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Close Rolls, Richard II: July 1377

Pages 76-83

Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II: Volume 1, 1377-1381. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1914.

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July 1377

July 1.
Westminster.
To the sheriffs of London. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of Robert Shelmesford 'taillour,' John atte Hoke 'fruytster,' Nicholas Thornton and William Gysburn of London, in favour of John Waryn at suit of John Veleyn of London 'webbe' averring threats.
July 5.
Westminster.
To the keepers of the passage in the ports of Dovorre and Sandewych. Passport towards Calais for Henry Gressewelle and Nicholas de Aston, taking 100l. there to be paid for their ransom to certain the king's envoys; as Ralph earl of Stafford has witnessed before the king that he is bound for the same in that sum to the said envoys. By C.
July 18.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Pembroke in Wales. Order to stay until the octaves of Michaelmas all proceedings and suits pending in that county and lordship against Nicholas de Audeley knight at suit of Peter Jurdan and otherwise, so that the defendant, his men and servants, may come and go at pleasure to his castle and lordships in Pembroke for defence thereof against attacks of the king's enemies; as the king has learned that by divers suits and plaints against him there he and they are hindered from repairing thither. By C.
Membrane 42d. (fn. 1)
William Brouns, son and heir of John Brouns of Sutton, to Sir John Mannyng clerk and John Motte, their heirs and assigns. Charter of all lands etc. in the towns of Sutton and Duddecote which came to the said William after his father's decease. Witnesses: Richard Brouns, Walter Yonge, Stephen Brouns, Adam Brademor, Roger atte Castelle, John Broun, William Lady. Dated Sutton, 20 May 51 Edward III.
Memorandum of acknowledgment, 8 July this year.
John James of Walyngford to Sir John Mannyng clerk and John Motte. Demise of two messuages, one carucate of land, 20 acres of meadow and 15s. of rent in Sutton and Duddecote of the heritage of William Brouns, which John James had by fine of Edmund atte More of Miltone and Alice his wife during the life of Alice, rendering to the said Edmund and Alice 60s. a year. Witnesses and date (as the last).
John James of Walyngford, to Richard atte Forde and John Lorekyn. Letter of attorney, appointing them to deliver to Sir John Mannyng clerk and John Motte seisin of two messuages, one carucate of land, 20 acres of meadow and 15s. of rent in Sutton and Duddecote. Dated (as above).
Memorandum of acknowledgment of the foregoing writings, 8 July this year.
William Brouns, son and heir of John Brouns of Sutton, to Sir John Mannyng clerk and John Motte and to their heirs. Quitclaim of two messuages, one carucate of land, 20 acres of meadow and 15s. of rent in Sutton and Duddecote which they had by grant of John James of Walyngford. Witnesses (as above). Dated Sutton, 24 May 51 Edward III.
Memorandum of acknowledgment, 8 July this year.
John de Tichebourne knight to John de Chitterne clerk. Grant of a yearly rent of 8 marks 6s. 8d. to be taken of Robert Hawys of Chitterne, Maud his wife and Christina their daughter, who hold for life all the lands in Chitterne which were of Roger de Tichebourne father of the said John; with a condition for defeasance of this grant if the grantor shall pay to John de Chitterne 10l. on Michaelmas day at Chitterne. Dated 8 July 1 Richard II.
Memorandum of acknowledgment, 8 July.
July 6.
Westminster.
To the sheriffs of London. Writ of supersedeas in favour of Richard Akary of Ireland chaplain, and order to set him free if taken and imprisoned; as the late king by writ ordered the sheriffs to compel him to find mainpernors that he would not depart without licence to foreign parts, nor prosecute aught or cause aught to be prosecuted or attempted in contempt of the king or to the prejudice or hurt of him or his people; but James son of Hugh parson (persona) of St. Katherine within Algate London, Robert Hilton 'hurer,' Robert Cretyng 'taillour' and John Curteys 'corsour' of London have mainperned as aforesaid.
July 7.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Kent. Order under pain of forfeiture to view the schedule enclosed, containing an ordinance made by advice of the council for defence of the towns upon the bank of the Thames, the parts adjacent, and the shipping in that river, and with all speed to execute the same. By K. and C.
The like to the sheriff of Essex.
[Fœdera. Rolls of Parliament, iii. p. 386.]
