Letters and Papers relating to the Navy, &c.: April 1655

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1881.

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'Letters and Papers relating to the Navy, &c.: April 1655', in Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1655, (London, 1881) pp. 456-471. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/domestic/interregnum/1655/pp456-471 [accessed 12 April 2024]


April 1655

Date. From To Subject. References.
Vol. 107.
April 1 Capt. W. Whitehorn, the Gainsborough, Humber. Robt. Blackborne. Encloses letters to the Admiralty Commissioners and Vice.-Adm. Lawson, concerning the apprehension of some passengers bound for Scotland. 1
" 2 Capt. Jno. Bourne, the Lyme, Spithead. Adm. Com. Will sail for the Downs. Hears the Navy Office Clerks have come down to pay off his men; desires it may be done without loss of time. Will be ready to sail as soon as he obtains his complement of men. Will keep the steward on board till he gives in his security. 2
" " Navy Comrs. Robt. Blackborne. Send the boatswain of the Naseby for orders as to procuring men 3
" " Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Adm. Com. Received the press warrant for the Sea Adventure, which will be ready to sail on Thursday if she obtains her provisions and men. Particulars of ships. 4
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Ask the readiness of the 8 ships ordered for the Western expedition, as they hear the Mary prize, one of them, has had nothing done to her. The Middleborough being unserviceable, the Wildman is appointed in her stead. The victuallers must supply the Dragon and Centurion for 5 months, to convoy some victualling ships to Gen. Blake's fleet. 5
" " Major Wm. Burton, and Jno. Harmer, and Christ. Steygould, bailiffs, Yarmouth. Adm. Com. Hearing by some from Newhaven, who got away by stealth, that divers men-of-war are preparing to go among our North Sea fishermen, to seize their vessels and fish, want 2 or 3 ships sent down to guard the fishery there. 6
" " Thos. Morris, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. Finds the Sorlings has neither been hauled on shore nor had a mast set; will hasten her to sea. Having lost his press warrant, asks another. 7
April 1 Capt. Thos. Bunn Adm. Com. Petition for an order to the Navy Commissioners to approve the prices charged by him for victuals supplied to the Greyhound, by order of the Commander-in-Chief of Scotland, when on that coast, although they exceed the allowances made to ordinary victuallers. With reference, 27 April, to the Navy Commissioners to certify. 8
" " Capt. Robt. Mackey, the Yarmouth. " Intended to be in the Hope, but is detained at Gillingham by wind. Has taken in provisions and has 36 guns, but as she is a large ship, and formerly carried 46, asks 4 more and 2 brass guns at the dock. 9
" 3 Navy Comrs. " Recommend Edm. Curle, late commander of the Mary flyboat, for some employment 10
" " Wm. Serjant, Islip, Lismore Road. Navy Comrs Sailed from Dublin for Lochaber, by order of the Lord-Deputy, on the 17th ult., and arrived at Dunstaffnage the 23rd, but the wind being contrary, is remaining in Lismore Road, and near the garrison. His steward has deserted, with money for 9 weeks' fish, 11 cwt. of bread, 6 tuns of beer, 6 bushels of peas, and the necessary money for 100 men for 6 weeks. 11
" " Capt. Edw. Tarleton, Islip, Lismore. Adm. Com. Is still detained from sailing to Lochaber by contrary winds 12
" " Capt. Jno. Bourne, the Lyme, Spithead. Robt. Blackborne. Recommends Jer. Country, his lieutenant in the Essex, for renewal of his warrant, or for command of a small pinnace in the harbour. 13
" " Christ. Pett, Woolwich. Adm. Com. Particulars of the timber and bolts to be put into the Welcome by Mr. Johnson, according to agreement. 14
" " Capt. Rich. Cowes, Cat pink, Beaumaris, " Sent an account of his proceedings in the North of Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man. Victualled at Dublin, and had orders from the Lord-Deputy to sail to Beaumaris and transport Lord Hen. Cromwell and his retinue to Dublin, but he not being ready, returned to Dublin, and has cleaned and tallowed. 15
" " Com. Peter Pett, Chatham Dock. " Sends proposals for preventing embezzlement of provisions at Chatham, besides those adopted by Mr. Hill, the searcher; another person should be appointed with Mr. Hill, at a salary, to carry them out. 16
" " " " Navy Comrs The Centurion, Tiger, and Dragon, belonging to the [summer] guard, have sailed, and will want men, as few mentioned in a list enclosed appeared; will send 12 hoys which arrived with their provisions after them to the Hope. Mr. Tyler, the sailmaker, having promised a chine of beef to be eaten on board the Naseby at Woolwich next Friday, desires their attendance; will bring Mr. Arkinstall to assist in the launching, which he hopes they will excuse, considering the weight of the undertaking. 17
" " Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Adm. Com. Sends certificate on examination of the gunner of the Winsby, respecting his accounts and the powder on board, by which his knavery will appear. Is hastening the repair of the Great Charity; she will want men, many having run; desires a press warrant. Particulars of ships. 18
April 3 Capt. Christ. Myngs, Elizabeth, Downs. Navy Comrs His steward was prevented adjusting his petty warrant accounts with Col. Bellamy before leaving Gravesend, through the absence of the appointed victuallers' deputy, and having received a threatening letter from them, has gone up to town. Complains of the pride and negligence of the victuallers. 19
" " Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. Particulars of 7 ships appointed for the Western expedition. Ask how many men each is to carry, and for how many months they are to be victualled. 20
