Volume 154: April 1657

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1656-7. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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'Volume 154: April 1657', in Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1656-7, (London, 1883) pp. 324-362. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/domestic/interregnum/1656-7/pp324-362 [accessed 12 April 2024]


April 1657

April 1/11.
W. W[alker] to W. Swift. Little has been done since Thursday last. Friday was spent about dressing up the petition to his Highness, and appointing a committee to attend him on Saturday, which was done, and he has desired a conference with the whole House, which will be in the painted chamber to-morrow, so that the whole world are in expectation. This conjuncture must soon come to a period, lest it beget unsettlement. [2/3 page. Copy, French correspondence.]
April 2/12.
Sec. Thurloe to Lockhart. Last Tuesday the whole Parliament was with his Highness in the banqueting house, and presented a humble petition concerning the government of these nations, advising him to assume the kingly name and office, as the best means to secure their liberties and his person, and did it in a very affectionate manner. He answered them kindly, yet discovered nothing of his intention whether to accept or refuse, but took time fully to weigh the whole petition they presented, and promised to answer them very shortly. This he has not yet done. Meantime all things are quiet, and the army promises to acquiesce in what his Highness and Parliament agree upon. [Extract, French correspondence.]
April 2/12.
J. Howard to Viscount Falconbridge. I hope my last came to you by the ambassador's packet. The scruple of religion being over, his Highness wrote to him to treat with you about the particulars of your estate. There was a report of your intending to marry Lady Kath. How[ard], but it was not mentioned by his Highness, and on the whole, he seems satisfied. He speaks with much respect of you, and I believe really intends to match with you, if satisfied in your estate; he did not except against the general account I gave him of it. I shall be always glad to serve you; no relation of blood can be a greater tie upon me than my friendship for you.
P.S.—His Highness has taken a few days to consider the answer to our petition. [1 page, French correspondence.]
April 2.
The Sorlings, St. Martin's.
57. Capt. Thos. Morris to the Admiralty Commissioners. On 14 March, I instructed Capt. Jeakin to convoy some ships of Yarmouth and Hull for Bordeaux, but on the 15th, when I came into the Road, the fleet which I expected to convoy for England had left 5 days before, whereupon I wrote several times to Capt. Jeakin to hasten away, but perceive he is engaged by some merchants to stay for some other ships, which are making all speed to go with us. I have now 30 passengers on board who were prisoners at St. Sebastians, and who say that 2 new frigates have been built at Passage of 4 or 500 tons and 40 guns each, and they are using all expedition to get to sea. Yesterday there was a general embargo of all Dutch vessels and goods through the land by order of the King, but what the effect will be is not known. I will hasten to England. [1 page.]
April 2/12.
R. Belling to Sec. Nicholas. Nothing happened extraordinary in the King's journey here, except his reception at Alost; the garrison horse met him a mile out of town, and the foot in arms in the market place, but not by public order. His entry here was incognito; the contriving of lodgings has been the chief business since. The King and his brothers have received compliments from Don Juan, the Prince of Condé, and the other grandees here, and a visit last night from Don Alonso. This will be a day of Council and business.
To-day the Dukes of York and Gloucester muster the Scotch regiment, and the Court is thinner by the resort of the officers to their respective quarters. Yesterday a recruit of gentlemen, lately come out of Germany, joined the Scotch regiment. Lord Bristol is still at Ghent. Mr. Bronckard has arrived from the Hague. [3 pages, Flanders correspondence.]
April 3/13. [Sir Edw. Hyde, Chancellor of the Exchequer], to Sec. Nicholas, Bruges. We came so soon on Monday to Ghent that the King went to the monastery and received a handsome collation. Next morning we went to Alost to dinner, and came to Brussels in good time. Wednesday was spent in compliments between the King and Don Juan and the dukes, and at night Don Alonso [de Cardenas] waited on the King. Yesterday the King and Don Juan met and spent an hour together. The afternoon was spent in visits from the Prince of Condé, and Marquis Caracena, who called on the King and dukes severally in their lodgings. To-day the two dukes met Don Juan in the park. I think we shall despatch satisfactorily what we came about. Don Juan has made ample acknowledgments to the King for St. Sillin (?), and his professions are all we could wish.
I hear nothing from England but what you write, therefore I wish you had enlarged your intelligence. I do not think Lord Goring is on his way; no letter from Madrid mentions it. I have not spoken with the King since I received yours last night, having taken such a cold that I could not leave my room after sunset, so I can say nothing of the Earl of Lothian, but I suppose the King would give him leave to go where he had a mind, and the good lord will do less harm in Scotland than anywhere else. I am sorry they send wine to this town; it must be chargeable, and is no dainty. You shall be remembered on the payment of the first money.
P.S.—Mr. Boswell, the ambassador's son, came through this town yesterday, to carry word to the States that all their ships were seized in France. [1 page, Flanders correspondence.]
April 4/14.
Lieut.-Gen. John Middleton to Sec. Nicholas. I trouble you more than civility approves, but necessity is above law. Though you say that his Majesty appointed some to consider my proposals, I have heard nothing for three posts. I have with much ado silenced those who trusted the soldiers, by promising not to stir without the ports of the town, till they were paid. The affection of the soldiers to his Majesty is such, that they are still waiting, though I have neither money nor trust for them, so that I can keep them together till the 10th, but I hope his Majesty's directions.
Mr. Davidson writes me that you wrote him that I had received none of your letters. I think I acknowledged to you the receipt of all 5 from Bruges, Jan. to March. News from Sweden and Poland. [2⅓ pages, Flanders correspondence.]
April 4.
The Assistance, Downs.
58. Rich. Knowlman, a Quaker, to [an Admiralty Commissioner.] Thou being in a place of authority in this nation, which I own so far forth as thou doest that which is just, thou wilt not be offended that I do not give thee titles of honour, as others do, though in their hearts they are enemies. I have served the Commonwealth both by sea and land, and to the loss of my limbs, since 1641, and am willing to continue to serve in any other capacity than as a gunner; not that I desire a higher place, but I would be free to act against all deceit, in whomsoever it reigns, for I see most men, especially those in the navy, and of the most rank and quality, are corrupted, and will remain so until a seed of God springs up in them. I have heard that thou dost countenance those that have a desire unto righteousness; I write to thee therefore because I desire thee to procure me some other employment, which will be a livelihood for my wife and family, however mean the place. Mayest thou feed on the true bread of life. [¾ page.]
April 4.
The Assistance, Downs.
59. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. I convoyed some ships from Hole Haven bound for Dort, and sent the Drake in to see them out of danger. During her absence, I chased several of the Dunkirk or Ostend frigates, but they managed to escape; since the Drake came out, I have spent most of the time between Ostend and the Wellings, but have not heard or seen any of their ships, or of those that were to join with him, and therefore suppose they have designed the squadron for some other employment, I met and spoke with Capt. Holland of the Assistance, but he was designed for other service. I have taken one of the fishing boats belonging to Blackenburg, which, with her nets, will be a great help in supplying the squadron with fresh fish, after which, as it is not worth more than 10l., I hope you will bestow it on me. I have come in by contrary winds, and while waiting orders, will take in my spare anchor which has lain here 6 or 7 months, and fill up my water casks. [1 page.]
April 4. 60. Petition of David Yale and Henry Dalley, nearest friends of the distracted widow of Edw. Hopkins, to the Protector. You have shown particular respect and favour to her late husband by employing him in weighty matters, and the widow, who was well known to be eminent in virtue and discretion, is now the pitiful object of a weak melancholy. She only arrived with her husband from beyond sea 4 or 5 months since, and was settled in one of the houses belonging to the Navy Office, where he laid out much money in endeavouring to restore her decayed and lost senses. We beg leave that she may remain in the house, as removal will be hurtful to her. With holograph reference by the Protector to the Admiralty Commissioners, to consider the matter, and return their opinion to him. [1 page.]
April 5/15.
George, Lord Goring, to [Sec. Nicholas.] I wrote you before on behalf of Wm. Blunden, to whom his Majesty promised, at your intercession, the command of a ship of 24 guns. The ship on which he relied was returned out of the Straits before the commission reached him. He has always been entirely zealous to his Majesty, and will prove it on occasion. I defer what I have to say till we meet. Endorsed by Nicholas, "R July, being the last I had from him, who died in July following." [1½ pages. Flanders correspondence.]
April 6/16.
W. Walker to [Ambassador Lockhart.] His Highness being indisposed, wrote to Parliament. A committee attended him, and the enclosed is his answer to the petition. The committee reported on Saturday; the House on debate, decided by 77 against 65, to adhere to their petition, and it was adjourned till to-day, when a committee was ordered to draw up reasons to induce his Highness to accept the petition in all its 12 heads, and to it was added a vote of the House, in effect, all or none.
Lord Lambert answered me about Lady Hamilton's business. He partly understands it, and will do what he can for her and for you, though he says it will require little protection. [1 page, copy. French correspondence.]
April 6/16. [Sec. Thurloe to Ambassador Lockhart.] Last Friday his Highness desired Parliament to send a committee to speak with him about the petition; and on their coming, he said he had considered their advice, and they had done well to provide for the two great interests dear to God, viz., our liberties as men, and as Christians, which, he said, were the two great ends he had engaged for, and he would live and die in defence thereof. But as for the title, though he was grateful for the honour done him, he did not see it his duty, either to God or to them, to accept it, and this answer his conscience obliged him to. The answer caused great consternation in Parliament, who hoped to come to a settlement by this means. However next morning, Parliament voted that they would adhere to the advice they had given his Highness, and have ordered that to-day, the whole House go to him, and desire him to reflect on the obligation laid on him to listen to the advice of the Parliament of the 3 nations, in things which they judge to be for the good of the whole, and to give his consent. [Extract. French correspondence.]
April 6/16.
Sir Edw. Hyde to Sec. Nicholas. I entered on our correspondence as soon as possible, and you shall not fail to hear from me on the 3 usual days; at least I will do my part, though I can tell you little news, for I stir not out of doors more than I did at Bruges. We have not heard of Hannibal Sestad since he left Bruges. If he had made any contract in Spain relating to the service of this country, he would have been here before this.
I cannot slight what you propose about the ports; I have always been of your mind that a declaration should first be published, and am pressing it all I can, yet no declaration will do good if the governors continue sour and uncivil. Had what was first declared and printed been seconded by their good carriage, it would have served the turn. I am pressing for and am promised speedily an extraordinary letter to those governors.
Pray ask my tutor to look over his papers for a copy of the letter written to the Duke of Florence about Sir Theop. Selby, and send me a draft prepared for the King's hand, the former having miscarried.
I am heartily sorry for the strait you are in. If you have been worse used than any servant his Majesty has, I wish he who has been faulty towards you, or not endeavoured to serve you with the same affection as he could have done to his father, may never find a friend. I hope one day you will believe it. [1 page. Flanders correspondence.]
April 7/17.
Sir Hen. de Vic to Sec. Nicholas. I have little to write about, as Mr. Chancellor [Hyde] will tell you the inward and essential part of affairs, of which I am wholly ignorant. On Saturday, according to a resolution in Council, his Majesty met Don Juan in the usual place and manner. The Dukes of York and Gloucester have now done the same; he treated them as belonged their quality; he alleged their incognito as the impediment for not first visiting them in their own lodgings.
They are preparing here for the field, 800 of the levies they expect from Germany being already come to Ruremond. They will not be long in garrison, that they may not be surprised by Cromwell in his design on Dunkirk. I believe, till his Majesty's troops have better uses, they will make use of part of the troops to secure that and other maritime places. They will hardly have better quarters than their present very ill ones, till those of the King of Spain are drawn out and make room for them.
Our master is as much esteemed and loved as we could desire by all who have seen him here, and that is the greatest and best sort, for all the nobility flock to him.
P.S.—He was at a ball on Saturday, where Don Juan was, and behaved to admiration; the two Dukes were there also, and danced. [2 pages, Flanders correspondence.]
