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Close Rolls, Richard II: October 1381

Pages 15-23

Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II: Volume 2, 1381-1385. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1920.

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October 1381

Oct. 7.
Berkhampstead.
To Robert Tresilian the chief justice. Order not to proceed without advising the king to rendering of judgment upon a certain inquisition upon a writ of nisi prius which is before the king in a cause between the late king and the abbot of St. Mary York and prior of Wetherhale his fellow concerning certain soil and agistments etc.; as the king has learned that the said cause has so far proceeded that the said inquisition was taken by men procured and suborned on behalf of the abbot and prior, and he is informed of a surety that it would tend to his prejudice to proceed as aforesaid. By C.
Oct. 12.
Westminster.
To the king's havener or his representative in Cornwall and Devon for the time being. Order of the king's prise of Spanish wines in his keeping to pay to John de Sully knight two tuns of wine a year and the arrears since 22 March 1 Richard II, according to a grant to him made for life by the king's father, confirmed by the king while prince and on the date aforesaid.
Et erat patens.
Oct. 12.
Westminster.
To the mayor and bailiffs of the town (sic) of Excestre for the time being. Order to pay to John de Sully knight the 20l. a year which they are bound to pay the king for the fee farm of the town, and the arrears thereof since 22 March 1 Richard II, on which day the king confirmed a grant thereof for life, made by his father to the said John and also confirmed by him while prince, in addition to the 40l. for life of the issues of the manor of Bradenynch.
Et erat patens.
Oct. 6.
Berkhampstead.
To the sheriff of Norffolk. Order to certify Thomas de Morle knight of a mainprise under a pain of 400l. made in chancery on behalf of Thomas son of Philip Gerveys by Ralph Lovell knight, William Plumstede, Thomas Alman of Eston clerk and William Robyns of Swafham of Norffolk, directing him under pain of losing 400l. upon his mainprise hereinafter mentioned to set free Thomas son of Philip from prison and suffer him to be at large, and giving him notice to be before the justices at Westminster on the morrow of All Souls; as many times the king ordered the sheriff to replevy Thomas son of Philip, whom the said Thomas de Morle, William de Swathyng and Oliver de Mendham have taken and hold captive it is said, unless taken by special command of the king or the chief justice, for manslaughter, the forest or other matter for which he is not replevisable, or else to signify the cause wherefore he would not or might not execute the king's command; and the sheriff has signified that Thomas son of Philip was taken as aforesaid and brought out of the county to places unknown, wherefore the sheriff after receipt of that writ might neither have view of his body nor execute the writ, by virtue of which return the king ordered him to take the said Thomas de Morle, William and Oliver and keep them in prison in safe custody until he might replevy Thomas son of Philip, giving notice to the justices at Westminster in the octaves of Michaelmas how he should execute that order; and Thomas de Morle, appearing after in chancery, claimed Thomas son of Philip as his neif, avowing that his imprisonment was lawful for that cause and because of his rebellion, and nevertheless mainperned in chancery under a pain of 400l. promising that, if sufficient persons should mainpern in a sum to be limited by the court and paid to Thomas de Morle in case they should make default in their mainprise, that the prisoner should stand to right in the king's court and, if adjudged neif as aforesaid or upon failure to prosecute a process to be begun for his replevin, should render himself to be justiced by Thomas de Morle, then upon being assured of such mainprise on the prisoner's behalf by certificate of the sheriff, he would set the prisoner free until it might be debated in the king's court whether he was of free condition or neif of Thomas de Morle, and the king ordered the sheriff thereupon to stay the execution of his writ for taking the said Thomas de Morle, William and Oliver, setting free any of them if taken; and now the said Ralph and the others have mainperned that the prisoner when set free shall stand to right and with such speed as he lawfully may shall sue in the king's court by due process until it be determined whether he be neif of Thomas de Morle or no, and if adjudged his neif shall render himself as aforesaid.
Oct. 15.
Westminster.
To William de Neville justice of the forest beyond Trent, or to his representative in the forest of Galtres. Order to deliver to bail Thomas Brodecroft, imprisoned in York prison for a trespass of vert and venison in that forest, if replevisable according to the assize of the forest.
Membrane 32.
Aug. 30.
Leeds.
To Peter de la Mare. Order to levy the residue of the fruits of the chancellorship of Hereford, whereof the king is informed that the said Peter has taken a part for this year and has it in his keeping, and at his peril to be in person before the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer at Westminster on the morrow of Michaelmas next to account for the whole of them; as the proctors of the cardinal of Perugia, who is chancellor of Hereford, have granted to the king all the fruits for this year.
Oct. 10.
