BHO

Close Rolls, Henry V: June 1413

Pages 13-14

Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry V: Volume 1, 1413-1419. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1929.

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June 1413

June 8.
Westminster.
To all stewards and marshals and clerks of the market of the king's household for the time being, all sheriffs, mayors, constables, bailiffs, reeves, officers, ministers and other the king's liege subjects to whom etc. Order so far as in them lies to suffer the abbot and monks of Reading (Radingia) and their men to use and enjoy the liberties and quittances hereinafter mentioned, not troubling or grieving any of them contrary to the charters which they have; as King John by charter granted to St. Mary and the said monks in almoin all lands, holdings and alms given them by King Henry his father's grandfather, namely Reading, Cealsei and Liministre, with woods, fields, pastures, waters, mills, fisheries, churches, chapels, churchyards, tithes etc., that no man great or small by due or custom or by force should demand of the men or lands of the abbey service on horse or foot (equitacionem sive expedicionem) building of bridges or castles, carriage, sumpter service, toll, ship service, works, tribute or gifts (xenia), but the monks, their household and property should be free of geld, toll and custom throughout England and Normandy in lands and waters, passage of bridges and seaports, that the abbot and monks should have hundreds and pleas of their men and all their possessions, of aliens there forfeiting and there taken, with forfeit, sac and soc, 'tol' and 'theam.' 'infangenethef,' 'utfangenethef' and hamsoken within the borough and without in ways, paths and all places and all causes which may be, and all jurisdiction of assault, theft, murder, shedding of blood and breach of the peace so far as it pertains to the king's power, and of all forfeits, but if they should be negligent therein the king should compel them, so that the liberty of that church should not be straitened, that the men of manors round about should come to the hundreds of Reading and Leoministre according to the custom of former times, and if they should despise the summons the king should take the forfeit and compel them; and King Henry III, having knowledge that King Henry his grandfather's grandfather for the health of his soul and the souls of his ancestors and successors did build that abbey, and give it every immunity, power, quittance and liberty that the king has power to confer upon an abbey, ordered that the abbot and monks should peaceably hold all their lay tenements and those of the church which they then held or should thereafter have by purchase or gift in all places and all things quit of danegeld and all gelds, of shires and hundreds, of all pleas and plaints, aids, scutages, hidages, sumpter service, carriage, ship service, enclosures, building of bridges and castles, conduct of treasure, all works, tribute, lastage, stallage, 'thethingpeny,' 'tynpeny,' summons, assize, overassize and forfeit howsoever arising, of assarts and wastes of groves, that they, their men and property, should be quit of hidage and toll and of all demands and customs of fairs and markets in all places throughout England and Normandy, that they should have all jurisdiction of assault, murder, shedding of blood, breach of the peace and treasure trove, whatsoever pertains to the king's power, and no mercies (mercie) should de demanded of them, their tenants or men, or by them paid, that they should have their court of assizes etc. ordered to be made by the king or his justices of the lands and men in their bailiwick, but if they should neglect to do justice the king should compel it in their court, so that he should not straiten their liberty, that without their licence no man should cause their men to come to recognitions at any court but the abbot's, and that they should have hundreds etc. (as above), and this liberty he did grant, commending it to the kings who should reign after him, confirming the charters of Kings Henry I, Henry II and John; and King Edward II by charter did grant to the abbot and monks that they and their successors should be quit of prises and shiminages, that whether the king should be present or absent they should make the assize of bread and ale, and of other things to his marshalsea pertaining, taking the amends thereof, so that the steward, marshals or clerk of the market should not enter upon their liberty to execute aught which pertains to their office therein, save upon manifest default of them or their bailiffs, and that justices then or after appointed to take assizes, juries, certificates of lands without their liberty, or to hear and determine inquisitions or other business without the same arising shall not enter their liberty, nor sit therein, but elsewhere in the county, and the king has by charter confirmed all these grants etc. with the clause licet.