Border Papers volume 1: November 1587

Pages 284-289

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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559. Cesfurde to Hunsdon. [Nov. 4.]

The King having sent "specialles" of his privy council to this burgh, to inquire into the late disorders, and punish the authors thereof, I have thought meet to acquaint your lordship, and to ask you to prevent such persons as the said commissioners shall "put at," being resetted within your bounds. Peeblis. Cesfurde.

½ p. Copy by Hunsdon's clerk. Indorsed by Hunsdon.

560. Hunsdon to Cesfurde. [Nov. 6.]

In answer to yours of the 4t —surely if any of your refugees come within my charge, that I know of, they shall find small comfort.

"But I cannot but thinck yt verie strang that the King should be forced to take such a jorney with such a great company with him, for the suppressing of a fewe theifes and disordered persons, when ther is not one of them ether in Lydisdall or Tividalle but the King may have him brought and delivered wher yt please him! But I am rather lead to thinck that theis great oughtrages durst not be attempted by such men as hath done them, without the Kinges privitie—for yt was given forth that the Earle Bothwelles ryding to Branckssam, his and youre sonne in lawes, and to Hawick, where he had as many of Lydesdall before him as yt pleased him to send for, that yt was to cause them of Lydisdall to be answerable to justice to England for such oughtrages as they had sondrie tymes committed: but the seaquell did manifest the cause of his gowing thether. For presentlie after, his sayd sonne in lawe the Laird of Bucklewgh made a roade with 300 horsse into the West March at two of the clock in the after noone, with a trumpett and a gydon, and spoyled the contrie about Bewcastell in warlick mannor till sonne sett. The trumpett was my lorde Bothewells, and the goodes was carried to the Armitage at my lorde Bothewelles officers commandment. So as I have just cause to thinck that this roade was done by my lorde Bothwelles appoynctment, and I am sure he durst not have done yt without the Kinges privity, I will not-saye, commandment."

I never thought our meeting would hold, and look for no justice or any intention of it—after the King's council telling me you were commanded to see to it, and no such command given! The King being at Peebles was a mere colour, for he might have come there either before or after our meeting, and the object was only to delay justice. Berwick. H. Hunsdon.

p. Copy by Hunsdon's clerk. Indorsed by Hunsdon.

561. Bowes to Walsingham. [Nov. 10.]

As it pleased her Majesty on giving me leave to return from Court hither, to direct me to give advertisement of things coming to my knowledge, I have sought to renew acquaintance in Scotland, chiefly with my friends at Court. "Wher I finde not onlie a straunge alteracion of the state, slidden from the wonted devotion to hir Majestie and hir curse, (fn. 1) but allso all men flyinge from intelligence with anie Inglishmen—especiallie with my selfe—against whom suche hard opinion is holden, as fewe or none (as I am informed) dare be knowen to speake with anie comminge from me, or to writ or sende to my self. So as I can not intertaine and have intellegence ther, awnswerable to hir Majesties expectacion, and withowt greater chaurges then my poore estate is able to susteine; wherin I dare not nor may be trowblesome to hir Majestie by newe suite for any further releiff, after hir Majesties late bountie and goodnes graciously graunted and geven me upon my last peticion. In which, albeit I receyved greate comforth by hir Majesties bountifull liberalitie and favor, yet the parcelles graunted upon the consideracions yelded by me for the same, have litle repaired the ruynes in my decaied estate, as before I have signified to your selfe and others. And perceyvinge that the fruit of my labors and chaurge in this behalfe, shall nether yeld deue satisfaccion to hir Majesties expectacion, nor weigh in ballaunce with the cost to be imployed, therfore I have forborne to travell further in this matter, the rather duringe the presence of my lorde governor in Barwick, whom I knowe to be furnished with the best intelligence, and to dispose therof to hir Majesties best contentment." I have thought it my duty to give this notice of my disability, and pray you to lay the same before her Majesty for my excuse. Berwick. Signed: Robert Bowes.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed: "From Mr Roberte Bowes."

562. Bowes to Walsingham. [Nov. 13.]

My stay in Berwick has deferred the execution of your business for Crake and Bicknell, longer than I intended. But having a few days' leave to come to this country, I shall go about these matters, and hope to finsh them this week. I have written to Mr Francis Slyngesby to meet and confer herein, but doubt he will be on the road to London, before my letter reaches him. Then I am sure he will attend upon you, when you may take such order as you like.

According to your good advice before I left, I have written by my other letter sent herewith. And I humbly beseech you so to represent the matter to her Majesty for my excuse, as shall seem most expedient to you. I pray God to restore you speedily to perfect health. Aske. Signed: Robert Bowes.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: "From Mr Robert Bowes. Lease Creake. Scottishe advertisementes."

