Charles I - volume 366: August 18-31, 1637

Pages 377-400

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1637. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1868.

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August 18–31, 1637

Aug. 18.
Proclamation declaring that the proceedings of his Majesty's Ecclesiastical Courts and ministers are according to the laws of the realm. In some libellous books lately published, the bishops are said to have usurped upon his Majesty's prerogative. It was ordered by the Court of Star Chamber, on the 12th June last, that the opinion of the judges should be certified whether processes may not issue out of the Ecclesiastical Courts in the names of the bishops, whether a patent was necessary for keeping such Courts, whether citations ought not to be in the King's name, and whether bishops may keep any visitation without commission under the Great Seal and in the King's name. The judges, on the 1st July, certified that on all the said points the proceedings of the Ecclesiastical Courts were agreeable to law. Such opinion was, on the 4th July last, ordered to be enrolled, and is now published, to stop the mouths and settle the minds of all unquiet spirits. [See Coll. Procs. Car. I., No. 215. 2 pp.]
Aug. [18 ?]
The Convertive, in the Downs.
1. Capt. Richard Fogg to Sec. Windebank. I required the Merchants of Dover to certify whether the munition in the hoy of Hamburgh was consigned either to the merchants of Dover or Dunkirk, and yesterday they sent me the enclosed paper. This morning there came one with the enclosed letter from the Governor of Calais. For aught that I could understand by the messenger that brought it, it is touching the Frenchman and the two sloops, concerning which I wrote to you the 14th inst., and of the Irishman's arrival here, and of the small hope he had of any further satisfaction from the French, and withal to know what order you would give me touching the releasing or detaining of the Frenchmen and their sloops. [1 p.] Enclosed.
1. i. Certificate of six merchants of Dover, and among them of Daniel Skinner. States the facts as to the capture of the Fortune, of Hamburgh. The certifiers had examined all her letters and bills of lading, and found the same to be addressed to merchants of Dover. Among the goods was a parcel of gunpowder consigned to Peter Letten, merchant, of Dover. The French give out that gunpowder being an article prohibited to be brought into England, the hoy would have gone with the same to Flanders. But gunpowder, although prohibited to be vented in England, may be landed at Dover, and, after paying customs there, may be transported into any foreign country. The Hamburgh hoy that came out with the Fortune, and was likewise taken by a frigate of Calais, has been freed, all her goods being addressed to merchants in Dover, and came in there last tide. 14th August 1637. [1½ p.]
Aug. 18. 2. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 231l. 13s. 4d. paid by George Anton on behalf of Sir Edward Hussey, sheriff of co. Lincoln, being ship-money collected under writ of 12th August 1636. [¾ p.]
Aug. 19. Grant to Sir Henry Vane, Comptroller of the Household (in consideration of his services as well in foreign employments as otherwise), of all trees of oak, ash, alder, and other woods, with the windfalls, stubs, and roots of trees formerly felled within the West Park of Brancepeth, lately granted in fee-farm, and in Chopwell Woods, in Durham, except 383 timber trees in the said park, and 187 trees in Chopwell Woods, marked for ship-timber by the purveyor of the Navy, and Sir Henry is licensed to take away the said trees granted within the space of 21 years. [Docquet.]
Aug. 19. Pardon to William Gore and Robert Pickering for all errors and offences committed in the place of escheators of Surrey, Sussex, and elsewhere, and also of all offences by them done as agents or solicitors in businesses in the Court of Wards and Liveries. [Docquet.]
Aug. 19. Pardon to Edward Bish, late Feodary of Surrey, of all errors and offences committed in the execution of that place. [Docquet.]
Aug. 19.
3. Sir Edward Hussey, Sheriff of co. Lincoln, to the Council. I have paid to Sir William Russell 1,461l. 13s. 4d., which, together with 538l. 6s. 8d. assessed on the corporations, makes up the 8,000l. charged by writ of 12th August 1636. There remains a surplus of 16l. or 17l. or thereabouts, with which the body of the county is charged. I crave your directions unto whom the same shall be paid, when it shall be collected. Boston being assessed at 70l., and Hoggestroppe [Hogsthorp] at 16l. 16s. 4d., petitioned you for relief, which you recommended to my consideration, but I could not give them ease. If you please that the surplus shall be paid to them, I shall observe your directions therein. [1 p.]
Aug. 19.
4. The same to Sir Dudley Carleton. Recapitulates the contents of the above letter. I have omitted two things; the one is to know whether the Lords will have the surplus collected, notwithstanding I have paid in all these moneys, and that after the 1st September, in case it cannot be got before; and the other is, that the Lords should command the corporations to pay in their moneys forthwith. If I am likely to be prejudiced by their slack payments, so as I cannot have my discharge in so full a manner as others who have paid in all their moneys, or in point of remuneration for my service, I beseech you to move the Lords herein. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 19.
Bore Atton.
5. Sir Paul Harris, Sheriff of co. Salop, to Nicholas. I have endeavoured to gather in the ship-money by the time appointed, and have caused to be paid to my former factor 1,000l., to be returned by the time, and then there will be remaining under 200l., which I hope to gather in against my coming to London at Michaelmas. Before my going thence I will discharge the whole money, let me get it again as I may. I do not find but the whole county, for the general, are very willing in paying this money, as also to continue the like at his Majesty's pleasure, but the inequality of the allotments has caused delay, and withal the two references that were made to Sir John Bridgeman much hindered me, for in that hundred where he made the easement I can get but little money since. The corporations are to pay 938l., whereof Shrewsbury and Wenlock are to pay 678l., who are very backward. I have acquainted them with the Lords' letter for payment of their moneys by the last of this month, or else to attend the King in person. If they fail, there is no fault in me. If I may have authority to levy it I will do my best. There is one town in Clun hundred infected with the plague, where the collector dwells and has a great part of the money in his hands. [1 p.]
Aug. 19. 6. Letter of Attorney from Andrew Wilkinson, of Burrowbriggs [Boroughbridge], co. York, to Richard Hamby, of Westminster, to receive moneys due to the said Wilkinson as post of Boroughbridge. [1 p.]
Aug. 20.
7. Sir Henry Skipwith, Sheriff of co. Leicester, to Nicholas. Finding that it is not possible to pay in the whole arrear of shipmoney by the time prefixed (notwithstanding I daily endeavour the same), and being desirous to satisfy the Lords without further trouble, or taking so long a journey, if they would pardon my attendance on the first Sunday in September, I will not fail to pay in the whole arrear in Michaelmas term. I beseech you let me know their resolution therein. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 20.
Lindust [Lyndhurst].
8. Henry Percy to Sec. Windebank. I have received a letter from my Lord of Leicester, and one enclosed for you. My Lord Duke [of Lennox] commanded me to send you this warrant, believing if he had kept it in his hands till you had met, you could not conveniently have made use of it this year. The King called the chamberlain to him but now, for the concluding of the longdisputed business. I know not well the issue, but the thing was upon great disadvantage, for the chamberlain would not go without a second, and that was Taverner. I believe the King more than Hercules, therefore he may perchance be too hard for them both. P.S.—The warrant my Lord conceives to come from his aunt, but his service can proceed from none but himself. [2 pp.]
Aug. 20. 9. Appointment by Francis Coningesby, Lieutenant-Colonel, of Matthew Brodley, as his deputy in the execution of the commission, dated 22nd January 1635–6 (see Vol. cccxii., No. 5), whereby Coningesby was authorized to muster all the forts and castles in England and Wales. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug 21.
Haines Hill.
