Volume 155: May 1657

Pages 362-390

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1656-7. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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May, 1657

May 1/11.
[Col. Bamfield to Sec. Thurloe.] My unhappy condition disables me from serving you as effectually as before. I told you that Lord Balcarres was sent away from Bruges in disgrace and want, but the Queen sent him 2,000 livres. He hopes to make his peace in England.
The Duke of York leaves the Spaniard's affairs and dominions, and goes to live with his sister at the Hague, partly because he is unwilling to act against the French, and is dissatisfied with the King and his minister, but chiefly because he thinks that there will be a breach between the English and the Dutch, and that he may be made admiral, or at least have a good squadron of ships. A match between him and one of the princess dowager's daughters is probable.
His eldest brother proffered the Spanish Council at Brussels that if they would join all the English, Scotch, and Irish in their troops to the body he has already, and add 2,000 horse, he would command them in person; he proposed it as a means to break what forces the English should assist the French with, but they will hardly trust him with an army that would enable him and the Prince of Condé, who are great friends, to give the law to the Spaniards, and thus constrain them to the general peace. If this proposition fails, he resolves to go with the army, to try whether his presence will help to draw the English from the French service, which many are sanguine enough to believe. His youngest brother goes certainly into the field. I hope to tell you of the motions of the Duke of York. There is no ground for the suspicion contracted against 898 [Bamfield ?]
Order is taken at Calais for reception of the 6,000 English daily expected. Cols. Lundsford, Donald, Napier, and others of the royal party, some of them Papists, are to have charges amongst the troops that come over under Sir John Reynolds.
To what a condition has my folly brought me! I left the rest of the world to gain you, yet I see the most obnoxious persons of that whole party preferred before me, and am banished my native country and proscribed, whatever side prevails; but I must be patient and wait a change, which I hope will either end my misery or my days. News from France, Germany, and Spain. [3 pages. Copy, French correspondence.]
May 1/11.
Col. John B[amfield to Sec. Thurloe.] I cannot add to the vindications of myself sent to you and Sir John Hobart, being in the dark as to my accusers and their accusations, but if you will hear me, I will clear myself, or be content to lose my life. If I can be heard face to face with Col. Mackworth, I shall appear innocent of what he alleges against me; but there is no defence against this white powder, of which men die without knowing the hand that struck them. I have the same inclination and greater necessity to serve you than before. I beg some charge under Sir John Reynolds, or some employment where your officers could be witnesses, that my fidelity may be judged by my actions, and not by the malicious characters of my enemies. If not, let me go to the Duke of Brandenburg or to Count Waldeck, whom I know; or let me at least serve under Reynolds as a volunteer this summer. Also send me money, that I may pay debts contracted in your service, and redeem things pawned for subsistence. Let me have 3 lines to know your ultimate resolution. [2 pages, copy, French correspondence.]
May 1. 1. William Simpson to his "worthiest Mecænas" [Williamson]. I thank you for your great kindness to me. I came to you inert and dejected, but you brought me to a better mind; instead of a pilgrim I became at home, honoured instead of humbled, rich instead of poor. I wish to compensate your favours by my future diligence and quickness. Let the sun of your kindness shine on me, that I may bring forth fruits worthy of such benefits. [Latin, 1 page. Endorsed by Williamson, "Mr. Whorwood, the father's, letter, delivered 1 May to Mr. Hurst, 2 letters of Mr. Whorwood, the father, dated Jan. 2 and Jan. 16, 1656–7.]
May 2. Approval by the Protector of an order of 28 April. [I. 77, p. 809.]
May 4.
Scotland Yard.
2. Col. Rog. Allsop to the Admiralty Commissioners. His Highness having commanded me upon this present expedition, is also pleased to continue me in my employment of marshal-general, with leave to appoint a deputy during my absence. I have appointed Rich. Gerard, Deputy Commissary-General of Musters, and desire you will cause all such money as from time to time is to be paid for the maintenance of the prisoners at Chelsea College to be imprested to him, and accept his receipts and certificates, as also those of Jno. Stainforth, whom he has appointed to assist him. [2/3 page.]
May 4.
The Essex, Downs.
3. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. We have had very violent southerly winds, but I will send over the Oxford or Wakefield to Dieppe, to bring Sir Edward Mansell to England, if Maj.-Gen. Kelsey and Com. Hatsell shall not order to the contrary, in regard of the urgency of the present intended service. Capt. Allgate has brought in a fly boat from Galloway, Ireland, on suspicion of being prize, as it is laden with wool and hides, the former prohibited goods. Upon examination I find she was bought of a Fleming, and the Irish or English that bought her, being bound to set her Dutch skipper and his company on shore at St. Malo, were going for Rotterdam, having in their passage heard of the war being proclaimed between France and Holland. Particulars of the movements of ships.
I have heard from Capt. Sparling, who, with the rest of the frigates before Ostend, is in good condition, and as he supposes the enemy there through their strength may come out to fight him, he desires another frigate or two may be sent to his assistance. I received a letter by the Virgin of London from Lisbon, from the Council at Lisbon to Secretary Thurloe, and sent it to Maj.-Gen. Kelsey and Com. Hatsell at Dover for quick dispatch. It contains the examination of a Genoese, who came from Cadiz to Lisbon, that he met 15 sail of Holland men-of-war, which had got in betwixt Gen. Blake's fleet and the shore, going into Cadiz, and that they said there were 15 sail more coming to assist the Spaniard against the English, and that the Spaniard had 38 or 40 sail of ships at Cadiz to fight the English. I also hear from Jas. Stephens, master of the Francis of London, that he spoke with the commander of the Ruby off Logus, where there were 6 sail more in his company, but Gen. Blake with the rest of the fleet set sail thence 3 days before, having heard by a private man-of-war that the Spanish Plate Fleet had arrived at the Canaries, and that this man-of-war fought with one of the Spanish ships that had lost her mainmast, but having 3 men slain, was forced to leave her. That there were 15 sail of Hollanders gone into Cadiz, and that the Hollanders had proffered to conduct the Spanish Plate Fleet from the Canaries, or to bring their plate from thence. I think we shall shortly have news either of the taking or destroying of the Plate fleet. [3pages.]
May 4.
The Assistance, Ostend.
4. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. I gave an account of the Nightingale being sent to the Brill with a convoy, and as there were 18 sail there waiting for a convoy to England, and two of them laden on the State's account, her captain was prevailed on to wait and see them safely over, after which he returned to his station. I hope he may be pardoned for giving convoy without order; I will refuse it in future without your approbation, but it could hardly be refused in this case, without incurring prejudice to the service there. I beg that a ship or two may be added to my squadron, as the enemy are reported to be very strong here, and they are still fitting out more frigates. If they intend to escape by night, they may attempt it very suddenly, but if to force their way by day, they may forbear until our ships are more foul, or some of them gone to tallow, which the Drake must do within a week, having been off the ground 9 weeks, which is 3 weeks longer than any of the enemy's vessels are ever victualled for. The Nightingale will also require more ballast. [1 page.]
May 4. 5. Examination of Wm. Reader, mariner of Poplar. Was informed by Thos. Clements, another mariner belonging to the Essex, and one of the company that brought the Virgin Mary prize to Blackwall, that one of the friars on board informed him there were several bars or ingots of gold and silver of great value hid in private places in that ship, and that Clements gave him so perfect a description of the places of concealment that he believes he can discover them on going on board, provided the ship is unladen; he proffers his service if he may be rewarded in proportion to what is found. [2/3 page.]
May 4/14.
6. The Judges of the Dunkirk Admiralty to the [Admiralty Commissioners.] We have spent a year and a half in a treaty about a general exchange of prisoners, and proceeded so far that it remained only to conclude; which however did not take effect, in regard of the difficulty occasioned by a small number of Spaniards taken out of Holland and Zealand ships, and some Walloons taken in their voyage to Spain, before the war, which you would not have comprehended in the exchange. This has given cause to the prisoners on both sides to redouble their complaints, in the continuation of the daily remonstrances of their miseries, being in truth such that they despair, through the apprehension they have of perishing in the end. We should not judge ourselves worthy the name of Christians if we endeavoured not to find out and apply some remedy, and since a general exchange is thought to be most commodious, and is most desired by the poor prisoners, we have thought fit to make a proposal thereof to you, and desire you will condescend to it, out of charity to the poor suffering prisoners. As for ourselves, we shall manifest all readiness to conclude upon such conditions as shall be thought just and honourable, and desire you to declare your intentions freely, that we may know how to conform thereunto. [2 pages, French.]
May 4/14. 7. Translation of the above. [1 page.]
May 5. 8. Petition of Nicholas and Thos. Grace, Rich. Fox, John Harrison, and other inhabitants of Desford, co. Leicester, to the Protector, for a brief for a collection in London and Westminster, and other counties, a fire having burnt down their houses, barns, corn, &c., on 3 April last. [1 page.]
