Friaries: Lincoln

Pages 219-225

A History of the County of Lincoln: Volume 2. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1906.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


In this section


Leland noted the ruins of the Austin Friary on the south side of 'the suburb to Newport Gate.' (fn. 1) The friars settled here under royal protection about 1269-70, (fn. 2) and obtained from Bishop Sutton licence to have their church and area consecrated in 1291. (fn. 3) Gilbert de Stratton granted them a messuage in the suburb of Lincoln in 1292. (fn. 4) Next year a messuage in Grimsby was given to them where a new friary was founded. (fn. 5) There were probably thirty friars here in 1300 when Edward I gave them 20s. for two days' food. (fn. 6) In 1328 the friars numbered twenty-eight, (fn. 7) and in 1335, thirtysix. (fn. 8)

A provincial chapter of the order was held here in 1307, (fn. 9) and another in 1332, to the expenses of which Archbishop Melton gave two marks. (fn. 10)

William de Bliton, John de Merkyate, and Thomas Felisson gave these friars three tofts in 1367. (fn. 11)

Bequests were made to them by Adam de Lymbergh, rector of Algarkirk (1338), Thomas Beck, bishop of Lincoln (1346), Simon, rector of Stanton (1346), Sir Henry Asty, kt. (1383), William de Belay, citizen of Lincoln (1383), Sir John de Multon, kt. (1388), Robert Appleby of Lincoln (1407), John de Kele, canon of Lincoln (1416), William of Waltham, canon of York and Lincoln (1416), William of Alnwick, bishop of Lincoln (1449), Ralph Lord Cromwell (1451), John Colynson, archdeacon of Northampton (1482). (fn. 12) Richard Burgh left 8d. to every friar of the four orders in Lincoln (1513). (fn. 13) The will of Juliana Lufchild, 1418, was written by Thomas Everard, sub-prior of this house. (fn. 14)

Leland reports on the library, 'There are some books here but either in common use or printed, or such as do not bear on our subjects.' (fn. 15)

Richard bishop of Dover received the surrender of the four friaries in February, 1538-9; all were poor houses, nothing being left but stones and poor glass, but 'meetly leaded.' (fn. 16) The site, containing about four acres, was let to Robert Dighton, esq., at a rent of 12s. a year, and seems to have been purchased in 1545 by John Bellow and Edward Bayliss. (fn. 17)


The Dominicans settled in Silvergate, (fn. 18) outside Pottergate, (fn. 19) before 1238. Henry III gave them timber, 13 June, 1238, (fn. 20) and 100s. towards the expenses of their provincial chapter to be held here 14 September, 1238. (fn. 21) Another provincial chapter met here 14 September, 1244, to which the king contributed £10. (fn. 22) The Burton annalist, while telling the story of St. Hugh of Lincoln, denounces the Friars Preachers for trying to save unbelievers from death. (fn. 23) A royal grant of ten oaks for timber in 1255 shows that building was still going on. (fn. 24) In 1260 the friars obtained leave of the abbot and monks to enclose a spring in the territory of a cell belonging to the abbey of St. Mary, York, without the suburbs of Lincoln, and thence to carry water as far as the highway running from Greetwell to Lincoln; the king allowed them to carry their conduit along the highway to their house, and to repair it when necessary. (fn. 25) In 1263 the king gave them a hogshead of wine to celebrate masses. (fn. 26)

In 1275 there is mention of a plot of ground two acres in extent, called 'la Batailplace,' where the men of the city were accustomed to have their games, the friars to preach, and all to have their easements. (fn. 27)

The friars from time to time enlarged their bounds, till at length they had acquired about ten acres. (fn. 28) In 1284 they obtained a messuage and garden in Lincoln from John Cotty, and three small messuages from other benefactors. (fn. 29) Next year they were allowed to enclose with a stone wall a small vacant plot to the north of their dwelling; (fn. 30) and in 1292 to enclose a lane passing through their area from south to north in the parish of Holy Trinity under the Hill. (fn. 31) In 1290 they received 100s, from the executors of the late queen; (fn. 32) in 1293, 100s. from the king for the provincial chapter to be held there on 15 August, (fn. 33) and in 1300 £10 for another chapter. (fn. 34) In May of the same year the king gave them 31s. 4d. for two days' food; (fn. 35) the number of the friars was probably forty-seven. In January, 1300-1, the king gave them an alms of 71s., (fn. 36) and in January, 1302-3, 45s. for three days' food. (fn. 37)

The friars were now rebuilding their church. Edward I gave them twelve oaks to make shingles in 1284, and four oaks for their church in 1290. (fn. 38) The church and churchyard, together with the altars in the chapel of the Virgin Mary, were consecrated in 1311. (fn. 39) Friar Walter Jorse, archbishop of Armagh, made the Black Friars of Lincoln his residuary legatees in 1320, and was buried in this church opposite the tomb of T. le Draper. (fn. 40) His executors, Friars Thomas de Eyncourt and Walter de Belton were licensed by Alexander de Waynflete, the prior, to receive probate.