" " Walter Syburne Information that he bought 4 or 5 cwt. of rope of Thos. Taylor, of Maidstone, at from 3s. to 5s. per cwt., and offered him 5s. per cwt. for some junk he had purchased of Ambrose Read, of Stroud, but he would not accept it. 21
" 4 Thos. Taylor Deposition that he not only bought cables and stores of Read, but of any person who brought them, and that he gave Read and Syburne 10s. for some paper. 22
" " John Alderson Information that while servant to Hen. Dunning, 3 years since, he assisted to carry away 25 barrels of powder and some shot in his master's hoy, from the house of And. Jackson at Chatham. That Whitan, a ship chandler at the Iron Gate, near the Tower, bought some powder of him which came out of the Assurance frigate, and that he brought up 20 barrels from Rich. Paxford at Rochester, which Dunning converted to his own use. 23
" " Chas. Taylor Navy Comrs Mr. Baylie was willing to employ as many men as his means would allow, but as money fell short, has imprested sufficient himself to dispatch the ship in a month, Baylie finding stuff and wages. 24
" " Capt. Robt. Sansum, the Portsmouth, Spithead. Adm. Com. Finds his ship has 4 months' provisions, 5 tuns of beer, and 50 men; will endeavour to get more. The storekeeper has taken away 2 small guns. 25
" " Capt. Thos. Morris, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. Having lost his press warrant, wants another 26
" " Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Adm. Com. Particulars of ships. Desires orders to enter some men on board wages, as there are not sufficient labourers to get the Tredagh on shore. 27
" 5 Comr. Peter Pett, Woolwich. " Stayed at Chatham to see the 2 frigates dispatched for the Hope, where they must obtain men, as few have yet appeared. If any more ships are to be sent to sea, notice should be sent him at Woolwich, where he remains for the launching of the Naseby. 28
" " Capt. Jno. Bourne, the Lyme, Spithead. Robt. Blackborne. The Navy Clerks have paid off his men, but he wants 70 men to make up his number. His former steward has found security. Recommends Mr. Shepperd, clerk of the Portsmouth, for employment. 29
" " Capt. Anth. Young, Tredagh, Portsmouth. " Wants the order to enter men into victuals and wages; will provide victuals meantime. Recommends his brother, lieutenant in the Advice, to be his lieutenant. The steward will either sign a bond, or come to London, as ordered by Col. Clarke. 30
" 6 Robt. Seddon, Mayflower, Stokes Bay. Navy Comrs Leadenhall St. The captain received their order in Wales, and has lost no time in hastening for Portsmouth. Left the Little Charity at Castlehaven, bound for the West Indies, and furnished her with two months' provisions for 60 men. Will send the muster books. 31
April 6 Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. The Mayflower having come in, her men might serve in the Tredagh and Sorlings. Capt. Bowen met the Sea Venture off Portland, she having put into Weymouth to stop a leak. 32
" " Capt. Abra. Pearse, Weymouth Road. Capt. Gates Naylor, Barking. While off Portland, the ketch sprung a leak; had to put into the Road to stop it, and then put to sea again, when she sprung another, and had to go into Weymouth Road, where they procured two carpenters, who, with his own, repaired her again; but within the last 24 hours they have pumped not less than 150 strokes a glass, through the neglect of the carpenter or caulker. However, will put to sea again when he has put the carpenters on shore. With certificate of the stoppage of the leak. 33, 34
" " Vice-Adm. Lawson, Fairfax, Downs. Adm. Com. The Sparrow has gone for Dunkirk with a Spanish gentleman, who had a pass from his Highness, and order for a vessel to transport him. The Elizabeth has gone for Dieppe with the Genoese Ambassador. Asks where the Advice is to victual. 35
" " Capt. Pet. Bowen, Mayflower, Spithead. " Received their order at Milford Haven on the 18th to repair to Portsmouth, but has been kept plying between the Land's End and the Start by contrary winds. Capt. Taylor is gone to Kinsale to victual. 36
" " Officers of Chatham Dockyard. Comr. Peter Pett. There is an intention of erecting another tavern in Chatham, midway to the dock, which may be of ill consequences to the navy. Hope the Council or Admiralty Commissioners will take order for preventing it. 37
" " Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Adm. Com. The Bryer and Saphire have come in for repairs. The severe winter having caused a great expenditure of stores, and hindered the ropemakers' spinning, has desired the Navy Commissioners to hasten some cordage down. Hopes to get the Great Charity out of the carpenters' hands by Monday, and then get in the provisions. Will have to employ labourers, as many of her company have run, and others lie idle and are tippling. With demands of the Saphire for present supply. 38, 38a
" " " " Navy Comrs To the same effect 39
" 7 " " Adm. Com. The prisoners taken in the Biscay man-of-war by Capt. Potter were put on shore at Rother, except the captain, who is at Plymouth. The frigate is a good sailer, and will carry 16 or 18 guns; will survey her to-morrow. The Paradox has arrived, and sends a demand for her stores. Has ordered her to ply towards the Land's End, and come in again in 7 days. Will dispatch the Raven and Constant Warwick. 40, 41
" " Chas. Taylor Navy Comrs Has employed 30 men on the Nantwich, Mr. Baylie providing stuff and money for wages. As they were unwilling to work on Baylie's account, has engaged to see them paid. 42
" " Capt. Robt. Sansum, the Portsmouth. Spithead. Adm. Com. Has received his victuals and stores, but wants men. Has impressed 15, and has 65. Doubts if the steward can give security. 43