Ordinance for the safe guard of the country of Kent and Essex, to wit the towns upon the river Thames, and of the shipping in the ports thereof from perils which may suddenly happen by the king's enemies.
1. A beacon shall be set up in the isle of Shepeye and another at Shoubery in Essex, also at Hoo in Kent and Fobbyng in Essex, at Cleve in Kent and Tilbery in Essex, and at Gravesend in Kent and Farnedon in Essex.
2. The sheriffs, constables and other ministers in Kent and Essex shall be charged speedily to set up the same.
3. So soon as the beacons be made they shall be watched without fail day and night.
4. The watch at the beacons of Shepey and Shoubery shall be warned to set fire thereto so soon as they shall spy the enemies' ships coming with sail or oars towards the river, and therewith to make all the noise they may with horn and with shouting to warn the country round to come to the river in force.
5. The country shall be warned under grevious pain to come armed in their best array to the river so soon as they shall see the beacons fired or hear the sound of horn or shouting, in order to guard the said towns and shipping from harm. French.
[Ibid.]
Thomas de Watton citizen and 'drover' of London to John de Wandesford of Nafferton, his heirs and assigns. Quitclaim with warranty of all the lands in Nafferton and Wyndossine which were of William de Wyndossine, now held by the said John by grant of the said Thomas. Dated Westminster, 10 July 1 Richard II.
Memorandum of acknowledgment, 16 July.
July 17.
Westminster.
Ralph Bakere of Newenton and John Raulyn of Newenton his son to Master Nicholas Chaddesden parson of Bisshopesbourne by Canterbury. Joint and several recognisance for 100l., to be levied, in default of payment, of their lands and chattels in Kent.
July 18.
Westminster.
Thomas Amotesham of Agmondesham to William Nevyle of Pykhale knight. Recognisance for 84 marks, to be levied etc. in Bukinghamshire.
Manumission by John de Clyfton, lord of the manor of Topcroft co. Norffolk, of Robert son of Richard Spynk of Topcroft and all that goes with him. Dated Fletstrete London, the feast of St. Margaret 1 Richard II.
Memorandum acknowledgment, 20 July.
July 21.
Westminster.
Thomas Queneton of Coventre to John de Fordam and Alan de Stokes, executors of E. prince of Wales. Recognisance for 8l., to be levied etc. in Warwickshire.
July 23.
Westminster.
Peter de Veel knight to Richard de Ravensere clerk. Recognisance for 10l., to be levied etc. in Gloucestershire.
Defeasance thereof, upon condition that the said Peter pay 6l. 11s. 4d. in the quinzaine of Michaelmas.
Membrane 41d.
June 28.
Westminster.
John Ruynoun to John de Worth knight. Recognisance for 60l., to be levied etc. in the county of Suthampton.
June 29.
Westminster.
David Holgreve to Blanche Ponynges. Recognisance for 100l., to be levied etc. in Northumberland.
William de Preston, son and heir of Roger de Preston near Kypax, to John de Barowe parson of Stanford and Sir John Broune chaplain, their heirs and assigns. Quitclaim with warranty of a wood in Great Preston near Kypax co. York called Prestonlounde with the soil thereof and pasture therein, and of two pieces of meadow called Mikkelalirfordyng and Litelalirfordyng in the said town lying between the said wood and the river Ayer. Dated 1 July 1 Richard II. French.
Memorandum of acknowledgment, 2 July.
John Creton of Asthorp co. Norhampton to Robert Croulle, William de Calsceby, Nicholas Rounheye, Hugh de Cotyngham clerks, Edmund Laurence, Robert de Eure, Nicholas Potyn and Edmund Erneys, their heirs and assigns. Quitclaim with warranty of all lands etc. in Wardyngton co. Oxford sometime of Joan Ulger. Witnesses: Thomas de Rauleye of Warwickshire, Geoffrey Newenton, John More of London 'mercer,' John Sybille and Robert Brom of Warrewyk. Dated London, 11 July 1 Richard II.
Memorandum of acknowledgment, 12 July.
