Volume 97: May 1655

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1881.

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'Volume 97: May 1655', in Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655, (London, 1881) pp. 148-195. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/domestic/interregnum/1655/pp148-195 [accessed 11 April 2024]


May 1655

May 1. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Montague's draft of a warrant dormant to the Treasury Commissioners read, and committed to Lambert, Mulgrave, Wolsley, Jones, Montague, Sydenham, Rous, and Fiennes, to consider the papers prepared by the Treasury Commissioners touching fees and salaries of officers of the Exchequer, and to report.
2. As the naming and settling attorneys in the Court of Chancery, and the disposing of the records in such manner as directed by the Ordinance for regulating Chancery, have been omitted by those entrusted therewith, and as great delay of justice would arise if the proceedings in Chancery should be suspended till their settlement, the Commissioners for the Great Seal and the Master of the Rolls are to proceed in the business of the Court notwithstanding, acting in all other things according to the directions of the Ordinance.
4. Commissary Gen. Whalley, the Lieutenant of the Tower, Cols. Goffe and Twistleton, Lieut.-Cols. Worsley and White, and Maj. Packer, to consider 2 papers touching several accounts of Lieut.-Col. Wroth Rogers and Capt. John Nicholas, concerning some horse, foot, and dragoons raised by them according to order in the late rebellion, and to report.
5. 1. The Admiralty Commissioners to issue their warrant to the Ordnance officers, to deliver to Lieut.-Col. Worsley a barrel of powder, with bullet and match, monthly, for the Protector's own regiment of foot; also 10 barrels of powder to be kept in store at St. James's for the said regiment. [I. 76, pp. 52–3.]
May 1.
2. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to Robt. Blackborne. The Nightingale and Bryer came in, the latter having convoyed the money for Scilly. The Great Charity wanting men, I have taken a few from the Assistance, Bryer, and Fagon, at which the captains grumble. The providing of men and money to carry on the work is more trouble than all besides. I send a certificate by Capt. Leo. Harris and two others, of the continual absence on shore of Hen. Goss, the master of the Great Charity; I have replaced him by a young man of Plymouth, named Tancock, who has had some experience in the West Indies. The lead is taken out of one of the Dutch vessels, and she has gone, but I have no order about the oil and soap in the other, and Ald. Hill has gone to London. The ship bound for Guinea had meal, iron, brown paper, and some linen, which the sailors who captured her took. The provisions in the ships bound for Newfoundland grow worse, and the charge increases.
The Welcome, with saltpetre, silk, &c., from the East Indies, waits a convoy. The Assistance has sent in the Hoy, which has little but ballast. I have ordered the frigates abroad to keep together, the better to encounter several Frenchmen coming from St. Malo, some of which are very rich, and to bestir themselves to find the Brest men-of-war. I wish another frigate or two were at Plymouth, one of which might be Beach's. I cannot hear of any of the Barbadoes ships having been taken, so I hope the rumour is not true. [2¾ pages.] Enclosing,
2. i. Certificate by Capt. Harris alluded to, 1 May 1655. [¾ page.]
[May 2.] 3. Petition of magistrates, officers, and freemen of Kingston-onThames, Surrey, to the Protector. Our town is governed by 2 bailiffs, several masters and peers, and 15 head boroughs. These last nominate 4 persons for bailiffs, and the master and peers choose 2 of them, and all the other yearly officers. In August 1654, a tumultuous assembly met in the Guildhall, and in spite of orders to the contrary, sat as a court of common council, censured the bailiffs for their choice of an attorney, and discharged them from bearing office. These parties, being called to account for their misdemeanours, refused an accommodation, on which 6 of them, 3 being head boroughs, were discharged. These, and another discharged for buying stolen goods, have sued out writs of restitution in the Upper Bench, which referred the case to Sir Rich. Onslow and Col. Rob. Wood, who agreed on an award; but the other party, after consenting to it at first, fell off from it. We have chosen other head boroughs, but have tendered restitution to the remainder, on acknowledgment of their miscarriage; yet they are engaging in law suits, which will ruin many on both sides. We beg a reference, to accomodate the differences. [1 sheet.]
[May 2.] 4. Abstract of the above petition. [1 page.]
May 2. Reference thereon by Council to Strickland and Jones, to hear both parties, and compose these differences, and also those between Col. Wood and Mr. Gulston if they can, and to report. [I. 76, p. 53.]
[May 2.] 5. Col. Alex. Blake to Col. Goffe. On his Highness's letter and commission for raising a party of horse to secure these parts, I listed divers honest persons who brought their own horses and arms, and after attending 8 days, I promised payment to 30 as long as they remained. After 6 days I had yours, giving me the enemy's route, and telling me to discharge the soldiers, which I did, but I am engaged for 14 days' pay for the officers sent to get the men, which was troublesome and expensive, and 5 for 30 troopers. I kept them, that in this disaffected corner, honest men might have a head to repair to if danger approached, and also because there were persons enlisting horses and men at Oundle, and promising 14 days' pay. Peterborough 12 April 1655. With calculation of the sum due, 33l. 9s. 0d.; reference thereon by the Protector to CommissaryGeneral Whalley and the Committee of officers, to report to Council, 26 April 1655, and their report, April 30, that Blake drew his troop to Stamford fair, during the late danger, to prevent the gathering of ill minded people, and should have the sum paid from the 500l. received by them from Contingencies of Council. [2 pages.]
May 2. Order thereon in Council for payment accordingly. [I. 76, p. 53.]
May 2. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. 6. The Admiralty Committee to have a badge provided for Thos. Redriffe, one of his Highness's watermen. [I. 76, p. 53.]
May 2.
7. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to Gen. Jno. Desborow, Suffolk House. I send a packet of letters by Jno. Bugby, who has come from Barbadoes, brought in by Capt. Collins, of the Malaga merchant, directed to his Highness, the Admiralty Commissioners, Secretary Thurloe, yourself, and others. Let Bugby have speedy access to his Highness with his intelligence. [1 page.]
May 3. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Approval by the Protector of 7 orders, 18–27 April.
2. Note that "the orders of this day are all entered in the private book." [I. 76, p. 54.]
May 3. 8. John Rushworth to Wm. Jessop. I am going to Essex to meet the Warden of New College about a lease of some concern to me, or I would have attended on Col. Rob. Thorpe's business [See 15 Feb. 1655], but my partner, Edw. Greene, can tell as much as I can. We have no advantage thereby, but great trouble and vexation, only we try to see the public and his creditors satisfied, and to get our discharge for our own security. Greene has laid out thousands in this business. [1 page.]
May 4. 9. Petition of Frances, widow of Sir Wm. Fairfax, to the Protector and Council. My husband lost his life in the service in 1644, at the relief of Montgomery Castle, without making a will to provide for his younger children, so that they are cast upon my small jointure, and there are many debts to pay.
On the news of his death, Parliament sent Sir Thos. Widdrington, M.P., to condole with me on the Commonwealth's loss as well as my own, assured me that I and my children should be provided for, and ordered me 1,500l., which in some years I received, but had to pay it to creditors who had furnished my husband with money, arms, &c., for the service. Since then I have received nothing towards his arrears of 4,000l., but have been passive whilst matters of so great concern were in hand.
I beg the arrears out of discoveries to be made by me of persons who have many thousands in their hands belonging to the State, and authority to the Treasury Commissioners to direct the Barons [of Exchequer] to bring the said persons to account. With reference to Council, 22 March 1654–5. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
9. i. The Sub-Committee of Accounts for co. York to the Committee for taking the accounts of the Kingdom. We have examined the accounts of Sir Wm. Fairfax, MajorGeneral of horse under Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax, LordGeneral of the North, and enclose them, as taken on oath before us. Wakefield, 4 April 1649. Signed by Thomas, Lord Fairfax, and 3 others. [2/3 page.]
9. ii. Certificate by the said Sub-Committee that on the account as given of Sir W. Fairfax, there remains due to him 4,677l. 9s. 0d., but they do not know whether he has received anything in horses, arms, or free quarter. 4 April 1649. Signed by Fairfax, and 3 others. [1 sheet.]
9. iii. Order at the Northern Committee that the 3 younger children of Sir Wm. Fairfax have 2,000l. out of the estates of delinquents put to sale in the Additional Act, in full of all engagements of Parliament to Lady Fairfax and her children, and of all demands for arrears and disbursements of Sir William. Mr. Strickland to report this to Parliament. Signed, Jas. Chaloner, 8 June 1652. [½ page.]
May 4.
10. Reference of Lady Fairfax's petition to Lambert, Mulgrave, and Fiennes, to report. [2½ page. Also, I. 76, p. 56.]
May 4.
Proclamation enforcing the order of 28 Hen. VIII., empowering the Lord Chancellor, Lord President of the Council, Lord Privy Seal, and the 2 Lords Chief Justices, to set prices on all kinds of wines, his Highness noting that for want thereof, the prices have lately risen excessively; the persons authorized by the said statute are to prize the wines, and all mayors, bailiffs, justices of peace, &c., to take care to prevent abuses about the sale of wines. [I. 76A, p. 88; I. 76, p. 57.]
May 4. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Strickland to direct the entertainment of the Marquis de Lede, ambassador from Spain, and take order with Fleming to prepare Sir Abr. Williams' house for him.
2. Nich. Bond to be steward to order his diet while he is at the State's charge.
3. He is to be allowed 50 dishes for the 1st and 2nd course, and 30 dishes of fruit and sweetmeats at each meal; also to have a convenient allowance for the table of his attendants, and he is to be entertained for 7 meals.
5–7. Bond to provide plate for his entertainment; six of the Council's messengers to attend him and wait at table; and Strickland and Montague to receive and conduct him to his lodgings.
8. To advise a warrant to pay Frost 6,000l. for the Council's Contingencies.
9. Frost to exhibit to Council a list of all the warrants directed to him for payments out of Council's Contingencies, not already satisfied.
10. The petition of the governor and company of merchants trading to Russia referred to Mulgrave, Montague, Lambert, and Strickland, to report.
16. Order that, as no payment has been made to Lieut. Rich. Palmer on the former order [see 5 Feb. 1655], his Highness be requested to issue a warrant to the Treasury Commissioners to pay him the arrears of his pension of 40s. a week, and the said pension quarterly; Scobell and Jessop to certify the arrears. Annexing,
11. i. Certificate by Capt. Thos. Fauconberg that the 40s. a week was paid for 17 weeks, ending 5 April 1654. 8 Feb. 1654–5. [2/3 page.]
11. ii. Certificate, that up to the present time, the arrears amount to 112l. 7 May 1655. [½ page.]
17. Order on a letter to the President of Council from Lords Commissioners Whitelock and Widdrington, and Lenthall, Master of the Rolls, of May 1, that the Committee formerly named to speak with the Great Seal Commissioners enquire whether they do proceed upon the Ordinance for better regulation of the High Court of Chancery, and report. Annexing,
11. i. B. Whitelock, Sir Th. Widdrington, and Wm. Lenthall to the President. We cannot, in judgment and conscience, feel free to proceed on the Ordinance touching Chancery, though we are very unhappy not to satisfy his Highness. 1 May 1655. [I. 76, p. 57.]
20–2. To advise his Highness that 9 be the number of the Council in Scotland, and that Gen. Geo. Monk, Lord Broghill, Chas. Howard, Wm. Lockhart, John Swinton, Adrian Scrope, Sam. Desborow, Nath. Whetham, and [Thos.] Cooper be the Council, and Emanuel Downing their clerk.
25. Order on report from the Committee on the Dutch ambassador's papers, concerning the Hope of Rotterdam, that—as it appears by a decree in the Admiralty Court that, 3,000l. bail is given in that Court, for abiding by the orders of the Court touching the said ship and her lading (she being taken and brought to Portsmouth by Capt. Gethings),—she be suffered by the Prize Commissioners to proceed on her intended voyage to Newfoundland.
26. To advise that John Clarke and Thos. Kelsey be added to the number of Admiralty Judges, and commissioned accordingly. Approved 4 May.
27. Order on report on the petition of Roger Hall, and his servant, Gilbert West [see 13 April 1655],—that 24l. 18s. 7d. is due to Hall beyond what he has received, but that the only proof of the servant's money being unpaid is that the ticket is not taken in— ordering the payment of the 24l. 18s. 7d. only, Council not being satisfied as to the 7l. 10s. 9d. claimed. [I. 76, pp. 55–8.] Annexing,
12. i. Report alluded to, signed by Edw. Whalley, Ph. Willeton, and Fras. White. [1 page.]
May 6.
Fairfax, Downs.
13. Vice-Adm. Jno. Lawson to the Admiralty Commissioners. I send a list of the masters and boats of Calais for which the Governor desires liberty to fish, and beg instructions, the season for mackerel having commenced. I hear from Mr. White, of Dover, that the Spanish and French men-of-war upon their coasts suffer the fishermen of each nation to fish freely, though the war between them has lasted so long.
Capt. Mackey, of the Yarmouth, chased a pirate pretending a commission from Charles Stuart, and having driven her into shore, sent two boats under charge of his lieutenant to her; but she fought with them, killed his midshipman and 3 men, and wounded 6 others, so they were forced to retreat; the Reserve also chased 2 shallops near the Foreland, but lost them. I sent a ketch to protect the fishermen off the Foreland; I want 2 others, one belonging to Mr. White, and one to Mr. Berry of Barking, for the same purpose. On the 2nd I sent the Elizabeth to compel a Dutchman off the Goodwin Sands to strike his flag to ours, but he was very obstinate, and refused until fired at, though on slender excuses. Shall I send to Dover for more victuals for the Fairfax ?
I have ordered the Yarmouth to transport Francis, Lord Russell, Wm. Russell, and Lord and Lady Strangford, with their retinue and baggage, for Dieppe. [2 pages.]
May 8. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order,—on report of the Admiralty Commissioners of a request from the Governor of Calais to the Commander-in-chief in the Downs, that certain fishing vessels of Calais may have protection to fish on this coast in this season, the names of the vessels and their masters being annexed;—to advise a grant of the licence as desired. Approved 8 May.
2, 3. Order on Col. Fiennes' report from the Committee to speak with the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, that the Master of the Rolls attend Council to-morrow morning.
4. 14. Order,—on report from the Admiralty Commissioners upon a certificate from the Prize Goods' Commissioners, that they have landed out of a prize ship at Plymouth 200 tuns of French wines, which are so decayed that they will only fetch 3l. 10s. a tun, whereas 6l. a tun are demanded for customs and excise;—that the Prize Goods' Commissioners sell the wines to the best advantage they can, without entering them at the Custom House or Excise Office, which the officers of the above are to allow.
5. Order that, whereas on 4 April last, 210l., part of 810l. was to be remitted to Isaac Preston and other merchants of Great Yarmouth, 310l. be remitted instead of 210l., and on payment of the residue, his bonds be delivered up to be cancelled.
6. Order that Lambert, Rous, and Desborow speak with Col. Dove, High Sheriff of co. Wilts, about the matter debated as to a reprieve for John Lucas, engaged in the late rebellion, and sentenced to death at Salisbury. Annexing,
15. i. Request by Rich. Phelps, Mayor, and several well affected inhabitants of New Sarum, to Col. John Dove, to suspend the execution of, and obtain a reprieve for John Lucas, who was the instrument of preserving Dove's life, and has behaved with candour and piety, and is as fit an object of clemency as any engaged in that rebellion. 63 signatures. [1 sheet.]
