Border Papers volume 1: August 1581

Pages 69-74

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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101. Scrope to Burghley. [Aug. 2.]

I understand by your letter of the 27th of last month, that her Majesty desires a more particular account of the disorders committed by the Liddesdale men, than in my former letter to Mr Secretary Walsingham, and have therefore sent a special note of these since Easter last. "Even this last night save one, they have broken an honest mans howse in Gillesland, spoyled him of xvjten kye and oxen, his horse, and else what he had in his howse, and woounded his sonne in perill of death, which as the poore man sayeth, is done by the Ellottes of the best sorte." I have to crave pardon for not sooner sending your lordship the King's answer to my demand for reformation of these disorders, which I now do, having deferred it only till I heard of the Laird of Cesford's home coming (who I hear is now returned from Court), and with whom I have to deal in these affairs. I have written to him to meet for redress, but have no better hope of it than I have done for three years past, for all his promises. "My man who caryed my lettre to the King, was verie hardlie intreated at thErle of Arrens handes, who can not use any man well, but verie yll affected to any towardes me." Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

I delivered your lordship's commendations to Mr Warcoppe, who hath his humblie recommended unto your lordship.

1 p. Addressed Indorsed.

Inclosed in the foregoing:—

"West March Anglie. A Breviat of thattemptates comytted by the Lyddesdaills Scotishemen within thoffice of Bewcastle, and other plaices within the West wardenrie of Englande upon thinhabitantes their since Easter last past 1581.—

he Complanantes. Thoffendors. Thattemptes comytted.
28 Marcij 1581. Jeffraie Sowrebie. Upon thArmstranges of the Calfhills and Kynmont sonnes with their complices . . . lx Scotishemen. xij old oxen, x old kye and all thinsight of his howse.
2 Aprilis 1581. Isabell Rowtledge weadowe. Upon thEllotes . . . 30 men. iiijor old oxen, vj old kie, one horse and all thin-sight of hir howse.
12 Aprilis 1581. James Rowtledg of tHill. Upon thEllotes and their complices . . . 50 men. viij old oxen, xij old kye, one meare and all his insight.
iiij° Junij 1581. Ritchie Rowtledg. Upon thEllotes and their complices . . . 80 men. xxxtie old kye, fortie old oxen, taking with open daie forraie.
The Complanantes. Thoffendors. Thattemptes comytted.
24 Junij 1581. Malle Nixson and Johane Nixsons, pore wedowes. Upon thEllotes and their complices . . . 24 men. xvten old kye, ix old oxen.
26 Junij 1581. John Rowtledg, Jer-ardes John. Upon the Crosers and Ellotes. ix horse and naiges.
Sir Symond Musgrave knight, capten of Bewcastle. Upon thEllotes and their complices . . . c men and above. xltie old kye, xxtie old oxen, and the taking of Thomas Rowtledg of Todholles Englishe-man prisoner, and his horse.
12 Julij 1581. James Forster sonne to Adam. Upon thEllotes and their complices . . . c men. xxtie old kie, xvten old oxen, all thinsight of his howse, and the wounding and mam-ynge of Thomas Batie and Lowrie Forster Englishemen.
14Julij 1581. Archie Nixson. Upon thEllotes and their complices . . . c men. 30 old kie and oxen, the spoile of thinsight of his howse and two of his neighbors.
Julij 1581. James Forster of Syny-whait. Upon thEllotes and their complices . . . c men. 50 kie and oxen and all his insight.
Ult°. Julij 1581. Georg Armstrange. Upon thEllotes and their complices. xvten kie and oxen, one horse, all his insight, and his sonne wounded verie sore in perill of death."

1 p. Indorsed.