10. Sec. Windebank to Sec. Coke. Your letters from Lyndhurst of 16th present came not to my hands until yesterday. For the business of Lord St. Albans, upon a petition of his to his Majesty, representing those motives which you will find in the letter from the Lord Deputy and Council to me, which goes herewith, his Majesty holding them reasonable, gave me order to prepare a letter to the Lord Deputy to warrant the allowance of 1,500l. to the Earl, which letter was signed by his Majesty, and is that which you conceive to have been a privy seal. There was no other order nor anything passed but by letter to the Lord Deputy. If this (as it seems by the Lord Deputy and the Council's letter) be contrary to the establishment, it is most fit to be stayed. But that the business passed the examination of certain Lords' referees, of which the Earl Marshal was one, who perhaps can give a more particular account of it, is most certain, upon whose certificate the whole proceeding was grounded. The letter from the Lord Deputy and Council to me, came to my hands two days before yours, and I made account to reserve it till his Majesty's return, but now I send it herewith. [2 pp.]
Aug. 21.
11. Robert Long to Sec. Coke. In that warrant which you have procured for passing our new grants, there is a material thing omitted, which is the tenure. We desire only the same tenure granted by the former grants. Mr. Peacock will present a new warrant with that alteration which we are all suitors to you to obtain, beseeching you that there may be no alteration of the rent, as to my part, which I only speak for your favourable remembrance in case it should be attempted. [1 p.]
Aug. 21.
The Antelope, in Cadiz Bay.
12. Capt. George Carteret to Algernon Earl of Northumberland. I have been in this road six days with four of his Majesty's ships, where I have taken in water and ballast, and am now ready to sail for England, except I hear of any Algiers men-of-war, then I intend to spend as much time as my victuals will give me leave, in hope to meet with some of them, the better to secure his Majesty's subjects who trade upon the coast in the vintage time. At my first coming hither I delivered to the English Consul at Cadiz a packet of letters to be sent to you from my Admiral, whom I left in Sallee road ready to set sail for Saphia. I doubt not he has acquainted you with the redemption of his Majesty's subjects who were there in captivity, and likewise with the peace he was concluding with them. [1 p.]
Aug. 21. 13. Sir Thomas Cotton, Sheriff of co. Huntingdon, to Nicholas. I have sent up the whole remainder of the ship-money for co. Huntingdon, the corporate towns excepted. The county was assessed at 2,000l., whereof Huntingdon and Godmanchester were to pay 114l., by their own particular officers. The remainder was wholly paid to Sir William Russell, so that I conceive I have discharged all that I was charged with, and hope to have a full discharge. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 21.
14. Sir Nathaniel Brent to Archbishop Laud, at Croydon. I received your Grace's letter of 16th inst., and have summoned Mr. Newman, who has promised to appear at Croydon some day this week. I am sorry that you should be troubled with so many untrue suggestions, as the enclosed petition contains. It is most untrue that I proceeded faintly in the business, or that I was contented with a transcript, or that I gave the speaker liberty to expunge what he pleased, or that the petitioner was deluded with vain shows, the cook or manciple being punished and not the offender. At the day of hearing, I shall be a suitor, that I may have justice against a disordered young man, governed by the rash counsel of a professed adversary. I am much bound to you for forbearing a visitation in respect of me. Howsoever I do so carry myself in my place, that I dare and shall be a suitor for a visitation. I am confident that it will be discovered by a visitation, that the secret informers against others are themselves the worst members of the college. As soon as I shall have done keeping courts, which were warned before I heard of the consecration of my Lord of Bangor, I will not fail to wait on you at Croydon. [1 p.] Enclosed,
14. i. Petition of Richard Nevill, M.A., Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, to Archbishop Laud. Mr. Newman, one of the fellows, in a variation speech charged the petitioner with crimes of a scandalous nature, trenching even to his life. Petitioner complained to the warden, and desired him to urge Newman to produce his speech, which he did but faintly, and was content with a transcript, from which Newman expunged whatever made against petitioner. Mr. Warden sentenced him to be out of commons for a month, and ordered it to be entered on the register that he had received primam monitionem, but this punishment was not really inflicted. It being no satisfaction to petitioner if the cook or manciple suffers for Mr. Newman's offence (denying to pay for his commons), petitioner appeals to the archbishop and prays him to order Mr. Newman to produce the unaltered autographum of his speech. [1 p.]
Aug. 21. 15. Bill for 3l. 13s. 0d., for a quantity of well-rope bought of Edward Wood by Sir William Calley at 44s. per cwt., with 6d. paid porter to Holborn bridge. [½ p.]
Aug. 22. Grant of an incorporation of such worsted-combers within the city of Exeter and co. Devon, as have there used the said trade for three years last past, by the name of the Master, Wardens, and Company of Worsted-combers of Exeter and Devon. The said company to have a master, four wardens, viz., two of Exeter, and other two of the county; and 24, viz., 12 of the city, and 12 of the county, to be the common council of the same company, and the master and wardens to be accounted five of the said 24, with powers for government of the said corporation. [Docquet.]
Aug. 22. 16. Certificate of Peter Pett, Robert Tranckmore, and others, being the Master, Wardens, and assistants of the Company of Shipwrights, to the Lords of the Admiralty. By your warrant, Thomas Mayden and William Hooke, of St. Mary Magdalen, shipwrights, were to be committed to the Marshalsea, if they did not submit to the charter granted to this company. Mayden and Hooke have made their appearance this day at the hall of the company, and have entered bond of 500l., and taken oath not to serve any foreign prince, and also to be obedient to his Majesty's charter. [¾ p.]
Aug. 22. 17. Statement of what took place between Mr. Arundel, parson of Stoke Bruerne, co. Northampton, one of the commissioners appointed by the Bishop of Peterborough to visit the churches in the deanery of Preston, and William Castell, rector of Courteenhall, in that county, on visiting his church. Mr. Arundel complained that the rails of the communion table were not decently placed. Castell refused to allow any alterations, saying there should be no new tricks put upon him, and that he could live as well in New England as here. When Pidgeon, the apparitor, endeavoured by direction of Arundel to measure the table, Castell pushed him away and called him rogue, rascal, cur, and other disgraceful names. He said his parishioners did not come to the rails to take the communion, nor should not, nor would he ever bring them to it; also that it was not fit to bow at the name of Jesus. [1 p.] Annexed,
17. i. Another statement of irregularities in performance of divine worship and otherwise, charged against William Castell [probably in the handwriting of Dr. Clark.], in addition to those before mentioned. He made diminutions and alterations in the service, never wore surplice or hood, did not use the catechism in the Prayer Book, hindered the churchwardens from cancelling in the communion table, and was a quarreller and fighter on the bowling leys. [1 p.]
Aug. 22. 18. Sir William Belasys to Nicholas. I am to give you an account why the ship-money for co. Durham is not yet paid in, there being 300l. behind, most part whereof is to be paid by the owners of coal mines, who, notwithstanding the last order of 25th June, yet are so backward that I must be enforced to distrain. If there be any new writs for next year, the assessment may be more equally divided betwixt Newcastle and the cos. Durham and Northumberland, by making some abatements to the counties, and letting the mines be assessed with Newcastle; but I must not be known to advise it, most of the coal mines being within co. Durham. I must entreat your advice touching John Burdon, one of the high constables in Stockton ward, who has collected the moneys within his division, and has not given me an account of 70l., nor paid in the moneys, and I took his bond to appear before the Lords. [1 p.]
Aug. 22.
