Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610. Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1874.
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James I: August 1608
1. Demands to be made to Philemy Reagh [M'Davit]. 1608. [Aug. 1.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 274.
1. What he knows of the treason plotted between Tyrone and Tyrconnell?
2. Who were of his conspiracy?
3. What was the cause of their flight and hasty departure from this kingdom?
4. Why did his brother, Shane Crone, go with him?
5. Did O'Dogherty undertake to do this mischief upon the Derry and Culmore, or any other such act of treason before they departed, or when and upon what ground and occasion was it resolved on?
6. Did not O'Dogherty intend to declare himself a rebel when he went to Canevoyre Wood about Christmas last; and what was the cause he returned and submitted himself?
7. Was Sir Neale O'Donnel acquainted with his purpose at that time, or was he drawn in since?
8. Why did O'Dogherty disperse his goods and quit Glenveagh, and what became of his goods?
9. What are the conspirators that are joined with Tyrone and Tyrconnell? What are their purposes and hopes? Do the people expect their return? Upon what ground? And upon whose report and giving out?
10. Was Philemy Reagh in Tyrone and Armagh since the death of O'Dogherty? Whom did he confer with there? Was a meeting again appointed at their separation, and who should be their head?
11. Did Gillaspick and his brother Randal (two brothers of the Clandonnels, the one married to the daughter of Shane M'Donald Groome, the other to the daughter of M'Kenna,) accompany him after his coming into Tyrone; and by whom were they relieved?
12. Why did he depart from them or either of them?
13. Urge him to declare where Art, the son of Bryan M'Art, Oghy Oge O'Hanlon, and the M'Kennas, are kept and relieved, and by whom?
14. Learn how far Shane M'Manus Oge is in this treason, and how far he was acquainted with that of Canavoyre Wood? What is become of the money, plate, ordnance, and other goods and spoil gotten at the Derry, and where Shane is to be had or gotten?
15. Whether any seeming subject be acquainted with this treason, and how far they have favoured it; and what are their names?
"These are but briefs for your remembrance, which with all other the like he recommends to your care to question and demand of him.—1 August 1608. Arthur Chichester."
Pp. 1½. Copy. Endd.: "Demands made to Philemy Reagh, with his answers and examination enclosed." Encloses,
2. Examination of Phelim Reaghe [M'Davit], 3rd August 1608. [Aug. 3.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 292.
To the first, he saith he can say nothing but by the report and relation of O'Dogherty, which was, that the time of Tyrone's coming with aid into this country will be about Michaelmas next.
To the second, he saith that at such time as O'Dogherty acquainted him with the treasons and conspiracy of the Earls Tyrone and Tyrconnell, he demanded of O'Dogherty who were to second them in the action; he answered him that the Lord of Delvin, the Lord of Howth, and Sir Thomas Bourke were to join with them, and were acquainted with their going.
Being demanded why his brother Shane Croane went with them and not O'Dogherty, he saith that his brother went out of the love he bare to the Earl of Tyrconnel, and for that he had been before in the country. The cause of O'Dogherty's not going was his being at Dublin at the time of their departure.
He also saith that a little before the betraying and spoil of the Derry (viz., two or three nights) O'Dogherty and Doole Oge rode to Castle-Fynn to Sir Neile O'Donnell, where they were in council about the taking the rest, whereunto Sir Neile did animate, and put him forward, and saith that where O'Dogherty's purpose was only to have taken the munition and arms, with the spoil of the town, and so to have left it, the said Sir Neile earnestly laboured and persuaded him that in anywise he should burn the town and massacre the people, and that he would undertake to take Lyfford and the Governor of Ballyshannon under pretence of a meeting with him. This O'Dogherty acquainted the examinate with, at his return.
Being demanded what were their expectations and hopes upon the return of the two Earls into the country, he saith they expected that the Irish in general should join with them, and that they should presently be possessed of the whole country.
Being demanded what meeting he had in Tyrone with any of that country, as with Brian Crossagh M'Cormock, Brian M'Art's son, Ferdonogh M'Owen's sons, &c., he saith they had a meeting together since the death of O'Dogherty, within three or four miles of the Omagh, where they sware one to another; and at their parting they shot powder one at another, as if they had been in skirmish, to colour their meeting, but since his parting with them at that time he never durst trust any of them.
He further saith that after O'Dogherty's departing from Glanveagh, and coming into Tyrone, there came unto him in the Glynns all the chief of that country, in a company, and Hugh M'Shane M'Owen, and Phelemie Oge M'Cormoch M'Toole, who likewise promised to join with O'Dogherty.
This examination was taken before us, Geor. Derrien, &c., R. Wingfelde, Ol. Lamberte.
Pp. 4. Orig. Endd.
3. The Examination of Phellim Reaghe M'Daved, taken before the Bishop of Derry, Mr. Marshal, and Sir Oliver Lamberte, the 3rd of August 1608. [Aug. 3.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 279.
Being demanded whether he know anything concerning Sir Neale O'Donell's being accessary to O'Doghertie's treasons, says that a little before the betraying and spoil of the Derry (viz., two or three nights) O'Doghertie and Dowle Oge rode to Castle-Fyne to Sir Neale O'Donell, where they were in council about the taking of the rest, whereunto Sir Neale did animate and put him forward, and saith that where O'Doghertie's purpose was only to have taken the munition and arms, with the spoil of the town, and so to have left it, the said Sir Neale earnestly laboured and persuaded him that in anywise he should burn the town, and massacre the people, and that he would undertake to take the Lifford and the Governor of Ballyshanan, under pretence of a meeting with him. Sir Cahir O'Doghertie acquainted the examinate with this at his return.
He saith that the next day after the taking of the Derry, Sir Neale O'Donell sent thither to O'Doghertie, Murtagh O'Dugan, and Edmond O'Mularkie, a friar, to demand of O'Doghertie his share of the spoil, which he expected should be the half of all the goods in the town, as well of the Governor and Lord Bishop, as of the merchants. He saith that O'Doghertie answered that he should have the half of all whatsoever he had there gotten, saving the munition and arms, which he was to have wholly to himself, upon a former agreement between them.
