The parish of Lancaster: Stalmine with Staynall

Pages 251-256

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1912.

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In this section



Stalmine, Dom. Bk.; Stalmin, 1205; Stalemynne, 1278.

Stainole, 1277; Staynol, 1292; Staynolf, 1331.

This composite township, with Stalmine to the north and east and Staynall to the south-west, has a total area of 2,583½ acres, (fn. 1) the two hamlets having 1,771 and 812½ respectively, and the population in 1901 was 537. The River Wyre forms the western boundary, and upon it, at the south of Staynall, is the hamlet of Wardleys, where before the rise of Fleetwood there was a small port, with warehouses, from which the Kirkham spinners a century ago drew their supplies. (fn. 2)

The surface is comparatively level, but there is a ridge of higher land by the bank of the river, on which Staynall is placed; and inland, Stalmine, with its church, stands on another piece of higher ground. The greatest elevation is about 75 ft. above sea level. The principal road is that from Shard Bridge to Preesall, passing through Stalmine.

The soil is various, with subsoil of clay. Oats and potatoes are grown. There are 646½ acres of arable land, 1,472½ in permanent grass and 11 ot woods and plantations.

The township has a parish council.

The chapelry contributed as follows to the county lay of 1624, which was based on the older fifteenth: Stalmine with Staynall, £1 18s.; Preesall with Hackinsall, £2 3s. 8¼d., or a total of £4 1s. 8¼d. towards each £100 required from Amounderness. (fn. 3)



Earl Tostig held STALMINE in 1066 as part of his Preston fee; it was then assessed as four ploughlands, (fn. 4) but in 1212 as three. Later it was held in thegnage of the king or the lord of the honour of Lancaster by a rent of 10s. (fn. 5) The first recorded possessor is Robert de Stalmine, who with Peter his son granted one plough-land called Corcola at a rent of 8s. to the monks of Furness about 1165. (fn. 6) He also granted other parts of his land to younger children. (fn. 7) The Peter just named was lord in 1205. (fn. 8) He had a son William, (fn. 9) to whom a brother Robert succeeded in 1235–6. (fn. 10) Three years later Robert was followed by his son Adam, (fn. 11) and he by a son John, (fn. 12) lord of the manor in the time of Edward I. He was in 1292 summoned to prove his title, but replied by saying that he held part only. (fn. 13) Adam de Stalmine and other members of the family were benefactors of Cockersand and Furness Abbeys and Lancaster Priory. (fn. 14) Instead of Stalmine the surname Beaufront was used. (fn. 15)

John de Stalmine transferred the manor to William de Oxcliffe, (fn. 16) whose son Nicholas (fn. 17) held it in 1324, (fn. 18) and appears to have been succeeded by a brother William, who alienated it to Thomas de Goosnargh. (fn. 19) This last held the lordship and twothirds of the vill in 1346, and Nicholas Boteler of Rawcliffe held the other third. (fn. 20) Of the Goosnargh family next to nothing is known. (fn. 21) The manor descended to Alexander Goosnargh, who died in 1524 at Mansergh holding the manor of the king by a rent of 5s. His son Thomas having died before him, his heir was his grandson Alexander Waring (son of a daughter of Margaret), aged eight. (fn. 22) It appears, however, that there was another daughter Maud, afterwards wife of Robert Parker. (fn. 23) They sold the manor to the Butlers of Rawcliffe, (fn. 24) and the whole descended with Rawcliffe till the forfeiture in 1716. This estate seems to have been sold in parcels (fn. 25); the Bournes of Hackinsall became the principal proprietors, (fn. 26) but the manor has disappeared.

