Border Papers volume 2: July 1595

Pages 37-43

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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80. John Carey to Burghley. [July 2]

On receipt of your letter of the 18th June and instructions, I called the Mayor, who said that as the alderman was in London casting up accounts with the Queen's surveyors general, to discharge arrearages, he could do nothing here, for all the accounts, &c., were there. I sent for the customer, who said the same, that being required by the surveyors general, he had sent up all his accounts and reckonings to them. Thus I could say no more.

Your honour says there is order taken for the works in most needful places—but as yet we hear of none—and the year runs fast on. Nor is any order yet come for the half year's pay, as your honour writes.

Your honour wishes to understand Buccleuch's and Cesford's quarrels with the Charletons and Stories. It would be too tedious at large, but I will be as brief as I can. First—for Buccleuch: your honour remembers hearing long since of a great rode by the Scotts "as Will Haskottes and his fellowes," made in Tynedale and Redesdale, taking up the whole country, nearly beggaring them for ever. On complaint to the Queen and Council, there was some redress made with much ado and many meetings. Buccleuch and the Scotts made some "bragges and crackes," as that the country durst scarce take their own: but the Charletons, being the "sufficientest and ablest men" on the borders, not only took their own goods again, but encouraged their neighbours to do the like and not be afraid—"which hath ever synce stuck in Bucclughes stomack . . . Mary! he makes another quarrell, that long synce in a warr tyme, the Tyndale men should goe into his country, and there they tooke his grandfather and killed divers of his countrye, and that they took awaye his grandfathers shworde, and would never lett him have ytt synce. This sayth he is the quarrell."

Cesford's with the Stories is—"About Lamas laste certen of Sesfordes men came to the persons of Wollers, he being at that tyme with my lorde leiftenaunte at Newcastle—at which tyme they stole all his sheep and other goodes he had, whereof he compleyned to York to the courte and to our wardens here . . . till uppon a tyme seing he had loste all, and could by no means gett justice . . . he gott certen of his frendes, and . . . got as many of Sesfordes owne sheepe as he had before loste." Where upon Cesford often sought to kill him, so much that the poor man left all he had in the country and came here to live in Berwick. Cesford then came one night to Woller, killed 2 of his men, and at a town two miles off killed one called "The Leird Baggott"—cutting them all in pieces. The "Leird" had two brothers in law called Storyes, who got presently to horse, rode into Scotland, met Cesford's shepherd, the only guide and cause of their brother's murder, and there killed and cut him in pieces—whereon this quarrel arose, and Cesford says he will have their lives.

For Scotland—there is appearance of great trouble: the King and Queen are little better than "severed" about the keeping of the young Prince. She and her party (which is very great) are at Edinburgh, and they will have the prince and the keeping of the castle. The King keeps at Stirling, Falkland and Lythquo, and thereabouts, and he and Mar will not "yeald to have him" (fn. 1) from Stirling. So the Queen's faction can not get him but by force. They have many men in readiness, and look for the fall of Mar. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

3 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

81. The Master of the Ordnance to Burghley. [July 2.]

Complaining that whereas the castle, "cyttidell" and town of Carlisle, and storehouse there, are included under his charge of the north, yet he has no control of the pay of the gunners and officer of the storehouse there, and as their places fall void, the Queen grants the same for their lives, to "unmeete" and non-resident "partyes," to the detriment of her service. Therefore praying that he may have control and pay of Carlisle, as he has at Berwick, and will thenceforth answer to her Majesty for its efficiency, &c.

1 p. Broad sheet. Indorsed: "2 Julij 1595. The information of the Master of the Ordonnance of Barwick," &c.

82. Lord Herries to Scrope. [July 7.]

"I haiff resavit your lordschipis lettre this day fra your servand Gairis, quhairin your lordschip declairis thair is divers outragious attemptatis comittit be sum Scottismen aganis the pepill within your lordschipis office, scn your servand Richarde Bell depertit fra me." I shall be as ready to punish these as you would crave, but am much hindered in my office, and it will be difficult without your help. The course to be taken must be "advysitlie" set down between us, and if you have not "laser to travell," I would it pleased your deputy Mr Carletoun "to cum speik me," that we might confer on the best remedy against breaches of peace, "quhilk divers my cuntrie men heir preiss to do, to your lordships trowbill and my disgrace." Referring farther matters to the bearer. Drumfries. Signed: Herys.

¾ p. Addressed. Wafer signet: a saltire—indistinct.

