Volume 154: March 1657

Pages 297-324

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1656-7. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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March 1657

March 2/12.
[Sec. Thurloe to Amb. Lockhart.] There are great debates in Parliament about the remonstrance. The time has hitherto been spent on the manner of the debate. To-morrow we shall fall on the clause about his Highness declaring his successor, which I believe will pass with some clearance. That of kingship, whereof the House is most desirous, is postponed till other things in the paper are settled, especially those which concern the revenue. There are mutterings in part of the army, but I do not fear much disturbance there. The House itself is exceedingly set upon a national settlement, though a few in power much oppose it. [Extract, French correspondence.]
March 3. 1. Petition of James, Lord Ochiltree, to the Protector. In 1630, by the influence of my adversaries with the late King, I was committed to prison, and detained till reduced to great extremity. I had 6s. 8d. a day allowed me from the revenue in Scotland for food and myself, wife and 10 children, and have no other estate, but from the cruelty of the treasurers and the long troubles, I have had nothing for many years. I am 80 years old, and desolate. I beg my arrears and future payment, or reference to the Council there, that my starving condition may be prevented. With reference, 27 Nov. 1656, to Privy Council. [1 page.]
March 3. Order thereon in Council that the Council of Scotland grant him a sum for his arrears, and a yearly sum in future, and that a letter be written to them accordingly. With the letter, 10 March. [I. 77, pp. 739, 967.]
[March 3.] 2, 3. Petition of Rob. Hitch, clerk, of Guisley, co. York, and his children, to the Protector. Having lost much by the King's party for services to Parliament, and wishing as I grew old to secure portions for my children, I bought a rent charge of 100l. a year from Rich. Hutton, of Goldsborough, co. York, who paid the first 50l. in Sept. 1654, but falling into that unhappy rebellion, he has since refused it, saying the Commonwealth has seized all his estate, so my children are like to be undone. I beg examination and relief. With reference to the Major General and Commissioners for the peace of the county to examine, 9 Dec. 1656; and their report that the purchase of the rent charge on lands at Cawmire, Farleton, and Overforth, Westmoreland, was a real transaction. York, 30 Jan. 1656–7. [2 papers.] Annexing,
3. i. Narrative of the case of Hitch's children, containing fuller details of the purchase. [1 page.]
March 3. 4. Like petition to the Protector, for leave to extend the rest of the unsold lands of Mr. Hutton, for breach of covenant and nonpayment of the rent charge, he having assigned those on which it was fixed long before, though intending to redeem them. With reference to Council, 25 Feb. 1657. [1 page.]
March 3. Order thereon by Council that the rent charge of 100l. a year be allowed him for 2 lives out of the rents of Walkingham, part of Mr. Hutton's estate. Approved 12 March. [I. 77, pp. 742, 760.]
March 3. 5. Petition of Wm. Covell, of Enfield, Middlesex, to the Protector. By my marriage with Dorothy, widow and executrix of Major Rich. Beaumont, I am entitled to his personal estate; 218l. is due to him for arrears, and I have also bought of Capt. Jas. Straughan and 4 others arrears entered and claimed in Worcester House, amounting to 490l. Hearing that Enfield Chace is to be disposed of to pay Army arrears, I beg that the Commissioners of Assessments for soldiers in Worcester House may examine the said accounts, send them to the Trustees for sale of Crown lands, and authorize the Trustees to give bonds for their payment out of Enfield Chase. [2/3 page.]
March 3. Order thereon in Council that the Worcester House Committee give debentures for payment, and that the Trustees give bonds thereon to be accepted in purchase of any Crown lands, in like manner as bonds given for the rest of the army. Approved 12 March. [I. 77, pp. 744, 760.]
[March 3.] 6. Petition of the inhabitants of Hamsted Norris, co. Berks, to the Protector. The maintenance of our minister being very small, the Committee for Plundered Ministers ordered an augmentation of 50l. a year for our late minister, John Lewin, who laboured faithfully 7 years, and died last November, after 1½ years' sickness, which wasted his estate, and he has left a widow and 4 infant children upon our parish, already overburdened with poor. We beg for the widow the 2 years' arrears of the augmentation ending 25 March 1657, as she provided a good supply during her husband's sickness and since his death. 17 signatures. Recommended by Corn. Holland and Sam. Wightwick. [1 page.] Annexing,
6. i. Certificate by Sam. Bellingham, treasurer for augmentations for co. Berks, thatyears' payment of the augmentation to Lewin is in arrears, for want of which he suffers much distress. 22 July 1656. Deposed to by Anne Lewin, his widow, 22 May 1657, before Dr. Wm. Harington, Master in Chancery. [2/3 page.]
March 3. Reference thereon in Council to the Treasury Commissioners, to report. [I. 77, p. 744.]
March 3. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1, 2. Approval of augmentations advised by the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers, of 80l. to the minister of Julian's, in Shrewsbury, co. Salop, and of 40l. to Fras. Wiltocks, minister of East Budleigh, co. Devon. Approved by the Protector 3 March.
3, 4. The said Trustees to settle augmentations of 30l. on the minister of Little Raveley, co. Hunts, and of 40l. on Thos. Ewens, pastor of a church at Bristol. Approved 3 March.
5. Order on petition of several inhabitants of Owston, co. York— that the parish consists of several hamlets and many families, and the maintenance for a minister is but 20l., and the 10l. formerly allowed from Darington tithes is now denied, and 40l. from a rectory of Sir Gervase Clifton's is taken away by his composition— to advise the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers to settle on him 40l. out of the improved rent of Fishlake rectory. Approved 3 March.
6. Order on petition of Thos. Ellis, and other inhabitants of Bristol—that Thos. Ewens, pastor of a church there, and his congregation, have free use of Leonard's church for religious exercises when they need it, which order the magistrates and all concerned are to observe. Approved 3 March.
7. The petition of the inhabitants of Aylesbury borough, co. Bucks, for renewal of their charter, with immunities and alterations specified, referred to Mr. Beck, and the rest of the Committee on Charters, to prepare a draft charter, and to report.
8. The petition of Lieut.-Col. Hunkyn, governor of Scilly, and his proposals, referred to Lambert, Jones, Mulgrave, Strickland, and Montague, to report.
9. The petition of Denzell Hollis, Fras. Pierrepoint, Sir Lionel Tollemache, and John Millward, referred to Lambert, Jones, Wolsley, and Mulgrave, to report.
His Highness present.
10. A letter from Col. Thos. Blunt to the Lord President, dated Writtlemarch, 3 March, read.
11. Order on 2 papers—viz., a note of the charge necessary for Cardiff garrison (beside gunpowder), 62l.; and a note of the charge for repairing the carriages, platforms, and other necessaries for guns at Tenby, 109l.—that Frost pay Major Dawkins 100l. on account, towards the necessities of the above garrisons. Approved 12 March.
12. The petition of Robt. Packhurst referred to the Irish Committee, to report.
13. Order—on a report from the Committee of Council to whom the papers relating to Geo. Middleton and Somerford Oldfield were referred—that they be discharged, and the seizure of their estates taken off, in respect of anything contained in the articles and depositions against them, and the Maj.-General and County Commissioners to take order accordingly. Approved 12 March. Annexing,
7 Report alluded to, signed by Jones and Wolsley. [2/3 page.]
14. Order—on a report from the Commissioners for Articles, concerning salaries in arrear to officers who attended them, and to John Hurst, counsellor for the State, to advise an order to pay Hurst 50l. on account of his salary.
15. To advise his Highness to appoint Mr. Secretary to speak with Lord Geo. Fleetwood, about sending an envoy to the Emperor of Muscovy.
His Highness withdrew.
17. Approval of instructions prepared by the Admiralty Commissioners, on a reference from Council for Nath. Luke, as providore for the fleet at Tetuan.
18. To advise his Highness to authorize Luke to be providore at Tetuan, and to give him the instructions agreed on.
19. On petition of Rudolph Van Struch, envoy from James, Duke of Courland—that he is owner of the Lovyssa Charletta, alias the Arms of Courland, of 4000l. value, which arriving at London, under conduct of John Brandt, master, a feigned action has been brought into the Admiralty Court by John Buck and Charles Marisco, merchants of this State, and factors for the Duke, against the said master, on whose fraudulent confession, and without proofs, the ship is condemned and ordered to be sold, and the Duke was not informed till the time for appeal had run out, whereby the Duke, who is a stranger and unacquainted with the usages of that Court, is left without remedy in the ordinary course—order that the Admiralty Judges certify the facts of the case to Council next Thursday, and that all proceedings against the ship be stayed for 14 days.