ST AYNALL, probably one plough-land (fn. 27) gave a surname to the lords of it, (fn. 28) but the family cannot be traced, and the lordship probably became merged in Stalmine. Sir Adam de Shevington and Emma his wife in 1344 claimed messuages, lands and mills in Great Marton and 'Staynolf,' but the defendants —John son of Richard le Boteler, Clemency his wife, Cecily wife of Richard le Boteler and others— protested that there was no such vill as 'Staynolf' absolutely; either Great Staynolf or Little Staynolf must be named, and the jury agreeing, the plaintiffs were defeated for the time. (fn. 29)

In addition to the families named those of Hambleton, (fn. 30) Shireburne (fn. 31) and Singleton (fn. 32) had lands in this township from an early time. Some later owners appear in the records. The estate of the Butlers of Warrington (fn. 33) seems to have passed with Layton to the Fleetwoods of Rossall. (fn. 34) Theobald le Boteler held an oxgang of land in Staynall in 1249. (fn. 35) John Braddyll in 1561 purchased messuages and fishery in Great Staynall and Stalmine from Wilfrid Banastre, (fn. 36) and at his death in 1578 was found to have held them of the queen in socage by 6d. rent, (fn. 37) but later the tenure was recorded as of Shireburne of Stonyhurst. (fn. 38) There were some other owners. (fn. 39)

Little can be said of the monastic estates. That of Furness, Stalmine Grange, (fn. 40) came in part at least to a family named Smith, who held it for some time. (fn. 41) That of Cockersand (fn. 42) seems to have been dispersed in parcels, while that of Lancaster Priory may have been treated similarly. (fn. 43) The Knights Hospitallers had lands in Staynall in 1292. (fn. 44)

John Clifton of Stalmine compounded for his recusancy in 1630 by an annual payment of £2. (fn. 45)

Christopher and Thomas Butler, who were sons of Richard Butler of Rawcliffe, and James Danson, as 'Papists,' registered estates in 1717. (fn. 46)


The chapel of Stalmine is first named about 1200, when it was a dependency of Lancaster. (fn. 47) When a cemetery was consecrated in 1230 the lords of the 'parish'— Geoffrey the Arbalaster of Hackinsall and William de Stalmine—renounced all title to the advowson. (fn. 48) It seems probable that the townships of Stalmine and Preesall had been either an entirely independent parish reduced to a chapelry or else included in the parish of Poulton, and that in the latter case the monks of Lancaster, on receiving Poulton Church, had made a separate chapelry at Stalmine, attaching it to their own church at Lancaster. (fn. 49) The names of some of the earlier chaplains are on record, (fn. 50) and in 1430 the vicar of Lancaster was made responsible for the maintenance of a chaplain there. (fn. 51) Its history after the Reformation is doubtful, but as the small tithes— valued at £10 a year in 1650—appear to have been devoted to the chaplain's stipend, it is most probable that service was kept up with some regularity. (fn. 52) During the Commonwealth period £50 a year was given to the minister from Royalist sequestrations. (fn. 53) Later some private benefactions raised the certified income to £28 12s. 4d. before 1717, (fn. 54) and the vicarage is now returned as worth £320 a year. (fn. 55) The vicar of Lancaster is patron.

The chapel was rebuilt in 1806 and called St. James's. (fn. 56) The registers begin in 1593, but were not regularly kept before 1700. In the churchyard is a sundial dated 1690.

The following have been curates in charge and vicars (fn. 57) :—

c. 1593–1610 John Picke (fn. 58)
oc. 1622–42 Richard Leigh (fn. 59)
oc. 1646–51 Henry Jenny, M.A. (fn. 60)
oc. 1653 Henry Smith
1669 Christopher Hall (fn. 61) (T.C.D.)
1681 John Wells, B.A. (fn. 62)
oc. 1700 George Yates
1714 John Anyon (fn. 63)
1725 Robert Loxham, M.A. (fn. 64) (Trin. Coll., Oxf.)
1725 Thomas Holme (fn. 65)
1737 Thomas Knowles, M.A. (fn. 66)
1773 John Spicer
1778 Thomas Smith (fn. 67)
1782 James Fenton, M.A. (fn. 68) (St. Peter's Coll., Camb.)
1787 James Thomas, B.A. (fn. 69)
1799 Joseph Rowley, B.A. (fn. 70) (Queen's Coll., Oxf.)
1864 Joseph Kirby Turner, M.A. (Trin. Coll., Camb.)
1894 Henry Barnett, M.A. (fn. 71) (T.C.D.)
1901 William Poole, M.A. (Dur.)
1910 Daniel Schofield (fn. 72)

In 1689 a Presbyterian meeting was licensed at Thomas Dicconson's house at Stalmine, (fn. 73) and about 1717 Bishop Gastrell recorded that 'the presbyterian meeting house is very near the chapel.' (fn. 74) Nothing seems to be known of it now.


