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Volume 32: January 1653

Pages 75-136

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1652-3. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1878.

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January 1653

Jan. 1. 1. Act of Parliament empowering Cornelius Holland, Dennis Bond, Francis Allein, and Jno. Downes, Commissioners for inspecting the Treasuries, to issue warrants to the treasurers of the several public receipts for payment of money, appointed for the use of the navy, on certificates of the Admiralty Committee. [Copy. 1 page.]
Jan. 1. 2. Copy of the above. [Printed, 1 sheet.]
Jan. 1. 3-5. Order in Parliament that the growing receipts of the excise, after the money charged for payment of the forces in Scotland, to 1 Jan. 1654, be appropriated to the use of the navy.
That—over and above the 100,000l. hereby ordered to be paid out of the money to be raised upon the additional bill for sale of lands and estates forfeited for treason to the Treasurers-at-war, to make up the pay of the armies of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and incidencies thereto, which shall be wanting in the 80,000l. a month allotted for that purpose out of the bill of assessments for the next 6 months; and over and above what is already charged by Parliament upon the additional bill for the stores—the whole moneys arising upon the said additional bill shall be applied to the navy and stores.
That the moneys appointed by Parliament for the navy be issued, for the year ensuing, by warrant from the Commissioners for inspecting the Treasuries to the Treasurer of the Navy, and the warrant of the said Commissioners and the receipt of the Treasurer be a discharge to the respective treasuries charged with any money for the navy.
That the Admiralty Committee make certificates to the Treasury Commissioners what sums are requisite for carrying on the service, and that warrants be issued by the Treasury Commissioners accordingly.
That all bills signed by the Navy Commissioners for the service of the navy shall be a sufficient warrant for the Treasurer of the Navy, for paying the same accordingly. [3 copies.]
Jan. 1. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Committee for Irish and Scotch Affairs to consider the account brought by Sir Gilbert Pickering of such draught horses as were, by order of Council directed to the Militia Commissioners for co. Northampton, impressed for the train of artillery marching to Worcester, to decide what damage was done, and what reparation is due to those from whom the horses were taken, and to report. [I. 68, p. 178.]
Jan. 3. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
1. The deposition of Mr. Violet to be considered to-morrow, Sir Sack. Crowe, Pompey Kalendrine, the Admiralty Judges, and Dr. Walker to attend.
2. The petition of Cockerill and others referred to this day week, Col. Wauton to attend.
3. The Admiralty Judges to be requested to proceed as speedily as may be, in the cases of the ships before the Admiralty Court that pretend to belong to Sweden.
4, 5. Charles Longland's letter from Pisa to Col. Thompson to be considered on Friday, with the papers of Amerigo Salvetti, agent to the Duke of Tuscany, concerning the retaking of the Phœnix frigate; also the letter from Capt. Cox from Naples, of 30 Nov., on that business.
6. The report from the Sub-committee for clothing to be heard on Wednesday. [I. 132, pp. 28-30.]
Jan. 3. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Col. Hugh Reily referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to report.
2. To write to the Ordnance officers and Navy Victuallers to hasten down the provisions to the ships at Quinborow, and the victuallers to send one of their number down, to see to the victualling of each particular ship.
3. To write to the Governor of the Isle of Wight and of Portsmouth and to Mr. Willoughby, to examine the business of the taking of the ships lately come from Guinea by 2 private men-of-war, and state facts with speed.
4. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider the letters and papers this day brought in from Leghorn.
5. Also to treat with some merchants concerning the returning of 20,000l. from Portugal, which is to be paid by that king to the commonwealth, in part of a greater sum.
6. Capt. Limbery to bring to the Admiralty Committee his charge against John Holland in writing, before Friday week, that the Committee may hasten their report.
7. Mr. Scott added to the Committee for reviewing the references made to the former Committee of Examinations.
8. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider Mr. Scott's report concerning Col. David Rosse, to speak with the Colonel about such masts and tar as may be had in Scotland, to make suitable agreements with him concerning the same, and to make such order for his restraint, enlargement, or returning home as they think fit.
9. The Irish and Scotch Committee to consider what is to be done in pursuance of the order of Parliament concerning the disgarrisoning of Bristol Castle and fort and other places, and report.
11. Also to consider the state of the town and castle of Conway, and report what should be done for putting them in such a condition that no prejudice be occasioned from them to the peace of those parts.
12. The Commissioners for sale of Dutch Prize Goods to consider the request made to Council, on behalf of the Venetian Ambassador to the King of France, concerning the restitution to him of certain prize goods taken in Dutch bottoms, and to state the facts with speed.
13. Council having perused the bills of exchange from the King of Portugal's Ambassador, and finding the terms different from those of the 4th article on which the sum was payable, Fleming is to carry the bills to him, and desire him to insert the words "that shall show commission given them by the Parliament of the commonwealth of England or Council of State," instead of "the Lords the ministers of the Parliament of the commonwealth." To prevent any differences in payment about the exchange of money, the 20,000l. sterling is to be valued at 42,240,000 rials Portugal money, and his Excellency is desired, in regard of the present danger of the seas, to sign 4 of the said bills.
14. Mr. Scott to communicate with the Admiralty Committee the intelligence he has received concerning the fleet.
15. The Governor of Portsmouth to give passes to the Dutch prisoners taken in the ships lately come from Guinea, to return to their country.
17. The informations concerning Capt. Browne's miscarriage in the loss of the Hercules to be sent to Dr. Walker, who is to prepare a charge, to consider how he may be brought to trial, and to give an account of what he has done to Council next Friday.
18. The Earl Marshal of the Scotch nation, prisoner in the Tower, to have the liberty lately granted him continued, notwithstanding the late order for the recommitment of all officers of that nation.
19. Col. Sidney to report to Parliament that the Ambassador of Portugal has signed and sealed the 6 preliminary articles, and that he insists that they be signed and sealed in Latin by the commonwealth, and to desire direction for the manner in which this shall be done. [I. 68, pp. 179-182.]
Jan. 3. Council of State to Customs' officers and commanders of ships. Rob. Hammond, merchant of London, petitions that having cured a good quantity of herrings in Ireland for France, he cannot send them safely by any English ship; and as there are no convoys to be had, he begs leave to land 2,000 or 3,000 barrels at Dublin or Wexford, to be sent to Nantes, Bourdeaux, or Honfleur, by the first French, Lubec, or Hamburg ship he can hire, the ship to return without molestation to any port in England or Scotland. You are to permit this accordingly. With note that this warrant was made over again 19 March, with the word lading inserted. [I. 68, p. 185.]
Jan. 3.
Leghorn.
Charles Longland to the Navy Committee. I advised you of the return of the man I sent to Venice, but the backwardness of the ships there has caused me to send Capt. Poole, who may better prevail with them; their want of employment and the occasion the State has of their service ought to hasten out the ships, besides the advance of three months' money, which I proffered them. The Dutch report that Prince Rupert is expected here to take command of their ships, and the Great Duke told me something to the same purpose; if he comes before your intended fleet, he would do much mischief, and easily inveigle away many of the men, who are apt to take any new impression, being weary of so long an idle life; but I shall labour with the Great Duke to prevent any inconveniences.
I went to kiss the Great Duke's hand and thank him for favours to Capt. Badiley, whom he entertained and lodged in his own palace like a general, and sent him back to Leghorn in one of his coaches with six horses. [1¾ pages. See Vol. XXVI., No. 64, p. 58 supra.]
Jan. 3. 6. Survey by Jeremy Baines, John Haddock, John Fiske, and Samuel Cottman, of Whitemead Park, Forest of Dean, St. Briavell's hundred, co. Gloucester, "late parcel of the possessions of Charles Stuart, late King of England;" made by order of the Trustees for Sale of Crown lands, 6 October 1651, perfected 3 January 1652-3. Total of acres, 159; gross value, 273l. 13s. [12 sheets.]
Jan. 4. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
1. The instructions prepared for the person to be employed as solicitor in the Admiralty Court to be considered to-morrow.
3. The letters and papers from Leghorn, and those of Amerigo Salvetti, to be considered on Friday.
4. The report made to Council about Col. Rosse, and referred to this Committee, to be considered with the business of furnishing masts from Scotland. [I. 132, pp. 30, 31.]
Jan. 4. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
3, 13. The petitions of Rebecca Walkers; and of Wm. Liddell, of Great Yarmouth, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
4. That of James Cranidge to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
5. The Admiralty Committee to consider the letter from Portsmouth to Col. Norton, dated the 1st instant.
6. Also the conferring some fit employment upon Huett Leat, according to a reference formerly made to them.
7. Mr. Scott, Mr. Say, and Mr. Love to be a Committee for examining the business of printing the Mercurius Britannicus, and to report.
8. The petition of Major Robt. Cobbet referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to report.
10. Capt. Young late of the Worcester, and Capt. Taylour late of the Laurel to attend Council to-morrow.
11. Jas. Cotterel to be committed to the Gatehouse, for printing a lying pamphlet called Mercurius Britannicus, and a warrant to be directed to the governor to keep him.
12. Mr. Scott to apprehend and examine such persons as have printed and published scandalous books and pamphlets, contrary to the order of Parliament.
14. To represent to Parliament that many English and others daily resort to mass at the houses of Ambassadors and other foreign ministers, to the great dishonour of God and scandal of this Government, and to request the House to signify their disapprobation of it to the Ambassadors, &c., who have no pretence to claim a toleration of this kind.
15. To move Parliament that a reward of 10l. be paid to those who discover the resorters to mass, to be paid in the same manner as the reward of 10l. for discovering thieves.
16, 17. Mr. Gurdon to present to Parliament the Bill and proclamation prepared against priests and Papists, and to move for its speedy passing on the first opportunity.
18. The letter from the Mayor of Lynn, signifying the number of men he has pressed, to be sent to the Navy Commissioners. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 7.]
19. To answer to the petition of Henry Caarloff, commanding director of the Swedish African Company in Guinea, that Council has taken notice of the taking of the ships mentioned, and has commanded one of the State's ships to fetch him into harbour, and next Friday expects to receive an account of the fact, when they shall do what corresponds to the amity they hold with Sweden.
24. To acquaint the Army Committee that, besides the 3,000l. which they were desired to order to Capt. Hatsell for wheat and oats for the forces in Ireland, 550l. more should be paid him therefor, and for the charges of its transportation, and to desire their warrant to the present Treasurers-at-war for payment.
25. To write the Governor of Dover Castle, in answer to his of the 29th, complaining of the employment by Sir David Watkins, of one Warner,—a man notoriously disaffected who was dismissed by Mr. Witherings for ill carriage,—to go over with the packet boat, that Watkins has stated to a Committee of Council that he discharged him two months ago, and that he has refused, though solicited, to re-employ him; that he believes Warner is on no service on his account, but will send down to have him discharged if he be.
As to the masters of vessels, victuallers, and hackneymen's giving security before the Governor or Commissioners for examining of all persons landed from or going aboard their vessels, and that they be not received into houses or conveyed away by horse till so examined;—Council approves the request, and desires the execution of this, and of what he propounds concerning appointing Commissioners to examine passengers at other maritime places within the liberties of the Cinque Ports, as well as at Dover. For effecting this, they desire him to send up the names of fit places for Commissioners, and of fit persons to be employed, when they will give further directions.
As to his complaint of the irregular horsing of aliens with horse and guide from other houses than the public post-houses, that will be provided against in the settling of the post offices now under consideration; or if not, will be further considered.
The last clause of his letter about John Manwaring is before a Committee. [I. 68, pp. 186-192.]
Jan. 4. 8. Instructions by the Admiralty Commissioners to the Navy Commissioners.
1. For supplying necessary provisions to sick and wounded men on board, you are to allow 5l. for six months' service for every 100 men, by warrant of the Collectors or Commissioners for sale of Prize Goods to the clerk of the check of each ship, and order the said clerks to buy such provisions as the captain, with the advice of the surgeon, judges necessary; and to commit them to the care of the steward, to be issued out as required.
2. Upon the discharge of the sick and wounded from any ship in the service, you are to take care for payment of their tickets and conduct money.
3. You are to correspond with the mayor, bailiffs, &c. of the port towns, so that accommodation be given for the relief and cure of sick and wounded men sent on shore, giving such rules that the Treasury may be well husbanded, and charging the disbursements on the Collectors for Prize Goods.
4. You are to inquire and certify us what convenient house may be had in or near Dover, Deal, or Sandwich for the receipt of wounded men, and certify to us with your opinion.
5. You are to consider what relief should be made to the widows, children, and impotent parents of those slain in the service, having respect to their necessities and charges; to order payment to each, not exceeding 10l.; and when an extraordinary case requires a greater allowance, to certify us.
6. You are to inquire after hospitals, for the care of sick and wounded, and to give notice to the Governors thereof of the vote of Parliament that half the places that become vacant be reserved accordingly; and to desire them to give notice monthly what places become void, and dispose of the maimed and wounded accordingly.
7. You are to confer with the Collectors and Commissioners for Prize Goods, to settle a course how the moneys to be issued on this service may be brought into an orderly account, and certified to us monthly. [1¾ pages.]
Jan. 4. 9. John North to the Earl of Kingston. Not to mention previous promises, by your letter of 19 March 1649, you wrote that if I paid my Lady-day rent within 10 days, and the like thereafter as it grew due, you would abate the rent, and that you had no desire to remove me; but although I punctually performed my part, you only allowed me 9l. towards the assessments, when the assessments to the soldiers for that half year amounted to 18l.; so that you caused me to bear in them alone as much as the profit I make of the Grange de claro in the whole year, my costs in manuring, husbandry, and repairs being 18l. more. Part of the demised premises I have never enjoyed, by reason of preceding leases made by my nephew before he sold the same, and which I was ignorant of, whereupon not half the worth in rent was reserved, he having received considerable fines beforehand, and there being seven years unexpired upon my entrance, worth 3l. a year. The want of this, with my charges about repairs, and your default in nonpayment of the fee-farm rent at the audits due for the Grange, has been the means of some goods being distrained and carried away at under value, and a horse lost value 5l. These things, for which in conscience I ought to have allowance, would cancel my bond of 28l. in your hands, with a good overplus. I believe you would have sued me to an outlawry upon that, as formerly upon other engagements, had there not been some reason shown you which then prevailed with you, but is now laid aside again, as also a covenant for your finding great timber towards repairs, which was in my nephew's lease, but left out in mine.
You know how adverse I was to become tenant of the Grange on the hard conditions I am bound to, and but for your courtesy about the parsonage, by abating 10l. a year which others paid, and promising me a lease thereof for a like term with the Grange, I had never been yoked to such a bargain, by which I knew nothing could be made, nor given you a note of hand for payment of 10l. a year assessments for the Grange, by which way I perceived you intended to hedge in the 10l. a year abated me in the parsonage; and then so soon as the first opportunity served, you took the parsonage from me, and still keep my note for the assessments for the Grange, intending to use it against me when time may serve.
Again, upon my first failing in payment of rent for the Grange, your servant, Mr. Bingham, the very next day, came with a train or foot company to the Grange, and made a re-entry, and sealed a lease of ejectment upon the ground, to kick me out of possession by law. How contrary your performances have been to your promises will be obvious to the weakest, and are unparalleled in a nobleman, which I wish you would consider, rather than any other should be judges of them; and all without any cause, except in observing your request by payment of my rent before it was due. That, or the stoppage of my assessments since, according to Acts of Parliament, are all the exceptions you can justly fix upon me. If I cannot farm anything but be forced to pay as much or more than the profit comes to, I shall account it as a courtesy to be delivered from it. The obtaining of it from me by a course of law, on my failing in payment of rent, may add some advantage to you, but is not much for your honour, when your dealing thus with a poor gentleman shall come to be published, if you enforce me thereto; although I am not unmindful of the advice the wise man gives to inferiors, not to strive with a mighty man, lest thou fall into his hands, nor with a rich man, lest on the other side he weigh thee down. I acknowledge your noble offer was far from my thoughts, and beyond my expectations; yet as you promised it, you cannot justly tax me with presumption to crave performance, never having more need of a courtesy than at present, for since I took that lease of you, I have spent and lost, by lending money and suretyship upon the Grange, above 500l.
I lately heard from my son that you appointed him to give me notice that if I did not remove, you would sue me to outlawry upon my bond, which but confirms the wise man in the 13th of Ecclesiastes, where he demonstrates at large the manner of the rich and mighty man's dealing with the poor. Your proceedings against me make me more vigilant lest I be surprised by some such mercenary fellows as you employed on the like errand formerly, but who certainly never listed as soldiers for such base services. The day I failed in payment of my rent, through the charges about the Grange, I was offered 150l. for the surrender of my term therein, so that all less offers weigh light. I might thus have preserved it from forfeiture in point of law, but not being willing to part with my interest, I chose to hazard it upon your nobleness and many promises and expressions of friendship, although advised to the contrary. With quotations from Socrates and other writers on the subject of promises and their performance. Endorsed copy of your letter to the Earl of Kingston taken by Harry. Mr. Kirby. Edm. Worrall, brother-in-law to Nicholson of Tickhill, in Shoemaker Row or the Greyhound Tavern, back side of Blackfriars. [7¼ pages.]
Jan. 5. Committee For Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
1. The same report to be made to Council on the petition of Jas. Cranidge for a letter to the Governor of Virginia as ordered in the case of Owen Lloyd.
2. The draft of the Act on the clothing business recommitted to the Sub-committee.
4. Mr. Thurloe to speak further with Col. David Rosse on furnishing masts from Scotland, and to confer with some able ship carpenter thereon, and report on Friday. [I. 132, pp. 31, 32.]
Jan. 5. Council Of State. Day's Proceedings.
2. The petition of Benedict Moore and William Jessop referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to state the case and report.
