Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610. Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1874.
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James I: September 1608
31. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 2.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 323.
Are gratified by his full account of his successful journey received from Coleraine, dated 3rd instant (sic), and sent by the Bishop of Derry, and of the prompt dispersion of such a party of base and wicked rebels. With regard to the entertainment of the 200 soldiers sent out of Scotland, though it be an advantage to His Majesty to have the concurrence of his subjects of Scotland in this action, and though it was rather intended by His Majesty that the rebellious generation of Ireland might be the more discouraged and kept in awe by seeing a scourge so ready at hand, as well from Scotland as from England, and that thus the happy union might be demonstrated to the world, as well by fellowship in arms as in civil ordinances, nevertheless the King does not intend to allow of any distinction in entertainments; and, if the Scots are not willing to accept the same pay as the forces of Ireland, then he (Chichester) is to discharge them; but it must be done warily and discreetly, lest either the Irish should be led to think that these Scotch will not serve against them, or the Scotch should conceive they have a liberty to refuse the service at their pleasure. They should therefore be discharged in parcels, not all together, and it should be made to wear the appearance that they are dismissed rather because there is no further want of them, than for any question of entertainment. But if they will stay at the ordinary pay, and if thereby the list should be increased unduly, he should discharge rather English or Irish soldiers than the Scottish.
Think there will be no need to send the aid of 200 men to Scotland for the suppression of the Out Islanders. Hope that the 9,000l. will suffice for the pay of the army for some time, as they hope ere long to be able to reduce it; because, if his greatest doubt be the return of the fugitive Earls, one of them, namely Tyrconnell, has freed him (Chichester) for his own part of that doubt, by taking his way into another world, being dead at Rome; the other, though he lives there, and with (no doubt) all means to uphold his reputation and nourish an opinion of some great matter to be effected by him, they think his hope will vanish, as it is grounded more upon the levity of the priests that seem to magnify him, than on any solid hope of aid. The King acknowledges the good deserts of the Treasurer (Sir Thomas Ridgeway) and the Marshal (Sir R. Wingfield), in the aid they have both given him in this survey. Also of the Council in the good measures they took on the arrival of the troops at Dublin; and in particular of the Earl of Thomond, in his care of their transportation. The arms to be had in Ireland, as well as those of deserters, should be brought into store.—Windsor, 2 September 1608.
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, Jul. Cæsar, Thos. Parry.
Pp. 2½. Add. Endd.
32. Examinations of Henry Killinghall and Robert Hanmer. [Sept. 7.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 179 A.
The examination of Henry Killinghall, born at Sudbury, within the bishopric of Durham, taken at Youghall, the 7th of September 1608.
Deposeth that he departed his father's house at MiddletonGeorge, near Sudbury, almost four years since, and in London put himself into the service of Lord Vawse [Vaux], and after a year's service with his Lordship went by way of Calais through France into Spain; stayed at Burgos about two months, and was then reconciled to the Church of Rome, by one Father Sylvester, an English Jesuit resident in the college there; by him was preferred to serve in the hospital of Burgos, but after half a year's stay there was persuaded by the physicians of the hospital, that in regard he was troubled with the falling sickness, and that the country was hot, he should return into his country for his health; which he accordingly did, leaving Valdeleyd [Valladolid] the 1st of August last, according to their computation, accompanied only by Robert Hanmer, the first deponent; he came to Youghall; he do poseth that to his knowledge Tyrone never came into Spain, but the common news is that the Pope will aid and furnish him into his country with 10,000 men, but he neither heard of impresting of any men or ships for the transportation of these men-of-war, which are said to be Italians; he deposeth that he never saw this Robert Hanmer till they met at Valledeleyd, and then came together.—Henry Killinghall.
Ex. per R. Boyle.
The examination of Robert Hanmer, born at Radford, in Nottingham, taken the 6th of September 1608.
Says, that he lived in his mother's house in Radford, and that he departed from her some four years since and went to London, and thence through France to Madryll [Madrid], in Spain, and became servant to one Don Pedro de Lyra, a Spaniard, general of the King of Spain's galleys, with whom he lived two years, having 5s. a week, whose service, through his extremity of sickness, he left, and was brought to an hospital at Madrill, where he continued three months for his recovery, and being thence discharged, departed to St. Sebastian, and so to Rochell, where he embarked himself in a French bottom, freighted by Robert Arthure, of Youghal, where he arrived the 1st of September; he says he was a schismatique when he departed England, but is now a Catholic. Says that Tyrone was not in Spain to his knowledge, but heard that the Pope would aid him with men to return into Ireland; saith that he was a Romish Catholic before he departed England, and never went to church to hear that service which is appointed by the laws of England, and that he was brought up in the Romish religion, his father and mother professing the same; lastly, he affirmeth that Henry Killinghall and he met first at Valledeleyd.—Robert Hanmer.
Ex. per R. Boyle.
Pp. 2. Endd: "The first examination of Robert Hanmer and Henry Killinghall, taken before Sir Richard Boyl, Knight, the 7th of September 1608."
33. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Sept. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 180.
Recommends Sir Oliver St. John, in his suit for renewal of certain leases.—Rathfarnam, near Dublin, 8 September 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
34. The Sovereign and Commons of Kinsale to Salisbury. [Sept. 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 181.
Solicit favour in the matter of their customs, and help towards repair of their walls.—Kinsale, 10 September 1608.
Signed: H. Gallwey, sovereign.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
35. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [Sept. 11.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 182.
