Friaries: Stamford

Pages 225-230

A History of the County of Lincoln: Volume 2. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1906.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


In this section


According to Leland (fn. 1) one Fleminge, a very rich man of Stamford, founded the Austin Friary here. The first founder appears to have been Robert de Wodehouse, archdeacon of Richmond, who in 1341 and 1342 obtained leave of the king and the pope to found and build a house for twelve Austin Friars in the west suburb of the town near St. Peter's Gate, on land formerly occupied by the friars of the Sack. (fn. 2) In 1343 the bishop of Lincoln gave his consent. (fn. 3) Robert de Wodehouse was buried in the choir of the church under a marble slab, probably in January, 1344-5, and left to the friars all his goods within their enclosure, besides leaving £20 of silver for funeral expenses. (fn. 4) The prior and convent of the order of Semprihgham in 1372 granted these friars ten acres adjacent to their dwelling. The land, which was held of Edmund of Langley, lay between the wall of the friars and 'le grene Dyke,' and was worth 6s. 8d. a year. (fn. 5) Among the brethren of this house were Thomas Winterton, D.D., of Oxford, provincial prior, 1382: William Egmond or William of Stamford, suffragan to the bishop of Lincoln, c. 1390. (fn. 6)

The house was surrendered 6 October, 1538, to Dr. John London by Richard Warnar, prior, and five brethren. (fn. 7) Dr. London sold all the glass, else it would have been stolen, for the house stood outside the town. (fn. 8) The church was well leaded. (fn. 9) In 1548 Austin Friars was granted to Edward Lord Clinton: it consisted of the site of the friary with the house, about two acres; a close of five acres in the tenure of William Wilton; one acre adjoining the close in the tenure of Thomas Gedney; total annual value 37s. 8d. In 1598 it was in the possession of William Cecil Baron Burghley. (fn. 10)


No records of any grants of land to the Black Friars at Stamford seem to have been preserved. The first mention of them occurs in the will of William de Paveli, who, 1 November, 1241, left them 2s. (fn. 11) They must have been here already for some years, for in February, 1243-4 Henry III gave them ten oaks for their refectory, and in July of that year fifteen marks for making a conduit; (fn. 12) the spring for the supply being in Northamptonshire the pipes must have crossed the River Welland. Henry III frequently made them grants of fuel or timber. (fn. 13) In August, 1247, he ordered the sheriff of Lincoln to supply them with three days' food for their provincial chapter at Stamford, and gave them two casks of wine. (fn. 14) For a provincial chapter held here October, 1261, the bailiff of Stamford was ordered to supply food for one day. (fn. 15) The chapter was also held here in 1276, when Edward I gave ten marks for necessaries on the first day. (fn. 16) He also gave them, 1293, three oaks for making their stalls. (fn. 17) From the executors of Queen Eleanor they received 100s. in 1291 and 34s. 2d. in addition, probably in connexion with her funeral rites. (fn. 18) When Edward I passed through Stamford in 1299 and 1300 he gave them alms: on one occasion 28s. for two days' food, on another 70s. for five days' food, and again 13s. 4d. for one day's food. (fn. 19) The friars numbered about forty or forty-two at this time. When the court was at Stamford the Crosses of St. Neot and the Holy Thorn were kept in the Black Friars' church, and attracted worshippers and oblations. (fn. 20)

Among those buried in the church were Thomas son of William de Fortibus, earl of Albemarle, soon after 1260, (fn. 21) and Emma wife of Geoffrey de St. Medard, 1278. (fn. 22) The church was rebuilt before 1310, when licence to dedicate the new church was given by Bishop Dalderby, (fn. 23) who also admitted friars of this house to hear confessions. (fn. 24) Edward II lodged in this friary in August, 1309, (fn. 25) and gave 12s. 8d. to thirty-eight brethren here I December, 1314; (fn. 26) and Queen Isabella, in 1315, made an offering of a cloth of gold at the high altar. (fn. 27) The provincial chapter again met here 8 September, 1320; the king gave £15 towards the expenses for three days. (fn. 28)