April 7 Capt. Jno. Sherwin, Primrose, Downs. Adm. Com. Will sail to Chatham with the first wind 44
" " Vice - Adm. Jno. Lawson, Fairfax, Downs. " Arrival of ships. Sends French news brought by the Winsby. Will appoint some frigates to cruise off the French coast for intelligence. 45
" " Capt. Thos. Morris, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. Has received the press warrant which miscarried, and will hasten the fitting out of the frigate. If the Mayflower is paid off, asks some of her men. 46
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Order to pay and turn over the seamen of the Mayflower at Portsmouth into the Tredagh and Sorlings, fitting out there, and have a survey of her defects. 47
" " " " " Order for 6 months' provisions for 8 ships named for the Western expedition, bearing 206 guns, 510 seamen, and 800 landsmen. 48
" 8 Capt. Robt. Nixon, Centurion, Hope. Adm. Com. Complains of the victuallers' delay in sending his beer to Chatham. Was forced to sail, and met a lighter with it, but could not then wait. She was a very unfit vessel, and will be long in reaching him. Wants some from another place. 49
" " Robt. Willis, Harwich. Navy Comrs Has entered on board the hulk at Harwich, but has neither provisions nor lodgings but the deck. Is informed if he can so subsist for a month, he may receive 15s. to supply his next month's necessaries, which will cost him 6s. or 7s. a week, besides other expenses; 3s. 9d. a week is not enough for him as for others belonging to the hulk, as they live in the town and have relatives, while he is a stranger; left his voyage and lost his passage for New England, and now has 15s. a month abated of his usual wages in New England, if confined to 3s. 9d. a week. Noted that he is to have 7s. a week for diet. 50
" 9 Capt. Lambert Cornelius, Portsmouth. Adm. Com. Has received his provisions, and on receipt of the gunner's stores, will be ready to sail 51
" " Navy Victuallers " Send account of the issue of provisions for the last month 52
" " Capt. Thos. Morris, Portsmouth. " His frigate has been hauled on shore to be tallowed. Will try to get men in the country, and expects some out of the Mayflower, but she has only 60, and most of them are to join the Tredagh. 53
" " Capt. Jno. Geffery, Bristol. Robt. Blackborne. Asks that Nath. Rumbelowr may be his minister, and Wm. Fox his clerk of the check 54
" " " " Adm. Com. Is fitting out his frigate [the Nantwich], and if her guns are not retarded, will be ready to sail within a month. 55
" " Thos. Shewell, Bristol. Navy Comrs Doubts not but Capt. Geffery and Mr. Taylor give an account of the progress made on the Nantwich. Has drawn a bill on Mr. Hutchinson for 400l. 56
" " Mr. Johnson Contract for sheathing and repairing the Welcome 57
" 10 Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. Recommend Capt. Rich. Johnson to command a 5th rate frigate; he served in the late war with the Dutch, and is well acquainted with the Irish coast and the West of England. With two certificates of Col. Rob. Venables, Chas. Walley, and 3 others in his favour. 58–60
April 10 Capt. Leo. Harris, Great Charity, Plymouth. Adm. Com. Cannot take in 1,000 jars of oil, having 100 tuns for the fleet already of beer, flour, and beef, and his own provisions, but will take what he can. The Reserve has come in with two French prizes. 61
" " Martin Noel, Old Jewry. Gen. Jno. Desborow. Asks protection for 16 men belonging to the Happy Fortune, bound to Barbadoes with the State's goods. 62
" " Capt. Jno. Taylor, Chatham. Navy Comrs Asks a warrant for taking some timber required for the 2nd rate ship building there 63
" " Adm. Com. " Order for Capt. Alderne to provide 150 tuns of Madeira wine for the fleets gone westward, beside what was ordered by the Admiralty Commissioners' warrant of 15 March. 64
" " " " " Order to make out a bill for 60l. as a gratuity for Geo. Kendall, clerk of the survey at Deptford and Woolwich, for detecting the frauds and abuses of Thos. Greene of Dover, in relation to the navy, in that port lately under his management. 65
" " " " Navy Comrs and Navy Treasurer. Order to defer payment of any money in hand due to Thos. Greene of Dover, for refitting and setting forth ships, until he has accounted for 714l. 15s. 5d., as he has abused his trust and defrauded the Commonwealth to that amount. 66
" " Thos. White, Dover Navy Comrs Sends the appraisements of the Orange Tree and Sea Horse hoys, and the captain's inventory, and asks orders. 67
" 11 Capt. Jno. Parker, Truelove. Adm. Com. Will convoy the Salem for Bristol, but having only 5 weeks' provisions, desires they will send down a fortnight's more. 68
" " Capt. Thos. Morris, Portsmouth. " Has had the Sorlings tallowed, and 15 men turned over to her from the Mayflower, and will rig and fit her to receive her guns and stores. 69
" " Capt. Je. Country, Portsmouth. " Has told Capt. Thorowgood to have the small pinnace surveyed; she will stow two months' provisions for 24 men. 70
" " Capt. Lamb. Cornelius, Hopewell, Spithead. " Having received the gunner's stores, will sail to-night 71
" 12 Capt. Mic. Nutton, Satisfaction, Beaumaris. " Stayed at Inverlochy till 3 April, when the Islip came to relieve him; had to put his men on half allowance of biscuit for several days, but the Governor of the fort at Inverlochy gave him 14 days' victuals to carry him to Liverpool, whither he will proceed, according to Gen. Monk's order. Complains of the misconduct of Hen. Browne, his master, who has been drunk and used bad language. Asks leave to put him on shore at Liverpool. 72
