Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.
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898. Musters at Berwick. [Oct. 4.]
Defaults of the musters taken there before the right worshipful Mr John Carey esquire, chamberlain of Berwick and deputy governor, 4th Oct. 1593.
In captain John Carey's company, 8 absent; captain Sir William Reade's, 2; captain Robert Carvill's, 2; captain William Selbye's, "William Selbye," absent; captain Anthony Thompson's, 4 absent; captain John Twyforthe's, 1; captain Robert Yaxley's, 2; captain William Boyer, 2. Gunners, 6 absent; artificers, 1 absent; horsemen, 4 absent; pensioners, 13 absent. Total defaults, 48 men. Signed: Jhon Carey, Nic. Erington, John Crane.
3 pp. Indorsed.
2. Another copy—with addition,—
"Absent, viz., of the lord governors men," 27; Sir Robert Carey's men, 3; Mr Treasurer's men, 1; Sir Symon Musgrave's men, 5; others being "no mannes" men, licenced without passport, 7. Signed by Erington and Crane only.
2 pp. Indorsed.
899. Carey to Burghley. [Oct. 7.]
"Ther is an honest marchant in Edenbroughe, one Francys Tennant, who hath used many good offices by advertismentes unto me from tyme to tyme sence my commynge hither, and hath nowe latelye signyfyed unto me that if I wold procure him a lettre under three of the councelles handes, to wytt, your lordship, my lorde my fathers, and thErle of Essex, for the undertaking of it, he wold goe about suche a pece of service as should both redounde to the honour of the countrey and benefytt to her Majesties coaffers, if it be take in hand in tyme—which is, ther is a Scottes shipp of the burthen of one hundreth and three tonnes that is passed to Spaigne, which is to bring from thence great masse of treasure. He offreth to sett downe the master his name of the shipp, the names of the marchantes of Edenbroughe that is in the shippe, as also the party that is written for by Coronell Sempill, that hath lefte his owne shipp and is principall pilot in that shipp, as also the names of the portes where the said shipp is to take in the treasure to come into Scotland. And for his service herein he will not desyer one grote untill the said shipp be apprehended; and then he desyres in lieu of his paynes, to have for every thowsand poundes that is gott in her of treasure, one hundreth pound. He offreth besides, in respect he hath very great moyens with Coronell Sempill, that if it will please her Majestie to bestowe thexpences, he wyll adventure him self and load a shipp with corne to Spaigne, for feare of other dainger, and so worck by that meanes that her Majestie shalbe assured of that threasure." If this offer is accepted, he will set down the course more at large with me.
The news I formerly sent that 48 ships from Spain were to come to "the ryver of Burdeux," besides others for our coasts, is confirmed. For I hear there are 50 ships already "in the ryver of Burdeux," and since that, "ther is a newe armye of shippes that is arryved at the Ile of Olone beside Rochell, seven leagues from it, and hathe taken in the castle and some other places ther aboutes. And besides that, the intencion holdes for the surprisinge of the Ilandes of Jarnsey and Garnsey and the Ile of Wight, by the Spanishe forces . . . . Moreover I am advertised that ther is an armye making ready in Spaigne within all his dominions secretlye, and gyven owt that it is to make a newe preparacion against the next yeare for his Iles of the Indies, for the threasure that is to come from thence. But Coronell Sempill hath written to some, that he hopes that armye shall content the King to the overthrowe of England." I have this in writing from one that saw and read the letters from Spain to the above effect. I enclose the copy of a letter from a friend in Scotland, and such other news as I have from thence—that your lordship may consider what is to be done. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.
2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.
