Border Papers volume 1: July 1593

Pages 470-480

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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853. Scroope to Burghley. [July 1.]

As you requested in your last, I return the copy of Lord Maxwell's letter with my notes on the "margent," as to his objects—which are confirmed by his letters from the King—the last direction wherein is to call on me for delivery of such Englishmen as reset the Earl Bothwell. I intend to have no meeting with Maxwell (though he desired it) till I know her Majesty's pleasure.

Yesterday 24 Scotsmen, among them some belonging to Lord Maxwell, in open day light, made a "roade" near Tordawath, taking 25 nags from the inhabitants of Burgh, "depasturinge nere the water syde" on Burghe sandes. And this night divers "hereshippes" are committed to the great terror of the country, and I expect the like while Maxwell is officer here.

These Borders will break soon, unless 40 or 50 horse are sent here, or if any of ours take revenge, that it may be winked at. I will be glad of instructions what course to take, not forgetting meanwhile to hold Maxwell with the best terms I may, agreeable to your advice.

Notwithstanding my proclamation forbidding the "receipte" of Bothwell, "the verie morrowe after . . . he openlie shewed him selfe uppon Gaterley moore at a horsrace there, and receiveth no les favour in these partes publiquelie then if such proclamacion had not bin made. And he so muche dedicateth him selfe to his owne pleasures that he will by no meanes refraine to shew openlie to all whatsoever favour he fyndeth, and thereby with his affabilitie so attracteth th'affecciones of our gentlemen unto him, that hardlie can his courses be covered from the Kinge of Scotts who presently had informacion of his beinge at Gaterley race."

I can write no more of the Grames than I have already, "savinge that I do fynde that my lord my father his pollicie, was to hold them still in differences." When these two branches shall have satisfied the law and the parties, I shall then give them favour and use them to bring the "more vagrant sorte" to good order.

I shall be glad to hear your pleasure as to the escheat and forfeiture of Kirkbryde, signified by my last, and whether it has been granted to Skelton or other. Carlisle. Signed: T. Scroope.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

854. Musters at Berwick. [July 2. 1593.]

"The defaultes of the musters taken there, before the right worshipfull John Carey esquire, chamberlaine of her Majesties saide towne of Barwick (and for the tyme beinge) havinge the chardge of the same, ijdo Julij 1593."

[The absentees, with or without passports, from the companies of Carey himself and seven other captains, the gunners, artificers in the ordnance office, horsemen and pensioners, are given by name, amounting to 71.] Signed: Jhon Carey, Nic. Erington, John Crane.

3 pp. Indorsed.

855. Charges of timber, &c., for Berwick. [July 6.]

"A note as well of the chardges of the timber to be brought from Chopwell wood to this towne for the reparinge of the bridge, as of sondrye other nedfull provisions to be made and bought, as well for the said bridge as the peire and other workes here, viz."


Carriage of 60 tons timber from the woods to the "watersyde" at 4s. a ton, 12l.; freight of 2 ships of 40 "chalder the pece" burden, at 6s. 8d. the chalder, 26l. 13s. 4d.; 2 pilots from Newcastle to Berwick at 30s. each, 60s.; cutting, carriage and shipping 5 tons of "ashe timber and hornbeame for masons mullettes and helves for pickaxes, sledges, beetelles, etc.," 53s. 4d.; 2 tons English, "Danske" and Spanish iron at 12l. and 14l. the ton; 10 chalders coals at 13s. 4d. the chalder; "latthe" nails and other necessaries—50l. 16d., estimated "ryding chardges" of the master carpenter and others between Berwick, Newcastle and the woods, 6l. 13s. 4d. Total 105l. 8s.

pp. Indorsed.

2. Attached is, a note of the sum due to Robert Vernon surveyor of victuals, according to his "booke" for the first half year ended at the Annunciation 1593, showing that he had been fully paid by Mr Clopton 2261l. 7s. 4½d. excepting his fee at 20s. per diem 176l. "to be answered" to him at Michaelmas next.

Indorsed by same hand as last.

856. Vernon to Burghley. [July 7.]

At my coming hither a month since, I declared to "Mr Governor" and the captains the complaints against me (1) that I had not paid the garrison for 3 years, (2) that I had the money from Mr Bowes. But I was assured I owed them nothing, and if any man could say he had not had full allowance of "victuell or horsemeate" I gave him liberty to do it. "Whereuppon Mr Governor saide that some had deserved punishment that had used suche speaches as they had done, and were not able to prove them, neither would speake anie thinge I beinge presente." Though Mr Clopton received 1000l. more than I did, he could not make the half year's pay "without the forbearaunce of my selfe and others."

