BHO

Border Papers volume 2: October 1596

Pages 199-210

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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400. Commission to Bishop of Durham, &c. [Oct. 2.]

Appointment of Tobias bishop of Durham, Sir William Bowes knight, Francis Slyngesby esquire, and Clement Colmer doctor of Civil Law, or any three (the bishop or Sir W. Bowes to be one), commissioners to meet those of the King of Scots, and decide all border questions between their respective subjects. Under the great seal and sign manual. Westminster 2 October 38th year.

2 pp. Latin. Double broad sheets. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary.

401. Eure to Burghley. [Oct. 3.]

In reply to his of 26th September, received 2d instant, wishing to know the time for which the 80 horsemen were allowed: that they entered on pay, Sunday 21st March, continuing for 4 months ended 11 July. They were continued for 3 months, ending 2d Oct. instant—and a month longer if needed, ending 30th instant. Beseeches they may be continued during the winter, and that he may have warrants for their monthly pay of 130l. besides 80l. of arrears, the receiver of Yorkshire having only paid him 120l. monthly for their past service. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Noted by Burghley. Addressed. Indorsed. Signet as before.

402. The Bishop of Durham to Burghley. [Oct. 3.]

Two packets from your lordship have reached me to-day, one for myself, another to "Mr Doctor Colmore." I see her Majesty has appointed me, "a man most unworthie, and manie waies unmeete," to join with the Scots King's commissioners for redress on the Border, and shall be ready with "my praiers and endeavors" to help forward so good a service, when I hear farther from you, or from Mr Bowes her highness ambassador, of the time and place of meeting. "And albeit I am verily persuaded, that upon some prejudice without cause, I am of all men lest acceptable to that nation, and therefore least likelie to obteine justice or reason at their hande: yet I shall hope that her Majesties authoritie chiefly, and the dexteritie of myne associates, will partely prevaile with them to yeald to the common benefite and peace of both the realmes." Only, knowing their malice to myself, and their sleights in satisfying outrages on the border, I most humbly beg, "that being a man not of the sworde, I maie not be drawen further then Berwick or Carlisle; if that my supplicacion, not proceding so mutche of feare as of doubt, maie seeme reasonable to her most excellent Majestie, and the lordes and others of the most honorable Previe Counsell, and not otherwise."

When I learn where Mr Robert Bowes the younger is, "I will not faile to imparte unto him the contentes of that parte of your lordshippes other lettre which concerneth the difference between Mr David Fowles and him. I perceave the great commission ecclesiasticall is renewed, but so altered from the former, and in the most materiall pointes so abbridged of all authoritie in this my diocese, as I assure my selfe this countrey shall reape thornes therby in steade of grapes!" But more of this hereafter when my lord Archbishop of York and I may certify you "in more perticular."

Beseeching you to acquaint the lords and others with this my answer regarding the Border service. Bishop Awkland. "Your lordshippes most humble in Christe." Signed: Tobie Duresme.

pp. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed. Wax signet: quarterly, 1 and 4 a lion rampant; 2 and 3, 3 chevronels.

403. Swifte to Burghley. [Oct. 5.]

About 20 days ago, finding no fall in prices, I sent men with ready money to Cambridge and Lincoln shires, and went myself to Yorkshire. Found no old corn left anywhere, and none of the new yet thrashed, so "was driven" to send off what I could get, viz., 80 qrs. of "white Danske rie," and 30 qrs. old wheat, which with 10 "wey" of cheese, 20 firkins butter, and "ten hundred of Iseland codd," I shipped from Hull on 25th September, and hope it was at Berwick in 4 or 5 days. I bought 40 qrs. more wheat, leaving a man at Hull to make it up to 100 qrs., when thrashed, and send it off.

In Cambridgeshire 150 qrs. wheat is bought, I trust by this time thrashed, and ready to be shipped: with ready money more might be had, and I hope there is no cause to fear present want at Berwick. In these and other provision since Michaelmas 1595, we have spent and owe almost 3000l. more than is yet in our hands.