In 1324 Edward II was again at Stamford, and gave a pittance to thirty-eight friars preachers, who presented him with sixty pears. (fn. 29) Edward III spent Easter, 1332, in this friary, and on 14 May paid fifty marks to the friars for damages done by the royal household. (fn. 30) In 1335 Edward III was again entertained here, and on several occasions gave the friars pittances; there were thirty-eight friars in March, 1335-6, thirty-four in June, 1337. (fn. 31) In 1340 the king gave £15 towards the expenses of the provincial chapter here, (fn. 32) and the like sum in 1370; on the latter occasion the grant was not paid till March, 1373-4. (fn. 33)

Bishop Gynwell, 21 January, 1352-3, licensed Friar Roger de St. Liz, D.D., of this house, to hear confessions within the convent and grant absolution in episcopal cases. (fn. 34)

In 1373 the prior was troubled with suits brought against him for contracts into which his friars had entered without his knowledge, and for loans which had never gone to the use of his house. He obtained a royal writ, 30 October, to the bailiffs of the town commanding them to desist from such suits except when the contracts or money had been for his use or the use of his house. (fn. 35)

Friar Henry of Aldwinkle, of the convent of Stamford, was imprisoned for a carnal sin, escaped, and appealed to Rome without the permission of his superiors. The master-general imposed a penance on him, and assigned him as student of theology to the convent of Cologne. In February, 1395-6, the master ratified Friar Henry's right of succession to the chamber in the Stamford priory which Friar Richard then held. Two years later he restored him to all the graces of the order, and forbade the English friars ever to allude to his offence. (fn. 36) In 1399 this friar was appointed by the master chaplain and confessor 'in the monastery of St. Mary in the isle of Rowlandswerde of the nuns.' (fn. 37) The convent of Stamford was in the visitation of Cambridge. (fn. 38)

In 1416 Henry Wolsey and Nicholas Grene, 'websters,' of Stamford, were charged with assaulting and beating Friars John Leverington and William Spenser of this order. (fn. 39)

The Despensers had a chapel in this church. Sir Hugh le Despenser, kt., directed in his will, 1400, that this chapel, 'where my uncle lies, be made longer and a marble stone placed there for my father and mother and another for my wife and myself.' (fn. 40)

Among benefactors of the house, were Sir Thomas Chaworth, kt., 1347; Sir Anketill Mallore, kt., 1390, who was buried before the altar of the Virgin on the north side; Sir W. de Thorpe, 1391; Robert Fcreby, 1392; Robert Flower of Oakham, 1424; Elizabeth, widow of Richard Grey of Codnore, 1444; Agnes, widow of John Brown, esq., of Stamford, 1470; Sir Thomas Fisher, vicar of Gilden Morden, 1518; Sir William Fitzwilliam the elder of Milton, Northamptonshire, kt., 1534. (fn. 41)

A sermon in Stamford. Church, 22 August, 1535, in favour of justification by faith produced fierce replies from some Dominicans. (fn. 42)

The house was surrendered to Dr. London 7 October, 1538, by William Stafforde, S.T.B. prior, and eight brethren. (fn. 43) Dr. London sold the glass in the church and the brewing vessels, and sent the plate to London. The church was well leaded. (fn. 44) The site, containing 10 acres, with the conduit, was valued at 40s. a year; a close or meadow with garden and pools was let to Geoffrey Villers for 20s.; 2 acres of waste land were held by David Vincent at 16d.; total annual value, 61s. 4d. David Vincent, 25 March, 1539, became tenant of the whole, but never actually paid rent, and being a page of the bedchamber, had all given to him and Robert Butcher, with other monastic lands, in recompense for his faithful services, 25 January, 1541-2. (fn. 45)

The house stood in the south-east suburb near the water-gate, and the grounds extended to the river. Some remains are shown in Speed's plan of Stamford. The proprietor in 1727 was Savil Cust, esq. Nothing was left of the house at that time. (fn. 46)

The seal, pointed oval, shows the Virgin halflength with Child on the left, and a saint, perhaps St. Dominic, half-length on the right; over them a head; underneath a friar kneeling. (fn. 47)


The Friars Minors must have been settled in Stamford before 1230, for Henry III made them a grant of fuel 13 January, 1229-30. (fn. 48) In 1235 the king supplied them with timber to make stalls. (fn. 49) A provincial chapter was held here in September, 1239; Henry III ordered the sheriff of Lincoln to give the friars 100s. for one day's expenses. (fn. 50) At a chapter held here a few years later, probably in 1247 or 1249, the Franciscans formally welcomed the Austin Friars to England. (fn. 51) In 1244 the king gave them 100s, for their church from the revenues of the bishopric of Chester (Lichfield). (fn. 52) They also received several grants of fuel of the royal alms. (fn. 53) The sixth provincial minister was John of Stamford. (fn. 54)

