Border Papers volume 1: June 1584

Pages 139-147

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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232. Coroners' Inquest on George Grame. [June 4.]

Inquisition taken at the city of Carlisle 4th June 26 Eliz. before Anthoney Colldell and Thomas Browne the Queen's coroners there on a view of the dead body of George Grame alias Parcivells Geordye, by the oath of Thomas Barnes, Mungo Smythe, Thomas Vickers, Hugh Bowe, Richard Warwicke, John Lowther, John Williamson, Christofer Falder, Christofer Walker, John Calvert, Anthony Wayle, Thomas Sewell, Christofer Willson, and James Clemetson, sworn and exonerated, who find that Simon Grame alias Symme of Medhoppe, late of Medhoppe in Cumberland, yeoman, John Grame alias Jocke of Medhoppe of same place, husbandman, Francis Grame alias Francye of Medhoppe, late of same place, husbandman, Walter Grame alias Wattye of Medhoppe, late of same place, husbandman, William Blakeburne late of Sandebedd in same county, yeoman, John Grame alias Pocke, brother of Richard Grame alias Medhoppe, late of Lake in said county, yeoman, Richard Grame alias Lange Towne, late of Brackenhill in said county, yeoman, George Grame brother of said Richard, late of Langetoune in said county, husbandman, John Grame brother of said George, late of Easton in said county, yeoman, John Grame alias Geordies Jocke, late of Brackenhill aforesaid, yeoman, Hugh Batye Scotsman, late of same, laborer, David Murrye Scotsman, late of Langetoune aforesaid, laborer, John Wrighte son of David Wrighte, late of Sandbedd aforesaid, husbandman, Alexander Grame alias Sandye Grame, late of Nitherbie, in said county, laborer, John Grame son of William Grame alias Rychies Wille late of Stubbellpethe in said county, husbandman, Mungo Bedaggen Scotsman, late of same place, laborer, Robert Bell late of Medhoppe aforesaid, laborer, James Dungleson, late of same place, laborer, and Thomas Storye son of Walter Storye late of Howende in same county, husbandman, on the 22d May last about 9 A.M., being assembled at Levenbriggs in said county, vi et armis assaulted the said George Grame alias Parcyvells Geordye, and the said Richard Grame alias Langtowne with a lance anglice "a speare," value 20d., struck the deceased between the shoulders who fell to the ground, and in rising, Simon Grame alias Symme of Medhoppe, with a sword worth 7s. 4d., struck him on "the calfe of the lefte legg," giving him a mortal wound 8½ thumbs long, 4 broad and 3 deep, and then gave him another mortal wound on "the calfe of the right legg" 4½ thumbs long, 2 broad, and 2 deep—of which he died at 8 A.M. this day in the house of one William Mangye, in the street commonly called Fishergate in this city, and so the said Symme of Medhoppe murdered him of forethought malice, and the others aided and abetted him, also that Richard Grame alias Richie of Medhoppe, yeoman, instigated the said Symme to the murder, and feloniously resetted him thereafter.

Latin. Official copy on a large skin of parchment. Indorsed.

233. Presentation by same Inquest. [June 4.]

The jurors present on the Queen's behalf, that after the said murder, one Margaret Grame late of Arthrete in said county, widow, and Thomas Carleton late of Askerton in same county, gentleman, knowingly resetted 15 of the murderers on the 7 August, and on other days before and after that date at Arthrete.

1 p. Latin. Official copy on parchment. Indorsed: "An indytement against sondry of the Graymes for killing of George Grame als Percivels Geordye."

234. Scrope to Davison. [June 12.]

Yesterday very early the Liddesdales came to a place called Hethersgill and spoiled an honest man of 40 head of nolt. My deputy Humfrey Musgrave with my household servants, Mr Leighe, and Captain Pickman with the soldiers, followed the fray unto Liddisdale, where the thieves made a great shouting and assembly of their neighbours, to force my people to "leave their trodde." But it so fell out that some of the principal thieves are taken, whom I have in prison, and one is slain. In case the King think himself grieved, "you may be bolde to answer for me (and so 1 praye you doe)," that if his grace will direct his officer of Liddesdale to meet me for redress, which has not been done for 5 years past, I shall be ready to answer for my office.

"I have provided for you a handsome gelding," and will send a man of mine with him to Berwick, when I know the time of your return. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

pp. Addressed: "To my verie loving freind Mr Davyson the Queenes Magesties ambassadour in Scotlande." Indorsed.

