Border Papers volume 1: July 1592

Pages 399-403

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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755. Forster to Burghley. [July 2.]

I have this day a letter from the opposite warden still farther deferring our meeting. "For that the Kinge hath sente for him to repaire to his Majestie, well accompanyed both with Lyddisdale and Tevidale, purposeinge to take jurney uppon Weddensdaie next to the Weste Borders of Scotlande to pursewe the Erll Bothwell and his confederats, of whom he hath executede ten alreadie, and is of intention to punish the reste that cane be gotten." The opposite warden writes that the King desires none of the conspirators may be reset here, for which I have taken order, and beg your lordship to take her Majesty's pleasure therein and whether I should assemble the force of this March to enter Scotland if the King desire assistance, as it may be he needs help. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

756. Lowther to Burghley. [July 2.]

"Such occurrentes of the proceedinges in Scotland, as ar commed to me from my secret frend, I have thought meete to make knowne to your lordship by inclosinge the same." Begging your directions how to act if the King come to the Border and demand his rebels or otherwise, as it is like he will. Carlisle. Signed: R. Lowther.

I pray your lordship to order some powder and munition, for there is none here. The ambassador in Scotland wrote to me for the names of those of this wardenry who accompanied Bothwell. I hear there were 30 or 40 young men, and have charged my officer to learn who they are.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

757. Lowther to Burghley. [July 8.]

"Therle of Anguss (who came in unto the Kinge uppon Craiford Moore not paste two dayes sithence, havinge his peace made before with the Kinge) did come yesterdaye to the Lockwood the howse of Johnston, where Johnston laye somewhat sicke, and being accompanied thither with the Lordes Hamilton and Maxwell and garded with 1000 horss, they travelled with Johnston to have him seeke his peace with the Kinge by their meanes—offeringe that if he would followe their counsell and be ruled by them therein, they woulde either sett him againe in the Kinges favoure or elles take parte with him if the kinge should not heare them for him. Otherwise if he would carrie and mannage his own course, then they woulde leave him to him selfe and partake with the Kinge againste him. Irwin of Bonshawe standinge and hearinge this, hath lefte his howse of the Bonshawe open to the Kinge, thinkinge either to be included in the same peace or followe Johnston his other fortune. But I am of opynion that Bothwell and all other his complices in these partes will verie shortlie take appointement with the kinge and the Kinge with them. There will non of their rebelles offer to sett their foote within this marche, excepte it be the Ladie Bothwell crepinge into corneres." Carlisle. Signed: R. Lowther.

"The Lordes Anguss Hamilton and Maxwell went fourthwith from Johnston to the Kinge, to meete him at Dunfreis."

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

758. Sir John Carmichael to Lowther. [July 10. 1592.]

"I ressavit your lordschipis lettre and hes considerit the same. Thairof his Majeste giffis yow maist hartly thankis and I in lyk maner and siclyk for your halding hand and having your forces together for the suppressing of his Majestes rebellious pepill. It war good to have warrandis in the Quenes hand, for your Quene may be assurit that all the lossis we ressavit at this last raid it wilbe billit upone Inglismen. Tak heid in thir matteris that your Quene may be disburdenit as I dout not bot you will, as your Quene is wyse anewcht. Swa hawaud no farder at the present, quhill new occations I commit your lordschip to Almychte God. Of Dunfreis the x of Julij instant. Your lordschipes eftre the awld maner." Signed: Carmychell.

"Postscript.—Willie Johnstone of Kirkhill hes ane blak hors of my cousing Wille Carmychel of Reidmyre. It will ples your lordschip to cawse delyver him to the Lard of Gretnay."

1 p. Holograph. Addressed: "To the rycht honorabill my assurit loving freynd Mr Lowther lord warden of the West Merches of Ingland foreanent Scotland gif thes."

