James I: September 1603

Pages 78-90

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1603-1606 . Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1872.

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James I: September 1603

119. Carey to Cecil. [Sept. 2.] S. P., Ireland, vol. 215, 90.

Thomas Watson has informed him of his (Cecil's) favour in getting his accounts passed. As long as he lives will acknowledge this service. Has received through his good means the King's warrant for the reversion of the parsonage of Dungarvon for 40 years. He purposes to bestow it upon a poor kinsman of his own name, that intends to live in this country to serve His Majesty.

Touching the state of the kingdom, there is such daily expectation that this money shall be decryed, it will not now be received but seven or eight for one, which undoes them all and makes them stark beggars. This county of late swarms with priests, Jesuits, seminaries, friars, and Romish bishops; if there be not speedy means to free this kingdom of this wicked rabble, much mischief will burst forth in a very short time. There are here so many of this wicked crew, as are able to disquiet four of the greatest kingdoms in Christendom. It is high time they were banished and none to receive or aid them. Let the judges and officers be sworn to the supremacy; let the lawyers go to the church and show conformity, or not plead at the bar, and then the rest by degrees will shortly follow. There will be much ado at Michaelmas when this great cast of 4,000 shall be. Wishes to God the King had some use of their services in some other place; for here will they live upon spoil and to do mischiefs; labour will they never, and rob will they still.—Dublin, 2 September 1603.

Hol. Pp. 2. Sealed. Add.: "To the Rt honorable my very good Lord the L. Cecyll, Baron of Essenden."

120. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, or in his absence, to Sir George Carey, the King's Deputy there. [Sept. 4.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 3.

Sir Cahir O'Doghertie, among other subjects of Ireland, having repaired the King's Court, praying, "that neither the offences of his father, which happened by the rigorous inforcements of the late arch-traytor O'Donell, nor his own misguided life, seduced in his mind either by instigation of others, should shut up our gracious favour from him, but we would vouchsafe to restore to him all the lands and livings forfeited to us by the treason of his father." The Lord Lieutenant is directed to pass to him by patent all such lands, &c., as were granted by Queen Elizabeth by letters patent, dated 28 June in the 30th year of her reign, to Sir John O'Doghertie, Knight, and his heirs (the spiritual livings therein excepted), to have and to hold to the said Sir Cahir and the heirs male of his body, remainder to Sir John O'Doghertie, second brother to Sir Cahir of like estate, and a further remainder of like estate to Rory O'Doghertie, third brother to the said Sir Cahir, to be held by knight's service, paying an annual rent of 30 beeves and a rising out of 20 foot and six horse, and such exceptions and conditions as were expressed in the letters patent to his father; with a further reservation and exception of the castle of Culmore and 300 acres next adjoining, with the whole fishings of Culmore, allowing him and his heirs four salmon per diem yearly during the fishing time; and yet with the King's royal promise in the letters patent to Sir Cahir and his heirs, that in time of peace and so often as the castle of Culmore shall be relinquished by the King or the governors of the said castle, the said Sir Cahir and his heirs shall have the custodiam of the castle and lands and fishings, without rent.—Tottenham, 4 Sept. 1603.

Copy. Pp. 3.

[Printed by Erck, Calendar, p. 25.]

121. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, or in his absence, to Sir George Carey, the King's Deputy there. [Sept. 4] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 5.

A surrender to be accepted from John Dalway, constable of the King's palace of Carrickfergus (in consideration of his long and faithful service to Queen Elizabeth), of the tuogh of Brauilane [Braied or Bread island], and such other lands of inheritance as he hath purchased in the county of Antrim, and the premises surrendered to be re-granted to him and his heirs, to be held in free and common soccage as of the King's castle of Carrickfergus; a yearly rent of 4l. to be reserved to the King, and such further rents rateably as have been payable at any time within 50 years to the King's progenitors. The reduction of 2d. per day from the original allowance of 8d. per day for every warder at the castle to be no longer abated, the King being credibly informed that the warders there can worse live upon their pay than soldiers.—Tottenham, 4 Sept. 1603.

Copy. Pp. 2.

[Printed by Erck, Calendar, p. 27.]

122. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, or in his absence, to Sir George Carey, the King's Deputy there. [Sept. 4.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 8.