In or about 1293 a provincial chapter was held here, (fn. 55) and another in 1300; in support of the latter Edward I gave £10. (fn. 56)

When passing through Stamford several times in 1299 and 1300 the king gave alms to these friars, from which it appears that the number of inmates of the friary varied between 39 and 46. (fn. 57)

The convent was in the custody of Oxford, and the special studium for the friaries of the custody was at Stamford in 1337. It is possible that this was a temporary arrangement, connected with the attempt to establish a university here. (fn. 58)

In 1365 the friars sought to acquire 7 acres of land contiguous to their dwelling-place from Sir Thomas le Despenser, kt., and Master Henry le Despenser, but the townsfolk claimed right of common on this land, and opposed the grant. (fn. 59)

The house stood in the east suburb near St. Paul's gate; the boundary walls were still standing in Peck's time, 'whereby it appears that the church, monastery, and gardens took in a great compass of ground.' (fn. 60) 'Out of the ruins,' the Stamford antiquary continues, 'have been frequently dug many fine pieces of carving in the memory of several persons yet alive. And in the outgoing wall down from St. Paul's to St. George's gate is yet to be seen part of a figure of a woman with dishevelled hair,' (fn. 61) which was dug up here.

Thomas Holland, earl of Kent, who died 28 December, 1360, was buried in a chapel adjoining the Grey Friars church of Stamford; (fn. 62) and in January, 1385-6, his wife Joan, the fair maid of Kent, who after his death married the Black Prince and became the mother of Richard II, was buried here (fn. 63) near her first husband 'in a sumptuous chapel recently built next the choir.' (fn. 64) The king kept the chapel in repair. (fn. 65)

Blanche, daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, and widow of Thomas, Lord Wake of Lydell, desired, 1380, to be buried in this church 'between my cousine of Tatteshale et le degreez.' (fn. 66) Her confessor, Friar William Folville, D.D., of Cambridge, was buried here in 1384. (fn. 67) Robert Fereby was buried in the church in 1392, and left 40s. to the convent. (fn. 68) Sir Robert Holland, kt. (1372), Sir William Thorpe, kt. (1391), John de la Warre, kt. (1397), were among the benefactors of the house. (fn. 69)

Among the Franciscans implicated in treasonable practices against Henry IV was Friar John Leycestre of the convent of Stamford, 1402. (fn. 70) William Russell, a Grey Friar, maintained in a sermon at Stamford in 1424 that a religious might lie with a woman without sin. (fn. 71)

In May, 1520, Henry VIII granted £10 to the Friars Minors for their provincial chapter to be held at Stamford. (fn. 72)

Some of the Observant Friars, Francis Lybert, Abraham, Hugh Norrysse, were sent to the friary at Stamford and treated as prisoners after the suppression of the Observant houses. (fn. 73)

The friary was surrendered to Dr. London 8 October, 1538, by John Schewyn, the warden, and nine other friars. (fn. 74) The visitor dispatched the friars all well contented, and made what he could of the movables. He left the friars their brewing vessels, and could get only 8s. for all the kitchen stuff; he sold the church ornaments and glass. The church was well leaded. At the Grey Friars, however, was left as yet unsold 'a goodly image of copper and gilt, and the bed laid upon marble, made for Dame Blanche duchess of Lancaster. It is very weighty; I reserved it to know if the King's grace would occupy it.' (fn. 75)

A few days after the surrender Dr. London, by Cromwell's order, gave the custody of the house to Mr. Vincent, but within three hours the Duke of Suffolk wrote that he trusted to have that house. Dr. London thought that the town would be helped by the duke lying there. (fn. 76) The friary was granted to the duke in 1541. The site and grounds comprised 11 acres, besides the orchard; and the whole, including kiln-house, maltingchamber, two leaden cisterns with conduit, was valued at 41s. a year. The principal buildings had already been levelled with the ground. (fn. 77)

