Border Papers volume 2: August 1600

Pages 674-683

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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1211. Sir R. Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 1. 1600.]

The Armstrongs that killed Sir John Carmichael, have got together broken men to the number of six or seven score: they spoil where they can, "England and Scotland is all one to them," and they fear no officers of either side. They are so well provided with stolen horses, and the strengths they lie in so fortified "with bogge and woodd," that they know a small force cannot hurt them. They have begun to spoil in this March, as my letter to the Council shows, and are like to do more before winter be done. It shall go hard but I will by Michaelmas get one of them for money and fair promises to betray the rest. These outlaws durst not spoil so in their own country unless encouraged underhand by some better than themselves: it is only Carmichael's friends they spoil, and it is thought those that murdered him had plotters behind them. Sir Eobert Kerr held Carmichael his greatest enemy and opponent in all his dishonest designs in Court and elsewhere. Sir Robert's credit is altogether "quayld " in his government—his name and friends have almost all forsaken him, and he can do little hurt, but annoy England as he cannot recover his pledges himself.

It is said in Scotland, he is the man that from the first set these outlaws to work: but " his homes being shorte," he dissembles his malice. I hear by other means than I wrote of before, that he means without appearing in it, to take some man of worth in England, to release his pledges.

If Harbottle castle were repaired, that I or my officer might sometimes lie there, I would fear him less. It would greatly strengthen this March, and I have set down in my suit to the Council, how it can be done without charge to the Queen: which I hope you will like on reading it. Arden's money could not be better employed, and it is but a small part I ask to make the place strong to lie dry in.

If it was for my own interest, not the country's good, I would rather ask allowance for Norham—my interest wherein is better—but I only desire to advance the Queen's service, and the sooner I had the warrant from the treasurer, the better, for summer is almost past. Woodrington. Signed: Ro. Carey.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

1212. Willoughby to Cecil. [Aug. 1.]

Your daily favours bind me much, but your good advice especially: "wher unto I shall shape my course with noe lesse joye then a ship a "wracking would to the comforte of an experienced pilott." Yet pardon me: I contest neither with my lord Treasurer, nor Sir John Carey, nor hinder the Queen's service. The Lord Treasurer's and my ways are diverse—"my lord without law but his pleasure: I desire to be censured by law, even in the courte of the Exchequer, wher him selfe sittes judge! He imployes one Arden, a supposed kinsman to Hardinge, a fellow of noe greate meanes, a dangerouse fellow, a suspected papist, and an od traveller. This fellow, scant worth 2000li. yf all his debtes were payd, bound to administer wher I have right, mine not revocked, as though administrations mought play at leape frogg! I on the other side am bouud in 3000li. with other my freendes. Whether the Queene is liklyer to be served by him or me, is the question. To secound this mans courses, the whole establishment of Barwick is transverted, the order of the pay and tickettes put into forrayneres handes, a thinge unheard of, and of dangerouse president, as though her Majesties counsel, the Governour and treasurer, sworn magistrates for that purpose, could not as well take order for these monies as others! Did they refuse it? No."The treasurer's letter to my lord Treasurer's objections, both which I send at Sir William Bowes' desire, and my own to my lord Treasurer will clear me, and show that if there was any fishing in troubled waters, it was by them.

I am bound by my oath to maintain the privileges of the garrison: and let the matter be so handled that these are dispensed with, I dispute no further. The world knows I neither have the money nor desire to finger it: I only stand to give God and my sovereign their "deodans," by legitimate not wrong ways. Much ado is made with those that have it: but there are great sums in Sir John Carey's hands passed over, and the poor garrison fleeced by much usury, and so discontented, that if any more stops are made of their pay, they will cry aloud. When all is done, the money can never be better paid to the commissioners than by an orderly proceeding. Let the goods be levied by lawful administrators, they may account to the commissioners, as my lord Treasurer appoints in his wisdom. But under his correction, my lord's office is not to appoint administrators, to be treasurer of the church, or "to alter alone" the establishment of Berwick! If we do otherwise than becomes us, we submit ourselves to censure and punishment. I desire for my own part not to be worse dealt with "then a coosen Arden to Hardinge in the face of both nations wher I serve." I have written at large hereon to my Lord Treasurer, but have no direct answer. If it please you to intimate so much to him, the service may go better on. Grimsthorp. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

(fn. 1) "Most honorable of my frends, interprete not this to troble you. Let my lord Treasurer se it, as a declaration of truth to be abide by, an accusation of none, an intention of goodnes: if his lordship would have credite, the truth in him, is able to justefy it, more than in those he doth, I would spare no labour to satisfy him. But now I seke to obsarve from partialyty my God, my prince, and a fre conscience, succour it as it will."

