Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610. Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1874.
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James I: October 1608
73. Establishment from October 1, 1608. S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 208.
An Establishment expressing the numbers of all the officers, general and provincial, bands of horse and foot, warders in forts and castles, pensioners, officers of musters, and others appointed to serve in the realm of Ireland by the day, month, and year, together with sundry extraordinary entertainments. The same to begin for all the persons and numbers contained in this Establishment from the 1st of October 1608.
4 skins of parchment. Engrossed.
74. Edmond Wall to his father, Mr. Gerod Wall, at Coalnemohy [Coolnemoky?]. [Oct. 1.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 209.
"Having such a convenient bearer, dearly beloved father, being both by the opportunity of time and by my own urgent necessities thereunto enticed, I could not but certify you of mine estate. Know, therefore, that I, being here at Tournay these three years, am now constrained by my bad health to depart hence, wherefore I came to Doway, meaning there to end my course; but there I was refused of Mr. President to be admitted into the college, and now I am at an hoste house, there upon Mr. Roche's word, who would do all that he could unto me for your sake. But while I was at Tournay, by buying cloathes and such other necessities, I owed 6l. sterling, the which at my departure I promised to be paid at a certain time; and now after leaving Tournay I am without cloathes and money to buy them, for surely I have not one stitch of cloathe but this which I wear every day."
Entreats payment of this debt, and concludes: "Thus I rest, desiring you to commend me most heartily to my mother, brethren, sisters, and all my friends.—Doway, the 1st of October 1608.
Your dutiful and obedient son,
P. 1. Add. Endd.
75. Edmund Everard to his brother, Christopher Everard. 1608. [Oct. 3.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 210.
Regrets that his last letters were lost. Desires to be remembered to certain friends.—Tournay, 3 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Latin. Add. Endd.
76. Examination of Teig O'Carveel. [Oct. 4.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 285.
Examination of Teig O'Carveel, taken the 4th of October 1608.
Hugh M'Carning and Donagh O'Doherty were in company with Sir Neale O'Donnell at the Marshal's camp at Loughvagh, and were sent to the late traitor O'Doherty the night before he fled from Glenvagh to warn him that the Marshal would give on the next day. And the day after his flight received a message from Sir Neale at Lurgan, in the county of Tyrone, not far from Dungannon, that he would presently go into rebellion and join with him. Examinate was present in the house with O'Doherty when he received the letter from Sir Neale.
P. 1. Copy. Not endd.
77. Richard Everard to his father, Piers Morgan. [Oct. 5.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 211.
Has arrived safe at Tournay. Is in great distress.—Tournay, 5 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
78. Richard Everard to his uncle, Christopher Everard. [Oct. 5.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 212.
Desires money and other help.—Tournay, 5 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
79. The Examination of Teige O'Carveel, taken before me, Sir Henry Folliott, Knight, the 6th of October 1608. [Oct. 6.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 286.
Teig O'Carveel deposeth that one Hugh M'Carmigh, the night before the late traitor O'Doherty fled forth of Glanvagh, came from Sir Neale O'Donnell with this message to the said traitor, viz., that the next morning the Marshal (then lying in camp at Lough Vagh) intended to give on upon the said traitor with His Majesty's forces in three several places, and therefore advised the said traitor to be gone with his creaght and kerne forth of the said Glanvagh; upon which the said traitor gave present order to his creaghts to disperse themselves and to go to Sir Neale O'Donnel, giving forth that Sir Neale had orders to protect them; and the said traitor, likewise with his kerne, then and the next day left the said fastness.
P. ½. Copy. Signed by Sir H. Folliott.
[On the same page is the deposition of Brian O'Harkan (to exactly the same facts as in Teige O'Carveel's deposition), taken by Sir Henry Folliott on the 1st of June 1609.]
P. ½. Copy. Signed by Sir H. Folliott. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Examinations taken by Sr Henrie Folliott, delivered the 29th of June 1609. 1. Teig O'Carvell. 2. Brian O'Harkan."
80. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Oct. 8.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 359.
Acknowledge the receipt of the news of his painful and happy prosecution of the rebels in the North, his account of the incident charges, and of a project for a new Establishment, with some additional charges. Repeat His Majesty's just commendations already delivered, and will only say further, that they wish nothing undone that has been done by him. They cannot, however, adopt the projected increase of the Establishment. His own former expressions in his letters before O'Dogherty's rebellion and since its suppression, are arguments against him.
After all this they cannot think it necessary to add and continue in entertainment 1,000 over and above the 1,680 foot, because he (Sir Arthur) is not satisfied in the point of the return of the fugitives. They consider it improbable. But as a plantation must be the consequence of this prosecution (without which all the charge would prove unprofitable), and that plantation is only of Ulster, the King is pleased, over and above the charge of the last Establishment (before O'Dogherty's rebellion), to add 400 foot by a new Establishment. Leave it to himself to arrange the time and manner of reducing the companies to 50 each. As to the erecting of new wards, and augmenting their pay, the making of new offices and titles (as of vice-constables, by reason of the often absence of the constables),—this making of vice-constables (besides the increase of charge) would be but a dispensation beforehand for the constable's liberty and absence, whose duty (in good order and discipline) binds them to attendance. In case of necessary absence they ought themselves to find fit substitutes. They are against the addition of new and petty wards; but they assent to the raising the pay of the present wards to English money. To come to an end, he is to take this for his comfort, that where they disagree with him, they impute all he desires to the condition of the place he fills, and not to any private ends of his own. In order to provide against the arrival of Tyrone himself, or of any other strange forces, they hope to send such a sum as may be in deposito there, and may serve such a turn.
They will also send immediately enough treasure to serve the Establishment now to be made, according to the increase of 400 foot. Nor will they forget to assign and send a portion for the fortifying such places as he has desired to be raised on these new occasions. Though they know the honourable services of the Earl of Thomond, they cannot agree to his (Chichester's) proposed increase of horse for him. His 100 foot was in lieu of his 12 horse, and those horse are to be immediately discharged.
Agree to his Establishment for Carrickfergus. Approve of his plan of employing the people in the neighbourhood of Derry in repairing the town. With respect to his desire that His Majesty would take upon himself appointing of officers consequent on the alteration of his forces, which brings such trouble upon him in order to content them, they cannot accede to it. His Majesty reserves a peculiar power to appoint to the higher offices, or to name such persons as are particularly known to himself; but for him and them there to give particular orders whom he should retain or dismiss in matter of a captain's room, or the keeping of a ward, would be to do that in darkness which he has the means to do upon knowledge. And His Majesty doubts not his impartiality. Assure him he need not fear of any impression being made upon His Majesty by the complaint of any private man.— Hampton Court, 8 October 1608.
Signed: R. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, J. Herbert, Jul. Cæsar, Jas. Parry.
Pp. 7. Add. Endd.: "Of the 8th of October 1608. From the Lordes of the Councell tutchinge the forces in Irelande, the Establishment, &c. Rec. the 28th eodem by the poast barque."
81. Sir Francis Stafford to Salisbury. [Oct. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 247.
Has frequently requested the Lord Deputy to favour him with letters to his Lordship and the Council, to desire His Majesty's favour in recompense of 35 years' service in Ireland. Begs his Lordship's support of his present suit for a grant in reversion to him and his son of his pension of 5s. per day.— 8 October 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.
82. Tyrone to his son, Henry O'Neill, at Bruges. [Oct. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 218.
Directs him to procure for the bearer, James O'Gallacher, the late Earl of Tyrconnell's servant, a safe passage through England, if possible, or else the place of a soldier in his regiment.—Rome, 8 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Italian. Add. Endd. (Intercepted.)
83. William Henesy to David Henesy. [Oct. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 213.
Thanks for 40s. sent to him and for his fatherly care; desires to go to college to pursue his studies.—Tournay, 8 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
84. Edmund Everard to his brother-in-law, Nich. Haly. [Oct. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 214.
Has written often into Ireland and received no answers. Is in Tournay, and wants nothing but clothes; 6l. a year would supply all his wants.—Tournay, 8 October 1608.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
85. Edmund Everard to his brother, James Everard. 1608 [Oct. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 215.
Complains of not receiving answers to any of his letters. Is in great poverty. His nephew cannot be received in the college.—Tournay, 8 October 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.
86. Edmund Everard to his mother, Mrs. Alie Conly. [Oct. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 216.
Has not been negligent in writing. Desires to be remembered to all his relations.—Tournay, 8 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
87. Edmund Everard to his father, Mr. Edmund Everard. [Oct. 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 217.
Has written often; knows he cannot relieve his necessity; hopes to have letters from him.—Tournay, 8 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
88. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Oct. 8.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 327.
Complain that Lord Howth's accusation of Sir Garret Moore should be so long without any step being taken in it, which arises from this, that Lord Howth, having accused him, goes no farther in the accusation than to charge him by general words to have been acquainted with the conspiracy of Tyrone against the King, and with like knowledge of Maguire's going away, and furnishing him with money for his journey (as appears by his articles of accusation); refusing to make any proof or to produce any evidence unless Sir Garret Moore be first indicted, and the parties who may give evidence be pardoned for their own offence.
Without prejudice to either the accusation or the defence, they cannot but remark that it is a strange part for Lord Howth to take upon him to prescribe the proceedings.
If they (Sir Arthur and the Council) find him to persist in his course, then they must send over both him and Sir Garret Moore before the Council; but if he be induced to produce his evidence, then they may proceed to indict Sir Garret Moore over there, remembering, however, before they proceed to this extremity with a man of Sir Garret Moore's place and rank, to send over the examinations for their inspection.— Hampton Court, 8 October 1608.
Signed: R. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury H. Northampton, J. Herbert, Jul. Cæsar, Thos. Parry.
Pp. 1½. Add. Endd. by Chichester: "The 8th of October 1608. From the Lords of the Councell, signefyeing their direct pleasures in the cause of Sr Garrett Moore's accusation, &c."
89. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Oct. 9.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 329.
Direct that the reversion of a pension of 2s. 6d. per diem granted to one Edward Smith may be granted to Callye Phillips, searcher of the port of Dublin.—Hampton Court, 9 October 1608.