83. Musters at Berwick. [July 8.]

Defaults of the same taken before John Carey esq. deputy governor 8th July 1595.


Absentees with or without passports, from the companies of Carey, Sir William Reade, Robert Carvill, William Selbye (and 4 other captains), the gunners, ordnance artificers, horsemen and pensioners; in all 57. Signed: John Crane.

pp. Written by Crane. Indorsed.

84. The Queen's rents from Richmond, &c. [July 15.]

Estimate of her Majesty's rents and revenues of Richmond, Durham and Northumberland at the Annunciation of Our Lady, 1595.

William Clopton gent. general receiver of these counties.

Richmond, 920l.; Durham "cum cccl. pro decima Episcopatus," 1285l. 15s.
Northumberland, 760l 2,965l. 15s.
Fees, annuities, pensions, salaries, &c., for the first half year, 765l. 4s. 7d.; payments into receipt by "fermors" 47l. 15d.; to the Treasurer of Berwick for the first half year 2000l 2,812l. 5s. 10d.
Remain 153l. 9s. 2d.

½ p. Indorsed partly by Burghley.

85. The Queen's rents from Yorkshire. [July 15.]

Estimate of her Majesty's rents and revenues of the county of York at the Annunciation of Our Lady 1595.

Thomas Skidmore gent. deputy receiver of the county.

Charge with 700l. of the 10th of the Archbishopric 4,714l. 16s. 10d.
Fees, annuities, pensions, salaries, &c., for the first half year 666l. 12s. 7d.; fees of the lord president and Council of the North, 635l. 15s. 10d.; payments in the receipt, 281l. 15s. 1d.; to the Treasurer of Berwick for the half year, 3000l. . 4,584l. 3s. 6d.
Remain 130l. 13s. 4d.

The fees of the Lord President and Council are paid quarterly by the receiver. The annual free rents, rents reserved, and fee farms payable at Michaelmas only, amount to 1,591l. 11s. 3d.

1 p. Indorsed partly by Burghley.

86. John Carey to Burghley. [c. July 18.]

The news of these northern parts is "so off and on," that no certainty can be grounded on them. Though I am unwilling to deal in princes' affairs, as too high for my capacity, "yet being incoraged by the Scotts fashyone, who will liberally speake of their own prinses, I have taken a little libertye to speake more boldlyer of them, then otherwise I would have thought had becomed me. . . . But thus much is surely both conteined and reported, both by the beste and worste sorte of Scotland," that if the Queen do not send an ambassador there in time, there will be such "garboyle" as will not be easily stayed,—perhaps the better for us, as they will be all "by the eares." The King and Queen are at great controversy for the young prince, and will not meet. He lies at Lythquo, Fawckland and Stirling, and she continually at Edinburgh with a great court. I dare not write all that is said or reported, but it is said that the King either has already, or will presently call Sir James Steward into favour again; and begins to say "that if his cossyn Frauncis Bodwell were with him, his nobilitye durste not doe as nowe they doe," and he is in so great a strait that if the Queen and her faction run (as is expected) too violent a course against him, he will be forced to call Bothwell and others in again.

The Scots are busyer than for many years on the East and Middle Marches, chiefly the Middle, taking "markett folkes horses and goodes in the daye tyme."

Mr Ashton came here on the 16th with the half year's pay, but your warrant for the needful works is not. But I and Mr Controller have set the quarriers and hewers of stone "a worke," and a quantity of stone is "wone" against its coming—and also a sufficient quantity of lime is ready. I send the defaults of last muster taken before the pay. Berwick. Date blank. Signed: Jhon Carey.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed: "Mr John Carey to my lord, from Barwick. Not dated. Received the 23 of Julij 1595." Swan wafer signet.

87. Supplies at Berwick. [July 23.]

A note how long the wheat rye and malt will serve at Berwick, with what is sent from London.

Wheat meal and rye, in all, 393 qrs.; which will serve till 8 December—19 weeks, baking 20 qrs. weekly.

Malt, 112 qrs.; which will serve till 4th September—6 weeks, brewing 18 qrs. weekly.

½ p. Written by Vernon's clerk. Indorsed by Burghley: "1595 from the xxiij of Julij."

88. Crane to Burghley. [July 23.]

Sending him as directed a report of (1) the grain sent to Berwick since his last report on 31st May—also (2) what store of victual remains.

(1) Corn come, 46 qrs. 5 "kenninges" wheat; 160 qrs. 7 "kenninges" malt; 58 qrs. beans.