To renew to the Earl of Thomond his commission to be commander of the forces in the county of Clare and Thomond, and the like authority in the civil government of the said counties.—Tottenham, 4 Sept. in the first year.

Copy. Pp. 2.

123. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, and in his absence to Sir George Cary, our Deputy there. [Sept. 4.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 9, dorse.

To grant to Rorie O'Donel and the heirs male of his body, the county of Tirconnell in Ulster, with remainders of like estate successively to his brother Cafferie O'Donell and his cousin Donell Oge MacDonel O'Donell, excepting the castle, town, and lands of Balleshannon and 1,000 acres adjoining, with the fishing there; except Castlefynen and its lands. Rorie O'Donell to renounce all claims upon Sir Cahir O'Dogherty's and O'Connor Sligo's country, and to be raised to the dignity of Earl of Tyrconell, in tail male, with remainder of like estate to his brother Caffery O'Donell; and their eldest sons and heirs male apparent to be created barons of Donegal during the lives of the Earls.—Tottenham, 4 Sept. 1603, &c.

Copy. Pp. 4.

124. The King to [the Earl of Devonshire].Sept. 4. Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 33.

"From the Kinge's Majestie to passe unto Sr Cahir O'Doughertie, the lands, seignories, &c., wh his father Sr John O'Doughertie helde."

Copy. P. 1. Endd. in Sir Arthur Chichester's hand.

[Duplicate of No. 120.]

125. John Byrd to the Earl of Devonshire. [Sept. 8.] S. P., Ireland, vol. 215, 90a.

With a relation of one Robt. Atkinson concerning Father Archer.

Though not so well known of his Lordship as he (Byrd) could wish, he held it at length to be part of the duty which a ministerial officer of the laws to the State of Ireland owed to his (the Earl's) place of Lord Lieutenant, to honour him with the privity of his enclosed intelligence. For the better strengthening of Atkinson's credit, he (Atkinson) has repeated it before the next justice of peace, who has certified as much under his hand, and it is herewith presented to his (the Earl of Devonshire's) view.

For justifying of his assertions against the Earl of Tyrone or others, touched in his statement, he (Atkinson) has entered with another into bond to His Majesty taken by the justice, for his forthcoming upon 20 days warning in London. Has nothing further to tie him to the service, or to stay here from his home in Yorkshire, unless allowance be given for his expenses, for which he (Byrd) has no warrant. As soon as he (Byrd) shall receive a warrant for the apprehension of the Jesuits named by Atkinson, namely, Archer, the Pope's Legate for Leinster, the Earl's confessor (as he was the Archduke's of Austria), he will endeavour to effect what may be required of him. In hope of hearing further from the Lord Lieutenant, will stay 10 days longer at "Charing Crosse" (where he is lodged near to one William Waades lodging) than he otherwise would, "so as also for wayfaring charges for 6 persons to Westchester I may be enabled." (fn. 1)

Suggests that his warrant should be general, no particular persons named, and that it should extend to seizure of their goods for the King's behalf.

By collections of informations in former times, finds that he (Archer) had great corresponding with the Lord Baron of Upper Ossory and his sons, and that his house was his ordinary retiring place from the O'Moores and Dempsies, and many others of the best men of accompt throughout the Pale and in the corporations. That he exacted from them what sums of money he chose, and yearly received great contributions from the principal recusants in England for upholding the rebels, which he called "God's men." Some of those five Irish knights and gentlemen which are in the Tower are not free from this unsoundness, besides officers of ports and men of accompt in England. It is not to be doubted that, since his (Archer's) attendance on the Earl of Tyrone, his Lordship and the rest of his favourites, as well now in the Tower as at liberty, have made liberal use of his function for masses and reconcilements to the Church of Rome, and not a few of the English inhabiters here. If he (Archer) had received his deserts at his last commitment to the gaol house in Westminster, then had he been prevented of [his] accursed voyage to Rome 13 years past, from whence he was employed for the Pope's sub-legate, and stirred up the rebellion which held for 13 years, with expense of 100,000l. and loss of many thousand subjects. All this may be regained if he may be fortunately taken, and be made to lay open all his pedlar's pack and associates for those employments. Thus might be discovered the correspondence that he and the rest of his faction hold with the ambassadors from Spain and France.