[April 7.] 61. Petition of Sarah, widow of John Vincent, minister of Sedgefield, to the Protector, for speedy benefit from his former order [see 3 Dec. 1656] for payment of 247l. 8s. 0d. by Ant. Lapthorne, being much in debt, and she, and 7 most hopeful children, in danger of ruin. After 4 months' delay, Mr. Lapthorne's accounts are returned. With reference, signed by the Protector, to Council, to pay her from the first profits of the rectory. [1 page.] Annexing,
61. i. Statement that though, by order of the House of Commons of 27 July 1643,no minister should be appointed to any important living without approval of the assembly of divines, Lapthorne obtained his appointment without it; that he has behaved covetously and injuriously, and out of spite let the living worth 500l. for 300l. a year, and he should bear the loss, and not ruin Vincent's family, 3 of the sons being Oxford scholars, and 2 to go to Westminster School, and their mother much in debt for them. [1 page.]
61. ii. Certificate by Rich. Lilburne, and 4 other Commissioners of Durham of the accounts of Ant. Lapthorne, showing his whole 10 years' receipts as 2,129l. 4s. 1d., leaving only 29l. 4s. 1d. balance beyond his 200l. a year; besides which, he questions several sums, and demands 255l. 15s. 4¾d. disbursements, &c. Durham, 7 March 1657. [2 sheets.]
61. iii. Certificate by Wm. Sedgewick and Ant. Smith, 2 other Commissioners, on the accounts of Ant. Lapthorne, Thos. Middleton, and Thos. Buttery, about Sedgefield rectory, 1646–49, noting some demands which are not to be allowed. 23 May 1650. [Copy, 1 sheet, see 14 July 1657.]
April 7. 62. Reference of the above petition and certificates to Lambert, Jones, Fiennes, Sydenham, Mulgrave, and Lisle, to consider the accounts, hear Mrs. Vincent, and report. [¾ page; also I. 77, p. 779.]
April 7. 63. Petition of Cols. John Fiennes and Edm. Temple to the Protector. You ordered the stating of our accounts for service in England by Auditor Broad, who certifies 944l. 15s. 1¾d. due to Fiennes, and 1,089l. 1s. 6¾d. to Temple. We demanded 1,145l. 8s. 11d. more, which he deducts for mounting money and free quarter, though some of the arrears were due before free quarter was in use, and afterwards we were so far from taking advantage of it that we were at more charge than when our soldiers were duly paid. The arrears have been due 10 or 14 years, and others have received them without these deductions. We beg in payment some forfeited lands near, at the rates allowed to others. [1 page.]
April 7. Reference thereon to the Committee for Ireland, to report. [I. 77,p. 781.]
April 7. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Francis, Lord Willoughby, referred to Fienncs, Mulgrave, Lambert, Lord Deputy, Sydenham, and Jones, who are to send Barkstead to see what security the petitioner will give to the purport of what was this day proposed, and report.
2. Richard Dutton, prisoner in the Tower, to be discharged, on good security to Sir J. Barkstead for his peaceable behaviour in future.
3. The desire of Sir. Hum. Bennett, touching his enlargement, referred to the Committee on Lord Willoughby's petition, to report.
4. Order on report on Lieut.-Col. Edm. Ashton's petition [see 24 Feb. 1656–7] that Mr. Frost pay him 1s. a day for subsistence for 6 months. Annexing,
64. Report by Jessop alluded to, that he is detained only on the Council's warrant, has not paid for his lodging, and though friends visit him, he is fain mostly to get his diet from other prisoners, and should have 1s. a day maintenance if continued in prison. [1 page.]
6. The petition of the owners of the Levant Merchant referred to the Admiralty Commissioners, to hear the parties concerned, and report.
7. Approval of the following augmentations advised by the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers, viz.,—
Minister of Kirkby Fletham co. York 16
Lecturer of Richmond added to 30l. already allowed. " " 30
Minister of Yeovil " Somerset 40
" Wokingham " Berks 30
" Bishops Wilton " York 50
Approved by the Protector, 13 April.
8. To advise the said Trustees to allow to Mr. Eaton minister of Stopford, co. Chester, such further augmentation as shall raise his salary to 100l. Approved 13 April.
65. 9. The Admiralty Commissioners to certify of what burden the frigate called L'Acadie is, and her value, with guns and furniture.
66. 10, 11. To advise the Admiralty Commissioners to appoint fit ships to go to Dieppe about April 10, to transport hither Viscountess Montague with her retinue. Also to appoint a transport for Sir Ed. Mansell and suite.
12. The petition of Col. John Bridges, governor of Kilmallock, and a debenture for arrears for personal service, on an account stated by the Committee sitting at Worcester House, referred to the Irish Committee, to report.
14. Walter Strickland to have liberty to stay in England 3 weeks from now, on renewing his former security to Maj.-Gen. Lilburne, who is to deliver up the old one to be cancelled.
15. On report from the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland on the petition of Mary, widow of Col. John Humphreys—noting that on account of her poverty and charge of children, and the faithful service of her husband, they are fit objects of compassion, especially as he is 700l. in arrear of a pension of 400l. a year from the late Court of Wards, which was settled on him by Parliament for life, and which Col. Humphreys the son alleges to be assigned to the petitioner—order to advise a warrant to pay her 40s. a week till the said 700 is repaid.
16. On petition of John Patron, and on certificate by Col. J. Bingham, governor, and Peter de Beauvoir, bailiff, of Guernsey,—to the effect that by order of Council of State of 25 Oct. 1653, in a cause between Nicholas Anley, merchant of Guernsey, in right of Margaret, his wife, appellant from a sentence dated 2 Dec. 1653, given in behalf of Ann le Fevre, of Guernsey, widow of John Patron, and mother of John Patron, schoolmaster, the defendant, they considering the right of both sides, are of opinion that Anley should allow Patron to enjoy all rents that belonged to Ann le Fevre, and that each side should bear its own costs;—order that the certificate be agreed to and confirmed. Approved 5 May.
18, 19. To advise the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers to settle augmentations of between 10l. and 20l. on Gabriel du Perrière, minister of the French congregation at Southampton, and of 20l. on M. d'Espaigne, minister of the French congregation at Somerset House. Approved 13 April.
20. Order on a letter from John Maidstone, steward of the household, shewing what straits he is in for want of money—that to complete the 16,000l. due for the April quarter, the Treasury Commissioners pay him 4,000l. out of the first money coming in on Vyner and Backwell's contract for Spanish prize plate, &c.
21. The petition of Michael Molins, concerning timber to repair Wallingford Castle, referred to Lambert, Mulgrave, Lisle, Fiennes, and Sydenham, to report.
22. On report from the Committee on the petition of the inhabitants of Dunbar, shewing how the demolishing of their harbour has injured the town and the country from Berwick to Leith, and that since the storm of December 1655, there has been no shelter for the herring fishery there, which yields employment to most of the inhabitants round about; and though they are thankful for the ease granted in their assessment, which encouraged them to try to repair the harbour, they have not succeeded, by reason of the greatness of the work and their indigence, and therefore pray further help; —order that the Council in Scotland devise some means to afford additional assistance; and enable the petitioners to do the repairs. Approved 5 May.
67. 24. The Admiralty Commissioners to order 5 ships named to be speedily furnished, victualled, and manned, to guard the Channel. Approved 13 April.
68. 25. Also to order the building at once of 6 small vessels drawing 5 feet of water for the State's service. Approved 13 April.
26. The petition of Frances Darcy, widow, referred to the Irish Committee, to report.
27. To advise renewal of the warrant for payment of 3s. a day to each of the 2 horse and one foot regiments keeping guard at Whitehall, St. James', and the Mews, for fire and candle, up to 1 May.
28. The warrant ordered 10 Feb. last for 13s. 4d. a week to Eliz. Corbet for subsistence to pass gratis.
29. The petition of the churchwardens and overseers of the poor of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields parish referred to the Lord Deputy, Mulgrave, and Strickland to report.
31. The Committee for accounts of the soldiery sitting at Worcester House to state the accounts of the following for their services in England as they profess to have served in Ireland, and also to have arrears due in England, viz.:—
Capt. Sam. Moody, deceased (on petition of Geo.
Moody, his executor),
Major Robert Astley, deceased,
Capt. Wm. Ridcourt, "
" John Picken, "
" Wm. Hart, "
" Rich. Morris,
Lieut. Jos. Franklin,
who are all six mentioned in a petition for themselves or the relations of such as are deceased; also the accounts of Geo. Eyres, and Mich. Horton, troopers, and of Dame Margaret Colville, relict of Lieut.-Col. James, Lord Colville, deceased, and Elizabeth, relict of Capt. Adam Oateley, deceased, and Lieut.-Col. Patrick Bruce, whose names are added to the said petition. They are to proceed therein according to directions of an Ordinance of Parliament of 24 Dec. 1647, and certify arrears due for English service, with dates and names of commanders; and the Commissioners for soldiers' accounts in Ireland are to give to the men debentures of the form ordered by Council on 3 July 1656, which shall be satisfied out of lands, houses, &c., in Ireland. Approved 5 May.
32. On report from the Treasury Commissioners on the petition of Viscount Fitz-Williams, of Merion, in Ireland, about a debt of 1,000l. borrowed of Sir Simon Every, deceased, by Mary Plunkett, widow and administratrix of her late husband, Sylvester Plunkett, and mother-in-law to the Viscount, for securing whereof, by payment of 160l. per annum for 11 years from Nov. 1634, the Viscount charged some lands, and entered into recognizances in Chancery of 2,000l. for performance of covenants, of which rent, Mary Plunkett failing payment, Lady Anne and Sir Henry Every, Sir Simon's executors, obtained a judgment against the said Viscount on the said recognizances, and took out execution, so that in discharge of the arrears of rent, the Viscount paid 650l. besides charges, without receiving satisfaction, being but surety for his mother-in-law, who wholly disposed of the 1,000l., and against whom, in Trinity Term 1654, the Viscount brought an action of debt and obtained a judgment; also that Mrs. Plunkett was sequestrated in co. Chester for recusancy in April 1646, and 2/3 of her estate in Malpas let to lease for one year, ending at Candlemas 1654, for 60l. 6s. 8d., though now the 2/3 are said to be in lease for 50l.; and that the Sequestration Commissioners on hearing his Highness' pleasure from the Master of the Horse, ordered in July 1655 that Viscount Fitz-Williams should enjoy the profits of the estate, on security to answer the same to the State;—order to advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay the Viscount all the sums arising from the 2/3 of Mary Plunkett's sequestrated estate. [I. 77, pp. 779–789.]
April 7.
69. Rich. Bradshaw to the Admiralty Commissioners. I send a letter from Capt. Haddock, who is staying to convoy 15 merchantmen richly laden, and as it will be a service to the State, I hope his stay will be excused. I requested that a commission might be sent over to examine witnesses to clear me of the foul aspersion of Fras. Townley, merchant, of being false to my trust. I want to examine on oath those employed for buying powder and masts for the navy, but I have not received any answer. It is no small disparagement to me for merchants and strangers at Hamburg to observe that only Townley and his servant Cambridge are honoured with your commands, they having so notoriously misbehaved themselves towards his Highness, through me as his public minister, that they have been commanded hence by his Highness and Council to answer for their misdemeanours, which I suppose they will be called upon to do when greater affairs are over, as at present there is no leisure for such petty business. [1 page.]
April 7/17.
70. C. George to Williamson. I suppose you know that Mr. Whorwood has taken another house, having horses of his own. I have given him 60l., which he says you will return to me. [1 page, French.]
April 7/17. 71. Edw. Norris to Williamson. Write to my father for a letter of change as usual, for I shall want it, but manage for it not to be so long on the road. Mr. Hudson went some days ago, and left his compliments for you. [1 page, French.]
April 8/18.
[Sir Edw. Hyde] to Sec. Nicholas. I am sure you would write, yet we have no letters from Bruges. It is the resident's fault, as he can keep but one man, who is sent on everybody's errand, so that what is of much importance is often left undone. I have waited till 9, and the post leaves at 10. I wonder I have not heard from [Perry] Church as I gave him notice we should be here.
