12 ft. 6 in., south aisle 66 ft. by 13 ft., south porch and west tower 10 ft. 8 in. square, all these measurements being internal. The building is constructed throughout of rubble masonry with gritstone dressings, and no part, with the possible exception of one of the windows of the north aisle, is older than the 15th century. To this period belong the north arcade and aisle, tower, and perhaps the chancel; but this is said (fn. 181) to have been rebuilt in 1553. However this may be, the whole of the building is of late date, and though the architectural detail is uninteresting, the general appearance of the interior is good. The south arcade and aisle appear to have been rebuilt at a subsequent period, perhaps at the end of the 16th or in the early years of the 17th century, the windows being all square-headed with plain, rounded lights, and without labels. The chancel roof is externally lower than that of the nave, which is continued over the aisles with overhanging eaves, and has two modern gabled dormer windows on the south side and three on the north.

Plan of Goosnargh Church

The roof probably dates from the time of the building of the south aisle, when it was raised some feet, the line of the former 15th-century roof showing in the east face of the tower within the nave. In the 18th century the church is described as filled with square pews probably of 17th-century date, and had a gallery at the west end, and in 1800 another gallery was erected at the east end in front of the chancel for the use of the inmates of Goosnargh Hospital. (fn. 182) Repairs had been carried out in 1788, (fn. 183) when probably a ceiling was erected; but the building remained more or less unrestored till 1868–9, when it was very substantially repaired, the roof opened out, renovated, and wholly reslated, the stone-work of many of the windows renewed, new wood dormers inserted, the floor lowered 12 in., the rough-cast which had formerly covered the exterior removed, and the two end galleries taken down. The whole of the seating was likewise renewed, the old square pews, which had filled both aisles, nave, and part of the chancel, being done away with. There was a further restoration of the roof in 1895, when it was again reslated, the east gable and wall north of it rebuilt in dressed stone and the vestry enlarged.

The chancel has an original five-light pointed east window with plain pointed lights and transom at the line of springing and inner moulded arch dying into the wall at the same level; two windows and a priest's door on the south side, and a single squareheaded window of two cinquefoiled lights on the north side to the west of the vestry door. The easternmost window on the south has a segmental head and is of three lights, the middle with cinquefoiled and the outer ones with trefoiled heads, with chamfered jambs, head and mullions, but without hood mould. The other window is of the same type as those in the south aisle, square-headed and of two rounded lights. The priest's door is 2 ft. 4 in. wide with segmental arch and chamfered jambs and head. The walls of the chancel, as in the rest of the church, are plastered, and the roof is a modern boarded one of flat pitch in three bays with moulded principals and purlins, and divided from the open timber roof of the nave by a timbered plaster gable facing west with shaped moulded piece below the tie-beam carried down the walls on to small wood pillars on stone brackets in the form of a chancel arch. There is a good 18th-century brass chandelier, but the rest of the fittings of the chancel are all modern, and there is no screen.

The north arcade of the nave is of six pointed arches of two chamfered orders carried on octagonal piers and responds with plain moulded capitals and bases, the height to the top of the capitals being 6 ft. 2 in. The north aisle, which is the full length of the nave and continued beyond it some feet at the east end, varies in width from 11 ft. 4 in. at the east to 12 ft. 3 in. at the west end. It has two squareheaded windows of two cinquefoiled lights on the north side and a similar one at the west end, and a built-up north doorway.

The east end of the aisle was formerly the chantry founded by the Singletons, and has a window on the north side of two plain pointed lights. The chantry, which is now known as the Middleton Chapel, (fn. 184) is inclosed by a screen and has a recess with segmental moulded arch in the north wall 3 ft. high by 6 ft. in width. The east window is squareheaded of three rounded lights similar to those in the south aisle.

The south arcade of the nave consists of five pointed arches of two chamfered orders on octagonal piers and responds with moulded capitals and chamfered bases, 6 ft. in height to the top of the capitals. At the west end the arcade begins at a distance of 9 ft. 8 in. from the tower wall, (fn. 185) the south aisle not extending the length of the nave at this end, and the piers are thus not directly opposite those on the north side. The windows of the aisle are all squareheaded and of two lights, except that at the east end, which has three. The nave roof retains its four original roughly wrought principals, and is boarded between the spars; but is otherwise, together with its continuation over the aisles, almost entirely modern. The porch, which is quite plain, measures internally 8 ft. by 10 ft. and has a slated roof and inner pointed arch with double hollow-chamfered jambs and head, and a wood seat on each side. The outer arch is also pointed, with plain chamfered jambs and head, and the gable above has been rebuilt.

The west tower is 60 ft. in height with embattled parapet and projecting vice in the south-east corner. Externally the stages are unmarked, the north and south sides being quite plain between the plinth and the belfry windows. On the west side there are diagonal angle buttresses of six stages reaching to the middle of the belfry windows, and at the north-east angle a square buttress of three stages. On the second stage of each of the west buttresses is a plain or obliterated shield, and on the west face of the tower, about 12 ft. above the ground, a circular figure 18 in. in diameter commonly known as the 'spinning wheel.' (fn. 186) The west door is round-headed with hood mould and chamfered jambs, and above is a pointed window of three lights with perpendicular tracery and label. The belfry windows are also of three lights and similar in detail, with slate louvres, and there is a clock on the south and west sides towards the village. The tower arch is of two chamfered orders splayed off to one at a height of 8 ft. 6 in. from the floor.

The screen inclosing the Middleton Chapel has turned balusters in the upper part and a door on the west side. The top rail is carved and bears on the south side the date 1622 and the initials of Alexander Rigby, while on the west side are the initials of his grandson Thomas Rigby and the date 1721. Within the 'chapel' are an oblong pew 10 ft. by 4 ft. 6 in. of the same period as the screen which forms part of it and an elaborately carved ridged tombstone of late 15th-century date, 6 ft. 2 in. long and diminishing in width from 3 ft. to 2 ft., with two parallel floreated crosses terminating in heraldic shields. (fn. 187) The stone lies on the floor opposite the recess, but does not belong to it. The initials a.r. have been cut upon it at a later time.

The lower part of the tower arch is filled in by an oak screen 7 ft. high with turned balusters along the top, and a door in the middle on which are carved the initials r.c, i.l., i.i., j.w., and the date 1678, (fn. 188) and in the vestry is a loose panel with the date 1708 and the initials i.t., r.w., i.p., w.w. The old pulpit had the initials of the Rev. Wm. Bushell and the date 1707, but this has given place to a modern one of wrought iron.

The font, which stands at the west end of the south aisle, is a square block of stone 2 ft. 3 in. in diameter and 1 ft. 5 in. high with a square bowl standing on a modern pedestal, and may be of 15thcentury date. The organ was formerly in the west gallery, but the present instrument, which was built in 1906, is at the east end of the south aisle. There is a brass to the Rev. Wm. Bushell in the north aisle, and a stone slab to Thomas Whittingham, who died in 1667. (fn. 189)

There is a ring of six bells, with inscriptions as follows: Treble, 'God preserve the Church and Queen Ann 1713'; (2) 'Prosperity to the Church of England a.r. 1742'; (3) 'Abr. Rudhall cast us all 1713'; (4) 'Christopher Swainson A.M. minister, a.r. 1742'; (5) 'Presented by R. Newsham esq. Mears and Stainbank 1883'; tenor, 'I to the Church the living call and to the grave do summon all, 1753.' (fn. 190)

The silver plate consists of a chalice of 1746 and a paten 'Presented to Goosnargh Church in memoriam Charles Osborne Gordon, vicar of the parish, who died Aug. 19, 1892.' There are also a plated chalice and flagon and a plated breadholder inscribed 'Presented to the Parish Church of Goosnargh by Townley Rigby Knowles esq. in memory of the late William Shawe esq. 1872.'

The registers begin in 1639, but are imperfect up to 1675.

In the churchyard to the south of the tower is a circular stone shafted sundial on two circular steps, the plate of which is dated July 1746 and bears the name of the Rev. C. Swainson. Further east is the socketed base of a churchyard cross. The oldest dated gravestone is 1668.

The patronage is vested in the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church, Oxford. The following have been curates and vicars:—

oc. 1330 William Cortays (fn. 191)
oc. 1342 Thomas [de Rawcliffe] (fn. 192)
oc. 1368 Richard de Sunderland (fn. 193)
oc. 1508–35 Christopher Parkinson (fn. 194)
oc. 1547–53 Ralph Parker (fn. 195)
oc. 1552 Lawrence Gaiter (fn. 196)
oc. 1562 Lawrence Kemp (fn. 197)
oc. 1583 John Helme (fn. 198)
oc. 1605 William Duxbury (fn. 199)
1641 Edmund Shaw (fn. 200)
1646 Thomas Cranage (fn. 201)
1648 William Ingham (fn. 202)
Richard Harrison, B.A. (fn. 203) (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
c. 1675 James Butterworth, M.A. (fn. 204) (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1692 William Bushell, B.A. (fn. 205)
1735 William Whitehead, B.A. (St. John's Coll., Camb.)
1740 Christopher Swainson, B.A. (fn. 206) (Univ. Coll., Oxf.)
1770 Christopher Hull, B.D. (St. John's Coll., Camb.)
1790 Charles Buck, M.A. (fn. 207) (St. John's Coll., Camb.)
1790 Joshua Southward (fn. 208)
1815 Robinson Shuttleworth Barton BD (Camb.)
1822 Robert Studholme
1867 William Shillito, B.A. (Univ. Coll Oxf.)
1883 Charles Osborne Gordon, M.A. (Exeter Coll., Oxf.)
1892 Edmund Dawson Banister, B.A. (Magdalen Hall, Oxf.)
1899 James Thomas Kerby, M.A. (Dur.)
1911 Thos. Bingley Boss, M.A. (Lond.)

WHITECHAPEL, as the oratory in Threlfall was called, existed before the Reformation, as the pedestal of a cross in the churchyard gives testimony; it belonged to the inhabitants, who had at one time used it for divine service, but long before 1581 it had been left alone, the chapel bell being then given to Alexander Hoghton of Lea until such time as it might again be wanted. (fn. 209) In the Commonwealth time it was again used, an allowance of £50 being made out of Royalist sequestrations. (fn. 210) This probably did not long continue. (fn. 211) About 1717 it was recorded that the chapel had no endowment, and that it was 'served now and then only, out of charity at the request of the people.' (fn. 212) A bequest of £60 in 1713 led to the schoolmaster becoming also the minister of the chapel, and other sums being given about 1720, augmented out of Queen Anne's Bounty, lands of £430 value were purchased for securing a minister's salary. A further £400 was given in 1756. (fn. 213) The income is now £208. (fn. 214)

The church having become ruinous was rebuilt in 1738 and again in 1891. It is known as St. James's. (fn. 215) There is a sundial (1745) in the churchyard. (fn. 216) In 1846 Whitechapel became an independent parish (fn. 217); the patronage is vested in the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church, Oxford. The following have been curates and vicars:—

1716 William Birket
c. 1738 John Penny (fn. 218)
1764 James Farrer (fn. 219)
1774 Benjamin Wright
1796 Thomas Stephenson
1808 Thomas Saul, M.A. (fn. 220)
1813 Philip Gerard Slatter, M.A. (Christ Ch., Oxf.)
1815 James Raddiffe, M.A. (Christ Ch., Oxf.)
1836 Thomas Benn
1873 Edmund Dawson Banister, B.A. (Magdalen Hall, Oxf.)
1892 James Thomas Kerby, M.A. (Dur.).
1900 Joseph Rhodes, B.A. (Dur.)
1909 Edwin Augustine Marshall Godson, M.A. (Oxf.)