235. Scrope to Walsingham. [June 12.]

Relating the same occurrences—"Dick Armestrange alias Dick of Driupp a head theife, two brethren of the Whisgills that was before here executed, and one Stokoe an English rebell and fugitive" are taken and in safe ward, and one Howloose another thief slain. Recommending the Council's thanks to be given the three gentlemen for their service, and to remit the disposal of these four thieves to himself which will be to good purpose. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

236. Forster to Davison. [June 13. 1854.]

Sending him by direction of Walsingham and the Council, copies of breviats of late outrages by Liddesdale, Annersdale and Usedale, to press the King and Council of Scotland for redress. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

1 p. Addressed: "To My verie lovenge frende Mr Davesoun esquier lorde ambassador in Scotland for the Quenes Majesties affayres." Indorsed.

237. Woddryngton to Hunsdon. [June 20.]

Informing him that Cuthbert Armorer arrived from Scotland on Saturday the 20th at 10 A.M. with special letters and message from the King to Hunsdon and others of the council, and as he would like to deliver these to Hunsdon before the latter left Court for Berwick, he is coming up with all speed. Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

238. Davison to Scrope. [June 24.]

"I imparted your honours lettre with his Majesty by Sir John Mateland his secretary, bycause his highnes is absent from home, and my self somewhat ill disposed in my health, besides that I have had no late occasion to repayer to the Court." The answer is generally, his Majesty hath promised to take order in this and other things. "In the meanetyme it is somewhat, though not much to the purpose, that I fynde here no famyne of good woordes either of the store of his Majestie or others that guide the Court. For other newes, it were oleum et operam perdere to wryte from hence to you . . . Yet bycause I know your lordship will take anything in good part at the handes of such as are devoted to you (amongst which I beseech your lordship to nomber me), I will adventure to impart with your honour such as do occurr for the present. The heat for removing of Lindsay, &c., out of Craufurds, growing uppon some breach betwene him and Arane, is now asswaged by theire reconcylement, &c. Edinburgh." Unsigned.

1 p. In Davison's writing on margin: "The particular advertisementes agree in substance with those of the xxiijth to Mr Secretary Walsingham." Indorsed: "M. to my L. Scroope."

239. Forster to Walsingham. [June 25.]

I send you inclosed "certen newes which my lorde Hambleton delyvered unto me beinge sent forth of Flaunders, who was at my howse" this day, showing you how the King of Scotland is bent. Farnehurst is come to Scotland in great credit with the King by means of Spain and France. He came to the Borders on Tuesday last the 23d, and there is great dissension between him and Cesford the warden. I would have firm peace between these realms, or else open war. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

240. Petitions of the Mayor of Berwick, &C. [June.]

I. 1. The mayor and burgesses pray that all men in pay, as also the Surveyor of the victuals, may be prevented trading within Berwick. Their charters and ordinances restrict all trade to the free burgesses only. The surveyor sells from her Majesty's stock within the Palace, and the soldiers practise various trades, and buy and sell corn, "etc."

2. The mayor and bailiffs pray for jurisdiction over all persons in pay, and like power to recover debt against a soldier, as he has against them. For "tyme out of memorie of man," they have held courts of record for all debts and trespasses within Berwick, till of late years "restrayned for doinge the lawe against the men in paye"—which hath impoverished the merchants. Thereby also sundry bankrupts and evil disposed people are encouraged to come, and if "placed in wages," their creditors have no remedy against them, and thus many of London and other places complain against Berwick for harbouring these debtors. Since the soldiers were exempted, the freemen and merchants are compelled to sue "by an inquest of soldiers impanneled once in two yeres at the pleasure of the marshall"—a mere colour to defraude men from their own, and a hindrance to the execution of the law by the mayor and bailiffs.

3. That no stranger sell any merchandise but "in grosse," and that the statute 22 Edw. 4, may be put in force. For notwithstanding their charter, the Scots merchants are permitted to retail, and become wealthy, while the burgesses decay. If the above act were inforced and sea traffic between England and Scotland restricted to Berwick, the revenue, shipping and seamen, would be increased; and if the land traffic were so restricted, the Scots now trading with land carriages and packs on foot over the Drie Marches into Northumberland, would be prevented thus carrying away the ready money, which would otherwise be spent at Berwick. For under colour of traffic, they are spies and lookers into the privity of the country, guides to the passes through Northumberland, stealers of horse and cattle, and pay no custom.

