Border Papers volume 1: April 1594

Pages 524-533

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.

Please subscribe to access the page scans

This volume has gold page scans.
Access these scans with a gold subscription.Key icon

In this section

939. Forster to Burghley. [April 4. 1594.]

Though your lordship is better advertised of Bothwell and his proceedings than I can make you, yet I think good to signify what I hear—"viz. that uppon Mundaye laste in the afternoone, the Lord Bothwell accompanyede with three score horse or thereaboute, did enter Scotlande, being greatlie dismayede for that noe greater companey did repaire unto him; and soe did ryde by Hawdenrige towards the Mosse tower wher his partie did abyde for him. In this meane tyme, my lord Hume with fyve hundrede horse, the Lards of Cesfourde and Buckcleughe with foure hundrede horse, did lye in Kelsoe, all three haveinge commissione to resiste Bothwells entrie, but in respecte of some doubte that my lord Hume hade in Cesfourde and Buckcleughe that they should favoure Bothwell, the said lord Hume rode from Kelsoe to Heckells and soe into the Mars. Cesforde and Buckcleughe rode both to Hallydon, appoynteinge to meate the nexte morneinge, wherof my lord Bothwell beinge advertisede, came to Kelsoe with six hundrede horse and lodgede their and all his companey till Teusdaie att eighte of the clocke in the morneinge, and then sett forwarde towards Leithe. My lord Hume did gather his partie togeather and followede speedelie towards the kinge; so that this Thursdaie morneinge the kinge and my lord Humes partie approchede neare Leithe, beinge to the number of foure hundrede horsemen. The Lord Bothwell with his companey beinge aboute fyve hundrede horse, issuede oute of Leathe, and offerede to gyve the onsett to the kinges partie eaven in the mouthe of the ordynance, and uppon the joyneinge, Bothwells companey helde of towards Nedree, and then did returne and gyve the onsett, the kings people intrensheinge them selves in Leithe croftes; and their Bothwell overthrewe my lord Humes companey and the reste, and hath slaine to the number of fiftie of the kings partie, and but one of his slaine—the king him selfe standeinge att the Parkheade lookeinge one and seinge the conflicte. The lord Bothwell did retyre him selfe unto Dawkeithe, and as yt is thoughte, he wilbe this daie in Leathe againe, and both parties are gathereinge againe their poweres. The Erll of Atholls companey is not yett come to Bothwell, but he is lookte for this daie with two thousand men. This worde hath ben sente unto me by one that did assure me he did see the same." At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

940. Carey to Burghley. [April 4.]

I have been too long in writing to your lordship, because "the secret managing" of these weighty matters by those who have been put in trust thereof, prevented me. But now Lord Hume being appointed the King's lieutenant of all this country "hereaway," has been "this seven nightes and more," gathering all the force he could either by his commission or his own friendship, giving out that whenever Bothwell entered Scotland, he should run in and spoil England—causing Sir John Selby and me to stand on guard—he in the country and I in the town and bounds.

"Upon Monday last being the fyrst of Aprill, thErle Bothwell came to Warke about ixen of the clock in the mornynge, and remayned there till yt was one; at which tyme he departed with his company into Scotland, being not above three score horse, by reason he was disapointed by a comandment of Sir John Forster which was this—ther was Mr Henry Woddrington with him a yonge gentleman of Northumberland, who had with him one hundreth horsemen most of them gentlemen of his owne kynredd, all being well horsed and furnished, him self with v very good spare horses. All thes beinge ready to goe with him, Sir John Forsters commandment came that none upon payne of deathe should enter Scotland with him, and that who so ever did enter Scotland with therle, he wold presently enter upon his landes and goodes—which sudden alteracion did greatly amaze and greave the Erle, and discontent the gentleman. Nevertheles the erle passed with his three score men towardes a howse of his owne called the Mosse Tower, being fayne to passe by in the sight of Kelsey, where I wyll nowe leave him for a tyme in his passage towardes his howse, and put your lordship in remembrance of the lord Hume, who (as I said before) had bene levying and gathering of his forces, and nowe against this Monday morning, appointed all his said companye to mete him at a place called Eckles a frendes howse of his owne, within ij° myles of Kelsey, where they were to take consultacion what to doe. And so passing on from thence, went to Kelsey where he met with Buckleughe and Cesford with there forces. But belike he not putting too great trust in theme, had there a certen conference with them (having vowed and protested unto the king before, that Bothwell should never enter one foote into Scotland, but that the one of theme should dye for yt), (and that he wold eyther bring Bothwell alyve or dead to the King). Yet notwithstanding he was contented at this tyme to leave Kelsey and him selfe returnyng backe againe to Eckles, where he lay all that night, Cesford and Buckleughe ech of them parting a severall way also. Nowe must I returne to Bothwell againe, who in this meantyme was still passinge betwene Warck and his owne howse the said Mosse tower, where commyng about v a'clock the same afternoone, there met him of his frendes betwene iiijor and v hundreth horse; wherupon he presently went towardes Kelsey, where he quyetlie entred and lodged all night, by reason of the Lord Humes sudden passing from thence before; meanynge the next mornynge being Tewsday, to take his journey towardes Leeth, where he was to mete with the Lord Ogiltree and divers others his frendes, there meanynge to staie till he heare from therle of Athell and other of his frendes who are upp also already in armes on Fyfe syde.

