James I: August 1603

Pages 71-77

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1603-1606 . Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1872.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


In this section

James I: August 1603

94. Gerald Comerford to Carey. [Aug. 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 83.

Has received his letter touching the coming of the traitor Archer to England. It would be well if he (Carey) were to give notice of it in England; for the Bishop of Ossory, by the report of one Richard Phlen [Phelan] of Kilkenny, hath heard thereof. Had heard himself that he was employed abroad, and Phlen [Phelan] affirmed to the Bishop he is in England. His brother Robert Archer is gone over to England to meet his brother there. Archer, the younger, is a man of small substance and not able to traffic without money. Archer the traitor is black of complexion, his hair spotted gray, and his apparel commonly a white doublet, and the rest of some colour to disguise himself. Supposes that the Chief Baron was not the cause of his (Comerford's) stay from Ulster, but that the third baron laboured the same. Protests that his desire was not to take that journey for any benefit for himself, but to further the service.—Insholeshan [Inchyolaghan, (fn. 1) or Castle Inch], the 4th of August 1603.

Hol. Pp. 2. Sealed. Add.: "To the Rt honorable Sr George Carie, &c."

95. Patent to Theobald Butler as Viscount Tulleo-Phelim. [Aug. 4.] Grant Book, p. 1.

Creation of Theobald Butler, second son of James, late Earl of Ormond and Ossory, to the rank of Viscount Butler of Tulleophelim.

[The record is printed, with the names of the witnesses, by Erck, Calendar, p. 31.]

96. The King to Sir Thomas Knyvet. [Aug. 4.] Add. Papers, James I.

To give order to Charles Anthony, graver of the Mint, to have irons made for striking the new coinage for Ireland. The shillings to have this legend: "Exurgat Deus. Dissipentur Inimici;" the sixpences: "Tueatur unita Deus."

Pp. 2. Not signed. Endd.: "P. Seale to Sr Th. Knyvet for new money to be made of a new standard for Ireland, iiiito Aug. 1603."

97. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant. [Aug. 6.] Docquet Book, Aug. 6.

King's letter to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in the behalf of James Ware, for the office of auditor of accompts.

[Printed in full by Erck, Calendar, p. 23.]

98. Warrant for a New Standard of Monies. [Aug. 6.] Docquet Book, s.d.

Warrant to the Warden of the Mint for the altering of the monies of Ireland into a new standard. (fn. 2)

99. King to Sir George Carey, Knight, Deputy of Ireland. [Aug. 7.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 1, dorso.

In favour of James Fullerton, who is to have a grant perfected him, his heirs and assigns for ever, without fine, of lands spiritual or temporal, in the possession of the Crown, to the value of 50l. per annum, current money of England, according to such rents as are now answered for the same; or at such rents, where the parcels are not yet in charge, as they shall be valued at by the King's surveyor, which are to be rated as favourably as may be to his advantage.— Hampton Court, 7 August 1603.

100. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. [Aug. 7.] Docquet Book, Aug. 7.

A letter in the behalf of James Fitzsymons.

101. The King's letter to the Treasurer in the behalf of the Earl of Tyrone. [Aug. 8.] Docquet Book, Aug. 8.

102. A like to the Lord Lieutenant, in the behalf of Sir Arthur Chichester. [Aug. 8.] Docquet Book, s. d.

103. The King's letter to the Chancellor and Lord Chief Baron to take the oath of Sir George Carey, Treasurer at Wars, concerning his accompt. [Aug. 9.] Docquet Book, Aug. 9.

104. The King's letter to the Lieutenant for the passing of a lease to Sir George Carey, Treasurer at Wars. [Aug. 9.] Docquet Book, s. d.

105. Carey to Cecil. With a letter from Mr. Comerford. [Aug. 9.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 84.

Wishes that his letters received on the 8th of July, with the King's pleasure against giving out any more bills of exchange, unless upon especial occasion, had been received long since; for though he has been as sparing as he could, there is now remaining in the bank about 25,000l., and he fears there will be remaining in his paymaster's hands at the end of September 25,000l. Repeats the account given in his and the Council's letter of 12th July, of the distresses of the soldiery through enhanced prices. But that which troubles him most, is, that those who have not paid their rents and arrears these 16 and 20 years past, now offer to pay them in this new standard money; he has, however, refused such payments, except only so much as have grown due since the beginning of this new standard. The sooner a new coin is sent hither, the better it will be for the King and the whole realm.

Is informed that the traitor Archer is now lately returned out of Spain into England; and his brother, Robert Archer, is gone over from hence by Bristow into England, to meet his brother.—Dublin, 9 August 1603.

Hol. Pp. 2. Add.: "To the Rt honorable the Lord Cecyll, &c."

106. The King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of Ireland, and in his absence, to Sir George Carey, the King's Deputy there. [Aug. 9.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 31.

On his report, as Lieutenant of Ireland, of the care and skill of Thomas Smyth, gent., in the office of Commissary of Victuals for Connaught and Tyrconnel for five years past, during the late rebellion, the King appoints said Thomas Smyth to be Commissary in Connaught and Tyrconnel for his life, with the usual fees and avails paid during the last five years.—Hampton, 9 August, in the first year.