If the Earl of Tyrone also had been disciplined by the laws, for strangling with his own barbarous hands his cousin german, one of the O'Neale's sons, a good subject and the Queen's sworn servant, for advertising his rebellious drifts, before he broke out into rebellion, his rebellion had been prevented.

Seeing therefore that neglect of good laws for respectiveness to persons either for greatness or religion, (for the rich devil hath ever more friends than the poor Christ,) hath been the very true or efficient cause or occasion whereby that realm was far hazarded and this land generally afflicted, and that, by his (the Earl of Devonshire's) valorous, prudent, and painful managing of those wars, in the favour of God he was the preserver thereof. As the hearts of all good subjects honour him (the Earl of Devonshire) for his conduct of the wars in Ireland, so the best affected subjects trust that he will set forward the cutting off of such importunate members as these bodies politic of England and Ireland have been long afflicted with. These and such like Romanists have been the chief firebrands and motives of all rebellions, and ever will be as serpents of Hydras and breeders of more, if their number and increase shall not be shortened by the sword and by the halter.

So shall the Earl's glory be equal with Brutus, and through his means will all nations honour the King of England, now being the first of the fortunate name James, by whom a rude, cruel, and wild nation in Ireland shall be brought in to be gentle, obedient, and civil, to augment, strengthen, and honour his royal Majesty with greater magnificence than any or all that forwent him.—8 Sept. 1603.Signed: John Byrd.

Hol. Pp. 2. "To the Rt honorable and worthy good Lord the L. Mountjoy, Earl of Devon, Master of the King's Matys ordinance, L. Lieutenant General for the Realm of Ireland, and one of his Highness most honorable Privy Councel at the Court or else where, with speed to be, &c." Encloses,

29° Augusti 1603. Sept.5. S.P., Ireland, vol 215, 90 B.

Robert Atkinson, gentleman, dwelling near Richmond, at Lepswell in Yorkshire, voluntary related, in hearing of John Bird, notary public.

[Sept. 5.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 90 B.

At His Majesty's last being at Hampton, was a suitor, and saw Father Archer alight from his horse at the Earl of Tyrone's lodging at Kingston, and saw him forthwith entertained by one of the Earl's servants and conducted up to his lodging where his Lordship then was. Archer often afterwards frequented there, as he had formerly done at the Earl's being lodged at Chester. Sometimes he (Archer) would follow the Earl to Court and join him in keeping company with those Irish knights and gentlemen which are in the Tower, and Sir Edward Fitzgarrold and other of that nation. Sometimes in the apparel of a courtier, at other times like a farmer. Him he well knew in Ireland; there he saw him as chief commander over the Irish troops of rebels, horse and foot, commanding for his own guard as many as himself pleased, and for any bloody actions to be done upon any of the English nation. He was called commonly the Pope's Legate, and arch-prelate over all others in the province of Leinster and Munster, and also the O'Neale's; by others he was called Tyrone's confessor, as he had been the Archduke's confessor of Austria; and in England is said to be the Earl's massing priest, and for others, the Knights and Irish gentlemen, howsoever near unto the King's Court they may happen to be lodged.

By this Archer the Earl of Ormond was taken prisoner in a day of parlance; by his hand the Earl of Thomond held with the O'Moores and O'Connors in Leax against all laws of arms. Notwithstanding that he (Archer) was born as an obliged follower of the Earl's in Kilkenny, yet he practised much cruelty against him, and sought his death. Of all the priests that ever were he is held for the most bloody and treacherous traitor, sure unto none in friendship that will not put his decrees into action, by warrant of his apostolical authority, as he calleth it,from time to time renewed by bulls from Rome. He is grown to be so absolute that he holds the greatest lords in such awe that none dare gainsay him. At Tyrone's return to Ireland (it is verily believed) that he will and can divert him and all the rest into rebellion again, as formerly he and Dr. Creagh did, not only Tyrone, but also the Viscount Mountgarrott, the Viscount Roche, and many thousands that would gladly live at rest, but (as sheep are chased by the Romish wolves to their utter destruction), are still laboured to run into rebellion, so would such priests do, in hatred of the English nation and government, even though they should enjoin toleration of religion.

