Border Papers volume 2: July 1600

Pages 665-674

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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1193. Willoughby to the Privy Council. [July 5.]

Hearing of their purpose to draw certain companies from the garrison of Berwick to strengthen Lord Scrope, he remonstrates very strongly against it: pointing out that in respect of Scrope's wardenry, the East March is not a bailiwick, a mere handful of "poor creatuces," and the opposites "the strongest and gallantest parte of all Scotland": while Lord Scrope "may make at least 10 or 12000 able men," and the opposite March ill inhabited against him. "But this is not all: how shall the towne of tow miles compass be guarded that hath not in yt 500 soldiers? What watch wilbe kept ther? . . . Souldioury is a cloake that ought to be worne in fayre as fowle wether: in peace, for securitie, in war, for necessetie. But is ther no cloudes of mischeife? Your lordships I hope have heard by the deputies complaint how many sayle of netled Dunkirkers are one that coaste: the least man of warr hath 100 men aboord him, and ther nomber is twenty ships at least. How accessible the towne is on the sea syde, for all the new fortification, every on knowes, and they perhaps have not forgotten how their Cales, neer the Medeteranian straights, was surprised." If Berwick had been Spanish, "the English and Low Contry cuning takeres of townes would easely have won yt ere this." The watch now is "skant" enough, but if made less, will be nothing. If Lord Scrope needs help, the Middle and East March will assist on necessity, but his service is fitter to be done by horse, of which he has plenty, than by foot who are more proper to keep a town than "to catch theves on horsback." Trusting their lordships will not consent to weaken a place of such importance, while he will always be ready to help on sudden necessity, he asks pardon for delivering his truthful opinion. Greenwich. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

pp. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Neat octagonal wax signet: quartered shield; 3 crests; the central one 2 horns on a helmet.

1194. William Selby [Junior] to Cecil. [July 8.]

The fees and profits of the Lord Governor and councillors here are sufficient for their housekeeping "and to spare": except my place, the fee of which is so mean, that my year's pay defrays not the charge of my house above 3 months; and as my father's was, I know my own continual attendance on the place while I serve it, will be more than any other councillor's. The greater part of them, being either wholly or mostly absent, have means to spare, while we who reside and do the service, must spend, and the more through their absence. I would better my place, yet without further charge to her Majesty. "The porters office and the sergeant majors is the same: a paye without check in everye companye belongeth and is dewe to the sergeant major in all garrisons": and if I were allowed it by her Majesty, I should be able to do her service without hurting my own poor estate. As I owe this place to your favour, I may without offence, sue your honor to move for me therein. My clear yearly entertainment for my housekeeping is 103l. 17s. 8d., as by the underwritten note, and though I might increase it "by some meanes," yet I will never "help my self one pennye" above my "very payes allowed," and "would be ashamed to offend in that"; which I wish for the Queen's service were reformed in others, as appears by my former letters. I know not how my lord governor will take this my suit: but fear the worst, for since my coming here, we dissent in opinion of his authority of wardenry, whereof you may hear more—"for his deputy usurpeth in this March the offices of lord chancelor, sherif, justice of peace, and coroner," without any warrant mentioned or to be collected out of his patent, the treaties, or any approved custom of any wardenry either of England or Scotland. But hereon I will not trouble you for the present. Berwick. Signed: "Will'm Selby.

"The porters intertainemeut."

"The porter himself per annum, 20l.; 6 horsemen at 6l. 13s. 4d. le piece per annum, 40l.; 14 footemen at 5l. 6s. 8d. le piece per annum, 74l. 13s. 4d.; ane increase given by the Quenes Majesties gift per annum, 50l.
184l. 13s. 4d.

"Deductions out of the forsaid summe:—

"Ane underporter that carrieth and delivereth the keyes to the Lord Governor, and attendeth all services about the gates, 13l. 6s. 8d.; 8 yeoman porters, which waite continually at the gates from the opening to the shutting, at 5l. 6s. 8d. le piece per annum, 42l. 13s. 4d.; house rent, per annum, 20l.; to the ministers, the phisitian and the poore, per annum, 4l. 15s. 8d.,
80l. 15s. 8d.

"So remayneth cleareto the porter toward his housekeeping, 103l. 17s. 8d."

