Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
841. The Mayor, &c., of Berwick to Burghley. [June 1.]
The Mayor when lately in London showed your honour the damage done to our townsmen by the "purveyor of the victuals for the garrison," in severing the common fields, trading etc., against our liberties, leaving the storehouse empty of provision, and besought that the office of purveyor might be granted to us on sufficient security—which matter after the Mayor's return home, we again "touched" by our letter of 18th April last, with other matters as to corn sold by Sir John Forster and others out of the country, and our doubt if Mr John Carey would make any good return to the articles committed to him to enquire into—which letters we fear have been intercepted by Mr Carey and have not reached your honours hands; and seeing the present victualler is quite unable to discharge his duties, and another may step into his office, which would be our undoing, therefore we humbly desire your lordship to remember our suit and offer for the victualling, which would be for our own good and her Majesty's service, in this place. Berwick. The Mayor and Aldermen. Signed: Will'm Morton, mayr, Edwarde Mery, Thomas More, Thomas Parkinson, Jhon Denton, John Sleighe, George Mortoun, John Ourd, Henry Rigg, Hughe Fuell, (fn. 1) Crastofer Morton, Peter Fairlye.
2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.
842. Petition to Lord Scrope. [June 4.]
"We the soonnes and sonne soonnes of Thomas Grame alias litle Thom of the Bankehead upone Eske in most lamentable manner doe make our havie cause knowen to your lordeshipp in that it pleased God for our punishement to lett fall into our handes our neare cosyn George Grame of Medop, whose deathe came upon us sore against our wills and not of any pretended purpose, but he and his brethren, wrongfullie seaking with force and stronger hand to expulse us out of our possession whereof our father was lawefullie and peaceably possessed of these thirtye yeares and moe. And we but to defend our said lawefull right and peaceable a uncient possession, unfortunatelye chanced to kill the said George of Medop (althoughe our neare cosyn) yet a man before that tyme outlawed of willfull murder, and no waye answerable to hir Majesties lawes." Craving your lordship to be a mean to her Majesty for the sparing of our lives, when we will become dutiful subjects to her Majesty, and servants to your lordship all our lives. Satisfying the parties with our goods for our offence. And we shall give bond to your lordship to answer for ourselves children and servants and for "all other that came of our late father litle Thom;" or that your lordship thinks we should be charged with. "At the Bankehead this Whitsontide the iiij of June 1593." David Grame of the Bankeheade, Alexander Grame, Arche Grame, Robert Grame, Christopher Grame, Symond Grame, with our brethren and children.
1 p. A broad sheet. Written by Scrope's clerk, text and names. Headed: "To the right honorable the Lord Thomas Scrope, Lord Warden," &c. Indorsed: "A supplicacion exhibited to the Lord Scrope by divers of the Grames indicted of murther for the death of George Grame of Medop."
843. Maxwell to Scroope. [June 4.]
I have your letter agreeing that we begin justice "sen the last sessions of the commissioners at Barwicke, whilk I proponed, and take the same to be of the daite the first daye of Julie 1586." I will signify the same to the king and inform you of his reply "but (fn. 2) delaye." In the meantime the bills set down by them to be first redressed, the others to be taken in order. I beg you to take order with Dickes Davie for burning the houses of Mareskarffe and spoil there on 22nd May last. Also with Geordie of Peartree for reaving 7 or 8 nags "ladyne with wheat, bread, hearing and other lodinge from Thomas Houppes in Donecow and others his fellowes travellers, in their journeye at the Burne mouthe of Donelanerig rig the third of June instant, both commytted sen our last metinge." From Domfreis.
1½ pp. Copy by Scrope's clerk. Marginal notes doubting its sincerity by another hand. Indorsed: "Copie of the Lord Maxwelles lettre."
844. Fees of the Marshal of Berwick. [June 9.]
In the account of Robert Bowes esquire treasurer of Berwick and paymaster of the Queen's forces there for the 25th year of her reign, is contained as follows.—
Sir Henry Wooddrington knight, marshal, for his own fee at 33l. 6s. 8d. per annum—an under marshall at 16l. per annum—20 horsemen at 6l. 13s. 4d. "the piece" per annum—2 tipstaves at 106s. 8d. "le piece" per annum—and an increase of wages given by the Queen at 66l. 13s. 4d. per annum—in all allowed to him by virtue of the establishment yearly, 260l.—as appears in "preceadente accomptes." Signed: "9 Junij 1593. Exr. per Barth. Dodington."