20. Order—on reading a draft letter prepared according to an order of 22 Jan. last—to advise his Highness to sign the said letter to the Commissioners for Administration of Justice in Scotland.
22. Order—upon that of 20 Nov. last, relative to Scarborough Castle—to advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Col. Edw. Salmon 150l. out of the receipts of the Prize Office, on account of the repairs of the castle, and the providing of bedding for the soldiers.
26. Order on a paper presented by Sir John Barkstead, Major General of Middlesex and Westminster, and Deputy-General of London—shewing that the total of money raised by the extraordinary tax in the said places for the year ending 24 Jan. 1656–7 is 1,087l. 9s. 0d., and the total charge of the militia troop and civil officers, beside contingencies, is 1,818l. 2s. 0d., leaving a deficit of 730l. 13s. 0d.—to advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay the deficit.
30. Approval by the Protector of 10 orders of 24 Feb. and 3 March. [I. 77, pp. 736–745.]
March 3. The Protector to the Commissioners for Administration of Justice in Scotland. In April 1656 we referred it to you to execute an order for the relief of debtors in Scotland who are willing to satisfy their debts, but we now hear, by petitions from some concerned, that little or nothing has been done for their relief. As the time limited is nearly expired, we recommend you the more speedily to execute the said order. [I. 77, p. 741.]
March 3.
Pres. Lawrence to the President and Council in Scotland. His Highness and Council having, by their order of 22 Jan., remitted the residue of 1,166l. 13s. 4d., imposed on Alexander, Earl of Murray by the Ordinance of Pardon, on his giving security to pay 500l. to the State's use, half before Aug. 1, 1657, and half before Feb. 1, 1657–8; as part of the sum owing to the late Lieut.-Col. Cobbett's child and the secured half of 1,405l. due to the late Col. Horton's child remain still unpaid, we desire you to devote Murray's money to paying Cobbett's child, and to pay the 702l. 10s. 0d. due to Horton's child to Cornet John Baynes, to deliver to Horton's administrator for the child; the money to be paid either from the said fine, or from the first that comes in towards the 40,000l. fines mentioned in an order of 13 Nov., payable out of confiscated estates in Scotland. You are to take effectual order that the said children receive the money. [I. 77, p. 966.]
March 3. Instructions to Nath. Luke appointed to reside at Tetuan as providore for the fleet:—
(1.) You are to furnish such of our ships as are ordered by the Generals of our Fleet to repair to Tetuan with the necessary victuals.
(2.) On delivery of provisions or stores to ships, you are to take a receipt from the purser, attested under the captain's hand.
(3.) You are from time to time to transmit to the Admiralty Commissioners duplicates of such receipts, that the charge may be placed to the account of the persons concerned.
(4.) You are to inform the Generals of the Fleet, or such commanders as shall be appointed to ride with any squadron within the Straits, of anything you shall judge may assist them in their service.
(5.) You are to observe any further orders we may issue, and render us account of your proceedings. [I. 77, p. 740.]
March 4/14. 8. Toby Tully [Sir Edw. Hyde] to Mr. Deane, at Mr. White's, care of Mr. Lewis, Gray's Inn. I was glad to hear from you, fearing that you or your friend were ill, and being in trouble about Mr. Pattison. If he do not lessen his charges, he will fall into a consumption, and we shall all repent it too late. Persuade him to take the air, and visit his friends at Nuton. There were many unfortunate accidents as to the gentleman who visited him at Oatley. Mr. Wakefield, knowing what was like to fall out, gave notice to Mr. White, who wrote to Mr. Sherborne, and White being just then in trouble, the letter was not sent.
Tom Heslington desires that Mr. Paltipu would return that gentleman's visit, and speak freely with him about the heads, and her portion, and he will find him very ready to advance the match; he knows more of the jointure and what will be insisted on than you are aware of, but he must not be suspected to deal in it. If this can be done, it will prevent many inconveniences about the treaty. Send me word whether Paltipu is willing; if not some other course must be thought of. Remember me to Mr. Rudd. [1 page. Copy of an intercepted letter; the proper names cypher, but no key.]
March 4/14. 9. — to Epiydgens. I hope my last has cleared your misapprehensions. Your master wishes you to give notice as often and particularly as you can of things relating to his traffic. I cannot answer those forward accounts I gave you of his early wagging; I was not only nor easily deceived. I must refer you to the bearer as to whether he will be able to make his adventure this spring. My master would be glad to hear that you had prevailed with Mr. V. to take cognizance of his affairs where he is. Mr. Wm's friend is now supposed to be in safe conversation and he deceives much, if he proves frolic now. His promise of endeavour is kindly taken. [Intercepted copy. ¾ page.] Enclosing,
9. i. Charles II. to —. "What money you receive from any of my friends for me I would have you return, and dispose of according to the directions you have received from
Your affectionate friend,
[Noted that this was written with the King's own hand, signed with his name, and sealed with his own seal.]
March 4. 10. Petition of Jas. Porter to the King. My seeming disobedience in not strictly obeying your commands proceeded from ignorance, not understanding the limits of my restraint, and believing I had satisfied its intentions in not prosecuting the quarrel complained of, and thus submitting to your injunction. I would not willingly have aggravated my first offence with a second, but attribute my errors to youth and ignorance, and restore me to your favour and the liberty of your Court. [2/3 page.]
March 5. Note that this day the vote for 2 Houses passed, the number and power of the Lords to be debated on Thursday. The vote for his Highness to declare his successor passed, and soon there will be a general establishment of the Government. [Scrap, copy, French correspondence.]
March 5. 11. Petition of Anne, widow of Col. Thos. Ayloffe, to the Protector. My husband waited 10 years at great expense for his arrears for service of 1,900l., to pay a great debt with interest, wherewith his lands lay chargeable till the wars, but received nothing. You ordered, in consideration of his imprisonment at Colchester, and of 600l. due to his father, Serj. Ayloffe, by the late King, that he should be a receiver-general, and North Wales was assigned him; but in 2 years it cost him 300l. in travelling to and from his habitation in Essex, and he only received 50l. I brought my husband 300l. a year in land, but all is mortgaged to creditors. I beg payment of my husband's arrears, and of his damages in his receivership; also employment for my eldest son, "who is ingenuous and fearing God," but is seemingly cut off from hopes of enjoying the estate held by his ancestors for some past ages. [1 page.] Annexing,
11. i. Petition of Col. Thos. Ayloffe to the Treasury Commissioners. On my representing my condition to his Highness, and tendering my services, he appointed me to be a receiver in some of the counties, with a real intention for my advantage. North Wales (out of which Cheshire, the principal part, was taken and assigned to another receiver) was assigned me, and as I live in Essex, I have had heavy travelling expenses these 2 years. I have waited 11 years, at great cost of time and money, for my arrears, but received nothing for them, or for a long imprisonment at Colchester. I beg some suitable employment. Read 16 Dec. 1656. [1 page.]
11. ii. Report thereon by the Treasury Commissioners that he should be removed to some other employment. 18 Dec. 1656. [½ page.]
March 5. Reference by Council of Mrs. Ayloffe's petition, and the said report, to any three of the Council, to report. [I. 77, p. 748.]
March 5. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1, 2. Order on report from the Committee on the settling of the payments for his Highness' household expenses, that the Treasury Commissioners pay John Maidstone 6,000l., to complete the allowance due for the quarter beginning 16 Dec. 1656, and 4,000l. in advance towards the 16,000l. due next quarter, out of money coming in on Vyner and Backwell's contract for Spanish plate.
3. Sydenham, Jones, Strickland, Desborow, and Lambert to consider how the 12,000l. alleged by Maidstone to be owing for an overplus of expense in the 3 last years may best be paid, and report.
4. In last Tuesday's order on petition of Robt. Hitch, of Guisley, clerk, and his children, concerning a rent charge of 100l. a year out of the estate of Rich. Hutton, of Goldsborough, co. York, and secured by statute to be paid for 2 lives—the words to be inserted, "that the said rent charge of 100l. be allowed to the said Thos. Hitch for himself and children during the said 2 lives, out of the rents of Walkingham, co. York, part of Hutton's estate, which the York Commissioners are to allow accordingly, and the tenants of Walkingham are to pay, viz., 50l. on 25 March and 50l. on 29 Sept. yearly.
5. Order on Mr. Secretary's report of his interview with Lord Geo. Fleetwood, according to Council's order of Tuesday last, to advise his Highness to send an envoy to the Duke of Muscovy.
6. To advise his Highness to appoint a fit person accordingly, and order suitable instructions to be given him.
8. To advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Frost 400l. for Council's contingencies, which he is to advance to Mr. Meadows for his journey to Denmark.