I am informed that "Mr Maior" intends to follow his suit for the grounds her Majesty granted me under the "brode seale" to victual the garrison. In truth they cannot be spared, except the garrison should eat salted beef instead of fresh, which they are scarcely satisfied with though as good as any in England. The townsmen also have had a lease of the Queen's fishings, "in consideration of these groundes, wherein they had but little right other then bothe towne and garrison had."

Now the pay is made I trust your honour shall not hear of such errors in my "booke" as your lordship was informed of before, for there were "not two men that founde faulte with anie overchardginge of them, but they were afraide that I shoulde have chardged my booke with certaine captains warrantes, the which I did not medle withall." Berwick. Signed: Robert Vernon.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

857. Carey to Burghley. [July 8.]

I am greatly afraid of a double misfortune, that with the loss of the uncertain place I have here, I should lose the happiness of hearing from you, "which breedes great feare in me of your honors healthe"—for I have not heard from you since the 8th of last month, and had expected by this time full resolution one way or other. I feel hardly used in neither being called from hence or suffered to have my wife and family here, and thus forced to live "at twoe chardges."

Mr Clopton receiver and paymaster for the time, came here on the 29th June, and though he lacked 1000l., yet made payment and pleased all parties. The works go forward in hope of future payment. He sounded the drum about the town, to call in all men wanting anything, and all were satisfied, "never a penny staid of any mans allowance here present, save only of Mr Vernous fee (as by a note herein sent your lordship shall more largely see) that (his fee only excepted) he is paid all the rest of his wholle booke that he can demand. The other mony that is wantinge wee have staid upon my lord and his men, and such others, as were absent."

The Scottish state stands "as fickle as ever yt did." On Tuesday last the 3d instant, "the ministers had thexaminacion of the same Robert Ourd that came owt of Spaigne, who denyes that he caryed any lettres unto Spaigne, or brought any home, but a lettre of credytt from the king, referring all thinges to the bearer, and the great seale of Scotland at it, being delyvered to him by the secretarie and the lord chancelor.

The parlament is appointed to be held by the King the chancelor and others. But it is thought here, yt will not holde. The Lord Hume is returned againe owt of the northe, and is at his owne house, and what course he will take is greatly doubted."

I send you word here as I did for the last month, how many "packes" came this month. The ships that come here are more since my coming "then hath bene in twoe yeare before, which breed also a commodytie to the custome."

I have set the pier in hand, and will be "as good a husband for her Majestie as I can, to see yt well done." But for the profitable doing I cannot interfere, as her Majesty's officers will no doubt look well to it—as will appear by the bill of charges for bringing the timber, &c., for the bridge, which they have given into Mr Clopton. Your lordship may see their good husbandry, when there was one that offered to lay so much timber on the wharf here at his own cost and charges, for 22s. the ton! Now if your lordship will please to cast up the reckoning of this bill, "with all their handes at it" (the timber being her Majesty's own) you will see which bargain had been best.

I am sorry on Sir Thomas Wylford's behalf, that he did not send some one to look to things (especially if he brings any horses) for his meadows are all spoiled on the ground. His own coming speedily is very necessary, for an infinite number of debts are now sued for since the pay, and the creditors can have no redress against the soldiers but by a marshal's court—and they come daily and hourly crying to me "being almost weary of my life not being able to releave theme. Wherfore I beseach yow (good my lord) for the poores cause, for the townes sake, and for all mens good, that yow wyll send him downe with as muche spede as can be. And that your lordship will be a meane that I may knowe what to trust to. For this is such an uncerten life, as neyther my purse nor mynde can longer abyde. I doe not doubt (althoughe I have ended many causes and contraversies as hathe bene ended this manye a yeare) yet I shall leave Mr Wilford somewhat to doe when he commes."

There is now a pensioner's "roome of xd. a day voyd," at her Majesty's disposal. It is Mr Bowyer's, whom my lord has placed in captain Walker's office. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

858. Munition for Berwick and Newcastle. [July 10.]

"A Booke, mencioninge the proporcions of powder and other municion, rceaved from the Tower of London, for the furnishinge and supplying of thoffice of thordenaunce on the northe partes—as well for Barwick as Newcastell, viz."—


For Berwick—10 lasts of powder, 20 "horse harnes," 20 bows, 8 sheafes of arrows, 4 dozen bowstrings [and other munition].