9. The Commissioners for Prize Goods to sell the Maria of Copenhagen, and 5 other ships belonging to subjects of the King of Denmark, seized in English ports in 1652 with all their goods, because of the seizure of English ships in the territories of the King of Denmark. [I. 76, pp. 60–2.]
May 9. 16. Petition of Wm. Beck, shipwright of Stepney, to the Protector and Council, for discharge from imprisonment, on security not to act prejudicially. Having been drinking at several houses, is said to have uttered scandalous and reproachful words of his Highness; must have been mad or drunk if he did, having long faithfully served the State, and his wife and 3 children will be utterly ruined by his remaining in custody. [½ page.] Annexing,
16. i. Certificate of John Waterton and Hill. Mellish, justices of peace for Middlesex, that Beck subscribed the engagement to be faithful to the Commonwealth without King or House of Lords. 19 Jan. 1652–3. [2/3 page.]
16. ii. Certificate of John Waterton, Wm. Kiffen, and Wm. Warren, to Beck's good affection and ability to perform what he undertakes. 1 July 1653. Noted with an order for a warrant to the Lieutenant of the Amity. [2/3 page.]
16. iii. Writ by John Waterton to the Keeper of Newgate, to receive Wm. Beck, of Prusen's Island, Stepney, prisoner, for words spoken against the Protector. 9 March 1654–5. [¾ page, copy.]
16. iv. Certificate by John Waterton, John Moore, and Eph. Williams, that on 8 March 1654–5, Beck said he hated the Lord Protector, for he had forsworn himself. At Newmarket he held up his hand to God, and vowed to maintain the right of the people without King or House of Lords, and now he has got the power into his own hands, he punishes the godly and lets the wicked go free, for there are better men now in prison than out of it, and this he would tell him to his face. 24 March 1654–5. With order at the quarter sessions for Middlesex, 23 April 1655, that Col. Grosvenor and Lieut.-Col Worsley attend Council to receive their directions thereon. [1 page.]
May 9. Order in Council on the case, that as Beck has been some time committed, he be released by the keeper of the new prison [Newgate], on certificate that he has given security with 2 sureties to Col. Barkstead, to do nothing to the prejudice of the present Government. [I. 76, p. 63.]
May 9. Note of a petition referred to the Committee for Petitions, of John Blackwell, jun., for consideration of his case, there being scruples in Ireland about the lands settled on him by Ordinance, and a letter written by his Highness thereon. Referred by Council to Fiennes, Strickland, Lisle, Sydenham, and Desborow. [I. 92, No. 351. I. 76, p. 65.]
May 9. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. 17. The petition of Abr. Pitts, merchant of Lyme, and the freighters of the Diamond,—laden at Rotterdam with pitch, tar, and deal, for France, forced into Lyme by the late embargo in France, and by a Council Order of 12 April last allowed to pass out of Lyme;—referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to report speedily. Annexing,
17. i. Edm. Harvey to Gen. Desborow. I return the petition and papers of Abr. Pitts, merchant of Lyme; what is asked for is against law, and the goods in the Diamond are prohibited to be exported by the Act for Navigation; but if the ship is leaky and unfit for her voyage, she ought to be permitted to unload her goods into some other vessel, to be transported without confiscation. This, if referred to the Customs' Commissioners, could be ordered without trouble. Custom House, London, 12 May 1655. [1 page.]
3. The petition of John Wiseman for stay of the sale of his lands till next Parliament,—because although, as delinquents' lands, they were ordered by a former Parliament to be sold for the navy's use, yet by another order the sale was to be forborne, and a bill brought in for their discharge,—referred to the Treasury Commissioners, to examine and report; meanwhile the sale is to be forborne.
5. Order on report from the Committee on Rob. King's petition, that the Lord Deputy and Council in Ireland examine the reality of the debt, and whether Sir Geo. Ratcliffe's lands be liable to the payment; if so, then examine how much of the debt is paid; and that they be authorised to settle on the petitioner and John Harrison a proportion of land for satisfaction of the debt. Approved 16 May.
9. 18. To allow Major Rob. Sedgwick a salary of 15s. a day, whilst in the public service in New England against the French. The Navy Commissioners to issue a warrant. Approved 16 May.
10. Lieut.-Col. John Clarke and Col. Thos. Kelsey having long attended as Admiralty Commissioners without compensation, 300l. is to be allowed to each for service till 25 March last, and 400l. a year each in future, to be paid by the Navy Treasurer on warrants from the Admiralty Commissioners. Approved 16 May.
11. Order on Fiennes' report from the Committee on salaries for the Commissioners for Probate of Wills, that for the last half year, there be paid to Rich. Lucy, Thos. Manby, and John Hildesley 150l. each. Approved 16 May.
13. The petitions of Sir Sigismund Zinzan, alias Alexander, and of Sir David Hasteville, to be considered to-morrow.
14. Note that the Master of the Rolls attended Council to-day as ordered.
15. Order on report from the Admiralty Commissioners on the petition of Rich. Forbench, postmaster of Southwark, and the postmasters of the Kentish Road, between London, Deal, and Dover,—that 15s. 6d. a day was allowed the said postmasters by the late Navy Committee for carrying the State's packets, and during the Dutch war 15s. 6d. a day more, which was continued till midsummer 1653; then Capt. Manley taking the farm of the letter office, it was thought he should defray the charge; but he said he derived no profit from the office till Michaelmas 1654, therefore it was unpaid 1 ¼ years; and they think that 15s. 6d. a day should be paid by Manley, and allowed as a defalcation out of his midsummer payment;—that Manley be authorized to pay to the said postmasters 358l. 1s. 0d. salary, which shall be so defalked to him. Approved 16 May. [I. 76, pp. 62–66.] Annexing,
19. i. Report of the Admiralty Commissioners alluded to, 7 May 1655. [1 page.]
May 9. 20. Certificate by Barth. Beale, auditor, that he finds by the account of Sir Jno. Heydon, lieutenant of the ordnance, that 200l. a year was granted by the King and paid for two years, ending 30 June 1638, viz.:—
£ s. d.
To Fras. Coningsby, Ordnance Surveyor, for his allowance due for 2 years, ending 30 June 1638. 82 4 3
– Edw. Sherburne, Ordnance Clerk do. 82 4 3
– Rich. March, Keeper of the Stores 82 4 3
– Geo. Clarke, Clerk of the Deliveries 35 13 0
– Howard Strachey and Edw. Stephens, clerks to Sir Jno. Heydon 82 4 3
– Andrew Bassano, clerk to Mr. Sherburne 40 0 0
[1 page.] 404 10 0
May 10. Note of a petition referred to the Committee for Petitions, of Margaret, widow of Edw. Rood, minister, for payment from the Exchequer of 15s. a week ordered her from Haberdashers' Hall. Her husband suffered much under the bishops, and her charge is great. Order in Council accordingly. Approved 16 May. [I. 92, No. 347; I. 76, pp. 68, 77.]
May 10. Like note of a petition of Susan Bowen for 20l. more; was ordered from 20l. to 40l., 5 April 1654, from the Ely House Commissioners, but has only received 20l. Order in Council for 10l. more. Approved 16 May. [I. 92, No. 350; I. 76, pp. 68, 77.]
May 10. 21. Memorial of the officers of arms to "your Honours," Commissioners appointed by Parliament for Heralds. By our charters, we are to collect and register the matches, issues, times of death, and arms of the nobility and gentry, and by Patent of 15 James, the executors of all who die are to bring in certificates and pay fees. But as it is doubted that these orders are not binding in law, and as the Court of Wards, whereby the descents of a great part of the gentry were preserved, is taken away, we beg power to require the executors to bring in these certificates and pay their fees, whereby in a few years the arms, matches, and issue of all the families in England would be brought in, and controversies avoided.
Also painters now paint arms and make escutcheons for funerals, without repairing to our office, so that many errors are committed. We beg that this may be forbidden, and that the painters may first come to us, according to ancient usage.
Also solemn funerals, and the use of pennons, standards, and hatchments in churches and chapels, were only granted by our allowance for persons of eminence; they are now privately made and put up for persons of small worth. We beg that this may be forbidden, and the offenders punished.
As some coercive power will be required, we beg you to appoint certain court days, to be kept by yourselves or your lieutenant, to hear complaints, and to make this court a Court of Record. [6 sheets. Endorsed with note that the fees on creations of noblemen and knights, consecrations of bishops, &c., were at least 500l. a year.]
May 10. Order in Council referring the case to Wolsley, Lambert, Fiennes, Jones, and Mulgrave, to report. [I. 76, p. 69.]
May 10. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The order made on March 30, 1655, touching Lord Broghill, read, an addition made, and on the question, passed as amended; viz., to advise that 3,000l. be given to Lord Broghill for lands in Ireland to be set out for his arrears, and his Highness's Counsel-atlaw to see an assurance drawn up.
2. Order on report on the petition of Thos. Clerke,—[See 27 April 1655], touching a lease claimed by him, which the Commissioners for removing Obstructions cannot allow, because the time for claim limited by the late Council of State is lapsed,—that the said Commissioners determine the same according to Acts of Parliament, the said order notwithstanding. Approved 16 May. Annexing,
22. i. Report on which the said order is founded. [¾ page.]
4. John Hobson having come up as summoned, to answer for apprehending Rob. Massey and Thomas and Israel Cave on their way to a religious exercise, and committing them to prison, Fiennes, Wolsley, Mulgrave, and Jones, are to peruse the papers, examine the fact, send for witnesses, and report.
5. Order on Fiennes' report from the Committee on Sir Sigismund Zinzan's petition, to advise a warrant to the Treasury Commissioners to pay him 20s. a week. Approved 16 May.
6. Order on Sir David Hasteville's petition, to advise a warrant to pay him the 10s. a week formerly paid out of Goldsmiths' Hall, with arrears from Jan. 10, 1654–5. Approved 16 May.
8. To advise a warrant to pay the Earl of Worcester the 3l. a week formerly charged on Goldsmiths' Hall, with arrears from Jan. 8, 1654–5. Approved 16 May.
10. Fiennes, Wolsley, and Desborow added to the Committee on the petition of several magistrates, &c., of Kingston-on-Thames, to perform the matter contained in the reference.
12. The petition of John Boys, of Old Beck, in the Parish of Mudford, co. Somerset, referred to the Treasury Commissioners, to report.
13. The report of Dr. Clarke, one of the Admiralty Judges, about 3 Dutch ships taken by privateers, viz., the Peter of Flushing, Blue Pigeon of Amsterdam, and the Oaken Tree, referred to Wolsley, Desborow, Jones, and Strickland, to report.
14. 23. Order on Fiennes' report from the Committee on the petition of the makers of alum and copperas, that the same Committee reconsider how the said 2nd Article may be put in execution without prejudice to the Ordinance for Excise, and report.
15. Desborow, Jones, Fiennes, and Mulgrave to prepare the draft of an order for the next 6 months' assessment, and to bring it in next Wednesday; Jones to take care thereof.
17. Desborow, Sydenham, Montague, Strickland, Wolsley, and Jones to be a Committee to take cognizance of all matters referring to the 4th part of the pay of the officers and soldiers enlisted under Gen. Venables, ordered on Nov. 30 last to be paid to their assignees every 4 months, and to give orders as required. Approved 16 May.
18. Jeremiah [or Robert] Bowes, Fras. Hodges, and Rich. Creed, to examine the muster rolls of those officers and soldiers, and read all letters of attorney and assignments authorising receipt of their pay in their absence, and to settle all matters of pay, as the Committee of Council shall charge them. [I. 76, pp. 67–70.]
May 11. 24. Petition of the Serjeant-at-arms' deputies to Council, that their salaries may be made equal to those of the rest of the messengers attending Council. His Highness, Council, and Sec. Thurloe know their faithfulness and alacrity in executing warrants and riding post journeys, yet some in their condition have 5s. a day, whilst they have only 10 groats. [½ page; also I. 92, No. 352.]
May 11. Order thereon granting them 5s. a day. Approved 16 May. [I. 76, pp. 70, 77.]
May 11. 25. Petition of the messengers and serjeants' deputies attending Council to Council, for warrants for payment of their bills which are now passed. Have carried dispatches 9 months, and had to borrow money, having to take post journeys chiefly. [1 page.]
[May 11.] 26. Petition of Sir Edw. Dendy to Council, for an order for payment of his account, or an examination of its justness. Spent 100l. 9s. 0d. for salaries to deputies, and for prisoners, during the time of the late Council of State, and the bill was presented with the other bills of messengers; but whilst theirs were allowed, his was deferred, and though allowed afterwards, the Parliament and Council of State were dissolved before a warrant for payment was issued. [1 page.] Annexing,
26. i. Bill of E. Dendy, Serjeant-at-arms attending Council, for 100l. 9s. 0d.; with note of persons who will attest its justice. Also, note by Ri. Tomlyns of depositions to the truth of the account, 16 May 1655. [1 page.]
May 11. Order on Mr. Jessop's report on the bills of Dendy, the messengers, serjeants' deputies, and Rich. Scutt, Usher of the Council Chamber, that Gen. Desborow and Col. Sydenham consider the 2 first sums named, viz., 106l. 7s. 0d. and 100l. 9s. 0d., speak with Serjeant Dendy, and report; and that 308l. 19s. 0d. named in the report as the total of the riding charges of messengers, 487l. 1s. 5d. bills of the serjeants' deputies for riding charges and expenses of prisoners, and 145l. 2s. 0d. Scutt's bill for fire, candles, &c., be paid from Council's Contingencies. Approved 16 May. [I. 76, pp. 70, 77.]
May 11. 27. Petition of the gentleman porter, yeomen warders, and others of the Tower, to the Protector and Council, to order present payment of warrants granted them for money due in Col. West's time, they being chiefly poor men, and unable to subsist without it. With reference, 7 Aug. 1654, to Council. [1 sheet damaged.] Annexing,
27. i. Warrant to Receiver-Gen. Fauconberg to pay Col. John Barkstead 1,004l. 15s. 8½d. for the wages of the gentleman porter, and yeomen warders, diet and charge of the preacher, physician, and apothecary, and for firing, &c., for ¾ year, ending 24 June 1652. 10 March 1652–3. [Copy 1 page.]
27. ii. Like warrant for 593l. 9s. 1d. for the ½ year ending 29 Sept. 1651. 14 June 1653. [Copy 1 page.]
May 11. Reference by Council thereon to the Treasury Commissioners, to certify. [I. 76, p. 73.]
28. i. Report by the said Commissioners, that by the said orders 1,598l. 4s. 9½d. is due to the petitioners, and no part yet paid. 21 Aug. 1655. [¾ page damaged.]
May? 29. Petition of the yeomen warders of the Tower to the Protector. The Revenue Commissioners have issued 2 orders for our payment, but Mr. Falconbridge says he cannot pay them, because of a stop of payments till further order. Beg redress. 25 signatures. [1 page.]
May 11. Note of a petition referred to the Committee for Petitions, of Eliz. Alkin, widow, for money for her relief, pleading her services. Order in Council for 20 marks from Mr. Frost, on a certificate from the Committee for removing Obstructions. [I. 92, No. 348; I. 76, p. 73.]
May 11. Council. Day's Proceedings.
6. Order on Owen's bill for paper and other stationery for Council's use from March 4 1653–4 to Dec. 22 1654, being 181l. 9s. 10d., that Scobell and Jessop examine the prices of the particulars received, try to reduce them to a fit proportion, and report.
7. The Committee on repair of his Highness's houses to hasten their report.
11. The lodgings in Whitehall, late Maj.-Gen. Skippon's, to be assigned to Scobell, Clerk of Council, and Embree to put him in possession when Skippon vacates.
