BHO

Border Papers volume 1: July 1582

Pages 86-89

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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129. Scrope to Walsingham. [July 11.]

Having received a letter from Cesford, enclosing one from the King of Scots, requiring meeting for redress of goods, but murders and slaughters to be referred to the princes, "I have thought good so soone as my healthe wolde serve me, to dispatche the said lettres unto you—having ben ever synce the receipt thereof, sore vexed with an extreme colde and an agewe, which for the tyme tooke awaye the use of my handes, so as I coulde not signe or subscribe any writing in any good ordre … but now I thancke God, being well recovered and I truste past the worste, I have sent them unto you"—praying her Majesty and the Council's direction before replying. Carlisle. Signed: H. Scrope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the foregoing:—

(1) (Cessford to Scrope.)

"Eftir my hartlie commendatioun unto your Lordschip in leafull maner, I have ressavit a lettre frome the Kingis Majestie my soverane yesternycht, quhilk it sall pleis your lordschip ressave heirin inclositt, and returne ansuer agane as ye think gude with the bearar. Gif ye pleis send it to me with him, I sall direct the same to my soverane, utherwayis I refer itt to youre discretione. Swa luiking to heir frome yow, committis your lordschip to God. Frome Cesfurd the xxixt Junij 1582. Be your lordschipis leafullie at power." Signed: Cesfurde.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: A shield with a chevron between 3 unicorns' heads erased.

(2) (The King of Scots to Lord Scrope.)

"Having at sindrie tymes required you partlie be our awin lettrez and partlie be our Wardane of our West Marche for meting to be kepit and redres maid of the sindrie greit attemptis committit upoun our subjectis inhabitantis of our said West Merches, it hes bene ansuerit that ye culd not proceid in justice thairupoun, quhill ye wer ansuerit for the disordouris committit be the inhabitantis of Liddisdaill aganis our dearest suster the Quene your soveranis subjectis under your charge—and for that caus we callit befoir ws and our counsell the Laird of Cesfurd, our wardane of our Middle Marche, and having the charge of the keping of Liddisdaill, and hes inquirit of him the caus of the stay of redres for Liddisdaill? Quhais ansuer is, that he wes alwayes and yit is, reddy to meit and gif and ressave redress for Liddisdaill concerning guidis, bot seing ye stayed quhill ye had first redres for slauchters he culd proceid na further, leving the ordering of that mater to our said dearest suster and ws and our counsellis, as being out of practize, saulffand that our said wardane be our speciall commissioun and for the bettir furtherance of justice and terrour of offendouris, maid delivery for slauchter, in hoip to have ressavit the like, quhilk yit he hes not obtenit. And now laitlie we ar informit that the subjectis under your charge, hes supprisit and be ledderis takin the hous of Quhythauch in Liddisdaill, and spuilyeit the haill guidis being thairin, to the heirschip of sindrie—quhilk losse and ewill preparative is like anuche to draw on further inconvenientis amangis thay unreulie peple, to the inquietatioun of the peciable and gude subjectis of baytht the realmes gif the sam be not preventit. Quhairfoir we require you effectuuslie that thair may be metingis kepit and redres maid for all attemptates of guidis on baith the sydis, begynnand at sic as ar maist recent and may import greatest perrell. Resting the redres of slauchters quhill the Quene our dearest suster we and our counsellis may tak some gude resolutioun thairanent, sa as the apparent inconvenientis likly to fall may be avoyded be the affectionat gudewill of yow the officers on bayth partes, quhilk to ws wilbe verie acceptable. And sa, luiking be your answer to the said Wardane of the Middle Marche quhat salbe lyppinit for in this behalf, we commit you to the protectioun of the Almychtie. At our castell of Striviling the xvj day of Junij 1582." Signed: "Your loving freend James R."

1 p. Addressed: "To our trustie and weilbelovit cousing the Lord Scrope, L. Wardane of the West Marche of England foranent our realme." Indorsed.

130. Elizabeth to [Cesford]. [July 28. 1582.]

"Trustie and welbelovid cosin, we greyte you well.—Whereas we understand by a letter written from our good brother the King your soveraine to the Lord Scrope lord warden of our Middle (sic) Marches that the refusal of our said warden made to kepe a meeting for redresse of all attemptates of goods on both sides, untill there were order taken for redresse of certaine slaughters that had bin committed remained unpunished contrarie to the former treaties of peace and articles on that behalf provided, was not liked of by your King, and that he earnestly required our said warden leivinge the orderinge of slaughters as matters out of practise, unto our said deare brother and us, to procede to kepinge of meetinges for attemptates of goods: Forasmuch as the lives of our subjectes are more deare unto us then their goods, and the orders provided for for redresse of slaughters are not of so longe time past, beinge agreed uppon and published in the 5 yere of the reigne of our deare brother of worthie memorie Kinge Edward the sixt, but that they may well and ought to be put in practise, and so have bin, thogh not so deuly as had bin requisit for the better peace of the Borders and continuance of good amitie betwene our deare brother and us, we coold not but like wel of the discreete dealinge of our said warden in that behalf, and further require yow to take order that accordinge to awncient lawes and customes and former treaties, those grievous and haynous offences of blood may be loked into, to the end that other grievances of lesse importance may be likewyse redressed; for the better effectinge whereof, we think this course best to be taken, that by order from our deare brother the King your soveraine, there be secret and privie searche and apprehension made of all such as by any wayes are to be tried and filed for slaughters, the like whereof we wil give order to be perfourmed within our wardenries, to the ende that such secrecie beinge used, the offenders may be the more easely come by and be broght to justice, which otherwyse by undirect shiftz wold provide for their indemnitie, and withdraw them selves out of the handes of justice. And whereas our said brother the King doeth in his said letters farther complaine of want of like justice in delivery of murtherers, which (as we are informed) is meant of the denial of the delivery of one Andrew Storie for the slaughter of one Trotter—forasmuch as it hath bin made manifest to us that they had before murthered one of the Stories, and that fact notwithstandinge, the said Trotter came into our realme without licence or trodd, and there abode the space of eight dayes, duringe which time he was slaine, we can not but thinke that his said denial, as grounded on justice, was rightfully done, the profe of the matter caryinge, that no redresse ought to be made for the same. And further, wheras in your soveraignes said letters he complaineth of certaine late surprises and robbinge of houses by ladders, by some of our subjects, as we cannot but greatly dislike such disorders, and seke by all possible meanes to have the offenders punished, so in case it be considered what raw and haynous outrages in burninge barnes of corne, houses and such like have of late bin done within our realme by the borderers on your side, we doubt not but our good brother the King wil consider that we have the greatest cause to complaine, and wil accordingly take order that justice may be done us especially for such extraordinary and grievous attemptates—the fittest meanes whereunto wilbe the punishement of slaughters, which by our warden have bin complained of and required, and we think most expedient to be yelded."

[July 28. 1582.]

2 pp. Draft. Indorsed: "July 1582. Cop. of a lettre to the lord Scrope" (sic). And (by Walsingham?) in pencil: "All thes ar perused, and to be wrytte."