The seal represents the Assumption of the Virgin, in a vesica-shaped frame, upheld by angels over an embattled tower. (fn. 78) R. de Falle was warden here about 1253, (fn. 79) Baldwin Gubaud warden 1276, (fn. 80) and John de Codington 1300. (fn. 81)


The White Friars settled here in the east suburb shortly before 1268, when Henry III granted them six oaks for the fabric of their church. (fn. 82) The house claimed to be a royal foundation; one of the gates bore the royal arms, and the English kings and princes are said to have lodged in the friary in their journeyings to and from the north. (fn. 83) The establishment of the friary was perhaps due to Henry de Hanna, the second provincial prior, 1254-71. (fn. 84) He is said to have been prior of Stamford, and was buried in the choir of the White Friars here in 1299. (fn. 85) His successor, William Ludlington, S.T.P. of Oxford, and friar of Stamford, was elected provincial prior in 1300 at the provincial chapter held here (to the expenses of which Edward I gave £10), and was likewise buried at Stamford. (fn. 86)

In 1319 again a chapter was held here at which Richard Blyton was elected provincial. (fn. 87) It would seem that the convent was of special importance in the province at this period. The royal alms granted to these friars between 1298 and 1314 show that there were from twenty to twenty-six brethren in the house. (fn. 88)

The White Friars obtained three messuages in Stamford in 1285 from Master Henry Sampson, Peter son of Robert le Clerk of Berham, and Reginald le Chapeleyn; and small pieces of land from Roger de Rowell and William de Cornestall. (fn. 89) In November, 1317, they had licence from the king to acquire in mortmain eleven plots of land to the north of their dwelling-place and measuring 400 ft. by 230 ft. Eight of these plots had already been granted, and were now confirmed by royal authority, (fn. 90) namely, a croft or piece of ground given by Walter Flemynge son of Andrew of Stamford; a plot of land given by William son of Andrew of Cornestall; 18d. of rent in Stamford from Robert de Stokes, merchant; a plot of land in Stamford from Roger de Rowell; houses in the parish of Holy Trinity without the east gate between the houses of William de la Chekere and Walter Be, weaver, granted by Peter son of Robert le Clerk of Berham; houses in the east suburb bought from William de la Chekere by Adam de Sancto Laudo and given by him to the friars; a tenement in the parish of Holy Trinity lying between the tenements of William son of Andrew of Cornestall and Simon the apothecary, granted by Master Henry Sampson, rector of the church of Eston by Stamford; and lastly a remise by 'Table de Repynghale' to all claim in a plot of land lying without the east gate of Cornestall, between the area of the friars and a lane stretching from the street of Cornestall to the east gate of Stamford. These grants were confirmed by Edward III in 1333, (fn. 91) and in 1336 the friars had licence to acquire the three remaining plots, measuring 60 ft. in length and 230 ft. in breadth, from Clement de Haconby, Richard le Melemongere, and Master Robert de Berudon. (fn. 92) In 1350 they obtained a toft and three gardens from William dc Shilvington. (fn. 93)

There seems to be very little evidence now extant to support the tradition that the educational eminence of Stamford in the early part of the fourteenth century was mainly owing to the Carmelites. (fn. 94) John Burley, D.D., of Oxford, was an inmate of this house, where he is said to have died 1332. (fn. 95) Walter Heston, D.D., of Cambridge, is said to have succeeded Ludlington as prior at Stamford and to have lectured in the Carmelite schools here. (fn. 96) A house standing east of the parsonage house in St. George's parish, pulled down by the Earl of Exeter about 1720, was known in the sixteenth century as the White Friars School; (fn. 97) it was within the walls of the town and at some distance from the friary.

The friary is said to have been a magnificent structure, famous for its beautiful church and steeple; and the grounds appear to have been nearly a mile in circumference. (fn. 98)

In 1348 many brave knights, according to Bale, entered the order, among them Geoffrey Suthorpe at Stamford. (fn. 99) John de Repingale, S.T.P., confessor to John Gynwell, bishop of Lincoln, and author of many sermons, was a friar here 1359. (fn. 100) Ralph of Spalding, D.D. of Cambridge, and a supporter of Wyclif, lived here about 1390 and was buried at Stamford. (fn. 101) The council of Stamford in 1392 met at the White Friars. (fn. 102) The Carmelites held a provincial chapter here in 1444, when Nicholas Kenton was elected provincial. (fn. 103)