19. Nathaniel Wheatly, Mayor of Banbury, to William Walter, Sheriff of co. Oxford. Upon receipt of the writ for ship-money, I assessed the money and made my warrant to the constables to collect, and, if need were, to distrain for the same. Divers times since I have called upon them, wishing them (if any should refuse to pay) to distrain, promising that I would save them harmless if my estate would do it, and proffering also to go with them and distrain myself upon any that they thought would be contentious. The constables having made show a long time that they would gather the same, do at last absolutely refuse to distrain or to be bound to appear before the Council. I have, since their refusal, made warrant to other officers to collect the said moneys, who likewise refuse to execute the same. Notwithstanding all this, I have taken pains myself in gathering the same, and purpose to proceed with as much speed as I may. But in regard my predecessor is molested and sued, and, by reason of the constables' refusal, I am not only opposed by many by shutting up their doors against me, but also am threatened to be sued by such a multitude, that I think my estate is not sufficient to defend me, and not knowing what course to take, I desire your advice. [Endorsed by Nicholas, "ReceivedSeptembris 1637." 1 p.]
Aug. 23.
The Convertive.
20. Capt. Richard Fogg to Sec. Windebank. I received last night your letter of 21st inst., wherein I have command for discharge of the Frenchmen and their sloops; this I will forthwith perform. The letter enclosed to the Earl of Northumberland, sent back by you, I will reserve against his expected return to the Downs. The Countess of Banbury, her eldest son, and her train, shall be wafted over. Since my last letter, Capt. Price, of the Pleiades, came into the Downs, who was employed to convoy a bark to the islands of Scilly, laden with carriages for the ordnance of that place; she being none of those ships appointed for these parts, intends to stand away for the west parts to meet with my Lord General. [1 p.]
Aug. 23. 21. William Marquess of Winchester to the same. Being informed by my cousin, Christopher Darcy, of your care in procuring a warrant for settling that weighty business which so nearly concerned me, I think myself obliged to render you thanks, and to study some way of acknowledgment. Having an earnest desire to visit you at your own house, I have sent this messenger to inquire whether your occasions will not draw you from thence this week, that I may give myself the contentment to see you at your summer habitation. [1 p.]
Aug. 23.
22. Sir William Widdrington, Sheriff of Northumberland, to Nicholas, at Thorpe, near Staines. In Easter term last I paid to Sir William Russell for ship-money, 1,360l., for which I have his acquittance, and of which I gave his Majesty and the Lords an account at the Board. The remainder of the sum being 740l., was charged upon Newcastle, 700l.; Berwick, 20l.; and Morpeth, 20l.; all which is paid excepting the sum charged upon Newcastle, which I have no power to levy, it being a county of itself, with all which I desire you to acquaint the Lords. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 23. 23. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 1,886l. paid by William Fitton on behalf of Sir Thomas Cotton, sheriff of co. Huntingdon, in part of 2,000l. ship-money charged upon that county by writ of 12th August 1636. [¾ p.]
Aug. 23. 24. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 410l. paid by Ralph Poole on behalf of Sir Thomas Delves, sheriff of co. Chester, ship-money collected under writ of 12th August 1636. [¾ p.]
Aug. 23. 25. Account of money laid out in some law businesses, in one of which Lady Pilstone and Mr. Mostyn, in Flintshire, were parties. Total, 6l. 6s. 6d. [½ p.]
Aug. 23. 26. Note by Sir John Lambe of money given towards the repair of St. Paul's, by wills, since 13th June 1634. Total, 2,794l. 13s. 4d. [¼ p.]
Aug. 24. 27. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 1,000l. paid by Rene Bailly on behalf of John Lucas, sheriff of Essex, in part of 8,000l. shipmoney charged upon that county by writ of 12th August 1636. [¾ p.]
Aug. 25.
Plymouth Sound.
28. Algernon Earl of Northumberland to Sec. Coke. The extreme foul weather (since my last of the 17th present) has scarce given us leave to look out of Plymouth Sound. Twice we were enticed by flattering mornings to go out to sea, but before we could get our anchors aboard, both wind and weather changed. Yesterday we attempted it again the third time, and got out to sea. We beat it off and on all day; in the afternoon the wind shifted, and blowing hard, drove us so far to leeward that we had some difficulty to reach this place again. Our victuals draw so near an end, as if I receive not command to the contrary I shall not venture to stay in these parts above eight days longer, but will then take the first opportunity of weather to repair to the Downs. [1 p.]
Aug. 25.
29. Archbishop Laud to [Dr. Isaac Bargrave], Dean of Canterbury. I received your letters of the 7th inst., but did not think fit to return answer till I had prepared things for peace, at least so far as I am able; but the plain truth is, I see somewhat amiss in all, and yet, perhaps, not so much amiss in any as would be made. And first, for your petty canon's place, that business is now settled, and you have your desires for Baylie; so I hope so much of your quarrel is at an end. They who opposed this election have given me an account of their refusal. 'Tis in some part very reasonable. But they are satisfied, notwithstanding the objection of his insufficiency, in regard he has assumed not to meddle with anything that has cure of souls abroad, but only to keep himself to the cathedral service. You write that they pretend their power with me and the knowledge of my will. Surely they know no more of me than the rest of the brethren have, or may have; and I cannot think them so vain as to brag of that they have not. As for revilings of theirs in chapter, I hope their very calling will keep them from that. But if they should be guilty of so gross an offence, you would do well to complain by instance; for neither can they tell what to answer, nor I to say to generals. As for your promise in business of elections to go with the major and graver part, that is not it which has so much been excepted against, as that you propose not, especially in the choice of choirmen, more than one, that so the fittest for that service may be taken. Concerning the vault, I find that it was the place of common cellarage when the table was up, and therefore properly belongs neither to you nor Dr. Peake. But all agree that he needs it, and that all other doors into it have been forced. And therefore I think you shall do very well to give it to that house by a chapter act. Since you have no right to it, he has no reason to thank you for that you cannot give. And yet, since he has no right to it, he might well have been content to thank you for moderation and peace, and so enjoy the place for his use any way; but this stiffness of all sides will breed no peace to yourselves, nor reputation to that church. For the reparation of your house, I fear it will be an ill example, for every prebend may ask the like. But if, as you write, many of your company incline to it, let them send it me under their hands, and I will consider of it. I will thank the judges for their care at the assizes. [Copy. 1 p.]
Aug. 25. 30. Account by Sir William Russell of ship-money received and outstanding under writs of August 1636. Total received, 148,207l. 9s. 7½d.; outstanding, 48,392l. 10s. 4½d. [1¼ p.]
Aug. 25. 31. Account of ship-money levied and remaining in the sheriffs' hands, being 7,163l., making, with the 148,207l. paid to Sir William Russell, 155,370l. as the total sum collected. [1 p.]
Aug. 26. 32. Officers of the Navy to Lords of the Admiralty. On examination of making the sails for his Majesty's ships, which has been done by Mr. Prusen, lately deceased, and his father for sixty years, we have found it more advantageous to work them hereafter in his Majesty's own storehouse at Chatham, and at cheaper rates than formerly. Various reasons are stated for coming to this conclusion, and the writers recommend the allowance of a competent yearly salary to the sailmaker, who must constantly live at Chatham, which they conceive cannot be less than 100l. per annum. [1 p.]
Aug. 26.