9, 10. The Committee on Meadows' affairs to consider what salary should be allowed him as envoy, and report; also how best he may have satisfaction for the 100l. a year ordered to be settled on him for 99 years, and to report.
12. 11. The Admiralty Commissioners to order a fit ship to transport him to Hamburg.
12. 200l. to be added to the 730l. 13s. ordered last Tuesday to pay arrears to the militia troop of Middlesex, and Westminster, and London, and the civil officers attending the Commissioners of the county and cities.
13. The respective Majors General to cause the money raised by the extraordinary tax not yet paid in, to be distributed fairly towards satisfaction of arrears due to the militia troops in their associations. Approved 12 March.
16. On report from the Committee on petition of Patrick Gillespie, principal of Glasgow University—that as the University, under his Highness' favour, has so improved and increased as to oblige the building of several new rooms, which, though still unfinished, have already cost 2,500l., whereof much is still owing, they request further favours for this as well as for erecting several professions, yet wanting for lack of maintenance, and for increase of the library. Also on a paper of proposals from Mr. Gillespie of the draft of a warrant for his Highness' signature, which was compared with a former warrant granted by the late King for a charter, the state whereof is reported in a certificate from Mr. Jessop and Mr. Beck for comparison; also on the report from the said Committee of their opinion; the said report recommends—
(1.) That a new charter should be granted, confirming their ancient revenue.
(2.) An exemption from taxation according to the old charter.
(3.) A power of jurisdiction within the lands appertaining to the said University, according to the 3rd proposal.
(4.) A privilege of printing all sorts of books useful to the corporation, according to the 4th proposal.
(5.) A confirmation of endowments bestowed by his Highness and Council's ordinance of 8 Aug. 1654, according to the 5th proposal.
(6.) A new bestowal of such revenue as formerly belonged to the Dean and Chapter of Glasgow, and has not been given for maintenance of ministers nor paid to the State's use, if it do not exceed 200l. a year, and the University to make their claim within 18 months of the date of their new charter, and limit it to the places specified in the said draft warrant annexed to Beck and Jessop's report.
(7.) That for increase of their library and buildings in the University, according to the 7th proposal, they should have, for 7 years from date of the new charter, all vacant stipends of churches whereof the University are titulars and proprietors of the benefices and tithes for the first year of the vacancy or less. This to extend only to the stipends usually disposed of for pious uses, in case of vacancy, by the presbyteries and parishioners.
Order to advise his Highness to approve the above-named report, and issue a warrant for preparing the charter accordingly. [I. 77, pp. 746–750.]
March 6.
Bury St. Edmunds.
13. Order at the gaol delivery that Anne Blacklyn [Quaker], of Ladbridge, co. York, convict for disturbance of a minister in Haverill parish church, is to remain in prison till she has paid a fine of 20 nobles. With order prefixed from Thos. Barnardiston to the keeper of Bury Gaol to receive her into custody for calling the minister in Haverill church, priest, hireling, deceiver, &c., to which she has confessed, and refuses to find sureties for her appearance. 16 Dec. 1656. [2/3 page.]
March 6/16.
14. Chas. Perrott to Williamson. Mr. Stradling has gone for Italy, leaving me a crown, and Col. Finch is to pay me 20 sous more. How shall I dispose of it ? If for any office in the army, Finch will give it cheap, having sold a captainship to Mr. Sanderson for 50 pistoles, to enjoy when Finch comes to power, according to the obligation lately found by the Duke of Buckingham.
Col. Lockhart entered Paris last Wednesday in the King's coach, and met by the ambassadors and several court officers, 4 pages, 16 lacqueys, and 8 or 10 led horses, but he is vexed that out of the great number of English there, only merchant Wildgoose went out to meet him. He spoke at his audience at the Louvre through an interpreter, and had as much honour as former ambassadors. There was a dispute for precedence between the ambassadors of Savoy and Holland.
There is much talk of a coronation at London; the letters say it has been voted in Parliament, opposed only by 14, but his Highness will not accept it unless it pass nem. con. The breach between the King and Duke of York is not quite made up; poor hopes of a kingdom divided, or of brothers where the bond of unity is broken.
P.S.—Mr. Fuller, the ambassador's chaplain, tells us the coronation is a certain thing, and will surely come to pass soon. [1 page.]
March 7. 15. Mich. Hampson to Viscount Conway. Thanks for your favour in my business. I should have written you earlier, only I expected to return you some moneys due to me in this town, but am disappointed thereof. I will, as you wish it, remit to Major Rawdon the overplus of the fine due by me out of my fine of Magherleate. I have delivered him my accounts, and paid by his order for you 290l. of the last rents; you gave me no orders how to dispose of them. Rawdon orders all for the best, though you have not yet received satisfaction about your disbursements.
I have served you and your father 15 years, and if I have transgressed, it has been through ignorance. Business transactions. [2 pages.]
March 7/17.
Geo. Pawly to Mat. Bonnell, London [alias Richard White, to his brother John]. Yesterday Tabbers, an English merchant, who has long lived here, was sent to prison for corresponding with Cromwell and his party. [2/3 page, partly in cypher, decyphered. (fn. 1) Extract, French correspondence.]
March 8/18.
Earl of Norwich to the King. I have heard from my decrepid son that in April he intended to pass through France, Lord Jermyn having sent him a pass, and much desired to speak with me on the frontier before he came to this Court. I beg your leave for the same before I use the pass which Don Alonso de Cardenas has sent me, and which I asked lest the ministers here might formalize upon it and prejudice your service, unless I first told them of it. Pray order Sec. Nicholas to signify your pleasure herein. [1 page, Flanders correspondence.]
March 9/19. [Sec. Thurloe to Amb. Lockhart.] Parliament is still debating the remonstrance, the issue not yet to be seen. Surely they show very much affection to his Highness in all their debates, and I believe have as great confidence in him as people ever had of a prince. [Extract, French correspondence.]
March 9.
Maj. Firbank to Wm. Swift. Parliament are still on the great business of altering the Government. They have voted that his Highness shall choose his successor, and that Parliament shall consist of two Houses. They have spent some time on the qualifications of the members.
Some of the army officers have been discontented, but are satisfied with the present proceedings, and desire rather to wait and see what Providence will produce than meddle with things they understand not. I trust that for the good of these nations the Lord will incline his Highness to close with what Parliament shall offer. The debate for the present Government is passed very successfully. [1 page, copy, French correspondence.]
March 9.
16. Chas. Longland to Vice-Adm. Badiley, London. I notice what you say about Lisbon, that if the fleet should return home, the beverage wine would be cast on our hands and lost, as the customs would eat it up. I have had a great deal of trouble in the business, and cannot get above 100 butts; I have agreed with a ship to go to Naples to take it in and deliver it to the fleet; its scarceness at Leghorn is attributed to the sickness in Naples, which hinders their trade with Leghorn. Dutch Ruyter has been here with 6 ships of war, and went towards Spain last week; it is reported that he took 2 French men-of-war. The Dutch vapour much, as well against England as France, and if they fall out with the latter, they cannot be long friends with us.
P.S., 11 March.— I have since laden 200 butts of wine in the Bachelor, and consigned it to Gen. Blake off the coast of Spain, and will send the bills of lading in my next. I hope the ship for Naples will lade 200 more, and bought at an easy rate, which will make amends for what is now bought, as a good part cost 14 and 15 rix dollars first penny; such commissions must not be given at so short a warning. I am freighting another ship to send to Trapani or Calabria. It is generally believed we shall fall out with the Dutch, and it will therefore be wise to look out in time for hemp and cordage; I think I could procure a lading or two out of Calabria, Sicily, and other parts, but it cannot be done in haste, and therefore I desire timely directions from the Commissioners as to the price of cordage, and what sorts are most useful. If they give me the commission, I will readily serve them. [1½ pages.]
March 10. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The contract with Ald. Vyner and others concerning the Spanish silver to be sent to the Treasury Commissioners, who are to see that it is performed.
2. Order on certificate from the Attorney-General, to whom a draft charter of Marlborough, co. Wilts, was referred, to advise the grant of the said charter.
4. Desborow, Sydenham, Lord-Deputy, Montague, and Strickland to consider Wm. Legg's demand for arrears of salary, and report.
5. For two months to come, Mr. Secretary to be informed before passes are given beyond sea, and to have power to stay them till Council shall give further order therein, if he think fit.
6. The Earl of Mulgrave moves Mr. Secretary for a pass for John, son of Sir Hen. Compton, with 2 servants. [No pass entered in the warrant book.]
7. The petition of the inhabitants of Thame parish, co. Oxford, concerning a market at Aylesbury, referred to Mr. Beck and the rest of the Committee on Charters, to be considered with the petition for a charter for Aylesbury.