At Kingston he (Atkinson) also often saw a secular priest called Father Husie [Hussey], well horsed, and in company of the same Irish knights and gentlemen, with feathers in his hat, as gallantly attired as any knight in the Court.

Sir George Humes, Chancellor and Treasurer of the Exchequer, directed a warrant to one Wm. Atkinson, a kinsman of the relator's, for the arrest of Husie; but the relator, out of friendship to one of the knights, companions of Husie, gave such forewarning thereof to him that Husie escaped, and is thought to be returned into Ireland, in Sir Christopher Plunket's company, or to be with Archer following Tyrone. By policy they might be surprised together, either about the Court, or at their taking of shipping at Westchester for Ireland.

Is of opinion that these Romish priests and many others in disguise, Tyrone's followers, frequent the Spanish and French ambassadors, with whom and their priests there is over much correspondency for better directing of their bad actions; and there may they be probably surprised. All this he will make good against Tyrone, if he shall stand upon the denial, as he probably will, as being unwilling to forego his confessor or ghostly father. Archer is in stature somewhat tall, black, and in visage long and thin; born in Kilkenny.—5 September 1603. (fn. 2) "R. A."

Repeated and testified before me, by setting his name to every page, as appeareth, in presence of

William Harrison.

126. Mr. Butler, Son-in-law to the Earl of Ormond, to Cecil. [Sept. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 91.

As he is always grateful to Cecil for the passing great kindnesses and favours he has received by his means, and especially for the last favours of all done unto his father-inlaw and himself, he makes humbly bold to request him to be a favourer of his kinsman, Chaplin Edward FitzGerald, now servant unto his Majesty and attendant still at court, who hath often acknowledged himself to be heretofore much obliged to Cecil, and to bear of him the same opinion which he (Butler) has just cause ever to bear.—Bristol, 8 September 1603.

Hol. P. 1. Sealed. Add.: "To the Rt honorable the L. Cecill, &c."

127. The King to the Earl Of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, and in his absence, to Sir George Carey, the King's Deputy there. [Sept. 9.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 9.

To grant to our loving subject and servitor, Captain William Taaffe, and his heirs for ever, without fine, so much of the lands, &c. in the King's hands as shall amount to the clear yearly value of 50l. English by the year, &c., at the ancient rents, and for the lands not in charge such rents as they shall be valued at; but this favour not to extend to pass away any lands, &c. of Mabel, Countess of Kildare, which the King reserves for other respects.—Woodstock, 9 September 1603.

Copy. Pp.2.

[Printed in Erck's Calendar, p. 28.]

128. The King to the Earl of Ormond. [Sept. 10.] Carte Papers, vol. 30, p. 44.

In recompence of the good services done to the Queen, deceased, and the Earl's constant loyalty in all the tumults of that country, and in execution of the intentions of the late Queen not fully performed, the King has given his approbation to a marriage greatly desired by the Earl between his daughter and a kinsman of the Earl's own blood, whereby to save the succession to his estates; and has also advanced his said kinsman to the dignity of a Viscount, as the Earl may perceive by the letters patent. All which is done out of esteem for the Earl's old services, to which his kinsman is to refer his own advancement.—Woodstock, 10 September 1603.

Add. Pp. 1½.

129. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. [Sept. 11.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 9. Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 6.

King's letter in favour of Teige O'Rowrke, the only legitimate son of Sir Brian O'Rowrke, lately executed for high treason, reciting that, whereas by the attainder of Sir Brian O'Rourke, Knight, lately executed for high treason within this kingdom, the county or lordship of Brenye Jrowrke and Moynterolis, otherwise called O'Rowrke's Country, in the county of Leitrim, with such other lands in the counties adjoining as were the rightful inheritance and freehold of the said Sir Brian, came to the hands of the King's dear sister Ellzabeth, and so descended to the King himself; and forasmuch as the King's Lieutenant of Ireland had recommended to him the manifold services of the said Teige O'Rowrke, the only legitimate son of the said Sir Brian, done lately within this kingdom worthy of recompense, and his forwardness to continue his dutiful loyalty, the King thought good of his free gift to grant unto him and the heirs male of his body, all and singular the countries and lordships, with all manors, castles, &c. which rightfully belonged to his said father; reserving to the King and his heirs all abbeys, priories, and spiritual livings within the same limits, to be held by him the said Teige O'Rowrke and his heirs male of his body, in as full a manner as his said father held and enjoyed the same, as well by descent of inheritance as by the late general composition (the spiritual livings aforesaid only excepted), but yielding such rents and reservations to the King and his heirs as were limited in the said compositions; reserving also to the King, his heirs and successors, one or more garrison places within those countries as by the King's Deputy or other chief governor of Ireland, or the governor of Connaught should think expedient, with two quarters of land to be annexed, and land to every fort.