12. Jenkin Lloyd and Mr. Rawlins to continue in their former lodgings which they were told to quit, as Col. Fiennes has been accommodated elsewhere.
15. Lambert reports the order and declaration for levying excise in Scotland, which was read, the blank filled up thus:—"24th June 1655," and so amended, ordered to be presented to his Highness.
18. Whereas on 3 April last, it was ordered that the levying the profits of the estate of John Pooler, of Hartlebury, co. Worcester, should be forborne, on his giving security in the Exchequer to answer the profits when required, but the amount and the person to whom the security should be given were not named;—order that the Treasury Commissioners shall give direction therein, and on certificate of the security being so given, the Commissioners for Compounding and their sub-commissioners are to observe the former order. [I. 76, pp. 70–3.]
19. Order in the case of Dr. John Pordage [see 4 April 1655]. His Highness having presented Gualter Adams to the rectory, and had him and Pordage before him, could not compose an agreement between them; Adams insisted much on the inconvenience of having the house and glebe made part of the allowance, and offered rather to make up the 80l. to 100l.; both offered to stand by the determination of Council, who, after hearing the allegations on both sides, decide that Pordage deliver up the parsonage and glebe lands, and have 100l. a year from the rectory during their joint lives. [Last clause added 22 May. I. 55, p. 72; I. 76, p. 84.] Annexing,
30. i. Reasons urged by Gualter Adams why Pordage, who has 40l. and a good estate of his own, should not detain the house, obliging him to be a lodger in the town, or to lose his living by non-residence. [1 page.]
30. ii. Reasons by Dr. John Pordage why he should keep the house, Adams being a single person, and he having a wife and many children. Pleads former services as physician to Col. Venn's regiment in Windsor Castle, &c. [1½ pages.]
30. iii. Reference of the case, signed by the Protector, to Council. [1 page.]
May 11. Pres. Lawrence to the Mayor and Aldermen of Lincoln. Council hear from Col. Berry that during the late war, while the Bishop of Lincoln's house lay waste, the Committee, at the request of the minister and inhabitants, caused the pulpit to be removed from the choir to the bishop's late seat for warmth, as the windows had been broken; since then Col. Berry, having purchased the palace and appurtenances of the bishop, wishes to use the seat for his family, and has applied in vain to the magistrates to have the pulpit moved back. Council desires you to see it done, that he may enjoy the seat according to his contract, placing the pulpit where it formerly stood, or in any other place you judge fitting. [I. 76, p. 72.]
May 11.
31. Capt. Edw. Tarleton to the Admiralty Commissioners. In compliance with the enclosed orders, on 29 April I marched 10 miles into the country, with the commanded party, and 40 of my own men, to surprise some delinquents, but they must have had notice, for they were gone. We plundered and fired their houses, and brought away 150 cows and sheep without opposition, save that at a pass 3 miles from the garrison, some Lochaber rogues fired at us and ran.
On the 5th I received 250 men on board, and sailed at night 8 leagues off to Kynnyogh harbour; but our pilot not knowing the coast well, we lost time, and before we could get our men landed next morning, we were discovered by the inhabitants, who gave an alarm through the town and country; but though we could not surprize the rogues, we burnt 40 of their houses, and destroyed all their cattle. Then we re-embarked in our 2 boats. We saw 50 men together who waited, as we thought, to engage the men who were to be shipped last; but finding us more than they were, they durst not attempt to leave their hills until we had put off, when they came down and fired upon us without effect.
The Highlanders have come in very fast lately; between 300 and 400 have taken the engagement, and more are expected to do so. They will all come in under protection of this garrison.
My provisions will last till 4 June, when I hope to be at Dublin. [1 page.] Annexing,
31. i. Order from Edw. Allen to Tarleton to come ashore with 40 well accoutred men, and march with a party under Capt. Chas. Collis. Inverlochy, 29 April 1655. [Scrap.]
31. ii. Like order to receive the forces sent, land them with 40 of his own men, and obey the orders of Capt. Solomon Faith. Inverlochy, 5 May 1655. [Scrap.]
May 12.
Elizabeth Castle.
32. Col. Robt. Gibbon to the Admiralty Commissioners. We arrived here safely 1st May. This bay is infested with small pickeroons, so that small vessels can hardly look out without danger; one was taken within 3 or 4 miles of the castle yesterday. Pray send us a man-of-war of 16 or 20 guns, and a small galley, or a good double shallop with 30 or 40 men, or there will be no stirring from this island all summer. There are 2 or 3 small vessels now bound for England, but dare not stir; 6 ships have sailed from St. Malo for St. Lucar with linen, two of which were estimated to be worth 300,000l.; each carried 36 guns. We hope some of the State's ships will meet with them before they are out of the Channel.
P.S.—I shall send you a hogshead of cider by the first vessel bound for London. [1 page.]
May 12/22.
33. The King to Mr. Carpf. I hear with much grief and compassion of the necessity to which you are reduced. I am very sorry that my present estate does not enable me to assist you; but as soon as it shall please God to grant me the means, I will prove my sense of your kindness and courtesies. [1 page, copy.]
May? 34. Request of Mrs. Chiffinch for a bill payable in 2 months, for payment of sums disbursed in his Majesty's service, viz.:—
Guilders. Stivers.
Debt due at Paris 924 0
Rent of the laundry 206 14
Journeys of Thos. Chiffinch, wife, and servant 56 11
Thos. Chiffinch's journey from Cologne to Breda and back 91 12
that she may satisfy her creditors, who threaten her with arrest. Also when moneys come in, payment of her board-wages with the other servants. [1 page.]
May 12. 35. Quartermaster Rob. Dillington, alias Knockerdown, alias Tuntroles, to his "most noble captain [Jos. Williamson]." We are sorry for your fatal defeat, and have set apart a day of public humiliation, yet hope your army is not totally routed, only the horses were houghed by a politic stratagem. Your headpiece foresaw the danger, but your courage in undertaking anything for your friend outbalanced all disasters, relying on your noble commander's maxim, "Audaces fortuna favet." Had your commission permitted you and your forces to pierce the ocean to the isles of the Atlantic, you had avoided that ambush and been highly honoured by your Scanderbeg (?) subjects.
An epitaph on Rosinante fraught with tears,—
"Now lies interred within this cloister
Rosinante that loved an oyster." [1 page.]
Indorsed with declaration in royal form. We certify to all Christian people, Turks, Jews, and Presbyters, that Sir Littleman Cockpestle has abundantly proved his courage and fidelity in disputes by himself and with others in many hot encounters in the Low Countries, especially 2 days before he left, when the heat of the charge lay on him, and he carried himself so nobly that the day was his own, several of the enemy's colours being taken, and they all made captives to his noble spirit and deed without losing a man, only he was slightly cut. We stamp the measure of his courage under the standard of our highest approbation. [¾ page, damaged.]
May 12. 36. John Ashe and John Carey to President Lawrence. The inhabitants of Maiden Bradley, co. Wilts, and Yearnfield, co. Somerset, say their riots in breaking up enclosures were to preserve their rights, and are willing to remove their cattle, and abide a trial at law with Lord Broghill. His bailiff wished us to defer our reply, till he was assured that this agreement would be observed by all parties. [¾ sheet.] Enclosing,
36. i. Deposition of Peter Daniel, of Merston Biggott, Somerset, aged 60. In 1627 and 1628, the late King gave commissions to several knights and gentlemen to disafforest and enclose the forests of Bruham Roade and Frome, co. Somerset. They had orders published in all the parish churches for claimants on the forests to come in, and they should have justice. The inhabitants of Maiden Bradley and Yearnfield appeared and claimed commons in Merston Biggott, but did not prove their claim. To prevent clamour, another meeting was held at Frome, when they brought Mr. Ford, an ancient steward to Sir Edw. Seymour, lord of Maiden Bradley Manor, who pretended they had deeds and records, but produced none.
In 1629, the lands at Merston Biggott were enclosed and settled on Sir John Hippesley, then lord of the manor; many of the inhabitants became his tenants, as did Sir Hen. Ludlow, then lord of Yearnfield Manor. In 1641 he sold the lands for 4000l. to Lord Broghill, who held them till 1643, when, during his absence to suppress rebels in Ireland, rioters destroyed his fences and laid waste the lands, and the inhabitants encouraged them, and would not allow his servants to repair the fences, but put in their cattle, whereby Broghill has sustained 1,500l. loss, and his mounds are destroyed. When, on an order of 28 Aug. 1654, he again had the fences made up, 12 inhabitants named of Maiden Bradley broke them down last April, and again put in their cattle. [1¾ pages.]
May ? 37. Order by Major P. Ceely to Capt. Pearce to pay 100l., viz., to Davy Gross, 50l.; Pascoe Edwards, 10l.; Mich. Herring, 30l. and 10l. [Scrap.]
May 12.
St. Ives.
38. Major P. Ceely to Mr. Berry. If you order 10l. to be paid in London to Thos. Sherwill, at St. Thomas the Apostle's, I will pay it you here. [Scrap.]
May 13.
St. Ives.
39. And. Duke to Capt. John Pearce. I have yours of 13 May about my moneys, which you have received, but cannot tell how to get them conveyed to Cornwall. My last, asking you to pay the money to a friend of Major Ceely's, seems to have miscarried. Pray pay it as I direct. If my brother is in London, send him my letter to my cousin Johnson's. Your friends here are expecting you. [1 page.]
May 16. 40. Petition of Watkin Kiffen to the Protector. I was Treasurer to the Monthly Assessments in co. Denbigh in 1651. Lieut.-Col. George Twistleton, Governor of Denbigh Castle, wrote to advise me to secure what money I had in hand in some place of strength, as the Scots' army was approaching, and within a day's march, and their emissaries were come into the country; so I delivered the money to Twistleton.
When I demanded it in Nov. 1651, he refused to restore it; saying he had paid it by your order for disbanding his garrison.
I applied to the Army Committee, who ordered him to pay it; and on his refusal, in Aug. 1654, they ordered his sequestration.
He then applied to you, and by your order of 26 Sept. last, you superseded the prosecution, and ordered his accounts to be examined; now the Army Committee sequesters me for the 700l., to my undoing. As I only did my duty, I intreat that I may be discharged of the 700l., and Twistleton continue accountable. [1¼ pages.]
May 16. 41. Reference thereon to the Army Committee, to report; in case they find that the petitioner has delivered the 700l. out of his hands, they are to see that he has no soldiers quartered on him for non-payment. [2/3 page. Also I. 76, p. 76.]
May 16. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The draft of an Order for the next 6 months' assessment, from June 24 1655, read the first time, re-committed, and to be brought in the second time to-morrow.
3. Abr. Barrington added to the Committee appointed 3 April, to examine some goods, late parcel of the standing wardrobe at Windsor, under charge of Mr. Thomas.
4. The petition of John Williams referred to Jones, Montague, Mulgrave, and Strickland, to send for and examine whom they please, and report.
6. Lord Herbert to be allowed such letters and papers as he judges necessary, relating to a discovery of the personal estate of the late Earl of Worcester, in the hands of Lady Montague, as there is to be a trial on Friday of matters referring thereto.
8. Order on Desborow's report from the Admiralty Commissioners, that the Prize Goods' Commissioners dispose of the money from the sale of the Three Kings and her lading, and the goods of the St. John of St. Malo, as the Treasury Commissioners shall direct.
11. Approval by the Protector of 21 orders, 9–11 May. [I. 76, pp. 75–7.]
May 16. Declaration by the Protector for collecting the Excise in Scotland. By the Ordinance for uniting Scotland with England, it is ordained that all taxes and impositions be borne proportionably by the whole people; and by the 27th Article of the instrument of Government, a revenue was to be levied in England and Ireland for maintaining the army and navy, by customs and excise amongst other things. Therefore from 24 June 1655, the rates which are paid in England and Wales are also to be levied through Scotland and the Orkney and Shetland Isles, on numerous articles, and at rates specified. All other goods imported, mentioned in the book of rates, except bullion, corn, victuals, arms, ammunition, ordnance, and wool, are charged 5 per cent., to be paid by the first buyer from the importer. All those not mentioned in the said book, nor in the present rates for excise, are to pay 1s. in the pound. The said rates to be levied by the persons appointed therefor by Acts and Ordinances in force, 2 Sept. 1654. Approved by the Protector, and passed 16 May. [I. 76A, pp. 57–61. I. 76, p. 77.]
May 17. 42. Petition of Katherine, widow and administratrix of Col. Simon Needham, slain before Colchester, to the Protector. By order of Parliament of 12 Aug. 1648, my husband's accounts were to be reported by the Army Committee, who in May 1650, wrote to the Commissioners at Worcester House to state them, which has been done, and yet they are not reported. They found from the certificates I showed that he had paid all his quarters, and yet they were bound by the Act to deduct ⅓, being 354l. 10s. 3d. for free quarter; beside this, they report 787l. 12s. 7d. as due.
Since the Long Parliament was dissolved, the Army Committee ordered a report to be presented to you. He has left 4 children, many debts, and nothing but his arrears; I therefore beg that these may be paid in full, or allowed as doubled money on any purchase of forfeited land. With reference, signed by the Protector, to Council, to relieve the petitioner speedily, and meanwhile to allow her 10l. a month. 10 May 1655. [1 page.] Annexing,
43. i. Order in the Army Committee stating that the arrears, being for services determining on 20 July 1646, are not within the particular securities given for soldiers' arrears; yet on account of Mrs. Needham's poverty, and her husband's merits, they advise that 287l. 12s. 7d. be given her at once, and the other 500l. secured by bonds from the Worcester House Trustees, on forest or other lands set apart for soldiers' arrears. 9 Feb. 1653–4. [Copy, 1 page.]
May 17. Order in Council on her petition that she receive 20 marks a month till paid her husband's arrears. [I. 76, p. 78.]
May 17. 44. Petition of several elders and brethren of divers congregations in and about London to the Protector. We know the miserable condition of the Waldenses [in Savoy], who by the tyranny of their Popish governors, after murder of their relatives, are forced to fly into the mountains rather than forsake the truth. This persecution seems entailed on them from their forefathers, and by the Lake of Lucerne they have been as burning lights, bearing their testimony against the innovations of the Man of Sin. Though we are unworthy of our own liberty, and need not to whet you on to the work of love we hear you are resolved on, we beg a speedy course for the precious remnant, and a solemn mourning for their sufferings and our sins. [1 sheet.]
May 17. Reference in Council to Mulgrave, Pickering, Rous, and Jones, to consider this petition and the papers of intelligence about the Protestants under the Duke of Savoy, and such other intelligence as shall come to Sec. Thurloe, and to advise what should be done about writing letters, collections, &c., for their relief. [I.76, p. 78.]
May 17. Order that May 30 be observed in London and Westminster, and June 7 through England, as a day of humiliation in reference to the late sufferings, present condition, and future relief of the said Protestants, [I. 76, p. 79.]
May 17. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The horse and foot officers lately come out of Ireland under Col. Sadler and Maj. Redman to be put into the establishment of the Army in England, and paid equally with the forces in England, since they were paid up in Ireland, and the Army Committee to give warrants.
2. To abate, out of the moneys to be transmitted to Ireland for the forces, the pay of those who have just returned.
4. The Treasury Commissioners to consider the paper presented to Council by Col. Sydenham, discovering the transportation of several quantities of gold, and to report.