May 5. Order thereon in Council, on this petition and on a certificate from divers justices of peace of the county, for a patent to be granted in the same sort and manner as directed for the inhabitants of Marlborough. [I. 77, p. 809.] Annexing,
9. Certificate alluded to, signed by Wm. Haslopp and 7 other justices, to the said fire's burning down 21 dwelling houses, with goods, barns, stables, stock, &c., and the goods of 6 other inhabitants, the value of which is proved by certificates and depositions to be 2,159l. 3s. 6d. Sessions at Leicester Castle, 7 April 1657. [1 sheet.]
May 5. 10. Petition of Thos. Dunne, registrar for receiving appearances in the city of London, to the Privy Council, for payment. On 28 Oct. last, Maj.-Gen. Bridge was ordered to pay 200l. in part of 400l. due to me 24 June last, but I did not receive it till January, and have received nothing more. [1 page.]
May 5. Order thereon for a warrant to the Treasury Commissioner to pay the remaining 200l. [I. 77, p. 813.]
May 5. 11. Petition of Mary, widow of Lieut.-Col. Chris. Ennis, to the Protector. My husband served through the wars, to the loss of blood and fortune, and lost his life in the service at Jamaica, on which I besought you for his arrears, and you moved your Council, who ordered me 90l. 15s. 0d.; but when I came to receive it, 30l. 5s. 0d. was abated for my husband's diet, though I can prove that at his going out, he was furnished with his own provisions.
He was never paid 300l. (200l. of which was out of his own purse) for clothing the soldiers at Newport Pagnell, when in great distress, nor for levying a troop of horse which the late Parliament sent to Ireland under Col. Doyley, he being too ill from wounds to leave his bed.
I beg the arrears without deduction of diet, and a yearly maintenance for myself and child, or a present gratuity. [½ page.] Annexing,
11. i. Certificate by Sam. Luke and 2 others, that Major Chris. Ennis raised his whole troop of 100 horse, part being taken from the enemy and lawful prize, and received nothing therefor. 13 Sept. 1644. [1 page.]
11. ii. Sydenham Pointz to the Committee for both kingdoms. The gallantry of Ennis and his troop at Shelford binds me to request you to provide them clothes, they having hard duty this cold season. The Major himself, with a squadron of his men, got over the works, and let down the bridge. This will remind you of what the House ordered me and my forces at Rowton Moor. Bingham, 3 Nov. 1645. [1 page.]
11. iii. Certificate by Roger Dixon, surgeon, that Ennis was severely wounded at Newport Pagnell, and hardly escaped death, and is still disabled thereby, 5 Jan. 1653–4. [½ page.]
11. iv. Certificate by Hen. Deane to his gallantry and valour at Newport Pagnell and elsewhere, 6 Jan. 1653–4. [1 page.]
11. v. Like certificate by Wm. Love, late treasurer for Newport Pagnell garrison. [½ page.]
11. vi. Certificate by Col. Edw. Doyley, that he commanded Ennis' troop for service in Ireland, 21 Aug. 1654. [½ page.]
11. vii. Certificate by Ric. Reed to Ennis' to service in preventing Theauco John from entering the Parliament door with his sword drawn, discovering his accomplices, and producing witnesses against him before the Committee for regulating printing, 3 Jan. 1654–5. [2/3 page.]
11. viii. Certificate by Col. Nath. Whetham, late governor of Northampton, to his services at Newport Pagnell, &c., 7 Jan. 1654–5. [1page.]
11. ix. Certificate by Wm. York, that Col. Venables commended Ennis to him, in regard of his services and sufferings, for an employment under the judges at Salters' Hall, 27 Jan. 1654–5. [½ page.]
11. x. Like certificate by Wm. Lenthall, 22 Feb. 1654–5. [½ page.]
May 5. Reference thereon to Strickland, Sydenham, and the Lord Deputy, to report. [I. 77, p. 813.]
May 5. Council. Day's Proceedings.
(The orders marked thus * were approved in person.)
1. The book prepared and presented to Council by Sam. Bartlet and Thos. Burgh, Mint officers, and Capt. Hen. Sharpe, containing an account of the prize plate and bullion taken from the Spaniards, and contracted for by Vyner and Backwell, to be transmitted to the Treasury Commissioners, to examine and take order that the money due thereon be answered to the State.
2,3. Order— on report made on the reference to Scobell and Jessop to consider the cost of printing Moreland's "History of the Protestants in Piedmont"— to advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Moreland 700l. for charge of paper, printing, and cutting maps for 2,000 copies of the said history, he to have the benefit of printing the said history.
4. The petition of Dame Mary Harris, on behalf of her husband, Sir Thos. Harris, Bart., now a prisoner in the Tower, read.
6.* Order on reading a paper from the ambassador from France, that according to his desire, Col. Rutherford have liberty, by beat of drum, to levy 500 Scots to recruit the Scotch guard attending the King of France.
7,* 8.* The 14 friars lately taken in a Spanish ship, and now prisoners at Chelsea College, to be released and allowed to depart over sea, according to the said ambassador's desire. Also Paul Linde and John Leroy, of Rochelle, and James Sanson, of Hontleur, who were taken on some Spanish ship returning from the Indies, and are detained at Chelsea College. With orders to Col. Roger Allsop for their liberation and their pass. [I. 114, p. 75.]
9. To advise an order to Gen. Blake to assist the King of Portugal to defend his coasts against attempts made by the Spaniards at sea; the agent of the King of Portugal to have a copy of the order sent him.
10. To advise his Highness to write to the King of France, by way of mediation, about the difference between him and the United Provinces.
12. 11.* All vessels of what nation soever, attempting to enter Dunkirk or Ostend while besieged by the State's ships, to be stopped, and the Admiralty Commissioners see this observed.
12. Order on a letter from Gen. Blake of April 13, and some papers of intelligence enclosed, that Lambert, Desborow, Montague, Sydenham, and Fiennes form a committee to consult with the Admiralty Commissioners about the matter in debate, and what ships of the first and second rate may best be provided to go to sea, and at what minimum charge, and to report at 4 p.m. tomorrow.
13. Order on a paper of proposals offered by Sir John Reynolds, concerning the 6 new regiments under his command—
(1.) That such proportion of medicaments as the Committee on the proposals order, be provided by the physician for use of the said forces, and the money paid out of Council's contingencies to Mr. Jessop, to give to Reynolds, who is to discount it out of the soldiers' pay, and return it over by bills of exchange, according to the 3rd proposal.
(2.) That the said Committee speak with the officers on the 5th proposal for drawing more soldiers out of the standing regiments, and appointing conductors from their own officers to march them to Dover.
(3.) That the Admiralty Commissioners appoint quickly a fit vessel to transport to the Downs the 3,000 swords provided for Reynolds' forces; also the red coats and shoes when they are ready.
(4.) That the Lord Deputy, Desborow, Sydenham, and Lisle consider the other points of the paper, and give directions therein.
14. On information that Attorney Withers meddles in the affairs of the Post Office, and has appointed postmasters at Ware, Royston, Stamford, Grantham, and Ferrybridge, co. York, on the Northern Road, to ride post and convey letters of intelligence without control:— order that the said postmasters be required to forbear further acting or letting horses contrary to the rules of the office, and that Withers attend a Committee of Council, viz., Jones, Sydenham, Strickland, Montague, Lisle, and Lambert, who are to know the grounds of his proceeding, and report.
15. Order on report on a petition of Nich. Isaac, and other merchants of London, owners of the Golden Fortune [see 3 Feb., 1656–7], that they may employ their ship to the West Indies to trade, on security to the clerks of Council to bring back their returns of goods and bullion to the Port of London.
16. Approval of an augmentation by the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers of 50l. to Barth. Ashwood, minister of Axminster, co. Devon, approved by the Committee for Approbation. Approved by the Protector 6 May.
17. Approval of an order of the said Trustees, of 17 Feb. last, for uniting Brighthelmstone and Ovingdeane parishes, both in the rape of Lewes, Sussex. Approved by the Protector 6 May.
18. Lord Deputy, Lambert, Montague, Fiennes, Sydenham, and Wolsley to consider the difference between Sir Ed. Foord and Mr. Hele about their respective patents, to hear both sides, and report.
19. The report from the Committee of Council on Col. Bridge's case to be considered to-morrow.
22. On report from the Committee on American affairs, on a reference made on petition of Jane, relict of Peter Ludby, marshal to Maj.-Gen. Heanes' regiment, and of Jane, relict of Malcolm Mordo, sergeant to Major Barry's company in the same regiment, who both died in the American expedition, and had arrears of 29l. 10s. and 27l. 6s. 8d. respectively due:— Order that Fras. Hodges, treasurer for the said forces, pay the above sums to the petitioners, discounting for provisions according to the usual rate.
24. Order in the Committee of Council on Sir John Reynolds' proposals for sundry particulars embodied in the following letters. Also
That 50l. be advanced for providing the regiment medicaments.
That the officers of the foot regiment in town attend this Committee to-morrow at 7 a.m. to consider the 5th proposal.
25. Approval by the Protector of 16 orders, 7–30 April. [I. 77, pp. 809–816.]
May 5.
The Committee of Council on Sir John Reynolds' proposals to Rob. Bowes. You are to repair to Dover, and assist Maj.-Gen. Kelsey and Capt. Hatsell in stating the accounts of the 6 regiments of foot engaged in the present expedition under Sir John Reynolds, for a month's pay from 27 April, 1657, receiving an account from Mr. Jessop what moneys were advanced to the officers on their pay before leaving London. [I. 77, p. 814.]