4. To write the Navy Victuallers to send with speed the provisions they are to furnish for the setting out the fleet.
6. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider the papers from Signor Amerigo Salvetti.
7. Mr. Love added to the Admiralty Committee.
9. The Ordnance Committee to consider the certificate of the Ordnance officers concerning decayed powder, and make a contract for its repairing.
10. To write to Lord Fairfax what has been informed concerning the Isle of Man, and to desire him to take care of its safety and good government, and of the instruction of the people.
11. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to answer the paper from the public minister of the King of France, in pursuance of an order of Parliament.
12. To write the Navy Committee enclosing what has been proposed by Mr. Ashe for the manning of the ships in the Straits, and to recommend the business to their especial care.
13. The petition of William Ashley, seaman, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
15, 16. The Irish and Scotch Committee to consider the furnishing of the fort newly raised upon the haven's mouth, 1½ miles from Yarmouth, to speak with Col. Goffe, and when they take the business up, to consider the petition of Thos. Stapelton of North Yarmouth, for the gunner's place of that fort.
19. Order,—on the report from the Irish and Scotch Committee on the petition of Rich. Browne of Pembroke, for discharge from his contract to deliver 2,000 quarters of wheat at 40s., and 1,000 of oats at 13s. 4d., in Ireland free of hazard, except the danger of the seas, he finding on his repair into the country to provide it, that prices have so risen, on account of the great supplies sent to Ireland, that it will ruin him to go through with it, though he has provided half the proportions,—that he be not discharged from his contract, but when he has completed the full proportions, Council will consider an equitable way for the last moiety. [I. 68, pp. 194-198.]
Jan. 5. Council of State to the powder makers. You have so far failed in performing of your contract for powder that a large proportion, which should have been delivered in long since, remains in your hands. You are without further delay to bring this in, and also what is due upon your new contracts at the times limited. You are not to fail at your utmost peril, the safety of the commonwealth being much concerned therein. [I. 68, p. 201.]
Jan. 5.
Whitehall.
10. Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. The Admiralty Committee signifying the want of able seamen, we desire you, to whom the business belongs, to use your utmost endeavours to send down to the fleet such numbers as can be procured by lawful ways, the necessity being so great, as affairs now stand, that delay will draw on many inconveniences. [2/3 page.]
Jan. 5.
Whitehall.
11. Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. The officers and crew of the Anthony Bonadventure petition for wages and allowance for losses at her taking. As they made a stout and honourable defence, they should have their wages, those landed in England a fortnight's pay, and those in Holland or Zealand six weeks' pay over, and you are to issue your warrant to the Navy Treasurer accordingly. [2/3 page.]
Jan. 6. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of William Billers, clerk of deliveries in the Ordnance office, referred to the Ordnance Committee.
2. Col. Sidney to report to Parliament the answer now read to the paper given to Parliament by the minister of the King of France.
3. The petition of Edward Rigby referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to hear both the petitioner and the person complained of, and report.
5. To acquaint the Governors of Jersey and Guernsey with the information given by John le Grosse, and desire them to take special care of the safety of those places.
6. Sir Arthur Hesilrigge to report to Parliament what Mr. Corbett was to report last year, and the petition of Alexander Green, of Manchester, on the same subject to be presented.
7. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to prepare instructions for Viscount Lisle, who is to be sent Ambassador to Sweden.
8. The Victuallers of the Navy and Ald. Allein to attend the Admiralty Committee at 8 a.m. to-morrow.
11. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to prepare a signification to be sent to Ambassadors and foreign ministers, in pursuance of an order of Parliament of the 5th instant, concerning the not permitting the people to attend mass in their houses, and to report.
12. That Committee to prepare an answer to two letters from Jacobus Duke of Courland, in pursuance of an order of Parliament, and report.
13. Also an answer to the letter of the Archduke Leopold, in pursuance of an order of Parliament of the 5th instant.
14. Sir Hen. Mildmay, Mr. Challoner, and Mr. Scott, to be a Committee to examine the charge against the Marshal-General, by petition of Matthew Clyd, and report.
15. William Clyd, Scotchman, lately released from prison on bail, to have the same continued on the former security till further orders, notwithstanding the general order for remanding to prison all Scotch ministers and officers. The Marshal-General and others to take notice thereof. [I. 68, pp. 202-204.]
Jan. 6.
Whitehall.
12. Council of State to the Admiralty Commissioners [at Chatham]. We have received the accounts you sent about the graving of ships, and find there is some doubt whether they will be despatched this spring tide. We have written the victuallers to quicken the provisions, and enclose their answer, as Ald. Allein says you have given such orders that there is no cause for them to write in that manner. However we have sent for them to be here tomorrow. The Navy Commissioners give us good hopes of men. [¾ page.] Enclosing,
12. i. Navy Commissioners to the Council of State. We are using our best endeavours to obtain men for the fleet; they come in cheerfully and in great numbers, since publication of the late encouragements to them by the Parliament; we hope it will not be long before the fleet is fully manned.— Navy Office, January 6th, 1653. [2/3 page.]
Jan. 6. 13. Petition of Thomas Arkinstall, master attendant, to the Admiralty Committee, for an order to the Treasurer of the Navy to pay his sea and harbour allowance when last employed under General Blake. Has been always paid before when sent to sea by the generals, and has spent a large sum in travelling from ship to ship and place to place, and hazarded his life in two engagements last summer, but now the Treasurer says the Navy Committee have forbidden his payment. Noted to be conferred upon with the Navy Treasurer. [1 page.]
Jan 6/16.
The Leopard, Leghorn Mould.
14. Capt. Rich. Badiley to the [Navy Committee]. The Elizabeth and Constant Warwick, being near Naples last week, met a Dutch ship of 26 guns, the Red Cross of Horne, and after a short dispute took her, but as we have no men to man her, she is ordered to be sold. If those at Venice will be prevailed on to serve, with the merchant ships that will be impressed into the service in these parts, our number may be 20. The enemies' men-of-war in this road and adjacent are 28, besides a dozen more reported to be coming forth.
Although the present affairs in England will not admit of sending forth the succour determined on, yet let it be considered whether six frigates may not be sent from the west of England or elsewhere, with 400 or 500 men to man these merchant ships, which otherwise will not be better manned than when they had merchants' goods in them.
The Great Duke and his court have arrived here, and I have observed that according to England's success, such are our friends among these foreign princes.
Longland and I have received yours and the Council of State's letters as to bills of exchange, and will conform thereto, but Longland had previously drawn upon you for round sums, to pay the merchantmen their imprest money. Let care be taken for payment of those bills when due, as he will give a just account of their disbursement. With copy of his letter of 24 December. [2½ pages.]
Jan. 6.
Great Yarmouth.
15. Robert Hormer and Jno. Arnold, bailiffs, to General Monk, London. Upon a conference at a common council to-day, we find that the livelihood of all the inhabitants of this town is principally supported by the employment of vessels in fishing and other voyages; that they lost 200,000l. in the late wars, to the utter undoing of many families; and that poverty has greatly increased, so that several persons in the town have been rated at from 8s. to 10s. a week towards the relief of the poor, besides the monthly rates, and 700l. a year charge of maintaining our haven and piers.
The revenue of our town, chiefly consisting in duties paid by fishing and other vessels, is greatly impaired; so that, without security in our employments at sea, this populous place, now in a very sinking condition, will be inevitably ruined. Not 3 boats are now preparing to go forth fishing, where 150 sail used to be making ready at this season. Hoping that you and the others, lately entrusted as Commissioners for managing naval affairs, are using effectual endeavours for suppressing the insolent Dutch, and for raising the nation's honour on the seas, we are humbly bold, by desire of our aldermen and common council, to present to you the enclosed proposals, and to beseech you, if you discern anything in them, to communicate them to the Navy Commissioners, that, if approved, they may be established. [1¼ pages.] Enclosing,
15. I. Proposals tendered to the Admiralty Committee.
That Commissioners be settled in several ports, viz., London, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Bristol, Great Yarmouth, Hull, and Newcastle, consisting of merchants and seamen, subordinate to the Navy Commissioners, who may have power, in case of invasion or other emergency, to impress and arm ships, vessels, and men, and such power to extend to adjacent places.
Jan. 6. That stores of ammunition, money, and provisions be kept in each port, so that the State's ships having lost their masts, sails, anchors, cables, &c., may not be forced to come to London for supplies, but be supplied, and sent out by those Commissioners as convoys to merchant ships, when not required for other service.
That constant intelligence be held between the Navy Commissioners and these port Commissioners, that commanders may not thwart each other, nor opportunities be lost of falling upon the enemy, in case of their being dispersed, or their fleet being weakly guarded; and that the said Commissioners be enabled to hold intelligence with the well affected of ours in other nations, whereby we may have perfect intelligence of the strength and time of the going out of the enemies' fleets, and of the coming home of their merchants' ships.
That the said Commissioners take care of the State's stores, and see that they, and the prize goods brought into the respective ports are not embezzled; also punish officers and seamen who neglect their duty, and persons who harbour them, and do not suffer any seamen fit for service to be out of employment.
That the said Commissioners certify the names of such seamen in the service as have wives and families, that they may be relieved in their husbands' absence, and that their husbands' pay be not wholly spent, as is too frequent, before they get to their several homes, our town being constrained to maintain many of their families in their absence.
As opportunities may be lost if the generals at sea attend remote councils, that they be invested with full power to pursue all advantages which may offer against the enemy.
That the persons entrusted to issue out stores for the navy be of approved integrity and experience, and not only issue out proportionable stores, but take accounts, certified under the captain's hand, from gunners and others, of the expense of their stores; and that it be declared felony to embezzle the State's stores, and that the buyers and receivers of such goods be liable to punishment as buying or receiving felons' goods.
That some plain and clear laws, concise and few, be made for regulating maritime causes, to be observed by the respective Commissioners.
That the Commissioners be empowered to present the names of captains of ships to be employed in places becoming void.
That ships laden with all manner of provisions constantly attend the several fleets when in remote parts, so that they be not necessitated on casualties to sudden returns, whereby advantages against the enemy may be lost.
That in regard of the great decay of English shipping no imposition be laid thereupon, so that the owners be not discouraged from building more, as half the shipping from London to the north parts of England is already lost, and a far greater loss on the fishery, and consequently a great decay of seamen, who are principally bred up by fishing.
That the town of Yarmouth may be one port wherein Commissioners may be seated, because:—
1. That town has the best roadstead in England.
2. A greater number of ships and vessels pass through that road than any other in England.
3. No place in England (London excepted) can more speedily provide a considerable quantity of victuals for a fleet of ships.
4. The harbour is such that ships of 11 or 12 foot water may safely come in, of which draft they have many, and it is the safest harbour in England when ships are in.
5. When the weather is fit, ships with provisions can deliver the same at very small charge.
6. All ships of the northern parts of England trading southward touch at and come to this port, for convoy and supplies. [2¾ pages.]
Jan. 7. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
2. The Admiralty Judges to send an account to Mr. Thurloe tomorrow of their proceedings against the Samson, Salvador, and George, and the whole state of that business.
3. The petition of Col. Ryley to be considered on Wednesday, and he to be here.
4. Mr. Thurloe to draw up a paper to be offered to Council, to be sent to foreign Ambassadors and ministers here, signifying to them Parliament's sense about the resorting of people to their houses to mass.
5. Mr. Say to look over the Act in his hands, to see whether the vote of Parliament of 5 Jan., concerning one-third of the penalty reserved on conviction of any person resorting to mass being given to the discoverer, is reached in the said Act; and if not, to prepare somewhat for that purpose.
6. The Admiralty Judges to certify whether the Innocentia and Pietas, taken and brought into Plymouth, be discharged; and if not, what is the state of their case in the Admiralty Court.
7. Col. David Rosse to be set at liberty, on giving such English security as Mr. Thurloe shall accept, to appear when summoned, and not to depart without leave.
8. Thurloe to confer with fit merchants on the proposals of the Senate of Hamburg, to prevent fraud in conveying enemy's goods under covert of their ships, and to see what further can be done.
Also to prepare a letter to be sent in the interim to the senate, in answer to theirs. [I. 132, pp. 32-34.]
Jan. 7. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Lord Sinclair and Lord Ogilvy suspended till the arrival of Major-Gen. Deane from Scotland.
3. Jas. Cotterell, printer, imprisoned for printing a scandalous pamphlet called Mercurius Britannicus, to be released, on good security to appear at Council any time within a twelvemonth, and to do nothing prejudicial meantime.
4. The petition of Laurence de Weymar referred to the Admiralty Committee.
5. Mr. Thurloe and Mr. Frost to consider the petition of Rowland Faukard, messenger of Council, examine into his condition, and report what should be done for him.
6. The Committee for Foreign Affairs—in pursuance of an order of Parliament that Council is to hear what the Resident from the Duke of Tuscany has to offer—to appoint a time for hearing what he has further to offer, upon the letters lately sent to Parliament from the Great Duke, and to report.
7, 8. The appointed Commissioners to meet the Ambassador of Portugal at 4 p.m. on Tuesday, in the usual place, and to deliver him the preliminary articles signed by Mr. Speaker, and Council's answer to his last paper.
9. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider the petition of several merchants of London, concerning the eluding of the Act for navigation and the Act prohibiting the sale of French wines, to confer with merchants if they think fit, and propose a remedy.
10, 11. Isaac Dorislaus appointed solicitor to the Court of Admiralty, with 250l. a year for himself and a clerk, and his instructions now read approved.
12. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider what further allowance should be made to Dr. Walker, as advocate for the commonwealth in the Admiralty Court; and whether it may not be fit to add two able civilians to assist him, for the effectual managing of the business.
13. To write to the Governor of Portsmouth and Mr. Willoughby, to desire that the gold lately taken by 2 private men-of-war, and brought in thither, be so secured as to be the least charge, and that a speedy account be returned of the manner of taking the said ship, according to a former order of Council.
14. The Commissioners for Prize Goods to bring up the prize silver and cochineal from Plymouth, and coin the silver in the Tower, and to be informed that Major Desborow is ordered to afford convoy for bringing it up.
15. To write to Major Desborow to appoint a convoy accordingly.
16. Sir Jas. Harrington's report concerning the Mint to be made this day week.
17. The appointed Commissioners to deliver to M. Bordeaux the answer of Parliament to his last paper, to receive from him what he has to propound, and to treat with him concerning the same, and report from time to time.
18. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider and state the losses of English merchants through the depredations of the French.
19. The appointed Commissioners to meet the French minister at 4 p.m. to-morrow, in the usual place at Whitehall, and to deliver the answer of Parliament to his last papers; Fleming to give him notice, &c.
20. To write the Revenue Committee to give order for cutting 120 loads of billet in Windsor Forest for the use of Council, each load to consist of 1,000. [I. 68, pp. 206-211.]
Jan. 7.
Whitehall.
16. Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. The company of the Garland petition for consideration of their losses, being taken prisoners by the Dutch. As they made a stout defence, those landed in Holland, Zealand, or France should have 6 weeks' pay, and those on the English coast a fortnight's pay. [2/3 page.]
Jan. 7.
Plymouth.
17. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to the Council of State. After Capt. Martin of the Diamond sailed to the Channel on Wednesday last, he discovered 12 sail, which he judged to be Dutch men-of-war, standing westward, whereupon I got the Expedition ready, and Capt. Martin will supply her with powder. The Sampson is repairing, and the Gift and Duchess, French prizes, are ready; but the commissions and warrants for the officers have not yet come, and they also require ammunition.
There are 5 tons of cordage in store, which came from St. Malo, and more is expected, by an Irishman having interest with the friars there; 200 cwt. of hemp has arrived at Dartmouth from Brittany, which I have endeavoured to secure for the service. [1½ pages.]
Jan. 8. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write and thank the generals of the fleet for their good service which has been reported by the Admiralty Commissioners, and to pray them to continue the same care, and to uphold the good discipline in the fleet, which by their care is now practised.
2. To write to Peter Pett, noticing his especial care in the speedy fitting out of ships from Chatham, and to thank him, the master shipwright, and the other officers in the yard therefor.
3. The Lord General to order Col. Scroope, Governor of Bristol, to disregard his former order to disband the troops in the castle and fort of Bristol and to disgarrison them, and not to proceed until further directions.
4. The Hope, Adam and Eve, and two others to be employed as victuallers to the fleet; the Navy Commissioners to furnish them with men.
5. Council to consider the disposal of the fleet on Tuesday; the members to be desired to attend.
6. To write the Army Committee to inform them that, on the disbanding of several garrisons, there are guns and ammunition which must be removed to places of security which the Lord General will appoint, and the Committee must provide money to be imprested to such as he appoints, for the charges of their removal. [I. 68, pp. 213, 214.]
Jan. 9.
Excise Office.
18. William Parker, Thos. Foot, Thos. Bulstrode, and Maur. Thomson, Excise Commissioners, to the Committee for regulating the Excise. In obedience to your commands for considering upon what commodities to lay the excise intended to be taken off from old and new draperies, we propose to do it by advancing the excise on Saltery wares, formerly paying 6d. to 12d. in the pound value; by laying as much upon Spanish cotton and all other wools; by forbidding excise once paid to be repaid upon goods exported from Scotland or Ireland; and lastly, by opening the trade for French wines. We consider that the value of what the cloth has yielded might thus be still levied with advantage, because—
1. It is reasonable that goods formerly less charged or exempted from excise, because of the duty on old and new draperies, should on this intended alteration be recharged. Of the first sort are Saltery wares, a great part whereof are employed for dyeing, and of the latter sort all Spanish and cloth wools.
2. That Saltery wares and cotton wools may as well bear the rate of 12d. in the pound as all other commodities imported do.
3. That Spanish wools formerly paying 12d. in the pound and cloth 6d. may now better pay the same rate when the latter shall pay nothing.