The pays of the officers for the gates in "Callice" are about 400l. per annum, as appears by the pay books of that garrison. Those of all the Berwick officers are at least equal to them of "Callice," save the porter only.

The Lord Governor and other councillors have horse and footmen allowed them, and find not one man, but have their pay without check, for their own use "as it is wise, those payes being the best part of ther interteinement." But the porter must keep one underporter, and 8 yeomen porters, for the necessary service at the gates, out of his own allowance.

pp. Closely written. Holograph; also address. Indorsed.

1195. Sir R. Carey to Cecil. [July 9.]

Since my coming home, I hear the King of Scots is much offended at those gentlemen of his border that agreed with Mr Woodrington and Mr Fenwick for the hunting accident, moved thereto by Sir Robert Kerr's means; and commanded them to surcease from farther dealing. Yet they met and agreed so well with our people, that it was referred to 4 gentlemen of each country to settle all disputes: and the King learning this by Sir Robert Kerr, ordered them all to appear before him at Edinburgh. Two only, the Laird of Hundelee, and the Laird of Hunthill's eldest son, are gone, and the King has committed them to Edinburgh castle. The others all say they will rather lose their livings and lives, than go back from their word, or break the custom of the Border. Thus your honor sees Sir Robert Kerr's malice more than his justice; and he has got great ill will of his neighbours, especially those chiefly interested in this case.

I am presently to send to him to know his mind as to swearing the bills which the pledges lie for.

I found the country in such quiet as never has been in the memory of man: there is none but Sir Robert Kerr who will disturb it, for the other Scots are willing enough for peace. If he will not do right by fair means, I hope by foul means to make my part good, and keep the country quiet "in spyte of his teeth." But as he has protested much to me, I will hope the best till I see the contrary. Woodrington. Signed: Ro. Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

1196. R. Lowther to Cecil. [July 9.]

Yesterday afternoon I met Lord Herries at Tordoe wathe in Scotland, and find on conference he is not proclaimed warden, though appointed by the King, and has done something to stanch the great disorders, He delays accepting office till he knows her Majesty's approval of him, without which he has no mind to that troublesome office. For my own opinion, since the untimely slaughter of Sir John Carmichael, I think him the fittest man in that country for it. "Albeit his cheefe the Lord Maxwell and he be at great disliking, and small hope of their faithfull attonementes, yet he and his brother in lawe, the Larde Johnston, are nowe verie fyrme frendes, leaving Maxwell to his choise, either of assurance with the Johnstons, or otherwise (for a tyme) for to take travell into some other realme." Since the warden's death I hear that the disorder" and skathes "in Scotland by their own thieves and some English, is threefold to ours. Carlisle. Signed: Richard Lowther.

I hear the King will be on the opposite border within 12 days; the personal appearance of our gentlemen is very necessary, and their non-appearance is not only a discredit to me, but a danger to the state. If he should desire to speak with me, I would beg your advice for meeting.

The 12 outlaws that were at the murder of the warden ride weekly "twyse within this office."

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: shield of 8 quarters and dragon crest.

1197. Lord Herries to Cecil. [July 10]

The late slaughter of the warden of this March committed by some insolent thieves, and the daily enormities falling out to the good subjects of both countries has moved his Majesty my sovereign to burden me with the charge to suppress the malefactors. "And calling to memorie that my umquhill father lang governit this charge happilie be the gracious favour of hir Majestie and dew correspondence of her hienes officiaris in doing of justice . . . I have thairfoir thocht expedient as to seik to that fountaine quhairfra his happines procedit, and to crave that be your lordschip I may have hir Majesteis lyke favour and gratious countenance in dischargeing of this my dewtifull service . . . That finding hir Majesteis favour and guid dispositioun towardis me, I may the mair willinglie accept this charge . . . Frome Terreglis." Signed: Herys.

¾ p. Addressed: "To the right honorable Schir Eobert Cecill knight principall secretorie to her Majestie," &c. Indorsed.

1198. R. Lowther to Cecil. [July 11.]

Though at the late meeting with Lord Herries, special order was taken for due proclamation against all roades incursions, &c.: yet divers gentlemen of the inner part of this March (whose names are contained in the inclosed schedule), yesterday morning being Thursday, a little before sunrise, with at least 200 well appointed horsemen, and 80 foot, ran a foray in Scotland above Kynmont tower, where the horse and the Scots met with many strokes, yet no deadly hurt, nor any goods brought away, as I credibly hear, saving that the common English people was in great danger of the enemy.

