BHO

Charles I - volume 18: January 1-20, 1626

Pages 213-228

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1625-26. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1858.

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January 1-20, 1626

Jan. [1.]
[Plymouth.]
1. Sir Wm. St. Leger to Nicholas. Is glad that the Duke has commanded him to address his correspondence to Nicholas. Has written to the Duke thrice, but he has taken notice only of the last. Is anxious about his former letters. If they have been read by any but the King or the Duke he shall suffer, although there be nothing in them but truth. If there be not some speedy course taken for clothing the soldier and satisfying the officer, the one will starve and the other leave the command, for in truth they are in extreme want. Is a suitor that they may have more speedy answers, for their extremities are greater than the Lords can imagine. They want martial law to punish offenders of several kinds, without the reformation of whom his Excellency will never be well served.
Jan. 1.
York House.
2. Duke of Buckingham to Capt. John Pennington. Warrant for impressment in the Thames of 20 of the best merchant ships he can find.
Jan. 2.
Dover.
3. Sir Hen. Palmer to Buckingham. Reports directions given for the Hamburgher and two ships from Lubeck to be sent up to London. The Admiral of the Dunkirkers being in Calais Road has been chased by 12 Holland men-of-war. The Dunkirkers killed the Dutch Admiral and the master of his ship. Marvellous storms.
Jan. 2.
Dover.
4. The same to Nicholas. Has sent the Hamburgher and the ships of Lubeck up the river in charge of Capt. Ledyard of the Charles. Has received commands to attend upon the Ambassadors, but has been prevented by very foul weather. Recommends Richard Harty, of the Isle of Thanet, and Capt. John Winter, of Canterbury, as Captains for the merchant ships.
Jan. 2. 5. Dep. Lieuts. of Glamorganshire to Edward Earl of Worcester. Received his letters of October 31 concerning the loans. Their country has suffered extreme losses by Turkish pirates, who have taken their ships trading for France and Ireland with butter, to the utter undoing of many men, and impoverishment of the whole country;—the farmers being disabled to pay their rents, and the honest men detained slaves at Sallee imploring the aid of their friends. Endeavoured to make a list of persons able to lend, but found them so few and the amounts so small that they prefer representing to his Lordship the state of their poor country, and waiting his further commands. They also received his letters for disarming popish recusants, a kind of people with whom they are not much pestered. Send a return of what they have done. Inclose,
5. i. A list of popish recusants charged with armour within the co. of Glamorgan.
Jan. 2.
Whitehall.
Sec. Conway to Abp. Abbot. On behalf of Capt. Langworth taken for a priest; with a suggestion for a general thanksgiving after the great plague. [Minute, Conway's Letter Book, p. 243.]
Jan. 2.
Nonsuch.
6. Geo. Lord Carew, Master General of the Ordnance, to Lord Treasurer Ley. Reports what has been done between the Officers of the Ordnance and the Merchant Adventurers and the Eastland Company, concerning the importation of powder and saltpetre. The store of powder and all other munitions is very weak, but that of powder must first be specially had in consideration. Incloses,
6. i. Officers of the Ordnance to Lord Carew. The Merchant Adventurers had replied that, through their foreign agents, they would inquire what store of petre or powder might be had in those parts, but they recommend the King to commend the service to his Ambassadors. 1626, Jan. 2.
6. ii. The answer of the Eastland Merchants. They will in like manner inform themselves what quantity of powder can be bought in the East parts; its quality may be tested by some now at Blackwall. Commodities are laden in the East countries in March or April, according as the winter is long or short, and commonly arrive here in May or June.
Jan. 3.
Pendennis.
7. Capt. John Bonython to Sec. Conway. Rumour of a stay made of our ships in France. The St. John will be afloat again that evening. Solicits the command of the fort which his Majesty intends to make at Fowey.
Jan. 3.
Plymouth.
8. Sir Edw. Harwood to Sir Dudley Carleton. One half the fleet has arrived in England and a good part in Ireland. Ten sail are missing, and great fears entertained for the Constant Reformation; when last seen, she had lost both her masts. The army in miserable plight; and although orders have been given to clothe them, there is no money even to feed them. The ships full of great defects, and the sickness has been so fatal amongst the sailors, that there are scarcely men left to trim the sails. [Minute.]
Jan. 4.
Plymouth.
9. Commissioners at Plymouth to the Council. As directed they had stayed five merchant ships for his Majesty's service, and ordered the rest to proceed to the Downs. The ships stayed would require cost and time before they could again be set forth to the seas. The persons with whom the soldiers are billeted threatened to thrust them out of their houses for want of their weekly pay. Their summer's provision was all spent by the soldiers before they began this voyage, and they have no money to buy. Nothing yet received on the order for 5,000l. to be paid out of the loans in Devon and Cornwall. Difficulties they find in billeting the soldiers; the rich will not have them, and the poor cannot support them. Entreat a supply of money and further directions. Inclose,
9. i. Mayor of Dartmouth to Commissioners at Plymouth. Had provided shirts for the soldiers; but they were so destitute of other apparel, that, the cold pinching them, some died and none recovered their health. General sickness amongst the mariners. The ships are unmanned, and those parts could not supply sailors to carry them to London. He endeavoured to prevent embezzlement of stores, and had called for account of remainders of victuals. 1626, Jan. 3.