" " Jas. Smith " Petition for employment, having lost his left leg in the Portland engagement while serving in the Oak; has since served in the Plover, but is discharged by Capt Thompson as disabled. With certificate of the discharge, and order to the Navy Commissioners to enter him on board some ship in the river. 73
April 12 Adm. Com. Navy Comrs and Treasurer. Order that the officers and company of the Primrose at Chatham be paid, and the ship fitted for the summer guard. 74
" " Comr. Peter Pett, Woolwich. Navy Comrs The Naseby is launched and at her moorings; asks a warrant for entering men on petty warrant, as also for making up the 50 upon her to 200, without which the master dares not venture with her to Chatham or the Hope; also for discharging the soldiers who are useless. 75
" " Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. Ask directions on the above letter 76
" 13 Vice - Adm. Jno. Lawson, Fairfax, Downs. " Particulars of ships. Hears of 1 or 2 Brest pirates between Guernsey and St. Malo's; wishes to send the Sparrow pink, which is not suspected as a man-of-war, to meet them. Will have the ships in as good a posture as may be, in case the French should become our enemy; there is a great need of contingent money. 77
" " Navy Comrs. " Gave warrant to the navy victuallers to supply the 8 ships appointed for the Western expedition with 8 months' provisions for 1,310 men; they sent in a state of the victuals in the respective ports, showing that they have issued so much for London and Chatham that there is only sufficient for 1,015 men for 6 months. As 7 of the ships are at Deptford and Woolwich, and if victualled there, will require a far greater proportion, ask orders. The 3 ships with provisions for Gen. Blake's fleet have fallen down to Graveseud. 78
" " Commrs. for Prize Goods. " Have landed 50 rolls of Brazil tobacco out of the Sampson at Plymouth, the duty on which is 6d. a pound for Customs, and 6d. for Excise, but it is appraised at only 5d. a pound, and will be put up for sale on the 20th. Have also landed a great quantity of French wine, but it is only fit to distil, and will not sell for more than 3l. 10s. per tun, they paying custom of 4l. 10s. per tun, and the buyers the excise 3l. As the Commissioners cannot alter their demand for excise, the wine will come to nothing unless some other course is adopted to sell it; the buyers should pay poundage for Excise, and the State the Customs on the wines and tobacco. 79
" " Capt. John Sherwin, Primrose, Chatham. Navy Comrs Asks orders for disposal of his frigate and men, and not to hang, like Mahomet's tomb, neither relating to heaven or earth. 80
" " Adm. Comrs., Whitehall. " Ordered the Centurion and Dragon to convoy the vessels with provisions for Gen. Blake's fleet to the Downs, and then wait there for further orders, which they must send. 81
" " " " " Order to examine how the Great President received the damage mentioned in Capt. Fras. Parke's letters, and to direct him to turn over his men into the Centurion, Dragon, and Tiger, leaving only sufficient to bring her up to Woolwich. With his letters of her arrival at Harwich, and of the damage. 82, 83
" " Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. Directed the officers at Harwich to wash and tallow the Great President, but upon hauling her on shore, they found some of her timbers broken; she should be sent up the river to be docked. 84
" " Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Navy Comrs Particulars of ships. Asks whether to continue the money to the clerks of the check for provisions for sick men. 85
April 13 Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Robt. Blackborne. Shall not be able to attend the sale of the linen, being summoned on the Commission of Oyer and Terminer at Exeter. If the sale is postponed it will benefit the State, as Messrs. Hill and Oxenbridge only left London on Wednesday, and will not be at Plymouth until Tuesday or Wednesday. Further particulars.—Capt. Myngs will range on the coast of France after he has delivered his convoy, and the Reserve, Elizabeth, and Bryer shall convoy the vessels to Lyme, Exeter, Dartmouth, and Plymouth. 86
" " " " Adm. Com. Particulars of ships. There were 32 casks of brandy brought in the last prize by Capt. Heaton, and 200 of old French wine, and some cider, which may serve for beverage for Gen. Penn. 87
" " " " Col. Jno. Clarke. The Bryer has been detained from going to the Sound by the storms. The master of a vessel from Morlaix reports that he was shot at there from the castle, but escaped; that they took away the sails of several vessels riding there, and prohibited the shipping out of any sail cloth, on penalty of confiscation; that the merchants feared a war, and that several English vessels have been taken and brought into Brest. Sir Geo. Carteret was at Morlaix, and unloaded two vessels with hemp, bound for England, and one at St. Malo. Will enquire into his actings, as he has 60l. or 80l. a year at Jersey. Will send over the Reserve and other ships upon the coast, as there are 4 Brest men-of-war waiting the coming of the ships from Morlaix. Is still forced to keep labourers on the Great Charity, as her men run daily; has had 4 brought back and committed to the hall until she is in the Sound. Is much hindered by the foul weather. 88
" " Capt. Jno. Sherwin, Primrose, Chatham. " Having a letter to deliver to him from Lord-Deputy Fleetwood, desires leave to attend him. Wants to be removed into the Pelican, having rendered good service both on land and sea since he came from beating the Scotch King at Worcester. It is the first time he ever solicited anything for himself; is well known as a faithful soldier; and before leaving Scotland, General Monk promised him the command of one of the new ships building, in lieu of the Newcastle promised him, but given to Capt. Cobham. 89
