Border Papers volume 1: August 1593

Pages 480-496

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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872. Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 1.]

"Therle Bothwell having made many humble submissions to the King,—as fyrst, to him self, afterwardes before the burgesses and commonaltye of Edenbroughe, and thirdlie, before the ministerie and all the clergie—still acknowledginge his fault to the King, in fyrst breaking owt of the castle at Edenbroughe, for the Abbey road, the road of Faukland, and lastlie, for this contempt now done by him, wherin he did humbly thank the King for perdonyng of him thes faultes, but still besought the King that he might come to his tryall by lawe for his fyrst fact for which he was commytt to the castle, whiche was for conference with wytches for the cutting of the king. Which tryall being urged by him many tymes, the king is content he shall come to his tryall betwene this, and the xth of this monethe. And therupon ther is sommance gone to all his adversaries to appeare and say what thei can against him; till which tyme, he thought (with the kinges likinge) to retyre him self owt of his owne countrey here into England, only accompanyed with ij° servantes, the rather that his enemyes might not have cause to say they durst not comme, he being in court. Further, he trusteth so much upon the justnes of his cause, as he dothe refuse to be tryed by noble men and his peeres, and is contented to referre him self to the judgement of coblers, taylers, or such other like artificers, whosoever yt shall please the kinge or his adversaries to appoint for his tryall. And dothe further meane that against the day appointed, he will returne to Edenbroughe, and there put him self into the Hole, amongst theves and murtherers, to abyde his tryall, till it be past; which being done, and he quytte of the fact, then is yt thought that his enemyes will falle, and that he shalbe made lieutenant generall of the wholle countrey. And all this being accomplished, then shall ther a parlament presentlie be somoned, which shalbe for the restoringe of him to his honours and landes agayne, and for the forfetting of the northren lordes and all other papistes, who will nowe I think not be so muche dallyed withall as thei have bene heretofore (couloured for religion) but rather helpt on for pryvate revenge. In whiche interim of tyme, betwene his triall and the parlament, he dothe mean to comme upp to our court to her Majestie, and there to conferre and agree of what course shall please her to direct him in. Wherof he hath made verie open showe and protestacions before all the worlde, that next unto God and his king, he hathe vowde him selfe her Majesties servant, and never to take any course against her pleasure."

His coming hither, was, as I wrote before to you, "to avowe by him self" as to the Duke and the Earl of Atholl's assurance to her Majesty. "Thei have all (as he telles me) before Mr Locke in Edenbroughe) (for that I neyther was nor could be there), bothe the Duke, thErle of Athell, him self, and all there faction (which are many noble men) avowed them selves by solemnpne oathe, to take such parte, and runne such course as thErle Bothwell shall doe, eyther to the Queene, or any other waye. Wherof I have no better warrant then a Scottes worde, which is from my lord his owne mouthe. Marrie, he telles me further that he thinkes Mr Lock shall shortlie bring up a lettre from them all under ther handes to the same effect. This was the only cause of his hither commynge. Who is now gone further into England toward the busshopbrick, to see if he can get some howndes and horses for the King—whiche he thinkes as good a thinge to please the king withall, as a matter of greater weight."

But to deal truly with your lordship, his coming was for some thing more, which I refer to your wisdom to answer with reason. They say (as is true), that they have many and great enemies. All the northern earls, Lords Hamilton and Hume with their forces, the Master of Glames and all his "affynitie," with "Mautland the olde chancelor, and Maxwell his frende," all with great parties, and are "laying there heades, and gathering there forces together," to breake this good course, knowing it will overthrow them all.

Wherefore these lords, finding their enemies so strong, and their own companies "disjoynted," are desirous if it please her Majesty so to strengthen them, of 100 foot, and 100 horse for a month, or two at the most, till they "set theme selves fast." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

873. Forster to Burghley. [Aug. 2.]

The King having granted free pardon to the Earl Bothwell, it was thought by many to have been brought about by some accident against the king's will; wherefore the earl asked leave to depart from court, that all Scotland might see the king was no way forced, but received him of his own good pleasure. He came to Berwick yesterday, and had safe conduct from Mr Carey to pass to Newcastle. "And sente me worde as he paste throughe Alnewicke, that wheras he hearde that I fearede the breache of the borders in respect of the alteratione in the courte of Scotlande, that he woulde undertake for Lyddesdaile and Tevydale to keepe good rull." So I hope they did continue quiet. "The said Erll Bothwell hath warnede all that will doe for him, to attende at Jedburghe uppon Mundaye nexte the vjth of this presente monethe, wher yt is thoughte that he will have above a thowsande men readie to accompany him to Edenbroughe, againste the conventione appointede to be helde the xth of this instante." At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

874. The Dean of Durham to Burghley. [Aug. 2.]

"This daie about three of the clock after noone came hither to my house thEarle Bothuell, therunto moved (as he professed) aswell by some good opinion of me conceaved, as for that he understands I am one of her Majesties counsell establisshed in the northe, and the next person of that qualitie that he coulde resorte unto. And albeit I was verie loath to enter with his lordship into anie speache of the Scottishe affaires, especially of state, wisshing him to write thereof to your lordship or the Lord President, or if he so thought good, to negotiate his businesse with her Majesties ambassador resiant in Scotland: yet could I not avoide it, but he wolde nedes acquaint me with somewhat thereof, for the respect above mencioned; alleaging he wolde not write to your lordship untill he mought more absolutely sett downe the course of thinges there. That to the Lord President to discover his intention, he meant not, as not knowing howe his lordship stood affected towardes him—and Mr Bowes he tooke for one of his unfrendes. Wherewith, putting me as it were to silence, he beganne with exceading amplificacions to acknowledge him selfe most bounden to her Majestie for the permission he hath enjoied in Northumberland and therabout, notwithstanding the Kinges importunity, and practise of his enemies to the contrarie: and to protest with all solemnitie before the majestie of God, that her highnes in regard thereof shall ever have him a most loyall and faithfull Englisshe-man herafter, albeit hertofore he were, thoughe never in opinion a Papist, yet in affection and faction a Spaniard. 'Well doen once, my lord,' quoth I, 'is double well saide.' Which worde althoughe he tooke somewhat displeasantly, yet did it occasion him to affirme and confirme the same over and over againe, so far as possibly maie stand with the amitie of both the princes and the perpetuall conservacion of religion nowe openly professed both in England and Scotland.