4. That the burgesses and townsmen may as formerly, enjoy the use of the fields, which they, the old ordinary garrison and commonalty, for time out of memory, and ever since Berwick hath been English, have had in free common among them, as well for pasture as meadow ground, except certain known officers' meadows. Which ancient usage and custom is yearly recorded by oath of four inquests of the most ancient men within the town, and presented to the mayor for the time. Whereby in time past they kept good store of geldings for service, besides other cattle for their families, and the same was one of their chief privileges. "And at this tyme they are the nomber of two thowsande or thereaboutes, men, weomen, children and famelies, who all do lyve and are maynetayned and kepte under the name and priviledge of the corporacion, and do not any other waye charge her Majestie, and therfore have greate neede of maynetenance and releife." The surveyor of late years hath appropriated three parcels of these grounds, and letteth part to his own profit—which grounds about 20 years ago, were required from the burgesses to feed cattle for a year only during the fortifications—without prejudice to their rights—as appears by the Privy Council's letter. Notwithstanding their prescriptive rights, and their grant from King Henry 8 in the 24th of his reign under the great seal, of the common of the grounds called the Snooke and all other places within the bounds as they had in time past, a very great part of them within these few years are bestowed on the captains, lieutenants, pensioners and soldiers of the new establishment, and the commons are charged with the soldiers' cattle; to their hurt.

5. That according to the statute 22 Edw. 4 they may have her Majesty's fishings north side of Twede, and all, saving the burgesses, be forbidden to sell salmon. The burgesses yearly serve her Majesty with 60 barrells of salmon of their best and largest fish, whereby they lose yearly 60l., which is more than her highness gets for rent of these fishings; and they are also at great charge for preservation of these both from the intrusion of the Scots who destroy salmon in time of "spawne when they are kypper," and also for the preservation of the young salmon fry at the time when they pass from the land rivers to the sea. Also as by ancient order under the town seal of Berwick 35 Hen. 8, the burgesses had the use of the King's waters, which were divided among the aldermen and principal burgesses in 12 parts by reason of their office, they pray the same may be so allotted to the 12 principal men of the corporation and their successors in office, for her Majesty's better service. Also that persons not freemen who practise the trade of salting and selling salmon contrary to statute, be forbidden.

6. That the burgesses may as heretofore sell to the Scots living near Berwick certain small quantities of corn and grain, when they can spare it. It was allowed by the ordinances made for Berwick 24 Hen. 8, that the burgesses might sell corn to Scotland when the quarter of wheat was at or under 6s. 8d. in Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk and Suffolk—that rate being then accounted as high a price in those countries, as 20s. a quarter is now. This privilege encouraged the freemen to bring and preserve a good store at Berwick, and supply for the inhabitants, and ensured its not decaying when the town could not spend it, but kept a stock of sweet corn always on hand. The Scots were encouraged to bring fresh "cates" and victuals, and sometimes also corn, to the market, when they had plenty at home.

7. That all men in pay may be prevented exercising handicrafts, farming of fishings, keeping tippling houses or "hoslrie," or using the fields in Berwick. The ordinances of 24 Hen. 8, prohibited soldiers being freemen or exercising trade, and those of her Majesty's 2d year, forbid soldiers holding freeholds, or exercising handi-crafts there, except bowyers, fletchers, makers of hand guns or other instruments of war. The soldiers now using handicrafts, baking, brewing and keeping of "oslerye," have greatly impoverished the townsmen, to whom these privileges belong.

8. That the burgesses may have preference for their servants horses and carts, when any work happens. The same is of late years given to soldiers and gentlemen's servants, whereby the townsmen are impoverished for lack of it.