9. Desborow, Fiennes, Mulgrave, Lisle, and the rest of the Council now present, to be a Committee to examine those giving evidence touching passages in the Court of Upper Bench last Saturday, and to call witnesses and summon them to appear before Council to-morrow morning. Sydenham to take care of it.
10. The same Committee to examine the business of the arresting of Custom House officers, and to report.
11. Also to fully examine the business concerning Customs' officers at Lyme, send for witnesses, and report.
12. Copies to be given to Lord Herbert of such papers only as were annexed to the report from the Committee of Accounts (concerning a discovery of part of the personal estate of the late Earl of Worcester in the hands of Lady Montague), and Lord Montague to have the same privilege if he desire it.
13. Col. Thos. Croxton's foot company raised at Chester April 19 1655, consisting of captain, lieutenant, ensign, 2 serjeants, 3 corporals, drummer, and gentleman-at-arms, and 69 private soldiers, to be added to the army establishment in England, instead of the company lately in Shrewsbury Castle. The Army Committee to issue warrants to the War Treasurers to pay them on their respective musters.
14. Like order for Capt. Geo. Westley's foot company raised at Hull on April 2 1655.
15. To advise payment to Capt. Wm. Thornhill of 100l. expended on a journey to Scotland, where he was appointed to a service which was otherwise disposed of. Approved 17 May.
16. To advise payment to Roger Hall of 24l. 18s. 7d. for a shallop employed in Scotland. [I. 76, pp. 78–80.]
May 17.
St. Frances Frigate at sea.
45. Certificate by —. By virtue of his Majesty's Commission, I have taken the 3 Sisters of Poole, coming from Barbadoes, with 20,000 Muskevadus sugar, and 400 tobacco. I have put in Jas. French, quartermaster, to conduct her to some port of his Majesty's friends or allies, there to procure adjudication. [Copy made at French's request, 31 May 1655. ½ page.]
May 17. 46. Jno. Timberley to his friend. I want the note I forgot to ask for at the last meeting. My care was so great in acting for your preservation that I would not undertake it again for 500l. I am sorry you did not consider of it without my motion, I was never slighted before, but I will meet you at the same place to-morrow. [2/3 page.]
May 17.
Hopewell Pink, Portland Road.
47. Capt. Lambert Cornelius to the Admiralty Commissioners. When near Cherburg on the 3rd inst., I met Chamberlain's ship and chased her, but she got away. While there I heard that the Cornelius of Brest, of 10 guns, and her prize, a ship belonging to London, of 9 guns, laden with Virginia tobacco, bound homewards, were lying at anchor near Cape Barfleur. Plying towards them, I met a small galliot of Dover, fitted as a privateer, and commanded by Derrick Hinderson, so gave him notice of the aforesaid vessels, and desired him to observe my orders, which he agreed to.
On the 5th inst. we came within a league of them, when they both weighed and ran towards shore, and the galliot, being nearer to them than my Pink, manned her boat to fall on board the prize, on which the men left the prize and met the galliot's men in their boat, so that the galliot's men boarded the prize without opposition. Meantime I laboured to secure the man-of-war; her captain, an Irishman, seeing no probability of escape, ran his frigate on shore near the prize, it being then one hour's ebb, and doubting whether the French would not deprive me of both, I ran my Pink between them, whereupon Codd, captain of the man-of-war, and his company took to their boat, and made for the shore. The Pink being aground for 9 or 10 hours, I had divers parleys with some that seemed gentlemen of quality, as also with Capt. Codd, from whom I had both threatening and persuasive arguments, to get again what I resolved not to part with. Seeing my intent, as the water came about the ship, they all approached as near as they could in a friendly manner, and drank healths to the Lord Protector and his Council, and took their leave; the ships floating, we brought them all off, but were forced by contrary winds to remain at Guernsey till the 14th.
This man-of-war was chased not long before by some of our frigates, and to escape, threw 6 of her guns overboard, but she and her prize are now in Weymouth Road, and my Pink in Portland Road; I will sail with the first wind with my prizes for Portsmouth. I am desired by Col. Gibbon to attend at Weymouth, to carry over the soldiers' money for the garrison at Jersey; upon your order I will so do. [1 page.]
May 18.
48. Statement by Walter Zanchy. I was at the Upper Bench last Saturday when Mr. Cony's business came on. I went out for his Highness' counsel, and when I returned, the room was filled, so that I heard but little. Serjeant Twisden, one of Cony's counsel, excepted against the formal part of the return of the habeas corpus, and said the customs were payable by an Ordinance of Parliament of Dec. 1647, whereby, and by subsequent Acts, they were continued to March 1653 only, and the customs are due by no law since. He insisted much on the taking away the Star Chamber, and urged that subjects were not to be imprisoned, nor their goods attached, but in a legal way on trial by jury; he parallelled the late Council Board's orders with that Ordinance whereby the Commissioners for Preservation of Customs sat. Mr. Attorney-General, in his reply, wondered the serjeant should speak so much against the present authority, being that by which that Court sat, and by which Mr. Cony's expected justice. Serjeant Maynard, also of Cony's counsel, spoke little, but I could not well hear what he or others of Cony's counsel said. [1¾ pages.]
May 18. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Col. Sydenham reports from the Committee the examinations touching the passage in the Upper Bench.
2–5. Serjeants Twisden and Maynard, and Wadham Windham attended Council, and were called in one after another, when it was resolved to advise that all three be committed to the Tower, and that his Highness sign the warrant given to the lieutenant for their commitment, for using words tending to sedition, and the subversion of the present Government.
6. The Clerks of Council to cause the report from the Commissioners for Accounts, in a difference between Lords Herbert and Montague, and all the papers annexed, to be sent to Guildhall this afternoon, where trial is to be had about the matter.
7. Lord Chief Justice Rolle to attend Council this afternoon.
9. 49. The Admiralty Commissioners to employ two 3rd or 4th rate frigates to ply in the Channel instead of the Centurion and Dragon, sent to General Blake. The Mary fly boat to be refitted and set forth for the western expedition, instead of the Mary prize, found unserviceable. Approved 18 May.
10. 50. The said Commissioners to see that 300 of 1,000 landmen, designed for the western expedition by order of Feb. 24, 1655, be provided for and transported in the merchant ships taken up to carry provisions thither. Approved 18 May.
11. 51. The said Committee to provide the under-mentioned stores as an additional supply for Gen. Penn's fleet, and to have them put aboard the ships bound westward:—
1,000 musketoons, and 2,000 pair of bandoleers.
1,000 snaphances.
300 pair of pistols with holsters.
6 ton of musket shot, and ½ a ton pistol shot.
6 pair of musket, and 2 pair of pistol moulds.
3 tons of pig, and 2 of sheet lead.
6 tons of match.
1 cwt. of wire of all sorts.
Also tar, awnings, 30 dozen boat oars, 3 months' proportion of nails for the fleet, &c.
The bread rooms to be filled with bread, and the residue of stowage made up with peas. Approved 18 May.
15. Approval by the Protector of 4 orders of this day. [I. 76, pp. 81–3.]
May 18.
Probate Court, London.
52. Letters of administration to Thomas, son of the late Edw. Ayleworth, of Ayleworth, co. Gloucester, to administer to the estate of his father, who died intestate. [Parchment, Conway papers.]
May 18.
Augustine, Carlisle Bay, Barbadoes.
53. Capt. Anth. Archer to the Admiralty Commissioners. After leaving Falmouth, whither I was forced by contrary winds, we sailed 28 March, but lost our consorts in a storm, and sprung our mainmast; on 2 May we arrived safe at Barbadoes, and found 2 ships. The General [Penn] and his fleet having gone, I applied to the Governor, who supplied me with another mast and provisions, and with the other 2 ships, I will follow the fleet. I have received many affronts and and abuses from the merchantmen in the Road, and particularly from those of the Paramour, under Capt. Joseph Ward. [1 page.]
May 18.
Levant Company to John Hobson, Venice. You report the opposition made to your course for abolishing the 2 dollars per mille tax on currants by some of our people, and their compliance with the Greeks. We send you a procuration to enable you to end the matter, which will be facilitated by letter from Signor Paluzzi, the agent here. We repaired to him by your advice, and told him we must complain to the Protector about this, the decimo, the regiments' currants, and the want of pay to our ships on their discharge from the service. But on promise of redress, we have suspended our proceeding 2 months, before which he hopes to send us a satisfactory answer. He will give us a copy of what he writes, which we will send you. [Levant papers, Vol. 4, p. 240.]
May 21.
Levant Company to Spencer Bretton, Consul at Smyrna. We confirm ours of 24 February. We are not satisfied with your vindication of yourself as to Capt. Ell's average; the business is of ill consequence, and you ought, as a public minister, to have opposed it, nor can we allow you ½ your house rent and 300 dollars for minister's diet. They are unreasonable innovations, and were not allowed when the salary was far less. We have dealt too largely already with you and Mr. Hales too, giving him 200 dollars, a year's salary, for a few weeks service.
As to the treasurer, 3 able persons are to be nominated at a general assembly of the factory, from whom one is to be chosen by lot to serve for a year, who is to have 5 per cent. on the consulage, provided care be taken that he is solvent, and a fit person.
We approve your levying 20 per cent. on Domingo Vaes de Brito's bales of cloth. We are startled with your charges against some of the factors; if true, their principals, from whom they receive their livelihood, should know; it is a wrong to them and to the factory to be unduly taxed. We will second our orders for the factors to give in the weights and marks of their silks. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, pp. 241–2.]
May 21.
Levant Company to Rob. Winchester, minister at Smyrna. We are glad to understand by yours of 20 Jan. of your safe arrival and good reception. It is a mistake to suppose that we have taken from the consul the 300 dollars allowed for your maintenance It is not deducted from his allowance, but is one of the conditions of his gratuity of 1,000 dollars, so that you receive it, not as his courtesy, but as our payment. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, p. 242.]
[May 21.] Levant Company to the Treasurers and Factory at Smyrna. We think it unkind that you have not complied with our orders about a treasurer. We have now resolved that you shall yearly choose 3 men at a general meeting, and select one of them by lot to be treasurer for a year, to whom we will allow 5 per cent on the consulage. The man chosen must collect our dues industriously, and you are all to concur in not increasing our debts, or voting away our moneys unusually or on superfluous expenses. We disapprove your large allowance to Mr. Hales of 200 dollars for a few weeks' ministry, and your concurrence for an average on Capt. Ell's ship.
Explanation of the gratuity to the consul [see p. 54 supra]. John Abney, late treasurer at Constantinople, should have a debt of 1,622 dollars paid, his accounts having been audited and allowed.
You do not obey our orders to enter the weights and marks of silk with the treasurer. He should also give us particular accounts of leviations. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, pp. 243–4.]
May 21. Levant Company to John Abney. We have ordered the treasurer at Smyrna to repay the debt you name in yours of 18 Dec. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, p. 245.]
May 21. Levant Company to Hen. Riley, Aleppo. You note the death of Felix Pigot at Scanderoon; Mr. Bodington is gone there as marine factor. We are glad you are rid of Ipseer Basha, and hope you will be quieter in his absence. You shall be no loser by your modest forbearance about the gratuity. Let us not lose our duties by Mr. Fowke, or any other interested in the Hattecheriff business. There is no reason for detention of consulage, &c., on that score.
We think the house at Scanderoon should be repaired at less yearly charge; the marine factor must be advised to more frugality. Also we cannot allow the charge of 50 dollars per ship pretended to by the dragoman. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, p. 245.]
May 21.
Levant Company to the Treasurers and Factory at Aleppo. To like effect. You are to elect a treasurer, who shall have 200 dollars a year, and pay respect to the Consul. We hope Mr. Bodington will suppress the disorders in shipping goods, to which some of you have been prone. [Levant Papers, Vol. 4, p. 246.]
May 22. 54. Petition of Nich. Greene, Wm. Shute, and Thos. Coleman to the Protector. We were appointed a year since by the Committee for approbation of Preachers, to be sequestrators to Grettleton living, co. Wilts, the incumbent, Mr. Trotman, not being approved, and there being two pretenders to it. I secured the corn, locking the barn doors, but Trotman broke open the doors, speaking contemptuously of you, and sued the parishioners for their tithes.
On this the said Committee ordered us to give possession of the living to Mr. Pichard, a godly minister, but Trotman still keeps it, and has arrested some of the chief of the parish for their tithes. We beg you to sue him to answer his contempt, and to settle Pichard in the place. With reference to Council. [1 page.]
May 22. 55. Reference thereon by Council to Jones, Strickland, Desborow, and Rous, with order to send for witnesses, state the fact, and report. Wolsley and Sydenham added to the Committee, 7 June. [2/3 page; also I. 76, pp. 84, 125.]
May 22. 56. Petition of Joseph Wallington and Edmond Warcup, Esqs., and John Grosvenor, gentleman, to the Protector, for a patent for 14 years for the sole exercise of charking or calcining coal, having newly found out a way to chark Newcastle coal, or any sort of stone coal that cakes, in pots, so that it "will become very useful to burn, without yielding that noisome smoke which so much offends the air of this city." Will be able to afford it at moderate rates, to the great preservation of woods, and employment of many poor in charking. With reference to Council, 14 May 1655. [1 page.]
May 22. Reference thereon by Council to Desborow, Strickland, Jones, and Fiennes, to report. [I. 76, p. 85.]
May 22. Council. Day's Proceedings.
3. Order on a report from the Army Committee that 17,000l. is necessary, above the 3 months' assessment, for pay of the forces in England, Scotland, and Ireland till May 14, to advise a warrant to the Treasury Commissioners to pay the present War Treasurers, 17,000l. on account. Approved 25 May.
5. Jessop to state the account of Dan. Wynne for his pay as Mews keeper, and for firing and candles for the guards.
7. Order on a letter from the Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Commissioners, concerning some masts consigned hither by Rich. Bradshaw in the David, lately arrived from Hamburg;— that the Customs' Commissioners allow the masts to be landed for the navy's use free of custom. Approved 25 May. Annexing,
57. i. Customs' Commissioners to the Navy Commissioners. We cannot release the ship David, as required, unless you come down and pay the customs. Custom House, 21 May 1655. [½ page.]
57. ii. Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Commissioners. We do not think we ought to use the State's money to clear customs without an order, therefore we beg instructions. Repairs of a ship. Navy Office, 21 May 1655. [1 page.]
10. The order and declaration for collecting excise in Scotland to be forthwith printed and published.
12. Order—on report from Commissary-General Whalley, Col. Goffe, Lieut.-Col. Worsley, and others of the Committee of officers, certifying that they have issued the money received of Frost, and find the claims already come in amount to 12,000l. more than is ordered to them—that 500l. more be paid them by Frost, to pay the recruits. Approved 25 May.
13. Order on a paper on behalf of Rich. Greenwall, Wm. Stanley, and Ben. Newband, merchants of Southampton and the Isle of Wight—remonstrating that Jan. 20 last, they freighted the John of West Cowes with wheat, iron pots, and other goods for Bordeaux, and that she was taken, and is still detained near Blaye in the province of Bordeaux, by a shallop of Blaye, and her master carried prisoner to Blaye Castle and kept there 2 months—to advise his Highness to write to the Governor of Blaye to restore the ship and goods and give satisfaction, and that a copy of the letter be given to the French Ambassador. Approved 25 May.
15. The report of the Committee on the salaries of the Excise officers to be debated this afternoon.
18. The petition of Isaac Pennington, Alderman of London, concerning a debt for which he is prosecuted, though the money was paid in for the Parliament, read.