Apart from the school endowments for Preesall and small gifts for religion there is no charitable foundation (fn. 75) in the chapelry except 10s. a year from Robert Carter's benefaction, 1710. This sum is divided among about eight poor persons who are by custom selected from residents in the Pilling Lane portion of Preesall. Thomas Bell of the Ridge in Pilling had in 1723 left 5s. a year for the poor of Preesall, but this had been lost by 1826.


  • 1. The Census Rep. of 1901 gives 2,303 acres, including 3 acres of inland water. There are also 58 acres of tidal water and 374 of foreshore.
  • 2. In 1825 the Baltic produce used at Kirkham was brought up the Wyre and landed at Warleys,' where the Kirkham manufacturers had 'large and commodious warehouses' for storage. Wardleys was part of the port of Poulton; Baines, Lancs. Dir. i, 656.
  • 3. Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 23.
  • 4. V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288b.
  • 5. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 47.
  • 6. Ibid.; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 163.
  • 7. He gave 6 oxgangs of land to Siward son of Huck in marriage with his daughter Eva, chiefly, it would appear, in Staynall, 2 oxgangs each to his sons Henry and Alan; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 47. From the Cockersand and Lancaster charters it appears that Alan had a son Geoffrey and a daughter Maud, who married William the Marshal and had a daughter Godith wife of Randle son of Michael the Clerk. John the son of Randle de Stalmine was contemporary with John son of Adam de Stalmine. Mabel widow of Geoffrey de Stalmine in 1235 released her dower in half an oxgang of land to the Abbot of Furness; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 68. John de Stalmine (probably the son of Randle) in 1256 released to Adam de Stalmine his hereditary right in 3 oxgangs and 30 acres of land; ibid. 120.
  • 8. Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 205; he paid 1 mark to the scutage. From the charter above referred to it appears that Peter's wife was named Adelisa. The name of Peter de Stalmine, paying 10s. for three plough-lands held in thegnage in Stalmine, occurs in the Pipe Roll of 1226, but he may have been dead at that time; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 139.
  • 9. In a grant to Furness Robert is called son of Peter de Stalmine, so that William must also have been a son; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 163. William was lord of Stalmine in 1230; Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 362. William de Stalmine and Robert his brother attested a Cockersand grant; Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), i, 105. Henry and John sons of William de Stalmine occur as benefactors to Furness; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, loc. cit. As they survived their father yet did not inherit they must have been illegitimate.
  • 10. Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i, 306; Robert was to pay 10s. as relief.
  • 11. Orig. R. 23 Hen. III, m. 2; Adam son of Robert owed 10s. for relief. He was a benefactor of Cockersand Abbey; Chartul. i, 86, &c. He gave a toft and an acre in Fernbreck to Lancaster Priory in 1256; Lanc. Ch. ii, 375. He occurs as juror from 1242 to 1255. Adam's wife Helen survived him and married William de Chamber, and was at one time described as lady of Stalmine; Cockersand Chartul. i, 89–90. She claimed dower in 1278 against William son of William de Hambleton and against John de Thornton and Clarice his wife; De Banco R, 24, m. 70.
  • 12. John son and heir of Adam de Stalmine did fealty for his lands in 1259 on succeeding, and had to pay 20s. as relief; Excerpta e Rot. Fin. ii, 312. He gave an acre on Harecarr Furlong to Cockersand, and as 'lord of Stalmine' confirmed another gift; Cockersand Chartul. i, 109, 113. John de Stalmine was summoned to warrant two of the tenants of the manor in 1288; De Banco R. 73, m. 7 d.; 78, m. 5 d. In 1297 the 10s. rent was paid to the Earl of Lancaster by the vill of Stalmine with Staynall; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 289.
  • 13. Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 379– 80. He stated that Ellen de Stalmine held 8 acres as dower, the Abbot of Furness one plough-land, the Abbot of Cockersand another, Simon the Clerk an oxgang of land and Adam de Stalmine another.