He saith likewise that, instantly after Sir Neale O'Donell's being with them (the English forces) at Killadonell, he sent a messenger by speech to O'Doghertie, willing him to be of good courage, discovering the weakness of the Marshal's forces, assuring him that he would join with him, wherein, as the examinate saith, he went about to betray them and the King's forces.
He saith, that at such time as O'Doghertie was in Glenveagh, Sir Neale O'Donnell sent unto him Shane Oge M'Bryen Ivallye, and Donogh M'Gylglasse, advising him that it was bootless for him to keep his creats about him, for that the army had a purpose to set upon him; and therefore he wished him to put them away, and to shift for himself.
He also saith that Sir Neale sent word to O'Doghertie that he was to have 100 men in pay, and that he was getting money and arms to furnish his men, which so soon as he was provided of, he would join with him. This messenger was sent after his being at Killadonell. The messengers that went most commonly between them were Donell Fanadagh and O'Mularkie.
Pp. 1¾. Orig. Endd.
4. Sir James Fullerton to the Lord Treasurer of England. [Aug. 2.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 165 B.
Sends a certificate of the disposing of the last supplies.— London, 2 August 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. Encloses,
5. The certificate of 700 men brought over by Captain Norton and others, mustered at Dublin, the 14th July 1608, and found as hereafter appears; as also how they were disposed of. [Aug. 2.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 165 B. I.
Delivered to the Lord Justices' man, of the Warwickshire men, to be delivered by him to the Lord Deputy—musquetiers, 5; armed men, 10; calivers, 23: total, 38. They are but poor in apparel, and very bad in shoes and stockings.
Delivered to Captain Cooke, of the Surrey and Middlesex men, for supplying his own company—musquetiers, 5; armed men, 10; calivers, 20; halbertier, 1; drum, 1: total, 37. Whereof divers of them very bad in apparel, and worse in shoes and stockings.
Delivered to the Lord of Howth, of the London and Essex men—musquetiers, 10; armed men, 27; calivers, 49: total, 86. Whereof 30 had no doublets, and many no better breeches than they should have, and many very ill stockings and shoes.
Delivered to Lieutenant Smyth, of Kentish men, to be conducted by him to Sir Thomas Rotheram—musquetiers, 5; armed men, 12; calivers, 29: total, 46. They are all indifferent in apparel.
Delivered to Ensign St. George, to be conducted to the Lord Deputy—musquetiers, 12; armed men, 38; calivers, 86; halbertier, 1: total, 137. Most of them are no better than they should be in apparel, and very bad in shoes and stockings.
Delivered to Captain Newt's lieutenant for increasing his company of Worcestershire men—musquetiers, 5; armed men, 25; calivers, 30: total, 50 (sic). They were indifferent in apparel, but poor in shoes and stockings.
Delivered to the Earl of Thomond, of Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire men—musquetiers, 10; armed men, 30; calivers, 39: total, 89 (sic). They are indifferent in apparel.
Delivered to Sir Henry Power, of the Gloucestershire men, and to remain in Dublin in close—musquetiers, 10; armed men, 30; calivers, 32: total, 92 (sic). They are indifferent in apparel.
Amounting in all, of the soldiers delivered, to the number of 575; and so 125 are wanting of the 700 men. The 575 soldiers are, most of them, wanting in shoes and stockings, many in doublets and breeches very bad; but the arms are very good. The arms of those that are wanting shall be delivered into the King's store. There are divers stragglers abroad who belong to the 700 men, who as they are met with shall be sent unto those captains who have right to them, and special eye shall be kept upon the townsmen and county that have enticed them aside; the searchers have warning to let none pass but upon good and special warrant.
Pp. 3. Signed. Endd.: "Certificate of the 700 men," &c.
6. The quality and trades of 575 soldiers disposed to divers Captains, 14th July 1608. S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 165 B. II.
Shoemakers, 45; no trade, 156; bakers, 10; brasier, 1; smiths, 21; carpenters, 11; net maker, 1; basket maker, 1; chandlers, 2; brewers, 19; felt weavers, 5; plumber, 1; taylors, 32; ymbrotherers (embroiderers), 2; cooks, 10; joiners, 3; weavers, 31; butchers, 26; costermonger, 1; barbers, 5; coppersmith, 1; cutlers, 3; husbandmen, 62; feltmakers, 5; sawyers, 9; tylers, 3; grocers, 5; showman, 1; tanners, 3; clothiers, 5; pinners, 2; haberdashers, 5; musicians, 3; glovers, 9; pewterer, 1; miliners, 9; fustian driver, 1; watermen, 7; hosiers, 3; silk weaver, 1; locksmiths, 2; comfit maker, 1; joiners, 2; gardeners, 4; shepherds, 2; fletcher, 1; saddlers, 3; five maker, 1; masons, 7; crickmaker, 1; colliers, 7; sailors, 3; paper maker, 1; nail makers, 2; turners, 2; dyers, 3; wire driver, 1; armorers, 2; glassers, 2; carriers, 4; gun maker, 1; potter, 1; white wright, 1; warener, 1.—Ralphe Birchensha.
P. 1. Endd.
7. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Lords of the Privy Council. [Aug. 3.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 166.
After the dispatch of his last letters of the 6th July from Dundalk, signifying the news and the death of O'Dogherty, he dismissed all the risings out of the Pale as he then wrote to them; having been informed that the rebels of Ulster were broken and dispersed to hide themselves amongst their friends, and that some new insurrection was intended near home by some seditious malcontents of the O'Tooles and others of their party, upon occasion whereof, if it should break out, many of the rebels near adjoining might be invited to take side with them or might of themselves presume to make incursions thither in his absence.