Westminster.
To the sheriffs of London. Order to deliver to Alan de Buxhull constable of the Tower of London or to his lieutenant, to be kept in safe custody in the Tower prison until further order for their deliverance, Robert Munselowe, Richard Bendere, Richard Hedene, John Crothole, and Robert Crothole his brother, Ralph Rok, Robert Elmstede John Munde, John Stertoud, John Broun 'Iryssh,' Thomas Bryth, John Cotes and Roger Londoneissh imprisoned in Neugate gaol in the sheriffs' custody. By C.
To Alan de Buxhull constable of the Tower of London, or to his lieutenant. Order to receive of the sheriffs Robert de Munselowe and the others above named, and to keep them etc. (as above). By C.
Oct. 15.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Norhampton. Order to give Hugh earl of Stafford seisin of a messuage and one virgate of land in Draghton held by Henry Isoude outlawed for felony; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the sheriff, that the premises have been in his hand a year and a day, that the said Henry held them of the earl, and that answer is made for the year and a day and the waste thereof by Robert Botevileyn late sheriff.
Oct. 15.
Westminster.
To William de Skipwith the younger, escheator in Lincolnshire. Order to give William son of Peter de Bleseby seisin of the lands of William de Bleseby deceased, the said Peter being brother of the said deceased who was father of Joan mother of William de Touthorp cousin and heir of his said grandfather, and William son of Peter being cousin and heir of William de Touthorp, who died a minor in the king's wardship; as he has proved his age before the escheator, and the king has taken his homage and fealty. By p.s. [1922.]
Oct. 26.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Order, upon petition of the collectors in the archdeaconry of Essex of the subsidy last granted to the king by the clergy of the province of Canterbury, to discharge them of all sums falling upon chaplains and clerks who fled out of the archdeaconry by reason of the late insurrection or are dead which by inquisition of otherwise it may be shewn that they might not levy; as that petition shews that great number of clerks thereto assessed, fearing impeachment for the insurrection and being perhaps guilty, have withdrawn thence and fled to places unknown, and that others are dead before aught was levied of them.
Oct. 14.
Westminster.
To John king of Castille and Leon duke of Lancastre, or to his representative in the duchy. Order on sight etc. to cause proclamation to be made forbidding any man under pain of forfeiture thereof to take any sort of corn out of the realm to foreign parts without special licence of the king. By C.
Vacated, because on the dorse of this roll.
Nov. 1.
Westminster.
To the constable, farmer or keeper of the castle and 'berthon' of Marlebergh for the time being. Order of the issues thereof to pay to William White, late one of Queen Philippa's palfreymen, 2d. a day for life and the arrears since 6 May 1 Richard II, according to letters patent of the late king, confirmed on the aforesaid date by the great council, and on 3 August 3 Richard II by the king, who has retained the said William with him.
Et erat patens.
Nov. 2.
Westminster.
To all presidents or visitors of the Cistercian order in England, all abbots and others of the order holding any office for the time being. Strict order, under a pain of 1,000l. to be levied of the lands and possessions of all other abbeys of the order, to attempt nought within the realm or without which may tend to the prejudice of the abbey of Rewley by Oxford of that order, or to impair the king's letters patent granting lands, possessions and liberties of the king's gift to the abbot and convent thereof, or to trouble the abbot and convent touching the possession of any buildings within the bounds of the abbey, though before the said letters patent the same were built by consent of the abbots thereof at the joint expense of certain abbeys of the order in England for the abode of monks of the order studying in the university of Oxford, which buildings among other things forfeit as hereinaftermentioned the king has given to the abbot and convent; as that abbey was founded by Edmund earl of Cornwall, and by him and others was after the statute of mortmain endowed with divers lands, possessions and liberties without licence of the king, and was therefore liable to be seized as forfeit into the king's hand; and in consideration that the earl was his ancestor, and that the patronage of the abbey ought by inheritance to pertain to him, the king lately pardoned the now abbot and convent that trespass and forfeiture, granting by letters patent that they should have the abbey, possessions etc., as aforesaid the said statute notwithstanding. By C.
Et erat patens.
Oct. 28.
Westminster.
To the justices of the Bench. Order, upon the plaintiff's petition, to proceed with such speed as they lawfully may in a cause between John Dynham knight and William prior of Bodmyn and John Whalesbreu for the wardship of the land and heir of Thomas Seint Aubyn, notwithstanding the defendants' allegation that Edward prince of Wales and duke of Cornwall was thereof seised in right of his duchy and granted the wardship to the said prior, so that they proceed not to rendering of judgment without advising the king; as the defendants have made that allegation, pleading that the prince's right has devolved upon the king, wherefore no further proceeding ought to be had without advising the king, and craving the king's aid, and the justices have thereupon deferred to proceed, as the king has learned.