900. Scrope to Burghley. [Oct. 8.]
Having occasion to write to my "lord Chamberlin" for his satisfaction, as I did not do so at my late "dispatches" to your lordship as to my proceedings with Maxwell, I accompany his "pacquett" with these few lines "advertisinge that I am this daye informed of a very grett outerage in a daye forray yesterdaye, made in Tindale by William Ellott, otherwise called Will I dally, and his complices of Lidersdale: who as is reported (callinge unto him all the men he could make in Liddersdale, Eusdale, Esedale and, Annondale) went accompanied with 1000 men on horse and foote, who partinge them selfes into foure companyes, forraged throughe Tindale in foure severall places: swepinge the goods of the countrey before them: and have broughte from thence as is saide, 500 head of cattell besides shepe and goates." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.
I am going to Bolton for very urgent business, and shall be there 7 or 8 days before my return.
1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.
901. Forster to his Wardenry. [Oct. 9.]
Commanding "the gentlemen of the countrie" with their tenants and servants to be ready with armour and weapons both on horsback and foot, on an hour's warning, to resist the threatened invasions of the "opposite natioun," and also to keep their usual watches, both "daye watche, nighte watche, and plumpe watche from one to another"—under penalty of severe punishment for negligence. The letter to be openly read and published in the several parish churches. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.
¾ p. Addressed at foot: "The coopie of the lettres directede to the gentlemen of the countrie." Indorsed.
902. Nicolas Erington to Burghley. [Oct. 12.]
I did not write since my arrival here, having no matter of importance "to troble your honnour withall," but now that we have been occupied on repair of the pier and bridge, &c., I thought it my duty to send your lordship a perfect book of the charges, both provisions, and workmen's wages, which have been done with as good diligence and small cost as any heretofore.
I have also sent a note of the musters, showing the defects, though it differ "and be more playne then those sentt unto your lordship by Mr Carey." Also a note of the pays fallen to her Majesty at several times, for which the treasurer or paymaster is to answer in the accounts, over the 1500l. yearly allowed for extra charges.
"And for that I must confesse my self to be somethinge rawe in theise matters of acomptes: yett I have fownd so honest and suffycient a man of solonge contenewaunce before under Mr Jenison my predecessor for the space of xxiiij years, and haithe occupied the place theise vj years as my deputtie in my absenc, that I can doe no lese then commend greatlye his suffycientie therin and maik his honost desertes knowne untto your lordship. His fathers name was one Mr Crane some tyme dependinge on the Duke of Somersett, I thinck not unknowne untto your lordship. I must in like case commend untto your honnorable good favor on Acrigge, hir Majesties surveyor of hir woorckes heare, a man verye well expert in his sycence, and haithe a honost and dewtifull care of thatt which aperteynes untto his offyce."
As the pier, though now mended, yet may be again damaged by storms, to prevent the decay it was in lately, it were good if your honour granted out of the extraordinary charges, 40l. yearly to two good "massons" who might in summer prepare stone for its daily repair in winter as need shall require. Berwick. Signed: Nic. Erington.
2½ pp. Holograph. Addressed: "To the right honnorable the Lord Burleighe Lord [High] Tresorer of England." Indorsed. Armorial wafer signet: faint, but apparently 2 bars.
903. Fenwick to [Huntingdon]. [Oct. 14. 1593.]
I have been greatly hindered sending the certificate, as the Scots on the last day of September came into Tynedale and "reft" 60 oxen and kie and 60 sheep, besides insight goods and slew one John Yarrowe my own houshold servant. "And further on Saturday the sixthe of this instant October, dyverse of the same Scottes to the nomber of two thowsand men, or thereaboutes, have about ix of the clock, in the forenoone of the same daie, runne a forrowe within England, and have taken and driven away out of Tyndall where I have chardge, aboute nyne hundreth threscore and five kie and oxen, and about a thowsand sheepe and goates," besides insight, burning an onsett and a mill, of which I doubt not your lordship hath already heard. Hoping for relief and protection for the poor subjects, and myself and other poor gentlemen hereabouts who have no other refuge or support, but by your honour's means. Wallington.
1 p. Written by Huntingdon's clerk. Indorsed: "Received from Mr Fenwick of Wallington."