On Tewsday at night therle Bothwell came to Dawkeathe accompaned with iiijorcth horse, where met him the Lord Ogiltree with one hundreth horse, all shott. They stayd at Dawkeath till ij° howers before day and then marched forward to Leethe with his companye being about vcth horse, and there staid upon the sandes, putting owt scuriers till day light, and then came into Leeth, him self and his companye. About 8 of the clock in the mornynge on Wednesday, word came to Bothwell that the kinges companye was commyng forward to him—wherupon he drewe owt all his companyes. But then the kinges companye came not forward, and so he drewe in his companyes agayne into Leethe. About one of the clock in the afternoone the Kinges companye came forward accompaned with the Lorde Hume, the Master of Glames, the Laird of Wiemes, the Master of Gray and his guarde with iiijor ensignes of footemen, besides a great nomber of other footemen to the nomber of xiiijencth, and the Lord Humes horsemen, being about vcth horse, with thrie cannons drawne owt of the castle; which, when the lord Bothwell see thes forces, he drewe him self towardes them, but fynding him self too weake to encounter with theme, and perceaving that his owne companyes were subjecte to the cannons both of the feild and castle, by thadvice and counsell of his captens, he drewe him self to a place called Nedderye ij° myles of Edenbroughe, whither the lord Hume came forward with his horsemen and some footemen. And so therle Bothwell drawing to the hight of the hill, there made his prayers him self and all his companye to Almightie God, and withall cryed 'Courage for God and the Kirke,' and openly spoke thes wordes—'Queene Elizabeth of England shall knowe this dayes worke, that I wyll eyther dye or live here!'

In his forewarde was Coronell Boyd and Hercules Steward therles brother, who gave the fyrst charge. And next to them the Lord Ogiltree, Mr Thomas Crainston and Nedderye. And in the rere ward therle him self, Mr John Colvile and capten Hamilton who was the chefe director amongst theme.

The lord Hume staying at the foote of the hill, having a myer betwene the companyes, for his strengthe, and disadvantage to therle Bothwell, notwithstanding Bothwelles forces commying forward chardged them; wherupon the lord Hume was dryven to flee and all his companye foote and horse. There are divers slayne and many taken, the chace holding even to Edenbroughe gates—so as therle Bothwell had them in his mercye, to use as he list, which the kinge him self, being at the Parke end of the Crage, was an eye witnesse therof. This being done, therle Bothwell returned to Dawkeath, there refreshed his horses and so returned back to Leeth, and there remaynes . . . . (fn. 1) Prayenge youer lordshipe to perdun the faultes of this letter for that it was wryghten in hast." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

"Be shewer my good lord, that all in this letter is verey trewe . . . . You did wryghte to me in youer letter of the xxxth of Marche, to be carefull for the sendinge in of the packett. I was as carefull as possebell myghte be, and sent them presentley awaye, but it is growen so dangerus nowe as that non cane pase, bothe companeyes beinge in the feld. But if aney mane will scape, he that I sent will scape.

Tuchinge youer lordshipes other poynt for my lord Bodwelles beinge at Yorke, I assewer youre lordshipe, sines I reseved the rebeucke from her Majestie and youer lordshipe for resevinge him in the towen, I never sines meddeld or mad withe him, nether have I had aneythinge to doe withe him, nether knoe I aney thinge of his counsell. But sens the reseyte of youer lordshipes letter, beinge willinge to satisfey youer lordshipe in all you shall ever command me, I have byn carefull to enquier the matter, and I feynd, by verey good assewerans, that it was trewe that he was at Dorhame the xxth of Marche and went towardes Yorke the 21, and was ther the 22, 23 and the 24, uppon wiche daye he passed backe thorowe Toplife, havinge byn warned to be taken by on Master Rookesbey the secretarey ther by order from the counsell ther. His escape was verey sudden thorrowe secret intellegens; he was fayen to reyd out of his howes a backe waye, and to reyd in his hose witheoutt boutes.