563. Hunsdon to Burghley. [Nov. 14.]

"I hope my letters of the 9th cam to your lordeshyppes handes the 13th or 14th—wherin I have acquainted your lordeshypp with the myshappe that hapned to my lettres of the 30th of the laste, and so made your lordeshypp acquaynted with the nyghtly spoyles in the Myddell Marche, and of my smale hope of justis. I wrote also to your lordeshyppe of the disappointment of our meeting that should a bene the seconde of this moneth, by the Kinges ryding to Peebells the vjth of this moneth, where it was thought hee woulde have taken seveare order with them of Liddesdale and Weste Tyvidale, to be aunserable to England for suche attemptates as they had comitted, but for any thing that I can here from some of them that wer their with him, that hee might aswell have tarryed at Eddenborrowe. Hee returned to Dawkith the Frydaie following, where hee remaynes as yet—for hee dares not come at Eddenborrowe, the plage is so soare att Eddenborrowe and Leethe—especially in Leethe, wher it is credibly sayd that they have dyed 300 and 400 a weeke, so as what with deathe and flying owt of the towne, their is very fewe or none lefte within the towne. It is sayde that the Kinge will verie shortly [go] to St Androwes."

Last night Cesfurd wrote asking me to appoint days of meeting—to which I replied asking how far his power stretched? if for his whole wardenry, and if he can deliver the principals of "the greate attemptates"? Otherwise when I call for them, he will say they cannot be had, and will offer either his warden sergeant, or some other mean person, who will remain here a year or two before he is redeemed, as has happened before—and our subjects left without redress, to their undoing. If I find he has authority, I will then within 10 or 12 days appoint meeting, though I have good cause to decline, there being no one appointed to answer for Liddesdale, which I had thought was the principal cause of the King going to Peebles.

My lord of Huntingdon writes to me that the 300 men shall be at Newcastle on the 22d or 23d instant, and I have given orders to such towns on the Middle March as are fittest for them to lie in, to provide for their victualling,—so I doubt not by that time the country will be sufficiently guarded. "Shewerly my lorde, I do find that if the gentilmen coulde be brought to ryse to frayes and to do their duties, her Majestie needded not to be att theis greate chargis, but their is such mallis amonge them, and such mistrust one of another, as thoughe the fraye come hard by their doares, they will not once sturr, unles yt be some frendes goods of theirs that be taken awaye. And I dare assuer your lordeshypp that if ever Mr Ridley or Mr Hearon had done their duties, neither the barrenry of Langley, nor Hawden brigges had bene either burnt or spoylde—for they had bothe warning of the Scottes comming in by a xj of the cloke in the fornone—and yet neither of them sent anny warning either to Hawden brigges or Langley, beinge within iiijor myle of Mr Hearon and two myle of Rydley. Who having warning of their comming in, had gathered a good companie togeather, and seeing the fyer in Hawden brigges and heering the fraye in the contrie, woulde not stepe one foote to helpe them; which if hee with his companie had gon to them (the towne being neer 200 men) might have put back the Scottes and have reskewed and saved the towne from spoyling.

Mr Hearon one the other syde, dwelling within iiijor myle of them, had warning by a sonne of his owne, who having ben abroad that morning with towe or three other gentilmen with him, sawe the Scottes wher they wer come to the fell, who came and gave his father warning therof—but notwithstanding he neither warned the contrie nor gathered any men together to make any resistans, untill the Scottes were come to Hawden brigg and the fraye raysed; and a man of myne, called Shaftoe, who ys a brother in lawe of his, called uppon him, who had much adoo to make him ryse, untill he toulde him that hee would tell me of yt. And than at laste hee arose and gathered fyve or 600 men togeather, but he would not goe toward Hawden brigg wher hee might see the fyer, and being requested to goe upp to the fells, where hee should a bene shewer to have mett with them and easly to have overthrowne them and have reskewed the goods, hee would not by any meanes or intreatye, but would needs keepe upp the watter of Tyne, wher he was shewer hee should doe them no harme. Wheruppon some fewe of his companie stale from him, and went wher they would have had him to a gon, where they mett withe some of the Scottes, reskewed 20 or 30 heade of cattell, and tooke vij prisoners. It is affermed most certainly that yf hee had gone upp to the Waste, as hee was counceld and requierd, hee had given Liddisdale suche an overthrowe as England would a bene quiett for them this yere.

I have very vehement suspicions that Rydley him selfe and some other Englishe men have bene acquainted and the drawers of the Scottes to Hawden brigg—whiche if I find trewe, I will make them hopp headles, whosoever they be.

If your lordeshypp be rememberd, I tolde you before my coming down, that their would somewhat growe uppon this alteracion of Sir John Fosters remove, by some of his frends, because yt should bee sayde that the borders should be spoyled rather more than les by his remove. I am affrayde yt will fall owt to trewe, for howe Mr Hearon ys to Sir John Foster, your lordeshypp knowes—and Rydley hathe marryed with Hearon. And it is credibly affermed that Mr Hearon is att kindnes and frendshipp with Liddisdale. But howsoever yt is, neither of their goods ys towcht."

As to the 200l. delivered to me, and 200l. to the Mayor of Newcastle, I have already paid 200l. for a month, and now send for the other fortnight ending today or tomorrow, so at the end of the month it will be rather more than 400l. When the other money comes to Newcastle, I will see that it is paid to the captains on my warrant there, being nearer them than here.