Then beganne he to discourse the maner and meanes of his late enterprise and entrance to the Kinges presence. Whereof albeit diverse uncertainties and repugnances be bruted abrode, yet your lordship no doubt hath been formerly advertised the truthe thereof: which to myne understanding was a plaine surprise of the King in his bed-chamber, made by thearle and one other gentleman, in the sight of the Duke, thearles of Marr and Athol, with other his frendes purposely assembled, his sworde in his hand drawen, the King fearfully offering to withdrawe him selfe into the Quenes chamber, which before was devised to be kept shutt against him. Howbeit as upon short conference betwene the kinge and th'earle a litle aparte from the rest, they soone grewe to an accorde, not only by remission of th'offences conceaved against thearle, but by restitucion of him to all his honors landes and offices, and that by proclamacion: so he confessed unto me, that immediatly after this purificacion, the King used all meanes, roughe and smoothe, to sound and perse him thoroughly, what favors had been doen him, what sommes of money sent him, what promises made him, what advise or direction geven him from her Majestie or counsell, or other Englisshe, to gett accesse in courte to possesse the kinge. Wherunto thearle making answeare by utter deniall, saving that her highnes had a princelie commiseracion of his distressed estate, so far only as to yeald him to take the benefite of thaire of her countrey, for preservacion of his libertie and life, so narrowly sought by the king, so indirectly and cruelly by his adversaries, which commodie was lately more abridged and restrained, which constrained him to this last attempt. The King with merveilous vehemencie, insisted longe upon that pointe, and eftsones conjured him by all the faith he bare him, by all the alleageance he ought him, by all the love he professed to him, by all the favor he hoped to fynde for ever of him, that he should not conceale it from him, being by th'event a mater so manifest. But the more violently the king sought to sifte him, the more resolute was thearle not only peremptorily to disclame everie particular thereof; but in sorte as he could, to charge the king with muche unkindnesse and unthankefulnesse, causelesse to carrie such jelousie and suspition of her Majestie, who had been hitherto so gratious a ladie, yea a very mother unto him, and under the providence of God, the only supporter of his estate, that ever he founde, or is like finde upon thearth! 'Nowe here, O Francis' quoth the king, and have you then so soone forgotten my deare mothers death?' 'In good faith,' quoth thearle, as he saith, 'If you my leige, has forgeven it longe since, why should not I forgett it so longe after; the tyme of revenge being by your owne meanes, and not by myne, so far goen and bypast? A falte can but have amendes, which her Majestie hath made you manie waies: and so hath she made me an amendes of all amisses this once for all. To whome with your pardon, Sir, I will ascribe not only my landes and living, but my life, with libertie and honor which is most of all, not only as freely bestowed on my selfe, but extended to all myne, and to my posteritie. So as it shall never be seen or heard, that ever Earle Bothvel, for all the crownes in France, for all the ducates in Spaine, for all the siller and gould in the Indies, East and West, for all the kingdoms in Europe, Africk and Asia, shall utter one worde in counsaile, or beare armes in field, against the amitie of the two realmes and princes, and the religion nowe by them auctorized. And farther, I make God a vowe,' quoth he to the king, 'that if ye King Jemie your selfe, shall ever false your religion and faith to your God (as they saie the Frenche king hath doen to his shame and confusion) I shalbe one of the first to withdrawe from your Majestie and to adhere to the Quene of Englande, the most gratious instrument of God, and the ornament of the Christian warlde.'

From this he proceeded to the deposicion of the Chancelour Metelane, upon whom he bestowed manie an ill worde, and manie a bad name: and answered the objection of subrogating Steward in his roome (who is not as yet, but is likelie to be), undertaking confidently to assure, that whatsoever he had doen hertofore, he should henceforth concurre with her highnes, as well as him selfe, in all thinges lefully by her commaunded. What partie they are, as well the duke and earles, as thother lordes and lardes of most commaundment, he saieth your lordship shall from him receave in a catalogue subscrived with their owne handes by Mr Lock: whome these two daies he hath loked for, and mervaileth not a litle at his uncomming. The earle doth purpose to followe him, soone after that he shall have undergoen his triall for the witchcrafte, which is nowe instant: the consideracions whereof are as he pretendeth, thonlie cause of absenting him selfe out of Scotland, untill the verie daie: least having nowe the king in his power, it should herafter be objected, that in the procedings thereof he had doen what him selfe listed.

His lordship did earnestly require me, moreover, because Mr Lock was not yet come, to remembre your lordship to take ordre, that the union intended by her Majestie betwene the Popisshe and Protestant parties in Scotland, be not over hastily prosecuted, least the multitude of the one maie in tyme, and that soone, wrack the other, being fewer in nombre, and so become rulers of the king. And that the Lord John Hamylton maie be persuaded to some toleracion and patience awhile, untill the differences betwene the Duke and him maie be compounded; which by her highnes direction will be fecible enoughe within a shorte space, in case her Majestie shalbe so pleased; albeit thearle, for his owne particuler, findeth him selfe to have been over often abused by the faire promises and fowle performances (to use his owne wordes) of the saide Lord Hamyltone. And delivered withall, that betwene the assurances to be taken of Protestants and Papistes there is great oddes; those thinking them selves to be scarcely bounde to holde faith with heretickes, these tyeng them selves to kepe promise by them made, albeit to Papistes—wherein he was verie earnest. With this his lordship acknowledged he hath nowe in Edenbroughe and Holyrudhouse of his owne paie, a thousand souldiours, wherof the greater parte are good muscatieres, besides fiftie horse, to attende the kinges person. Also he had communication with Sir Robert Melvin in his waie homeward betwene this towne and Newcastell this afternoone, before his being with me: and is goen hence by promise to be with him there this night, to thend he maie have with him thearles letters, without which he were like to have none accesse to the king.

ThEarle maketh no question, but by her Majesties assistance (wheruppon he semeth willing wholely to depend), he shalbe with his frendes and followers, sufficiently hable to maneage thestate about the King to the peace of both realmes, against all the forces and fraudes of Spaine—which maie be possible, if he continewe thankefull in a sounde heart to God, and her Majestie, with such constancie as so good a cause deserveth, and he professeth.

The noble man hath a wonderfull witt, and as wonderfull a volubilitie of tongue, as habilitie and agilitie of bodie on horse and foote: competently learned in the Latine, well languaged in the Frenche and Italian: muche delighted in poetrie, and of a verie resolute disposition both to doe and to suffer: nothing daintie to discover his humor or anie good qualitie he hath. Nowe as your lordship is lik to heare of all these, and manie other particulers more at large, as the kinges affection to the Ladie Murtons daughter, and a strange letter written to some suche effecte, with some good assurance taken to bringe a greater estate there into their association, and unto her Majesties devocion,—so sence that I was importuned thus far to lende him myne eare, and to relate his discourse to your lordship with what fidelitie and celeritie I coulde; I am most humbly to beseche your lordship that in case it be not lawfull (as in myne owne poore opinion it is nothing convenient) for me to have talke with him or anie from him, your lordship will vouchsave so muche to signifie unto me by your honorable letter or otherwise, with expedicion, least by him or some of his I be dryven to this pressure, in a maner, whether I will or no. Which letter I will esteme a speciall favour from your lordship, and as a good limite for me to live within the boundes of any vocation in praier and studie.