9. The ports for entering and shipping of foreign coin and bullion for transport to the East Indies or elsewhere, to be limited to London, Plymouth, Dartmouth, Bristol, and Hull.
11. The petition of Hum. Holden, Deputy-Serjeant-at-arms, and his bill of 126l. 14s. 6d. for disbursements for entertainment of the Governor of Havannah and M. del Plato, Spanish prisoners, and their 5 servants, referred to Scobell and Jessop, to speak with the petitioners and report.
12. The petition of Frances, relict and executrix of Robt. Cunningham, clerk,—showing that he was brother and administrator of Col. Adam Cunningham, to whom 602l. 4s. 6½ d. is due for services to the State as lieut.-colonel and colonel, as appears by a debenture under Auditor Broad's hand, dated 31 May 1645, for which she prays satisfaction out of lands in Ireland,—referred to the LordDeputy and Council of Ireland, to state Col. A. Cunningham's account, and satisfy what is due to her as desired, if she have a right to it. Approved 12 March.
17. 13. Col. Clerk and Capt. Hatsell to consider the petition and proposals of Col. Hunkyn, Governor of the Scilly Isles, and report their advice about the government of those islands.
14. Capt. Thos. Harrison, Governor of Upnor Castle, Kent, to receive such prisoners as Maj.-Gen. Kelsey, Col. R. Guibon, or other chief officers shall send him, and keep them till further orders.
15, 16. The petition of the inhabitants of Dunbar in Scotland, concerning defects of their harbour, and that of Robert Simpson, for himself and other creditors in Scotland, referred to the Scotch Committee, to report.
17. A paper signed by several of the Committee for Trade referred to Lambert, Montague, Lord Deputy, Strickland, and Pickering, to consider what salaries are due to the officers, and report. Annexing,
18. Request by 7 members of the Committee for Trade, that the salaries of their officers, settled 11 Jan. 1655–6, may be paid for the ¾ year of their service, until they were called to attend on the Committee of Trade appointed by Parliament. 4 March 1656–7. [Signed by R. Cromwell and 6 others.]
18. To advise his Highness to confirm all the old privileges and immunities of the University of Glasgow, in their new charter.
20. Order for discharge of Wm. Lovell [see p. 291 supra] on his releasing his action of false imprisonment against Lieut. Rich. Pinkard. [I. 77, pp. 750–755.]
March 11/21.
[See. Thurloc to Amb. Lockhart.] We are still on the settlement. To-morrow we go upon the money, and if we get through that business, I believe things may be agreed. All is quiet; the seeming trouble that was in the army has vanished, and they have taken this occasion to express their entire confidence in his Highness.
P.S.—12 March. Parliament has voted that his Highness shall nominate the Upper House, and are going on with the rest of the remonstrance. [Extract, French correspondence.]
March 12. 19. Petition of Sarah, widow of Sam. Clarke, merchant of Exeter, to the Protector. In 1643, my husband, at the earnest of the Parliamentary Commissioners for raising money for defence of Devonshire and Exeter, when all others refused, engaged himself beyond seas, and furnished them with arms, corn, &c., value 4,213l. 7s. 11d., but the overthrow of the Parliamentary forces at Stratton in Cornwall prevented payment. To encourage the soldiers in Exeter to stand out, they were paid out of this corn, but were obliged to resign the city to the enemy, who, the articles of agreement notwithstanding, seized all they could discover belonging to my husband, and swore to have his life for his activity in that public work. He applied to Parliament (of which he was after a member), and they ordered him 2,000l., but since his death, I have waited 3 years to get some supply for myself and children. I hope this second petition will not be successless, the case not admitting of delay, as my husband had to discharge his foreign engagements by the costly course of drawing the moneys to and fro by exchange, which has much augmented the first sum. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
19. i. Statement by her of accounts, loans, and losses, by seizure of goods at Dartmouth and Exeter, and by taking of a ship, &c., the sum being 2,500l. [½ page.]
March 12. Order thereon in Council to advise a warrant for payment to her of a pension of 40s. a week, till further order. Also that the debt owing her by the State be stated, and she paid out of such discoveries as she shall make of concealed estates, &c., to the Commissioners for Discoveries, who are to report them, in order that the money may be paid her. [I. 77, p. 755.]
March 12. 20. Petition of Edw. Backwell, goldsmith of London, to Council. According to contract on 24 July last, had liberty to export 20,400l. in Spanish and Portuguese money, and has a warrant for the 20,000l.; begs one for the 400l. in wrought plate made of the Portuguese money, custom-free, being for a special friend residing beyond sea. [1 page.]
March 12. Reference thereon to Lambert, Jones, Sydenham, and Strickland, to consider Sir John Barkstead's certificate concerning an allowance to Sir Thos. Vyner and Edw. Backwell in respect of water soaked into the pina silver, part of their late contract; also Backwell's petition to export 400l. value of plate, and to report. [I. 77, p. 756.]
March 12. Council. Day's Proceedings.
(The orders marked thus * were approved in person).
3,* 4.* Approval of the augmentations of 40l. to the minister of Penley chapel, in co. Flint, within the parish of Elsmeere, co. Salop, and of 50l. to Roger Wynne, minister of Conway, co. Carnarvon, advised by the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers.
6.* The petition of Abr. Spence— that he was presented to the rectory of Market Bosworth, co. Leicester, with all necessary documents, but nevertheless John Rocket detains the parsonage, and other houses belonging, contrary to the proclamation of 3 July 1655; also a revocation from the Committee for Approbation of Public Preachers of a former instrument admitting Rocket to the above church, referred to the mayor of Leicester, Mr. Stanley, Hen. Smith, Mr. Pochent, and Sheffield, to examine Spence and Rocket, and report the facts of the case.
8. To advise his Highness to send Rich. Bradshaw, his resident at Hamburg, as envoy to the Great Duke of Muscovy.
9. Philip Meadows' allowance, as envoy to Denmark, to be 1,000l. a year.
10. The Committee on settling upon Meadows 100l. a year for 99 years to meet quickly and report.
11. Dover to be added to the ports for shipping goods for the East Indies, &c.
12.* Jessop reports according to an order of 27 Jan. last, that he has read the writings alleged to belong to Rich. Toomes, heir-atlaw to Wm. Toomes, a felon of himself, and judges 15 indentures, receipts, &c., specified to belong to the real estate.
13. Jessop to deliver the said writings to Maj. Jeffry Elletson, who is to return them to Rich. Toomes.
14. Approval by the Protector of 12 orders, 17 Feb. to 10 March. [I 77, pp. 755—760.]
March 12.
Pres. Lawrence to the President and Council in Scotland. Having in our letter of March 3 authorised you to act concerning money due to the children of Cols. Horton and Cobbett, we desire you to proceed accordingly and carry out our orders. [I. 77, p. 968.]
[March 17.] 21. Petition of Rob. Burrowes and Jas. Heath, treasurers of Tuthill Fields Military Grounds, Westminster, to the Protector, recapitulating their former petition, and requesting that he would sign a paper for appointment of trustees, as suggested in the report thereon. [1 page.]
[March 17.] 22. Like petition. With reference thereon to Council, 5 Feb. 1656–7. [1 sheet.] Annexing,
22. i., ii. Petition of Rob. Burrowes and James Heath, treasurers for the Trustees of the Military Ground, Tuthill Fields, Westminster, to the Protector and Council. By a Parliament order of 28 May 1647, 200l., with interest, was charged on the Grand Excise, to be paid to Thos. Fauconberg and Lawrence Swetenham, for repairing the wall and buildings in the said ground, pulled down by order of the militia, to secure the soldiers that came prisoners from Naseby fight. These receivers are both dead, and as it is a personal trust, their executors cannot receive the money, therefore the interest isyears in arrear, being 56l., beside the principal. We beg that Hen. Scobell and Rich. Sherwin, trustees, may be appointed receivers, and the money paid to them. With reference thereon to Scobell, to find a legal way for settling the trustees, 22 Nov. 1656, and his report that his Highness' order will be a sufficient warrant for the payment. 12 Dec. 1656. [2 papers.]
22. iii. Parliament order of 28 May 1647 alluded to. [1 page, copy.]
March 17. Order in Council thereon, requesting his Highness to empower Scobell and Sherwin to receive the money. Also approval of the draft of an order annexed to the said petition and report, appointing Scobell and Sherwin to receive the money. Approved by the Protector, 19 March. [I. 77, pp. 761, 777.]
