Border Papers volume 1: May 1584

Pages 135-139

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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221. Schope to Walsingham. [May 1.]

Referring to my letter of the 29th and the rumour that Morton and Herries were in hand to compound the feuds between the Maxwells, and the Graymes of this border, which have depended long before my entry to this wardenry—I sent for the Graymes, who dutifully repaired to me and informed me that such a matter hath been sought at their hands, but have promised me that for 20 days they will defer their answer, and make no composition without my consent.

I send herewith a letter from the Lady Johnston to a man of mine, whereby you may see the opinion held of me by these noblemen, and that they will injure this wardenry if they can. I have refused to let the man named in the letter pass here. "Mr William Colvyn (althoughe hardlie distressed in that realme) is well escaped and ridden throughe somme parte of this wardenrie, to the lordes where they be. And even this morning the Larde of Balqwhen who hath ben a man of speciall credit in that countrie, hath ben verie earnestlie pursewed by the Lard Johnstons sonne and his complices, in such sorte as he hath ben forced to leave his horses and other his furnyture and verie hardlie escaped him selff, comming to Richie of Medehoppes house, on the borders within this wardenrie for succour, whome I mean to receyve and use with all curtesye, considering his cause and the rest of that faccion, for the good will they beare to thadvauncement of religion, and amitye of these two crownes, tyll I shall receyve somme other direccion. On thother syde I heare that the King is grevously offended with thErle of Morton, for that he came not furth at this tyme to his ayde, which thing he uttered by playne speaches to the larde of Loughenver, who althoughe he were there with the King him selff, yet had he none of his forcies with him." Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

222. Schope to Walsingham. [May 2.]

The larde of Balqwhen came "to this towne this morning in verie simple ordre, spoyled of all he had by the yong larde Johnston and his companye—who have also taken his brother prisoner, which is great pittye, for hes is a propre man everie waye."

As I was forced for want of money to remove the soldiers, of which I told you, so this last night the Liddesdales set fire to a house in Bewcastledale, and spoiled the goods which by some means was rescued. This is to be expected since they were "so well takin withall with the King and Coronell Stewarde." Without the soldiers, Bewcastle will be overrun. And our borderers seeing this, "are nowe adoing and somewhat occupyed upon their unfreindes in Scotland;" so both sides grow loose. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

Postscript.—Even now when making up this letter I hear the Ellotes of Liddesdale made open foray this morning on Bewcastledale, and took 80 head of nolt, but most part were rescued by Englishmen who were riding in Scotland last night.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

223. Treasury Warrant to Mr Bradell. [May 6.]

Directing him to pay to such as Lord Scrope shall appoint, 200l. "for the releif of the souldeors presently employed at Beawcastle." London. Signed: W. Burghley, Wa. Mildmaye.

½ p. Addressed: "To my loving frend Mr Bradell receivour of her Majesties possessions of the countie of Northumberland." Indorsed.

224. Woddryngton to Walsingham. [May 7.]

This day I received a letter from the King of Scots by Robert Leviston his servant, requiring passage for the latter and commission for post horses—which I have granted and send you the copy of the King's letter. "He passed furth of this town the viijth (sic) of this instant in the mornynge."

I imparted your letter of the 1st to the noblemen and gentlemen of Scotland here, who humbly accepted the same, making choice of Newcastle, whither they are to remove on Monday next the 11th instant.

"ThErle Gowry is executed, and one Archbald Douglas a kinsman of thErle of Anguishe, and one Lion a gentleman and kinsman of the Master Glaimes. And one Rosse a gentleman belonging to thErle of Marre." Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed by Walsingham.

225. Scrope to Walsingham. [May 7.]

The Elliots of Liddesdale continue their raids in Bewcastle since the removal of the soldiers, and for the want of some special officer of credit and ability constantly present, that country is in great danger to be laid waste. I heartily pray you, that Sir Symon Musgrave captain of Bewcastle, now in London, may be called before the Council, and directed to take order that some sufficient person of good countenance may be at once dispatched to lie in his charge for its better defence. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

"Postscript.—This bearer my verie freind Mr Dudley hath hartelie requested me to commend unto you a small sewt which he hath for the renewing of a patent of an office in Penreth of fyve markes by yeare, for a sonne of Cuddye Musgraves, the former patent being in his name—the which I leave to your good consideracion, being the rather moved to wryte unto you herein, for that I knowe this bearer to be well affected in religion, and seketh by all good meanes to advance the same."

pp. Addressed. Indorsed by Walsingham.