His goinge thether was as I heare bey the persuasion of sum of his compeney for the beyinge sum thinges nedfull for the provission of this his pretended jhorney. This is all I cane learne for the accomplishinge youer honers plesser."

5 pp. Addressed. Indorsed: "4 Apr. 1594, being Thursday. Mr John Carey to my lord." Wafer signet as before—clear impression.

941. Carey to Burghley. [April 5.]

"As I have advertised unto your lordshipe of the beginnyng of therle Bothwell's progresse (which had a showe of better successe then I feare he wyll have, unlesse he be better backt then I see any lykleyhood of), even so I wyll holde on as I can get advertismentes, to the end or sequele therof.

Nowe yt may please your lordshipe to understand (beginnyng where I lefte in my last lettre which was upon Wednesdaye being the third of this instant), at which tyme the Lord Bothwell had gyven the Kinges companyes that conflict which was about three of the clock in the afternoone, he returned (as I have wryt in my former lettre) to Dawkeath agayne, where thei rested and bayted there horses. Afterwardes therle and his companye drewe to a consultacion whether yt were best for theme to returne back againe to Kelsey, or to stay there: some were of opinion to goe to Kelsey, others requested to stay there all night, that thei might the better understand what the King was doing. Wherupon they did stay a while till (as yt should seame) upon a report that the King wold come that night with all his forces, both owt of Edenbroughe and the countrey, and beseadge them in the towne, they then about xen a clock the same night, tooke horse, and rydd all night towardes Kelsey, whither they came on Thursday about xij a clocke. And as I am credibly advertised, the King is making towardes Kelsey after him, with all the forces he can leavy both foote and horse. This is all I can learne as yet, which was brought to me this mornynge by one that was in all the journey."

Now to shew I do not neglect my own charge, I will give your lordship "a taist of what is trewe," referring it to your judgment viz., whether some men should not be sent hither, for we are "very sclenderly furnished," seeing 100 of the garrison are at Carlisle, and another 100 in the country, and the likelihood of troubles. I heard that the ambassadors' houses in Edinburgh have been guarded these 3 or 4 days; but we hear nothing from them.

It is sure that the King upon Tuesday last, sent to Mr Bowes for a gentleman called Mr William Ashbye, "who hath bene one of the cheafe and fyttest dealer for both the embassadours in all there causes, who not being at that present tyme in Mr Bowes his howse, he sent about the towne to seek him, and so soone as he could be fownde, he presently sent him to the King, who imediately sent him to the castle of Edenbroughe, and (as I have herd,) threatned him with the bootes."

Their threats and great brags make me desire to be ready for them, for I doubt this "going back" of Lord Bothwell having so little forces, will put them in too great a pride. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

942. The Dean of Durham to Sir Robert Cecill. [April 9.]

"Olde Marley hath his lease renewed unto him . . . in suche favorable maner, as he is verie well contented, for which (the title being so litigious, or rather so pregnant against him) he hath, and his, good cause to praie for your honor. Mr Brakenburie also shall understand the next tyme I write unto him, howe earnestly your honor hath commended his suite, and with as good effecte as I can cause it to receave.

This inclosed is th'only that I have receaved manie a daie from thence: whiche I send not, for that it conteineth ought greatly materiall, but to let your honor see, that albeit that partie have not so prevailed as they hoped: yet are they not discouraged utterly, as the papistes both there and here have bruited.

Your honor hath seen under the Kinges owne hande enoughe to advise her Majestie to beware of him. The adversaries bragge, the Protestantes feare, he is too Catholick, or too cunning. If the Earle should be driven to submitt him selfe to the Kinge, which necessitie maie force; and the kinge accept of him in anie tolerable sorte of remission, which is not impossible; all and more too wilbe discovered, the churche wracked, the Popisshe earles embraced, the King and all sortes of his subjectes reunited, the only marke he doth leavell at, as by his owne project hath appeared. Your honor cannot easily beleve what conjectures are here cast upon the delaie of Lopus his execucion, and the staie of Bostes tryall, in vaine I trust. But we dwell in a place, where a man would be loath to be that could be anie where els in anie safe and reasonable condicion." Durham. Signed: Tobie Matthew.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed: "To the right honorable Sir Robert Cecyll, knight," &c. Indorsed: "Mr Deane of Duresme to my master. A lettre of Mr Colvilles herewithall." Red wax signet as before.

