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Close Rolls, Edward III: November 1366

Pages 250-257

Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward III: Volume 12, 1364-1369. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

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November 1366

Nov. 3.
Westminster.
To the collectors of customs in the port of Boston. Order to pay to William de Aldeburgh 300 marks, namely 100 marks each for the 38th, 39th and 40th years of the reign, taking his acquttance, in accordance with the king's letters patent of 26 January in the 30th year of his reign, granting of his favour to the said William 100 marks every year of the issues of the customs and subsidies in that port at Easter and Michaelmas by even portions for his life or until the king should make provision for him of 100 marks a year of land or rent for his life; as it is found by certificate of the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer sent into chancery that, after search made of the collectors' accounts, it is not found that any allowance is made them during the years aforesaid of any sum paid to the said William. By C.
Nov. 4.
Westminster.
Mandate to the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer to view the above command, and to allow Thomas Aubrey and Frederick de Tilneye, collectors of customs and subsidies in the said port, in their account at the exchequer, such sums as they shall be shewn to have paid now or hereafter to the said William by virtue of the same, receiving of them his letters of acquittance witnessing such payment and the above writ. By C.
Membrane 8.
Nov. 5.
Westminster.
To John de Olneye escheator in Bedfordshire, Bukinghamshire, Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire. Order to take in the name of the king's lordship a simple seisin in the palace of the bishopric of Ely, now void by the translation of Simon bishop of Ely to be archbishop of Canterbury, and not to meddle by reason of this vacancy with the keeping of the said bishopric, the manors, property or goods whatsoever thereto belonging, but to suffer the prior and convent of Ely to have the keeping of all temporalities of the bishopric and freely to dispose thereof, according to the king's late letters patent granting to the said prior and convent that thenceforth at every vacancy by death, cession, resignation or otherwise they and their successors should have the keeping thereof as fully as any bishop had in past times when the see was filled, or as the king might or ought to have if the same were kept in his hand, so that they should have full and free administration of the temporalities, property and goods aforesaid, taking and disposing of all manner of emoluments as they should see best, saving to the king the knights' fees held of the bishopric and the advowsons of churches falling in during a vacancy, so that all rents and yearly services of such fees arising should remain to the prior and convent, saving also to the king escheats then falling in, so that all rents and yearly services thereof arising should likewise remain to the prior and convent, rendering to the king for every vacancy if lasting one whole year 2,000l., and if a less time or a greater pro rata, so that no escheator, sheriff or other the king's bailiff or minister should meddle with the keeping of the said bishopric, manors etc. by reason of a vacancy except that the escheator or other his minister should at the beginning of every vacancy in the name of the king's lordship take a simple seisin within the bishop's palace at Ely, and immediately withdraw without taking fealty or acknowledgment of any tenant of the bishopric or aught else, so that he should not abide there longer than one day by reason of that seisin nor put any substitute in his room.
The like to the following, mutatis mutandis, the clause directing them to take a simple seisin being omitted:
John Louekyn mayor of the city of London and escheator therein.
Roger de Wolfreton escheator in Norffolk, Suffolk, Essex and Hertfordshire.
To the knights, free men and other tenants of the bishopric of Ely. Writ de intendendo in favour of the prior and convent of Ely, so long as the present vacancy shall last, according to the king's late letters patent (as above); as the bishopric of Ely is now void by the translation of bishop Simon by the pope to be archbishop of Canterbury, and the king's will is that the said prior and convent have the keeping thereof and of the temporalities and all things thereto belonging.
Nov. 10.
Westminster.
To the bailiffs of Lincoln for the time being. Order of the farm of that city to pay 40s. every year to a vicar of the church of St. Mary Lincoln celebrating therein for the estate of the late king, of Isabel the queen mother and of the king, and for the souls of his ancestors and heirs and of all the faithful departed, taking his acquittance; as the dean and chapter of the said church granted to the late king a vicar to celebrate as aforesaid, such vicar to be nominated by the said king and his heirs, and the said king of his grace granted him by letters patent 40s. a year of the farm of the said city to be taken by the hands of the bailiffs thereof to increase his maintenance until other order should be taken for his estate; and after on 20 March in the 20th year of his reign the king confirmed his father's grant, willing that the said vicar should have the sum aforesaid.