The Baron of Howth in May last preferred certain articles of treason unto him against Sir Garrett Moore, which he (Chichester) soon after sent over to some of the Council there, at the same time binding Sir Garrett upon sufficient security to appear and answer from time to time, and in the meantime suspended him from the Council table. The Baron at his last being in England having acquainted the King and some of the Council therewith, he (Chichester) received directions that, when he came over hither (which he did during his absence in the North), he and the Council should hear and examine his proofs, and report what they found before any further judicial proceedings in the matter. Accordingly, after his return hither, he has perused the articles and acquainted the Council therewith, and pressed Lord Howth to prove his allegations. He accordingly now transmits a copy of the articles attested under the clerk of the Council's hand; all which, &c.—Dublin, 11 September 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. Encloses,
36. Examination of Lord Howth. 1608. [Sept. 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 182 I.
The Lord of Howthe being called before us, the 10th September 1608, to deliver his knowledge in the points of treason with which he charged Sir Gerrott Moore, Knt., by a note under his hand delivered to me the Deputy, the 3rd of May last, saith,—
That he will prove that Sir Gerrott Moore was acquainted with Tyrone's conspiracy against the King, and that he did advise or persuade others to join in the said conspiracy. He saith further that Sir Gerrott Moore understood of Couconnagh Maguire's going away, and did relieve and furnish him with money for his journey; this latter point is grounded upon the report of others.
But for the first article he undertakes to make it good by himself and others, whom he hath promised and sworn not to reveal, until they be produced to give evidence upon the indictment to be exhibited against Sir Gerrott Moore. The reason why the parties desire to be concealed and why they took his oath not to reveal their names is, because they knew Sir Gerrott Moore to be guilty of the conspiracy and did not reveal it in due time; for which they seek their pardon, and for no other crime.
Subscribed by the Lo. of Howthe.
Copia vera, ex. per W. Usher.
Then present of the Council who signed the same:—The Ld. Deputy, Ld. Chancellor, Mr. Treasurer, Ld. Chief Baron, Sir Oliver Lambert, Sir Oliver St. John, Sir Henry Power, Sir Adam Loftus.
P. 1. Endd.
37. Examination of Lord Howth. [Sept. 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 182 II.
Duplicate of No. 36.
P. 1. Endd.
38. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Sept. 11.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 183.
Returned from the North on the 2nd inst. May be well satisfied with the success of his journey and the quick suppressing and dispatch of the rebellion. Received his Lordship's letters of the 24th ult. on the 30th, with mention of the death of Tyrconnell. This was welcome news. Tyrone's will be more welcome, by as much as he has done more mischief, and is known to be more dangerous. Referring to the dissolution of the treaty at the Hagh [Hague], observes that if war be again renewed there, they are of opinion that the King of Spain will turn all his forces towards these northern countries. Has, according to his Lordship's letters of the 3rd of June, called the Lord Howth before himself and the Council, to make good his accusation of treason against Sir Garrett Moore. It were not amiss that the Lord Howth were required by His Majesty's special letters to declare the parties that are to make good the accusation, and to produce them to be examined before some of the Council.
Thanks his Lordship for his allowance of 6l. a day for his journey. Dwells on the greatness of his expenses, and on his loss by the grant to Sir Ric. Cooke in the time of Sir Geo. Carie. His household and stable expenses amount to 4,000l. a year.
Has given order for speedy dispatch of the books of survey of Ulster. Desires to be secured some entertainment when he shall cease to be Deputy.—Dublin, 11 September 1608.
Pp. 7. Signed. Add. Endd. Encloses,
39. Declaration of Baron Howthe. [Sept. 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 183 I.
Duplicate of No. 36.
Arth. Chichester, Th. Dublin, Canc., Th. Ridgeway, Hum. Wynche, Ol. St. John, Ol. Lambert, H. Power, Ad. Loftus.
P. 1. Endd.
40. Sir Arthur Chichester to Privy Council. [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 184.
After their business ended in the county of Colrane, from whence he dated his last letters to them, they held on their course to the Liffer, there to hold sessions, where Phelim Reaghe, with all the rest of them, as well relievers and abettors, as actors in the rebellion, were tried and executed as traitors, to the number of 20 or thereabouts.
At his being there, having heard that Shane M'Manus Oge O'Donnell, now a man of greatest note in the county of Tyrconnell (as mentioned in his last letters), had posted himself with 240 rebels, well armed, about the islands of Claudie, hoping there to lie safe, and difficult to come at, and to increase in number and reputation after their departure, he gave order to draw towards them three several ways. He himself with one party went as far as Balinaas, near those islands, having first caused such scouts as could be found there, to be brought about from Calebegge thither to meet them. But upon the report of their first approach, the rebels broke up and scattered abroad into several places, where they followed some of them and cut them off, though the ways were hard and almost inaccessible. Shane M'Manus, finding himself so hardly beset, transported himself with a party of some 60 armed men into his island of Torraghe [Torry], where he has a castle better victualled and furnished than could be then taken by them either by siege or assault. This island stands some two or three leagues from the main shore, and containing some four quarters of land, strongly situated by nature, and hath such a current of tides about it, that very seldom a ship may cast anchor near it. The castle stands separate from the great island upon a lesser, which is a steep rock, containing likewise a small circuit of land, wherein they had (with per haps other provisions) 30 cows or beeves on foot, which they had driven up through the castle gate, and could not be deprived of but by the same way. Having first broken all their boats except one (which they had laid up safe under the protection of the castle), and which was likewise taken from them within three or four days after, he left Sir Henry Folliott, Sir Ralph Bingley, and Captain Paul Gore, with several parties of some 200 soldiers, to watch their opportunities, upon the firm land, and to prevent the rebels' escape by currockes [corrachs], which are boats they may make of hides. They then searched and harrowed the islands of Claudie, and in his return took in Loghveaghe, where were 20 rebels that kept it, and ruined their island and fort. The principal man that held it was one of the O'Galchors [O'Gallaghers] (Tyrconnell's fosterers), who killed three or four of his best associates after he yielded up the island; for which he took him into protection. This practice he held with these rebels in all places where he came, and found it more successful than any force; such is their levity and great fear when they are prosecuted with effect. That part of Tyrconnell, which contains also a great circuit, is one of the most barren, uncouth, and desolate countries that could be seen, fit only to confine rebels and ill spirits into. Only one vein it has that is good and habitable; and near thereunto stands the castle of Doa, the strongest piece, absolutely, both by nature and art, that is in that part of the kingdom.