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Small wax octagonal signet; shield of 8 quarters and 3 crests as before.

1213. John Crane to Cecil. [Aug. 3.]

Representing that Sir William Bowes as treasurer has stayed payment to Richard Musgrave master of the ordnance, on the ground that his book of extraordinary charges is unsigned by the Lord Governor, or the marshal in his absence, and the comptrollers of the works and of the ordnance—but that the payment of these is most necessary and urgent, and was made by all the treasurers up to Christmas last, without any question of these signatures. Berwick. Signed: John Crane.

pp. Holograph; also address. Indorsed.

1214. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 7.]

I have this morning received this packet from Mr Nicolson to address to your honor by post: "and witheall ther is nowe presentley come unto me out of Scotland a sertayen report that the Earle of Gooerey and his second brother, a verey tall yonge gentyllman, ar bothe slayen bey the Kynge and his page beinge at bucke huntinge together. The maner howe it was, or whear, I doe not yet knoe, but shewer it is the earle and his brother ar bothe slayen, and it is sayed the Kynge hathe sent to the earles howes to aprehend his other ij yonger brothers. This newes comes withe ferst, so as the sertentey is not yet knowen, but shorteley it wilbe moer sertenley knowen." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

Now that my lord governor is to be shortly down, your honor might bind me highly if you would get me leave to come up: I have great suits in law and many other occasions, which unless I have leave to come up, will be to my utter undoing. " Wherfor good ser, for Godesake " get me leave if but for Michaelmas term when I have many "treyalles," which if I am not there to follow, " will have but ill succes."

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: swan as before.

1215. Willoughby to Cecil. [Aug. 10.]

"Most honorable knight, tho I persuade my selfe the newes of th'Earle of Gowries misfortune can not but come more spedely than these: whiche are come but of the post way and found me journeying northward at my fardest house that way—I credit them for that they come from Sir Jhon Carey; and for respect to you, who hath interest to receave th'effects of my best affections, whan God shall give me occasyon to testefy the same to you." Eresby. Signed; P. Wyllughby.

p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: fragment.

1216. The Earl of Gowries Death. [Aug. 10. 1600.]

These are our Scottish news: the Earl of Gowrie and his brother are slain, the manner certainly reported thus.—" At this hunting in Fauckland, the King being attended by diverse of the nobilitie (the Earle of Goury being on) after they had retourned home from their sports, he began to enter into some speeches with the King concerning his fathers death, none being in the Kings chamber save one John Ramsey. The Earle is sayd to be very peremptory with the King, and being sharply answered by the King, to draw his swoord; which Ramsey seing, prevented his purpose by thrusting him trough first. The younger brother hasting to revendg, had his death by the same Ramsey. The Lord Hume and other lords are hasting to the King: doubting that this attempt was not without som further plotting. This attempt was at St Johnson at the earles house, whither he had invited the King.

"This is the first advertisment: yt wilbe seconded with moe sircumstances, wherby we may judg the intention and pretences of the parties. Ther is likwise mention certein hurtes (fn. 2) betwen Sir Thomas Eskin and Doctor Harys (?)."

1 p. Indorsed by Cecil's clerk.

1217. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 11. 1600.]