Et erat patens.
Nov. 18.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Order to deduct from a sum of 137l. laid out by the collectors of customs in the port of Newcastle upon Tyne upon the building of a house upon le Sandhull by the river Tyne contiguous to the town wall 15l. taken of the issues of the murage of the town, and to allow them the residue in their account at the exchequer of the issues of the said customs; as lately at the suit of the mayor of the said town and of the said collectors, alleging that by virtue of the king's writ to them addressed concerning the completion of the said house then begun, for troning and weighing wool there and for safe guard of the town, of the issues of the said murage, they caused the same to be built up to the roof, which must needs be made of lead, and thereon laid out 137l. and upwards, that all issues of the murage during the year did not amount to 15l., and that the collectors may not have allowance in their said account for the money so laid out over and above the said 15l., the king appointed Ralph de Neville, John Moubray, John de Stryvelyn and Roger de Wyderyngton, three and two of them of whom the said Ralph and John Moubray should be one, to make inquisition by true men of Northumberland concerning the building and completion of the said house; and now it is found by inquisition, taken by John Moubray and John de Stryvelyn, that the house is needed for the purposes aforesaid, that from Michaelmas in the 38th year of the reign to Michaelmas in the 39th year the mayor and collectors laid out upon the building thereof 137l., that there is yet to be laid out upon its completion as well for roofing with lead as for work of carpenters, masons etc. 212l. 15s. 3½d., and that the mayor and collectors did not nor might not within the said year receive of the murage of the town more than 15l.
Nov. 21.
Westminster.
To the said mayor and collectors for the time being. Order of the issues of the murage of the said town and of the customs of the port to cause what remains to be done concerning the said house to be completed without delay, and the king will cause allowance to be made of the costs thereon laid out in their account at the exchequer by view and testimony of John de Preston the king's controller in the said port; as lately etc. (as above, mutatis mutandis), and the king has commanded the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer (as above); and he would that the works of the said house be completed.
Membrane 7.
Dec. 3.
Westminster.
To all free men and tenants in the hundred of Ely of the bishopric of Ely, now void by the translation of bishop Simon to be archbishop of Canterbury and in the king's hand. Writ de intendendo in favour of the prior and convent of Ely, who have the keeping of the said bishopric and the temporalities thereof during this vacancy, as well in regard to acknowledgments of the lordship of the bishopric as to services etc. which they are bound or ought to do to the king by reason of the vacancy, paying to them in the king's name that which they are bound to pay to him, for the king would thereof discharge them toward himself, and so behaving that the payment which the said prior and convent are bound to make to the king be not hindered or delayed by their default, whereby the king should have matter of wrath against them; as lately the king by letters patent granted to the said prior and convent that, at every vacancy of the said bishopric by death, cession, resignation or otherwise, they and their successors should have the keeping thereof, and of all the temporalities thereof with all things thereto belonging as fully as any bishop had in times past when the see was filled, or the king might or ought to have in times of vacancy if the keeping were in his hand, so that the prior and convent should have free disposal of the temporalities, goods and property of the bishopric, taking and dealing with all emoluments thereof as should to them seem best, saving to the king the knights' fees held of the bishopric and the advowsons of churches then falling in, so that the rents and yearly services of such fees arising should remain to the prior and convent, for a set sum to be rendered to the king.
Oct. 3.
Westminster.