33. Sir William Russell to Nicholas. I send you certificate of what moneys have been received (see No. 30), as also how the issues stood the 24th inst., since which time there has been received about 3,000l., so as if his Majesty shall call in three or four ships, I doubt not but we shall have money to pay them off. We intend on Tuesday next to begin to strike the great ship to prepare her for launching, and herewith send you an estimate of the charge, which must be presently set in hand, for making the provisions therein mentioned (especially the flags), which otherwise will not be ready. Present it to be signed by the Lords of the Admiralty, and send it me back by the bearer, that a privy seal may be passed accordingly. If his Majesty shall alter his resolution in launching her, send the bearer back to me with as much speed as possible, to the end I may give order for the carpenters not coming from Chatham and other places, who otherwise will be here on Monday night. It is to be considered what ships shall be sent into Portsmouth this year, that they may be such as need least reparations, for his Majesty cannot have a pennyworth of work there done under twopence, in respect the King's yard and the ships lie so far asunder for transporting materials, and the weather uncertain. [1½ p.]
Aug. 26.
Tower Street, London.
34. Robert Smyth to Nicholas. Since writing my former letter, there is come in from Worcester 100l.; from Stafford 550l.; and they promise about the middle of the next term full account of the remains. There will be one with you at Oatlands to-morrow morning, with an acquittance for this 550l., and letters from the sheriff. [½ p.]
Aug. 26.
35. Sir Thomas Walsingham to the same. Complaint is made that one has got licence to transport oysters out of Kent for the Queen of Bohemia, under colour of which all the oysters are transported, so as the markets are unfurnished, and the price so raised, that unless some speedy course be taken, there will be no oysters to be had in Kent. Prevention will be very acceptable to the country. [1 p.]
Aug. 26.
36. Sir Robert Banister to Sir Henry Vane. Since the receipt of the order from the Board I have not spent any hour about my own affairs, but wholly bent myself to perform what therein was required. I doubt not but by the end of next week to send 2,000l. to Sir William Russell. My suit to you is to move that my attendance appointed for the first Sunday in September may be spared, in regard I lost three months' time by reference to referees; and now my year draws near to an end, time is very precious to me, intending to accomplish the greatest part of the work by my own hands. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Aug. 27. 37. Petition of Richard Wolley, clerk, M.A., to the King. Petitioner having been vicar of Leighton, co. Salop, almost 40 years, both he and his predecessors have always had free liberty of commons in all the woods and waste grounds. Certain late purchasers of the lands and commons there, namely, Thomas Wolrych, the heirs of Roger Pavyer, late merchant, deceased, and others, have lately enclosed all the said commons to their own private use, and have excluded petitioner with many threatening words, to the utter disabling of petitioner, the extreme detriment of the church, and moreover of divers poor tenants. Prays reference to the Council for examination of the premises. [½ p.] Underwritten,
37. i. Reference to Archbishop Laud, Lord Keeper Coventry, and Sec. Coke, to compose the business if they can, otherwise to certify. Oatlands, 27th August 1637. [¼ p.] Annexed,
37. ii. Appointment by the above referees to hear the business on the 30th May next at the Council Board. 9th April 1638. [⅓ p.]
[Aug. 27.] 38. Petition of Sir Edward Littleton, Sheriff of co. Stafford, to the Council. Petitioner has used his utmost endeavours, and has, with much care and pains in his own person, got already of the arrears of ship-money 550l., and has sent the same up to be paid, and strives to get in the rest, and hopes fully to effect the same by the middle of next term; he has paid in all, 2,000l. Beseeches the Lords to move his Majesty to spare petitioner's attendance in September. [½ p.]
About. [Aug. 27.] 39. Petition of Sir John Meldrum to the Lords of the Admiralty. Upon a mistaking of the Earl of Portland, that petitioner's letters patents for the North and South Foreland lights were not passed the Great Seal, and that you had stopped the collection of petitioner's duty from strangers at the Isle of Wight, the Earl has given order to Capt. Tourney, who commands the castle at Cowes, to stop the collection for the said lights, giving way to the other collection for William Bullock for another light at Dungeness, in like manner complained of by petition of inhabitants of the said isle. At Falmouth, Plymouth, and other ports where strangers come, they begin to refuse payment, claiming the like immunity. Prays order that the honour of the Great Seal may be vindicated, not only in the Isle of Wight, but in all roads, harbours, and ports where strangers resort. [Endorsed by Nicholas, "Received the 28th August 1637." 1 p.]
Aug. 27.
Nicholas to Jerome Earl of Portland. Upon petition of Sir John Meldrum, above calendared, No. 39, the Lords of the Admiralty have commanded me to signify to you that they did not make stay of the letters patents for those lights, but hold it fit that the grant for those lights should be obeyed. [Copy. Nicholas's Letter Book, Dom. James I., Vol. ccxix., p. 158. ½ p.]
Aug. 27. 40. John Button, Sheriff of Hants, [to Nicholas]. My petition is that I may be dispensed with payment of the remainder of the ship-money for this county, and attendance on the Council, until the 20th October next; for, having not yet collected all the moneys, if I should be enforced to attend the Council I shall lose so much time in the collection that I shall not be able to pay it in by Allhallowtide; but, by obtaining this favour, I shall no way doubt to bring in the whole arrear by the 20th October, excepting moneys imposed on corporate towns, which I have only power to receive, but not to collect. [½ p.]
Aug. 27.
41. G. R. Weckherlin to [Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh]. Lord Conway's letter finds almost as much water and as heavy winds in the woods where the King's Court is at this time, as there are with Lord Conway, but the writer is comforted to find what entertainment Lord Conway received from a new and very fine book, and much longs for further notice of it. The writer's French letters mention a little domestic commotion in the Court of France, and he then details the arrest of La Porte, the search among his letters, the consequent search among those of the Queen at Val de Grace, and those of the abbess of that establishment and several of the nuns, the expulsion of the abbess, and the command given to the religious to proceed to a new election. Since which the King had revisited the Queen with his usual caresses. Other news from the same letters related to the advance of Duke Bernhard across the Rhine, and that the Duke de Longueville designed the siege of Salins, whilst the Duke of Lorraine, besides his other crosses, was vanquished by a fair marquess in Besançon, and suborned one courier after another to bring him news of his wife's death at Paris, where she was in health and was leading a merry life. March of the French towards Brussels, and discontent of the people there with the Spanish government. Progress of the siege of Breda, and advance of the approaches of the besiegers under Colonel Morgan and Charnassé, Counts William of Nassau and Henry of Frize, with other news from the seat of war. The Infante Cardinal's army is 15,000 strong, and the people are entertained from time to time with false news of their army's prosperous actions, whereby the Prince of Orange begins to despair. [3 pp.]
Aug. 28. 42. Petition of Peter Radke, Commissioner of Norway, to the King. Petitioner was sent hither from Norway for recovery of one of the King of Denmark's ships, called the Fortune, which, although known to belong to the said King, was sold in the Court of Admiralty for 1,100l. within five months after her arrival in England, wherein the Court proceeded against the laws of nations, it being a common course in all parts to stay a year and a day, and if within that space none come to claim her, then it is lawful to sell her. We neither knew what was become of the ship, nor could by reason of the farness of the way get notice of her arrival, or come hither to stay the selling thereof, but as soon as we got notice of her arrival in England, the King of Denmark sent his letters to claim her as his own, which letters were taken at sea by a Dunkirker, and so in the meantime she was sold. The King of Denmark has written his second letters to your Majesty concerning the said ship, whereupon your Majesty gave order to the Judge of the Court of Admiralty to see your uncle righted, upon which the judge gave sentence that the ship should be restored to petitioner for the King of Denmark, but not unless petitioner would pay down 1,400l., which seemed somewhat strange to petitioner, neither had he any commission to buy in such sort his Majesty's ship again. Beseeches order to the Court of Admiralty that the ship may be restored to petitioner for the King of Denmark, and that those who have anything to pretend to her may come to Norway to claim it, where they shall have all manner of satisfaction. [¾ p.] Underwritten,
42. i. Reference by the Lords of the Admiralty to Sir Henry Marten, to certify the true state of this business, and how satisfaction may be given to the King of Denmark. Oatlands, 28th August 1637. [1 p.]