On the 9th of July he encamped near Mount Norris in O'Hanlon's country, where he received intelligence that Oghie Oge O'Hanlon, eldest son to Sir Oghie, had returned out of Tyrconnell thither, and had brought with him his wife (O'Dogherty's sister), and a base brother of O'Dogherty's, Arte O'Neile, base son to Brian M'Arte, Phelim Reaghe, and divers others of that rabble, and were to the number of 50 or thereabouts lodged in the woods within five miles of him (Chichester): whereupon he sent forth some soldiers in several parties to prosecute them sundry nights and days without rest or ceasing. Some of them they killed, and some others they took prisoners and brought home to the camp, whom, after examination, he caused to be hung by martial law. The soldiers also got their arms, clothes, horses, and whatsoever other spoil they had; but Oghie Oge, the principal, escaped, and the rest dispersed away by two or three in a party, who are all so cherished by their friends, or otherwise make such shifts to live, that very few of the O'Hanlons, and none of the O'Neils are come into his hands, though he employs soldiers on purpose to prosecute some of them, and make others rich in promises, if they bring in their heads.
His purpose was to lie close at his back until this prosecution should be ended, and all his main forces be withdrawn out of Ulster; but finding no rest in O'Hanlon's country, and being doubtful to put any trust in strangers, all Oghie's companies (that were of Tyrone or Tyrconnell, and thus divided from him,) retired again over the Blackwater and sheltered themselves in the woods, and among such as they thought most affected to them, and the good success of their cause, which indeed were the greatest part of men: yet, notwithstanding, God has so blest his endeavours, that Shane Carragh O'Cahane (brother to Sir Donnell), the murderer of Denys O'Mullan, and his brother, and the head of this rebellion in the country of Colrane, was soon after apprehended by one Hugh M'Shane and his brethren (who are of a wild and strong sept of people dwelling in the woods and glynnes of Tyrone); not so much for conscience sake, or in discharge of their duties to the King, as to expiate their own offences, which they knew themselves to be guilty of, as also that he could not be ignorant in what measure they had offended. Therefore, in consideration thereof and that they were both oppressed and allured by the proclamation, they fell upon Shane Carraghe, killed 10 or 12 of his men, took him prisoner, and according to his directions delivered him at the fort of Mountjoy.
To gratify them for doing so well, and to induce others to imitate their example, gave them some small rewards from the King, together with the goods of the parties and also a promise of a general pardon from the King, with a protection for the present, which has wrought this good effect, that many of the rebels have been since slain or apprehended daily, and so he expects it will continue. Seldom spares to execute justice upon all such as relieve traitors and outlaws if they are able to resist them; otherwise finds them many times to be excusable, living as they do in creaghtes and poor cabins, and therefore unable to withstand desperate and armed men. Very much wishes that they should leave their creaghting and shifting places, and build houses, to dwell in some place certain and permanent; to which purpose has given orders in each county as they pass, and is in some hope to prevail with them for erecting towns and living together, as they do in the Pale and other civil counties.
After his first coming into the county of Ardmagh, he soon observed that it was only art and practice that must avail them for the King's service more than all their force; which being considered, he resolved to stay some six or seven days in each county as he passed through, and to intermix some other needful services of the King's with this prosecution of the rebels; and therefore sent back to Dublin for two commissions under the great seal—one for oyer and terminer and gaol delivery, and the other for surveying O'Doghertie's and the fugitives' lands, those commissions to be executed in every county among other the main business as they went. The people appeared both in the counties of Ardmagh, Tyrone, and Colrane in greater numbers than was expected. In these sessions they received particular information of every man of note or name that was in rebellion, and of many who have relieved the rebels.
During his stay about Dungannon, many of the rebels were brought in daily, who were executed for the most part by martial law and some by verdict of the jury; amongst whom Shane Carraghe O'Cahane was the principal, who was tried by the country, found guilty, and executed as a traitor by justice of the common law;—which was a kind of death seldom or never seen in these parts of Ulster before this time, and seems to terrify them more than that of hanging by martial law, a death which they contemn more, he thinks, than any other nation living; they are generally so stupid by nature, or so tough or disposed by their priests, that they show no remorse of conscience, or fear of death. Has so dealt with some of the principal men in Tyrone, whom he held doubtful and suspected, that many of them have promised to do some acceptable service against his return, to regain favour and opinion; and he assures himself they will not fail to effect it, if it be not for the hope and fear they have of the fugitives' return.
From Dungannon he marched hither through Glanconkayne, which is the greatest fastness of woods and bogs that is in all this province; found that it had been as well tilled and inhabited for the fitness of it as any other part of Tyrone, but that the people with their goods were all removed and gone into the mountains, and the rebels fled withal, both for want of relief and to avoid the King's forces. These diligent searches made all the Tyrconnell men hasten back again out of Tyrone; but the Marshal and Sir Oliver Lambert, with the rest of the captains in those parts, had so good watch and spial upon them, that he is this day advertised that many of them are lately discovered and slain, and some other principal men taken; amongst whom is O'Dogherty's base brother, of whom the regard was that the rebels had created him O'Dogherty; another that slew Sir George Pawlett with his own hands; and Phelimy Reagh, the very firebrand of this rebellion and seducer of O'Dogherty, if any he had besides his own evil spirit; with nearly 20 others of that sort, who are reserved for public trial at the assizes to be held at the Liffer. Phelimy Reagh was discovered to be in a wood in Tyrconnell within six miles of the Marshal's camp. Upon the first news of it the Marshal posted away with some 40 or 50 horse, and with them environed the wood, and so stood until some companies of foot came to search the wood; upon the first search they missed him, but found his three companions or followers, whereof one was slain and the other two taken. While they were thus in despair of him, another company of soldiers came up and would needs search again, and they found him. He made such resistance with his sword, that it seems he would gladly have been slain, but in effect he was badly wounded with a pike in the breast and beaten down before he could be taken. The Marshal takes great care for his curing or keeping him alive for his trial. In the meantime has given order to have him examined upon sundry points, and especially touching Sir Neale O'Donnell. This Phelim is one of the meanest amongst the prisoners and rebels in quality, though for his malice and wickedness he has got himself a name beyond all his fellows. Knows none of them all that were known to have drawn blood in this rebellion, but are either taken or slain; to the end, no doubt, that this people may see that God abhors their crooked and impious courses, and to verify his divine and faithful promise that the issues of all such should be into the ways of death.