After his return to the Liffer, the inhabitants of the parts about the Liffer, Derry, and especially Innishowen, that were owners of creaghtes and labourers, were suffered to return to their former dwellings from the places whither they had fled; but especially those of Innishowen, upon whom he has imposed a fine towards the repairing of the forts of the Derry, (which already are as strong as they were before) and building of a castle in the lower fort there, for safeguard of the King's arms, munition, and stores. They should also be charged with the labour of men and garrans until the whole town be walled about, which they will not be unwilling to condescend to, rather than to be abandoned out of their native country, as by this late accident they were. There are now left in Tyrconnell for prosecution of the service and defence of the principal parts thereof, as Derry, Liffer, and Ballyshannon, to the number of 500 foot and 60 horse over and above the wards established.
Notwithstanding all his threats or fair promises in his journey outwards to some of the inhabitants of Tyrone and Armagh, they have not apprehended nor slain any of the principal rebels there, but are still thought rather to cherish them amongst them. Has accordingly made proclamation in the counties of Tyrone, Tyrconnell, Armagh, and Monaghan (where the chief rebels are relieved) and the borders of the same, proscribing them by their names, and laying rewards upon their heads; with this threat, that if the rebels and outlaws known to live and be relieved amongst them be not slain or brought to justice within two months from that proclamation, a round fine shall be imposed upon every county so offending, to be levied upon the goods and chattels of the inhabitants, to pay forces to be sent among them, out of Connaught and other parts. This remedy, as it is one of the extremest and most searching, will produce, it may be hoped, some notable good effect in so desperate a disease, and he hopes they will not think it improper.
The 500l. English which was set on the killing of the traitor O'Dogherty, and 200l. for the body or the head of Phelim Reaghe, have been paid to the parties who have done that acceptable service out of the preys and booties taken from the rebels, so that the King's charge will not exceed 100l. The rewards also promised for the killing or apprehending of the chief rebels mentioned in the former section shall not be chargeable to His Majesty, but levied upon the country. On his return home by Carrickfergus, found that the Out-islanders of Scotland had submitted themselves, and that all things were settled; yet he left 200 men there in readiness to answer the occasions.
Thus have they the true description and report of this torrent of rebellion, and of the success of it. Now the rebels are all broken, dejected, and forlorn, scarce anywhere three of them together, saving Shane M'Manus Oge; of whom he has not yet heard anything to purpose since his return, nor likely to make head again this year; they are so fearful to trust one another, from their late experience.
On coming hither, found that some had entertained a greater conceit of doubt and fear of one Turlaghe O'Toole and some others of his party than there is just cause. To say the truth of him, he is a fellow (though of mean condition) that has both will and means to do hurt, if there were fit opportunity to declare himself for such as he is. But on the other hand, he (Chichester) has laid such narrow watch over him, that he shall not be able to stir of himself, nor yet long escape his (Chichester's) hands, as they may hereafter understand. Before his going into the North, sent the "Tramontane" into Munster against the newly-arrived pirates on that coast; but she was too weak to encounter them, or to scare them from the coasts; nor was the President of Munster able, owing to their number, to prevent their being so served in one place or other, either by force or fair means, with whatsoever the sea coasts could afford them. Notwithstanding that, in his journey northward, he sent back not only the small forces he took from thence to attend them, but also a reinforcement of 150 of their new men out of England. As it is not unlike but the pirates will again return thither, desires to understand their Lordships' pleasure concerning them, since they increase thus every day more and more upon them. As the Lord President writes that they are ready to serve against fugitives and rebels, he wishes to know if he may make use of them, as the Lord President has done. The service being ended in the Isles of Scotland, should Sir William St. John touch here, he will send him with the "Moone" and the "Advantage" to the coast of Munster against these common enemies of society. Is now in hand about the dispatch of the Lord Chief Justice and the King's Attorney to them, as also with a draft of an Establishment.
Sir Neile O'Donnell, his son, and his two brothers, Sir Donnell O'Cahane and Caphare Oge O'Donnell, are here kept safe in the Castle of Dublin. The Lord Chief Justice is on his dispatch, and at his coming will inform them of their several cases. It is his (Chichester's) opinion that they are unfit (ill-affected, and now enraged as they are) to be let loose, and dismissed home into their countries; for, besides that they are extremely ambitious and turbulent, they will never want barbarous and seditious counsel to cause them to grow over-weening and to swell, like Esop's toad; whereas, if they were cut off, by high justice, and their blood were once spent, nihil unquam ausura est plebs.
Wishes directions what course to take in the cause depending between Sir Rob. Digbie and the Earl of Kildare; because on the Earl's part he will be violently called upon for judgment this next term, and the rather, perhaps, if Sir Rob. Digbie be absent, as now he is; and without directions, they may not proceed any further thereon.—Ra[th]farnam, near Dublin, 12 September 1608.
Pp. 7. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Recd. the 24th."
41. Philip Cottingham to Salisbury. [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 185.
Is in Munster with Sir Ric. Boyle and Mr. H. Pine, inspecting the woods. Much wood is consumed in pipe staves. Is going westward into Desmond's country.— Moggely, 12 September 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
42. Philip Cottingham to Salisbury. [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 186.
Duplicate of foregoing.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
43. Cost of Survey of Woods. [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 187.
Statement of expenses in survey of woods to 12 September.