Aug. 28. Minute of the preceding petition, and copy of the reference thereon. [See Vol. cccliii., fol. 51. ¾ p.]
Aug. 28.
43. Roger Vaughan, Sheriff of co. Hereford, to the Council. In April I paid to Sir William Russell 2,780l., being the only occasion of my journey then to London, and although it were raised with difficulty, yet I find the levying the arrears a far harder work, little thereof being paid, but as it is forced by distress. Since my return from London, every fortnight I called upon the chief constables to hasten the service, and at length was driven to send my own servants to assist them, who are not yet returned, the plague being in divers the best towns and many parishes. Being not able for the present to perform the commands of the 12th July, it is my suit to you to respite me for a month. I have in my hands a good part of the arrears, the which if I cannot return it sooner, with the rest that I shall levy in the meantime, I will pay it in myself. The mayor of Hereford informs me that he has sent 150l. to London, his charge being 185l. I have likewise made known your commands to the bailiff of Leominster. [Seal with arms. 2 pp.]
Aug. 28.
44. The same to Nicholas. Letter substantially the same as the preceding. [Seal with arms. 1¾ p.]
Aug. 28.
45. Sir John Stepney, Sheriff of co. Pembroke, to the Council. I have gathered into my hands of late, though with some difficulty, in respect of men's poverty and not otherwise, near all the arrear of the ship-money within this county, which arrear I am ready to pay over. I pray you to tolerate with the non-payment and my appearance at this present, for the great session of the county is held the 11th September, wherein I am constrained to attend. Far be it from my intent to pass over the same to my successor, but truly to make payment thereof the first day of Michaelmas term next, where you have appointed. My desire is that I may have that time for sending up the arrears. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 28.
46. Notes by Nicholas of business to be transacted by the Lords of the Admiralty. Peruse letters from Officers of the Navy. Sign two estimates sent by the Officers of the Navy, and some other letters. Consider Mr. Edisbury's letter touching decayed provisions; also what ships shall be called in, and which continued abroad this winter. Mr. Edisbury has certified which ships he conceives fit to come to Portsmouth. [½ p.]
Aug. 28.
Order of the Lords of the Admiralty. Upon certificate of the Company of Shipwrights of Rotherhithe (see No. 16), it was ordered that Thomas Mayden and William Hooke, shipwrights, be released from the custody of the Keeper of the Marshalsea. [Copy. Vol. cccliii., fol. 49 b. ½ p.]
Aug 28.
Lords of the Admiralty to Officers of the Navy. It is his Majesty's pleasure that the great ship building at Woolwich shall be launched about the 25th September next, and to this purpose we wrote our letters to you of 10th July last. These are to pray you not to fail to prepare all things requisite, and if there be occasion you may appoint a deputy boatswain to attend the service in that ship, in the absence of Rabanett, who is her boatswain. [Copy. See Vol. cccliii., fol. 49 b. ½ p.]
Aug. 28.
Lords of the Admiralty to Officers of the Navy. Upon request of Viscount Wentworth, Lord Deputy of Ireland, his Majesty is pleased that the Swallow and the Ninth Whelp shall be constantly kept in Ireland for guard of that coast, and all charges for wages be paid there. The moneys for those wages are already paid to Sir William Russell, but are to be by him paid back in Ireland. You are to allow Sir William all such moneys repaid by him to the Treasurer of Ireland. [Copy. Ibid., fol. 50. ½ p.]
Aug. 28.
The same to Capt. Fogg. It is his Majesty's pleasure that the Marquess of St. George, and his brother the Marquess of Montglas, shall be transported for Calais. You are to give the necessary orders to some of the ships now with you to transport them accordingly; and to return into the Downs, to observe instructions of the Earl of Northumberland. [Copy. Ibid. ½ p.]
Aug. 28.
The same to [Montjoy Earl of Newport]. To give order that Thomas Man, John Marston, William Tristram, and Adam Graves, with others, owners of the Exchange, 300 tons, lying in the Thames, may be permitted to supply that ship with iron ordnance. [Copy. Ibid., fol. 50 b. ½ p.]
Aug. 28.
The same to [the same]. The like for Richard Hill, John Smart, Lawrence Greene, and John Baker, with others, owners of the new ship the Mayflower, 180 tons, lying in the Thames. [Copy. Ibid. ½ p.]
Aug. [2]8. 47. Certificate of Henry Goddard, Edward Boate, and Nathaniel Apslin, his Majesty's shipwrights. These ships now employed are fittest to come into Portsmouth: the Triumph, the Swiftsure, the Vanguard, the James, the Dreadnought, the Second Whelp, and the Roebuck. The St. George, into Chatham, the Convertive and the Bonaventure to be dry docked. From the Mary, the Unicorn, the Rainbow, the Leopard, the Antelope, the Mary Rose, the First Whelp, the Greyhound, the Swan, and the Fortune, there may be appointed the number that shall stay in the Narrow Seas. [¾ p.] Underwritten,
47. i. Note by Sir William Russell. My opinion is that all those ships that are to ride at Portsmouth be called in, and I will send down the money against their coming. Let me receive present answer, because if so much of the country moneys come not in, I may have time to procure it else. [¼ p.]
Aug. 28. 48. Brief relating to disputes in the town of Shrewsbury, with statement of the objections raised to an application made for a grant of a new incorporation, and copy of articles agreed upon this day by the bailiffs and others of the corporate officers, by the mediation of Sir Richard Newport. [= 9¼ pp.]
Pottnei [Putney].
49. Philip Burlamachi to Sec. Windebank. It is three weeks since he received any letters from the Hague. The Prince of Orange is raising extraordinary works before Breda, but up to the 22nd or 23rd inst. N. S. had not begun to bombard the town. It had been reported that the Prince Cardinal had taken Venlo, but he has only besieged. If he can take it and then Ruremond, these will be approaches for the siege of Maestricht; but the season for such operations is now far advanced. The Swedes in Germany are in very bad plight, more by their own divisions than otherwise; Bannier refusing to be commanded by Wrangel, and the other reproaching him for his retreat. The French have done nothing since the capture of Landrecy but burn and destroy the country, ruining the poor people without any advantage to themselves. Duke Bernhard has crossed the Rhine with part of his army to compel the Imperialists to retreat. [French. 1 p.]
Aug. 28.
50. Thomas Coventry to Capt. Charles Price, Dublin. The business in controversy was ended by Sir Henry Marten in a judicial way before Lord Craven's going, but not without his liking, for he expressed as much to me, when he saw it would go that way, and he parted without any ill opinion of me about that business. Sir Percy Herbert is gone to live at Chester. My brother, John Craven, has gone to Lady Spencer's; the King has granted him to take place as a baron's son. We all parted good friends. Batt. Baker was lately, by the Earl Marshal, committed to the Fleet for a wrangling business with Sergeant Powell, but I think he is released again. Sir Faithful Fortescue is gone to Breda to see what doings are there. Mr. Lloyd's cause is set down to be heard in the beginning of next term; the other Mr. Lloyd about the living, my lord was willing to grant his desire, but he could not bring the living within his gift. For the scholar to be brought into Sutton's Hospital, I shall be ready to do my best endeavour. Sir Henry Calthrop, attorney of the wards, is lately dead. My little boys are at present here, but are to return next week to school. The sickness in London is well abated, but continues very bad in Worcester. [Seal with crest. 1¾ p.]