Now there remains to be got or cut off the base son of Brian M'Arte, the ringleader in Tyrone, a fellow very hard to be got because of his name; Oghie Oge O'Hanlon, in the county of Ardmagh, Brian ne Savagh M'Mahon, with some of the M'Kennas, in the county of Monaghan; a young legitimate brother of Sir Cahir O'Doghertie's; Shane M'Manus Oge O'Donnell, who holds the island of Torragh [Torry] from us, and is ambitious to be created O'Donnell, after the manner of the country, if means and occasions were answerable to their designs. The last of note that he can now remember is Neile M'Swyne, nephew to Sir Neile O'Donnell, and one that kept the castle of Doa until it was taken; of all whom he hopes to receive some good account before his return.
This is the whole relation of their journey thus far, both for what concerns the prosecution of the rebels, the holding sessions, which would not have been done without an army, and the surveying all the escheated lands in Ulster already partly effected or in hand to be effected, a matter that nearly concerns the King, and is his (Chichester's) second chief care for this time.
It remains that he certify their Lordships of the arrival of 200 new men out of Scotland some five weeks past at Carrickfergus, and 700 from England landed at Dublin soon after his departure, and how they are disposed, as also that he answer some points of their last letter.
First, sends certain demands the men now make for their entertainment agreeable with what they received in Scotland. The other 700 men out of England came far short of their account there; for, however the Earl of Thomond and the other conductors took as much care to keep them together as possible, yet they were so unruly that many of them ran away; but the best of it is, that all this sorts to a good end, for what between the default of one entire company out of Scotland and these others, they have occasion left to retain so many of the civil Irish, and such others of the old soldiers in the King's pay as have honestly performed this last service and desire to be continued in entertainment. The rest of them, such as are not unwilling to depart, he has discharged, and will discharge with their good contentment; and will so husband the matter that he hopes the King will be little charged above his ordinary entertainment of 1,000 over the present Establishment. How they shall be disposed, and what the King's extraordinary charge will amount unto, they shall know when he comes back. Concerning the matter of money mentioned in their last letter, he has acquainted the Treasurer therewith, and leaves that part to him, both to satisfy and solicit them for what may appertain.
According to their letters in that behalf, has given notice to all the port towns that are answerable, of their pleasures concerning the determination and hearing their cause about the customs, and the privileges and immunities which most of them claim in that behalf.
Their agents are required to be there by the beginning of next term. Soon after his return back to Dublin and the survey of the escheated lands, he will dispatch the Lord Chief Justice and the Attorney to their Lordships, fully instructed in what they expect; in the meantime there is not, and shall not be any foot of those lands disposed of or promised to any man from him before the King's pleasure is signified, as they require. Thanks them for the confidence reposed in him for disposing of these lands, according to the King's pleasure and their good advice therein, as their great importance requires.— The Camp, near Colrane, 3 August 1608.
Pp. 8. Signed. Encloses,
8. The disposal of the 700 foot sent out of England, who landed at Dublin the 10th July 1608. [Aug.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 166 i.
The Earl of Thomond, 100. The Lord of Howth, 100.
Sir James Perrott, 100.
To make the eight companies of fifties hundreds:
|Sir Edward Blaine||50|
|Sir Francis Roe||50|
|Sir Thomas Rotherame||50|
|Sir Toby Calefeeld [Coulfield]||50|
|Sir Richard Hansard||50|
|Sir Thomas Phillips||50|
There arrived out of Scotland, about the end of June, 200, who were not to receive any pay from the Treasurer here until the 20th August, by reason they were impressed to that day beforehand, by the Lords in Scotland:
Captain Stewarde, 100. Captain Crafoord [Crawford], 100. For default of the other 100 to come out of Scotland to make up the whole 1,000, assigned 50 to Sir Raphe Bingley and 50 to Capt. John Vaughan; the men were raised (for the greatest part) by themselves.
P. 1. Endd.
9. Rates of Pay of the Scottish Soldiers. [Aug. 3?] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 166 ii.
The rates per mensem allowed by the Lords of Scotland to each 100 of the 200 soldiers with their officers sent from thence, and accordingly paid for two months, beginning 20th June 1608 and to end 20th August of the same year, viz:
In all, per mensem, 115l. 1s. 4d. English, making in harps 153l. 8s. 5d., which exceeds the ordinary entertainment allowed to 100 footmen with their officers, according to the King's establishment, 35l. 11s. 9d. harps; and if the captains' entertainment be reduced to 4s. a day and 6 dead pays, then it will exceed the ordinary allowance 38l. 7s. 9d., harps.
The captains received in Scotland, over and above the two months' means aforesaid, towards the arming of the companies, 27l. 15s. 6d. English le pece; in all, 55l. 11s. English.
The 26th of July last the companies were mustered complete, where many lads and youths were presented for soldiers. Divers of the ablest men were ill-apparelled, and a great number worse armed.
Wa. Whyte, Deputy to the Muster-master.
P. 1. Endd.
10. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Lords of the Privy Council. [Aug. 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 167.
Yesterday he received their letters desiring 200 soldiers to be kept in readiness for the expedition against the Islanders. Has promised them, upon conditions of their sending shipping and pilots, to transport them from Carrickfergus; but requests them (the Lords of Council) to consider, (and he has offered the same consideration to the Scotch Lords,) that there are sharp rumours of preparations abroad, and in readiness to carry over the fugitives, with foreign assistance, he knows not how suddenly. Should this rumour prove true, they shall be so far from being able to assist that service in Scotland that they will rather need assistance from thence (which, they say, they are ready for upon any our occasion).