Thus desiring Almightie God, that all these turnings maie retourne to his glorie and her Majesties suertie, together with your lordships contentment and comfort, I most humbly take my leave. At Duresme, 2 August, about midnight 1593. Your lordships most humble and bounden." Signed: Tobie Matthew.

3 pp. closely written. Holograph, as also address. Indorsed by Burghley: "2 Aug. 1593. D. Mathew dean of Duresme, Erl Bothwell." Seal red wax: A lion rampant, grasping an upright pillar; "T.M." at top of shield.

875. Richard Swifte to Burghley. [Aug. 3.]

I have considered both Mr Vernon's covenants, and also as your lordship noted, my experience of such things, the difference of time when his bargain was made, and favour intended to the garrison. My experience arises "from my bringing up in the auditors facultie," and acting as a receiver for divers years, to the good liking I trust, of your lordship and others who saw my yearly dealings. I am not unacquainted with the victualling of soldiers. The difference of the time is a matter of great moment, requiring some difference in the new covenants, "except the officer should enter into his certen overthrow."

If your lordship think me "not unmeete" for this service on such "indifferent and reasonable" conditions as I may be able to go through with it, I shall trust to carry myself therein to your good liking.

I have set down in writing and send herewith, the things I require to be added or altered in Mr Vernon's covenants. Signed: Rich. Swifte.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: Mr Ric. Swifte to my L. Certein requests made by hym towching the accepting of the office of vitteller of Berwick." Wafer signet: a gem, Pegasus.

876. The Mayor, &c., of Berwick to Burghley. [Aug. 3.]

We find Mr John Carye present governor here, "verye heavye unto us, for that sithence his cominge, the balyves court touchinge the auncyent customes and priviledges of the towne, and the fishers courtes on bothe sides the ryver, concerninge the customes and rightes of the same, as alsoe a chamberlane courte to the same ende, have ben holden and the bookes delyvered him, by the whiche he may perceve the greatest and moste parte of all thabuses which were latelye revealled to her Majestie and your lordship by us: and nevertheles nothinge he wille redresse, but executethe my lorde Chamberlanes directions bothe in towne and fealdes and likewise in the fishinges, contrarye to the saide presentmentes, and contrarye to the orders under nyne of her Majesties prevye counsells handes, dated at Richmond the 24 June 1584, for the comfortable releaf of the Maior, burgesses and comynaltye of this towne. Further albeit Mr Carye have covered himself in some sorte at his first cominge, frome showing his intentt to doe anye thinge to our prejudice, yet now (right honnorable) he openlye in the counsell chamber and in other places, even to our faces, dothe so wrathefullye put forthe coller, that when occasion gives us to move him for the good of the comen welthe, he tells us flatlye he will doe us no favor, nor nothinge (if it be in him to hinder) that we shall have, and that he will do his best to shake our priviledges, and wished that there were no corporacion in this towne." We leave to your godly consideration what cause we have to fear him and his, and beg pardon for being so troublesome,—but except for our trust in your lordship, we cannot with any comfort live here where we were born.

We pray your honourable favour herein. Berwick. The maior and aldermen. Signed: Wyllm Morton, Edwarde Mery, Thomas More, Thomas Parkinson, George Mortoun, John Ourde, Henry Rigg.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: a shield quartered, indistinct.

877. Sir William Reed to Burghley. [Aug. 10.]

I have received your letter dated last of July, and humbly thank your lordship for receiving my son into your service. As you directed in your former letter "touching Mr Raiphe Graies sonne," this is to certify you, "Mr John Carey and I have helped to maike him a Christian soule,—I for your honour and he for my lord Chamberlaine, (his name is William, God maike him his servaunt); and have delt liberallie both with the nurse and the mydwife." On 30th July last my lord Bothwell came to Berwick and stayed there all night on his journey to the Bishopric. "By the waie he tolde me all the manner how he cam into the Kinge. The course was sett downe by my Ladye of Athell, her husband and the Duke. I sett downe my ladye first, because she did best service. My ladie had appoincted my lord Bodewell to come to a posterne gaite on the backeside of Holyerudus, which gaitt att his comminge founde he redie. My ladies part was this—first, she conveied awaie all the waipons of the guarde; when she had done that and maide all thinges redie, she tolde hir husband and the Duke, which were in redines to receive my lord Bodewell, then my ladie went downe and received my lord Bodewell, and lefte some forses att that gaite, and sett some forces att the other gaite, that no bodie should come in. So she broughte hym upp to the kinges chamber doore, the Kinge was new rysen, and but one with him. My lord Bodewell cam in with his sworde drawen in the one hand and his pistoll in the other, and when the King see him, he woulde have stepte backe into an other chamber, saying 'Frauncis thou will doo me no yll,'—and with that my lord Bodewell fell downe on his knees and kyssed the hylte of his sworde and tooke yt by the pointe and putt it in the Kinges hande and besoughte his Majestie for perdon. Then cam in the Duke and thEarle of Athell, then they spooke to the kinge these wordes—'Maie yt please your grace this is a noble man of your owne bloode, who woulde be loath to see yow taike anie yll, and be redie alwaies to venture his life with yow. Youre grace is to taike thinges in hand nowe, which can not well be done without the assistaunce of this man who yow maie be assured of.' The Kynge answered, 'Frauncis, yow aske us perdon—for what would yow have perdon?' 'For nothing else but for cominge into your howse and breaking a doore att such a tyme, meaning no hurte unto your person.' 'Frauncis, wee give yow perdon for that.' 'And for the rest that is laide to my chardge I desire your grace that I maie be tryed by the peares of the realme.' His grace answered it should be so—the daie was appoincted on Thursdaie last being the ixth daie of this instant August, and what was done therein as yett I knowe not. My lord Bodewell bracke his fast att my howse and desired a cupple of howndes of me, and I gave him them . . . Newcastle att the Assyses xjth of August 1593." Signed: Wyllyam Reed.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

878. Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 12.]

I have delayed all this while, that I might report the Earl Bothwell's trial, "which beganne upon Friday last the tenth day at one a clock in thafternoone, and contynewed till xen at night. Where he was by his peeres acquytted of the factes of wytchcrafte wherof he was accused,—the maner wherof I doe here send your lordshyp word by word as I receaved yt owt of Scotland, as also the names of those noble men who were on his jurye.—

The maner of his arreignment.—

Fyrst (the Erle of Argile being chefe justice of Scotland), ther was in his absence appointed in his place as his deputy for that day, one Mr William Hart, a man learned in there lawes, being a very wise man, and a frend to the old chancelour—he the chefe, and these iiijor judges accompanyed him. The Lord Priour of Pluskerden president of the Session, Mr John Lindsey, Mr Thomas Hambleton, and the Larde of Barnbarrow—thes being all sett, the Kinges commission was redd to this effect.—

The Kinges commission.