May 5.
The said Committee to Kelsey and Hatsell. We hope you have received the 5,000l. sent you to complete the pay of Reynolds' 6 regiments. As to its disposal, his Highness and Council alter your instructions. They are to be paid only 4 days on the muster of 27 April, but afterwards on a muster of 1 May. As they arrive in Dover, they are to be mustered and paid accordingly, and then mustered on shipboard, where they are to be paid the remainder of the month. More officers have been added, and the daily pay is to be—
The Commander-in-chief, 50s. a day raised to £5 0 0
Major General 1 0 0
Judge Advocate 0 8 0
Apothecary 0 3 4
Provost-Marshal 0 5 0
Four men for him at 20d. each 0 6 8
If the money sent you fall short, you may take up 500l. at Dover, and charge it on us by bills of exchange. [I. 77, p. 815.]
May 5. 14. Grant by Edw. Bysshe, Garter king at arms, to Thos. Maunder of Cornelly, co. Cornwall, son of Thomas, son of Wm. Maunder of Devonshire, as a crest to his coat of arms, from a wreath argent and gules, a demi lion rampant, crowned, or, with a sword in his dexter paw argent. [Draft, 1 page.]
May 6. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. To advise an order to pay Capt. Thos. Whitstone, captain of the Phoenix frigate, 200l. for his charges in transporting Mr. Meadows to Lisbon; also Mr. Maynard and his family.
15. 2. The Admiralty Commissioners to order the Resolution, Naseby, Triumph, and Victory to be furnished for going to sea.
16. 3. Also to consider about altering the stations of ships now at sea guarding the Channel, in order to the strengthening of the squadron before Dunkirk.
4. Sec. Thurloe having received on warrants between 23 June 1653 and May 1, 1657, several sums, viz., from Frost 11,240l., and from Jessop 1,500l., 12,740l. in all, for the business of intelligence and other services, which sums he appears to have disbursed faithfully, his Highness orders that he receive full acquittance for the same.
5. Order on report from the Committee on Col. Bridge's case, that the same Committee consider what other way will be fit to relieve the petitioner.
7. The proviso to the order of 13 Nov. 1656, passed in Parliament concerning the Countess of Lauderdale, on petition of the creditors of confiscated persons in Scotland, to be inserted into the order of 30 April last, as follows:—"Provided also that the Countess of Lauderdale have no benefit of the said order, unless within 6 months from May 1st, she release all right and interest in any other lands in Scotland claimed by her as jointure."
8. Approval by the Protector of 3 orders of 4 Sept. 1656, and 3 May 1657. [I. 77, pp. 817, 818.]
May 7.
President Lawrence to the President and Council in Scotland. The inhabitants of the Borough of Dunbar have represented what damage has been caused to the country, from Berwick to Leith, by the demolishing of the harbour of Dunbar in a storm in Dec. 1655, leaving no protection for the yearly herring fishery there, which is the only means of livelihood of a great number of people. Although you granted the petitioners some ease in their assessments to encourage them to repair the harbour, yet it has not been sufficient; and they now pray additional help, either out of the excise of the borough, of the Syse of herrings, or in any other fit way. His Highness' Council therefore recommend the case for your public consideration, to remedy the detriment caused. [I. 77, p. 971.]
May 8/18.
17. Edw. Norris to Williamson. On receipt of yours, I sought for our messenger everywhere, but in vain; I believe he is a rogue, for he has a lawsuit, and I am fearful about the money and the gun. Try to send me something; meanwhile perhaps some merchant will supply me. [1 page, French.]
May 9.
18. John Kinsey, Thos. Watts, and Geo. Sargeant, commissioners for surveying, to the Protector. It is too true that there has been great waste of timber in Needwood Forest, the laws neglected, and fines not strictly required. Thus without care, one of the best forests in England will be devastated. Unless a party of horse be quartered near, we cannot preserve it from depredations, nor ourselves from interruption. Neither axebearer, keepers, nor Woodmote Court keep the people under, therefore we beg 12 or 14 horse to lie ready to deter trespassers, who day and night destroy the timber, and defy and threaten all who would control them. It will be a good opportunity, while soldiers are getting in the rents and fines for the Woodmote Court, to grant us an order to keep such a court, call officers to account, and receive moneys, being accountable therefor to the Worcester House Trustees. If you empower us to sell all timber felled without leave, and amerce all who have sold or used any, we could do good service. [1 page.]
May 11.
The Essex, Downs.
19. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. I sent your letters to the Drake, which had just come out of Dover, and orders to Mr. Wivell, the victualler there, to hasten over a fortnight's provisions to Capt. Plumleigh, though I was then ready to sail from Dover Road towards France, with 300 soldiers on board, and in company with 3 or 4 other ships which had soldiers. I had a good opportunity of landing them, as the other ships had also, and the wind was very favourable, both going and returning, of which Major-Gen. Kelsey and Commissioner Hatsell have no doubt given you a full account.
P.S.—I have intelligence this day that war was proclaimed between France and Holland at Amsterdam 3 days since. [1 page.]
May 11.
Constant Warwick, Plymouth Sound.
20. Capt. Robt. Vessey to the Navy Commissioners. Since my last of 18th April (giving an account of my captures), I have given convoy to 18 sail from St. Martin's, delivered up my prize to the Prize Officers, tallowed and re-victualled, discharged several useless for able men, and will now sail to my station at the mouth of the Channel. [2/3 page.]
May 11.
Constant Warwick.
21. Capt. Rob. Vessey to the Admiralty Commissioners. Thanks for your letter. I have made all possible speed to tallow and victual and will now hasten to my station, and endeavour to meet with those enemies who so much disturb our trade. [⅓ page.]
May 12.
Ostend Prison.
22. Thos. Rutland, master of a Boston hoy, to Hen. Sayers, merchant, Blue Ball, Bread Street, London. I cannot send the names of any of Ostend or Dunkirk who are prisoners in London that I would have exchanged for myself and a boy, as I have no friends and never heard from Baldin Mathewes. They will have two men cleared for me, and there are more of Boston who are prisoners, but they have sent for themselves. Pray get the names of two of Ostend or Dunkirk and send them to me, married men if possible, as then their wives will be helpful, as also a boy for Jno. Bonde. Send the seals to me, and I will send the names to their friends, and may get my release, otherwise I may be detained some time; but the men in England must not be cleared until I am free and appear in London, in person or by letter. If you write to Boston, remember me home. [1 page.] Annexing,
22. i. List by Edw. Sandford, Deputy Marshal, of 36 Flemish prisoners in Chelsea College, stating which are married or single, and which boys. [1 page.]
May 12. 23. Petition of divers poor servants of the late King to the Protector. You know our condition, being old, incapable of any profession, many starved, and others perishing unless relieved. After long attending the Long Parliament, we got ourselves on the list, being inoffensive during the war. We lately petitioned for ½ of a small sum ordered 4 years ago by the Revenue Committee but not paid, and we got your order, but it specifies 2 lists, whereas there is but one general list, amounting to 4,000l., in lieu of which 800l. was offered us, which would not have been 2/6 apiece among us, so we could not accept it, and are still suffering unutterably. We beg payment of the remainder. [1 page.]
May 12. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. To advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Frost 5,000l. for Council's contingencies.
4. The pay of the apothecary to Sir John Reynolds' forces to be raised from 3s. 4d. a day to 4s. 4d.
6. On an order of Parliament of 24 April last, to advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Edw. Birkhead, Serjeantat-arms, 240l. in discharge of a bill for disbursements for serving Parliament and their Committees, and for pay of 14 servants attending the House, from 17 December 1656 to 17 March 1656–7; as also to pay him his own allowance.
7. The Ordnance officers at the Tower to furnish Sir John Reynolds with a tent and a waggon out of the public stores.
8. An order passed 20 Jan. last, for union of the parishes of Euston and Heythorp, co. Oxon, being suspended by his Highness till both parties are heard, on petition of Edm. Meese Goodere, of Heythorp, which was referred to Council, the Committee of Council, to whom the former papers were referred, are to consider the whole business this day fortnight, when Goodere is to attend to show his reasons against the union, whereon the Committee are to report. [I. 77, pp. 818–820.]
May 12/22. 24. Edw. Norris to Williamson. At last I have found the gun and the money, but I have had to pay the carriage. Another time, send me a paper signed by the messenger, which shall give me an order to take it up here. [1 page, French.]
May 14.
Thos. Scot to Sir John Reynolds, commander of the English forces in France. I beg you to favour the bearer, and draw him out of a perishing condition, to serve his generation. Had he not mismanaged his talents, he had been fit for most employments. You are now the disposer of his fortune, and may do what my small estate and many children prevent my doing. I hope you will find him industrious and willing. [1½ pages, copy, French correspondence.]
May 14. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. Order that from moneys coming in from vacant livings in Scotland, there be paid 120l. to Rob. Rule, minister of Stirling, for past services. Approved 15 May. With letter, 18 May, to the Lord President and Council in Scotland accordingly. [I. 77, p. 972.]