  • 14. For the gifts to Cockersand in Stalmine see Chartul. i, 86–113, and in Staynall, 114–36; to Furness—Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 163–4; Beck, Annales Furn. lexviii; to Lancaster Priory —Lanc. Ch. ii, 363–75 for Stalmine and 355–61 for Staynall. Among the placenames occurring in these charters are Arghole and its pool, Harestane and Harecarr, Yarsmoor and Warlesmoor, Scalingstud, Taylid, Lawrence's Cross, Fernbreck, Keldwellbreck, Lamypot, the Greenway and Oxenholme in Stalmine; Cumbelow, Alsergate, Argholestan, Risegreve, Wallgate, Smerepot, Hychum Oxgang and Uttingland.
  • 15. a John son of William Beaufront, who was a benefactor of Cockersand Abbey (Chartul. i, 95), seems to be the abovenamed John son of William de Stslmine. John de Stalmine son and heir of Adam Beaufront gave land to Furness between 1274 and 1284; Dep. Keeper's Rep.xxxvi, App. 163. In claims for the manor against the Goosnargh family William Beaufront son of John son of Adam de Stalmine was plaintiff in 1334 and 1338, and William Beaufront (perhaps a different person) in 1354; De Banco R. 298, m. 57 d.; 311, m. 83; Assize R. 1425, m. 4; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. v. Shortly afterwards John Beaufront claimed the manor; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 335.
  • 16. The Abbot of Furness had in 1313–14 to complain of a small encroachment on his land in Stalmine by William de Oxcliffe, Nicholas son of Nicholas (William) de Oxcliffe, and William son of Alice de Stalmine; Assize R. 424, m. 2. in defence it was stated that the former William had entered by grant of John de Stalmine, formerly lord of the town, but the verdict was for the abbot. William seems to have been a son of John de Oxcliffe; Assize R. 1425, m. 4.
  • 17. William de Oxcliffe in 1311 gave all his lands in Stalmine and Staynall, together with the service (8s.) due from Furness Abbey for the grange, to his son Nicholas; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 164. William seems to have died about 1316, in which year Nicholas dc Oxcliffe claimed a messuage and 9 acres of land against John son of William de Norbrcck; De Banco R. 216, m. 363. In the year following Alice widow of William de Oxcliffe claimed dower in a messuage and 24 acres in Stalmine against Nicholas son of William de Oxcliffe; ibid. 220, m. 231 d. Nicholas was plaintiff in 1318 (ibid. 221, m. 9 d.), in which year he came to an agreement with the monks of Furness as to certain approvements; Dep. Keeper's Rep. ut sup. From this it appears that Nicholas had a salt-pan on the waste and the monks had a watermill by their grange.
  • 18. He held the manor of Stalmine and Little Staynall by a rent of 10s. and doing suit to county and wapentake; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 40b. At the same time the doomsmen of Stalmine and Staynall are named in the court roll of the hundred; Lancs. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 115.
  • 19. In 1338 Thomas de Goosnargh claimed to hold by grant of William son of William son of John de Oxcliffe; Assize R. 1425, m. 4. A William de Oxcliffe had been defendant in the case in 1334; De Banco R. 298, m. 57 d. Thomas de Goosnargh and Margaret hia wife in 1357 obtained from John son of William Beaufront a release of his claim in the manor of Stalmine; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 83.
  • 20. Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc.) 47; Thomas de Goosnargh held two ploughlands and paid 6s. 8d. of the rent, while Nicholas Boteler held one plough-land and paid 3s. 4d.; but Thomas did the whole suit to county and wapentake. Later the manor seems to have been held in moieties, each paying 5s. Thomas son of Walter de Goosnargh was in possession of the manor in 1354; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. 5. He and his wife Margaret occur a year later; ibid. 4, m. 15.
  • 21. In 1363 John de Oxcliffe appeared against John son of Thomas de Goosnargh to claim a messuage and land which Ralph Gentyl had given to Nicholas de Oxcliffe and Alice de Slyne and their issue; in default to remain to Nigel son of the aaid Alice, and in default to the right heirs of Nicholas. Nicholas, Alice and Nigel had died without issue, and so the right came to plaintiff. John de Goosnargb. said that Thomas his father died in possession, and he was himself under age, whereupon the trial was deferred; De Banco R. 416, m. 455 d. John de Oxcliffe had claimed in 1360; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 342. Thomas Goosnargh and Nicholas Boteler held in 1445–6 just as in 1346; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20. Robert Goosnargh son of William agreed with Joan his father's widow as to dower in 1452; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 92b. Robert and Maud his wife in 1459 demised Redeford in Plumpton and a messuage in Catterall for a term of twenty years; ibid. fol. 90b. Robert was summoned to warrant by James Pickering in 1473 in respect of a manor in Stalmine; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton, file 13 Edw. IV.