" " J. Whittle, clerk to the Commissioners for Prize Goods. List of schedules annexed to decrees for restoration of goods and ships condemned as prize 90
" " Edw. Bellamy Certificate that the fish on the Sea Venture amounts to 24 tons. With accounts by Thos. Sprigge of victuals shipped in the Sea Venture and Maidenhead for Gen. Blake's fleet in the Straits by the navy victuallers. 91–93
" 14 Chas. Taylor, Bristol. Navy Comrs Has used the warrant for impressing carpenters with effect, having got all [the Nantwich's] masts set, and her into Hunger Road, 3 miles from Bristol. 94
" " T. Chillingworth, the Essex. Robt. Blackborne. Sends two papers unsealed, one for the Admiralty Commissioners, and the other for Gen. Desborow. Begs assistance for payment of his arrears. 95
April 14 Major N. Bourne, Deptford. Navy Comrs Has sent a warrant to Woolwich, for all the ordinary and labourers to be at Deptford at noon. The preparations for launching are backward enough; expects to be forced to call in the help of all the ropemakers in the merchants' yards in the town, for the better managing of the crabs to-morrow. 96
" " Comrs. for Prize Goods. Robt. Blackborne. Ask an Admiralty warrant for the bearers to recover two vessels lying at Greys and Burnam Water, and taken by persons having no right to them. Gave a warrant themselves, but the country would not obey it. 97
" " Capt. Anth. Young, Tredagh. " Is tallowed and hopes soon to take in victuals. Endeavoured to obtain men both by persuasion and press, but they are scarce; will leave his lieutenant in charge, and come to London to get some. Recommends Rich. Mathews, who has long been midshipman and boatswain, if the Mary flyboat is going to sea and wants a boatswain. 98
" " Capt. Wm. Whitehorn, the Gainsborough, Burlington Bay. " Sent notice from the Humber of having detained some passengers and sent them to Hull. Has been to sea, but meeting with very rough weather and some damage, put into Burlington to refit; will sail to-day. Has not met with any men-of-war molesting the coast. 99
" " Capt. Robt. Sansum, the Portsmouth, Spithead. Adm. Com. Will observe their orders. As his former steward has promised security, Mr. Chillingworth refused the employment; has given the steward leave to go for London for 8 days; will see to the victuals during his absence. 100
" " Capt. Abra. Algate, Drake, Spithead. " Plying on his station, met Capt. Parker, who directed him to sail to Vice-Adm. Lawson in the Downs for orders. Was commanded to Dover to convoy a vessel with horse to Dieppe, and then return to Weymouth, to convoy the Hopewell to the Downs; but she not being there, went to the Isle of Wight and Portsmouth, and anchored in Stokes' Bay; will return to the Downs. 101
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs To order Capt. Thos. Alderne to contract with the merchantmen taken up for the Western expedition for the transporting and victualling of 300 landsmen, to be distributed amongst the ships; to abate 100 landsmen out of the 800 to be sent in the 8 State's ships, for the better stowage of the provisions; and to order Alderne to put on such 8 ships as much provision as they can carry, besides their own. To send two of the first of the 8 ships that can be got ready to Harwich to victual, and to give order for refitting the Mary flyboat in lieu of the Middleborough, she being unfit for the voyage. 102
" " " " Order that the Sorlings at Portsmouth be fitted to carry 110 men and 28 guns 103
" " Col. Robt. Gibbon Certificate that Rich. Bull has seen much service both at sea and on land, and carried him over to Jersey. 104
" " Jno. Mould Adm. Com. Petition for leave to take his course at law against Thos. Milton, who is going to sea in the service, for payment of 9 boxes of candles. 105
" " " " Deposition that in Feb. 1650–51 he sent a parcel of candles on board the Speaker, value 22l. 0s. 8d., and has never been paid. 106
April 15 Vice-Adm. Jno. Lawson, Fairfax, Downs. Adm. Com. Has ordered the boatswain of the Yarmouth to attend them, and sent an express to Capt. Maddison of the Sparrow pink, now at Dover, to come up to the Downs, when he will dispatch him away, so as to prevent her men running; they are very refractory and adverse to the service. Particulars of ships. Recommends Lieut. Gilpin for the command of the Sparrow; he was lieutenant in the Advice and Torrington, and wounded in the engagement with the Dutch. Ant. Roberts has landed at Sandown Castle from France, having his Highness's pass, and reports they are making great preparations for war there. 107
" " " " Robt. Blackborne. To like effect. Desires him to tell the General that he will take as much care of the matters alluded to as if they were his own. Thanks for care in his friend's business concerning Whitby, although not granted. 108
" 16 Capt. Chas. Thorowgood, Jno. Tippetts, Portsmouth. Adm. Com. Several ships will soon be ready to sail if men can be procured, but most of them have gone in the Lyme and Portsmouth, which is a great hindrance to the service. 109
" " Capt. Robt. Mackey, the Yarmouth, Downs. " Sends up Jno. Butler, the boatswain, by order of Vice-Adm. Lawson. Can say little as to what he is charged with, but he was in the service during the late war, and a very honest and able seaman. 110
" " Bailiffs of Yarmouth. Robt. Blackborne. Thanks for the order for Capt. Wilkinson of the Weymouth to sail to the North Sea, for guard of the fishermen there. 111
" " Capt. Robt. Wilkinson, the Weymouth, Leith Road. Adm. Com. Will observe their instructions for taking charge of the whole of the North fishery, but having only 10 days' provisions, has been ordered by Gen. Monk to victual in Scotland; will then sail to find the fishers. 112