(fn. 2) "For the Kynge too be recoveryd, I wolde go halfe way too London a foote, that yt myght be brought too passe, but I see so smale leklyhode therof, and so apparant matter too the contrary, as I thynke ytt nott possyble. Fyrst, I fynde no dysposycyon yn hyr Majestie too deale so thuroly yn a matter of so grete wayght and conseance (?) as werr convenyent; secondly, she hathe dryven of the tyme so longe, as he hathe delte with Spayne so farr, as he cannott calle bake hys promis; lastly, he hathe never a man about hyme that ys well affectyd too hyr Majesti or owre amyte, but extremly too the contrary. She cowlde never be browght too make any accowntt or to wyn any of the noble men, but only Angus and Marr, and the Hambeltons. Now, she fyndes by experyens, of what credytt thes lordes ar of, or what they ar now able too doo for hyr. I was nott beleyvd, but yll thowght of, for gyvynge of uther cownsell, but I pray God hyr Majesti be nott sorry that she harkend no better too me and lese too uthers, who thowght they hade Gode by the foote, whan they werr seure of Angus and Marr! I know yt for serten that thys Kynge lookes for ayde owt of Spayne byfor Candelmas, butt I thynk yt wylbe mony, for all the nobyllyte ys utterly aganste the havyng of Spanyardes or Frenche yntoo the lande; but wythe mony, whansoever the kynge of Spayne shall lande yn any parte yn Inglande, then thys Kynge wylbe reddy to invade us. I know he hathe sayd of late whane ther hathe byn talke of the Spanyardes landynge yn Ingland, the kynge hathe anserde they wer fooles, for he was seure that wolde nott be untyll he wer fyrst advertysyd therof. The change ys so grete as suche as was wonte too cum hyther too thys towne, dare nott cume neare yt thohe they be neybors, or yf I have any occasyn too sende any boddy yntoo Skottland, he must fyrst have the warden of the Marshe hys pasport, or a man of hys too go with hym, and whan he cumes too Edenburro, thohe he be never so well acquayntyd, hys beste acquayntance dare nott kepe hym company, oules yt be very secretly. What leklyhode ther ys of the recovery ot thys kynge, I leve too your lordshypps better judgement. I ame very gretly decevyd yf ye heare nott shortly of a grete revolte and welter (as they terme ytt) yn thys cowrte." Berwick. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed by Burghley: "14 November 1587. Lord Chamberleyn. R. 19 Nov."

564. Pay of forces on the Border. [Nov. 17.]

Note of the wages of 500 men serving on the Borders under the Lord Chamberlain.

1 p. Indorsed.

565. The Queen to Lords Evers and Darcy. [Nov. 27.]

Signifying that she is sending down the Earl of Huntingdon as lieutenant general to raise forces for defence against Scotland if required, and commanding them to to attend him with their servants, tenants and friends.

1 p. Draft. With clause added by Burghley for Darcy's letter. Addressed. Indorsed by Burghley.

566. Angus to Hunsdon. [Nov. 29.]

"Beinge directed by the Kinges Majestie my sovereigne to prosecute the order sett downe by his Majestie and Councell at ther beinge at Peybles, for reparacion and settinge of the late apperates, (fn. 3) betwixt the Marches,—and mynding thether to that effecte with such expedicion and diligence as my disease and inhabilitie could possiblie permitt me—I am informed in the meane tyme, of sondrie new incursions made by inarmid powres of your two wardenries, upon sondrie his heighnes good and obedient subjectes within my charge, but speciallie his heighnes officer the Lairde of Cesfurde. The circumstances whereof weighinge so heighlie to the ametie, as utteringe rather a publick and professed hostilitie, nor anie private forrie, have moved me to requyre your lordschip by theise presentes, to lett me understand in answer, yf by your lordschipis privitie and allowance the same have bene attempted, and what immediate redres may I looke for, answerable to the enormity of the attempt, wantinge example in any tyme synce the last pace. Whereof trusting your lordschip will clere me by this berar, that therupon I may take purpose as his Majestie and Councell shall directe me." From Thomtalloun. Angus.

½ p. Copy by Hunsdon's clerk. Indorsed by Hunsdon.

567. Declaration by Robert Bowes. [Nov. 30. 1587.]

As to the sums due to the garrison at Berwick before this date, and at the pay to be made at Christmas next.

The sum total is 3,944l. 1s. 6d. due to Sir William Reade and Captains William Carye, Pickman, Carvell, Haynes, and other officers and men—2 "sergions," a "tipstaf," John Crawefurthe keeper of the "post bote," Thomas Clerk, "preacher," besides "churchemen." Bowes adds that he is now in the country receiving the treasure for the purpose, but will return to pay every one at Christmas. Signed: Robert Bowes.

2 pp. Indorsed.

568. Bothwell to Hunsdon. [Nov. 30.]

Being pressed by sundry complainers, and having the Kings special direction, he sends the bearer fully instructed to learn Hunsdon's mind touching the late attempts committed by those who would disturb the peace. Corchton. (fn. 4) Bothwell.

¼ p. Copy by Hunsdon's clerk. Indorsed by Hunsdon.


  • 1. Course.
  • 2. The remainder holograph.
  • 3. Attemptates.
  • 4. Crichton.