" Ther is yet no moer sertentey of the Earle of Gooereyes deathe and his brothers then was wryghten befor; but yet ther is sume alteratyon of the maner of his dethe, and maney men doe mutter in a contrarey maner, but nothinge dar yet be spoken playen out, for that the Kinge dothe so fermley hold it dowen accordinge to his ferst settinge of it dowen. But the report nowe dothe contrarey the former this muche: that the earle ded not send for the Kinge to his howes, nether knewe of his comminge tyll he was alighted at the doer: and wher it was sayed that the earles brother came to Fauckeland to invit the Kinge, it is nowe knowen that the Kinge sent for him, and he toweld his brother the Kynge had sent for him—whoe commanded him presentley to goe to the Kinge. The Earle had newe dyned befor the Kinge came to his howes—in so muche as his tabeles wear not uncovered when the Kinge alighted—and it is sayed the earle had not past v or vj men in his howes, having sent awaye all his men and his provission to a nother howes of his wher his mother laye, meninge to have removed the same nighte. But allwayes the Kinge prosecutes it styll verey hardley, and hathe mad great serche and layes great wayghte for the to yonger brothers, whoe bey great fortun scaped from the scoles, and not daringe to tarrey in Scotland, they ar this daye came into Barwike closley in disgised apparell: and beinge broughte to me, they onley deseyer that ther lives maye be safe, and they maye have a littell oversighte hear, tyll the truthe of ther cause maye be knowen. And the pitteyfull case of the pooer oweld destressed good countes, hathe mad me the willingeleyer to geve my consent for ther staye hear a whill, tyll I maye bey youer honorabell meanes, knoe the Quenes Majestey plesser whether they shall staye hear, or goe sum whether forther into the conterey ? for they onley deseyer the saftey of ther lives and the oweld cowntesses case is pittyfull and lamentabell. I beseche youer honor lett me knoe her Majesties plesser withe as muche sped as maye be, for that I wold doe nothinge to offend her Majestey. The pooer gentyllmen stall into the towen this morninge closley, and I cold not well torne them out agayen, seinge theye came for reffeuge to save ther lives." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wax signet as before.

1218. Scrope to Cecil. [Aug. 11.]

Representing the lamentable condition of his march, and sending a petition of the gentlemen of Cumberland and "Westmerland thereon—urgently requesting some aid of soldiers as in Lord Wharton's and his father's time, when not so requisite—and that the Queen will grant it despite the opposition of " some."

While he was at Durham with the Bishop and judges on the matter between Mr Lowther and the gentlemen, now ended—the Scots robbed a poor man of all his goods, and slew him defending them. Carlisle. Signed: Thomas Scroope.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1219. Petition to the Privy Council. [Aug. 11. 1600. c.]

The gentlemen of Cumberland and Westmerland represent the waste condition of the frontier: that the lord warden draws the men of the innermost parts to assist in its defence, for which, by inexperience they are unfitted, and the charges are oppressive: praying the Council to appoint a reasonable number of soldiers to be placed for a time on the border, till it recovers strength. Signed; James Bellingham, Tho. Salkeld, Chris. Pykeringe, Thomas Sandfurth, Edmund Dudleye, Thomas Sandfurthe, Will'm Hutton, John Wharton, Tho. Byrkbeke, Rye. Wharton, Robertt Leighe, Thomas Browham.

1 p. Broad sheet. Indorsed by Scrope's clerk.

1220. Scrope to Cecil. [Aug. 15. 1600.]

I hear from Scotland that a great number of their " owne insolent disobedients bothe of Liddesdaill and Annerdaill have made a roade to a place called Cawder more, being thirtie miles from the Borders, slaine sundrie gentlemen, hurte manie, taken much cattle, comitted greate spoiles and brought away many prisoners of calling and worth, namely Sir James Sandland as is creadibly reported a speciall courtier: wherby wee maye expect to have small justice of them that bee so devided amongst themselves.

"I perswade my selfe that you have hearde of the Kings escape, and killing of the Earle Gowrie and his brother: wherof, and the occasion, sundrie reports heare are spread abroade, but of what creadit, I canot certenly signifie—som alledging a grudge of conceited jealousie of the King against Gowrie, by reason of the Quenes affection towards him: others, as they heare. Therfore, I leave the same to your further intelligence from Scotlande."

The outrages of the opposites are such that I must still desire your soliciting timely aid from her Majesty—at the furthest to be here on 10th September—and pray let me know what hope there is hereof, by your next.

"I caused diligent serche in Scotland to be made for marlins, but the truth is ther was none; but if it please you, I will send you a good tarsell of a goshawke to kill pardriges." Carlisle. Signed; Th. Scroope.