102. Hunsdon to Burghley. [Aug. 11.]

"I gyve ye moste harty thankes for your lordshippes so favorable and frendly dealynge with hyr Majesti for my returne. I perceve hyr Majesti ys styll in one songe of my unwyllyngnes too returne hyther, whan I am theare—which anser she makes too every body that hathe spoken too hyr for my returne. Wheryn hyr Majesti (yf I may speke ytt without offence) doothe me grete wronge. For I proteste byfor Gode, that my preparynge myselfe thre tymes by hyr Majestis commandment too came hyther, coste me 1000li., and beynge every tyme reddy, stayd only by hyr Majesti, as hyr owne letters too the Skotshe kynge for twyse doothe appeare. Thys unwyllyngnes hathe ever byn yn me whensoever I have byn commanded, or that ther hathe byn any cawse for hyr servys, but synce I have no more thanke for my labor, I wylbe wyser herafter. And what thys laste jorney hathe coste me besydes my travell yn the depe of the wynter, and the lose of my sune, ther ys I now can wytnes, I assure your lordship more then ever I gate by thys charge, or shall doo. And syns I see that hyr Majesti lookes for suche attendance att my hande yn thys place, aswell whan ther ys no cawse of servys as when ther ys, fyndynge my selfe neyther yn purse nor boddy able too indure ytt, as your lordship was the only man that gate thys charge att hyr Majestis handes—for the whyche as I am too gyve your lordship moste harty thankes, and shall thynk my selfe gretly bownd too your lordship for the same—so I hope neyther hyr Majesti hathe any cawse too repeute hyr bystowyng of thys charge apon me, nor your lordship any dyscredytt by preferrynge me theruntoo. So I beseche your lordship now too shew yourselfe as wyllynge too ryde me from hens, as ye wer too brynge me hythar—wheryn I assure your lordship I shall thyuke my selfe as gretly bownde too you for the one as for the uther. For as yeres ar cropen apon me, so doo I fynde myselfe far unable to serve heere in suche sorte as I perceve hyr Majesti lookes for, and I fynde that the more she ys spoken too for my returne, the farther she ys of, and therfore I wyll prese your lordship too troble hyr Majesti no farther theryn. I am content too abyde tyll Mychelmas, att which tyme seurly I wyll cume up, thohe I ley yn prison for my labor; for thohe hyr Majesti have so smale regarde bothe too my grete chargys and the shortnynge of my dayse, I wyll preserve myn owne lyfe as well as I can, for helthe ys above rytches. My pattent of thys charge ys too myselfe or my suffycyent deputy, butt syns I muste be heare styll myselfe, I wyll yelde ytt too suche as ar fyttar for ytt. If a marshall, a tresorar, and a gentylman portar, be nott suffycyent for the charge of thys towne, thohe I be away, I know nott what too say, butt I must nedes thynke, quod aliquide latet quod non patet. Towchynge Archbalt Duglas, I thynke he can say lyttell of Skotlande att thys present. And seurly, my lorde he ys gretly batyd there! We doo heare here that hys wyfe doothe meane too be dyvorcyd from hym; whyther ytt be a practyse of hym and hyr or no, ys doughtyd—but seure ytt ys that ther ys meanes made too hyr too that effecte, and too mary with one of the Erle of Arrens brytherne.

I am sorry that Mr Secretary went with no better resolucyon. I pray God the French make nott theyre proffytt of our delayse. I feare we shalbe one day forcyd too beare all extremytys with hed and showlders. God grante hyr Majesti too make a goode ende of thys hyr maryadge!

Therles of Huntley and Craforde ar returnde owte of France—bothe papystes.

It ys a moste happy turne too hyr Majesti, the apprehencyon of Campyon (fn. 1) and hys fellowse, yf hyr Majesti deale with hym and hys recevars and comfortars as they deserve. But yf theyr frendshype may brynge hyr Majesti too forgett or neglecte hyr owne seurty, by dealynge myldly with them that sekes hyr destructyon, as she hathe hythertoo dune—it wer better he had nott byn taken. And seurly I cannot butt feare that bothe hyr Majesti and all hyr goode subjectes shall have cawse too repent ytt, and that er ytt be longe—for trewly my lorde the papystes wax prowde and arrogante bothe men and women, especyally in thes North partes—and therfor hyr Majesti had nede too looke well too hyrselfe, whyche I truste too God she wyll." Berwick. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: "11 Aug. 1581. My L. of Hunsdon to my L. . . . his ernest desire to retorne."