Jan. 5.
Whitehall.
10. Order of Council, that in order to prevent the sale of English ships to foreigners, no such ship of above 50 tons be allowed to sail until bond be given, with sureties, that she shall not be aliened to or for the use of any stranger born.
Jan. 6.
Whitehall.
Sec. Conway to Sir Robert Naunton, Master of the Wards. Concerning his chamber in the Court. [Minute, Conway's Letter Book, p. 243.]
Jan. 6. 11. Buckingham to Capt. John Pennington. Order having been given him to make ready a fleet of 30 sail, he is authorised to press as many ship-carpenters, caulkers, and other workmen, as he should think fit.
Jan. 6. 12. The same to the same. Authority to press as many gunners, seamen, and mariners as should be requisite.
Jan. 6.
Whitehall.
13. The same to all Admirals and others. His Majesty having appointed a fleet of 30 sail to be fitted for six months, and Capt. Pennington being sent to Plymouth to expedite the same, they are directed to give him their best aid.
Jan. 6. 14. Petition of Charles Aty to the Council. Having been 20 days in the custody of a messenger and 9 days in the Marshalsea, to his great loss and the injury of his credit, prays for his enlargement.
Jan. 6. 15. Jo. Reynolds, Master Gunner of England, to Nicholas. Recommends Michael Thompson to be Master Gunner of the Desire.
Jan. 6.
Aylesbury.
16. Dep. Lieuts. of co. Buckingham to Buckingham. Send names of such of their county as are of best ability to lend. Have extended the list so as to make the burthen the less, and raise the sum to about the amount in the late King's time when the clergy contributed. The country importuned them to present their petition for the coat and conduct money (437l.) laid out that year, and also for the balance of the charges for Count Mansfeldt's forces.
Jan. 7. 17. Buckingham to Capt. John Pennington. Appointing him to take charge of his Majesty's ship the Lion, as Admiral of the fleet now fitting out for employment at sea.
Jan. 7.
Whitehall.
18. The same to the same. Instructions:—He is to hasten to Plymouth, to select 30 ships out of the late fleet, and to take from the provisions and stores of the returned ships whatever may be necessary for his own fleet, together with such masters, pilots, gunners, and mariners, as he shall think fit, leaving only on board the ships not selected, sufficient stores and men to take them home.
Jan. 7.
Whitehall.
19. Sec. Conway to Richard Wainwright, John Griffin, and John Gray. Warrant to search for and apprehend Father Muskett, Father Smith, and Father Wordington, Jesuits, seminary priests, or persons dangerous to the state; and also to seize all seditious books, papers, massing stuff, and other reliques found in any place where they may be concealed, and to bring both persons and all such stuff before Lord Conway.
Jan. 7.
Mint.
20. Richard Rogers, Comptroller, and Andrew Palmer, Assaymaster of the Mint, to Sec. Conway. His Majesty having approved of a pattern for a 20s. piece of gold, designed by Abraham Vanderdort, the writers request Lord Conway to state to the King certain reasons why this pattern is not applicable to the ordinary coinage, although, if his Majesty were disposed, he could have some few 3l. and 5l. pieces curiously done for his pleasure.
Jan. 7.
Southampton.
21. Dep. Lieuts of Hants. to the same. Two companies of soldiers are lodged in Southampton. Desire instructions as to what is meant by "the overplus of the entertainment" to be applied for clothes. The whole is only 2s. 6d. per week, out of which nothing can be spared. The soldiers are in such miserable case that they cannot be lodged anywhere till they be clothed. The writers ask for order to be given to the collectors of the loan to supply money for that purpose. The ships are coming from Ireland, therefore the case is urgent. Capt. Craft has come into Portsmouth in the Jacob with 60 men miserably poor and weak.
Jan. 7.
Plymouth.
22. Commissioners at Plymouth to the Council. Finding the Friendship, one of the five merchant ships stayed by them, as reported on the 4th inst., to be out of repair, they have substituted the George.
Jan. 7.
Plymouth.
23. Sir Wm. St. Leger to Buckingham. It seems by the letters of the Council, that they understand his Grace's commission to be at an end, because they say they will send an order for martial law. Inconveniences of doubt upon such a subject. The gentlemen of the country have wholly forsaken the Commission which is left to the mayor and town clerk. Having no power to punish, the men grow bold and insolent, whilst the officers are ready to pull out the throats of the Commissioners for money. They receive no answers from the Council. The Lord Treasurer has sent down a paymaster, but never a penny of money. Such appointment is to the prejudice of the Treasurer appointed by the Duke.
Jan. 7.
Whitehall.
24. Buckingham to Capt. John Pennington. Warrant for employment of the 500l. ordered to be paid to him in making ready so many of the ships of Mons. de Soubise, as he should think fit for sending to sea such carriages and provisions as the Duke had by word given order for.
Jan. 8. 25. Capt. Pennington's list of such ships as are nominated to go along with him if they can be made ready.
[Jan. 8.] 26. A similar list, with memoranda by Pennington, of various requests, principally relating to his instructions, which he desired to have plainly expressed, what he should do, and what he should not do, and to have it under the King's own hand.
Jan. 8.
Plymouth.