These unauthorized rodes will give much discontentment to the King and his officer and produce disorder, as I leave to your honor's consideration.

I hear the occasion "(as is alledged) did accrewe for the taking of a pune, in luye of a meare and two horses, stolne by two or thre lymmers theifes from Thomas Sandford of Howgill, which meare (being a rynner) was afterwarde bowght of the stealers, by Will of Kynmont, who rode upon the same." Carlisle. Signed: Richard Lowther.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1199. Lord Treasurer Buckhurst to Sir W. Bowes. [July 18.]

I have been advertised by the commissioners that rode to Berwick under the Queen's commission, that when they applied for sundry sums due on divers tickets " assured to John Arden deceased," and payment of certain debts due to her Majesty, whereof I had at large given you notice both by letter, and by word had expressly charged you to direct yourself therein for her Majesty's satisfaction, "and not to satisfy any course that might be taken by my lord Willoughby to impeach the same, wherof as likewise I told you I had some information: I have been I say, advertised notwithstanding all this, your substitutes and servants in the day of payment there, did answer the sayd commissioners that they had received direction from you "to mak defalcation from the captains and victuallers of the sayd somes, and to mak stay of that money in ther hands on your behalf—and this by a warrant of your owne hand dated the 12th of June last, and that to the sayd commissioners they neither could nor would mak any payment at all—all which your substitutes seeme to cullor to be don by vertu of a warrant sent by my lord Wyllughby unto yourself dated the 7th of May last." Which is so strange to me, from my hitherto firm opinion of your discretion and judgment in her Majesty's service, that "I will not now open myself unto you" my just opinion of your proceedings; "only I will now according to the duty of my place, once more chardg and command you in her Majesties name as you will answer the same at your perill," to make instant payment of such tickets and warrants as the said commissioners or their servants shall demand of you, assured to John Arden, and now payable to the bearers thereof: requiring you farther to satisfy me of your intention to obey or disobey this my charge, by advertising the Bishop of Durham by this bearer, that the commissioners be not forced again to take a vain journey as before, and that I also in case of your refusal, may take such order in the Queen's service as I may see fit. I am "right sory" that cause is given me to proceed thus: and never could have thought such a course would have come from you, but you are wiser than I, and therefore I marvel what shall be the end of this beginning. Tho. Buckhurst.

pp. Indorsed: ". . . Lord Treasurer to Sir William Bowes. Copie."

1200. R. Lowther to Cecil. [July 19.]

With your honorable letter, I received two others: one to the gentlemen of the West Marches, the other to the Mayor of Carlisle—and have delivered them.

Herewithal, at the instant motion of Lord Herries the opposite warden, lying with some forces at Hoddome to quiet that country, I send your honor a letter whereto he prays answer as soon as may be.

Since my last, this March stands in good quiet without any material offences. Carlisle. Signed: Richard Lowther.

"Before your honors lettres came to Scroby (as the post wrytith) the packet was broken, which hath ben overmoche used, not without entercepting also."

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1201. Sir W. Bowes to the Lord Treasurer. [July 23.]

Your lordships letter of the 15th instant, sent to me by the Bishop of Durham, found me here at my own house in the bishopric, in some indisposition of body by my hasty journey in the heat from Derbyshire, where I was detained by my lawsuit in defence of part of my wife's estate there: whence I was drawn on hearing of the strange proceedings touching my office at Berwick, viz., " that my substitutes were not suffered to make the Queens paye to the garryson," to the offence of the soldiers and my great discredit. As the ground was said to be the want of satisfaction given to the commissioners lately there to levy Harding's debts, and my tender of repair to them, so far as rested in me, refused or deferred, on new directions expected by them from your lordship, in answer as it seems, of information by Mr Marshal and themselves: I was forced to wait here, expecting such further resolution. Now your letters have come to hand, they cause great grief to me, as shaking some points of my loyalty, they add to my disability of health, and have caused me two days' deliberation, how to answer "so great a person" in such a cause.