Our business proceeds slowly. We cannot get any answer to a paper we gave the first day we came, and till we know what they will say to that, we are in the dark for other propositions. The King spends his time not unpleasantly nor uselessly, having entered into another kind of conversation with Don Juan than is natural to an incognito condition. The other night they met at a ball and danced. Yesterday they played at long paume, a Spanish play with balls filled with wire, and to-morrow they have a match at tennis. They are very kind to each other. I now see why Don Juan had wanted us to defer our visit to this week, because they hoped that by this time money would be come, and yesterday the French letters brought bills from Madrid, to what value I know not, but they look cheerfully upon it, and say we shall speedily have a libranza for money. We have our eyes fixed on Holland, to see how they will behave towards France. The English letters are not yet come. Carteret luckily came in time to prevent the duel between Sir Ce. Howard and Geo. Hollis. [1 page, Flanders correspondence.]
April 9/19.
Capt. John Griffith to Sec. Nicholas, Bruges. I humbly thank you for expediting the return of my petition, with his Majesty's gracious declaration for my release from restraint. I will come with the first convenience to kiss his Majesty's hands. [1 page. Flanders correspondence.]
April 9/19.
Lord Newburgh to Sec. Nicholas. I requested Sir John Mennes to write excusing my not answering yours, having just returned from mustering all our companies, so our officers will now be received into pay. Mr. Chancellor showed me the Lieut.-General's letters to you, and he wrote to me to the same purpose. I am greatly troubled, not only for his distress, but for the little hope there is of relieving him from the engagements he has taken on him. Nothing is yet done about settling the regiments, but his Majesty tells me he will not stir till we are all well provided for. [1 page. Flanders correspondence.]
April 9/19.
Sir Hen. de Vic to [Sec. Nicholas.] We hear that the Emperor is dead, which is very unseasonable for the troops that were expected from Germany.
To-day the Colonels here are all to meet, to resolve on a memorial of what remains unperformed of the capitulation for their lodging and subsistence, wherein are such great defects as that, without speedy remedy, we shall see that little body of ours become much less, to the irreparable prejudice of his Majesty's affairs. I am to go this morning to Don Juan for money to supply part of the King's wants, of which I have more hopes as bills have come from Spain for 250,000 crowns, beside 50,000 for the Prince of Condé. But we may yet have difficulties; therefore the time of the King's return to you is uncertain, for he must not leave with only good words and promises, and performance is very uncertain as to time.
Meantime I think neither he nor his brothers are displeased to be here, and all the nobility is glad of it. They were yesterday publicly at the Comedy, and sat in the Prince of Condé's box. This afternoon they go to the English nunnery.
The Low Countries have forbidden all intercourse with France. Had they seized ships and goods, we should have hoped a more vigorous resentment than such soft proceedings on so great provocation betoken.
P.S.— A little box has been sent me for you, shall I forward it ? [3 pages. Flanders correspondence.]
April 9/19.
W. W[alker to Ambassador Lockhart.] On Tuesday the House adjourned till Wednesday; next day all the members in town were ordered to attend, and a committee waited on his Highness to ask when the House might offer somewhat to him. He met Parliament in the banqueting house on Wednesday. The heads you will see in a pamphlet enclosed. Another committee is to confer with him to-morrow. This evening at 7, notice came to Whitehall of fifth monarchy men assembled in Bishopsgate Street. A party of horse seized them as they were getting on horseback to go to some place appointed in the country; 25 are just now brought in, and some under examination. Doubtless it is deeper than can be seen into at first. [2/3 page, copy. French correspondence.]
April 9/19.
[Sec. Thurloe to Ambassador Lockhart.] Parliament not being satisfied with his Highness' refusal of being King, reinforced their advice on Tuesday by the Speaker, the whole House attending. He answered that he had declared his mind. He also hesitated about other things in the petition, but was willing to give his reasons, and hear theirs; so the House have appointed a committee to confer with him on the whole matter. We pray that God will incline him to listen to Parliament's advice.
Meantime he has had a new testimony of God's favour to him. The fifth monarchy men designed an insurrection, and were so ready that they had appointed their rendezvous this night at Mile End Green, but we had notice of it, and seized some 20 of their ringleaders, as they were ready to take horse, took many arms and some ammunition, and their chief standard, a lion couchant, with the motto, "Who shall rouse him up ?" There was a declaration in which they set forth a new government. We are sending up and down to apprehend others engaged in this design, and hope to break it. [Extract. French correspondence.]
April 9/19.
R. Lovell to [Sec. Nicholas]. I wish your pious discourse of proceedings in England well laid to heart by those whom it concerns to have an end put to that usurpation and tyranny, and I should hope to see the power of that villain [Cromwell] quickly broken; if he were once deprived of the strength he has, more from the displeasure of God against our actions than any delight He can take in his. But while our sins are increased rather than repented of, how can we expect any ease to our sufferings ?
There is only one piece of news from England this week, viz., that of the 12 articles debated and agreed on for the settlement of the kingdom, that for an oath abjuring the Royal Family is now rejected, not for its wickedness, but for the distress into which it would bring a great multitude. Cromwell has refused to take the title of King, but they must be very ignorant of the man who believe him ingenuous in it, or that he does not most strongly design what he would seem to avoid.
The news of the Emperor's death is believed here. I pray it may not produce a worse change in the affairs of Christendom. The difference between the States and the French grows high, for not only all French ships, but bills of exchange and estates are arrested, which is more than was ever done in the heat of war. The Princess Royal is gone privately to Tyling, where Lady Stanhope was before, but returns to-morrow. I delivered your letter to Lieut. Watts. Endorsed as received the 21st. [2 pages, Flanders correspondence.]
April 10/20.
[Sir Edw. Hyde] to Sec. Nicholas. I know not what more to say to the Lieut.-General; be sure we are not slow here in pressing for money to assist that levy, and on my conscience they would help us if they could, but they must first provide for their own companies, so that Middleton had best pursue the advice last given him, and as the state stands, I hope he may make no ill conditions. For Mr. Roper there is an unhappy change in that whole affair, by the death on the 2nd of the Emperor, which so perplexes these ministers that we cannot speak with them. It is unfortunate to Christendom, and will be agreeable to none but the Cardinal and Cromwell. Sir Hen. de Vic could get your letters for Vienna put in the Spanish ambassador's packet. The Germans will now have too much to do themselves to relieve their neighbours.
Mr. Bruncard has been and has gone back, and though he was said to be sent to the King, his Majesty knows no more of his business than you do. "I believe the good [man] your friend, who gave him the advertisement never had any authority so to do. I hear he is at the Hague very well received, and a member of P. R's (?) persecuted crew."
I have your 4 of the 18th, and I wonder Church did not send his direct here. I wish you had sent a letter of revocation, for Lord Bristol knows not the exact form; it cannot be done by to-morrow's post, and when done, must be sent to you to seal, for your brother secretary has no signet, of which we find the miss. Send a draft letter, and if we prepare another meantime, you shall have a copy of it.
I would tell you when we should be at Bruges if I knew it. I wish myself there, in this melancholy time by the death of the Emperor; I hope we may get off next week. Everybody is pleased with this place, but I have only been twice out of doors since I came. I have a good garden to walk in. We have only had one person from England, an honest man, sent by honest men, but on a very sleeveless errand. I hope for some good turn there, and then all that you can wish will be done from hence. In Holland they are very angry. A little time will tell us what to trust to. My heart is set upon money. If there be 2 dollars in the house, there are 100,000. My service to my good Judy. [2 pages. Flanders correspondence.]
April 10/20.
John, Lord Culpeper to [Sec. Nicholas.] * * * * There are several reasons given here why Cromwell demurs to accept the crown. Some think it is to be only pro formâ; others believe that it is real, and that he intends to build on this foundation, and to do the business better to his advantage, with more power and hereditarily, by the triennial Parliament which is to be in September. The third is that he, finding too great oppositions in Lambert and the other officers, will secretly promise them that, if they will not disturb the bringing the offer to him, he will content himself with the honour, and refuse it. [Extract. Flanders correspondence, 10 April 1657.]
April 10.
The Reserve, Mardike Pitts.
72. Capt. Robt. Plumleigh to the Admiralty Commissioners. I doubt not but the commander of the Downs' squadron gave an account of our departure for his station off Dunkirk, on 22 March, as also of our having passed the Earl of Dorset from Dover to Calais. In company with the Dartmouth and Red Horse pink, I chased two Ostend men-of-war into Feckham Bay, and then returned to Calais, and anchored in Mardike Pitts, to wait for the remainder of the squadron; the easterly wind has prevented us from recovering the Flemish Road. Since being on the coast, I forced two of the enemies' men-of-war on shore, and sent my boats to set one on fire, but the men of both escaped; the Adventure chased another until dark. I send the names of the ships forming my squadron, and particulars of their stations; I will not quit the coast while the spring [tide] will admit any of the enemies' ships to come forth. We have had strong easterly winds, and all have a longing desire to be in the Flemish Road. I want 10 or 15 men to be added to Capt. Nixon's company, and 2 saker guns; he being well acquainted with the coast, and an active person, will be very useful. [1 page.]
April 10.
The Essex, Downs.
73. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. The Merlin has come in to clean and revictual; I have ordered her to Dover, and the Mermaid to remain on that side until she is fitted. If the Assurance is commanded upon the coast, all the squadron will be there together. [¾ page.]
April 10.
The Essex, Downs.
74. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. Notwithstanding the easterly and northerly winds, I believe Capt. Sparling and his squadron have got to their station, save the Drake, which, having broken her bowsprit in Dover Road, remained behind. The John ketch, contracted for by Mr. White of Dover, has arrived; as she had only 4 men and a master, and no powder, I have supplied her with 2 more men and necessaries out of the Essex, and will direct Capts. Plumleigh and Sparling to put 2 more men each on board, and in case of any sudden service, what other men and necessaries they may deem fit. The Mermaid has been cruising in the Narrow. I have ordered her to accompany the John ketch to Capt. Plumleigh, and to inform him that there are 2 ships fitting at Dunkirk for the King of Spain, and one at Ostend, intending for the northwards, and to fall upon the fishermen, so as to regain men to redeem their own imprisoned in England; if they are soon expected out, he is to keep the Mermaid 4 or 5 days for his assistance, but if not she is to return and cruise in the Narrow. [1 page.]
April 10.
The Essex, Downs.
75. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to Robt. Blackborne. I will transport Simon Bennet to Calais, on the arrival of the Oxford, as there is no other ship now in the Downs but the Essex, the ketch having gone to Dover for a bowsprit. I hope the soon going over of the frigates to the other side may prove beneficial to the nation and to trade, annoying the enemy, and securing Charles Stuart and his party on the other side. As the fishermen will be ready to go to sea on the 23rd inst., they would be glad to be assured of a convoy at their first coming out, otherwise it will be a great hindrance to them. I engaged myself to the poor men, or some of them would have come to Whitehall and petitioned their honours. [¾ pages.]
April 10.
Queen's College.
76. T. Lamplugh to Williamson. We have had an election. Tim. Halton is chosen fellow and Hen. Denton tabitor. The Provost thinks you should not take your degree beyond seas, but procure a certificate from the professor in Saumur, and he will try to get you created here. Private news. [½ page.]
April 11/21.
77. Geo. Smyth to Williamson. I have received 4 livres for you from Chas. Parrot, who is gone for England. How am I to pay it ? I am in Rue des Cordeliers, near the Sorbonne. [1 page.]
April 11. 78. Petition of John Manning, William and Rob. Paine, John Wood, and Rich Vine, to the Protector. The Commissioners ordered to survey Ashdown Forest, Sussex, summoned all who had a pretended interest therein to appear by a certain day, before which we prepared our claims, but they were lost in the sending, and now, when we wish to prove them, they cannot be admitted, because the time is elapsed; we beg appointment of a short day for receiving them. Noted to be delivered to Lord Strickland. [1 page.]
April 11/21.
[Amb. Lockhart] to Lord Rich. Cromwell. The late news meets various constructions, according to the different apprehensions of his Highness' motive. I wait the issue of the new application. If he accept, his services have abundantly deserved the crown; if he continue his refusal, his contempt of a crown will render him more honourable than any that wear it, so that, whatever counsels he adopts, you, as his nearest relation, may expect comfort in their consequences. [Extract, French correspondence.]
April 11/21.
Sir Hen. de Vic to [Sec. Nicholas.] I cannot do more now than thank you for yours, as to-morrow morning I receive the communion, and it is high time, not having had it this 15 or 16 months. I hope, whatever else we suffer here, we shall not be so long without it.