A free grammar school, under the will of Henry Colborne, was established in Goosnargh about 1673. (fn. 221) At Whitechapel a school was founded in 1705 by William Lancaster, a linen-weaver. (fn. 222)

The Congregationalists built a chapel at Inglewhite in 1826. It has some endowments. (fn. 223)

As will have been gathered from the foregoing account, the principal resident families adhered to Roman Catholicism long after the Reformation. In 1632 the following compounded by small annual rents for the two-thirds of their estates which should have been sequestered for their recusancy: In Goosnargh— George Beesley, £3; Gabriel Hesketh, £4; Roger Hesketh, £6 13s. 4d.; and Thomas Whittingham, £3 6s. 8d.; in Whittingham—William Chorley, £2; and Ellen Nelson, £3. (fn. 224) Bishop Gastrell recorded 145 known 'Papists' in 1717, and in 1767 there were 316 above sixteen years of age, with two resident priests, in Goosnargh and 200 more in Whitechapel. (fn. 225) Nothing is known of the secret ministrations of the 17th century, except that in 1643 the Ven. Thomas Whitaker was captured at Edward Midgehall's house in Longley. (fn. 226) One of the English Franciscans established a 'residence' of the Holy Cross at White Hill in 1687, obtaining a plot of land from Cuthbert Hesketh. (fn. 227) About a century afterwards the present St. Francis' Chapel was built at the Hill, (fn. 228) and this branch of the Order served the mission till 1813. (fn. 229) The work was transferred to the English Benedictines about 1833, and they retain it still. (fn. 230) The congregation has dwindled away.

To Newsham is supposed to have belonged Roger Wrennall, executed at Lancaster in 1616 for assisting Fr. Thewlis in an attempt to escape from the castle. (fn. 231) About 1715 there appear to have been two secular priests resident in this part of the township—one at Crow Hall (fn. 232) and the other at Hough, (fn. 233) and they ministered as opportunity afforded in the neighbouring district. Mass was occasionally said at the former house till about 1800; at the latter Newhouse Chapel, St. Lawrence's, was built about 1740. This was replaced in 1806 by St. Mary's, Newhouse, (fn. 234) which in turn has been succeeded by the present church in 1907.


The principal charity (fn. 235) is the Hospital founded by William Bushell's will, 1735. He devised almost all his estate to trustees for maintaining 'decayed gentlemen or gentlewomen or persons of the better rank of both or either sex, inhabitants of the towns or townships of Preston, Euxton, Goosnargh, Whittingham, Fulwood and Elston . . . being Protestants, in a house or hospital to be provided in Goosnargh, where he then resided, at or near the dwelling-house of his late father.' (fn. 236) William Bushell died in the same year, and the trust became effective ten years later when his daughter Elizabeth died. In 1824 there were thirteen persons in the hospital; each had a separate room, but they dined together, and one of them read prayers to the rest; they were supplied with clothing, and each received 10s. a quarter for pocket money. They were all advanced in life, of the class designated by the founder, members of the Church of England and required to attend the services in the church at Goosnargh, wherein the trustees had built a special gallery for them. The income at that time was £855 and the expenditure considerably less. The Hospital is an 18th-century building of stone, in a simple and dignified classical style.

Owing to the growth of Preston, in which much of the property lay and lies, the income greatly increased during last century, (fn. 237) and the charity is now governed by a scheme enforced by the Charity Commissioners in 1895 . (fn. 238) The house has been considerably enlarged, and the number of inmates is fixed at twenty-four; they are to have the qualifications fixed by the founder, with a slight relaxation in favour of the lower class of people. (fn. 239) Married couples may be received. The immediate charge of them is entrusted to a salaried manager and matron, assisted by servants and a trained nurse. 'The life of the inmates resembles that of residents en pension at an hotel: they do not even assist in tending the flower garden and they are not permitted to follow any occupation. They have books from Mudie's as well as a permanent library, and are well supplied with newspapers. The diet is ample. . . . An inmate dying is buried at the cost of the charity.' There is power to appoint out-pensioners. The income is about £3,300, and the ordinary expenditure somewhat less.

In addition to educational endowments, (fn. 240) a pension fund for the poor of the chapelry was founded in 1878 by Richard Cookson, (fn. 241) and £6 5s. is paid in money. (fn. 242) For Goosnargh with Newsham £77 7s. 8d. is available for the apprenticing of children by the gift of John Parkinson, (fn. 243) and £47 18s. 8d. is given in money and kind from the foundations of Lawrence Parkinson and others. (fn. 244) In Whittingham £8 13s. 8d. is given yearly in money doles. (fn. 245) Several gifts to Goosnargh have been lost. (fn. 246)