Some parish priests of Lincoln about 1298 resisted the claims of the friars to hear confessions, (fn. 41) and in 1300 Bishop Dalderby objected to licensing as penitentiaries so many as twentyone friars of this house, whom the provincial friar presented: (fn. 42) but the number licensed seems to have remained considerable. (fn. 43) The prior of Lincoln was among the eight friars deposed in the general chapter held at London in 1314. (fn. 44) In 1325 a provincial chapter met here, to which Edward II (27 June) contributed £15 for three days' food. (fn. 45) Edward III gave 12s. 8d. to the thirty-eight friars of this house in September, 1328, (fn. 46) and 16s. to the forty-eight friars in May, 1335. (fn. 47) In 1330 the prior was one of the papal commissioners appointed to decide a dispute about the bishop of Durham's jurisdiction in Osmotherly. (fn. 48) Friar John Grym of Lincoln, who had thrown off his habit, was taken by Edmund de Lisle, another friar of this house at Ipswich, in 1338, and brought back to his convent. (fn. 49) Friar John of Lincoln, confessor to John de Warenne, earl of Surrey, was recommended by the king for election to the bishopric of St. Asaph in 1345, but was not elected: (fn. 50) in the service of the earl he provoked the malice of certain persons, and being in bodily fear of them, had from the king special protection, 21 June, 1346, and permission to retire to King's Langley when he left the earl's service. (fn. 51) In 1356 John Lyperyng, O.P., a malefactor and disturber of the peace, was handed over to the prior of Lincoln by the king's sergeant-at-arms. (fn. 52)

The friars obtained three messuages in the suburb of Lincoln in 1342 from Robert de Kele, Alan Faukes, and William Garvyn. (fn. 53) Several bequests to them about this time are recorded, namely from Adam de Lymbergh, rector of Algarkirk (1338); Simon, rector of Staunton, (1346); Thomas Beck, bishop of Lincoln (1346); Isabel, widow of William son of William de Elmley, kt., lord of Elmley and Sprotborough, (25 July, 1348); William de Belay, citizen of Lincoln (1383); Henry Asty, kt., judge of the Common Bench (1383). (fn. 54) Richard Ravenser, archdeacon of Lincoln, in 1385 left 2s. to each friar chaplain, and 1s. to each friar not being a chaplain. (fn. 55)

A provincial chapter assembled here in 1388 passed some statutes regulating the promotion of friars to degrees in the universities, and appointed a number of friars to lecture on the sentences at Oxford and Cambridge. (fn. 56) In 1390 the mastergeneral declared Friar John Muren guiltless of a theft committed in the convent at Derby, made him master of the students at Lincoln, and assigned to him the chamber which Friar Ralph of Louth built in the Lincoln friary. (fn. 57) At the same time he appointed Friar Richard of Helmsley, who received the master's degree by papal authority, lector in this house for three years, with the right to choose and change his socius: in 1393 he renewed this appointment, and warned the prior not to impede Friar Richard in his office. (fn. 58) The convent was in the visitation of York. (fn. 59)

The history of the house during the fifteenth century is almost a blank, save for a few legacies. (fn. 60) The city was accustomed to pay the friars 2s. a year for a wax light before the high altar. (fn. 61) Leland inspected the library, and noted two books, namely, Alexander on the Proverbs of Solomon, and the Historia Anglorum of Henry of Huntingdon. (fn. 62) The latter volume is now in the British Museum. (fn. 63)

The house surrendered to the Bishop of Dover, February, 1538-9: it was poor but well-leaded. (fn. 64) The site, containing some ten acres, was let on lease to Thomas Burton of Lincoln for 33s. 4d. a year, 12 August, 1539. (fn. 65) William Rotherham of Lincoln, merchant, seems to have desired to purchase it, as the property was rated for him 18 September, 1545; but it was sold to John Broxholme and John Bellow, 30 September of that year. (fn. 66)