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

1221. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 16.]

"It becomes me not but to speake reverentley of kinges and prinses, wherfor I dare speake no moer of the slaughter of the good Earle of Gooerey and his brother. The Kynge wold fayen hold it dowen to be good on his seyd: but the moer he labures, the greater suspityones growes. The ministers v of them, ar forbeden prechinge and not to come withein x myles wher the Kinge is. All the Revenes (fn. 3) ar banished for comminge withein x myles of the Cort: the ij yonge ladeyes his sisters that wayeted on the Quene, are sent from the Cort. The Kinge labores muche, but cannot put belefe into the most part. The ij yonge gentyllmen I ded befor wryghte to youer honer of, that wear come to this towen his bretherine, have ever sines kept themselves close—in so muche as myselfe have not yet sene them. I wold be glad to knoe the Quenes Majesties plesser what shold be dun with them? and I wold also humbeley intreat youer honer to gett me leave from her Majestey that I . . . come upe for a littyll while to dispatche my bissenes wiche is verey great, bothe by shewetes in lawe and maney other thinges that consernes me verey greatley . . . " Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

We look presently for the Earl of Bedford and his countess, my lady Harringetun and divers other ladies and gentlewomen, to be here with a great train.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet; swan.

1222. The Queen to Willoughby. [Aug. 18.]

Vouchsafing to him on his petition, leave to return from his charge at Berwick on any of his " sodaine and often visitations of sicknes," in order to find remedy, committing the charge in his absence to the Marshal or other sufficient officer. Nonesuch.

p. Official copy. Indorsed: "xviij° Augusti 1600. Copy of her Majesties lettre to the Lord Willughby."

1223. Cecil to Willoughby. [Aug. 19.]

As I hope by this time you are arrived, I address these to you: and with them the best wishes that any friend can afford you. It has not been forgetfulness that retarded the inclosed warrant: " but some little difficultyes made by her Majesty whoe seemeth rather to sticke at it, because other governors would sew for the like—but this is now superfluous—it is dispatched with her Majesties verie good favour and protestation, that she would not for any good, that ever you should receave the least blow to your health for lack of such a liberty, as she knowes shall never be ill used." Lord Scrope " pretendeth " his border is all broken, and that without assistance the Queen will be dishonoured: and his friends importune for 50 soldiers of Berwick. Her Majesty I see is inclined, so you must expect a letter to that purpose ere long.

Our news here is little worth: since the Archduke and the States " last measured the length of their swordes," they are loath to draw them again.

"In France the King talketh of warrs, but it agreth not with his mariage, nor will sinke into my heade that ever the Pope will suffer it to come to any extremitie, but will ether compounde it or put of the matter, from 4 monethes to 4 monethes, as hetherto it hath been.

"Out of Ireland we heare better and better: for the Lord Deputy hath lately given a great blow in Leinster where the rebelles weare strongest, and had his horse kylled under him in the encounter. For home newes, I know litle worth your understanding, saving only that I conceave the Earle of Essex shall verie shortly receave a further enlargment for any mans comminge to him or his going abrode in the country.

"For our peace: although the commissioners brake on the other syde, yet the matter is not alltogether cast of, for the Queen is now offered to have the precedency for her embasadours, soe as the Queen will send them to treate in the Kinge of Spaines country. The like offer now we doe make them, soe they will come hether: what will become of it I know not."

3 pp. Official draft. Indorsed: "19 August 1600. Minute to the Lord Willughby."

1224. Passport for William Lawder, &c. [ Aug. 19. [1600.]]

License by William Selby gentleman porter of Berwick and deputy governor for the time being, for " William Lawder gentleman, one of the archers of the King of Fraunce his body, Maister Sammuell Clapperton, and Mr John Jakson, scholers," their servants and horses—3 dark grey and 1 black, with their stuff and utensils, to travel to London on their way to France. Berwick. Signed: Will'm Selby.

½ p. Addressed at foot: "To all justices of peace, mayors," &c. Wafer signet: shield, barry of 6 (Selby), impaling another—quartered.