'Wheras Francis erle Bothwell hath bene detected of wytchcrafte, and if any such thing may be proved against him, he is here to endure the lawe, if not, such as have bene his accusers, shalbe accompted as evill members and seditious parsons of the common welthe, and so shalbe reported.' This was theffect of the commission in breif, although yt were much longer in wordes.

After the reading of this commission, proclamacion was made three severall tymes by the cryer, that if any man could say ought against Francys erle Bothwell, let them then come and thei should be herd at large. But none appeared to the purpose.

Mr Davyd Magyll, the Kinges advocate (which is in place as it were her Majesties atturney) delyvered in certen depositions by one Richard Greyme who was the witche that accused the Lorde Bothwell and having had conference with divers other wytches. The indictement of thErle Bothwell was redd in court, before those depositions were delyvered in by Davyd Magyll, but these depositions have all the substance therof, the indictment being drawen owt of theme.

The substance of the depositions.—

Certen metinges are specyfyed in the said depositions to have bene betwene thErle Bothwell and Greyme, and that therle Bothwell employd a man of his called Renian Chirnsyde to procure more then xxtie metinges betwene his lordship and Greyme. The cheif pointes Greyme alledgeth were—that therle Bothwell should tell him that he was told in Italye that his King should favoure him well, and yet he should lose that love of him and be in dainger of his life by his kinge—wherin he requyred Greymes assistance to prevent yt. Wherupon Greyme had conference with other wytches (as he saith) amongst whome the conclusion was, that therle Bothwell should have a poison delyvered him, made of adders skynnes, tode skynnes, and the hipomanes in the forehead of a yong fole, all whiche being joyned by there arte together, should be such a poison as being laid where the kinge should comme, so as yt might dropp uppon his head, yt wold be a poison of such vehemencye, as should have presently cut him of. Another maner device for his destruction was this—to make his picture of waxe mingled with certen other thinges, which should have consumed and melted awaye in tyme, meanyng the Kinge should consume as it did. A third mean to cut him of was—that he should be enchaunted to remayne in Denmarke, and not returne into Scotland.

Unto these depositions thErle Bothwelles lawiers, who were Mr John Russell, Mr John Preston, and Mr Thomas Crage, answered that they fownd such difference in the depositions of Greyme, that what he had said in one interrogatorye, he denyed in another. Secondlie, thei alledged the principles of there lawe in Latine, which was entered of recorde—and thirdly, that Richard Greyme could not both be wytnesse and accuser, being a man excommunicate in the churche, and professing wytchcrafte, who was to be accompted an infidell, and so not inabled by lawe to give accusation against any man, and much less against such a peere of the realme.

Therle Bothwelles first speach openly in the courte.—

'I protest' (saith he) 'before God, my acqueyntance with Richard Greyme grewe in this sorte—a gentleman, a frend of myne, desyred me I wold suffer Greyme to lyve within my boundes, because he was an excommunicate person, to save him from troble for the tyme. Afterward my frend and he requyred me to move the King for a protection for him, which I promised, and yet my occasions were suche at court as I omitted that. At my returne, he came to me to knowe what I had done for him. I told him, nothing. So he returned home for that tyme. Then thErle of Auguishe being sick, his lady sent for me to requyre me to send for Richard Greyme to her husband. At her request, I sent Chirnsyde my man who brought him to therle of Auguishe, and there I was myself at his commynge. Shortly after that, I met him by chance at Kelsay. And a long tyme after, thErle of Anguishe falling sick againe, his lady requyred me to send, as I did before; which I did by my servant Chirnside, at whose commyng I was present and talked with him at that tyme. The Erle of Anguishe dyed. I met with him once againe at the chancelours house, where in the presence of me and the chancelor, as we were ryding, he showd us a sticke with nickes in yt all wrapped about with longe heire eyther of a man or a woman, and said yt was an enchanted stick; to which speache I gave smalle regarde. Thes are all the times I ever sawe him, I protest before God, althoughe bothe in my indictement and Greymes depositions, they alledge that Chirnside my man should bring him to me in Mr John Provens howse in Edenbroughe, and further that I should have him at a shepardes howse within ij° myles of myne owne howse at Creighton—all which is untrewe. But thes and the rest of my matter I leave to my counsell learned in the law, to answer.'

Then was ther put into the court by the Kinges advocate the confession of dyvers other wytches, Greymes confederates who were burned at Edenbroughe as Agnes Sampson, Effam Mackenell, Barbara Nepar, and other ij° burned, besides other iiijor that were let lose. Who being often examyned, said still they never knewe any thing by thErle Bothwell, but as a noble man, neyther had they ever any conference with him as Greyme alledged. It was further approved there by thexaminacions, that Greyme did never accuse Bothwell in any thing till such tyme as he had a warrant under the councelles handes (which were these, therle of Mourton, the Chancelor, the Kinges advocate, Sir John Carmighell, Sir George Hume and divers others), that if he wold speake simply and trewly what he knewe, his life should be preserved, and he should lyve in Sterling castle, where he should feare no mans mallice and have good allowance. After which warrant, then in all his depositions ever after he toucht Bothwell.

To which point Bothwelles counsell did alledge that the Kinges counsell by there owne dede had quitted Bothwell, 'for' (say they) 'you have promised him (fn. 1) under your handes that if he spoke simplye and trewlie and nothing but the trothe, he should have his lyfe and be manteyned nowe. So that in taking away of his life you have proved his accusations to be untrewe.' Ther came in divers honest men of Edenbroughe that were deposed that Richard Greyme said to theme that he must eyther accuse the Erle Bothwell falselye, or els endure such tormentes as no man were able to abyde.

His owne brother came in, and before the court was deposed, that he had many tymes protested to him that he was forced to accuse thErle Bothwell for feare of maymynge with the bootes and other tortures.

After all this, thErle him self made a certen oracion to the lordes of the benche, which he beganne to this effect.

The effect of therles oracion or second speach openlie in the court.—

'My lordes, and you all of my jurie, it is not unknowne to you what longe banishment and great troble I have endured without any just cause, only by the meanes of some enemyes who incensed the Kinges Majestie against me—as the chancelour who was one of the conspiratours of the death of the Kinges father, and a speciall mean of the Queene his mothers deathe, and a conspirer and speciall worcker of all the treasons and conspiracies contryved in Scotland in his tyme (as I can sufficiently prove). Then for Sir John Carmighell, I can alledge thes reasons—that he being a pencioner to the Quene of England, and perceaving that I had done justice to thofficers of her Majesties borders, and was apposing my self to her favoure, fearing therby his owne credyte should fayle, and so he lose her Majesties bountyfull benevolence, had reason to fynd meanes howsoever to cut me of. And as for Sir George Hume, because I had slayne his brother, albeit wee were agreed in owtward showe, having receaved both submission and satisfaction, yet yt showd his malitiouse intent still remayned to performe that in secret sorte which otherwise he durst not.