Dr. John London, 8 October, 1538, received the surrender of the house, the deed being signed by John Kyrtun the prior and six brethren. (fn. 104) The church was well leaded. (fn. 105) Richard Cecil seems to have promptly taken possession of the house and site, and there was some talk of the king having the Grey and White Friars for his lodging, 'which be scant meet to lodge his dogs.' Cecil obtained a lease of the site in 1542 for a rent of 50s. (fn. 106) It was granted to Lord Clinton in 1552. (fn. 107)

The seal of the friary was pointed oval, representing a saint full-length, in a canopied niche with tabernacle work at the sides; a palm branch in the right hand. (fn. 108)


The house of the Friars of the Sack, or Friars of the Penance of Jesus Christ, must have been founded here before 1274, when the council of Lyons decreed the suppression of the order. Edward I gave a pittance for four friars of this house in 1300. (fn. 109) The ground which they had occupied was in 1342 conferred on the Austin Friars. (fn. 110)


  • 1. Itin. vi, 25.
  • 2. Cal. Pap. Letters, iii, 69; Inq. a.q.d. 259 (8).
  • 3. Linc. Epis. Reg. Memo. Beek. fol. 35d.
  • 4. Test. Ebor. i, 13; Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 22; Linc. N. and Q. i, 24; cf. Test. Ebor. i, 48.
  • 5. Inq. a.q.d. 379 (12); Pat. 46 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 2; cf. Pat. 25 Hen. VI, pt. ii, m. 8; cf. Peck, Annals of Stanford, xi, 2 5: 'Several antique pieces of sculpture in stone representing divers birds, beasts, fruits, flowers, &c., and now inserted in a new court wall belonging to the late Mr. Feast's house, were not originally part of Sempringham Hall, but more truly dug up in the Austin Friars (when the seal of Thomas bishop of Elphin was discovered there) and for ornament removed hither by the aforesaid Mr. Feast.'
  • 6. Tanner, Bibl. 781, 256; Fascic. Zizan. (Rolls Ser.); Dict. Nat. Biog. lxii, 226.
  • 7. L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiii (2), 546.
  • 8. Ibid. 719.
  • 9. Ibid, xiv (1), 3.
  • 10. Linc. N. and Q. i, 23; P.R.O. Aug. Off. Deeds of Purchase and Exchange, H. 3; Mins. Accts. 30-31 Hen. VIII, 110, fol. 84 Linc.
  • 11. Madox, Form. Anglic. 424. The will is dated 'on the feast of All Saints after the death of St. Edmund archbishop of Canterbury.' Edmund Rich died 16 November, 1240, and was canonized 11 January, 1247.
  • 12. Liberate R. 28 Hen. III, m. 14, 7. Reliq. xxi, 135.
  • 13. Liberate, 29 Hen. III, m. 7; 31 Hen. III, m. 8; 33 Hen. III, m. 3; Close, 35 Hen. III, m. 3; 45 Hen. III, m. 6; 46 Hen. III, m. 6.
  • 14. Liberate R. 31 Hen. III, m. 3.
  • 15. Close, 45 Hen. III, m. 2; cf. P.R.O. Anct. Corresp. iii, 146.
  • 16. Liberate, 4 Edw. I, m. 2; cf. Close, Edw. I, m. 5 (fuel).
  • 17. Close, 21 Edw. I, m. 9.
  • 18. P.R.O. Exch. Accts. 352 (27).
  • 19. Exch. Q.R. Wardrobe 8-11 (37 Edw. I); Liber Quotid. &c. 28 Edw. I (ed. Topham), 32, 34, 44; Add. MS. 7966 A, fol. 23b.
  • 20. Liber Quotid. &c. 35.