4. Because we do not apprehend that the traders in old and new draperies complain so much of the duty, as of the manner prescribed by ordinance of Parliament for levying it.
5. If they do, it is not fit that therefore they should be eased and other traders burdened, since every trader may thereupon complain and expect the same indulgence, and so a total surcease of the whole receipts of excise would ensue.
As to goods exported having once paid excise:—
1. Scotland and Ireland being reduced to obedience, it is but reasonable that they should be reckoned one, and consequently no excise once paid upon goods going thither should be paid again, any more than if going to any other port of this nation.
2. By these means the receipts will be heightened, and much fraud prevented, which is usually practised in furnishing the northern and western parts of England with commodities free of excise, on pretence of their being shipped off for those places.
3. It can be no detriment to the trade in such goods, on proof made that they have once paid customs and excise here, if they be excepted from paying any upon their landing again.
As to importing French wines:—
1. The opening a way for bringing in French wines will very much advance customs and excise, when every tun pays 8l. in the outports, and 9l. 10s. in the port of London.
2. The people will be served with more wholesome wines and at a lesser price, for the prohibition does not hinder their coming in, but gives advantage only to particular persons to enrich and serve themselves, and to strangers to double their prices upon us.
As your Committee has ordered us to certify the commencement and endings of the several farms of excise in England, Wales, and Berwick, with the rent paid thereupon, and what inconveniences may befall in taking off the excise from old and new draperies, if not rightly timed, as also what obstructions we meet with in the management of the excise, we refer to the annexed abstract and draft of an Act, which will fully inform you.
In all the farms of the counties, the excise of old and new draperies is included, and so let to Michaelmas or to the end of the farm.
If any alteration be made before those farms expire, many cavils will arise, for the buyers will forbear payment of the excise, and the farmers detain their rent, and so breed endless disputes, and unreasonable demands, on pretence of defalcation and non-performance of articles. [3 pages.]
Jan. 10. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
1. To report to Council—on consideration of the letters from Amerigo Salvetti, on the surprisal of the Phœnix frigate, and the rescuing of a prisoner out of a sentinel's hands on shore, and also letters thereon from Longland and Capts. Badiley and Cox,—that Capt. Appleton should be summoned to attend Parliament or Council, to answer complaints of his carriage in his command, that the matter of fact may appear; and he is to come speedily over land.
2. To write Capt. Badiley, enclosing the said letters, and directing him to appoint a fit person to supply Appleton's place.
3. To enclose to Mr. Longland a copy of the summons of Appleton.
4. That Parliament should write to tell the Great Duke of Tuscany that Appleton is required to repair speedily to England, to be examined on the complaint against him, and if it be as represented, Parliament will be unwilling that His Highness should be prejudiced through his civility to the English.
5. Lord Bradshaw and nine others to consider what should be allotted to Viscount Lisle for preparation, exportation, and daily allowance for his embassy to Sweden, and the manner of settling the payment; to meet to-morrow in the inner Horse chamber, look over the instructions Thurloe shall prepare, consider the time of his going and the way of his convenience, confer with him thereon, and report.
6. Sarah Jackett to attend this Committee on Friday week, or send some one about her petition, and her papers delivered in to Council to be looked up.
7. The petition of Thos. Cockerill and others referred to the Admiralty Judges, to state the fact, and certify what should be done for their relief on Wednesday fortnight.
10. The petition of Mr. Rigby to be considered on Friday fortnight, he to attend, and to give notice also to the persons concerned to attend.
11. The petition and remonstrance of several merchants concerning the eluding the Act for increase of navigation, to be considered on Wednesday week; Mr. Kilvert, or some of the merchants subscribing the petition, to attend.
12. Order on Council's reference of the 7th instant, that as Admiralty employment is very much increased by the war with Holland, Dr. Walker's allowance of 100l. a year as advocate in the Admiralty Court be made 200l. for the ensuing year. Also that for better managing the multiplied and weighty affairs in that court, Dr. Clerk, late one of the Admiralty Judges, be added to Dr. Walker for a year, with the same allowance. [I. 132, pp. 35-40.]
Jan. 10. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to consider and report on the paper from the public minister of the King of France.
2. The Marshal at Chester to send a list of all prisoners in his charge, with their quality and cause of commitment, and to keep them secure till further notice.
3. Major Rhetorford and Lieut. Crow to be committed prisoners to the Gatehouse, in order to be further examined; the expense of their bringing up to be paid out of the exigents of Council.
4. The security to be taken for David Rosse to be one English and one Scotch man.
5. The Irish and Scotch Committee to confer with the Lord General as to where the arms and ammunition from garrisons now to be dismantled may be best placed, for the use of the commonwealth, and to report.
6. To answer to Hugh Peters' petition, that Council will do justice in the matter when the proofs shall be made in the Admiralty Court, and produced to Council, and oath taken of the facts alleged.
7. The Irish and Scotch Committee to consider the state of Tenby, and to report to Council with speed what should be done for its security.
8. The Committee appointed for reviving references to the Committee for Examinations to meet on Thursday in the inner withdrawing-room, next to the Shields' Gallery, and proceed therewith.
9. The same Committee added to the Committee appointed to examine the charge on the Marshal-General, by the petition of William Clyde, and to consider it on Thursday.
10. The Admiralty Committee to prepare instructions for the generals of the fleet, and bring them to Council on Thursday; Col. Wauton to take care thereof.
11, 13, 16, 17, 19, 21. The petitions of Stephen Nicolls, seaman; of Lieut.-Col. Dawkins; of Daniel Sochon; of Parny Sky; of Gilbert Keate, Nathan Wright, Thos. Jennings, James Mann, John Leaman, and Rachel Hoxon, part owners of the Anthony Bonadventure; and of Simon Orton, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to report.
12. Also Capt. Hatsell's letter from Plymouth, of the 7th inst. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 19.]
14. The petition of Robert Ladd referred to the Committee for reviving former references to the Committee for Examinations.
15. That of Eliz. Farmer, widow, to Mr. Thurloe, to report what may be done for her relief.
18. That of Christopher Nugent to Mr. Scott, to examine the petitioner and report.
20. Major Lister to take care of John Ascham, if opportunity occurs to procure him the registrarship for the probate of wills in co. Lincoln, he being recommended from Parliament to Council for employment.
22. To acquaint the Army Committee of the contracts with Richard Browne, of Pembroke, for 1,000 quarters of oats at 19s. a quarter, amounting to 950l., and for 40 tons of oatmeal at 15l. per ton, amounting to 600l., and to desire them to order the present Treasurers-at-war to pay him according to contract, out of the money assigned for the service of Ireland.
23. Also to write them to discharge out of the same fund the money due on the contract made with John Mitchell for 3,700 lbs. (sic) of oats at 19s. per quarter for what is delivered at Galway, and 16s. at Carlingford, free of all charge, the danger of the sea excepted. [I. 68, pp. 216-220.]
Jan. 10.
The Adventure, near Woodbridge.
20. Capt. Robt. Wyard to the Council of State. I put to sea on the 4th inst. with 70 or 80 sail, bound for Harwich, Lynn, Wells, Yarmouth, and London; but the wind is contrary for London; 20 sail at Yarmouth and 13 at Lynn, laden with malt and barley, have been waiting eight or ten weeks for a convoy northward, and dare not stir without it. Shall I go again northward, or come to the fleet ? Capt. Deacon left me no orders at Yarmouth; four ships were left behind on account of an accident. We only saw two small men-of-war in our passage. [¾ page.]
Jan. 10.
Guernsey.
21. Col. John Bingham, governor, to the Council of State. By this bearer Wm. Pyme, an English merchant, I received letters from the Seneschal and Procureur Sindic of St. Malo, translations of which I enclose, desiring free trade with England. This overture would be very advantageous in the export and vent of drapery, especially from the western parts, and the import of sailcloth, linen, pitch, tar, cordage, &c. It would also greatly advantage Guernsey and Jersey, as we have a constant supply of provisions from them. Pyme has shown great affection to Parliament by giving constant intelligence to me and my predecessors here of all the enemy's designs against this island, and of all boats with provisions for relief of Castle Cornet, whilst it stood out against Parliament. He has spent 40l. in relieving our seamen taken by the Dutch. There are few English merchants there, and the distressed mariners fly to them, so that some provision should be made, or English seamen will be disheartened. I think it of great concern to the State that this, and the desire of the chief magistrate of St. Malo's, be attended to. [¾ page.]
Jan. 10.
Leghorn.
22. Charles Longland to the Navy Committee. On advice of the late fight with Tromp by Gen. Blake, I feared the succour you intended hither would be retarded, and therefore consulted with Capt. Badiley as to bringing the merchant ships at Porto Longone to Porto Ferraro, a strong town of the Great Duke's, where there are magazines and other conveniences for landing goods; and their goods being discharged, to entertain the ships in the service. If the 20 sail you intended to send cannot be spared, if you send only four good merchant ships, with 1,000 supernumeraries to man these ships, I doubt not but they will be masters of these seas; for there are good ships here that only want men. We think of sending for the State's guns at Alicant and Carthagena, which will much strengthen these auxiliary merchant ships.
We will do what is possible to quell the enemy; but as you have made Capt. Badiley chief commander of all ships in the Mediterranean, you must give him power answerable thereto; viz., a power of punishing those that deserve it, and of rewarding others; of removing men and placing or displacing commanders; and all this under your hand and seal. For as in the late fight of Capt. Badiley with the Dutch, Capt. Reeves in the Betty frigate got no reputation, now he has lost the little he had; Capt. Badiley sent the Betty and Warwick to Naples, and on their way, they met two Flemings of 40 guns and 45 men, with whom they fought half-an-hour, but finding the service so hot, they left them, and when they came to Naples, reported what a fight they had made with two Dutch men-of-war, which has made both of them ridiculous and contemptible. I would not willingly brand any man with ignominy, but I could not but acquaint you with this. A more absolute power in your chief commander might prevent such misdemeanors.
I hope my bills may find compliance at home, whereby your fleet here and in other parts of Italy may be duly served. I hear that the six sail of Dutch which left this port five days since for Smyrna are gone for Naples, where they have a design upon the Phœnix, and I have despatched a post to Capt. Cox there, to be well provided for any such encounter, and to beware of his prisoners; it would be too great a discredit for that frigate to be lost again by the same way she was taken. [1¾ pages.]
Jan. 11. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Edward Progers, prisoner in the Gatehouse, to be released on bail, on bond for 1,000l. and two securities for 500l. each, in the usual form.
2. Sir O. Fleming to carry the letter from Parliament to the commonwealth of Venice to their secretary now here.
3. The petition of Col. James Graham respited until Major-General Deane comes to town.
4. The petition of William Warre and others of the company of the Garland, now prisoners with the Dutch, referred to the generals of the fleet, to use the best means for procuring their release.
5. The Committee of Foreign Affairs and Dr. Walker to consider the instructions given by Council to the Admiralty Court, upon which letters of marque and reprisal have been granted to those of this nation who have suffered depredations from the French; to consider the matter in fact between England and France in relation to their granting, and the proceedings which have been had thereupon, and to prepare an answer to the last paper of the French minister sent in to Council, and to report the whole matter.
6. The Scotch and Irish Committee to consider the making provision of corn at Newcastle for public use, whilst it is at a reasonable price.
7. The Admiralty Commissioners to write to the vice-admirals and mayors of port towns, to impress as many seamen as they find necessary for manning the fleet now to go forth, and to give order for sending them to the ports where they are most needed.
8. The Admiralty Commissioners to order the ships at Portsmouth and Plymouth and the western ports to cruise up and down the Channel, to discover the enemy. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 23.]
9. Major-General Desborow to furnish the State's ships at Plymouth with as much powder as they need, and as can be spared from the stores there.
10. Col. Scroope's regiment to remain quartered at Bristol in the castle and fort, until further order.
11. The Lord General to order the reducing of the companies at Portsmouth and Shrewsbury to 70 men each, that Col. Scroope's company may remain at Bristol without further charge to the public, till further order.
12. Thirty men to be continued in Warwick Castle till 25th March, to guard the arms, ammunition, and ordnance; the governor to be continued at 5s. a day, a lieutenant at 3s., two corporals at 14d., the gunner and two matrosses there to be part of the 30 men, and paid as private soldiers at 10d. a day, and 12d. a day to be allowed for fire and candles for the guards.
13. The Lord General to order the reducing of Col. Jones's company to 50 men, to continue at Cardiff Castle till further order, to guard the arms and ammunition.
14. Also to order that the arms and ammunition removed from Gloucester, on the dismantling of that garrison, be sent to Bristol to be secured.
15. The Irish and Scotch Committee to consider of some fit person to collect the arms and ammunition from the garrisons to be slighted, and to give him orders concerning their disposal, and agree with him concerning wages, and report what they resolve.
16. The Irish and Scotch Committee to consider the best ways and means for slighting the places and garrisons ordered to be disgarrisoned effectually and speedily, and report.
17. That Committee to order Mr. Legge to receive by inventory all the commonwealth's goods lately sent from Scotland, which were sent for the use of the Commissioners of Parliament lately there, to compare the inventory by which they were delivered with that by which they shall be received, and to consider where the charge for carriage and delivery may be satisfied, and report.
18. Mr. Longland's letter, dated Dec. 17 and 27, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to consider and report on the whole letter, especially the last clause declaring unfree ships unfree goods.
19. Mr. Thurloe to deliver attested copies of the informations mentioned in Robert Riddle's petition to him, so far as they concern the petitioner. [I. 68, pp. 221-226.]
24. The Admiralty Commissioners to consider how the orders of this day concerning the Marmaduke may be put into speedy and effectual execution. With note that this business is under secrecy for 14 days. [2/3 page.]
Jan. 11.
Whitehall.
Council of State to Isaac Dorislaus. As it is needful for carrying on affairs in the Admiralty Court that a faithful and able person be appointed to solicit public causes, being satisfied of your fitness, we appoint you solicitor, following the present and any future instructions. [I. 68, p. 228.]
Jan. 11. Instructions by the Council of State to Isaac Dorislaus:—
1. You are to inform yourself of all prize ships taken by the State's ships or others, where they are sent to, their quality and value, how laden, to what country they belong, and what papers and writings were found aboard them.
2. You are to keep an account of what causes of reprisals are depending in the Admiralty Court; how far they are proceeded in; who claims them; with their quality, condition, value, country, burden, tonnage, furniture, goods, merchandise, and ammunition.
3. You are to receive into custody all papers, letters, bills of lading, and other writings found aboard prize ships, which the Commissioners are to deliver to you that you may translate those not in English, and make all necessary use of them for the State.
4. You are to make abridgments of all those papers for the perusal of the advocate. The papers are then to be delivered to the Admiralty Registry, to be kept or disposed of as the Court shall direct.
5. You are to inform the advocate what prizes come in, and what evidence you find in the papers to show the State's title, that proceedings may be taken accordingly in the Admiralty Court.
6. You are, on direction of the advocate, to bring all causes depending concerning the State to speedy judgment, and to keep all things in such order that the advocate may be fully informed of the facts and evidence; and you are authorised to employ other lawyers on occasion.
7. You are to keep all accounts in such order that at any time Council may be informed of the state and condition of any ship brought in as prize, and of the proceedings thereon in the Court.
8. You are to inquire and truly inform the proctor and advocate of all manner of breaking bulk of prizes, and disposing and sorting of prize goods before sentence given in the Admiralty Court, and to inform by whom this was done.
9. Also to inform them of any who, contrary to their reprisal commissions, carried prizes to any place out of the dominions of the commonwealth, and there disposed of them, and what the value was.
10. You are to attend the Admiralty Judges, to know what references they have or shall have from Council concerning petitions, that there may be due proceedings taken therein, for the ease of Council, of the said judges, and of the petitioners. [I. 68, pp. 229231.]
Jan. 11. Committee to confer with Scotch Deputies. Day's Proceedings.
1. A letter from the Commissioners at Leith, in answer to the order of Parliament, and the Committee's letter concerning the estate of the Earl of Leven produced.
2. Whitelock reports a Bill for ascertaining whose lands in Scotland shall be confiscated, and pardon for the rest.
3. The Committee think the main scope of the Bill should be for pardon and oblivion, and that the lands to be confiscated should be inserted as an exception, and Whitelock is requested to alter it accordingly, and report on Friday.
4. The deputies called in and dismissed for the present, the Committee not being ready to communicate the Bill to them. [I. 138, p. 46.]
Jan. 12. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
1. The business of furnishing masts from Scotland referred to Thurloe, to confer with fit persons, and prepare instructions for such as shall be sent to Scotland thereon.
2. The signification of the sense of Parliament, appointed to be drawn up by Mr. Thurloe to be sent to the public Ambassadors, &c., to be brought to Council to-morrow.
3. Note to look out the orders that passed for accommodating the embassy to Holland.
4. The report from the Sub-committee on the clothing business to be heard on Friday.
6. The petition of Col. Ryley to be then considered. [I. 132, pp. 40, 41.]
Jan. 12. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Sir Wm. Masham, Mr. Gurdon, Mr. Scott, and Sir John Bourchier to be a Committee to consider the account of Mr. Davenport, Marshal of Chester, of money disbursed by him for maintenance of Scottish prisoners in his custody, and out of what treasury it may be paid.
2. Capt. Wyard's letter referred to the Admiralty Committee, to give directions for his future employment. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 25.]
3. Mr. Scott to pay Widow Pilman the money found by her in the street, to the value of 32s. 6d., towards her expenses during her attendance on Council.
4. Sir Hy. Mildmay to report to Parliament the draft of the answer prepared to the last letter of the Duke of Tuscany, in pursuance of their order.
5. The letter to Capt. Appleton now read approved, and to be signed and sent.
6. The petition of Thos. Wells referred to the Admiralty Committee. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 26.]