943. John Crane to Burghley. [April 13.]

Since coming home from your lordship, I have made up the books of works done for the half year ended 24 March last, and send a note thereof. Sir William Reade has been very earnest with the surveyor and myself to repair the houses in the "Fearne Ilande, as at the forte in the Holy Ilande under his chardge," which we refused without your order and warrant, and referred him to your pleasure. "Who nowe beinge there maye perchance make somme complainte thereof to your lordship . . . The chymnyes of the houses in the Fearne are blowne downe with the wyndes and the house unslated, but also there are sondrie reparacions neadefull to be done in and aboute the fort at the Holy Ilande, as the leades and gutters of the house, with a platforme in the upper keape and courte of the same forte, which is so broken that the greate ordenance have no scoape or roome to reverse if they be shot of, without danger of breaking of their repaire." Berwick. Signed: John Crane.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

944. Sir John Selby to Burghley. [April 14.]

Though the decays of the gates here have not only been estimated, but also certified sundry times to your lordship, yet as they are getting daily worse, and as it is my duty, I remind you of the same. "First the Cowgate being now of bordes and in verye great decaye, would be repayred in the best and tymelyest sort that may be, for that that parte and syde of the towne as it now lyethe, is verye weake, and muche subject to the surprise of the enemye. The iron gates in like sorte as well at the Marye gate as at the keape and tower uppon the bridge, are so decayed broken and wasted, that they cannot be opened nor shutt, but with the daylye helpe and strengthe of men, and that with great danger of hurting them." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Selbye.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

945. John Crane to Burghley. [April 15.]

The surveyor here and myself being commanded, and having been at Norham and Wark castles, find that Wark has been partly repaired by Mr Ralph Gray, and other parts remain undone, as by our former note sent to your lordship, which we here inclose. "And for Norham castell, it is altogether so rewynated, that there is never [house] or lodging left standinge in it but onlie two chambers of [the] gatehouse where the constable of the castell lyeth. [But] for any place to set horses in, there is but one stable [whiche] will holde not passing three or foure horses; and a[ll the] gates therof are in suche decaye, that if theye be not tymelie repaired, it will lye all open to the surpryse [of the] ennymie if any service shoulde happen; and as for thord[ynance] of the same castell dothe lye altogether dismounted, [and] when it is repaired and mounted there is no place [set?] that maye be conveniente platformes for them, which [is a] greate pytie, bothe Warcke and it beinge the two greatest strengthes and places of defence to this countrie . . . Herof as I thought it my dewtie to certifie your lordship, so do I . . . with all my poore famylie daylie praye for [your] lordship, beseching thAlmightie . . . to adde yet (and it be his holy will) xven yeares to your lyfe. Amen." Berwick. Signed: John Crane.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Note of works.)

Berwick on Tweed, 15 April 1594.—Note of most needful works, formerly estimated and sundry times certified and now but briefly renewed to "your lordships good memorie."

(1) The Cowgate now of "boordes" and in great decay, and the iron gates of the Mary gate and the "keape" or tower on the bridge over Tweed, which can neither be opened nor shut without help of men to their great danger.

(2) The "vamure" of the new wall at "Roaringe Megges mounte," 40 yards in length "from the table upwards," a matter of small charge, "yet moste neadfull."

(3) "The vaulte or sincke under the prison house called the chamber upon the walle," greatly fallen down, and the rest will fall if not mended.

(4) The round tower or platform where the ordnance stood, but now removed, for it would fall down if they were shot, as great part of the foundation is fallen—which if not repaired will lay open that part of the castle towards Scotland to the view of the enemy.

There remains yet in store part of last year's provision for the bridge and pier, viz., 40 tons of timber, 1 ton of iron, and 8 "chalder of Newcastell coales," which were too late then, but may now be used to repair the bridge. Signed: John Crane.

pp. Holograph. Indorsed.