Orig. P. 1. Add. Endd.

[Printed in full by Erck, Calendar, p. 53.]

107. The King to the Earl of Devonshire. [Aug. 9.] Dooquet Book, s. d.

The King's letter to the Lord Lieutenant in the behalf of Thomas Smith, commissary for the victuals in Connaught.

[The docquet for No. 106.]

108. Sir Jeffery Fenton to Cecil. [Aug. 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 85.

Is advertised of the arrival of Father Archer, the old Irish Jesuit, in England; and that before he left Spain, order was given for a force to be in readiness against the first occasion. Thinks that this old plotter is employed to stir up fresh dangers against both realms, and that he was sent out of Spain to apprize the conspirators of the Spanish force being ready for them, whenever the blow should be given in England. Thinks that the great numbers flocking over to England of late render it probable that some of them are come upon intelligence of Archer's coming. To increase this suspicion, the country people show greater boldness than before. Believes that, if some of the Irish there were called to the question for Archer, some light might be thrown from them for his apprehension.—Dublin, 10 August 1603.

Hol. P. 1. Sealed. Add.:"To the Rt honorable the L. Cecill, &c."

109. King to the Earl of Devonshire, Lieutenant of[Aug. 10.] Philad. p., vol. 1,p. 2. Ireland, or in his absence, to Sir George Carey, the King's Deputy there. [Aug. 10.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 2.

On the petition of the Lady Mary, widow of the late Baron of Delvin, a surrender to be accepted of a warrant of Queen Elizabeth, directed to Sir William Russell, Lord Deputy of Ireland, for 100l. a year to be granted to the Lord Baron of Delvin, deceased, in fee-farm of the lands of such as should be slain in battle, and escheat to the Queen in the counties of Cavan and Longford, the said warrant, by reason of the troubles, not having been executed.

And a grant to be made to her and her son Richard, Baron of Delvin, and his heirs and assigns, of so much of the lands in the King's hands in the counties of Meath, Westmeath, Cavan, and Longford, in fee-farm, or in any of them, as at their choice shall amount to 60l. per annum ; to be held as the old tenures, paying the ancient and accustomed rents.—Hampton Court, 10 August 1603.

Copy. Pp. 3.

[Printed by Erck, Calendar, p. 24.]

110. The King to the Earl of Devonshire. [Aug. 11.] Docquet Book, Aug. 11.

Letter to the Lord Lieutenant or Deputy to make a grant in fee-farm to the Lady Mary, widow of the late Baron of Delvin, and to her son Richard, now Baron of Delvin, and his heirs, of so much of his Majesty's castles, manors, and lands within the counties of Meath, Westmeath, Cavan, and Longford as shall amount to the value of 60l.

[The docquet for No. 109.]

111. Neele Garbye to Cecil. [Aug. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 86.

Complains that Rorey O'Donnell, his adversary, should have his (Neil O'Donnell's) lands and goods, and that he (Neil) should have no more lands than he had upon his submission to the Queen in the late O'Donnell's time. Expected, at the least, as much land as his father held. Has not had the full benefit of the promise given him by the State, nor recompence of his services. Requests Cecil to procure him money from the King to pay his debts, being about 40l., and to defray his charges to his country. Engages in return to yield so much of the entertainment of 100 horse and 300 foot, which he held in pay for half the English entertainment, remaining in the Treasurer of Ireland's hands, amounting to 700l.; or will repay it in beeves to the garrison in Loughfoile. Begs he may have letters into Ireland for the pardoning of his followers and servants, and that the governors of Loghfoile and Balyshannon may set all his pledges at liberty, except such as shall be answerable for his good behaviour; he having, for these two years past, been driven to yield pledges of his son's brethren and followers for himself and the county of Tyrconnell (at 5s. charges for their diet by the day), of which he was called Lord by the Lord Lieutenant, and chosen O'Donnell by the inhabitants of Tyrconnell, although the said Rorey is preferred here before him; also that the possessor of Tyrconnell may transfer pledges for the same.—12 August 1603. Neill O'Donnell.

P. 1. Add.:"To the Rt honorable the L. Sisell, &c."

112. Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 13.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 87.

Hesitates to comply with his letters of the 14th of last month, to give my Lord of Tyrone or his assign a bill of exchange for 600l. For, he having refused to give the servitors this benefit, on account of Cecil's former commands not to give out any more bills of exchange, which is very grievous to them, they would be still more discontented, if he gave bills of exchange to my Lord Tyrone and others, that have no entertainment of His Majesty. Wishes Cecil understood what persuasions he used to content them in their miseries, assuring them of speedy relief from His Majesty. Honours and loves the Lord of Tyrone, being now a good subject ; but he (Carey) would presently draw a general discontent upon himself of all the servitors in the kingdom, if they should see that others are more respected than they. Swears to Cecil, by the living God, that if he had money, he had rather leave it out of his purse than to breed himself such dislikes. Moreover, there is already such a mass of this base money brought into exchange, that it grieves his heart to see it. Cecil is to understand that, now that the King has no means to utter this new money, he loses in every 600l., 450l.