904. Robert Delavale and others to Huntingdon. [Oct. 16.]
As your lordship directed, we came to Alnwick the 16th day of "this instant" October, and having given public warning to the country to come before us, the enclosed "presentmentes" only were delivered to us. We do not find the willingness of the country to "present" to us, as we expected. We hear of divers attempts and burnings since your lordship was here, but not knowing the value we do not trouble you. We cannot omit to inform you of the "outragious forradging" by the Scots in the day time, at least 1000 horse with banners displayed, burning and plundering in Tyndale, to the value as reported of 1000l., to the undoing of her Majesty's serviceable subjects there, of whom we hope your lordship will use consideration. Alnwick. Ro. Delavale, Ro. Claveringe, James Ogle, Lancelot Strother, Thomas Bradforth.
1 p. Contemporary writing—the letter and names all in one hand. Addressed at foot to Huntingdon as "Lord lieutenant in the north parts."
Inclosed in same:—
(Delavale, &c., to Huntingdon.)
After we had inclosed and sealed up the other letter, those three presentments here inclosed were delivered to us. "And repayring to Sir John Forsters howse, Mr Fenwicke of Wallington keeper of Tyndale reported unto us that th'inhabitants of Tyndale had susteyned losses by the late incursions of the Scottes, to the value of two thousand poundes and more—" which we thought our duty to certify unto your lordship. "Alnwicke this 16 daie of Octobre 1593." Same names appended as last.
1 p. In same writing and similarly addressed at foot. Addressed on back in another hand: "To the Lord Threasourer." Indorsed: "Copie of the gentlemen of Northumberlande's lettre towching the incursion in the Middle Marches."
905. Carey to Burghley. [Oct. 16.]
On Friday last the 12th instant, the King went from Edinburgh to Lawder the chancellor's house, and the next morning towards Jedworth in Teviotdale, meeting on the way the Earls Huntly, Erroll and Angus. The manner of their meeting was this:—
"The King, commynge with a 300 horse, thes erles being before him with a tenne horse a peice, lefte there men and alighted on their feete and went walking alonge till the King overtooke theme. Thei presentlie kneeled downe and desyred him to pardon them, and that he wold let theme comme to there tryall. The Kinge seeming to be very angrye, offred to turne from theme, and seamed to use some great wordes, as it is thought rather to please the people, then otherwaies. But at the last beinge perswaded by the Lord Hume, Sir George Hume, the Master of Glames, and others, he was contented with theme, using thes wordes—he wolde not showe them favour till thei had abiden there tryall, and satisfyed the ministers. Ther day of tryall is the xxiiijth of this monethe at St Johnstons. So forward he went that night to Jedworthe, where he remayned till Monday, accompaned with thes lordes," Hamilton, Hume, Seton, Newebottle, and the chancellor with Sir Robert Carre and others.
The same day a fray came to Jedworth by the sheriff of Teviotdale, that two bands of English had run all (fn. 1) water and all the way to Hawick, and taken goods and cattle. The King sent Hamilton, Hume and Seton with Sir Robert Car, to the fray, with strict orders not to turn back till they had crossed the border and rescued the goods. It is thought by many to be a false alarm—but the lords were not returned to the king at 6 o'clock at night.
The King has proclaimed to remain in Jedworth 15 days, and summoned the barons, gentlemen and freeholders to attend him, minding this day or tomorrow to pull down the lairds of Farniherst and Hunthill's houses, and all others who have succoured Bothwell.
I have also send this quarter's defaults of the musters. (fn. 2)
I fear that I am under your lordship's displeasure, not having had any letter from you since the 10th of August, either in answer to mine or otherwise, and beseech your lordship to signify the cause, that I may either accuse or excuse my self, for rather than live here with your displeasure "I wold leave bothe wrightenge and plase. . . On my feythe I had rather displease all the lordes of Ingland then willingely to displease yourselfe, so muche hathe my love and deseyer to honer you ever byn." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.
2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.