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, Notingham, E. Worcester, J. Herbert, Jul. Cæsar, Thos. Parry.
P. ½. Add. Endd.
90. Richard Everard to his mother Elizabeth, living at Clonmell, in Ireland. [Oct. 9.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 219.
Requests assistance; and assures her that, in his present circumstances she cannot send him too much.—Tournay, 9 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
91. Lord Danvers to Lord [Salisbury]. [Oct. 9.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 220.
Has transmitted to the mayor of Bristol, by this passage, until his Lordship's pleasure be further known, two prisoners, young plants of sedition, whose examinations and a letter of Sir Richard Boyle's opinion here sealed, will sufficiently declare their condition. But should have been unwillingly so curious of such vagabonds were he not made much the more wise, calling to mind his Lordship's own conceit when Tilletsone informed that six young fellows should be sent from this very same seminary to attempt His Majesty's person, your Lordship's words, he remembers, were these:—
"I should despise this priest's intelligence as an imposture, if it were not unanswerable impiety to be less than jealous of such a prince's safety as our King's."
If he (Danvers) now err in over curiosity, his Lordship is his example; some dexterous bishop may ease his Lordship in the examination.—Cork, 9 October 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Endd: "9 Oct. 1608. L. President of Mounster, with demands for furnishing the forts in Mounster. Two prisoners sent to the mayor of Bristol. Their examinations are sent." Encloses,
92. The second examination of Henry Killinghall, taken before Sir Richard Boyle, Knight, the 24th day of September 1608. S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 203 A.
Says he will stand unto it upon his uttermost peril that he has not seen Father Creswell, the English Jesuit, these two years, but confesses he took leave of Father Silvester in Valledeloyd [Valladolid] at his departure thence, but received neither instruction, letters, messages, money, nor anything else from him.
He denies that ever he saw Tyrone or any of his adherents during the time that he was out of His Majesty's dominions. He has not taken, and does not intend to take, any order in religion as priesthood, nor has Robert Hanmer, his fellow traveller, to his knowledge. Denies the bringing over of any books, letters, messages, or any other thing with him into this realm, no not so much as a prayer book to use at sea; only he used his beads there and brought them over with him.
Says that when they came upon the coast of Ireland, he asked Robert Arthure whether there were any danger to arrive at Youghall, and he told him that before he should come ashore, the searcher would come and search him.
He further saith that they never touched in at any place after they embarked themselves at Rochell till they came to a little island between Kinsale and Youghall, where they put in to take in fresh water and to buy such provision as they wanted, their wine being spent.
Ex. p. R. Boyle.
On further examination, being asked, says that his father's name is likewise Henry Killinghall, and that when he departed from England his father was dwelling at Middleton George, within the bishopric of Durham.
That he knows nothing by Rob. Hanmer of any disguising or change, but that he is the very same man that he is called and seemeth to be, and if it prove otherwise he will desire no favour.
Ex. p. R. Boyle.
The third examination of Henry Killinghall, taken before Sir Richard Boyle, Knt., the 25th of September 1608.
He says that he was born in the parish of Sudbury, in the bishopric of Durham, and preferred by one John Peercie, a Jesuit, to the service of the Lord Vawse [Vaux], where he grew in acquaintance with one Father Gerrard, the Jesuit, at Harrydon, the Lord Vawes's house, by whom he was enjoined to repair to London with his fellow prisoner, Robert Webb, whose father's man brought him to the Lord Vawes's said house, where the said Robert Webb stayed but one night in Harridon town, and the next day they both were sent together by the said Father Gerrard to London and lodged at the sign of the Holy Lamb; where, for the most part between that house and another little house near Paul's Chair, they continued some 14 days, and then they two, with some dozen other youths and two young gentlewomen, were by night conveyed by boat from London to Gravesend, and so to Calais and then to St. Omer's, where they were all (saving two young men and the two gentlewomen) entered into the English College which the Jesuits have the oversight of, where he continued almost four years as a King's scholar. From which College there goes yearly a mission either to Rome, Civill [Seville], or Valledelyd of some eight students or thereabouts, and when this examinate and the said Robert Webb had continued near four years in the College at St. Omers, they were both together at one mission preferred to the English College at Valledeleyd, where they both continued other three years and upward, having their daily resort to St. Ambrose's College of Jesuits there, and their maintenance from the King. But he never proceeded further in taking orders, than to be a colletter [acolyte], and to have liberty to read an epistle in the quyer. From which College they came away by the dismissal of Father Creswell, the English Jesuit, Superior of the College, having the pass of John de Parreses, rector of that College, but had no money given them but 6l. a piece, which was delivered them by Thomas Sylvester, an English Jesuit, who is minister of that College; neither had they any other errand or employment into His Majesty's dominions but for the recovery of their healths. He affirms that he saw not Father Creswell these two years, but he and his fellow received letters from him for their repair into England. Says he saw not Father Archer these six months, for he continues most at Salamanca, he being Superior of the College there; he affirms that there were no more students dismissed from Valledeleyd for England but himself and his fellow student, Robert Webb, who to his knowledge has entered no further into orders of religion than he has done; he protests that most of the English in that College, by direction of their Superior, change their names, and that himself during his abode in the College named himself Henry Plase, and that he knows no cause Robert Webb had to alter his name into Robert Hanmer, but only to keep his friends from trouble. Knows not for certain where Robert Webb was born, but Father Gerrard, the Jesuit, is his uncle, as he hath heard himself confess.
Ex. p. R. Boyle.
Pp. 3. Endd. "The second and third examinations, &c."
The second examination of Robert Hanmer [really Peckham], taken before me, Sir Richard Boyle, Knight, the 24th day of September 1608.
He most resorted for confession during the time he was in Spain to one Father John Clare, an English Jesuit, and he never was confessed by Father Creswell, but has been sometimes at his masses at Madryll.
Says Father Creswell was not at Valledeleyd at his coming away, but was at Madryll, and that he did not see Father Creswell within 14 days next before he departed from Spain.
Is bearer of no message from Father Creswell. Says his true name is Webbe, but he changed his name into Hanmer for the more safety, as he says, in his travel, and that during the time he was in Spain he was called Robert Webb.
Has not taken, nor intends to take, any order of priesthood according to the Romish church.
Never heard that his fellow traveller had any other name than only Henry Killingham, and denies that ever the said Henry took the order of priesthood to his knowledge.
Confesses that he asked Robert Arthure whether there were any trouble of searching, and Arthure told him that one would come on board to search them, and that it was safe enough to travel if they had no letters.
Says that they never landed in any place after they embarked at Rochell until they came to a little island within four miles of Youghall, whither they went to fetch fresh water, and to make their provision of beer and eggs, and that Robert Arthure went ashore there with them.
Changed his name on no particular advice, but only for his own safety in travel, nor does he know directly where he was born nor where his mother dwells, but wheresoever she dwells she is called by the name of Mrs. Webbe, if alive, nor does he know where his father dwelt when he lived, for he was only two years old when he died.
Says he did not tell Henry Killinghall of the changing of his name until in their travel together in Spain, and that there was no priest by when he changed his name.
Being demanded what English Catholics resorted unto them while they were in durance, he saith that one Mr. Fitzjames was with them twice or three times, and that Mr. Protor [Prator] came every time with him, and that Fitzjames told them that Prator was a Catholic, and that they should never go out of prison as long as they had any money.
Ex. p. R. Boyle.
The third examination of Robert Hanmer, taken before Sir Richard Boyle, Knight, at Youghall, the 27th September 1608.
Being urged to tell his true name, when he departed England, where he hath spent his time, and the cause of his return, he confesses that his name is neither Hanmer nor Webb, but that his right name is Robert Peckham, and that he was born at Denham in Buckinghamshire, and that he is the second son of Mr. Edmond Peckham, deceased, who was son and heir to Sir George Peckham, Knight; he also acknowledgeth that his mother is named Dorothy Gerrard, and is now married to Mr. Raffe Leyton, and as he thinks dwells now at Radford in Nottinghamshire. He also affirms that Father Gerrard, the English Jesuit, is his uncle, and that he and his fellow, Henry Killinghall, were both, together with some 10 other youths and two young gentlewomen, sent by the appointment of Father Gerrard out of England about seven years since, and that they were boated by night at London and so came by water to Gravesend, and there shipped for Calais, where after their arrival, he and Killinghall travelled together to St. Omers, where they were both entered into the English College which the Jesuits had the oversight of, where they both continued at the King of Spain's charge almost four years; and then they were removed into the English College at Valledeleyd, where they both studied together above three years more, until by the permission and license of Father Creswell, Superior of that College, they were (with new apparel and money in their purse) sent into England for no other cause, as this examinate protests, but for the recovery of their health. He also acknowledges that by the allowance and direction of the said Father Creswell, that some month before he was dismissed out of the College at Valledeleyd, Arthur Broughton and Richard Cleryndon were transmitted out of the same College by Father Creswell into England, who took their way by St. Sebastian.
And that within 14 days or thereabouts other two of that college called Francis Tuchborne and Richard Percevall were by the said Father Creswell appointed to go into England, and they two embarked at Rochell and took their way through the Low Countries, so to travel into England, they having no other employment or business, to this examinate's knowledge, but to seek the recovery of their health, as Henry Killnghall and this examinate did; he deposes that he brought no letters or writings out of Spain but a letter from one Mr. Best, directed to one Captain Henry Sackford, which letter Mr. Carpenter, the supervisor searcher of Youghall, brake open and read and then delivered (and another letter that was enclosed in the sume, which he never opened nor looked into) to this examinate again.
Ex. p. R. Boyle.
P. 1. Endd.: "The second and third examinations of Robert Hanmer, Robert Webb, and Robert Peckham, being the three several names of the examinate, taken before Sir Richard Boyle, Knight, 1608."
[See Tilletson's relation, 1607–8, Feb. 23.]
93. Sir Richard Moryson to Dudley Norton. [Oct. 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 220 A.
Requests him to present a certain petition to Lord Salisbury relative to an annuity.—Enescorphy [Enniscorthy], 10 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
94. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. [Oct. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 221.