Sir Rob. Welsh pretending to have something important to disclose to the King, the King of Spain, and the Prince of Condé, his Majesty sent me to fix a time when he could be heard in presence of persons to be appointed by all 3, but Don Alonso, wishing to have him apart, heard him yesterday. The King has appointed Lord Bristol to do the same for him.
I have so often urged the King and the Colonels to meet and agree on a memorial to be drawn of their common wants and demands, that I think it will be done at last. I have often been with Don Juan and Caracena about a supply for his Majesty, and payment of the Duke of York's arrears, but get only promises, so that I cannot tell when we shall return; we shall be here a week longer at least. We are all putting on black for the Emperor. Send no letters here, except for my Lord Lieutenant and Mr. Chancellor [Hyde], because of the charges and trouble. If you send others, direct them to themselves, at the house of the King of England's resident. [22/3 pages, Flanders correspondence.]
April 11.
The Kentish, Plymouth Sound.
79. Capt. Willoughby Hannam to the Admiralty Commissioners. I left Capt. Stoakes on 19 March, he ordering me to sail to Plymouth, with the Bonadventure of Bristol, taken by the enemy, and retaken by us, together with 17 prisoners, whom I shall deliver up at the prison at Plymouth; there were also 6 Englishmen, who belonged to the ship. 1 met 2 ships of Dartmouth, laden with salt and oil, off Cape Finisterre, and they came in with me. I had great storms, with easterly winds, and have been in the Soundings of the Channel 14 days, but only met with a Bristol ship from Virginia, laden with tobacco, bound for Holland. I cannot hear that any West India ships have arrived in the Groyne, or parts adjacent. If you have any orders, I hope you will send them at once, as Capt. Stoakes commanded me to hasten back as soon as I had delivered up the prize to the Commissioners for Prizes. [1 page.]
April 13.
The Essex, Downs.
80. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne, to the Admiralty Commissioners. I received his Highness' order for sending over two gentlemen from Dover to Dieppe, and have appointed for it the Oxford, which has just come in from cruising with the Cornelian in the Narrow. While there, they spoke a ship of Holland and another of Denmark, who were sent there to warn their ships, the former not to put into France, lest they should be stayed, and the latter not to put into the Sound, for fear of the Swede; both desired they might ply without molestation. The Pembroke has come in with several convoys from Seine Head; I have ordered her for Woolwich, and the Cornelian to see her convoy to the Yarmouth Roads; the Assurance having come in for water and ballast, I have ordered her to Deal. I send account of ships in the Downs and on the coast of Flanders. [1 page.]
April 13.
81. Chas. Longland to Robt. Blackborne. I have despatched 2 ships, one with beverage wine direct to the fleet, and the other to Naples, whence these wines came, to buy and lade some. The intercourse of trade is limited by the sickness there, so I have to freight ships there in Italian names, whereby the Admiralty Commissioners will be as really served as heretofore, although not so punctually. I have fitted another ship for Naples, to comply with Mr. Goodwin's contract; the other two were for Vice-Admiral Badiley's. Though the ships are Italian, they have 2 or 3 Englishmen in each, with English colours, to save them from the Turks of Algiers. These wines have been so scarce that they will be rather a loss at 24 dollars, and there will be loss by the exchange, as the Commissioners have agreed at 4s. 9d. the dollar, and the exchange is now 4s. 10d. or 4s. 11d. The Commissioners should not leave any purchased wine on our hands if the fleet is recalled, or they would ruin their servants; if they continue to be served with it, I hope to have the commission, as I can get what quantity they please at 23 dollars per butt, if they will pay as the exchange goes; but if I lose 2d. per dollar it will import 1/24.
I am sorry the State is jealous of the Hollander, but it is not without cause, as they publicly brag at Leghorn that they have joined with Spain, and are now sending out 30 sail to lie off the South Cape, to catch Portuguese; but whether they speak the truth or not may be seen. Ruyter has taken 2 French ships of war, and the French some Dutch merchantmen in these seas.
It is reported from Vienna that the Emperor died on the 2nd inst., without making any settlement of his posterity in those dignities, which cannot but make great broils in Germany, as most of those princes were weary of the house of Austria, and think their own heads as fit for the imperial crown as any other; and besides the Spanish affairs are utterly ruined, as all their expectations of support and succour were from thence.
Two Majorca and 2 Dunkirk ships of war were about Porto Longone, to rob our and the French nation, and when between Pantalaria and Cape Bona they met 2 English ships, supposed to be the Ann Percy and an Eastland merchant, with whom they fought 6 hours, and all being well banged, were forced to retire. If Gen. Blake's fleet wants cordage, I can furnish 200 tons and upwards in 4 months, at reasonable rates. Hemp is dear and scarce, on account of the wars between Poland and Russia. [1¼ pages.]
April 13/23.
T. Ross to [Sec. Nicholas]. I send you my cypher with Mr. Magden, which has hardly any additions. Thanks for your news from France; I pray that it may have the issue we desire. Lord Gerard says he is to raise his horse-guards at once. The King's allowance of 400 guilders a day for his family is said to be settled, and that of the dukes will follow. To-morrow they go to visit the Princess of Condé at Mechlin.
Col. Jamot has arrested 2 spies here, Bernard, merchant of Rotterdam, and Radport, his brother-in-law; Bernard is rich, but a very rogue. Sir John Mosley is in town to witness that he said, "The most just and heroic action in the world was that of the rebels cutting off the King's head," yet Sir Simon Tosse presumed to write to the King in his behalf, and was at Court to-night, talking with Grigg, who is too clear a soul to entertain any argument for such villains. The dispute between Sir Cecil Howard and Col. Hollis was settled, through the King's command, by my lord of Ormond, and Rochester.
P.S.—In my cypher, tenants meant soldiers; Martha was for Mr. Magden, and Elizabeth and Beck for Mr. Hall. [2 pages, Flanders correspondence.]
April 13/23.
[Sir Edw. Hyde] to Sec. Nicholas. No business would prevent my writing to you, which I do every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. If my letters come not, it is through negligence of the post. But through my son Harry's fault, I left your cypher behind, which I never did before, and so I do not know the contents of your last, which seems to be important. I hope the cypher is on its way, and then I will answer you.
Our eyes are fixed on Holland, where they carry it with more courage than ordinary, and if the French do not retract, as I doubt they will, we may see some sport, and we should then come in quickly for a share. They say the Spanish Ambassador at the Hague will be here to-morrow for a momentous consultation. I dare say all will be said on our behalf that can be wished, for you may lay your life upon it this people is most hearty, and wish the same things that you do. They are drawing out their forces to the frontiers on the noise of the motions of the French, and the succours which are to come from England; but I do not think the Cardinal is so forward, and this alteration in Germany will put new thoughts into their heads, and Cromwell may have more to do with his men than to spare them for France. We shall shortly see a bustle, and in so great alterations as must happen, our lot must fall somewhat better than it is at present. Noted, received the 24th. [1 page, Flanders correspondence.]
April 13/23.
82. W. Paget to Williamson. I am troubled because I could not enquire at Angers about the business you desired me, as I promised when we left Saumur, but the boat went straight for Nantes, without stopping at Angers. We shall stay some time at Bordeaux. Commend me to my friends at Saumur. [1 page, damaged.]
April 13/23.
83. Nich. M[addock] to Williamson, Saumur. I send you the money I owe you for some ink and paper. After a troublesome journey by land and water, we are safely arrived here, except our old soldier Lewis the 15th, whom from Nantes we despatched for King Oliver's dominions. We are settled in a good pension of 15 crowns a month, and if you come, we will give you a welcome reception; but if your occasions are so cruel as to detain you from us, then write to us. I want tidings of Mr. Whorwood; if he send us any money, forward it quickly; our great incommodity is want of money. Mr. Harcourt's love and mine to yourself, Mr. Leigh, and Mr. Calander. [1 page.]
April 13. Approval by the Protector of 15 orders in Council, 17 March and 7 April. [I. 77, p. 789.]
April 14. 84. Petition of Sam. Lemott and Company, merchants of London, owners of the Samuel of London, to the Protector and Council, for a protection from impress for their 34 seamen, the ship having been a fortnight ready to sail [for Guinea], but cannot proceed because of the impress. The voyage is sickly and hazardous, and it will be a great loss unless she can sail speedily. [2/3 page.]
April 14. Order thereon that the Admiralty Commissioners give warrants for preserving the seamen, as far as is consistent with the public service. [I. 77, p. 791.]
April 14. Council. Day's Proceedings.
85, 86. 2. On report from the Admiralty Commissioners that, according to order, they have charged warrants on the former Prize Goods' Commissioners for 200l. to Capt. Alsop, Provost-MarshalGeneral of the army, for maintenance of the Flemish and Spanish prisoners under his charge, but that they have no money in hand, and that there are several prisoners in York, Plymouth, and Exeter, for whom money is needed—order that in future all money wanted for maintenance or transport of prisoners be paid out of the proceeds of prize goods, on warrants from the Admiralty Commissioners. Approved 5 May.
5. The petition of Margaret, relict of Col. John Venne, and now wife of Mr. Wells, minister, referred to Wolsley, Strickland, Lisle, Pickering, and Mulgrave, to report.
8, 9. Mr. Moreland to have liberty to print and publish his history of the Protestants in Piedmont, and Scobell and Jessop to estimate the cost thereof, and report. [I. 77, pp. 788–792.]
April 14.
The Tiger, Harwich.
Capt. Gab. Sanders to Robt. Blackborne. I wrote from Yarmouth Roads that I was going to the Maas to convoy home some vessels; on the way, I chased two Ostenders for 16 hours, but having broken my mainmast, I was unable to follow them up or go to the Maas, and have come in with the Fame to refit and victual. [1 page.]
April 15/25.
[Sir Edw. Hyde] to Sec. Nicholas. If I durst, I should be angry with you for not opening Mr. Roper's letters, which could contain nothing that you should not see, and might contain something in cypher which I could not understand without your help.
I do not wonder that Middleton is very sad, but if I were to be hanged for it, I know not how to help it. We have not received a penny yet, and when we shall I shall only know the end of this week. He is not fallen into these straits by any neglect of his friends here, or by pursuing his instructions. There was neither a promise made, nor a word in his whole negotiation which passed not your hand. The first design of the journey was his own, on confidence of getting a good sum, and when he had the first 100l. assigned, it was as much as he looked for. It is true if he found the ways he proposed to fall short, and should return an account how and on what terms he could prevail, we promised to get what money we could of the ministers here. I hope my letter will satisfy him, for no doubt he may dispose his men to his advantage, and those who have them will be glad to pay their charges.
Thanks for your advice of credentials for Mr. Roper, which shall be dispatched and sent you, for there is no signet here; this makes me send you a testimonial for an honest man to seal.
The King has got himself into mourning, how he will pay for it, God knows. Chide my wife if she plays the fool. Noted as received the 28th. [1 page. Flanders correspondence.]
April 16.
The Providence, Downs.
88. Lieut. W. Sheppard to Commissioner Hopkins. You will wonder at receiving a letter dated from the Providence in the Downs so soon after our being bound for the fleet before Cadiz, but we and the Yarmouth have brought in a Spanish galleon; although it is the Yarmouth's prize, the Providence was the first to give chase, yet with all our dexterity and skill, we were only spectators; I cannot compare this ship to anything but the impotent man at the Pool of Bethesda, for still one or the other steps before her; and this is not covetousness, but a proud emulation to discharge our duty to God and the nation. Thanks for your good opinion of me, which I hope to retain, and to be able to wait upon you in 2 or 3 months. [1 page.]
April 16.
The Providence, Downs.
89. Capt. Jno. Littlejohn to the Admiralty Commissioners. I convoyed the Golden Parrot and Hopewell, bound for Jamaica, to the Land's End, by order of Capt. Stoakes, and after lying to for 60 hours through the wind, returned to my station. I met Capt. Mackey off the North Cape, expecting Capt. Stoakes, and saw the galleon now brought into the Downs. I beg orders as my ship is fit for sea, but wants carpenter's stores. [1 page.]
April 16.
The Essex, Downs.
90. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. The Yarmouth and Providence have brought in the Sta. Maria, a Spanish merchant, which Capt. Mackey met off the North Cape, laden with tobacco, wool, sugar, hides, brazil wood, turtle shells, &c., from the West Indies, and bound for the Groyne, having 90 seamen and passengers, and 18 guns. I send a letter from Mackey, and have arranged with him to stay for further orders, as also to provide against any embezzlements. Particulars of the arrival and departure of other ships. Many have arrived from several ports, without meeting any of the enemies' men-of-war. [1 page.]
April 16.
The Yarmouth, Downs.
91. Capt. Robt. Mackey to the Admiralty Commissioners. On 12 March I sailed from Plymouth, with the Rainbow and Providence and several victuallers, and saw them to Gen. Blake's fleet. On returning for the North Cape, I chased a sail called the Virgin Mary of Calais, from Carthagena for St. Sebastian's, laden with tobacco, &c. After exchanging several shots, she struck her flag. I boarded her, and found she had 18 guns, 90 seamen and passengers, amongst whom is Don Diego de Castro, governor of Loca, a place in Peru, and several other Dons. After taking her, the Providence came up, and Capt. Littlejohn agreed to assist in seeing her safely brought in, not knowing what she might be worth. I was desired by the governor to look for a chest with about 5,000 pieces of 8 in gold and silver, but although I made search, it could not be found; I have however about a bushel of letters, which I will send up. I formerly complained of my master's deportment towards his commander, and as he has since most grossly abused me, I desire he may be removed, or I cannot remain myself. [1½ pages.]
April 16.
The Assistance, Ostend.
92. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. I sailed out of Dover Road for my station, with the Nightingale, Bramble, and Acadie, but we got separated. A small fishing boat came off from Blackenburg with a flag of truce, to buy the boat and nets I formerly advised you of having taken. On examining the fishermen as to what frigates had lately gone out of or into Ostend, they said they had not been there for 3 months, and were not allowed, in case intelligence should be forced from them; they admitted however that 4 small ships from the eastwards went in there on the 7th instant, and that the State's man-of-war, which was taken last year with the English convoys, is fitted for sea, has 40 guns, is bound for Biscay or Spain, and would have sailed but for the English ships arriving upon the coast. I have nothing to induce me to credit anything they say, save that I can discern through my glass a ship riding at the Brush, with the ragged staff at the main topmast head. I have had very foul weather with high winds, and the fishing boat I formerly mentioned, sinking at the stern, she was the next night carried away from her moorings. [1 page.]
April 16/26.
W. W[alker to Ambassador Lockhart.] Little has been done this week in Parliament. The House meets daily, and adjourns till his Highness returns his answer. To-day the committee conferred with him, and are to meet him to-morrow at 3 p.m. You have heard of the wild people's design. They were seized in Bishopsgate Street; some of the chief about town of that judgment were seized, and are in custody. [1 page, copy. French correspondence.]
April 16. 93. Hum. Robinson to [Williamson]. Despatch of letters, goods, books, &c. I sent your letter to Sir Ralph Hare, but hear nothing of him.
Our Protector cannot be drawn to accept of kingship, notwithstanding their frequent addresses to him; he takes further time to satisfy his conscience. The Parliament have done nothing but this since Easter, nor will till this is finished. We think he is the more shy because the Majors-general and much of the army are against it. Last week, our 5th monarchy men were arriving to dethrone him as an Antichrist, and Gideon-like, doubted not to do it with such a number that one should chase 1000; 20 or 30 were taken into custody. Major Harrison and some others of that judgment may be in the plot. Now we hear he has lately got a cold, and is much indisposed; it's said because they have sworn against kingship the name of emperor will content them; this may reconcile all. [1page.]
April 17/27.
[Sir Edw. Hyde] to Sec. Nicholas. You have a great advantage over us in the post, for our letters come to you early over night, and you have time till next noon; but yours come at night, and we have to send to the post before 10, so no wonder if we write in haste and omit things.
I have not sent Sir Rich. Browne's revocation, the King resolving, though he has not altered his opinion, to hear once more from France, and to see what alteration there will be in the Councils on the death of the Emperor; I suppose Mr. Young would not advertize you that of the 09. 134. 2: [Protector ?] if he had not some information of it, yet you know we have had the same before, when not true.
I can yet give you no account of your friend Sir. Thos. Walsh, who has been with Don Alonso and Don John; by the assiduous care of the good father, he has seen Don John, who used him with some courteousness. A little paper, much to the same purpose with those you have seen, but shorter, and mentioning only his zeal to the service of his Catholic Majesty. The King has appointed lords Bristol and Rochester to examine him, which they will do in a day or 2. Except it be a fault not to do all myself, I must impute the forgetting the cypher to Harry. Two merchants who lately came over to Antwerp have been imprisoned for disaffection, and will not be released till they have yielded some milk, If they are called spies, they may deserve it. Many solicit their release, and among them your friend Tosse, but ineffectually.
I will give the King the message you received from France. Nothing is left undone here that we can think of. I wish he would tell us how to take advantage of this. I still think the yielding will be on the Cardinal's part, and that he will yield in all and be friends. I wonder you think this stranger than that he sent an ambassador into England, after he had seized all the English goods in France, with as much rigour as he has done now the Dutch.
I see you have no faith in the good words we receive here; tell us what else to do, and to what friends to betake ourselves, and I will trust these no more than you will do.
It is not easy to resolve what to say to M. Roper; as soon as any conclusion is made, you shall know it.
I do not think Manley ? opposed Cromwell's being King, nor that he desired it for other reason than new importunity, to which he will yield at last. Excuse me to those to whom I cannot write by this post. [2 pages, Flanders correspondence.]
April 18/28.
Lieut.-Gen. Middleton to Sec. Nicholas. The delay in arrival of yours has put me to great trouble, and his Majesty to very great charges for these soldiers that are on my hand. I know not what to do with them. The disbanding of them will hinder any future levies in these parts for his Majesty's service. I cannot keep them beyond Tuesday, for I am at the end of all my little shifts. As to my countrymen, if 10 ducats would do the business, I could not draw it from them. Indeed they are inconsiderable, two excepted, and these complain so much of past injuries that no good can be done with them. I have delivered none of his Majesty's letters, for they are not worthy of that respect.
Till money comes, I shall be kept here in cruel restraint; 3,000 guilders would pay all I owe. But if by next post I am encouraged to go on with the levies, I hope that in return for my great charges, I might do his Majesty some small service.
No place has more kindness for the King than this. The King of Poland wrote effectually to the Senate on my business, and I expect a letter from him to our King daily. The Polish Commissioner has been treated very well, and says the King desires to see me, and if he comes near this place, will find a way to convoy me to his army. I am ill provided for long expeditions, so I told him I could not promise anything, but must wait my master's commands. The King and great ones in Poland are much satisfied with our King, and his letter was as welcome as if it had brought actual assistance.
Bradshaw, Cromwell's resident at Hamburg, is to be sent to the Emperor of Russia. I conceive the Muscoviter now being declared successor to the crown of Poland, a letter from the King of Poland to that Emperor may hinder his reception. If the Muscoviter take Riga this summer, as is expected, his friendship may be of great advantage to his Majesty. News from Poland. [3 pages, Flanders correspondence.]
April 18/28.
94. John Griffith to the King. I submitted to your will and retired here, where I have continued 15 months, in great affliction at being deprived of his royal Highness' service. I beg pardon of whatever was laid to my charge, and restoration. I have done enough to prove that none alive could be more devoted to your person and interests. [1 page.]
April 18/28.
Col. John Bamp[field to Sir John Hobart, Bart.] My best apology for troubling you is to assure you that I would not so transgress without leave, but that my great necessities enforce me, like a sinking person, to catch hold of any stay to save me from drowning.
I have been improvident enough, since my submission to the present government, not to have secured the friendship of any in power, except him whose dissatisfaction causes my present sufferings. I will present you with reflections pertinent to my justification from 2 particulars, which are the chief ground of the suspicions I lie under.
When the subtlety of my enemies had disposed their master to hate and remove me from his Court and service, without show of justice, he countenanced a forged accusation against lords Dysart, Lorne, Bacarras, Sir Herbert Murray, and myself, which was the only cause of my abandoning his party and returning to England, to seek sanctuary among those against whom I had fought. Now my enemies strike me at the altar, by accusing me of designs to embroil the present government, contrary to my promises; and knowing that their master's hatred of me, and my resentment of his oppression was too public for them to accuse me of negotiating for him, they try to ruin me with his Highness, by the same artifice with which they engaged their master against me, accusing me of making a party in England for his brother [James, Duke of York].
This fiction is unreasonable and inconsistent; first, from what I said to Mr. Secretary about his (the Duke's) leaving Bruges last Christmas, which was all I knew about him; then, from the nature of the thing to the royal party who are so alienated from him by the jealousy of his brother, and practice of his ministers, that there could have been no application; and if there had, I am the last person to make it, as they pursue me with malice. If the Presbyterians refuse to join their considerable interest with his brother [Charles II.], and with the assistance it is believed he will have from abroad, how unlikely it is that they should espouse the younger brother's unjust pretentions. I know that that party, who are zealous Protestants, have a greater aversion to the recovery of that family than some who make greater professions of fidelity, for they consider the Protestant interest interwoven with the present government. What Presbyterian, Independent, Protestant, or Englishman without religion, who considers the honour and prosperity of his country, or his own interest, would not rather sacrifice his life than suffer his religion, country, estate, and family, to become a prey to Spaniards and Irish rebels ? If they massacred such vast numbers of English in Ireland unprovoked, at the beginning of the war, what will they do in revenge of what they have justly suffered since ?
April 18/28. If there be any person alive who can prove me to have assisted to make a party for the Duke of York, either before or after his father's death, or to have delivered letters or messages for him, I will be content to die an ignominious death; but if I am not confronted with my accusers, I can have no redress.
I am accused of having a friendly discourse with Col. Mackworth, governor of Shrewsbury, the night before I left London, the substance of which I enclose, and the copy of it I sent long since to Mr. Secretary. Consider whether it is likely that, in the same breath, I should persuade him not to have anything to do with the royal family, as persons who would never keep faith with any, and yet to be false to his Highness, to whom I advised him to knit himself more closely than before. Next, how improbable is it that I should say anything tending to his Highness' disservice, when he told me that Progers and Hopton had made some overtures to him in the royal interest, but that he had informed his Highness of it, lest they should have been beforehand with him ? Also he knew of my applications to the Protector and Mr. Secretary, and that I was leaving next day, and hoped to make my fortune in his Highness' service.
The reason why the informant said this was, first, to ingratiate himself; next, lest I should use to his prejudice some odd expressions he had used, and thinking that, as I was leaving the next morning, I should not know what he had done. Pray give the enclosed to Mr. Secretary, as you advise my writing to him; I have done so 14 times without acknowledgment. If he does not want me, I wish to serve under Sir John Reynolds, or in Portugal, or the Duke of Brandenburg, though from my acquaintance with the Court and army here, France is the place where I can best serve him. [2¾ pages, copy, French correspondence.] Enclosing,
i. [Col. Bampfield to Sec. Thurloe.] I have tried to vindicate myself from any accusation, and now I have written to Sir John Hobart, clearing myself fully, as far as can be without being heard in my own defence, from what can be suggested against me, either relating to James Stuart or my discourse with Col. Mackworth. You yourself bade me correspond with Lord Jermyn, both for my own security here, and other public ends relating to the French Court, &c. As I have told you all that ever passed between us, I hope this will not be considered a fault. If his Highness' ambassador here has written anything to my disadvantage, I am not surprised, yet I cannot clear myself, not knowing particulars, but shall persist in my fidelity to his Highness, notwithstanding any discouragement through the malice of my enemies.