19. The petition of Henry Lord Herbert, and Wm. Minhere referred to Jones, Strickland, Montague, Sydenham, Wolsley, and Pickering, to report.
20. Order on Jones' report from the Committee concerning the salary and fees of Exchequer officers, to advise the following yearly salaries, each officer being allowed the fees anciently paid, and named in a paper now read,—
£ s. d.
Auditor of receipt for self and 4 clerks 500 0 0
Clerk " of pells, self, and clerks 350 0 0
Tellers, for self and clerks, each 400 0 0
2 chamberlains, each 50 0 0
Tally cutter 40 0 0
Serjeant-at-arms attending the Treasury 100 0 0
Usher 50 0 0
58. i. Note of salaries and fees formerly received by officers in the Exchequer. April 10, 1655. [Draft, 12/3 pages.]
21. To allow the salaries to begin from Midsummer 1654, and the first payment to be for a quarter ending at Michaelmas 1654.
22. Approval by the Protector of an order (missing) of 30 Nov. 1654, for payment of arrears to Drs. Clayton, Zouch, and Wilkinson, presented by Mr. Scobell. [I. 76, pp. 84–8.] Annexing,
59. i. Certificate by Thos. Fauconberg, that by warrant from the Revenue Committee of 25 May 1652, there was 210l. due to Dr. Rich. Zouch, professor of civil law at Oxford, on his salary of 40l. a year, from June 1646 to Sept. 1651, and that only 100l. has been paid thereon, leaving 110l. due, 21 Nov. 1654. With note of order, 30 Nov. 1654. [1 page.]
59. ii. Certificate by Fauconberg that his last payment of 30l. balance to Dr. Clayton was for the year ended Michaelmas 1651, by warrant from the Revenue Committee of 17 Feb. 1651–2. 21 Nov. 1654. [2/3page.]
59. iii. Report by the Treasury Commissioners to Council. A warrant has been presented for payment of 120l. to Thos. Clayton, doctor and reader of physic in Oxford University, for his fee of 40l. for 3 years, and the same for Dr. Rich. Zouch, professor of civil law. We hear that the University, on 16 Dec. 1651, bought fee-farm rents, from which were reprized the said fees, and 2 perpetuities of 13l. 6s. 8d. and of 10l. a year, so that they should not be charged on the State. We report this before payment. 27 July 1655. [2/3 page.] Annexing,
59. iv. Contract for the purchase of the said fee-farm rents, made 16 Dec. 1651, with stipulation of payment to the University of the said fees and perpetuities. 7 March 1653–4. [22/3 pages.]
May 22. Warrant by the Protector to Sir Bulstrode Whitelock, Sir Thos. Widdrington, and John Lisle, Commissioners of the Great Seal, Hen. Rolle and Oliver St. John, Chief Justices of the Upper Bench and Common Pleas, and Edw. Montague and Wm. Sydenham of the Council—now Treasury Commissioners—to pay, as has been usually done in former times, warrants dormant for fees, wages, repairs of houses and provisions for the service, appointed since 24 June 1654; also for diet at their own special meetings, and for parchment, stationery, repairs, &c., for the Courts of Exchequer and receipt; also to repay any surplus money overpaid for rent, or for fines of leases or purchases of lands which cannot be enjoyed. Approved by the Protector, 25 May. [I. 76a, pp. 61–2; I. 76, pp. 84, 102.]
May 22. 60. Information on a case alluding to a dispute in the Upper Bench concerning customs. King James granted part of the profits belonging to an officer of the Common Pleas. The officer brought an action against the grantee for detaining the profits, and the judgment, after long debate, was promised to the plaintiff; but a writ was sent by the King to the judges to suspend proceedings, "nobis inconsultis," and the grantee has enjoyed the profits ever since. The plaintiff, being a person of estate and experience, would not have been so concluded unless the writ had been warrantable. [2/3 page.]
May 22.
Ordnance Office.
61. Ordnance officers to the [Admiralty Commissioners]. We send the charges made against Roger Carlisle and Wm. Gardner, gunsmiths, for breaches of contract, in supplying old muskets instead of new, cutting off the end of muskets, &c., with their answers, as also their accounts. We think that the cutting off 2 to 4 inches of the breech ends of musket barrels would be beneficial, but beyond that prejudicial. [1 sheet, damaged.]
May 22.
Saphire, Plymouth.
62. Capt. N. Heaton to R. Blackborne. We have no news but what is sent from London. It will be seen by the enclosed that lawyers, who heretofore played their game on all sides, begin to bear their part in suffering. The Lord, who can catch the wise in their own craftiness, make it of use to us all; but gold will make them speak anything; we should examine our own hearts. [1 page.]
May 22.
The Weymouth, North Seas.
63. Capt. Robt. Wilkinson to the Admiralty Commissioners. The fishermen are in good condition, but scattered between Newcastle and Buffin Ness. Two Scotch vessels from Holland, coming with a Holland convoy for Aberdeen, report that 30 sail of small vessels have set out from France for the North and West Seas. If they come amongst our fishers, they may do much harm. I will keep close to them as long as my victuals last, and endeavour to preserve them from danger; but the rough weather has made the Pink very leaky. [1 page.]
May 22./June 1.
Sec. Nicolas to Jos. Jane, at the Hague. Cromwell courts the Presbyterians to ingratiate himself with them; he published the proclamation for executing the laws against Papists, yet he keeps up a good understanding with the Jesuits, and by means of Don Alonso de Cardenas, Spanish ambassador in England, has intelligence from the principal Jesuits in most places in Christendom, especially the French Court and the Queen's Court, concerning all matters relating to England and himself. The Papists in England have contributed much to his ends.
Cromwell will not conclude with France till assured of Penn's success, but will amuse both France and Spain with a treaty; and to prevent a peace between the two, will gain such an advantage over one that that Crown shall not dare to make peace without his consent, and so he will continue the war, as the surest means to preserve him in his usurpations; but surely both French and Spaniards, rather than be exposed any longer to his notorious insults, should, by the Pope's intervention, make peace on a sudden on any reasonable conditions. It would be so were not the Cardinal in France as desirous to continue the war as Cromwell, finding it best fishing in troubled waters.
Lieut.-Gen. Middleton is landed at Emden, and intends to come here next week. I wonder what the Dutch say about their ships taken by Penn at the Barbadoes; it will destroy their traffic in those parts. Cromwell intends to make the trade of the United provinces inconsiderable, and subservient to him.
The Spanish Cortes will assist that King if he will marry the infanta to the Duke of Savoy, Archduke Leopold, or the Emperor's son; he wishes to marry her to one of his own house.
Acquaint 613 (fn. 1) with part of what I write. We hope the Earl of Rochester and Nich. Armorer are safe, as we have no news of them. Lord Wentworth is still at the Busse, and it is doubtful when he will be here. My foot is swollen and painful, but I hope the worst is past. Mr. Chancellor is goutish, and I see little of him. Thank my daughter for her letter, which I received by my son. [2½ pages. Holland Corresp.]
May 23. 64. Petition of Wm. Graves to Council, for a warrant to the Commissioners of Customs to allow him to ship 3,000 birding pieces and 1,000 locks for Barbary, paying customs, and giving security not to send them elsewhere. Barbary affords good commodities, as gold, saltpetre, wax, skins, &c., and the woollen and linen cloth, &c., exported thither employ several manufactories. [1 page.]
May 23. Order thereon granting the petition. Approved 25 May. [I. 76, pp. 88, 102.]
May 23. 65. Petition of Jehosaphat, brother of John Lucas, lately executed for rebellion, to the Protector. My parents left me very young, and left my portion in the hands of my brother, and my father left his shop between us; but the shop, house, and goods have been seized as forfeit by my brother's rebellion, so that I am like to come to trouble, being bound for many debts for him, and having little left when they are paid. I beg to be allowed the house and shop, on paying the debts. With reference to Council, for speedy and effectual consideration. 21 May 1655. [1 sheet.]
May 23. Reference thereon by Council to Wolsley, Fiennes, Desborow, and Lisle, to report. [I. 76, p. 89.]
May 23. 66. Petition of Gilbert Walden, minister of Leamington-Hastings, co. Warwick, to the Protector. In 1649, John Lee, minister of Leamington, was sequestered by the Committee for Plundered Ministers, for drunkenness, swearing, and malignancy, and I was invested therein by request of the people. I have allowed Lee 1/5 since, but he—encouraged by disaffected lawyers, who say the Committee for Plundered Ministers is no legal authority—has commenced suits against me, detains my income, and impeaches my title. The case was to come on last Warwick assizes, but Justice Hale referred it to Major Beake and 2 others to arbitrate. Beake would not act, finding the scope of the case was to vacate the judgment of the Committee for Plundered Ministers.
As it may go hard with me if left to law, and as I have been much tossed and troubled, and thus rendered unfit for my calling, I beg your authority to refer the case to the Commissioners for Ejection of scandalous Ministers, or some other way. With reference thereon to Council, 14 May 1655. [1 sheet.]
May 23. Reference thereon by Council to Fiennes, Rous, Wolsley, and Jones, to consider this and all petitions of like nature, and report. [I. 76, p. 89.]
May 23. 67. Petition of Thos. Parry, receiver of assessments, co. Cardigan, to the Protector. I was appointed receiver August 1649, and have since continued at great expense, paying 6d. in the pound for carriage of my money to London, beside other expenses, there being no agent appointed by the Army Committee for the service till last year. I have paid in 18,000l., only had 1d. in the pound allowance, and have disbursed 86l. 1s. 4d. Being inexperienced in accounts, I paid in 1652 several sums to the late Treasurers-at-war which should have been paid to the new Treasurers; after long examination, the old Treasurers were ordered to repay 438l. 13s. 8d. overplus, but they had already disposed of all their money and passed their accounts, and now I have soldiers quartered on me for payment of this account. I beg orders for payment of the 438l. 13s. 8d., the 86l. 1s. 4d. expenses, and an allowance for portage. Your own regiment is ordered to quarter in the county till they receive 1,595l. 10s. 8d. in arrear, which cannot be paid unless my desire is granted. [1½ pages.] Annexing,
67. i. Accounts of Thos. Parry, from 24 June 1649 to 23 March 1654. 24 June 1654. [Copy, 2 sheets.]
67. ii. Order by the Army Committee for repayment of the 438l. 13s. 8d. from the old to the new Treasurers-at-war. 13 Dec. 1654. [Copy, 1 page.]
May 23. Reference of the case by Council to the Army Committee, to report. [I. 76, p. 89.]
May 23. Note of a petition referred to the Committee for Petitions, of Jas. Philips and Jenkin Lloyd for relief. Cardiganshire is charged 732l. a month for the last 6 months' assessment; ½ was formerly abated, and then the assessment is ½ the revenue; the last Parliament intended relief. Order thereon in Council that the Army Committee order the collecting and levying of half the monthly assessment charged in co. Cardigan for the 6 months beginning Dec. 25, 1654, and also for the 6 months beginning June 24, to be respited, and all concerned to take notice hereof. Approved 25 May. [I. 92, No. 314; I. 76, pp. 90, 102.]
May 23. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. Lisle and Sydenham added to the Committee on the Protestants under the Duke of Savoy.
3. Wolsley added to the Committee on John Williams' petition.
5. 200l. to be advanced from Council's contingencies to the gentleman sent envoy to the King of France and Duke of Savoy, and letters of credit given him to take up 100l. more, if needful.
8. The petition of John Clarke, and the letter from Col. Hacker, referred to the Treasury Commissioners, to report.
9. On report from the Committee on the order for an assessment of 60,000l. a month from June 24, 1655, several amendments and a declaration to fill up blanks agreed to, and the order so amended passed, and approved.
13. Order—on petition of Thos. Hunt, for the distressed inhabitants of Marlborough, co. Wilts, complaining that several sums for relief of those who suffered by fire are detained by those who collected them—that Ald. Andrews and the Committee at Sadlers' Hall summon the collectors to pay the money to such persons, and within such time as they think fit to appoint, and to give in the names of defaulters.
14. Order—on petition of Dan. Burston and Thos. Besbech, ministers, and certificates of approval from the Commissioners for approbation of public Preachers, as also his Highness's recommendation of their petition for 50l. each, quickly to transport them to Ireland—to advise that the Treasury Commissioners pay them each 50l., on surety to transport themselves to Ireland within 6 weeks, and not return without licence.
15. Order—on a certificate from Lord Broghill and Vincent Gooking that Thos. Hackett, minister, must go to Holland, which will necessitate his first staying in England some time—that he have liberty of absence from Ireland for 12 months, supplying his place there meanwhile. Approved 25 May.
16. Serjeant Glynn to prepare the form of a conveyance for granting to trustees for his Highness land in Ireland, in satisfaction of 3,048l. 1s. 1½d. due to Lord Broghill on his debentures for arrears of pay.
18. Order—on report by the Committee to whom the petition of the officers of Dover Castle was referred [See 2 Jan. suprà] that the following sums are due on former allowances from the revenues of Kent, viz.:—
£ s. d.
To Dr. Walker, judge, at 2s. a day, for 3 years, to Nov. 1654 109 10 0
To Lieut.-Col. Kelsey, at 8l. a year, 3½ years, to Xmas 1654 28 0 0
To Thos. St. Nicholas, steward, at 6l. 13s. 4d. a year, 4 years, to Xmas 1654 26 13 4
To John Raven, clerk of the Castle, at 8l. a year, 5½ years, to Xmas 1654 44 0 0
To Rich. Henley, bodar and bailiff, at 2l. a year, 5½ years, to Xmas 1654 11 0 0
219 3 4
—that his Highness be requested to issue warrants for payment of the said arrears, and for their respective stipends in future. Approved 25 May. [I. 76, pp. 88–92.] Annexing,
68. i. Report of Gen. Desborow and Col. Montague, on which the above order is founded. [12/3 pages.]
May 24. 69. Petition of Elizabeth, widow of Thos. Pott, Master of the Harriers to the late King, to the Protector, for relief and subsistence, that she may not perish in her old age. Is the only daughter of Sir Wm. Methold, Chief Baron in Ireland, and had 4,000l. jointure, which her husband spent in 50 years' service to King James, Prince Henry, and the late King, who granted him in July 1642, in lieu thereof 300l. a year, till 3,000l. was paid; but for the last 11 years she has only received 87l. 10s. 0d., and is old and depending on friends for bread. With reference thereon to Council, 9 July 1654. [1 sheet.]
May 24. Order in Council to advise a pension of 10s. a week for her relief. Approved 25 May. [I. 76, pp. 95, 102.]
May 24. Council. Day's Proceedings.
3. Order—on a list presented by Frost, of warrants for sums charged on Council's contingencies and not paid,—that out of 6,000l. lately ordered, and such further sums as he shall receive, he pay 20 sums specified, total amount 6,344l. 16s. 4d.
4. Auditors Broad and Bockett to audit Frost's account for money received and paid out of Council's contingencies, from his last discharge till Mich. 1654, and to report.
5. Order on report from the Committee on the 4th part of the pay of officers and soldiers listed under Gen. Venables,—that the examiners of the muster rolls have read the letters of attorney, and stated the arrears and proportions to be paid, &c., but cannot perfect the whole, and that divers are very necessitous;—to advise payment to Fras. Hodges, Gent., of 1,000l., to be paid out to the assignees of the officers and soldiers according to orders. Approved 25 May.
6. The report from Montague and Sydenham on the petition of Wm. Webster, and other citizens of Fleet Street,—that they have conferred with the Great Seal Commissioners, and think his Highness may legally grant the petitioners letters patent to gather the charitable benevolence of those willing to contribute;—agreed with, and his Highness advised to act as he thinks fit. Approved 25 May.