Recommends the suit of Patrick Foxe, clerk of the Council, for freedom of a town of his, named Moyvore, and for a certain portion of land.—Dublin, 12 October 1608.
Signed: Arth. Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Canc., Th. Ridgeway, R. Wingfelde, James Ley, Humphrey Winche, Ol. Lambert, Ol. St. John.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
95. Patr. Barnewall to his brother Robert. 1608. [Oct. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 222.
Has dealt with his cousin, Christopher Cusack, for his coming over; has obtained a place for him to study.—Paris, 12 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
96. Petition of the Earl of Ormonde to the Lord Deputy. [Oct. 13.] Carte Papers, vol. 30, p. 46.
Is possessed, as of his inheritance, of his manor of Kilkenny, within which manor is situate the High Town of Kilkenny, and whereof the burgesses of the said town hold their lands. Has several liberties and jurisdictions, as incident to the same manor; fears that the corporation of the said town, by surrendering their charter and taking a new one, as they are about doing, may prejudice his rights, unless his rights and liberties and jurisdictions shall be expressly saved and reserved in the charter to be passed; and prays that his counsel may have view thereof before it finally pass the great seal.
At foot is the following, signed by Sir Arthur Chichester:—
"The 13th of October 1608.
"I require you, Mr. Attorney, to make speciale reservation of the Earl of Ormonde's privileges in the charter of Kilkenny, accordinge the directions I gave you yesterday, and further to consider of such motions as shal be delivered you by Mr. Walter Lawles.
P. 1. Orig. Add. Endd. by Sir John Davys: "About savings in the charter of Kilkeny and Manor there."
97. Sir Arthur Chichester's Instructions to Sir James Ley and Sir John Davys. [Oct. 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 225.
Certain notes of remembrances touching the plantation and settlement of the escheated lands in Ulster, September 1608.
County of Cavan.
The Cavan is a spacious and large county, very populous, and the people hardy and warlike. The chief of them are the O'Realyes [O'Reillys], of which surname there are sundry septs, most of them cross and opposite one unto another. By the division and separation among themselves, the whole county, which heretofore made their dependancy upon the chief of the sept by the name of O'Realye, may with the more facility and assurance be divided into parcels and disposed to several freeholders, who, depending immediately upon the King, will not fear or obey their neighbours, unless some one or two be made so powerful as to overtop and sway down the rest, and therefore care must be in the settlement of this country, that the greatest part of the people have their dependancy immediately upon the King, and as little upon the Irish lords as may be without apparent hindrance to the plantation and settlement of that county.
The natives of that county are not able in worth nor people to inhabit and manure the half thereof. Therefore it is meet the King should reserve some portion, either a whole barony entire, or a quantity in each barony (which seems preferable) to plant civil and well-chosen men besides the natives themselves, by whose life, care, and good husbandry it is to be hoped the neighbours will be allured to allow and imitate that course which brings profit to themselves, their prosperity, and the commonwealth.
The books of survey and other collections will declare the chief pretenders to the lands in each barony, and in smaller circuits, who may be provided for as shall be directed or as they (the commissioners) shall think fit, if it be left to their discretion.
The principal place to be cared for is the town of Cavan, which wishes to be made a corporation, and a ballibeto of land (if it may be) to be laid unto it out of the barony of Cavan. The castle there to be likewise reserved, and the like allotment of land to be made for the maintenance thereof, and the same to be passed or given to some honest, trusty, and powerful man, who shall be able, with some small help from the King, to rebuild the castle and to stock and manure the land, whose residence there will greatly avail the settlement of that county.
Belturbert is likewise by situation a fit place to be strengthened with a ward or other residence of civil people and well-affected subjects, by reason it lies upon the head of Lough Earne. It has now but a small portion of land belonging to it, and therefore he desires that five or six poles more next adjoining be reserved and annexed thereunto, and that the same be disposed upon some honest and well-affected man as aforesaid, who for a time must be enabled, by a ward or other help from His Majesty, to manure and plant the same.
Cloughouter is a place to be reserved and regarded for. From thence there is a passage by water to Belturbert, and from Belturbert to Belecke [Belleek], near Ballyshannon; and therefore a like portion of land to be reserved as that of Belturbert. Wishes that the rest of the barony of Cavan may be disposed in demesne and chiefry to young Mulmorie O'Relye, the grandchild of Sir John O'Relye.
They must note that there are many freeholders (as they pretend) in the barony of Cavan, namely, the Bradies, the M'Cabies [M'Cabes], and others, who will expect a good portion of that barony, besides that which is intended for the town, the castle, Cloughouter, and Belturbert; whereby it is to be conceived that the head of the house will be left in meaner state than one of the inferior freeholders, if other care be not taken for him; and therefore a consideration must be had upon the division, how he may be relieved by allotting some portions of land unto him out of the other baronies, or by reserving to him some chief rents from the inferior freeholders of the said baronies, the rather because his father was slain in the late Queen's service, and because he is descended by the mother from the house of Ormonde.
Within this county there is a castle named Ballinicarge, in which is a ward of His Majesty's. This is likewise fit to be reserved for the King's service, and the like quantity of land to be annexed to it as shall be laid to Belturbert or Cloughouter, for a civil man to plant there; and so the ward may be dissolved as the country begins to settle in civility. Captain Gerrott Fleminge, Captain Richard Tyrrell, and Walter Tabbott, with other purchasers, are to be respected, who have bought land of the natives, which will otherwise fall out an ill purchase for them, if the King be entitled to the whole in demesne by the office; and they are to be respected the rather in that they have begun a civil plantation already, which has done much good in that country, and have deserved other ways well by their good service.
They must make mentiou of the lands which the Baron of Delvyne has passed within this country, his patent being thought in some points defective, and must therein receive their Lordships' directions.
If upon the division and settlement of that country there shall appear cause to reserve any other places of import for the King's service it may be done at that time.
Their other notes with these will direct them in the course we intend in the division and settlement of this country.
Fermanagh cannot be divided as the Cavan, by reason of Connor Roe Maguyre, who has a patent of the whole country passed unto him in the late Queen's time, but upon conference and advice had with him by the Deputy and Council for the settlement of his kinsman Cow Connought [Couconaght] Maguyre, and of that country, he was content to submit himself to their order for a new division, upon which three baronies of the seven were allotted to him, the said Connor Roe, with a promise of letters patent for the same, which in his (Chichester's) opinion were meet to be passed to him with a clause to make a competent number of freeholders of the natives of that county, and with reservation of rent to His Majesty.
The other four baronies were intended to Cow Connought Maguyre, and are now in the hands of his brother Bryen, but divers gentlemen inhabit thereupon, who claim a freehold in the lands they possess. It is to be considered and resolved by the Lords whether any part thereof shall be bestowed upon the pretenders to the freehold, or on the brethren and sept of Cow Connought, and, namely, on Tyrone's grandchild, son to Hugh Maguyre, slain in Munster. Bryen is a proper and active young man, and has a younger brother. These will be stirring and keep out if they be not cared for or restrained, and so will the freeholders with them, and the child when he comes to be a man. Therefore, either they must be provided for and settled, or the new plantation must be made strong and powerful to keep them in awe and subjection, which will require great charge and foresight; and to remove them with their followers and tenants to other countries will be found somewhat difficult.
Henry and Con O'Neale, sons to Shane O'Neale, are now seated in this county upon lands which they took from Cow Connought Maguyre, to which certain freeholders pretend title. If the King think them worth the cherishing, they must be seated in something in this county or Armagh, or else removed clear out of Ulster; and if His Majesty could assume or purchase a signory in Munster it were good sending them thither; they are civil and discreet men, especially Harry, and have each of them 4s. a day pension from His Majesty.
In this county there is neither town nor civil habitation. Inishkellin [Inniskillen] is the fittest place, in his opinion, for the shire town, and to be made a corporation, which will require charge or forcement to bring men of wealth and substance to dwell there, in regard it is now altogether waste and desolate. But that His Majesty has a ward in the castle, some other places would be reserved for like purposes, which may be thought of upon the division.
County of Donegal.
This has been so bangled by the Earl of Tyrconnell by sales, mortgages, and underhand conveyances, that he (Chichester) can make no certain demonstration thereof. Only this is certain: Enishowen is come unto the King by O'Dogherty's attainders. Glanfyne and the greatest part of Monganagh was promised to Sir Neale O'Donnell, whereof he might have had letters patent, but he neglected to take them out, expecting greater quantities and pretending title to the whole country, which he (Chichester) thinks will hardly satisfy his ambition; but his case is such at this time that he will seem satisfied with a small portion, so he be assured of his life and liberty. Can say nothing of him until the pleasure of the King or the Lords of the Council be signified touching his arraignment or enlargement. His son is a dangerous youth, of whom, and of Caffer Oge O'Donnell, he (Chiehester) has declared his opinion to them, together with the briefs of sundry examinations and voluntary confessions made against them.
Divers gentlemen claim freeholds in that county, as namely, the three septs of the M'Swynes, Bane [Banagh], Fanaght, and Doe O'Boyle, and O'Galchare [O'Gallagher]; but these men passed over their rights (if any they had) to the Earl (as it is said), which he got from them cautiously and by unworthy duties; in whose behalf His Majesty is to signify his gracious pleasure, and he (Chichester) is sure every of them has more land than they and their septs will be able to manure and plant in any civil and good fashion these 40 years, albeit peace did continue among them; and they are for the most part un worthy of what they possess, being a people inclined to blood and trouble, but to displant them is very difficult. If His Majesty dispose the land to strangers, they must be very powerful to suppress them. Suggests that if his pleasure be to continue them in what they claim, the lands may be divided into many parts and disposed to several men of the septs, and some to strangers or some others of this nation, leaving none greater than another, unless it be in a small difference to the now chiefs of the name. If this course displease the said chiefs it will content many others, who will be good ties upon them if by justice they be supported accordingly.