For Newcastle—2 lasts "fyne corne powder," 80 bows, 92 sheafes of arrows, 12 dozen bowstrings [&c.]. (fn. 1) "Youer lordshipe maye se by this howe unequally Ser Simond deales withe us—to take out of xij laste of poweder, ij laste of the beste corne pouder, and to take awaye fowerscore bowes and to leave us but xxth. And to take awaye fowerscore and xij shefes of arowes and to leave us but viij sheafes. To carrey awaye iij tunes of elme plankes, consitheringe we have allmoste never a pese of ordenans upon carreyege, consitheringe what littyll ned of suche thinges their is at Newecastell. Beseydes uppon the comminge of this newe store he soweld ij tun of corne that was lefte of the oweld store, but it was to the Quenes offesers for her yeus as theye seye. He wold a soweld a great deall of timber that was lefte of the oweld store, had not the master gonner stod bey and styed it and caused it to be sarven out for the yeuse of the ordenans wiche is nowe sarved out to good yeuses.

If I could but in my harte consent to cussen the Quenes Majeste, I shold then be thoughte worthey of a fee by her." Not signed.

2 pp. Indorsed.

859. Payments at Berwick. [July 11.]

The whole payments both to the garrison and for the works at the first half year ended 24 March 1592, with 37l. 16s. due to the "Quenes watche" in the latter half year ending at Michaelmas next, 1593; paid in advance before the "threasure allotted for that tyme" is received, . . . . 6793l. 6s. d.
Whereof paid by Mr Clopton, . . 6181l. 13s. d.
Remains unpaid till the next receipt.—
The lord governor "his remayne," 131l. 3s. 4d.; Mr treasurer the same, 137l. 6s.; Mr Vernon "his fee," 176l.; Robert Ardern customer "his remayne stayed at the sute of Anthony Cariswell for a debt,' 4l. 16s. 4½d.; "remaynes" due to captain Selby and 9 other absent pensioners [named], 137l. 19s. 2d.; (fn. 2) "this captayn Selbey hathe a penshin of vs. a daye, and a captaynshipe of fiftey men, and hathe not ben hear past a fortnight this iij yeares." 611l. 12s. 10½d.
Munition defalked to be answered to themaster of the ordnance, 24l. 8s.

Mr Clopton received only 6000l., so has paid 181l. 13s. 6¼d. besides the other sums to be paid next half year.

There follows a note as to Vernon, similar to that of 6th July in same hand.

pp. Indorsed.

860. Carey to Burghley. [July 13.]

I had determined to write no more till I had your full resolution concerning me. But in my duty while here, I cannot but certify the following which I have had "under twoe mens handes owt of Scotland." You will remember I wrote of Lord Hume being in the north, and I did not know what would follow. "Thus much I have sence learned—that at his being there, he, thErle Anguishe, Huntley, and Arrell, with divers other gentlemen of great regarde, did holde speciall conference together touching there pretended enterprise. And all of theme have concluded to goe forward with there attemptes against Scotland, there owne naturall king, religion, and England.

The King doth showe some doble dealing, in that the same William Ourde Scottesman which I wrytt to your lordship was come owt of Spaigne, having the great seale of Scotland for his commission, upon his commyng to Edenbroughe, was let lose at libertie, and those who were his apprehendors had small thankes for there labour."

One Coronell Simple from "Bilbow in Spaigne," landed at Newhaven, took new shipping there for the West of Scotland, where he landed, and is now in the north. It is reported he brought 10,000 gold crowns to encourage the earls there, desiring them to gather their forces "to be ready at an instant"—for he will shortly send them 6000 well furnished men and money to pay their whole army.

"Ther is a booke written by one Mr Raynold an arch-papist in the Lowe Countrey, against Mr Robert Bruce the cheif preacher in Edenbroughe, which booke is dedicated to the King. The parlament begonne on Tewsday last, but the solempnytie put of till Satterday next where it is thought the King will appeare in his royall roabes with his crowne and all other his ornamentes."

These noblemen are in Edinburgh—"the Duke, the Erles of Marre, Argyle, Arrell, Athell, Mourton and the Lord Hume, who goes dayly with ijcth of his frendes with him—the Lord Furbus, the Lord John Hamilton, the Lord Lindsey, and the Lord Ogletree, with some other of the pryvie counsell, as the Master of Glames, the Prior of Blantier, and many other gentlemen of good accompt.