25. i, ii. Report on the petition of Jas. Guthrie and Jas. Sympson [see 17 Feb. 1656–7] advising payment of a present sum to Rule, and stoppage of his stipend till both parties be fully heard. [2 papers.]
2. Approval of an order by the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers, for an augmentation of 20l. a year to the minister of Wrighton, Norfolk, being approved by the Committee for Approbation. Approved by the Protector 15 May.
3. On petition of the inhabitants of the chapelry of Attercliffe, in Sheffield parish, West Riding of co. York,—that they are nearly 400 families, and are 2 miles distant from the parish church, whereunto the road is often obstructed by floods; that parochial rights have been granted within the chapel there ever since its erection, and endowment with 10l. a year, and they now pray an augmentation to their minister;—order that the Trustees for Maintenance of Ministers be recommended to settle an augmentation of 40l. a year on the chapel. Approved 15 May.
5. On report from the Committee on the petition of the Earl of Cassilis, Lord Burleigh, and Sir John Crawford,—that they and others of Scotland, out of affection to the cause, signed several bonds for the public before 1646, for moneys employed in carrying on the joint interest of both nations, and furnishing their armies sent into England to assist Parliament, which bonds the Scotch Parliament declared to be a public debt, and obliged the Estates thereof for the petitioners' relief, which notwithstanding, their lands and persons are seized and arrested, and they pray his Highness and Council for a like order as given 7 Aug. 1655 on Lord Balmarinsch's petition for debts contracted in 1638–40, viz., to suspend execution on bonds for public debts—order that the Scotch Committee learn what debts the petition alludes to, if they are public, and how contracted, and report.
7. To advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Rich. Lucy, Thos. Manby, John Hildsley, and—Cox, Judges in the Court for Probate of Wills, 300l. each for salary for the year ending 9 May, without fees.
8. The petition of John, Earl of Tweedale, referred to the Scotch Committee, to report.
9. The pay of John Morgan as Maj.-General of Sir John Reynolds' forces to be 20s. a day. Approved 15 May.
11. Morgan to continue to receive pay as colonel of a regiment in Scotland till further order. Approved 15 May.
12, 13. There having been 1,475 men drawn from 10 regiments named to complete the 6,000 foot for Col. Reynolds' expedition, the Army Committee are to order the War-treasurers to pay such privates as were before May 7 drawn out of their respective regiments what shall complete their pay to 27 April 1657, to which day they are to stand as persons continued by the establishment; also to pay all such of the 1,475 men as have since been drawn from their regiments, according to the proportions mentioned, what will complete their pay to 18 May, to which day they are to stand as persons continued on the establishment. Approved 15 May.
14, 15. Maj.-Gen. Thos. Kelsey and Capt. Hen. Hatsell, out of the money at Dover designed for a month's pay to Reynolds' forces, are to stop 3 weeks' pay, from 27 April 1657 to 18 May, according to the establishment of the forces, for the 1,475 men ordered to be drawn from their respective regiments, towards reimbursing the money ordered on warrants from the Army Committee by the War-treasurers on the Army establishment, for completing their pay to May 18. Also to pay as many of the said 1,475 men as muster a week's pay from 18 to 25 May, according to the establishment. Approved 15 May.
16. There being 40 private soldiers drawn out of Capts. Skipper, Fryer, and Astell's companies, in Lord Lambert's regiment, to go with Sir John Reynolds, and they being at Yarmouth and Beccles, and a month more in arrears of pay than the rest of the regiment in London;—Order for a warrant from the Army Committee to the Treasurers-at-war, to pay them the said month's arrears, for their better encouragement. Approved 15 May.
17. The Worcester House Committee having been ordered to examine the accounts of Dr. Hen. Heyhurst, for services and disbursements as physician to the Northern army, and it appearing by affidavits that his commission, debentures, accounts, &c., were burned by the Scots in 1648, but that there remains due to him, from Oct. 1642 to Jan. 1645—6, 387l. salary, and 768l. for medicines. —Order that the said Committee give him the debentures ordered 3 July 1656 for lands in Ireland, which are to be as effectual as any other debentures given. Approved 15 May. [I. 77, pp. 820–824.]
May 15. Approval by the Protector of 11 orders of 14 May. [I. 77, p. 824.]
May 15/25.
St. Germains-en-Laye.
Col. Jo. Bam[field to See. Thurloe]. My representations being disregarded, it seems folly to trouble you again, but I am resolved to set my face against this storm, and either reach the port, or sink in pursuance of it. I would have trailed a pike under Sir John Reynolds, but hearing that James Stuart is persuaded (contrary to his promise) to engage against this crown, and command his brother's troops, I suspend my resolution till I inform you, lest my going to your army (with a wish to die honestly rather than to live miserably) might be interpreted as a plot to debauch or betray your soldiers. Let me serve though only as a common soldier, to convince your commander of my fidelity.
I could serve you in the Duke of Brandenburg's Court, where I am well known, if a knowledge of German affairs would be of use to you, and if I had any means of getting thither; but I would rather serve in the condition to which I was bred. News from Poland and Sweden. [22/3 pages, copy, French correspondence.]
May 16. 26. Ja. Borthwicke to Sec. Thurloe. My necessities being great, and you going out of town, I beg an order to Mr. Firbank for a little money. Lord Broghill promised to speak to you about it. Endorsed, with receipt for 4l. [1 page.]
May 16.
27. Geo. Williamson to his brother Joseph. I have been troubled not to hear from you, and rejoice to find from Mr. Robinson that you are well. When will you return? Our parents and friends are well. My brother Taylor has gone as lieutenant to France. [1 page.]
May 18/28.
28. Admiralty Judges of Dunkirk to the Admiralty Commissioners. In our last of the 4/14th instant, we represented to you the daily complaints of the prisoners in hold here, and to give ease to them, as as well as to ours detained in England, we were inclined to hearken to a general exchange, and to agree upon some just and equitable conditions to the same effect. As we have received no answer, nor understood your mind upon this particular, which causes us to suspect the safe delivery of our letter, we thought it convenient to advance as much as is possible so meritorious a business in itself, by sending a duplicate of our said letter, and to desire you, after you have considered the reasons alleged therein, to let us know your resolution. [1 page, French.] Annexing,
28. i. Copy of their letter of 4/14 May. [1 page; see p. 365, supra.]
May 18/28. 29. Translation of the letter of 18/28 May. [1 page.]
May 19.
The Yarmouth, Bay of Wyers.
30. Capt. Robt. Mackey to the Admiralty Commissioners. Plying off Scilly, I met the John of London from Barbadoes, taken a week before by an Irish man-of-war, but which we retook. We also fell in with a Hollander, freighted with iron and other goods at St. Sebastian's by a Spanish merchant, and bound for Cadiz, as also the Kent, and rescued a Bristol man from a Dunkirk man-ofwar of 28 guns, which we chased 8 or 10 hours, but could not come up with. I ordered the Providence to lie off the Cape with the prizes, while myself, with the Kent, plied at sea, where we met the Rainbow and Taunton, who brought a packet from the General for Capt. Stoakes to come to the fleet. Conceiving we might be included therein, we resolved, if we could get no intelligence after 3 days, to break it open; but before that time, the Kent went away with the ships left with the Providence to Lisbon, except the one I took the 1st of May, and afterwards we went to Lisbon, where we found the Kent, but I know nothing further of the Providence, Rainbow, or James, whose staying behind is contrary to order.
I found at Lisbon an order aboard of Capt. Adams, which was left by the General, to follow him to the fleet, as also for all other ships in the service, which I will observe. I have delivered the prizes to Mr. Henison, who produced an order from the General to dispose of them, and to whom I also gave the bill of lading and the examinations. I conceive that I did not prejudice the State by coming to England with my prize, but rather benefit it, in respect of the uncertainty of the weather, and the many enemies plying to and fro upon the coast. I am informed by a negro on board that there is a ship coming from Carthagena bound for the Groyne. [1 page.]
May 20/30.
Col. John Bam[field to Sec. Thurloe.] I wrote you a month since, directing to Mat. Bonnell, Thames Street, London, that ambassadors are being sent from here to the Diet in Germany; they wish to oppose the House of Austria, and bring the matter to the sword. It were expedient for you to have some person, public or private, to give you an account of secret designs and public transactions. If you employ a person of quality, let me wait on him; but if you only employ a private person, M. Lamarine could serve you well.
I am going to Calais, to serve under Reynolds, if I may, and if I can have no other employment. Send me your orders there by Wednesday. If you have utterly abandoned me, I will repair to the army, and seek an honest death rather than a miserable life. [2¼ pages, copy. French correspondence.]
May 21/31.
[Sec. Thurloe to Ambassador Lockhart.] I am too indisposed to reply to your last. If Lord Falconbridge be at Paris, and you find that he still retains his former intentions, in the most fitting way you can, encourage his coming over to prosecute them. There is great satisfaction here concerning his person and other things. [Extract, French correspondence.]
May 21.
The Assistance, before Ostend.
31. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. The enemies' frigates are now tallowing and refitting with speed, and there are 2 upon the ground, with which it is supposed they intend to endeavour to escape by night, but I will endeavour to prevent it. There are also at Nieuport two sloops newly fitted out as men-ofwar, and the ketch may be in danger of being surprised by them, except she be better manned.