  • 22. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 55. Alexander was separated from his wife Agnes daughter of John Boteler by an arbitration in 1496, he retaining the custody of the children; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 91. He must have married again. In 1518 Alexander Goosnargh made a feoffment of the manor of Stalmine Hall, &c., with remainder to his son Thomas; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 123, m. 9. This son probably died soon after, for no remainder was stated in another feoffment in 1522; ibid. 131, m. 2. At his death Alexander held lands in Stalmine and Staynall, Hambleton, Goosnargh, Woodplumpton and Catterall. By his will (recited in the inquisition) he charged his lands with a yearly stipend of 5 marks for twenty-three years to find a chaplain to celebrate at the altar of St. George in Kirkby Lonsdale Church.
  • 23. From the inquisition it might be supposed that Margaret Waring was dead in 1525, but in 1528 Richard Waring and Margaret his wife demised to Edward Mansergh certain messuages and lands in Stalmine, together with seven saltcotes there; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 11, m. 157 d. In 1540 Nicholas Butler purchased from Robert Parker and Maud his wife (she being the heir of Thomas Goosnargh) a moiety of the manor of Stalmine, with various lands (including thirty salt-pits) there and in Staynall, Preesall, &c.; ibid, bdle. 12, m. 28. Possibly Alexander Goosnargh had been married twice, and Maud was half-sister to Margaret but whole gister to Thomas. The purchase of this moiety was confirmed by Maud Parker, widow, with George Knott of Canterbury and Joan his wife—Joan being the daughter of Maud by a former husband (William Cowper) and her sole heir—to Richard Butler and Henry his brother in 1564; ibid. bdle. 26, m. 101; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 83. The other moiety seems to have been obtained in 1537–45 by Nicholas Butler from Margaret Waring, widow, daughter and co-heir of Alexander Goosnargh; Dods. MSS. ut sup.; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 181, m. 9 d. It was perhaps a daughter of Margaret who married Arthur Bayne, for about 1556 he and Margaret his wife complained that Nicholas Butler was wrongfully holding lands in Stalmine Manor and detaining their title deeds; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 291. In 1559 a rent of £4. 19s. 8d. from lands in Stalmine, &c., was settled on Arthur Bayne and Margaret his wife, with remainder to James Bayne; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 21, m. 117. Yet somewhat later (1562) Agnes Warren and Maud Parker claimed messuages, &c., in Stalmine Manor against Richard Butler and Margaret Waring; Ducatus Lanc. ii, 258. Again in 1565 James Bayne and Margaret his wife (widow of — Waring) claimed the estate of Alexander Goosnargh, Margaret and Maud being daughters and heirs, against Richard and Henry, sons of Nicholas Butler, who defended by alleging the feoffment by Margaret Waring; ibid. 303.
  • 24. The available evidence is given in the preceding notes. In 1571 the manor of Stalmine was reckoned as part of the Butler estates; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 33, m. 79. It will have been seen from the text that this family had long held certain land in Stalmine, and there are some charters in the Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxxviii, 380–1. In 1323–4 Nicholas son of William Botelcr claimed a messuage and land against Nicholas de 'Oxcleve' and William son of Adam, to which Nicholas replied that his name was 'Oxclyf,' and that William Boteler had held his land of him by knight's service, on which account he had taken possession. The jury did not accept the spelling and also decided against him as to the tenure, giving a verdict for the plaintiff; Assize R. 425, m. 5. In 1502 the tenure of the lands in Stalmine and Staynall was grouped with that in Thistleton, Kirkham and Freckleton, as of the Earl of Derby by knight's service and a rent of 8s.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 45. Shortly afterwards James Boteler, who died in 1504, was stated to have held messuages, lands, &c., in Stalmine and Staynall of the Earl of Derby in socage; ibid, iii, no. 109. This same tenure was again recorded of William Butler, 1639, though the estate had been increased by many purchases, so that he held the manor of Stalmine with Staynall, messuages, lands, twelve saltcotes, two windmills, a ferry boat on the Wyre and a fishery there; ibid, xxx, no. 18. The manor is mentioned in a settlement by Richard Butler in 1714; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 501, m. 2 d.