I should be glad to serve with the English troops coming over under Sir John Reynolds, and could be useful to him, as knowing the language and manners of this people, and this may be better for me than any further intermeddling with politics. If this cannot be, I should wish leave to serve the Duke of Brandenburg, whom I know a little, or Portugal. But send me 60 crowns, to pay the debts contracted in your service. Remember your promises, and your order to me to pay 90 pistoles of the 200l. you gave me to others. When ill at Calais, I was forced to pawn a piece of cloth, and here I have been trusted for board and lodging, and not had a penny but what I pawned or sold necessaries for. I was never in so sad a condition. If you will do nothing for me to enable me to quit this place decently, at least let me know it. Paris, 18/28 April 1657. [1¼ pages, copy.]
ii. Statement [by Col. Bampfield.] Being with the governor of Shrewsbury 14 days ago, he told me that Hopton had endeavoured to draw him to the royal party, assuring him that Charles Stuart had 17,000 men at the water side. I answered that when I left France 3 weeks ago, he had not 3,000, and I advised him not to trust any of that party, who had been unfaithful to each other, and advised him to marry some relation of those in power about his Highness, and to take active service if the English engaged in any foreign war, as being more honourable than shutting himself up in a garrison; but he said he liked his garrison, and should keep it if he could. I advised him to go oftener to Court, and spend his leisure at Whitehall, and give up some dissolute company he kept. This was all our discourse, and I appeal to the world whether it deserves banishment or imprisonment. [¾ page, French correspondence.]
April 18.
The Constant Warwick, St. Martin's Road.
95. Capt. Robt. Vessey to the Admiralty Commissioners. I transported Capt. John Whaly from Dublin to Rochelle by order of Lord Henry [Cromwell] and the Council, and having intelligence of 8 or 10 Spanish men-of-war laying upon the French coast for our Bordeaux fleet, I weighed in order to surprise them, and chased one, but lost her at night. Afterwards I came up with 4 more of from 3 to 6 guns each, took one, burnt the second, and disabled the third so much by shot that she was forced to run ashore, when she went to pieces, but the fourth got away; I have their three commanders prisoners. I did not judge it necessary to bring over the men, as there were 200, and my provisions were growing short, and I did not know what time I might get to England; I intend landing them at St. Martin's Island, near Rochelle. I hope to meet some more ships, and to that end will lie off the Poule Head of Bordeaux, having received letters from the merchants of Bordeaux of 16 or 20 sail of Englishmen that dare not come forth, by reason of men-of-war lying about the river's mouth. [¾ page.]
April 19.
The Reserve, Flemish Road.
96. Capt. Robt. Plumleigh to the Admiralty Commissioners. I sailed in company of the Adventure, Dartmouth, and Redhorse pink for Mardike Pitts, and we possessed ourselves of the Flemish Roads, so as to prevent the enemies' men-of-war going in or coming out of Dunkirk; the Cheriton, Mermaid, and Truelove are to remain and ply between the Flemish Road and Gravelines, to prevent any of the enemies' ships passing in or out of the Splinter. I have observed their actions, and find them to be as vigilant as possible. The enemy are very quiet. I have got no intelligence except from the master of a Dutch ship. I send a copy of his examination, and as there was no just cause for her detention, I allowed her to proceed on her voyage to Amsterdam. I desire order as to detaining Dutch or any other ships coming out of Dunkirk, although in friendship with the Commonwealth.
The Dartmouth and Redhorse requiring victuals, I have desired the commander of the Downs squadron to send others to supply their place; 6 sail should be constantly appointed to guard the road, viz., two 4th rate, two 5th rate, and two 6th rate frigates, as also to lie in Mardike Pitts. We have had much foul weather, but the whole squadron are in safety; the sick want fresh diet, and I hope care will be taken for a supply. I beg leave of absence at the end of the victualling on the 19th of next month. [1 page.] Annexing,
96. i. Examination of Rich. Risbert, the Dutch shipmaster, relative to the state of the ships at Dunkirk. There are 7 ships of war, but chiefly small; no preparation for coming to sea. There have been few captures lately, so that the Dutch weary of the employment. 14 April 1657. [1 page.]
April 20/30.
[Sir Edw. Hyde] to Sec. Nicholas. Non-arrival of letters. I wish you were here to see how easy it is to get resolution in anything, as well those within our own determination as others, and then you would not wonder why I have not yet sent you Sir Rich. Browne's revocation or Mr. Roper's dispatch, yet I have prepared both.
The Spanish ambassador is where you would have him, at the Hague, though I wish him here, and your Frenchman is received as ambassador there, for which they unreasonably undervalue the intelligence of our friend Borreel, who sent word that he would appear only as envoy. I tell you still the yielding will be on the Cardinal's part.
When will you believe that I say what I think ? I never in my life said anything to you that I did not believe. I no more believe that the King will stay here till near Whitsuntide than that he will go to Cologne, which I dare swear he does not think of. We shall be with you 3 days after we get away, but hitherto we have not had one dollar. Don Juan resolves to go to Antwerp this week, and I cannot imagine it possible to stay when he is gone. Some officers here are finer in their clothes than you or I, but I know none that keeps a coach and 6 horses.
The Duke of Buckingham is I believe in London; a petition has been delivered in his name to Cromwell, and graciously received, and it is said he shall have one of the young princesses, which he must be contented with now the Earl of Chesterfield has his mistress, which is much better than the other, and therefore the good lady ought not to be so troubled. I have given Church's bill to Mr. Fox, who will pay it.
I chide your brother secretary for being without his tools. He says he will get some made. He is as beggarly as the rest of us.
P.S.—Let my tutor send 6 commissions ready sealed for horse and foot. Noted received 1 May. [1½ pages, Flanders correspondence.]
April 20. 97. Petition of Hum. Jones, treasurer to the money raised by sale of the late King's goods, to Lord Lambert and Col. Phil. Jones. I have prepared an account of all my receipts and issues, and delivered it to the appointed Commissioners, and attended to give particulars; it shows that I have still 500l. undisposed of. As you are appointed to issue orders for disposal of this money, I think it right to tell you that I have only 500l., and that no warrants must be used for more until I receive more money. [1 page.]
April 20.
The Yarmouth, Downs.
98. Capt. Robt. Mackey to the Admiralty Commissioners. I examined several of my prisoners as to the condition of affairs in the West Indies, and as to the 12 ships said to be returned from thence, but they could give no account save of two of the King of Spain's men-of-war of 24 or 25 guns which were lying off Carthagena, and a small English ship off the Havanna. By order of Capt. Whitehorne, I have delivered the prize to Capt. Crapnell of the Essex. I have put the best of the prisoners on board the ketch, and the remainder on shore. [2/3 page.] Enclosing,
98. i. List of 93 passengers and crew, Spanish prisoners, with the places of abode of several. [1 page.]
April 20.
The Essex, Downs.
99. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. The postmaster seldom conveys packets to the Downs under less than 24 hours, when it might be performed in half the time. The Sub-commissioners for Prize Goods at Dover, as also Commissioner Desborow, have taken charge of the prize and her goods, and care has been taken to prevent embezzlements; I have sent Capt. Crapnell with 20 seamen from the Essex, to carry her up under convoy of the Nonsuch and Eaglet ketch, the latter of which will bring back Capt. Crapnell and the men, as also an anchor and cable and other things lent to the prize. I have sent 70 of the prisoners to Sandwich, in order to their being guarded up to London, and 20 of the principals in the Eaglet ketch, and in the prize.
Capt. Poynts having come down, I have sent Capt. Littlejohn up to you, and as soon as the master for the Yarmouth arrives, I will send up the present one, Capt. Mackey having already sent an account of what he is charged with.
Particulars of ships. The Mermaid has gone to Dieppe to fetch over Viscountess Montague and Sir Edw. Mansell. I hear from Capt. Plumleigh that the enemy at Dunkirk are very quiet, although some of their ships have their sails set, intending as he supposes to escape to sea if possible; this he will endeavour to hinder, and for that purpose desires a 5th or 6th rate frigate may be added to his squadron, which is in a very good plight, notwithstanding the late storm, as is also that before Ostend. [3 pages.]
April 20.
he Assistance, Ostend.
100. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. I have seen little of the enemy since my last, but the Acadie chased a sloop on shore near Ostend, laden with wine, cheese, fruit, &c., which is lost. The Ostend fishermen have again applied for liberty to fish, their present condition being so sad that they have not bread to keep their families alive, and the various commanders were so much moved towards them, that they would have granted it had it lain in their power. Notwithstanding the long continued enmity between them and the French, they have hitherto forborne to seize or destroy each other's coast fishing boats, or to take any of ours, but they nevertheless complain that the best of their fish has been taken from them by men-of-war. I always feared the enemy's surprising their boats and getting intelligence thereby, but now I believe if they were freed by us from the point of starving, by giving them leave to fish, it would engage them to communicate such intelligence to us, but I will not grant anything until ordered.
There are 15 boats belonging to the place, which are tributaries to the Hollanders as well as the Spaniards, and are only suffered to come out upon special occasions, lest we should gain intelligence by them. The intelligence I received from Flushing is true; the 4 ships seen to go in before my arrival on the coast were the Leopold and 3 small frigates, which are yet in harbour, and there are 3 more fitted and ready to sail upon the King's account, one of which was the State's man-of-war, and 4 or 5 free booters. [1 page.]
April 22./May 2.
101. C. George to Williamson. You will see by the enclosed what I have disbursed for you; remember that I gave Mr. Whorwood 60l. [1 page, French.]
April 23.
P. W. to—. On discovery of the late plot against his Highness, Maj.-Gen. Harrison, Captain, late Vice-Admiral, Lawson, and Col. Danvers have been secured in custody of the serjeant-atarms attending Council. Venner, Rich. Martin, Wm. Kirkby, Sam. Morris, Thos. Bernard, and Wm. Madey, their scribe, are in the Tower; others in Lambeth House and the Gatehouse. It is said that the Anabaptists and Quakers were chiefly active in the conspiracy.
P.S. These 3 last days all say the Protector has at last assented to the desires of his people, and that on the arrival of a number of regiments from Ireland, he will be crowned. [2/3 page, copy. French correspondence.]
April 23.
The Essex, Downs.
102. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. The Oxford being at Dover to transport some gentlemen to Dieppe, two men, calling each other John and George, went on board for the purpose of going over, having passes from the clerk of the port. They had not been long at sea before they began to speak to the seamen according to their judgments as Quakers, which being disliked by Capt. Allgate and the gentlemen, and a disturbance arising, the captain examined them as to their reasons for going over to France, when they answered they were led over by the Spirit for the conversion of souls, and in order thereto they were carrying over the English and French book enclosed; they said they were willing to lose their lives for their religion. The captain, not knowing what might be the effect if he landed them on the French coast, has brought them back; for my own part, I verily believe that these sort of men who compass land and sea to gain proselytes will only share with the Pharisees in their portion. [1½ pages.]
April 23.
The Essex, Downs,
103. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. Particulars of ships. The Hawk ketch has arrived with 30 sail of the Brightemstone fishermen, bound for the North Foreland, which with the rest of the North Foreland fishermen will make 90 sail there; I have appointed the Half-Moon to attend the fishery off Beachy and the Ness, and desire the Hawk may be appointed to lie off the North Foreland with the Cornelian.
Hearing that there are 7 or 8 Holland men-of-war cruising in the Narrow, I have directed Capt. Allgate and the commanders of the Half-Moon and Hawk to endeavour to come up with them, and ascertain why they remain there, and to keep the sovereingty of the seas; but I believe they are there to warn their merchant ships not to go into any French port, and to annoy French vessels, as it is reported at Paris that war is proclaimed betwixt France and Holland, and that the Prince of Condé is coming with an army of 20,000 or 30,000 men, to secure the coast of Flanders. I beg orders as to giving convoy to French vessels for the future, as also to one brought in by Capt. Tatnell as prize, but since cleared. [2½ pages.]
April 23.
The George, off the Grand Canaries.
104. Rich. Creed to Thos. Turner. I have distributed the lists, and given order to charge the 16s. 2d. a piece on the soldiers that remain in the fleet. I sent an account of stores supplied to the fleet by the Fairfax, and beg you will inform Mr. Payler, and the other officers concerned, that they may be charged to the proper persons; other stores have been bought in Portugal for the fleet, of which I have no account.
We have destroyed the West India fleet consisting of 16 or 17 sail, at St. Crux off Teneriffe, but they had landed all their silver, and much of their goods, and some had taken in fresh provisions for the Indies, whither it was designed they should return, without coming nearer Spain, for fear of our fleet; their men were continually kept on board in expectation of us. They had erected new forts round the Bay, but we have destroyed them. We had 40 men slain, and 110 wounded, and the Speaker and some other ships are disabled. [1 page.]