7. Frost to pay the arrears of the weekly pensions of Lord Crawford and Lindsay and the Earl of Lauderdale, out of Council's contingencies.
8. The report on the petition of Abr. Pitts, of Lyme, [see 9 May 1655],—that if the Diamond is unfit for the voyage, and came into port on the grounds alleged, the petitioners be allowed to unlade the prohibited goods in her on to another vessel without seizure, and to land the not prohibited goods on payment of customs;—referred to the Commissioners of Customs to examine the allegations, and if true, to order accordingly. Approved 25 May. Annexing,
70. i. Report of the Admiralty Commissioners alluded to, 14 May 1655. [2/3 page.]
11. Order on Montague's report on the petition of Dame Emlyn, widow of Sir Geo. Keir, to advise payment to her of 10s. a week. Approved May 25.
12. Order on petition of Rob. Smayles, and others employed by the Trustees for sale of Forest lands,—for payment of bills specified, amounting to 280l. 1s. 3½d. for fitting the treasury at Worcester House, which have been examined by 3 of the said trustees,—to advise payment thereof, the names of the persons being first stated. The trustees to return to Council a full inventory of the goods and materials comprized in the bills, and in whose hands they remain, that they may be used in the State's service.
13. To request a warrant for payment to Rich. Lucy, Thos. Manby, and John Hildesley, Commissioners for Probate of Wills, of 150l. each, being their ½ year's salary, as ordered 9 May. Approved 25 May. [I. 76, pp. 92-6.]
May 25. 71. Petition of Dorothy Thomas, widow, St. David's, co. Cardigan, to the Protector, for an allowance to keep her alive. Her 3 sons, Evan, John, and Rice, at the last press for the land service 4 years ago, were impressed and went to Ireland under Captain Lucas in Lord Ireton's regiment. Her youngest son Rice being slain at Carregar Howell, she had Lord Ireton's pass into England, which she lost with other writings during a stormy voyage to England. Has since heard of the death of her other sons, and has come from St. David's parish, co. Cardigan, aged, lame, unable to labour, and having nothing to live upon. [1 page.]
May 25. Order for 10l. for her from Council's contingencies. Approved 1 June. [I. 76, pp. 97, 116; I. 105, p. 156.]
May 25. 72. Petition of Wadham Windham to the Protector, for discharge from imprisonment, under which he most heavily suffers. [½ page.]
May 25. Note that the petitions of John Maynard and Thos. Twisden, serjeants-at-law, and Wadham Windham, referred by his Highness to Council, were read. [I. 76, p. 99.]
May 25. 73. Petition of Isaac Pennington, Alderman of London, to the Protector. I was security for Lewis Young's payment of 250l. to Randolph Stephens; he became a delinquent, and was sequestered in 1643 by the Camden House Commissioners, who ordered me to pay the money. I paid 300l. and got full receipts. Stephens' widow and executrix, Elizabeth, has sued me for the debt, and the money being not all paid on the day, the jury found the penalty of the bond, 400l., against me at a trial on 12 May, before Lord Chief Justice Rolle. He would certify the Barons of Exchequer, according to the Ordinance for Indemnity, but they are not sitting, and execution will be out against me in 2 days. I beg relief and stay of proceedings. With reference, 18 May 1655, to Council, to send for all parties and give order. [¾ page.]
May 25. 74. Order that—the Sheriff of co. Bucks having taken some of his goods in execution—they be restored, and prosecution forborne on his giving security to pay in 407l. 12s. 0d., debt and charges, if the Barons of Exchequer decide the case against him. [1 page; also I. 76, p. 99.]
May 25. 75. Petition of Thos. Simons, chief graver of the Mint and Seals, to Council. I have been long employed in modelling the Great Seal, have money due for the Privy Seal, Signet, &c., and have taken from a goldsmith, who much needs his money, 160l. worth of gold and silver for the Great Seals of England and Ireland. I am 300l. out of purse, and beg an imprest of 200l. forthwith, to be deducted when the work is finished. [1 page.]
May 25. Order thereon for 200l. from Council's contingencies. Approved 1 June. [I. 76, pp. 100, 116; I. 105, p. 155.]
May 25. 76. Petition of Edw. Beck to Council. I have been active as a gunsmith and soldier in Col. Barkstead and Sir Wm. Constable's regiments. I was allowed by the establishment for Scotland 2 men and 2 horses; but when the others were fully paid, I was only paid according to the establishment here, and so I had nothing from 27 Nov. 1654 to 8 Jan. 1654–5, and am not allowed pay as a gunsmith in England. I beg an order to the Army Committee for the 6 weeks' payment. [1 page.] Annexing,
76. i., ii. Certificates by Lieut.-Col. T. Biscoe and Rich. Gerard Deputy Commissioner, that Beck and Rich. Swan were mustered as gunsmith and mate from 27 Nov. 1654 to 8 Jan. 1655, and received no pay. 30 Aug. and 7 Sept. 1655. [2 papers.]
May 25. 77. Reference thereon to Commissary-Gen. Whalley and the rest of the Committee of Officers, to report. [½ page; also I. 76, p. 100.]
May 25. 78. Petition of Susanna, widow of John Bastwick, M.D., for self, 2 sons, and two daughters, to the Protector. In 1640, the House of Commons, after a full hearing, resolved that the proceedings in the High Commission Court, Star Chamber and Council, in suspending my husband from a large practice, fining and imprisoning him, putting him in the pillory, and cutting off his ears, were unlawful, and that he should have damages from the estates of those who unjustly sentenced him. The House of Lords ordered that the other parties should be heard, but as none appeared, they ordered the vacating of all proceedings against him, and granted him 4,000l. damages from the estates of the Duke of Lenox, Earl of Dorset, Lord Cottington, and Sir Fras. Windebank. The Commons added 1,000l. more from other estates, but delayed performance so long that Parliament was dissolved, and the report not made.
The case was presented to the next Parliament, and the Committee for Petitions ordered Ald. Ireton to report in favour of the 5,000l., but that Parliament was dissolved before report.
He then addressed you, and you referred him to Council, who ordered Maj.-Gen. Skippon and Mr. Rous to examine the papers, on whose report Council ordered him 200l., which he was obliged to pay at once to his creditors, and referred the case again to Parliament; but God put an end to my husband's sufferings, and he left me and my fatherless children without livelihood. I presented my case to Parliament, who again voted me the 5,000l., and referred it to a Committee to say where it should be be paid; but that Parliament too was dissolved, so I must end my days in extreme want unless relieved by you. There are no sufferers of like nature to trouble you, as Mr. Burton's wife and child have 200l. a year settled on them by Parliament.
My jointure was sold to pay my husband's debts; I am aged, sickly, in debt, and without means of subsistence, and am a woman of sorrows, poverty being more grievous to those who have lived in plenty, and my children are deprived of their inheritance and portions. I beg the 5,000l. or some other reparation. With reference thereon to Council, to see that some competent sum is paid her forthwith. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
78. i. Abstract of Dr. Bastwick's case as it lay before the late Committee for Petitions. That he was imprisoned from 1633 to 1640; had 4,000l. granted by the Lords 23 March 1645–6, confirmed by them 15 April 1646; and that on 11 Nov. 1648, the Commons ordered him 5,000l. from the estates above named, and those of Dr. Juxon, James Marquis of Hamilton, the Earls of Pembroke, Holland, and Bridgwater, Sir Hen. Vane, senior, Sir Nath. Brent, Sir John Brampton, and Sir John Finch. 14 Feb. 1653–4. [1½ pages.]
May 25. Council. Day's Proceedings.
2. Order on Strickland's report from the Committee on the 3 Dutch ships taken by privateers, that the Admiralty Commissioners order the Peter to be restored to her master, on bail to abide by the decison of that Court; and as it appears that some of her furniture, rigging, goods, and provisions have been taken away by the captors, they are to give satisfaction therefor, or Dr. Walker will put in suit their bonds. Also that the Admiralty Judges decide quickly about the Oaken Tree, have their sentences in behalf of the master or owners carried out, and report their proceedings therein.
3. Order on the Treasury Commissioners' report on the petition of the Provost and Fellows of Eton College,—showing that they have a right to 42l. a year, and also 15l. in lieu of 3 tuns of Gascony wine, which 42l. is in arrear for one year, and the 15l. for 2 years,—to advise payment to them of 87l. in full satisfaction for arrears, and of the 2 sums annually. Approved 1 June.
4. Order on report from the Treasury Commissioners on the petition of the Provost and Fellows of King's College, Cambridge [see 2 March 1655], that 25l. be paid them for 2½ year's arrears of the 10l. a year to which they have a right in lieu of 2 tuns of Gascony wine, and 10l. yearly in future. Approved 1 June. Annexing,
79. i. Report alluded to, certifying the justness of the claim, and the non-payment of the arrears. 8 May 1655. [1 page.]
5. Order on a letter from the mayor and bailiffs of Weymouth, of April 7 1655,—praying payment of 12l. 10s. 0d. to Mrs. Giare, widow, for 1¼ year's rent due for the house, formerly a State's magazine there, the ammunition being lately removed thence by Capt. Hurst, of Portland Castle;—that Sydenham and Jones learn how the rent becomes due, and how it was formerly paid, and report.
7. Jones and Strickland to consider a letter from Gen. Monk of March 20 1654–5, concerning the Earl of Home, and a certificate from the Scotch Commissioners of Oct. 20 1654, concerning the Earl of Hartfell, and to report.
8. The Admiralty Commissioners to consider the petition of Thos. Smith for the owners of the Anne Percy, concerning 307l. 4s. 3d. alleged to be owing them from the State for their thirds of prizes, and to report; as also how any money due may best be paid.
11. 80. Reference to Whalley, Goffe, and the rest of the Committee of Officers, of a paper from Col. Rob. Lilburne. Annexing,
80. i. Statement by Lilburne. On intelligence that the late rebels intended to possess Middleham Castle, co. York, I appointed Capt. Conyers to raise 30 men to secure it, which he did accordingly, about 10 March last, and has kept it ever since, and some prisoners of war in it, without any pay or allowance. I beg allowance for the past, and provision for the future, or their discharge with recompense; and that Major Smithson, who lives near, may muster and pay them. 24 May 1655. [1 page.]
12. 81. Like reference on a paper of Col. Rowland Dawkins. Annexing,
81. i. Statement by Dawkins. On 17 March 1654–5 I raised 80 horse to preserve the peace of these counties, and kept them till 26 March. I paid part of their quarters, and took engagements for the rest. I have been at charges to keep intelligence with the commissioners and officers in South Wales, and to send ammunition from Carmarthen to Tenby. 1 May 1655. [⅓ page.]
15. To advise a day of humiliation in reference to the distressed Protestants in the territory of the Duke of Savoy.
17. Christopher Pack Lord Mayor of London, Sir Gilbert Gerard, Sir John Trevor, Ald. Sir Thos. Vyner, Ed. Cressett, Philip Nye, Edm. Calamy, Jos. Carill, Wm. Kiffin, [Wm.] Jenkins, and Thos. Harrison, appointed Treasurers to receive all sums collected for relief of poor and distressed Protestants in Piedmont; to meet forthwith, and decide rules and means for promoting the collection. Approved 25 May.
18. The horse and foot officers and soldiers lately come from Ireland to England, under Col. Sadler and Major Redman, to be paid out of the moneys assigned to forces in Ireland, and the Army Committee to issue warrants accordingly for payment, from May 14 1655 when they were paid up in Ireland. Approved 25 May.
19. What the establishment for Ireland falls short of the pay established for the forces in England, the Army Committee is to pay from moneys in their disposal for the forces of the Commonwealth, so as to equal the pay of the above forces with the establishment of the forces in England. Approved 25 May.
22. Approval by the Protector of 22 orders, 18–22 May. [I. 76, pp. 97–102.]
May 25.
Pres. Lawrence to Col. Hugh Bethel, Mr. Ripley Mayor of Hull, Thos. Somerscales, Jos. Drake, and Mr. Lock. Council being informed that Maj. Rich. Elton, Deputy-Governor of Hull, has, according to order, spent money for necessary repairs of the garrison during the late rebellion, and wishing to pay him for the same, refers it to you to go to the garrison, survey the repairs, make an estimate of the charge, and transmit it to them. [I. 76, p. 101.]
May 25.
82. Declaration by the Protector, inviting the people of England to a day of solemn fasting and humiliation. The poor inhabitants of the valleys of Lucerne, Angrona, &c., in the dominions of the Duke of Savoy, professing the reformed religion transmitted to them by their Waldensian ancestors (who testified to the truth with their lives and fortunes) were, by an edict from the Duke, ordered to quit their habitations in the hardest weather, within 20 days, on penalty of loss of life, unless they could show that they had embraced the Roman religion. This command was executed by an army, which, by slaughters and intolerable violence, drove them to the mountains to escape their persecutors, who put many to the sword, and by inhuman cruelties and tortures, forced the rest to fly, who are now wandering with their wives and little ones, in hunger, cold, and nakedness.
We of the same faith and hope, who enjoy protection, should not neglect our poor brethren, but exercise compassion, and having peace and plenty, relieve them, out of a deep sense of their calamities, and of the future danger of Protestant churches.
We therefore appoint Thursday, 14 June, as a day of humiliation and fasting on their behalf, and desire all to join therein with heart and lip. On the same day the ministers are to stir the people to a free and liberal collection for their relief, and to cause this declaration to be read in their respective churches. [Printed, 3 pages; also I. 76A, pp. 63–4.]
May 25. Order and Declaration of his Highness and Council, for an assessment of 60,000l. a month for 6 months, from 24 June 1655, similar to that of 7 Feb. [page, 33 supra] the first ½ to be paid in before 20 July, and the last ½ before 10 Oct. 1655. [I. 76A, pp. 68–73; I. 76, p. 102.]
May 25.
83. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to Robt. Blackborne. Three Quakers have arrived from Bristol, and last Lord's day, they had a meeting at the outskirt of this corporation, and made discoveries of new lights; 2 days since, hearing the mayor intended sending for them, they came to him with their hats on, and saluted him with "What wilt thou have of us?" which much amused the people. When examined, one acknowledged the cause of his coming, and promising to return home, was discharged; but the other two stood stiff in their folly, and were sent to prison, where they have been two days, and have neither sought God by prayer, craved a blessing on what they have received, nor returned thanks. The more I behold the workings of Satan in this manner, the more I acknowledge God's mercies.
I desire you to move the Commissioners as to the noyals canvas I am to receive from the Prize Office, upon which custom is demanded, which the Sub-Commissioners for Prize Goods refuse to pay, as they receive no money for it, and I have no reason to do so without order. Respects to Mr. Creed. [1 page.]
May 25. 84. Geo. Williamson to his brother Joseph, in France. I am sorry I could not see you here; I have paid Mr. Beeby 2l. as you desired. The times are dangerous; take special care of yourself, and let me hear when you intend to return, that I may see your face in the north; our relatives are well; I have much ado to keep my father in his place. [1¼ pages.]