1225. The Bishop of Durham to Cecil. [Aug. 20. 1600.]

Yesterday afternoon, I received your former pacquet, and forthwith dispatched both southward as far as Topcliff, and northward as far as Newcastle, several warrants by such as I trust. To-day your other pacquet came, whereon I have sent others forth. What success we shall have, I dare not yet divine, but am in good hope. I have ordered the service to be attended with all diligence and discretion till Monday or Tuesday next. Done or undone, sooner or later, your honor shall instantly be advertised of the sequel. Bishop Auckland. Signed: Tobie Duresm.

½ p. Holograph; also address. Indorsed. Wax signet (Mathews): a mullet in the honor point.

1226. Confession of Mr John Hay. [Aug. 22.]

I John Hay Scotsman, left Scotland in my youth but a little past 16 years of age, trained up under Maister Robert Rollock in the College of Edinburgh, and "wisched" to come to England by Maister Robert Bowes then ambassador in Scotland, who recommended me to Sir Henry Bromeley then in Scotland at the baptism of the Prince, " who for his request and his ladyes, promised me all kyndnes, as hir ladyschip can att this preysent testefie, if scho be required."

During this time I sometimes visited my friends at home, and now last when there at my sister's marriage, I resolved to come here to take leave of Sir Henry Bromeley for his undeserved courtesies; and then go back to Scotland to do the best I could for myself. So having taken leave of him and done some little business of my own, I left London on the 15th instant, riding on a gelding " of ane flebittine or spurtle gray colour, as we terme it, apparelled with a riding cott and bases of Scottis cloath of mixt colour without any cloack, having in my cloagbagge my coatt of French russet made in the French facion, having the britches of the same, and bouthose upon me: nather ever had any other horse, as Maister Hews myne hoste att the Old Bailyea and Thomas the ostlear where he stood att the Blacke and the Whyte, (fn. 4) can testifie. Nather did I change him by the way, nor yett my apparell from tyme I come out of Maister Ireland his house in Bow laine to the tyme I was apprehended. I come in companye with Robert Montgomery gentleman and Scottish man: We came from London to Hoddisden, where we dyned at Maister Sydes his house: and from thence we went to Roiston to bed and luidged at the Thre Swannes: from thence we come to Stilton to dinner, to the inne next the postmaisters where we dyned with a gentleman that went to Peterborrou, whom they of the inne knew weill: from thence we went to Stamfuird to the Bull: from thence on Sonday we went to Grantham, where we hard a sermon and dyned at Maister Greenes the postmaisters, and so come to Tuixfuird, and lay att the postmaisters. From thence we come to Doncaster, and dyned at Maister Lovets att the Beare, and at night come to Ferribrigs to the postmaisters; from thence because we could have no oats for our horse, we went somewhat early in the morning, and baited at Aberfuird att one Schillingtons house: and from thence we went to dinner to Borrowbrigs to the postmaisters, and at night come to Allertoun (where we lay in our cloaths all night for lacke of a bedd, the house being furnished with ghestes before we come) att the postmaisters house. From thence journeying, in our way we were invited by Maister Sandersoun to dinner to the right reverend fathers my lord bischop of Duresme, where being accused for seminarie priests, I for my owne pairt, doe utterly refuse it: yea I protest before God, that I never was a priest nor never saw masse. Nather am I soule priest nor masse priest nor seminarie priest: bot am free from all such detestable idolatrie and subjection to that Romane Antichrist: and to my knowledge this gentleman who is in my company is free also from all such errours or treasons to God and man. I will referre my selfe to all those that hathe knowen me from my youth: James Hurtson is one who is able to give some record in this matter, so is Maister James Hammilton now at London, and George Nicolson now agent for the Queenes Majestie in Scotland. I was borne in Louthiane, in Wyndone, and am sonne to wmquhile William Hay of Barro, sonne to the Laird of Limplum, twa myles above Hadynetoun."

I confirm the truth of the premisses by my subscription before the aforesaid right reverend father in God at his manor of Aukeland the 22d of August 1600. Signed: Jhone Hay.

pp. Holograph. Indorsed by the Bishop.