226. Scrope to Walsingham. [May 16. 1584.]

I received your letters of the 8th concerning the proposed reconciliation between the Maxwells and the Grames, and have delivered her Majesty's pleasure to all those whose names you sent me, as well as to all the rest of that surname, (fn. 1) whom I called before me, and have dealt so effectually that neither "by tristinge or lettres," will they seek reconciliation. Tuesday next was appointed by Morton and Herries for meeting them, but postponed, as they have gone to the parliament to be held in Edinburgh for forfeiting "these noblemen which are fled."

I thank you for the warrant on Mr Bradell and so soon as I get the 200l., will again place the soldiers in Bewcastle. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

Postscript.—"A Scotishe gentleman estemed to be of good credit, and nere cosin to thErle of Marre, is arryved at Workington from Knockfergus, whom I have sent for to repaier hither, and to gyve him enterteignment. His name is Alexander Murrey, sonne to old Tyllybarne."

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

227. Forster to W. Davison. [May 17.]

"I understaunde by the poste of Alnewicke, that you sent me a letter which passed thoroe Alnewicke to Morpeth, which letter as yet never came unto my handes, nether can I learne what is become of the same." Your stay at Berwick hath delayed my writing to you of the spoiles by Liddesdale—but when I hear you are in Scotland, I will send the "whole descourse" for your help in redress, which I cannot get from the opposite warden, who says his man is not yet returned from the King. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

Postscript.—I have written the like to the Privy Council.

½ p. Addressed: "To his verie loveng freind Mr Davesoun esquier, lord embassador for the Quenes Majesties affayres, at Barwicke." Indorsed.

228. Forster to Walsingham. [May 17.]

"I am enformed . . . that the lorde Seaton and the Larde of Pharniehurste did arive on Thursdaie beinge the xiijth of this instant, at a place called Kyncarne beyonde the water within the realme of Scotlaund, havenge brought in certeyne goulde and silver with them for thassistance of their kinge; and further it is saied that the said lard of Pharniehurste haethe sent his ladie a letter, whereuppon she is gone to Edenbrowghe to meite hym. The parliament is appoynted to houlde at Edenbrowghe this Mondaie beinge the xvijth of this present monethe, for deliverie of the castell of Edenbrowghe to the Kinge, with other thinges; also the Lorde Bodwell is gone to the Kinge, and as it is reported hathe receved commaundement from the Kinge to refuse fowre of his chefest men—viz., Hambleton, Carr, on Sander Jourden late servant to the Earle of Murton, and on other whose name is unknowen to me." Cesford was sent for to court by a King's messenger, but not yet gone. It thus seems "he is partelie growen in some displeasure," and great alteration of officers on the Border will ensue. The Liddesdale men to the number of 200 came lately over the water of Cockett and took seven score kye and oxen of mine, besides other poor men's goods. I can get no redress from Cesford, but daily letters of excuse and nothing is done. The West Marches are well strengthened with the 100 "shott" in garrison, and the East with the force of Berwick, but I will make the best defence I can with the force I have. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed by Walsingham.

229. Complaints of Forster and others. [May 3–19. 1584]

By Sir John Forster against Read Marten Ellott of the Hueghehowse, Jocke Ellott his brother, Arche Ellott of the Hill, Will Ellott of the Stretchellhill alias Will Henhead, Jeymeye Ellot of thArmitage borne, called Jeymes Gawen, Yll Hobbe of the Ramsgill son to Gawen of the Rowghelie, Arche Ellott of the Shawes brother to Edie Ellott of the Shawes, Arche Nixon alias Coefoole of the Steile, and nebles Clemey Crosier, and others above 20 score, for stealing from his place called the Ridleie borne in the forest of Harbottle on the 3d May 1584, seven score kye and oxen with insight worth 40l. sterling.