" " Capt. Jno. Geffery, Bristol. Blackborne Has got the Nantwich down to Hunger Road, and her masts set, and will get all ready for the guns. Asks whether the officers with their servants are to be included in the 20 able men. 113
" " Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. The Centurion can take in 30 tons more provisions. Gen. Penn's squadron had extra boatswains, gunners, and carpenters' stores; if the 8 ships going to him are to have the same, they will take time to provide. 114
" " Capt. Thos. Morris, Portsmouth. Robt. Blackborne. Though the Admiralty Commissioners had given order for furnishing our frigate with 28 guns and 110 men, an order has come to the Ordnance Officers to supply only 24. The frigate has ports for 40, and will be much undergunned and not able to do the service she might; she is also to be victualled for 100 men instead of 110, for 4 months. Capt. Thorowgood and Mr. Tippetts think she ought to have what was ordered by the Admiralty Commissioners. Desires he will acquaint them with it. 115
" " " " Adm. Com. To like effect. The frigate is forward, considering there are only 44 men entered, and will soon be ready for her guns and victuals. 116
" " Capt. Fras. Willoughby, Edw. Hopkins, Navy Office. " Desire order for fitting out and victualling the Nantwich at Bristol 117
April 16 Thos. White, Dover Navy Comrs Sent last week the appraisements of the Orange Tree and Seahorse hoys, and the captain's inventory of their belongings. 118
" " Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Major Neh. Bourne. Will draw the money by exchange when he can meet with it, being very scarce in the West. The James with the stores has arrived; the deals are bad; hopes the master has not changed them, as he has 100 to sell. Has ordered the Reserve and two others to the coast of Brittany, to convoy home 16 ships of great value, as there are 4 Brest men-of-war waiting at the mouth of the river for their coming out. The Great Charity has hardly 20 sailors left, so shall have difficulty to man her. Shall stop the sale of 80 bolts of coarse noyals found amongst the linen, as they are much wanted in the stores. 119
" " Capt. Edm. Thompson, Plover, Dear Sound, Isles of Orkney. Adm. Com. Has come in with the Iceland fleet to stop a leak, and will sail to-morrow 120
" " " " Navy Comrs To like effect 121
" " " " Robt. Blackborne. To like effect. Asks him to forward letters to his wife and others 122
" " Jno. Scott, Portsmouth. Capt. Fras. Willoughby, Navy Office. Delivered his letter for Mr. Eastwood, with an imprest bill for 100l.; spoke to Mr. Burgess concerning And. Jackson, gunner of the James. With note, 10 April, of embezzlements discovered by Alderson and Dunning of powder, shot, cables, and junk, by And. Jackson, gunner of the James, Rich. Leake, gunner of the Pelican, and others; and list of 6 persons, including Jackson, accused of embezzlement. 123–125
" 17 Thos. Bennett, Portsmouth. Examination as to Rich. Gardner, of Portsmouth, carrying away 11 barrels of powder and a coil of new breaching from the James, a year ago. 126
" " Adm. Com., Whitehall. Navy Comrs As to furnishing the 8 ships bound Westward with extras, they are to consult what should be done, and certify the nature and quantities. The Centurion should take in the whole 30 tons of provisions at Dover, but losing no time, if there is a fair wind. The Nantwich must have 3 months' victual for 20 men until the arrival of stores. 127
" " Stephen Skewes, Satisfaction, Liverpool. " Sends the muster book of 96 men on board, two having died. Arrived in Chester Water from Lochaber on the 13th, by Gen. Monk's order, touching at Carrickfergus on the way. 128
" " Capt. Saml. Higginson, Mary flyboat, Portsmouth. Adm. Com. Is fitting the ship to careen and tallow. She will carry 26 guns, having 34 ports clear, besides 6 stopped. Much wants men, but does not expect any until he gets out of harbour; having no carpenter, recommends Wm. Williams, whose certificate is with Mr. Blackborne. 129
" 18 Capt. Thos. Elliot, Fagon, Plymouth Sound. " Has been plying on his station 50 leagues from Scilly, by order of Capt. Bourne, but meeting severe storms, has sprung all his masts; has come in for provisions and orders. 130
April 18 Capt. Rich. Cowes, Paradox, Plymouth. Adm. Com. Has tallowed and taken in ballast and provisions, and if his stores arrive, can sail to-morrow 131
" " Christ. Pett, Woolwich. Navy Comrs The Gift and Paul have been long waiting for stores; wants 40 extra men to carry on the business in the yard. 132
" 19 Gen. Geo. Monk, Dalkeith. " Desires they will pay Wm. Cary the money due upon a ticket of David Allizer, a seaman in the Weymouth pink, who was drowned two months since in Leith Road, his wife being in a sad condition at Leith. 133
" " Capt. Jno. Best, Adventure, Humber. Adm. Com. Convoyed the Hull fleet of 21 sail to the mouth of the Thames, and then returned for those bound for Amsterdam. Is sorry to hear from Major Elton that they are dissatisfied with him; has never neglected the service. 134
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Order for the speedy refitting and victualling of the Satisfaction under Capt. Nutton, on her arrival at Liverpool, she having to return to the west parts of Scotland. 135
" " " " " Order for cleaning the Advice at Harwich, and victualling her for 4 months 136
" " " " " Order to examine a complaint enclosed by Wm. Kneeland, late master's mate of the Yarmouth, against Jno. Butler, the boatswain, for drunkenness, and embezzling and wasting the canvas and other stores. With answer of Butler thereto, and a letter from Robt. Grassingham and two others at Harwich in Butler's behalf, 27 April 1655. 137–140