27. Sir John Burgh to Buckingham. Recommends Sir Chas. Vavasour for a company vacant by the death of Capt. Groves. The ill success of the late expedition makes him so ashamed that he is afraid to appear before the Duke. His reputation must be blemished amidst the throng, but as the justice of the Duke will ask account of every man's part, he hopes to find pardon. Solicits leave of absence.
Jan. 8.
Dover Castle.
28. Sir John Hippisley to Buckingham. Sir Edwin Sandys and Mr. Scott stand for the County of Kent, but are opposed by Sir Edward Hales, a very honest man, and by Sir Robert Hatton, of whom he cannot hear much. If the Duke will that night send to all those of the navy to be there "for Sir Sandys," Hippisley thinks he will carry it; if not, the Duke must bring him in for the Ports. Marvels that his letters are not come down to the Ports for the men he intends to put in: they must not be delayed, or the Duke will lose his right. Sir Dudley Carleton expects a place from the Duke. Hippisley wishes that he would not put him upon Dover, for a reason to be explained at the Duke's coming. For the provisions he had written about, Hippisley will do his best; but Dover is the worst place in all England. If the weather be fair, he will send into France.
[Jan. 9.] 29. Petition of the Combarons of the Cinque Ports to the Duke of Buckingham, that, by his assistance, they might, at his Majesty's coronation, be admitted to perform the service which of ancient time had been done by their predecessors.
Jan. 9.
Gloucester.
30. Bishop Goodman of Gloucester to the Council. Reports his proceedings in waiting upon the Earl of Castlehaven at Sudeley Castle, and receiving from him his arms.
Jan. 9.
Hartlebury.
31. Bishop Thornborough of Worcester to Lord Keeper Coventry. Sends a note of such arms as the City of Worcester has in their custody, having been taken heretofore from the father of the present Earl of Shrewsbury. Incloses,
31. i. List of the arms sometime belonging to John Talbot, Esq., deceased.
Jan. 9. 32. Petition of eighty-three English and Scottish sailors prisoners in Dunkirk to the King:—Set forth the miserable nature of their bondage, and that they are told by certain Jesuit priests that the Princess of West Flanders will not relieve them unless a Jesuit priest who lies in Dover Castle be first released; pray that the Jesuit alluded to may be set free.
Jan. 11.
Whitehall.
Proclamation for better confining popish recusants, convict according to the law, to their dwellings or within 5 miles thereof. [Coll. Procs., Car. I., No. 37.]
Jan. 11.
Bewdley.
33. Wm. Earl of Northampton to the Council. His delay in sending certificates for the loan had been occasioned by the backwardness of the country, so that the whole burden of making the returns had been thrown upon himself. They pretend poverty, the payment of subsidies, the charges for levies of soldiers, and the certainty of a Parliament. The shires of Gloucester and Hereford have never returned any answer, and lately a doubt has arisen whether the King's letter authorises the Earl to require certificates beyond the Principality of Wales. Sends certificates for Salop and Flint compiled as carefully as he could, being destitute of all helps, and finding infinite difficulty in persuading men to discover the state of their country.
Jan. 12.
Sherborne.
34. John Earl of Bristol to his kinsman Sec. Conway. Has sent the bearer with copies of all the restraints he has received, and a note how he understands them, and shall receive it as an especial favour clearly to be informed in what position he stands. Has presumed against this happy time of the King's coronation to be an humble suitor for his Majesty's favour; the bearer will show Lord Conway the letter to the King to which he craves his assistance. Incloses,
34. i. Extracts from and copies of various letters of restraint addressed to the Earl of Bristol by Sec. Conway, the Duke of Buckingham, and the King; the last dated 1625, June 10, excusing the Earl's nonattendance in Parliament, notwithstanding his writ of summons.
Jan. 12.
Doctors' Commons.
35. Richd. Wyan to Nicholas. The Pursers' places of the Anne Royal and two other ships having fallen vacant, he recommends Mr. Duffield, late Mayor of Rochester. He will give 100l. for the Anne Royal, and 60l. for either of the others.
Jan. 12. 36. G. Marsh to [the same] He was desired by Lady Apsley to recommend her steward Philip Barnes, for Purser of the Phœnix.
Jan. 12.
Dover Castle.
37. Sir John Hippisley to Buckingham. Incloses an apology from the town of Dover for not choosing Sir Wm. Becher. For himself he was so vexed that he knew not what to say. A faction was made upon a sudden to have put them both out.
Jan. 12.
Downs.
38. Sir Hen. Palmer to the same. With some difficulty he had landed the Ambassador at Calais. His professions of respect for the Duke and satisfaction at his treatment in England. He never began a meal aboard but with the Duke's health. Propriety of keeping the fleet in the Downs during this uncertainty of winter weather. Solicits the despatch of his commission for the St. Peter, promised him by the Duke at the Hague.
Jan. 12.
From aboard the Entrance in the Downs.
39. The same to Nicholas. Has sent divers packets but received no answers. Desires instructions respecting the two Danskers whom he had stayed; also a warrant to press 40 men for his own ship in the Cinque Ports; also a commission for Capt. Fogg, whom he esteems next his own children, to serve with him; and a list of the ships to remain in his charge. His ship leaky.
[Jan. 12.] 40. Purser's account of provisions received on board the Zouch Phœnix of London.
[Jan. 12.] 41. The like account of provisions spent to this day.