7. That Committee to confer with the Ordnance Committee on Mr. Longland's proposition for furnishing 10,000 barrels of gunpowder at Leghorn.
8. Mr. Dorislaus to confer with the Admiralty Judges and Dr. Walker concerning the examination of those captains who did not engage in the last fight, sworn to by those who were examined before they go to sea, and to acquaint them that Council has ordered the generals of the fleet to allow such of them to come up to London as witnesses as the Admiralty Court shall appoint.
9. To write the generals of the fleet to permit such persons to repair to London as the Admiralty Judges send for, to take their oaths upon examinations taken at the fleet against the captains who engaged not in the late engagement.
10. Capt. Bishop to deliver to Mr. Dorislaus the extracts of intelligence desired by him, to be used in the Admiralty Court when the trial of the three plate ships comes on.
11, 12. Capts. Young and Taylor to be committed to the Fleet for not engaging in the fight with the Dutch off Dungeness, and the examinations concerning them to be sent to Dr. Walker, who is to prepare charges against them, and to proceed to their trial.
13. The petition of Simon de Caseres, merchant of Hamburg, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to report what may best be done for his relief.
14, 15. Also the petitions of John Prudes, late surgeon of the Hercules, and of Beatrice Pilman, widow.
16. The Lieutenant of the Tower to see that no private vessel comes to the Tower wharf, to the disadvantage or hindrance of any of the State's vessels.
17. The Admiralty Commissioners to consider what salary should be paid to the Ordnance officers and out of what treasury, and which of the officers should be continued, and how the Ordnance Office may be best conducted for the future, and to report. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 27.]
18. Order on the petition of Wm. Hull that, on his deposing before the auditors of imprest to the truth of his account, a warrant be brought in for its payment from the exigent moneys of Council.
19. The letters from Capt. Badiley, from the Paragon, Porto Longone, Dec. 8 and 18, and from Mr. Longland of Dec. 20, referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to consider what directions should be given to Capt. Badiley, and report.
20. The Ordnance Committee to take account of what unserviceable brass guns are now in the Tower, and to give order for casting them into such ordnance as may be most useful to the fleet.
21. Also to appoint a fit person to bring the ordnance, arms, and ammunition from the garrisons which are to be dismantled to the Tower, for the use of the fleet.
22. To write Mr. Longland Council's opinion that, for the furnishing the English shipping in the Straits with Englishmen, he bring, from time to time as he has occasion to send to the African coast, some of the English captives from Algiers, which may be effected by paying the price of each man's redemption, which Council believes is now fixed upon.
23. Mr. Lister to present to Parliament the reports ordered by last year's Council to be made by Mr. Holland, for payment of the wages of the Ordnance officers, and others employed in the Tower.
24. The Navy Committee to pay all bills charged upon them from Capt. Badiley and Mr. Longland for the use of the navy. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 28.]
25. The Committee for reviving former references to the Committee for Examinations to consider the Acts for suppressing scandalous pamphlets, and the regulations for printing, and the best way of executing the same, and to report with speed.
26. The appointed Committee to meet the Portuguese Ambassador to-morrow at 4 p.m., Fleming to inform and attend him there.
27. Mr. Thurloe to prepare a paper on an order of Parliament, whereby Council may signify to the foreign Ambassadors and ministers now here that they are not to permit any people of this commonwealth to hear mass in their houses, it being contrary to the laws of the nation.
28. Order,—on representation of the Victuallers that the proportion of victuals ordered this year is so great that additions must be made to the buildings used in that service,—that allowance shall be made to the contractors, at the expiration of their contracts, for any new buildings they have to erect on the State's ground, at London, Portsmouth, Sandwich, or elsewhere, and that the Navy Commissioners insert a clause to this effect in the present contract with the Victuallers. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 29.]
29. The report of the Ordnance Committee concerning the defects in the Portsmouth garrison re-committed to them, to ascertain, by sending down an engineer or otherwise, what should be done to fortify that garrison as things now stand, and what the charge will be.
30. The Admiralty Committee's report on the petition of the captain, officers, and company of the State's ship Concord referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to report.
31. Order,—on information by M. le St. Thomas, agent for the Count du Ounguion, that his ship the Joseph was seized by the State's frigate Diamond, and had goods value 109l. 0s. 5d. taken out of her by the ship's company,—that the Collectors for Prize Goods cause strict examination to be made who plundered the Joseph, and return an account with speed. [I. 68, pp. 233-239.]
[Jan. 12.] 30. Petition of Thos. Wells to the Admiralty Committee for a gunner's place in any frigate now void, being well experienced, and a great sufferer. Was gunner of the Golden Katherine and served 15 months, lost all he had when the ship was surprised by the French in the Straits, and was six months cruelly imprisoned, by them. With certificate in his favour by Maurice Thomson and five others [1 page.]
[Jan. 13.] 31. [Order in the Irish and Scotch Committee] that Mr. Bond, Scott, Love, or Purefoy is to move Council that,—as there is a quantity of corn contracted for on the State's account for the forces in Ireland, who are in great want thereof, and it is ready to be shipped from Sandwich, London, and Harwich, in order to its falling into the Downs for convoy; also that 1,500 or 1,600 quarters of wheat is shipping at Portsmouth in hope of convoy; also that no part of the ammunition for next summer's service in Ireland is yet shipped from hence, waiting advice when it may be fit to load,—they will declare their pleasure whether there shall be a present going in hand with the lading of the said corn and ammunition, so that it may be ready to put out to sea with the fleet, and have convoy. [½ page.]
Jan. 13. 32. Petition of Edward Earl of Worcester to the Council of State, for competent maintenance for himself and family. Had he been taken in arms, he and his family would not have been left without bread, but he submitted voluntarily, and has lived in imprisonment six months on credit, which is hourly likely to fail, and his wife has neither jointure nor maintenance. [¾ page.]
Jan. ? 33. Similar petition to like effect. [¾ page.]
Jan. ? 33. Similar petition to like effect. [¾ page.]
Jan. 13. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Earl of Leven to have two months' more time allowed for getting to Seaton Delaval, the present season being unsuitable for so long a journey.
2. The paper sent from the Irish and Scotch Committee, concerning the providing of convoys for the corn to be sent to Ireland, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to consider and give order as to the time and place at which the convoy may be appointed. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 34.]
3, 4. That Committee to consider how much corn should be provided at Lynn, Hull, Newcastle, and those parts, corn now being cheap; this business to be considered on Tuesday.
5. To order the sheriff of co. York, Sir Wm. Strickland, Mr. Robinson, and Mr. Darley to appoint an able engineer, and with him take a view of the defects of Hull, and certify the same, with the charge for repair.
6. [Rich.] Bradshaw's letter from Copenhagen of 25 December referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to consider how the persons mentioned therein may best be brought off from their present service, and report.
7. Extracts to be made of the intelligence received from the Netherlands, and copies sent to the Admiralty Committee and the generals of the fleet, who are to use all possible expedition to get out the fleet.
8. The debate on the fleet to be taken up on Monday; the members to have notice to attend.
10. The letter from the Navy Commissioners, concerning the loss of a hoy belonging to James Burrell, which was pressed into the service, referred to the Commissioners for sale of Dutch Prizes, who are to repair his loss by delivering to him some prize vessel of equal proportion and value.
11. The petition of the Governor and Company of Levant merchants, with the petitions, papers, and patents brought in by them, on order of Council last year, referred to the speedy consideration of the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
14. The Admiralty Judges to certify what interest Mr. Boone has in 7,000 pieces of eight, Mexico coin, and a patack of Spanish tobacco, detained in the Madeira Islands by the King of Portugal's officers.
15. The petition of Captain Edward Thomson referred to the Admiralty Committee, who are to state the fact and to export.
17, 18. The Admiralty Judges and Dr. Walker to examine the petition of John Dickons, Job Throckmorton, John Robinson and Company, state the fact, and certify it, with their opinions what should be done for the petitioners, to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, who are to consider and report.
19. The Irish and Scotch Committee to confer with the Commissary of the [Artillery] train and Mr. Dobbins, concerning the removal of arms, ammunition, &c. from garrisons to be slighted, to where they may be of best advantage to the State. [I. 68, pp. 241–245.]
Jan. 14. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
1. The clause of Mr. Longland's letter relating to declaring all goods unfree taken in unfree ships to be sent to Dr. Walker, and he to draw up an Act for declaring the same, and send the draft to Mr. Thurloe on Monday.
2. To write Longland and Badiley that what monies they require to take up there for fitting forth the ships they must draw bills for on the Navy Treasurer, which shall be accepted and answered.
3. Order on the petition of Col. Hugh Ryley for relief,—since by his service to the State in witnessing against Lord Craven, he has disabled himself from gaining a livelihood as formerly, as a soldier in the service of foreign princes, not daring to reside now beyond seas,—to report to Council that 100l. should be given him for his services.
4. The draft of the Act about old and new Draperies now read to be reported to Council, and if they approve, offered to Parliament.
7. Thurloe to speak with M. Augier about the case between this commonwealth and France, and the grounds on which letters of reprisal were granted; Council's directions to the generals of the fleet for taking French ships, and the letters and papers on which those resolutions were taken, to be brought in on Monday. [I. 132, pp. 42–45.]
Jan. 14. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Richard Beare referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
2, 3, 11, 14. Those of Margery Auston, widow; of Alice Taylour on behalf of her husband, Robert Taylour, mariner; of divers masters of ships bound for Dunkirk for convoy; and of Edw. Flood, referred to the Admiralty Committee. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 35.]
4. The business of getting money from Portugal to be considered on Monday, when the Admiralty and Ordnance Committees report what should be done on Mr. Longland's proposition for furnishing gunpowder.
6. The petition of Capt. John Coppin, late commander of the Speaker, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to consider what can be done for his encouragement besides the 100l. already ordered, and for the cure of his leg, which was shot to pieces in service.
7. The appointed Committee to examine John Davies, committed to the Serjeant-at-arms for delivering to Lord Chief Baron Wilde a book containing something on behalf of Charles Stuart, and to report.
8. Mr. Say to receive from Mr. Corbett, and present to Parliament, the report ordered by last year's Council, concerning settling a way for the sale of Dutch prize goods.
13, 15. Sir O. Fleming to give the letter from Parliament to the Duke of Tuscany to Signor Amerigo Salvetti, his Ambassador, for transmission. Also to convey to the several Ambassadors and public ministers the letters ordered this night to be sent to them.
16. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to speak to Fleming and others, concerning the treatment of the person sent from the Duke of Courland in a public capacity.
17. A pass to be granted to Henry Stuart, third son of the late King, to go with his servants and necessaries, in a vessel of Flanders, to any port in Flanders.
18. The 1,000l. already ordered to be paid to him, 500l. on his arrival there, and 500l. three months after.
19. Mr. Thurloe to inspect the book tendered by Mr. White for publication.
20. The Irish and Scotch Committee's report concerning the coining of money in Ireland recommitted to them, and they to confer with the master and officers of the Mint thereon.
23. The petition of Martin Stockhow, master of the St. George of Hamburg, referred to the Admiralty Court, who are to examine Capt. Bonner, and have him show cause why he may not be proceeded against in the Admiralty Court for the matter complained of.
24. The petition of Martin Stockhow, and of Raty Boy, master of the John the Baptist of Hamburg, to be sent to the Admiralty Judges, who are to proceed therein according to rule. [I. 68, pp. 249–253.]
Jan. 14. Committee to confer with Scotoh Deputies. Day's Proceedings.
1. Whitelock presents a letter from Lord Drury, one of the deputies, with the draft of an order enclosed, according to which he prays an order to Parliament to protect the deputies, and secure their estates in Scotland, during their service.
2. Order that Whitelock present these papers to Parliament, with the desires of the deputies to be secured in person and estate.
3. Order,—on the motion of the deputies for supply of sheriffs and commissaries in Scotland who are deceased,—that Parliament be moved to give power to such as they think fit to remove those found unworthy, and to supply the places that are and shall be void.
4. Order—on consideration of the petition of the Earl of Leven to Parliament, the order of Parliament referring it to this Committee, and the certificate of the Leith Commissioners concerning the Earl's estate,—that the case be deferred till the Bill ascertaining whose estates shall be confiscated and whose pardoned come on.
5. The draft of a Bill of Oblivion brought in by Whitelock approved, and he requested to report it to Parliament.
6. Order—the deputies having presented the condition of their countrymen, prisoners in England, complaining of their necessities, and praying this Committee to be a means for their enlargement,—that the members of the Committee who are members of the Council of State acquaint Council therewith. [I. 138, pp. 47, 48.]
Jan. 14. Orders in the Admiralty Committee.
36. The annexed list to be referred to the Navy Commissioners to inquire of the character and abilities of those named therein, and certify; also to present others qualified to serve; also to use all possible expedition in presenting clerks of the check and pursers. [2/3 page.]
37. The Navy Commissioners to consider the paper annexed, and prepare and present with all speed instructions for stewards and clerks of the check. [⅓ page,] Annexing,
37. i. Proposal by John Mildmay and two others:—
1. That the clerk of the check be an able accountant, inspect all receipts and deliveries, and present his accounts thereof weekly to the captain.
2. That the stewards give the clerk daily account of the victuals expended, and that they provide necessaries as the pursers did, and be allowed therefor 1s. 2d. per man per month, keeping what remains of the necessaries at the end of the voyage.
3. That four months' provision be appointed to each ship, and three and a half months' to each frigate, to be renewed as the captain advises, always having six weeks' or two months' provision on the ship, and the ground tier beer to be in iron-bound cask.
4. The captain to enter the ship as soon as it can take in victuals, see to their stowage, and inspect their quality and quantity, receiving accounts from the clerk of the check. [¾ page.]
38. The Navy Commissioners to consider the enclosed proposals. [⅓ page.] Enclosing,
38. i. Proposals concerning the flag officers to be employed in this year's service.
The three generals appointed by Parliament to have 3l. a day each.
A vice-admiral of the whole fleet 2l.
A rear-admiral of the whole fleet 1l.
Two occasional vice-admirals to have 30s. a day, whilst actually wearing the flag.
Three occasional rear-admirals 15s.
The three generals to have each a standard, and one a pendant and ensign red, another blue, and the other white.
The vice-admiral to wear the usual flag in his foretop, with pendant and ensign red.
The other vice-admirals to have blue and white flags.
The rear-admirals respectively red, blue, and white in their mizen tops.
The fleet to be divided into nine parts, and wear the colours of the flag they are put under.
All the ships to wear jacks as formerly.
If any general goes out of his ship, the standard to be taken down, and a flag of the ship's colour put up. [1 page.]
Jan. 14.
Navy Office.
39. Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Committee. Our opinions on yours of the 14th are:—
That the pay of 3l. a day to the general or admiral, 2l. to the vice-admiral, and 1l. to the rear-admiral should remain as established, and that 1l. will suffice for occasional vice-admirals, and 15s. for rear-admirals.
On the distinguishment of flags, pendants, and ensigns, we cannot advise, but must leave it to commanders at sea, who best know the cause of such distinctions. [¾ page.]
Jan. 14/24.
The Leopard, Leghorn Mould.
40. Capt. Rich. Badiley to the Admiralty Committee. Longland being 7,000 dollars out of pocket in disbursements for ships at Porto Longone, I could do no less than confirm his bills of exchange. You ordered those concerning Capt. Appleton and his ships to be drawn on the Customs' Commissioners, and those relating to myself either on you or the Navy Treasurer. I have drawn bills of 700 and 1,800 dollars on the treasurer for victuals, &c. for 400 men on the Paragon and Elizabeth. I will husband the money and keep clear accounts, but those belonging to several ships, being undigested from the beginning of their voyage, cannot be cleared till they come home.
I am returning to Porto Longone, where three of the ships convoyed will land their goods, custom free as the commander there promises, and then be imprested into the service, that our strength may be proportioned to the enemy before we engage again; but our want will be men. I hope Capt. Cox will bring the three frigates from Naples in four days, and then with those eight good ships, I would make for this road, though 18 or 20 Dutch men-of-war rode here. But if the wind were too northerly, we could expect no help from our six gallant ships in this Mould, because it takes 24 hours in fair weather to ballast them before they can sail. So I suppose we shall go to meet the Venice ships, which delay, and propound no easier terms to serve their country than six months' pay beforehand, for six months' service. With copy of his letter of 6 Jan. [3 pages.]
Jan. 14/24.
Leghorn.
41.. Capt. Rich. Badiley to Robt. Blackborne. I am glad to hear a fleet is coming forth at last. Although my wife, by her importunity, showed her affection, I wish she had left that to understanding gentlemen, as the honour of the nation was more concerned in despatching the fleet hither than a thousand particular concernments. The regaining of the Phœnix has put a new face upon business with us here. Van Galen, the Dutch admiral, has been to sea with another ship seven or eight weeks, but has not met with anything but a good appetite, his men being like to starve at sea, having been beaten back many times by contrary winds. When he came in, he stormed like a madman to hear the frigate was lost, and when he went to the Great Duke at court, he told him he knows young Tromp will lose his head for his neglect when he comes home, except his father does some notable exploit.
It is worth noting that on Andrew's day the Dutch used to make a feast in Leghorn, but to ingratiate themselves with the Italians, they would show their friendship to the religion of this country, and therefore now a friar must preach to all their captains and merchants before dinner; his text was "Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men." As a just judgment, near 100 of their men were fished from them that night in the Phœnix, and their commanderin-chief, who through his drunkenness would remain with his Queen that night, was hurried to his long home in three days after.
Put my wife's letter in your pocket, and when you go to the water side, send it by your waterman. [1¼ pages.]