I humbly beg your lordship to consider my great burdens, "continually through the yeere in bondes and credit," now for 1000l., now for 1500l., and at present for more than 2000l., besides no small sums paid of my own; and that the receivers pay what is due for the last and this half year, for provisions supplied to the soldiers, that I may discharge great sums due in less than 16 days. Signed: Rich. Swifte.

1 p. Holograph. Indorsed by Burghley.

Inclosed in the same:—

Note of these purchases of wheat, 40 qrs. at 40s. the quarter, and 500 "come," or 300 qrs. to be delivered between St Andrew's day and Christmas, at 32s., to be paid for at "Hollantide" next. Signed: Robert Vernon.

½ p. Swift's shipments, noted at foot by Burghley and his secretary. Indorsed.

404. Sir R. Carey to Sir R. Cecil. [Oct. 6.]

Having at large informed my lord your father of our late "accorrence" here, I need not write therof. I humbly bescech your honor to think of me and my manner of living. By Cesford's pride I am in much trouble, the uncertainty of my stay makes men afraid what course to take. I have no assurance of friends, things are done doubtfully, and there is a continual "stagaringe," and will be while my stay "is as it is." I humbly entreat for your effectual dealing, either to establish me "absolut," or get me dismissed to attend to my own affairs, now altogether neglected.

This wardenry will not be governed well without an absolute warden. I am indifferent whether I have it or have it not, but desire to know the end, "and good sir, obtayn it for me," and at your leisure bestow a line or "tooe" on me, "for it gretly compforts me when I heare from thos that I knowe loves me." Berwick. Signed: Rob. Carey.

¾ p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: ". . . Rec. at the Strande the xjth of the same."

405. William Selby to Burghley. [Oct. 9.]

I received your letter with the Council's instructions as to the Ordnance office, which I shall carefully follow.

I sent you a certificate of the decayed gates here, whereon Mr John Carey told me he would also write. It is now time to bespeak iron "at some iron mils," which must be "fashioned," thus saving labour and charges.

Knowing your care of this country, I presume to certify the weak state of this March, and unless some order is speedily taken, the likelihood of great murders and spoils.

There have been 8 murders in little more than a year—4 by Cesford himself, the rest by his servants,—and two or three times in these 20 days, his forces have entered this March "(and verry apparantlie him selfe covertlie with them)" to murder the Queen's subjects—which is intolerable.

There has also been taken within this year or little more, by his servants, &c., above 2000l. worth of goods, a heavy loss to this small and poor country.

"With pardon," except some noble man of wisdom and courage be sent here, great harm will be done. I mean to offend no one, but merely to discharge my conscience.

"Sesford and his crew" labour to effect their "mischevyous" intentions before the commissioners meet. Berwick. Signed: Will'm Selby.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Small wafer signet: shield barry.

406. The Queen to Sir R. Carey. [Oct. 10.]

Understanding his complaint of want of authority to requite injuries by the Scots, authorizes him as her deputy warden to use his discretion in taking such course as he finds meet to uphold her honour, but to beware of taking any action to hazard the same, or incourage the Scots by miscarriage therein—and if it be possible, to forbear till the commissioners meet; but yet leaving it to his discretion, and authorizing him to do as he shall have reason to lead him. Nonesuch.

1 p. Contemporary copy. Indorsed: Copy of her Majesty's letter to Sir Robert Carey "having charge for the time of the East Marches."

407. Scrope to Burghley. [Oct. 11.]

Your last of the 1st instant answers several of my former letters. And as you desire a further declaration of the roades of Stirling and Falkland, mentioned in my last, and of the debateable grounds; Stirling was about this time 11 years past, when the Earls of Angus and Mar and others banished, returned to possess themselves of the King's person and favour, dismissing James Steward then Earl of Arran, and other courtiers unfriends of theirs—who had assistance of many of our borderers, who are to be charged with all the spoils (very great) committed by them and the earl's forces—but that bill is not yet delivered. When the late Earl of Morton lord Maxwell, was opposite warden, he sent the bills for Falkland and the debateable ground, to myself, and to avoid prolixity, I send you the true copies for your information.