P. 1. Add.: "To Salisbury."
44. Philip Cottingham to the Lord Deputy. [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 188.
States his progress and the quantity of timber already procured.—Moggely, 12 September.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
45. Philip Cottingham to Fenton. 1608. [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 189.
Details his reasons for not going to the Lord President of Munster.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
46. Mayor and Bailiffs of Cork to Salisbury. [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 190.
Represent the decay of their city by the wars, and solicit help.—Cork, 12 September 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
47. Sir Oliver Lambert to Salisbury. [Sept. 13.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 191.
Assigns the reasons of his not writing oftener. Expresses his gratitude and devotion to his Lordship.—Dublin, 13 September 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.
48. Sir Dominick Sarsfeld to the Deputy. [Sept. 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 191 A.
Writes in the absence of the Lord President. Refers to Tyrone's hopes that the Lord Deputy never will have the government of the North as President. A great influx of Irish priests has recently taken place.—Cork, 14 September 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. Encloses,
49. The examination of Teig O'Falstaf (sic) lately come out of Spain, taken before me at Cork, this 12th of September 1608. (fn. 1) [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 184 A.
Says that first he went out of his country into France to beg for his living, as many of the Irish have done; and finding that some direction came to the officers of that kingdom to see the beggars transported to their country, he took shipping from St. Mallos into Spain. That he lived this two last years in the Groyen [Corunna] and thereabouts, upon the devotion of the people. That the Irish gentlemen dwelling in that city were for a long time neglected by the King of Spain, as well in their wonted graces from love as in their pensions, but now they are all full paid their arrears. Says that Tyrone was at Rome (upon his coming away), and had a man of his in the Spanish Court, who had great access and hearing of the King and Council; knows not his agent's name, but says that all the Irish about the Groyen spoke much of his wisdom and carriage, and hope for his doing much good in their general cause, which they think depends on the success of his solicitation. He had letters of credence from Rome, and had great allowance with the Princes of Italy in his travels. Says there is a great fleet now to be furnished out, and that the Armados (sic) of Gallitia and Portugal were sent for, to come to the Groyen. All the Irish are hopeful of their coming for Ireland very shortly; there is so great store of ruske to be baked, and such means made for the levy of men as draws an extraordinary great charge upon the King, and many ears to hearken to the purpose thereof; but the people bear their burthen in this business with more alacrity than they were wont in the former preparations.
Says that O'Swlywanne [O'Sullivan] hath some late command put upon him which makes him to be much more retired to his house than he has been formerly, and more frequented by Spaniards and Irish than ever he was since his first coming to that country.
Says that there is great store of money collected in all the ports and principal places of Spain for Tyrone, and that the Duke of Florence made a great gathering for him in all his country. Says that foreigners speak much more of the possibility of recovering Ireland now, than at any the former times; private discontentments which might be removed with conditions drawing the people to the former rebellion, whereas now the great actors of this matter, being without hope of any conditions, will make another manner of war for recovery of their estates, under pretence of the cause of religion, than was ever heard of before in this kingdom.
Says that in the public services of the Irish priests, they use some execrations and bannyngs against many persons, and by special name against the Lord Deputy of Ireland.
That he is the most hateful man to the Ulster people that ever was; and upon a rumour that His Majesty had resolved to send some nobleman of England to be Lord Deputy of this kingdom, they rejoiced much thereof; but the same report carrying with it assurance that the now Lord Deputy was to be established President of the North, they held that to be far worse for them than his remaining as he doth.
Says that the rebellion of O'Dogherty was much applauded by all the Irish, but not well approved by Tyrone, who disliked much the untimeliness thereof; being well assured that the Derry might be well surprised when Tyrone should please.
That he did not hear of the death of O'Dogherty in Spain, but heard of some distress he was in, which caused the Irish to wish the hastening of some services unto him, as pitying that his good beginnings should not be well followed.
Says that the taking of Sir Neale Garruffe [Garve] is much lamented in Spain, and the manner thereof bruited to be treacherous; but, however, his being in restraint, and O'Cahan's imprisonment, put the busy heads in Spain to many consultations, and weaken much the purpose of Tyrone, whatever will come thereof.—Dom. Sarsfelde.
Pp. 2. Endd.: "1608. Intelligence out of Spain."
50. Sir Thomas Ridgeway to Salisbury. [Sept. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 191 B.
Enumerates the causes of the outlay of treasure; which arises from the recent rebellions, the large expenditure under the head of extraordinaries, and the slow payment of rents.— Treasury, Dublin, 15 September 1608.
Pp. 4. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. Encloses,
51. Payments made and due to be made above the King's Establishment for the suppression of the rebels in the North, as by a particular book appeareth. S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 191 B. I.
Which, with the rest of those just demands delivered there in July last, we humbly desire may be fully and forthwith sent.
Of which charges, the foot raised in Ireland amounts to 3,033l. 5s. 7d. harps, and those men sent out of England and Scotland to the sum of 2,071l. 17s. 10d. harps, which 2,071l. 17s. 10d. cast up to pay them until the last of September next (being one month more than the time of the prosecution of the service continued).
P. 1. Endd. Arthur Chichester. Th. Ridgeway.
52. A List of the Captains of Horse and Foot as they stand in Ireland, the 15th of September 1608. [Sept. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 192.
If this company be made up 50 with officers, it were better for the service, and then the list would be 2,700.
Pp. 2. Endd.
53. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [Sept. 17.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 194.
His letters have been so long kept on his hands by tempestuous and contrary winds, that in the meantime he has had leisure to perfect and send over the estimate of the extraordinary charge of this journey to the Lord Treasurer, together also with a draught of a new Establishment which he has sent to Sir James Fullerton to be submitted to their further consideration. Explains, in vindication of Sir James Fullerton, that he has the appointing or correcting of the inferior officers of the musters under him. If they will peruse the latter end of this last Establishment, they will find the commissaries there appointed by the King, and none recommended from him (Chichester) but Baptist Jones; one that to his own knowledge and in the opinion of all that know him, has the reputation of sufficient and honest equal with any other of the commissaries. Should the Deputy think fit to appoint all those inferior officers, as ever has been accustomed, sees not why he may not fitly be allowed so to do, if persons otherwise appointed to superintend those affairs would apply their times therein, as they ought to do.