The Irishe lord of whome I wrytt to your lordship of before, is not yet to be sene, for he taketh phisick, or at least keapes his lodging so close, that none commeth at him save such as are admitted to private conference."

It is thought of this parliament hold and the Chancellor come into favour, that "the Duke and his frendes will put in question the nomination of a second person, which will bread great troble." They begin to ride nightly in England, "yea and in many places at noone dayes," showing their well meaning to us. I thought it my duty to certify this, though "but smally" encouraged hereunto. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

You must either "make more spede with yonr marshall" or "strengthen your self with a better staffe in Scotland."

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

861. Carey to Burghley. [July 18.]

"Our unsettled estate here in Scotland remaynes still as uncerten as before, and the king as uncerten as the state; for every day passes over other without resolucion. On Monday last the Honours were brought downe from the castle, and the lordes of the actes appointed." I dare not write whether parliament hold or not, till it is past. It is thought "the cheife matter will be but for forfetting of Bothwell agayne, and litle or nothing to the hurt of the papist lordes—for that the kinges owne advocate hath pleaded that yt is not lawfull for the lawe to passe upon noble men upon blanckes without an accuser, which cannot be now that Fentry is dead and Carre escaped." Farther they are in little danger, for if the worst had happened, their "forfettes" were given either to themselves or such near friends as they named. "The iiijth of this monethe ther was a convencion at Dwmbirsle, where mett thErle Huntley, the Lord Hume, thErle Crawford, the Lord Oglebey, thErle of Arrell and one Creighton, and Sir James Chesome being excommunicate.

The third of this instant, the Master of Glames passed over the water disguysed, not calling at his father-in-lawes house as he went by. And twoe or three such like convencions have bene held by most of those parties sence.

Further that your lordship may perceave better how well the King meanes (which I referre to your wiser consideracion) yow shall understand that within thes six dayes, he was at supper in Bowhones howse, who is one of the arrennest papistes in all the countrey, and such a one as he him selfe tooke when he went upon the northren erles, with great tryumphe! Yet in this mans howse he supt and there spoke in private with thErle Huntley.

The Denmarke embassadors are about to enterteigne the journey of Spaigne by Sir James Chesome who (as it should seme) the Quenes majestie hath refused, or at least not enterteigned so as he lookt for. He had bene well worthy enterteignynge, for he could have done better service for us then he wyll doe against us."

I refer to your lordship's "deeper wisdome" whether her Majesty should not have "some partie here in his owne countrey, that if nede be, we may deale with him (fn. 3) with the lesse charge to her Majesties purse . . . I for myne owne foolishe opinion doe think Bothwell the fittest instrument, who is best able to doe him hurt,—and yet now in so weake estate (as I heare) by reason of a disease or ij° that is upon him, as he is in some dainger, without he may have some place appointed him of rest for a time."

If her Majesty entertains such course, "I am offred by meanes, and I have bene sought to, that whensoever I wyll, I may have conference with the Duke and thErle of Atholl, when and where I wyll—who will willingly offer them selves to her Majesties service." I have done nothing till I have direction from her Majesty or your lordship—but think it were good "for her Majestie to have many stringes to her bowe."

We have received the munition sent from the Tower, saving such part as was sent to Newcastle—"which I fear will rather be employd to other mens commodyties"—for I see not how they can use so much powder there. I enclose note of it. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

I hope you shall find in these letters of Mr Bowes, that it is fit to have a party entertained in Scotland—if you do, I shall be "ready to play my part therin."

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed by Burghley.

Attached to same is the note of munition left at Newcastle as in No. 858.

862. The Queen to Scroope and Forster. [July 20.]

Referring to her commandment already given to them, and as she understands published, within their wardenries, that no person receive into their houses or companies the Earl Bothwell of Scotland or any of his servants, at the King of Scot's earnest request, as being repute by that king a rebel in assaulting with force his person in his own houses, yet she understands that the earl and others have been in sundry partes within her borders, received into houses and "oppen companyes, yea, so far as of late he was at a publyck ras of hors running at Gatherley more, and now very lately hath bene suffered to come to Newcastle,"—a matter very offensive to her and worthy of extreme punishment. Now straightly charging them to proclaim in her name through their wardenries, that no person on pain of their lives, receive the said earl or his servant into any house or other place, or supply them with victual money or relief on pain of her high displeasure.