Letters patent to the above effect to be passed.—Woodstock, 11 September 1603.

Pp. 2. Add.: "To the Earl of Devonshire, the King's Lieutenant of Ireland, to the Chancellor there, and to any other Deputy, chief Governor, or keeper of the Great Seal of Ireland for the time being."

Certified copy of the letter of record, by Thos. Chetham.

[Printed in Erck's Calendar, p. 28.]

130. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, and to the King's Deputy there. [Sept. 11.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 4.

The King, having already restored the Earl of Tyrone to his lands and dignity by letters patent under the great seal of England, resolves to restore him and his in blood; and the Lord Lieutenant is, at the next Parliament, to cause an Act to be passed, as well for the restitution in blood of the said Earl, as of Cormac MacBaron, his brother, and of their heirs and the heirs of every of them. Moreover, the exception of 240 acres at the Blackwater was a mistake in the penning of the book in that point; for the King's meaning was, that they should be restored to him in recompense of the 600 acres reserved to the two other forts of Charlemont and Mountjoy. They are therefore to be passed to the Earl, for such estate as has been granted him of the rest of the lands; and all such lands as are excepted out of the patent are to be secured by a proviso in the Act for his and his brother's restitution in blood.—Woodstock, 11 September 1603.

Copy. Pp. 2.

[Printed in Erck's Calendar, p. 25.]

131. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland. [Sept. 11.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 29.

Original of No. 130. Endd.: "In the behalf of the Earle of Tyrone, to be restoored to his bloude [restored to his blood], and to have the 240 acres of land about the Blackwater to be past unto him in lieu of 600 acres annexed to Charlemont and Mountjoy."

Orig. P. 1. Add. Endd.

[The above endorsement is in Sir Arthur Chichester's hand.]

132. The King in Council to the Lord Lieutenant. [Sept. 11.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 7.

Sir Thomas Bourke, Knight, having made suit to His Majesty for the payment of a debt of 2,000l. which he claimeth to be due unto him in right of his wife, the late widow of Captain Antony Brabazon, deceased, pending the delay in taking the account, no extent is to be granted against him for arrears of rent for the lands he holdeth in the right of his wife.—From the Court at Woodstock, 12 September 1603.

Signed: Th. Ellesmere, Canc., Th. Buckhurst, Suffolk, Northumberland, Lenox, Howard, Ro. Ciccill, Devonshire, Mar. L. Wotton.

Certified to be a true copy of the inrolment of Sir Thos. Bourke's letter "in my office, per me,

"Christo. Bysse,

"Secundar. Rememorat."

Endd. in Sir Arthur Chichester's hand.

133. Fenton to Cecil. [Sept. 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 92.

The Lord Deputy and Council have, by this dispatch, recommended a Mr. Draper, a minister and preacher of God's word, for two small bishoprics in this realm, now remaining in his Majesty's disposition. Being a M.A. of ancient standing, and a sound man in the profession of the Gospel, he (Draper) hath also (for his more ableness to answer his charge) obtained the Irish tongue both to preach and persuade the people sufficiently; — a matter of special moment to reduce the country to love and follow God's true religion, when they shall hear it preached in their own language. Besides Mr. Draper's long and frequent conversation with the Irish in sundry employments amongst them, hath drawn to him no small credit to move and lead the people, both in the ways of their conscience and to fashion them, to civility. So he (Fenton) knows not any Englishman in this realm, by whom so good use might be made for the good of the church and people as by him; and specially to set on foot again these two long decayed and wasted bishoprics, which none other will sue for, except he be of the Pope's faction. And for discharging of them both, the difficulty cannot be great to him, for that they hold not above 20 miles distance one from the other, and neither of them above one day's journey from his parsonage of Tyrone, where he is now resident. Humbly beseeches Cecil to further his (Draper's) preferment in this poor suit, he being a person qualified to do good in the ministration better than any other of his rank in his kingdom.— Dublin, 14 September 1603.