Jan. 12. 42. Receipt for 38l., paid by Sir Geo. Holles for transporting sergeants and other officers from Rotterdam to London.
[Jan. 12.] 43. Memoranda respecting the duties, distribution, and mode of payment of the sergeants from the Low Countries.
Jan. 13.
Whitehall.
Sec. Conway to Sir Francis Gofton. To prepare a Privy Seal for allowances made to the Queen's servants answerable to those made to the servants of Queen Anne of Denmark. [Minute, Conway's Letter Book, p. 243.]
Jan. 13.
Whitehall.
The same to Attorney General Heath. To prepare a pardon for John Tapps. [Minute, ibid.]
Jan. 13. 44. Commissioners of the Navy to Buckingham. Have received information from persons who have been aboard the Happy Entrance in the Downs and the Nonsuch and Garland at Gore-end, that for these Christmas holidays, the Captains, masters, boatswains, gunners, and carpenters, were not aboard their ships, nor gave any attendance to the service, leaving the ships a prey to any who might have assaulted them. The Commissioners sent down clothes for the sailors and there were no officers to take charge of them, and the pressed men ran away as fast as the Commissioners sent them down. If they had beaten up and down they might have prevented the loss of two English ships taken by the Dunkirkers off Yarmouth.
Jan. 13.
The Tower.
45. Sir Allen Apsley to Nicholas. Recommends his servant Philip Barnes, for Purser of the Adventure, in place of Bartholomew Preston, deceased.
Jan. 13. 46. Archibald Douglas, Captain of a ship lost in the King's service, to Buckingham. Desires that he may be taken into the Duke's service; and solicits compensation for the loss of his munition and stores.
Jan. 13.
Deptford.
47. Kenrick Edisbury to Nicholas. Solicits the confirmation of Peter Harding as master carpenter of the Convertive; the appointment of Thos. Wilkinson as Purser of the Adventure or some other ship, for which he offers to lay down 20 pieces; and the suit of one Fleming which Sec. Coke promised to mention to the King on the Duke's return from the Low Countries.
Jan. 13. 48. Certificate of Thomas Wyan, Dep. Reg. of the Court of Admiralty, that Timon Jacobson and others had laid claim in that Court to certain oil, bastard wine, &c., stayed in the St. Andrew, of Calais, which claim was opposed on behalf of his Majesty, and remained undecided.
Jan. 13.
Canterbury.
49. Sir John Prewde to Nicholas. It being noised that there is a regiment to come into those parts, it is desired that it may be that of the Duke of Buckingham. If sent thither, there will be a choice of men without any press; and if the Duke pleases, Sir John will advise with the Dep. Lieuts. where the regiment may be lodged.
Jan. 13.
Haverfordwest.
50. Dep. Lieuts. of Pembrokeshire to the Council. On Dec. 30, the Zouch Phœnix, of London, arrived in Milford Haven, having on board two companies of soldiers employed in this last action. The ship being leaky and the soldiers sick, the men were landed, and ultimately billeted at Pembroke and Haverfordwest. To defray the charges the Dep. Lieuts. have borrowed money which they pray may be allowed out of the subsidy money. Complain of being interrupted in the performance of the public service by Sir Thomas Canon, lately knighted.
[Jan. 13 ?] 51. Captains of the castles and forts belonging to the Cinque Ports to Buckingham. Pray that he would procure a new Privy Seal for the payment of their salaries, the one formerly granted having expired on the death of the late King.
Jan. 13.
Compton.
52. John Verney to Nicholas. Acknowledges his letter announcing the death of a friend unnamed [Samuel Hopton ?]. Thanks for his care in the burial of the deceased. Begs him to have special care of the accompts relating to his Majesty and the Duke; and promises to attend him on Tuesday or Wednesday next, at the Middle Temple.
Jan. 13. 53. Certificate of the charge of the navy for the present year: ordinary charges, 21,621l. 3s. 3d.; extraordinary, 7,137l. 13s. 9d.
[Jan. 13 ?] 54. Notice by Henry Billingsley that Edward Quarles, who had for many years served in the office of post under the Company of Merchant Adventurers, having lately died, Charles Lord Stanhope had appointed the said Henry Billingsley to convey letters between the city of London and foreign parts, whereupon the said Henry Billingsley had appointed a place for receiving letters "behind the Exchange, at one Widow Bayneham's, at the sign of the George, a little beyond the Antwerp Tavern, on the other side of the way;" and on the Saturday then next, after midnight, he purposed to send away a post for Flushing, Holland, and the Hanse Towns, and so from time to time every Saturday; and thereafter, if God spared life and health, to other places.
Jan. 14.
Westminster.
55. The King to the Council. Considering the importance of the Trained Bands, the King had formerly recommended to the Lord Lieuts. the putting in execution the rules sent down to them in printed books. He has now caused a certain number of experienced soldiers to be sent from the Low Countries hither to teach the Captains and other officers the true modern use of arms and order of soldiers. The Council are to distribute these soldiers among the several counties, and by letters to the Lord Lieutenants are to require them to see that they be presently put in employment, so that the best use be made of the three months, which is the longest time they can be spared to remain here. [Copy.]
Jan. 14.
Whitehall.
Proclamation for restraint of killing, dressing, and eating of flesh in Lent, or on fish days. [Coll. Procs., Car. I., No. 38.]