I hear credibly that some go about to obtain her Majesty's grant of some of the best things left me in my leases from her, although I have 16 or 17 years unexpired. As the principal things which I held of her Majesty are already taken over my head, as you know, though you sent your mandate to the offices to stay the granting out of any particulars of things demised to the Lord Scrope—as I have been told—and to prevent the like in the rest, I am desirous to prefer a suit to the Queen for a lease in reversion of those things left me—wherein I wholly rely on your favour and help, and to be guided by your advice and pleasure. Praying a line from you thereon. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

408. John Carey to Burghley. [Oct. 14.]

I have received your letters of 2d Sept. and 5th October (the second only yesterday) with notes of Mr Vernon and Mr Swift's preparations of victuals for this town. I inclose note under William Vernon's hand of all that is arrived, trusting for a better supply. Also the musters taken on the 12th—being forced on that day to send out 100 of our small garrison for the better safety of the March, against Cesford's daily plottings how to murder some, wherein thank God he has hitherto failed. But the Scots lie by dozens, and 20, sometimes 40, in secret places to murder any riding by themselves; so that no man dare go about his own business, or stay in his own house. Thus on the earnest desire of the country gentlemen I have laid 100 men in the country, which can be ill spared, with another 100 at Carlisle, not much needed now the country there is quiet. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

(1) (Vernon's certificate.)

Received at Berwick, 6th October 1596, forth of the Katherine of Hull, Richard Pemperton, master, rye, 78 qrs.; wheat, 29 qrs.; butter, 20 firkins; cheese, 10 "waye;" "dryed codd," 1000. Signed: Ex. per Will'm Vernon.

¼ p. Indorsed.

(2) Defaults of musters on 12 October 1596.

Absentees with or without passports, from the companies of John Carey, Sir William Read and 4 other captains (Captains Carvill and Twyforth with their companies at Carlisle), gunners, artificers, horsemen and pensioners—in all, 45. Signed: Jhon Carey, John Crane.

2 pp. Indorsed.

409. The Bishop of Durham to Burghley. [Oct. 14.]

My letter of 3d I trust reached you safely. Since then I have received the inclosed letter from the Queen's ambassador in Scotland. I am sorry there is no better certainty of the day and place of meeting, the days getting short and the weather worse. I would be glad the time were expressly fixed, that "I mought take order for suche sclender provisions for hospitalitie, &c., as I am hable to make accordingly."

I would also that my associates be certified "from above, or from his lordship rather than from me" of the time and place—except Mr Doctor Colmore: for Mr Francis Slingesby dwells somewhat far from this, and beside the post way: also I know not where Sir William Bowes makes his chief abode: "belyke at London."

I would beg your warrant under at least three hands of the Privy Council, for 6 or 8 post horses, in case any of mine fail, as also for help of carriages if need require upon some accident. I beg, above all, that as few material things as the service will permit, be left to our discretion, knowing my own inexperience best, and what "absurditie percase maie redound therof," and that the instructions may fully contain what will be expected of us. And if your lordship added any private direction to me, it would be an especial favour.

I have acquainted Mr Bowes the younger with your letters on the matter "controversed" between Mr Fowles the Scotsman and him—whose answer is here inclosed, desiring your perusal and acceptance in good part. I hear not if Mr Fowles is come this way yet. I received your letter of the 3rd on the 10th from the Durham post, and if he comes this way I will do my best to accord them. Bishop Awkland. Signed: Tobie Duresm.

pp. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed. Seal as before.

410. Eure to Burghley. [Oct. 18.]

The "rooted ignorance" of those in my government, respecting more their "sensuall lustes," than the service of their country, has hindered my reply to your letter of 18th September till now. The complaints of my March are of two sorts—viz., outrages by Scots, with English outlaws, the others by English outlaws or fugitives only. Of the first "or forraine attemptes," your lordship is already certified by a general inquisition from 1567 (10 Eliz.) till 1593 (36 Eliz.) by the gentlemen under their hands, showing their losses to be 12,394l. 8s. 6d.—but neither the malefactors' names nor dates are perfect, and I despair of proof, unless by assise and the warden's honour.