906. The Scottish Council to Forster. [Oct. 17.]
By receipt of your letter and report of your son Nicholas Forster we are amply informed of the late heinous attemptat on Tyndale within your wardenry. Your son's address being made to his Majesty, "and he heard by mouth," promise of answer was made to him, after some resolution taken. We therefore now let you understand that his highness is most willing that mutual redress be made, and to that effect it is convenient that the principals complained of in England be delivered in Scotland, and in like manner the chief committers of the late incursion be delivered in England, to be respectively kept as pledges till full redress be given and taken, which being most equitable and agreeing with the treaty, we doubt not in reason shall content you. His Majesty has also given orders for meeting betwixt you and the opposite wardens, who are directed in all ways to further the amity between the crowns, inflicting due punishment on offenders, not doubting the same conformity will be found in you. Jedburgh. Jo. Matlane, R. Lord Setoun, Newbattle, Lynclowdon, Cobbaurn, Kokburn, Carmichell.
1 p. Contemporary copy. In one handwriting. Indorsed.
2. Another copy in a different hand.
907. Huntyngdon to Burghley. [Oct. 18. 1593.]
I did not think to have written on Border matters till I should send "my lordes" the certificate of my doings therein, which I have been forced to defer so long, as the gentlemen charged with the inquiry were so slow in sending me their "unperfect certificattes." When last in Newcastle, I appointed the gentlemen of Northumberland again to meet at a fit place for themselves, which they promised to do on the 16th instant at Alnwick; and some of them did, as the inclosed copies of their letters show, which I send only because they mention the incursion into the Middle Marches on the 6th instant, of which I hope my lord warden has long since advertised you, and I stayed doing, thinking if it was true, I should have heard from him of it. York. Signed: your lordships most assured, H. Huntyngdon.
1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.
908. Forster to Burghley. [Oct. 19.]
On the 6th instant, William Ellot of Lawreston, the Laird of Mangerton, and William Armstrong called Kinmott, with 1000 horsemen of Liddesdale, Eskdale, Annandale and Ewesdale ran an open day foray in Tyvedale and drove off "nine hundred five score and five" head of nolt, 1000 sheep and goats; 24 horses and mares, burned an onset and a mill, and carried off 300l. sterling of insight gear. Whereon I at once ordered the gentlemen of the country by special letters, to be ready on an hour's warning, and keep their usual watches day, night, and "plumpe" watches—of which letter I enclose a copy. Hearing that the King was at Jedburgh, I sent my warden sergeant with letters to Mr Bowes the ambassador craving redress, and also sent my son Nicholas Forster to the King and council demanding justice, who appeared befere them on Monday last and stated the facts. The King protested it "was done contrary his pleasure," and his present visit to the Borders was to see justice done and good order kept, promising to send me answer on Friday next after, which stayed me advertising your lordship "till I knewe the uttermost." I have this day received a letter from the Scottish Council, whereof I enclose a copy, promising redress, but not so effectually as I expected, as no day for delivery is set down, though my son before the King and Council, offered himself to stay in Scotland, or deliver a gentleman "worth the somme," to remain there till all attempts by any of my office were fully answered. I doubt their delays will be dangerous, seeing that William Ellot and the principals have been before the King, and nothing yet done. I have certified my Lord Treasurer of all those proceedings, to move her Majesty for her pleasure therein, but mean while keep good rule.
It is thought the King will depart from Jedburgh tomorrow the 20th and I doubt if his coming will do much to stanch theft without due execution of justice following. In his journey the Earls of Huntlie, Angus and Erroll met him on the way and craved his pardon on their knees, but he refused it "befor they wer reformede to the Churche of Scotlande and had obtainede the Queen of Englands favoure."
The Duke, Bothwell and all the Stewarts are from the court. Farnehirst, with Hunthill and his chief followers, are fled and will not come in to answer, wherfore the King purposeth to pull down their houses. Lords Hamilton and Hume left the court two days since, not well content (it is supposed) that such extremity should be used against Farnehurst. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.