  • 1. The Census Rep. of 1901 gives 8,329 acres, including 22 of inland water.
  • 2. Of these 983 belonged to Goosnargh proper and 108 to Newsham. The population of the chapelry was 4,327.
  • 3. This seems to have been called the ' burgh.' There is no trace of any borough. Cf. Euzton Burgh.
  • 4. Dr. Leigh about 1700 says of it: 'This springs out of a black bass, which by calcination I found to contain sulphur. The water has a very sulphureous smell as strong as that near Harrogate in Yorkshire, but contains little or no salt'; Nat. Hist, of Lancs, bk. i, p. 40.
  • 5. a Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc), ii, 421.
  • 6. Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 32199.
  • 7. The older government was by a vestry known as 'the Twenty-four Men' of Goosnargh and Whittingham. There are extracts from their books, which commence about 1625, in Col. H. Fishwick's Goosnargh, 51–85. See also Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiv, 41–64.
  • 8. a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
  • 9. Fishwick, op. cit. 8; Smith, Longridge, 2 20.
  • 10. Fishwick, op. cit. 8.
  • 11. Ibid. 199.
  • 12. Ibid. 198.
  • 13. Taxation of Goosnargh, 1625; ibid. 59–68. Of Whittingham, c. 1640; ibid. 55–6. Heads of families, 1671; ibid. 201–6.
  • 14. For these three see the accounts of Threlfall and Middleton below.
  • 15. For an account of this benefactor and his family see Fishwick, op. cit. 120–8, where a pedigree is given. He was grandson of Dr. Seth Bushell, vicar of Preston 1663–82, and of Lancaster 1682–4.
  • 16. Dict. Nat. Biog. The 'historical' parts of his books are untrustworthy.
  • 17. Smith, op. cit. 243.
  • 18. V.C.H. Lancs, i, 288a.
  • 19. This is an inference from the dates recorded of his son.
  • 20. See the account of Howath in Barnacre. Robert's wife Hawise and his son Bernard are named. The brethren of St. John Baptist of Howath granted to their ' sister' Hawise, wife of Robert son of Bernard de CatteralL, land in Howath, also Threlfall, with appurtenances, and 1 oxgang of land in Hutton; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 89b. In 1194–5 Robert son of Bernard, who had joined in the rebellion of Count John, made peace with the king, paying 15 marks; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 90. There is another reference to Robert, ibid. 146.
  • 21. In that year Hughde Mitton, Oliver son of Nigel and Richard son of Swain gave 20 marks and a palfrey to have 12 oxgangs of land in Goosnargh which had been held by Robert son of Bernard, they having married his daughters and heirs; Farrer, op. cit. 203, 209; Towneley MS. HH, no. 520.
  • 22. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc Lancs, and Ches.), i, 48; see also 139, for 1226. In 1297 the vill paid 18s. 8d. to the Earl of Lancaster; ibid. 289.
  • 23. Richard de Tarnacre gave to Cockersand Abbey a third part of Beesley in Goosnargh, which he had had from the Lady Iseult, wife of Richard son of Swain; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc), i, 243. Richard son of Richard son of Swain de Catterall granted an acre of land; ibid. 242.
  • 24. Beatrice daughter of Robert son of Bernard made various grants to Cockersand, some as 'widow,' and one as Beatrice de Mitton. The place-names include Robertshurst, Hurst and Carr, Fulsnape, Small Brook, Longley, the syke which was the boundary between Goosnargh and Barton, where the road descends into Goosnargh Brook. In one grant land given by Avice her sister is mentioned; ibid. 234–8, 243. As Beatrice de Mitton daughter of Robert son of Bernard she in her widowhood gave William the Clerk son of Robert the rector of Garstang the moiety of certain land in Threlfall. The bounds began at Pepper Syke, following it to the old hedge, under the land of Avice daughter of Robert son of Bernard; then going across to the old ditch, and along this to the entry into the great wood; by the wood to Mill Brook, and following this brook to the great carr under Huenathurst; thence along the carr, the boundaries of Adam son of Paulinus and the aforesaid Avice, to the starting-point; Add. MS. 32104, no. 958.
  • 25. See the account of this family under Withington, near Manchester.
  • 26. Michael de Aslacton (Ellaston) and Avice his wife gave lands to Cockersand Abbey; the land which Iseult daughter of Robert son of Bernard gave William son of Richard de Kirkham is named. Avice granted the same as widow; Cockersand Chartul. i, 240–1, where two other gifts are recorded.
  • 27. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 154. They were the tenants in Catterall. Goosnargh is not named in 1242.
  • 28. Richard de Catterall in 1244 held 3 oxgangs of land in Goosnargh by knight's service; he paid 4s. 7¾d.; ibid. 159, 212. Adam de Catterall granted certain land (received in exchange from Richard de Hoghton) to Alexander de Goosnargh and Maud his wife, with remainders to Thomas and to Margery de Bradkirk; Add. MS. 32104, no. 497. The same Adam gave land on the north side of Longley to Grimbald son of Diota and Maud his wife; a rent of 12d. was to be paid, and 12d. for pannage; Towneley MS. DD, no. 756. Robert de Grotton and Agnes his wife (widow of John de Catterall) in 1318–19 claimed dower against Paulin and Alan de Catterall, on the ground that John son and heir of Ralph de Catterall had dowered Agnes with certain lands in Goosnargh at the church of Towneley (or Burnley) in 1287; De Banco R. 223, m. 150; 229, m. 2; 248, m. 229. John son of John de Catterall made further claims in 1325 against Joan the widow and Robert the son (under age) of Paulin de Catterall; ibid. 258, m. 137. Ralph son of Richard de Catterall granted Oakenhead in the vill of Threlfall to Adam de Hoghton, his mill there being excepted, at the rent of a pair of white gloves; Add. MS. 32106, no. 517. He gave his daughter Christiana 8 acres purchased from Hugh de Middleton; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 100b. The same Ralph gave Adam his son all his lands and demesne in Goosnargh and Threlfall, together with the homage of John de Barton, Master Richard de Hoghton, Walter de Goosnargh, Thomas de Kirk, and others, in 1294; ibid. fol. 93b. The above-named Christiana, as widow of Walter de Goosnargh, gave lands to her son Thomas with remainder to another son Henry; Kuerden MSS. iv, G 9. Shr was plaintiff (as widow of Walter) m 1324; De Banco R. 253, m. 185 d. Alan de Catterall in 1322 died holding a messuage, land and rent of the king in chief (by the forfeiture of Thomas Earl of Lancaster), by a rent of 5s.; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 141. Richard de Catterall in 1337 demised 4 acres in Goosnargh newly approved to Richard son of John del Yate of Bilsborrow and John his son for their lives; Add. MS. 32104, fol. 116.
  • 29. Ralph de Mitton was summoned in 1246 to show why he would not take the homage and relief of Bernard de Mitton for 5 oxgangs of land in Goosnargh granted Bernard by his mother Beatrice daughter of Robert; Ralph was her grandson and heir, being son of Robert, elder brother of Bernard. Ralph said he held nothing of Beatrice's, but Bernard's land would revert to him, should he die without issue; Assize R. 404, m. 2. Bernard son of Beatrice had in 1241 purchased an oxgang of land from Bernard son of Richard, he giving 6 acres north of Foxhole Hurst at a rent of izd.; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 86. As Bernard son of Hugh de Mitton he granted 6 acres to Alan the Forester; Kuerden MSS. iv, G 9. Ranulf de Goosnargh in 1246 defended his title to 20 acres against Bernard de Mitton; Assize R. 404, m. 2. At the same time Jordan de Kirkham recovered 30 acres against Bernard de Mitton, Walter de Barton, Ranulf de Goosnargh, Benedict de Beesley and Hugh de Middleton; ibid. m. 3 d. Jordan was son of Richard the rector of Kirkham; Cockersand Chartul. i, 240. Margery widow of Ralph de Mitton in 1291 claimed dower against Margery widow of Ranulf son of Bernard de Goosnargh, Alice daughter of John de Barton and many others; De Banco R. 90, m. 98 d.; 91, m. 248 d.
  • 30. Nigel de Longford in 1248–51 paid relief (13s. 4d.) on succeeding to 4 oxgangs of land in Goosnargh, being the estate of Avice daughter of Robert and grandmother of Nigel; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 184.
  • 31. In 1258 William de Clifton was found to have held 2 oxgangs of land in Goosnargh of the heirs of Robert son of Bernard by a rent of 3s. 1½d.; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 213. This rent is a sixth part of 18s. 8d.; the tenure may imply that the grant had been made by Robert son of Bernard himself, A later William de Clifton, 1323, held certain lands of Richard de Hoghton by 1d. yearly; they included a 'skalinga' (shieling) with 80 acres from the waste; ibid, ii, 159. In 1324–5 a messuage and 18 acres in Goosnargh were part of lands in dispute between Isabel widow of William de Clifton and William son of William de Clifton 5 Assize R, 426, m. 8.
  • 32. About 1285 Sir Ralph de Mitton, for 100 marks, resigned to Edmund Earl of Lancaster his whole tenement in Goosnargh and Threlfall, a rent of 2s. 6d. per annum being due to the Hospitallers for the Threlfall portion; Great Coucher, i, fol. 73, no. 53–4. As will be seen (note 3 2), this part of the manor was by the earl granted to Adam de Hoghton, who had already begun to acquire an estate there. Adam made a grant of land in Goosnargh to Richard son of Richard Lussell of Plumpton, at a rent of 10d., with 6d. for pannage; Bernard de Mitton was another lord; Towneley MS. OO, no. 1156. In 1276 Ralph de Mitton claimed a messuage, two-thirds of a mill, and 4 oxgangs of land against Adam de Hoghton; De Banco R. 13, m. 22 d. Two years later Adam was claiming a mesmage, mill, oxgang of land, and 141. rent against William son of Alan de Carleton, referring to an agreement made with the said Alan; ibid. 24, m. 75; 49, m 52d. It seems likely that the former suit refers to the acquisition of the Longford share by Adam de Hoghton, for he with his sons Adam, Richard and John were alleged about that time to have disseised Ralph de Mitton of a messuage, mill water, &c, .and the third part of 1,000 acres of moor and wood in which they were wont to common; Assize R. 1235, m. 11 d. About ten years later Henry dc Clifton claimed common of pasture in land in Goosnargh against Adam de Hoghton; Assize R. 1265, m. 21 Adam son of Sir Adam de Hoghton in 1291 released to Earl Edmund all his right in a pasture called the Heyfield in Threlfall, bounded by a dyke from the limit of Blackburnshire as far as the water of Brock; Duchy of Lanc. Great Coucher, i, fol. 64, no. 23. A release of all interest in Wrightington, Goosnargh, Threlfall and Howath made by Henry de Aslacton to Adam de Hoghton while Sir Robert de I.athom was sheriff would complete the transfer of the Mitton third to the Hoghtons. That they held the Longford part also seems clear from a fire of 1306 by which Richard son of Adam de Hoghton made a settlement of two-thirds of the manor of Goosnargh and various lands there; Final Conc. i, 207. But from a charter in Add. MS. 32106 (no. 705) it may be inferred that the two-thirde refers to the part in possession, Agnes widow of Adam the father (brother) of Richard having the other third, as below. Henry son of Adam de Blackburn was non-suited in 1292 on claiming a tenement in Goosnargh against Adam de Hoghton; Assize R. 408, m. 58. In 1302 John son of Alexander de Hyde made a successful claim to 30s. rent withheld by Master Richard, son and heir of Adam de Hoghton; the defence was a technical one—that Agnes de Hoghton and Ralph de Catterall held the third part, but were not named; Assize R. 418, m. 13 d. From other pleadings it appears that Agnes was the widow of Master Richard's brother Adam; Assize R. 419, m. 13; 420, m. 10 d.
  • 33. William son of Walter de Clifton about 1230 granted to William son of Walter de Carleton, in marriage with his sister Elizabeth, 1 oxgang of land in Goosnargh and all his estate in Whittle; Doris. MSS. liii, fol. 90, no. 73. This moiety of the Clifton part of Goosnargh seems to have descended to the Botelers, who made other acquisitions. About 1263 Ranulf de Goosnargh gave Richard le Boteler 15 acres in Threlfall; ibid, fol. 89, no. 64. Peter de Catterall also gave land there; Kuerden MSS. iv, G 9. Richard le Boteler gave land in Goosnargh and Threlfall to his son Henry; ibid. Henry son of Sir Richard le Boteler gave Orm son of Richard de Barton part of his land between Longley and the Mickle Brook of Ratonraw; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 89, no. 66. He also gave part of his land in Threlfall to Roger son of Godith de Hupronchelm; ibid. no. 69. William son of Alexander de Goosnargh granted to William son of Nicholas le Boteler in 1316 an oxgang of land in Goosnargh which he had had from Henry, who had it from Richard le Boteler; ibid. no. 74. Richard son of Thomas de Threlfall made a similar release about the same time; Kuerden MSS. iv, G 9. To Nicholas son and heir of William le Boteler Agnes widow of John de Myerscough released land in Threlfall in Claughton in 1321–2; ibid. Sir Nicholas Boteler in 1337 gave William de Hoghton, clerk, land by Falbothgrene; ibid.