Jan. 14.
Whitehall.
56. Order of Council made on hearing the cause between Matthew de Quester, Postmaster for foreign letters, and Henry Billingsley, who claims to be appointed by Lord Stanhope, Postmaster General, to convey foreign letters to and from London. Billingsley is not to meddle in any sort with the conveyance of letters until the cause be determined by law. [Printed.]
Jan. 14.
Whitehall.
Another copy of the same. [Coll. Procs., Car. I., No. 38 a.]
Jan. 14. 57. Capt. Edward Cheke to Sec. Conway. Having received order from the Duke for present employment, he intimates that he is disabled by sickness since he came home, and entreats Lord Conway to prefer his son in his place.
Jan. 14.
Dover Castle.
58. Sir John Hippisley to Buckingham. The people of Dover are all sorry for what they have done. Hears there was the same thing at Hythe. It was all owing to the want of the Duke's letters. There would be an Admiral's Court held at Dover on Tuesday next, where they should cast many goods. His Grace might send appraisers, or leave it to Hippisley to make the most money and the soonest. The goods at Portsmouth should be sent to Dover; if condemned at the former place, the Duke would only get his tenth, if at the latter, the whole. Hears that all our merchants' goods are stayed in France. Will he have certain French goods stayed at Dover?
Jan. 14. 59. Commissioners of the Navy to the Council. Having been commanded to certify their opinions concerning the danger of the Dunkirkers surprising the ships trading with Newcastle, the means which should be taken to secure the same, and what might be laid upon the coals towards the charge thereof. They have conferred with the officers of the Trinity House, who are of opinion that two of the King's ships of 500 or 600 tons, and 10 Newcastle ships of 350 or 400 tons, each of the latter carrying 14 guns and 60 men, would be sufficient as a convoy, the expense being, for the King's ships for 8 months, the trade ceasing in the winter, 8,000l., and for the others 15,200l. The way of raising this amount should be considered in Parliament. There are 300 sail employed in the Newcastle trade, and 152,560 chaldrons were shipped in the year 1624. [Copy.]
Jan. 14.
Dover Castle.
60. Sir John Hippisley to Buckingham. The people at Hythe are sorrowful men on account of their election, and have written to point out how Mr. Chancellor [of the Exchequer] may have a place. Hippisley had received a note of the rates set upon goods in London, therefore appraisers need not be sent to Dover. Sir Edwin Sandys has lost his election for the County of Kent. Incloses,
60. i. Corporation of Hythe to Buckingham. They had elected Sir Peter Heyman and Basil Dixwell before the Duke's letters came to hand recommending Sir Richard Weston, whom they would otherwise willingly have returned. 1626, Jan. 13.
Jan. 14.
Dover Castle.
61. Sir John Hippisley to Nicholas. Mr. Manning stood for Dover, but Mr. Prinsell carried it. Recommends John Hopkins to be appointed a gunner in place of Mr. Rooles deceased; wishes an order to swear him in, and also Roger Chesterman.
Jan. 14. 62. Examination of Hans Becker, owner and master of the King David, of Hamburgh, stayed at Plymouth, concerning the lading of that ship, taken before Sir James Bagg. [Copy.]
Jan. 14.
Haroldstone.
63. Sir James Perrott, Vice Admiral of Pembrokeshire, to Sec. Conway. Soliciting his favour with reference to the points on which he and other Dep. Lieuts. had written to the Council, [1626, Jan. 13.] Amongst other misbehaviour of Sir Thos. Canon, he had intercepted the writ for electing a burgess for Haverfordwest, and concealed the same from the Sheriff. Incloses,
63. i. Thos. Philpot, Captain of the King's ship in Milford Haven, to Sir James Perrott. Setting forth their necessities and difficulties. Their carpenters unable from sickness to repair the ship; they have not sound men enough to man their long boat. They are about to exchange ling for butter and cheese; they have 300 cod fish, but so corrupt that the savour is contagion. Their men decline from want of clothing as well as of wholesome diet. Jan. 13, 1626.
Jan. 14.
London.
64. Philip Burlamachi to Sec. Conway. Learns from his brother that the principal things necessary for the advancement of the business of the jewels are;—1, a letter from the King that he approves and will approve of the orders given by the Duke; and, 2, a letter from Lord Conway to Sackville Crow and Philip Calandrini, that out of the money advanced they may pay the entertainment of the four regiments for three months. [French.]
Jan. 15.
Merson.
65. Capt. Edward Cheke to Nicholas. By the Duke's command had made repair aboard his ship. Found it under survey by Commissioners. Fears they may report it not fit for present service. Being disabled by sickness, entreats that his son may be appointed in his stead.
Jan. 15. 66. William Wither to Sec. Conway, Lord Lieut. of Hants. Promises that at all times of musters he will be ready to show one light horse with his rider completely armed.
Jan. 15. 67. Buckingham to Sir Hen. Palmer. Communicates information received as to the officers and men of his fleet quitting their ships at Christmas time, [see Jan. 13, 1626,] and calls upon him presently to repair on board his own ship, and to charge the officers of all the ships composing his fleet not to depart from their ships without order. His fleet is also to ply up and down in order to meet with Hamburghers conveying munition to Spain, and to intercept and take ships of Dunkirk, Ostend, or elsewhere in the King of Spain's dominions. [Copy.]
