Border Papers volume 1: October 1587

Pages 276-284

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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549. Hunsdon to Burghley. [Oct. 6.]

"Beynge at Newcastell, I recevyd a letter from Mr Marshall of thys towne, that he was offerde by an Inglyshman who servyd Monsieur Curcelles imbassytor heere yn Skotlande for the Frenche kynge, that yf he wolde have all the sayde imbassytors wrytynge, and jeweles convayde away, they showlde be browght to thys towne, and desyerde too knowe my plesure theryn. Wherapon I wyllyd hym yn any wyse to entertayne ytt, whyche he dyd, and the Tewday after my cummynge hethar, the Inglyshmane (whose name ys Browne) sent too know what he showld [doo?], for all thynges was reddy, yf he myght have a goode horse too bryng hym away? Wherapon I cawsyd Mr Marshall too send yn a garryson man with a spare horse for Browne; so as yesterday Browne servyd hys master att dyner, and presently after dynar, hys master beynge at chese, and hys bake towardes the wyndo, Browne browght the caskett of wrytynges under his cloke too the wyndo behynd hys master bake, wher he threw the caskett too the garryson man, who attendyd there for ytt, and presently went downe where theyr horsys stoode yn the subbarbes of Edenborgh, and so came theyr wayse; and so came hyther to me thys mornynge by x a clok. But by the way the caskett beyng very boysterus too be caryyd, they wer fayne to open ytt, and too putt the letters and wrytynges yutoo a grete satchell of lether. I hope herby hyr Majesti shall understande thys imbassytors hole negocyacyon yn Skottland, for Browne doothe assure me the (sic) he hathe nott left any one letter or wrytynge behynde hym. He wold a browght away all hys jeueles and apparell, but I forbad hym yn any case too meddell with anythynge, but the wrytynges. They ar many and nott too be sent by the common postes, and therfor I wyll tomorow mornynge send a man of myn owne with them, who shall be there with goode spede." Berwick. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

Tomorrow or next day I look for Robert Carvill's return from the Council of Scotland, to whom I sent him on Wednesday with a letter demanding justice for the late injuries to her Majestys subjects in the Middle Marches.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

550. Hunsdon to Walsingham. [Oct. 6.]

On the evening of the 5th, I received your packet of 1st,—which shows the posts make small haste. I sent it off by Robert Carvel's son, as I had already sent the father to the Scottish Council. Mr Marshall has had a "practyse" in hand for some time with an Englishman called Browne, who has long served "Monsieur Corselles," to bring all his master's letters and jewels here, and I allowed it for the letters only. So "thys Browne waytyd on hys master at dyner att Edenburgh, and was thys mornynge here with me by 9 a cloke, with all hys letter wrytynges a syfarrs, who doothe assure me that he hathe nott left hym one letter." I send them up by a man of my own. I am "very sorry that your helth serves you no better too be att the Cowrte." Berwick. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

551. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Walsingham. [Oct. 6.]

"John Haull of Otterburn with all his frends, ar earnest sutars to me to wryte unto your honor in the favor of the Trumbles and Duglasses, which he and his frends tok spoillynge in Rydsdall, accordinge to my formar lettres to your honor, that thar lyves may be spared. For if they shuld be executed accordinge thar desartes, it wold be an everlasting trouble and fead to John Haull and all Ridsdall, who at this instant, ar not able to indiure it. The said Trumbles, and Duglasses frends of Scotland haith John Hall and his frends under bands in gret somes; which if thes men shall be executed, they will call for, and ether hawe the somes, which they ar not able to pay, or tham intred and so to be used as thes men shalbe. My lorde Hunsdon is consentyng and haith consented, to spare tham from execusion at John Haull sut and his frends, and refared the usage of tham to me, which if your honor be so pleased, then I intend fyrst to seak to get John Hall and his frends discharged of thar bounds, beinge unlaufully tayken—and after to kepe thes men under band (and all thar frends in subjeccion, for that thes ar lawfully tayken), for sparing thar lyves, and so to handle the matter, as John Haull and Rydsdall shall hearafter lewe at rest from the further displesur of all the Trumbles and Duglasses of the water of Roull, who at this day is able to mayk vc able men, that all wold seak reveng of thes men blud." Eslington. Signed: Cuthbt Collingwood.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed: "To the right honorable Sir Frances Wallsinghame knyght, prensipall secretory [to] hir Mat. and chanclor of hir Duchye." Indorsed.