  • 25. In 1752 Richard Harrison the younger purchased from Nathan Arderne and Elizabeth his wife a third of the eighth part of the manor of Stalmine with Staynall, court baron, &c.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 349, m. 60.
  • 26. John Bourne of Stalmine (d. 1841) was reputed to be lord of the manor in 18365 Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1), iv, 550. He was followed by Cornelius Bourne, the reputed lord in 1850; Raines in Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 443. According to the pedigree in Foster's Lancs. Peds. John Bourne (d. 1783), grandfather of the above-named John, married Jane daughter and co-heir of Cornelius Fox of Stalmine Hall.
  • 27. The old distinctions of Great and Little Staynall have disappeared. In 1324 'Staynolf' was used of Stanah in Thornton and 'Little Staynolf' of Staynall. But see p. 234, note 31, above.
  • 28. Siward son of Huck and Eva his wife (daughter of Robert de Stalmine), the latter described as the Lady Eva, granted lands in Staynall to Cockersand Abbey; Chartul. i, 114, 118. Their sons Henry and Richard were also benefactors; ibid. These took their surname from Staynall, as did Henry son of Robert de Stalmine, who seems to have had several children. Robert and Roger, sons of Henry de Staynall, were benefactors of Cockersand; ibid. 119–21; Kuerden MSS. iv, S 20. Richard son of Richard son of Henry de Staynall, who had a brother Peter, gave a messuage and land to Lancaster Priory; Lanc. Ch. ii, 355, 359. The said Peter gave land to Cockersand; Chartul. i, 121. Adam son of Eva de Elswick in 1288 claimed half an oxgang in Staynall by Stalmine against Richard son of Adam de Staynall and Maud his daughter; De Banco R. 75, m. 61 d.
  • 29. Assize R. 1435, m. 44.
  • 30. Gilbert de Hambleton was a benefactor of Lancaster Priory, giving a toft in Staynall which Gilbert son of Peter de Hackinsall had held; Lanc. Ch. ii, 361. Alice widow of William de Hambleton was plaintiff in 1285 and 1292 in respect of lands in Stalmine; De Banco R. 59, m. 2; Assize R. 408, m. 97. William the Baker son of Hugh de Hambleton gave an oxgang of land in Stalmine to Furness Abbey; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 163. William son of William son of Henry de Hambleton gave half an oxgang of land (held of Adam lord of Stalmine) to William son of William the Clerk of Hambleton; ibid. 164. The Hackinsall family just named probably held lands in the township, for their successor James Pickering in 1479 held messuages and a windmill in Staynall, partly of the king in socage and partly of Richard Staynall by 2½d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 107–8. See also the later inquisitions of Booth and Butler of Hackinsall. Robert son of Gregory de Winmarieigh and Avice his wife were benefactors of Cockersand, giving land in Stalmine in 1262; Chartul. i, 110; Final Conc. i, 135. One Robert de Wath had land in the same part of the township, and gave to his daughter Clarice, who married John de Thornton, and was a widow in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 69 d. Their son Richard de Thornton appears ten years later; Abbrev. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 246. John son of Lawrence de Thornton held a messuage and land in 1354; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 332. A Peacock family occurs in 1350; De Banco R. 362, m. 60. John Shaffer and Emma his wife (in her right) held land in Hackinsall and Stalmine in 1395; Final. Conc, iii, 45. Hugh Chaffar had messuages and land in Staynall in 1432; Brockholes of Claughton D.
  • 31. Robert de Shireburne gave land in Stalmine to Cockersand Abbey; Chartul. i, 106. John Travers in 1318 released to Robert de Shireburne his claim to tenements which his brother Lawrence had granted to Walter de Shireburne; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 84b. In 1321 William de Hornby and his wife Alice (widow of Thomas Travers) claimed dower in Stalmine against Robert de Shireburne; De Banco R. 238, m. 86 d. Thomas son of Lawrence Travers in 1348 claimed two messuages and 20 acres there against William son of Sir Robert de Shireburne; De Banco R. 354, m. 326. Agnes widow of Richard Shireburne was tenant in 1446; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 53. Richard Shireburne in 1513 held his lands in Stalmine of Alexander Goosnargh in socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 46. A similar statement is made in later inquisitions, but the property seems to have been sold before 1600.