Robert Croulle, William de Calsceby, Nicholas Rounhey, Hugh de Cotyngham clerks, Edmund Laurence, Robert de Eure, Nicholas Potyn and Edmund Erneys to Thomas de Ralegh of Charles, his heirs and assigns. Demise and feoffment of all lands etc. in Wardyngton co. Oxford sometime of Joan Ulger which they had by feoffment of John de Freton clerk and Robert Brom of Warrewyk. Dated Wardyngton, 14 July 1 Richard II.
Robert Croulle, William de Calsceby, Nicholas Rounhey, Hugh de Cotyngham clerks, Edmund Laurence, Robert de Eure, Nicholas Potyn and Edmund Erneys to Thomas de Ralegh of Charles, his heirs and assigns. Quitclaim of all lands etc. in Wardyngton co. Oxford sometime of Joan Ulger. Dated London, 24 (fn. 2) July 1 Richard II.
Vacated until acknowledged anew.
Memorandum of acknowledgment of the foregoing charter and writing by the said Robert, Hugh, Robert, Nicholas Potyn and Edmund Erneys 14 July, and by Nicholas Rounhey 15 July.
John de Geddyngge the elder, son and heir of Robert de Geddyngge knight (militis), to Sir Robert de Teye knight, Thomas Bataille and John de Boys, their heirs and assigns. Quitclaim with warranty of a manor in the town of Claveryngge co. Essex which was of Robert his father. Witnesses: Sir Walter atte Lee, Sir Alexander de Waldene knights, William Fitz Richard, John Coldham, John Neweman. Dated Claveryngge, Saturday before St. Margaret at the beginning of 1 Richard [II].
John son of Sir Robert de Geddyngge knight (militis) to Thomas Strete clerk and John Martel, their heirs and assigns. Quitclaim with warranty of the manor of Virlis with appurtenances in Toleshunte Tregoz co. Essex, and all lands in that town which the said Thomas and John Martel had by feoffment of Robert his father. Dated London, Saturday before St. Margaret 1 Richard [II].
Memorandum of acknowledgment of the foregoing writings, 18 July.
Thomas bishop of Durham to John Henle, William Beverlee, John Lee clerks, and John Rous fishmonger of London. Lease of a moiety of all lands etc. in Leycestreshire by the bishop recovered against William Furnevalle by execution upon an elegit for debt. Dated London, 20 March 51 Edward III. French.
Thomas bishop of Durham to John Henlee, William Beverle, John Lee clerks and John Rouse fishmonger of London. Lease of a moiety of all lands etc. in Bokynghamshire recovered (as the last). Dated (as the last). French.
Thomas bishop of Durham to John Henlee, William Beverlee, John Lee clerks and John Rous fishmonger of London. Lease of 10l. of rent which the bishop takes of John Coweyn, son of John Coweyn, for certain lands etc. in Wiltesir extended upon a writ of debt against William Furnevalle. Dated (as above). French.
Thomas bishop of Durham to John Henlee, William Beverle, John Lee clerks and John Rous fishmonger of London. Lease of 29l. 4s. of rent which the bishop takes of John Cayteford for certain lands etc. in Notynghamshire and Derbyshire extended upon a writ of debt against William Furnyvalle. Dated (as above). French.
Memorandum of acknowledgment of the foregoing indentures, 23 July this year.
July 26.
Westminster.
John Foxcote of Duntesburne to Hugh Sprot citizen of London. Recognisance for 81l. 7s. 4d.; to be levied etc. in Gloucestershire.
Membrane 40d.