(2) Store under Mr Vernon's charge:—

Wheat and meal 73 qrs., will serve but for 3 weeks and "od" days, baking 20 qrs. weekly; malt, 112 qrs., will serve but for 6 weeks, brewing 18 qrs. weekly; beans, 58 qrs.

Hops, 2700 lb. weight.

Beef and mutton—oxen 10; "weathers" 62.

"Other acates"—ling, 40 "coople"; cod fish 160 (?) "coople."

Butter cheese and herrings—none. Signed: John Crane.

Note by Burghley, &c., on margin: "26 July 1595 shipped for Barwyk. Wheat 150 qrs.; rye, 170 qrs."

2 pp. Written by Crane. Indorsed.

89. John Carey to Burghley. [July 24. 1595.]

I received your two letters of the 16th—one that Captain Selby is coming with the "remayne of the two yeres paye," which will be very welcome—and that I survey and report the store of victuals: the other letter, "a kinde of warrant" under your and my lord my father's hand, to set in hand the needful works. On this, informing the controller and surveyor of your pleasure, they asked Mr Vernon's officers if they could serve the poorer sort of workmen with bread only, for they were to get no pay till Christmas—who replied they could not, for there was not enough to serve the garrison above 3 weeks. We will do what we can to set forward the work, for the hard hewers, quarriers and masons are most of them soldiers, and victualled from the palace, but unless your lordship cause Vernon to send warrant to his officers to give the "poorer sorte of laborers and such," a small allowance of bread, the works cannot well go forward, as they have no wages to buy it.

While writing I received a packet and letter inclosed under your and my father's hand, with a schedule of Mr Vernon's debt to men of Lynn and Hull, of 907l. 11s. 8d., for me to stay it out of his money due on the half year's pay—also that I and the Council here should view what victuals remain, what is lately come, and the chief lack, and inquire of his deputies (for he is not here), how they can supply the want and how soon, and certify you particularly in writing.

I told you formerly, that Vernon always makes up his books and gets his money at the audit, at least 6 or 8 weeks before the pay comes here. So your honour's letter is too late, there is nothing to "stay"—nor any overplus of money with his officers. I have caused Sheperston, Mr Treasurer's officer, to make a note of Mr Vernon's book and how much is paid him, and inclose it, where you will see neither his officers or any other here receives "any penny."

As for calling a council, all the councillors of this town consist only in myself. But I have called before me Vernon's officers, and caused Mr Controller to survey the store of all kinds, as the inclosed note will show. His officers plainly tell me, they know of no supply coming, or that he can provide any, and they are almost undone themselves. Mr Allen Barker, who has purveyed beef and mutton for long for the town, and very honestly, gave up providing, by Vernon's breaking covenant at Midsummer; but at my intreaty continued at "his owne creditt" till now, when he has clean given up serving us, "and will nether medle nor make" till some new bargain is made. So we are in poor case.

In your letter of the 17th the postscript says that Mr Vernon, being unable to come himself, has told your honour he has directed "his cossyn" William Vernon—who being here at the receipt of my letters, showed his "directions." They are only that William Vernon should try to get 60 qrs. of wheat from one who will not trust him a penny, having lost too much by him already!

I hope on seeing my report, you will do me the favour to credit my certificates, being here and seeing the wants of the place, better than Sir John Selby and Sir William Reade who are never here, and care little what becomes of us.

On 31 May they said there was enough till Michaelmas, and yet three parcels have come in since then, and nothing like enough. Seeing such immediate need, I will certify the best shift I can think of, viz.—One Mr Jackson, an alderman here, has a quantity of rye that he bought of a chance ship, and there is another ship load of "one Mr Sydneys" of Lynn, with malt, and finding no market, he stored it here in houses. These things, in extremity might be stayed by your warrant, and an order with it for payment at Christmas.

Little Scottish news but constant ridings.

The palace officers have been "even nowe againe," to say that this day they kill all the "beifes" they have, and it is the last provision they know of—the purveyor having given up. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed by Burghley.

90. Ralph Asheton to Burghley. [July 28.]

Having received of the two receivers of Yorkshire and Northumberland the money allotted for the garrison of Berwick, &c., for the half year ended at the Annunciation of "the blessed Virgin Mary" last, I performed the payment according to your appointment, and inclose a brief of the receipts and payments, which could not have been done without receipt of Mr Clopton's whole "remaine," which he paid to further her Majesty's service. He demanded from Mr Bowes an abatement of 200l. and more thereof, which Mr Bowes was to answer him for "diverse rentes and arerages, and such like reckeninges betwixt them." My proceedings were by the privity of one of Mr Treasurer's men, according to your lordship's direction. "Leaver, my pore house." Signed: Ra. Asheton.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

Reckoning between Robert Bowes esquire, treasurer of Berwick, and Ralph Asheton esquire, for the pay, &c., of the garrison for the first half year from 30 September 1594 till 24 March then next following.