I send a copy of a former order, and desire it may be amended by enlarging a little upon the word "stop," and that Ostend may be mentioned instead of Dunkirk, or rather Flanders, as there was a hoy laden with Spanish salt from Middleburg, bound to Ostend, and notwithstanding her papers, I could not be satisfied but that the salt was intended for the enemy, yet my orders did not permit me to stay her; on seeking the advice of the other commanders, and showing them my instructions, they recommended the sending of her back, and not for England.
I have approached nearer to the port, and ordered the ships so as to straighten the enemy more than ever the like number of ships have done before. I am informed that 2 colliers have lately been carried into Flushing by 2 small Dunkirkers, and wish the Tiger would arrive, or some other, as with the addition of 2 or 3 of the small vessels newly built, it would be a hard matter for any ship or vessel to pass in or out of Ostend, and I might then spare a ship to ply between Ostend and the Wellings, without prejudice to the present service, and intercept the passage of some of their prizes going in there. I have sent the Acadie for the Downs to tallow and revictual. [1 page.] Annexing,
31. i. The Admiralty Commissioners to Capt. Sparling. You are to stop all vessels going to Dunkirk, whilst besieged by the State's ships, to join and strengthen the fleet, and not to give convoy unless it can be done without prejudice. 7 May 1657. [Copy, ¾ page.]
May 22.
The Rainbow, off Lagust.
32. Capt. Jno. Stoakes to the Admiralty Commissioners. I received yours denoting the arrival of the Kent at Plymouth with the Bristol ship, as also your displeasure at my sending her home on so mean an errand; but it was not only that vessel that moved me thereto, but also the merchant ships desiring my assistance, having seen 2 of the enemies' frigates the day before, and it being part of my orders to protect trade. I did not doubt also but the Yarmouth and Providence would have been with me in a day or two, as I ordered them to go no further than the Bay of Wyers, being the full extent of my orders; notwithstanding which the commander of the Yarmouth went on his own head to Lagust to Gen. Blake, who, admiring to see him come without orders, despatched him back; yet in his return, he goes up to the Bay of Wyers, and stays there at his pleasure, with a fair wind, together with the Providence, and instead of coming to the Cape, goes 80 leagues to the southwards for Lisbon; so that for 9 weeks I never saw nor heard of them, although I was never above 6 leagues from my station. I hope some strict course will be taken with them, lest others, by your clemency, do the like, which is not only too common, but dangerous; and although one has brought home a prize, it does not in the least mitigate his offence.
By intelligence received from the Spaniards, the fleet destroyed by General Blake at St. Cruz were twice at sea to come for the Groyne in the absence of these 2 frigates, which, if Providence had permitted, the effect might have proved very sad. On the 9th Gen. Blake sent for us to Cascaes, and I am now with him, as also the James and the ketch. [1⅓ pages.]
May 22. 33. Petition of Sam Windis, late victualler of the State's ships at Chester and Liverpool, to the Admiralty Commissioners. When the Scotch King came to England, I was ordered to victual and man all the ships in Chester and Liverpool, to prevent a conjunction between him and the Earl of Derby, and the Council of State ordered the Navy Commissioners to reimburse me. There are large sums due to me and others on that account, and yet I stand charged with exchanges drawn for that service.
Gen. Monk ordered Chas. Walley to hire a vessel to convey victuals to the Hare pink in Scotland; Walley imposed the service on me, and I drew a bill for it, which is charged to me as an imprest, though there is money due to the poor man for that service, and he is in prison for debt.
There was 490l. imprested to Phil. Evatt, my deputy check of the Primrose, who contracted with Col. Rob. Lilburne at the usual allowance of 9d. a day per man. I beg that I may have this allowance, the treasurer calling on me to pay the imprest. I was bound in 600l. to provide victuals for 400 men for 6 months for Col. Pride's company, which were never taken off my hands. I am out 225l. 15s., and have had promises of relief 2 years, yet nothing done, and no employment. I have a wife and 6 children, whom I have three times removed from London to Liverpool, in order to my constrained intended planting in Ireland, amongst wolves and Tories, having spent my estate in hopes of satisfaction. I beg relief. [1 sheet.]
May 22. 34. Reference thereon to the Navy Commissioners, to consider the sums due for hire of the vessel sent to the Hare pink and for the Primrose's victuals, perfect his account, and certify. [½ page.]
May 22. 35. Petition of the inhabitants of Old Parish Garden, St. Saviour's, Southwark, to the Protector. For 220 years we have enjoyed a waste ground and highway from the Falcon on the Bankside to St. George's Fields, and from the Falcon to Lambeth, &c., both in the time of the late Earl of Arundel and other lords of the demesne. But Wm. Angel has lately purchased it, built some cottages, and will build more, damming up the sewers, and bringing in many poor, to the undoing of the ancient inhabitants, who cannot keep their now poor. Also the new buildings will bring infection by taking away the air from our houses. Also he has stopped up most of the highway, and cut down ancient trees thereon, and barred us from getting water either for our households or for quenching fire. We beg the prevention of further building. With holograph reference thereon by the Protector to Council, desiring a speedy hearing of the petitioners. [1 sheet, 37 signatures, 7 being by mark.]
May 24./June 3. Col. John Bam [field to Sec. Thurloe.] You will have good intelligence from here, through those who have undone me to make way for their credit. The siege of Cambray is raised. Marshal de Gramont is going to Germany in 12 days with a great equipage. If you would send me with him, I could tell you all passages at the Diet, and the temper and designs of the princes, for I know the Duke of Brandenburg, the Prince Elector, and Prince Rupert, and could give you no ill information. I would conceal my correspondence with you, and only pretend that, having quitted the Royal interest, and not being well with the present Government in England, I wished to see Germany, and to seek employment in the wars there.
I have changed my idea of going to Calais, on account of the army's removal. Unless you write at once, I shall lose the chance of going with M. de Gramont. I want an appointment that shall give me subsistence, and free me from the suspicions Sir Wm. Lockhart has contracted against me. [1⅓ pages, copy, French correspondence.]
May 25/June 4.
36. Admiralty Judges of Dunkirk to the Admiralty Commissioners. We received yours of the 21st ult., and thereby understood that you do not find it reasonable to admit of a general exchange of prisoners on both sides, by reason of the present juncture of time, which you say to be differing from that which was heretofore, when we treated to conclude a general exchange. To this we answer that we are willing to confess that the number of ours in England exceeds that of yours here at present, but the fortune of arms goes on daily, and we can easily equal the one with the other through the detention of the English and Scotch prisoners which the ships of war belonging to this Admiralty carry to the ports of Spain, who hitherto have been released as soon as they were brought in there, on hope of meeting with the like civility and commiseration.
We conceive that this difference ought not to retard so favourable and Christian a work, yea though it be to no other end than to preserve for the time to come from the miseries of a prison all those of your men who shall be taken and brought into any port of Spain, whom we shall be obliged to detain till a general exchange or some other resolution, to the great desolation of these afflicted and miserable creatures, which we believe you will take into consideration, and, to provide against it, hearken to the exchange proposed by us. For the furthering thereof we are contented to release all yours who remain here at present, or are taken hereafter, and brought by our ships, either into Spain or these parts, till they shall equal the number of ours which shall be released by virtue of this exchange. [2 pages, French.]
May 25./June 4. 37. Translation of the above. [1 page.]
May 25.
The Assistance, Ostend,
38. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. On the 24th inst., a small fisher boat came from Ostend, with a letter from two of the Lords of the States of Holland, who were sent from Amsterdam to Ostend overland to buy the ship formerly belonging to them, though lately rigged and ready to set sail upon the enemy's account. But seeing they cannot now get out by force, nor steal out in the night, they must of necessity either sell or use some juggling trick to get her out. The messenger said that they intend to come into Ostend with a small hoy of cordage to rig the said ship, after which they are to sail with her for Amsterdam, and that the Lords thought it convenient to acquaint me therewith, to the end they might prevent being intercepted and troubled, either going in or out. To this I answered that their acquainting me with their intentions could produce little advantage, as I was obliged to a punctual observance of orders; and that their request being opposite to what was already given me, I could only direct them to his Highness the Lord Protector, or the Commissioners appointed for carrying on the affairs at sea, from whom, if they could procure anything that might take off any part of what is already commanded me, I should gladly observe it; but in the meantime I desired them to forbear. To this the messenger said that the Lords did not look upon the business to be of such concernment as to require any further trouble than only to acquaint me, neither did they imagine to meet with any opposition, except by coming unexpectedly, without giving me notice thereof; upon this I promised to enclose their letter, and to endeavour a speedy receipt of your pleasure, which I desire and expect.