There are divers places within this county fit to be reserved for the King's service and to bestow upon civil and well-chosen men, some of which are already possessed by wards and garrisons, as namely, the Derry, Lyffor, Ballishanon, Dunegall, Castle Doe, and Culmore. There are other parts besides Enishowen which, upon the division, will be found to be fitter seats for civil and good subjects than for those that make claim to them, who, having them, will every day beget alteration and innovation.
Ballishanon has already 1,000 acres annexed to it, Cullmore has 300, and Lyffer 4 quarters of land. These may be continued or enlarged, as there shall appear cause upon the plantation. Wishes that the Lyffer and Ballyshanon may be made corporate towns, and some others, if it shall be so thought fit, upon the settlement of that county.
The Derry has not a foot of land laid to it; all on Tyrconnell's side was passed to private men or is the Bishop's, together with the very site (sic) of the city; and by reason of the contention arising thereon, the inhabitants have had little comfort to continue and abide there, and their departure from thence, as he conceives, was not the least cause of the loss of that town. They have, however, new made the rampiers and parapets of the two forts, and are in hand with a strong and substantial castle for keeping the King's arms and munition, which is done and to be done with a small charge to His Majesty, the burthen thereof being laid upon the country of Enishowen, and borne out of such preys and booties as were gotten from the rebels, but the rampiers and parapets being of earth and sod (which is not good in those parts) it will soon moulder and decay, as it did in former times. Could wish, therefore, that the King would be pleased to bestow a wall of stone, at least about the two forts; and albeit the charge will be somewhat great, yet greater benefit will redowne [redound] to the Crown in the settlement and reformation of that country; indeed the continual patching thereof will in a few years consume more money than the present work will require. Considering the help of labourers and charge which Enishowen and the counties adjoining should give to it and the ditching of the town, until the whole work were finished, he is moved to propound for this charge, seeing that the city was lately planted there with so great expense and consumption of men and money, and that it is fit to be continued and countenanced for His Majesty's service.
In his letters of the 2nd of June urged the Lords that part of the lands of Enishowen might be disposed to that town, as appears by a branch of that letter, which he delivers herewith. Upon sight of the plate and further consideration of that matter, thinks fit that the land which Sir George Pawlett purchased from Sir Henry Docwra may be gotten by purchase or exchange of other land, and laid to the town for the use of that corporation, since it lies adjoining to it and is more commodious than the lands of O'Doghertie, none of these being within two miles of the city; but this he must leave to the consideration of the Lords, as it will appear to be a charge to the King; yet he is of opinion that the widow and heir of Sir George Palwett will, in lieu of this, take lands in Enishowen, or a reasonable sum of money, and unless some such care be taken for that town, he sees not how it can continue or bring comfort to the inhabitants. But howsoever this be dealt in, they must not omit to assume to the King's use the site of the town, together with the island or parcel of land in which it stands, which is but threescore acres, and fit only for a common and walks for the inhabitants. This was in question betwixt the Bishop and Sir George Pawlett, and it is like it will be continued by the successors of the one and the heirs of the other until it be determined by law or other powerful and overruling course. His meaning is, to leave to the Bishop and the heirs of Pawlett sufficient room to build a house, and for gardens, orchards, curladge [curtilage], and other appurtenances, to each of their houses, if they will build any within the circuit.
By this care and by annexing the land lying on that side commodious for it, the people that are there already will be comforted and others encouraged to come thither; but by the way, it is to be noted that the continuance of the government of that city by the name of provost to Sir Henry Docwra during his life, and his having committed that charge (by reason of his absence) to a vice-provost, who was a stranger to the people and country, and not well experienced in the wars nor with the government of an infant city, has been a principal impediment to the prosperity of the place, from whence most of the best inhabitants were withdrawn, finding small profit and less comfort or advancement there for reformation; whereof a fit opportunity may be taken at this time, with the consent of Sir Henry Docwra and the heirs of Sir George Pawlett, and with little difficulty, if the now Bishop be removed, and his successor be dealt withal before he be admitted to that dignity.
For Enishowen, it is all in the King, and if His Majesty be not pleased to bestow it wholly upon one worthy and welldeserving subject, it may be divided into several parcels, annexing a portion to each castle and place of import within the country, and bestow them upon civil and good subjects who are already acquainted with the people and experienced in the country, as, namely, Green Castle, which stands upon the very entrance of the harbour of Lough Foyle from the sea, and is, in his opinion, a fitter place to be kept to impeach the ingate and outgate of shipping than Cullmore, Byrt, Boncrana, Ellough, and some other castles and places there, which will be found out upon the settlement and division to be made. Has for the present left some trusty men in three of the chiefest castles of import, with a small allowance from His Majesty.
If the King bestow the whole country upon one man, he should be enjoined to purchase the land belonging to the heirs of Sir George Pawlett at his own cost, the same to be given by His Majesty to the city of Derry, as formerly is mentioned, otherwise a sufficient quantity of land in Enishowen, with one of the castles, would be reserved and given in exchange.
County of Coleraine.
This county is of small circuit, containing only three baronies, two of which are not so large as the barony of Dungannon. It has been of long time attempted for parcel of Tyrone. The chief septs that inhabit it are the O'Cahanes, and under them the O'Mullanes, Magilliganes, and M'Closkies. The Earl of Tyrone made challenge unto this country, as passed unto him by letters patent, and required Sir Donell O'Cahane, the now chief of that name, to give him 200l. a year, in consideration of his challenge, but being unable to make him payment of so much, in respect of the waste and riotous expenses otherwise, he yielded one of the baronies up to the Earl in lieu of the 200l., which the Earl possessed at the time of his flight; and albeit it is thought that neither Tyrone nor O'Cahane had any good and lawful estate in that country (the right being in the King by the Statute 11 Elizabeth), yet is it his duty to declare that the whole country (the castle of Annogh with a good quantity of lands thereunto annexed, and the Bishop's and church's rights excepted,) was promised to the said Sir Donnel O'Cahane upon his submission in the year 1601, by the Lord Mountjoy, then Lord Deputy; and in confirmation hereof a custodiam was passed to him under the great seal. He is now prisoner in the Castle of Dublin.
They are to acquaint their Lordships with his crimes, and the accusations made against him, and in his cause, as in Sir Neale O'Donnell's, to receive directions.
In this county they neither hold ward nor keep men upon the King's charges. If Sir Donnell O'Cahane be found unworthy of the King's favour by reason of his treasonable practices and misdemeanours, then is that country in the King's hands to dispose as shall seem best unto His Majesty. The principal places to be cared for within this county are the castles of Annogh, Lemavadie, Colerayne, and Downgenyne [Dungiven], albeit most of them are ruinous and out of repair. If Sir Donnell O'Cahane be enlarged, or if, upon his trial, he escape the danger of the law, two parts of that country will not content him, nor, he thinks, the whole; but whatsoever becomes of him, good consideration must be had of his brother, Manus O'Cahane, Manus ut Quyvally O'Cahane, and some few others, whom he (Chichester) has found honest in those last troubles, and before.
They must remember to declare the fishings of the river of Loughfoyle, the Ban, and other places which are in this county, and what claims are made to them, that the Lords may truly understand the state of them, and therein declare their pleasures.
County of Tyrone.
The great sept of this county is come to the King by the attainder of the Earl of Tyrone and his sept, as by the office doth appear. In this county they hold the forts of Mountjoy, Omey, and the ruinous castle of Dungannon by the King's garrisons and wards; upon the division and settlement of the county, other places must be found out and strengthened for a time, as, namely, about the Clogher, where lies the country of Sir Cormocke O'Neale, another in the Glynnes of Glancomkeyne, the Slute Artes [Slught-Airta] country, and two or three other places, which will require further consideration, and are to be kept either upon the King's or the undertakers' charge for a time.
The chief septs of this country are the O'Neales, and under them the O'Donnoles, O'Hagganes, O'Quynes, O'Delvynes [O'Devlins], O'Corres, the Clandonells, the Melans, and other septs, which are warlike people and many in number, and must be provided for or overmastered, without which they will not be ruled nor removed.
Has delivered the possession of the Newtown, with some three ballibetoes of land, to Tyrlowe and Neale M'Arte, the children of Sir Arte O'Neale, in respect of the good service they did against the traitor O'Doghertie and the relief they gave to the Lyffer upon the burning of the Derry, and has promised to become an humble suitor to the King, to confirm it unto them and their heirs. Thinks this sufficient for them, but they do not. If the King will be pleased to reserve the town of Straban, which stands within the lands now assigned to them, and give them a greater scope on the other side, he thinks it best for his service, for divers Scottishmen will plant there and make it a pretty town, albeit it was all burnt to the ground by O'Doghertie, which was the cause they were permitted to take it at this time.
Downeganon [Dungannon] to be made a corporation.
The County of Armagh.
The state of this county is much like that of Tyrone, and possessed by the same septs, especially for as much of it as appertained to the Earl of Tyrone, which is the greatest part of the country. The rest belongs to the Lord Primate, and either is passed to Sir Tyrlogh and Henry O'Neale and Sir Henry Oge O'Neale, lately slain in the service against O'Doghertie, or is Sir Oghy O'Hanlon's, who lately surrendered his interest to the King, upon promise to have it repassed to him; which should have been performed before this time, if he had sought it, and would have permitted certain freeholders to take letters patent, and to hold immediately of the King as he promised. He is an old, lame man, of weak judgment, married to a sister of Tyrone's, who is as malicious and illaffected to the King's government and country's reformation as her brother. She rules the old man. His only legitimate son was in rebellion with O'Doghertie, and is now hid and relieved by his friends in that country. The old man must be provided for as long as he lives. Hopes that after his death there may be no more O'Hanlons,—he means as lord over the rest, but that that country may be disposed to the best affected of the sept and to other civil men.
The chief of this country under the Earl of Tyrone was his base brother, known by the name of Arte M'Barron, who is yet living, and claims the greatest part of the country of O'Neale, of which he is possessed. He has three sons with the Archduke, of whom two are captains. These youths, the sons of the Earl, and the children of Sir Cormock M'Barron, Sir Tyrlowe M'Henry, and Sir Henry Oge O'Neale, will kindle a new fire in those parts at one time or other, if they be not well looked to or provided for in some reasonable measure.