Treasure received by R. Asheton from the receivers of York (3000l.) Northumberland (2000l.), Lincoln (1000l.), and Mr Clopton's balance for Berwick at Michaelmas 1594 (665l. 3s. 11¾d.), in all 6665l. 3s. 11¾d. Whereof, payments made and to be allowed by Bowes to Asheton, viz., Lord Hunsdon's fee as governor, 333l. 6s. 8d.; John Carey esq. the marshal's fee, 130l.; Robert Bowes as treasurer, 216l. 13s. 4d.; Sir John Selby knight porter, 92l. 6s. 8d.; John Carey as chamberlain, 47l. 6s. 8d.; Richard Musgrave esq., master of the Ordnance, 73l.; Mr John Crane comptroller, 32l.; Thomas Parkinson mayor, 100s.; John Harding, customer, 100s.; John Kelsterne, comptroller of customs, 50s.; William Acrigge master mason and surveyor of works, 22l.; Leonard Farley master carpenter, 9l. 6s. Other officers, gunners, pensioners, &c., 2 surgeons, 8l. 16s. each; Richard Clarke preacher, 25l.; 2 tipstaffes, 8l. 16s. each; watchmen, &c., in all, 6629l. 8s. 9d.

Remaining in Vernon's hands, 35l. 15s. 2¾d.

2 pp. Written by his clerk.

91. Robert Vernon to Burghley. [July 29.]

I send your honour (1) a note of the provisions issued to the garrison between Lady day and 24 July, and the remain, with what is shipped "from hence," (2) a note of the provisions bought in Norfolk last December, and at Hull in January, and how much is not paid, (3) a declaration of victuals delivered to the garrison and works in the half year ended last Lady day, with my own entertainment, and how applied towards the Lynn and Hull provisions, showing that I have not converted a penny to my own use, "excepte I have awnswered other money for yt." If your honour had joined Sir John Selby in your letter to Mr John Carey, it "mighte have done me greate pleasure," for Mr Carey is quite against me, "and if my displasinge lye in his hand, I am sure to have yt." He told my man Allen Barkour I was leaving the place at Lady day, but Barkour said he did not doubt me, and at Easter last I satisfied him, and he promised to serve the garrison to Mid summer, as before, and then to Michaelmas in my name, trusting me to bear any loss, with leave to give up on a month's warning to me. Since then I have heard nothing contrary, till Mr Carey writes that Barkour has stopped supply for me, "whereof I marvaile." For he is an honest and sufficient man, and would never have done it without persuasion. But I have written to know the certainty. I would beseech your lordship to prevent any want, for your letter to Barkour to continue his supply till Michaelmas, by which time you may consider either to relieve me, or for some other man for that place. Signed: Robert Vernon.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed by Burghley. Wafer signet: quartered.

Inclosed in the above:—(Note of victuals, &c.)


Issued Midsummer quarter 1595—Bread, beer, beans, "grosse wares," and fish, in all 666l. 10s. 9d.
From 23rd June till 24th July 1595 205l. 17s. 9d.
Slaughtered till same date, 29 oxen, 22 weathers 159l. 6s.
Total, 1,032l. 14s. 6d.
Remaining at the same date—Wheat, malt, beans, 9 oxen; 1 bull 70s.; 6 kine, 60 weathers, &c., in all 647l. 1s.
Shipped for Berwick 26th July.—Wheat, 32s. a qr., rye at 20s., in all 400l.
Total, 1,047l. 1s.
Expenditure from Lady day till 24 July . 1,032l. 14s. 6d.
Remain, with what is sent from London . 1,047l. 1s.

1 p. Indorsed: A note of the value of the victuals issued from Lady day, &c., and of the remain.

92. Garrison, &c., of Berwick. [July.]


The number of soldiers, under 8 captains 500
Horsemen, pensioners, &c., of the old garrison 201
Officers that receive fees—Lord Governor, &c. 21

1. p. Written by Burghley's secretary. Indorsed by Burghley: "July 1595. Such as have victuals."


  • 1. The prince.