April 23. 105. Hum. Robinson to Williamson. I send you a bill for Mr. Norris of 216 crowns. Private affairs. Your brother is in town, and will write to you. When do you go to Italy ? It is thought the Emperor's death will sooner accord Holland with you. The Protector is not satisfied with the Parliament, large offers on the one side, and army's adverseness on the other. He has lately given them a paper of reasons, which it is believed may hold them till Whitsuntide, with hopes they may have at last that so long petitioned for. Some think he delays till he has some regiments from Ireland and Scotland that he dares confide in, and transport his dissenters. Since those few 5th monarchy men were in custody, we are very quiet. [1 page.]
April 24./May 4. 106. Edw. Norris to Williamson. I have received a packet of letters. I know not whether to continue to ride, as I have begun so ill. If I knew any remedy within 8 days, when my two months expire, I would discontinue it finally. I will contrive some excuse, for one learns nothing without money. [1 page, French.]
April 25.
The Assistance, Ostend.
107. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. The Drake and Bramble brought in 2 hoys from Zealand, bound for Ostend with salt, one belonged to Middleburg, and the other to Flushing, and the goods belonged to Jacob Levers, a burgher of Middleburg, for whom it is lawful to transport their own goods to such ports as can afford the best price. As they conceived themselves injured by being intercepted in their passage, I gave them liberty to go for any port not in subjection to the King of Spain, or to return home, of which they made choice, but with much discontent. Being in the dark touching such cases, and having nothing to warrant me in intercepting their passage except grounds of suspicion, I beg you to inform me what ships are to have liberty to trade with Ostend, or any part of Flanders; what goods are to be admitted, and what not. Pray add another ship to my squadron; 6 are not sufficient to block up the port of Ostend, and one is constantly required to ply in the offing, besides having to give convoys. The want of one ship may render all our endeavours ineffectual, and he that wants a lock for one door had as good set all the rest open. [1¼ pages.]
April 25.
Chelsea College.
108. John Stainforth, Deputy Marshal General, to the Admiralty Commissioners. I certify, at request of Christ. Boone, the names of 11 seamen and 2 passengers taken in the Virgin Mary, and one in the St. Civilcano of Havannah, and all confined in Chelsea College. [1 page.] Enclosing,
108. i. Note and list by Edw. Sandford, Deputy Marshal General, of 53 Spanish prisoners received from Ensign Travers of Col. Gibbon's regiment, by order of the Admiralty Commissioners. [1½ pages.]
April 27.
The Essex, Downs.
109. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. Particulars of ships. The Mermaid landed Viscountess Montague on the 24th. Capt. Foot met in the Narrow several Holland menof-war, who readily submitted to him, and enquired as much for Frenchmen as he did for Dunkirkers and Ostenders. Commissioner Desborow and I intended to have 70 of the prisoners set on shore, but Capt. Mackey having undertaken the business without my knowledge, and only landed 53, I was forced to send the rest with the Eaglet ketch and the prize. [2 pages.] Annexing,
109. i. List of the Downs squadron, with particulars of their stations. [1 page.]
April 28.
110. Rich. Bradshaw to the Admiralty Commissioners. I received your reasons for not issuing the commission desired, as it would rather argue a distrust of my proceedings than effect the end I propounded; but I propounded it to discover the truth of the bespatterings of Fras. Townley, who publicly reported that I had falsified my trust, and that Col. Clerke had told my servants that if others employed by the State made such bargains for them as I had done, it would soon impoverish the Commonwealth. I cannot therefore but insist upon my desire for a commission to be sent over, to examine upon oath all that were actors here in that business, not apprehending myself exempt from the common rule of discovering truth, nor that it can reflect upon me to have such as I entrusted quit themselves like honest men, or acquit me by declaring their own guilt if they proved faulty. When that course is taken here, it may also be prosecuted in England, there being some probability that the fault will be found to have been there.
Though I am shortly to depart to the Great Duke of Muscovy, it can be executed in my absence by any you may think fit, and on my return, I will willingly pass the test, and think it less disparagement than to be judged as having employed knaves and fools in the State's service. Though Mr. Townley and his servant Cambridge may not be known to all of you, yet Townley is known to some of you for his misdemeanors, for which he was commanded hence; nevertheless the Admiralty warrants still run in their names, and not in that of the contractor, and they are still looked upon as agents or factors for the State here, to their no small honouring among the resident merchants, who expected another kind of reward would have been given them for their insolent behaviour towards his Highness in his public minister here, which I cannot but think his Highness will so judge them worthy of, when the truth of their proceedings is known. [1 page.]
April 28.
The Assistance, Ostend.
111. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. The Acadie brought off another small fishing boat, but as it was subsequently proved by the governor or chief burgher of Sluys, who sent out the chief bailiff with papers for that purpose, that she belonged to that place, although formerly to Blackenburg, and that her owners were late of Blackenburg, but had hired a house in Sluys, been in possession 14 days, and would have to continue there a year,—other circumstances showing how frequent it is to remove from one side to another, as war or peace presents—the boat was restored, as I have no order or inclination to injure any known inhabitant of the United Provinces.
I was informed by the chief bailiff that there are 8 or 9 ships in Ostend ready to come out, and that if the greater part of them had not been upon private men's account, they would have endeavoured to force their way to sea long ago; but the merchants cannot be drawn to adventure their ships upon such slender hopes, and there is little probability of their forcing out at present, except they should all be taken up on the King's account which by some is endeavoured. I beg a ship or two may be sent to my assistance with all speed, as the strength of Flanders is now in this port, and our whole squadron cannot make 600 men, whereas the enemy have more in 3 of their ships. [1 page.]
April 28. 112. Petition of Phil. Tandy, registrar accountant, to the Protector and Council, for an order for payment of his arrears, &c., with a non-obstante of former orders, and for settlement of his salary. Has got something from the Drury House Trustees to stop the mouths of his debtors and of 8 in family, but has nothing but his salary in future. [½ page.]
April 28. Order thereon granting the petition as to payment of arrears only. Approved 5 May. [I. 77, pp. 795, 816.]
[April 28.] 113. Dr. Brune Ryves to Wm. Jessop, clerk of the Council. The great encouragement which the printing of the Bible in the original and other learned languages has met with from the Protector and Council emboldens us to make this last request for a grant of 3,000 reams of paper, excise and custom free, to reprint the introduction to those languages, with greater enlargements and necessary tracts, not fit for the preface to the Bible, yet of great use to and much desired by all the lovers of the Eastern tongues. Thank Sir Gilbert Pickering, our great patron, for his readiness to serve us, and beg his assistance for the grant of this petition, and you will oblige the Commonwealth of learning, and the undertakers of this work, in which the glory of the nation is concerned. 23 April 1657. [1 page.]
April 28. Order thereon in Council granting the petition. Approved 12 May. [I. 77, pp. 796, 816.]
April 28. 114. Petition of the Greenland Company to the Protector and Council. We have fitted 3 good ships, and hired our harpooners and steersmen, but some have lately been pressed to serve the State. As we cannot make our voyage without them, we beg a warrant that they may be set at liberty, and that those entertained for the voyage may be exempted from impress. Signed by Fras. Ashe, governor. [2/3 page.] Annexing,
114. i. List of 20 harpooners and steersmen for the Mary Bonadventure, 28 for the Exchange, and 15 for the William and Sara, for whom this protection is requested. [¾ page.]
April 28. Order thereon granting the petition, and also protection for the men shipped in the Damosell and Spinner. [I. 77, p. 798.]
April 28. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. On certificate from Newcastle-on-Tyne—on an order of 10 Feb. 1656—7, for several gentlemen to examine some articles against Leonard Carr, alderman, certifying that he joined with others in raising and sending money to the late King's forces, and accused Lord Fairfax, and others employed in the Parliament's service, to be traitors; that they find the substance of the articles true, and judge Carr to be unfit to hold the post of alderman:—order for a letter to him to desist from exercising the functions of an alderman, or attend Council, and show cause to the contrary. Approved 5 May.
2. Order on information that—Hopkins, of Newport, in the Isle of Wight, has lately undertaken to be a public carrier between that Isle and London, is convicted of keeping a house of entertainment without a license, has harboured disorderly persons, and is not a person fit to be confided in:—that Hopkins forbear to be carrier accordingly, and that the governor of the Isle see this order observed.
3. 100 barrels of powder to be sent to the public stores in the Isle of Wight, and the Admiralty Commissioners to order the Ordnance officers at the Tower to deliver them to such as Col. Sydenham, governor of the Isle, shall appoint. Approved 5 May.
4. On petition of And. Halliburton, merchant of London—that having lately imported a great quantity of Spanish coin, he now has opportunity to export it to India, before he can coin ⅓ of it, according to the Act giving leave to export 2/3 on payment of 1 per cent. custom, and praying leave to export 4,000l. worth, paying 3 per cent. custom:—order that the petition be granted. Approved 30 April.
5. Approval of augmentations granted by the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers to the ministers of the following places:—
£ s. d.
Sandbach co. Chester 30 0 0
Maplestead Magna " Essex 10 0 0
Brentwood " " 20 0 0
Blewbery " Berks 20 0 0
Teton " Northampton 20 0 0
Hanley Castle " Worcester 50 0 0
Moseley " " 25 6 8
Wednesbury " Stafford 30 0 0
Tipton in addition to 10l. before. " 10 0 0
New Shoreham " Sussex 30 0 0
Framfield " " 30 0 0
Brixton in addition to 10l. Devon 10 0 0
Exning in addition to 20l. 16s. 0d. before. " Suffolk 10 0 0
Bramford co. Suffolk 20 0 0
Allhallows, Hertford in addition to 24l. 13s. 0d. before. " Herts 25 7 0
Denbigh co. Denbigh 40 0 0
Ascott " Oxon 40 0 0
Longsdon " Derby 3 6 8
Withward Chapel, King's Norton, towards the 50l. named in the Trustees' order. co. Worcester 13 6 8
Thorganby co. York 25 0 0
Ancroft " Durham 50 0 0
Berwick-on-Tweed in addition to 100l. before. 20 0 0
Norham Schoolmaster viz., John Smith. co. Durham 6 13 4
Approved by the Protector, 5 May.
6. The petition of Wm. Crowne, late receiver of revenue in co. Salop, referred to the Treasury Commissioners, to report.
7. To advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay John, Earl of Lauderdale, a pension of 5l. a week, formerly ordered out of Council's contingencies, from the time specified in Frost's certificate, on Council's order of 22 Jan. 1656—7.
8. On petition of Anne, wife of Rich. Swayne—shewing that they have a parcel of land adjoining Shrewsbury Castle, which is Swayne's inheritance, but in the State's possession, and employed for fortifications under the Castle, and praying a fit consideration for it, and on an order of Council of 5 Sept. 1655, directing payment of the rent to Michaelmas 1655, valued at 4l. 6s. 8d. a year— order that the rent be paid till next Lady Day at that proportion, viz., 10l. 16s. 8d. for 2½ years, from Council's contingencies.
10. Order on Lisle's report from the Committee on petition of Mr. Stoope, minister of —, of the state of the case, and the petitioner's dangers and charges in his journey to France in the State's service, that Frost pay him 200l. Approved 5 May.
11. The petition of John, son and heir of John Ewbank, deceased, concerning the office of Master Surveyor of Ordnance, referred to Lambert, Pickering, Lisle, Mulgrave, and Strickland, to report and advise.
13. Order that—as the creditors and others concerned in confiscated estates in Scotland have most of them subscribed an agreement to raise their proportion towards the 40,000l. fine set on them, but require a longer time than that limited in the order—they may have till 25 May next for the first ½, giving security to pay the other ½ by 25 July next; till which security is given, none holding any part of the estates, or any donatives from them, are to be disturbed.
14. A letter to be written to the Council in Scotland, noticing a summons lately sent from an officer of the Earl of Lauderdale to the persons holding part of his estate under a donative from Parliament, to quit their possession, recommending care of those persons who hold donatives out of the estate.
16. Order on letter from Durham, of 23 April, to Maj.-Gen. Robt. Lilburne, concerning a person secured there, calling himself Maj. Edw. Berriffe, that, for the reasons given, he be sent up to Council in custody, Maj.-Gen. Lilburne to see to it.