To John de Evesham escheator in the county of Suthampton. Order to deliver to Hugh Tyrel, brother and heir of John Tyrel tenant in chief, 33s. 8½d. of rent, the moiety of 67s. 5d. of rent arising of three virgates of land in Tangele, and 12s. 0½d. of rent, the moiety of the rent of one virgate and a half of land in the said town, from 3 December in the 37th year of the reign if the same is of the purparty of the said Hugh; as on that day, the age of the said Hugh being proved, the king took his fealty, respited his homage, and by writ commanded the escheator that seisin should be given him of the lands of his said brother taken into the king's hand by the said John's death and by reason of the said Hugh's nonage; and after by complaint of the said Hugh learning that the escheator has put off the livery to him of certain lands of his heritage in Tangele which were in the king's hand in name of wardship by reason of his nonage, though he many times sued to the escheator to have livery thereof according to the king's command, the king ordered the escheator a second time to deliver to him the lands of his brother as aforesaid with the issues thereof taken since the said day, or to signify the cause wherefore he did not obey the command to him addressed, and the escheator returned that he did not deliver to Hugh the said rents for that John his brother after proof of his age died before having livery thereof, and the said writ made no mention but of lands whereof the said John at his death was seised in his demesne as of fee, and that the rent aforesaid was and is in the king's hand by the death of John Wake and by reason of the nonage of the said Hugh his cousin and one of his heirs as of his purparty; and it is plain by inquisitions taken after John Wake's death, who at his death held the said rent in his desmesne as of fee, that John Wake died long before the death of the said John Tyrel, and that the rent descended by inheritance to John Tyrel, and so he was thereof seised as of right, although in his life time he did not sue possession thereof out of the king's hands.
Membrane 6.
Dec. 1.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Order, upon the petition of William Haule sheriff of Lincoln, to receive of him 20l., and to cause him to have allowance for the time he has been sheriff of certain sums by him craved for the decay of the profit of divers wapentakes, discharging him thereof, the king's commission to him or any articles hereinafter rehearsed to the contrary notwithstanding, and not to cause the said William, his heirs and executors and the tenants of his lands hereafter to be impeached or vexed by colour of such articles, suffering him to be thereof quit; as two farms are demanded by exchequer summons under the name of the sheriff of Lincoln for the time being, one called the farm post terras datas containing 144l. 12s. 4¾d., the other called the farm of the county by tale containing 140l., which farms took their origin of old time, belong merely to the crown and are parcel thereof, and the king, his ancestors and heirs, are or ought to be thereof contented yearly without any deduction, and were so contented time out of mind until the 18th year of the late king, when in the month of May he committed the said county to Reynold de Donyngton during pleasure to answer for the issues and profits thereof arising, and the said Reynold by virtue of that commission accounted as apprower for the said issues and profits as parcel of another farm of 200l. called the farm for the profit of the county which was then and formerly current in demand under the sheriff's name since the 52nd year of King Henry [III], whereof answer had yearly been made and the said late king and his ancestors contented, charging himself with a certain sum of the profits aforesaid over and above the two first farms whereof from 18 Edward II to 16 Edward III the king was yearly contented in full by the sheriff for the time being; and though the sheriff in the said 16th year and his successors were bound yearly to content the king of the two first farms in full without diminution, the said sheriff and many of his successors, one copying another, have accounted divers sums, alleged to be charged upon them, as the decay of the profits of the said wapentakes, which sums are not parcel of the two first farms but of the said farm of 200l. whereof alone they were approwers, craving to be thereof discharged, and after inquisition first made touching such decays obtained and brought into account their discharge and allowance thereof as parcel of the two first farms, and also 40 marks yearly for their fee as approwers, and so much was deducted from those farms, the court not understanding that allowance of such sums was to be made to any sheriff, nor the said two farms to be thenceforth diminished, nor the said fee to be taken while such sums were pending without debate, no allowance, discharge or inquisition having been made; and the said William having no knowledge of the premises, in his accounts for the 38th, 39th and 40th years as sheriff has without fraud or covin craved allowance of divers sums for the decay aforesaid and for his fee, which must be deducted from the two first farms, supposing such farms (sic) to be parcel thereof as they are not, and that he was apprower thereof as he was not, but was farmer thereof to answer to the king for those farms as do the sheriffs of other counties, and as in his commission may appear; and the treasurer and the barons for these causes have put off proceeding to make