Jan. 17. 42. Order in the Admiralty Committee—on report of Commissioner Fras. Willoughby, that the George Bonadventure, which was with Sir Geo. Ayscue in the west, came to Portsmouth and lay there idle a month, the captain being come to London for money; that then the men, receiving five instead of nine months' money, mutinied and ran away,—to report to Council that the ship should be discharged.
Also to report letters from Mr. Willoughby and Capt. Kendal, informing of ships going from Plymouth, Dartmouth, and Barnstaple, to the Isle of May and Newfoundland, which will carry 2,000 able seamen. [½ page.]
Jan. 17. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1, 3, 4. The petitions of Susanna Bucke and Christian Smith; of Anne Bowers, widow; and of Susanna Purvis, widow, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
2. That of divers merchants trading in the Levant seas, to the Committee of Foreign Affairs.
5. That of John Preston and Daniel Hutchinson, aldermen of Dublin, to the Committee for Irish and Scotch Affairs.
6. Capt. Badiley's letters referred to the said Committee, who are to confer with the owners of merchant ships now in the Straits, concerning the employing them as men-of-war, and thereupon to write to Capt. Badiley and report.
7. The Navy Victuallers to hasten down to the fleet beer in ironbound casks, and to send one of their number to see to the disposition of the victuals which shall be sent down.
8. To write to the generals of the fleet to approve the stay they have made of the fishing boats from Ostend, and to leave it to them whether to keep or release them; and to do the like in future on like occasions.
9. The Governor of Dover Castle to examine William Welsh master of a small dogger brought in by a private man-of-war, and also Mr. Warrener of Greenwich, its owner, concerning its late voyage; Council being informed that it has been at Zuyrick [Zuyder ?] seas in Zealand. An extract of the intelligence to be sent him, and he is to give an account concerning it.
10. The business of Scotland to be considered to-morrow; MajorGen. Deane to attend, and acquaint Council with the state of affairs there, and to receive his commission as one of the generals of the fleet.
11. The letter and list for the Army Committee now read approved, and to be sent.
12. The Scotch and Irish Committee to consider the manner of slighting the works at Gloucester with speed, and how it may be in safety meanwhile, and to report to-morrow.
13. The debate concerning the fleet to be resumed to-morrow, after the business of Scotland.
14. The certificate from the Trinity House Commissioners referred to the Scotch and Irish Committee, to order payment of the money due.
15. That Committee to consider and report how the common soldiers in Scotland, now to be disbanded, who have no arrears of wages due to them, may be enabled to repair to their habitations, and to report.
16. The letter from the Governor of Hurst Castle, of December 29th, referred to the Ordnance Committee.
17. Major Lister to present to Parliament Col. Sydenham's letter of the 13th, concerning the present state of the Isle of Wight, that they may consider and give order thereon.
18. The Navy Commissioners to see that the George Bonadventure be dismissed from the service, it having lain idle at Portsmouth ever since the fight Sir George Ayscue had with the Dutch fleet in the west, and to take care that on account with her owners, the State be righted for the neglect of time. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 43.]
19. To write to Col. Stapley to hand over to Mr. Willoughby, Navy Commissioner, any provisions of use for shipping preserved on board the Dutch ship lately wrecked on the coast of Sussex, and if any persons claim them, consideration is to be taken thereof, and satisfaction given.
20. To inform Mr. Willoughby of the above, and that there being some good masts at Jersey, he is to send the Orange Tree, now at Cowes, or some other fit ship, to fetch them, and to appoint a convoy for them.
21. The letter to the Army Committee to be signed and sent. [I. 68, pp. 237–261.]
Jan. 17 ? 44. Petition of Geo. Kymmicott, mayor, and 25 inhabitants of Dartmouth, to the Admiralty Committee for a convoy for 34 ships, which they have set out to Newfoundland, and which will else run great hazard of being taken by the enemy's ships of war. [1 sheet, 26 signatures.]
Jan. 17.
Leghorn.
45. Charles Longland to Robt. Blackborne. Although the relation of the fight with the Dutch fleet, in yours of December 6th, proves a great loss to the State, yet 'tis not the length of what our enemies reported to the Great Duke, whose court is now here, but he has since been better informed. As this action is a disturbance to the intended convoy's departure, I have freighted the ships in Porto Longone for the service, 17 merchant ships, besides the six belonging to the State, but they cannot do the work without men. I have written Council to send out 1,000 or at least 500 men, who may be brought by two merchant ships to Italy, and then these ships would make their way home.
The frigates off Naples have taken a Dutch ship of 26 guns, which with 100 men would make a good ship of war. I am sending the Florence wine to Marseilles, to be laden on an English ship there, because if it is not home before May, it will be spoiled. [1 page.]
Jan. 18. Council Of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Irish and Scottish Committee to consider the petition of Sir Jas. Bannatyne, to levy a regiment of Scottish and Irish foot to transport into foreign parts, to confer with him as to their numbers and destination, and report.
2. The Navy Commissioners to pay to John Rogers, Mayor of Hull, 15l. 1s. 2d., the sum disbursed by him for keeping out a small vessel by order of Council, for giving and gaining intelligence at sea. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 46.]
3. The Irish and Scotch Committee to confer with Maj.-Gen. Deane concerning settling places of strength and all other things in Scotland, relating to its settlement in peace and safety.
4. The petition of Lieut.-Col. Joyce referred to the said Committee, to confer with the Lord General, and report.
5. To answer the petition of Susanna Cowling, that the matter is not within the cognizance of Council.
6. The petition of Jane, widow of Henry Parker, late secretary of the Commissioners of Parliament in Ireland, with a letter from the said Commissioners to Council, referred to the Committee of Parliament for the Army, to pay her the arrears due to her late husband for service in Ireland.
7. The petition of Rich. Denmead and Edw. Stafy referred to the Irish and Scotch Affairs' Committee. [I. 68, pp. 263, 264.]
10. Order—on information from the Ambassador of Portugal that goods belonging to that king and his subjects have been taken in Dutch bottoms, and brought into the State's harbours,—that on proof that the goods belong bonâ fide to the said king and his subjects, the Admiralty Committee order restitution. [I. 68, pp. 263–265.]
47, 48. The Admiralty Committee to consider and present to Council what part of the fleet may be forthwith ready and sent to sea, without prejudice to the main body or its fitting and hastening out, and by whom and in what manner such part may be commanded. [2 copies.]
Jan. 18. 49. Order in the Irish and Scotch Committee that the annexed paper of facts touching proceedings in the business of the posts be reported to Council, and their directions desired thereon. [⅓ page.]
Jan. 18. 50. Report of the Irish and Scotch Committee to the Council of State. in the business of the posts.
On 21 March 1650, Parliament referred it to the Council of State to consider the state of the offices of postmastér, and the interests and claims therein, and how they could be best settled for the advantage of the commonwealth, and to take order for the present management thereof in the meantime.
On 21 March 1650, the Council of State ordered Attorney-General Prideaux to take care of the business of the inland post, and be accountable for the profits quarterly, and appointed a Committee to confer with him how the posts might be best managed.
On 30 Sept. 1651, Parliament revived their former order, and requested a report forthwith; and on the same day, the Council of State named a new Committee, to consider that and former orders.
On 3 October 1651, the Council of State added Sir Hen. Vane, Sir Arthur Hesilrigge, and Col. Fielder to that Committee, who met the next day, and resolved upon their days of sitting in the inner Horse chamber, to hear the claims of persons pretending any interest to the foreign and inland letter offices, or any propositions for improving and managing thereof; and directed notice to be given to Mr. Attorney, Sir David Watkins, Mr. Robinson, of the Excise Office, and Mr. Ward, and ordered a warrant to be sent to the warden of the fleet to permit Ward to attend.
On 7 Nov. 1651 the said Committee resolved that the said offices should be let to farm, and that the propositions of Col. Owen Rowe and Major Wm. Robinson, offering 10,000l. a year for the same, should be presented to the Council of State.
On 10 Nov. 1651 the Committee received the claim of Henry Robinson to both the offices; of Thos. Billingsley to the foreign; and of Walter Ward to both, and ordered Sir David Watkins to bring in his.
On 12 Nov. they received his claim on behalf of the infant son and heir of Mr. Witherings, and another on behalf of the creditors and children of Lord Rich, in relation to the foreign office, and reported the same to the Council of State.
On 21 March 1652, Parliament resolved that the offices of postmaster were and ought to be in the sole disposal of the House, and again referred it to the Council of State to consider the state of those offices, and the interests of the claimants; and the business coming to no issue, Mr. Robinson petitioned Council for the return of his claim, and Council ordered Mr. Lock, their clerk, to deliver back all the papers belonging to the several persons.
On 19 Oct., Mr. Challoner reported from the Council of State to the House the several claims and propositions, whereupon the House referred it back to the Council of State to consider and report how the same might be best managed for the service of the State and ease of the people, by contract or otherwise.
On 24 Nov., four days before the dissolution of the Council of State, they ordered that the carrying on of the inland and foreign posts should be managed by only such as the House authorised, and referred it to the Irish and Scotch Committee to consider how those offices might be managed; which Committee met on the 25th, and agreed to the lessening of the rates for inland letters, what should be carried free, and what respect should be had to the postmasters then employed; and that they should have the refusal of the employment; and that those terms should be proposed to those treated with concerning the inland posts, and that the Committee would sit the three following mornings on that business.
Next morning, 26 Nov., they resolved what letters should be sent free by the foreign posts, and that the persons giving in propositions for the inland and foreign letters should present their propositions apart, one for the inland, another for the foreign, and a third for both jointly; and that they would receive them on the then next Monday. Several were brought in, two for farming both and one for farming the foreign only, which the Committee agreed to consider the next morning.
On 30 Nov., the said Committee reported to the Council of State that both should be managed by way of contract, and that all their proceedings and the several propositions should also be reported to the Council of State, but no determination was made.
On 6 Dec. the House ordered the former references of this business to the late Council of State to be made to the present Council, who were also to consider the overture touching an advance of a sum of money upon the same.
On 8 Dec., the Council of State referred the whole business back to the said Committee.
On 21 Dec., the Committee resolved that the several proposers should give in their propositions as to what yearly rent they would pay, or what any of them would advance for the same.
On 23 Dec., the proposers gave in new papers, which were sealed up with the Lord General's seal, and ordered to be considered the following Tuesday, when Mr. Attorney was to attend.
On 30 Dec., the Committee considered these and other papers given in by Mr. Attorney and Mr. Scott, but not coming to any resolution, they were sealed up again, and the debate adjourned.
On 4 Jan. 1653, the Committee resumed the debate, and a paper was presented by Sir David Watkins, entitled "the State of the Foreign Letter Office," claiming a right to the same during the life of Wm. Frizell, who had assigned the same to his joint patentee, Mr. Witherings, and this was ordered to be considered at the next sitting.
On 6 Jan., Sir David Watkins brought a copy of the patent which grants the foreign letter office to Witherings and Frizell, during their lives, or the longer liver of them, and Frizell's original release to Witherings, with the witnesses thereto, vivâ voce; and on 13 Jan. offered two letters from Antwerp to Mr. Bostock, servant in the foreign letter office, expressing that Frizell was alive and in health, and proposed to produce a certificate, under the town seal of Antwerp, that Frizell was there alive.
Several debates and considerations have been had by the Committee since, but until a determination touching the patent and claim thereupon, and a resolution of the question which Mr. Attorney alleges,—that the office of postmaster and carrying of letters are two distinct things, and that Parliament's resolves are not concerning the carrying of letters but the office of postmaster only,—the Committee cannot proceed upon the overtures and papers, which remain sealed up until further directions from the Council of State. [3 pages.]
[Jan. 19.] 51. Petition to the Council of State of Wm. Starke and two other shipmasters of Yarmouth, who came laden with coals for London, for leave to return home 6 Jan. 1653. [1 page.]
[Jan. 19.] 52.. Like petition of Jos. Ames, come from Barbadoes laden with sugar, and of Joseph and Wm. Waters, who came laden with fish, butter, and cheese, for leave to return to Yarmouth, 10 Jan. [¾ page.]
[Jan. 19.] 53. Like petition of Roger Dugeon and 12 others, who came laden with coals, and desire to return to Newcastle for more, 18 Jan. [1 page.]
Jan. 19. 54. Reference of all the above petitions to the Admiralty Committee, to consider what should be done at this time, and to report. [Also I. 68, p. 270.]
Jan. 19. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order, for better despatch of the business of the Admiralty Committee, that its sittings be in the mornings.
2. The return of the condition of the fortifications of Hull, made last year, to be looked up and brought in to Council to-morrow, that the whole business may be considered; Lt.-Col. Salmon to attend.
3. A warrant to be sent to Mr. Baker, to require Mr. Willingham's executors to deliver him the public papers in their custody that were in custody of the deceased; and he is to bring them to Mr. Thurloe, to be kept with the papers of Council.
4. The Committee of Parliament for the preservation of timber to consider the examinations taken concerning the spoils of wood in Windsor Forest.
5. The petition of Anne, widow of Lieut.-Col. Fairfax, referred to the Committee for reviewing the references to the late Committee for Examinations.
6. The petitions of the shipmasters of Sunderland, Whitby, Scarborough, and other northern ports, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to consider what should be done on their desires, and report.
7. To answer to the petition of Brian Harrison and other owners and freighters of the Unicorn, that when they have proved their case in the Admiralty Court, and bring it so proved to Council, it will be considered.
9, 10, 12, 13, 15. The petition of divers of the companies lately belonging to the Hart frigate; of Jane, wife of Edw. Battell, late quartermaster of the Garland; of Eliz. Dankin and Priscilla Roberts; of Wm. Greene, surgeon, for allowance for his services; and of James Lordell and Humphrey Aldington, merchants, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
11. The petition of Rich. Salter referred to the Committee for reviving references to the late Committee for Examinations, to report.
17. Also the petition of Robert Inglish, mercer of London, to consider whether the Act of Parliament mentioned therein restricts him from trade as alleged, and to report the state of the whole business.
19. The Navy Commissioners to direct their press-masters not to press out of vessels trading for coal to Newcastle any man over 45, or boy under 16, that trade may be continued, and the ships of the commonwealth be efficiently manned. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 55.]
20. Order revoked for the Stockholm, taken at sea by a privateer, as belonging to the Dutch, and carried to Meadhole, out of command of the castles and forts, to be brought to Portsmouth and secured, with the goods, there being some gold, from embezzlement, and order passed that the Admiralty Judges proceed in that Court upon the ship and lading.
21. Col. Sidney to report to Parliament the answer to the Ambassadors from Spain and [Arch]duke Leopold. [I. 68, pp. 267271.]
[Jan. 20.] 56. Petition of Thos. Yoake and Hezekiah Trotter, of Yarmouth, employed to London with coals and fish, to the Council of State, for warrants to return. [1 page.]
[Jan. 20.] 57. Petition of Walter Elford and John Hill, merchants, for leave for their vessel the Stambolyne, laden with red herrings, ginger, lead, and cloth goods, freighted for Messina, to proceed, having 20 men and boys. [¾ page.]
Jan. 20. 58. Reference of both petitions to the Admiralty Committee, the former with proviso of observance of the late orders about the ages of men not to be impressed from collier ships. [¾ pages. Also I. 68, p. 273.]
Jan. 20. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write to Col. Bingham that Council have been informed of his indisposition, and of his desire to return to England for recovery of health, and permit it, he leaving the government of the island to some trusty person.
3. To write to [Rich.] Bradshaw to signify to Mr. Robins and his son, ships' carpenters in the service of Denmark, to return to England with all speed, and on their arrival, Council will have a fitting care of them.
6, 7. The petitions of Will. Jenkins, master carpenter of the Gilly Flower; and of John Young, master of the Exchange of London, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
10. Order on the petition of Mary, wife of Sir John Wintour, on behalf of her husband, now in the Tower, that all former orders concerning him be looked up and brought before Council.
11. The Admiralty Committee to consider how the English seamen at Morlaix and other parts of France and Flanders may be brought to England, and to undertake for the payment of sums necessary for bringing them home, and give what further directions they think fit. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 59.]
12. The letters from the resident with the King of Denmark to be read to-morrow.
13. The petition of Richard Afflet referred to the Committee appointed to consider former references to the Committee for Examination. [I. 68, pp. 272-274.]
Jan. 20.
Whitehall.
Instructions by the Council of State for Thos. Fowler, Commissary of the Train of Artillery:—
1st. You are, with the wagons of the train, to repair to the garrisons of Stafford, Ludlow, Denbigh, Carnarvon, and Conway, and to remove all arms and ammunition of any kind, pioneers' tools, and other provisions of war, which the officers are required to deliver to you, leaving only enough ammunition for the present use of the guards, where any remain. The arms from Stafford are to be carried to Chester; those from Denbigh to, Chester or Beaumaris, as is most convenient; those from Carnarvon and Conway to Beaumaris, and those from Ludlow to Hereford.
2nd. You are to cause an exact list to be made of all the particulars, for kind, quality, and quantity of what you take away, give one to the officer who delivers you the arms, and take one attested by him for what you receive, and you are to deliver them over by indenture, defraying the expense of carriage, and of placing them in the stores, and the storekeepers are to give you receipts therefor.
3rd. In case you find any stores of victuals remaining in any magazine on the public account, at any of these garrisons, you are to give us speedy notice, that order may be given concerning them.
4th. If you hear of any guns or other arms at any other places where garrisons have been, that have been left in time of war, and are not private property, you are to have them drawn to some of the said places, and delivered to you; and all officers are required to assist you in hiring or (if needful) impressing carriages or boats, and in what else is necessary. You are to report your proceeding from time to time to Council or the Committee for Irish and Scotch Affairs, and follow their orders. [I. 68, pp. 275, 276.]
Jan. 21. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
1. The reference of the papers and proposals concerning settling a course of justice in Jersey, formerly made to the counsel-at-law of this Committee, revived ; Mr. Bond added thereto, and they to report with speed.