According to Leland (fn. 67) the founder of the Grey Friars was Reginaldus Molendinarius, merchant, of Lincoln. The first founder, however, appears to have been William of Beningworth, subdean of Lincoln, who about 1230 granted to the citizens of Lincoln a place near the Guildhall to house the Friars Minors. (fn. 68) The city then conferred on them part of the area on which the Guildhall stood, and this grant was confirmed 7 February, 1230-1, by the king. (fn. 69) Henry III, 17 September, 1237, (fn. 70) asked the men of Lincoln to give 'the place where their pleas are held,' and which used to be the Guildhall, to the friars minors, promising the citizens another place in the town. The old Guildhall was accordingly assigned to the friars, 5 October, 1237, by the mayor and bailiffs. (fn. 71)

It does not appear what the attitude of these friars was to the attack on the Jews in 1255; it is said (fn. 72) that Friar Adam Marsh alone opposed the popular clamour, and forbade that the Jews should be put to death. His protest was probably made in London. He was buried in Lincoln Cathedral in 1258. (fn. 73)

In 1258 the king, after an inquiry by the mayor, bailiffs, and citizens, gave the friars permission to block up a postern in the city wall, and enclose a lane which led to the postern on the north side of their area. (fn. 74) In the great inquest in 1275 the jurors stated that the friars had blocked a postern, and enclosed a lane 14 ft. wide and 20 perches long, 'from the gable of Robert Cotty on the north to the postern on the south,' running apparently under the city wall, and they had planted their houses and church on the wall, thereby injuring the defences of the city. These encroachments had been made between ten and thirty years ago, according to the different accounts. (fn. 75)

Building was going on in 1268; (fn. 76) and in February, 1283-4, Edward I gave the friars timber for their church. (fn. 77) Alice de Ros was buried in this church in or before 1286. (fn. 78) The Grey Friars' church, of which the choir still remains, (fn. 79) seems to have been built about the middle of the thirteenth century. The undercroft or vault, which divides the choir into two stories, was a late addition, made perhaps before 1300; by this means the floor of the choir would be raised high above the floor of the nave (as is the case in the Franciscan church at Lübeck). The arrangement would afford more room, which was urgently needed. In 1288, 1293, and 1295 provincial chapters were held in this friary. (fn. 80) Towards the expenses of that held on 15 August, 1293, Edward I provided 100s. A grant by the same king of 35s. 4d. for two days' food for the convent in 1300, (fn. 81) probably means that the friars in the house numbered fifty-three, though in 1328 the number had fallen to forty, (fn. 82) and in. 1335 to thirty-seven. (fn. 83)

The area of the friary was small, being bounded by Broadgate on the east, the present Silver Street on the north, and perhaps the present Free School Lane on the west, while the marshy bank of the river would prevent any extension on the south. Encroachments on the city wall led to disputes with the city; for in 1321 the friars complained that the mayor and bailiffs, for the better protection of the city, had broken the enclosures of the friars which previously joined the wall and certain private chambers contiguous to it. (fn. 84) At the same time they obtained a royal command to the mayor, bailiffs, and men of Lincoln to deliver up to them all charters and muniments touching the friary which were in the custody of the city. (fn. 85) Thomas Cobham, bishop of Worcester, conservator of the privileges of the friars minors in England, interfered on behalf of the Lincoln minorites, (fn. 86) and the king took them under his protection 26 August, 1321. (fn. 87) A commission of oyer and terminer was issued to Roger de Beler and others in August, 1324, on complaint of the warden that, while he was under the king's protection, John de Bevercotes and Margery his wife, Alexander Boteler of Lincoln and Eglentina his wife, and others, broke his close and carried away his goods. (fn. 88)

The friars had the usual quarrels with the parish priests. In 1298 Bishop Sutton ordered the rural dean of Lincoln to consider with discreet men the action of some priests in Lincoln who accused the friars preachers and minors of 'forging apostolic letters,' and spoke evil of their parishioners for seeking licence to confess to the friars. (fn. 89) The bishops were generally favourable to the friars; thus Bishop Dalderby in 1318 admitted sixty-two Friars Minors to hear confessions in the diocese of Lincoln. (fn. 90) Admissions of smaller numbers frequently occur in the episcopal registers. About this time Friar Adam of Lincoln, formerly master of the friars at Oxford, was buried in the church here and 'wrought wonders.' (fn. 91)

In 1350 John de Pykeryng of Scopwick granted these friars a messuage. (fn. 92) In 1379 Robert de Swanlound of Lincoln, indicted for murder, fled for sanctuary to the Grey Friars' church, but some of his friends came with an armed force by night and rescued him. (fn. 93)