Jan. 16. 68. Sir John Eliot to his Agent in London. Sir Richard Edgecombe being dead, Sir John has written to James Eliot to solicit the Lord Chamberlain for the offices thereby become vacant. The agent is to urge on Mr. Eliot, and to tell him that if any money be expected by those who are about the Lord Chamberlain, Sir John would not spare for 20l. or 40l., although he would not be seen in it himself, and that he would bestow upon Mr. Eliot as good a gelding as ever he owned. If Mr. Eliot be absent, the agent is to solicit one of the Lord Chamberlain's secretaries, and to make them promises, but to carry the matter as a motion of his own. [Abstract in the handwriting of a clerk of Sec. Conway, the original being stated in the endorsement, to have been "found in Sir John Eliot's chamber," probably when it was searched in May 1626.]
Jan. 16. 69. The same to the same. Recalling the directions given in the preceding letter, Sir Richard Edgecombe not being yet dead. [Similar abstract, written on the same paper as the above.]
[Jan. 16.] 70. The same to the same. Instructions how to conduct himself in learning news, and in transmitting the same to Sir John. [Written on the same paper as the preceding.]
Jan. 16. 71. Notarial certificate that Walter Wandelman and Michael Castell, having seen a notice set up on the Exchange that certain goods would be sold, produced to the Commissioners a certificate that the same goods had been duly claimed by Netherland merchants, but that the said Commissioners refused to stay the sale without order from further power.
Jan. 16.
Ludlow Castle.
72. Wm. Earl of Northampton to the Council. The existence of the doubt alluded to in the Earl's letter of the 11th inst., as to whether he had authority to require certificates for the loan from the March shires, is confirmed by a letter inclosed; nevertheless he sends the best certificates he can frame for Radnor, Hereford, and Worcestershires. Incloses,
72. i. Dep. Lieuts. of co. Hereford to Wm. Earl of Northampton. Acknowledge the receipt of his letter calling for a certificate of persons able to lend money to the King. On consideration of the King's letter, they conceive that he gave no directions to call for certificates except from the counties in Wales. Jan. 10, 1626.
Jan. 16.
Whitehall.
73. [Sec. Conway to the Lord Mayor of London]. In behalf of Capt. Hill, a candidate for some office in the City. How faithfully he had employed himself during the late infection.
Jan 16.
Eccleshall Castle.
74. Thos. Morton, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, to the Council. Had searched the Earl of Shrewsbury's house, called Pepperhill, but found therein nothing but vacuum, not only of armour, but almost of all furniture necessary for such an house.
Jan. 17
Whitehall.
Sec. Conway to Mr. Carleton. Giving an account of what had been done with the Dutch Ambassador and otherwise, concerning the jewels. [Minute, Conway's Letter Book, p. 243.]
Jan. 17.
Whitehall.
Proclamation to declare his Majesty's pleasure touching his Royal coronation, to be celebrated on the 2d February next. [Coll. Procs., Car. I., No. 39.]
Jan. 17.
Plymouth.
75. Capt. John Pennington to Buckingham. Got to Plymouth on Thursday [12th.] Was with Mons. Soubise on Wednesday, and made known the order to supply his ships for the transportation of corn to Rochelle. Has 23 sail, but most of them poor, miserable, rotten things; the men in number 1,263, but they had neither bread nor drink when Pennington came down. Is occupied removing provisions, sending away the unserviceable ships, and selecting those which will do the King best service. Yesterday, there came in from St. Lucar, the St. Peter of Calais, of which he made stay. Sends examinations from which it will appear that she is lawful prize. Minutely details his proceedings respecting her in connection with Sir James Bagg, who is wondrous industrious and willing. More money must be sent down; also a ship with cordage, anchors, and sails, and a strict command for a press, for the greatest part of the seamen are sick and dead. Incloses,
75. i. Particular of the ships and men of Mons. Soubise.
75. ii. Examination of Thomas Williams, gunner of the St. Peter, of Calais. [Copy.]
75. iii. Another copy of the same examination, with an additional paragraph as to money thought to be concealed in the Captain's cabin.
75. iv. Examination of Christopher Trewine. [Copy.]
75. v. Another copy of the same.
75. vi. Examination of Garret Dubbler, master of the St. Peter, of Calais. [Copy.]
Jan. 17.
Plymouth.
76. The same to Nicholas. Recapitulates the information as to his proceedings contained in the preceding letter. This is the third troublesome mission he has had within this twelvemonth. Thought the rest very bad, but they came not near this, for he is sent with a company of unwilling and unreasonable men. There is a miserable infection amongst them, and they die very fast. Refers him to the preceding letter for particulars as to the St. Peter, which will prove a very good purchase.
Jan. 17.
London.
77. Philip Burlamachi to Sec. Conway. Recommends Baldassar Mendez, who has a request to urge, which is worthy of compassion. [French.]
Jan. 18. 78. Petition of John Parkhurst to [Buckingham] for a pass to enable him to transport certain goods from Hamburgh into England, to enable him to pay his debts.
Jan. 18.
Plymouth.
79. Sir Wm. St. Leger to Buckingham. Recommends Sir Thomas Piggott for a company now vacant in Sir Wm's regiment.
Jan. 18.