Proposes to observe their Lordships' injunctions not to dispose or give hope to any of any parcel of the escheated lands in Ulster. Only in the case of Turlaghe M'Arte O'Neile, grandchild to Sir Turlagh, specially recommended to him by His Majesty, and one the late Queen affected to do good for in some matter of land; he has placed him in possession of the Newtown, a small castle of the late Baron of Dunganon's, with between two and three balibetoghes of land thereto adjoining, with promise to recommend him for further confirmation thereof in due time. This he was induced to do in two respects;—the one in regard of the casting of his company at this time, with which both himself and his base brother have done faithful and acceptable service in this late prosecution as could be expected;—the other, because the King was at a charge in maintaining a ward in that place, of which he is now eased, and the place, notwithstanding, is as well served and kept for His Majesty as it was before.
Sends herewith enclosed the copies of certain letters of advertisement from Sir Henry Folliott and Sir Richard Hansard, by which it will at length appear what is befallen to some of those that were besieged in the island of Torragh and some others of the rebels, and by which their Lordships may perceive their present case through fear and levity.—Ra[th]farnam, near Dublin, 17 September 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.: "L. Deputy to the Lords, with the copy of a letter from Sir Henry Follyett. Also concerning Sir James Fullerton. Rec. the 25th." Encloses,
54. Sir Henry Folliott to [the Lord Deputy]. [Sept. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 194 I.
Hoped to have advertised him of the taking of the island of Torrye, and the heads of such rebels as he left in it; but since they escaped, the rest are little worth. He shall truly understand the conclusion of this poor business and the manner of the escape of those knaves out of his hands, which principally was occasioned by the continual foul weather and contrary winds, which for the most part since his (Chichester's) depar ture have continually prevailed. The first opportunity for attempting it fell on the 25th of the last month, when they set sail with five boats, carrying in them 100 men; but before they could come to the landing place, the wind fell contrary, and by means of an extreme current, which continually runs there between those islands, three of the boats fell to lee of the island a league at the least, and none came to the landing place but only himself; where after an hour's stay, perceiving no likelihood of the coming of the rest of the boats, the weather growing foul and the night drawing on, he retired, and at his coming to Enishowen he missed two of his boats which were driven to Sheephaven, and presently sent for the men to draw to Ballynasse and the boats to repair thither with all possible speed, which very shortly was performed by rowing. Immediately after the wind came to the E. and E.S.E., which was fit for their purpose; but it made so foul a bar that those boats could not come near by no means, so that if there were any omission in all this business it was at that time; at last the wind grew to the north, and the weather falling fair, he caused them to draw the boats over a neck of land into the main, and for that night, fearing their escape, the wind and weather fitting them so well, he appointed Capt. Goare with two boats and 40 men in them to come to the island by night, and there to watch at sea, fearing their escape, with direction (if he should perceive any of the landing places unguarded) to steal his landing and secretly to possess the church. This was performed by him; and he instantly sent one of the boats to give the notices. He (Sir Henry) at once foresaw their escape, and at his coming found his presage to be true; for at the very same instant that Captain Goare left Enishbofin to prevent their flight, they, taking the same opportunity, put to sea with their boat, and by reason of the night slipped by them. They left in the castle a constable and 10 warders. The next day after his coming and viewing the castle and grounds about it, the constable called to Sir Mullmory M'Swyne, and entreated him to procure him leave to speak with him, promising to perform good service; on which he suffered him to come; and at his coming, he asked him what he would do to save his life and the rest that were with him; after many excuses of Shane M'Manus Oge's innocency and his being forced to remain there, he offered the castle with all that was in it for safety of their lives. But of this he (Sir Henry) made small account, considering it as the King's already. But he made him this proffer; if he would undertake the bringing to him Shane M'Manus Oge's head, and give him good security for the performance of it, he would undertake they should have their pardons. He protested he could by no means perform it, but promised to do the best he could in that or anything else for the King's service. Then he bade him to go back again, but by no means for a long time would he go, still entreating for mercy, urging his unfortunate stay there, and his innocency, with his forwardness to do anything which lay in his power. He (Sir Henry) then made him a promise of his life in the delivery of the castle and his warders. He likewise spoke of the difficulty of it, in respect of the numbers; but withal promised seven of their heads, with the castle and all that was in it, within two hours. There was one of the M'Swynes with him, who was one of them who would be so delivered, for he (Sir Henry) made him to nominate them to him, with whom he caused Captain Goare to deal for the delivery of the constable and the rest; and this did he (M'Swyne) in like manner promise the performance of in the same time and manner. So they departed from him, each of them being well assured and resolved to cut the other's throat; by ill hap to M'Swyne it was the constable's fortune to get the start of the others, and he killed two of them; instantly the rest of them fled into the island, hiding themselves among the rocks and cliffs, and at break of day he caused them to look for them, giving them two hours for the bringing in of their heads without the assistance of any of the soldiers, otherwise their own were like to make up the number promised by them. After a little search they found three of them in a rock, the passage to which was so dangerous that he had well hoped it would have cost the most of their lives; but the constable with the first shot he made killed the principal; the other two men ran away towards them (Sir Henry's men); one of them promising some service, but of little moment, delivered him again to the constable to be hanged, and as he was being led to execution, the desperate villain, with a skione [skeane] he had secretly about him, stabbed the constable to the heart, who never spake word, and was afterward himself, with the other three, cut in pieces by the other; and so there were but five that escaped, three of them churls, and the other two young boys. In the castle there was little or nothing left, as Shane took with him two trunks with all the best stuff in the island; he left a son and a daughter of his there, which were not spoken of by the constable, so they rest at his (Chichester's) pleasure, the boy is 10 years of age, the girl is 11.