552. Hunsdon to Burghley. [Oct. 7.]

"I have sent your lordshype suche wrytynges as ys browght me from Corcelles, wheryn I hope wylbe sumwhat fownde worthe the knowynge.

I have forborne too advertys anythyuge of my procedynges wythe Sir Jhon Forster, bycawse ther ys sum proofes requyer of sum thyngs that he ys too be chargyd withall, whyche yf he answer as he hath dune the reste (as I ame seure he cane) perturiunt montes ridiculus mus! Seurly my lorde, I perceve all these complayntes and grete artycles wherwith hyr Majesti hathe byn so grevosly yncensyd agenst hym, hathe procedyd of meare mallys, for yt appeares that all thes matters that he ys now chargyd withall, hathe byn more then a yere adooynge—for a yere syns my lorde of Huntyngdon chargyd hym with thes and many more, and had with hym Doctor Gybson and Cawverley, too take thexamynacyons of as many as cowlde charge hym with any matter, for they beynge appoyntyd also too attend me heere, when I shewde them the artycles, they wer better instructyd yn them then I, and as Sir Jhon tels me, he desyarde my lorde of Huntyngdon that he myght anser all hys accusacyons openly, my lorde sayde he had no suche commyssyon, but was wyllyd from the Cownsell too ynforme hymselfe of hys dooynges. So as thys platt hathe byn longe a layynge, hatchte by Sir Cutberd Collyngwood hys mortall ennymy, and nurrysht and sett one by my lorde of Huntyngdon, I assure your lordeshyp I wyshe yt had nott byn doone syns yt falles owt no utherwys, as your lordeshyp shall see by his ansers whyche I meane too send up very shortly." Berwick. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

¾ p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

Attached on a slip of paper:

"Even as I had sealyd up your lordshypes letter, ther came one too me from the French imbassytor yn Skotlande, too lett me understande that a sarvant of hys, a Skotshe boay, had robde hym of 6 or 700 crownes and apparell, praynge me that yf any suche came thys way, he myght be stayde; but spake no woorde of any wrytynges." Signed: "H. Hunsdon."


553. Cesfurde to Hunsdon. [Oct. 11.]

I have received your letter this day wherein your lordship signifies that you are informed by the secret council of Scotland of his Majesty's commands to me to meet your deputy for redress. I know that some letters have passed betwixt the Council and your lordship, but am not yet made privy thereto, but so soon as I am directed, shall be ready to do all good offices that in me lie for the preservation of the peace. Jedburcht. Cesforde.

½ p. Copy by Hunsdon's clerk. Addressed. Indorsed: "Copie of the L. of Cesfordes lettre to the L. Chamberlaine."

554. Note on decay of the Middle March. [Oct. 11. 1587.]

"The only decay of the Mydle March border consistes in thes heades."

First.—The murders burnings ransoms &c. daily sustained at the Scots' hands for 18 years past—for the most part unredressed.

Second.—The Scots have been answered for all their complaints during that time, "with dubles and trybeles," and for injuries done them in the long wars.

Third.—The subjects of said March have been restrained and forbidden to take or seek revenge in Scotland all the said time.

"Fourtly.—The cheff burnars spoilars and murderars of the forsayd March hawe ben lycensed and suffred to have fre accesse and recurse at ther will and plesur throue out all the sayd March and well used and intreated, and non durst find falt with tham al the seyd time.

Yf Sir John Forster dearest frends war examyned of thes heades, they culd not with credit excuse his faltes nor deny tham to be trewe."

1 p. In Sir Cuthbert Collingwood's writing. Indorsed by Walsingham's clerk: "11th October 1587. A note shewing whereof do consist the decaies of the Mydle Marches."

555. Hunsdon to Burghley. [Oct. 12.]

Having finished my other letter to your lordship, I received a letter from the Laird of Cesford in answer to mine demanding justice, and inclose a copy; whereby you will see how anxious they are to do justice, telling me that the King has ordered it, when the warden's own letter shows that though present with the King he received no such order!