The king to Thomas Burdet. Lease for three years from 22 June last, by mainprise of John Squyer, Simon Hostiler, Henry Cokkes and Henry Boseleye of London and John Fillyngleye and Henry Caldaye of Warwickshire, of the subsidy in Warwickshire, Leycestershire, Salop and Staffordshire upon cloths for sale granted to the late king by the lords and commons to have release of the forfeiture of alnage thereupon laid of old time, to wit 4d. for the cloth of assize without grain, 6d. the cloth of assize of scarlet, and 5d. the cloth of assize of half grain, the moiety thereof for every half cloth, and for every cloth exceeding the half by 3 ells or more which is not a whole cloth, and for every cloth exceeding the whole cloth of assize by 3 ells or more in proportion, rendering 68 marks a year; covenants for discharge of the said farm in case the subsidy or parcel thereof shall cease; that the lessee shall be quit of impeachment touching the collection thereof, saving his action to any who will complain of extortion or excess; that the lessee shall not render account, but only answer for his farm; that he shall have licence to lease the subsidy in gross or in parcel without impeachment; that he shall have a third of the forfeitures of cloth exposed for sale without being sealed with the seal appointed for the purpose according to the statute; that if he shall have occasion to sue any man in a matter concerning his farm, the king will be a party in aid thereof; that commissions shall be issued to men nominated by the lessee to make inquisition in those counties in what towns and places cloths are made, and every maker shall be forbidden under pain of forfeiture to suffer any cloth to pass out of his keeping until sealed as aforesaid; that from Michaelmas the seals shall be new made, and the other seals shall be given up and put in the treasury, to avoid damage to the lessee; and that if the subsidy be further leased, the said Thomas shall have the preference; saving wholly to the king the residue of the said forfeitures, and forfeitures under the statute of Westminster made on the morrow of St. Edmund the Martyr 47 Edward III of cloths not of the length and breadth therein comprised, for all which forfeitures the lessee shall answer at the exchequer. Dated Westminster, 8 July. French. By bill of the treasurer.
The following have like leases:
Surrey and Sussex. John Legge serjeant at arms for five years from 22 June last, rendering 9l. 6s. 8d. a year. Mainpernors, William Brantyngham and William Weston of Surrey. Dated 10 August. French.
Norffolk and Suffolk. William Gerard of Norwich for four years from Michaelmas last, rendering 55 marks a year, and taking a moiety of the forfeitures. Dated 24 October. French.
The counties of Bristol, Gloucester, Somerset, Dorset, Devon and Cornwall. Thomas Beaupyne for two years from Michaelmas last, rendering 160l. a year and taking a third of the forfeitures. Mainpernors, Walter Derby and John Woderoue of the county of Bristol. Dated 30 October. French. By bill of the treasurer.
Yorkshire, Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland. John de Pathorne of York for five years from 21 June last, rendering 55 marks a year and taking all forfeitures. Mainpernors, Guy de Rouclif clerk, John Rouclif and Simon de Elvyngton of Yorkshire. Dated 30 October. French.
By bill of the treasurer.
Wiltesir. William Wyther of Dorcestre for three years from 21 June last, rendering 100 marks a year and taking a moiety of the forfeitures. Mainpernors, John Kentecombe and John Gillyngham of Dorset. Dated 10 November. French.
By bill of the treasurer.
Kent. John atte Frithe for three years from Michaelmas last, rendering 10l. a year. Mainpernors, William Medmenham and Thomas Sandre of Kenynton of Kent. Dated 20 November. French. By bill of the treasurer.
Oxfordshire and Berkshire. Edmund Giffard for five years from 21 June last, rendering 10l. a year and taking a third of the forfeitures. Mainpernors, Richard Milton and John Woderoue of Oxfordshire. Dated 22 December. French.
By bill of the treasurer.
Herefordshire. Nicholas Prille for ten years from Easter last, rendering 4l. a year and saving to the king the forfeitures. Mainpernors, William Jouet and Thomas Eyton of Herefordshire. Dated 18 May. French. By bill of the treasurer.
Norhamptonshire. John Colyngtrough for ten years from Easter last, rendering 40s. a year and saving to the king the forfeitures. Mainpernors, John Parker of Olney of Bukinghamshire and Henry Puys of Staffordshire. Same date. French.
By bill of the treasurer.
Wiltesir. Thomas de Bureford citizen of New Salesburs from 1 June last to Michaelmas and thenceforward for five years, rendering 100 marks a year and taking a moiety of the forfeitures. Mainpernors, John Shoune, John Biterlegh, Nicholas Baker, John Justice, Richard Stille and Edmund Cosford of New Salesburs, the mainprise being taken at the king's command by Piers de Cusance sheriff of Wiltesir, who shall answer for the same if the mainpernors be not sufficient. Dated 20 June. French. By bill of the treasurer.
Membrane 39d.
July 25.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Oxford. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of Hugh de Faryngton and William de Brakle of Oxfordshire, in favour of the prior of St. Frideswide Oxford at suit of a certain chaplain of Raymund Pelegrinus prebendary of Milton averring threats.