½ p. Indorsed.
2. Another copy of same for the 24th year. Signed: "exr. per Fra. Dofton clericum Johannis Conyers auditoris." A note by Burghley at foot.
½ p. Indorsed: "10 Junij 1593."
845. Scroope to Burghley. [June 10. 1593.]
"I am not a litle comforted" to hear from your lordship how her Majesty has been pleased "to allowe my bare begynninges" on entering this charge, and will do my uttermost to observe her Majesty's future orders as made known to me by you.
"Whearas her Majesties pleasure is that I should give no countenance to the Erle Bothwell nor any of his, and yet to let him knowe in secrete manner, her Majesties pleasure expressed by your lordshipes lettre—your lordship shall understand that his conversinges ar so open and generall that withoute warrante for the takinge of a strait course with the gentlemen and others to restraine their societies with him, I must chuse to make resemblance that I am not made acquainted therewith. Yet this my tolleracion will be sensured to give him countenance, so many favorytes hath he won to him selfe emongst the gentlemen of these contreys. And by generall brute yt is assured me, that he sayeth he hath so longe awaited his desiered good emongst us that he is nowe in verie hard extremitie, and driven to pawne his juells—and that he letteth not openlie to gyve oute speeches, that unless her Majesty do shortlie releive him with money, or obtaine for him the favour of his prince, and benefitt of his contrey and lyvinges, he must be constrayned and will betake him selfe to a newe course."
Your lordship shall receive herewith the true copy of Lord Maxwell's letter in reply to mine for mutual justice—whereby it seems he minds nothing less on his side unless he see it "to their more overgreatt advantage." As his proposals seem quite contrary to the meaning of the Commissioners as in their "Booke of treatie (beinge concluded in anno 1587)," for brevity's sake I omit the articles, and refer your lordship to the book itself. "These shiftinges to put of justice, his negligence (thoughe by his lettre he tearme yt dilligence) to release our prisoners accordinge to his proclamacion, we havinge 48 bounde for the ransominge of them selves (a strange mater in tyme of peace)—the brute of his late preparacions of ensignes and pensignes before my cominge, together with his presente fortifyeinge at Carlaverock, where (as I am informed) he setteth 200 men on worke dailie, and the unaccustomed kyndnes that he sheweth unto the Lard Johnston, lately broken warde and escaped with the Laird Demillier (fn. 3).—maketh Maxwelles further meaninges so suspicious with my selfe, that I do chuse in dutie to informe the same, and to leave the sequell to your lordshipes consideracion and the triall of tyme, thoughe in myne owne opinion I thinke him an unmeete man for that office or a comune commander of many men so neare us."
Since the receipt of your advice that I should get the good will of some of the chief of the Grames, "for better reducinge of the vagrant sorte to obedience and good rule," I have travelled to have some of them assured to me—but I find "that the principalles most worthie of acceptance (as I am informed) ar in such danger of the lawe, that I cannot well understand how, with honour to my selfe, I can receive them to to favour and proteccion, before such tyme as they shall have satisfied the parties and the lawe—which they make shew they are willinge to do—as will appeare to your lordship by the copie of the supplicacion (herewith sent) exhibited unto me by one of the branches of these Grames." I also provide that they shall settle all feuds and be knit in firm friendship. "But how comodious or incomodious their unitinges will be, I canot yet reach to a full understandinge of it." Therefore wholly relying on your lordshipes good counsel, "I humblie praye your lordshipes opynion, with direccion in what sorte I shall receive these or either of these two branches so indangered, as by thinclosed note maye appeare—th'one parte indited, th'other both indicted and outlawed of murther? And whither I shall suffer them to take upp these breaches emongst them selves, and so tollerate their wholl unytinge together?"
I am informed that one Skelton has asked from your lordship the grant of an escheat in the forest of Inglewood, of the goods and tenements of one Olyver Kirkbride, who has fled for the suspected murder of one Dodson his neighbour. I do not know what your lordship has done—yet can do no less than signify that this and others of like nature, of right belong to me, as being "incident to this office," yet both these and myself are at your lordshipes disposal. Having some "verie urgent busynes at Bolton, I have taken boldnes to go thither, towardes the later ende of this weeke, and to returne within 8 or 10 dayes after"—having made full provision for good rule here in my absence. Carlisle. Signed: T. Scroope.