March 17. 23. Petition of Capt. Wm. Wheatley to the Protector, for a commission for reparation of his losses against the subjects of the King of Spain. In 1642, when master of the Willing Mind, on a merchandizing voyage for Biscay, on his return home, he was surprised by subjects of the King of Spain belonging to Flanders, his goods and ship lost, and he and his company several days imprisoned, to their damage of 1,200l., according to depositions taken before a Judge of the Admiralty. He has also had other losses in later years. With reference thereon to Privy Council. [1 page.]
March 17. Order thereon granting him the letters of reprisal. Approved 13 April; with the warrant therefor 13 April. [I. 77, pp. 763; I. 114, p. 70.]
[March 17.] 24. Petition of John Mole to the Protector. Sam. Lever and I, on grant of letters of reprizal, set out the Bonadventure, which surprised the Patience, but in bringing her to England, was driven by storm to Ostend, and there the ship was seized, on pretence that she had taken in a pilot in Flanders, and was bound there, which was not true, nor pertinent if true.
I got a judgment in the Admiralty Court that she was lawful prize, and went with it to Flanders, but after great expense, was forced to return without the ship. Then you wrote to Archduke Leopold about it, and I went and delivered the letter, but could not get the prize, and I was arrested for payment of the waiters to look after her. I beg letters of reprizal against the Spaniards for my loss, being 8,000l., and charges of recovery 800l. With reference to Privy Council, 28 Jan., 1656–7. [1¼ pages.] Annexing,
24. i. The Protector to Leopold William, Archduke of Austria, and governor of Belgium and Burgundy, requesting the restoration of the said ship, according to the law of nations and the articles of peace. Westminster, 2 Feb. 1654–5. [1 page, Latin.]
March 17. Order thereon for grant of the said letters on the usual security. Approved 13 April, with the warrant for the letters, 13 April 1657. [I. 77, pp. 763, 789; I. 114, p. 72.]
March 17. 25. Petition of Alex. Turner to Council. By order of 9 Sept. last, you allowed me 119l. 6s. 0d., due to me out of ½ of my discoveries. Ralph Baldwin, of Culverton, co. Bucks, my friend, has discovered 295l. 9s. in the hands of the Woodmongers' Company, due to the State, but as it was not stated to be prosecuted in my name or behalf, it is not liable for my payment. I beg an order for allowance of the sum, with costs therefrom. [¾ page.]
March 17. Order thereon for a warrant accordingly. [I. 77, p. 765.]
March 17. 26. Petition of John Caryll to Privy Council. I petitioned his Highness for freedom from decimation, and he required a certificate from the Maj.-General and Commissioners of co. Sussex, which they have returned, and now he refers the case to you. I beg you to appoint a day for hearing my cause of decimation, and to take off that mark of disaffection. [1 page.]
March 17. Order thereon that the said certificate be considered next Tuesday. [I. 77, p. 765.]
March 17. 27. Petition of John Hay for Ladies Margaret, Anne, and Sophia Erskine, sisters of the Earl of Kelly, to the Protector. Their brother being their debtor for large sums, the portions left them by their father, the Sequestration Commissioners at Leith allowed them maintenance. But now their elder brother being banished, and the younger one, who had the trust of their affairs, dead, they cannot order their debts and pay their proportion, and so may lose the benefit of the late Ordinance, and have small hope of livelihood. Beg leave for their brother to return to Scotland, to order their and their creditors' affairs, and gain his own livelihood, for he is almost in a starving condition. He will give security for peaceable behaviour. With reference thereon to Council, 26 Jan. 1656–7. [1 sheet.]
March 17. 28. Reference thereon to the Committee for the affairs of Scotland to report. [½ page; also I. 77, p. 768.]
March 17. Council. Day's Proceedings.
5. Order on certificate of the bailiff and divers inhabitants of Scarborough that letters of reprisal be granted to Capt. Sam. Dickenson, authorizing him to recover from the King of Spain, or his subjects, such damages as he shall in the Admiralty Court prove himself to have received; the Admiralty Commissioners to issue them accordingly. Approved 13 April. With warrant for the letters, 13 April. [I. 114, p. 70.]
8. Like order on petition of Thos. Gorges and others, stating their losses from the Spaniards, amounting to 6,400l. Approved 13 April.
9. Order—on information that the Ursula Bonadventure, hired into the Venice service, was taken in a fight with the Turkish galleys, and in her divers English, including Geo. Davies, who has been 3 years in miserable slavery—to recommend to the Venice agent to move his superiors for Davies' release, in exchange for a Mussulman or some other subject of the Grand Seignor. Annexing,
29. Request for the release of Davies, he being a purser in a ship of Wm. Garaway, merchant, hired by Venice. He rows in the galleys every summer, in chains, and in winter does miserable slavish work. [1 page.]
10. Order on report from the Treasury Commissioners on the Earl of Berkshire's proposals for reforming post fines—that in the 3 years from Michaelmas 1648, the post fines yielded 3,070l. 3s. 0d. a year on an average; that the late King, by lease of 13 Jan. 1640–1, granted all the said profits to the Earl for 31 years, at the rent of 2,275l.; and that Sir Robert Howard, the Earl's son, has offered for the lease 500l. yearly more rent,—that the Treasury Commissioners, if they find it to the State's advantage to farm the fines, grant the said Earl a new lease, on terms advantageous to the State. Approved 19 March.
15. Order on a report from the Commissioners of Scotland on the petition of Sir Jas. Macdowell, Sir Alex. Winderborne, and others, deputies sent from Scotland, for allowance of 100l. each for attendance, as granted to the rest of the deputies—certifying that in 1652, on a declaration of Parliament for uniting Scotland with England, it was ordered that deputies should be chosen by the shires and burghs of Scotland consenting to the Union; and on 14 Sept. 1653, the Council of State ordered 100l. each to be paid by the Commissioners for confiscated estates in Scotland, to 10 of the deputies named, being 20s. a day to 3 June 1653, when they were discharged; and that these petitioners, with John Hume, John Jersey, John Milne, Geo. Cullen, Jas. Snord, and And. Glenn, attended till June 1653, but going shortly after into Scotland, got no allowance —that 100l. each be paid them from the said confiscated estates, and that the Council in Scotland issue a warrant accordingly. Approved 19 March. Annexing,
30. Report alluded to, signed by Lambert and Fleetwood. [1 page.]
30. i. Certificate by Judge Swinton, one of the deputies, that the said persons attended as deputies. [¼ page.]
30. ii. List of 14 Scotch deputies for the shires, and 7 for the burghs, including the above names. [1 page.]
16. 300l., part of the allowance of Col. Mackworth, member of Council, being ordered to his widow for the expenses of his funeral, the like sum to be paid to his son and executor, in lieu of the said 300l. defalked of his allowance, and Strickland to speak with him to the purport of this day's debate.
18. Order on report of the Treasury Commissioners on petition of Mary, relict of Robt. Sankey, late sequestration solicitor, receiver of tenths in co. Stafford,—that on comparing a certificate from some county gentlemen, and one from the Sequestration Commissioners, 646l. 15s. 8d. appears due to him as solicitor—to advise that the money be paid to Mary Sankey out of the arrears of rent for Macclesfield Forest, which the county auditors shall certify to be paid to the Treasury Commissioners.
19. Before discharging Robert Sankey's account, dated 2 Sept. 1654, it is to be audited according to due course.
31. 20. The Admiralty Commissioners to order 6 months' victuals for 2,000 men of the fleet, to be ready on any emergency. Approved 19 March.
21. Also speedily to appoint a fit ship to transport the Earl of Dorset and his retinue to Dieppe. [I. 77, pp. 755–769.]
March 17.
Levant Company to Spencer Bretton, Consul at Smyrna. Since our last of Dec. 19, we have yours of Nov. 27, showing of how little consequence the consulage extraordinary is likely to prove, if limited only to such as are not creditors, and of your enforcement to raise a leviation of 1½ dollars per cloth. On consideration, we repeal the order for extraordinary consulage, knowing that if you carefully collect single consulage, it will defray the charges there. If on any occasion the consulage happens to fall short, we are content that a moderate leviation be made for supply thereof, care being taken for an impartial receipt of the consulage, whereby to prevent leviations, and on necessary occasions, to moderate them so as to be least burdensome to trade.
This is sent by the Phœnix, which, with the Hunter, is laden for Smyrna; also the Castle frigate, bound for Leghorn and Smyrna, whose entries you will receive by each of them from our husband, with intimation of such as have or have not entered here. We pray you give the treasurer all assistance to hinder loss by short entries, &c. Let him and other treasurers continue the course now used of expressing the weight of silks and other commodities; also of satisfying us with the consulage of every ship apart, with every factor's name, by whom laden, and for whose account, as ordered in our last, wherein we explained our resolution concerning contraband goods, as fruit, cute, and corn, the lading whereof we expressly prohibit.