You know that I have nothing to warrant my intercepting their passage in or out of any part of Flanders except Dunkirk, instead of which if the words "any part of Flanders" had been added Ostend had been comprehended, and Dunkirk not exempted. This I look upon as a mistake, but my apprehending it so will not warrant my acting in such a case as this is, in which the correspondence of nations is concerned. Therefore I humbly beg that you will speed away my instructions. We are in such extraordinary want of a ketch, that in case it should not stand with your pleasure to grant it, we must of necessity spare one of the frigates to fetch water for the squadron, and how inconvenient that will be I leave to you to consider. [1 page Enclosing,
38. i. Three Lords of the States of Holland to the commander of the English squadron about Dunkirk. Being arrived here on commission of the Lords of the Council of the Admiralty residing in Amsterdam, to receive a man-ofwar of the State of the United Provinces appertaining to the said Admiralty, called the Pheasant, which a year ago was overcome by twelve frigates of Dunkirk about the Maas and brought up here, for having defended certain English merchant ships in her company; yet being at last, by order of the Prince Don John of Austria, discharged, we find the said ship destitute of sundry necessaries, and besides the Captain Islerant de Vries, bearer hereof, and some few mariners, whom we caused to come hither from Zealand by the inner passage, we shall have need to send for 25 or 30 mariners more out of Zealand, with some provision for their sustenance, to convoy the ship to the Texel.
Now since the said mariners and provisions cannot be brought hitherwards the most convenient way by sea, nor the said ship brought forth from hence without your permission, as keeping the road, beset by men-of-war of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, according to the orders of his Highness the Lord Protector Cromwell, we thought it expedient to dispatch the aforesaid Captain de Vries to request your consent thereto, not doubting but you will be disposed thereunto, with that discretion and readiness which the friendship and alliance between both States require, and which would be performed on our side on the least occasion.
Pray return a few lines in answer to this for our direction, and we shall order that the aforesaid ship coming forth, the said captain, as also the boat or vessel to be sent for out of Zealand with men and necessaries, shall come and present themselves to you and salute you, and be duly visited, to the end that you may be fully assured concerning the true condition of the aforesaid business. Ostend, 23 May/2 June [Dutch, 1½ pages.]
38. ii. Translation of the above. [1 ½ pages.]
May 25.
39. Thos. Gooch and Thos. Bendish, bailiffs of Yarmouth, to the Admiralty Commissioners. We were informed by Major Burton that Capt. Robinson of the Preston in the North Seas having then but 10 weeks' provisions, you would either send him a recruit, or another ship to relieve him; as it is now 6 weeks since he sailed, he cannot stay above 10 or 14 days longer at sea. We have since heard from him by 3 fishermen that his bread was for the most part mouldy, and that most of the fleet had not yet got half their voyage; this make us bold to remind you of it, for if some speedy course is not taken, the whole fleet, for want thereof, will be forced to come out of the sea with him, to the loss of all the profit of their voyage, which is their hope and the only hope of many hundreds of Yarmouth and parts adjacent, who have nothing else to sustain themselves and families all this summer. Major Burton also advised that you promised to send another ship to assist Capt. Thompson at Iceland, and so homeward; the time draws near, and the fleet there of 60 sail are too many for one ship, though no better than Capt. Thompson could be found to defend them in these dangerous times. We beg to represent the condition of both fleets, and beseech you to take such care of them, as their necessities, the concernment of these parts, and of the nation in general demands.
Last week 2 Dunkirk men-of-war, of 8 guns each, took 2 small vessels out of a light fleet bound for Newcastle, off the Spurn, and Capt. Wilkinson, hearing thereof, after he had convoyed several vessels into the Humber, made after them; the enemy stayed for him, but sent their prizes away; and after fighting with him for 3 hours, night coming on, they ran away after their prizes. As they have since taken 2 other vessels of Cromer, we think another ship of 24 or 26 guns should be appointed to ply between Winterton Ness and the Spurn, to secure the Newcastle trade. [1 page.]
May 25.
The Essex, Downs.
40. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. When Capt. Littlejohn comes down to take the master's charge of the London, I will send as many seamen with Mr. Carslate in the Nonsuch as can be spared from the frigates in the Downs, from which 105 have already been taken. I hope they may not be put to any loss of time, which often occurs, and makes them the more unwilling to go from ship to ship, but that they may be entered on board the Resolution from the time of their discharge from their respective frigates.
Upon the arrival of Capt. Newberry, I will observe your directions touching the guns of his frigate; I will also detain John Morgan, on the coming in of the Dover, to be gunner of the Gloucester, and put 20 more seamen upon the ketch attending on the London from the same ship, for her better security in calling in the Phoenix and Oxford. I sent the Phoenix to transport Lord Wm. Cavendish to Calais or Dieppe, and the Oxford to waft over the Hon. Fras. Boyle to Holland.
Capt. Whitstone met 2 Holland men-of-war, who were very submissive and courteous in saluting. Very few men have been pressed at present, but Capt. Whitstone has sent 20 on board the Nonsuch, and others may be taken out of the squadron. I will send Mr. Carslate away with those obtained to morrow, for the more speedy getting out of the Resolution.
Although Capt. Littlejohn, master of the London, has not yet come, there are 3 men of Deal named Pearce, Pie, and Peache, who are able to go as masters of any of the State's ships, and were all in the Dutch war. The Convert has gone as convoy to a hoy laden with shoes, coats, swords, and belts for the forces transported to France, and the Tiger passed through with soldiers on board from Yarmouth. Particulars of ships. I hear from Capt. Plumleigh that all the frigates before Dunkirk are in good condition, and the commanders of the two squadrons will appoint each of them a small frigate to lie before Nieuport, to annoy the enemies' fishing trade, being sensible of the prejudice that will accrue to them thereby. Many of the ships there, however, being nearly out of provisions, I want orders therein, as also as to the disposal of the Adventure.
I hear there are 70 sail of Hollanders ready to put to sea, and have therefore sent to Capt. Sparling to order a nimble frigate to ply eastward of him, and to have a watchful eye over their motions, and if they come this way, to give me a speedy account.
If they should intend perfidiously to affront this Commonwealth, they would very quickly overpower the frigates on the coast of Flanders. I will be ready with the Essex or any others that shall come into the Downs, for any emergency; the Essex would be more serviceable if she were cleaned and refitted; if the others with the Torrington come in to night, I hope to make up over 200 men. Let Capt. Rooth of the Dartmouth be ordered up the river, and paid off. [3 pages.]
May 25. 41. Examinations of Edw. Atkins, and 5 others, before Thos. White, mayor of Dover, respecting the embezzlement of goods out of the Virgin Mary, a Spanish prize, by Mr. Leomond and Mr. Cracknell, waiters, while being convoyed up to London from the Downs by a ketch commanded by Capt. Reader, and as to Leomond and Cracknell bribing the examinants with 40s. each to keep silence. [4 pages.]
May 25.
The Preston, Firth.
42. Capt. Robt. Robinson to the Admiralty Commissioners. I have regained a bark of Orkney, bound for Leith with barley, which was taken by an Ostender of 6 guns that is in these parts, with several others, as the 5 prisoners on board allege. I would have sent her in but the fishing fleet is now getting in a great store of fish, after a bad voyage, and being in full motion, and going northward, I durst not trust the Sparrow from us. I have not seen any of the enemies' men-of-war, but heard of many. The prisoners say that 9 have come out from Ostend [1 page.]
May 26.
The Assistance, Ostend.
43. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. The arrival of these 2 small vessels struck such fear into the Nieuport fishermen, that they have proposed terms which those who understand the difference between their fishing and ours think will be accepted. I have answered so far as, after conferring with the rest of the commanders, to grant them 7 days' fishing. As there are at present 4 frigates in port, ready to take the first opportunity to make their escape, it is necessary to employ all the squadron to watch their motions, and as not one could be spared at present to force them to take the sails from the yards, as we did before, and thus hinder their fishing at Nieuport, they could fish as well without the permission as with it. Upon the return from Dover of Capt. Henfield of the Acadie, who has often scared, but never could take one of them, I have promised the commander of the squadron before Dunkirk to send him, with one or two others, to oppose them, provided their terms are not accepted, and order is not sent to the contrary. [1 page.] Enclosing,
43. i. Peter Dolman to the General of the English navy before Ostend. On the earnest request of the fishermen of Nieuport, I beg you will permit them the ordinary freedom of fishing, till they receive a hopeful answer from those of Yarmouth, according to letters sent some days ago from the Admiralty of Dunkirk, about a friendly agreement on both sides, as they have with the French, to the great satisfaction of those of Yarmouth, and other fishing places.
As our fishermen expect a happy agreement in a few days, they beg freedom of fishing in the interim, without molestation from your vessels before Ostend or Dunkirk, and they will present you with a small gift of 50 "pattacoutts." Cloister of English Carthusians, Nieuport, 24 May/3 June 1657. [1 page.]
May 26. 44. Petition of Rich. Byfield, minister, and 6 godly inhabitants of Long Ditton, Surrey, to the Protector and Council. In 1641 and 1642, had a brief for collecting money in London and 6 counties for building their church, and part of the money has been 12 years in Sir Thos. Evelyn's hands, without account. No care being taken of the church, it fell down 7 years ago, the materials are much spoiled by exposure, and Byfield suffered much in his work until the granting of Thames Ditton public meeting place, till Long Ditton is rebuilt. He still suffers by the siding with a prelatical minister, Sir T. Evelyn's household chaplain, and by the concourse of those of both parishes, and some from Kingston, who are potent against the power of godliness, which concourse continues, even since his Highness "gave his godly and melting advice;" know not the consequence of such meetings as "the prelatical party is the most numerous, dissatisfied, closely working, though complying."