They are to declare to the Lords that there is a son of the Earl of Tyrone, of some seven or eight years old, and another of Caffer O'Donnell, brother to the Earl of Tyrconnell. Has committed them to the charge of two of the captains in Ulster. Should gladly receive directions to dispose of them, and, in his opinion, the best course will be to send them to some remote parts of England or Scotland to be kept from the knowledge of friends or acquaintance.
The countries known by the name of M'Cann's country and Braslowe [Bresilagh] are within this county, which are possessed principally by gentlemen, who claim the freehold thereof. They would gladly be tenants or freeholders to the King, and would pay a good rent to His Majesty.
Sir Tyrlagh M'Henry has been very earnest with him to enlarge his possession of land of the Fues, the same being more wood and bog than pasture or arable ground. Has promised to be a suitor to His Majesty to bestow upon him a part of Toghrighie, which lies adjoining unto the Fues, and thinks it well given if that will make him and his sons honest, which he humbly recommends to His Majesty and the Lords.
In the settlement of this country and that of Tyrone, wishes that some care may be taken of Sir Henry Oge O'Neale's children (his inheritance being fallen by course of common law to his grandchild), of Con M'Tyrlowe and his brethren, who, without such care are like to break out, and of Owyne More O'Neale, more for his honest simplicity than for any harm he is like to do; the rest that inhabit the lands escheated by the Earl's attainder are the O'Hagans, the O'Quynes, and Clandonells, who were never better than tenants and followers unto him.
In this country they hold on the King's behalf the fort of Charlemount and Mount Norries, and have some men at Armagh for the defence of a small castle, which was erected there for a Gayle (sic), upon the settlement of the country; the principal places to be cared for next to these will be one or two in O'Hanlon's Country and another in O'Nealan.
Armagh to be made a corporate town.
This much for each county in particular.
They must note that many of the natives in each county claim freehold in the lands they possess; and albeit their demands are not justifiable by law, yet it is hard, and almost impossible to displant them. Wishes, therefore, that a consideration may be had of the best and chief of them, albeit they were all in Tyrone's last rebellion, and have now hearts and minds alike; and that the rest of the land may be passed to well-chosen undertakers with choice of some servitors and well-affected subjects here, and others of England and Scotland, who will, either in propria persona, or by some sufficient friend, plant and settle the land according to the establishment that shall be laid down, and give good assurance for performance thereof, and for payment of the rent that shall be reserved for His Majesty after the expiration of certain years of freedom; which is to be given by reason the same is waste, and will be chargeable to the undertakers upon the first plantation.
In this plantation care must be taken that no man be admitted to have lands there but such as will take the oath of supremacy, or such as will go to the [State] Church or service, some of the natives (if any such be) excepted; and that no man have too great a scope of land lying together, nor be made too powerful over his neighbours, for out of it has come the ruin of that province and of many a good subject. And as the parties who, in his opinion, are most fit to undertake this plantation, next to the Privy Councillors and officers to the State, are the captains and officers who have served in those parts, and are yet so poor as not to be able to manure and settle any great quantity of land, he wishes that some of them of least ability in purse should be seated in the places of most danger, and of the best advantage for His Majesty's service and defence of the rest of the undertakers, as well upon the sea-side as within the land; and that they should be enabled, by some entertainment and by ward of men, to help themselves, and to perform the service aforesaid, until the country shall be well settled and quietly planted; after which they may be left to their portions of land, as the rest of the undertakers, and then their wards and entertainments may cease without further charge to His Majesty.
These servitors and wards being placed, and such of the natives as His Majesty shall be pleased to favour being once settled and provided for in convenient places and with portions of land, he wishes that equal division (as near as it may) should be made of the rest; that the undertakers, be they 40, 50, or 100, more or less, at His Majesty's pleasure, should receive their portions by lot, which would take away all manner of contention and strife for precedency of choice; and every man (being bound as aforesaid) will endeavour to make the best of what has fallen to him by his lot.
Now, it is to be noted that there must be difference in the rents, as well in respect of the countries as of the parties that shall undertake the settlement thereof; for the English and the Scottish that shall inhabit it must be tied to build castles and strong houses, which he wishes may be one in every two or three ballibetoes at the most; to erect towns and villages, and to enclose and manure the land in a civil fashion, whereby they cannot pay so great a rent as the Irish, who will not and are not able for this age, nor he fears will be the next; wherefore he wishes the Commissioners should forbear to set down the values until His Majesty's pleasure shall be therein signified.
And as the churches in those later and the other countries, Cavan, Fermanagh, Donegall, and indeed of all Ulster, are so defaced, and the glebe and bishop's lands so obscured, that all is confused and out of order, as if it were in a wilderness, where neither Christianity nor religion was ever heard of, he wishes consideration might be first had for reformation and settlement of the church and clergy. And whereas there is demand made by the Primate and other bishops of too great scopes of land in demesne, and more than ever will be sufficiently proved to belong to them, and as they yet are possessed of too small a portion for their state and calling; he wishes that there may be moderation in that kind, and that the King may be pleased to make a new allotment to the bishops and church, as if His Majesty were to begin a new plantation in some part of America, from which it does not greatly differ. When this is done, he thinks they will have no great cause to take care for the inferior natives; for then all will settle themselves and their dependency upon the bishops, the undertakers, or the Irish landlords that shall be established by His Majesty's gracious favour; for most of them are by nature inclined rather to be followers and tenants to others than lords or freeholders themselves.
Both the one kind and the other are to be drawn from their course of running up and down the country with their cattle, which they term "creatinge," and are to settle themselves in towns and villages where they must be enforced to build houses like to those of the Pale, and not cabins after their wonted manner. The towns and villages to be placed as near as possible upon passages and places of best advantage for service and defence of the country, of which and many things else there must be further consideration upon the division. This being only what he conceives for the present, leaving it to further debate and consideration.
"This is a copy of so much delivered in writing under my hand to Sir James Ley, Chief Justice of Ireland, and Sir John Davys, Attorney, at their going hence the 14th of October 1608.—Arthur Chichester."
[The final paragraph and signature in hand of Chichester.]
Pp. 13. Endd.
98. Sir Arthur Chichester's Narrative of his Proceedings with Sir Donnell O'Cahane. S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 226.
A collection of the courses held with Sir Donnell O'Cahaine since he submitted himself in the year 1602.
"First he dealt with me, being the Governor of Knockfergus, by sundry letters and messages to accept of his submission; I wrought with him to make his submission to Sir Henry Docwra, who had the government of his country, which in the end he did, to the great advancement of the service against the traitor Tyrone, and so there passed articles of agreement betwixt them, the copy of which I send herewith.
"He had soon after a custodiam of the country passed unto him under the great seal, according to the articles of agreement, which he enjoyed without interruption until Tyrone's submission was accepted; and whether there were any alteration therein before Tyrone went into England I know not; but Tyrone upon his return told him that the King had given that whole country to him, with the rest of the lands in Tyrone and Armagh, and said he must agree with him, otherwise he would disturb him in the possession thereof, which O'Cahaine (as a credulous man) soon believed, and so grew to a composition with him, the copy of which I send likewise herewith.
"Some jars fell out betwixt Tyrone and him for breach of promise, or for not payment (on O'Cahaine's part) according to Tyrone's expectation or will; some cows were taken, and men committed by Tyrone. The Bishop of Derry took part with O'Cahaine in hope to get from him, without struggling or opposition, the livings to which he made demand in right of his bishopric of Derry; he brought O'Cahaine before me and the Council; Tyrone appeared, and after some opposition on both sides, we reconciled the difference and made an order therein, which notwithstanding, they departed from us without making show of any good affection one unto another, but (as I was soon after informed) they were reconciled, and made friends at Dungannon by some priests of the country.
"At his return home he opposed the Bishop, and carried himself more disrespectfully towards the King's officers than he was accustomed, whereof I had often and sundry advertisements. I wrote unto him and sought by all fair means to reclaim him.
"Tyrone fled the kingdom, whom he would have accompanied (as I was informed) if he could have gotten passage at Culmore, where he sought it. I directed him to repair to the governors and officers in those parts, that he might be examined upon the accusation, and lastly, to the King's AttorneyGeneral, when he and others were sent down to indict the fugitives and find the office; all which he obstinately refused. Whereupon I caused the King's forces in those parts to draw together, and directed them to fall upon him, if he came not unto me as I required him; whereof when he understood, and when he learned that I would take him before he was fully provided to play his part (having, notwithstanding, before this, thrust his brother, Shane Carrogh, into open rebellion), he submitted himself, and gave bands to Sir Thomas Phillips for his appearance before me, which he performed accordingly; when his traitorous intent was more and more laid open, which caused his restraint and the continuance thereof.
"For Sir Neale O'Donnell, how he submitted himself, what promises were made him, the entertainments he received, and how he demeaned himself before I came to the government, are better known to Sir Henry Docwra than to me, to whose report I leave it.
"After I came to the government, the remembrance of his services done when our forces had most need of him, made me willing not only to work a forgetfulness of the follies which indiscretion and the pride of his heart caused him to commit in taking upon him the name of O'Donnell, and the command of that whole country, but to procure him more favour from thence than of myself I could do him; and my endeavours prevailed so far in his behalf, that the King's Majesty was pleased to direct me to pass unto him the castle and lands of Glanffyne, &c., which were exempted out of the Earl of Tyrone's grant, and reserved for the King to pass to Sir Neale O'Donnell, or who else His Majesty pleased; and so I dealt with him to make a surrender of those lands and of his title to the Lyffer (if any he had), which upon my promise of repassing of Glanffynne, &c., he performed.
"He took not out his patent (albeit I often advised him thereunto) until Tyrconnell's flight, and then he grew so proud that less [than] the whole country would not content him; in which humour he continued, making unreasonable and insolent demands, even to the time that he was apprehended and committed. The crimes with which both of them are charged shall be made known by Mr. Attorney-General, which are foul and disloyal.