946. Carey to Burghley. [April 17.]

In your lordships letter of 7th you requested me not to spare writing of what was likely to follow in Bothwell's proceedings—which I have done so far as I could. What I now advertise is so fully resolved on, "as I assure my self, nothing but want can breake." He is resolved if he can furnish him self with a little money, to set out on the 28th instant with all his friends and followers, meaning by God's grace by the last of this month, to meet those who were "by a fyne pollycie prevented this last tyme, and are nowe many cunnynges and pollicies practysed to the contrarye." But Bothwell and Atholl, and the barons of Fife, are determined to meet then at a place not far from Stirling, for which purpose, commissioners are sent to both parties "enterchangeably, for that thei wyll not be any more so fynely cosened, as the last tyme thei were by the Kinges connynge."

Atholl and the Fife barons seem to call faster on Bothwell than I fear his present necessity will give him the means of getting ready, "being so overthrowne in his abylitie of purse by the losse of the last journey."

Their intention is when they gather their force "(which is thought wilbe upon the point of three thousand men horse and foote,") they will attack Huntly and his country and the rest of the Papist earls, "and see what they can doe for the dryving of theme owt of the countrey, without ever looking towardes the Kinge"—but only to banish them, which they are not afraid of doing, unless the King take part and "comme upon their backes and so environne theme, which God forbyd should be permytted"! For if these men are overthrown, we shall hardly get such good friends in Scotland again. But I refer this to your wisdom. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

947. Scroope to Burghley. [April 20.]

Lord Herries is daily urging me to procure her Majesty's pleasure for his exercising the office of the opposite wardenry, which he informs me the King is "more and more desierous and determyned to impose" upon him. I have hitherto put him off with excuses, but can do so no longer; and therefore must intreat you, at the least to give me your advice how I may best answer him "to his contentinge, if her Majesty shall mislike to have her pleasure therein made knowen." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

948. Carey to Sir Robert Cecill. [April 26.]

"Most honorable and my verie good Sir Robert Cecyll." On the 25th I received two packets from you directed to Scotland—one dated 20th, with a "cote" only to myself, which I sent off at once in the morning as directed—the other of the 21st, I received in the afternoon—being "coted" with a letter of your own hand to myself, which I also sent off at once. I think myself happy, "to receave so many favourable lynes from so blessed a place, wherin I fynde some doubt your honour hathe of the Kinges promise—assuring your honour that bothe yow and her Majestie shall doe very well to remember that the King (althoe he be a king) yet he is but a king borne in Scotland and so a Scottes man. This is ynoughe, I dare not speake too boldly of princes. I feare yow will bothe fynde what I thinke."

I am sorry for your news of the Earl of Derby. (fn. 2) "It is great pitie that our nobilitie of England should thus decay."

Now might I have your leave to forget for a little that you are a councillor, I would say that I were sorry for your small credit with her Majesty, that cannot get me a thing never before denied to any, and rightly belongs to all in my place. This is, if it would please you to solicit my lord your father, he may dispatch the matter by his warrant to Mr Treasurer, as he has done formerly to Sir John Selby and Mr Treasurer himself. And if it cannot be got, then I beseech you I may be called home again, being no longer able to serve here "on myne owne purse," having already made all "the honest shiftes that I can," to do her Majesty service, "but against necessytie ther is no lawe "!

It were good you caused the "grand postmaster to gyve checke unto his pettipostmasters," for if your honour's or the council's letters be of any great moment, the postmasters greatly abuse you. For none of your letters that come "from Grenewich (albeit they be for lyves,) (as your honours ij° last packettes were) but thei are v or iiijor daies in commynge,—no, they make great haist if thei comme in iiijor daies"! Wherever it is, I thought it my duty to signify the delay, and Mr Henry Lock will much assist me therein. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

949. Carey to Burghley. [April 26.]

I trust you will continue your favoure to this town, "wherby your lordship dothe purchace to yourself infinite praise and prayer both of poore and riche, as by making of a poore beggerly and banckroupt towne (yea even allmoste desolate) to becomme nowe by reason of this iije half yeares well paying, allmost to be a fyne freshe and faire cittye, beginnyng nowe to be well repleinished with marchandice and divers good shoppes to be sett uppe, being this smalle while well payd." Considering this, and that Mr Clopton is dead, to the great loss of his countrey and mistress, for his honesty and just dealing with all, a certain fear is arisen in the town of the non-continuance of the half year's pay, and such a dearth of money as almost none can be had, I humbly beg you to continue your goodness, by appointing some one in his place to bring the money and pay us here—reminding your lordship that when at my first coming, I wrote to have "Mr Skidmore" to pay us, you answered that he had been "continually behinde" 1000l. or 2000l. with her Majesty's half year's rent. "This towne hath had already too many suche paymasters." The last pay was not by Mr Clopton himself, his sickness not suffering him, but by his son and one John Lyons his servant, very honestly, and they would do so still if it pleased you to entrust them, the rather as I hear the young man has his father's receivership.