9. That the mayor, in respect of his great charges of office, may have his fee increased, and be nominated as second person in council there, as reputed of ancient time. He is bound by his office to hold four quarter sessions in Berwick, for trial of the title of lands and for administration of justice on felons, malefactors, &c., in that Liberty—and also holds courts every 14 days for trial of debts and trespasses. Whereby, and the repair of strangers there he is at great charge in his house and diet, and more so by the dearness of the time—also is charged in other ways for the credit of his office—and hath no allowance save one ancient fee of 10l. yearly. That it would please her Majesty to augment the same, as she has done to other her officers there,—for the necessity of the mayor is a great deal more, his service considered. Although the mayor has time out of memory, exercised the government of all civil causes as her Majesty's lieutenant there, and in other causes of council associated with the Lord Governor, and in place next to him, but hath been sometimes impeached of that dignity as he is not nominated by special words as a councillor in her Majesty's last Book of the Establishment for Berwick, "which gyvethe greate occasion sundrie tymes to the lewdest sorte of people, and to diverse malefactors and others, to discountenaunce, disobeye and misuse the maior, and to withstande and repugne as yt were, his office and governement, to the greate discoragment of the maior in the execucion of his office and auctorite."

10. That it might please her Majestie to grant some money to the building of a new church in Berwick, the old being very small and in utter ruin ready to fall,—or if thought that some part of the charge be raised by collection, to grant warrant thereunto. The present church is inconvenient for receipt of such a multitude, being very small, cracked, rent and ready to fall, not able to hold the sixth part of the inhabitants—" so that in tyme of Godes devine service, the greater sorte of people do bestowe themselves in alehowses and other places—and when they are taken and presented, they altogether excuse themselves for lacke of roome in the churche. And in tymes past, the towne had as fayer and large a parishe churche as most was in Englande, which was taken downe for the use of the fortificacions in the tyme of Kinge Henrye the eight, and the stones, tymber, leade, iron and other thinges therof were wholie employed to the affayers and services of her Majesties said late father of famous memorie."

8 pp. Official hand. Indorsed: "The Maior of Barwickes declaration uppon his articles exhibited," and [in another writing]: "Controversey betwen the Maior and burgesses of Barwick and certain belonging to the garrison, vizt. the victualers and others."

II. "My lorde of Hunsdons answer to the maior and burgesses of Barwick there peticions."

1. This allowed, and for anything I have heard, never "repugned" before.

2. Not allowed, for the special causes in the order by the Privy Council in K. Edward the 6th reign, whereof a copy is extant in the Marshall's book, viz., that no one in the King's pay should be arrested by the Mayors officers but by the Marshall's "tipstaffe," and the case tried only in the Marshall's court, where they get as good justice as in their own court, if the Marshall does his duty—if not, the Governor and council must force him to it. For if the townsmen had power to arrest the soldiers, they would "goe togither by the eares," which was the principal cause of the council order.

3. There are here two parts. The first was never enforced within memory notwithstanding their charter, but tolerated as beneficial to town and country, for both "Londyners, Newcastle men, Durham men, Morpett men" and others have not only haunted Berwick on market days, and sold by retail, but also kept open shops there. Still if they wish it may be forbidden for a time to see the effect—but if found prejudicial by the Privy Council, they may restore it. Touching the statute 22 Edw. 4, it must be considered by her Majesty's learned counsel, whether it is convenient for these days, and would do more harm than good.

4. They are not debarred from the use of their common as heretofore, after the mowing day when the hay is removed, saving the Snooke and Gainslaw, appointed by the Queen to the victualler. He cannot want the Snooke, for he has no other place to keep his "beves and muttons" brought in for the garrison—Gayneslawe I see not needful for him, as it lies two miles from town, and he lets it for 40l. yearly. It therefore may be restored to them and used as the other fields.

5. "Mr Solicitor" says the Queen is not restrained by the statute 22 Edw. 4. cap. 8, but may let the fishings as she pleases—and the preferment of Berwick is of her grace and favour. It was so intended at the making of the statute that they should have it before others, at same rent. Provided the captains of Berwick and Norham castles be not prejudiced.

6. This to be at the discretion of the Governor and Council for the time, as always hitherto.

7. This to be yielded, so as the soldiers are provided—such as have wives and children, at the discretion of the Governor and Mayor, if there is grass to serve them all.

8. Never denied, if they offered able service—but to be referred to her Majesty's officers.

9. This hath two parts—the first at her Majesty's pleasure—the second is always used though not in the Establishment.

10. "Yt were a very gracious dede of hir Majestie to yealde unto yt, beinge a thinge moste neadfull, both for the service of God, and beinge well made wolde be a good platforme greatlye to the strengthinge of the towne, and hir Majestie ought the rather in honnor and conscience do yt, because there was a very fair churche there able to holde all thinhabitanttes of the towne, and was pulled downe when the new fortifications was begonne, and that which is there now will not holde the one haulf of the townesmen and guarisons."