"I have set the lands which were left to Sir Donell O'Cahaine by Tyrone for 330l. a year, for which he had not since his restraint above 130l. And Sir Neale O'Donnell's for 100l., for which he had in like manner but 35l. It may seem strange that those men who were accounted so great, especially O'Cahaine, should have no better revenues; but it may be answered that their maintenance is not from the money they receive, but from their provisions of meat, butter, cuttings, and cosherings, none of which the people will afford to them, or for their use, whilst they are in prison or absent from their countries. I would gladly know whether I should pay the money for their maintenance, and in discharge of their debts, as they have besought me, or deliver it to Mr. Treasurer for the King, in which I humbly pray directions. I have further compounded with Sir Oghie O'Hanlon for his estate in Orier [Orior], otherwise called O'Hanlon's Country, and have contented him with an annuity of 80l. English a year during his life, with a promise to pay his debts, so they exceed not 300l. of like money, in which I have made a good bargain for the King, and a fair way for the plantation of that country, in respect he hath an estate therein during his life, howbeit his son be for his treasons and rebellions attainted and now gone into Sweden.—Arthur Chichester."
Pp. 3. Endd.
99. Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. [Oct. 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 223.
Sir James Ley, Lord Chief Justice, and Sir John Davys, Attorney General here, being now dispatched thither according to His Majesty's pleasure signified, are fully and thoroughly instructed, both by writing and otherwise, touching every particular concerning the service here for the settlement of the north and what else cercerneth (sic) the kingdom. They were besides usually present at Council at the hammering of all those of greatest hardness and difficulty, the one of them being of the society trusted with those weightiest affairs, and the other (both for the convenience of his office and to strengthen and make confident a memory otherwise single) often called thereunto; so that scarce anything has here passed unknown to one of them at the least, over and above their sundry employments in commission, which cannot but have added much to their particular knowledge. They (the Deputy and Council), think it therefore very meet to leave to their care only the relation of all the business committed to their several trusts without troubling their Lordships with iteration by dead letter of that which so fitly may and (no doubt) so sufficiently will be delivered viva voce to their better contentment. Pray that their return may be as speedy as the weightiness of the service will fitly permit.—Dublin Castle, 14 October 1608.
Signed: Arth. Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Canc., Th. Ridgeway, R. Wingfelde, Humfrey Winche, Ol. Lambert, Ol. St. John, Jeff. Fenton, Ry. Cooke.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
100. The Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. [Oct. 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 224.
Has so instructed the Lord Chief Justice and Mr. Attorney, who are now going over, that he need not trouble them with many more lines at this time. What he conceives touching the state of Ulster, together with his opinion for settlement of every part thereof, he has at large set down; leaving the rest to their relation and further discourse.
Only this they should observe, that this great territory is with great felicity escheated to His Majesty, who is now sole proprietor of the most part of it, as the native lords thereof were formerly accounted and known to be. His Majesty may retain and keep the same by a firm establishment in his Crown for ever, for his honour and increase of his revenues, which once perfected will reduce the whole kingdom to more civility and obedience. As the disparity or inequality of estates in Ulster (which drew the dependence of all the rest of the subjects upon the great ones), has been that which overswayed and overthrew their chieftains and troubled the whole land from time to time, as he has heretofore signified unto them, he wishes that the escheated lands should not be granted away in gross or by whole countries to one man, but rather that the division should be amongst many and by reasonable portions, yet such as may encourage the particular undertakers to lay their fortunes upon the plantation and improvement thereof. Consideration must be had of the natives, who are many, that either the principal gentlemen, or else the honester sort and best deserving, may be so satisfied in this division as may quench envy, quæ serpit ad habentem; also where they shall be assigned their portions and places of abode, whether in the woods or plains, indifferently and as it may casually fall out, or else in the open fields and plains only, a matter though seeming difficult, yet in his opinion worth consideration; for in the plains (besides that they may be there always overlooked), they shall be invited or constrained to labour and painstaking; whereas in the woods and places of strength they will be more given to creaghtinge or idleness, and so retain their ancient pride and fierceness; also they will be able out of these dens continually to steal from and to annoy the civil inhabitants that should otherwise be settled in the plains.
Those parts, as all others of the kingdom besides, are now in some good quietness, and such order is daily taken for cutting off of the swordmen that lurk or stand out anywhere, that he hopes the most part of them will shortly come to their deserved ends, and all others will be taught by their fearful example to desist from such violent and disloyal courses hereafter.
Since the mountains next here adjoining, commonly called the country of the Birnes and Tooles, were in his time reduced into a county, the poor people are grown to a good conformity, and the King's laws are current where they were never before. He knows, however, that the chieftains of those septs, as also of the sept of the Cavannaghts (their next neighbours in the county of Wexford), are so ill-affected that they wait but the opportunity to execute their malice so far as they can, for the reformation they see there like to increase. But if this province of Ulster could be once settled, as it ought to be (which would be a royal work and of great glory to His Majesty's times), then were all occasions of great revolts gone; the land would be peopled and improved; the King's revenues in time increased and strained up; and those of His Majesty's other dominions more converted and spent upon themselves. If His Majesty and their Lordships shall lay any trust in him in that behalf, he will do his duty to the uttermost. And although nothing can be done in this division and settlement until the next summer, yet he desires to understand their resolution in the meantime; because all men are in expectation thereof.
Has no news of moment for the present, but that he heard yesterday from the President of Munster that two pirates, Suxbridge and Plumlie, are lately arrived on that coast, with two poor prizes laden with salt and Ghinnie (sic) hides; and that he (the President) intends to be with him (Chichester) about the beginning of next month, to consult on measures to restrain this sort of men.
Praises the Lord Chief Justice's knowledge of the affairs of this country, and though the chief cause of Mr. Attorney's calling for, may be the cause of the customs (a matter wherein he hath taken good pains), yet is he so perfect in the state of Ulster at this present, that he hopes he will give them good satisfaction as one that was for the most part an eye-witness and actor in all things that were there done, by virtue of the two late commissions during his (Chichester's) journey in the North. One or the other will be able to inform them in every doubt or demand. Prays them to give them credence. —Dublin, 14 October 1608.
Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd.
101. Sir Thos. Ridgeway to Lord Northampton. [Oct. 15.] Cotton MSS., Tit. B. x., 189.
Commends to his favour the Chief Justice and the Attorney-General; professing his own profound devotedness. The small collidge (sic) is progressing favourably. An act for commencement has been held, and very laudably performed, in all sorts, one doctor and four bachelors in divinity having been created, and one doctor in civil law, with nine masters and seven bachelors in arts.—Treasury, near Dublin, 15 October 1608.
Pp. 1½. Hol. Sealed. Add.
102. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 228.
Advise that Sir Charles Calthrope may have an allowance of 100l. extra, by concordatum, in consideration of his long services.—Dublin, 15 October 1608.
Signed: Arth. Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Canc., Th. Ridgeway, R. Wingfelde, Hum. Wynche, Ol. St. John, Ad. Loftus, Ry. Cooke.
P. 1. Sealed. Add. Endd.
103. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 229.
Solicits his Lordship's favour for the bearer, Richard Bolton, Recorder of Dublin, one of the agents for the customs and privileges of that city.—Dublin, 15 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
104. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 230.
Recommends the claim of Sir John Davys, AttorneyGeneral, whose former and present journies will be an extra expense to him.—Dublin Castle, 15 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
105. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 231.
Recommends to his favour Sir James Ley, Chief Justice, bearer of these letters. Relates the circumstances attending the arrival of Cottingham when he was in the North; his being sent by Sir Geoffrey Fenton to his son-in-law, Sir Rich. Boyle, into Munster. Has written to him to come, that they may confer together, and will give further instructions.— Dublin Castle, 15 October 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.
106. James Latin to John Goodwing. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 232.
Complains of not receiving letters. Gives directions that certain supplies may be sent. Is in good health, and his garrison has been lately changed.—Paris, 15 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add.
107. James Latin to his Brother, Stephen Latin. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 233.
Complains of long silence, and alludes to money matters and family relations.—Paris, 15 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
108. James Latin to his Uncle, Nicholas Aysh. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 234.
Laments the death of his brother, uncle to the writer, on which he offers condolence.—Paris, 15 October 1608.
P. 1. Add.
109. James Latin to his Brother William. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 235.
Has received no letter for two years from him. Commends his foster sister to his care; entering into some particulars of family relations.—Paris, 15 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add.
110. James Latin to Richard Quin. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 236.
Acknowledges receipt of certain things; requests money by Plunket. Desires two pair of stockings and a good pair of silk garters.—Paris, 15 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add.
111. Lord Danvers to the Privy Council. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 237.
Although the death of Williams must bury the punishment of his offence, yet his Lordship's vigilance in suppressing such weeds of dishonour, even in the bud, will, he doubts not be both example and terror to them all. But to leave no greater nor no less imputation upon the dead than his due, howsoever the proportion of the gain may appear now upon examination some little matter more than their Lordships were informed of, yet was it altogether mean in value and unworthily gotten, and he dares affirm, if it deserved further discourse, that Byshopp merits more thanks for suffering the "Tremontane" to come safely out of the haven of Ballymore than Williams showed discretion in that adventure, which he presumes Mr. Jobson, Vice-Admiral, that was an eyewitness, will aver. And as regards his part of treating with these pirates, although he has seen and heard examples, as well here as in foreign countries, of pardons and large protections upon dangers which appeared far less formidable;— seeing that there was daily expectation of succours, or at the least supplies, to that rebellion in the North; that O'Sullyvan Beere and Father Archer (ringleaders in their several vocations) posted both from Salamanca and Madrid to the seaside with divers barks sent from several ports to land priests and Irish agents of special note to encourage the revolt that was, and to stir new sedition in all parts; and that many other arguments urged him to accept the offer of these caterpillars without the least condition of favour; yet he must needs confess and obey with reverence their more honourable prescribed course, which, God willing, shall be ever a rule to him. The more particular account of these proceedings he has written to the Lord Admiral in order to spare them trouble. —Cork, 15 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
112. Lord Danvers to Lord [Salisbury]. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 238.
His answer (enclosed herein) to the Lords' letters dated the 29th of September, and this packet to the Lord Admiral, import the particulars of all the trash which some more shipping seized, that belonged to pirates, and of the sending the "Tremontane" into the West to prosecute Jennings, Plumbye, Saxbridge, and divers others that are hovering thereabouts. Hopes, within one month, to settle things in such order that he may make use of his Lordship's favour and come over to retain or resign this government, as fit conditions are likely to be obtained or refused to him. Will only seek the continuance of his Lordship's good opinion, wherewith he finds all his endeavours guarded and preferred. Quid retribuam? If he be a public person, his Lordship must have his faithful service; if a private man, his hearty prayers.—Cork, 15 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Endd.: "15 Oct. 1608. Lord President of Mounster to my Lord."