  • 21. Dugdale, Baronage, i, 65. There is no evidence to support Peck's surmise (Annals, viii, 4, 37) that this earl was founder of the house.
  • 22. Tanner, Not. Monast.
  • 23. Linc. Epis. Reg. Memo. Dalderby, fol. 179.
  • 24. Ibid. fol. 11d, 13d, 19d. In 1301 sixteen of these friars were presented to hear confessions.
  • 25. Close, 3 Edw. II, m. 24d. Sched.
  • 26. P.R.O. Wardrobe Accts. 8 Edw. II.
  • 27. Reliq. xxi, 137.
  • 28. Rymer, Foedera (Rec. Com. ii, 433); Reliq. xxi; Exit. Scac. Easter, 13 Edw. II, m. 5.
  • 29. Reliq. xxi, 137.
  • 30. Ibid. Exit. Scac. Easter, 6 Edw. III, m. 4.
  • 31. Reliq. xxi, 137.
  • 32. Ibid. Exit. Scac. Mich. 48 Edw. III, m. 28.
  • 33. Ibid. 48 Edw. III, m. 28.
  • 34. Peck, Annals, xi, 50.
  • 35. Close, 47 Edw. III, m. 12; Reliq. xxi, 138.
  • 36. Reg. of Raymond de Vineis, Add. MS. 32446, fol. ii, 3, 8b.; Reliq. xxi, 138.
  • 37. Ibid. fol. 9. Probably Nonnenwerth near Rolandseek on the Rhine, south of Bonn.
  • 38. Worc. Cath. Lib. MS. Q. 93.
  • 39. Inq. a.q.d. 4 Hen. V, 21.
  • 40. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 98.
  • 41. Ibid. 57,79, &c.; Test.Ebor. i, 47; P.C.C. Rous, fol. 46; Reliq. xxi, 138, 139; Dugdale, Baronage, i, 711.
  • 42. L. and P. Hen. VIII, ix, 611.
  • 43. Ibid. xiii (2), 552; Dep. Keeper's Rep. viii, App. ii, 42.
  • 44. L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiii (2), 719; xiv (1), 3.
  • 45. P. R. O. Mins. Accts. 30-31 Hen. VIII, 110, fol. 84; 32-33 Hen. VIII, 78; Partic. for Gts. 211; Pat. 33 Hen. VIII, 8, m. 11; Stowe MS. 141, fol. 37.
  • 46. Peck, Annals, viii, 38.
  • 47. B.M. Seals, lxvii, 39; cf. Reliq. xxi, 139.
  • 48. Close, 14 Hen. III, pt. i, m. 18; cf. ibid. 16 Hen. III, m. 14; 18 Hen. III, m. 29.
  • 49. Close, 19 Hen. III, pt. i, m. 4.
  • 50. Liberate, 23 Hen. III, m. 7.
  • 51. Mon. Franc. (Rolls Sen), i, 71.
  • 52. Liberate, 28 Hen. III, m. 6.
  • 53. Ibid. m. 7; Close, 36 Hen. III, m. 26; 52 Hen. III, m. 3.
  • 54. Mon. Franc, i, 537.
  • 55. Camb. Univ. Lib. MS. Ee. v, 31, fol. 48b. Probably, however, the year is wrong, and should be 1295; cf. P.R.O. Wardrobe Acct. 21 Edw. I.
  • 56. Liber Quotid. &c. 28 Edw. I (ed. Topham), 44-5. (3 Sept.).
  • 57. P.R.O. Exch. Acct. 357 (4); Liber Quotid. &c. 28 Edw. I, 32, 35; Add. MS. 7966 A, fol. 23b.
  • 58. Bodl. MS. Can. Misc. 75, fol. 78; Trans. Roy. Hist. Soc. viii. John of Berwick, S.T.P. of Oxford, was at Stamford in 1300, probably as lector (Linc. Epis. Reg. Memo. Dalderby, fol. 16 d.).
  • 59. Inq. a.q.d. 357 (19).
  • 60. Peck, Annals, viii, 55.
  • 61. Engraved in Peck, Annals, xii, 12, Peck suggests it may have been part of the monument erected by Richard II to his mother.
  • 62. Dugdale, Baronage, ii, 78, 94.
  • 63. Ibid. 94a; Dict. Nat. Biog. xxix, 393; Walsingham, Hist. Angl. ii, 130.
  • 64. Bodl. MS. Dodsworth 140, fol. 4b.
  • 65. Rymer, Foedera, vii, 527 (orig. ed.).
  • 66. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 83.