1227. Declaration by Robert Montgomerie. [Aug. 22.]

I Robert Montgomerie Scotsman, being required by my lord bishop of Durham, " to set doun in wryte withe my awin hande," my journey out of Scotland, on what occasion, how long and when I was at London, and if ever I was beyond seas? I answer thus—

I went to France in October 1583, and remained till 1585 (as I remember) and for the most part in the towns of Rotchell, and Sainte Foy in Gascony, which stands on the river Dordon. In Rotchell I lodged in Captain Chalmots house, in Sainte Foy in Jean Roy's house, both towns of " the religioun" now professed in Scotland and England. I left France in 1585, and came to the town of Dublinge in Ireland, when Sir John Parat was lord deputy for the Queen, and remained at Mr Saules house in St Thomas street for half a year or thereby, and then went home to my country where I have been " evir sensyne," till my present journey. I left Scotland on 21st July last, came to Berwick next night, as my passport from Sir John Carey dated 23d, shown to my lord bishop, testifies. I lodged at Mrs Crawfurd's house, and left for London on 23d with a merchant of Edinburgh called Samuell Blakburne. We came to London at night on 1st August, and lodged in Braid street at the sign of the Thrie Cowps, where my horse stood all the time I was in London. Then Blakburne setting out for Paris, and I being a stranger without acquaintance, he conveyed me before leaving, to Thomas Iyrland's in Bow lane at the sign of the Halfe Mone, where Scotsmen use to lie. I remained there "onlie to sie the town, ancient monuments and cuntrey," till 15th August, when I left homewards with Mr John Hay, with whom I was acquainted at the table in Iyrland's house, not before: " bot was glaide to have wther cumpanie be the way to saive ws fra voleuris and robberis." When we came to the Ferry of the Hill we were stayed by a gentleman called Mr Sanders, by command of the Lord bishop of Durham, with which lord we yet remain. Mr James Hammiltoun Scotsman presently at London, knows me, my parentage and religion. I met him on the way riding post to London on Tuesday the 19th August, 3 miles from Weddirby.

I likewise "avow and protestis that I nevir was, is, nor (God willing) salbe, ather popische or seminary preist, bot with my hart alluterlie wpone my conscience, detestis and abhorris all that sette, or ony kynde of Romane idolatrie or superstitioun quhatsumevir (as knawis God) . . . I have wryttin and subscryvit thir presents withe my awin hande" before the said Lord Bishop at his manor of Aukland 22 August 1600. Signed: R. Montgomerie.

"Postscripta:—beinge moir myndful of myne awin adois nor my fellowis," I avow and attest with my subscription manual that Mr John Hay presently in my company, is neither popish nor seminary priest, nor loves the papistical religion or idolatry in any point or particle. Signed: R. Montgomerie.

pp. Holograph. Indorsed by the Bishop.

1228. Willoughby to Cecil. [Aug. 23.]

Your honorable favors, always beyond my deserts, have now even prevented my expectations: I looked not for so quick an issue of my signed warrant, considering the multiplicity of your affairs abroad and at home.

"I was excedinglie ill surprysed the nighte before I intended my joyrney, with a kinde of myne olde infirmytie, which helde me muche in my bodie, more then in any other partea: but these cordialls of yours have so revived mee," that I hope soon to perform my journey, being so far forward. I am sorry I have not " a bodie of brasse," but hope God will supply my weakness otherwise, since he works not always by "gyauntes nor stronge bodies." Earesbie. Signed: P. Wyllughby.

My lord Scrope sent me word he would not need any of my garrison, thinking himself strong enough. Now Michaelmas and long nights coming on, I shall need my own men for meetings and watchings.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

1229. Scrope to Cecil. [Aug. 23.]

On behalf of one Smelt a servant of his, who is accused of remissness and negligence in bringing up "younge Smelt" her Majesty's ward, and breach of his promise to the ward's grandmother, to appear at York before "Mr Atturney of the Wardes," and other charges. That of his own knowledge, Smelt is much wronged touching the ward's education: and if any of the grandmother's or other charges are proved true, he will at once give up his interest in the ward (though he has paid full value for it). Praying Mr Secretary to cause Mr Attorney of the Wards to call the parties before him and examine into the true state of the case. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet and Garter: good impression.

1230. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 24.]