Of the bills since 1586 in Sir John Forster's time, I have compiled as much as I could from that year, when Edward earl of Rutland and Lord William Eure my father sat as her Majesty's commissioners at Berwick. At which meeting, "Sir John Forster affirmethe," bills not then redressed "were quitted."

My people therefore humbly crave that redress may be claimed from April 1586. The principal loss unredressed "withoute duble or saphie," is between 16,000l. and 20,000l. at the least—the particulars whereof shall be ready for the commissioners, and but for the negligence and ignorance of my March, I would have sent them to yourself now.

The wilful and cruel murderers, my March crave may be demanded to be punished for examples, and that those Scots abetting or present, may be bound by sufficient sureties to enter on 10 days' notice to the Queen's officer—to include all murders from 6 Eliz. till 1586.

All prisoners unlawfully taken, binding themselves by bond or promise by their hands, to enter "withoute cry of Queen or wardaine" as they term it, "which is as muche to saye, to subject themselves to there takers will,"—to be released and their bonds cancelled, ransoms repaid, since 23 September 1563, the date of the last treaty, and such practices prohibited henceforth—is the humble prayer of my March.

As avowers are not likely to be had among the Scots, it were not amiss that the Queen's ambassador dealt with the opposite warden, to meet on a fixed day to agree on sworn assisers to inquire into and settle bills for the commissioners.

As the opposite warden is a native borderer, and the King allows him no "pention," his "meane estate of lyving" forces him to befriend his clan, overlook outrages, and support lawless men about him who serve him without charge,—it is craved that her Majesty's officer may take bonds of the headsmen of the clans for themselves, &c., not to ride in the Marches, but to satisfy stolen goods after inquiry by him; also that the opposite warden may give sufficient caution and hostages to her Majesty to do general justice to all complaints sent in by your lordship to the King. Also that her Majesty would fortify this decayed frontier, viz., of Tynehead and Reede water, erecting in each a "bastile" or strong house, where an officer "stronglie attended" might dwell.

For the Scots have erected houses "even uppon the fronte," which before they did not approach "by a large myle and more." And they have erected "stronge tower houses," planting a headsman of the clan therein, surrounded by the strength of his name, viz., against Tynehead, Martin Ellott has erected a strong tower hard by the March, "within this twenty or some odd yeares, strongly vawted, att the head of Liddell, with open ventes for traynes of powder." Robert Ellott within these 12 years, has erected another called Laristone. John Ellott alias Jock Copshaw, in these few years, another called Blackstone lee. They take our good habitable grounds, and "chaise" us further into the land, making their entry easier.

"Aunempste the head of Read water, John and Robert Frissell hath erected houses." Phillip Rotherforth of Edgerstone, another house thereabouts. All very "noysome" to us: and should be defaced and ruined, if we get no redress for past losses or assurance of future justice.

Another annoyance complained of by my March is that English offenders to one March, are received in another, thus defeating justice, as in a "severall kingdom" as the Scots phrase it. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

pp. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed.

(2) Extracts out of the same.

pp. In a neat clerkly hand. Indorsed.

411. Eure to the Privy Council. [Oct. 18.]

To the like effect as No. 410, but more briefly. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

412. Eure to Sir R. Cecil. [Oct. 18. 1596.]

On same subject, and the impossibility of compiling bills from 10 Eliz. to 29 Eliz., for the offenders' names and dates are left out, and many of the plaintiffs dead—so "bygones" for "bygones." The inquisition from 29 till 36 Eliz. shall be perfected, and from 1586, for goods only, will be 16,000l. or 20,000l. sterling. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: ". . . Lord Eure to Mr Secretarye."