All thes my enemyes still filling his Majesties eares against me, and I not present to answer for my self, was dryven to such distresse that without the mightie protection of God, I had longe ere this perished.'

Thes and manie moe excellent good speaches, he uttred in excuse of his loyaltie, acknowledging of Godes goodnes towardes him and referring the justnes of his cause to his jurye, which were too tedious to write."

The jury were—"ThErle of Athell, thErle of Montrosse, the Lord Leviston, the Lord Seton, the Lord Furbos, the Lord Sincler, the Master of Grey. Barons.—The Larde of Bas, the Larde of Cawdwell, the Larde Blowhen, the Larde of Roslen, the Larde Combulton, the Larde Hermaston, the Larde Colston, the Larde Markeston and the Laird Readhaule." They found the Earl not guilty of the charges, and Mr deputy justice Hart pronounced judgment accordingly—"which proved the accusations of the noble man to be most false, and so he restored to his former reputacion and honors agayne.

This being done the xth day at xen at night, the xjth in the mornynge, thErle Bothwell lying in the hye towne, having certen watch over the court (as behoves him so to doe) ther came advertisment to him about three a clock the same morning, that the King ment to take his horse and steale awaye in the mornynge over the water towardes Faukland, and so to have gone to the northren erles, there to have put him self into there handes. Wherupon thErle Bothwell going downe to thAbbey, met in thAbbey gate with one Mr William Lesle one of the kinges servantes, who was going before to therles to advertise theme of the Kinges commynge. But Bothwell, meting him in the gate, tooke him, and fownd upon him a lettre answering the kinges intention to a lettre of thers written to him before. Whome Bothwell presently put into a chamber and went farther into the court, where he tooke iiijor moe of the kinges servantes practisers of the same action—whose names were, Thomas Askyn, James Askin, Alexander Askin, and one Oglebye—all whome he put in a chambere togither, and so went to the King, who was very angrye that his servantes were so put to kepinge. Bothwell answered the King, with desier of pardon, for that these men were suche as abused his eare with wronge informacions, yet should they receave no further punishment—but desyred his Majestie thei might be put further from him, wherby thei might no more abuse him in such sorte. And as yt were, a litle charging the King of breach of promise, who had promist that if he cleared himself, as he hath done, that then he wold holde that course that he and his frendes should runne."

I hear further from Earl Huntly's country, that the same "companye," that made the last slaughter there, had made a new attempt, but on gathering their forces, found Huntly forewarned and too strong for them, so gave it up. But Huntly not meaning to lose his opportunity, removed with speed into the country of Moray "with all his forces before gathered but for his owne defence, which nowe he employd to the burnynge and spoiling of his enemyes countreye xxiiijor myles in lengthe. But what the particulers are I cannot yet learne, for the servantes and tenantes of thErle of Murrhey, the chefe of them hearing of this, before fledd and left such thinges as thei had behind them. Thus having I think sufficientlie trobled your lordship with a tedious discourse (albeit I could not well ended shorter) I cease." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey. (fn. 2)

"The Kinge sheawes by his discontentment that he wold fayen be gon to the northen facsion—for it was agyense his will that the daye of treyall held, for he sent to divers of the nobell men, that theye shold not appear all together. Withe this, his deseyer to steall awaye sheawes his discontenment, wiche semes if the Earle Bodwell be not cherished by sum other meanes then his owen strenghte, the contrarey partey beinge so stronge, ther will shortley be a welter agyen, wiche in my oppinion will be muche worse then the ferste."

6 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

879. Forster to Burghley. [Aug. 12.]

I received your lordship's letter dated the last of July, which came to my hand this present day, desiring to hear news out of Scotland, though they are too changeable for certainty. "Your lordship shall receave the coopie of a lettre sent unto me from a freinde of myn owte of Scotlande, wherby ye may perceave what was done att Bothwells tryall uppon Frydaye laste, and howe the king caryethe a grudge still towards him, and purposede uppon Satterdaye night laste to have wrought moyen to have cutt Bothwells throte and his assocyatts: but the lettres wer intercepted and the messangers taken, who arr stratele kepte, and thofficers aboute the king are chaungede, and Bothwells factione keepeth him (as yt seamethe) againste his mynde." So there is like to be trouble among them, and daily devices for changes at court. Since Bothwell's exile, first, Sir Robert Kar was made keeper of Liddesdale for a short time, then "the Ducke," and Pharnehyrst deputy under him, who made divers promises to do justice, but did nothing. There have been no attempts by Liddesdale in my office worth mention, "but onlie the slaughter of two Dods in Tyndale by William Ellott of Hartscarth for feeds amonge them." Mr Bowes to whom I wrote, procured the King's directions to the Duke and Pharnyherst, but owing to these "controversies" the latter has delayed justice, and no meetings have been kept with him this long time. The greatest part of Liddesdale, especially the Ellotts, borders on this Middle March. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(His friend to Forster.)

"Your honour shall knowe that my lord Bothwell was in the Towlboothe of Edenbrough this Frydaye laste and was tryede cleare by the confessione of sundrie that had accusede him befor, and the matter in a parte made manifeste. But your honour may be sure that the suspitione that the King hath taken againste him, is not altogeather owte of mynde, for when they were all the busieste att the tryall, the king thoughte to have all their throtts cutt the same nighte after, for he dyrectede fyve awaye with lettres to my lord Hume, Seaton and such others as he thoughte shoulde have servede his tourne, to have ben att him for the purposse. But the others wer advertysede, and gote the kinges lettres with the bearers, such as Mr William Lyslie, James Aleheston, (fn. 3) two of the Maister of Erskins sonnes, and is verie straite keepte, and for this cause the holl officers are chaungede aboute the king, and straite keepeinge made sence. This laste weake they thoughte in Fawklande to have the king to hunte the bucke, and their wer folks provydede with everie one a ledd horse, and was in purposse to have gone with the king to Loughleavne, butt yt was forseen . . . The xijth of August 1593." Not signed.

1 p. Copy by Forster's clerk. Addressed on face to Forster. Indorsed.