On receipt of your letter of the 16th instant, I sent for the tutor of the Earl of Gowrie's two brothers. I have not myself seen them since they came: so close have they kept themselves—and never stirred out of their chamber since they first entered it, to look abroad. I conferred with their tutor on the best way for their safety, advising them to go further from these border places, that the King might not so easily hear of them: and wished they would go to Richmond or Ripon or about Hull, or such inland towns out of the way, and thus be free of danger from their country men, " who are very conversant upon the streete waies." He willingly agreed, only desiring, as they came very meanly without horse, money or apparel, to have 3 or 4 days' respite to send to their friends for these necessaries. "Then will they presentlie departe, as secrett as may be, and in the meane tyme they shall remayne veri close, till their necessaries be gotten—which wilbe within four daies . . . Further, toiching the Earle of Gowries death, I dare not write ani thing: for that the longer the worse growes still, by the Kinges contrarying his owne courses, wherein there are so mani differences, as breedes greate suspicion in the best affected to the Kinge: of whom it becomes me not to speake, but with reverence,"

I must renew my humble suit for your honor doing me the favour to get me leave to come up, when my lord governor returns: as it imports me very greatly.

I hope this packet of Mr Nicolson's will satisfy you touching Scotland. "He is gone after the Kinge, towardes Glasko and Dunbarton, whither (it is said) the King is gone a huntinge." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: swan with annulet.

1231. The Laird of Johnston to Scrope. [Aug. 27. 1600.]

Signifying that the King and Council had " arectid " him warden of the opposite March, and desiring to have an early meeting, to consult for the quiet of their borders. Burinswork. Signed: Johnestoune.

½ p. Addressed: "To the rycht honnorabill me lord Scrupe wardane of the Vest Marche of Ingland knycht of the most honourabell ordour of the Gaerttain." Indorsed.

1232. Scrope to Johnston. [Aug. 28.]

Acknowledging his letter: that there had been so many changes of previous officers, and unredressed offences, notwithstanding many promises, that the Queen is mightily offended: suggesting that the best course will be for Johnston to call the principal of the surnames and offenders before him and send them to lie at Carlisle, as pledges for a month till the Queen's pleasure is known: Scrope doing the like to him. Carlisle. Scroppe.

½ p. Copy by his clerk. Indorsed.

1233. Scrope to Cecil. [Aug. 29.]

Your last of the 22d instant shows the effects of your " true love " in furthering the soldiers, and also the peace and wealth of this poor country.

The very news of their coming, has already struck terror in the outlaws and " egregious " offenders, and I still urge it, for I fear Lord Willoughby is, and will be, much against it: but I am satisfied since you have taken it on you.

Lately a gentleman came here from the King, telling me, he means shortly to repair to the border privately: and he thought it was the Queen's pleasure I should meet him to concur for the peace of this March. I answered that the warning was so short, I could not provide myself and " traine " to honour him as her Majesty would like. He replied he was not sent to me by his Majesty, but only had heard him "say so moche." Now I would be glad to know the Queen's pleasure: " for while I live, she shalbe the director of all my enterprises, whose estate and life I pray God may be as longe and prosperous, as her vertues are admirable.

" If he come, I will fayne not to bee in health, and will not stirr from hence."

I have a man in Scotland, in whose return you shall hear any news of worth by Sir John Stanhope. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

1234. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 30.]

I received your letter of the 21st on Thursday the 28th at 3 P.M., and presently sent the letter inclosed to Mr Nicolson in Scotland.

" Ser Harrey Brounckard came into this towen uppon the Freydaye after, lat in the afternowen: I fear it wilbe longe ear he will gett his safcundett, for that Master Nicolsun is gone from Edenborrowe after the Kynge, and the Kinge is gone far upe into the conterey towerdes Drumfrees and into thoes partes: wherbey it wilbe summewhat longer he shall hear from thens. Tuchinge the deathe of the Earle of Gooerey and his brother, the comminaltey and the prechers, whoes mowethes have more libertey and lese respecte of observans, begin to speake moer liberaley then was expected, in the contrarey of the Kinge, whoe hathe latley justefed iij moer of the Kinges servantes." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

½ p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet; swan and annulet.


  • 1. Holograph from this point.
  • 2. Substituted for " a combat."
  • 3. i.e., Ruthvens.
  • 4. Note by the Bishop—" Signe."