2. The petition and case of Capt. William Jackett referred to the Admiralty Judges, to examine proofs of its truth, state it and report with speed.
4. To acquaint Council, on their reference of the petition and remonstrance of several Spanish merchants, complaining of the eluding of the Act of Navigation, that this Committee having spoken with some of them, find that their complaint is merely against the Navy Committee, and therefore this Committee has not taken it into consideration. [I. 132, pp. 48, 49.]
Jan. 21. 60. Petition of Jeffery Dare, mariner, to the Council of State, for relief. Coming from Barbadoes, was surprised by the Dutch near Dover Road, and carried to Newhaven, whereby he lost all he possessed, value 400l., and has nothing left to support himself and a wife and four children. With reference to the Admiralty Committee, to consider of some fit employment for him. [¾ page.] Annexing,
60. i. Remonstrance of Jeffery Dare of Redrif [Redruth, co. Cornwall]. Coming from Barbadoes in the Susan, I was surprised by the Dutch on 15 Dec. 1652, and carried to Newhaven, France, where I was kept a prisoner on board, and uncivilly used, and all my men turned on shore at Newhaven without any allowance of clothes; although I desired the Dutch general to give me our boat to put us on shore at Dover, he absolutely refused. While I was a prisoner at Newhaven, news came to the captain to repair to his general at Rochelle, and leave his prize there, whereupon I requested the captain to be set at liberty, which he refused, and said I should go with him and if he met with any opposition he would make me fight; to which I replied, I would rather be hanged than fight against my country. Considering their cruel dealings were endangering my life, I one morning got on shore at Newhaven, and thus became free of the captain, being under the protection of the French, and had relief from the Protestant Church. [¾ sheet.]
Jan. 21. 61. Reference of the above petition to the Admiralty Commissioners. [½ page. Also I. 68, p. 277.]
Jan. 21. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Joshua Fowler referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to report on Wednesday.
2. That of John Dodd referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
4. On information that the soldiers disbanded in Scotland have not money to bring them to England, the Lord General is desired to order a fitting sum to be paid them for that purpose, which shall be repaid, on signification of the sum paid, to such person as his Lordship shall appoint.
5. The Admiralty Committee to take care that the soldiers disbanded in Scotland when they come to England, be disposed to the service of the fleet. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 62.]
6. Col. Wauton to move Parliament for a license to export a bag or two of English wool to Leghorn, on a letter from Chas. Longland.
8. The Ordnance Committee to consider by whose care the reparations of the town of Hull shall be carried on, and to whom the 600l. allowed by Council therefor shall be paid, and to report.
9. To order Lt.-Col. Kelsey to take bail of his prisoner, Rich. Warner, when he has examined him.
10. The Irish and Scotch Committee to consider further their report of the 13th inst. concerning the appointing of * * * in the hands of Mr. Jackson for the emergencies of Scotland. Also to consider how a constant supply of exigent money for Council may in future be made, and to report.
11. Order, on finding great want of men for manning the ships, that the Admiralty Committee consider how a fitting proportion of soldiers may be used for the fleet, and that they communicate with the generals of the fleet concerning the apportioning of the numbers of men judged necessary for that service. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 63.]
12. That Committee to consider the paper given in by Mr. Rowe, desiring order for convoy for provision and corn ships bound for Ireland, and to give order therein. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 64.]
13. Col. Wauton to present and recommend to the Committee of Parliament appointed to consider such cases, the petition of Robert Raby and John Whitworth, ensigns in the late garrison of Lynn. [I. 68, pp. 277-279.]
Jan. 22. Orders in the Admiralty Committee.
65. The Navy Commissioners to prepare and return a draft of instructions for boatswains, gunners, and carpenters on the State's ships. [2/3 page.]
66. Also to enter clerks of the check and stewards recommended by Peter Pett and Nich. Bourne, Navy Commissioners now at Chatham, for the ships designed, with the allowances and instructions ordered in Parliament 22 Dec. last. [2/3 page.] Annexing,
66. i. List of 27 clerks of the check and 14 stewards for ships named. With note of warrant to Capt. Pett for their entry, 24 Jan. 1653. [1 sheet.]
67. Also on a reference from Council of 20 Jan., about bringing home English seamen from Morlaix or other ports of France and Flanders, to contract with Nath. Manton to convey them to Portsmouth or the fleet, at 20s. a head. [2/3 page.]
68. Also on a letter from Gen. Blake, to take care that a competent number of able seamen be forthwith impressed and sent down to the fleet; and that the victuallers send a complete supply of ironbound cask. [¾ page.] Enclosing,
68. i. Gen. Rob. Blake to the Admiralty Committee. In spite of all that has been said, iron-bound cask comes slowly, and none of the victuallers appear, as promised. Although some frigates have lain eight days at Gravesend to receive mariners sent down, not one has come to us or to Gravesend. The want of men and victuals is the great obstruction. Pray be earnest in hastening down the rest of the ships. Commissioner Pett will lose no time.—The Triumph, Queenborow Road, 20 Jan. 1653. [¾ page, extract.]
Jan. 24. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Thurloe to look over the petition of John Dickons and company, and the report of the Admiralty Judges on their case, and report on Wednesday.
2. Order on the petition of several Levant merchants, for liberty to bring some goods from Leghorn overland, that Thurloe look over the Navigation Act, and the powers given to Council to dispense with it, and if he finds Council not authorised to give relief in the thing desired, draw up a report of their case, and offer it to Council, to be presented to Parliament if they think fit.
3. Lord Bradshaw to make the report to Council on the old and new Draperies this afternoon.
6. The petition of the Guinea Company, and of Capt. Jas. Gobart, for a license for a French vessel to sail to the coast of Guinea, to be considered on Wednesday, and both parties to have notice to attend.
7. The Sub-committee for settling a course of justice in Jersey to meet on Saturday, in the inner horse chamber, and Commissioner Lisle to have special notice to attend.
8. The petition of Rich. Beare to be considered on Wednesday week, and some of the Portugal merchants to attend.
9. A report to be drawn up and presented to Council of the resolves of this Committee on the petition of the Levant merchants. [I.132, pp. 50-52.]
[Jan. 24.] 69. Petition of Rob. Rich, merchant, to the Council of State, for permission to send the Fortune and Union, 26 men each, for supply of his plantations in Barbadoes and New England. Had sent several ships out on commissions granted from the Admiralty Court, but they were stopped, and the seamen employed in this late and happy service to his great charge and damage. [1 page.]
Jan. 24. 70. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee, to report. [½ page. Also I. 68, p. 284.]
Jan. 24. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The order of Parliament of 20 June 1649, for demolishing Tattershall Castle, the dwelling of the Earl of Lincoln, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to consider if any allowance should be made the Earl therefor; also to find out what damage he has sustained thereby, and to report.
2. The orders made by the late Council for moving Parliament for the maintenance of prisoners committed by Council or Parliament to be brought in on Thursday, when that business will be considered.
3. Sir Henry Mildmay, Mr. Challoner, and Mr. Scott, appointed a Committee to meet the secretary from the Senate of Venice, peruse his powers, and receive what he has to propose for the advantage of this commonwealth, and report.
4, 5. The letter received this day from the Portugal Ambassador referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, to confer with the Admiralty Judges concerning the demands before them for Portugal goods taken in Dutch bottoms, and to report; the judges and Dr. Walker to attend them at 8 a.m. on Monday.
6. To answer to the petition of Henry White, merchant, that when he has proved his losses suffered from the French in the Admiralty Court, Council will consider the matter further.
7. The Admiralty Commissioners to consider what vessels are fit to be employed as victuallers to the fleet, and to give such orders as they think fit.
8. To acknowledge to the Parliament Commissioners in Ireland their letter, and the proclamation enclosed against priests and Jesuits; also to thank them for their care for the suppression of Popery, and for the settling of that nation, and desire them to continue it.
9. The petitions of Anthony Young, late captain of the Worcester, and of John Taylor of the Laurel, to be sent to the Admiralty Judges, for them to proceed with the trial of the said captains, as desired.
11. The petition of Richard Lee referred to the Admiralty Committee.
12. That of Christ. Bransby, apprenticed in Norwich, and now prisoner there, referred to the Committee for reviving references made to the late Committee for Examinations, who are to take bail of the petitioner if they think fit.
13. Approval of the appointment by the Admiralty Commissioners of Captain Penn as admiral of the fleet this year.
14. Two generals only to go to sea with the part of the fleet about to sail, and the third to remain to help in the hastening out of the summer fleet. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 71.]
15. The Admiralty Commissioners to nominate to Council a rearadmiral, and other flag officers necessary for the command of the fleet this year. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 72.]
16. Also to repair to Chatham to have a conference with the generals of the fleet, and remain on the spot to give directions necessary for hastening out fleet. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 73.]
17. The said generals and the Admiralty Commissioners to decide which generals go out with the fleet, and which remain behind. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 74.]
18. Also to consider together at Chatham the list of officers of the fleet, and to send a list of persons fit to have command. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 75.]
19. The letter of Colonel Fitch to the Lord General, concerning the fortifications of Inverness, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to be considered immediately, and reported.
20. Viscount Lisle, Ambassador for Sweden, to receive 6,000l. for his expenses during six months, of which 3,000l. is to be paid in money here, and 3,000l. sent over by bills of exchange to Stockholm or Hamburg; the 6,000l. to be set apart for the service by Council out of their exigencies. [I. 68, pp. 282-286.]
Jan. 24.
Whitehall.
76. Council of State to the Navy Commissioners. Hearing that Isaac Clarke's hoy, the Dorothy, being sent with water to the fleet at the buoy in the Nore, was driven upon by the Dolphin, through excess of weather, and had her masts, hull, &c. broken, the repair of which, as certified by the masters of Trinity House, will be 51l. 11s. 3d., we desire you to order the Navy Treasurer to pay this sum to Clark. [¾ page.]
Jan. 24. Orders in the Admiralty Committee.
77. The Navy Commissioners, to contract for bringing from Ostend to Portsmouth, at 20s. a head, English seamen taken prisoners by the Dutch, and now starving. [1 page.]
78. Also to confer with the persons named in a paper annexed, and certify their opinion. [⅓ page.]
79. Also to consider the petition to Council of the company of the Heart frigate, for payment for their clothes, lost when the ship was taken. [2/3 page.]
Jan. 24.
Leghorn.
80. Chas. Longland to the Navy Committee. The foul weather has hindered the return of Capt. Badiley to Porto Longone, so that the merchant ships designed there for the service have been delayed. There will be a great want of men; pray take some course for a supply of 1,000 or at least 500, which would put the merchant ships in company with the State's ships in a condition to force their passage home, and see this effected whatever it may cost.
I wrote of my readiness to serve you in the redemption of the English captives at Tripoly, whose ransoms will be 60l. per man, except such as were commanders or principal officers of ships, who commonly cut their own ransoms, to avoid the hardships that others endure; and let the money for that service be employed in good cloth, according to the price and sort I sent to Hugh Wood, merchant in London. I also proffered, for 60l. a man, to redeem and set them on shore in this city, which in regard of its free trade with Barbary, lies convenient for redeeming others from Algiers, Tunis, and Sally: it is a pity so many seamen should now lie like these, whilst their country wants their services. With copy of his letter of 10 January. [2¾ pages.]
Jan. 24.
Leghorn.
81. Charles Longland to Robt. Blackborne. I received your letters by way of Antwerp, but those by way of France arrive soonest. I have written the Admiralty Committee about the redemption of the English captives in Tripoly, which will cost 60l. a man. I hear they intend the redemption of all those in Tunis, Algiers, and Sally, for which you say they have sufficient cash, and if all or ¾ of it were employed in good cloth, according to a factory sent to Hugh Wood, merchant, it would be very fitting for Barbary, and the other ¼th might be remitted hither by exchange.
When I have the Committee's order, I will send over a man to treat for their redemption on the best terms, for this place has correspondency with most parts of Barbary. Thanks for the book of news. I fear the wine will be spoilt, as it should have been on its way a month ago. [1 page.]
Jan. 24.
London.
Levant Company to Sir Thos. Bendish, ambassador at Constantinople. We are the less pleased with your letters in regard of the continual complaint of the want of money for supplying the charge of that port, and the evil effects thereof; and on the other side, as great a complaint from the factory at Smyrna, of the excessive burdens they undergo in supplying your occasions, whereby such frequent contests happen between both factories, the evil consequences whereof reflect mainly upon us here, as by sad experience we have found.
It has been our frequent desire, by all our letters to you, to procure a mitigation of our expenses, in respect of the diminution of our trade, which is now grown to that extremity, through the obstruction made by the Dutch, both within the Straits and in our own seas, as puts us to a stand, and therefore, since your term is expired, and the juncture of affairs here will not admit the sending another to succeed you at a lesser charge, we are forced to let you know our resolution to desire you not only to content yourself with 6,000 dollars a year whilst you remain there, but to reduce the number of such as receive allowance from us, and their salaries also, not to exceed the list of salaries sent you in December 1650.
The want of your observance of this and other provisions we have here made has much troubled us, the factory there doing what they please, without the least respect to our orders. We absolutely disallow of any salary or charge given against or without our order, for though we have limited our extraordinary expenses to the consent of the major part of the factory, yet we never gave them liberty to vote away our money for gratuities, or in any other extravagant way. For the future we intreat you to use all possible frugality, which is absolutely necessary in respect of our low condition, and the obstruction of trade, the cessation whereof must put a stop to our expenses, which we cannot raise without it.
Considering our vast debt, and how long many of us have had bills of exchange (for money disbursed here on special occasions), remaining unsatisfied at Smyrna, we wonder you should find other unnecessary ways for disposing of money, and preventing our enjoyment of part of our dues, as in the matter of the fines imposed on such as adhered to Sir Hen. Hyde, expressly towards defrayment of some of the charge they occasioned. We see little cause why they should be remitted, the reason you give being grounded upon a mistake of liberty granted to those of that faction sent hither, whereof the principal having lost his life, the others remain still under bail, and are not acquitted; we doubt whether they had been capable of this favour of bail, but we confess we were not very forward to prosecute them, lest it might have cost their lives also. Our desire that you would take the factors into your favour, on their submission, may very well consist with the detention of their fines received before.
The like exception we have against your allowance to your servants sent to England, and the manner of enforcing it by the imprisonment of our treasurer, who thought it but reasonable that we should be the disposers of our own money, especially knowing that we had here gratified Mr. Jackson sufficiently. We desire to prevail with you more punctually to observe our orders, and not tax us with any intent of making the least division thereby, we having provided for all occasions, both common and extraordinary.
We are well satisfied with your endeavours touching the Flower de Luce, though without success, and believe the remedy you propound, of taking those Tripoli rovers, would be to as little purpose; they would evade it on pretence of being subjects to the Grand Seignior, although pirates now.
We thank you for excluding insolent factors from courts; for Mr. Shephard's liberty; for your opposition of the insolent demands of the Customer for double customs; and of the Jew's pretence upon Mr. Modiford; and for your trouble in reference to Aleppo, whose condition we much pity, and beg you to remedy as there may be opportunity. As for Frampton and Davies, if after releasement, and so often invitations to appear, they obstinately refuse, let the blame rest upon themselves, let them give an account to their principals. Touching Mr. Pearle and his Jew brokers, we have acquainted his brother here with your advice, and he intends to order Wm. Pearle to apply to you for direction and assistance.
We take notice of your trouble about Fothersgate and Gallile, and as we have been no way accessory to their employment in the Venetian service, we are loth to hazard the estate and persons of the English there by intermeddling, as a company, for their release, but leave you to do what in charity to Christians may be done with safety. We have taken much pains in soliciting our State for a prohibition of English ships in that service, and have now a petition depending before the Council of State to that effect, whereof we expect a return. However, we pray you to preserve our estates secure from any pretence which may be made on this occasion, by satisfying the Turks how distasteful the matter is to us, as well as to themselves.
Concerning the late consul at Cairo, and the appointment of another to succeed him, the company never held it fit to settle a consul there, nor had they any hand in his establishment, nor any correspondence with him, nor intend to meddle therein hereafter. Leave both the debt of the former consul and the settlement of another to the Turks, and do not interpose. To Zamback, the dragoman, who has been an ancient servant to the company, and suffered so much in their service as has disabled him for the future, we have ordered 100 dollars a year in charity. [Levant Papers, Vol. IV., pp. 203-206.]
Jan. 24.
London.
Levant Company to Jonathan Dawes, treasurer at Constantinople. We have referred your accounts to two of our company, and are well content with your frugality and care in our affairs, and with your refusing to give bills as a gratuity to the Ambassador's servants sent to England on Sir Hen. Hyde's business, whom we had rewarded here, and therefore they needed no further remuneration. We are also sorry for your discouragements by the return of your bills from Smyrna. We have only one complaint, viz., your refusal to accept the office of treasurer at our appointed allowance of 500 dollars a year, which we could not have expected any of our factors there would decline, though at a less or even without allowance, for so short a time, especially considering the low condition of the company, and their great debts and constant leviations, besides the small trouble the treasurer has of late been put to at that port: 500 dollars is what we can afford you for your past service, nor shall we give more hereafter to any that succeed you; we hope you will content yourself therewith, and continue in the employment. We desire you to receive for us from Mr. Erisey, Mr. Gough's assignee, the old vests you mention, and to pay Zamback, the old dragoman, who is disabled from further service, 100 dollars a year. [Levant Papers, Vol. IV., p. 207.]
Jan. 24.
London.