103. Scrope to Burghley. [Aug. 12.]

I have received your letter of the 7th instant returning the King of Scots' letter to me, which your lordship has imparted to her Majesty with the note of the Scottish attempts in my office, which your lordship thinks are many for the time, as indeed they be. I hear the Laird of Cessford is to be in Liddesdale on Wednesday or Thursday next week, from whom I look to hear touching an early meeting. In answer to your enquiries who are the opposite officers to me—"The Lorde Maxwell, who writeth and stileth him selff Erle of Morton, is warden of the West Marche against me, and Robert Maxwell of Cowhill his deputie. Notwithstanding, the warden hath and yet doth for the most parte attende abowt the Courte, synce these late troubles began. Harbert Maxwell of Cavence is captein of the Langholme.

The Larde of Cesfurde is keaper of Liddesdale, and one Andrewe Carre his deputie there.

As your lordship reqnyred, I have sent you a note of the noble men, and barrons as they call them, with lardes and gentlemen of accompte within that West Marche, and howe they be conjoyned by blood or affinytie." Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the foregoing:—

"West Marches of Scotlande.

A breiffe abstracte of the names of the lordes, and lardes dwellinge and cohabitinge within thoffice of the West Marches of Scotlande, and of their severall marryadges and alyances.

Lordes, 2.—Maxwell, maried to thErle of Angusses sister. Herries, maried to one of the dowghter(s) and heires of the Lorde Herries.

Lardes, 19.—Drumblanrige, sister sonne to the Larde of Lowghenver. Johnston, married the Larde of Buckclewghes sister. Lowghenver, married the Lorde Herries dowghter. Bombie, married the Larde of Lowghenvers sister. Garlishe, sister sonne to the Lorde Herries wieffe. Skirling, and the Lorde Herries, married two sisters. Lamanton, married the Lorde Herries sister. Applegarthe, married the Lorde Somervells dowghter. Lagg, married the Larde of Drumblanrig dowghter. Cockpowlle, married the Lorde Somervills dowghter. Empsfeild, married Lorde Herries dowghter. Kirkmighell, married Empsfeild sister. Closborne, married the Bishoppe of St Andrewes dowghter. Holmendes, married with the Yrwens. Newbie, married Holmendes dowghter. Tynnell, a Maxwell, unmaried. Cawperton, maried the Larde of Lowghenver sister. Provest of Glenclowden, sonne to the Larde of Drumblaurige. Cownethe, married Kirkconnells dowghter."

1 p. Written by Scrope's clerk. Indorsed.