413. Robert Bowes to Scrope. [Oct. 20.]

On receipt of yours of the 12th by this bearer, "I have sent to seik spedye accesse to the King, departed yesterday from Dunfermling to Sterling to be a witnes at the baptysme of th'Erle of Marrs daughter." And after audience, I shall write more at length. Meantime I shall seek to have the Scottish rolls delivered to you quickly. I see the King has been moved to licence Buccleugh to go to the country to make up his bills, rolls, &c., to be exchanged with you and others her Majesty's wardens and officers. But how her Majesty shall allow his enlargement on such pretence I know not, thinking that in her late letter to the King by Mr David Fowles, she touched Buccleugh and his cause, and the King may thereby "have the better respect in graunt of further libertye to Buckclughe from his warde at St Andrewes." I understand the Lord of Newbottle excuses himself from going with the other commissioners to the border, by late sickness, and some of the others sue earnestly to be discharged. But I therefore hasten my access to the King, not to hinder the commission, and will shortly I hope advertise you. Edinburgh. Signed: Robert Bowes.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Armorial wafer signet—indistinct.

414. Sir R. Carey to Sir R. Cecil. [Oct. 21.]

I have yours of the 13th and her Majesty's letters of authority, and hope to do nothing but what she shall allow.

If you or my lord your father wrote to my brother here to assist me with the garrison against "Tividall," he is of himself very willing to do so.

I find you mistook me in my last letter, "for therin have I charged you with no unkindnes whatsoever: but to trewe it is, at that instant to my lord your father I did far overshowt my self"—but I hope ere this he is satisfied, and I am truly sorry for any fault, and will no more offend.

It is certainly given out here that your brother is to be our governor. If true he will do himself wrong if he get not the wardenry of the East March also, they have been long together, and separation will weaken both. You may think it strange I say this, but I doubt not if your brother come down governor and warden, to find such favour by your good father and yourself "wans er a yeare goe abought, as I shall thinke my goodwill lardgley recompenst, and in that hope I would to God your brother wer opon his way cumming to injoy them bothe." Berwicke. Signed: Rob. Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: ". . . Rec. at Rychmond the xxviijth of the same." Swan wafer signet.

415. The Bishop of Durham to Burghley. [Oct. 22.]

I have received a "boxe faste sealed" from your lordship, containing her Majesty's commission under the great seal, with instructions, and your own letter to myself thereon. Immediately I wrote to the ambassador thereof, naming the 13th November next, being Saturday, for us to be at Berwick, and to return answer hither with celerity, that I may forthwith send express notice to Sir William Bowes and Mr Slingesby to repair hither accordingly. As my letter to Scotland went by the morning post on 20th, I may expect the ambassador's answer by the 29th, and may hope to have Sir W. Bowes and Mr Slingesby here by the 8th November at farthest; "and upon the tenthe or xjth by Gods grace, to take our journey northward (quod bonum fælix faustunuque sit)," unless delayed by the opposite commissioners. When my associates and I meet, they shall learn her Majesty's bounty and your honourable regard for us. I am sorry Mr Tailbois takes no better way than by denial to double his offences. "But I feare least that his obstinat and unshamfast course will verifie that of Velleius Paterculus a verie wise writer, Numen cujuscunque fortunam mutare constituit, consilia corrumpit. It were fitter ywisse, for him to crie, O me nunquam sapientem: or at least to saie and praie, sit erranti medicina confessio." Those who depose against him are all of honest reputation and some of "worshipp." I find myself in him and all things, most bound to you. Bishop Awkland. Signed: Tobie Duresm.

1 p. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed. Wax signet as before.

416. Scrope to Burghley. [Oct. 22.]

Acknowledging his letter of 12th received that day, with the Queen's commands to return the 100 footmen to Berwick: remonstrating against the order, and explaining that when he wrote for leave to come up, as his March was quiet and likely to remain so, it was only by means of these 100 men. That if Buccleugh is released from his "present easy restrainte," and returns to the Border, he will again raise disturbances. Praying his letter to be laid before the Queen for her resolution, either for the continuance of these men, or some equal force in their room. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

pp. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed.

417. Report as to Richard Lowther. [Oct. 23.]

"Carliell the xxiijth of October 1596. The reporte of such as were in the castell chamber at Carliell when Mr Richard Lowther tendered in my Lord Scroopes name, his favour to the Grames if they woulde submit themselves generally for all former matters to his lordship."