Is well assisted by the Treasurer, Master of the Ordnance, and Sir Adam Loftus, Judge Marshal, in the matters of the two commissions mentioned in his other letter. Suggests that, as they have encouraged the Treasurer, Marshal, and Sir Oliver Lambert with an acknowledgment of their good services against the rebels in Tyrconnell, so they ought by two or three words to take notice of their industry in civil causes.— Colrane, 4 August 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
11. Sir Arthur Chichester to Lord Salisbury. [Aug. 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 168.
In his letters to the Lords, has declared his success in this service to this time. They have now either killed or have captured alive the principal heads of this rebellion; namely, Shane Carrowe O'Cahaine (brother to Sir Donnell, who is prisoner in the Castle of Dublin); this man is executed by the course of common law; Sir Carye O'Doghertie's brother, with divers of that name, and one who killed Sir George Pawlett. Phelim Reagh M'Davide, and 20 more, are in the hands of the Marshal, and shall receive justice by law. Receives so often advertisements out of Munster and those western parts of the fugitives' preparations and the readiness of a fleet at the Groyne in which many Irish are to embark, that it would withdraw him from this prosecution, were he not secure in that kind by the watch and foreknowledge they (the Lords of Council) have of them and their actions. Whatever the sequel, is sure the eyes of all this kingdom are upon them; and the hearts of the ill-affected wish nothing more than their return in order that they may have means to do mischief. Prays him to consider how needful it is to have some store of money lying in Dublin Castle to answer the alarm of those traitors, in which there can be no loss if the King's stores were answerable, for if they do not entertain idle men they will be on the other side; of which in this expedition they have found the reason, for some of their prisoners have said that upon the revolt of O'Doghertie they first offered their services to the King's captains, and being refused, they afterwards put themselves into the pay of the rebels.
Has with him in this journey the Treasurer, Judge Marshal, and Master of the Ordnance, who are very worthy gentlemen; and without their assistance he could not give such life and dispatch to the service as he does, for in this journey they do three kinds of business, viz., prosecution of the rebels, holding the assizes, and surveying the lands of O'Dogherty and the fugitives. The latter must have been done, and would have been a great charge to the King if special commissioners had been sent from Dublin, albeit they (the Treasurer, &c.) have some extraordinary allowance out of the King's coffers, which they deserve.
Is bound to recommend to him the Bishop of Derry, whose pains in this province have been great, with no profit at all; besides, he has lost very much by the sack of the Derry, for all he had in this kingdom was taken by the rebels or consumed by fire. He has now gone thither to repair himself of necessaries, and upon private occasions in which he will need his Lordship's favour.
Upon his (Chichester's) return his Lordship shall have a just account of the charge of this prosecution, which he will keep down as well as he may; but the men lying so long for passage at the seaside in England will increase it, for until they came to the camp they could not discharge the Irish.— Camp, near Colrayne, 4 August 1608.
Sends him an abstract of a letter from Rome, which is made common in this kingdom, and an examination taken by Sir Lawrence Esmond, constable of the fort of Duncannon, near Waterford, that he may see what alarms are given them from those parts.
Pp. 3. Hol. Endd. Encloses,
12. The Examination of Robert Short, of the town of Wamouth [Weymouth], and Andrew Whitte, of the same, sailors, taken before me, the 17th July 1608. [July 17.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 168 I.
First, that being at the Groyne about 40 days since, heard it generally spoken there by Spaniards and Irish that Tyrone had been with the Pope, who had given him the kingdom of Ireland, and that the King of Spain had orders from the Pope to assist him in obtaining it. Moveover he heard of a fleet preparing for the seas, whereof some ships were to come from St. Lucas, some from Lisbone, others from Vigo, within the Isles of Baion, and some from Passage in Biskey (Biscay); and happening in company of a Scotchman, who was pilot of a Flemish ship of 600 tons, embarked there to sail in the said fleet, the Scotchman said to him, "You may boldly report in England that the fleet which is preparing is meant for Ireland." He does not remember the Scotchman's name, although he told him that his own personal service had been required therein by some Spaniards, but he refused. Likewise he was told by some Irish in the Groyne, who were formerly in the King of Spain's pay, that there were many Irish soldiers there, who were nearly all discharged by the King of Spain, to expect and attend the expedition into Ireland. He further says, that upon the coming of the new Governor of the Groyne, about the 1st of June last, he sent to the number of 1,000 armed men, with their captains and colours, to receive him. He met there one Father Archer, an Irishman, who was very earnest with him to change his religion, which he refused to do; whereupon Archer railed at him.
Andrew Whitte says, that being at the Groyne about the 1st of June, he heard a general report that the Earl of Tyrone was proclaimed King of Ireland by the Pope; after which report he had conference with one Captain Brian O'Kelly, and after many speeches between them, the deponent begged Kelly to dine with him on board his ship, which he took kindly. Deponent asked him where those fleets lay which were so generally spoken of to go for Ireland. Kelly told him they were in several parts, namely, at Vigo, Lisbone, and at Passage in Biskey, to the number of 60 sail, all appointed by the Pope's direction to conduct the regiments into Ireland. Deponent asked how many were to go; Kelly said he knew not for certain how many soldiers, nor when they would set out, but all the Irish in Spain were appointed to repair to the Groyne, and to stay the coming of the fleet, except John of Desmond, who is called by the name of Counte, and O'Sullivant, who were to stay. He further says, that one Father Archer persuaded him to leave his religion, but he would not; whereupon he called him a devilish heretic, with many more reproachful words. Not long after this he saw many Irish priests and friars there, whereupon he asked his host, one Count, a Dutchman, what that assembly of Irish meant; his host told him that they all attended the coming of the fleets thither, which were bound for Ireland. Within few days after, deponent saw some twenty colours marching out of the town of the Groyne, to entertain a new Governor. Kelly told him it was certain that the Pope's army was to go to Ireland, and to land about Broadhaven, near Sleego. Seven days after this he went from the Groyne to Billboe [Bilbao], where he met one Learry, a youth born in Kinsale, and then servant to the Pagador of Biskey, who told him that he came with his master from Passage, and that the navy that lay there had gone to the Groyne to join with the rest, and then go to Ireland. He could not learn the number of soldiers or ship.—Laurence Esmonde.