Nov. 24.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Cantebrigge for the time being. Order to pay to Edmund de Langele earl of Cantebrigge or his attorney 20l. a year and the arrears since the late king's death; as in consideration of his exceeding vigour and praiseworthy behaviour the late king gave the said Edmund his son and his heirs the name and honour of earl to him and his heirs for ever, set him over the county of Cantebrigge, and invested him by girding on the sword, desiring to honour his person according to the nobility of his birth and to his deserts, and to find support for the royal sceptre in his power and prudence; and the better to maintain that estate gave him by charter 20l. a year for the third penny of the county.
Et erat patens.
Membrane 31.
Oct. 17.
Westminster.
To Thomas de Illeston escheator in Wiltesir. Order to remove the king's hand and meddle no further with the manor of Compton Chamberleyn, delivering to Katherine late the wife of Hugh Tirell any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Hugh at his death held the same jointly with her to them and the heirs of their bodies of others than the king.
Oct. 19.
Westminster.
To William Berard escheator in Norffolk. Order to take of Joan who was wife of Thomas de Felton an oath that she shall not marry without the king's licence, and in presence of Roger Lestraunge, to whom has come the manor and advowson of Lucham by form of the gift for that her husband died without issue male, to assign her dower thereof, sending the assignment to be enrolled in chancery.
Oct. 25.
Westminster.
To the keeper or farmer of the manor of Eltham for the time being. Order of the farm thereof to pay to Baldwin de Bereford the king's knight 20l. a year and the arrears since 10 July last, on which date the king granted him 100 marks a year for life, 20l. thereof of the said farm.
Et erat patens.
To the bailiffs of the town of Oxford for the time being. Like order, mutatis mutandis, in respect of 35l. a year of the fee farm of that town.
To the sheriff of Oxford for the time being. Like order, mutatis mutandis, in respect of 17 marks 6s. 8d. a year of the issues of that county.
Oct. 22.
Westminster.
To Edmund Giffard escheator in Oxordshire. Order to give Amice late the wife of John de Beverle livery of the manor of Bokenhull and the issues thereof since her husband's death; as it is found by inquisition, taken by John Salvayn late escheator, that at his death her husband held the same jointly with her by grant of the late king to them and the said John's heirs.
July 18.
St. Albans.
To the bailiffs of Lenne, the collectors of customs in that port, and all sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, merchants, ministers etc. to whom etc. Writ of aid in favour of Philip Wyth of Lenne Episcopi, to whom for a term of three years the king has by a mainprise committed for a set farm the collection of all customs upon goods, except wool, hides and woolfells, in the said port and along the coast to Maidenhouse on the one hand and Blakeneye on the other and at those places, and in favour of his deputies.
Et erat patens.
Nov. 6.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Huntingdon for the time being. Order to pay to Roger Janyn 2d. a day and the arrears since 23 March 1 Richard II, on which date the king confirmed letters patent of the late king granting the said Roger for good service 2d. a day for life or until the king should take other order for his estate.
Et erat patens.
Nov. 4.
Westminster.
To the mayor and bailiffs of Notyngham for the time being. Order to stay their demand upon the prior and brethren of Mount Carmel Notyngham for 5s. 6d. a year for certain pieces of ground in the town which they acquired for enlargement of their manse, discharging them thereof; as for 5s. 6d. of rent to him given by John son of Ralph Brodye of Notyngham, to be taken by the hands of the bailiffs of a messuage in 'Mothallegate' street of him held by the said John, the late king by letters patent, confirmed by the king, released to the prior and brethren and to their successors the rent first mentioned. Proviso that answer be made to the king for the rent of the messuage in 'Mothallegate.'
Et erat patens.
Nov. 6.
Westminster.
To the collectors and receivers of certain moneys levied of tenants of the archbishopric of Canterbury, lately void by death of archbishop Simon, for giving the king a palfrey as used to be done at every vacancy thereof. Order to discharge the brethren and sisters of the hospitals of Northgate and Herbaldoun by Canterbury, who are tenants of the archbishopric it is said, of contributing thereto with other tenants for their lands in the hundreds of Wyngham, Westgate and Whitstaple, restoring any levy upon them made; as the late king by letters patent, confirmed by the king, granted that they and their successors should be quit of tallages, aids and contributions whatsoever in respect of those lands.
Nov. 24.
Westminster.
Order to the sheriff of Lincoln to cause a coroner to be elected instead of William Leverik, who is insufficiently qualified.