Plymouth.
80. Sir Wm. St. Leger to the Duke of Buckingham. Had received orders from the Council to reduce the number of Colonels, Lieut. Colonels, and all other inferior public officers, and had done so, but the order is full of inconvenience to his Majesty's service. Better disperse all the rest and retain these. When the States wished to reduce their armies, the late Prince of Orange advised them to keep together their prime officers whatsoever they did. Bodies of men may be got in all corners of the kingdom, but the officers being lost are hardly to be regained; and these men sent home with their fortunes in a worse condition than they were will not venture a second time. The whole army must be put upon another footing. The pay of the Captains must be increased to a competency. Is of no use where he is, and entreats he may be recalled.
Jan. 18. 81. Notes of proceedings at a Committee of Trade on a petition from the principal merchants to the King concerning the law of statute merchant, and the assignment of mercantile debts: also with reference to the prohibition of trade with Spain.
Jan. 18. 82. Commissioners of the Navy to Buckingham. The Nonsuch, by the book of rates, is allowed 200 men on home service, in time of peace, and 250 on foreign service.
Jan. 18. 83. Particular of prize goods sold this day; with names of purchasers and prices.
Jan. 19.
London.
84. John Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. No pleasure in going abroad to see the decay and desolation of the town. Coronation holds for Candlemas Day. The Dean of Westminster [Williams] ordered to appoint the Bishop of St. David's [Laud] as his deputy. The Queen's Bishop claimed to have the crowning of her, but the Archbp. of Canterbury would not permit it. The Queen has been publicly through the town in a rich embroidered carosse, to a banquet at the Tower. The King is to go into Scotland to be crowned. The blame of the late failure is laid by some on the Council, by others on General "Sit still" (as they style him), but by most on his Grace, and by him on Sir Thos. Love. Proclamation against recusants in anticipation of the Parliament, which is to begin on Feb. 6. Sir Edward Coke and other sheriffs returned, but the King will not allow them to quit their counties. Changes at Court.
[Jan. 19.] 85. Warrant to the officers of the Signet for issuing letters missive to certain of the nobility to give attendance at the coronation. [Copy.]
[Jan. 19.] Form of letter to be sent to the nobility in pursuance of the previous warrant. [Written on the same paper as the preceding.]
Jan. 19.
Westminster.
86. The King to Thos. Earl of Arundel and Surrey, Earl Marshal. Commands him to make his personal attendance at the Coronation, furnished and appointed as to his rank and quality appertain. [Copy.]
Jan. 19. 87. Another copy of the same letter.
Jan. 19.
Westminster.
88. The King to George Duke of Buckingham, High Admiral. Similar letter to the above.
Jan. 19.
Westminster.
89. The King to Katherine Duchess of Buckingham. Letter similar to the preceding.
Jan. 19.
Westminster.
90. The King to Mary Countess of Buckingham. Similar letter.
Jan. 19.
Westminster.
91. The King to Edward Lord Conway. Similar letter.
[Jan. 19.] 92. The King to Thos. Lord Wotton. Similar letter prepared for signature, but never signed.
[Jan. 19.] 93. The King to Lady Wotton. Similar to the one immediately preceding.
Jan. 19.
London.
94. Richard Daye to Sec. Conway. Proposal for sowing Windsor forest with acorns, being a copy of his former letter on that subject. [See Vol. xii., No. 98]. Appended,
94. i. Copy of his petition to the late King, with an enforcement from Bodin.
[Jan. 19.] 95. Commissioners of the Navy to [Nicholas]. Sending report of shipwrights as to the damage done to the Adventure in the storm which happened during the service of transporting the Duke of Buckingham to the Low Countries.
Jan. 20.
Lees.
96. Robt. Earl of Warwick to Sec. Coke. Continual tidings of insolencies committed by the Dunkirkers on the coast of Harwich and thereabouts, as appears by the inclosed letter from Sir Harbottle Grimstone [Sir Henry Glemham ?]. Wishes it to be considered whether some order should not be taken for muskets, and aid for the defence of those parts. The country thereabouts begins to be as clamorous as hitherto they have been fearful. Incloses,
96. i. Sir Henry Glemham to Mr. Scott, Secretary to the Earl of Warwick. Yesterday several Dunkirkers took a Flemish pink at Orfordness, and an English ship within a mile of Aldborough, and drove another to run herself ashore. The Dunkirkers shot a piece of ordnance towards the people on the shore. Fears least they should attack Landguard Fort. Harwich is in great danger. 1626, Jan. 19.
Jan. 20.
New Romney.
97. The Mayor and Commonalty of New Romney to Buckingham. Before the receipt of his Grace's letter they had elected Richard Godfrey and Capt. Thos. Brett, as their burgesses for the next Parliament.
Jan. 20. 98. Petition of "the Common Merchants of the United Provinces" to "the right gracious Prince, George Duke of Buckingham." Having sent out their ships to traffic in neutral countries, they had been seized on the English coasts, the goods they contained had been brought to the Tower, and the shipmen put in prison, as if the goods belonged to the subjects of Spain, contrary to the old alliance between Great Britain and the States. Pray the Duke to give gracious audience to their deputies, and that they may have restitution of their ships and goods.
Jan. 20.
Plymouth.