Pp. 2. Endd.: "17th July 1608. Rec. the last July 1608."
13. Lord Danvers to Salisbury. [Aug. 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 169.
Reports concerning some parcels of goods belonging to Bristol merchants, and taken from the pirate Jennings, to be deposited with the Mayor of Bristol until further order from Salisbury.—Cork, 4 August 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
14. Lord Deputy and Council to the Lords of the Privy Council. [Aug. 5.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 170.
Since their coming to these parts they have received news of the death of the Bishop of Meath, who, during his short stay with them, carried himself very worthy, and according to his calling, &c., and that the King would be pleased to promote a man of experience and skill of government to the place, on account of the greatness and eminence of the bishopric, &c. Amongst the clergy residing in this kingdom (if the King makes choice of any one here), there is no one they can recommend more than the now Bishop of Derry, Clogher, and Raphoe.—Camp at Drumdarcy, 5 August 1608.
Signed: Arthur Chichester, Th. Ridgeway, Ol. St. John, Ad. Loftus.
Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
15. Sir John Davys to Salisbury. [Aug. 5.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 171.
The departure of this bearer is so sudden that he will omit many things fit to be advertised. Touching the prosecution of the rebels, the messengers of ill news came not so quick to Job as those of good news have come to them, for to pass over the accidents which happened before they began their journey, he will only note the good occurrents that have succeeded one another since their departure from Dublin.
The day after they began this journey. they received news of O'Doghertie's death, which happened not only on the 5th day of the month, but on a Tuesday, (fn. 1) but the Tuesday 11 weeks, that is 77 days after the burning of the Derry, which is an ominous number, being seven elevens, and eleven sevens; besides, it happened at the very hour, if not at the same instant, that the Lord Deputy took horse to go against him.
Within two days news came of the taking of Shane Carragh O'Cahane (brother to Sir Donell O'Cahane, now prisoner in Dublin Castle), by Hugh M'Shane O'Neale and others, the inhabitants of the Glynnes of Glanconkeyn. Understanding the Deputy had granted free pardon to every one who should kill a rebel, together with all his goods, they took this opportunity to enrich themselves.
Within two days after that, Oghy Oge O'Hanlon, son and heir to the chief O'Hanlon, who having married O'Doghertie's sister, drew 100 men with him into this rebellion, having after his brother-in-law's death, retired out of Tyrconnell, and come over the Blackwater with Phelim Reagh M'David, the Deputy sent out sundry companies of light men to pursue them, one of which companies fell upon them in the woods within three or four miles from the camp, took all their horses and victuals, killed some of them, and took others prisoners; the rest escaping by flight, scattered every one by himself. Among the rest, Oghy O'Hanlon's wife was found alone, by an Irish soldier who knew her not; and being stripped of her apparel, she was so left in the woods, where she died next day of cold and famine, being lately delivered of a child.
The next day Sir Oliver Lambert came to their camp and brought assurance of the rendering of Castle Do, in Tyrconnell, the strongest hold in all this province, which endured 100 blows of the demi-cannon before it yielded. Shortly after this, word came that O'Doghertie's bastard brother was taken in Tyrconnell, with divers others, whereof some were executed by martial law, and others referred to be tried by common law, when they came with their commission of gaol delivery into that county. Briefly, there scarce passed one day wherein they heard not of the killing or taking of some of the rebels, either by the King's soldiers or by the rebels themselves, one betraying another to get his own pardon, and the goods of the party betrayed; so the Deputy's policy in making the proclamation has taken effect beyond expectation among this viperous generation of rebels, who are become like the armed men of Cadmus, who sprung up from the teeth of a serpent sown in the earth, but presently fought and utterly destroyed one another.
And now last of all, as soon as they came to the Bann-side (where they camp at this present) they heard from the Marshal that he had taken Phelim Reagh M'David, whom he reserves alive, to be tried by course of common law, when they come into Tyrconnell, which will be within three days.
Touching the distribution of civil justice, they held their first session at Armagh, where they had a good appearance and good attendance. The grand jury most willingly indicted their kinsmen and followers, who had gone out into rebellion with young O'Hanlon and Brian M'Arte's son, presenting a list of the names of all the natives of that county who were then in action of rebellion, to the end it might appear whose sons, or servants, or followers, they were, that the father, master, or chief lord might bring them to justice according to a special Act of Parliament in this realm.
The next session they held at Dungannon for the county of Tyrone, where the Hagans, the Quins, the Divelins, and Donelyes, and the rest of the late Earl's followers, gave as diligent attendance as they were wont when their fugitive master was present. Here Shane Carragh O'Cahane was indicted, tried, and found guilty by his own friends and kinsmen, and having judgment of high treason, was accordingly executed in the camp, and his head set upon the castle of Dungannon. In this place a monk, who was a principal counsellor to O'Dogherty, and was taken in Birt Castle, voluntarily, in the sight of all the people, cast off his religious habit and renounced his obedience to the Pope; whereupon the Deputy gave him his life and liberty.
From Dungannon they passed into the county of Colrane, through the Glinnes and woods of Glanconkeyn, where the wild inhabitants wondered as much to see the King's Deputy, as the ghosts in Virgil wondered to see Æneas alive in hell; but his passing that way was of good importance for the King's service, for both he and all the officers of his army have discovered that unknown fastness, and the people of the country knowing their fastness to be discovered, will not trust so much therein as heretofore, which trust made them commit so many thefts, murders, and rebellions, for they presumed more upon their (the Deputy and Council's) ignorance of their country than upon their own strength.