  • 32. Maud widow of Robert de Singleton gave land in Stalmine to Cockersand; Chartul. i, 111. Thomas Banastre was defendant there in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 97. Sir Thomas Banastre also held there in 1385; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 15. This was probably the estate afterwards shared by the Radcliffes of Winmarleigh and other heirs of Balderston. The tenure is not separately stated.
  • 33. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 13; lands, &c., in Stalmine and Staynall, of tenure unknown.
  • 34. Ibid, xii, no. 2. The lands held by Thomas Fleetwood in 1576 are herein regarded as part of the Great Layton estate, formerly that of Butler of Warrington.
  • 35. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 172–3. It became merged in the estate of the Butlers of Rawcliffe, having been granted by Theobald Walter to his kinsman Richard le Boteler in the time of Henry III; Kuerden MSS. iv, R. 5. In 1324 William son and heir of John Beaufront released to Nicholas son and heir of William Boteler the rent of 8s. 6d. which was due from an oxgang of land in Stalmine; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 83.
  • 36. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 23, m. 15; 26, m. 160. The estate was perhaps the messuage, &c., in Stalmine purchased by Sir Thomas Lawrence in 1503 from Thomas Standen and Ellen his wife; Final Conc. iii, 153.
  • 37. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 85.
  • 38. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 109.
  • 39. Nicholas Beconsaw in 1407 granted a windmill in Staynall to James Pickering; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 102. The family probably had other land there, for Cuthbert Clifton in 1562 purchased a messuage and fishery at Staynall from William Beconsaw; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 24, m. 47. At his death in 1580 Cuthbert held messuages and land in Stalmine and Staynall of Henry Butler by 1d. rent; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 76. George Kirkby of Upper Rawcliffe about 1560 held lands in Stalmine of Richard Butler by 4d. rent; ibid, xi, no. 8. Richard Thompson purchased a messuage, &c., in Staynall from the Heskeths in 1569; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 98; 34, m. 117. Nicholas Thompson of Larbreck in 1609 held a messuage there of Henry Butler by 2d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 202.
  • 40. The Abbot of Furness in 1535–6 complained of trespass on his turbary at Stalmine Grange by Nicholas Butler; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 74. At the Dissolution the abbey received £8 6s. 9d. from Stalmine Grange and Staynall, including £4 4s. for 20 quarters of salt; West, Furness (ed. 1813), 139.
  • 41. John Smith died at Stalmine Grange in 1598 holding messuages in Staynall, Preesall and Hackinsall. His heir was his grandson John Smith (son of Richard son of John), aged seventeen; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 47. John Smith of Stalmine was a freeholder in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 232. See also Lancs, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 96; ii, 277. In the time of Elizabeth the tenants of the Grange had various disputes with the lords of the manor and others; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, iii. Parts of Stalmine Grange were granted by the Crown to Edward Howard and others in 1604–5; Pat. 2 Jas. I, pt. ii. A saltcote and lands in Hackinsall were included.
  • 42. The rentals 1451 to 1537 are printed in Chartul. iii, 1268–9.
  • 43. Lands of Cockersand were granted to Roger Dal ton in 1579 for twenty-one years; Pat. 21 Eliz. pt. xi; see also Pat. 42 Eliz. pt. zvi and 2 Jas. I, pt. xix. Thomas Danson in 1628 held messuages, &c., in Stalmine and Staynall of the king, partly as of the manor of East Greenwich and partly as of the honour of Tutbury. His son and heir James was eleven years old; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 344.
  • 44. Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375. From the change of tenure recorded it is probable that this was the Braddylls' land.
  • 45. Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 173.
  • 46. Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 133–4. Christopher Butler made a point of his lease of Stalmine Hall being in right of Agnes (Goss), his Protestant wife.