2½ pp. very closely written. Addressed. Indorsed.
846. Carey to Burghley. [June 12.]
I received your letter of the 1st June and find her Majesty's unwillingness for my being marshal, with which I am satisfied, never meaning to move her Majesty therein again. I am happy in this—"that if hereafter my poore wife and children doe goe a begging, yt shall not be said (for that her Majestie can her self wytnes) that I have consumed my estate in an alehouse or idle drunckennes, but in her Majesties service."
As your lordship desired more particulars of the custom of the town, I have set down "the particularities of suche packes of cloath as have come into the towne" since I came here, besides many things I know not of.
"For Scottishe newes, thei are so fantasticall and of such uncertentye, as what thei determyne this day thei break tomorowe, so as a man must eyther adventure his credyte by wryting that which may alter, or else not wryte at all." But rather than be thought idle, I send you inclosed—"Fyrst, a booke was sent me owt of Edenbrough yesterday showing the practises of all the Scotishe lordes with the Spaniardes, only sufficing to passe away time, for that I knowe your lordship hath all thes occurrentes longe sence (but perhaps not in prynt)." Other news I have set down in a note enclosed.
I have sent your warrant to Chopwell, and will husband the "contentes" when they arrive, as well as I can.
The long looked for ambassador Sir Robert Melvin has at last "fownd way to procead on his journey towardes England." Mr Bowes wrote to me on Sunday last that he would be here yesterday forenoon, intending that night to go on to Alnwick. I determined he should dine with me and ordered the captains, pensioners, the provost marshal and the horse garrison, to meet him at the Bownd road. But he only reached Aymouth by 2 o'clock p.m where he stayed all night. "And this day myndethe verye early (if his purpose hold) to passe thorowe this towne, and so to Newcastle to his bedd. Ther is no doubt but his embassage is very great, his deliberacion hath bene so longe." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.
1½ pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.
Inclosed in the above:—
(Note of customs.)
The commodity of the customs so far as I understand arises thus—
The Scottish merchants who were wont to "trafficque there wares" by shipping, and so to pay 50s. "the pacque" for impost, have now found the "vent" this way by horse, paying here but 20s. "the pacque" for custom. The other 30s. now goes to pay the charge of their horse, etc., and their "stuffe" is safer. Since my coming, the following "pacques" have passed through this town, viz.—
On 6th April, 8 "pacques"; on 18th, 4; on 26th, 12; on 6th May, 9; on 12th, 30; on 17th, 2; on 19th, 9; on 21st, 3; on 23rd, 9; on 27th, 5; on 30th, 8; on 7th June, 9. Total of these, 108 "packes" at 20s. the "packe."
"And they pay her Majestie for the wholle ferme, but iijxx li. by yeare.
The traffick by sea, I think wold also amend, if yt were not for a litle busy fellowe that is here, one Arden, who is customer, and somewhat too busye in his office, for ther hath moe ships arryved here sence I came, then did in a yeare before.
Ther is much corne sold into Scotland that passes through this towne by horse, that payes ijs. a quarter for custome besides that which goes by shipp."
1 p. Written by Carey's clerk.
847. Carey to Burghley. [June 12.]
I received yours of the 8th this day, and will accomplish the contents. "Ser Robert Melven is this daye come thorrowe Barwike towerdes ower cort, whear I did intertyen him aswell as I could to her Majesties honer, rather for that I knewe it fitt so to be, then for aney good demereyt I fear he will deserv, whearwithe I hope ferther hearafter to acquayent your lordship."
In her Majesty's disposition regarding a marshal, in your letter, I am well pleased, seeing it pleases her. "And yet my good lord, ame I not so bleynd but that I see my nowen disgrase thearin, wiche withe willingenes I ame content to supe upe tyll her Majestie shall be more wortheley conseted of me, wiche I hope my indevors to deserve well shall hearafter effect to my comfort,—tyll when I pray youer lordshipe gett me this faver withe her Majesties alowens, that I maye live in this plase beste fittinge my disgrases as unworthey aney better, beinge so unwortheley esteemed bey her Majestie. And yet youer honer shall fynd me hear so to devote my selfe to youer serves, as I dout not but you shall for a tyme have as good advertesmentes from me, and thus muche I dare boweldley afferm, better for her Majesties saftey than Ser Thomas Wilford cane at his ferste acquayntans cumpase. Thus my good lord, I have byn to tedyus in a matter of no more worthe, only releyinge on youer honers faver for any forther happeynes, I will eand this unplesinge subiacte.