In the county of Colrane they held their third session, where, after they had indicted such as are now in rebellion, they found no extraordinary business, but that O'Cahane's priest and ghostly father, being taken in action of rebellion with Shane Carragh O'Cahane, was indicted, tried, and executed for treason, and so taught the people better doctrine by the example of his death, than he had ever done in all his life before. He excepted to their jurisdiction, affirming that the secular power could not condemn a priest for any offence whatsoever; but the country saw that point of judgment falsified, both by his judgment and execution.
Touching the survey of these countries, which are now devolved to the Crown, Mr. Treasurer and himself (Davys) (before the surveyor came) took an inquisition at Dungannon; whereby they surveyed all the county of Tyrone, and found all the temporal land in that county escheated to the Crown by the outlawry of the late Earl (excepting only two ballibetaghes which were granted to Sir Harry Oge O'Neale by the King); and the rest of the lands, which they call church lands, being in the possession of certain scholars called Herenaghes, and whereof they were in ancient times true owners and proprietors, the jury found to be resumed and vested in the Crown, and by the statute of 11 Eliz., whereby Shane O'Neale was attainted, and never since divested by any grant from the late Queen or from His Majesty. Before they came to Colrane, the surveyor came to them, and since their coming hither, he has taken the survey of all that little county containing O'Cahane's country; all which, without exception of any parcel of land, temporal or spiritual (as they call it), are found to be in the actual possession of the Crown by the said act of resumption, since which time O'Cahane and all the inhabitants have been intruders.
They are now passing into Tyrconnell, all which country is now entirely in His Majesty's hands, partly by the outlawry of the late Earl and partly by O'Dogherty's rebellion. As for Sir Neal Garve, he has never had any grant passed to him of his portion of the country.
They hope before Michaelmas to present a perfect survey of six several counties, which the King has now in demesne and actual possession in this province; which is a greater extent of land than any prince in Europe has to dispose of. The disposing whereof by plantation of colonies, is a matter of great consideration, wherein it is not easy to lay down a good and sure project. There have been sundry plantations in this kingdom, whereof the first plantation of the English Pale was the best and the last plantation of the undertakers in Munster was the worst.
The plantations in Ulster on the sea coast by Sir Jo. Courcy, the Lacyes, and the Bourks; the plantation in Connaught by the Bourks and Geraldines; in Thomond by Sir Thomas de Clare; in Munster by the Geraldines, Butlers, Barries, Roches, and other English families, are in part rooted out by the Irish; and such as remain are much degenerated, which will happen to this plantation within a few years, if the number of civil persons who are to be planted do not exceed the number of the natives, who will quickly overgrow them as weeds overgrow the good corn.—The Camp, near Colrane, 5 August 1608.
Pp. 4. Hol.
16. Sir Charles Cornwallis to Lords of Council. (fn. 2) [Aug. 6.] Cotton MSS. Vesp. C. xi., 87, b. B.M.
Reports continued discussions as to the King's league with the United Provinces, which has given great umbrage; various questions and arguments have passed between him (Cornwallis) and the Condestabile about the matter. Reports a long conversation with him thereon. It is still constantly denied by Ministers that the fugitive Irish receive support from the State now or shall receive it hereafter.—Madrid, 6 August 1608.
Pp. 2. Copy.
17. The Lord Chancellor of Ireland to Salisbury. [Aug. 7.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 172.
Assures himself his Lordship has received advertisement of some likelihood of stirs to be raised in Leinster during the absence of the Lord Deputy, by some of the O'Tooles, Kevanaughts [Kavanaghs], and others. Has been careful to discover their purposes. And first, for the O'Tooles. Has heard that the base uncle plotted with his nephew named Tyrlagh O'Toole to surprise the Castle of Powerscourte, within eight miles of Dublin, possessed by Mr. Marshal, to kill his ward there, to gather forces, and to enter into action of rebellion. Afterwards the uncle became the first discoverer of his nephew's intention. The said Tyrlagh has also used his credit to gather lately out of the Queen's County some companies of the O'Moores (which sept will prove a dangerous one, ready to be entertained for mischief upon all occasions), and to allow some confederates of the Kevanaghes, and of other loose persons of these mountains near Dublin, to take his part, who have all given him promise of assistance; as yet, however, he sees no fear of any danger. Tirlagh lurks secretly amongst his friends; the want of arms, munition, and powder is some stay to him and the rest; but the principal thing that stayed them is their expectation of foreign forces, the return of Tyrone, and the certainty of a severe chastisement on the return of the Lord Deputy.—St. Sepulchre's, near Dublin, 7 August 1608.
Pp. 3. Hol. Endd.
18. The voluntary Confession of Bryan O'Quyne O'DogHerty, taken before the Lord Deputy and Council the 8th of August 1608. [Aug. 8.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 288.
Being demanded what he knew touching Sir Neale O'Donnell's being accessory to O'Dogherty's treasons, he saith that Sir Neale sent to O'Dogherty two several messengers to Glanvagh after he came to the Marshal; the first by Patrick O'Galchure, to shift away the creats and to send them to himself, and to other parts of Tyrconnell; the other by Farrell M'Donell M'Mulcaiar (sic). He saith he knows not the names of the other two who brought the like messages from Sir Neale to O'Dogherfy, but saw them coming.
Signed: Arthur Chichester, Th. Ridgeway, R. Wingfelde, Ol. St. John, Ad. Loftus.
P. ½. Orig. Endd.: "The examination of Bryan O'Quyne O'Doghertie, &c. the 8th of August 1608."
19. Treasurer of Ireland to Lord Salisbury. [Aug. 9.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 173.
Pursuant to his (Salisbury's) letters of the 7th July, sends the disbursement of his agent in London, mentioned in the enclosed docquet. Assures him not one pound or shilling of the 2,920l. 19s. was disbursed or paid for his own particular, or to any that he owed one farthing, other than was taken up in Dublin in ready money for the advancement of the King's service, or to satisfy the just claims of some few of His Majesty's servitors. Begs that any errors of his office may be favourably considered.—The Camp, 9 August 1608.