  • 67. Bale, Index Script. (ed. Poole).
  • 68. P.C.C. Rous, fol. 46.
  • 69. Gibbons, Early Linc. Wills, 52, 79, 105.
  • 70. Pat. 3 Hen. IV, pt. ii, m. 18d.
  • 71. Grey Friars in Oxford (Oxf. Hist. Soc.), 257; Peck, Annals, xiv, 2.
  • 72. L. and P. Hen. VIII, iii, 1541.
  • 73. Ibid. vii, 1607; viii, 1307.
  • 74. Ibid. xiii (2), 564; Rymer, Foedera, xiv, 611; Weever, Fun. Mon. 110, 111.
  • 75. L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiii (2), 613, 719; xiv (1), 3.
  • 76. L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiii (2), 613.
  • 77. Mins. Accts. 30-31 Hen. VIII, 110, fol. 84 (Linc.); Partic. for Gts. File 1080 (no date); L. and P. Hen. VIII, xvi, 678 (9); cf. Stowe MS. 141, fol. 37.
  • 78. B.M. Seals, lxvii, 40.
  • 79. Mon. Franc. (Rolls Ser.), i, 355.
  • 80. Close, 4 Edw. I, m. 14 d.
  • 81. Linc. Epis. Reg. Memo. Dalderby, fol. 16 d.
  • 82. Ibid. 52 Hen. III, m. 3; cf. Ibid. 55 Hen. III, m. 4, and 18 Edw. I, m. 3. Ric. Hely, Carmelite prior of Maldon, mentions as the founders Edw. I, Henry Sampson, and Walter Fleming, 1276 (Harl. MS. 529, fol. 143).
  • 83. Peck, Annals, viii, 44; xi, 29.
  • 84. Bale, Harl. MS. 3838, fol. 22b, 55b.
  • 85. Peck, Annals, ix, 12; Harl. MS. 3838, fol. 22b, 55b.
  • 86. Ibid. 43; Add. MS. 7966 A, fol. 26b; Harl. MS. 3838, fol. 58.
  • 87. Bale, Harl. MS. 3838, fol. 28b, 62; Peck, Annals, x, 14.
  • 88. P. R. O. Exch. Wardrobe Acct. 27 Edw. I; Liber Quotid. &c. 28 Edw. I (ed. Topham), 44; P. R. O. Wardrobe Accts. 8 Edw. II; Add. MS. 7966 A, fol. 23b.
  • 89. Pat. 13 Edw. I, m. 16.
  • 90. Ibid. 11 Edw. II, pt. i, m. 14.
  • 91. Ibid. 7 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 27.
  • 92. Ibid. 10 Edw. III, pt. ii, m. 22; Inq.a.q.d. 238 (10).
  • 93. Ibid. 24 Edw. III, pt. i, m. 4.
  • 94. Cf. Oxf. Hist. Soc. Collectanea, i, 3 et seq.
  • 95. Harl. MS. 3838, fol. 58.
  • 96. Peck, Annals, x, 14. Heston was buried at Stamford, Harl. MS. 3838, fol. 70b.
  • 97. Ibid. xi, 25.
  • 98. Ibid. viii, 44. The Early Linc. Wills contain a number of bequests to this house, but none of special interest.
  • 99. Ibid. xi, 45; Harl. MS. 3838, fol. 31.
  • 100. Harl. MS. 3838, fol. 70; Peck, Annals, x, 2; xi, 59.
  • 101. Peck, Annals, xii, 22; Harl. MS. 3838 fol. 83b.
  • 102. Peck, Annals, xii, 26; Fascic. Zizan. (RollsSer.), 343.
  • 103. Peck, Annals, xiv, 10, 18; Dict. Nat. Biog. xxxi, 28.
  • 104. L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiii (2), 565; Rymer, Foed. xiv, 612.
  • 105. L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiv (1), 3.
  • 106. Stowe MS. 141, fol. 37; L. and P. Hen. VIII, xvii, 700; Mins. Accts. 30-31 Hen. VIII, 110, fol. 84 (Linc.).
  • 107. P.R.O. Aug. Off. Deeds of Purchase and Exchange, H. 2.
  • 108. B.M. Seals, lxvii, 41.
  • 109. Liber Quotid. &c. 28 Edvv. I (ed. Topham), 44. See also Add. MS. 7966, A. fol. 23b, 2s. addressed to these friars by the hand of Friar Th. de Burn, 19 Jan. 1300-1.
  • 110. Cal. Papal Letters, iii, 69.