According to Leland, Henry Lacy, earl of Lincoln (who died 1311), and Nunny, or William Namy, his almoner, were great benefactors to this house. (fn. 94) Among other benefactors were John nephew of Thorold, citizen of Lincoln (1280), (fn. 95) Adam de Lymberg, rector of Algarkirk (1329), (fn. 96) Thomas Beck, bishop of Lincoln (1346), (fn. 97) Sir Henry Asty, kt., justice of the common bench (1383), (fn. 98) Richard Ravenser, archdeacon of Lincoln (1385), (fn. 99) Margaret Vaysey of Stowe Park (1391), (fn. 100) Richard de Evyngeham, rector of Ewerby (1396), (fn. 101) John de Kele, canon of Lincoln (1416), Robert Ratheby, merchant of Lincoln (1418), (fn. 102) William Alnwick, bishop of Lincoln (1449), (fn. 103) Ralph Lord Cromwell (1451), (fn. 104) John Colynson, archdeacon of Northampton (c. 1482), (fn. 105) Richard Burgh (c. 1513), (fn. 106) Joan Kay of Stixwold, widow of William Kay, gent. (1525). (fn. 107)

The abbots of the Premonstratensian Order held their provincial chapters in the Grey Friars' church in 1459, 1476, and 1489. (fn. 108)

In September, 1534, the warden of the Grey Friars had licence from the city to take freely as much stone as he wanted for the reparation of his house and church from the ruinous churches of St. Augustine and Holy Trinity 'at the Greece foot.' (fn. 109) On 27 January, 1534-5, the city authorities ordered that the church of the Holy Trinity at the Greece foot and the church of the Holy Trinity at the Grey Friars should be taken down and everything sold to the use of the common chamber, the chancels only excepted; (fn. 110) the stones of Trinity Church at the Grey Friars were to be used 'for dyking and setting the commons' between the city and Burton. (fn. 111) Licence was given to the warden of the Grey Friars 8 April, 1535, to lay his conduit in the common ground of the city, where he shall think most convenient, and he was to have the licence under the common seal given to him of charity. (fn. 112) In July, 1535, the timber roof of St. 'Bathe' Church—perhaps St. Peter ad Fontem—was given 'freely for charity' to the warden for the upholding and maintaining his house. (fn. 113)

The house surrendered to the bishop of Dover in February, 1538-9. The Grey Friary was poor, but had a goodly conduit which the mayor wanted for the city, and the visitor promised to write to Cromwell in support of this claim. (fn. 114) The site, containing about four acres, was let on a yearly tenancy for 12s. a year, to William Monson of Ingleby, who obtained a twenty-one years' lease in January, 1540. It was one of the parcels included in the particulars for the grant to John Bellow and Edward Bayliss in 1544-5, but does not seem to have been purchased by them. (fn. 115) It was the property in 1568 of Robert Monson, recorder of Lincoln and later justice of the Common Pleas, who in that year established a free school here at his own charges, (fn. 116) and in 1574, in consideration of the grant to him of the parsonage of Hanslope, Buckinghamshire, for divers years, conveyed to the mayor and commonalty of Lincoln the site of the Grey Friars, with the Free Grammar School and the conduit which had recently been a subject of dispute. Monson reserved to himself the use of the property during life or for twenty years. (fn. 117) He died in 1583. The friars' lands were let in 1598 for twenty-one years, and in the same year the common chamber gave orders that the fairest free stones in the friars should be piled and laid up in the vaults under the schools. In 1612 it was decided that the vault should be used as a house of correction, and 'that malt querns and such other provision as shall be fit to set poor on work should be provided.' Some years later a factory for woollen goods was set up in the precincts of the friary. (fn. 118)

Leland noted among the MSS. of this friary a history of the Albigensian heretics; Haymo, bishop of Halberstadt, on Isaiah; Breviarium (Romanae historiae) Eutropii; De origine et gestis Francorum; Phrygius de Bello Troiano— the last three in one volume. (fn. 119)

The pointed oval seal of the house in the thirteenth century represents on the left St. Francis (?) holding a staff, on the right a winged seraph standing on an uncertain object. (fn. 120)


Leland mentions as first founder of the White Friars in Lincoln 'Gualterus called Dorotheus, dean of Lincoln,' (fn. 121) but no dean of Lincoln of this name is known. According to Richard Hely, prior of Maldon, the house was founded by Odo of Kilkenny in 1269. (fn. 122) In this year Henry III granted the Carmelite Friars of Lincoln six beech trees for a kiln. (fn. 123) Edward I authorized them, 26 November, 1280, to receive lands adjacent to their own for the increase of their area; and this was confirmed by Edward III in January, 1348-9. (fn. 124) In 1287 'on the Day of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross (14 September) the Carmelite Friars changed their habit at Lincoln,' adopting white capes, probably in a provincial chapter. (fn. 125) Edward I gave them 18s. 8d. for two days' food in 1300, when the number of friars was probably twenty-eight. (fn. 126) There were thirty friars in 1328, (fn. 127) and thirty-four in 1335. (fn. 128)