Aug. 28. 51. Dr. Richard Lloyd to Kenrick Edisbury. My nephew Wynn, the now sheriff of co. Denbigh, being charged with the collection of ship-money, about six weeks since entrusted a drover with return of 400l., in payment whereof the drover has disappointed him, whereby he is in danger to be convented before the Lords. His request is that the Treasurer forbear until St. Matthew's fair, being but three weeks, when, if the drover pay not, he will otherwise provide, wherein you may much pleasure him by one word spoken to Sir William Russell, or his servant Mr. Fenn. P.S.—Remember me to Mrs. Edisbury, your sons, and their wives. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.]
Aug. 29. Warrant to pay to Thomas Smithsby, his Majesty's saddler, 2,361l. 8s. 10d., for work done and wares delivered for the service of the King and Queen into the Great Wardrobe, from Lady Day 1634 to Lady Day 1637, as by certificate of the master of the Great Wardrobe. [Docquet.]
Aug. 29. Warrant to pay 200l. to Sir Henry Vane, already disbursed for his Majesty's secret service. [Docquet.]
Aug. 29. Licence to travel for Richard Delamain, gentleman, with one servant and 30l. in money, to remain abroad during the space of one year. [Docquet.]
Aug. 29. 52. John Nicholas to his son Edward Nicholas, at Thorpe. I this morning begin my journey into Somerset, and shall not return until Saturday se'nnight, when I hope to find your letters here. Your mother has sent your wife a pigeon pie, directed to be left at the Red Lion at Staines. P.S.—I dined yesterday with the Bishop of Salisbury, who, by order of the Lords in King James's time, received into his custody the arms of Lord Arundel, of Wardour; he says they will spoil for want of an armourer to look unto them; he has sent to Lord Arundel, and offered to give entertainment to such as he will send to keep them clean; but he answered the bishop, he had given them to the King. You will do the bishop a great courtesy to move the Lords to dispose of them. There are 60 of the armours or thereabouts, and all for horsemen; better to be sent to the Tower for his Majesty's service. Lord Cottington is Lord Arundel's great friend. [Endorsed are various brief memoranda by Edward Nicholas, relating to the principal subject in this letter, and other events of interest in October 1638; among them " Bishop of Rochester dead; Queen Mother; two masques at Court; Sir Walter Vaughan; order about arms of Lord Arundel; French Ambassador coming; four horses Morocco; and Ambassador (?).' Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Aug. 29. 53. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 102l. paid by William Wych, of London, on behalf of Adam Acton, bailiff of Ludlow, Salop, in part of 4,500l. ship-money charged upon the said county by writ of 12th August 1636. [Unsigned by Sir William Russell. ¾ p.]
Aug. 29. 54. Petition of William Parkinson, minister of Hemswell, co. Lincoln, to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner in April last complaining to your Grace, was referred to the Bishop of Lincoln, to whom, being busied with matters of suit betwixt the King and him, petitioner could have no access. The rectory of Hemswell, being worth six score pounds per annum, was granted away by Henry VIII., and a vicarage appointed out of the same is now changed into a stipendiary, petitioner's allowance for serving the cure being but 11l, with church dues not amounting to 20 marks, some small tithes being violently taken away, and the rectory house ruined. The mayor and aldermen of Lincoln, owners of the rectory, have several times promised to re-edify the dwelling-house, restore the tithes wrongfully taken away, and augment the stipend. Prays remedy. [1 p.] Annexed,
54. i. Extract from a grant of Henry VIII., whereby the corporation of Lincoln were empowered to appoint perpetual vicars in Hanslope, Hemswell, Surfleet, and Belton. [Lat. 1½ p.]
54. ii. William Aistrop, chief constable, and five others, inhabitants of Hemswell, to Archbishop Laud. Certificate that the minister of Hemswell is of good life and conversation, and observant of the rites and ceremonies of the Church, and that the facts stated in the preceding petition are true. [1 p.]
Aug. 29. 55. Richard Newman, M.A., and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, to Archbishop Laud. Answer to allegation of Richard Nevill, Fellow of the said College, preferred in a petition of his. Presents a true copy of his variation speech, the same that was spoken and given to Mr. Warden. For this speech he has already suffered a heavy censure; he was excommuned a whole month, during which time he was bound not to go out of town, and is registered to have received a first admonition, which in the house is accounted a very severe punishment; and at the election of officers was put out of office, and his junior admitted. Petitioner resigns himself to the archbishop, hoping that he will judge his punishment satisfactory for his offence, being " the unadvised excursions of an over-rash and youthful pen, and not the deliberate scandals of a mischievous mind." [¾ p.]
Aug. 29. 56. See "Returns made by Justices of Peace."
Aug. 30. 57. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 833l. 6s. paid by Arthur French on behalf of Lloyd Pierce, sheriff of co. Montgomery, part of 4,000l. ship-money charged upon North Wales by writ of 12th August 1636. [¾ p.]
Aug. 30. 58. Receipt of John Lucas, sheriff of Essex, for a letter directed to him from Nicholas. [¼ p.]
Aug. 31.
59. Warrant to pay Sir Henry Vane, Comptroller of the Household, 200l., which he has disbursed for his Majesty's secret service, [8 lines on parchment.]
Aug. 31.
The Convertive.
60. Capt. Richard Fogg to Sec. Windebank. I appointed Capt. Smith, of the Prudence, to be in Rye Bay on Tuesday last, to attend the Countess of Banbury, her eldest son and their train, who purposed to be there that day. The Frenchmen of Calais and their two sloops are both discharged. I yesterday received your warrant to appoint a ship to be in the Downs on 6th September, to transport the Marquess of St. George and his brother, of which I shall be careful. Since my last I have sent Capt. Slingsby, of the Royal Defence, to convoy some barks for Dunkirk, [and] Capt. Donald, of the First Whelp, with vessels for Ostend. I have appointed Capt. Burley, of the Mayflower, to convoy vessels of Dover for the Tassell [Texel], and Sir Elias Hickes, of the Richard and Mary, to convoy barks to Rouen. [Endorsed by Windebank, "Answered 4th September, at Oatlands, with letters to my Lord of Northumberland for his revocation." 1 p.]
Aug. 31.
Hovnstert [Hound-street ?]
61. Jerome Harvey to his cousin Richard Harvey, at Mr. Porter's lodging at the Court. Writes by John Collins. Desires to hear from him, and to know where to send to him on occasion. [⅓ p.]
Aug. 31. 62. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 621l. 16s. 11d. paid by William Cockayne on behalf of Ralph Freeman, sheriff of co. Hertford, in part of 4,000l. ship-money charged upon that county by writ of 12th August 1636. [¾ p.]
Aug. 31. 63. Similar receipt for 700l. paid by Réné Bailly on behalf of John Lucas, sheriff of Essex, in part of 8,000l. ship-money charged upon that county by writ of 12th August 1636. [1 p.]
Aug. 31. 64. The like for 1,900l. paid by Thomas Kirke on behalf of Sir John Carleton, sheriff of co. Cambridge, part of 3,500l. charged upon that county for ship-money by writ of 12th August 1636. [¾ p.]
Aug. 31. 65. Brief of proceedings concerning the transportation of oysters, and the abuse in destroying the brood. It comprises—
65. i. Copy reference of the first petition upon this subject to the Lord Mayor of London, and Richard Carmarden, Surveyor of Customs in London. Bagshot, 31st August 1637. [1/6 p.]