him any allowance for such decay or for his fee, and have refused so to do, wherefore he has prayed for remedy, as he has craved allowance for the decay aforesaid after the copy of his predecessors in office as they for long time craved and had, making no new and greater claim in regard to such decay, so that the same took not beginning in his time nor was he the cause of its arising; and in consideration that the said sheriff's predecessors in office have brought into account allowance of such sums for the decay aforesaid whereof, by the simplicity and ignorance of the ministers of the court not understanding the matter, the greater part was deducted from the two first farms, the matter not originating in his time, that the said William obtained the allowance according to copy being without knowledge of the subtleties aforesaid, and that if inquisition were made as aforetime the king may by such ignorance lose the greater part of the two first farms, also for 20l. to be spontaneously paid by him in order to be spared the expense and labour of such inquisitions and the processes ensuing thereupon, the king of his favour has granted him allowance and discharge as aforesaid, and that he shall not be impeached for any articles hereinbefore rehearsed. Proviso that henceforward answer shall yearly be made for the two first farms in full, and for so much of the issues and profits pertaining to the third farm of 200l. as the sheriffs may levy, not charging them with more than they shall be able to take thereof.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Like order, upon the petition of Thomas de Fulnetby late sheriff of Lincoln, to receive of him 20l., and to cause him to have allowance for the sums likewise craved by him for the 31st and 32nd years of the reign; as two farms etc. (as above); and the said late sheriff, having no knowledge of the premises, craved allowance of divers sums for the three last quarters of the 29th year and the 30th year, and by judgment of the court brought allowance thereof into account, and in his accounts for the said 31st and 32nd years craved allowance of divers other sums whereof debate is yet to be had etc.
Dec. 6.
Westminster.
To the mayor and bailiffs of Bristol. Order to dearrest and deliver to Hurtinus Huchewa of Spain a ship called 'Seint Youn' by them arrested whereof he is master with the gear and all property and goods therein found at the time of the arrest, suffering him without let to pass therewith whither he will; as lately the king commanded the said mayor and bailiffs to certify in chancery the manner and cause of that arrest in the port of Bristol, and they certified that they arrested the said ship as the goods of the king's enemies, and are detaining the same under arrest until his further order, at the suit of William Canynges and Ellis Spelly merchants of Bristol, who before them complained that John Hoghton and John Krymmok merchants and the servants of the said William and Ellis touched at the port of Lusshebone in a ship of the said William and Ellis of 120 tuns called la Clement of Bristol, Walter Peny master, that certain the king's enemies of the dominion of Henry now king of Castile took their said ship, plundered and by stealth carried away all their goods and merchandise therein, for ten days and more bound and imprisoned the said master and merchants and the seamen to the number of 28 men until they made them fines and ransoms, and after taking the same burnt the said ship with its gear; and an alliance has been made between the king and Peter the true king of Castell for them and their subjects, and the king would not that this alliance be weakened by reason of faults committed by the said Henry the pretended king thereof and by his adherents, but that it be observed so far as in him lies. By C.
Oct. 5.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Norffolk. Order to cause Thomas bishop of Norwich to have seisin of one acre of land in Blofeld held by Henry atte Fen, who abjured the realm for a felony by him committed it is said; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the sheriff, that the said land has been in his hand a year and a day and is yet in his hand, that the said Henry held it of the said bishop, and that Edmund Cote of Blofeld had the year and a day and the waste, and ought to answer to the king for the same.
Vacated because otherwise below.
Membrane 5.
Nov. 5.
Westminster.
To John de Evesham escheator in Wiltes. Order not to meddle further with a messuage, 8 acres and one carucate and a half of land in Netherstratton and divers other lands taken into the king's hand by the death of John de Cannyngs and by reason of the nonage of Thomas son of the said Thomas Cannyngs (sic) (fn. 1), saving to the king any relief to him due of the premises in Netherstratton, and delivering up any issues taken of the other lands; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said John at his death held no lands in that county in chief in his demesne as of fee, but held the premises in Netherstratton of Humphrey de Bohun earl of Hereford, cousin and heir of Humphrey de Bohun late earl tenant in chief and late a minor in the king's wardship, in socage and by the service of making suit at the said earl's court there, and divers other lands of other lords, and that the said Thomas son of Thomas is next heir of the said John, and of the age of 15 and upwards; and on proof of the age of the now earl, the king took his homage, and commanded livery to be given him of the lands of the said late earl his uncle.