3 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Inclosing No. 901.
909. Huntyngdon to Burghley. [Oct. 21.]
This last night, about midnight, I received letters from the lord warden of the Middle Marches, with copy of a letter to him from the Council of Scotland, which I send to your lordship,—though I gather from his letter that he has certified you of all news—thinking it a "faulte pardonable" to send it again. "At Yorke this Sondaie morning the xxjst of October 1593." Signed: your lordships most assured, H. Huntyngdon.
½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.
Copy of Forster's letter to him similar to No. 908 addressed to Burghley, is enclosed.
910. Scroope to Burghley. [Oct. 25.]
"Lest her Majestie shoulde be sinisterlie informed by others of the manner of th'Erle Bothwell his repaire hither, and entertainement with me, and so conceive offence thereby, I have chosen to advertise your lordship for a truth, that uppon Teusedaye at night laste, my brother Robin Carey bringinge him to this castell and my presence, I coulde not in curteousie refuse to welcome him, as my short warninge woulde give me leave. And beinge entred communitie with me, I coulde not bid him goe oute of my howse for that nighte, neither of him selfe did he use meanes for further provision of that nightes harbour then in curteousy shoulde be affoarded him in the castell for that tyme." All our conferences were open and ordinary discourse. But as it is likely, now our acquaintance is thus made, the earl may use it to get more favour from me than may stand with her Majesty's pleasure, "therefore in respect of th'erles aptnes to open unto all what he fyndeth from any," I beseech your lordship both to satisfy her Majesty of my good meaning, and also procure her pleasure and your "grave advice" how I shall entertain any service which he may (by occasion) offer to her Majesty henceforth by me.
Mr Locke has written to my lord Chamberlain and Sir Robert Cecill herewith, praying "my convoye thereof by poste"—telling me that in respect of the "awaite layed at the Easte" for all things from Bothwell, he is constrained to convey all letters this way. I therefore pray your lordships direction for my doings therein. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.
1 p. closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet—quartered shield. 1 and 4, a bend dexter; 2, a saltire engrailed; 3, 3 bars (?).
911. Carey to Burghley. [Oct. 31.]
"I have nowe reseved youer lordshipes letter of the xxiiijth of October—wherin I fynd bothe jhoye and sorrowe—jhoye that youer lordshipe hathe assewered me of youer not myslikinge of me—sorowe and grefe in youer laste postescripte with youer owen hand, wiche sertefeyes me of youer want of helthe and disabelletey of goinge out of youer chamber—bothe wiche are verey unwellcome to me. Notwithestauding I hope God hathe not reserved so great a plage for this realme, as to laye more punishement uppon youer lordshipe then he will enabell you to bear, consitheringe he hathe allreddey bey other punishementes sufficyentley in his mersey plaged us for ouer sines allreddey; asseweringe my selfe that he will hear sum good bodeyes prayer wherof youer lordshipe hathe maney as selinge thear owen good, and for my selfe you shall be shewer of my poer tallent by dayley hertey prayer for youer helthe." I have as her Majesty letter directed me, made choice of a provest marshal who is both careful and diligent—though before receipt thereof, I had taken such measures as there were few complaints unsettled.
I must beseech your lordships goodness for the poor soldiers under my unworthy charge who have no one else to speak for them. I have received on the 23d instant a letter from Master Clopton receiver of Northumberland, that he cannot come here to make the latter half year's pay without your letter and warrant—on receipt whereof he will be soon ready. And I humbly beg your lordship to direct your letters to him accordingly. He is I think a very honest and careful man, faithful to her Majesty's profit and one who gives every one his own uprightly. Wherefore I beseech your lordship in behalf of this garrison, "that you will lett no other false collers whatsoever deseave you, whear of ther are maney in practise. Thus prayinge youer lordshipe even for Godes sake to think uppon thes pore men, whoe otherwyes will eate but could Crismas peyes and fare verey hardley."