May 26. 85. Reference by the Protector to Council, of a report of 2 Jan. 1654–5, by Att.-Gen. Edm. Prideaux and Sol.-Gen. Wm. Ellis,— on a reference prefixed of his Highness of 20 Dec. 1654, — stating that the fees claimed by the Master of the Rolls have been constantly paid. [1¼ pages.] Prefixing,
85. i. Certificate by Barth. Beale, auditor, that the Master of the Rolls had 32l. 13s. 4d. yearly, viz.—for examining estreats, 10l.; for keeping of a house of converts, 13l. 6s. 8d.; for 2 chaplains, 8l.; and for 1 clerk, 1l. 6s. 8d., payable by the clerk of the hanaper in Chancery. That Wm. Lenthall, now Master of the Rolls, was so paid till 1644, but has received nothing since. [½ page.] Annexing,
85. ii. Order in the Revenue Committee for the said payments to be made, 17 Aug. 1644. Also note by Sir Wm. Allenson, clerk of the Hanaper, 28 Oct. 1654, that he has paid nothing since to the said Master, except casual fees, and his summer and winter livery, the hanaper being charged with payments in excess of its receipts. [1 page.]
May 26.
86. Capt. Fras. Willoughby to Robt. Blackborne. Yours of the 24th presents matter for mourning and lamentation, considering the great dishonour done to the Lord, and the unheard of cruelty exercised upon the Saints; I hope the zeal of the nation may be raised to the highest pitch of resolvedness for revenge, it being good in God's cause, though ill in our own. Such actings call for vengeance, and it will not be long ere the Lord avenge himself on those who have imbrued their hands in the blood of his saints, and on those powers that uphold these devilish principles. If the Lord make this nation instrumental therein, I shall look on it as one of the greatest dignities that can be conferred; and if the Lord set it in the hearts of the godly of this nation seriously to consult what is their duty, and go forth to action, I shall hope that he has mercy in store for poor England. The Lord be with his people in that solemn appointed day, and hear the cry of the blood of his saints. [1 page.]
May 28.
87. Capt. Hen. Hatsell to Robt. Blackborne. I received the sad relation of the unheard of cruelties against the professors of the truths of Christ, whose blood the Lord will no doubt avenge; I am glad it is so received by our rulers as to seek the Lord for the remnant, and to provide for them. I hope it will be commended to the nation in general to do the like, whose bowels in such a case will doubtless be moved. The post gives only 2 hours to answer letters.
P.S.—The Quakers are still in prison, being very stiff, and are likely to be sent to the common gaol. Our quiet West country people judge them to be men of strange humour. [¾ page.]
May 28.
The Lyme.
88. Capt. Jno. Bourne to Robt. Blackborne. Thanks for your correspondence; I am heartily sorry for the sad sufferings of the people of God in the Duke of Savoy's country. I showed yours to the respective commanders with me, so that, their hearts being inflamed with zeal for God and affection for his people, it might stir them up. We have resolved to cast in our poor mite on the fast-day intended by the Lord Protector and Council.
I presume the Judge-Advocate has sent the finding of the courtmartial upon the carpenter of the Advice; he being turned out, I recommend our carpenter's mate to succeed him. Pray deliver an enclosure to the Admiralty Commissioners, as it concerns me much. [1 page.]
May 28,
The Lyme Frigate.
89. J. Fowler, Judge-Advocate, to Rob. Blackborne. I should have arrived on board earlier, had I not been delayed by a meeting desired by the widow of Mr. Inglis and his creditors, wherein I and my children were concerned, for some legacies left in his hands 5 years ago by my father, of which I fear we shall have a very bad account and total loss. On coming to Deal, I found there had been a court-martial the day before upon the carpenter of the Advice, as to embezzling pitch, tar, &c.; he had returned them to the stores at Harwich before any seizure of his person, so that nothing was found at his house, and it was not proved that he was a felon; yet as he confessed to an intention to steal, the Court proceeded against him with as much severity as possible, and sentenced him to be carried from ship to ship, with a paper written on his breast denoting his offence, the same to be read at each ship's side, after beat of drum; then he was to be thrice ducked from the yard arm, and lastly cashiered, but to have a ticket for the time he served. The evidence being so defective, and not on oath, if he had not confessed, the Court could not have gone so far.
Capt. Bourne's religious and charitable intention for relief of the poor Protestants, chased away by the Savoyard after the slaughter of their fellows of Lucerne, is to solemnize the fast demanded by his Highness next Thursday, by a free-will offering on board his and the rest of the ships, and it promises to be strictly observed. [1 page.]
May 28.
The Lyme Downs.
90. Capt. John Bourne to the Admiralty Commissioners. We have held a court-martial on the carpenter of the Advice, and executed such a sentence as was agreeable to our conscience, and the best of our understanding. The Elizabeth has sailed with two prisoners for Jersey and Guernsey, the Bristol and Nightingale for Portsmouth to refit and victual, and the Endeavour ketch for Plymouth; names of 6 frigates in the Downs, and the time for which they are victualled. [1¾ pages.].
May 28.
The Lyme, Downs.
91. Capt. Jno. Bourne to the Admiralty Commissioners. It is several years since I had the honour to serve this Commonwealth by sea, and this is the first time I have presumed to trouble you in this manner, and now it is not without reluctancy. If hereby I should be judged too sensible of my private concernment, my encouragement is that you will not conclude so, I having never disputed any commands, nor consulted my own advantage.
Since the beginning of the Dutch war, I have been in continual action, and God has graciously upheld me beyond my own and others' expectation, especially in the Portland engagement (at which time I wore a flag), where myself with the frigate were wonderfully preserved, being thrust at very sorely by three of the enemies' ships at once (besides what I received from the whole fleet passing through the midst of them), by which we had almost perished, and in which fight I received a very dangerous wound in my skull by a poleaxe, besides other bruises, which rendered me, by all that saw me, a dead man; under this wound I remained with extreme torment some weeks, and expenses great in order to a cure; when I had in a measure obtained it, Gen. Deane, who loved me beyond my deserts, being ready to go forth in the Resolution, appointed me captain of that ship under him, which command I could not resist, though much disabled in body. In this command I continued until the Lord crowned that war with an issue; but the remembrance of the wound received will continue with me to my death.
I confess I am well satisfied with the Lord's providence and your respects towards me, although my advantages have not been like others, being for a good time of late in the General's own ship, where I had opportunity of service, and wanted no business, but no great alteration in my small estate. However I bless the Lord, who has kept me from stretching my principles to the least prejudice of the Commonwealth.
As for my salary due for the time I was in the Essex and Portsmouth frigates, I crave your order for such allowance as you think fit. [1½ pages.] Annexing,
91. i. Notes by the same, that from 1 July to 10 Nov. he was in the Essex frigate upon the design to Newfoundland and the Westward; from 10 Nov. to 1 Mar. in the Portsmouth; and from that date until now in the Lyme. That when he was in the Assistance as Rear-Admiral to Gen. Penn, in the Portland fight, he had 14s. a day, in the Resolution and Swiftsure 17s., and as Rear-Admiral of the Red in the Marston Moor 14s. a day. [2/3 page.]
May 28. 92. Bond of Thos. Bradley, of Nettlebed, co. Oxon, in 100l., that within a month after a warrant granted therefor, he will prosecute and present to his Highness one or more of 3 discoveries to the value of 50,000l., on allowance of 1/5 thereof. Endorsed with conditions that the discovery shall be fair and legitimate, and one for which he and his friends will give 100,000l. if they may have the entire benefit of it. He has spoken privately to the Protector about it, and been before Council; and 2 counsellors, St. Nicholas and Broughton, were sent to treat with him about it. [2 pages.]
May 29. Note of a petition of Ensign Alex. Aspinall, referred to the Committee for Petitions 7 Aug. 1654, for payment of 12l. 2s. 8d., balance of 50l. ordered him by the late Council of State 28 May 1653, for disbursements, losses, and service in Bardsey Island, co. Carnarvon, out of victuals in Conway Castle, which, on appraisement, have fallen short of the sum. Order in Council for a warrant for payment out of the contingent moneys of the army. Approved 1 June. [I. 92, No. 210; I. 76, pp. 103, 116.]
May 29. 93. Petition of Dan. Sochon, French merchant of London, and other owners of the Prophet of Dieppe, to the Protector, for a pass for their ship to go on her fishing voyage to the banks of fishing near Newfoundland, not prejudicing the people of this nation, who are not accustomed to that kind of fishing, it being used only by the French. With reference thereon to Council 14 May 1655. [¾ page.]
May 29. 94. Reference thereon in Council to the Admiralty Commissioners, to consider whether the pass desired will not prejudice the English fishing trade, and to report. [½ page; also I. 76, p. 104.]
May 29. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order that Frost pay forthwith to Rob. Roberts the 40l. and the 78l. ordered him for Gen. Desborow's disbursements in his late journey, and for the charge of recovering the horses of Lord Chief Justice Rolle and Baron Nicholas.
2. Order—on report from the Army Committee on the petition of Watkin Kiffin, late receiver general of army assessments in co. Denbigh, about 700l. delivered to Col. Twistleton, governor of Denbigh Castle, for security at the Scotch invasion of 1651; as also on the petition of Col. Twistleton, this day received,—that the latter petition be referred to the Army Committee, to report by Tuesday, that the whole matter may be then considered.
4. Order,—on report from the Treasury Commissioners, on the petition of Mary Symonds, widow, certifying that by Order of Parliament of June 22, 1650, 25s. a week was payable to her out of Haberdashers' Hall, which was paid till June 24, 1654, and not since;—to advise that her arrears be paid up, and the pension continued. Approved 1 June.
7. Order,—on a note that the Governor of Portland laid out 54s. for removing the match, powder, muskets, and other stores from Weymouth to Portland Castle, on Lord Lambert's order of Feb. 20, 1654–5,—that Desborow pay it out of such Cavaliers' moneys as have been or shall be seized upon.
8. Order, on report on the petititon of Jas. Riddell, of Leith [see 10 May 1654], that the Commissioners at Leith discharge the oil and ship petitioned for, unless there be some other cause of detention. Approved 1 June. Annexing,
95. i. Report of the Admiralty Commissioners on which the above order is founded. 16 June 1654. [1 page.]
10. Order,—on report from the Admiralty Commissioners, that Cuthbert Morley's estate, being forfeit for delinquency, should be sold, and ½ go to the use of the Navy, and ½ to Laurence Maidwell, the discoverer, but there having been delays in the sale on pretence of incumbrances [see 2 March, suprà], the case was referred to the Treasury Commissioners, who on full debate directed the sale, which is not yet made,—to advise that the Drury House Trustees be required to proceed forthwith with the sale of the said lands, for the use of the navy and Mr. Maidwell. Approved 1 June. Annexing,
96. i. Report of the Admiralty Commissioners alluded to. 29 May 1655. [1 page.]
11. The account of Keylway Guydott, steward for managing the expenses of the Oyer and Terminer Commissioners for the Western counties, referred to the Clerks of Council, to audit and report what sum is due thereon, that it may be paid from Council's contingencies.
12. Order,—on an account by Mr. Jessop, that he has examined Dan. Wynne's account for his pay as Mews' keeper, and for coal, candle, and faggot for the guard there, and that 98l. 10s. is due to him therefor, and for his salary at 20s. a week, from 7 Aug. 1654 to 20 May 1655,—that the said sum be paid him out of Council's contingencies. Annexing,
97. i. Certificate by Wm. Jessop, alluded to, 25 May 1655. [1½ pages.]
97. ii. Certificate by W. Walker, that 51l. 13s. is due to Guydott on the said account, from 7 Aug. 1654 to 29 Jan. 1654–5. [1 page.]
97. iii. Bill of charges for the horse guards, &c., from 29 Jan. to 20 May 1655; total, 47l. 7s. 7d. [2/3 page.]
14. Order on report on the petition of the owners of the Peregrine [see 8 Feb. 1655],—that there is due to them for freight for their ship, taken up and employed in the Straits under Capt. Badiley nearly 5 months, ending 4 March 1652–3, 1,575l. 19s. 9d.; and that the ship when taken by the enemy was worth, with victuals on board, 2,318l. 18s. 6d; total, 3,894l. 18s. 3d, of which 1,618l. 15s. is paid;—that the balance of 2,276l. 3s. 3d. be paid, Parliament having declared that merchants should be paid for ships lost in the service. [I. 76, pp. 103–6]. Annexing,
98. i. Report of the Admiralty Commissioners alluded to. 28 May 1655. [1 page.]
May 29.
Pres. Lawrence to the Commissioners for Prize Goods. On 6 April, you were ordered to sell the 3 Kings and her lading, and the goods of the St. John of St. Malo, and on the 16th, to pay the moneys arising therefrom on order of the Treasury Commissioners. You are now ordered to pay all the said moneys into the Exchequer, the former orders notwithstanding. [I. 112, p. 158; I. 76, p. 104.]
May 29.
99. Jno. Page, Mayor of Plymouth, to Col. Jno. Clarke, Admiralty Commissioner. Knowing your favour to this place, I desire your furtherance of a petition to be presented to the Protector, from this town and other Western parts, by Fras. Hacker, for a convoy for the Newfoundland fleet, and the preservation of English ships against the designs of the French, who are now making preparations to surprise those trading there. We beg speed, as the season approaches. [¾ page.]
May 29.
Gray's Inn.
100. Thos. Lamplugh to Jos. Williamson, Queen's College, Oxford. My negligence has no excuse in law, for Littleton, in his chapter on the courtesy of England, disapproves any breach of civility. My service to our cronies Beeby and Halton. I hope soon to see you, and then woe to the Buttery book! I am whetting my stomach with Gray's Inn commons, so I shall have a sharp appetite. Let me have a line on college affairs. [1 page.]
May 30. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order on report on the petition of Jehosaphat Lucas [see 23 May 1655] that the Treasury Commissioners examine John Lucas' debts, and what part of the estate belonged to the petitioner, and report, that his Highness may sign such an order as in his grace and compassion he judges meet. Annexing,
101. i. Report alluded to, signed by Fiennes and Wolsley. [1 page.]
2. To advise an order that 500l. be paid on account to [Sir] John Copleston, Sheriff of co. Devon.
3. John Bradshaw, serjeant-at-law, to attend Council this morning.
4. The petitions of John Hook, gent., and Eliz. Dod, widow, for license to transport butter and cheese beyond sea, referred to Sydenham, Pickering, Jones, and Wolsley, to consider the whole business of transportation, and offer fit propositions to Council how to manage it.
5. The Committee on the arresting of some Customs' Officers to examine the business with effect, and report speedily.
6. Lambert, Sydenham, Wolsley, Montague, and Jones to consider the business of the Customs' Commissioners, as to filling up the void places; also to read some orders of the late Council of State, of June 8 1653, for the Customs' Commissioners to reserve in their hands salaries due to Col. Geo. Thompson and others, on their proportion of 4d. in the pound, to be paid out as Council shall direct, and to report.
7. His Highness informing Council that Mr. Barnardiston, and another merchant of London, have complained to him of the harshness of the Customs' officers towards the merchants;—order that the same Committee enquire from the merchants the grounds of their complaint, and report.
9. The order and declaration for an assessment of 60,000l. a month for 6 months, from June 24, 1655, to be printed and published.
10. Serjeant Bradshaw attending was called in, and his further attendance dispensed with, that he may attend the Sheriff's Court at Guildhall, and he is to attend Council this afternoon, when the Court has arisen.
11. John Browne to attend Council at Whitehall at 9 to-morrow.
12. The report from the Customs' Commissioners on the petition of the Muscovy Company recommitted for further consideration. [I. 76, pp. 107–8.]
May 30.
Pres. Lawrence to Arthur and Rich. Caley and 11 others. Divers freeholders and others of Coventry have petitioned about differences between them and the city, about laying assessments and other charges, which his Highness and Council, desiring to compose in an amicable way, refer to you. You are to meet and confer with the persons concerned and others, for a full examination of the fact, and if you cannot accommodate it, certify to Council, stating through whose default you cannot compose it. [I. 76a, p. 73; I. 76, p. 108.]