We are glad the rumours of taking up Christian ships for transporting the Grand Seignor's soldiers to the Islands of Lemnos and Tenedos is come to nothing, and hope you will avoid their engagement in services of this kind.
Hearing you are in doubt concerning the consulage on steel and cloth rashes, we have settled steel at 10 dollars the quintal, and a cloth rash is to be equally valued with a Suffolk cloth.
In your last account, of 28 Oct. 1656, our auditors observed several extravagant sums which we shall not allow as due; viz. 197 dollars spent on Nov. 5, which we have so often disclaimed, and 39 dollars for Jef. Keble's burial, although his salary be paid after, out of which that charge ought to have been paid. [Levant papers. Vol. IV., pp. 286–7.]
March 17.
Levant Company to Henry Riley, Consul at Aleppo. By ours of June 16, we ordered that when our debts abroad were cleared, a consulage extraordinary should be taken to clear our debts at home; but on information from the Consul at Smyrna, we have revoked the order, and desire you to collect single consulage only, which ought to suffice for ordinary charges, if properly collected; but if it fall short, on any special occasion you may make a moderate leviation.
We have received yours of 9 June, with the treasurer's accounts, and a list of leviations, giving notice of Mr. Frampton's arrival and of the course you have taken for securing the Company's books sent over with him, by registering a list in Cancellaria, of which we approve.
We observe the trouble you have had with the covetous Vizier, in his passage from the Bashalic of Damascus, without receiving any greater civility from him, or return for his present, than the continuance of the 1½ per cent. on money without advancing the same, which he would pretend for a favour, though he would not afford you justice, which you may be able to procure at a more seasonable time.
Meanwhile collect our consulage on the Dover Merchant, and on all others. Our husband will send you an account of the entries on her, for your guidance in receiving our dues.
P.S.—We have received yours of Aug. 28, and approve your choice of a new treasurer and auditor, for proving the former account, with particulars therein mentioned. [Levant papers, Vol. IV., pp. 287–8.]
March 18/28.
[Sec. Thurloe to Amb. Lockhart.] Parliament has nearly gone through the remonstrance, and matters of religion are better settled for liberty of conscience than ever they were in England, and much beyond what any man expected this Parliament would have done. If the Lord bless the endeavours of some men, we may come to a settlement. [Extract, French correspondence,]
March 19. 32. Petition of Capt. Rich. Moyse, of Debenham, Suffolk, to the Protector. I hazarded my life and fortune both in England and Scotland, and my disbursements and arrears are 800l. When the nation was settled, I farmed the estate of Capt. Thos. Bedingfield, recusant, of Suffolk, and the County Commissioners allowed me my arrears of rent, viz., 132l. 3s. 6d. in part of my disbursements. But as the revenue and arrears of recusants are brought into the Exchequer, I am threatened with seizure for arrears; I beg that they may be discharged, and I eased of future trouble. [1 page.]
March 19. Order thereon in Council that if he can prove that the arrears due to him are more than his arrears of rent, the latter be remitted to him, and allowed him on account. Mr. Jessop, a clerk of Council, to examine his accounts. [I. 77, p. 770.]
March 19. 33. Petition of the justices of peace for co. Herts to the Protector. During the late war, several sums raised by the inhabitants for militia and other emergencies were received by treasurers, collectors, and others, and most of it issued to the said uses, but a small part remains in their hands. The country has been of late swarmed with idle vagrants, who cause great charge in passing them away, and the erection and repair of houses of correction, gaols, bridges, &c., will be a great burden. Beg to be authorized, at the quarter sessions, to call the holders of money to account, and to spend what remains for the benefit of the county. 17 signatures. [1 page.]
March 19. Order thereon in Council granting the petition, and requiring all the receivers of the said monies to give in their accounts to the justices, and to pay what remains in their hands. Approved in person. [I. 77, p. 771.]
March 19. Council. Day's Proceedings.
(The orders marked thus * were approved in person.)
1. The report on the petition of James, Earl of Abercorn recommitted to the same Committee, who are to consider Sir James Hamilton's petition, consult therein with some gentlemen of Scotland, and report.
2. The report of the Attorney and Solicitor General on the business of the Ballasting Office referred to Jones, Mulgrave, Desborow, Lord Deputy, Montague, Pickering, and Strickland, to report.
3.* Order on certificate from Wm. Sedgwick on an order of Council [see 10 Feb. 1656–7], that on Rob. Mason's paying or securing 11,000l. for the children of Maj.-Gen. Rob. Sedgwick, he may have liberty to come to England, and pardon for his delinquency, in such way as thought fit by the counsel learned, who are to report thereon. Annexing,
34. Certificate by Wm. Sedgwick, entreating that on Mason's paying the said sum, his outlawry may be reversed, or he have his pardon, and a pass for his safe return to England, on security for subjection to his Highness and government. 11 March 1656–7. With the order of reference prefixed. [1 page.]
5. The Army Committee to state and report to Council what sums they charge upon Gen. Desborow on his receipts as Major to Lord Fairfax's regiment from 1647.
7*. Orders having been given for recruiting his Highness' 2 regiments, and those of Sir Thos. Pride, Sir John Barkstead, and Col. Mills, each of the colonels is to have from the Ordnance stores 400 matchlocks with bandoleers, and 200 pikes, the Admiralty Commissioners to issue warrants to the Ordnance officers for their delivery, and the colonels to keep them free from embezzlement, and in a fit condition for use.
8.* After delivery of the said arms, 1,000 firelocks, 2,000 matchlocks, and 1,000 bandoleers, ordered 12 Feb. last for Ireland, are to be sent by the Admiralty Commissioners.
9. Order on report from Gen. Desborow— that the late King, Car. 3, granted a lease for 31 years of 1,000 acres in Dean Forest to John Guibon, who sold it to Sir Rob. Bannister, which sale was confirmed by the King, with the fee and disafforestation of the lands; that Sir Robert left it to his grandchild, Lord Maynard, then under age; that as the land lies in the heart of the forest, convenient for his Highness, Lord Maynard consented to sell it for 1,500l. from the iron works in the forest, and this before the passing of the Act voiding the patent, and settling the lands on his Highness— that his Highness issue a warrant for payment to Lord Maynard of 1,500l. out of the iron works in the Forest of Dean. Annexing,
35. Report alluded to, adding to the above statements that Sir Robert Bannister disafforested the lands, and that he paid 3,400l. for them, but is willing to accept 1,500l. [1 page.]
10. The petition of Nath. Parker, of Gray's Inn, referred to the Treasury Commissioners, to state the case, and report.
11. (fn. 2) In pursuance of an order of 4 April 1656, for a Privy Seal for 92,616l. 5s. 10½ d. to be renewed and continued till next October— order that the Treasury Commissioners forbear till next Oct. 1st to pay or order payments out of any revenue which shall grow due to the War-treasurers on the patent whereby the above sum was ordered to be paid them for the army's use; and that they dispose of the money received and not paid to the War-treasurers out of the revenue, whereby the said 92,616l. 5s. 10½d. should have been paid, towards such other payments as shall be charged on the Exchequer, whether by Privy Seals or letters patent, and receive discharge accordingly.
12. Order on report of the Committee of Council on Meadows' case—that they cannot find any lands from which the 100l. a year ordered him 15 July [see p. 22, supra] can be paid—to advise, as he is speedily going envoy to Denmark, an order for 1,000l. to be paid him gratis, in lieu of the 100l. a year.
13. To advise his Highness to order Phil. Meadows' immediate dispatch on his business as envoy to Denmark.
14. The Treasury Commissioners to receive the contract made with Edw. Backwell, goldsmith of London, for so much of the 50,000l. as has been returned from Portugal, and see the contract performed.
18. Order that—as by Council's order of 28 Aug. 1656, the rest of the Portugal money was to be delivered by the Master of the Mint to Edw. Backwell, he paying 2 per cent. above Mint rate, on which he should be allowed to export it custom free; and as by warrant of 11 Sept. 1656, the Customs' Commissioners were ordered to allow him to export foreign, Mexican, Sevile, and other Spanish coin, value 27,658l.— the licence be now extended to Portuguese coin.
19. (fn. 2) A citadel to be speedily built at Portsmouth, to secure the town and harbour, and Montague, Jones, Desborow, and Strickland to see to its being done, and consider how to raise and assign the necessary money.
22. Approval by the Protector of 6 warrants of 17 March. (fn. 2) [I. 77, pp. 769–777.]
March 19.
Pres. Lawrence to the Governor and Deputy-Governor of Hull, and to Luke Robinson, Col. Bethell, and Col. Lassells. His Highness and Council, noting how important it is that Hull garrison should be kept defensible and secure, and hearing that some of the works are defective, request you to view the garrison, observe its defects, consult with able workmen about its repair, and report an estimate of costs. [I. 77, p. 775.]