To Lord Scrope only.—As the King has often complained to her Majesty of sundry persons in his wardenry that accompanied Bothwell in his traitorous assaults on the king's person, and also took away some of the king's own horses, for which order was given to Richard Lother depute warden before Scroope's time, and to Scroope himself, to apprehend these "villanous offenders" and deliver them to the opposite warden—which her Majesty hears not of being done; being earnestly again required by the king, she commands Scroope to get their names from the opposite warden, endeavour to apprehend, try and deliver them for punishment according to their deserts—and if not found to outlaw them and seize their property—advising her Majesty of his doings that she may answer the King.

2 pp. Draft by Burghley. Indorsed: "20 Julij 1593. M. of her Majesties lettres to the Lorde Scroope and Sir John Forster."

863. Royal Warrant to Carey. [July 20.]

The Queen, seeing that the office of the marshal of the town and garrison of Berwick is "voyd" since the death of Sir Henry Wytheryngton, and it appertains to that office to keep a marshal's court to hear and determine suits and complaints, and she has not yet fully resolved on a successor, while Carey is there, appointed by her Majesty as depute governor to his father, has thought meet to authorise him to keep a marshal's court and determine all cases not finished in the late marshal's tyme, and any that shall be brought before him till she appoints a successor to the office. Commands all in the town and garrison to aid and assist him. He is to cause the key and any other thing meet to be preserved, that belonged to the late marshal, to be put in safety.

1 p. Draft by Burghley. Headed: "To Mr John Care." Indorsed: "1593 M. to Mr John Carey." Burghley adds: "20 Jul."

864. Scroope to Burghley. [July 20.]

"Albeit, that in due remembrance of her Majesties good lessons and charge geven to my selfe before my cominge downe, to be carefull of all courses which I shoulde entertaine duringe (and appertayninge) my governement in this place," I put off the coming of Lord Heris to this town, lest it might cause suspicion, yet he so importunately urged me to let him visit me, and shew offices tending to her Majesty's contentment, and quiet of these marches, that I could not in courtesy refuse to consider what friendly "accomplementes," he should tender to her Majesty. "So as this day his lordship was with me and is returned . . . He let me knowe a rare example of cruelltie of late yeares committed by some of the Urwins and Johnstons Scotsmen uppon a brother of his lordship murdered by them for a matter done before he was borne. Which Scotsmen accompanyed with some Englishemen yet lyvinge, castinge upp a feede against the howse of Maxwell (because in the tyme of the Lord Dacres governement in this office, one of the kinsmen of the said Scotsmen by ordinarie course of justice, was delivered by a Maxwell then warden unto the Lord Dacres to suffer death as he had deserved) and meetinge by accident with his lordshipps said brother, they most cruellie murdered and mangled him, hewinge him to peeces with their swordes. And have sithence by great meanes of some of the Grames (to whom they ar allyed by mariage, obtained the wardens sufferance to inhabite uppon the water of Sarke on the Inglish syde, wherby his lordship hath hitherto bin hindered from callinge them for due answeringe of their offences accordinge to the lawes of their owne realme. His lordship telleth me also that these persones ceass not still to do verie manie evill accions and committ many theftes both in England and Scotland, to the desquiet of both the borders and beggeringe of many true subjectes, which I thinke also to be true. In consideracion whereof, he prayeth that her Majestie wilbe pleased that the said offenders Scotsmen (beinge about 15 in nomber which he requiereth) maye either be delivered unto him by th'officer of this marche—or at the leaste restrained of the benefitt of habitacion and receipt within this realme, and so constrayned to returne into their natyve countrey and submitt them selves to the lawes of the same, or elles to betake them to a harbour farther of in some other countrey. In regarde of which favour to be done unto him by her Majestie, he offereth to bringe to the feilde uppon the Scots syde at his owne charges, 1000 of his frendes and defenders, uppon my lettre or at request of any warden here, and to them he will holde hand and give his best assistance for pursute and apprehencion of whatsoever English rebill or fugytive that her Majestie and this officer shalbe desierous to have taken and brought to subjeccion."