The tenth provincial prior, Richard Blyton, was buried here about 1325. (fn. 129) A provincial chapter was held here in 1343, at which the general, Peter Raymond, was present. (fn. 130)

'There lay,' says Leland, 'in a chapel at the White Friars a rich merchant called Ranulphus de Kyme, whose image was thence taken and set at the south end of the new castle of the conduit of water in Wikerford.' (fn. 131) William de Belay, citizen of Lincoln, left 33s. 4d. for a window in the Carmelite church at Lincoln, 1383. (fn. 132) John Boston of Lincoln was buried in the church 1431. (fn. 133)

Richard Misyn, S.T.B., was prior of this house in 1435; he translated into English some works of Richard Rolle or Hampole at the request of Margaret Hellingdon, a recluse. (fn. 134) The library of these friars seems to have been of considerable value. Leland (fn. 135) noted in it Chronica Martini de gestis pontificum et inperatorum; Vita sancti Edwardi Anglorum regis et confessoris edita per Ethelredum abbatem Rivallis; Dialogus Osberni Gloucesterensis Monachi de quaestionibus in libris Genesis, Exodi, Levitici, Numeri et Deuteronomii, and Tractatus ejusdem super librum Judicum; (fn. 136) Historia Romana per Paulum Diaconum; Historia Anglorum per Henricum Huntingdon; (fn. 137) Vincentius [Bellovacensis] de morali principis instructione et de puerorum nobilium eruditione. Several of these volumes were appropriated by Henry VIII. A volume among the Royal MSS. in the British Museum (13 C. iv) belonged to this house; it contains the Roman histories of Eutropius and Paulus Diaconus, besides other works, and is doubtless the MS. mentioned by Leland. (fn. 138)

The friary was surrendered to Richard, bishop of Dover, in February, 1538-9; (fn. 139) like the rest of the Lincoln friaries it was poor, but well leaded. The bells and lead were taken for the king's use. Part of the land and a chamber near 'le Garners' had been let in 1520 to Thomas Cells for sixty-one years at a rent of 2s. The rest, estimated at four acres, was let to Henry Sapcotts for 13s. 4d. a year. In 1544 the whole area, including the chamber of Thomas 'Welles,' was sold to John Broxholme of London. (fn. 140)


The Friars of the Penance of Jesus Christ or Friars of the Sack settled here before 23 June, 1266, when Henry III granted them a vacant place next their houses. (fn. 141) This is probably identical with 'the vacant place of the common pasture of the city which the friars had of the commonalty of Lincoln.' (fn. 142) Their area, measuring 540 ft. by 420 ft., and situated in the suburb in Thornbridgegate Street, (fn. 143) included eight other tenements conferred on them by different benefactors, namely, John de Parham, Arnold de Wyrsop, Mabel and Christiana de Gamel, William Brande, John atte Loft or John son of Gilbert de Solario, Robert de Cotty, Alan Brown, and John son of William de Paris. From each of the nine tenements 1d. a year was paid towards the ferm of the city, and most of them were held of the king. (fn. 144) In 1268 the king gave them thirteen oaks towards the fabric of their church. (fn. 145) The order was suppressed, i.e. forbidden to admit new members, by the Council of Lyons in 1274. In 1279 the prior brought an assize of novel disseisin against William Brond or Brande, one of the benefactors of the house. (fn. 146) There seem to have been four friars of the Sack remaining here in 1300, when Edward I gave them 2s. 8d. for two days' food. (fn. 147) They had ceased to occupy the house in 1307, when the Premonstratensian abbey of Barlings sought to acquire the site. (fn. 148) The jurors to whom the question was referred declared that it would be to the serious injury of the city if the abbot and canons obtained the site, for they intended to pull down the church and set up warehouses in which to store their tanned hides, wool, corn, and other products until they could sell them at a profit like common merchants. The jurors valued the house and site at 116s. 4d. The canons of Barlings did not secure the site, though a meeting of the abbots of the Premonstratensian Order in England was held in this church in 1310. (fn. 149) In 1313 an inquiry was held as to the advisability of granting the site to Philip de Kyme. The jurors, some of whom had sat on the previous inquest, returned a favourable answer, and declared the place to be worth 10s. (fn. 150)