880. The Dean of Durham to Burghley. [Aug. 15.]

"As it must nedes be, right honorable, a mater of singular comfort and encouragement to me, by your lordshippes lettres of the xth of this instant to be advertised (which yester eaven came to my hande) that her Majestie doth graciously allowe of my tedious recitall of thEarle Bothwelles communicacion (wherein I acknowledge my selfe most bounden to her most excellent Majestie by your honorable and onelie meanes), so if manie imperfections mought have been therein espied, it were the lesse mervaile to me, considering myne unacquaintance with suche causes, and the longe broken course of talke passed betwene his lordship and me, as it were from the centre to the circumference and backe againe. Neverthelesse to supplie some defectes of myne, for your lordshippes better satisfaction, as you require: Pleaseth it your lordship to understand, that thEarle him selfe did to me deliver both the substance and circumstance (with somewhat adoe I must confesse), of that his enterprice and entrance to the kinges presence, to the same effecte, and in the same forme, that I did formerly reporte in my letter to your lordship. All those parsons therin mentioned being then and there present, as also the Lord Ochiltree: thearle having his entrie made over-night by the Countesse of Atholl throughe the back-waie of the garden, and him selfe and Mr John Colville by her meanes lodged all night in the courte, they two onlie came by devise about nyne howres the next morning into the kinges bedchamber, what tyme his grace was newe risen out of his bedde, and goen to a bye place, where they awaited the king comming foorth in his night gowne, thearle with his sworde in his hande drawen, suddeinly presented him selfe before him and saide, 'Loe my gude bearne, ye that have geven out, that I sought your life, maie see loe it is nowe in this hande. What wronge have ye doen me!' Wherat the King startling as all affrighte, seeking to flie into the Quenes chambre (which was kept faste against him), thearle taking him by the gowne, did faithfully promise him he should aile nothing, so he wolde heare him and his with patience, and at large, according to justice: and in so doing he wolde deliver the King his naked sworde to stryke of his head, in case he should not fully satisfie his grace in all thinges. Wheruppon the King taking the Earle by the hand, and assuring both him and Colville, that he wolde so doe, yea most unfainedly; thEarle tooke his owne sworde by the blade, offering the hilte into the kinges hand, whiche he refused. So they two alone withdrawing themselves to a wyndowe, capitulated a while, and concluded as your lordship by the sequeale maie perceave, to the contentment of thone in shewe, and of thother in dede.

Thus muche was I loathe in expresse termes to sett downe, as well for that I did probably imagine your lordship had been certified thereof by others, my lettre being written eight daies or more after the facte; as also not supposing the wordes to be so greatly materiall then, as by this tyme percase they maie be thought to be. Wherein I humbly crave pardon for myne error, isshuing not of purpose, but of ignorance throughe inexperience. Nor did I holde it necessarie to note his lordshippes wordes, albeit of great importance, howe importunatly the king embraced him about the necke, kissed his cheeke, and as it were woed him diversly, to disclose what her Majesties parte was in thearles attempt to take the king. All which I assure your good lordship he uttered to me vero vultu, not without great dislike and disdaine of the kinges unfaithfulnesse to her Majestie, nor without the kinges great and often imputacions of the breache of the treatie made by her highness. Which made me most to credite thearle, and to trust the king so muche the lesse, as one that belike hath taken out the lesson that Lewys thEleaventh read his sonne, which I blusshe to write. In reporte of all the rest, I did purposely observe the woordes, phrases, amplificacions, of his lordship so nere as our Englisshe maie expresse their Scottisshe, and as my memorie could serve me, desirous to tell his tale, not myne owne.

That greater estate by him insinuated to be reddie to combyne with him and his frendes, was the King him selfe: who either hath alreddy written to her Majestie in his favour and commendacion, and that most earnestly and effectually, or els thearle did egregiously beguile me in assuring it, or rather dangerously abused him selfe in beleving it.

Howbeit he was once or twyce offering, as if that Quene wold also conjoyne in I wott not what plott or action, for the safetie of the Queene of England: but this he partly propounded, and partly suppressed so doubtfully, as if he meant to intimate obscurely rather, then overtly to bewraie some secret belike not as yet ripe to be discovered. But I felt by him, thoughe I durst not be inquisitive, that the Queene is not unacquainted with the greatest affaires: and by others as well as by him I doe gather, she is a wise ladie for her yeares, silent enoughe, and that maie be with lesse charge, and more trust dealt with, then some other that is better paied, and that is either naturally, or artificially (to be plaine), deceiptfull and dangerous. The Kinges love that was spoken of, is as his lordship saide, the Ladie Murtons fayre daughter. Wherein is conteyned a mysterie not yet cleerly to me by him revealed. Only I perceave that a letter of great consequence to that estate concerning the title of succession to that crowne hath been written, intercepted and brought to thEarles hand, which he did not shewe me, but it were well worthe the sight, as I suppose by some wordes letten fall by his lordship; which I thought no good maner over curiously to enter into as then. Before this present it cannot be, but your lordship hath heard what hath passed at and sithence thEarles arraignement. But in case my referendarie tell truly, that the king had dispatched five severall letters to the Lord Hume, the Lord Seaton, with others, to cutt the throates of the Lord Bothwell and all his associates, by gathering their forces what tyme he was most busily and carefully occupied amiddest his triall at Edingbroughe: and that thEarles espialles have intercepted fower of those letters upon fower gentlemen, who rest apprehended (the certaintie whereof, because it is not reconfirmed, I leave in suspense), then of likelihod, his lordshippes tale of his approche to the king is so muche the trewer, and the kinges dissimulacion of that indignitie so muche the deper ingraven. Scribit in marmore læsus.

Nowe my most honorable good lord, if I have not already exceeded far the compasse of your demaunde, I beseche you geve me leave to saie thus muche, albeit without judgement, yet without offence, that if anie faithe maie be geven to flesshe (unregenerat), thEarle is likest to doe her Majestie the faithfullest service in that kingdome, that ever anie of that nation did to anie her highnes most noble progenitors—a rare man without doubt, by faire and good meanes to be honorably accommodated to all the best purposes; but by extremitie upon extremitie to be wrought to his owne utter destruction in thend, not without the hazard of suche other the whyle, as percase were better kept and comforted, then either lost or endangered: if my blinde eye see anie thinge here or hereabout. And so first, I most lowlie recommend my service to your lordship no lesse then anie you knowe better, and more emploie, exceeding glad it liketh your lordship to conceave anie opinon of my dutie to yourself, or of my meane endeavours in my calling. And next I most humbly upon the knees of my heart, beseche Almightie God to averte not only the plague of the bodie out of the southe, but the more pernitious, and contagious pestilence of the mynde and conscience chiefly, and next of false pretence and practise, out of the northe: lastly by Gods grace, I shall follow your lordshippes direction in this particular, and in all other to the uttermost of my power, and praie for your lordshippes longe and prosperous successe in all your honorable and godlie counsailes next to the permanent and flourisshing estate of my most dread soveraigne and maistresse Queene Elizabeth. At Duresme, 15 August 1593." Signed: Tobie Matthew.

3 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Not indorsed. Red wax seal as before.