This course he thought fittest for that service and place to be taken, considering the uncertainty of the weather, which, if stormy, would have hindered the landing the pieceor victualling their men from the main; likewise to prevent the escape of so many rogues together upon the main, he took this speedy course in ending this business, which he hopes will not be distasteful to him. He kept Lieutenant Browne with 10 men in the castle as the fittest course, till there be an end of that knave; for breaking of it would little prejudice the holding of the place, it being unaccessible, with very small labour in making a rampier of earth where now the castle stands. At his coming ashore he understood Shane M'Manus was in the isle of Aron [Arran, Donegal], whither instantly he drew, and came to the waterside at the falling of the night; there were in one of the islands people dwelling, who brought him a boat in which he came to that isle, and sent two corrocks [corraghs] for the search of his boat, but they came back without any news of him; but by chance, as part of the soldiers were repairing to the place he appointed them, they lighted on his boat with six pieces hid under it in the sands; himself fled into the main, having with him (as he heard after) only four men and himself, and, as they told him, his resolution was to repair to the Lord President of Connaght, hoping by his favour to get his pardon. His mother came to him without word, hoping to beg part of his cows which were taken from her by Shane M'Turloe O'Donell, whom he lately protected; so he is deprived of his mother and two children and his boat, which he (Sir Henry) thinks he regards more than them all. The M'Swynes left him instantly, and he makes no doubt but that, if he remain in these parts, he (Chichester) will suddenly hear of the loss of his head.
Fears he has over-wearied him with this tedious discourse of this slight business.—Ballyshanan, 8 September 1608.
A brance [branch] of Sir Richard Hansard's letter, written the 30th of August.
The 23rd of this month I sent out a party of 30 men into the upper part of Glanfinne, who fell upon 16 of Dowaltagh M'Gylduffe's men in a house, where they killed five, took prisoners, and brought away eight pikes, four calivers, two targets, and a great deal of luggage of them who escaped out of the house; three are dead of the hurts they then received, and four others (as it is said) are incurably hurt.
Pp. 4. Endd.: "8 Sept. 1608. Copy of Sir Henry Foliott's letter touching the taking of the island of Torry, together with a brance of Sir Rich. Hansard's letter. Rec. the 16th of Sept."
55. Abstract of the Lord Deputy's letters of the 11th, 12th, and 17th September. S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 195.
Pp. 4. Endd.
56. Examination of James Balloe MacAllen upon his oath, taken by Captain John Vaughan, 17th September 1608, at Derry. [Sept. 17.] Carte Papers, vol. 62, p. 309.
He saith that, upon the Friday before Derry was burned, Sir Cahir O'Dogherty sent this examinate to Sir Neale O'Donell to Castle Finne, and sent by him letters to Sir Neal and Edmond O'Molarky, the friar, and willed him to deliver his letters to no man's hands but the friar's, and swore him to keep counsel of whatsoever should be committed unto his trust; after which oath he bade him speak to Sir Neale for the 60 soldiers that Sir Neale promised to send him to the hill of Knocklesilla, which is betwixt Fawne [Faughan] and Ellagh. That night this examinate came to Castle Finn, and before he came thither the friar was gone to Bonecranoe [Buncrana] to O'Dogherty, so that he stayed at Castle Finn till the friar's return, which was Sunday; and in the meantime he told Sir Neale that he had letters to the friar, but that no man must see them till the friar came home; notwithstanding, he told Sir Neale his message for the 60 soldiers. Neale's answer was that he should stay there till he could get the soldiers together. Upon Sunday the friar returned from O'Dogherty to Sir Neale and read his letters, and was very earnest with Sir Neale for the soldiers to be hastened away. Whereupon Sir Neale instantly, that Sunday night, sent Mortogh O'Dogan for Mac Gilduffe and all the rest of the woodkerne; and the very same night, in the very beginning of the night, Mortogh O'Dogan and Dalto Mac Gilleduffe, with all the woodkerne, came over the ford of Castle Finn, and Mortogh and Dalto came into the castle, and the woodkerne came along the highway. Sir Neale, Mortogh, and Dalto went into the cellar, and there talked privately a pretty space; and then they called this examinate into the cellar; then Sir Neale said to him, "Here are the men ready to go with you, and this counsel I give your master: let him divide his men into three parts—one in the market-place, one in the upper fort, and the third in the lower fort; but in any case let him not fail to take the storehouse, and let the party in the market-place beat in any man that stirs out of his house. And since he has entered into the business, let him spare no man." Then Mortogh O'Dogan would willingly have gone down into our companies, but Sir Neale would not suffer him; then said he to this examinate, "Let not the goods of Derry be shared until Neale be in place." Then Neale bade this examinate tell O'Dogherty that, as soon as he had entered and possessed the town, and armed his men out of the store, he should instantly, before the alarm was given, dispatch away some soldiers to spoil the Lifford, and that he himself would go over the mountains of Barnesmore and desire to speak with Sir Henry Folliot, which he was assured (as he said) that Sir Henry would not refuse him; and then he would betray him and take him prisoner if he could, whereby he was assured to ransom his son; and that then he would join openly with O'Dogherty and set upon Lifford, if O'Dogherty should miss it. Then this examinate went with the woodkerne that night into Ballonelope, which is a wood in the bottom of Swillabegg; and there he left the woodkerne all day on Monday, and himself went to Buncrana, where he found Captain Hart and his wife going to dinner, and called Sir Cahir into the battlement and told him all the business. Whereupon O'Dogherty hasted this examinate away upon his own best horse, and bade him that night to bring the woodkerne to Glesinenloe, a little stream of water near Digge's fort, by Derry, where they stayed until O'Dogherty had taken Culmore, and came thither with all the force he had, where he divided the force into two parts to enter both the forts, for he wanted both men and arms to put a party into the market-place.