The chapel was still in existence in 1327, when Master William de Bayeux and John Gernoun granted lands and rents to the dean and chapter of Lincoln to support two or three chaplains to celebrate divine service in it. (fn. 151) In 1359 Joan, wife first of William de Kyme (son of Philip), and then of Nicholas de Cantilupe, had leave to found a chantry of five priests in honour of St. Peter, to pray for the soul of her second husband, on the ground where this friary had formerly stood. (fn. 152) The memory of these friars lingered long in Lincoln, for in a deed of 1455 mention is made of 'a stone wall lately belonging to the friars lately called Sekfriars, called le Stamp.' (fn. 153)


  • 1. I tin. i, 32.
  • 2. Pat. 54 Hen. III, m. 25; cf. Close, 54 Hen. III, m. 9; 8 Edw. I, m. 2 (grants of timber).
  • 3. Linc. Epis. Reg. Memo. Button, fol. 36b.
  • 4. Pat. 20 Edw. I, m. 8.
  • 5. Ibid. 22 Edw. I, m. 29. See under Grimsby.
  • 6. Liber Quotid. 28 Edw. I (ed. Topham), 37; cf. 39-40. The king gave them 61s. 4d. for four days' food in Sept. 1301. Add. MS. 7966, A, fol. 27.
  • 7. P.R.O. Exch. Accts. bdle. 383, No. 14.
  • 8. Ibid. bdle. 387, No. 9.
  • 9. Rymer, Foedera, i, 1016 (Record Com.).
  • 10. Dixon, Fasti Ebor. i, 432. In 1336 William son of William le Clerk of Kyme acknowledged a debt of £40 to these friars. Close, 10 Edw. III, m. 43d.
  • 11. Inq. a.q.d. 41 Edw. III, No. 5; Pat. 43 Edw. III, pt. i, m. 10.
  • 12. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 6, 26, 107, 128, 142; Test. Ebor. i, 24, 28; ii, 197; P.C.C. Rous, fol. 9-10; Logge, fol. 33; Stafford Reg. fol. 178b, (Lambeth).
  • 13. P.C.C. Fetiplace, fol. 18.
  • 14. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 151.
  • 15. Royal MS. App. 69, fol. 3 b.
  • 16. L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiv (1), 348, 413; Wright, Suppression, 191.
  • 17. Aug. Off. Mins. Accts. 30-1 Hen. VIII, Linc. 110, fol. 83; Partic. for Gts. file 121, m. 24, 25. The principal entry relating to this friary is crossed out in the original.
  • 18. Harl. Chart. 47 D, 47.
  • 19. See Palmer's article in the Reliquary, xxv, 10, 14.
  • 20. Close, 22 Hen. III, m. 12.
  • 21. Liberate R. 22 Hen. III, m. 14.
  • 22. Ibid. 28 Hen. III, m. 7.
  • 23. Ann. Mon. (Rolls Ser.), i, 346-7; see Lanercost Chron. 24.
  • 24. Close, 39 Hen. III, pt. i, m. 3.
  • 25. Ibid. 44 Hen. III, pt. i, m. 15; Pat. 44 Hen. III, m. 11.
  • 26. Ibid. 47 Hen. III, m. 8. sched.
  • 27. Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 312, 320, 398.
  • 28. P.R.O. Aug. Book, 211, fol. 77; Mins. Accts. 30-1 Hen. VIII, 110.
  • 29. Pat. 12 Edw. I, m. 8.
  • 30. Ibid. 13 Edw. I, m. 12; Inq. a.q.d. 8 (3).
  • 31. Ibid. 20 Edw. I, m. 3.
  • 32. P.R.O. Exch. Accts. 352 (27).
  • 33. Ibid. Wardrobe, 21 Edw. I. (1 m.).
  • 34. Liber Quotid. &c. 28 Edw. I. (cd. Topham), 44.
  • 35. Ibid. 37.
  • 36. Add. MS. 7966 A, fol. 23 b.
  • 37. Reliq. xxv, 12, from Wardrobe Acct. 31 Edw. I.
  • 38. Close, 12 Edw. I, m. 8; 18 Edw. I, m. 11.
  • 39. Linc. Epis. Reg. Memo. Dalderby, fol. 191b.
  • 40. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 6.
  • 41. Linc. Epis. Reg. Memo. Sutton, fol. 217.
  • 42. Ibid. Memo. Dalderby, fol. 19b.
  • 43. cf. ibid. fol. 365.
  • 44. Mon. Ord. Praedicatorum Hist. (ed. Reichert), iv, 73.
  • 45. Close, 19 Edw. II, m. 29d. Liber Quotid. Contrarot. Gard. 18 Edw. II, m. 7 (P.R.O.).
  • 46. P.R.O. Exch. Accts. 383 (14).
  • 47. Ibid. 387 (9).
  • 48. Cal. of Pap. Letters, ii, 321.