"Shewerlie my lorde, yf wee looke for anie redres or sattizfaxcion att their hands by any faire meanes or looke for any ametie att the Kinges hands lenger than hee maie be provided for us (which hee lookes assuredlie for, and that er it be longe, either from Fraunce or Spaine) wee shalbe greatlie disceaved; and therfore yf her Majestie will send but theis 1000 men presentlie hither, they will either willinglie make sattisfaxcion to her Majesties subjectes or ells I will make such a revenge, as they shalbe able uppon the Borders to give smale ayde to any that shall come to them, and as I thinke will save the sending of a farr greater nombre er it be longe. I do presently returne Robert Carvell to those of the Councell [that] wrote to me, to lett them understand that either they have dallyed greatlie with me, or ells that Cesford is resolved to make noe redrese, what commaundement soever he receveth from the King, or ells that hee knowes that thoughe hee receve such commaundement for fasshion sake, yet it is not the Kinges will hee should do yt, but to delaye the tyme for some other purpose; and will also requier to knowe who shall aunser for Lyddisdale.

Att Robert Carvells laste being at Eddenborrowe, hee sawe come into the towne aboute xxtie Irishe men with their glibes, and inquiering what the wer, hee was aunserid, that the one of them was a sonne of thErle of Kildares, and the other a sonne of Enealls—but att Robert Carvells next returne, whome I will send thither tomorrowe morning, your lordshyp knowse certainly what they be. (fn. 1)

The lose of the French imbassytors caskett and apparell ys marvelusly stormde att yn Skotlande, and the imbassytor reddy to runne made, wyshyng hymselfe ded—so as I hope by thys tyme your lordshyp hathe seene sumthynge worthe the knowynge." Berwick. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: a swan, garter and motto around.

Attached on a half sheet:

After this packet was closed, I have warning from some friends in Scotland to take heed of sending any messenger there without a guard, especially Robert Carvell, who "will shewerlie loose his heade." So that I will send nobody, but make these two Marches safe, till I hear from your lordship again. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

556. Hunsdon to Burghley. [Oct. 18.]

I must answer your 3 packets of the 10th in this one letter. "I received your firste pacquett of the xth the xiijth of the same at ix in the morning, and the other towe of the same date the 14tine, att 9 of the clocke." I am glad her Majesty is satisfied with my report of the state of this town. "Yet sens my coming, fynding some places within the olde walle, which is verie daungerous yf any attempt shoulde be made to the towne, the olde rampire beinge higher then the newe worke, so as one 40 shotte being planted there, which was an easye matter to be don, might have kept that noe man durste have sturde, neither uppon the bulwarkes nor uppon any of the curtens of all that whole syde to the Snowke warde—whiche I have caused presentlie a great part therof to be taken downe and brought within the newe worke, and the reste shalbe brought in as faste as maye be—so as the newe worke shalbe stronger than yt was by 300 men; and this nyght or tomorrowe the 100 soldiours that comes from Carlill wilbe here.

Towching Mr Treaserours not being here—your lordship knowes his longe sut att the Cort—yet hee is nowe come down, and was with me at Newcastell, and is lookt for here this nyght. Towching any soldiours to be with him—they were but some fewe of his owne men that are in paye, who went to meet him. Towchinge her Majesties pleasure, to knowe howe the treaserour hathe paide the garrison for this yere bypaste—I dare not enforme her Majesty otherwise than a trothe, which is, that their is not one pennye paide of this whole yere eanded att Mighellmas laste—so as of the halfe yeres paye which was dwe at Our Lady daie, and to be paide at Mydsomer, their hathe not one penny of yt bene paide in this towne. And for the 100 men that laye att Carlill, as their want hathe bene very great, so I thinke his reconinges with them will come att the leaste to three or iiijc li. which I knowe not howe he will paie it, untill hee have recevide this payment of the receavours. And than my Lorde Scroope wilbe marvelously cryed owt uppon by all them that hathe victuled them all this tyme. But his men be their nowe in making upp their reconinges—but howe yt wilbe paide, God knowes (fn. 2) ! And trulie my lorde this towne hathe bene in verie mysserable estate for want of money, for the poore horsegarrison men who wer wonte to have money imprested them to gett in theire haye att the mowing daie, coulde not gett one pennye, but that Mr Marshall was fayne to helpe them.

And where he alleageth that the lacke of payment heretofore was by reason he had no warraunt for the workes—it semes their was no suche matter, for of the jml li. which I procured at your lordshypes hands the laste yere for the workes, the officers tell me that their cam not one pennye of yt hither, only hee sente a warraunt for victualls to be delivered to the workemen. And for the 1000 li. which I procured of your lordshyp a littell before my comminge awaye, I do not here of one penny therof sent hither. I am not able at this present to send your lordship perfitt wourde of theis matters, but att his comming, who is lookt for every daie, I will advertis your lordship of the whole trothe.