Beg an order for the speedy building of their church; for accounts of the brief money, and materials carried away, and for the laying of a land rate for further moneys. Beg that Shadrach Brice, J. P. and Obadiah Weekes, both of Kingston, may attend to these things, and see that the church is not built in the old superstitious way of chancel church, and church porch, but in one entire room. Also that the said concourse may be suppressed. [1 sheet.]
May 26. Reference thereon to the Lord Deputy, Pickering, Mulgrave, Skippon, Jones, and Lambert, to report. [I. 77, p. 826.]
May 26. 45. Petition of Edw. Randall, of Enfield, Middlesex, to the Protector. I have long prayed for you, and looked on your deliverances in battle as the return of my prayers. Being constable for Enfield, I was ordered by Maj.-Gen. Barkstead to return the names of all delinquents. Capt. [Edw.] Story, who had sent a letter and money to the King's party in Colchester, employed Edw. Knevett, of Enfield, to offer me 30l. or 40l. to buy off his accusation. I told Barkstead, who bade me take the money, as it would be more full evidence against Story, for he had a large estate, and only one witness against him. I advised Story not to pay the money unless guilty, because it would be a witness against him, but he paid it to ensure me and Knevett, and he bound us over to appear at the sessions as trepanners. We petitioned you, and you referred the case to the Major-General and Commissioners, but Story declined to proceed before them, and prosecuted us at the Middlesex Quarter Sessions. There Capt. Methall, the witness against Story, could not be found; he told his own tale, and we were fined 20 nobles, which Knevett being unable to pay, he still lies in prison. I hear there are 6 or 7 more writs out against me for performing my duty, so that I cannot attend to my business, and shall be ruined, having spent 20l. in my own defence. I beg freedom from these suits, repayment of my own fine, and discharge of Knevett. Certified as true by Sir John Barkstead, 12 June 1657. [1 sheet.]
May 26. Reference thereon in Council to any 3 of the Council to report. [I. 77, p. 827.]
May. 26. Council. Day's Proceedings.
1. To advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay Frost 3,000l. for Council's contingencies.
3. Order on a resolution of Parliament of 14 Feb., recommending Council to satisfy the bill of 74l. 13s. 4d. of Edw. Birkead, serjeantat-arms, for keeping John Strangers and Hannah, his wife, Martha Symonds, and Dorcas Erbury, to advise an order to the Treasury Commissioners to pay the money accordingly.
4. As Parliament on 15 May requested his Highness to take care for payment of 2,591l. 17s. 6d., due to Sam. Vassall, with interest, and he referred it to Council—order that 1,000l. be paid him from the moneys arising on the late Spanish prize, and a warrant issued accordingly.
5. Barth. Beale, auditor of imprest, to audit the said account, and certify thereon to Council. Annexing,
46. Report by Aud. Barth. Beale, that the account of Sam. Vassall for 2,591l. 17s. 6d., with interest from the time the debt was charged by Parliament on the Excise, deducting payments, is 4,236l. 2s. 6d. 2 June 1657. [1½ pages.]
8. The Lord Deputy, Lambert, Pickering, Skippon, Strickland, Mulgrave, and Jones, to consider what is now proposed concerning money payable for forces in Ireland on a Privy Seal for 92,616l. 5s. 10½ d. out of the Treasury, and an order of 19 March suspending all payments thereon till 1 Oct. next, and to report.
10. Order on the petition of Phil. Hallenberch, and the tapestry workmen at Mortlake, that the petitioners design the story of Abraham, or the triumphs of Cæsar, or both, as his Highness shall direct, Mr. Clyve being spoken to thereon, provided that the charge do not exceed 150l., and that the design be only used as his Highness shall appoint.
11. The petition of Elias Batchiler, citizen and merchant tailor of London, heretofore captain of foot under the Earl of Manchester, for himself, the city of London, and the safety of his Highness' person, which has been endangered by Sir James Turner, referred to any 3 of Council, to examine and report.
13. A return from Col. Bright and others, on an order to view the defects of Hull garrison, and the enclosed survey, to be considered on Thursday.
14. Order on a return of his Highness' order of 7 April 1657, for the sheriffs of co. Durham to examine the business concerning Joshua French, one of the county troop of Durham, showing how French, when on duty, was assailed by Thomas and Wm. Morley, and afterwards prosecuted by them, that the Morleys attend Council forthwith, to answer the charges against them.
15. Jones, Strickland, Lisle, Pickering, Montague, and Mulgrave, to consider what is now proposed concerning an assignment of 350l. from the Countess of Ancram to Dr. Wilkinson, and to report.
17. John Hildesley, Rich. Lucy, and Fras. Bacon added to the Committee, appointed 16 Dec. 1656, on the estate of Wm. Toomes, felo de se.
18, 19. The reports from the Committee on the petitions of Margaret, relict of Col. John Venn, and of Rich. Eccleston, and James Rand, for some persons desirous of the good of this nation, to be considered next Thursday.
20. The petition of his Highness' clerks of the Signet and Privy Seal referred to Lambert, Jones, Montague, and Strickland, to report.
22. Whereas the 40,000l. fine on donatives in Scotland was to be paid, ½ on 1 June, and ½ on 1 Oct. 1657,—order that, out of unpaid fines in Scotland, and out of the balance of the 40,000l. after payment to those who have donatives or are purchasers, 4,000l. be paid to Col. Tim. Wilkes, for carrying on the citadel now erecting at Leith, and the Council in Scotland to take order accordingly.
24. A paper from Lord Nieuport to his Highness,—concerning the Morning Star of Amsterdam, alleged to have been seized at sea by an English ship, under Capt. Baker, and carried to Milford Haven, when on her way from Sta. Cruz in the Canaries, to Amsterdam, laden with goods belonging to her owners in Amsterdam, and partly with some laden by a Genoa merchant, whom they carried as a passenger;—referred to the Admiralty Judges, to learn the truth, and report. [I. 77, pp. 825–830.]
May 26./June 7.
[Amb. Lockhart to Sec. Thurloe.] I waited last night on the gentleman [Lord Falconbridge] and told him the advantage his pretensions might receive from his own addresses to the person principally concerned, and assured him of a good reception from the nearest relations. He professed much zeal in the business, but said he expected a clearer invitation, and asked my authority for encouraging him. I said that in these cases custom settled rules of modesty, which straitened my liberty, and I feared I had gone too far when I assured him of welcome, and left the rest to his own merit and application.
I left him disposed to return, but am to receive his decision to-day or to-morrow; I will send it next post. Do not attribute his not answering at once in an affair of that importance to a want of readiness for the thing. [Extract, French correspondence.]
May 27.
The Reserve, Dunkirk Road.
47. Capt. Robt. Plumleigh to the Admiralty Commissioners. Capt. Foote, of the Mermaid, being in Mardike Pitts, forced ashore a double sloop belonging to Dunkirk, having 3 guns and 30 men, which was destroyed, but her men gained the shore before the boats could get near them. The only action this station affords at present is to prevent the enemy from fishing. I have lately taken 2 small fishing boats, but no men. I proposed to Capt. Sparling for one of the new vessels with him to join with another of this squadron to lie before Nieuport, to prevent their fishing thereabouts, which is of great concernment for the relief of the enemy, and without which they would be miserable; but I am informed that Capt. Sparling has given a toleration for them to fish for 7 days. I am resolved not to allow it until I receive your Honors' commands. The enemy have 3 small men-of-war ready to sail, but dare not attempt to come forth. I have lately destroyed one of their prizes taken from the French going into Dunkirk, and my seamen had a pleasant skirmish with their horsemen on the Splinter, but without any loss on our side. I send the names of 7 of the squadron in Dunkirk Roads, and of 2 in Mardike Pitts, as also an account of their victua's. I have sent to the commander-in-chief in the Downs about a supply. [1 page.] Annexing,
47. i. Account of the length of time which the 8 ships of the Dunkirk squadron have been off the ground, and for which they are still victualled. [¾ page.]
Order in Parliament that next Wednesday, June 3rd, be set apart for a day of public thanksgiving in London and Westminster, for God's marvellous goodness in preserving the fleet in their late action at Santa Cruz, under General Blake, and giving them success against the ships of the King of Spain. [1 page.] Annexing,
i. Narrative of the action at Santa Cruz, on the island of Teneriffe. After spending several days at Cadiz, and not finding the enemy forward to come forth, it was decided to go to Santa Cruz, where we arrived on 20 April, and found that the West India fleet was in the harbour, 5 or 6 galleons, 3 being flag ships, and 16 others, some laden for and some from the Indies, having brass ordnance and their full complement of men. We resolved to attack them, though they were moored close along the shore, which was lined with musketeers, and commanded by the castle and 6 or 7 forts. Yet in 4 hours they were beaten, and all the ships driven ashore, except the Admiral and ViceAdmiral, which resisted most, but by 2 p.m. one was fired and the other blown up, and by evening all the rest were fired, except 2 that were sunk, and only their masts appeared above water.