May 31. 102. Petition of Col. Rob. Bennett to the Protector. The Committee to whom my disbursements for the State was referred report a balance of 297l. 7s. 9½d. due to me. I have a less sum in hand, on an account before the Army Committee, who have no power to allow me the 297l. 7s. 9½d. on the balancing. I beg an order to them for a payment of what remains due, and a discharge. [¾ page.]
May 31. Order on the above petition, and a report of Whalley, Worsley, and Broad, for a warrant to the Treasurers-at-war to pay the 297l. 7s. 9½d., or as much as remains due on his account. Approved 1 June. [I. 76, pp. 109, 116.]
May 31. 103. Petition of the inhabitants of Motcombe, co. Dorset, and others near who attend preaching there, to the Protector. In your Ordinance of 2 Sept. 1654 for better preaching of the Gospel, you declared ways for the uniting and dividing of parishes. Motcombe has always been a parish, and had its officers, church, and tithes to support a vicar; the inhabitants are numerous, and the church in the midst of them, and on Dec. 3 1646, the County Committee divided it from Gillingham, the pretended mother church, on which a return has been made in Chancery for its dividing. We therefore beg that the Trustees for dividing Parishes may divide Gillingham from Motcombe, and appoint Thos. Andrews, who has been settled with us since 19 Nov. 1646, as our minister. 112 signatures, 1 only by mark. With reference 23 May 1655, signed by the Protector, to the Committee appointed for that purpose. [2 sheets.]
May 31. Confirmation in Council of an order from the Trustees for uniting and dividing Parishes, dividing Gillingham from Motcombe, and allowing the tithes and profits in Motcombe town and chapelry to Thos. Andrews, the present minister. Approved 31 May. [I. 76, pp. 110, 112.]
May 31. 104. Petition of Edw. Farrer to Council. The Commissioners of the Great Seal have presented to Bentham rectory, co. York, Rob. Lowther, who is rejected as unfit by the Commissioners for Public Preachers, and 7 months since, his Highness appointed me. I was approved by the said Commissioners, and made incumbent by an instrument under their registrar's seal, but Lowther detains the benefice. I beg that he may be summoned to answer his contempt. [1 page.]
May 31. Order that Lowther attend Council this day fortnight. [I. 76, p. 112.]
May 31. Council. Day's Proceedings.
3. The Army Committee to send into the several counties printed copies of the order and declaration for an assessment of 60,000l. for the next 6 months, to persons fit to distribute them to the Commissioners appointed to collect the same. Approved 1 June.
11. Order on report on the petition of Jos. Wallington, &c. [see 22 May 1655],—that after discourse with persons experienced in the burning of coal, and a return from the Attorney-General, they see no objection to the grant, with a salvo of the grant of 23 Nov. 1654 to John Copley, of an invention of making iron with charked pitcoal, paying ½ the profits into the Exchequer;—granting the patent as requested. Approved 1 June. Annexing,
105. i. Report alluded to, signed by Jones. [1 page.]
105. ii. Note of the grant to Copley alluded to. [⅓ page.]
105. iii. Order in the Committee on the petition, that Martin Noel attend with some experienced coal merchants, and that the Attorney and Solicitor General attend at the same time. 23 May 1655. [¾ page.]
12. Order on the letter of Mr. Maidstone and Mr. Waterhouse,— praying an order to the Excise Commissioners to allow 30 tuns of Spanish and 20 of French wine for his Highness' use to be taken up custom free;—that Pickering speak with Maidstone, and report.
13. Order on a report from the Army Committee on Col. Twistleton's petition referred 29 May, and on a former report on Watkin Kiffin's petition, that the horse quartered on Kiffin for non-payment of the 700l. to the Treasurers-at-war be taken off, and he freed from all charge of quartering; and that Desborow, Jones, Sydenham, Montague, and Mulgrave, consider the case, and report to-morrow. [I. 75, pp. 109–112.] Annexing,
106. i. Report by the Army Committee on Col. Twistleton's petition, that they have given a full account of the whole case in their report on Watkin Kiffin's petition. 30 May 1655. [1 page.]
106. ii. Report of the said Committee on Kiffin's petition. That he did lodge 700l. with Col. Twistleton, who refused to return it.
That Twistleton's statement that he spent it in disbanding his forces is untrue, as he had army warrants therefor, and only spent 89l. 10s. 4d. in keeping the garrison 10 days after disbanding.
That Twistleton having repeatedly promised payment, but delayed it, on 16 Aug. 1654, his neglect was certified to the Sequestration Commissioners. He then petitioned the Protector, who referred the case back to us, and on account of this reference, the Sequestration Commissioners did nothing.
The detention of the money was very prejudicial to the poor receiver, and will induce others to get assessment moneys and keep them. Twistleton should pay the moneys, or his estate be sequestered on refusal. The interest thereon foryears will be 150l., which will pay his balance of 89l. 10s. 4d., and leave him 60l. debtor to the State. [1⅓ pages.]
May 31.
Pres. Lawrence to the Commissioners for the monthly Assessment for co. —. His Highness and Council have passed an order for a 6 months' assessment, at 60,000l. by the month, beginning June 24, a copy of which is enclosed. They desire you quickly to assess your proportion, collect, and hand it in, that there may be a timely supply of money to pay the forces, and avoid the inconveniences which would otherwise unavoidably follow. [I. 76 p. 110.]
May 31.
Pres. Lawrence to the Sheriff of co. —, or the chief magistrates of the city of —. Enclosed are several copies of a Declaration setting apart June 14 as a day of fasting and humiliation, in reference to the sufferings of the distressed Protestants in the Duke of Savoy's territories, which you are to send to the ministers of parishes in your county, and give a speedy account to Council of your receipt thereof, and of your proceedings thereupon. [I. 76, p. 110.]
May 31.
Pres. Lawrence to Major Peirce, at Exeter. His Highness and Council have authorised certain persons to take account of all moneys levied for the former militias in co. Devon; as the Devon Commissioners have appointed to meet at Exeter on Monday fortnight to execute that service, we give you due notice thereof, and require your attendance, with a clear account of all moneys levied in your county. [I. 76, p. 112.]
May 31.
Pres. Lawrence to Nich. Rowe. To the same effect. [I. 76, p. 113.]
May 31. 107. Col. W. Sydenham to Cols. Clarke and Kelsey. I desire your speedy consideration of Widow Gill's case, referred to you by the Protector. [1 page.]
May 31./June 10.
108. Note of papers presented to the Protector by the Dutch Ambassador, respecting a ship of Edam, and other Dutch ships taken prize. [1 page.]
May ? 109. And. Butler [Mr. Manning to Thurloe (fn. 2) ]. I told you last week that Wilmot was landed at Flushing. He and the 2 Holseys came here on Monday, and Sir C. Lloyd since. Morgan and Blaney, who lived in Queen Street, are here likewise. Middleton and his gang were brought in from Munster in state. Gerard and Manwaring are coming back from Prince Rupert, who will be here in 7 days. The sword men encrease here, and so do the divisions. Tell me suddenly how to steer, and think me not extravagant in sending for money. To serve you well, I must now and then be able to serve Charles Stuart, and nothing would be more easy to you and pleasing to him than to give a little recruit to the Duke of Gloucester; daily favours are most significant. If you disapprove this, tell me some other way to oblige him. Speed your answer, and the Dover cypher, and new addresses for your letters. I try to advance your stock. Thanks for your last letter and my money.
Armorer and Page are landed in Holland. All these had not escaped, had you been ruled by me. Rombald, an agent in the late design, and Rogers with one eye know much.
I am glad you lay about you. Remember Denham, Lady Isabella, Hum. Painter the surgeon, Simon Potter at Lady Stanhope's, and Sir Lewis Kirk, who are weekly intelligencers here, and Wm. Richards, who lives at Mr. Trussels, Paternoster Row. Wilmot says the Presbyterian interest must do our business. He speaks well of Fairfax, Sir Chas. Howard, Sir Art. Hesilrigg, and Wm. Ashurst. Last post from Holland, Dolman offered the King his service; I wonder at this, also that I do not hear that Sir Rob. Byron, Compton, and Sir R. Willis, are taken. Let me hear of you weekly, and send me the news book. [Decypher, 4 pages.]
May ? Notes of petitions, all in I. 92, referred to the Committee for Petitions, on which no Council orders were given, in the following cases:—
Peter Van Deputt and Geritt Van Heythwyn, administrators of Hen. Rantsaw, for leave to discover and get in the estate on account, having letters of administration to his Highness's use. A Commission of appraisement was issued, but Mr. Carpenter, in whose house Rantsaw died, refuses to deliver some of the estate. "Not signed by the petitioner, and the business done." [No. 254.]
Sam. Hall, keeper of the Marshalsea Prison, for 9l. disbursements for Hebditch, Doran, and Roche, prisoners. "Not referred, examined and paid out of contingencies." [No. 256.]
Walter Athy, merchant, for license to transport to Jersey 10 packs of English wool, and 10 tons of raw hides. "Not referred." [No. 257.]
Edm. Squibb, for examination of his title to a second teller's place, and suspension of the order for delivering his house to Maj. Horseman. [No. 260.]
Hugh Morrell, for license to transport French goods from Bordeaux to Morlaix in a Holland ship. "Nothing to be done." [No. 268.]
John Southern, mariner of London, for letters of reprizal against the French for the Dispatch, value 2,000l., taken by them. "Not to be granted, being referred to Commissioners." [No. 270.]
May ? Capt. Wm. Peirce of a privateer, for hearing, and restitution of a vessel laden with French goods, which he took, but is imprisoned by a Council order, at the prosecution of the master of the vessel. [No. 282.]
Barth. Perkins, for pardon; was convicted for coining, but reprieved, having discovered many guilty. "Not referred." [No 286.]
Rob. Manley, merchant of London, for release on bail or a speedy hearing; suffers in credit and affairs, being committed by Council's order for matters relating to debentures. [No. 287.]
John Mead, and others interested in the Crowned Lion, taken by the French in her way from Barbadoes to Genoa, that the ambassador may be requested to advise his master to restore the ship. [No. 294.]
Jas. Symes, to be continued an auditor of the Exchequer. [No. 295.]
Jas. Pickering, for a hearing, on certificate of Dr. Walker on a difference with Mich. Cruger; had letters of marque against the French. "Not referred." [No. 297.]
Lewis Davis, his Highness's waterman, for renewal of a Council of State order to apprehend and bring before Council such as abuse him much for discovering Lord Capel. [No. 298.]
Company of the Samson, for satisfaction for 26 chests of sugar, &c., lost through the King of Portugal, and that their accounts may be adjusted according to proofs in the Admiralty. [No. 300.]
Capt. Jacob Reignolds, for a pass for the Culpepper, alias Good Hope, belonging to merchants of London, lately come from Cadiz to Dunkirk, where she is lading for Cadiz. [No. 301.]
Rich. Huett, for license to export 500 barrels of perishing butter. [No. 302.]
Wm. Catlin, preacher at Cramb, co. York, for leave to live in a small cottage and receive his dues; has great difficulty in getting in his tithes; gives the names and characters of his opposers. [No. 307.]
Walter Vernon, to be brought to answer, being committed for having arms sent to his house. "Out on bail." [No. 308.]
Elizabeth, widow of Adjudant Pujade, for 7 years' advance of her pension allowed by Parliament of 5s. a week, to pay her debts. [No. 318.]
City of Lichfield, for settlement on Wm. Langley, their minister, by authority of Parliament, of 150l. a year for his maintenance and encouragement. [No. 324.]
William Langley, minister of Lichfield, for discharge of the suspension of his augmentation, ordered 3 March 1653–4 on misinformation. [No. 325.]
John White, for relase on bail, being sick; was committed to the Serjeant in Dec. 1654, for false debentures. [No. 332.]
Randall Proudlove, minister of Holt, co. Denbigh, for payment of 100l. a year appointed him, and continued till March 1653, as long as the Act for propagating the Gospel in Wales was in force; is continuing his labours without salary. [No. 335.]
May ? Major Thos. Chamberlain, for leave to bring in some capers, which he ordered his factor to ship at Marseilles, but there being no English ship there, he shipped 56 barrels for Holland, and the goods are damageable. [No. 338.]
Capt. Elias Walley, for license to export 1,000 barrels of butter. [No. 341.]
Hannah Read, that her husband's loss of 150l. 17s. by the Portuguese may be adjusted and paid; the owners of the Genoa merchant, on which he was master's mate, have agreed with the Portugal Commissioners without privity of the English Commissioners. [No. 345.]
May ? Papers relating to debts due for public service, probably connected with the discovery of counterfeit debentures, viz.,—
Certificates of sums due for service to the State in the artillery train in Ireland, which are entered in the accounts made up by Auditor Collins for the army in Ireland, July 1643, viz.,—
£ s. d.
110. Thos. Franklyn, wheeler, Sepulchre's, London, 6 Feb. 1654–5 14 8 2
111. Thos. Hewes, gabion maker, St. Martin's in the Fields, his widow Jane being administratrix, 12 Feb. 1654–5 20 19 0
112. Wm. Shakesheafe, harness maker, St. Giles in the Fields, 19 Feb. 1654–5 19 1 11
113. John Stilgoe, master gunner's mate, he dying in 1644, and his brother Thomas being his administrator, as certified by Wm. Tibbs, 19 Feb. 1654–5 36 1 11
114, 115. Geo. Tomlyn, carpenter, Newington Butts, Surrey; with certificate by the churchwardens in his favour, 26 Feb. 1654–5 14 2 4
116, 117. Thos. Smart, blacksmith, Olave's, Southwark; with pass by Col. John Borlase for him, 25 April 1643. 10 April 1655 8 14 2
118, 119. Deposition by Thos Howley of Duckinfield, co. Chester, that 57l. 17s. 6d. is due to him, on an account prefixed from the Commissioners of co. Lancaster, for service from 1642 to 1645, and that no part is paid. With certificate by the said Commissioners that the debenture was entered in their register, and that Howley was no club man. [2 papers.]
120. Certificate by Wm. Tibbs, that in May 1655, the widow of Sam. Murray, who died in the State's service in Ireland, was appointed his administratrix. [½ page.]
121, 122. Like certificate, 23 May 1655, that in July 1651, Dorothy, widow of Fras. Ashwell, of Enfield, Middlesex, was appointed his administratrix. With resignation of her claims to her son, Edw. Buckley. Also Public Faith bill for 50l. lent by Ashwell towards the 40,000l. for relief of Protestants in Ireland. 16 Nov. 1641. [2 papers.]


  • 1. A cypher name, key not known.—Ed.
  • 2. The series of 11 letters, of which the present is the first, and which go on to 10/20 July, are from Manning, a traitor in the Court of Charles II. They were all written in cypher, but the originals of only 3 are preserved. There are separate decyphers of all except that of 28 June/8 July, the decypher of which was probably sent to press, as it is printed in Thurloe's State Papers, vol. iii., p. 591, being the only one of the present series in print, though several other letters from him are printed in Thurloe, vol. iii. His pseudonyme was And. Butler; the present letter is so signed. His salary from the Protector was 1,200l. a year, and he served 3 years; but after his detection in December 1655, he was pistolled in a wood near Cologne, by Sir Jas. Hamilton and Major Armourer. Thurloe, vol. iv., pp. 293, 718. —Ed.