Your lordship charges me with disobeying her Majesty's express command, signified to me by your self, that I should defalk the money due to the late John Harding "upon tickets, bills, bondes, &c.," and pay it to the commissioners: my answer is with all reverence, that neither I nor my substitutes, have disobeyed that commandment, beseeching you to examine the circumstances hitherto come to my knowledge, to be enlarged on my reaching Berwick.

The first and greatest is, that Mr Doctor Colmer and Mr Clopton, had their journey frustrated by my substitutes' denial to pay them the said money: my substitutes could " by no act of theirs " do so, for Harding's debts leviable by the commissioners, being divided into three parts, the least part was defalkable by me, viz., "supposinge the debtes to be about 1700li. I cannot understande as yet, that there is 500li. defaulkable by me. Of the rest, as I take it, about 500li. in ready money and in jewells, was seazed by Mr Marshall as governour for the tyme: the remaine seemeth to depend upon bondes of townsmen and others, without the compasse of my charge." As I notified this in writing to your lordship, it is the commissioners' own defect that they did not levy the 1200l. For this as is said hindering the pay, my substitutes will affirm on oath that they pressed it, but Mr Governor would not suffer them, saying the captains would not let the victuallers pay their or their companies' debts, but if they got it, would pay it themselves. So my substitutes had no choice, but one of two—either make no pay, or no defalcation—"or rather in dede nether of bothe." (fn. 1) So the commissioners' failure to levy the 1200l. and Mr Marshal's seizure of 500l. "and neare thone half of all the rest which I should defaulke, sought by him to he deteyned," are cast on me by your lordship's letter, and my credit deeply touched in Berwick.

[He next proceeds to explain the two warrants complained of: one given by Lord Willoughby and the other by himself—as they were issued before the commission was heard of, and related to the questions raised by Sir John Carey's attempt to get Harding's property. He then justifies his absence from Berwick, as the pay could in ordinary course have been by his substitutes, Eleazar Hodgson, John Mason and his brother Henry Bowes. His presence was most necessary in Derbyshire to defend a suit by nisi prius, against Mr Francis Foljambe at Derby, where by the mediation of the chief country gentlemen, the judges were pleased "to move compromis," and the parties agreed to refer the cause to two arbitrators, "with the umperage of Mr Sergeant Glanvill and Mr Sergeant Gaudy—but on the news from Berwick, he left the arbitration just begun, and hastened to clear any misconception with the commissioners, ineffectually, as they waited the Lord Treasurer's further directions. Finally, he denies privity to any other courses with the Lord Governor, than his honorable purpose to devote the money to building a church there, graciously favoured by her Majesty, which purpose he hopes the Lord Treasurer, even if he collects the money for her use, will further, and thus their objects will be easily reconciled.]

To accomplish your last commandment I have written to the Bishop of Durham, that if he sends me the copies only of the tickets, bills, and bonds, I will do my best to defalk and pay them to his lordship and his chancellor with speed—also offering to act as a commissioner to levy the rest, and not intermeddle with the money.

In conclusion, I beseech that sinister information or jealous apprehension, may not abate the favourable opinion you were wont to have of me, after examining the particulars now laid before your lordship.

pp. Closely written. Indorsed by Bowes: "Coppie of Sir W. B. his answere to the L. Treasorer, Julie 23, 1600."

1202. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [July 25. 1598.]

"Beinge requested bey Master Nicolsun to addrese this inclosed unto youer honer, I cold not omitt thankes to you in that it plesed you at my request to move her Majesty for me tuchinge Hardinges goodes, wiche was never gotten bey so good meanes nor to so good an intent as to beyld a chorche withe all, I fear me. But wear it so that so ill gotten goodes shold goe to so good a use, I shold be verey glad that I shold be occasion of an exampell of so rare a president as to se a chorche bylded, hopinge that after that moer wold followe. And for the suggestyon of her Majesty dett, I offered fayer that I wold presentley a satysfeyed what cold a byn demanded: but he is unhappey whoe cane no wayejhustley have aney thinges crose hime but the bildinge of a chorche wiche is nowe out of use. Ser, I cannot but be thankefull to youer honer for adventeringe youer brethe, and be sorey for my nowen mysfortune, that it wiche I have ever ben a fortherer of to my small porsion, shold be the culler of my greatest crose: but knoinge her Majestey plesser, I have delivered all ether bey it selfe or bey meanes awenserabell.