759. Lowther to Burghley. [July 11. 1592.]

On receipt this day of your letter of the 6th, I sent a messenger to Dumfries to inform me from that court, of the King's complaints against those of this march, on whose return your lordship shall be speedily advertised of the news "of worth that he shall bringe unto me in answer. . . I am verie crediblie informed that the Larde of Johnston, accompanied with 12 or 13 of his frendes, eutred them selves to the Kinge yesternighte uppou condicion to have lyfe and landes saved, and him selfe not to be pitted or in closs prison, but in other open or at large warded where yt shoulde please the Kinge and at his Majesties pleasure. The good man of Bonshawe hath lefte his howse for the Kinge, and hopeth to be the 14th person that shalbe included in this peace and in the same recited condicious. Sir John Carmighell and the Larde of Cesforde ar presentlie to meete in Liddersdale, where the same course will likewise be taken with thoffenders at this roade with Bothwell. The Kinge amyndeth to returne uppon Frydaye nexte oute of these partes towardes Edenburgh againe." Carlisle. Signed: R. Lowther.

I send you a note of the loose men of England and Scotland in as far as I can learn, and for England think myself satisfied.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

760. Lowther to John Stanhope. [July 11.]

"The King hathe mayd an ende of his jorney heare in Annerdale in this sorte—the Larde Johnston and 12 of his principall frendes and kynsmen have submyttyd them selffes in the name of all their frendes and surname, in the Kinges will, but upon this condycyon, saving their lyves, their goodes, and howses, and to be in large imprisone during the kinges pleasur. The Lard of the Boneshaw the lyk—but he hathe delyveryd to the King his howse at the kinges will, which howse shall taike no harme.

The Lord Maxwell in no good favor, but meare dissyumulacyon.

Sir Jo. Carmichell and the Larde of Sesford shall mete in Lyddesdale to taik the lyk course (as I think) with Wythawgh and his howse.

I warraunt yow Syr they nede not owr canons. Theire ys no confydence to be gyven to the Kinges word, as Edward Irwen of the Boneshaw saithe openly—but they rely muche upon Carmichell his word—for he dothe gyve his word for all thes pacyficatyons. Ther ys not any horse or valw of 20s. come into this marche of the jorney of Fawkeland—yet will they complane for nothing! and they shall be paid with nothing, yf I may have my will." Signed: R. Lowther.

"Syr I pray yow shew this to my lord Treasorer or to Syr Robert."

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed: "To the right worshipfull Mr John Stanhopp at the Cowrt." Indorsed.

761. Lowther to Burghley. [July 12.]

I am this day informed that Sir John Carmichael has voluntarily resigned his office of wardenry, and the King has bestowed it on Lord Maxwell. As I think the course of the new warden will be far different towards us, than Carmichael's, I humbly pray your lordship's direction on what terms I shall deal with the new officer. Carlisle. Signed: R. Lowther.

Postscript.—By the enclosed your lordship will see the report is confirmed. It is an answer to my letter asking the names of the persons on this march, complained of by the King as concerned in the enterprise of Falkland, but not giving them.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

(Carmichael to Lowther.)

"I ressavit your lettir this Tysday (fn. 1) at vij houris at nycht being upone my jurnay towardis Cokpule to se my ante, and was nocht able to returne bak for sic effairis as I was derectit be his hienes to do thairabout, and swa was nocht able to impart your lettir to his Majestie and cunsall quhill my returne, quhilk wilbe this nixt Vodinsday befoir nune. Thairefter I sall nocht faill to adverteis yow of the answer. This mekle I thocht gud to lat yow understand for the present, that I have maid that mocyoun to his Majestie and frendis in court that I have geven up the office of vardanrie. His Majestie hes placeit my lord Maxwell into it quha is mair worthy nor ewir I was or yit wilbe. Quha I dowt nocht will do all gud offices for the quyeting of the amytie betuix thir twa realmes, and as for me I will rest your brothir and frend eftir the old manir. In quhatsumevir I am able to do may plesour yow in thir partis and quhat ye have ado in our courtt I will serve for adjent to yow, and for ony oddis that I am addeittit to yow, ye sall be satefeit at meitting, quhilk I hoip salbe within schort tyme. I man maist ernestlie request yow to gyf my hartlie commendatioun of service to my lord Scrope and Mr Hary his brother quhome I will honour and serve as I did their fathir befor thame, for he was the onely man in Scotland or Ingland I was maist obleist to, my dewty reservit. Ye man excuis me at his lordschipis hand that I have nocht writtin to him—the caus is for lak of mattir. Sua for this present with my commendacions to your bedfellow and barnis and to Mr Cairltoun. . . Off Cumlungane this Tysday at nycht. Be your lordschipis assurit frend and bruthir eftir the old manir. Signed: Carmychell.