  • 34. Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc), 56–8. The plough-land and a half in Goosnargh were stated to make the third part and the eighth part of a knight's fee. The old rent of 12s. and 6s. 8d. for a sor goshawk was paid. It is stated that Adam de Hoghton held his third part by the charter of E(dmund) lately earl. That the Longford third was occupied by Adam de Hoghton may be inferred from the sheriff's compotus of 1348, when those who paid the 12s. rent were Sir Adam de Hoghton, Nicholas Boteler, William de Clifton and Ralph de Cafterall; Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xxiii, m. Later inquisitions attribute third parts of a knight's fee to Barton and Leyland. In 1348 Walter Wenne and Margaret his wife claimed a messuage, &c, against Richard de Catterall, Alan his son and William de Singleton; Assize R. 1444, m. 22. Alan son of Richard de Catterall sought a messuage, &c, against Richard son of Margaret de Catterall in 1356; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 4 d. Richard son of William Gest in 1367 claimed three messuages, 40 acres of land, &c, in Goosnargh against John son of John de Catterall, alleging a grant from Ralph de Catterall (temp. Edw. II) to Paulin de Catterall and Alice his wife. Their daughter Margaret was plaintiff's mother; De Banco R. 427, m. 319 d. John son of John de Catterall made a feoffment of his.lands in 1366; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.); C 124. His estate was by his cousin William son of Richard the Parker given to John son and heir of Richard de Towneley in 1380–1 5 ibid. P 43. Adam de Catterall in 1392–3 gave a part of his land called the Oakenhead for life to Thomas del Oakenhead; Add. MS. 32104, fol. 115. He died in 1397 holding a third part of the manor of the king in socage; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 66. Richard Catterall in 1440–1 made a feoffment of Fisherplace and Crosshouse; Towneley MS. DD, no. 755. Sir Adam de Hoghton in 1376 complained of the depasturing of his grass at Broadhead; De Banco R. 463, m. 21. In 1422 Sir Richard Hoghton held five messuages, &c, in Goosnargh and Threlfall of the heirs of Nicholas de Hyde in socage by a rent of 15s.; his manor of Goosnargh had been given to his son Sir William Hoghton and Alice his wife; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 146. The charter making the grant of the third part of the manor to William and Alice (1388–9) is in Kuerden MSS. vi, fol. 85.
  • 35. From an extent of 1445–6; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20. The proportions were unchanged, Catterall, Hoghton and Longford holding five-sixths, Clifton and Boteler the other sixth. Ralph Catterall in 1515 was stated to hold his land in Goosnargh of the king by the third part of the fifth part of a knight's fee, but his son John in 1517 was said to hold in socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p m. iv, no. 62, 4. There are numerous references to the Catterall holding in Threlfall, Lickhurst, Broadhead, White Lea, &c, in the Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.). The Hoghtons also were stated to hold by knight's service, the proportion of a fee being differently stated; in 1498 it was called the third of five-sixths of a knight's fee, in 1524 the third of the fifth, and in 1559 the third of a fourth part; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 66; v, no. 61; xi, no. 2. The Longford part does not occur at all in the inquisitions, by that name. The Clifton of Clifton estate in Goosnargh was not treated separately, the tenure being called socage; e.g. ibid, iv, no. 12. Sir John Boteler of Rawcliffe died in 1404 holding his land in Goosnargh of Richard Catterall by services unknown; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1460. A later John was in 1488 said to hold of Ralph Catterall by 1d. rent, but later still the tenure was stated as by knight's service; ibid, iii, no. 45, 109, &c. The main portion of the estate was sold to Gilbert Gerard in 1572 by Henry Butler, Anne his wife, Thomas Standish and Jamea Anderton; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 34, m. 69. The purchaser had also part of the Balderston estate through Radcliffe of Winmarleigh, but after his death the tenure was not recorded; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 2, and see Latus family below.
  • 36. Thomas Catterall of Little Mitton made a feoffment of Bulsnape, with court baron of Goosnargh, in 1570; Towneley MS. DD, no. 758. Thomas, who died in 1579, left seven daughters co-heirs: Anne Townley, Elizabeth Procter, Katherine (wife of Thomas) Strickland— these three appear to have divided the Goosnargh part of the estate—Margaret Atherton (and Edwards), Marian Grimshaw, Dorothy Shireburne (and Braddyll), and Jane (unmarried); Fishwick, Goosnargh, 150. The Stricklands sold their share to Kighley, Hoghton, Wilson, Kirk, and Barton; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 49, m. 31; 53, m. 190; 58, m. 100, &c. See Bulsnape and White Lea below. Thomas Shireburne seems to have released his rights to James Pickering in 1599 (Common Pleas Recov. R. Easter 41 Eliz. m. 9), yet Dorothy Whipp (daughter of Thomas Catterall and formerly wife of Richard Shireburne) in 1620 held a messuage of the king by the three-hundredth part of a knight's fee; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 229. Thomas Shireburne of Heysham in 1635 held an acre of Gilbert Hoghton; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 1083.
  • 37. Goosnargh is named in a settlement by Henry Townley and Anne his wife in 1590; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 52, m. 136. Lawrence Townley of Barnside died in 1623 holding a third of a third of the manor of Goosnargh and a third part of various messuages, water-mill, &c, including Lickhurst and Broadhurst, all of Sir Richard Shireburne as of the late priory of St. John of Jerusalem in socage by 2s. 6½d. rent; Lancs. Inq, p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 411. A similar return was made in 1630 after the death of Richard Townley; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 19. The third part of a third part of the manor occurs later, in 1673, in a feoffment of the estates of Richard Townley and Anne Townley, widow; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 191, m. 67.
  • 38. See preceding notes as to Hoghton; in a later one (97a) will be found indications that the Bartons of Barton held that third, perhaps as tenants of Hoghton.
  • 39. Richard Hoghton in 1591 purchased two messuages, &c., in Goosnargh and Bulsnape from the above-named James (son of Thomas) Strickland and Katherine his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 53, m. 162. Thomas Hoghton had in 1570 purchased the estate of William Catterall and Joan his wife in Goosnargh, Whittingham, Cumberhalgh and Dilworth; ibid. bdle. 32, m. 67, 105. In other deeds the vendor is described as of New Hall (in Rathmell) in Craven; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 70; Add. MS. 32106, no. 780. In the following year Thomas Hoghton purchased various lands from Thomas Singleton of Chingle Hall and Isabel his wife; they were situated in Goosnargh, Whittingham, Fishwick, Lea and Claughton; ibid. no. 774, no. 199 (fol. 277). Sir Richard Hoghton and Sir Gilbert were in possession of Goosnargh (among other manors) in 1616; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 89, no. 41.
  • 40. The inquisitions show the transfer to have been made between 1626 and 1638.
  • 41. Cal, Com. for Comp. ii, 1102. William Earl of Derby, James Lord Strange and Charlotte his wife were in possession in 1642; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 141, no. 31.
  • 42. Watson, Earls of Warren, ii, 151.
  • 43. Fishwick, Goosnargh, 172. 'Mr. Justice Warren' was John Warren, one of the Council of the Welsh Marches, Judge of Chester, &c., who died in 1706. For pedigree see Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), iii, 686–7; i, 626. The Warrens had land in Goosnargh as early as 1667; Pal of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 179, m. 24. See also V.C.H. Lancs. vi, 255.
  • 44. Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 585, m. 6. Sir George Warren and Jane his wife occur in 1761; ibid. 594, m. 6. Thomas James Viscount Bulkcley and Elizabeth Harriet his wife were in possession in 1804; Pal. of Lanc. Lent Assizes, 42 Geo. III, R. 8.
  • 45. Fishwick, op. cit. 8.
  • 46. Some or all of it appears to have been given by Robert son of Bernard; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 82 (here the name reads Ywulefell, probably for Thralefell). Both Goosnargh and Threlfall are mentioned among the Hospitallers' lands in 1292; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rcc. Com.), 375.
  • 47. Richard de Catterall in 1244 and Adam de Catterall in 1397 held lands of the Hospitallers; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 160; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 66. Ralph Catterall in 1515 and his son John in 1517 held of the same by a rent of 8s.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 62, 4. In 1579 the whole estate was recorded to have been held of the Hospitallers; ibid, xiv, no. 4.
  • 48. Lawrence Catterall, clerk, who died in 1520, had held the manor of Bulsnape for life by the gift of his father Richard. The heir was his grand-nephew Ralph (son of John, son of Ralph, son of Richard), who was then a minor in ward to the king; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 31. The manor of Bulsnape is named in Ralph Catterall's inquisition; ibid, vi, no. 77.
  • 49. An agreement between the Townleys, Procters and others seems to have been made in 1604; Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 11.
  • 50. The Procters were a recusant family and the sequestration of two-thirds of their land in 1607 (Cal. S. P. Dom. 1603– 10, p. 383) may have contributed to the need for sale. Feoffments of the manor of Bulsnape and lands in Goosnargh were made by Thomas Procter and Elizabeth his wife in 1581, by Thomas Procter in 1610, and again by him in conjunction with John Nowell in 1614; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 43, no. 130; 74, no. 19; 85, no. 43. Shortly afterwards, viz. in 1624, John Nowell and Mary his wife sold the manor to Thomas Edge; ibid, bdle. 103, no. 10. The purchaser died the same year holding the manor of Bulsnape in Threlfall, with mill, &c., of Richard Shireburne (as of the late Priory of St. John of Jerusalem) by a rent of 2s. 4d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 2. The heir was his son Richard, then ten years old, and there were other children—George, Bridget and Ellen.
  • 51. The deforciants to the fine were Richard Edge, Sarah his wife, Samuel Shatterden and Bridget his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 147, m, 158; Com. Pleas Recov. R. Easter 1650, m. 7. The Fishwick family had long been connected with the neighbourhood. Adam de Fishwick in 1383 obtained a third of a messuage and land in Whittingham from William de Formby and Alice his wife; Final Conc, iii, 17. In 1523 a jury of twelve freemen of the view of frankpledge in Goosnargh was summoned to inquire whether Adam Fishwick was seised of messuages, &c., in Goosnargh claimed by his nephew John Fishwick as heir; Pal. of Lanc. Sessional Papers, 15 Hen. VIII. Adam Fishwick of Newsham in 1544 agreed to give his younger brother Thomas (perhaps as trustee) certain lands in Goosnargh; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 179, m. 13 d.
  • 52. The descent is thus given: James Fishwick, d. before 1653 -s. Charles, d. before 1680 -s. James, d. 1736 -s. John, d. 1752 -s. Robert, d. 1788. See the pedigree in Lt.-Col. Fishwick's work already quoted (154); its author, of whose local histories considerable use has been made in the present work, is descended from the Rev. James Fishwick (1711–93), younger son of the James who died in 1736.
  • 53. Fishwick, op. cit. 152, where there is an illustration.
  • 54. In 1570 an agreement was made between Thomas Catterall of Little Mitton and Thomas Strickland of Mansergh, who had married Katherine daughter and heir-apparent of Thomas Catterall, as to a messuage in Goosnargh called White Lea (occupied by William Parkinson) and others held by William Beesley, &c.; Catterall D. in possession of W. Farrer.
  • 55. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 53, m. 133. Gervase was the son of Thomas Strickland. The previous year the same vendors had given a messuage, &c., to Robert Kighley; ibid. bdle. 52, m. 37.
  • 56. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 31–3. John seems to have been half-brother of James and Robert Kighley; Fishwick, op. cit. 156, where there is some account of the family. It is stated that 'the local tradition is that the last Kighley of White Lea, having joined the rebellion of 1715, was obliged to quit the country to save his neck.'
  • 57. A small chapel attached to the house was pulled down about 1830; ibid. 159.
  • 58. Ibid.; the descent is thus given: Charles Gibson, d. 1759 -s. John, d. 1786 -s. Charles, d. 1823 -s. Charles (of Quernmore), d. 1832.
  • 59. For the Barton holding see the account of Kidsnape.
  • 60. Richard son of Thomas de Threlfall has been mentioned in 1316. Somewhat earlier (1311) a John de Threlfall was husband of Alice daughter and co-heir of Richard son of William de Greenhills; De Banco R. 187, m. 105. Among witnesses to charters a John de Threlfall occurs in 1327 and another in 1392. In 1442 Robert Barton was claiming money due from John Threlfall of Goosnargh; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 4, m. 2. In the time of Edward IV John son of Edward (? Edmund) Threlfall recovered a tenement in Goosnargh against John son of John Threlfall; ibid. 55, m. 12. Eleanor widow of John son of John Threlfall recovered dower in Goosnargh and Rochester in 1488 against John son of Edmund Threlfall; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. 3 Hen. VII. Edmund Threlfall in 1568 purchased an acre in Threlfall and Goosnargh from Robert Midgehall; ibid. Feet of F. bdle. 30, m. 47. It wag no doubt the same Edmund who in 1570 claimed (by descent) land beside the Chewe in Goosnargh; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 402.
  • 61. Lancs. Inq. pm. (Rec Soc.), ii, 91; his land in Threlfall, &c., was held of Richard Shuttleworth and Barton Fleetwood his wife by the rent of a glove—see the Barton inquest in note 97a. His wife (Juliana Hesketh) survived him.
  • 62. In 1607; Cal. S. P. Dom. 1603–10, p. 383.