July 12.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Lincoln. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of Henry Vanner, William Stokesby, John Mokkyng, John Swyft, Nicholas Darrel and Robert Staveley of London, in favour of William Catteworth vicar of Grantham who, by writ of the late king, was ordered to find a mainprise that he should not depart to foreign parts without special licence, nor there prosecute aught or cause aught to be prosecuted or attempted which might tend to contempt or prejudice of the king or hurt of the people.
July 10.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Lincoln. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of James de Lyouns of Middlesex, John Holme of Yorkshire, William de Gaynesburgh of Lincolnshire and John Cantelowe of Wiltesir, in favour of John de Wrawby of Barton at suit of Hugh de Feryby of Barton averring threats.
July 28.
Westminster.
To the collectors of customs and subsidies in the port of Newcastle upon Tyne. Order, by advice of the council, to suffer all merchants native and alien who will take wool, hides or woolfells to the staple of Calais to lade them in that port and, after paying the customs and subsidies thereupon in the collectors' commission contained, to take the same to the said staple and to no other foreign parts.
The like to the collectors in the following ports:
Kyngeston upon Hull.
St. Botolph.
Lenne.
Great Jernemuth.
Gippewich.
London.
Quenesburgh.
Cicestre.
Suthampton.
Exeter.
Bristol.
Melcombe.
July 1.
Westminster.
To S. archbishop of Canterbury. Request of the king for the prayers of the archbishop and of those subject to him; as by the decease of the late king the burden of ruling England rests upon him, his enemies of France and great number of their adherents have landed in the realm, and the king perceives that he has not strength to overcome them save by the prayers of the devout. By K. and C.
[Fœdera.]
The like to the following:
The archbishop of York and singular the bishops throughout England.
The chancellors of the universities of Oxford and Cantebrigge. [Ibid.]
July 28.
Westminster.
To the mayor and bailiffs of Faversham and the customers in that port. Order not to suffer wool, hides, woolfells, cloths of 'worstede,' woad, felt, down, cheese, butter and tallow to pass to Flanders or any foreign parts save the staple of Calais, and to cause proclamation to be made that no merchant or other shall under pain of forfeiture take any such merchandise to any foreign parts save the said staple contrary to the ordinance made in the parliament holden in 50 Edward III.
[Ibid.]
The like to the mayor and bailiffs and the customers of Sandewich, Quenesburgh and the city of Cicestre, and to the bailiffs etc. of la Rye and eighteen other towns, including Wolvebrigge between Stowe and Hokelee; also to the collectors of customs in the port of London with the omission of the clause ordering proclamation.
[Ibid.]
Aug. 3.
Westminster.
Robert atte Selere to William Brantyngham. Recognisance for 40l., to be levied etc. in Kent.
July 28.
Westminster.
To the keepers of the passage in the port of London, Dovorre, Sandewich or Orewelle. Passport for Master Richard Tysho parson of Napton.
July 26.
Westminster.
To the bailiffs of Great Jernemuth and the keepers of the passage in that port. Passport for all true merchants and fishermen in the port to traffic and do their business, provided that no merchandise pass contrary to the king's prohibition, and no people or merchants not of the king's friendship.
Membrane 38d.
William Yoman of Fletestrete London 'ferour' to Thomas Brys. Grant of the residue of a term of 80 years from Easter 1362, 36 Edward III, in a messuage and garden adjacent in Fletestrete in the parish of St. Dunstan 'West' with a shop and solar thereupon built sometime of John Garlond citizen and girdler of London, who bequeathed the premises to the work of the church of that parish, in length 65 feet and in breadth 11½ feet, between tenements of Roger le Parchemener on the east and Richard de Newent on the west, which term the said William has by lease of John de Brampton parson, Jurdan de Barton, William le Chaloner, Peter Queer of Lyoun, Richard Sulhille, John Rote, Roger le Parchemener, William Waryn, William Nafferton, John de Askham, Robert de Hereford and Thomas de Leycestre parishioners of St. Dunstan, for themselves and all the parishioners, at a yearly rent of 15s., with power to the lessors to enter and put out the lessee if the rent be in arrear. Witnesses: John Rote, Jordan de Barton, Robert de Retherham. Dated Fletstrete in the suburb of London, 2 September 49 Edward III.
Memorandum of acknowledgment, 11 August this year.

Footnotes

  • 1. Membranes 45d, 44d and 43d are blank.
  • 2. Sic. But vicesimo is an interlineation.