Saith he heard that, as soon as he departed [from] Castle Finn, Sir Neale took his journey towards Ballyshannon; and the cause of his speedy return was that the alarm of the Derry ran through the country faster than he could go.
Saith that the friar went over the mountains upon the Sunday night, as soon as he returned from Buncrana;—what to do he knoweth not, but, as he thinketh, to persuade the people there against Neale's going over. Further saith that Dalto MacGilleduffe killed Donogh Boy O'Shiel, Sir Neale's man, because he mistrusted that he had taken a bribe not to bring Sir Neale's son, his fosterer, from Dublin; and that he had discovered or would discover all Sir Neale's practices, and especially a plot that Sir Neale had upon Sir Richard Hansard, to draw him out in hope to get a booty with powder and ordnance that lay without guard in Loughswilly; which plot the said Donogh was thoroughly acquainted withal, and was sent to Sir Richard with the message, and which plot this examinate affirmeth in his own knowledge to be true, for he saw the friar come to Sir Cahir from Sir Neale about it. And this examinate was put sentinel by Sir Cahir at that place, a mile from his camp, towards Lifford, with directions that he should look for the coming of Richard Hanser and the soldiers of Lifford, and so to give notice to O'Dogherty and his camp, who were all in readiness to look for them; and saith that the woodkerne were with Sir Neale, as it were his men, in show to join with Sir Richard, who should have been the first men that should have set upon him. The reason of his knowledge of the killing of Donogh Boy O'Shiel is that Dalto told him as much, but said that he would colour it with a report that Donogh had a draught upon him, and threatened to banish him the country of Glanfinne.
Saith he cannot precisely say that Sir Neale sent to O'Dogherty into the Glinnes to bid him disperse his cows, or with any advertisements from the Marshal's camp, as he was not all that time himself there; but the next day when he came thither, and found the cows so dispersed, and the forces departing, he asked the reason, and was told generally that Sir Neale had sent word to O'Dogherty to do so, and that he would receive all men and their goods that should shelter themselves under him.
Pp. 3½. Copy.
57. Henry Pyne to Salisbury. [Sept. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 196.
Refers to his frequent applications to introduce Irish timber for the construction of the Navy. States particulars of certain woods, and of the havens for shipping it.—Mogely, 18 September 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.
58. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 1608. [Sept. 19.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 197, 8.
Enters into various particulars regarding a new Establishment, with a list of the horse and foot, a hundred of the latter being assigned to the town of Carrickfergus. Referring to certain reductions in the numbers and the amount of pay, represents that these alterations are a source of grievance and dissatisfaction to the captains. Suggests that all such alterations should be signed by the King. Six or seven of the companies of a hundred may be reduced to fifties, reservation being made to the Lord Lieutenant in cases of death or misdemeanour.
Makes an estimate of the charge of the late prosecution, with some reasons for the increase thereof. Great embarrassment is felt from the want of money for the public service. Besides the condition of the wards generally, he enters into that of the wards in Ulster, and those proposed by the Presidents of Munster and Connaught to be erected in these provinces. The fortifications at Galway, Limerick, Castlepark, Hawlbowline, and Duncannon are in a forward state. 5,000l. will be expended in the work, which will be done by All Hallowtide.
Recommends Mr. Francis Annesley's suit. The munitions and powder will be certified.—Ra[th]farnam, near Dublin, 19 September 1608.
Pp. 5. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Rec. the 25th." Encloses,
59. Captains of Horse and Foot in Ireland. S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 198 I.
List of the Captains of Horse and Foot as they stand in Ireland the 15th of September 1608, with the Lord Deputy's request for increase, &c.
A duplicate in part of No. 52, 15 September.
P. 1. Broad sheet.
60. Abstract of the Lord Deputy's letters, 11th and 19th of September, and of one of the 9th, wherein he desires that one Edmond Maginnis, a prisoner in the Gatehouse, may be sent over. [Sept. 9, 11, 19.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 199.
Pp. 5. Endd.
61. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. [Sept. 20.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 200.
Recommend to their favourable consideration Sir John Dowdal's suit for some portion of land or a pension.—Dublin Castle, 20 September 1608.
Signed: Arth. Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Canc., Thomond, Hum. Winche, A. T. Ley.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
62. Sir Rich. Boyle to Salisbury. [Sept. 20.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 201.
Has given assistance to Cottingham in his search for timber. Requests advertisement from Salisbury, as Cottingham came without commission or money. Has felt grieved at his refusing a cast of hawks.—Youghal, 20 September 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.