2 pp. Copy in official hand. Indorsed: "The Lord Governors awnswer to the Maior of Barwyckes petitions."

2. Another copy in a different official hand.

2 pp. Indorsed: "The rejoynder of the L. Governor of Barwicke to the replye of the Maior and burgesses of that towne."

III. The Mayor and burgesses' reply to the answer of the Lord Governor, to their petitons to the Privy Council.

1. We repeat the charges against the Victualler for selling corn, &c., to strangers, and enriching himself.

2. We know of no Marshal's Court established by the Privy Council in King Edward's time, for the Mayor has held his own court till her Majesty's 3d year. The Queen's Court is held before the Mayor every 14 days by a jury of 12 sufficient burgesses, and in all doubtful causes of lands, &c., "we have a sufficient learnede counsaile on Mr Laurence Meeres of York, who is recorder of our towne and hath a fee for the same." . . . We only desire to maintain one uniform law in the town as in time past. There is no order for a Marshall court for debt every twenty days, nor did any freeman ever sit there as a juror with soldiers. The Marshal has kept but one court for two years past, and no justice was done. We repeat that bankrupts are encouraged to come here in this state of matters. The Governor "to our great reproch and the hinderaunce of our good causes now depending before your honors, dothe expresse in writing that there are fewe or none of us but bankruptes. His lordship cannot prove that ever any freeman of that towne there borne, was bankrupt or used any fraudelent dealeing to the deceaveing of any man." If any is behind hand, it is because they cannot get their debts from the soldiers.

3. The liberty enjoyed by the Newcastle and other townsmen, was by agreement, and is now restricted, to our advantage. The Scottish pedlers were restrained by the Mayor, but the Governor commanded the Marshal to let them retail again. As they are increased "from 4 or 5 unto 50 or 60," and from small "pedlarly ware," now sell great store of merchandise, they should be again restrained. The markets will then be better furnished, the money retained in the town, and many young men of the corporation ready to leave it for want of trade, will be kept. The Scottish victuallers cannot forbear our markets, as is alleged, for they have no other outlet; and their king will not prevent them. Formerly the Scottish merchants came to Berwick both by sea and land, and trafficked there—but for 18 or 20 years, since the peace, they have "crept into trade" with London, Lyn, Boston, Hull, and along the sea coast, contrary to 22 Edw. 4, enriching these places, not Berwick. His lordship doth the town great wrong in saying the merchants are not able to unlade a ship, if the goods come to 100 marks, for if a ship came with a 1000 marks worth of merchantable cargo, they would dispatch her in five days, either with money or commodities to the shipper's satisfaction, for they have always in their warehouses salmon, hides, fells, cloth, &c. to the value of 2000 or 3000 marks. As for the danger of the haven—there is never a merchant ship in Scotland, but might as well have come into it be ore the pier was made, as now in spite of her Majesty's great expenses thereon. We have already set down the damages caused by the Scottish chapmen in Northumberland.

4. We say the soldiers have no manner of right or interest in the meadows or pastures, being bound by the statutes to live on their pay. We are no way bound to serve the captains and pensioners with hay at 12d. a truss—being ourselves forced to pay 2s. 6d. a truss to the govarnor's servants this year, for lack of our own meadow grounds. But there would be hay for sale at very reasonable prices, if the Commonalty had their fields as formerly.

5. We refer ourselves to our former reasons. We would not restrain any old custom appertaining to the castles of Berwick or Norham, touching "the Sundaies fysh" taken in Tweed. We lose 60l. yearly by the 60 barrels served to her Majesty's house, and "cannot sell the residue of our salmon the deerer, as is alleagd, but rather the wourse, bycause the best and largest salmon is taken out for her highnes servyce as is afore saide." Neither "my lord governor nor none of his offiycers are at any charges for preservacion of the river in kippertyme," but only the mayor and his brethren fee soldiers to do it for 2 months yearly.

6. In selling corn to the Scots, we have never been licensed by any governor or captain in time of peace.

7. It is true that on our complaint the Governor and Council forbad all soldiers from using "any handy scyences and keepeing of ostre," but many in pay still do so, whom the mayor cannot stop for want of his former powers, being obliged to complain to the Marshal, who is careless in the matter. It is alleged that every man inhabiting the town, "haveing his dore open to the streates, is as free in the fieldes as the free burgesses bee." We never heard the like before, and it is quite against the ancient customs of the town, as the Bailiff's book of presentments will show.