113. Sir Thomas Ridgeway to Salisbury. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 239.
Commends to his favour Chief Justice Ley and Sir John Davys. Enters into particulars as to the payment of bills in London, and requests that the next supply of treasure may be sent forward as soon as possible.—Treasury, near Dublin, 15 October 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. Encloses,
114. Extraordinary Charge of Ireland, Oct. 1, 1607-Sept. 30, 1608. S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 239 I.
A certificate containing a brief abstract of all the extraordinary payments already made and due to be made by the King's most excellent Majesty, within the space of one whole year, begun the 1st of October 1607, and ended the last of September 1608, over and above the ordinary charges of His Highness's establishment for Ireland, and the extraordinary charges of the two armies lately employed for the suppression of O'Doghertie and the other rebels in the north parts, and not long since certified over into England.
Unto which is to be added for so much paid to Captain Ellinge, now constable of Doe Castle, by concordatum towards the repair of the breaches lately made by the cannon upon the winning thereof by the King's forces, 76l. 13s. 4d., harps; making English, 50l.
And then the sums conjoined, the total will be 6,160l. 17s. 1d.
Memorandum.—There are sundry other concordatums granted to divers servitors and others employed in His Majesty's service within the time of one whole year ended the the last of September 1608, and not yet come to my hands, amounting in all to the sum of ——. (fn. 1)
Also it is to be remembered that the extraordinaries for the two armies lately employed for the suppression of the northern rebels, which have been formerly certified, are no part of the charge contained in this certificate.
And do humbly pray that as well the one as the other may with all convenient speed be sent over.
Pp. 13. Endd.
115. Sir Arthur Chichester to the King. [Oct. 15.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 227.
Has dispatched hence the Lord Chief Justice and the Attorney-General, according to the directions of the Lords of the Council, so fully instructed in the general and likewise in the particular affairs of this kingdom, that His Majesty will receive by them knowledge of the present state of the same, and of what is wished and advised for the better settlement and reformation thereof, both in the service of God and in obedience to His Majesty.
There was never a fairer opportunity offered to any of His Highness's predecessors to plant and reform that rude and irreligious corner of the North than by flight of the traitorous Earls Tyrone and Tyrconnell, with their co-partners and adherents; neither was there ever prince more wise and able to go through with so royal and memorable a work.
Those two Earls have by their writings accused him (Chichester) to His Majesty as the principal occasion of their departure, and have taxed him with many particulars of unjust and unworthy usage of them. Humbly prays His Majesty to give small credit to their accusations, who never meant well to his service nor affected his gracious and just government, but who, being bridled of their wills, became mad, and have so declared themselves. Must confess he had ever good watch and espial upon them, which, together with the knowledge and acquaintance he had in their country, was the ground and cause of their fear, and consequently of their flight and accusation; for other wrong he never did them, but has spent many hours and much breath to make them (especially Tyrone) good subjects, and men fit for His Majesty's trust and service. But as he spent that in vain, so was he rather prodigal than backward in doing them good offices, which they have heretofore sometimes confessed, albeit they now tax him with ill-dealing. His Majesty is so clearsighted and can so well discern the actions and minds of such persons, that he fears not their inventions; and if he stand upright in His Majesty's favour (as he will never deserve the contrary), he cares not if he had scared them hence, for worse members there could not be in a Christian commonwealth; but he could purge himself of their accusation, as well in the opinion of the world as he is clear in his own conscience, if it were fit for him to dispute with traitors. It may be that some other of this nation (not much better affected than themselves) have endeavoured or may endeavour to supplant His Majesty's favour towards him, for malice and envy are often begotten without fathers, and have no end, but his safety is in His Majesty and an upright conscience.
His Majesty chose him to be Deputy in this kingdom when greater men perchance aimed at the place, and could doubtless have served His Majesty as well, or better, but he has left nothing undone or unattempted which he thought would bring with it honour and safety to His Majesty and his government. Prays God for its long continuance, and hopes for His Majesty's support.
This people seldom quench their thirst but at the well head, and that makes many of them direct their course thither as to the fountain of grace and justice; but he (Chichester) is assured that, if they receive not what they seek, however unreasonable, from the Lords of the Council there, they forbear not to trouble His Majesty, and sometimes to tax the justice of the land, which he may well say, in behalf of His Majesty's principal officers here, and without being thought a praiser of himself, was never distributed with more clean hands in this kingdom.
From time to time imparts the affairs of the kingdom to the Lords of His Majesty's Council, from whom he receives so wise and honourable directions that he forbears to trouble His Majesty with his plain style and long discourses. Would likewise have forborne at this time, were it not to crave pardon for his past silence, and to present his humble and faithful service to His Majesty by the bearer hereof, Sir James Ley, Chief Justice, a very grave and worthy gentleman, who has taken great pains in His Majesty's service ever since his first coming into this land. Has transmitted by him his knowledge and opinion in the matters he is to treat of there. Prays His Majesty to pardon his presumption in writing as he has done in his own defence against accusation, and in declaring his affection and zeal for His Majesty's service.— Dublin Castle, 15 October 1608.
Pp. 3. Signed. Endd.
116. Sir Arthur Chichester to the King. [Oct. 15.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 328.
Duplicate of part of the preceding.
Pp. 3. Copy. Not signed, add., or endd.
117. Thomas Dery to Edmund Morgan. [Oct. 16.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 240.
Directs him to forward certain letters to his father, Barnaby Dery, at the Newry.—Doway, 16 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
118. Sir Charles Cornwallis to Lords of Council. (fn. 2) [Oct. 16.] Cotton MSS., Vesp, C. xi. 148, b. B.M.
The King has stayed longer than was expected, but was so occupied with consultations on the Low Country businesses, that an audience was impossible. Has had access to the Duke, to whom he vindicated himself from aspersions cast on him, as he thinks, by the ambassador. Having complained of the delay and difficulty in redressing the grievances of British subjects, and allusion having been made to the aid given to the Irish rebels, prayed his Excellency not to suffer either the King or himself to be abused by those that engreate (exaggerate) the means of those Irish rebels; since it is well known that those of this time are but as a frost that is dissolved with the least beam of the sun; that former Kings of England would rather, for rooting out so savage a people, have used the means taken by the Kings of Spain in the Indies, or those employed with the Moors, in removing them from their strong retreats and scattering them in other parts of his kingdom till their brutish and wild condition should be aliened from them. But that the King, his master, had now taken so good order in it, and especially in the wild and savage parts, that he doubted not they were already made secure from these ragged rebels.
The Irish fugitives, from what he hears, have of late received so cold comfort here and elsewhere, and have so much tasted God's hand in chastisement of their treason and wickedness, that they despair of the success they hoped, and will take to their beads, and think no more of return into Ireland.
Sickness has entered his house again, and two of his people are heavily laden with small-pox.—Madrid, 16 October 1608.
Pp. 7. Copy.
119. Sir Josias Bodley to Salisbury. [Oct. 17.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 241.
Thought it his duty to advertise his Lordship of the progress of the fortifications. Would have been able to report by this time the final end of the works, if his endeavours had been seconded with necessary helps; but the slow motion of that main wheel of treasure which moved all their works has caused the backwardness which now exists.
The division of a great part of the moneys (at the first plentifully allowed to them) to other more pressing occasions of the kingdom, has made them labour with few hands and cast them much behind. Howbeit, they are already so far advanced, that, except moneys altogether fail they will either see the conclusion of all these works near about Allhallowtide, or at the least of so much in each as shall serve for assured defence and necessary use. So that whatsoever shall be left unfinished may, without prejudice to the importance of those places, be perfected at leisure. Dares boldly to insinuate that when these forts shall be made complete according to the designment, there shall not anything be found (in the strictest censure) of superfluous charge, nor anything wanting to sufficient strength. Besides that they are so contrived that a small number of defendants from convenient flanks, casemates, and inner works may make their party good against a hundred-fold so many assailants; and yet the same places of such capacity, that in any general distress multitudes may there be succoured; and if his computation deceive him not, some remainder will by good husbandry be saved out of the sums propounded for this business, whereof hereafter his Lordship shall have an honest reckoning.
Humbly beeseeches him, therefore, not to forsake them in this last exigent, when the withholding means will multiply the charge hereafter, will hinder the good that may ensue by their speedy dispatch, and will verify the malicious prophecies of such ill-affected persons as took upon them to foretell, that their end would never sort with their beginnings, which he thought fit to write, though in dutiful terms, in expectation of such further supply as he is promised from the Lord Deputy, whose exceeding care has hitherto been extended to the uttermost in their behalf.—Cork, 17 October 1608.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.
120. Thomas Dery to Barnaby Dery. [Oct. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 242.
Commends David Keys who has supplied him with clothes and other necessaries. Desires remembrances to various friends.—Flanders, 18 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
121. David Keys to Barnaby Dery. [Oct. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 243.
Begs his favour for Piers, his brother.—Flanders, 18 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
122. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [Oct. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 244.
Writes on behalf of the bearer, Sir Francis Stafford's son, that he may be joined in patent with his father for his pension of 5s. per diem.—Dublin Castle, 18 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
123. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Oct. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 245.