This being the object of Lord Heris coming, I pray you to make the same known to her Majesty, and send her highness's pleasure what I shall do further, with your best convenience. Carlisle. Signed: T. Scroope.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

865. Carey to Burghley. [July 24.]

"On Tewesdaye laste beinge the xxiijth of this monthe (fn. 4) my lord Bodwell was brought secretley into the Abey of Holeyrowdus into a chamber whear he hid him selfe secretley behind the hanginges, tyll about ix a cloke that the Kinge cam out, the Deuk and the Earle of Mare, the Earle of Atthell, and my lord Ogelltre withe him; at wiche tym non elles beinge in the howes with the kinge buthes, (fn. 5) Bodwell came from behind the clothe and kneled to the kinge cravinge his Majesties faverabell pardun and that he myght abyd his treyall withe his faver. Then came the goodmane of Norberwike dowen to the Abey, withe sertayne of the cleargey from the towen, to knoe the kinges pleser, and that if he wold thaye wold releve him; and he advisinge with the lordes, gave him awenser to pase awaye tyll they knewe forther of his pleser. It is forther thoughte that kapteyen Jhames Stewerd is thear by this tym allso. This is all I yet hear, and so humbeley seas for this tym." Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed by Carey: ". . . the Lord Borley lord heighte treserer . . ." Indorsed.

866. Carey to Burghley. [July 25.]

"The haste of my laste letter most honorabell lord, did cause me make maney faultes whearof I muste crave pardun, and yet not omitt suche thinges as happen to my handes. The xxiiijth of this monthe at a xj a cloke in the fornowen, the Kinge caused the Earle Bodweles pease to be proclaymed at the Crose in Edenborowe, and at ij a cloke in the afternowen he caused by vj trumpettes and iiij harroldes at armes to be published to all the towen the fynall agrement betwen the earle and himselfe. And nowe the Kinge is onley accompeneyed withe the Earle Bodwell, the Duke, the Earle of Autholl, the Earle of Mare, and the Lord of Owgheltre, and Ser James Stewerd whoe is chanseler. Bey this the kinge hathe acknoleged him selfe satisfeyed befor all the towen and conggreasion. Thes thinges falinge out thus, I thought fitt to sertefey, as it comes to me, and not to staye and excamine the sertentey whether treu in all poyntes or no. Barwike this xxvth daye at x a cloke in the morninge." Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed by Carey. Indorsed: "25 July 1593. Mr John Carye to my Lord. Erl Bothwell receyved by the King."

867. Forster to Burghley. [July 25.]

I received your letters with her Majesty's letter enclosed with her pleasure touching the Earl Bothwell. According to your former direction, I made open proclamation at Alnwick, Morpeth, and Hexham, that none in my charge should reset him or his accomplices—taking that course, "that Sir Robert Melvyn the Kinges ambassador and thopposyte warden knewe the Queens pleasure therin." But purposing to make like proclamation anew, "Iame credeblelie enformede that the Erll Bothwell is receevede into the Kinges favoure . . . by the meanes of therls of Mar, Athell and Angus, and that James Stewarte is made chauncelor"—whereupon I stay from proceeding under her Majesty's present direction, "till this enformatione be mor manifeste . . . Thopposite warden hath promissede to keepe meatteings and doe justice, but hath delayede the same by reason of his sicknes; who is nowe att the poynte of deathe."

The bruit of this news has so incouraged the thieves that I have ordered all men to draw home their cattle and stand on their guard. And I await your lordship's next advertisement. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

868. Scroope to Burghley. [July 26.]

Albeit I am informed that the Earl Bothwell is already received in the court of Scotland, "and imbraceth the Kinges favor," yet having no certainty of the truth, I dare not delay execution of her Majesty's direction against him in her letters received this day. "I have alreadie writen to the Lord Maxwell to declare the names of the persons offenders unto mee, that justice and punishement may be given them accordinge to her highnes direction, and thir deserts," and also ordered proclamations at this town on Saturday next and immediately after, in all other market towns in this wardenry. Carlisle. Signed: Tho. Scroope.

"Her Majesties lettre to Sir William Bowes, inclosed with myne, I shall cause to bee delivered with all the convenient speed I can."

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

869. Payments at Berwick. [July 26.]

Another copy of Clopton's account of 11th July [No. 859] shewing he had paid 50l. to the controller Mr Erington for the works, raising the balance due him to 231l. 13s. 6¼d. "over and besides my charges and my companeys in this service." Not signed.

1 p. Indorsed: "26 July 1593. Mr Clopton's paymentes at Barwick."