63. Lord Howthe to Salisbury. [Sept. 21.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 202.
Would have long since written to his Lordship but that he has been extremely sick since his coming out of England, and is yet not well recovered from a strange disease. It pleased the Lord Deputy to command him to come to the Council table, and to bring with him those who could accuse Sir Gerald Moore, and as he saith, it was by direction from his Lordship and the Council. This was very strange to him, since at his own being in England, he was not called for before the Lords, to know what he could say in particular; but to be called for here, where a precedent has been shown by him, and a favour such as was never seen in this kingdom to any that was accused of treason,—namely, his (Sir Gerald's) being left at liberty to go where it pleases him, either to Lord Deputy or Council when he list, so that in truth those who accuse him are in such fear, that they are very doubtful what they shall do. Their reason is, that, if he had not been pardoned or had not made so good friends, that he was sure that the treasons betwixt him and Tyrone were forgiven, the State here would not show him that favour which they do; and that the calling out at the Council table was but that he should know his enemies, for which they had a precedent in the Queen's reign, when he was accused two or three times for treason, and had pardons, by which means he knew his enemies, whom he has been quit withal since. And as for the Lord Chancellor, he goes amongst the gentlemen who he thinks can accuse Sir Gerald, and entreats them, with the best means he can, not to say anything against him. And as for him (Howth), he is but an idle fellow, to whom it has pleased the King to lend an ear; and he is as like to hurt them as Sir Gerald, for he is maliciously bent, and has done things which, if they knew as much as he (the Chancellor), they would not trust him (Howth). Further, he has gone to a lady in this kingdom, and bid her tell her son that it was for his wife's sake that he (Howth) used him so kindly, and for none other respect. He guessed rightly of those men who could accuse Sir Gerald, and would fain have made them believe that he (Howth) had played the villain with them. His Lordship may see what plots they use by means of their favour. Had he been committed in the beginning, there had been a hundred that would have come to have proved him a traitor; but as it is, he shall have as much treason proved against him as would hang him (Howth) and all those of his rank in the kingdom if he comes to his trial; but in truth it were pity, for he has a great many chiildren, and they all will beg if he die. If he were to lay down in particular his own usage since his coming hither, he should be very troublesome to his Lordship, and would not be believed. Prays his Lordship, therefore, to be a mean to the King that he may have somewhat given him here, that the world may take notice of His Majesty's favour towards him; if not, he prefers to have leave to go for England, to live there poorly, rather than live here in that danger in which he now lives; his means here will not hold it, and now is the time of the year coming that he would set his stock and house, which is the greatest means he has left him, to live in England; for he assures his Lordship while those enemies of his live, he shall have little rest, unless he live with the favour of the King in extraordinary fashion, so that they must know he will protect him against all his enemies.—Howth, 21 September 1608.
"My good Lord, Sir Gerald Moore has sent word to my Lady of Delvyn that I was the only man which did undo her son, which he will tell her in particular at his next meeting of her. You know I have ever been far from doing him any hurt. Thus my Lord Chancellor and he lay all the imputation they can upon me. Therefore my humble suit to you is that Sir Gerald Moore may be called before the Lord Deputy and Council, to know how he can prove that I have wronged either her or her son, whereby you may be advertised how far they have done me wrong."
Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Recd the 25th."
64. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Sept. 25.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 203.
Recommends Sir John Dowdal. — Dublin, 25 September 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
65. Lords of Council to the President of Munster. [Sept. 27.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 325.
They cannot approve of his dealing with the notorious pirates that lately visited Baltimore, for the State should not appear to give countenance to such wicked persons, either by employing them against others, or merchandizing with them for redemption of their own offences. As to the excuses of Captain Williams for not attacking them, finding himself, as he says, over-matched, they cannot tell what to say until he comes over himself. But if it be true (as they hear, and it is not denied by him), that he afterwards, upon conference with the pirates, received from them 19 or 20 chests of sugar and four chests of coral, it is a token of too much familiarity, and a sign that he meant not to do them hurt from whom he received so much good. For this he must repair hither to make answer.
His Lordship is also to take care for the forthcoming of the chests of sugar and coral which have since come, as they hear, to his hands, as also of a ship and furniture, with 24 pieces of ordnance, taken from one Robinson, a pirate, and of a Spanish caravel brought in by the pirate Jennings. They are well pleased that Mr. Crook of Baltimore is sent over, for though he appears guiltless, according to the certificates of Juarcey and other persons of credit, yet there are other things laid to his charge here, which they hope he may be able equally to clear himself of; but were he never so guiltless, they that have accused him would never believe it, if he had not come.
This done, they will not stay him here from his good work of plantation at Baltimore, which he (Lord Danvers) so much commends.—27 September 1608.
Signed by the Lord Treasurer, Lord Privy Seal, Lord Admiral, Lord Chamberlain, Earl of Worcester, Lord Knollys, Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Pp. 2½. Copy. Not add. Endd.: "27 Septr 1608. Copie of a Ire to the Lord President of Munster concerning pirates."
66. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [Sept. 28.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 204.
Has dismissed the troops which lately returned with Sir William St. John. Commends the bearer, Captain Bingley.— Dublin, 28 September 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
67. Sir Geoffrey Fenton to Salisbury. [Sept. 29.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 205.
Refers to Cottingham's report on the woods of Sir Richard Boyle, and to the procuring of a bark to transport the samples of all kinds of timber and planks. Recommends other woods in Ireland.—Dublin, 29 September 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
68. Account of Extraordinary Charge. [Sept. 30.] Lansdowne MSS. 159, 36, 152. B.M.
Detailing the account of charges incurred in the suppression of the rebellion in the North, and other extraordinary payments for three months, from 1st July to 30th September 1608.
Pp. 14. Endd.
69. Sir Oliver St. John to Salisbury. [Sept. 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 206.
Is not able to send a certificate of military stores. Reports the return of the bearer, Sir Wm. St. John, from the Out Isles of Scotland.—Dublin, 30 September 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.
70. Thomas Strange, Mayor of Waterford, to Salisbury. [Sept. 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 207.
The corporation has sent two agents to England with copies of their charters; solicits a favourable consideration for their suit.—Waterford, 30 September 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
71. Charge of the Army, July 1—September 30, 1608. S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 207 A.
A brief note showing what the charge of His Majesty's army in Ireland doth amount unto for three months, beginning the 1st of July 1608 and ended 30th September next after. As also what increases of charge are to be added thereunto, beginning the 1st of May 1608, and ended 30th September aforesaid, by reason of the rebellion in the North; together with some extraordinaries for a year ended the said last of September, for which no allowance hath been yet made in the treasure assigned for Ireland.
Pp. 4. Endd.: "1608. Ireland. Mr. Raynoldes."
72. Ordinary and Extraordinary Charge of the Army. S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 207 B.
A brief declaration of His Majesty's charges for His Highness's army, and extraordinary charges for his service in Ireland for three months beginning the 1st of July 1608 and ended the last of September following, together with such allowances for extraordinaries as are desired for three quarters of a year ended the last of June 1608.
Pp. 2. Endd.: "Ireland. Ordinary and extraordinary charges."