Towching Sir John Foster, as I have partlie towcht to your lordship alreddie, I finde yt meer mallis prosecuted by Sir Cutbertt Collingwood of longe tyme, and furthered and maynteyned by my lorde of Hunttingdon. I charged him with all the artickells before Sir Cutbertt Collingwood and the moste part of the gentilmen of that wardenry, reeding every artickell unto him, wherunto I caused him to aunser presentlie as I red them—and bothe my selfe, Doctour Gibson, and Mr Caverley did write his aunsers as hee made them. At which tyme Sir Cuttbertt nor never a gentilman their did replie or gaynesaye the same. Then Sir John Foster requierid me, that forasmuche as theis artickells were suddenlie propounded to hime by me, and that his memorye, beinge an olde man, might fayle him to aunser so directlie as uppon better advicement hee might do, that it would please me to lett him have a coppie of the artickells, whiche hee would aunser as hee woulde stande unto before her Majesty and her councell. Whiche request I coulde not in equetie denye, and so deliverid them unto him, who returned them unto me againe the next morning with his aunsers—which I send your lordship herwith. And yet understanding by Sir Cutbertt that their wer some in the towne that woulde witnes sondrie of those artickells to be trewe, I requierd Mr Doctour Gibson and Mr Caverley, who had had the examynation of all theis matters a yere sens by my lorde of Hunttingdons appointment, and had all those matters att their fyngers eandes, to call Sir Cutbertt before them, and as manye as hee coulde bring to saye anie thing againste Sir John Foster (which they did)—which I send your lordshyp also under their hands. Wherof many of them towcht no part of the artickells that wer deliverid me, but every man for his private matters. Some of the artickells that was deliverid me to chardg him withall, wer so fryvelous, as if they that did put them in, had either knowne the aucthoretie of a warden, or what had apperteyned to a wardens office, they would not for shame a put in those artickells—but mallis overcam discreasion, for whane I had conferred with Doctor Gibson and Mr Caverley aboute them at Durham, I tolde them that they wer no artickells fitt to be mynistred unto him—whiche when they had harde my reasons, they thought soe likewise, and so forbare them. Their is no man so perfitt and having so many great matters to doe in so great a wardenry, and having to deale with so many pervers and mallicious people as is in this contrie, but may easlie be complayned of, and att the first apparans maye make a great showe of great matters—but whan they be aunserid, they wilbe founde tryffells in respect of deserving either deprivacion or the princes displeasure. And I assuer your lordshyp uppon my creditt, yf Sir John Foster wer my mortall enemye, I muste saye that hee hathe bene in moste of the matters unjustly charged, and hathe recevide as hard measure as ever anie man did that hathe served so longe with reputacion and loste his blude so often in the filde in the princes servis, as hee hathe done—but what will not mallis do, the worker being of awcthoritie and creditt! Sir John Foster dothe avowe to me uppon his creditt, that the laste yere whan hee was charged with theis matters, and many others, by my lorde of Hunttingdon, hee requirede my lorde that hee might aunser them openlie or anie other matter that any man coulde chardg him withall. My lorde aunserid him that hee coulde not nor would not so doe, but was to enforme him selfe of his doinges, and so to advertise upp. So as I am appointed but to rype upp the drages of my lorde of Hunttingdons former doinges, which if I had knowne, hee shoulde a fynisht yt as hee begann yt. I knowe not howe yt comes to pase, but trew yt is that Sir Cutbertt hathe wone that creditt with my lorde, as whatsoever the matter is, no man ys to be harde but Sir Cutbertt, who in all his lyfe to this daie, never did her Majestie anie one daies servis—for in the rebellion tyme, hee was constable of Anwick under my Lorde of Northumberland, where hee never showed him selfe in anie reddynes to serve her Majestie. And for his religion, I am shewer hee was then a Papiste—what hee is nowe I knowe not.

I will leave Sir John Fosters aunsers to your lordeshipes declaracion unto her Majesty, to be judged of as yt shall please her. And yet I must in dutie lett her Majestie understand, that I thinke all that hathe bene done hathe bene grownded principally uppon meer mallis, and I praye God that hereafter her Majestie may thinke this office of the keeping of Harbottell well imployed uppon Sir Cutbertt.