  • 47. Lanc. Ch. i, 117.
  • 48. Ibid, ii, 362.
  • 49. a From the saving of the right of the church of Poulton in 1230 it may be inferred that Stalmine, though separated by the Wyre, had been part of that parish; while the similar saving of the right of Lancaster Church shows that it had already been included in the parish to which it has continued to belong. The chapel of Stalmine is specially named as one of those held plena jure by the monks of Lancaster about 1290; ibid. i, 145.
  • 50. Robert; ibid, ii, 360. John (Cockersand Chartul. i, 102) was a benefactor of the canons. Geoffrey the chaplain of Stalmme attested a deed in 1297; Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxxviii, 379.
  • 51. Lanc. Ch. iii, 578. At an inquiry in 1527 it was recorded that there was a free chapel at Stalmine, of which John Lawfield had been incumbent for seven years at the will of the wear of Lancaster. It was worth £6 a year; Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, bdle. 5, no. 15. The list of church goods seized by the Crown in 1552 is imperfect; Chet. Misc. (new ser.), i, 10.
  • 52. This is shown by some entries in the register being as old as 1583 and by the list of curates.
  • 53. Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 127. The additional £50 was ordered as early as 1646; Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 13, 28.
  • 54. Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 443–4. Of the income £1 was derived from tithe of hay and geese in Stalmine, £2 from surplice fees and £5 10s. from Easter dues; while £6 13s. 4d. was a rent-charge given by Richard Fleetwood of Rossall in 1687 on condition that he and his heirs should have the nomination of the curate—a condition never observed —and £12 9s. was the interest on a gift of £324 (part lost) from Mr. Tite. In addition £1 a year was given from Robert Carter's school charity. The clerk's income was derived from fees of 2d. from each house, 1s. at a marriage, 6d. at a burial and 2d. at a churching. Each of the townships had a chapel-warden.
  • 55. Manch. Dioc. Dir.
  • 56. The ancient chapel is said to have been St. Oswald's. 'The day on which the village wake is celebrated (the first Sunday after 12 Aug.) is still [1836] called Tossets Day, by corruption of St. Oswald'; Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1), iv, 550. A short description of the building by Col. Fishwick is printed in Pal. Note Bk. ii, 244.
  • 57. Some details are due to Col Fishwick's article above cited.
  • 58. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 8; he was 'no preacher.' Edward Rawstorne, clerk, is named in the visitation papers about 1611, but is not described as curate.
  • 59. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 69 (lecturer), 124. (curate).
  • 60. Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 14, 239; Commonw. Ch. Surv. 127. He was afterwards minister of St. Michael's for a short time.
  • 61. Appeared at the visitations of 1674 and 1677.
  • 62. Visit. List, 1691.
  • 63. From this time the licences to the curacy are recorded in the church papers at Chester Dioc. Reg. They state that 'John Anyon was educated in the Presbyterian way and lately came over to the church and was accepted as curate to Mr. Harrison, late vicar of Poulton. After Mr. Harrison's death Mr. Hall (now vicar) continued Mr. Anyon as his curate at Stalmine.'
  • 64. Loxham became vicar of Poulton 1726–70. Bishop Gastrell (Notitia Cestr. ii, 445) names Alexander Bagot, A.B., as curate in July 1725; he must have been a temporary assistant.
  • 65. Also rector of Claughton 1711–41.
  • 66. Thomas Knowles in 1760 made a list of the old 'customs' belonging to the parochial chapel; they included an estate in Preesall, consisting of a house, barn and 17 acres of land, a rent-charge of £6 13s. on Clarkson's tenement in Preesall and 9 acres of land in Thornton. He was rector of Claughton 1741–73.
  • 67. Also curate of Admarsh.
  • 68. Son of James Fenton of Lancaster; rector of Doddington-with-Althorpe 1787.
  • 69. Also vicar of Bolton-le-Sands.
  • 70. He held the incumbency till his death in 1864. He was non-resident, being chaplain of Lancaster Castle; Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc.), iv, 698.
  • 71. Rector of Quernmore 1890–4.
  • 72. Previously vicar of Wyresdale.
  • 73. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 230. Dicconson was one of the trustees for Carter's school.
  • 74. Notitia Cestr. ii, 444.
  • 75. An official inquiry was held in 1901. The report, published the following year, includes a reprint of the former official report of 1826.