18. Lisle, Jones, and Pickering, added to the Committee on the petition of the churchwardens and overseers of Martin's-in-the-Fields parish, and 2 to be a quorum.
19. Two also to be a quorum of the Committee on Francis, Lord Willoughby, and Wm. Legg's petition.
20. The petition, certificate, and papers of John Caryll referred to Mulgrave, Lambert, Sydenham, Pickering, Strickland, Jones, and Lisle, to report.
21. On petition of Sir Miles Hobart, K.B., showing that Hen. Horidesnell, his sole witness in a case depending in Chancery concerning his whole estate, is ordered to quit the kingdom on suspicion of being concerned in the insurrection of March 1655–6 —order that Horidesnell have liberty to return to England for 3 months, on security for good behaviour.
22. On Mr. Secretary's information that Mr. Moreland has received several letters from Protestants in Piedmont, shewing that they stand in danger of another massacre;—order that the Committee on the said Protestants meet, consider what should be done, and report.
23. Order to advise his Highness to commend it to the care of his ambassador in France to use his influence with the French King on behalf of the Protestants in Piedmont, and Mr. Secretary to send copies of Moreland's letters to the ambassador.
24. Lambert's report of the claim of Sir Andrew Keir, of Greenhead, to several lands in Scotland, before held by the abbots and commendators of Kelso, but since fallen into his Highness' hands by the Ordinance of Pardon, referred to the Lord Deputy, Lambert, Sydenham, and Pickering, to report what will be fit compensation.
25. At the next sitting of Council, the reports concerning demands for arrears for service in Jamaica to be considered.
27. As some discoveries of concealments in co. York have been made by Ald. Sir Thos. Dickenson, now Lord Mayor of York, as governor of Clifford's Tower, on his order of 26 June 1656 for payment of 815l. 3s. 4d., being 2/3 of 1,222l. 14s. 11d. his arrears therefrom, and as the moneys have been paid in to Ralph Rymer— order that Rymer pay the said sum to Dickenson. Approved 3 May.
29, 30. To advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Wm. Jessop, clerk of the Council, 6,000l. on account, for pay of the forces under command of Sir John Reynolds, commander-in-chief of the present expedition, out of money arising on Vyner and Backwell's contract for Spanish prize plate, &c., and that it may be presently paid, part is to be issued on the Privy Seal for payment of 4,000l. quarterly to Jessop, if the money is wanted before the present Privy Seal is perfected.
31. To advise an order to Jessop, out of the above 6,000l., to pay Maj.-Gen. Kelsey and Capt. Hatsell 400l. towards charge of transporting the said forces.
32. To advise an order to Jessop, out of the money he shall receive on the proceeds of the 36,000 crowns remitted from France, to pay 300l. to Col. Hen. Lillingston towards pay of his regiment, and 400l. each to the 6 foot regiments under Sir John Reynolds' command, towards their pay for a month.
33. 115. The Admiralty Commissioners to order the Ordnance officers at the Tower to deliver from the public stores to Sir J. Reynolds 3,000 swords or rapiers, and 3,000 belts; and as there are but 2,000 swords in the store, to buy 1,000 more by contract for the State's use. Approved 29 April.
34. 116. A like order for 2,000 muskets and 1,000 pikes to Lord Lambert. Approved 29 April.
35. Order to advise a warrant to pay 2,023l. 0s. 11d. to Frost, to be by him applied to the last quarter's payments of the officers attending Council, and also to
£ s. d.
His Highness' watermen 100 0 0
Porters and officers at Whitehall 72 10 0
Mr. Dorislaus and Mr. Ryley, each 50 0 0
37. Order that the foot regiments engaged in Sir John Reynolds' expedition, out of which any soldiers are drawn to complete the number engaged, do not recruit to more than 800 till the pay of those above 800 extend to the 6,000l. ordered, that the same may be employed for reimbursement thereof to the Exchequer. Approved 2 May. [I. 77, pp. 792—802.]
April 28.
President Lawrence to Leonard Carr, alderman of Newcastle-uponTyne. Council having heard that you were charged with raising and lending money to support the King's forces, and with calling people of public trust under Parliament traitors and rebels, ordered the said charges to be examined, and have ascertained that they are true. They therefore consider you unfit to hold the post of alderman, and desire you to desist from exercise of your functions as such, or attend them, to show cause to the contrary. [I. 77, p. 971.]
April 28./May 8.
117. Edw. Norris to Williamson. Not having received the 100 livres, I must name that in my absence M. Oudinet sent me a letter which the person to whom it was addressed refused, and I sent it to Paris. I have sent for it twice, but I think he is playing me some trick. I hope to hear of it soon, for 3 months have gone, and my landlord has not received a penny. [1 page, French.]
April 29. Approval by the Protector of 2 orders of 28 April. [I. 77, p. 802.]
April 29./May 9.
Col. John B[amfield] to Sir John Hobart, Bart. I write again because my servant says you still remember me, which is all my support in my deep calamities. Not knowing my charge, I cannot say more in my defence. I beg God to make me an example of His indignation here, and to withhold His mercy from me at the great day of account, if I have been guilty of any plot against his Highness or the government since I first spoke to Sec. Thurloe 2¾ years ago, or if I would not hazard my life for it.
I have spoken so freely to Thurloe that I thought he could not have suspected me. I now find Ambassador Lockhart suspects that my correspondence with Thurloe entrenches on his office here. I always feared this and have suffered by it, for during my imprisonment, M. Fobert, a Protestant with whom I lodge, was questioned about me, and promised preferment as a rider of his Highness' horses. On my return, I found my trunks had been broken open and my papers searched. I know not whether any were sent into England, but it would be to my advantage if they fell into Mr. Secretary's hands.
I am in a very hard condition, in odium with the Royal party, banished by the other. I cannot subsist without employment, but if I apply to the French, ambassador [Lockhart] will baffle me; the Portugal ambassador says his mistress will welcome none that stand ill with his Highness, and the King of Sweden and Duke of Brandenburg would probably say the same.
If I would (which I will not) serve the Dane or in the German army Charles Stuart will cross me. I am constrained to leave Paris to live at less expense at St. Germains. Pray free me from this desolate and ridiculous condition. [3⅓ pages, French correspondence.]
April 30. [Sec. Thurloe to Ambassador Lockhart.] Parliament has finished their answer to his Highness' last paper, and very fully answered his demands, both as to money and the sanctioning the Ordinances of his Highness and Council, and so most things else. To-morrow they carry their resolutions to him, and then will insist on his answer to their whole petition. [Extract, French correspondence.]
April 30. 118. Petition of Edw. Backwell, goldsmith of London, to the Protector and Council. He and his company have lately imported many pieces of 8 and French and Spanish gold pistoles, which they wish to export by the ships now bound for India. Has liberty by law to export 2/3 on paying 1 per cent. custom, and coining ⅓, but cannot do this within the time. Begs a warrant to export 5,000l. in French and Spanish pistoles, and 4,000l. in pieces of 8, paying 3 per cent. custom, which will advantage the State. [1 page.]
April 30. Order thereon granting the petition. Approved 5 May. [I. 78, pp. 807–816.]
April 30. Council. Day's Proceedings.
(The orders marked thus * were approved in person.)
3. On petition of Henry Peck, and on the resolves of Parliament of 14 March 1656—7 for taking off the stop made by the House 21 December 1648, of the Ordinances of 16 and 21 October 1648, whereby 4,281l. 18s. 4½d. due to the petitioner out of iron works in Dean Forest is made payable out of 2/3 of the estates of several recusants, and for letting the Ordinances stand in force, and Peck to receive their benefits till his loss is satisfied:—order that the Lord President attend his Highness herein, to learn if he concurs with the said resolves.
6. Council being informed that a house near Gravesend held by John Riddell is used as an inn, though very unfit for that purpose, because it might entertain dangerous persons without inspection, and might prejudice the customs, a bridge being thrown from thence into the Thames;—order that Col. Crompton, Governor of Tilbury and Gravesend Forts, and 2 of the nearest justices of peace of Kent, see that the inn is put down, and the bridge broken down and demolished.
7. The 3,000 swords lately ordered from the Tower for Sir John Reynolds' forces to be distributed amongst them as he shall direct.
8, 9. Jessop to examine what the pay of recruits raised to complete Reynolds' forces to April 27 amounts to, and pay the officers what is found due. Also to pay the officers of Reynolds' 6 foot regiments such sum as shall, with the 400l. already paid, make one month's pay from 27 April instant.
10. Jessop to proceed, about paying the recruits raised by Col. Lillingston in Lincolnshire, as is ordered concerning the other recruits.
11. Maj.-Gen. Thos. Kelsey and Capt. Hen. Hatsell to provide convenience for transporting over sea as many horses for Reynolds' officers as he shall order up to 150, which the Customs' officers are to allow to be transported custom free.
12. To advise an order to Jessop to pay the money mentioned in a preceding order out of the 6,000l. payable to him by Privy Seal.
13. The creditors of confiscated persons in Scotland having petitioned for a longer time to pay the 40,000l. fine laid upon the excepted estates— order that on payment of ½ before 1 June 1657. and giving security to pay the other ½ by 1 October 1657, they have the benefits granted by the order of 13 Nov. last, provided that nothing herein impeach the rights of the holders of donatives, until they have received the satisfaction expressed in the said order.
14. The Committee for Scotland to consider what should be done in order to taking off the pensions allowed to several persons in Scotland, who will have their confiscated estates returned, or to limiting them to a convenient time with respect to their several conditions, and to report. Approved 5 May.
His Highness present.
16.* The petition of Abr. Spence, minister of Market Bosworth, co. Leicester, concerning interruption given him by John Rockett by detaining his parsonage house, referred to Fiennes, to consider the whole case, and report.
17.* On report in the case of Rich. Moyse [see 19 March 1656–7], that on examination of his accounts, 498l. 14s. 2d. seems due to him on vouchers, for public faith loans, arrears of pay, service at Lynn and Newark, and clothes bought for his soldiers, beside his demands for 282l. 3s. more, for which he has no vouchers; also that he owes to the State 132l. 2s. 6d. for the rent of 2/3 of the lands of Thos. Bedingfield, recusant, at Debenham, co. Suffolk, let to him by the county sequestrators:— order that the said arrears of rent be remitted, and all proceedings against him thereon forborne.
His Highness withdrew.
19. Order on report on the petition of John Hay for the Earl of Kelly's sisters [see 17 March supra], that licence be given to the Earl to come to Scotland for 6 months, to settle his estate there, on security given to Gen. Monk for his peaceable living there. Approved 5 May.
20. Order for a warrant to pay Mr. Lockyer the arrears of his allowance of 200l. a year as one of the preachers at Whitehall.
21. The petition of Thos. Bayley, referred by his Highness to Council, referred to Lambert, Lisle, Strickland, and Sydenham, to report.
22. The Committee on Sir John Barkstead's report concerning the pina silver delivered to Vyner and Backwell to hasten their report.
23. Order on a letter from John Maidstone about a debt of 12,000l. contracted in carrying on the necessary expenses of his Highness' family, to advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay him 4,000l. towards it out of the money coming from the Spanish prize lately taken and brought into the Thames.
25. The petition of the Earl of Cassilis Lord Burleigh, and Sir John Crawford, referred by his Highness to Council, referred to the Committee of Council for Scotland, to report.
27. Approval by the Protector of 2 orders of 28 April. [I. 77, pp. 802–9.]
April 119. Instructions by the Navy Commissioners to Capt. Edw. Allen. As the Admiralty Commissioners, on the death of Capt. Thos. Alderne, navy victualler, on 10 April last, appointed us to manage the victualling, and you to observe our instructions, we order—
1. You are to make no payments for victualling except by warrant from us, and to take all your receipts here and from the outports in words, not in figures.
2. You are to receive from us weekly a list of the moneys to be paid that week, and if any come not on the list, to forbear payment till ordered.
4. You are to keep two cash books, and deliver in one to the Accountant-General. [2 pages, damaged.]
April 120–210. List by Sec. Thurloe of 66 acquittances for moneys paid by his order for public intelligence, from 3 April 1656 to 9 April 1657, total 2,234l. 3s. [2½ pages.] Enclosing,
i. Receipts for a large number of sums on the above list, and for some moneys not included therein. [91 papers.]