881. Forster to Burghley. [Aug. 20.]

"Ye shall receave hear inclosede theffect of such occurraunces as wer sente me owte of Scotlande, wherby your lordship may perceave the somme of Bothwells proceedeings hitherto with the King, and in what sorte matters doe reste till a conventione be holden befor the xxth daye of November nexte. I sente a servaunte of myn into Scotlande, who talked with my Lord Hume, the old Chauncelor, the provost of Glenclowdon, Sir George Hume, Sir Roberte Karr and others, amongste whom their was great dissentione, and now by the meane of the provoste of Glenclowdon, who broughte the Kinges lettres effectuallie to both parties, ane agreemente is made and they have all subscribede togeather to deall againste Bothwell, and yt is thoughte the King is the cheife causer of the agreemente to be made. Wherby the said factione and my Lord Hameltons ar liklie to prevaile against Bothwell, the rather for that it is thoughte that the King cariethe ane inwarde grudge againste him . . . Soe far as I cane learne, both the factiones are well affectede to Englande." At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

"Occurantes owte of Scotlande the xxth of Auguste 1593.

The Erll Bothwell retournede into Edenbroughe the ixth of this instante, and uppon the xth daye he appearede uppon pannell, and after longe reasoneinge by his men of lawe, and ane heareinge made by him selfe, and after the incloseinge of thassysse, he was cleansede. The names of them who wer uppon his assisse.—

Erll Athell, Erll Mountrose, chauncellor of thassysse; Lord Seaton, Lord Inmermaithe, Lord Synckler, Lord Forbes, Master of Grayes, Master of Sumervell; Buchannan, Basse, Roslinge, Caldwell, Innerleyth, Polmayes Murray, Pharneherste.

After his cleanseinge he remainede at courte there fyve or six dayes, and uppon the xiiijth of this instante, by the meanes of somme of the Previe Counsell and of the mynistrie and the Provoste of Edenbroughe, their is ane agreemente sett downe under this forme—wherof the contents breafelie of the holl articles are theis, viz.,—The contents of the first artycle.—

Presente remission to Bothwell and his partakers, presente repossession to all their lands and heritages, and restytutione conforme to ane act of parlamente att Linlithgowe.

2. That a parliamente be kepte for perfyteinge of theis things befor the xxth daye of November nexte.

3. That Alexander lord Hume, John lord Thirleston, chancelor, Thomas Master of Glames, and Sir George Hume, remaine from courte in the meane tyme.

4. His Majestie will call such of his servaunts and counsell to him as he thinks good for his service and affaires of the common weall.

5. Artycle. His Majestie promissethe this in the word of a King. Suche of the counsell and session and ministers as wer presente, and the provoste and bailifes of Edenbroughe, hath sworne and promissede to holde hande to the trewe observatione hearof, and to oppone them selves by worde and dead to all that will presume to infringe and vyolate the same. This is subscribede by his Majestie, the Erll Bothwell, such of the counsell and ministrie as were presente.

Uppon the xvth of this instante the King paste over the water to Fawklande.

The xvjth of this instante the Queen, convoyede with the Erll Bothwell paste by the Queens ferrie to Fawklande. Theire are sundrie combatts foughten between Makintosh and thErll of Huntlie, wherin as yett uncertane yt is who hath prevailede, but they have both receavede greate skaithe of others by burneinge. Their is non gone over the water with the King excepte somme of his owne servaunts, verie quyetlie.—

The Erll of Athell and Lord Ogletree remainethe in Edenbroughe.

After the appoyntemente aforsaide wrytten and subscribed by the King, the Erll Bothwell broughte fourthe eighte horses boughte in Englande, and rode them all befor his Majestie: of the which he did gyve the King two, and twelfe hounds, which the king tooke to Fawklande withe him.

Theis are the holl effects of Bothwells proceedeings.

And their is likliehoode of matters to fall oute to disapoynte the same conditiones, for howe be yt they seame faire, they have a nother meaneinge. Bothwell is dischargede the courte with Athell and Ogletree, and such others as is of that factione, till the xxth of November, which miscontentethe them greatlie; but they wer forcede to yeilde to theis condytiones or els to have sufferede greater extremytie. The Ducke keeps companey with the King, and he for causes, accepts yt, but is suspectede not well of the reste. Assure your selfe that theis mens debareinge of the courte proceeds of non other grounde nor to detaine them of yt. Howbeit yt seemes otherwaies, I assure yow their is non agreemente amongste them, but planelie the King mynds to helpe this cause or wracke in yt, for he is bente inwardlie againste Bothwell." Signed: John Forster.

pp. Written by his clerk.

882. Scroope to Burghley. [Aug. 20.]

Though your lordship has more certain intelligence from Scotland, yet a man having come this day from Edinburgh, I briefly impart his news. He tells me since the Earl Bothwell purged himself by assize, the King had almost slipped from him to the northern lords, but being stopped by Bothwell's "vigillancie," Sir William Lesley and five other of the king's servants suspected to be privy, are removed and "decourted," and others in his interest placed in their rooms. "The Lord Hamilton being sent for to goe to courte, answered that if he might be graced with his owne place and title of seconde person, he woulde come—a matter which I thinke will easilie be graunted him, if the Quene be fruitfull, as my man telleth me there is a greate apparance of and verie manifest. Sir James Steward is this daye expected in courte to be fullie honored with the chauncellorshipp, agreable with your lordshippes former advertismentes. The late chauncellor is charged to enter to the King, but will not obey the same, as is thoughte. The Lord Hume is gone to the syde of Huntley, and shalbe excomunicated and charged to restore Coldingham and other landes to th'Erle Bothwell and the Lard of of Spott. There is great outerages betwixte th'Erle of Huntley and Mackentash to the dailie spilling of much bloude on both sydes. I do heare sithence at other handes that the King and Quene ar gone over the water to Faulkland, guarded with a stronge guarde of horsmen and harquebuzeires."

The frontier here is very broken at present—with the liberty long enjoyed by the evill men, changes at the Scottish court—indifference of the opposite warden to justice—and will be worse as the nights grow long. "Aboute xen dayes paste one Andrew Rhume a notable Scottes theife, was taken with reddhand (as we tearme it) in England, and beinge by me committed to prison with purpose to give him his deserte, thereuppon within two daies after, the Scottes, intisinge a verie honest man of the Holme to goe over the water to them to buy fish (for which he went to the Englishe fisheres on the water) apprehended him and holdeth him prisoner, givinge oute that by him or other lyke meanes they will lose and redeeme Rhume, or revenge the bloude of th'one by like death to th'other."