870. Carey to Burghley. [July 28.]

"I am fyrst . . . to excuse the faultes of my last lettres which proceaded by rashnes of a haisty desyer to doe her Majestie service by advertisinge of so sudden an alteracion, being loath to stay the knowledge of so great a chainge, by thexamyning of the trothe of every part in perticuler, which present reporte made me to wryte one thinge that falles not owt yet to be true, which was—that Sir James Steward was thought to be presently chancelor,—wherof I yet doe heare no certentie. Many other faultes escapte my handes by reason of the haist . . . Which alteracion hath bredde (as yt should seame) so great a quyetnes in Scotland, as I think I shall never have occasion to committ the like error."

I must crave pardon for thus not sooner answering three letters from your lordship. For the first of the 18th, I find how much I am bound in dutiful service to you. The "varyetie" of my Scottish news, sometimes better, sometimes worse, is not my fault, for I send what comes to me, in case it may be prejudicial to her Majesty's estate. If it is not so true as the ambassadors "(who is at the welle head, and hath besides a farther helpe) (her Majesties purse), wherof when I have as well taisted as he hathe, I shall by that tyme fynde meanes to give better advertismentes. For your lordship must think I have theme but at a second or thirde hande (and that by myne owne moyens) (if paying for yt owt of myne owne purse, a slender proppe for so great a weight dewly considered).

In my letter of the 8th, I certified your lordship as to Mr Clopton's coming, the "well making" of the pay, and how much was stayed. I have now sent more particulars thereof as requested. I then sent a note of the default in the musters, and of the packs that passed through the town, also of the munition sent to Newcastle.

I cannot certify if Mr Vernon has furnished victuals under his "bargaine" with her Majesty, for I do not know it. "But sure I am the bargayne is verie sclender, by the proportion of the store."

Touching the watchword for the Mayor, which your lordship wishes him to have again, I before told you it was my lord my father's pleasure much against my will, but now I will give his reasons. When this same mayor was mayor before in my lord's time, he had the watchword according to ancient custom, "and did every weke once or twise walke the walles, onlie accompanyed with a servant of his who was a mere Scott borne and bredde, hyred with him but for a yeare, who afterward had like have broke his neck with leaping over the walle to save his life." Doing this continually "he was compleyned upon and commyt to streight warde, having deserved deathe by the order of this towne, had not my lorde bene his good frende—whose requytall your honor best knowes." Having so done once, "my lord thinkes not fytt to trust him againe with the worde (a thinge of so great importance)." Yet if your lordship signifies in your next, he shall have it again.

In your letter of the 20th I received a warrant under Her Majesty's hand for executing the marshalship "in some sorte." I find therefore "yt is small inconvenyence or scandall to the world, to have the authorytie or occupacion of thoffice under my lord in as full and ample maner as ever any man had. Only the fee is the inconvenyence—which I will not doubt but in the end her Majestie will consider, and remember she could never yet get any man to serve without, besides many other great helpes and furtherances from her graciouse liberalitie."

In answer to your letter of 22d charging me with writing to others at court, with the same news I sent to your lordship for her Majestie—it is true I wrote to my lord my father, as in my duty so to do. Also to "my honorable good frend" your son Sir Robert Cecill to the same effect. The last for I feared your lordship was away from court, and he might have certified her Majesty in your absence. I wrote to no other of my friends. "Slothefullnes therin, being the onlie fault that makes my frendes condemne me." I do not know what this sudden change in Scotland will "bread" in the cause of the Duke and the Earl of Atholl, but will do my best endeavour, "if there myndes alter not with the state." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

3 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

871. Carey to Burghley. [July 31.]

I thought it not fit to "let slypp" this packet of the ambassador's, without advertising in some part how things are fallen out. "This mornyng the Lord Bothwell sent me to my bedside a commission (the copie wherof hereinclosed I returne unto your honour) to certyfy me of his kinges favoure, that therby I might the more lawfully receave him, with further knowledge that he was at Norrham, and wold this day be with me at dynner. Which I could not in my opinion refuse, but ridd owt to mete him. Wherin if I have offended, I must referre my self to her Majesties mercy." On my farther conference, I will more fully declare the cause of his coming, which would be "too tediouse," and delay the packet. I have "no further leasure at this tyme, for attending conference with my lord (who meanes to staie but this night)." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.


  • 1. In Carey's hand.
  • 2. Note by Carey.
  • 3. James vj.
  • 4. The 23rd was Monday.
  • 5. i.e., but these.