". . . The best newes I can wryghte is to geve frendley warninge that bey youer honorabell meanes her Majesty may loke well to her tresserer of Berwike, for that ther have of lat maney rare preseydentes fell out intendinge to no good, if weyse prevension be not moer. Youer honer muste perdun me at this tyme that I saye no mor, and I dare saye no lesse. I wold the worst wear to my selfe, and then her Majesty shold have no wronge; so humbeley deseyeringe youer honer to pardun me that I have not awensered youer letter of the 12th of Jun befor this tym, havinge had maney occasiones of great trubell." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: swan and annulet.

1203. Scrope to Cecil. [July 26.]

According to her Majesty's command, I called the gentlemen of the country before me to know why they rode into Scotland, and this is their answer—That it was at request of Mr Thomas Sandford of Hawguill, who had a mare stolen from him for which he would not have taken 100l., and a horse worth 40l. "That those thieves (while the lord bishop of Carlell was preching at Stannikes which is but a fleet shott from Carlell) had made an open forraye, and taken away all the nagges that belonged to that poore towne," 30 in number: and the said men, 80 in all, had ridden on the Bishop's tenants of Linstock, about a mile distant from this city, and stolen all their cattle: "wherat the lord bishop is very sore troobled." Also these men (the principal murderers of Sir John Carmichael), took all the cattle the lord bishop's brother Adam had: "whose wife they beatt, and wounded pitiouslye."

Which considered, these gentlemen thought neither the King nor her Majesty would be offended at their roade: which is the effect of their answer.

Now in good faith, unless it please her Majesty to send speedy relief—I mean the soldiers, by the 1st September next—it will overthrow our terror stricken people who dare not resist for fear of more mischief.

I understand that many letters passed between the King and Henry Leigh: but Mr Richard Lowther assures me he thinks it was with the Queen's privity: whereof I advertise you. Signed: Th. Scroope.

Postscript:—I must call the country to keep the March for want of the soldiers, to its great charge. Our gentlemen got no goods at their roades in Scotland, so the King has no cause of offence.

Since writing, I received the inclosed from the Scottish King from whom nothing shall come "of never so small moment that shall not be shewed to ye."

3 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet: shield and Garter.

1204. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [July 27.]

This gentleman the bearer, master of the ordnance here, being stopped of his due by the treasurer Sir William Bowes, viz., his extraordinary charges laid out in his office and never before questioned, I refer it to his own report. But knowing his care and respect in the frugal disbursement on his office since his entry, I advertise your honor, "that some wiese course may be held (obstare princepiis)." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet; swan with annulet.

1205. Sir R. Carey to Cecil. [July 28.]

Presently after my repair to the North, I sent to Sir Robert Kerr for a meeting to swear the bills fyled at last commission: and his answer was he would meet me on the 24th instant on the Border edge. I agreed, and held the time, but the night before we should have met, I having ridden 32 miles from my own house on my way, had a letter from him that he was "greavouslye sick" and could not come next day. I think he has no mind to meet, for as he cannot relieve his pledges by his own means, he makes fair shows, but privately plots by secret unhonest ways to effect it.

I impart this secret to your honor (not to be spoke of at least not heard of here as yet).—

I know for certain that Sir Eobert Kerr met 5 of his countrymen most desirous to work the pledges' ease: and assured them there was no hope of their liberty, after the orders by your honor and the rest of the Council—but if they would be ruled by him, he would bring to pass that some man of worth should be taken in England, whose ransom should release the pledges: assuring them he had the King's promise "to oversee yt." So they departed to wait further orders.

The man from whom I have this is one of the five, and will advertise me farther from time to time. But meantime I will look to myself at meetings with him (if I have any) and travelling near the border side: for doubtless he means to surprise some chief officer.

I shall acquaint your honor with what falls out: and meantime being weary of this troublesome place, desire your furtherance to procure me a better or at least a quieter. Woodrington. Signed: Ro. Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

1206. Scrope to Cecil. [July 31.]

"Upon Monday last certen of the Grames, with a Scottsman, came to one Thomas Salkelde esqr his house, being within three miles of Carlel, in the day tyme, and tooke and caried awaye the gentleman his eldest sonne of the age of sixe yeeres, and caried him into Scotland." He is sheriff of Westmorland under the Earl of Cumberland—whose kinsman had apprehended one Wattie a brother to Jock of the Pearetree, the chief taker of the boy, and both Grames. This Wattie was to be tried at the last assises at Apleby in Westmerland, being accused of stealing a horse in that country.