Levant Company to Spencer Bretton, consul at Smyrna. We are glad you have recovered from your dangerous sickness, and are able to perform our affairs. We are sensible what trouble and fears you have had, by reason of our ships serving the Venetians, and have not omitted all means to obtain a prohibition from hence, to which end our petition, seconding many former ones, now lies before the Council of State, and we shall urge their resolution as soon as may be. We shall also urge the avoiding the precedent of restoring the Armenian goods taken by our State's frigates upon Capt. Odree, for which our petition lies also before them, and we believe care will be taken that it is not brought into precedent hereafter.
As for the factors' payment of half leviations only, we observe the reasons given by you and them for it, but cannot assent thereto, as we have written them, and expect their conformity to our former order.
For supply of the place of minister there, we have chosen Dr. Thomas Browne, who will come over when the times shall be quiet. Till then, we hold it unseasonable to do ought in what you propound touching a trade to Scala Nova.
We notice your trouble concerning the employment of treasurer, and on what terms Saml. Pentlow and Rich. Hardy have undertaken it for one year, ending 20 June 1653, against which time we shall appoint others to succeed them.
As for the fines taken of such as adhere to Sir Hen. Hyde, which his Lordship has ordered them back again, we never gave order for the remission thereof, they being only towards defrayment of that vast charge occasioned by themselves, by extravagance, which having so much increased the great debt we lie under, it had been soon enough, after the clearing thereof and of our bills which have so long remained unsatisfied there, to have thought of restoring fines.
We are glad these bills have at last begun to be paid, and hope they will shortly be fully cleared, wherein we doubt not your assistance.
We observe your care about the provisions for our men-of-war about the estate of Breakes, deceased, and in pacifying the Bassa of Thyatira, touching his pretence of port charges. We are very sensible of the opportunity which our want of trade and shipping there affords the Hollanders to settle themselves and advance their trade, and of your enforcement thereupon to raise a loan, to which we expect there be an equal contribution by all, or the penalty provided in that case by our former order put in execution; but we hope none will be so refractory, but submit to what really conduces to the support of our trade. We the more confidently expect their conformity as the State here has noticed their former misdemeanors, your resolution concerning whom we well approve of. Our debts and great charge, trade being obstructed by the Hollanders, both in the Straits and here, compel us to abate our expense, and to diminish all extraordinary salaries. We desire you to content yourself with your 2,000 dollars a year, without putting anything else to account without our special order; if there be any supernumerary officers that may be spared, dismiss them until better times, and to such as you need, exceed not the allowance prescribed by us in our list sent in Dec. 1650, and generally use all frugality in our affairs.
We enclose exceptions that we have taken to Mr. Barnardiston's accounts. Of the 6 dollars per cloth taken on the Sampson and Phoenix, 4 being only for leviations, on which interest is allowed until repaid, we have thought fit that for the other 2 dollars also, interest of 8 per cent. be paid, as also for what moneys the factors have or may disburse upon any of our occasions, on which we will allow 8 per cent.
We remind you of our order respecting the rates and fees of that Custom House, and to send us a list thereof, for want of which we are abused by many of the factors, who bring to our account double what they really pay there. [Levant Papers, Vol. IV., pp. 208210.]
Jan. 24.
London.
Levant Company to the factors at Smyrna. We have received your and the consul's letter touching your payment of half leviations only upon your own goods, which we wonder you should so much insist on, considering how little reason we have to admit thereof, whatever your pretences are, whether the expense of Constantinople (to the creating whereof we have been as little accessor's as you), or the bills sent from England on account of the societyy business or otherwise, whereof nothing being as yet paid, there is little reason of complaint, or the disturbance by Sir Hen. Hyde, whereby the company are not to be charged, and we wish many of you in that factory were as guiltless.
However, if the trade must bear the burden of debts contracted therein, all the traders should equally contribute thereto, the privilege belonging to us as merchants, and not to you as factors and servants; if you will be merchants also, you should not think much of subjecting yourselves to proportionable payments with us at least, if no more. You, by yours of 7 Oct., hinted a cause why we may not lose any part from duties, namely, our great debts, want of shipping, and the intrusion of the Hollanders into our trade. They have occasioned an extraordinary obstruction, yet we hope our State will be able shortly to clear the seas, and vindicate both this trade and its own reputation; against which time there is the African full laden, and two or three other ships which will shortly after be ready to come for Smyrna, and help towards the maintenance of our charge, which might be borne with more facility by your unanimous observance of our orders. This we had rather you did voluntarily than by compulsion from us or the State, of whose readiness to grant anything that may support our trade and our company we have not the least doubt, whatever conceits some of you may entertain to the contrary. Let your conformity and friendly compliance, in these times of necessity, be the sole motive to us to ease you in your proper estates and charges, when it shall please God to send us better seasons. We have received the letters and accounts of Francis Hill and Wm. Alvey, the late treasurers, and of Richard Hardy and Samuel Pentlow, the present treasurers, who we hope will carefully manage our affairs, and use all possible frugality. [Levant Papers, Vol. IV., pp. 211, 212.]
[Jan. 25.] 82. Petition of Nath. Goodlad and Walter Elford, owners and freighters of the Stambooleene, to the Council of State for leave for the ship now in the Thames to depart to Italy, with 20 men and a boy. Part of her lading being red herrings, which are perishable, the mere delay will be an absolute loss, and the ship is built, for safety, to use oars as well as sails. [½ page.]
Jan. 25. 83. Reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee. [⅓ page. Also I. 68, p. 292.]
Jan. 25. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Ellen Lovell referred to the Committee for reviving references made to the late Committee for Examinations, to report.
2. That of Capt. Wm. Jacob referred to the Admiralty Committee, to report.
3. The information given to Council by Walter Basbee, about transportation from Wales to the United Provinces of considerable quantities of Mine royal referred to the Mint Committee, to consult Dr. Gurdon, and report.
4. The information given by Major-General Desborow about the western ports referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to confer with him thereupon, and report.
5. The letter from the justices of peace for co. Bedford, about Mr. Goulston, recommended to the Parliamentary Committee for Excise, as belonging to their jurisdiction.
6. To acknowledge the letter of the said justices, and report what Council has done thereupon.
7. Order on the petition of Edward Gibbons, that the Committee for Foreign Affairs report with speed, it having been formerly referred to them.
8, 9. The paper read, in answer to the last paper given in by the public minister of France, approved, and to be delivered to him by the appointed Committee, who are to meet him at 3 p.m. on Thursday at Whitehall, and Fleming to give him notice, and bring him to the place.
10. Lords Commissioners Whitelock and Lisle to hasten to Parliament the report of an Act for settling the Trinity House.
11. To answer the petition of Nathaniel Temms, that Council cannot meddle in the matter, which must be decided by law.
12. The paper for the remanding aboard all seamen in the service referred to the Admiralty Committee, to confer with the Navy Commissioners about furnishing men for the fleet, and about the means most fit for effecting it. Colonel Wauton to take care thereof.
13. Order that the Generals of the fleet give a commission to Captain Wm. Penn, nominated by the Admiralty Commissioners, and approved by Council, as rear-admiral, and the Admiralty Commissioners are to acquaint him therewith. [Also Vol. XXXII., No. 84.]
14. Maj.-Gen. Skippon added to the Council for Foreign Affairs.
15. The Admiralty Judges to hasten the determination of that Court about two ships containing gold, taken coming from Guinea, on suspicion of being Dutchmen's goods, and to report to the Committee for Foreign Affairs.
16. Captain Seaman, nominated captain of the Tiger by the Admiralty Commissioners, approved, and to receive a commission from the General of the fleet. [Also Vol. XXXII., Nos. 85, 86.]
17. Approval of the nomination by the Admiralty Commissioners of the following captains, and the generals of the fleet to give them commissions: Wm. Goodson to the Entrance; Joseph Cubitt to the Tulip; Anthony Kirk to the Speaker's Prize; Robert Taylor to the Raven.
18. The debenture, brought as a report from the Committee for reviving references to the late Committee for Examinations, and belonging to Mrs. Fairfax, to be sent to the registrar accountant of Worcester House, who is to examine it, and deliver it to the party claiming it, if he think fit, or else report.
19. The report of the Committee for Foreign Affairs about the clothiers to be brought to Council to-morrow.
20. To write to the officers of the western ports that no ships may proceed upon their voyages to the Isle of May until further orders, as the seas are in much danger from the enemy.
21. The Irish and Scotch Committee to send for the officer of the train of artillery who commands the train horses, and tell him to take care of the horses, that they receive the full allowance made by the State, as Council has heard that many have died of hunger, and the rest been disabled from their work.
22, 27. The petitions of Mary, widow of Captain Robert Dennis, and of Edward Custis, merchant, referred to the Admiralty Committee to report.
23. The return from Newgate, of priests and Jesuits now there, referred to the Committee for reviving references made to the late Committee for Examinations.
24. To answer the petitions of Stephen Hill and Thos. Mason, that Council will consider the matter when the petitioners have imported the camphire mentioned therein.
25. Colonel Robert Lilburne's letter from Dalkeith of Jan. 7, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to consult thereon with Major-General Deane. [I. 68, pp. 288-292.]
Jan. 26. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
1. Lord Bradshaw to be chairman of this Committee for a month to come.
2. Mr. Thurloe to draw up a report of what he has now offered about furnishing masts and tar from Scotland, and bring it in to this Committee on Friday, for their further approbation.
4. The petition of the Guinea Company and Capt. Jas. Gobert to be considered on Friday, both parties to have notice.
5. The instructions for Viscount Lisle to be reported to Council this afternoon, with the opinion that John Dury and—Ingelo should go with him as chaplains. Also a request that the 3,000l. ordered him be speedily issued out of Council's exigencies. [I. 132, pp. 53, 54.]
Jan. 26. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Lord Bradshaw to be president for the month to come.
2. The petition of Rachel, widow of Capt. Hoxon, commander of the Anthony Bonadventure, and slain in the late encounter off Dungeness, referred to the Admiralty Committee, to examine what her husband lost aboard the ship, and also what should be done for her relief, and to report.
3. The draft of the Act concerning the manufacture of wool to be read this day week.
4. The Acts prepared in Council for presentation to Parliament, to be read twice on two several days, before they be reported.
5. The draft of the Act for clerk of the market to be enquired after and brought to Council.
6. The letter from Lord Fairfax from York of Jan. 21, and also Council's letter to him in reference to the Isle of Man, referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to confer with Jas. Challoner, and hear those sent from the island thereon.
8. The order of Council, for not impressing more than one fourth of the men out of all vessels outward bound to the northern ports, suspended until further notice.
9. The petition of Capt. John Owen referred to the Ordnance Committee, to consider whether the guns therein mentioned are fit for service, and if not, to direct an advantageous sale of them.
10. The petition of Wm. Mihill and others referred to the Admiralty Committee.
12. Thurloe to look into the sufficiency of the bail whereupon Major Humphrey Boswell prays for liberty from the Tower, and give directions and report to Council.
13. Order on the petition of Major John Ogleby, Edward Postgate, and Ralph Slee, prisoners in York gaol, that the governor of Clifford's Tower examine them, and report his opinion concerning them.
14. To answer to the petition of Samuel Mico, that Council cannot intermeddle, but he must take his course according to law.
15. Mr. Gurdon to move Parliament to appoint a day of special public humiliation, before the sending out of the fleet, to implore God's blessing on their counsels and forces, by land and sea. [I. 68, pp. 296-299.]
Jan. 26.
Whitehall.
Proclamation by the Council of State. As divers seamen in the service absent themselves, and neglect their duty, and others that are pressed have not yet appeared, all officers and seamen are to repair on board their ships now in Tilbury Hope between this and Saturday next, under the penalties of the Articles of War; all seamen not yet entered into the service are to repair to Trinity House, Ratcliffe, before Jan. 31, to list for the service, on pain of being proceeded against as enemies. The marshal of the Admiralty to make this proclamation. [I. 68, p. 299.]
Jan. 26.
Whitehall.
87. Council of State to the Master and wardens of Watermen's Hall. Council having considered how the service may be best supplied with seamen out of the Thames watermen, empowers you, on receipt of warrants for allotting watermen for the service out of those belonging to your hall, to elect such as you think most able, and give them tickets and conduct money; if any, after due notice, refuse or absent themselves from the service, they shall forfeit the liberty of rowing on the Thames, and you are to deprive them thereof accordingly. For better execution thereof, you are to give notice, from time to time, to the Navy Commissioners, when you call your Hall, that they may appoint two or more able persons to be present at it.
As the service requires that the ships of war now in the Hope, that are to go out to sea, be speedily supplied, you are to call a Hall forthwith, prick 500 watermen, able seamen, give them tickets and press and conduct money to repair aboard the ships in the Hope, and return a list of their names to the Navy Commissioners, within 24 hours of their election. [1½ pages. Also I. 68, pp. 301, 302.]
Jan. 26. Committee to confer with the Scotch Deputies. Day's Proceedings.
2. Whitelock being ill, Lechmere to report to Parliament the Bill of oblivion for Scotland, with the desires of the deputies for protection during their present attendance; and concerning sheriffs and commissaries in Scotland.
3. Mr. Downing to attend this Committee on Friday. [I. 138, p. 49.]
Jan. 27. 88. Petition of Major Wm. Harding to the Council of State, for the Diamond, or some other frigate of the western guard, to convoy three months' pay for the forces at Jersey and Guernsey, now ready at Weymouth to be transported, as it is of considerable value, and its loss would be very prejudicial. With reference thereon to the Admiralty Committee, to appoint a convoy as desired. [1 page.]
Jan. 27. 89. Reference of the above to the Admiralty Committee, to consider of some fit ship. [2/3 page. Also I. 68, p. 308.]
Jan. 27. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. All petitions concerning losses suffered by the English from the depredations of the French to be kept together, and a brief taken of them, and presented to Council when the business is taken in hand.
2. The papers brought in by some of the Militia Committee for London referred to the Committee appointed for reviving references made to the late Committee for Examinations.
3. Such members of Council as were in the Committee for Examinations appointed by the late Council, added to the Committee for reviving references made to the said Committee, and Col. Morley added also.
5. Mr. Thurloe to prepare the letter to Archduke Leopold, this day passed in Parliament, for the signature of Mr. Speaker, and Fleming to send it to the Spanish Ambassador, that he may forward it.
6. The appointed Committee to meet the public minister of the King of France to-morrow at 4 p.m.; Fleming to give him notice and conduct him.
7. Col. Morley and Lord Grey added to the Committee to treat with the King of France's minister, and this Committee to receive from the agent of the Prince of Condé what he has to offer, and to report it.
8. The letter from the gentlemen of Norfolk, concerning the holding of the assizes in a convenient place, referred to the Lords Commissioners of the Seal, who are to confer with the judges of the sessions thereon, that convenient places may be appointed for that whole county, as also for cos. Salop and Stafford.
9. Extracts of the intelligence from the United Provinces to be made and sent to the Generals of the fleet.
11. Lord Grey, Sir John Trevor, and Col. Morley to be a Committee to examine Col. Morley's proposition concerning the public service; 20l. to be paid out of the exigent moneys for making a trial thereof, and an account to be given to Council.
12. Col. Norton to present to Parliament the list of prisoners now in the Tower, and the account of the Marshal-General of the expense of keeping Scotch prisoners, and to move that some order may be taken either for discharging or providing for those prisoners in the Tower, and other prisons about London and other places of the nation, who are not able to maintain themselves.
13. Sir Wm. Masham, Col. Fielder, and Sir John Trevor, added to the Scotch and Irish Committee.
14. Sir Hy. Mildmay added to the Committee to treat with the French minister.
15. The papers sent from Parliament concerning the Samson, Salvador, and George referred to the Committee for Foreign Affairs, who are to prepare them to be presented to Parliament by Wednesday next.
16. Mr. Frost to sum up the Marshal-General's last account for keeping the Scotch prisoners, and report to Council the sum due to him thereupon.
17. The former allowance made to Major-Gen. Robert Monroe, prisoner in the Tower, for his subsistence, to be continued.
18. Mr. Frost to examine what is due to Mr. Weckerlyn for service to Council last year, and to pay him out of Council's contingencies.
19. The petition of Thos. Waller referred to the Scotch and Irish Committee.
20. Mr. Thurloe to consider the petition of William Horne, merchant of Southampton and to appoint the proportions of the goods desired by him, and thereupon to prepare a license for their importation.
21. The bonds given in by Harry Tyrrell, for his appearance in Council, to be delivered up to him, and he dismissed from further attendance.
22. The petition of Jacob de Vooz referred to the Admiralty Committee.
23. The printed paper brought in to-day, containing scurrilous matter against the Dutch men, referred to the Committee appointed for putting in force the late Act for regulating the press, who are to make enquiry for the author, printer, and publisher, and to report.
24. The petition of John Lamot and others to be considered when businesses of that nature are treated with the French minister.
25. That of Edward Marston referred to the Admiralty Committee, to report what should be done, considering he has been disabled by wounds in the service.
26. That of Andrew Eburne referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to report what should be done for his relief. [I. 68, pp. 303307.]
Jan. 27. Warrant by the Council of State to John Jackson, to pay, from the balance of an account delivered by him 15 Jan. to the Commissioners for inspecting the Treasuries, 2,500l. to Gualter Frost for exigencies of Council, and to issue the remainder 4,521l. 12s. 1½d. on special warrant of Council [I. 104, p. 22.]
Jan. 28. 90. Order in Parliament referring to the Excise Committee the petition of the clothiers of the old and new Drapery, woollen drapers, mercers, hosiers, and other dealers, in behalf of themselves and the many thousands who subsist on woollen manufactures, to consider the value of the excise thereon, and how it may be taken off, and the amount raised by excise on other commodities. Meanwhile they are not to farm the excise on cloth and woollen stuff till further order. [1 page. Printed in Commons' Journals, Vol. VII., p. 252.]
Jan. 28. Committee for Trade and Foreign Affairs. Day's Proceedings.