Tuchinge that parte whearin youer lordshipe wold be satisfeyed as conserninge the Mayer for the watche word, I assewer youer honer it was greatley agyenste my will, I was to obeaye my lord my fathers derectsion therin, whoe I dout noe but will satisfey your lordshipe thearin for that he commanded me.
I muste crave pardun for trubelinge youer lordshipe withe thes scribeled lines of my nowen hand for that I was ashamed aney other shold witnes my disgrase tyll it fell uppon me, consitheringe allso it myghte be hortefull to the present serves." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.
1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.
848. Scroope to Burghley. [June 13.]
According to your direction by her Majesty's commandment, "I have this daye thoughte it the meetest (because I had prohibeted it before, and it wroughte noe effect), to proclame at the markett crosse, that none shoulde herafter, eyther receyte, nor receave, the Earle Bothwell, nor any of his assosiates, as they will incurr her Majesties displeasure, and answere the same at thir parill," and on hearing from you that it is her Majesty's pleasure to punish any breach thereof, I shall execute the same. I have written to Mr Bowes to inform the king, which I think will satisfy him for the time. "Thus givinge your lordship a short farwell, from him that wishes your lordship longe to fare well." Carlisle. Signed: Tho. Scroope.
1 p. Holograph, and also address. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.
849. Carey to Burghley. [June 18. 1593.]
Having as directed, conferred with the comptroller and surveyor of works, I have issued a warrant, and they have to-day begun with the pier, for the timber for the bridge is not yet come, though sent for with speed. We shall mend the breaches and holes in the sea walls, for the winter will make them past mending.
Mr Clapton the receiver of Northumberland writes that he will be here on the 28th with all the treasure he can get for the pay, which will fall short of the half year's pay by 668l. besides the 300l. your lordship reckoned we should have for the works—in all nearly 1000l. of our reckoning—whereof he means to certify your lordship. However "I hope we shall make as good a shifte with this, as hath bene made this dosen yeare heretofore with more."
As I determined to do at first here, so I will continue, to impart to your lordship my proceedings in all matters. Since my coming I have been greatly troubled with many "unconscionable sutes," especially by the soldiers and against the soldiers of one Captain Walker. By his men against him, for detaining their pay for three years past. Against these men by divers poor townsmen for "infinite sutes of debte," in which I could do nothing, for when I sent for the men to talk about payment, they said they could pay nobody, being scarcely able to get "bread or drinck," by reason of their captain's "lewd dealinges." Some have come to court and complained to "my lord," who not liking to show extremity, has written often to the captain to deal better with his men. But I have had so many complaints, and see so little likelihood of relief to these poor men, but rather worse and worse, that I thought "better hinder one, then undoe a number (besydes the dishonoring of her Majestie)," that I certified my lord my father, and by his direction, I have discharged the captain. I think my lord by this time has put an honester man in his place—at least while I am here he shall use his soldiers better. This will be written to your lordship in the "worste sorte for me," as it makes them all "stertle" to see such an example made, fearing for themselves, as the like has never been done before, though much needed in equity for the sake of the soldiers and townsmen.
"Such sclender advertismentes" as the uncertain state of Scotland will afford, I have inclosed, hoping they are true. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.
2 pp. Addressed. Indorsment faded.
850. Carey to Burghley. [June 26.]
Since receipt of your last "I have very litle medled or made with any thing here, eyther withe harknynge after forreyne newes, or dealing in any domesticall causes, for that my comforthe is so smalle and my uncertentye so great." Yet while here I will look to the safety of the town.
Your lordship knows by Mr Bowes of this great gathering of the lords of Scotland, with their "thousandes and fyve thousandes at the least" of their followers—which daily increase by warrant to their friends to be ready on an hour's warning. "The first end of quarrell that caused this gathering is ended by the Lord Hamilton and therle of Argiles meating in Edenbroughe churchyard, where thei dronck together and became frendes."