Robert Briskoe gentleman, saith, Mr Richard did there intreat the Grames to submit and acknowledge to Lord Scrope they had offended him, and their sorrow, without "particularities as to be fowle or clere of the roade of Buclugh." But the Grames refused their absolute submission, unless they might be held clear of that roade.

William Grame otherwise Richies Will, says the like, and that they refused submission, unless absolutely cleared of Buclugh's roade.

George Bell, says Mr Lowther willed the Grames to submit, saying if they would not, he would leave them to them selves. But they said it would be as much as their lives were worth, and would not submit "in generall," unless the roade of Bucclugh might be excepted, or they received as clear of the same.

"John Musgrave and Francis Lucas with other of my servants wittnes to the same effect, and agree with the premisses."

1 p. Written by Scrope's clerk. Indorsed: "This was in the castell great chamber."

418. Report by Henry Leigh and James Hall. [Oct. 23.]

On 23d October, we were present when Mr Richard Lowther delivered this message from Lord Scroope to the Graymes—"That whereas some had informed the Queene that he would not accept ther submission: yf they were nowe come to the same end, and would make theyre submission absolutly accordynge to her Majesties pleasure, his lordship was redy to receyve the same, and would be any other day when they would com altogether, and herafter use them as the rest of her Majesties subjectes, in hope of ther good demerittes." This message was delivered to Richard of the Breckonhill, Wyll of the Rosetrees, and yonge Hutchen, ould Riches Wyll being present. Whereunto Richard of the Brekenhill answered, they understood not what that word "absolute" meant, for as touching the breaking of Carlisle castle, "they would never make anye submission; but as they had done to the lordes of her Majesties counsell, so would they ever justefye and excuse themselves therof so longe as they lyved." Whereunto Mr Lowther replied: that it was not my lord's meaning to make repetition of any particular fault past, but only they should submit "absolutly in generall for all faultes past," and endeavour to be good subjects hereafter, whereon he would receive and use them with favour. Then on persuasion of Mr Lowther and myself and others present, "they toke respitt to advise with the rest of there frendes tyll that day senight, and then to com all together and geve his lordship a resolut answer," whereat his lordship desired Mr Lowther to be present. Signed: He. Leighe, James Hall.

1 p. Written by Leighe. Indorsed: "This was in the castell garden."

419. Scrope to R. Lowther. [Oct. 23.]

"Mr Lowther; at our two conferences aboute the Grames, as we were rydinge together, and that you were a meanes to me to take their sumission: did not I tell you, that I never refused yt, but would take their absolute submission for all thinges past, and did make but a staye, till the gentlemen of the countrey might beare test to their proceadinges and myne? And at your coming hither I did confirme the same, you tellinge me that the Grames would be heare that daye aboute the same occasion, and that they were readye in all dutifullnes to submitt them selves, which I accepted; but in the'nd they would not unles I would clere them of the fact at this castell, the which unles I should have belyed my selfe, I could not have done: and therefore you desiered respet whyle Satterdaye. Her Majesty hath comaunded me to give her an immediat answere, and therefore sett downe underneath your hande the truthe of the matter, which I am sure you will, because there be that will approve yt. And so I reste. Even as you deserve, so am I." Signed: Th. Scroope.

"Send this myne owne lettre, and your answere inclosed togither by this bearer to me."

1 p. Holograph; also address: "To my cosen Mr Rychard Louther." Indorsed.

420. R. Lowther to Scrope. [Oct. 24.]

"I receaved your lordships letter this morninge by your lordships footeman, which bearethe no date." I remember when I was with you at Ascame, "suitinge for my poore man that is in pryson," and also riding with you from thence, you told me you would accept the Grames' submission shortly after your return, "yf they woulde absolutely submitt themselves, not speakinge of the breakinge of Carlisle castell." On Saturday last, when I came to continue my suit for my poor man, you confirmed the same speech to me, willing me to carry a message to them to the same effect, which I declared before Mr Henry Leighe and one of your servants. I told you I heard the Grames would be in town that day, but only three of them came.