  • 63. John Threlfall died in 1625 holding his messuage, &c., in Threlfall of Richard Shuttleworth of Barton, and leaving as heir his brother William, aged seventeen; Towneley MS. C 8,13 (Chet. Lib.), 1182. William Threlfall, using the aliases of Parkinson or Hoghton, entered the English College at Rome in 1627, being twenty years of age. He is identified as the son of Edmund by his mother's name, Hesketh. He stated that 'he was born in the parish of Goosnargh near Preston, where he was chiefly brought up until seventeen years of age; he lived afterwards at Burton [? Barton] in the same county. He made his early studies and his humanities at St. Omer's College. His friends on his father's side were chiefly of the lower class, but those on his mother's were of good family. He had two brothers and two sisters, and many relations, nearly all of whom were Catholics as he himself always was.' He died of consumption in 1628; Foley, Rec. S. J. vi, 313.
  • 64. Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3094. Nothing is said about recusancy but for that his mother Juliana's part of the estate stood sequestered; ibid. The estate was ordered for sale; Index of Royalists (Index Soc), 44.
  • 65. If any part of the story of the 'Lancashire Plot' is to be believed Edmund Threlfall took an active part; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 293. He was buried 24. Aug. 1690; ibid. 315.
  • 66. He is frequently mentioned in the Tyldesley Diary, 22, 107, &c. He was a Jacobite also.
  • 67. Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 144. He was then 'of Bilsborrow.'
  • 68. Fishwick, op. cit. 167; 'Ashes became part of the possessions of the Parkinsons of Clitheroe, and in or about 1830 it was conveyed to the Rev. James Radcliffe of Kirkham and Whitechapel and subsequently to its present [1871] owner, William Shawe of Preston, esq. In the same place are given some particulars of another Threlfall family, of Barton. Another one occurs at Clifton.
  • 69. The doorhead is illustrated ibid. 164.
  • 70. Preston Guard. 22 Feb. 1908.
  • 71. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 232; George Beesley of Hill.
  • 72. Gillow, Bibl. Dict, of Engl. Cath. i, 170.
  • 73. Ibid.; Challoner, Miss. Priests, no. 88; Douay Diaries, 238, &c.; Pollen, Acts of Martyrs, 291, &c. The cause of his beatification was allowed to be introduced at Rome in 1886. Another brother was a missionary priest in England.
  • 74. Francis Beesley died in 1609 holding two messuages, &c., of Sir Richard Hoghton. His heir was his son George, twenty-three years old; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 138.
  • 75. In a deed of 1723 is mention of James Blackburne of the Hill, son and heir of James; his mother Bridget was living; Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 220, from R. 8 of Geo. I at Preston. Another deed gives the pedigree thus: Robert Blackburne -s. John -s. James -s. James (1723); ibid. 224. The lastnamed James [a priest] died at Lisbon about 1754 without issue; his co-heirs were two aunts, Grace Blackburne and her sister Elizabeth, wife of George Sedgwick; ibid. 286, from R. 31 of Geo, II at Preston. Thomas Starkie of Preston seems from this to have purchased the estate in 1757. See Gillow, op. cit. iii, 260. It may be noted that Adam son of Adam de Blackburn gave land in Goosnargh to his son Henry (Add. MS. 32104, no. 1170), and that John and Robert, sons of Henry de Blackburn, occur in 1360; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 342.
  • 76. Fishwick, Goosnargh, 159. A pedigree is given, from which it appears that Cuthbert Hesketh of White Hill was a son of Gabriel Hesketh of Aughton— therefore probably descendant of the Bartholomew Hesketh named under Kidsnape—and legatee of Sir Thomas Hesketh of Helsington, whose estate went to Cuthbert's eldest son, a younger son Gabriel having White Hill. A pedigree of the family under the title of 'Hesketh of Preston' was recorded in 1664; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 137. Notices of two priests of the family— Roger Hesketh, D.D., and Bartholomew Hesketh, O.S.B.—will be found in Gillow, op. cit. iii, 287–9.
  • 77. For recusancy and delinquency; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2960; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 186–94.
  • 78. Gabriel's son Cuthbert, who died in 1702, settled White Hill on his nephew Gabriel. This Gabriel and his son Cuthbert were both attainted of high treason in 1716. Under the settlement the heir was John Sallom, son of Anne, the sister of Gabriel, and under a Private Act of 1735–6 (9 Geo. II, cap. 36) he obtained possession; Fishwick, loc. cit. Gabriel Hesketh and his sons Thomas and Roger were parties to an agreement as to a recovery of White Hill in 1725–6; Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 230, from R. 12 of Geo. I at Preston. The forfeiture may have been partial only.
  • 79. John Sallom sold in 1737 to William Lucas, who died in 1771. His trustees sold to Thomas Cardwell, whose son sold it to Edward Harrison, and after the death of his son in 1826 it was sold to Robert Snell. In 1871 it was owned by George Hargreaves of Leyland. See Fishwick, loc. cit., quoting the title deeds.
  • 80. By a deed passed in the early part of the 13th century Richard Fitton granted to Adam de Hoghton (Hoyton) and his heirs all his right in the land of Loudscales (Ludecholis), which the grantor's father had of the gift of Avice daughter of Bernard; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 11b. Loudscales was owned by Christopher White in 1657, and by Thomas Knowles in 1674.; Preston Guard. Loc. Sketches, no. 629. It now belongs to the Knowles charity. The forest bounds c. 1230 'ascended the Loud between Chippingdale and Threlfall'; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 425. In 1246 Michael son of Michael de Thornton claimed 2 oxgangs of land in Threlfall against Richard son of Michael, but he was non-suited; Assize R. 404, m. 6. Of Crombleholme Fold an account may be read in Fishwick, op. cit. 175. A sundial bears the inscription RxCxIxCx 1697. Walter Curwen of Caton held lands in Goosnargh by Fairhurst of Sir Richard Hoghton in 1457, and Gilbert Curwen held of Sir Alexander and his partners, lords of Goosnargh, in 1484; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 64, 114. Thomas Curwen and Nicholas his son and heir in 1587 sold a messuage to Robert Walker; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 49, m. 113. George Curwen died in 1629 holding a messuage in Threlfall, tenure unrecorded, and leaving as heir his nephew, the son of his sister Janet by William Trout5 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii, no. 24. Richard Singleton of Brockholes in 1499 held land in Threlfall by unknown tenure, but in 1556 William Singleton held his land (probably the same) of the Prior of St. John; ibid, iii, no. 52; x, no. 1.
  • 81. End. Char. Rep. 44. Lickhurst, which had formed a part of the Hospitallers' estate, was held by the Catteralls. In 1480 Ellen widow of Robert Beesley was ordered to render to Richard Catterall the manor of Lickhurst; Pal. of Lanc. Writs of Assize, 20 Edw. IV. It passed to Townley of Barnside, as already shown.
  • 82. Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. iv, 464; Liverpool Cath. Annual, 1888; Pollen, Acts of Martyrs, 66–82. Marsden acknowledged Elizabeth to be lawful queen, 'and took himself bound to obey her majesty, so far as his obedience impeached not his duties to God and to the Church,' but refused to promise 'not to deal with any of her Majesty's subjects in matters of religion.' The introduction of the cause of his beatification was allowed at Rome in 1886; ibid. 379.
  • 83. George Helme was a freeholder in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 233. For the estate see Fishwick, op. cit. 184–5. In the Commonwealth time one Robert Helme had two-thirds of his estate sequestered for recusancy, but in 1650–1 Edward Rigby claimed it as part of his grandfather's estate, the said Helme having become tenant in 1641; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 179.
  • 84. Notices of several members of the family will be found in Gillow, Bibl. Diet. of Engl. Cath. iii, 261.
  • 85. A number of deeds relating to Kirkhouse are catalogued in the Shireburne abstract book at Leagram. It appears that in 1662 and later Thomas Helme of Kirkhouse and William his son mortgaged the estate; William had succeeded by 1669, and his son, also named William, sold to Sir N. Shireburne, who arranged with the mortgagees.
  • 86. In 1292 Richard son of Patrick de Middleton was non-suited in his claim for a tenement in Goosnargh held by Hugh son of Patrick; Assize R. 408, m. 32 d. Middleton, Greenhills and Coore all appear in the subsidy roll of 1352; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 59.
  • 87. Geoffrey son of Gilbert de Coore (Couer) secured four messuages, an oxgang of land, &c, in Goosnargh and Middleton in 1323 from Richard son of Grimbald de Coore. The remainder! were to Geoffrey's children—Adam, John, Christiana and Hilda—and then to his brother Richard; Final Conc, ii, 53. Sir Adam de Hoghton was plaintiff in 1367 against John son of Geoffrey de Coore (Covere) in respect of certain pasture; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 8. A messuage, half an oxgang of land, &c., were in 1359 recovered by Jane wife of William de Caton—she being daughter of Richard son of William de Coore— against Robert de Middleton; ibid. 7, m. 1 d.
  • 88. This family probably took its surname from a place in Medlar. William de Greenhills in 1315 obtained a messuage and land in Goosnargh from Richard son of Adam de Greenhills and Alice hii wife. It was Alice's right and was to descend to John son of William; Final Conc, ii, 22. In 1393 Alan de Catterall acquired from William de Greenhills and Christiana his wife three messuages, &c.; ibid, iii, 42. William and Christiana were concerned in suits as to land in 1368 and 1371; De Banco R. 432, m. 449 d.; 444, m. 425. A William de Greenhill was outlawed in 1381; Dtp. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 354.
  • 89. The pleadings recited in the text probably indicate that Alan Singleton had part but not all the Greenhills-Coore inheritance. Alan's estate in the main descended by Anne his daughter and heiress to her husband Sir William Leyland of Morleys (Visit, of 1533, p. 88), who died in 1547 holding lands, &c., in Goosnargh of the king by the third part of a knight's fee; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 43. The tenure of his heir Edward Tyldesley in 1621 was not recorded; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 261.
  • 90. a Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 10, m. 29b; 11, m. 9. Another messuage here with 24 acres of land was in 1449 claimed by the same Alan Singleton against Alan son of John Catterall. It was alleged that Adam de Greenhills and Alice his wife gave it to John son of William de Greenhills in the time of Edward II, after which it descended thus: John -s. William -s. William -sister Alice -s. Alan Singleton the plaintiff. The jury found for the defendant; ibid. 12, m. 19, 8b. In 1498 a settlement was made of the estate in Goosnargh and Middleton of the daughters and heirs of Alan Carr, viz. Anne wife of John Lynstede and Joan wife of John Browne; Final Conc. iii, 147. Alan Singleton claimed a messuage and oxgang of land from Joan and Anne in 1469 in right of his descent from Geoffrey de Coore, and Roger Singleton seems to have held it; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 36, m. 5; 86, m. 5.
  • 91. Lands in Chaigley, Aighton, Goosnargh and Middleton were in 1508 in the hands of one Roger Singleton, apparently as trustee for Alan Singleton deceased, and he gave them to the chantry trustees; Fishwick, op. cit. 215–18.
  • 92. Ibid. 207–10, where the pleadings of 1582 are printed. The plaintiffs, George and Henry Helme, stated that Edward VI in 1549 granted Middleton and other chantry lands to William Eccleston and Anthony Lay ton to hold as of his manor of Clitheroe, and the grantees conveyed to Roger Helme, plaintiffs' father. After Roger's death his sons in 1566 divided the estate. (See Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 28, m. 45, 60.) Tyldesley claimed as heir of Leyland, alleging that Middleton had never belonged to the chantry. George Helme acquired a messuage, &c, in Goosnargh from Thomas Eccleston and Joan his wife in 1573; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 35, m. 80. He probably had Kirkhouge. Henry Helme died in 1589 holding a capital messuage called Middleton (by gift of his father Robert), held of the queen as of her manor of Clitheroe in socage. Leonard, his son and heir, was nine years old in 1596; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 92. Leonard died in 1601 holding the estate, and leaving a son (? brother) Thomas, aged seventeen, to inherit it; ibid, xviii, no. 20.
  • 93. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), iii, 456; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 31; xxviii, no. 82, in which Fairhurst, said to be held of William Hyde of Denton, was found to have gone to a younger son Joseph Rigby. Alexander Rigby (the father) was son of John Rigby of Wigan, whose brother Alexander was seated at Burgh in Duxbury; see the account of the family in Pal. Note Bk. iii, 137, &c. Adam Rigby, rector of Eccleston in Leyland, was in 1632 said to have held his land in Cross Ground and Fairhurst of the same William Hyde by knight's service and rent. The heir was the younger Alexander named in the text, being a nephew; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 30; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 1009.
  • 94. This account is from the Pal. Note Bk. loc. cit. See also Dict. Nat. Biog. There is a portrait in Fishwick, op. cit. 146.
  • 95. The Royalist view may be gathered from Peter Barwick: 'One Rigby, a scoundrel of the very dregs of the Parliament rebels, did at that time expose these venerable persons [William Beale, Master of St. John's College, Cambridge, &c] to sale, and would actually have sold them for slaves if any one would have bought them'; Vita J. Barwick, 23.