Hol. P. 1. Sealed. Add.: "To the Rt honorable the L. Cecill, &c."

134. The King to the Lord Deputy. [Sept. 15.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

Order for Sir Edward Harbut to be paid for continuing 12 horsemen in the service.

Draft. Pp. 1½. Endd.: "Sir Edw. Harbut, xv Sept. 1603."

135. The King to Sir George Carey, Deputy of Ireland. [Sept. 17.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 27.

Is resolved to take away the base money current of late years, and still current in Ireland, and to establish a new standard of nine ounces, fine, being the ancient standard of that kingdom. A large quantity of monies of that fineness have been coined, and will be sent over presently, of which each piece bearing the name of a shilling and appointed to be current there for 12 pence, contains nine pence of fine silver, and all other pieces rateably.

Proclamation is to be made after the discretion of the Council for establishing this standard, and declaring when the new coin shall be current. At the publishing of the new standard, the base monies now current are to be called down; the piece of 12 pence to be current for four pence of the new standard, and all other pieces of the same coin rateably, and to be current notwithstanding those finer monies now established. The copper money, as pence, halfpence, and farthings, current there, are to have course there still for the necessary use of the poorer sort; but no man to take of the same in payment above 50 shillings in the 100 pounds, and rateably in less or greater sums, viz. the 40th part. The Deputy Treasurer at Wars is to make him an allowance for transport of the new monies after the rate of 20l. per 1,000l.; being the same allowance as they had by contract with the late Queen for transporting the base monies, and the transport to be at the King's risk, as under the late Queen.— Dated at Woodstock, 17 September, in the first year.

Copy. Endd. Add.

Marked at foot, in Sir George Carie's hand: "This is a trewe copye, George Carey."

And at back, in Sir Arthur Chichester's hand: "Re. by Sr. Ge. Carie before my tyme."

136. The King to the Lord Deputy (Sir George Carey). [Sept. 17.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

Has determined to recall the base coin, and issue a coin of nine ounces fine, being the ancient standard for Ireland.

Draft. Pp. 2½. Not signed. Endd.: "To the L. Deptie about the new coyne. xvii Sept. 1603."

137. Warrant to the Lord Deputy, Sir George Carey. [Sept. 17.] Docquet Book, s.d.

Warrant to the Lord Deputy of Ireland to admit the Earl of Thomond into the Council there.—17 September 1603.

138. King James to Sir George Carey, Treasurer. [Sept. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 93.

Forasmuch as the King is informed that his loving subject, Henry Wilkinson, of London, merchant, having lately traficked with divers merchandise of good value unto the realm of France, and there bartered and sold the same for wheat and rye corn, and transported it into the realm of Ireland, where he sold the same at the city of Dublin at the King's own price to his customer and officers there for the use of the King's army, for the sum of 1,200l., as by certificate showed, under the hands and seal of the deputy customer and comptroller of the customs at Dublin, appeareth; which since was paid to him in base coin; and for so much as the said Wilkinson cannot, as he informeth, bestow the said money in that country commodities without exceeding great loss and the utter impairing and overthrow of his estate, he hath been an humble suitor to the King that the same may be received into the banks there, and returned over by bills of exchange, payable over some reasonable time, according to the usual and accustomed manner within the said city of London; which His Majesty having duly considered, and remembering how the said corn was at the King's usual price taken to the use of his army, and in time of great scarcity, has thought fit, of his especial grace and the care he has to support the estate of merchants, chiefly of such as make provision for sustenance of the people and maintenance of the King's men of war, whom he would cherish, to signify his pleasure to be such therein, as he is pleased to grant his request; and there withall he charges and commands Carey upon his present order to receive the said 1,200l. into the bank there, without urging Wilkinson to pay any part thereof in sterling money, and to transfer the same unto him by bills of exchange payable in the city of London, within one month at the farthest after the receipt hereof, as in such cases is usual; which pleasure the King will not have delayed, nor in any wise protracted.—Woodstock, 18 September 1603.