"Theye answered verye dewtifullye, sayinge" they would submit to you and honour and obey you, and serve the Queen under you, as ever their ancestors or themselves did under any lord warden, but will never confess the breaking of Carlisle castle, and will always be ready to clear themselves, if you give them leave. They say you commanded them not to come to you, till sent for—and also say, how can they submit themselves, if you will neither suffer them to come, nor yourself come forth to them?

These as I remember were all the speeches I had with you or them. You once appointed "this present Mondaye" to take their submission, willing myself to be then also at Carlisle as a witness. "But in regarde I tould your lordship that my yeares would not suffer me to ryde up and downe betwixt Carlisle and Lowther, so ofte in so shorte space, your lordship was contente to deferr it tyll Satterdaye next." Lowther. Signed: "Your 1. at your 1. comandment, Richard Lowther."

I return herewith your letter as commanded, and have kept a copy.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

421. Eure to Burghley. [Oct. 24.]

I received your letter with warrant for the soldiers' pay, and will write to the receiver of Yorkshire to certify why he detains the "odde" 10l. in each month's pay, hoping your lordship will then order it to be made, to the poor men's benefit this dear year.

I beseech your favour in procuring the Queen's grant of the parsonage of Symondburne for Mr George Warwicke a Master of Arts of 6 or 7 years' standing, "of my sonne his accquaintance," and commended unto me by Mr D. Robinson for his sufficiency in all respects.

As Mr Crakenthrop whom I formerly commended, "haithe made refusall therof, deaminge his body unable to live in so troublesome a place, and his nature not well brooking the perverse nature of so crooked a people," I hope the said Warwick may be preferred, seeing "that Mr Ubancke is allready satisfied" and has made it known to my Lady of Warwick. Craving pardon for my boldness herein. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet.

422. Eure to Burghley. [Oct. 26.]

I present to your lordship the great necessity this country has for a "discrete" sheriff, not disposed to factious or to favour theft, as many do here. And give me leave to nominate such as I know are well affected, viz., Raphe Gray, Robert Delavale, and Edwarde Gray, "good members and discrete." But if you allow the "yonge fry" as Wooddrington, the Queen will not be so well served, or the country benefited. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed: ". . . Lord Eure to my lord. For a good sherif for Northumberland . . ." Wafer signet.

423. Scrope to Burghley. [Oct. 26.]

Besides the other herewith to the Council, I write this private to yourself as to my dealing with the Grames, under their lordships' letters of the 15th. On my seeing 3 or 4 of them "withoute the yate," I sent Mr Richard Lowther, then with myself, to let them know that I was ready to receive their general submission for all things past, and themselves into favour to serve her Majesty as I had occasion. But on his propounding this, they utterly refused, unless I absolutely cleared them of Buccleuch's roade to this castle—which I could not for my own honour and proceedings hitherto as your lordship knows. So they took respite to give fuller satisfaction on Saturday next, whereof your lordship shall hear. Praying, as her Majesty's officer, your honourable friendship as hitherto.

I also inclose this other letter from Mr Bowes to myself, to show how unlikely it is that quietness in the country will continue, if the soldiers are removed and Buccleuch let loose in this the most troublesome time of year for thieves' roades. Praying your good offices herein and a line in answer of my last. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