Nov. 18.
Westminster.
To John Bernard escheator in Warwickshire and Leycestershire. Order to remove the king's hand, and not to meddle further with the lands which Robert Burdet knight held of the heir of Maud de Holand tenant in chief, taken into the king's hand by his death and by reason of the nonage of Robert Burdet his son and heir; as the said Robert, son of the said Robert tenant by knight service of the said Maud while her lands were in the king's hand, has proved his age before the escheator, and the king has at another time taken the homage of Robert de Holand, son and heir of the said Maud, and has commanded livery to be given him of his said mother's lands.
To John Charnels the king's clerk. Order not to meddle further with the lands of Robert Burdet knight, tenant by knight service of the heir of Maud de Holand tenant in chief while her lands were in the king's hand, lately committed by the king to the said John for a set yearly farm until the lawful age of the said Robert's heir; as Robert his son and heir has proved his age before John Bernard escheator in Warwickshire.
Nov. 6.
Westminster.
To the justices of the Bench. Order, if a writ of quare impedit be pending before them against the prior of Plumpton co. Devon concerning the presentation to the vicarage of Sutton by Plummuth, obtained before the restitution of the priory and the temporalities thereof to the said prior, to stay altogether the process thereupon begun, and the further execution thereof; as for particular causes the said temporalities were lately taken into the king's hand, and after debate had before the king in his court that the said priory was of the foundation of former kings his predecessors, and that it is and ought to be of his patronage, on 4 February last the king of his favour restored the priory and the temporalities to Ralph Persoun who was with the king's licence and assent elected to be prior and confirmed, when he had done fealty to the king, as in the record and process thereupon had and in the king's letters patent is contained; and after by other letters patent the king so far as in him lies has confirmed the estate and possession of Ralph de Ryngestede in the said vicarage, not willing that he should be impeached or troubled by the king, his heirs or ministers whatsoever touching his possession of the same by reason of any right or title of the king; and now the king has been informed that a writ as aforesaid is being sued before the justices by certain persons, that the said prior should suffer the king to present to the said vicarage which is void and in the king's gift by reason of the late vacancy of the said priory, and the king would not that any attempt should be made by him or in his name against his confirmation aforesaid.
Nov. 18.
Westminster.
To John de Bekynton escheator in Dorset. Order to remove the king's hand, and not to meddle further with 4 marks of rent of John Gest in Swyre, restoring to the said John any issues thereof taken; as lately the king ordered the escheator to certify in chancery the cause wherefore that rent was by him taken into the king's hand, and he signified that he so took the same for that Thomas Colbrond his representative learned by inquisition that William de Monte Acuto earl of Salisbury, who held the manor of Swyre in chief by knight service, without the king's licence therewith charged the said manor to John Gest and the heirs of his body; and the said cause, being read before the council and examined, is considered insufficient.
Nov. 21.
Westminster.
To William de Wychyngham and Edmund de Chelreye justices of assize in Dorset. Order to proceed in an assize before them arraigned by John Gest against Edmund Dummere and others concerning his freehold in Swyre, alleging that he was by them disseised of a rent of 4 marks there, in which assize they have delayed to proceed by reason of an allegation before them made that the said rent was taken into the king's hand for the cause (above mentioned), doing justice to the parties, the allegation aforesaid or the taking of the said rent notwithstanding; as lately the king ordered John de Bekynton escheator in that county to certify etc. (as above); and the king has ordered the escheator to remove his hand and not to meddle further with the said rent.

Footnotes

  • 1. He was son and heir of John the deceased, as the inquisition shews.