Dec. 13.
Westminster.
To Robert de Swynfen escheator in Salop and the march of Wales adjacent. Order to give Fulk son of Robert Corbet of Morton knight and of Elizabeth his wife livery of the manor of Shaubury and the issues thereof since his mother's death, and to remove the king's hand and meddle no further with the manors of Morton Corbet, Harpecote, Routon, Ambaston, Watelesburgh, Hey, Bredeshulle and Hemme and the township of Hynynton, delivering to him any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that at her death the said Elizabeth held the manor of Shaubury jointly with her husband (likewise deceased) for their lives by gift of Thomas Gery vicar of Morton and Thomas de Lee of Southbache by fine levied in the late king's court with his licence, and the other manors and township by gift of Hugh le Yonge clerk and others to them with remainder to the said Fulk and the heirs male of his body, and that the manor of Shaubury is held in chief by knight service, the other premises of others than the king; and the king has taken the homage and fealty of the said Fulk. By p.s. [2006.]
To the same. Order to take the fealty of Roger son of Robert Corbet of Morton and Elizabeth his wife, and to remove the king's hand and meddle no further with the townships of Lawelegh, Blecheley and Upton Waters, eight messuages, 20 acres of land and 6 acres of meadow in Shrewsbury, delivering to the said Roger any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Elizabeth wife of Robert at her death held the premises jointly with her husband (likewise deceased) by gift of John Poytyu chaplain and others to them for their lives with remainder as regards the township of Lawelegh to the said Roger and the heirs male of his body, as regards other the premises to him and the heirs of his body, and that the premises in Shrewsbury are held of the king in free burgage, the said townships of others than the king.
Dec. 2.
Westminster.
To the steward of Wallyngford castle or his representative. Order not to distrain William Barre knight for his homage, releasing any such distress made; as he has done his homage for the manor of Stantonbarre co. Bukingham held of the king.
By K. upon information of Aubrey de Veer the chamberlain.
Membrane 30.
Oct. 19.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Cantebrigge and Huntingdon for the time being. Order to pay to Elizabeth de Veer who was wife of Andrew Luterell knight 100l. a year until provision be made her by the king of 200l. a year of land or rent for life, and the arrears since Easter last, according to the king's late letters patent granting her 200l. a year for life, 100l. of the issues of those counties, and 100l. of the issues of Bedfordshire and Bukinghamshire.
Et erat patens.
The like to the sheriff of Bedford and Bukingham for the time being.
Oct. 1.
Westminster.
To Aubrey de Veer steward of Walyngford or his representative. Order not to distrain William de Bekenesfeld for his homage, releasing any such distress made; as he has done homage for his lands in Bekle co. Bukingham. By p.s. [1919.]
Oct. 13.
Westminster.
To Alan de Buxhull constable of the Tower of London, and to his lieutenant. Order to deliver to John Morewelle serjeant at arms Thomas Farndon imprisoned in the Tower prison for manslaughter of brother Robert Hales late prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England the treasurer, to be brought to la Vyse castle and there kept in custody until the king shall take order for his deliverance. By K. and C.
Oct. 13.
Westminster.
To Nicholas de Sharnesfeld constable of la Vyse castle, and to his lieutenant. Order to receive Thomas Farndon, whom John Morewelle shall deliver to him, and to keep him etc. (as above). By K. and C.
Oct. 13.
Westminster.
To Alan de Buxhull constable of the Tower of London, and to his lieutenant. Order to receive Thomas Hardynges of Lynton co. Kent, whom the king is sending to him, and to keep him in safe custody in the Tower prison until further order. By K. and C.
Oct. 15.
Westminster.
To William Berard escheator in Norffolk. Order to give Roger Lestraunge livery of the manor and advowson of Lucham, saving her dower to Joan who was wife of Thomas de Felton knight; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that at his death the said Thomas held the same in chief in fee tail to him and the heirs male of his body, by gift of John Lestraunge to Hamon de Felton his grandfather and to the heirs male of his body, that the said Thomas died without issue male, wherefore the premises ought by the form of the gift to revert to the said Roger, being son of Roger son of John son of John son of the said John Lestraunge, and that they are held of others than the king.
Oct. 18.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Essex. Order, upon petition of John Lependen of Great Dunmowe, if assured that he was unlawfully disseised of three cottages there by John Horro and Alice his wife by aid of certain his enemies who rose in the late insurrection, to give him again seisin thereof, putting out the said John Horro and Alice, and telling them to sue according to law if they think fit; as the king decrees that things so done in time of that disturbance are of none effect.
For half a mark paid in the hanaper.
Oct. 17.