Hol. Pp. 2. Add.: "To the Rt honorable my very good LLs. the LLs. of his Mats most honorable Privy Council."

113. Fenton to Cecil. [Aug. 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 88.

Since his (Fenton's) last of the 9th of this present, and his humble opinion how Archer might be laid for amongst the Irishmen about the Court, he has further considered of the means how he might be apprehended by some of them. Thinks that the agents of Waterford, Cork, and Kinsale, and particularly the Mayor of Cork, are the men that this Jesuit will soonest seek unto, for his former inwardness with them, both at the siege of Kinsale and in working the Earl of Tyrone to draw up to Munster to join with the Spaniards. And especially he will use all the art he can to have intelligence with Florence McArtye, for, of all others, Florence has ever been most vowed to the Spaniards. He was a principal plotter with Archer to draw them into Ireland ; having used, as he (Fenton) observed, the ministry of the Roches of Kinsale. If Archer cannot be intercepted by other means, he is of opinion that the Mayor of Cork, Florence McArtye, and those Roches of Kinsale should be severally put to the question for Archer. About two years past and more, Archer being employed out of Spain to labour in Ireland, he changed his name, and passed under the name of Bowman ; till at length he was discovered to be in the county of Wexford, and was very near taken by a draught laid by the Lord Lieutenant, but unhappily escaped. The Lord Lieutenant may remember that he called some of the gentlemen of that county to account for that matter. Perhaps he will not disguise his name, thinking to walk more securely than he did in Ireland. To have Archer taken were a great service to both the realms, he being a capital instrument for Spain and the poison of Ireland. — Dublin, 14 August 1603.

Hol. Pp. 2. Sealed. Add.: "To the Rt honorable the Lord Cecyll, &c. Hast, haste."

114. Carey to Cecil. [Aug. 17.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 215, 89.

Before he received the King's letters of the 13th of the last, as also Cecil's of the 18th of the same, in behalf of Mr. Hopper for the reversion of Mr. Colman's office of Chief Remembrancer of this kingdom, Mr. Colman, for a good sum of money paid him by his (Carey's) servant, John Bingely, surrendered his patent to him (Carey), and took a joint patent to them both of the office for their lives. Had he (Carey) had any knowledge of Cecil's and the King's letters, Bingely, though Carey's servant and a suitor for this office this twelvemonth and more, should yet have gone without it. Though it should cost Carey 100l. out of his own purse to Mr. Hopper, he is willing to perform it. He remits the compounding of the matter to Cecil. Recommends to his consideration the poor estate of Mr. Colman, who surrendered his estate for his better relief.—Dublin, 17 August 1603.

Hol. P. 1. Sealed. Add.: "To my very good Lord the L. Cecyll, &c."

115. The King to Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant. [Aug. 18.] Docquet Book, Aug. 18.

Letter to the Lord Lieutenant and Deputy to grant to John Coventry such goods, chattels, and leases as were lately belonging to Captain Thomas Lee, attainted of treason, for relief and education of the wife and children of the said Lee and the satisfaction of his debts.

116. Warrant to the Exchequer to deliver 2,400l. to the Warden of the Mint. [Aug. 20.] Docquet Book, Aug. 20.

Warrant to the Exchequer to deliver to the Warden of the Mint 2,400l., to be employed for the making of money of fine silver for Ireland, according to the former standard there.

117. The King [to the Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieu-[Aug. 21.] Add. Papers, James 1. tenant.] [Aug. 21.] Add. Papers, James I.

Ordering an entertainment of "eight harpe shillings, extending to five shillings of current money of England by the day," to be paid during pleasure to Robert Jameson, who is appointed captain of the ship "Tremontane," in the room of Charles Pleasington, late captain of the same ship; payment to commence from the 21st of August in the first year of the King's reign of England and 37th of Scotland (1603), the date of Captain Jameson's appointment.

P. 1. Draft, not add.

118. Lords of the Council to Sir George Carey, Treasurer-at-Wars. [Aug. 22.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 4.

Sir George Bouchier having claimed a debt of 2,000l. to be due to him from the King upon his accounts, Sir George Carey is to forbear granting any extent against him for the rent of his lands which he holdeth in fee-farm in Munster till the account be taken, the more especially as the lands have remained waste during the wars. Mesasures also to be taken to have an account of the deliveries of munition by the Earl of Essex, at his going into that kingdom.—From the Court at Baseing, 22 August 1603.

Signed: "L. H. Howard, L. Admiral, L. Cissill, E. of Devon, L. Knolle, E. of Mar, L. Wotton." Examined copy.

Endorsement in Sir Arthur Chichester's hand: "Re. by Sr Ge. Carie before my time. The origenall is with Capt. Bourchier, delyvered unto him by me this 23d of December 1609."


  • 1. This seems to be the place meant. Inchyolaghan is in the barony of Shillilogher, in the county of Kilkenny. It was the seat of a branch of the Comerfords.
  • 2. See infra, Proclamation of Lord Deputy and Council, October 11, 1603.