Pp. 2. Add.: "To our trusty and loving friend, Sir George Carey, Treasurer for our kingdom of Irelande, these."— Dublin.

139. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant. [Sept. 18.] Docquet Book, Sept. 18.

Letter to the Lord Deputy of Ireland to cause a grant of the office of Solicitor-General there to be passed under the great seal to John Davies of the Middle Temple.

[Printed in Erck's Calendar, p. 29.]

140. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, and n his absence, to Sir George Carey, the King's Deputy there. [Sept. 25.] Philad. p., vol. 1, p. 23.

Sir Theobald Bourke, Knight, as well in behalf of himself as of Morrogh O'Flaherty and Donel Ikoggie O'Flaherty of Jeher [Iar], Connaught, his two brothers by the half blood, having petitioned the King to accept of their several surrenders of their lands, and to re-grant the same severally to them and their heirs; the King, desiring that his subjects should hold their own according to English tenure, and that their possessions should be settled in a certain and perpetual course of descent, for their encouragement to live in a civil course, to the benefit of their lawful progeny, directs that commissions be issued to inquire what lands Sir Theobald holds of inheritance, by descent, or other lawful means, and what lands the said Morogh and Donel have in the county of Galway by like title, and after such inquisition returned, to accept their surrenders and to re-grant them their lands severally, to be held by knight's service in capite.—Winchester, 25 September, in the first year.

Orig. P. 1. Endd. Add. Inrol.

[Printed in Erck's Calendar, p. 259.]

141. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, and in his absence, to Sir George Carey, the King's Deputy there. [Sept. 25.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 25.

To grant to Edward Crafton, son of John Crafton of Connaught in Ireland, for good services done to Queen Elizabeth and the Crown by him and his father, and for their great losses sustained in the late wars of Ireland, the reversion of all such lands as the said John Crafton holds of the King by any leases for years yet unexpired, at the yearly rent of 8l. sterling, English money, or thereabouts, to be held by him and his heirs in fee-farm, in free and common soccage, as of the King's castle of Athlone, at the ancient rent and services.—City of Winchester, 25 September, in the first year.

Orig. P. 1. Add. Endd. in Sir Arthur Chichester's hand: "Receaved by Sir George Carie before my time." Inrol.

142. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, and in his absence, to Sir George Carey, the King's Deputy there. [Sept. 27.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 12.

To accept a surrender from Dermot, son of Donel O'Sulyvan More, deceased, and the said Donel's younger brethren, Dough, Daniell, and Cnougher O'Sulyvan, so much of their late father's country and lands in the county of Kerry held in tanistry, and such other lands as they are peaceably possessed of; viz., the town and lands of Formoyle, Soltcke, Oughugaduh, Cluhurracgh, Cianimkin, Cily, Bohissil, Nullinraigne, Cludagh, Irhirack, Dunloyhy, Nu - Cappuillh, Cappaigh, Aunynkyasse, Cnoysse, Datalligh, Dromcuynugy and Letter, Cahir, Donill-Jerragh, containing one ploughland, Nugollaine, Kaypagch in Ruisse, Lyftyknougher, Durime, Aughhyffe, Durryeletter, Coysh, Many Flanigh, Numyllech, the half of the Bracaharracgh, the half of Carrubbey, Fyarrin, Nunarde, Behicghanne, Slyactun, Dullimgh, and two parts of Myanus, and the chief [rent] that the said Dermot has with that part of Myanus, with the rent due unto him yearly upon the lands called Pobble Silactu, McCrahe and Jurrahagh; and to re-grant said lands, with all their rights, to him, his brethren, and their heirs and assigns for ever; yielding to the King such rents and services as have been theretofore yielded for the same; to be held of the King by such tenure as heretofore they were held by.—Hampton Court, 27 September, in the second year of the reign.

Copy. Pp. 3.

[Printed in Erck's Calendar, p. 32.]


  • 1. These words are written in different ink from the rest of the manuscript.
  • 2. Printed in full in Meehan's Fate and Fortunes of Hugh O'Neill, p. 43-5.