  • 96. Pal. Note Bk. iii, 169. Baron Rigby's lordship of the province of Lygonia in Maine (New England) is related ibid. 181–7. His son Edward, also a lawyer, who 'took to crooked ways,' succeeded him in that estate. George Rigby, brother of the baron, settled at Peel in Hulton; his daughter Alice had some land in Goosnargh; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 160, m. 63. A pedigree was recorded in 1664; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 245.
  • 97. Fishwick, loc cit., where there is a pedigree from which the following outline of the descent is taken: Alexander Rigby, d. 1694 -s. Thomas, d. 1709 -s. Alexander, d. 1716 -s. Townley, d. 1777 -s. Alexander -sister Sarah, d. 1832, m. William Shawe -da. Sally, m. Joseph Knowles -s. Towneley Rigby Knowles. See the account of Fishwick in Preston. In the Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 118, 122, may be seen the claim of Townley Rigby, a Quaker, son and heir of Alexander Rigby, to a seat in Kirkham Church, 1726; the covenant on his marriage with Grace daughter of Sir Edward Hill, 1730; and the will of Lieut.-Col. Alexander Rigby, 1792, settling the descent of the messuage called Middleton in Goosnargh, lands at Ribby, &c.
  • 98. Margery widow of Ranulf son of Bernard de Goosnargh was (as above) a defendant in 1291; De Banco R. 90, m. 98 d. In the following year in different pleas respecting lands in Goosnargh Richard son of Robert de Goosnargh was plaintiff, Robert de Goosnargh and others, also Henry son of Ranulf de Goosnargh, were defendants; Assize R. 408, m. 36 d., 96, 54 d. Three years later John son of William son of Thomas de Goosnargh had a dispute as to their inheritance with Richard son of William de Goosnargh; Assize R. 1306, m. 19 d. Richard son of William son of Thomas was called to warrant in 1306; De Banco R. 161, m. 107. Isold widow of Richard claimed dower in 1311 against Walter son of Robert de Ayrdale and Agnes daughter of Roger de Cumberhalgh; De Banco R. 187, m 105. Possibly she was the wife of Adam de Rideleys in 1315; ibid. 209, m. 82. Walter de Goosnargh seems to have been a more important man than any of the above. In 1302 he had a suit with William son of Robert de Thistleton; Assize R. 4.18, m. 6a. He was called to warrant in 1312–14 in a suit between Roger de Wedacre and William son of Grimbald de Coore and Alice his wife; De Banco R. 195, m. 184. d.; 207, m. 148; 212, m. 283 d. John son of Walter de Goosnargh claimed land against Roger de Wedacre in 1324; ibid. 251, m. 154. Hugh son of Ranulf de Goosnargh in 1314–15 gave his land in Whittingham to his sons Richard and Thomas; Towneley MS. DD, no. 12. Robert Goosnargh in 1481 gave his land in the Snape and Westfield to the brothers Edmund and Henry Elswick; Kuerden fol. MS. 153–4.
  • 99. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 55. In 1582 one William Waring was party to a division of lands in Whittingham and Goosnargh; he took those in the former township and John Taylor those in the latter; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 44, m. 139. John Taylor, Anne his wife, James his son and Ellen his wife occur in 1593; ibid, bdle. 55, m. 48.
  • 100. John Catterall of Selby, the elder, attainted in 1461, had the manor of Eaves Green, with messuages and land in Goosnargh, Hackinsall, and Dilworth; Chan. Inq. p.m. 11 Edw. IV, no. 35. The tenures were not recorded. The manor with the rest of the estate was in 1472 granted to John Pilkington (Cal. Pat. 1467–77, pp. 307, 419), who died in possession in 1478, leaving a son and heir Edward, twelve years old; Chan. Inq. p.m. 19 Edw. IV, no. 77. In 1625 the tenant was Richard Harrison; Fishwick, op. cit. 68. In 1633 Alexander Rigby made inquiry as to the 'manor' of Eaves Green. He believed it was the land he owned, 'only a little common . . . before the inclosure . . . and no manor.' There was, however, another little common 'near the burgh' called by the same name; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 52.
  • 101. a Gilbert Barton in 1516 held Kidsnape of the heirs of Sir Alexander Hoghton by 6s. 8d. rent, otherwise of Henry Kighley and Elizabeth his wife (in her right). In addition Gilbert held an oxgang of land there of Ralph Catterall by a pound of cummin—this was perhaps the Sandyclough of another inquisition; other messuages, of tenure not recorded, and lands, &c, yielding a rent of 4s. 9½d. and a pair of gloves, held of the king by the third part of the fifth part of a knight's fee and 18d. rent; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 7; v, no. 6. Bradcroft is mentioned in the second inquisition, but the tenure is not separately stated; in 1572 Richard Barton was said to have held it of the queen by the third part of a knight's fee and 18d. rent; ibid, xii, no. 9. At the same time a place called Spinster House in Goosnargh, which had been given to John Barton, younger son of Richard, was stated to be held of Thomas Hoghton by 3d. rent. Thomas Barton and Anne his wife in 1593 sold various messuages, &c, to James Gregson; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 55, m. 157. In 1603 Thomas Barton of Barton (nephew of Thomas Barton of Kidsnape) was stated to have held his lands in Kidsnape of Sir Richard Hoghton by 6s. 8d. rent and Thomas Procter by 1d. or a pair of gloves. He also held some land, newly inclosed, of the king by knight's service; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), i, 7–11.
  • 102. John son of Adam de Barton and Alice his wife sold land in Goosnargh to Richard son of Nicholas de Hiles in 1322; Final Conc, ii, 47. In the following year the family had two messuages, &c, in the township; ibid. 56. The same estate appears again in 1381; ibid, iii, 10. In 1292 a Jordan de Kidsnape claimed land in Goosnargh against Walter son of Robert de Ayrdale, but was non-suited; Assize R. 408, m. 46.
  • 103. It was no doubt an earlier William Clifton to whom, in conjunction with Joan his wife, Thomas Barton and Agnes his wife in 1444 granted all his land in Kidsnape, with 5s. a year from Gibbefield, at a rent of 10 marks; Add. MS. 32104, no. 706. In 1473 Ralph Whitehead granted Kidsnape to Margaret and Joan, daughters of Thomas Barton; Kuerden MSS. iv, G 9. See also the account of Upper Rawcliffe.
  • 104. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 21. In a previous inquisition (iv, no. 11) William Clifton's lands 'in Goosnargh' were said to be held of the king as of his duchy by the sixth part of a knight's fee. A minor Clifton family occurs in the 18th century; Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Notes, ii, 35.
  • 105. John son of Adam de Barton in 1315–16 gave land in Beesley to Richard son of Nicholas del Hiles; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 93, and see note 98.
  • 106. To Cockersand Abbey in the first part of the 13th century Adam son of Ralph gave land of his demesne next to land held by Richard de Beesley of the Lady Beatrice; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), i, 239. Adam de Goosnargh gave lands to Thomas de Beesley, Thomas Travers being then sheriff (1302–6); Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 78b. This deed was in 1597 in the possession of George Beesley of Goosnargh. Gilbert de Beesley and Adam his brother attested a charter (undated); Towneley MS. DD, no. 1891. William son of Gilbert de Beesley was in 1305 defendant in two claims, one for dower put forward by Agnes widow of Gilbert, and the other for certain land, by William son of Richard Russel of Woodplumpton; De Banco R. 153, m. 256d.; 156, m. 172 d. William son of Nicholas de Beesley claimed a messuage, 10 acres of land, &c., against Ellen widow of William de Beesley in 1354; Duchy of Lanc Assize R. 3, m. v. The defendant summoned William son of William de Beesley to warrant her, he being next of kin and heir of Iseud de Beesley; ibid. 4, m. 15. Shortly afterwards (1356) in a cross-suit William son of Nicholas claimed from Ellen the widow two messuages given by Gilbert de Beesley to Adam de Beesley and his issue with remainder to Nicholas. Adam (living in the time of Edward II) died without issue, and thus Nicholas succeeded, and his right descended to his son the plaintiff. William son of William, who warranted, said the remainder was to William de Beesley his grandfather; ibid. 5, m. 19 d. In 1488 Alexander Ambrose and Margaret his wife claimed lands in Goosnargh and other places againit Thomas Lawrence, Margaret his wife, Thomas Beesley and Joan his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. 3 Hen. VIII. Cecily widow of Robert Beesley was a plaintiff in 1536; Ducatut Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 155.
  • 107. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 24.
  • 108. Ibid, xxviii, no. 62.
  • 109. In 1570 Thomas, base son of Thomas Hoghton, laid claim to Whinny Clough; Ducatus Lanc, ii, 392.
  • 110. For a full account see Fishwick, op. cit. 179–81.
  • 111. a Information of Mr. Park.
  • 112. From a deed quoted in Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 48.
  • 113. Fishwick, op. cit. 171. Barker was said to be in Threlfall in 1626; ibid. 174.
  • 114. He was the 'Mr. Justice Warren' spoken of ibid. 172. The stocks were placed near this house. It was sold to John Lucas of Goosnargh about 1760.
  • 115. Pat. 26 Chas. II (21 Sept.).
  • 116. Their house was called the Lodge. For the family see Fishwick, Goosnargh, 173–5, where 14th-century deeds are referred to, and the later pedigree is given thus: Christopher (1588) -s. James (will 1626) -s. James, d. 1671 -s. Christopher, d. 1702 -8. James, d. 1759 -s. James, d. 1780 -s. James, d. 1808 -s. James, d. 1838-s. James, d. 1853. See also Mr. Gillow in Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc), v, 148.
  • 117. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 233.
  • 118. Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 95.
  • 119. See note 111.
  • 120. A family of this surname occurs in 1410; Dods MSS. cxlii, fol. 61b.
  • 121. Fishwick, op. cit 168, &c, with pedigree. Thomas son of Thomas Goosnargh was in 1418 enfeoffed by his trustees of lands in Goosnargh, Barton and Chipping, with remainder to William son of Robert Midgehall (Miggehalgh) and Alice his wife, daughter of Thomas son of Thomas; Dods. MSS. Ixx, fol. 161.
  • 122. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, no. 22. By the inquisition of 1626 it appears that Robert Midgehall in 1577 made provision for his son George on his marriage with Ellen Parkinson. Robert was living in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc), i, 232.
  • 123. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 216–17. The capital messuage in Goosnargh was stated to be held of Sir Richard Hoghton by 20d. rent, and land improved from the waste, of the king by the two-hundredth part of a knight's fee.
  • 124. Ibid, iii, 407.
  • 125. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 39. The capital messuage was held as in 1612, but the other land was held partly of the king by knight's service and partly (in Threlfall) of Richard Shireburne in socage.
  • 126. Index of Royalists (Index Soc), 43; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3201; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), iv, 138–9. Part of the estate had been sequestered for the recusancy of Edward's mother Margaret, who died in 1649; part also for the recusancy of Alice Midgehall, also dead. Alice appears to have been the widow of Edward's elder brother Robert. For a dispute as to the estate in 1667 see Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 45.
  • 127. Fishwick, ut sup.
  • 128. It is also called Longley Hall; ibid. 181.
  • 129. Gilbert Latus held Clifton House in 1556 by bequest of his father-in-law William Westby of Mowbreck; Richmond Wills (Surtees Soc), 91. He died in 1568 holding a capital messuage, 60 acres of land, &c, of Gilbert Gerard by a rent of 6s., with other lands in Warton, Thistleton, &c. His son and heir William was twenty-four years old; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 11. The tenure shows that it had been part of the Balderston estate, and this again had probably descended from the Banastres and Singletons. Portions of this estate are found from the inquisitions to have been held by Edmund Dudley (1509), Thomas Earl of Derby (1521), Thomas Radcliffe of Winmarleigh and his successors. The tenure is sometimes described as of Osbaldeston, at other times of the king as duke; ibid, v, no. 3; viii, no. 26; xi, no. 7. Part of it may have been augmented by the Hopersfield sold by William Ward of Ottley and Alice his wife to Sir James Harrington in 1408; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 90. William Latus died in 1609 holding a messuage, &c, of Sir Richard Hoghton by 16d. rent, and leaving as heir a son Matthew, aged thirty; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 137. William Latus was one of the recusants whose sequestrations were in 1607 granted to Sir Richard Coningsby; Cal. S. P. Dom. 1603–10. P. 383.
  • 130. These statements are from Fishwick, op. cit. 182.
  • 131. Richard Parkinson was a tenant under Catterall in 1520–35 for land in Threlfall; Duchy of Lanc. Dep. xxxi, P. 1. Complaint was made of the abduction of Edmund son and heir of Thomas Parkinson of Goosnargh in 1540, his marriage pertaining to Nicholas Turner; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. 32 Hen. VIII. William Parkinson (of Bilsborrow) held Hutchenhey in 1592, but the tenure was not stated; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 21. His son Edward was in 1617 said to hold the same of Sir Richard Hoghton and Catch House of Thomas Catterall by 4s. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 215. Roger Parkinson (of another family) held lands in 1622 of the Earl of Derby as successor of the Knights Hospitallers; he left as co-heirs three young daughters—Alice, Janet and Margaret; ibid, iii, 309–10. Many references to the families will be found in the Ducatus Lanc.
  • 132. Duchy of Lanc. Anct. D. (P.R.O.), L 1199; a grant from John son and heir of John Westfield to Christopher Leeming of Lancaster, of a messuage, &c, in Longley.