By Sandie Hall of Yerduppe, against Frauncis Armstronge of Whittawghe, Hobbe Armstronge of Whittaughe, Eckie, young Tom, Elley, and Ebbey Armstronges, all of the Gingells, Tom of Gleudennengs son, his brother Christie the same Toms son, Emey Armstronge of the Gingells, Willie Armstronge of the Gingells, Eckie Armstronge of the Harlawe called Eckis Tom, Dickie Armstronge of Driauppe, Edie Ellott of the Shawes, Willie Ellott of Thorlosoppe, Clemey Crosier called nebles Clemey, Davie Ellott the Corlen, and Hobbie Ellott of the Burneheades, and 100 others for running an open foray at the Slymefoote on the Middle Marches, stealing 300 kie and oxen, 40 horses and meires, spoiling 30 "sheles" to the value of 100l. "Englishe," and taking 20 prisoners.

By Percevall Reade the younge larde of Trochen, against Arche Ellott called Hobbes Archie, Edie Ellott of the Shawe, Gawens Archie Ellott, Arche Ellott of the Hill, Clemey Crosier called nebles Cleymey, Hobb Ellott of the Ramsgill, and other 200 men, for running an open foray on the 19th May 1584 at Burduppe in the Middle March, stealing 200 kye and oxen, 80 horses and meires, insight worth 200l., and taking 80 prisoners "in horse and geire."

1 p. Written by Forster's clerk. Indorsed.

230. Complaints against the Marshal of Berwick. [May.]

"A breviat of some parte of the mysgoverment of Sir Henry Woddrington knighte, marshall of her Majesties towne of Barwicke-upon-Twede."

(1) Under a proclamation by the Marshal, Mayor, and Council for "avoidinge" sheep furth of the common pasture at Berwick, on penalty of forfeiting them to the poor, Sir Henry's servants seised and drove a number of poor men's sheep to his house at Woddrington, where some were sold, and the rest redeemed by their owners, which money he kept to himself.

(2) He hath often reviled, railed upon and miscalled the mayor, aldermen, and other officers, as "villanes, knaves and raskalls," and openly said he would take the staff of authority from the mayor, and put him in prison, and that the soldiers should take the towns people by the ears in the streets, and he would be the first to do it—which abuse it is feared will grow to inconvenience.

(3) He has often hindered the mayor in administering his office, and bolstered and maintained sundry against justice, also taken others out of the mayor's prison and officers' hands, to the slander of the town, and overthrow of law and order there.

(4) Though the mayor and bailiffs have authority by charter, and ever have had the punishment of all "bloodwightes, malefactors and fellons" within the town, yet "Mr Marshall" in a special murder case newly done, and found by inquest to be "wilfull murther," hath taken the murderer from the mayor and bailiffs, and given him such countenance and liberty, "as the like hathe not bin seen in that towne," and hath called before him some of the coroner's inquest, and threatened to banish them the town.

(5) He hath prevented the town cattle from feeding on the common ground, and allowed great numbers of Scots cattle to feed there, which abuse has been presented by a great inquest as contrary to the statutes and orders of the town—but sundry of the inquest are threatened by " Mr Marshall," who tells them though "they be soldiors, yet they ar fremen in harttes."

(6) He suffers his brother William Woddrington the provest marshal, to misuse, revile and miscall the mayor and townsmen, and intrude on the mayor's office, and do as he list without control.

(7) The marshal and his brother are careless in looking into the ancient orders, statutes and rules of the town, and have suffered want of watchmen on the walls to its peril.

(8) Because the mayor has searched the walls at night, and charged the marshal there with default of watch, and also stood against him in defence of justice and privileges, the marshal and provost bear grudge and hatred and make threatening speeches against the mayor and his brethren.

(9) If not speedily remedied, the civil government of Berwick cannot long continue. Not signed.

2 pp. Indorsed: "May 1584. Articles against Sr H. Woodrington Marshal of Barwick."

231. Scrope to Walsingham. [May 31.]

I have two several times sent my lord treasurer's warrant for the 200l. to Mr Braddell, and have received the enclosed letter from him, shewing that he either can not or will not pay the money in the time required. So I send you the warrant, and will make shift to keep the soldiers, till the money is found elsewhere. The Liddesdales make great brags, that they will take revenge on their unfriends; and have sent this message "to Christofer Dacre esquier a gentleman of good calling and a professed enymye to all theyves." Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.


  • 1. Grame.