Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.
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17. Robert Bowes to Lord Burghley. [Aug. 30.]
Since the 29th April last, the castle, town walls betwixt it and the Bell Tower, and the fallen wall at Mary gate, are made up—a new ward house built at Mary gate—the old palace, windmills and other places repaired. The day watch tower is rebuilt in rough stone in eight "cantes," 26 feet high above the walls, and 14 feet in timber above the same stone work, surmounting the old tower six feet in height.
The pier is begun and drawn along the height of the rock betwixt the sea bank and Fleming's work as directed.
The foundation is laid about 28 roods in length from the bank, whereof 22 are complete, saving some flags and binding on top.
"And bicause this pere is the worke of most importance and chardge, and that your lordship may the better understand and judge of the devise, I do therefore (after my bare skill) brefely make heare some discription of the same.—
This worke is facyoned lyke unto a brode wall. Both the sydes thereof are sett and faced with broched stones, hewen in the joyntes and beddes only, and not on the perlymt, close cowched and well backed, and herein we trust that by there rowghnes, good backe, and fast byndynge, they shall lye more surely then other stones layd in lome or hadder, or yet stones of huge weight, beynge like cobles and bounde with pynnes, whose mocion, by there owne weight, shall easilye brust there pynnes, and stirre there neighbours with shake and overthrowe of their whole worke, withowt contynuall repayre. It is filled with weighty stones, roughe burres and peable, sett home, and backynge the sayd broched stones layd in the face of the worke, and byndynge fast togyther the whole masse and fillynge. On ether side within the fillynge, arise postes of tymber surely fastened, and evenly sett, distant viij foote, one from an other, and in places nedefull, they stand more neare. Betwixt the sayd postes, and overthwart the worke, the fyllynge is arched and bounde with mighty stones fast pynned togyther, to bynde fast the same postes, and tye the whole fillynge togyther to the toppe. On the toppe there is layd a wall plate of tymbre lyinge alonge the sydes of the worke, and on the hight of the broched stones. Wherin is cowpled a longe beame, layd overthwart the worke and toppe, which beame is sounke in, and, fastened to the sayd postes and wall plates, to bynde and holde the whole masse togyther, as no parte is lyke hastilye to faile, withowt the overthrowe of the mayne and whole bodye hereof. The toppe is armed and covered with broched flagges, closely arched and sett in stronge claye, well rammed and layd under the flagges, to save the fillynge from the flashe and fall of the billowe and water, that in stormes will bownce over the worke.
In measure at the foundacion nighe the banke, it is in bredthe xxij foote, and on the toppe xviij foote, and increasynge like a taper, it is brought to xxxtie foote brode in the bottome, and xxij foote on the toppe, at which pitche it shall stand untill it be caryed on vj roodes beyond the bowght or elbowe, whereupon the greatest force of the sea will beat. It is advanced iiij foote above the full sea marke at sprynge tyde.
By the strengthe of this worke, appearynge in partes fynished, and the good effectes hitherto shewed, it is hoped that it shall well and longe stande, withowt chardgeable repayre, and sufficiently performe the purposes intended. The successe whereof I commend to better proofe.
But as the worke is great and stronge, so the chardge will arise highlye, and beyond the first estimate, notwithstandynge that stone flagge, and all kynde of fillynge, do lye and serve very aptlye for all uses."
The charges of these works amount to 1856l. 10s. 5½d., "I placke," by inclosed note. I estimate these till Michaelmas, about 200l. I am unfurnished for the garrison, workmen, and the bands at Carlisle, and beg such supply as your lordship thinks good, by my servant John Puleston, who shall attend on you.
A hoy which I bought for the Queen's service, and loaded with timber and coal, is drowned with crew and cargo. I demand nothing, but humbly ask relief. Berwick. Signed: Robert Bowes.
2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Annotated by Burghley on margin.
2. Note of charges referred to, under several heads, 1856l. 10s. 5½d. 1 plack.