  • 133. Cockersand Abbey estate has been recorded; for rentals 1451–1537 see Chartul. iii, 1270–1. One grant to the abbey was made by Adam son of Ralph which concerned Fayles, the bounds naming (among other points) Selebrook and Helmer housesteads; ibid, i, 238. In 1246 Richard son of Robert sought common of pasture in Goosnargh against Robert de Faleghs; Assize R. 404, m. 5. The award in a suit between Lancaster Priory and Cockersand Abbey about a grange in 'Trefeld ' is in B.M. Add. Charter 19818. In 1377 John de Elswick made a feoffment of lands in Goosnargh ana Whittingham; Kuerden MSS. v, 117, no. 10.
  • 134. Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 94.
  • 135. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 32. This continued to descend with Chingle Hall.
  • 136. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 223. John Wilson, the son and heir, was fifty years of age.
  • 137. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 17. The heir was his son Edward, aged nine.
  • 138. William Barnes was son and heir of John Barnes, who died in 1617 holding messuages and Goosnargh; Add. MS. 32108, no. 443a. William died in 1640; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 30. John Barnes, his son and heir, was fifteen years of age.
  • 139. Lambert Stodagh in 1511 held of 'the lords of Goosnargh' in socage; ibid, iv, no. 1. Ralph Clitheroe in 1556 held of Thomas Whittingham; ibid, x, no, 26. George Kirkby of Upper Rawcliffe (1561) held of Thomas Hoghton by 2s. 6d. rent; ibid, xi, no. 8. William Walton of Preston in 1559 held of Thomas Hoghton by fealty and suit of court, but the Goosnargh lands had been given (for life) to Isabel widow of Thomas Walton, elder brother of William; ibid. xi, no. 27. William Pleasington of Dimples in 1621 held of the king in socage; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 240. This estate appears to have been in the family as early as 1387, appearing again about 1490; Final Cone, iii, 29; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 63, m. 14.
  • 140. These include Sir Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst, 1594; Sir John Southworth, 1595; Thomas Osbaldeston (as heir of John Bradley), 1611; Alexander Standish of Duxbury, 1622 (perhaps Catterall, perhaps purchased from Bridget Stanley, Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 271); Sir John Radcliffe of Ordsall, 1627; and John Crosse of Liverpool, 1640.
  • 141. Some have been mentioned already. Thomas Barnes's lands were sequestered for delinquency only, and were placed in the act for sale. He was dead in 1654; Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 41; Cal. Com. for Camp, iv, 3120. The same was the case of Henry Butler; Index, 42; Cal. v, 3216. Janet Cottam (who died in 1652) had two-thirds of her estate sequestered for recusancy; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3065. Robert Cottam in 1558 purchased messuages, &c, in Goosnargh from Nicholas and William Ambrose, the remainders being to James Cottam and John and Thomas his brothers; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 18, m. 32. The land of George Glave was in 1645 sequestered for recusancy; he died in Scotland in 1648, and his son John, 'never a recusant,' petitioned for restitution, and took the oath of abjuration in 1652; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 76. The lands of Peter Stanley of Aughton were forfeited and sold; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2937. William Topping's land was sequestered for recusancy, as was that of Francis Turner (dead in 1654); ibid. 3175; v, 3225. A brief note on James Moore of Goosnargh (will 1693) is in Lancs, and Ches. Hist, and Gen, Notes, iii, 57.
  • 142. Besides the estate of James Sidgreaves already named were those of John Adamson, Edmund and Edward Barton, Cuthbert Cardwell, Michael Grayston, William Moreton of Dovehold, Thomas Parker and Jane Sturzaker; Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 95, 100, 103, 141–2.
  • 143. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 36. Quenilda, widow of Roger Gernet, held 2 oxgangs of land in Newsham of the Earl of Lincoln in 1252 by knight's service; ibid. 190. A similar estate and tenure were recorded in 1240 after the death of Thomas de Beetham, and in 1254, after that of Ralph de Beetham; ibid. 171, 194, 202.
  • 144. Ellen widow of Robert de Stockport in 1275 claimed dower in a messuage, 100 acres of land, &c, against Adam de Acton (?Aighton); De Banco R. 10, m. 71 d. Adam son of Richard de Acton and Richard son of Adam were concerned in several suits in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 12 d., 17 d. Richard de Aghton claimed common of pasture in Newsham against Earl Edmund, but was non-suited; ibid, m. 10 d. An Adam son of Richard de Aghton of Newsriam made a claim against Adam Pigot of Newsham and Hawise his wife, but did not prosecute it, in 1332; Assize R. 1411, m. 12. Lands in Newsham and Hollowforth are named in a fine of the manor of Woodplumpton in 1662; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 169, m. 76. Newsham does not appear to have been considered a separate manor.
  • 145. Richard de Newsham in 1291 complained that he had been disseised of his common of pasture in 13 acres of moor in Newsham by Richard de Stockport, William son of Adam de Redeford, and others; but the jury decided that the land was in Woodplumpton; Assize R. 407, m. 1 d. In the following year Adam de Newsham and William his son were sureties in one of the Acton cases above referred to; Assize R. 408, m. 17 d. Adam de Newsham occurs in 1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 70. In 13 39 Richard son of Adam de Newsham claimed lands against Richard and Henry, sons of William de Newsham, and against Godith del Erlesgate; De Banco R. 318, m. 27 d.; 320, m. 218. In the latter case he alleged that a measuage and 17 acres in Newsham and Woodplumpton had been given by Richard de Newsham to Henry the Harper, with remainder to plaintiff's father, Adam son of (the said) Richard de Newsham. The descent is established by a further plea two years later; ibid. R. 325, m. 56.
  • 146. Final Conc, ii, 167.
  • 147. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 75. It appears that John had two sons, George and Uctred; the former married an Alice, and had the son John who inherited, and who was the ward of Henry Preston of Preston. George was dead in 1514.
  • 148. Visit, of 1567 (Chet. Soc), 51. The descent was thus given: William Newsham -s. John -s. George -s. John -s. George -s. Robert.
  • 149. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 88; Robert, the son and heir of George, was thirty-two years old.
  • 150. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 232.
  • 151. For details see Fishwick, op. cit. 194–5.
  • 152. Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 30, 34.
  • 153. See the account of Bulsnape. Adam Fishwick in 1558 sold messuages in Newsham, &c, to Ralph Massy and William Neild; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 18, m. 16; 19, m. 51.
  • 154. Final Cone, i, 175; Robert son of Adam de Holland acquired 2 oxgangs of land, a mill, &c, in Newsham from Adam de Newsham. In a pleading of the same year already referred to Robert de Holland was joined with Adam de Acton in defending the right of two messuages, 80 acres of land, a water-mill, &c., claimed by Richard son of Adam de Acton. Both claimed by gift of Adam, but Richard withdrew, acknowledging Robert's right; Assize R. 408, m. 17 d. The name Hollowforth does not appear till much later.
  • 155. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 162.
  • 156. Richard Molyneux died in 1397 holding a plat of land called Hollowforth in Amounderness; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 71. Sir William Molyneux in 1548 held Hollowforth of Sir Edward Warren in socage by 2s. rent; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 2.
  • 157. Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 20, m. 95; the estate was described as three messuages, water-mill, &c.
  • 158. The tenure of George Middleton of Leighton's land in 1600 was not recorded, but Thomas Middleton's in 1640 was said to be held of the king in socage in conjunction with Kellamergh; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 51; xxix, no. 64.
  • 159. Cal. Com. for Comp. ii, 1301; Index of Royalists, 43.
  • 160. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 221.
  • 161. Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 96.
  • 162. Ibid. 140.
  • 163. See the account of Kirkham Church.
  • 164. Even an official document like the Ministers' Accounts in 1549 speaks of the chantry in the parish church of Goosnargh; Lanes, and Ches. Recs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 88.
  • 165. Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), ii, 167.
  • 166. Assize R. 430, m. 20.
  • 167. Katherine Radcliffe of York in 1458 left 201. to the fabric of the chapel of Goosnargh, where she was born; Test. Ebor. (Surtres Soc), ii, 92.
  • 168. Add. MS. 32107, no. 1100.
  • 169. Ibid. no. 1012, 1074–5.
  • 170. Something has been said of the founders' family in the account of Middleton. Roger Singleton's deed, apparently for the appointment of new trustees, is printed by Fishwick, op. cit. 215–18. In the Valor Eccl. (Record Com.), v, 263, the founder is called Roger Singleton, and 6s. 8d. had to be distributed to the poor on his anniversary (St. Luke's Day). In 1548, however, Anne Singleton (perhaps the daughter of Alan) was said to have founded it, but no foundation deed was known, and the priest used to 'celebrate there at his pleasure'; Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 242–3.
  • 171. Ibid. 244. The chantry priest occupied Middleton, out of which a rent of 6s. was due to the king's bailiff of Amounderness; 5s. 2d. and 5s. 6d. were paid to Sir Richard Hoghton and Thomas Catterall respectively as free rents for other parts of the endowment. In addition there was land of the yearly value of 46s. 8d. devoted to the celebration of obits and the maintenance of lamps in the church; ibid. 253. Afield called St. Mary's Croft is supposed to have been part of it; Fishwick, op. cit. 16. There were three bells; Raines, op. cit. 264, 280.
  • 172. Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 8; Gastrell, Notitia Ceitr. (Chet. Soc), ii, 420.
  • 173. Fishwick, op. cit. 28, citing Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii, 86. Cf. Assheton's Journ. (Chet. Soc), 41.
  • 174. Fishwick, op. cit. 29. The aleselling is named in the visitation record of 1619.
  • 175. Ibid. 71–3.
  • 176. Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 155. An allowance of £40 was made out of the sequestered tithes as early as 1645; this was increased to, £50, but about 1655 reduced to £20; Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 8; ii, 88, 210. Goosnargh, which had what was thought 'a fair parochial chapel,' was made an independent parish in 1658–9; ibid, ii, 265, 272.
  • 177. Gastrell, op. cit. ii, 420. There were two chapel wardens for Goosnargh and two for Whittingham; a list to 1800 is given by Fishwick, op. cit. 86–102.
  • 178. Fishwick, op. cit. 21.
  • 179. Manch. Dioc. Dir.
  • 180. By Order in Council 21 Jan. 1846.
  • 181. Glynne, Churches of Lancs. (Chet. Soc), 41.
  • 182. When this gallery was erected windows were cut through the upper part of the chancel wall both north and south. They have since been built up.
  • 183. On one of the roof timbers was painted: 'The Revd. C. Hull, B.D.; R. Oliverson, Wm. Gornall, Wm. Bailey, J. Eccles, churchwardens, A.D. 1788. The expense of repairing this church, £195 12s. 6d.' Fishwick, op. cit 2s.
  • 184. In 1635 the Records of the Sworn Men mention 'the Middleton Chapel containing all the uppermost arch from the eastward wall of that aisle into the middle of the uppermost pillar.' The pew in the chapel was repaired by Alexander Rigby. The precise position of every other pew and the name of the owner liable for its repair are also given.
  • 185. A window formerly in this length of wall, between the vice of the tower and the west wall of the aisle, is now built up.
  • 186. The tradition is that an old lady, by the proceeds of her industry at flax spinning, defrayed the expenses of building the tower to the height thus indicated; Fishwick, op. cit. 24.
  • 187. The dexter shield has three cheveronels, differenced by a mullet (Singleton), but the sinister is indecipherable. The stone is illustrated in Whitaker's Richmondshire, ii, 438, and in Fishwick's Goosnargh, 23.
  • 188. Fishwick, op. cit 25, says that this was formerly the 'rood screen,' but it is not likely that it was ever across the chancel. The upper part of the tower arch is filled with modern glazed wood tracery.
  • 189. All the monumental inscriptions, in the floor and elsewhere, were retained in the restoration of 1868–9, and are given in Fishwick, op. cit. 113–18. Two belong to the 17th and six to the 18th century; the rest are modern.
  • 190. In 1677 it was ordered that the ringers should on Sunday ring one bell at 7 a.m., two at 8, and three at 9; also one bell at 12 noon, two at 1 p.m. and three at 2; ibid. 76. In 1682 the clerk was ordered to look after the clock and to ring the bell at 8 o'clock (daily); Fishwick, op. cit. 77.
  • 191. Ormerod, loc. cit. Biographical notices of the later curates will be found in Fishwick, op. cit.
  • 192. In 1342 Roger son of William de Whittingham enfeoffed Thomas, parish chaplain of Goosnargh, of all his lands; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1800. This is probably the Thomas de Rawcliffe, chaplain, to whom in 1361 Henry son of Henry de Whittingham granted all his lands; ibid. no. 1782.
  • 193. Ibid. no. 1776. John de Fumes, chaplain, occurs in similar feoffments, 1369–70, and was probably in charge of Goosnargh. Later were William de Bispham (1384), Thomas de Mawdesley (1396–9), and Robert Brownall (1413). They are not formally styled 'chaplains of Goosnargh.'
  • 194. He is named in the deed of Roger Singleton in 1508, and in the Valor Eccl. loc. cit.