65. ii. Copy certificate of Richard Fenn, Lord Mayor, and Richard Carmarden, with consent of the Court of Aldermen and the Recorder. The scarcity of oysters arises from excessive exportation, and the dredgers taking them before they come to full growth. The export in barrels, both raw and pickled, is as great a cause as any other. [½ p.]
65. iii. Minute of a second petition for preventing the said abuses, by a prohibition to exportation without licence of petitioners, and a payment of 12d. a bushel for oysters exported in shells, and 2d. a quart for those pickled, and of 2s. 6d. for every obligation not to destroy the brood of oysters. [¾ p.]
65. iv. Copy reference to the Attorney or Solicitor-General to certify. Whitehall, 2nd April 1638. [¼ p.]
65. v. Copy certificate of Sir Edward Littleton, Solicitor-General. It is apparent that the scarcity of oysters proceeds from excessive exportation and abuse of the dredgers, all which your Majesty may reform by restraining exportation, and imposing penalties on the dredgers. 22nd May 1638. [⅓ p.]
65. vi. Copy reference to the Council for redress. Theobalds, 31st May 1638. [⅓ p.]
[Aug. ?] 66. The King to [the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London]. We understand that the place of historian to the city of London is become void by the death of "Benjamin Johnson." We recommend Thomas May, whom we know to be every way qualified for that employment, expecting that you forthwith choose him to the said place. [Draft by Sec. Windebank. ½ p.]
[Aug. ?] 67. The same to Attorney-General Bankes and Solicitor-General Littleton. Sir David Cunningham has informed us that the buttonmakers in London and Westminster daily resort to him and implore him to become a suitor to us for their incorporation, and have offered to pay to us the several rates in an intended grant thereof to the said Sir David and Alexander Dunsire contained. We require you to review the said grant and prepare a grant of incorporation to the said buttonmakers. [Fair copy, but unsigned. ½ p.]
[Aug. ?] 68. The same to the same. We have been formerly petitioned by the beavermakers in London to incorporate them and sever them from the feltmakers, and to prohibit all foreign hats and caps, and all mixtures with beaver, which petition, on the 13th June last, we granted, and committed the despatch thereof to certain lords, who have called before them the petitioners and the feltmakers, and the only difference that rests unagreed upon is the making the said trades several bodies with distinct governments, which it is our pleasure to have done. You are to prepare a grant of incorporation accordingly. [Fair copy unsigned. = ¾ p.]
[Aug. ?] 69. Petition of Michael Holman to the King. Philip Willoughby being indebted to petitioner in 1,000l., and almost 300l. for forbearance. Willoughby is also indebted to other persons 300l., which petitioner is liable to pay if Willoughby do not. Willoughby having been long protected, your Majesty ordered in Council that he should not be so any longer. He has failed to show the Lord Keeper how his debts should be paid, his estate having been long since conveyed and not liable to his debts. Petitioner prays that no further protection be granted, but that petitioner may be allowed to proceed against him at law. [1 p.]
[Aug.] 70. Petition of John Cartwright to the Council. On complaint of petitioner's father, lying upon his death-bed, of an unjust taxation laid upon him by Sir Robert Bannister, sheriff of co. Northampton, towards the ship-money, the Lords referred the same to four gentlemen, and in case they could not agree, to the Earl of Exeter, Lord Lieutenant of the county. The four gentlemen not agreeing, the Earl made an assessment of 6l. on petitioner's father, which petitioner has since his death paid on 23rd July last. But on the 15th July several persons attempted to drive away some of petitioner's beasts out of their pasture, but not being able to drive the beasts out of the same departed peaceably, and on the 15th of August the sheriff came, as he said, to see if petitioner would pay 9l. 19s. 2d. besides the 6l., and immediately afterwards stopped four of petitioner's oxen coming in a wain through the street, and called upon his men to kill the wainman, which they would have done had not the curate of the town delivered him. The sheriff thereupon sold the oxen for the said 9l. 19s. 2d., and sent the wainman and a poor smith, a tenant of petitioner's, pinioned with ropes as felons to Northampton gaol. Prays redress. [¾ p.]
[Aug. ?] 71. Petition of Governor, Assistants, and Fellowship of Eastland Merchants to the Council. At the last parliament in Poland an edict was made prohibiting the vent of strained cloths in those parts, and requiring clothing to be made of sizes contrary to the statutes of this kingdom. About which grievance petitioners have forborne to move you until the coming of the Polish ambassador, who being now come and not yet admitted audience, petitioners, considering of what dangerous consequence the departure of the ambassador not having audience may prove to them in regard of their great estates subject to embargo, they pray direction what course they may take. [½ p.]
[Aug.] 72. Petition of Henry Osey and John Mason, late bailiffs of Basingstoke, to the same. 60l. was charged last year upon Basingstoke for ship-money. Petitioners collected 53l. 13s. 6d., and paid the same to the sheriff. Relying upon the promises of those who were assessed for the residue, petitioners neglected to levy the same, and petitioners being now out of office, they refuse to pay the same. Pray till Christmas for levying the same, and that the present bailiffs and constables may be enjoined to assist petitioners in levying the amount. [Underwritten is a list of the persons in arrear, George West being the principal person, who owes 4l. 1 p.]
[Aug. ?] 73. Petition of William Dore, late constable of the hundred of Norton Ferris, Somerset, to the same. Petitioner, on behalf of the said hundred, heretofore petitioned to be relieved of a great overcharge for shipping. During the reference and since the order that the amount should be paid for this time, petitioner has been unable to collect the same, and divers of the hundred seeing that petitioner is discharged from being constable are yet behind. Understanding that the Lords are displeased with petitioner's proceedings he is heartily sorry, and prays his discharge from further attendance, submitting to pay the arrear in some short time. He has spent 40l. in labouring to ease the hundred of the overcharge, of which he cannot get a penny. [Underwritten, "Discharge upon bond." ¾ p.]
[Aug.] 74. Petition of inhabitants of Wigan, co. Lancaster, to the same. Recite petition to the Board in July last (see Vol. ccclxiii., No. 53), complaining of the amount (50l.) at which they had been assessed to the ship-money; and the order of the Board thereon (see Ibid., No. 54), that Wigan should be left out of the ship-money writ this year, and should thenceforth be rated in an indifferent manner. The poverty of the town was such that it had been obliged to solicit the help of other towns for the maintenance of their poor, of which fact they annex a certificate, and pray that henceforth they may be assessed at 20l. [2/3 p.] Annexed,
74. i. Justices of Peace of co. Lancaster to the Council. Certify the facts above stated and the great poverty of Wigan, and that 20l. is a full rate for the inhabitants to bear. [¾ p.]
[Aug. ?] 75. Lawrence Whitaker and Edward Johnson to the Council. Upon information of offences committed by Thomas Geire and John Sandford against the proclamation for gold and silver thread, we find that they have used divers practices to deceive his Majesty's subjects by making gold and silver thread much under the statute, and continue making such base stuff and keep themselves in secret corners, where the messengers we have employed cannot come at them. Pray a warrant from the Council to Abel Tashe and John Blinkerne, messengers attending the commission for gold and silver thread, for apprehending Geire and Sandford, with power to break open doors of rooms where the messengers shall suspect them to be. [½ p.]
[Aug. ?] 76. John Ashe, James Hayes, and four others, Western Clothiers, to the same. Certify that for making fine west country cloths we of necessity must have Castile and Venice soap, and that the usual west country hard soap is not of any use for those kind of cloths. If we be restrained from buying Castile and Venice soap, it will tend to the destruction of our trade. [½ p.]