March 19. 36. Hum. Robinson to Williamson. The provost tells me yours requires no answer, nor do I think that [Selden's] Eutichius is yet finished, for we see not a book. We will send your goods by Dieppe, for ships rarely go to Nantes. Young Whorwood wrote from Paris to me and to the master of New College. I sent you a letter from his father, who promises to pay me an old debt. Business matters. Purchase of books. Mr. Smith enquires for your return. I told him that in a few months you intended for Italy.
Our Parliament are on the great work, and will hear nothing till that is finished; we suppose by Easter we may hear of a King. They have voted his revenue 1,300,000l.; the Sanhedrim or House of Lords to be 70. It is said we are in strict confederacy with France, and shall send some thousands shortly for Flanders. We are sending an envoy for Denmark in the Swede's behalf. Say when you intend for Italy.
P.S.—Nedum, our news writer, being last night in Dr. Goodwin's chamber at Whitehall, the Protector asked him the news. He told him that vox populi said Mr. Nye should be Archbishop of Canterbury, and Dr. Owen of York. [1 page.]
March 20/30.
Capt. John Griffith to Sec. Nicholas. Mr. Lovell gave me hopes 6 weeks since that you would answer my last, and I yet hope you will consider my lamentable condition, aggravated daily; till his Majesty and Royal Highness relieve or wholly deliver me out of it, I am the most miserable creature breathing.
P.S.—Sir Fras. Mackworth sends humble service, and says he has written twice or thrice since he heard from you. Capt. Bedles sends service. [1 ½ pages, Flanders correspondence.]
March 21/31.
[Amb. Lockhart to Sec. Thurloe.] I have seen Lord Falconbridge, who is a person of great merit, and has all the qualities to fit him for the service of his Highness and the country, for which he professes great zeal. He is much troubled that his enemies give him out to be a Catholic, and has purged himself from having any inclination that way. He hopes his Highness will have exact enquiries made as to his carriage in England, that his innocence may be vindicated, and the malice of his accusers discovered. [Extract, French correspondence.]
March 22./April 1.
37. Admiralty Judges of Dunkirk to the Admiralty Commissioners. We beg the release of Jno. de Biurco, in exchange for some Scotch and English prisoners at Dunkirk. We agreed 3 weeks since to release 2 masters and a merchant in exchange for him, and sent over the act, but without effect, it being believed that he is a person of quality, and secretary to his most serene Highness; but he is only a poor clerk at the Court at Brussels, where he has resided for 30 years, with his wife and children, and upon a salary insufficient to support them. [2 pages. French.]
March 22./April 1. 38. English translation of the above. [1 page.]
March 23. 39. Petition of Mary Fitzjames to the Protector. I petitioned a year ago [see 4 Dec. 1655] for the estate of my husband, involved in the late guilt in the West. I beg you to grant me the 10l. a year, and refer me to the Treasury Commissioners for payment. With reference to Privy Council. [1 page.] Annexing,
39. i. Certificate by H. Burwell, Remembrancer of the Exchequer, that by inquisition at Blandforum, co. Dorset, 12 Oct. 1655, the estate of Thos. Fitzjames of Hanley, of 93 acres, was valued at 10l. a year. [2/3 pages.]
39. ii., iii. Report of the Treasury Commissioners on the case, that if the estate be granted to her, it should be by a lease on trust for her, during the time of his Highness' interest therein. 5 Feb. 1655–6. [Original and copy.]
39. iv. Certificate by Gab. Saywell, minister of Pentridge, in favour of Mary Langford, now Fitzjames, whose husband entered into the rebellion much against her will. She was servant to Cols. Norton and Elliott during the troubles. Signed by Col. Rich. Norton and Edw. Butler, 10 Feb. 1656–7. [1 page.]
March 24. 40. Certificate by the Mint officers, on an order of 24 July last, authorizing the Master of the Mint, to receive of Mr. Maynard by weight the money that came from Portugal, that there were delivered 133,642¾ pieces of 8 in Seville and Mexico money, weighing 9,601 lbs. 9 oz. troy. In Portugal money 103,070 crowns, weighing 6,128 lbs. 3 oz. 10 dwts.; also 3 pieces of Portugal gold, weighing 16 dwts. 12 grs. Also that by order of Council, 20,000l. worth was delivered to Edw. Backwell, goldsmith of London. [1⅓ pages.]
[March 24.] 41. Statement of the reasons why the total value of this silver and gold, 47,116l. 5s. 10d., falls short of the 49,500l. at which it was first computed. [12/3 pages.]
[March 24.] 42. Note that as Backwell is to pay 20l. upon every 1,000l., the sum will be raised to 48,058l. 12s. 4d., of which he has paid 20,400l., and 27,658l. 12s. 4d. remains to be paid. [½ page.]
March 24./April 3.
43. Bond of Wm. Cormack in 1,000l. to the King, to keep all the articles of a commission granted him under the sign manual at Bruges 27 March/2 April to be captain of the Margaret of Leith. [¾ page.]
March 24./April 3.
Capt. John Griffith to Sec. Nicholas. Thanks for your civility when I was at Cologne; oblige me by presenting to his Majesty this petition from a heart fully devoted to his service, and therefore more sensible of the cloud that has so long hung over me. Pray free me speedily from it, for I account this separation a heavy affliction. With note of order on his petition at the Court at Bruges 29 March/8 April, that his Majesty being satisfied of the petitioner's loyalty, takes off the former restraint, and gives him leave to come to his Court and presence as formerly. [1⅓ pages. Flanders correspondence.]
March 24./April 3.
Sir Fras. Mackworth to Sec. Nicholas, Bruges. Thanks for yours. You cannot oblige me more than by dealing plainly with me. What I meant by being invited to my duty as well as others is this. When I was first at Bruges, I presented myself to his Majesty to command in the place, Sir Wm. Throgmorton was invited to, not by his Majesty's immediate act, but the persuasion of others who preferred him to me. He is meritorious, but I have spent twice the time in the service, and at greater charge. All I can do is but my duty, yet occasions may require a dutiful person to be invited to performance, but whatever is thought fit by his Majesty will be pleasing to me. I had rather beg my bread than obstruct his proceedings, my great desire being to see him happy. I will not discuss in writing what was said about my former employments.
The King of Sweden is expected at Bremen; Ragotsky with his army is about Cracow, but pretends to mediate between Denmark and Sweden. Our States are sending out their second fleet of 36 gallant ships, but our Admiral goes not with them, but will quit that charge. The States of Holland will not meet next week, but will keep themselves neutral as long as they can. I wrote Mr. Chancellor of business that could easily have been done when the Princess Royal was there, but will be now difficult. I never expected you to answer every letter of mine, only when you have spoken to the King, let me know his feeling. I will be ready to attend his commands on summons. [1¾ pages. Flanders correspondence.]
March 26.
[Sec. Thurloe to Ambassador Lockhart.] On Tuesday we came upon the debate of kingship in Parliament; it lasted all that day, and the next till evening, when we came to a question, and it was carried in the affirmative, to desire his Highness to exercise the name, style, and office of King of England, Scotland and Ireland; there were 124 for it, and 62 against; this night Parliament having agreed all other things, the whole remonstrance is to be engrossed, and we hope to present it next week. Some officers are dissatisfied, yet they will not raise troubles, but submit, though they have scruples. [Extract. French correspondence.]
March 26.
M. F[irbank to Wm. Swift, Lockhart's secretary]. The part of the remonstrance about the kingship was debated yesterday, and passed 7 p.m. His Highness is to be desired to take the title of a king.
Monday last and 3 days last week were spent about religion. It was voted that the Protestant religion, as in the Old and New Testament, should be professed in these nations, and that articles should be drawn up by his Highness and Parliament, depriving of public maintenance those who differ from this profession; but if they are pious and sober, they may be capable of places of trust. Parliament voted to-day that the lesser catechism of the assembly of divines be used by all ministers. Instead of a remonstrance, the address is to be called the petition and humble advice of Parliament. [¾ page, copy. French correspondence.]
March 26./April 5.
W. D[avidson to Sec. Nicholas.] Many thanks for yours of 20/30 ult. I have drawn on the Chancellor a bill for 1662/3 l. for the 1000 Hollands, and paid it to the L. G. [Lieut.-Gen. Middleton ?] conform his order. It is to be paid in Antwerp, 10 days after sight. Pray see it paid.
P.S. 20 gentlemen have left the Swedes and come from Bremen to see the King. [½ page. Flanders correspondence.]
March 26.