2. The account of Portugal prizes given in by the Collectors for Prize Goods to be returned to them, to add any things that have been omitted, and to bring it in on Tuesday.
3. The Admiralty Judges then to bring in the case of the Samson, Salvador, and George, avowed under their hands.
5. To report to Council on the petition of Edw. Rigby,—complaining of wrong in a plantation in America called the province of Legonia, and desiring Council to send for the persons to appear here, or to issue a commission for hearing the case there,—that on account of the distance, a commissioner should be sent thither, and they have appointed Rigby to give in the names of some persons out of whom Council may choose commissioners.
6. Mr. Bond and four others to consider the petition of John Dodd, and hear what he has to offer about putting the matter in execution, meeting him on Tuesday. Dodd is to have notice to attend them, and they are to report their proceedings, and opinion.
7. Thurloe to settle the difference between the Guinea Company and Capt. Jas. Gobart, about the protection desired by Gobart for a French ship to the coast of Guinea.
9. Thurloe to speak further with fit persons on the furnishing masts from Scotland, and particularly to enquire the charge of putting it in execution, and report next meeting. [I. 132, pp. 55-59.]
Jan. 28. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order on the petition of Capts. Charles Saltonstall, Young, and Taylor, that the Admiralty Judges try them and the other captains committed, according to law and justice.
3. Mr. Durie and Mr. Ingelo to be informed that they are to go chaplains with Viscount Lisle to Sweden.
4. Sir Wm. Masham to present to Parliament the letters out of Ireland, from Commissary-Gen. Reynolds and Col. Stubbers to Lieut.-Gen. Fleetwood, dated the 15th and 16th instant, and the articles for rendering the islands of Arran.
5. The bond entered into by Col. Oliver FitzWilliams, by order of Council, to be looked up, and brought into Council.
6. The petition of Joshua Fugill referred to the Committee for reviving former references to the late Committee for Examinations.
7. Order on the petition of Henry Caarlof, that a copy of the letter from the Queen of Sweden desired by him be made out, and delivered to him.
8. The petition of the Scotch prisoners in York referred to the Committee which sits in the Horse chamber, to report.
9. Those of Peter Cole and Major John Harris, concerning printing, referred to the Committee of Council for that business.
10. Col. Sidney to report to Parliament the instructions now read for the Ambassador for Sweden.
11. Sir James Harrington to make his report concerning the business of the Mint on Thursday.
12. Lord Grey added to the Mint Committee.
13. Mr. Thurloe to write to the Mayor of Gravesend according to what has been sent to other justices of the peace, about sending in men to the fleet.
14. Col. Purefoy added to the Committee appointed to meet the Secretary from Venice.
15. The Committee of Foreign Affairs to prepare private instructions for Viscount Lisle for his embassy into Sweden, and to confer with him, and report the instructions to Council.
16. Lord Lisle to attend the Committee for Foreign Affairs on Tuesday.
17. To acknowledge the letter from the Admiralty Commissioners from Chatham, and to say that last Monday's votes empower them to appoint which two of the generals of the fleet now go out, and which remains ashore for hastening of the summer's fleet, and to give such orders as they think fit; and those appointed are to consider the call good and sufficient, and undertake their respective charges.
18. The petition of Sir Wm. Constable referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, to report.
19. The paper given by the secretary of Venice to the Committee appointed to meet him, and by them brought into Council, referred to the Foreign Affairs' Committee.
20. The paper concerning Lundy Island referred to the Irish and Scotch Committee, who are to confer with the Lord General concerning the securing thereof, and to report.
21. The letters and papers from [Rich.] Bradshaw, now resident in Denmark, referred to Council by Parliament, referred to the Foreign Affairs' Committee, to proceed according to the order of Parliament.
22. The Admiralty Judges to state to Council the case of a galliot hoy of Sweden, discharged by sentence of that Court, which is since seized upon by a private man-of-war commanded by Capt. Caryll, and brought into the river. The judges are to certify what security the private man-of-war gave, upon going to sea.
23. The Committee for Foreign Affairs to prepare an answer to the paper sent in by M. de Bordeaux.
24. The letters credential from the senate of Hamburg to Parliament referred to the Foreign Affairs' Committee. [I. 68, pp. 309, 312.]
Jan. 28.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the Admiralty Judges. We are informed, by the petition of John Freeman and Adam Jennings, that they, trading with Norway and Denmark, have most of their estates there, in pitch, tar, deal, &c., and by reason of the present differences, no ships, English or Danish, dare adventure to bring the goods to England; therefore they beg leave to send 2 or 3 of the Denmark ships detained here to Norway, to fetch the said goods. They are to have license to send the St. John of Frederickstadt, and the Justice of Copenhagen, on security that the ships shall be employed on no other service, and shall return hither—the danger of the seas or the staying of the ships by special order from the King of Denmark excepted. [I. 68, p. 313.]
Jan. 28.
Whitehall.
Council of State to the generals of the fleet and commanders at sea. Richard Girling and other owners of the Peter of Dieppe represent that the ship was seized by some of the Parliament fleet, on her voyage from Nantes to England—brought to judgment in the Admiralty Court, and restored to the owners; that she has again gone to Nantes, is laden and ready to return, and desires a protection. She is therefore to be free of molestation this voyage, but no longer. [I. 68, p. 314.]
Jan. 28. Committee to confer with the Scotch Deputies. Day's Proceedings.
3. Order that Mr. Bowles, clerk in Chancery, attend this Committee on Tuesday, with some commissions granted by Queen Elizabeth for suppressing moss troopers on the borders of Scotland, and some issued by James for suppressing them on the borders of England and Scotland.
4. Mr. Downing to attend the next sitting. [I. 138, p. 51.]
Jan. 28.
Whitehall.
Committee to confer with the Scotch Deputies to the Commissioners for Administration of Justice in Scotland. In pursuance of the order of Parliament, we desire you to certify the nature of the vassalage and bondage tenures of the people of Scotland, the nature of all feu duties, and what dependence the people there have upon any their superiors.
With note of like letter to the Commissioners for forfeited Estates. [I. 138, pp. 48-50.]
Jan. 29. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Scott to make suitable abstracts of the intelligence now read by him, to send to the generals of the fleet.
2. To write Capt. Hatsell to acknowledge his letter of the 27th, concerning the contract made by him for tar and deals brought in to Plymouth in a Lubecker, and about the Mayor of Plymouth, and two merchants' carriage in that business, and to let him know that Council approves what he has done, and to desire him to take the deals and tar into the stores, and to pay the money contracted for to the ships.
3. To write to the two next justices of the peace to examine the business of Capt. Hatsell concerning the matter in the above order, and to send the examinations to Council.
4. On consideration of the whole business of the fleet now before them, Council desires all three generals to go to sea upon the present expedition.
5. Order that there be one secretary for the three generals, and the Admiralty Commissioners to allow him a sufficient salary.
6. Francis Harvey, late secretary to General Blake, not to be employed in service of the fleet.
7. Capt. Benjamin Blake to be discharged from present command in the fleet, and not employed in the service.
8. The resolutions of Council passed this evening, concerning the affairs of the fleet, to be communicated to the Admiralty Commissioners and Generals of the fleet, who are to put them into execution.
9. Major Blake recommended to the Lord General for employment. [I. 68, pp. 315-6.]
Jan. 29. 91. Order in the Admiralty Committee that the Navy Commissioners and Treasurer cause allowance of pay for the next year to be made to as many midshipmen as the Generals of the fleet think needful, not exceeding the proportions allowed by Parliament in the Act for encouragement of mariners, viz., 1st rank, 20 men; 2nd, 16; 3rd, 12; 4th, 8; 5th, 6; 6th, 4. [1 page.]
Jan. 29./Feb. 9.
The Paragon, Porto Longone.
92. Capt. Rich. Badiley to the Navy Committee. I conducted the merchant ships to Porto Ferraro, where they are landing their goods. I have affirmed Mr. Longland's bills, and doubt not order will be given for their payment. I hear Captains Cox and Reeves are imprisoned at Naples, for not complying with the Vice-King's humour. Our frigates some weeks since took a Dutch ship built in Holland, and fighting under the Prince of Orange's colours, and although the master stated she belonged to Horne in Holland, the Vice-King would have her commander give in security to stand to the arbitration of a trial at law whether she is prize or not. With copy of the letter of 14/24 January. [2¼ pages.]
Jan. 30./Feb. 10.
The Paragon, Port of Longone.
93. Capt. Rich. Badiley to [the Navy Committee]. Since my last, seeing we could not break through the enemy from Leghorn, because of the disproportion of strength, I returned for Porto Longone, whence I set sail for Porto Ferraro, with the Mary Rose, William and Thomas, and Thomas Bonadventure, which was brought under this convoy from Scanderoon and Smyrna, that they might land their goods, and be impressed into the service, and they are now delivering accordingly.
Being advised that the Great Duke had caused more guns to be planted in Leghorn Mould, and that his soldiers had refused to suffer our men to cast off their freights from the Mould, after he had received a letter from the person called Charles II., I did not think it convenient that the ship I am upon should likewise remain under his command, and so returned to Porto Longone, when I received the enclosed from Charles Longland, confirming what is related about those foreign Princes. Considering what presumption it was of the King of Naples to imprison the commanders of the frigates and divers others of our nation, on no other score than what is therein signified, I knew not what it meant or presaged, in order to a breach with us and Spain, and therefore was marching out of this port also, being only a single man-of-war, to seek shelter elsewhere, until our scattered fleet could be got together; but meantime five of the best Dutch men-of-war entering this port, and six more being in sight, my design was prevented. Although the Vice-King has ordered the Governor of this fort to stop or sequester what English goods are landed, because of the discontent given him by our commanders refusing to submit to his pleasure, yet the Governor, who seems to be our special friend, told me there was no order to meddle with what is floating. I have written the Vice-King something that may tend to moderation, and suppose that thereupon the captains will be set at liberty. However, the Parliament affairs are like to suffer by their restraint, for if this had not fallen out, I might have expected the frigates here by this. I hear that they have been in action, and taken a Dutch ship with 300 tons of corn upon the Calabria shore; also that they have had a dispute with two Dutch men-of-war and four merchantmen, and chased them into Messina.
The state of Genoa has lately imprisoned one Ellam, an English merchant of that place, because he would not comply with their commands for giving security that the ship Lowis, lately impressed into the service, should not depart within 24 hours after a French ship; and yet in this place, after several petitions to the Prince that the Dutch might be required to ride still while an English merchant ship went forth, I see nothing done therein; but I am sure an English mariner, at the instance of the Dutch our enemies, has been put to the torture without just cause.
I fear one cause of our nation's undervaluing is that, whereas they have been talking of succour coming from one quarter of a year to another, in order that these ships, blocked up by the Dutch, may pass away, yet none appears, causing them to believe England is so low as not to be able to relieve us.
The Dutch have 27 men-of-war in these parts, and a fire-ship of from 44 to 30 guns, and six are gone to lie at the entrance to the Gulf of Venice, to hinder the coming of some merchant ships impressed into the service; whether there will be four or six is not yet known, many delays having been made, after divers overtures for their encouragement. Besides the two Dutch ships of war at Messina, the rest lie in Leghorn Road, and between this and Genoa, so as to hinder our conjunction, if frigates come abroad to us with supernumeraries to man merchant ships. If they have not departed, they had better come for Porto Ferraro or Porto Longone, so as to avoid any hazard of the enemy; if I proceed elsewhere, orders shall be left with the Governors of each place how they may meet with me. [2 pages.]
Jan. 31.
Leghorn.
94. Charles Longland to the Navy Committee. Capt. Badiley left here five days since by land for Porto Longone, the weather by sea having long been contrary. I hope soon to hear that he has put the merchant ships there in readiness, but there will be a want of men, which makes those ships insufficient to redeem themselves; two good three-deck ships with 500 men would well man all these merchant ships.
Two Dutch ships have arrived from Holland, who came out with Van Tromp; another ship of 900 tons they left at Cadiz, with ammunition, provisions, and men for supply of about a dozen of the Dutch here and abroad.
Enclosed are the receipts for advance money paid to the captains of ships, but there are others to come from Naples or Venice. I have paid more than the 32,000 dollars which I drew upon you. The ships at Venice will not be content with less than three months' pay, especially the Freeman and Northumberland, so that there will be occasion for 15,000 dollars more for those ships, and 10,000 for those in Porto Longone, which sums I may draw upon you by the next.
As to what I wrote concerning the redemption of the English captives in Barbary, when you state you will have it done, I will send over a man to treat with the Bashaw of each place, and especially at Tripoli, for there all the English are his, and I can better treat with him for them at a lump. In Tunis and Algiers the slaves are in particular men's hands; by making some means to the Bashaw or Dey, which must be by a present, they will force their patrons to let them go at the price they cost. If you will let threefourths of the money designed for this service be laid out in cloth, and the other quarter be in pieces of eight, it will be the readiest way to accomplish this charitable work. With copy of letter of 24 January. [3 pages.] Annexing,
94. I-V. Receipts by Capts. John Wood of the Pilgrim, Wm. Elle of the Lewis, Edm. Seaman of the Samson, Gilbert Roope of the Mary, and Stephen Marsh of the Levant Merchant, from Chas. Longland, of commissions from Council of 13 Sept. 1652, to serve them with ship and men.—Leghorn, 1, 16, and 29 Nov. 1652.
94. vi-x. Receipts by Elle of 2,000 dollars, Seaman 4,000, Roope 3,000, Wood 3,200, and Marsh 2,000, on account for the above service.—Leghorn, 21 Dec. 1652 and 17 Jan. 1653.
Jan. 31.
Custom House, Newcastle.
95, 96. Information by Geo. Dawson, collector. I am informed that the mariners on board the Briar frigate, Capt. Sansom, commander, and now in Tynemouth Haven, have sold to William Lowson of Sunderland, 28 barrels of ropes, mostly new, three casks of beef, one of peas, and another with other provisions; and that they proffered to sell two or three barrels of gunpowder to another man, which some conceive the captain was not ignorant of, and it is to be feared the State suffers deeply in this kind, by such people in their service. Captain Sansom came as convoy of the Lynn fleet to this place, and took a man-of-war belonging to Flushing, of 15 guns, which he brought into this harbour. He was easily taken, for that very day, he had taken so many English ships coming from Yarmouth and other places towards Newcastle, that he had put all his seamen excepting about 10 or 12 aboard his prizes, and most of them got away, so that the Flushinger yielded without giving one shot, for his 30 soldiers aboard, and his 10 or 12 seamen durst not fight. The taking of the Flushinger will, no doubt, be looked upon as good service, but selling the State's provisions out of the State's ships is of evil consequence. [2 copies.]
Jan. 31.
Sandwich.
97. John Wollters to Capt. Ball, of the Lion. I went to London for the money due for services to the State, and attained it, and afterwards was introduced to Col. Pride, who recommended me to the Admiralty Committee for further employment. After waiting some time, I received a promise that put me in hopes of receiving the command of one of the State's ships, and was desired to return home, but have not since heard anything. I hope I have not been such a bad instrument to the present Government as to be cast on one side, when men that are profane are provided for, and put into ships. Pray remember me to General Blake, and tell him why I did not come down to him, according to promise, being much concerned about my money, and advised not to come away without it. [1 page.]
Jan. 31. 98. Thomas Leverington to Capt. Andrew Ball, of the Lion. I hope you will not believe the unfounded aspersions against me, but will plead my innocence, as I know it is ingrafted in you to do good, and to support the fallen, and rarely to take offence at small failings. Next to God, you have been the only means of enabling me and my family to subsist. It is true I had the charge of all things in the ship, but before we get home, some of the Hopeful Luke's men, who helped us to bring in the ship, consented together one night to break into the hold, and opened a great bundle of taffetas, silk, plushes, silk stockings, and beads, to the value of many hundred pounds. Hearing the keys of the hold, I went down, and told Capt. Clarke, when he and I made a search, found most of the goods, and restored them; and when we came into the Downs, he acquainted Col. Popham, and satisfied him concerning my honest care therein. I have always been faithful, and injured myself by lifting a piece of ordnance in the late fight with the Flemings. [1 page.]
Jan. 31.
Excise Office.
99. Report of the Excise Commissioners, on the order of the Excise Committee, for them to consider how the value of the excise intended by Parliament to be taken off cloth may be raised by excise upon other commodities.
That saltery wares imported, and formerly paying 6d. in the pound, pay 1s.
That Spanish cotton, and all other wools imported, be charged 1s. excise in the pound.
That if any goods having once paid excise be exported to any part of Scotland or Ireland, then no excise be repaid.
That liberty be granted for bringing in French wines.
Mr. Thomson and Mr. Downes to attend the Committee to-morrow with their report. [1 page.]
Jan. 31. 100. Note of 3,010 trees felled in Branspeth Park for the service of the State. [¾ page.]
[Jan.] 101. Sam. Avery, Governor, and the Merchant Adventurers to the Council of State. We have seriously considered your letter of 29 Nov. 1652, and reply thereto that our fellowship does not trade in a joint stock, as the Holland East India Company, but as you wish to know what we are able to undertake, we represent that our former services to the State were done by our credit abroad, and not either by public stock or private purses, as we often took up money at interest to drive our trade. This reputation was owing to the countenance of Government, the late want of which has much discouraged us, and encouraged strangers to encroach on our privileges, and involves us in debt. Parliament also owes us 18,221l. 4s. for money lent, which was first assigned on the Excise, then transferred, and then excluded from all security, and this has brought us into disrepute and to distrust with our creditors. We are much grieved not to give a better return, when the public requires the service of all men, but the countenance of Parliament will alone enable us to do this. We shall recover our reputation when our Bill is passed, so that we can raise money by poll on our members, to pay off our debts; then we shall be ready to any service, even to expose the credit of our common seal, for the supply of any public occasion. [2½ pages.]