[Aug.] 77. [The Council] to Sir Henry Croke, Master of the Pipe. In Trinity term last George Walker and Thomas Lund, of Lincoln, and Cadwallader Powell, of Buckden, were fined with the Bishop of Lincoln in several sums of money in the Star Chamber, which fines are estreated into the Exchequer. It is his Majesty's pleasure that no process as yet issue out of the Exchequer for levying the fines of Walker, Lund, and Powell. [Draft. =¾ p.]
[Aug. ?] 78. The College of Physicians to [the Council]. Report on such annoyances as they conceive likely to increase the sickness in this populous city. They were,— 1. The increase of buildings by which multitudes are drawn hither to inhabit. 2. Inmates by whom houses are so pestered that they become unwholesome. 3. Neglect of cleansing the common sewers and town ditches, and permitting standing ponds in inns. 4. The uncleanness of the streets. 5. Laystalls so near the city, especially on the north side. 6. Slaughter-houses. 7. Burying of infected persons in churches and churchyards in the city. 7. Overlaying of churches with burials, so that many times they take up bodies to make way for more burials. 8. Carrying up funnels to the tops of the houses from privies and vaults. 9. Selling musty corn and baking bread thereof, and brewers using unsound malt. 10. Butchers killing unsound cattle. 11. Tainted fish. They suggest the provision of a commission or office of health, which has been found useful in Spain, Italy, and elsewhere. For other directions they refer to a treatise presented by them last year. [1½ p.]
[Aug. ?] 79. Notes taken during a visitation of churches in co. Buckingham, commencing on the 7th of July and terminating on the 17th August in this year. These notes relate to the state of the fabric and of the seats, to the communion table with its fittings, the font, the vestments of the clergymen, the service books, the register, the poor man's box, and all the ordinary fittings, with the state of the churchyard. The following is a full example of the kind of particulars to be found in these notes:—
Beaconsfield.—4th August.—Four bells; saint's bell; a clock. The chancel wants tiling, and the ceiling over the communion table in decay. The rails to have a "barrister" between every space. The east benches, &c. The four seats on the north side of the middle aisle too high; viz., Mr. George Gosnell's, Mr. Edmund Waller's, of the town, and his wife's seat. The four seats on the north side of the chancel; viz., the parsons' wives' seat, and their servants' two seats, Mr. Edmund Waller's of Gregories, all of them to be taken down to the notch, and the three seats on the north side of them, wherein Mr. Waller with other of his friends, to be made equal with the rest. The minister and churchwardens to certify the names of the parties that sit in the rest of the high seats. Some seats want repair and boarding. Instructions. Table of degrees. A new cover for the font. The back of Mrs. Waller's seat on the north side aforesaid to be taken a handful lower. The communion carpet to be fringed. They have a green velvet cushion, and pulpit cloth of velvet also, and a border for the top of the pulpit made of "call" and fringed with silk. The seats want boarding in the bottoms and repairing, &c. Two porch doors and benches, and bars for the windows. No poor man's box. The belfry wants paving. The books not seen. There are two surplices and stoup and chalice. The porch and buttresses out of repair, and the ivy to be cut down. The east end of the chancel greatly in decay. The windows are broken in the glass. The churchyard mounds, being "sloopes" and rails, and the parsonage walls, being part of the mounds, are in decay. The parsonage house somewhat in decay. A double bricked chimney in decay. The barn somewhat in decay.
Organs; quære old clerk et uxor ejus certificabunt.
Hugh Fellow, parish clerk of Bishop's Woburn, did draw the bellows of the organ, and old Grove was then clerk.
In this instance no notice is taken of the register book, but in most cases it is stated when it begins. The notes relate to 115 churches in this county. [= 56½ pp.]
80. Governors of the Chest at Chatham to Lords of the Admiralty. Sir Sackville Crow, late Treasurer of the Navy, became indebted to the Chest in the time of his treasurership in 1627 and 1628 in the sum of 3,005l. 14s. 1½d. He has propounded to us that we should receive yearly for 14 years such a proportionable sum of money out of the profits of wine licences assigned to him by his Majesty, that at the expiration of that time he may be freed from the said debt. In regard Sir Sackville is upon an expedition to sea, and part of his goods already shipped, we request you to declare whether we may accept the said proposition, or that you will take order with Sir Sackville for the moneys due. [1 p.]
[Aug. ?] 81. London's Lord Have Mercy upon us. A broadside containing a relation of the numbers buried in London in the years 1592, 1603, 1625, 1630, and in the present year down to the end of July, these five being the great modern plague years, with a cheap medicine against infection, a poem urging to repentance, a prayer fit to be used in this time of sickness, and a woodcut containing a view of London, with emblems of the visitation. Written by H. C., and printed for Edward Harper at the Hospital Gate, in Smithfield. [1 p.]
Aug. 82. Statement by Nicholas concerning the receipt and application of the ship-money in the three years in which it had been levied. During this year and the preceding, the ordinary at sea, amounting last year to 12,605l., and this year to 14,191l., had been paid out of the ship-money. [Endorsed, "Lo. Cant.," as if it had been prepared for Archbishop Laud. 3 pp.]
Aug. 83. Draft clause introduced into the ship-money writ to Hants for this year and 1638, to free the masters, fellows, and scholars of the college at Winchester from assessment to the ship-money, their lands being contributory in the places where they lie. [Underwritten is a memorandum that the like clause was inserted in the writ to co. Buckingham, on behalf of Eton College. 1 p.]
[Aug. ?] 84. Certificate of Edward Russell that Robert Pretor, a carpenter in Westminster, had upon his Majesty's slaughter-house wall erected a house to the annoyance of the slaughter-house; and, although warned, contemptuously proceeds therein. [⅓ p.]
[Aug. ?] 85. Draft entry to be made on the Archiepiscopal Register of Canterbury, of the appointment by the archbishop of Sir John Lambe to execute ecclesiastical jurisdiction within co. Leicester during the suspension of Bishop Williams, of Lincoln. [In the handwriting of Sir John Lambe. Lat. ¾ p.]
[Aug.] 86. Petition of Nicholas Wood and John Wood, of Croydon, to Archbishop Laud. Petitioners, in February last, bought of Olave Edlyn, of Ham Farm, in the parish of Croydon, lately deceased, tenant to Sir Thomas Walsingham, for 22l., the wood in Westfield coppice, containing eight acres, and the same to grub up, if the statute allows it, which it seems to do if it be within two furlongs of the farm-house, which it is. But since the sale his Majesty has put forth a proclamation to restrain grubbing up of woods. Petitioners being fearful to offend, Sir Thomas Walsingham offers 40s. to secure them from danger; or else advises his tenant to tie them to their bargain, and set others to grub it. Pray the archbishop to recommend their cause to the Council, that nobody be suffered to grub the said wood save petitioners. [1 p.]
[Aug. ?] 87. Petition of Thomas Payne, stationer, to the same. Since petitioner's former petitions (see pp. 176, 177.) he has put the differences between himself and William Jones to arbitration; but Jones refused to give petitioner either the goods or money which the award makes mention of, but bade him, if he could get any of the goods, to take them. Petitioner therefore seized the materials of the printing-house, not worth 50l., towards regaining his 150l.; whereupon Jones had arrested him, and Wayman, before mentioned, also arrested him at the same time; whereupon he lies in the King's Bench prison. Prays the archbishop to call the parties before him, and also to permit petitioner to print. [¾ p.]
Aug. 88. See "Papers relating to Appointments in the Navy."
Aug. 89–92. See "Returns made by Justices of Peace."