  • 195. Raines, Chantries, 242. He was forty-two years of age in 1548, and had a pension of £4 from the chantry in 1553. He appeared at the bishop's visitation in 1554—at least his name is in the list— but not in 1562. He seems to have left to act as Thomas Leyland's private chaplain, being undoubtedly the Ralph Parkiueon of the story in Foxe's Acts and Monuments (ed. Cattley), viii, 563–4. He was called his 'servant and executor' in Leyland's will, and had an annuity of £5; Piccope, Wills (Chet. Soc), i, 163. He was buried at Leigh in 1564; Reg.
  • 196. His name occurs as 'parish priest' in the inventory of church goods in 1552; Chet, Misc. (Chet. Soc, new ser.), i, 5. He attended the visitations of 1548 and 1554.
  • 197. He appeared, but did not subscribe, at the visitation of 1562. He was ordained acolyte in 1555, but there is no record that he proceeded further; Chest. Ordination Bk. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 85.
  • 198. In the Chester Consistory Court Records is preserved a letter certifying that Mr. Arthur Hoghton of Broughton and Goosnargh had received 'the holy communion at Easter last in the church of Goosnargh according to the laws of this our English Church.' The letter was addressed to the vicar of Preston by his 'assured friend and fellow servant in Christ's affairs ever to command, Sir John Helme, the under curate of Goosnargh.' John Helme, clerk, purchased 3 acres in Whittingham in 1579; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 41, m. 130.
  • 199. In 1605 it wag presented that he stood excommunicate for anything the churchwardens knew, and that he was 'nothing diligent in attending the church'; Visit. P. at Chester Dioc. Reg. He was 'no preacher'; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 9.
  • 200. He signed the Protestation as curate of Goosnargh; and was buried in the chancel 29 May 1645.
  • 201. PW. Mins. Accts. i, 265. He moved to Brindle in 1647; ibid. 46. The Goosnargh members of the classis of 1646 were T. Cranage, Alexander Rigby and Edmund Turner; Baines, Lancs, (ed. 1868), i, 228.
  • 202. 'A diligent painful minister' in 1650; he became incumbent of Ribchester in 1656.
  • 203. Afterwards vicar of Poulton.
  • 204. He was 'conformable' in 1689; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 229. He appeared at the visitation of 1691, showing letters of orders 'as in 1677 &c.' He had been appointed schoolmaster in 1686.
  • 205. Also rector of Heysham; his son was the founder of the hospital. The Goosnargh Church papers in Chester Diocesan Registry begin at this time.
  • 206. In 1743 there were prayers and sermon every Sunday in the year and prayers on all holy days; Visit, returns. In 1755 the families were classified thus: Protestants 230, Papists 96, and Protestant Dissenters 2.
  • 207. Rector of Heysham.
  • 208. a letter of his touching his burial fees is printed in Gillow's Haydock Papers, 75.
  • 209. Fishwick, op. cit. 39; there is a view of the present building, ibid. 46.
  • 210. Commonw. Ch. Surv. 155. Roger Shireburne was the minister at that time, 1650–52; Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 235, 244. An allowance of £40 had been voted as early as 1646; ibid. 101,42.
  • 211. Threlfall was merged in Goosoargn in 1658, on the formation of an independent parish there; ibid, ii, 265, 272.
  • 212. Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 427.
  • 213. For details see Fishwick, op. cit. 41–7.
  • 214. Manch. Dioc. Dir.
  • 215. Sentence of consecration was given 9 July 1818.
  • 216. Fishwick, op. cit. 47.
  • 217. By Order in Council 21 Jan. 1846.
  • 218. He was also master of the school. In 1743 there was service three Sundays in the month.
  • 219. The church papers in the Chester Dioc. Registry begin with this curate.
  • 220. Correspondence in a dispute between this incumbent and the parishioners is printed by T. C. Smith, Longridge, 222–8. He did not reside, and had another curacy in Yorkshire. In consequence he resigned. Whitechapel had then an income of about, £100 a year; it was unconsecrated, but services were regularly held twice each Sunday, except four times a year, when the curate assisted at the Sacrament at Goosnargh Church.
  • 221. End. Char. Rep. Kirkham, 38; Bishop Gastrell gives a somewhat different account; Notitia, loc. cit. Richard Cookson, a native of the place, and schoolmaster for forty years, published Goosnargh Past and Present, &c.; he died in 1888; T. C. Smith, op. cit. 244.
  • 222. End. Char. Rep. Kirkham, 39; Gastrell, op. cit. ii, 428.
  • 223. B. Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. 1, 163–5. Preaching began in 1815 or before. The chapel site was obtained by a little trick described loc. cit.
  • 224. Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 177–9. For arrears there compounded (mostly by conformists), John Adamson (for John I.awrenson), £1; Nicholas Norris of Kidsnape (for Grace Morton), £4; Robert Boyes of Whittingham (for Robert Boyes, his grandfather), £2; Edward Midgehall (for George Midgehall his father), £2; Matthew Latus (for William Latus deceased), £2. The Thomas Whittingham named in the text was no doubt the 'Mr.' T. W. living in Threlfall in 1625; Fishwick, op. cit. 67.
  • 225. Trans. Hist. Soc. (new aer.), xviii, 217.
  • 226. Challoner, Missionary Priests, no. 186; Whitaker 'was apprehended by a gang of priest-catchers, armed with clubs and swords; who, it seems, fell to club law with their prisoner immediately and ceased not to beat and abuse him (threatening also to murder him on the spot) till they had extorted a confession from him that he was a priest.'
  • 227. Thaddeus, Franciscans in England, 186–7. A few years after the Revolution the station was described as consisting of 'a chapel and a little dwelling place at one end. Cuthbert Hesketh gave £200 (yielding £10 a year) for the missioner, who was bound "to say two masses per week for the said Mr. Cuthbert and his wife, to serve the poor Catholics of the parishes of Goosnargh and Chipping," and if permitted make his abode and live at the chapel of White Hill. The chapel being uncovered by the mob, the walls are ordered to be taken down, and all the materials either sold or laid up safe'; ibid.
  • 228. Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl Cath. iii, 260. The registers at the Hill begin about 1770.
  • 229. The last appointment to the Hill was Fr. Anselm Millward, 1809–13. Afterwards the Franciscan at Lee House seems to have served the Hill also, until 1833. The English Province of the Order was dying out, ending about 1840.
  • 230. Gillow, loc. cit.; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 168.
  • 231. Wrennall was a weaver, in prison for religion; Challoner, Missionary Priests, no. 176. The cause of his beatification was introduced at Rome in 1886; Pollen, Acts of Martyrs, 382.
  • 232. Gillow, Haydock Papers, 67–8. In 1716 Samuel Peploe, the vicar of Preston, reported to the government that Crow Hall was devoted to 'superstitious uses'; the estate went in William Shepherd's name, and the lease was supposed to be in his name in trust for the priests; ibid, citing P.R.O. Forfeited Estates, P 134.
  • 233. Ibid. 69; Gillow, Bibl. Dict, of Engl. Cath. i, 411. Vicar Peploe denounced this mission also, but apparently without success. John Swarbrick, a later priest in charge, died in 1731, bequeathing his effects to the building of a chapel at Midgehall. It was, however, built at Newhouse in Newsham, Edmund Fishwick of that place being a benefactor. The mob at the turbulent Preston election of 1768 marched out to destroy the chapel, but were persuaded to retreat by a friendly Protestant.
  • 234. Haydock Papers, 73.
  • 235. An official inquiry into the charities was made in June 1903, and the account in the text and notes is taken from the report published in 1904. This report includes a reprint of the earlier one, made in 1824.
  • 236. The founder provided that 'no person, being a Papist, nor any one who should have received any relief out of the rates for the poor' should be eligible, and if any one already in the house 'should become a Papist, such person should immediately be displaced and turned out' without further benefit.
  • 237. Full particulars of the estates, and various sales and purchases, are given in the official report. The gallery in Goosnargh Church has been taken down, but seats are reserved for the inmates in the body of the church.
  • 238. This scheme was imposed in consequence of various unsatisfactory incidents in the management of the hospital.
  • 239. In 1903 fourteen of the inmates were from Preston, five from Fulwood, two from Goosnargh, and one from Whittingham.
  • 240. For schools at Goosnargh and Whitechapel.
  • 241. The capital fund consists of £1,201 consols, with an income of £30 0s. 8d. By a scheme of the Charity Commissioners in 1893 seven annual pensions of £3 each were founded for poor persons resident in Goosnargh or Whittingham, aged fifty-five or upwards. The residue of the income is given in school prizes.
  • 242. Of this sum £5 is derived from the benefaction of Henry Colborne, 1655, of which an account has been given under Kirkham; it is given in money doles by the vicar of Goosnargh, £3 10s. 6d. having been the usual share of Goosnargh, and £1 9s. 6d. that of Whittingham. From the estate known as the Dun Cow Rib in Whittingham 25s. has since 1691 been paid yearly for the poor, 20s. being given to Whittingham and 5s. to Goosnargh. This is known as Lund's charity, because about a century ago the estate was the property of Anthony Lund, the priest at Fernyhalgh. It is distributed with Waring's charity.
  • 243. The benefactor in 1676 gave a messuage and land in Newsham and Hollowforth for apprenticing poor children, and further land was purchased in 1814 with borrowed money. In 1824. it was found that 'for a long period this charity has been in fact confined to the children of Roman Catholics, and it has been left to the Roman Catholic priest at Goosnargh to select such objects as he thought fit,' and the Commissioners expressed their objection to this. The debts on the charity were paid off, and there being in recent times little demand for apprenticing fees, much of the annual income is allowed to accumulate. Under a scheme of the Charity Commissioners in 1880 the trustees were allowed to use the fund not only for apprenticing, but to supply an outfit for qualified children on entering a trade. The charity owns Boggart House Farm in Newsham, rented at £65, and has £453 in consols.
  • 244. Lawrence Parkinson in 1719 gave land and money for the use of 'poor needy necessitous housekeepers of Goosnargh,' to be distributed 'in corn called groats'; also for providing 'six good penny manchets every Sunday' for poor people attending divine service at Goosnargh Church. He also left money for books, but this does not seem to have become operative. The bread distribution has been kept up, but in 1903 there was only one recipient. The distribution of meal (eight or nine loads of 240 lb. each) had been suspended since 1897, the money being required for improvements of the property, which brings in £26 a year. Thomas Knowles of Sowerby in 1686 charged his estate of Loudscales in Goosnargh with certain sums for the poor, one-fourth (50s.) being for Goosnargh, the remainder of the income from it being left to the trustees. In practice a fourth part of the net revenue has been devoted to the poor of Goosnargh. A new scheme was made by the Charity Commissioners in 1901, by which the real estate became vested in the official trustee, and local trustees were appointed to distribute the income, the share of Goosnargh being about £14 a year. Gifts of money or goods, medical relief, nursing, &c., are allowed, but the money is in practice given in doles, this being the least troublesome to the trustees, who stated that 'there were really ho poor in Goosnargh.' William Waring of Goosnargh in 1728 left his personal estate (about £300) for the poor of that place. The capital was spent on a workhouse at Inglewhite Green, and in 1824 the poor rates were charged with £12 12s. for the charity, distributed partly in doles of linen and woollen cloth and partly in money. The capital was repaid, and is represented by £316 consols, paying £7 17s. 8d. This is now distributed, along with Colborne's charity, in money doles. 'No share of the income has ever been given to Newsham, probably because there have been no poor there within memory.' John Lancaster in 1866 left the residue of his estate (£42) for the benefit of the poor of Goosnargh and Newsham who might be debarred from other charities through having had relief from the rates. The income is £1 1s. yearly. From 1895 onwards no one in the township had had poor relief, so that the income has been added to capital.
  • 245. Thomas Houghtonin 1613–14 gave money and land (in the Green Nook) for the benefit of the poor. The gross rent is £3 10s. Jeremiah Waring in 1731 left £40 for the poor. This gift is now represented by £207 consols, yielding £5 3s. 8d. a year. The above sums, to which are added the Whittingham shares of Lund's and William Waring's charities, are distributed chiefly in money doles, but partly in food, by the trustees of Houghton's charity and the vicar of Goosnargh.
  • 246. Jane Adamson in 1732 added £40 to a gift of £20 made by her brother Thomas Adamson for the poor. James Sidgreaves in 1824 paid £2 14s. as interest, as heir of his grandfather, who had been the trustee; but his estate was not legally charged with it. The amount was paid till his death about 1840. Miss Eccles, it was believed, left £40 for the poor. This was spent on the workhouse, and in 1824 there was a sum of £1 16s. paid out of the rates and distributed with other charity money. The workhouse was sold in 1838–9, and nothing was recovered for this charity. Grace Shakeshaft in 1740 left £60 (reduced to £40) for the poor. This with other turns, amounting in all to £138 10s., had been in the hands of Thomas Clifton till about 1822, when he died in very embarrassed circumstances. Letitia Barrow (née Moore) left £40, which may have been part of the lastnamed £138. Nothing further is known of these sums.