Westminster.
To the mayor and bailiffs of the city of Lincoln, and to Hugh Garewelle of Lincoln. Order to dearrest and deliver to Francis Burre merchant of Milan 24 sarplers of wool of his and any other goods of merchants of Florence by them arrested for the cause hereinafter mentioned, not troubling Nicholas Luke or other merchants of Florence contrary to their acquittance, or else to be in person in chancery within eight days after receipt hereof in order to shew cause wherefore they have not obeyed this writ; as the matter of a dispute between the said Hugh and other merchants of Lincoln and certain merchants of Lumbardy concerning a demand for certain great sums made by the merchants of Lincoln was lately moved before the council, and on 27 June 4 Richard II the said Hugh, John Hodeleston, Nicholas Cameryngham, John Bate, John Driffeld and Robert Hayford, for themselves and their fellows, acknowledged that neither Peter Marke, Nicholas Luke, Bernard Antoyn, Bernard George, John Crede, Francis Johan and Nicholas Russell of the fellowships of the Albertini and of Stros, nor any other Florentines were of the fellowship of Thomas Blaunchard, Dinus Blaunchard, Nicholas Johan or Andrew Blaunchard fugitives, wherefore the said Hugh etc. released and acquitted those and all other merchants of Florence of all actions, the said fugitives excepted; and now by complaint of the said Francis it has come to the king's ears that by reason of the demand aforesaid the mayor and bailiffs at suit of the said Hugh have contrary to that acquittance arrested the said wool, pretending that it is of Nicholas Luke, which it is not.
Oct. 25.
Westminster.
To the king's searchers in the port of Plymmuth. Order, upon petition of Stephen Hales of Suthwerk, to dearrest and deliver to him or his attorney two long cloths, one black the other tawny; as his petition shews that he lately laded those cloths in a ship of Clyve, Richard Hore of Clyve master, to take to foreign parts, and paid the customs thereupon to the customers in the port of London, taking letters of cocket, and that when the ship came to Plymmuth the customers arrested the cloth for that those letters were not produced, the petitioner having given them to the custody of a certain seaman of the ship who was then absent; and John Sibille one of the said customers, being examined before the council at Westminster, has averred that the cloths were duly customed. By pet. of C.
Nov. 10.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Oxford, and the mayor of the town. Order to take brother William Pikworth of the order of friars preachers, and at the cost of the order to bring him without delay to Gloucestre and deliver him to the prior there to be chastised according to the rule of the order; as the king is informed that the said William despising his profession is without licence of his superiors and contrary to their monitions dwelling irregularly outside the houses of the order, running to and fro among secular persons in disobedience to the said superiors, to the peril of his soul and the scandal of the order. By K.
Et erat patens.
Nov. 12.
Westminster.
To Reynold de Hilton clerk. Prohibition upon his allegiance and under pain of forfeiture against departing without the king's special licence to foreign parts, doing, attempting or procuring aught there or elsewhere in contempt of the king, in breach of the laws etc. of the realm, or tending to impair the same, or sending any man thither, or any gold or silver in the lump or coined, jewels, writings or aught else; as the king has learned that it is his purpose secretly to depart thither by colour of a citation to him sent thence to answer touching matters which ought to be determined by the king's court, although it was by common counsel of the realm established, and proclamation was many times made on behalf of the king and of the late king forbidding any man secretly or openly so to do. By K.
Et erat patens.
To W. bishop of St. Asaph. Like prohibition, mutatis mutandis, and especially in consideration of the grievous hurt that might happen in these troublous times if he should fall into the hands of the king's enemies and be put to ransom, which the king may not endure saving his coronation oath. By K.
Et erat patens.
Nov. 29.
Westminster.
To Thomas Tyle the king's chief butler, or to his representative in the port of Bristol. Order of the king's wines there in his keeping to deliver one tun of wine of the king's gift to John de Bello Campo esquire. By K.
Membrane 29.
Oct. 20.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Leycester. Order to give James Belers knight seisin of a messuage and 12 acres of land in Retherby held by John Hunte of Retherby outlawed for felony; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the sheriff, that the premises have been in his hand a year and a day, that the said John holds them of the said James, and that Thomas Hore late escheator had the year and a day and the waste thereof, and ought to answer to the king for the same.
Oct. 22.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Essex. Order on sight etc. as best and most speedily he may to carry at the king's cost to the king's lodging, wherever it shall be, and deliver to the treasurer of the household a fish called a 'whalle,' now newly cast up, as the king is informed, upon the soil of the alien priory of Mersey which is in the king's hand by reason of the war with France; as in law the fish ought to belong to the king or the prior. By C.