John Kynes to Nich. Westcombe, Bayonne. Last night Parliament finished the great work of the settlement of the nations, and have voted a monarchical government; 120 for it and 60 against it, so that we shall speedily see the Protector crowned King. Eight ships of war are equipping for the coast of Flanders, whither 15,000 men now levied will be sent also, to assist our neighbours the French. [½ page. French correspondence.]
March 27.
44. Jaques Hoys to Capt. Hen. Hatsell. Ever since the wars I have endeavoured the release of my poor countrymen, prisoners in London, as also the English prisoners at Dunkirk and Ostend, and some poor Scotchmen so far from home, who have nobody to help or assist them. There are now 3 men of Dartmouth, Thos. Ternegod, Hen. Willes, and Jno. Lamsunde, prisoners at Dunkirk, who have desired me to help them, which I am willing to do, and will continue to help all those of the West parts; and if you will give your assistance at the Admiralty Court in London, I will do the same at Dunkirk. I enclose an Act of the Admiralty Court at Dunkirk concerning 3 common men named, who are prisoners at Plymouth, and if you can get them released at their coming over, the 3 Dartmouth men shall be released in exchange, or else upon my parole. I hope we shall have further correspondence together, as to releasing poor prisoners on both sides by exchange. Before the wars I corresponded with divers persons in London, and lately with Wm. Burton of Yarmouth, upon the same subject. [2 pages.] Annexing,
44. i. Certificate of Registrar Colbrant, that the 3 above-named persons were prisoners at Ostend, and will be liberated in exchange for 3 men named. Dunkirk, 27 March 1657. [½ page.]
March 28.
Ordnance Office.
45. Ordnance officers to the [Admiralty Commissioners.] We have conferred with the several gunmakers in and about the city, and find they have in hand 2,000 snaphance muskets fixed at 11s. 6d. each, 250 matchlocks fixed at 10s. each, and 380 pair of pistols at 13s. a pair; they can furnish another 100 either of matchlocks or snaphances and 30 pair of pistols weekly, but not more, as their forgers and locksmiths have given over for lack of employment. We have also an offer of 4,000 Dutch and English hangers at 4s., and 120 swords with well-guarded hilts at 3s., which may be useful, especially the hangers; 4,000 matchlocks now in the stores may soon be supplied with stocks and otherwise repaired. [1 page.]
March 28./April 7.
Lieut.-Gen. John Middleton to Sec. Nicholas, Bruges. Thanks for your letters, but I am disappointed not to have a positive resolution. If I had been used with plainness since I left Bruges, I should not have been in these difficulties. If the King were not concerned, my sufferings should not sink me, but I know not how to keep from shame and infamy. I can only keep the men I have levied till next Tuesday, and then must disband them, and be thrown into prison for the 1,600 guilders I owe for them to a number of poor people who despair of payment, and will run against me like enraged savages, and no words will satisfy them. I could not get 10 ducats in this place, for I have done all that possibly can be done without prostrating our master's honour; I must now expect the worst, and shall be arrested, though his orders were positive for my release. News from Sweden and Poland. Endorsed by Nicholas. [2¼ pages, Flanders correspondence.]
March 28. 46. Hum. Robinson to Williamson. Transmission of letters, commodities, &c., and of books to M. Lerpinière; (sections) books wanted back.
This week Parliament has finished the great work. There were 120 for a King and but 60 in the negative, yet our sections believe he will not accept it. I hear we have a crown made with a cross, which we thought would not be endured, and this being finished, it is thought they will not [stay] much longer. We are daily raising men, and it is said that 10,000 men are to join you against Denmark.
There was likely to have been a match between the Earl of Warwick's grandchild and the Protector's daughter, but this new dignity has altered it. It is reported that a match may be found in your parts.
The Dunkirkers have taken a very rich Straits' ship, which [loss] will fall heavy on our merchants. Our Parliament men are feasted at Whitehall for their submission. [1¼ pages.]
March 29./April 8.
47. L. Cappel to Williamson, Paris. You write me that you leave on the 10th, and send me your address. I have been too weak to go out for 7 months, but hope to go to the Temple in a chair tomorrow. If Buxt[orf] is still angry with me, I will not reply to him. His vanity and falsity will be shewn by the mere reading of my writings. I want to know the opinions of men of sense about punctuation and various reading. I have only received from the directors the 3 first volumes of the Bible, and nothing for 7 months, although Walton promises the other 3 before Christmas. If you write thither, ask the cause of the delay. [1 page, French.]
March 29. 48. Order in Council that the Admiralty Commissioners issue warrants to the Ordnance officers, to supply carriages for the ordnance in Hull garrison. [½ page.] Annexing,
48. i. List of the ordnance there, stating the weight and length of each piece. [2 pages.]
March 30. 49. Petition of Ferdinando Hespel to the Protector, for an order to land 30 pipes of canary wine at any port within the British dominions, on paying the accustomed duty. The Adventure of London, in coming from the Canary Islands last February with the wine, was taken and sold by the Dunkirkers, whereby petitioner, who is a merchant of London, was forced to repurchase it, and put to more than double charges thereby. With reference thereon to the Council of State. [1 page.]
March 30. 50. Petition of the merchants and owners of ships and inhabitants of Dartmouth to the Protector, that the State's ships may be sent out to protect their ships, as well as those of Plymouth, Barnstaple, Topsham, Weymouth, Poole, and Southampton, engaged in the fishery at Newfoundland, they being informed that the Spaniards are getting ready 4 ships of war to surprise and destroy what English ships they may meet with there. [1 page, 48 signatures.]
March 30. 51. Thos. Vyner to Edward, Viscount Conway. Private affairs. Send me 6l., to make the 4l. I received at Henry's funeral 10l. Next week I hope to see you and Mr. Finch, and to have the other 10l. arrears, and the whole quarter wherein he died, all which will hardly defend from his present suits. [1 page.]
March ? 52. — to Lord Conway. I was very sorry to be absent from London when I received yours of 15 June and 15 July, having gone into the country, and thus lost an opportunity of being useful to M. de Frisend, and especially shown my zeal and obedience to you. It was not fancy but private business that detained me, but if it prevents my serving you, I shall regret having affairs of my own.
I do not see how this State can assist the Swedes, otherwise than with money or by sea. The transport of men-of-war has always disappointed us, even in Ireland; much more will it in Germany. * * * The Protector, though constrained to diminish his revenue * * * but he may be better able to assist now than before, because Parliament, for payment of his debts, which amounted to 400,000l., has given him a tax on houses in the environs of London, which will bring in a large sum.
There would be little difficulty by sea if the Danes were not included in the league with the Hollanders. But if Dunkirk is taken this coming summer, all the strength of our State will be employed in Flanders. There is a powerful succour very near, if any attempt on our young Republic requires it * * * I can only attribute to envy the inconstancy of your neighbour princes who take part against you. Preparations are making in this country for the coronation of the Protector. I am sorry you have suffered by the peace of Germany, but your spirit will conquer greater things. I want to know why you have not married all this time. Thanks for your offer about Hamburg * * * [3 pages, French, damaged.]
March ? 53. Petition of Col. Wm. Borthwick to the Protector. I petitioned you 3 months for a trial, but had no answer. I beg now: 1. To be heard before any judicator you will appoint, and if I do not clear myself of all things, let me suffer. 2. If this cannot be, I beg some other place for my prison than this common gaol. 3. As I am brought to this hard condition by service to your father, and as I know not how my poor wife, whose affection has brought her here, can live 4 days in this strange place, I beg you will permit us to live together, and I will confine myself, by parole or bail, to any cheap place, where we can be together, with only a small addition to your allowance for me in this dear place.
I beg an answer and some ease to my overwhelmed heart. [1 page.]
March ? 54. G. Stradling to Williamson, Saumur. Business transactions. I send an acquittance from the Dutchman for 50 livres. Pray deliver it to Mr. Eston. [2/3 page, damaged.]
March ?
55. Edw. Norris to Williamson. I am sorry that I have inconvenienced you by my early rising these 2 weeks. We get no horses worth anything, except by means of a silver spur, and I have promised the money due at the end of the month at the beginning, so I shall be obliged if you will let me have it in a fortnight. [1 page, French.]
March ? 56. J. Ogilvy to Williamson, Saumur. The degree to be taken in this town is only in the laws, is granted to stranger or native, Protestant or Papist, and costs 30 crowns, but the graduate must be here in person. February is passed, when you promised to honour us with your presence here. My remembrances to Leigh and Calander. [1 page.]


  • 1. A partial key to the cypher in which this and several subsequent letters are written Will be found in the Cypher Collection, Public Record Office, Vol. 6, No. 50.
  • 2. The records of the sittings of Council from 19 March to 7 April do not appear in the Council order books.