" " Manlie Callis, Deptford. " Repairs of ships 141
" 20 Jno. Morris, Gravesend. " The Maidenhead and 3 other ships have sailed from the Hope, but the Tiger is still there 142
" " Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. Ordered a survey of the Mayflower at Portsmouth, and hear from the master shipwright that she may be fitted at small expense. 143
" " " " " As to the extraordinary stores for the 8 ships bound westward, cannot give a satisfactory account without knowing the time they are to stay abroad, and on what service they may be put. The extraordinary stores issued to the fleet already gone for those parts were digested when Gen. Penn was present, and the order attended to; Mr. Willoughby says they had additional supplies at Portsmouth. If a like proportion is ordered for, these have only conjectural rules to guide them, having no advice as yet from the fleet what extra expense they have been exposed to. 144
" 21 " " " Have considered what was done as to extra stores for the boatswains, gunners, and carpenters, to the first fleet sent westward, and in proportion thereto, have drawn the enclosed as necessary stores to be supplied to the present expedition, but for which they have no order. Have not taken cognizance of surgeons' chests, smiths, coals, iron, bricklayers, sawyers, or glaziers. 145
April 21 Rob. Smith, Owner of the Adventure. Bill for 471l. 2s. 9d. balance due for hire of his ship for 4 months in 1642; and certificate by Rich. Crandley as to the correctness of the rate of hire. 146
" " Chas. Taylor, Surveyor, Bristol. Navy Comrs Prosecuted the warrant for impressing men to dispatch the Nantwich, Mr. Baylie engaging to provide both stuff and wages, and employed 32 men from the 4th to the 14th, but they deserted, he not paying them, whereupon Mr. Shewell supplied him with money. 147
" " Adm. Com. " Order to refit the Great President at Woolwich, and turn her crew over to the Naseby, which is to be removed to Erith. 148
" " " " " Order for refitting the Mayflower at Portsmouth, and victualling her for 60 men for 3 months 149
" " " " " Order to make out a bill to Jno. Powell, messenger to the Admiralty Commissioners, for 20l. disbursed by him. 150
" " Jno. Tippetts, Portsmouth. " Particulars of a survey of the Mayflower, which wants sails and rigging. Has careered and sheathed the Mary flyboat; Capt. Thorowgood, who has been ill, desires order for her victualling. 151
" " Wm. Godfrey, Deptford. Col. Jno. Clerke. Recommends Jas. Tucker as gunner in the Marmaduke 152
" " Capt. Anth. Young Adm. Com. Approves the continuance of the boatswain, gunner, carpenter, and cook in the Tredagh 153
" 22 Capt. Robt. Nixon, Centurion, Downs. " Has come in with the vessels as directed, and will proceed to Plymouth, but is too weakly manned for a foreign voyage, and if he took an enemy, could not manage both ships. When in the Straits, was allowed 180 men, but if there is no help for it, must do with the 145 he has on board. 154
" 23 Navy Comrs. " Find the charge for repairing and cleaning the mast dock at Deptford will amount to 1,500l.; suppose there is some timber in the stores there which can be used for it. 155
" " Christ. Pett, Blackwall. Navy Comrs Has arranged with the captain as to enlarging the hold of the Welcome, and given orders to the carpenter; it will be best done at Woolwich, and her stowage will be much advanced. 156
" " Thos. White, Dover. " Has sent notice to Sandwich and Deal of the intended sale of the Orange Tree and the Seahorse, at the Guildhall, Dover, by inch of candle, on 10 May, and will advance the price as much as possible. The Phoenix lost an anchor and cable in Folkestone Bay; they were recovered by some men belonging to a Dover boat, who demand 2/3rds of their value; asks how to agree with them; also whether to seize for the State some water casks belonging to a vessel cast away on Romney Marsh, which the owners claim from the finders. 157
" " Rich. Cord, Portsmouth. " Asks leave to come up to contract for the carving and painting of the new frigate building at Portsmouth. 158
" " Capt. John Seaman, Dragon, Downs. " On the arrival of the Great President in the Hope, got 12 of her men, the Centurion 10, and the Tiger 26, and next day they all sailed for the Downs. 159
" " Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. Desire order to victual some ships at London, to save the expense of sending the Church with provisions to Harwich. 160
April 23 Rich. Hill, Clem. Oxenbridge, Plymouth. Adm. Com. The Zealand of Flushing, brought in by Capt. Vessey, has 40 chests of soap, 3 marble tables of great worth, and 33 pipes of oil. The master reports that there are 60 merchantmen and others, laden with linen and other rich goods, ready to sail from St. Malo, as soon as the embargo is taken off. 161
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Order for the appointment of 160 men on the Centurion, and 140 on the Dragon 162
" 24 " " " Order to send 12 cables and 8 anchors, for the ships on the Irish coast, in the Blessing of London, going to Dublin with 500 barrels of powder. 163
" " " " " Order to direct Capt. Alderne to contract for clothes for 1,000 landsmen to be sent on the Western expedition at the cheapest rate, but to be of the same quality as those supplied to Gen. Venables' fleet, and to put them on board the ships on which the men are borne. 164
" " " " " Order to provide stores, mentioned in a paper enclosed, for 8 ships named, bound westward 165, 166
" " " " " The two ships which were to be sent to Harwich to be victualled may remain in the river, and be supplied with expedition there. 167
" " Major N. Bourne, Navy Office. Robt. Blackborne. Recommends the bearer for the boatswain's place in the Wildman 168
