Tax assessments, 1305-1523

A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 5, Bullingdon Hundred. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1957.

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'Tax assessments, 1305-1523', in A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 5, Bullingdon Hundred, (London, 1957) pp. 318-319. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/oxon/vol5/pp318-319 [accessed 14 April 2024]

TAX ASSESSMENTS OF THE VILLAGES AND HAMLETS OF BULLINGDON HUNDRED, 1306–1523

In the first three columns of the following table are listed the assessments for Bullingdon Hundred for three of the Edwardian taxes upon movables: (fn. 1) the 30th granted in 1306, the 16th granted in 1316, and the 20th granted in 1327. The figures given in the fourth column are the assessments fixed in 1334 and retained for subsequent taxes, of which the 15th of 1415 is taken as an example.

1306 (fn. 2) a 30th 1316 (fn. 3) a 16th 1327 (fn. 4) a 20th 1415 (fn. 5) a 15th 1523 Lay subsidy
1st payment (fn. 6) 2nd payment (fn. 7)
£ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d.
Albury 16 1 1 0 2 18 1 1 5 4
Ambrosden * * * 2 9 6 1 7 1 1 14 10 2 15 6 3 0 4
Blackthorn (3 8 0 * * * 8 5 8 8 0 4
Arncot Abbatis 16 4 1 14 6 2 3 2 2 13 6 1 11 2 1 12 0
Arncot Prioris 11 8 1 1 6 18 10
Baldon, Little 13 1 1 4 6 1 12 2 1 16 4
Baldon, Marsh 1 18 5 2 11 4 2 15 4 2 18 8 19 4 1 0 8
Baldon, St. Lawrence * * * 14 8 15 11 1 1 6
Baldon, Toot * * * 1 19 10 12 7 1 0 4
Beckley 1 1 0 1 7 2 1 10 5 1 6 7 2 8 4 2 12 3
Chilworth Musard * * * 1 10 0 18 6
Chilworth Valery 17 5 2 16 4 12 5 1 15 2
Coombe 1 5 6 1 2 3 19 6
Cowley, Church (2 14 5) 9 5 5 8 6 6 8 9 10 1 10 10 1 6 4
Cowley, Temple 4 0 (5 10 0) 5 8 9 5 3 10 14 2 14 4
Cuddesdon * * * 3 9 9 3 8 6 4 10 2 4 7 7 2 15 4
Chippinghurst 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 17 6 2 0 2 10 0 1 7 8
Denton 2 6 0 * * * 3 13 6 5 1 10 17 10
Elsfield (2 1 3) 3 1 2 2 5 2 3 1 4 18 4 17 4
Forest Hill 2 4 3 2 0 4 2 9 6 2 12 4 13 6 16 4
Garsington (2 0 0) 10 19 6 8 1 0 9 2 5 1 16 2 1 18 10
Headington 2 14 0 3 11 6 3 18 4
Barton 1 6 3 13 12 6 21 18 8
Wick 9 3
Marston 3 18 1 1 0 3 1 7
Holton * * * * * * 4 12 5 5 10 6 5 10 2 4 4 8
Horspath, Lower * * * 5 1 11 5 6 0 4 3 8 1 0 2 (fn. 8) 17 4
Horspath, Upper * * * 3 1 11
Horton * * * 4 7 1 3 1 1 3 1 6 1 17 6 2 3
Studley 12 10 * * * 15 2 10 2
Iffley (1 12 6) 5 2 5 4 19 6 4 19 4 1 3 4 1 7 10
Littlemore 4 1 6 4 5 0 6 9 7 10 8 8 4
Merton 9 11 (8 7 0) 7 0 8 9 6 4 1 14 0 1 12 8
Nuneham Courtenay * * * 5 10 0 6 1 1 6 16 11 1 17 5 2 2 6
Piddington 4 7 2 5 19 3 4 5 5 5 16 11 2 2 2 2 3 4
St. Clement's 13 0 8 8 10 4 12 4
Sandford 16 9 2 19 4 3 8 5 3 15 2 (3 5 8) 3 11 10
Stanton St. John * * * 7 12 11 6 4 2 6 18 0 4 10 10 4 3 9
Tiddington 1 10 6 1 13 0 1 17 8 1 16 4 10 8 11 6
Waterperry 1 18 7 2 9 7 4 13 6 2 12 8 8 1 6 7 12 2
Thomley 12 2 * * * 1 2 0
Ledhale 2 13 4
Wheatley 2 10 4 8 1 1 5 17 10 7 14 11 2 6 0 2 5 0
Wood Eaton 1 13 5 2 10 0 2 0 2 1 16 4 3 12 3 3 15 5
Woodperry 19 7 1 16 0 1 11 6 2 4 6
Total assessment of hundred 73 12 5 * * * 139 19 5 168 19 11 62 5 3 60 19 8

In 1306 and 1415 Headington and its members, as ancient demesne, were assessed at the higher rates of a 20th and a 10th, but in 1327 Headington was assessed for a 20th like the rest of the hundred.

The assessments for the lay subsidy granted to Henry VIII in 1523 were based on a sliding scale. Native subjects were to pay 1s. in the pound on the yearly value of their lands; 1s. in the pound on their personal goods if they were of a total value of £20 or over; 6d. in the pound on goods worth between £2 and £20; and 4d. a year on goods worth £1 or on wages or profits of £1. The subsidy was granted for four years. (fn. 9)

In the table on p. 318 a blank is left where there is no entry on the roll. An asterisk indicates that the entry is illegible or is on a missing part of the roll. Figures in parentheses are those of which the reading is uncertain. Figures in italics indicate that the place concerned was assessed at a higher rate because it was ancient demesne.

Footnotes

  • 1. See J. F. Willard, E.H.R. xxviii. 517–21; xxix. 317–21; e xxx. 69–74.
  • 2. E 179/161/10.
  • 3. Ibid. 161/8.
  • 4. Ibid. 161/9.
  • 5. E. 164/7; cf. e.g. E 179/161/17.
  • 6. E 179/161/169.
  • 7. Ibid. 161/183.
  • 8. 'Horspath' in 1523 is Lower Horspath, the survivor of the two villages.
  • 9. Statutes of the Realm, iii. 230 sqq.