  • 49. Pat. 12 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 22.
  • 50. Close, 19 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 12d.
  • 51. Pat. 20 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 38; pt. i, m. 4.
  • 52. Ibid. 30 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 22d.
  • 53. Ibid. 16 Edw. III, pt. i, m. 5.
  • 54. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 6, 26, 31; Test. Ebor. i, 24, 28, 50.
  • 55. Reg. Courtenay (Lambeth), fol. 217b.
  • 56. Add. MS. 32446, fol. 5.
  • 57. Ibid. fol. 1b.
  • 58. Ibid. fol. 2b.
  • 59. Worc. Cath. Libr. MS. Q. 93.
  • 60. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 107, 128, 142. Also William of Alnwick, bp. of Linc. (Reg. Stafford [Lambeth], fol. 178b.), Ralph, Lord Cromwell (Test. Ebor. ii, 197), J. Colynson, archdeacon of Northampton (P.C.C. Logge, fol. 33), etc.
  • 61. Hist. MS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. viii, 27.
  • 62. Royal MS. App. 69, fol. 3.
  • 63. Ibid. 13 B, vi. The friary received a number of books from Giles de Redmere, canon of Lincoln, 1347. Dixon, Fasti Ebor. i, 434-5.
  • 64. L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiv, 348.
  • 65. P.R.O. Aug. Off. bk. 211, fol. 77; Mins. Accts. 30-31 Hen. VIII, no, fol. 83 (Linc.).
  • 66. Partic. for Gts. 194; Reliq. xxv, 12.
  • 67. Itin. i, 33.
  • 68. Pat. 15 Hen. III, m. 4.
  • 69. Ibid.
  • 70. Close, 21 Hen. III, m. 3.
  • 71. Ibid. m. 2.
  • 72. Lanercost Chron, 24.
  • 73. Ibid; 58; Grey Friars in Oxford (Oxf. Hist. Soc.), 138.
  • 74. Pat. 42 Hen. III, m. 2.
  • 75. Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 311a, b, 318b, 319a 325, 398.
  • 76. Close, 52 Hen. III, m. 3.
  • 77. Ibid. 12 Edw. I, m. 9; cf. ibid. 8 Edw. I, m. 2.
  • 78. Dixon, Fasti Ebor. i, 335.
  • 79. Linc. N. and Q. i, 193-202. See also report on the building by W. Watkins & Son, architects, in the possession of the corporation.
  • 80. P. R. O. Wardrobe Acct. 21 Edw. I.; Camb. Univ. Lib. MS. Ee. v, 31, fol. 29a, 66b.
  • 81. Liber Quotid. 28 Edw. I (ed. Topham), 37; cf. 40. A royal grant of £4 4s. was made in Sept. 1301, for four days' food. Add. MS. 7966 A, fol. 27.
  • 82. P.R.O. Exch. Accts. bdl. 383, No. 14.
  • 83. Ibid. 387 (9).
  • 84. Close, 15 Edw. II, m. 32 d.
  • 85. Ibid.
  • 86. Worc. Epis. Reg. Cobham, fol. 66b.
  • 87. Pat. 15 Edw. II, pt. ii, m. 16.
  • 88. Ibid. 18 Edw. II, pt. i, m. 30d.
  • 89. Linc. Epis. Reg. Memo. Sutton, fol. 217; cf. Worc. Epis. Reg. Thoresby, fol. 29.
  • 90. Ibid. Memo. Dalderby, fol. 368.
  • 91. Mon. Franc. (Rolls Ser.) i, 537; Grey Friars in Oxford, 160 (Oxf. Hist. Soc.).
  • 92. Pat. 24 Edw. III, pt. i, m. 14.
  • 93. Ibid. 2 Ric. II, pt, ii, m. 20 d.
  • 94. Itin. i, 33; cf. Dixon, Fasti Ebor. i, 358.
  • 95. Linc. N. and Q. iv, 99.
  • 96. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 6.
  • 97. Test. Ebor. i, 24.
  • 98. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 26.
  • 99. Reg. Courtenay (Lambeth), fol. 217b.
  • 100. She directs that 'my pair of bedes de gete and furrura de squirell' be sold and the proceeds be given to the friars minors (Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 83).
  • 101. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 44.
  • 102. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 128, 134.
  • 103. Abp. Strafford Reg. fol. 178b.
  • 104. Test. Ebor. ii, 197.
  • 105. P. C. C. Logge, fol. 33.
  • 106. Ibid. Fetiplace, fol. 18.