The child's friends taking it heavily, and fearing the boy should receive harm with hard usage, I was forced to gett the "ladd" from them, as I have done, on promise that "Wattie shall be delivered; and thought good to advertise you.

I hear credibly that the broken men opposite muster 200 or 300 horse to spoil this March, aud look daily for them. I can put no trust in most of our borderers, and must give you no rest till the soldiers be procured to strengthen us. Signed: Th. Scroope.

"It is likely that a hainous complaint wilbe made to the Quene and Counsell for the taking of that gentleman his sonne."

pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

1207. New Orders for Berwick. [July .]

Article against deceit in her Majesty's works.—As we perceive that our works are very burthensome, and there is no proportion between them and the money defrayed, which though paid beforehand, private persons get more for 20s. than we for 60s., which we think can only happen by the negligence or unfaithfulness of our officers: Our pleasure is, that whereas hitherto the works have been set down without dimensions, so as it cannot be seen whether it be great or small, hereafter the length breadth and height of every several work built with stone be set down thus—" so many foote of hewen worke," so many of " broched " work, so many square yards of "roughe wall" work; and how many square yards of earthen "rampier," if any, behind same wall, with the number of loads of stone and lime, and adjoined thereto the charges. The like order, or as near as may be, shall be observed "in tylinge, sclatinge, leade, iron and timber worke."

Article against bankrupts.—That no bankrupt or indebted person, soldier or other, shall be suffered to retire to or hide himself in Berwick, to defraud or avoid his creditors, but shall be answerable to all her Majesty's courts at Westminster or elsewhere, without hindrance of the Lord Governor, council or other officer there, who on knowledge thereof shall discharge them. Provided nevertheless, that any soldier falling in debt after joining the garrison, shall answer in the garrison court as hitherto. (fn. 2)

The Chamberlain's oath.—As the councillors and all others in pay have their oaths set down in the establishment, saving the chamberlain, it is fitting he take the following:—To be faithful to the Queen—to obey and assist the governor and other officers to the uttermost—to see to her Majesty's lands and revenues, and exact no more fees in his office, than in the 1st year of the Queen's reign. Also in granting any ground or inheritance there, to reserve power to take it for her Majesty's fortifications, &c., hereafter.

1 p. Closely written. Indorsed.

1208. Petition by the Gunners of Berwick. [July .]

Praying Lord Willoughby as governor, to take such means as he thinks fittest to renew the yearly allowance as in Lord Hunsdon's time, of 6 demy barrels of powder to the master gunner and quarter masters for practice of the great ordnance, also of 2 demy barrels to be made "in fireworkes" for exercise of the new and old gunners, and to remain in store in case of need arising.

1 p. Broad sheet. Addressed at head. Indorsed: "The cannonyers petition for ther wonted allowaunce of powder for the teachinge of yonge schollers."

1209. The Captains' petition to Willoughby. [July .]

Praying him, as their pay is only 2s. a day, which as he knows is insufficient to maintain them in the Queen's service, and fitly attend him as lord governor—to move her Majesty (without increase of her charges in the town) to grant each of them "some paies" in their several companies, as he knows other captains have elsewhere—in augmentation of their estate and to avoid the scandal of selling pays, though not so usual as is said. Signed: Robart Carvill, Antonye Tompson, John Twyforde, William Boyer.

½ p. Broad sheet. Addressed at head. Indorsed.

1210. Questions touching Berwick. [July .]

Questions (7) by Sir W. Bowes and replies (7) by Lord Willoughby—touching warrants for works, extraordinaries in the ordnance office, tools and candles in the "corps du guard," excess of yearly charges for works, and whether the soldiers should be paid by poll, or by their captains as hitherto? The last decided by Willoughby in the captains' favour to avoid "mutynye."

2 pp. Contemporary hand. Indorsed: " Sir William Bowes objections and his lordships answers ther unto."


  • 1. Added on margin.
  • 2. Note by Cecil—"that is in the Marshalls courts."