424. Scrope to the Privy Council. [Oct. 26.]

I desired to have delayed the account of my proceedings with the Grames till all was concluded to her Majesty's pleasure, but doubting lest others misrepresent them, I send the inclosed, leaving you "to conceive, with what boldnes Mr Lowther will advertise an untruthe unto parsonages who ar so farr remote from him as your lordshippes ar (where ratificacon or contradiction with due approbacion can not so readyly be had)—when he will not shame to certify unto my selfe so nere him thus impudently, both that which in myne owne knowledge I know that he varieth from the truthe of that which passed betwixt him and my selfe in privat, and also do fynde by due examination of the persons present, when he did publiquly propound a pacificacion to the Grames from me: that the Grames used nor uttered not the wordes which by his letter (hereinclosed) he hath certifyed unto me under his hande that they did. For all which were present in the chamber and hard what was sayd both by him selfe and them, beare witnes to the contrary, as maye appeare to your lordshipps by their rehearsall severally of the effect of their speeches, which they will justifye uppon their othes when they shall be requyered." But on Saturday next if they all come, as I think they will, and Mr Lowther with them, our proceedings shall be set down in writing under "all hands, as well actors as spectators or herers, that her Majesty may the better discerne to laye the blame where it is in deede." [The message delivered by Lowther, and the Grames' reply, as in Nos. 417, 418, repeated here.] The attestations of the several persons are inclosed to contradict Mr Lowther's shameless assertion to the contrary.

That her Majesty may be assured I have not received all tales against them, your lordships will see from Henry Leigh's petition long ago against them, supported (as you know) by the Earl of Huntington's letter; yet he could not get me to meddle therein, nor till the heinous act against this castle, I never informed against them.

And seeing her Majesty is contented to pardon this act, I am as in all duty, ready to obey her herein.

Yet not from passion, but for the reasons expressed in my letters to your lordships of 19th August last, with all humility I still crave her Majesty's permission to surrender this place with her gracious favour, so it be not to her displeasure and indignation. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

2 pp. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed. Wafer signet.

425. The Bishop of Durham to Burghley. [Oct. 29.]

Referring to my answer of 22d to your letter of 14th with the commission, &c., and hope of meeting the opposite commissioners on 13th November—I conjecture, from my lord ambassador's letter inclosed (which I beg to be returned me if it so please you), that we are not like to meet the Scots so soon. Howbeit we shall be in readiness, as I have required Dr Colmore and Mr Slingesbie. He is very courteously come hither to look into the business, whom I find to be a wise gentleman of good experience as your lordship doth rightly "censure" him, and his service is the more necessary among us, for it is reported to me that the Scottish commissioners are "both skillfull and toughe, &c., I say not, partiall." I have had by me many treaties these many years, the chief I suppose of this country, "a coppie whereof, and percase of some other, Mr Robert Tailbois bestowed on my Lord Eure, collected in Bishop Barnes his tyme, but unskillfully copied and depraved in manie partes." I have also some observations and notes left with me by Mr Secretary Walsingham (at her Majesty's commandment, as he told me when in these parts anno 25 of her Majesty, after his negotiation in Scotland. But how to procure the Treaty in the year 1587 at Berwick, when Lord Hunsdon had committed to him the government of the Middle March, on Sir John Forster's sequestration from the same, we cannot conceive, unless it be sent us from above, or that Mr John Carey will impart it. We shall also want the King's proclamation, inhibiting all hostility and revenge, &c., except the ambassador, to whom we shall write, can help us to it: "for upon the date thereof will muche depend the bould incursions of Sir Robert Car to be more or lesse advantageable to our treatie."

I have perused the paper of levies of money exhibited by Mr Tailbois—"we must confesse them and avoide all falte in them." I cannot blame the discretion of my predecessors and the justices of peace in this county in any of these impositions, nor do I suppose any country in this realm is more moderately and warily taxed, considering the circumstances of our habitation, the "haviour" of those charged, and that there is no other way but by an equall proportion. So I marvel to what purpose "his exhibite tended." If to charge me for the 3 last levies, it is well known I never proceed but with sufficient consent: and that the first for the salt-peter works—the second for the 10 horsemen that attend the Lord Warden on the Middle March,—and the third for the day of truce—were all for the expedition of her Majesty's urgent and then present services: for the discharge of one of which three, the justices in general, and myself in particular, did intercede so far, that (if your lordship remember) we were all near to be "shent" for our presumption.

Hoping you will excuse us, notwithstanding these frivolous allegations, and thanking you for the warrant for our post horses and carriages. Bishop Awkland. Signed: Tobie Duresm.

2 pp. Holograph; as also address. Indorsed.