104. Hunsdon to Leicester.

"Apon Satterday laste, the 12 of thys instant, Roger Aston came too Twysell, Mr Selbys howse, whyche ys 7 myle hense, and sent bothe my letter and hys untoo hym, inclosyd withyn a letter of Rogers, by a servant of Mr Selbys. Wherapon I cawsyd Mr Selby presently too take only one with hym, and too ryde to hym. By that tyme he came, ther was serten of Alnwyke that had made pursute after Roger, and wolde nedes have stayde hym; but Mr Selbys folkes wolde nott suffer them too deale with hym, saynge that he was cume to theyr master, and tyll he came, they showlde nott have too doo wythe hym. The cawse was that Rogers horse faylyd hym at Alnwyke, wher he bowght another, and after he was gone they thowght hym to be a Skott, wherby the seller of the horse was yn danger of the lawe—and therapon they follode too have the horse agayne, but that horse faylde hym at Belforde, wher he was forcyd too take a poste horse, so as he was at Twysell befor they overtooke hym, orels seurly they hade stayde hym by the way, and then he muste nedes have byn known, for they wolde have browght hym hyther too me, wher he ys as well knowne as any man can be. But whan Mr Selby came, he towlde them that he was no Skott but a frende of hys, and that they showlde answer hym the mony he payde for the horse whyche faylde hym by the way, and so returnde agayne without knowynge what he was. Beynge yn one of Mr Selbys tenantes howse, byfor Mr Selby came, he harde the folkes of the howse talke of one Jhon Hewme brother too Alexander of Manderstone, that he was att a towne one the other syde of the water. Roger askte, how he myght speke with hym? They anserde, they cowlde nott tell. Wherapon Roger walkte too the water syde and sum of Mr Selbys folkes with hym, wher the men of Alnwyke came too hym, and by chanse Jhon Hewm came too the water syde, whome when Roger saw, he callyd too hym, who presently knew hym at what tyme Mr Selby came too hym. So Jhon Hewme tooke a bote and came over to them, and supte with Mr Selby, whoo wolde a lett Roger have a horse of hys, but Jhon Hewme wolde nott lett hym, but sent for a horse of hys too be browght too the water syde for hym, and so aboute mydnyht they went theyr wayse. Thus Roger by goode chanse lyght apon the man he wolde a wyshte for yn all Skottlande—beynge yn deede a ryght honeste man. Roger meanes too be eyther tomorow nyght or apon Weddensday at the fartheste, too returne agayne too Twysell, wher Mr Selby shall attend hys cummynge, and shall furnyshe hym eyther of horse, mony, or any thynge els he shall wante, and shall also have a commyssyon from me for poste horsys, yf he lyste too euse any. I have thowght goode too advertyse your lordshyp thus muche, that hyr Majesti may understande of hys safe passynge yntoo Skotlande and how sune he meanes too returne bake agayne.

I cannott butt lett your lordshyp understande that by my wantte of exercyse heere, I have gotten that whyche without present helpe att the begynnynge, I shall never cleere of, which ys the stone—wherwith I assure your lordshyp I have byn grevosly tormentyd of late,—havynge I thynke asmuche gravell withyn me as wyll gravell the way betwene Hakney and Wansted! And therfor I hope yf hyr Majesti have no uther servys too imploy me yn then I know of, or ys lykly too be, beynge heere the Marshall, the Tresorar and the gentylman porter and Sir Francys Russell at Alnwyke, and commonly heere,—that hyr majesti wyll gyve me leave yn tyme too seke sume remedy for thys hellyshe dysease, whyche yf yt breede a whyle apon me I am afrayde wyll be incurable. Barwicke.

I am seure your lordeshyp doothe nott thynke I am sorry of your havynge of Wanstede agayne. I assure you I hade els sowlde Hakney, whyche now I wyll nott." Signed: H. Hunsdon.

"I can sende ye neyther marlyon nor tassell of a goshawke yett that can kyll a partryge, for yt ys too suue, but I have a marlyon wyll kyll a larke yn the skeyse, and I hope by hawkynge tyme I shalbe able to sarve your turne. I have alreddy 4 caste of sore Skotshe fawcons, as fayre as ever I hade and shall have more shortly, of whych your lordshyp shalbe partaker of sum of them, yf ye leeke them—for I sende them up presently yn hope nott too be longe after them."

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

105. Scrope to Burghley. [Aug. 18.]

Hearing that the Laird of Cesford came yesterday to "thArmytage," intending to keep courts this day and to-morrow, I have written to him, as your lordship advised, to appoint a short day for mutual delivery of offenders.

These are the news from Scotland, though I cannot certify them. "Yt is said the Kinge myndeth at this next parliamente to intaile that crowne to those fowre howses; viz., to the newe Duke (fn. 2) of Lenax, thErle of Atholl, the Lorde Robert, and the younge Erle of Murrey.

Argill, upon some variance betwen him and Arran, is deperted from the Cowrte into his owen countrie, where it is thought there wilbe a convencion of some noble men.

James Balflower the principall murderer of the late Kinge, is thereof acquited by an assize.

Manye in that realme feare thalteracion of Relegion, and it is said that the Duke of Levenaxes wiefe hath protested she will not come into Scotlande to him, unlesse she have masse."Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed by Burghley.


  • 1. An English Jesuit executed for high treason.
  • 2. So created on the 5th of same month.