99. Commissioners at Plymouth to the Council. 4,280l. all that has yet been received out of 5,000l.; the troops suffer severely in consequence. Nothing heard of the 6,000l. towards apparel. Many soldiers forced to keep their beds for want of clothes; and the Commissioners unable to fulfil the agreements they have entered into with merchants who have contracted to supply the clothes. No news of the troops in Ireland. If they are stayed in that country, the soldiers who have landed here may all be continued in Devon and Cornwall, but if they are drawn out of the villages into towns and garrisons where they are to provide themselves, they must be paid weekly in advance, according to the ancient course. Common clamour of the country as to the smallness of the soldier's pay; but as the Council think it fit to continue on the ancient footing, the Commissioners submit. The officers, except the provosts and surgeons, have been sent up to attend the Council for further directions. Inclose,
99. i. Agreement between the Commissioners and Daniel Condy for making 200 suits of apparel. 1626, Jan. 19.
Jan. 20.
Plymouth.
100. Minute of the contents of the above letter. Inclosed,
100. i. Copy of agreement between the Commissioners and Daniel Condy.
Jan. 20.
Londesborough.
101. Henry Lord Clifford to the Council. His father and himself having been blamed by the Council for their slackness in the business of the Privy Seals, he refers to his letter to the Council of Sept. 13, and to that to Lord Conway of Nov. 18, to which he has received no reply. Protests his diligence in the service of the King, and desires them to free him from the imputation of having been guilty of so silly and unmannerly a thing as deferring to answer so special directions.
Jan. 20.
Londesborough.
102. The same to Sec. Conway. On the same subject. Reminds him that in his last letter, sent by Mr. Ogle, he earnestly demanded further instructions. If he had not a rooted opinion of his Lordship's favour and affection he should interpret this last letter as a great injury.
Jan. 20.
East Retford.
103. Dep. Lieuts. of co. Nottingham to the Council. Send a certificate of the arms taken from recusants in that county.
Jan. 20.
Westminster.
104. The King to John Earl of Bristol [called in the MS. "the Lo. Digby"]. His Majesty wonders that the Earl should make a request to him of favour, when he knows what his behaviour in Spain deserved. At his Majesty's coming into that country, the Earl surmising that it was the King's intention to change his religion, offered his service to concur therein, and pointed out how convenient it was for the King to be a Roman Catholic. He did much wrong also to his Majesty's brother and sister, over-estimated the importance of Spain, depreciated this kingdom, and approved the proposal that the King's nephew should be brought up in the Court of the Emperor. [Copy.]
Jan. 20.
Westminster.
105. Another copy of the preceding letter. [Misdated "20th Febr. in the first yeare of or raigne."]
Jan. 20. 106. Another copy, rightly dated.
Jan. 20.
Whitehall.
Sec. Conway to Lord Keeper Coventry. To advise, and give order, by the best means, for staying the execution of two priests in York jail. [Minute, Conway's Letter Book, p. 243.]
[Jan. 20 ?] 107. Minutes by Nicholas of business to be submitted to the Duke of Buckingham, including the letter of Sir John Prewde [See Vol. xviii. No. 49]; that of the Captains and soldiers of the castles of the Cinque Ports [See ibid., No. 51]; appointments of Capts. Anthony Tutchin and Richard Harris as two of the four Masters Assistant of the Navy; and of Mr. Turner as Collector of the Duke's tenths in the port of London and elsewhere; with an application of Capt. Wilbraham to have warrant for the sole conveying of troops into the Low Countries, and to that end that he with the Nonsuch may remain in the Narrow Seas.
[Jan. 20.] 108. Minute of three petitions to the King. 1. From English merchants who desire to be discharged from bonds given during the last reign for a duty on hops, afterwards remitted. 2. For a pardon for Cardeus, a Dutchman, for manslaughter. 3. For a renewed lease to Mr. Meredith from the Cathedral of Leighlin.
Jan. 20.
Dorset Court.
109. Lord Keeper Coventry to Sec. Conway. His Majesty's pleasure touching the priests at York should be signified to the Justices before whom they are to be tried, that, if condemned, they are to be reprieved until further direction; and this may be done by royal warrant or by letter from the Secretary. The document should apply only to those two persons, because, although his Majesty mean not to fall into blood, yet if they are delivered from the fear of blood, they will never go out of the land. Incloses,
109. i. Form of royal warrant applicable to this case.
Jan. 20.
Wentworth.
110. Sir Thos. Wentworth to Sec. Conway. There being a strong and general belief that Lord Scrope purposes to leave the Presidentship of York, many of Wentworth's friends have moved him to use means to procure the office. He has never thought of it unless it may be effected with the good liking of Lord Scrope, and will not move further in it until he knows how his suit may please the Duke of Buckingham. He is fully resolved not to ascend one step in this kind unless he may take along with him a special obligation to the Duke, from whose bounty he acknowledges much already, and still reposes under the shadow of his favour. Subscribes himself, Conway's humble and affectionate kinsman.
Jan. 20. 111. Examination of Troilus Lovell before the Archbishop of Canterbury :—In September last was twelvemonth he went out of Ireland with Capt. Wye, on an adventure for pilchards; went to Rome, and there received a pass from the rector of the English College, but affirmed himself to be now a protestant, and in testimony thereof took the oaths of allegiance and supremacy.