I must now remind your lordship of a matter touching myself—the warrant for my last half year's pay, of which I have not heard anything—praying you either to send the warrant to Mr Treasurer, or be a mean to remove me and send some fitter man. "For I assure your lordship I can staie no longer here having already made all the meanes I can for my mantenance, so as nowe there is nothing lefte. For I have already besides the spending of myne owne litle lyving, solde a warde, which my lord my father gave me for the mariage of one of my doughters, for whome I was fayne to take fyve hundreth poundes, being worth as much more, but that I was fayne to sell him upon necessytie. My wiffes mother is also dead, by whome I should have had a great deale of monye, where, by my being here I have loste at least fower hundreth poundes. . . . Nowe there remaynes nothing to be solde for my mantenance here but my pencioners roome, which if I shall be forced to staie here any longer without allowance, I must be faine to sell also. But I hope with your lordshippes good assistance, her Majestie will consider more graciouselye of me, then utterlie to undoe me, my wiffe and poore children in her service. It is a thing she hathe never done to anye, and therfore I will not dispaire."

I have sent your lordship the defaults of the musters this quarter. The last we could not make in Mr Crane's absence at court about his controllership. There are many works necessary here, only waiting your warrant. The particulars under the comptroller's hand are here set down. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

3 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Default of the musters.)

April 18, 1594.—Taken before John Carey esquire deputy governor.
Carey's own company,—absent by passport, 4; without, 6;—10.
Sir William Reade's,—by passport, 2; without, 5;—7.
Captain Carvill's,—by passport, 2; without, 2;—4.
Captain W. Selby's,—by passport, 1.
Captain Twyforth's,—without passport, 1.
Captain Boyer's,—without passport, 1.
Gunners,—by passport, 1; without, 4;—5.
Artificers,—absent at Newcastle ordnance office, 7.
Horsemen,—without passport, 1.
Pensioners,—by passport, 1; without, 15;—16.
Total absent,—by passport, 11; without, 42;—53.
Note.—Captains Anthony Thompson and Robert Yaxley with their companies of 50 each are at Carlisle. Signed: Jhon Carey, John Crane.

3 pp. In Crane's writing. Indorsed:

950. The Dean of Durham to Sir Robert Cecill. [April 27.]

"I have presumed to conveighe this packett to your honor, at suche earnest request, as it maie please your honor to receave herewith also, sufficient I trust at least in some parte, to excuse my boldeness in this behalfe.

It maie be, that it wilbe reported, thEarle Bothuell and I have lately mett at Hexham: where I was on Wednesdaie and Thursday last, upon occasion that some my poore neighbours had there, wherein to use me. But truly sir, having some intelligence of his lordshippes purpose, I departed the towne at least three houres before his lordshippes comming thither, neither did I see his lordship or heare from him. Thus muche I advertise your honor, for that the Kinges ministers care not what reportes they geve out of me, as I thinke your honor before this tyme knoweth. Howbeit I neither have, nor will (by Goddes grace) otherwise behave my selfe, then shalbe justifiable. Thus I humbly betake your honor to the grace of God. At Duresme, 27 April 1594. Hastily . . ." Signed: Tobie Matthew.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: "The Deane of Duresme to my master."

951. Carey to Sir Robert Cecill. [April 30.]

"The importunacye" of Mr John Colvill for sending "thes inclosed," occasions me to give you some news out of Scotland lately received, as follows:—

The Spanish fleet is either come out, or within 20 days at farthest, will come to "Cornewaile" or Wales.

The "Duke Arnasco" has 40,000 men ready for some great enterprise. It is thought some surprise of the Queen's ships is intended, and I have been advised to give notice.

There are 18,000 Spaniards in Brittany, viz., in "Blowet and Hamburne," 8000; at "Old Cradene," 4000; and the rest besieging a town in Brittany, all to assemble and embark when the fleet comes.

It is also thought there is some enterprise against Dover and Sandwich by Frenchmen that bring commodities from "Calles" or Dunkirk, by getting "bear" in and surprising them. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.


  • 1. The rest of the letter holograph.
  • 2. Ferdinando, 5th earl, who died 16th April 1594, supposed to have been poisoned.