To complete the mercy, our own ships got off well, though some were maimed and had to be warped off, and the wind blew right into the bay, and the forts and castle continued to play upon us.
We had only 50 slain and 120 wounded, and our ships so soon repaired that in 2 days we sailed to our former station near St. Mary's, where we arrived 2 May. To God be all the glory. With names of 17 commanders of Spanish ships, 5 of which were burned in Santa Cruz harbour, 20 April 1657. [4 pages.]
May 28. Order in Parliament that this narrative be printed and published, with the order for the day of thanksgiving. [All printed. Vol. II. No. 118, Collection of Acts, Rec. Off. Library, 498 French.]
May 29.
The Lily, before Ostend.
48. Capt. John Pearce to Col. Jno. Clerke. After transporting the soldiers, I proceeded to Capt. Thos. Sparling, before Ostend, by order of Capt. Wm. Whitehorne, but as my ship is much undermasted, I hope she will be fitted proportionately, and thus made a good sailer. There is little news save that 20 boats belonging to Nieuport, and 14 from Blackenburg, are allowed to fish about Ostend. [2/3 page.]
May 29.
The Assistance, before Ostend.
49. Capt. Thos. Sparling to the Admiralty Commissioners. I have received your order to send ships into port to tallow and revictual, without further trouble; but being so short of frigates, I cannot spare more than one at a time, although I am in extreme want of clean ships, as the enemy have fitted and tallowed another within these two days, so that there are now five ready to go by us in the night if possible; if they accomplish this, it will be for want of clean frigates to pursue them.
As things are now ordered, it will be impossible for any of their considerable frigates to get out in any reasonable weather without some of ours seeing them, if I am able to continue my present number; but if forced to send any away to clean before others arrive, I shall be incapable of knowing what passes out, and yet it would be very hard to get in. Eight ships, with the help of two boats, will just fill my line as a half-moon, and at such a distance from each other that it will be impossible for any ship to pass in or out during ordinary weather, and not be discovered by one ship or the other; yet it is possible for them to make their escape, if we do not keep the greater part of our frigates very clean. If they attempt getting out, it will be when they are newly tallowed; and if they do not do it within 3 or 4 days, they will take their sails from the yards, and give over their tallowing as lost, as they did once before.
The Tiger having returned, I have sent the Bramble to Dover to tallow and revictual, and will send the greater ships to Harwich, as they become foul.
I hope you will hasten your reply to the letter sent from the States of Holland; I am much troubled that your pleasure touching any business is so long in coming. [1¼ pages.] Annexing,
49. i. List of his 9 ships, with particulars of the time they have been at sea, and when their provisions will end. [¾ page.]
May 29.
The Essex, Downs.
50. Capt. Wm. Whitehorne to the Admiralty Commissioners. I ordered Wivell, the victualler at Dover, to send 14 days' provisions to Capt. Plumleigh of the Reserve, under convoy of the Wakefield and Dover, and will order a month's for Capt. Haddock, who will sail for Dunkirk with all speed. I hear the Mermaid forced on shore to the west of Gravelines, one of the enemies' men-of-war having 3 guns and 30 men; it was destroyed, but the men got safe to land; there are 3 more within the Heads, waiting an opportunity to escape, but all care will be taken to prevent it.
I have desired Commissioner Pett, at Chatham, to send the Eaglet ketch to convoy a vessel laden with cables for Portsmouth, and for Capt. Reader to carry two long boats to Chatham, and then get orders for cleaning. The Torrington has arrived, having landed MajorGen. Morgan and other army officers in France, and brought back Capt. Compton; the Oxford has also returned, having set the Honble. Fras. Boyle on shore at Helvoetsluys, where Capt. Algate reports there are 8 frigates fitting out; there are also 5 new ones at Rotterdam, the least having 50 guns, and the drums have beat up there these 14 days for Admiral Opdam, who is first to be manned, but there is little appearance of men; it is said they are all bound for the Straits.
Van Tromp has gone westward, with 6 or 7 sail, and 20 sail of Hollanders have also gone that way within this month. Particulars of the arrival and departure of ships, and names of 9 now in the Downs. The Cornelius and Beaver should be appointed to take a man out of each smack that comes from the River to the North Foreland to fetch fish, whereby 50 men may soon be gained.
I am glad to hear the news of the good success of the ships with General Blake, which I anticipated when I heard they had gone that way. [2 pages.]
May 30.
51. Testimonial in favour of Rich. Witt, B.A., registrar in the Chancellor's Court of the University for 6 years, as able, well affected, and fit for any such employment. Signed by ViceChancellor Dr. John Owen, Assistant Vice-Chancellor Rich. Zouche, and John Wilkins; addressed to William King, Middle Temple. With note that a person not named deserves an augmentation or some encouragement in his studies. [1¼ pages.]
May 31.
The Constant Warwick, off St. Martin's Island.
52. Capt. Robt. Vessey to the Admiralty Commissioners. I have been cruising with the Griffin since the 19th instant, between Ushant and Belle Isle; I chased a Biscaneer on shore, and on getting her off with the boats, found she had 3 guns and 40 men. The following Wednesday, I, with Capt. Taylor and the prize, being in chase of another Spaniard, we espied 2 ships engaged together off Belle Isle, so leaving Capt. Taylor and the prize to follow up their chase, I made up to them, but night coming on, I lost them; at 3 the next morning I took one of them, which proved to be a French man-of-war, of 6 guns and 3 murderers, which had been taken by the other of 16 guns from St. Sebastian's, so that the possession of his prize was but short; I shall not be wanting in trying to get him; the one the Griffin followed got away.
We are now together with the two prizes, which we shall leave at St. Martin's until we have cruised about for 6 or 8 days, and then call for them, and make for Plymouth. We hear that several English merchantmen have been engaged with and taken, and that several Spaniards from St. Sebastian's, having from 16 to 36 guns each, are in this bay; I will endeavour to meet and cut them off, as being very detrimental to our merchant ships. [1 page.]
May 31.
The Advice, Bridlington Bay.
53. Capt. Fras. Allen to the Admiralty Commissioners. I came from Dundee on the 29th ult., with 3 ships bound for the Sound, and 9 laden for Hull, Bridlington, Newcastle, and Scotland; but it blowing hard, I stood over for the coast of Norway, and had to take one in tow; another laden with flax, not keeping close, was boarded by 2 small men-of-war. Hearing the guns, I cast off my tow, and made sail; Capt. Powell of the Portland, being between me and the shore, likewise made sail, and in a little time, we came up and retook him, Capt. Powell being first up by reason of my ship being so long off the ground, so he took the prisoners on board.
In the interim, another man-of-war of 8 guns came in amongst the rear of my fleet, and took another, whereupon I left Capt. Powell with the one retaken, and plied after him, and after 5 hours, retook him also, but the man-of-war got away with the master, although I have brought home the skipper. Capt. Powell's and my fleet consisted of 58 sail, and to secure them from the enemy, we were forced to go into harbour with them. We parted fleets on 28 May, 40 leagues from the Naze of Norway, and I arrived within the Head to-day, and after leaving the Hull ships, plied up with the rest to the Bay, where they now ride. Having only 7 days' provisions, and being detained by the wind, I want an order to clean and revictual at the Humber. [1 page.]
May ? Col. Jo. Bamfield to Sir John Hobart, Bart., Queen's Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London. I am confident Sir John Reynolds will join you in anything you move in my behalf, either to his Highness or Mr. Secretary. I want but employment under Sir John. Beg Mr. Secretary to answer my letters, that I may know what to trust to. [Scrap; copy, French correspondence.]
May ? 54. — to Lord Conway? I was much consoled by your letter of November, thus receiving a mark of your friendship after a silence of so many years, which had made me fear something had happened you, considering the distance and many changes. I the more rejoice to find that Monsieur is in good condition, and that you remember our ancient friendship. I waited to reply till I could see what course the government of your country would take, and whether the Protector would accept royalty, that I might congratulate you on the new form. But I find that he has entirely refused to accept the royal dignity. I marvel at his modesty, but think your republic so much the better established. [French, 1 page.]
May ? 55. Edw. Norris to Williamson. By the enclosed from England I hear that the wife of Lord Lindsey is lately dead, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. (fn. 1) My brother Francis, the hope of Winchester, is seized with a dead palsy, and my brother William extremely ill. Mr. Whorwood is almost unknown to me, it is so long since I heard from him. Tell me the address for my letters in England. [1 page, French.]
May ? 56. Edw. Norris to Williamson, Saumur. I wish I could merit your good opinion, and would do anything to serve you. The King has forbidden the wearing of 80 ells of * * *, and I know not how much lace; dress and mantle are to be black, therefore I should like mine changing for one such as Mr. Paget wears. I want it sending with some shirts. [1 page, damaged.]
April. 57–62. Accounts of receipts and disbursements relative to Williamson's pupils, Edw. Norris and Brome Whorwood, from April 1656 to April 1657. [6 papers.]


  • 1. Bridget, only daughter and heir of Edw. Wray and Lady Elizabeth Norris, married Montague Bertie, Earl of Lindsey, and was buried in St. Andrew's Chapel, 24 March 1656–7.