I cannot perceive how Harrie Leigh may best be enabled to do good service in the office of Burgh barony without charge to her Majesty—as your lordship asks. The best way to help him will be—in respect of the small number of hurt soldiers and mariners chargeable on these counties, that her Majesty would please to allow him "the appointed contribucion in Cumberland and Westmerland for those persones, and to assigne the payment theerof to be made unto him towardes the kepinge of some 20 or 30 horsmen at Rokeley for the winter season at the leaste" I would also ask your lordship to procure the Council's letters of request to the gentlemen and others of good wealth in these counties, for a yearly benevolence, which by the labour of his friends, and his own good deserts, they may willingly contribute towards this necessary service—which will be an ease to themselves and save their serving in their own persons. But leaving this to your wisdom to determine, I heartily pray you hasten his dispatch "either with allmes or answere," for his charge greatly needs his attendance.

As my late father was honoured with the office of cupbearer to her Majesty—a place carrying more honour than benefit—I would pray your lordship to move her Majesty to appoint me successor to my father in it, as her Majesty hath been so gracious to me in other offices of his of greater worth—and if it should so please her, I would pray you to give notice to the officers of "the greene cloth" to pay the fees and arrearages to such as I appoint. I daily expect "the plott and lymytacion" of the Debatable and hope to send it with my next. Carlisle. Signed: T. Scroope.

2 pp. Marginal notes by Burghley. Addressed. Indorsed.

883. Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 24.]

I have received your letter of the 10th—"wherin 1 fynde her Majesties dislykinge of my receaving thErle Bothwell into Barwicke, as also warnynge for the recept hereafter of any noble man or other Scottes man except thei bring the kinges lettres for there passage this way: and that her Majestie hath an earnest intent to have this her commandment observed. . . . Of this my rashe and foolishe attempt, I must accuse my self faultye therin, in that I fynde her Majesties dislykinge in your lettre, and much more vehementlye in a lettre of my lord my fathers, and somwhat toucht in a lettre from Sir Robert Cecyll. All which I must excuse with simplicitie and desire to doe her Majestie service (althoughe yt be otherwise taken). For I haveng receaved from him selfe a kynde of pasporte or commission under the kinges owne hand and seale, both for the avowinge of him to be his good subject and loving frend, as also that no man within his realme should molest or troble him, but accompt him so,—besides this, knowing that he had avowed both in open showe to the worlde, and in pryvate conference to be the Queene my sovereignes servant and frende, and even at that tyme making profession to come and make offer of his service to her Majestie, I thought I might have done as evill service, either to have shutt the gates, or otherwise violently to have staid him, as to suffer him to come in where I was sure he should doe no harme. Thus much in excuse of my fault." But henceforth her Majesty's will shall be a law to me, ever to suffer any nobleman or Scotsman of account to enter the walls of Berwick during my abode here (except merchants and travellers), without the king's letters or our ambassador's.

For your lordships' wish that I should talk with Sir Symon Musgrave as to landing munition at Newcastle—he left this presently after receipt of his pay, and though he were here "he wold litle esteame of my speakinge." Your lordship must give direction in those things, and though you have sent down timber and planks for mounting ordnance, I do not find we are "any thing the nearer," unless it please you and my lord my father, to order Sir Simon either to come himself or appoint a fit man to see all needful work done. I know the ambassador advertises you more certainly of Scottish news than I could. "But I feare ere longe, yow will heare, all will not be well there."

Humbly beseeching you to obtain her Majesty's pardon for the offence committed, which I will never do again. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

884. Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 28.]

Saying that he puts it "in aventure" either to play the fool by advertising news long since known to his lordship, or else to hazard by uncertain report the intelligence given him by one of very good credit, who vouches it true.

Sending it therefore on his friend's authority, though it may be "fryvolous," and has probably been sent already from the ambassador. He did not think "to have delt with Scotes or Scotishe causes any more," except in his own affairs. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed: "Mr John Cary to my L. Advises." Refers to some enclosure.

885. Scroope to Burghley. [Aug. 29.]

On making demand of justice from Lord Maxwell ("for staye of the presente troubles)," I have to-day received his answer, and enclose copies of both. Trusting your lordship will devise some remedy against "the unquiet winter we ar lyke to have," and awaiting your direction how I shall demean myself both to Maxwell (whose letter I have not yet answered) as in staying incursions of our own "evill men."

On the return of Maxwell's answer by my servant, "his lordship let fall unto him emongst other thinges, that th'Erle Bothwell, Liddington late chancellour, the Master of Glammis, and the Lord Hume, ar all comaunded to their owen howses. And that notwithstandinge the burgesses of Edenburgh had entred their bond and become cautioners for the kinges returne to Edenburgh with the same companies and attendance he carried from thence: yet at this instante, th'Erles of Anguss and Arrell ar in courte with the kinge, and the cominge of Huntley thither expected. The which matters, though this manner of answere from Maxwell give me occasion to gess to be true: yet my man mentioned in my laste beinge unreturned, I referr the same to your lordshippes better intelligence from others. And for the presente, sendinge unto your lordship such lymittacion and devision of the Debatable land as I can gett." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

(1) (Scroope to Maxwell.)

As the delay of redress between us will encourage the evill men on both frontiers and hazard all manner of insolencies, I require to know if you will enter into a thorough redress, without selecting some bills and "pretermittinge" others, or whether you will hold to your offer at our last meeting which to my remembrance was, that we should make a choice out of the attempts since the last meeting of commissioners at Berwick, and cast the rest into oblivion. I think the former the more equal course, to take small and great bills, so far as we are able, without passing any—and if you like this, I wish you would write to me by the bearer, that we may agree on a meeting, signifing meanwhile "either to other," the latest attempt for which we may make delivery. Trusting for better fruit than at the last. Carlisle, 27th August 1593.

1 p. Copy by Scroope's clerk. Addressed: "To the Erle Morton." Indorsed: "Copie to the L. Maxwell."

(2) (Maxwell to Scroope).

I have received your lordships letters—"marvellinge meikle of the contentes of the same: considderinge I have be my lettre about eightene wekes bygone, plainely signefied to the same his Majesteis mynd concerninge the maner and forme of deliverie for thinges past—wherof I have received noe answer as yet, althoughe I have so longe expectted, and haith twyse or thryise sought for the same, whilke did proceid upon ane spetiall lettre from your lordship, beareinge sik place as your lordship thought most convenient. For in this your lordshippes last lettre is omitted the memorie that any sik thing haith past betwixt us, and onlie is treated newe questions, and breking up of matters as yf sik thing had never bene. Therefore, in respect my foresaid lettre reistes with your lordshipp as yet unanswered, I praye your lordshipp that I may have answer affirmative or negative." And having signified it to the King, shall be ready, if you agree, to make full delivery conform to my foresaid letter receiving the like "afore we synder. . . . Frome Lowghmaban castell," 28th August 1593.

½ p. Written by Scroope's clerk. Indorsed: "Copie from the L. Maxwell."


  • 1. Greyme the witch.
  • 2. The rest holograph.
  • 3. Elpheston?