" " Daniel Helling Adm. Com. Petition for a gunner's place, having served the State 12 years, 5 years as gunner's mate, and 18 months in the Marston Moor. Has been in several engagements with the Dutch, and was wounded and taken prisoner in the Straits, where he lost all he possessed, and had to travel home overland. With certificate of Capt. Hen. Appleton, and two others in his favour; also an authority to him to employ any soldier in his Excellency's company to assist him in his duty as master gunner. 169–171
" " Thos. White, Dover Navy Comrs Asks payment of 150l. disbursed for stores and refitting the Sparrow. Has sent notice to various places of the intended sale of the vessels, and doubts not but they will fetch their value. 172
" " John Walfare Adm. Com. Petition for compensation for the loss and damage of his medicine chest, clothes, and books, by a leak in the Portsmouth, while undergoing repair at Harwich. With certificate of Capt. Fras. Parke, and 3 others that the damage amounts to 20l. 173, 174
" 25 Wm. Webb, Reserve, Downs. Navy Comrs Went to Morlaix by order of Capt. Hatsell, with the Bryer and Elizabeth, and having convoyed home the vessels there, waits orders. 175
" " Vice-Adm. Jno. Lawson, Fairfax, Downs. " Has ordered the Bristol to Dunkirk, to transport Marquis Leda for Dover; will deliver their instructions to the Paradox, on her return from convoying the vessels to Dieppe. With list of ships in the Downs. 176, 177
" " Manlie Callis, Deptford. " Particulars of timber required out of Dean Forest, for building the second rate ship at Deptford 178
" " Capt. Jno. Taylor Com. Pett, Woolwich. As the timber brought from Rainham is almost spent, asks an order for two boat loads more, as it can be had at 3l. a load. 179
" 26 " " Navy Comrs Particulars of the timber required from Dean Forest for the stores at Chatham 180
" " Vice-Adm. Jno. Lawson. Certificate in favour of Augustine Country, gunner's mate and midshipman of the Fairfax, for employment as gunner. 181
April 26 Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Order for the refitting and manning of the French shallop at Portsmouth, which is to be called the Portsmouth shallop. 182
" " Capt. Hen. Hatsell, Plymouth. Robt. Blackborne. Has examined the linen and canvas he is so desirous to hold, and thinks it will not fetch 11,000l.; will stop the coarse noyals for the navy, as much has been spent this winter, besides what Gen. Blake took away; and if there be a war with France, it may be useful. The Reserve, Elizabeth, and Bryer will sail to-day; hopes to get the Great Charity and Saphire into the Sound tomorrow, if strong liquor and folly, which spoil the men, do not hinder. 183
" " Stephen Woolgate Adm. Com. Petition for the boatswain's place on the small frigate building at Chatham; served 8 years under Vice-Adm. Moulton and Capt. Rich. Badiley, and is now boatswain's mate in the Fairfax. With certificates of Vice-Adm. Lawson, and Phineas Pett, and 4 others in his favour. 184–186
" 27 Anne Colvert Col. Clarke Begs pity for her distressed estate, and dispatch of her business, having lost her husband at sea, and having two children to maintain. Her case has been certified to the Admiralty Commissioners by the Commissioners at Little Britain, and only wants signature. 187
" " Stephen Skewes, Satisfaction, Liverpool. Navy Comrs There being no steward, has performed those duties, as also those of clerk of the check, and having disbursed his own money for victuals, desires repayment; also appointment of a steward, and a supply of stores mentioned in 2 lists enclosed. 188–190
" 28 Chas. Taylor, Bristol. " Has continued his services as surveyor of the ship building by Mr. Baylie; hopes to have her out of the carpenters' hands in 10 days. 191
" 30 Navy Comrs. Adm. Com. Have turned over some of the Great President's men into the Naseby, but there are several officers, and others on board who are not seamen, and are maintained at great charge; as she will be some time under repair, asks orders respecting them. 192
" " Adm. Com. Navy Comrs Order to pay off and discharge the officers and mariners of the Great President at Woolwich 193
" " Thos. White, Dover " Has supplied the Dragon and Centurion with provisions, &c., by order of Vice-Adm. Lawson; begs payment of 150l. disbursed. 194
" " Jno. Greene, Deptford. Robt. Blackborne. There has been no gunner in the Marmaduke for a year; has declined to give any one a certificate for the place while she is in dock. 195
" " Chas. Thorowgood, Portsmouth. Adm. Com. Sends depositions of men belonging to the St. Peter of Dunkirk, taken, and the Prosperous of North Yarmouth, rescued by the Preston, and brought into Portsmouth. Will send the captain to-morrow, he being sick, having been shot through the thigh. Particulars of ships in harbour. 196–198
" " Thos. Sankey, Adviser, before Filey. " The Great President having met with a disaster, brought her to the Thames, then went to the Humber to convoy ships to Hamburg, but they were gone, so went northwards. 199
April. Samuel Law Account of abuses discovered by him as cutler, furbisher of swords, and proof master in the Ordnance Stores; men have endeavoured to corrupt him by wishing him to pay higher rates for their work. 200
" Comrs. for Prizes Account of 8 prizes brought into Plymouth and Portsmouth by the Assistance and 4 other frigates, within the last 5 weeks. 201
April Wm. Bake, cooper Adm. Com. Petition for a gratuity or some place to preserve him from penury. Served 8 months in the Assistance, is impaired in strength, and can get no allowance from the chest at Chatham. With certificate by Capt. Thos. Sparling, and 3 others, 11 Nov. 1654, in his favour, and note by E. Hayward, 25 April 1655, that no help can be given from Chatham. 202, 203