Towching that matter which concerned this towne, wherof I was written unto, firste by my sonne and after by Mr Marshall,—I was well assured they woulde turne to nothing, and was indeed but the bragges of thErle Bodwell, who is the aucthor of all theis myschifes that hathe bene don by anie of Lidisdale, and is the principall man that procuers the King to do all the evell he maye, and to suffer his subjectes to make what spoyle they are able. For so longe as their are no forraine forces in Scotlande, all Scotland dare not give any attempt to this towne either by daie or nyght; and if they have any suche intencion, I shall gett knowlege of yt tyme inowghe, howe secrettlie soever they do yt. And therfore her Majestie, thankes be to God, needs not doubt anie daunger of this towne.

But towching the Kinges good meaning towards her Majesty—whatsoever his ambassadour shall saye unto her Majestie of any good meaning of the Kinges (yf shee trust unto yt, shee wilbe greatly disceaved) for shewerly hee hathe no good meaning towards her, yf hee had power to his mynde—as appeers by his dealinges in theis Border cawses, and as bade a companie aboute him! And I dare assuer [your] lordshypp that hee makes full accompt of some succors to come to him presentlie ether from Fraunce or Spaine. (fn. 3) Syns my coming hither, their came 400 horse to Hawden brigges (fn. 4) and tooke upp the towne and burnt dyvers howsys; wheratt the Kinge was verie angrey becawse yt was don their—for hee would have had yt to a bine don in some part of my wardenrie; for whose cominge I have so provided, as I hope yt they come they shall feele of yt. Sens the taking upp of Hawden brigg, Wyll a Kilmott, who was the principall man that was at yt, hathe bene with the Kinge in his cabenett above an ower, and att his departur the King gave him 100 crownes, as littell as hee hathe. What justis wee are to looke for att the Kinges hands, lett her Majestie judge! Their is no waye to bring them to any order but feare, and therfore if yt maie please her Majestie to send this 1000 men but for one monethe, I dought not but to bring them to justis—otherwise, nott.

I maye not forgett to lett your lordshypp understand what manner of men the justices of peace of Yorkesheire have sent to Carlill and to the Myddell Marche. My Lorde Scroope wrightes to me that those that are sent to Carlill are the wretchediste creaturs that coulde be sent, and as ill furnisht—and whene Captaine Ellis, Mr Secretaryes man, requierd handsome men and to have them better furnisht, the justices aunserid him that hee muste take them or none. And for the Myddell Marche, as I understand, they are as ill. This your lordshypp may see howe her Majesties servis ys regarded!

Uppon Mondaie or Twisdaie laste, their was a fowle falling owte about a tythe betwene thErle of Angus and thErle Bodwell before the King, and grewe to suche wourdes as thErle Bodwell called him traytour, and that hee woulde prove him so. The other gave him the lye, and defyed him, wheruppon ys like to ensue great matter.

The Convencion helde nott, for their came no lords to yt but the Chauncelour, Angus, Marr, Bothwell, the Master of Glames and Coldingknows.

I praye your lordshypp that some order maye be given to my lord of Hunttingdon to send some sharppe lettre to the justices of peace, that their maie be some better furnitur sent them, for as that they have is verie unservisable, so their is a great many of them utterly unfurnisht, and many of them have blacke bills, which is no servis for this contrie. Wee desier only shott and pickes, and some boues, if they be good archers." Berwick. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

(fn. 5) "Syr Symond Musgrave wyll owte of hande delyver me a note how the laste ston he hade owte of the Towre ys spent, whych I wyll sende to your lordshypp wythe the other nottes whyche your lordshypp wryghtes of. And I wolde gladly know yf ther be anythynge yn the French wrytynges I sent your lordshypp. I hope ther ys, for I assure your lordshypp he ys yett reddy too doe hymselfe sum mysche[f] but that he ys lookte untoo."

pp. Addressed. Indorsed by Walsingham.