Pp. 4. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. Encloses,
20. A docquet of such bills as I, Henry Reignoldes received from Sir Thos. Ridgeway, Treasurer at Wars in Ireland, from the 4th May 1608. [Aug. 9.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 173 I.
Pp. 2. Endd.: "£2,920 19s paid by Mr Reignold out of the treasure."
21. A docquet of such bills as were paid in London, from 4th May 1608, &c., with the reasons for every particular payment. (Duplicate of the above, adding the reasons of each payment.) [Aug.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 173 II.
Signed: Th. Ridgeway.
22. Elizabeth Countess of Desmond to Salisbury. 1608. [Aug. 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 174.
Requests the payment of her pension (which is a year and a half behindhand), to Mr. John King, her attorney.—10 August 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
23. Lord Chancellor and Council of Ireland to the Lords of the Privy Council. [Aug. [12?]. S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 175.
Concerning the arrival of the 700 soldiers out of England, of which number more than 100 were wanting. Commend the great care of the Earl of Thomond, who conducted them to Ireland.—Dublin, August 1608.
Signed: Tho. Dublin, Canc., Rich. Moryson, Jeff. Fenton, Ry. Cooke.
Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
24. Sir Jeffrey Fenton to Salisbury. [Aug. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 176.
Hears nothing but good out of Ulster, and that the rebellion is quite extinguished. Suggests that great caution should be used in the disposition of the escheated lands in Ulster, Leinster, &c.—Dublin, 12 August 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
25. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Aug. 12.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 319.
Inform him that the King will be no more troubled with the suit depending between Sir Robert Digby and the Earl of Kildare, but that, at the Earl's request, he remits it to the ordinary course of proceeding in Ireland.—Holmeby, 12 August 1608.
Signed: R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, T. Suffolke, E. Worcester.
P. ½. Add. Endd.
26. The Examination and Confession of Brien M'Coyne O'Doghertie, at Lifford, 13th August 1608. [Aug. 13.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 299.
That after the return of Sir Richard Hansard from Dublin, Sir Neale Garve O'Donnell sent a messenger to Sir Cahir O'Dogherty, advising him to bring up a piece of ordnance from Derry to Droghedonan, whereupon the said Sir Neale would advise Sir Richard Hansard to go with some small forces to Droghedonan to receive the said piece, which if he had done, then Sir Cahir and Sir Neale would join together, and lie in ambush to cut him off.
That after Sir Neale Garve came into Mr. Marshal, he sent a message by Shane M'Brian Valley, and Donogh M'Gilleglan to Sir Cahir O'Dogherty, that, as soon as he could get arms from His Majesty's store, he would beat Mr. Marshal and His Majesty's army, and join with O'Dogherty.
Signed: J. Davys.
P. ½. Orig.
27. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 1608. [Aug. 14.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 321.
Requests him to notify to Sir Robert Digby the remitting of the suit between him and the Earl of Kildare to be heard in Ireland.—Holmeby, 14 August 1608.
Signed: R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, T. Suffolke, E. Worcester.
P. ¼. Add. Endd.
28. Sir Randal M'Donell to Lord Salisbury. [Aug. 19.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 179.
When he took leave of his Lordship at the Court at Greenwich he was pleased that his fourth part of the fishing of the Bann, being in controversy between Mr. Hamilton and himself, should remain, as it was the former year, in sequestration, and that neither of them should reap any benefit by the rent of the same, until the controversy was decided by law.
Sir Thomas Phillips, upon whose hands the same is sequestered, pays the yearly rent of the fishing privately unto whom Mr. James Hamilton will appoint there, and thereby thinks to deprive him (Sir Randal) of his right to the fishing, to his great loss. Beseeches his Lordship to let him have his own fishing, or to remove the sequestration upon the Lord Bishop of Derry's hands. Has further to complain that neither he nor any of his people or tenants are suffered to take so much as a tread against [near] his own land upon the river, to the grievance of all his poor tenants who dwell upon the river side, having almost all his country adjacent thereto. For which he beseeches him to take some redress.—Dunluce, 19 August 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
29. Sir Jeffrey Fenton to Salisbury. [Aug.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 177.
His (Salisbury's) servant, Philip Cottingham, arrived here the 19th of this month, affirming that he was sent by him with letters to the Deputy, and in his absence to him, to consider some timber and planks for the use of the King's navy. But the letters being miscarried by the way, he was driven to believe his words more of discretion than out of any certain grounds. Has sent him to Munster with a letter to the President, that he may give him an entrance into his employment in such woods within that province, as he thought would best suit the service of the navy, and give him authority to get workmen and labourers for hewing and squaring the timber. Will advertise the Lord Deputy of his coming, and ask him to get information of all the escheated woods in Ulster. There is other choice of great woods in Leinster and Connaught, and particularly in Leix and Ophaly, which Cottingham shall view at his return from Munster. But if the King aims only at his own woods, without extending his scope to other pretended proprietors, the proportion will not be so large. Wishes that the Lord Deputy, out of the great number of cows that have and will accrue to the King by this rebellion, would see that some large proportion were set aside for defraying the King's charge, and that some competent provision of corn were preserved and stapled in secret places for the relief of the garrisons during the winter, &c.— Dublin, [after 19th] August 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. Encloses,
30. Phillip Cottingham to Lord Salisbury. [Aug. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 224, 178.
Craving pardon for his unhappy mischance in losing his letters. Had reported his errand for survey of timbers for the navy to Sir Jeffrey Fenton.—Dublin, 18 August 1608.
Signed: Phillip Cottingam.
P. 1. Add. Endd.