For Scots news, the certainty thereof I dare not assure; but such as I have this day received, I send your lordship.
"The Earle Bodwell withe his assocyates has a porpose present in hand for the takinge the Kinge agayen into his handes. It is devised in this maner—there is a treyall appoynted for my lord of Angwishe, the Earle of Huntley and the Earle of Arell in Lithequo uppon Freydye neaxt. The Kinge was ernestley solisseted by the towen of Edenborrow, the Kerke, and the barrones, ether to supersed thear treyall or eles to trey them withein the towen of Edenborowe or sum other borrowe towen, that the towen myghte be masters, in case aney of them wear fowend giltey that thaye myghte have justes accordinge thear meritte. The Kinge altogether refeused it and wold nether defer thear treyall nor allter the plase. So as my Lord Bodwell withe his confederates, to gether withe the kerke, barrones, and borrowes has agreed to prevent his porpose befor the prefixed daye, and that thear porpose maye the better be broughte to pase, the towen of Edenborowe hathe sent sum hagbutes to Lithequo withe the Kinge, as it wear to be a gard to his Majestie—but the treuthe is theye are to forther this present attemte of the Erle Bodwelles, whoe hathe appoynted all his hole frendes to mete at Jhedworthe this nexte Thorsdye at nighte, lettinge them to understand he will reyd into Liddisdaill uppon Satterdaye nighte; but his meaninge is to reyd into Lithequo uppon Satterdaye and Sundaye, and uppon Mundaye he porposes ether derectley bey compositsion, or undrectley by battell, to trey his good forten ether to have the Kinge in his handes ons agyen, or elles to lose all."
The principal noblemen joined with him in this action are the Duke, the Earl of Athole, the Lord Ogeltre, the lord of Dunne, the lord Jhonston, the lord of Fearnehurste, Hunthill and Hundeley, besydes Liddesdale, Easdall and the Borders, "the kerke barrones of Fife sid and borrowes, the Earle of Mare and the lord of Clinie," with all their forces and friends—who will willingly hazard themselves with my lord Bothwell. It was "concleuded" to have stayed a longer time, but they think the necessity of the time will give no longer permission than Monday next—for Bothwell's day of hearing was "pretended" till 4th November, and on that day expiring without his relief, he should he thinks be denounced a rebel, and being once put to the horn, it would take all his friends from him, which cause only hastens his purpose. I have sent this to your lordship "allmoste word by word" as it is come to me by one of Lord Bothwell's chief council, and therefore I trouble your lordship with this "my owen untowerd hand," as he desired secrecy. I do not think his purpose will hold, but must in duty certify your lordship of what I hear. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.
3 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.
912. Scroope to Burghley. [Oct. 31.]
On information sent me of an intended day foray to be made by Will of Kinmont and his complices on Monday last in Northumberland, I commanded my constable Thomas Carlton to lie in wait for their return; but they not having held their journey, it fortuned that on his return homeward, he "lighte" upon two notorious evildoers to England—one an Englishman called Carrocke, the other a Scotsman "nicknamed" Bungell, and took them. But the Captain of Bewcastle whom Carleton had called to his aid, carried away Bungell unknown to him. And though at parting he told Carleton that I should have Bungell sent if I required him, and on my writing for him, told my messenger that he had sent his deputy to me, and would send Bungell if I was not satisfied—yet contrary to this he let go the offender. This I consider no small contempt and scorning of my authority, and on the captain coming to me, I have ordered him to tarry in this town till her Majesty's pleasure be signified what shall be done to him for this indignity. For I hold myself so much dishonoured by the disobedience of any under me, that I must beseech her Majesty to countenance my orders in execution of my office, and praying your lordship to be a mean, "that at the leaste Thomas Musgrave maye be made to understand from her Majesty his contempte and th'abusses he hath done to me." For if unpunished, no officer here after will be obeyed. Attending your lordship's answer. Carlisle. Signed: T. Scroope.
1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.