1 p. Addressed.

762. Lowther to Burghley. [July 13.]

I called down the gentlemen of this wardenry, on hearing of the King's march hitherward, and they have remained till this day ready to serve. The King having departed without calling for our assistance, of which I saw no need, I have dismissed them, and now beg to acquaint your lordship. Carlisle. Signed: R. Lowther.

"I am informed and perswaded that Bothwell will gett courte and favour very shortly."

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

763. Woddryngton to Burghley. [July 14.]

I received the enclosed from the Master of Gray by his servant a Scotsman's hands, and also a letter to the Lord Governor, requiring them forwarded with expedition, as concerning the Queen's service. The servant also delivered to by word of mouth from him the following message.—

"First.—Theis noble men, as the Lords Hammelton, Angus, Bothwell, Athell, Arrell, Maxwell and the Master Grey himselfe, with the consent of the nobylitye, are joyned together. And the cause of the Master his comming unto the Borders now, is for that he is derected by the saide lordes aforesaide, with full commission from theme to returne the saide lettres unto your honour and the Lorde Governour, and lykewise to send theme to me that I would returne the same accordinglie.

There request is that whereas they finde theme selfes agreved by certen about the King, who hath drawen him from his nobelitye—as the Chancelour, Sir John Carmighell, Sir George Hume and others, yt wold please her Majestie to extend her gratious favour soe much towardes theme, as to permitt theme to procead and worke there owne turnes—for the which they offer to oblize and binde theme selfes that yt shall neyther tend to the hurte of the Kinges person, or any damage to his crowne state or dignitie, but onlye for his preservacion and safe standing.

And also they offer to binde theme selfes unto her Majestie to be at her highnes devocion against all other princes and at all tymes. Lykewise what derectyon they shall receave from her highnes for the preservacion and governement of the Kinge and realme, they will obey and observe yt, and take nothing in hande before her Majestie be acquainted therewith. And for the ametie, they will put in what securitye shall please her Majestie, that yt shall contynewe in a more certen and firme sorte then ever yt hath bene heretofore. And for the performance thereof or any other demand shall please her Majestie to thinke well of, the Master offereth him selfe as pledge.

Moreover they have bene this long tyme most earnestlie labored by the King of Spaine to knitt up and joyne with him, and have bene offred great somes of treasure, which they have refussed, professing they never determined to joine with, or bring in, such a nation amongst theme, as all true Cristians doe detest.

And latelie within theis five or sixe dayes, the Master himselfe sayth he receaved messeges from Spaine, renuing there former offers againe to mainteyne all there actions and proceadinges—who protestethe the utter refusyall thereof for that he hath vowed and promised unto her Majestie that he wold not breake his worde to her heighnes while he lyved, nor follow any course but such as by her Majestie should be sett downe. And for better proofe hereof within theis vj wekes he sayth the Chanclour onlye receaved both lettres and message from the Kinge of Spaine and runeth the Spannish course altogether most depelye. And yf yt may please your lordship that the embassadour may charge the chancelour therewith, he thinkett the chancelour will not denye yt."

Humbly begging your lordship's answer with speed. Berwick. Signed: Henry Woddryngton.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

764. Lowther to Burghley. [July 18.]

I have received by your direction certain powder from Newcastle brought yesternight with a letter from Errington Sir Symon Musgrave's man there, that he had sent it, but naming no weight. There are 12 demi-barrels, and it should be half a last if all weighed. The bringer says it is corn powder. I have enquired as to the emptions of the former store here of late years, and cannot find that the keepers ever charged themselves by writing, but merely had directions by word of mouth from Lord Scrope. They say it was expended at the King of Scots' late journey to Lochmaben, when the Scottish lords came out of England and Angus and Mar recovered court and their country, and "some other comaunded services on these borders in sorte as my lorde Scrope hath advertised your lordship." I shall do my best to enquire more into it. Carlisle. Signed: R. Lowther.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.


  • 1. July 11.