The "greatest matter" that has yet happened "is, that Mr George Kerre the worker of all the Spanishe practises, broke owt of prison the xxjth day of this moneth, by which meanes the parlament is like to holde, and the northren erles will comme to purge them selves (having nobodye to accuse theme)."
It would be convenient that you send down "your marshall" with speed, for till he comes there can be neither law nor justice for want of authority.
At least he might send some officer or man to look to things, the loss of which will be a hindrance to him "the wholle yeare after."
It is feared here that "Sir James Steward will goe away with the chancellorshipp, for that the Chancelor Mautland hath bene many daies in Edenbroughe, and cannot comme to the presence of the King. All the great lordes doe stand still upon there guardes."
We hear nothing of the munition long ago promised by your lordship. It is very needful we had it, for if any "occasion" were offered to this town, "we have scarse one dayes defence."
"Thus . . . desyring yow, since I must goe, to dispatche me quicklye (being verie weary of lyving in this sorte) I cease to troble yow any further." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.
1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.
851. Advices as to Scotland. [June 29.]
The three earls Huntley Anguishe and Arroll still remain in Scotland "sometymes in one corner, and sometymes in another." Anguishe lately sent to the King "and sayth he will chalenge any man of England or Scotland the combate, that sayth such blanckes are subscribed by him which (fn. 4) [are in the?] Booke of Spanishe practises."
News came to Edinburgh today, that 2000 "of the West Iles are come into Mackennyes contrey" and are spoiling it.
It is expected in a few days something is to be attempted either against the King, the "ministerie" or town of Edinburgh. A commission is granted to some of the "ministerye," to apprehend some who are expected to reveal things, yet unthought of, and of greater importance than heretofore, touching England and Scotland.
"The embassadours Stephen Bayle and Doctor Cragge contynewe ther on the Kinges charges untill the parlament which begynneth the xth of July next, where they mean to see performance of the Queenes joynter before there departure."
There are so many "horrible slaughters" daily in Scotland, that it would take a whole day to relate those within the last 40 days.
There are ten articles in the king's instructions to the embassador—of which I sent you the seven "cheafest"—the others are of no moment.
1 p. Written by Carey's clerk. Indorsed: "29 Junii 1593. Advises from Mr John Careie from Barwick." Inclosed in next number probably.
852. Carey to Burghley. [June 29.]
"Heare is such fast and lose amongst thes faithles Scottes," that I know not what to write. But as "I have litle to do save to wryte, and the postes not much adoe but to ryde," I may certify your lordship of such things as come to me by chance. The great number of noblemen and others in Edinburgh, dispersed at once upon the "kyndnes" between the Earl of Argyle and Lord Hamilton. But it is thought certain that the Chancellor was commanded out of the town on the 26th instant, on the disclosure of a certain murder which was "pretended" by him and his friends to have been executed upon the Duke, the Earl of Marre, Sir George Hume, and the other courtiers "who holde for Sir James Steward," which had been done had not Lorde Hume and his party come into the town when they did. This practise was discovered by the Laird of Denipasse a kinsman of the Earl of Marr, "who by chance, see there determinacion under there owne handes."
It is also thought that the three northern papist earls will either have liberty of conscience presently, or defend the mass in arms in the field. Wherefore the ministers do all they can to have the parliament to hold. Lord Hume went from Edinburgh on the 26th towards the Fownes, his uncle Lord Gray's house. It is thought he will go northwards before his return to have a "triste" with the northern papist lords. On the 27th there is a nobleman come, who fled from Ireland with but one or two in company. I know not his name or cause of flight, but am promised to hear shortly.
Lord Maxwell makes great fortification, and has many men working at his house, five miles from Dumfries. It is supposed he is the king of Spain's treasurer for Scotland, either to keep or dispose it at his own pleasure. The Chancellor left Edinburgh with 170 horse, and is expected to return on 2d July with all his friends.
It is given out if he gets his place again, that Sir James Steward will accuse him of "three pointes of treason lese majestatis." So that there will be troubles presently.
I humbly request some resolution from your honour what shall become of me, "for that I have staid so longe heare that all my money is all most spent, and I knowe not what to doe." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.
2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed: "29 Junij 1593. Mr John Carey to my L. from Edenborowgh."