  • 107. Linc. N. and Q. viii, 73.
  • 108. Col. Angl. Premon. (Camden Soc.), (ed. Gasquet), i, 136, 139, 160.
  • 109. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. viii, 33.
  • 110. Ibid.
  • 111. Ibid. 34.
  • 112. Ibid. 33. On the conduit see Leland, Itin. i, 33; Linc. N. and Q. vii, 195.
  • 113. Ibid. 34.
  • 114. Wright, Suppression, 191; L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiv (1), 348.
  • 115. Mins. Accts. 30-31 Hen. VIII, 110, fol. 83 (Linc.); Panic. for Gts. file 121, m. 24, 25 (entry relating to this friary is crossed out). L. and P. Hen. VIII, xv, 561.
  • 116. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. viii, 62.
  • 117. Linc. N. and Q. vii, 196.
  • 118. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. viii, 73, 75, 90, 97, 99, &c.
  • 119. Royal MS. App. 69, fol. 3; cf. Royal MS. 13 C iv, and Leland's account of the library of the White Friars (below).
  • 120. B. M. Seals, lxvii, i.
  • 121. Itin. i, 33.
  • 122. Harl. MS. 539, fol. 12.
  • 123. Close, 53 Hen. III, m. 8; cf. Close, 4 Edw. I, m. 10, grant of timber (1276).
  • 124. Pat. 22 Edw. III, pt. iii, m. 10. It is singular that the grant does not appear in the patent rolls of Edw. I, but there is a grant of the same date and in similar terms to the Carmelites of Oxford. Cal. Pat. 1272-81, 415.
  • 125. Lanercost Chron. 122; cf. Ann. Mon. (Rolls Ser.), iv, 312; Harl. MS. 1819, fol. 59; cf. Harl. MS. 3838, fol. 57. Will. Hanaberg, provincial 1278-99, held a chapter at Lincoln.
  • 126. Liber Quotid. 28 Edw. I, 37; cf. 39.
  • 127. P.R.O. Exch. Accts. bdl. 383, No. 14.
  • 128. Ibid. 387, No. 9.
  • 129. Stevens, Monast. ii, 159; Bale, MS. Harl. 3838, fol. 63b, says he died 1361.
  • 130. Pat. 17 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 29.
  • 131. Leland, Itin. i, 33. One of this name fl. 1322. Cal. Pat. 1321-4, p. 117. Bequests to this house in Test. Ebor. i, 24, ii, 197.
  • 132. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 31-2.
  • 133. Ibid. 157.
  • 134. Preserved in Corpus Christi Coll. Oxf. MS. 236 (sec. xv), published by the Early Eng. Text Society, 1896. Richard Misyn afterwards became bishop probably of Dromore. Dict. Nat. Biog. xxxviii, 57.
  • 135. B.M. Royal MS. App. 69, fol. 2b.
  • 136. This is no doubt Royal MS. 6 D. ix. It is numbered '1240,' but does not contain a note of ownership.
  • 137. Possibly MS. Bibl. Advoc. Edin. 33, 5, 4.
  • 138. Numbered '1139.' See also Leland's account of the Grey Friars' Library.
  • 139. L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiv (1), 348; Wright, Suppression, 191.
  • 140. Mins. Accts. 30-31 Hen. VIII, 110, fol. 83 (Linc.); Partic. for Gts. file 193; Land P. Hen. VIII, xix, (2), 166 (40).
  • 141. Pat. 50 Hen. III, m. 12.
  • 142. Inq. a.q.d. 68 (9).
  • 143. Ibid. 94 (9).
  • 144. Ibid. 68 (9), 94 (9).
  • 145. Close, 52 Hen. III, m. 3.
  • 146. Pat. 7 Edw. I, m. 22 d.
  • 147. Liber Quotid. &c. 28 Edw. I (ed. Topham), 31, cf. 40. In the next year they also had 2s. and 9s. 2d. of the royal alms. Add. MS. 7966, A, fol. 24b, 27.
  • 148. Inq. a.q.d. 68 (9).
  • 149. Collectanea Anglo-Premonstratensia (Camden Soc.), vol. i, 7, 13, 14.
  • 150. Inq. a.q.d. 94 (9).
  • 151. Pat. 1 Edw. III, pt. i, m. 21; cf. Pat. 5 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 26.
  • 152. Pat. 32 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 30; cf. Dugdale, Baronage.
  • 153. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. viii, 16.