8. The servants of her Majesty's council here and others in pay, have been preferred on the late works to those of the freemen, as already set down by us.

9. The Mayor was allowed a fee like others at the first placing of the Queen's officers, but of late the others have had an increase, while the mayor, though his service is "very painfull," and ever resident, has none from the town revenues (which are very small), like other corporations, and some of his predecessors have diminished their "stockes" while in office. The mayor at all general meetings in the Council house and the four festival days, and all other times, has his place next to the lord governor or deputy, and in all proclamations, &c. is taken as second person—shown by his white staff of authority, his fee, the watch word brought to him nightly by the clerk of the watch, and his known meadow, like the rest of the council. We have no intention (as objected) to look further into the state of the town than in duty bound by the mayor's yearly oath to her Majesty—for besides this he has the charge of the welfare, lives, lands, goods and prosperity of himself, the corporation, commonalty, their wives, children and posterity.

10. Touching the lord governor's allegation—"that yf wee have the mony there wilbe no church"—if it please her highness to make a grant, we have no wish to receive the money, but pray it may be committed "to some of trust" to carry out the work, humbly praying that the mayor and some of the aldermen may have authority to oversee it.

We humbly beseech your honours favourably to weigh in equal balance our requests depending before you, and decide as seems just and reasonable. Our end being the good of the town, not private profit to ourselves.

9 pp. Official hand. Indorsed: "The replye of the maior and burgesses of Barwicke to the answeare made by the lord governor of that towne unto their peticions."

IV. "The humble requestes of the Maior and Burgesses of Barwick touchinge their demaundes."

[Under the same ten heads—with alterations as to points yielded by the governor, and explaining others.]

pp. Official copy. Indorsed: "The requests of the mayor and burgesses of Barwick uppon their demaundes, 11 June 1584."

V. [Another copy somewhat fuller, under same ten heads.]


Article 4. We offer if the common fields are fully restored to the Commonalty, to supply yearly "tenn skore trusses of hay at the price of xiiijd. the trusse, delivered upon the fealdes, to be distributed at the pleasure of the lord governour, unto suche captens, pencyoners and officers as his honnor shall thinck mete, accordinge as his lordshipp maid the like mocyon unto us."

Article 7. We agree that such soldiers as have wives and children enjoy common pasture, "so as they exceade not the nomber of twoe kyne the pece," paying an acknowledgment to the town chamber of 6d. quarterly for a cow's grass.

4 pp. Same writing as last. Indorsed.

VI. [Additions to the last two papers—supplying words and clauses omitted in seven of the ten heads.]

1 p. Same writing. Indorsed: "Addition to the postills required by the Towne of Berwick."

VII. Postills to the requestes of the Towne of Barwicke."

1. Ordered as in their petition and the governor's assent thereto.

2. Ordered, that if a burgess have an action against a soldier he shall proceed in the Marshal's Court to be held once a quarter—and if a soldier have an action against a burgess, he shall sue in the Mayor's Court.

3. The Scots and other retailers may be restrained from selling in Berwick, revocable if found prejudicial to the town by the Privy Council and the governor. The statute against sea traffic to be suspended for a time—but the late proclamation against land traffic over the Dry Marches, shall be enforced to the benefit of the town.

4. The Snooke to remain in the hands of the Victualler "so as he pasture it with cattell to serve the Quenes Majestes provision," (fn. 1) and Gyuslay now let by him, shall be restored to the town, also Baldersburie and the rest of the "extraordynaries growndes" now held by the captains, on condition that the latter shall have 200 trusses of hay at 14d. the truss, as offered.

5. "So much and in such sorte as by statute is appointed, they shall enjoy, after the determination of such leases (fn. 2) as ar in being"—the captains of Berwick and Norham not prejudiced.

6. Referred to the governor and council for the time.

7. Yielded unto, respecting the cow's grass for the married soldiers.

8. Allowed, if they furnish sufficient service.

9. The Mayor shall enjoy that place he hath been accustomed to take next to the Governor—the rest referred to her Majesty.

10. When they prefer any thing fit to be granted, it shall be recommended to her Majesty.

3 pp. Official draft—with marginal notes by Burghley. Indorsed as title.


  • 1. Written by Burghley.
  • 2. Of the fishings.