557. Hunsdon to Burghley. [Oct.]

Robert Carvell has returned from Scotland, having tarried till the King's coming to Edinburgh, and brings me a letter from five of the council, which I enclose herewith. I had asked them to appoint some nobleman to meet me on the Border, for I would hold no meeting with Cesford, whose tenants and household servants have been the chief offenders in the Middle March, notwithstanding the King's orders and proclamation. My letter was delivered to the Chancellor in his chamber in Cesford's presence. They allege in their letter, that in Lord Rutland's time, it was agreed that lieutenants on both sides should meet and settle great matters, as burnings and slaughters, whereon the King appointed the Earl of Angus, who came to Jedworth and finding no one to meet him returned again, encouraging the thieves to commit the late outrages. They refuse to send any nobleman, unless a lieutenant be appointed for England. This my lord, is mere dissimulation! for the cause of Angus then coming was to take order with their own people, and settle their deadly feuds, for if it had been Border matters, they would have certified the Queen's lieutenant then at Newcastle. Since the King has ordered Cesford to make exemplary redress, I have written to him for a day of meeting on the Middle March, in some English town (Alnwick, Harbottle or elswhere) and will send one of my sons as my deputy, which I am forced to do, as I find such emulation and little love among the gentlemen of this country, that it would hinder the service, if any of them were appointed. Though Cesford is appointed to make redress for East and West Teviotdale, there is none to do it for Liddesdale, Tysdale, (fn. 6) Ewesdale and Annardale, who were the worst offenders. They were in great fear at my first coming, as reported, with 4000 or 5000 men, but when they saw only 100, they fell to work again. Touching the article in my instructions to look into the state of the country for defence—I have conferred with Sir John Forster and the chief gentlemen, who all say (and I find it true by experience) that they are quite unable to defend it or make reprisals, "for where their was wonte to be able men in every towne according to the quantety of the towne, they are become the veryest wretches that is to be seene. I am shewer there ys not uppon all my lord of Northumberlands lands, 100 able men horse and foote. The barronry of Langley which was wonte to have a great many of tale men in yt, a great part of yt was lately spoyled and some howses corne and haye burnt by a fewe of Lydsdale, and returned without resystance, and so yt is in every towne ells, and that which is wourste, the gentilmen are so affrayde of deadly feedes, as whensoever their ys any fraye and any goods taken awaye, nott one that will ryse to helpe his neighbour, but hee whose goods ys taken awaye—thoughe the Scottes come by their doares with the spoyle! Saving Mr William Fennyck, Mr Hearon, or nowe Sir Cuttbertt Collingwood, perhapps by reason of his office, but before as littell as the rest. Thys ys the state of the contrie, and their leyse appon them that spoyles them, Este and Weste Tyvidale, Lydisdale, Tysdale, (fn. 6) and Annardale, who are above three or 4000 men, the moste part well horste."

Thus her Majesty must relieve them, and if she would be at the charge of 1000 men for a month or six weeks, which is but a small matter, I doubt not to get full redress for all bypast spoils, and "inriche her Majesties subjectes to the valew of 10,000 li., and to beggar the opposite border. … And therfore good my lorde, prese her Majesty in this greate cawse which towcheth hir so greatly in honnour, and her poore subjectes in seuertie.

I am even att this present creadibly advertized from one of good intellygeus, that what fayre wether soever the Kinge makes, hee meanes no good towards her Majestie nor her subjectes—and that at this present, ther is some practis in hande, whatsoever yt is—and hee dothe assure me that those of Lyddisdale, Eusdale, Tysdale (fn. 7) and Aunardale, being 400 horse that came to Hawden brigges where they tooke awaye the goods and burnt 4 howsys, was not without the Kinges knowleg, but not ment to be don in that place. But if they might be as well incownterid withall as they wer in that jorney, they will soone leave their ryding—for besydes the resistans of the towne, wherin many one bothe sydes were hurt, Mr Hearon lying in waight for their hoame coming with such as hee cowld gett, set uppon them, reskewed the goods, kylled vj, tooke 4, and 16 horses, and if the barrenry of Langley would a ryssen and gon to the fraye, yt had coste them deerer, for the Scottes wer devyded. The other companie returnyd thorrowe the West Marche, meaning to take upp two townes theare, and to carry awaye the goods. The contrie roase, reskewed the goods, and chaste them into Scotland, kylled one of them, hurt another and tooke him prisoner, and brought awaye 12 horssys." Berwick. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

3 pp. Marginal notes by Burghley. Addressed. Indorsed.

558. Hunsdon to the Council. [Oct. 27.]

In reply to your letter of the 9th to stay all ships between Yorkshire and this town, whereof I am vice-admiral, I sent along the whole coast, and find neither ships nor mariners worth staying, except at Newcastle, where I have stayed all ships and mariners, and enclose notes of their tonnage and crews, and where the men dwell. Berwick. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.


  • 1. The remainder is holograph.
  • 2. Hunsdon writes here on the margin—"All thys ys now satysfyde and dyschargyd."
  • 3. This last sentence interlined.
  • 4. Haydon bridge on the South Tyne.
  • 5. Holograph.
  • 6. Eskdale?
  • 7. Eskdale?