Recommends the bearer, Mr. Edmond Sexten, one of the agents of Limerick in the matter of customs.—Dublin Castle, 18 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
124. Sir Arthur Chichester to [Salisbury]. [Oct. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 246.
The Chief Justice went hence by the last passage, to whom he delivered a letter to be presented to the King. The copy thereof he sends here enclosed, wanting time to do it by him, the tide serving his turn sooner than he thought it would have done. Has not troubled His Majesty with business nor suits, his writing being only to declare his humble thankfulness for the benefits and favours which he has received, and to lay open the falsehood of the accusation which the fugitive Earls have made against him. Hears they have published this slander in sundry languages, in the parts where they have come beyond the seas. And to quicken His Majesty's care and dispatch for the settlement of Ulster, the book of survey which he sent by the Chief Justice and Attorney has not the values of the land, for which he has given a reason in the notes he delivers to them: and it was omitted the rather because it was said here that the King, through importunity of suitors, made promise of a great part to be given according to the surveys, by 100l. rents to one and 200l. to another. This course, if it should be so, will altogether overthrow the expected plantation and reformation of that province; which well settled, peace is like to be continued there, and so in other parts of the kingdom, from whence civility and plenty may follow. Whereby the King's charge of sending money from thence will be in time greatly eased, for he sees no reason that Ireland may be brought to keep itself, if the people could be made to affect peace, and to take pains in husbanding and manuring the land, and had care to make the best of the commodities which it brings forth in their several kinds. But if the nobility and subjects of Scotland, having part of the escheated lands passed to them, be permitted to bring over the islanders or their neighbours of those northern parts, thinks more trouble and less profit will arise from thence, than if the Irish themselves held it as they now do. Delivers his opinion herein plainly, not, he takes God to witness, with a mind to cross or hinder any noble or other civil gentlemen that have a desire to settle and plant there, but in order that the inconvenience may be prevented and the best course thought on and embraced. Now for the values, the Chief Justice and Attorney has them in a private note to present as they were set down by the jury, who can further acquaint his Lordship with the opinion of the rest of the commissioners in that point.
Having said this much in that subject, he thinks it his duty to submit the matter of customs, for which the agents of the corporations are gone thither. Perceives by sundry observations, and is assured, that if the King should take from them the profits and privileges which His Majesty's predecessors have permitted them to enjoy, without giving them contentment by renewing their charters and enlarging their liberties in some other kind, it will discontent them, and obdure their hearts towards His Majesty's service, as much as the proceedings with them in point of religion would have done; and surely it is a special point of wisdom to keep the cities and towns of this kingdom constant and faithful to His Majesty and his service, without which all may be in danger at one time or other.
Next to this, must acquaint his Lordship that Thomas Bourke has been with him complaining against his brother, the Earl of Clanricarde. The chiefest point that he insisted upon was, that his brother, his officers, and servants, had given out that he practised and intended to murder him and his little son, and that the accusation made against him for being of the conspiracy with the traitors Tyrone and Tyrconnell was but a practice of his adversaries to bring him into disgrace and danger. The like Sir Tybott Bourke says of his part, both of them urging him (Chichester) often and with great earnestness, to call them to their trial, and not to hold them in the case they are suspected and upon bonds. His Lordship knows who it was that accused them for being of the conspiracy with the traitors, and that he at the same time accused the Viscounts Mountgarret and Gormanston, with others, who were never hitherto called into question nor examined. He may judge by the handling of this business, and by the discoverer's own neglect to take out or seek for a pardon when he was there, that treason among many of this nation is thought but a slight crime. The case of Sir Thomas and Tybott Bourke (who have been prisoners and are yet upon bonds) is different from the rest; but neither in the one nor the other can he go any further without direction, nor does he understand how his Lordship can direct him to proceed, unless the party would make good the accusation, which he will not.
But seeing he has been made acquainted with these passages and accusations, and has proceeded no further therein than aforesaid, whatsoever the end be, he humbly prays his Lordship to provide for him, that his secret carriage in the business in which he followed his Lordship's directions may not hurt him. Unless this care be taken, he will stand subject to the reports of an ill and uncontrolled tongue, which may at one time or other cast out venom against him.
The Earl of Clanricarde is a very honourable and worthy gentleman, who, he dares avow, never did or intended harm to those gentlemen; but this people are ever jealous and suspicious of such as are in authority, and being at any time accused or punished, always think their blow come from them.
That which was objected by David M'Ulicke Atemple against Sir Tybott Bourke, and delivered to the Earl of Clanricarde, in England, was, he thinks, rather feigned and malicious than truly grounded, and of that opinion was the Council here, before whom they appeared face to face. Cannot perceive that Sir Tybott is ill affected to the King's service, neither does he see any reason why he should not pray and fight for the good prosperity of His Majesty's government. But the Earl of Clanricarde may in that case see more than he, and therefore he willed his Lordship to commit him [Sir Tybott] within the province if he found cause, for he cannot with a good conscience keep a man of his sort in prison without some pregnant cause appearing against him. Thought it not amiss to give his Lordship a taste of these things, and will do his best to stop and reconcile the differences betwixt them, but thinks it is too deep-rooted and gone too far.
Has requested the Chief Justice and Attorney to receive directions for the proceedings with Sir Donnell O'Cahane, Sir Neal O'Donnell, with his son and two brothers, together with Caffer Oge O'Donnell; albeit they for the most part be dangerous alike, yet their faults are not all of one nature, as they can inform his Lordship. They are plotting and practising to escape out of the castle, and great care is necessary now to keep them. Wishes that such of them as shall be freed from the danger of the law (if any be) may be sent thither, or rather to the new colony in Florida, from whence they may never return.
Sir Jefferie Fenton is dangerously sick, and is thought past recovery; Sir Richard Cooke has been so weak that he has seldom attended the business of the State ever since he came over, which has brought a great burden upon him (Chichester), in respect they were the principal men that ought by their places to attend to give dispatches in sundry kinds. Has heard that Sir Richard Cooke has been willing to put over his place to some other, if he might have his fee as Chancellor of the Exchequer increased to a reasonable stipend, which is now very small; to which he was induced, finding himself unable to attend the business which his secretary's place would bring upon him; if it were his opinion when he had an assistant, it is like he will be of the same mind still. His secretary's fee is but 106l. 13s. 4d. Irish a year, which is very small for a worthy man, considering the meanness of his perquisites; but the fee of both secretaries united may incite a fit man to take the place upon him, of which Sir Richard Cooke is very capable if his health increase; otherwise, if it be his Lordship's pleasure, he (Chichester) will deal with him to resign it upon reasonable conditions, for they must have an active and stirring, as well an understanding man, in that place, of which this kingdom affords small choice.
Their want of money is exceeding great, which he doubts not is well known to his Lordship; and that would cause him to forbear to write for supply, but that he will not be able to contain the men within their garrisons if they be not speedily supplied both for the time past and to come; and if they fall upon the country, he knows complaints will be exhibited there as well as here, besides the danger which may befal the places committed to their charge in their absence.— Dublin Castle, 18 October 1608.
Sir Jefferie Fenton is past all hope of recovery, for his man reports at this instant that he is either dead or dying.— 19 October in the morning.
Pp. 5. Signed. Endd.: "Lord Deputy to my Lord."
125. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Oct. 25.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 248.
Recommends to his favour the son of Sir Francis Stafford, in furtherance of the suit preferred in Stafford's letter to his Lordship.—Dublin, 25 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
126. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Oct. 27.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 249.
The bearer hereof is Mr. Myttene, the man with whom he has conferred touching the use and profit that is to be made of the timbers of this kingdom, in which his experience can give his Lordship the best satisfaction. He and others have bought the woods of Shilelagh of Sir Henry Harrington, the greatest part whereof they intended to convert into pipe staves, but he is now to repair to his Lordship before he proceed further therein. It is thought that those woods and others adjoining, some of which belong to the King, and the rest to private men, will yield sufficient store to furnish the King for his shipping and other uses for 20 years to come, and yet leave them wherewith to hold up their trade, whereby they will be able to work it and transport it at the better rates for His Majesty; but he is of opinion, as is also he (Chichester), that the charge of transporting it to London will be more than the profit that can be made of it there, but if His Majesty be pleased to build his ships either here or at Mylfoorde [Milford], those woods will very fitly serve the turn, and at easy rates; and surely there is not a place more convenient for such a purpose in England or Ireland than the town of Rosse, with all which he is further to acquaint his Lordship, and to receive his directions. Hears the woods in Munster are greatly wasted, especially upon the rivers which are portable to the sea; and so had these, if the small rivers had been cleansed, as now they are, at this man's charge. But undoubtedly much timber is to be found within the land, which will serve the required purposes. Is well acquainted with all parts of Ulster. In the county of Dunnagall he is sure there is none at all; neither is there any in the county of Colerayne; both which counties lie upon the sea. But there is good store in Glanconkeyne, Kylletra, and Braselowe [Bresilagh], which countries lie upon the lough known by the name of Lough Eagh, (fn. 3) which is navigable from each side and end all over. The nearest place to the sea from thence is Knockfergus, which is 12 good miles overland, but the river of the Bann runs from the lough, by the Castle of Tome [Toome], to the castle and abbey of Colerayne, where it ebbs and flows from the sea; this passage by water is about 30 miles, rather more than less; in which there are six or seven leaps and shoals. Besides this, the harbour is so barred with shoals that no ships of burthen can come in at any time, which, together with its lying so far to the north, makes him conceive that little good is to be expected by that passage. If any be, it must be made by carrying thereof over land from the Loughside to Knockfergus, which is a goodly harbour, and accessible, and a safe road all weathers, but far off to make return for England. About Knockfergus there are no woods nearer than Belfast, which is eight miles off, but lying upon the river, which is portable. Has there some wooken [oaken] trees, but so crooked and shrubbed that no man fells them for timber, but either for pipe staves or other use of building; but it may be they will serve for some use for shipping, such as they are, and all that is near it shall be reserved until his Lordship appoints some man to see it; and he wishes nothing more than that it may serve for the purpose. Kylultagh lies on the one side upon Lough Eagh, and on the other side upon the river of the Lagan, which is the river that runs by Belfast to Knockfergus in that country, are good timber trees; but the country is but small, and therefore the quantity of timber cannot be great. This belongs to Sir Foulke Conwaye, and a small charge will make that river portable of timbers of any size. There are other woods in Fermanagh, to be carried from the inland countries to the sea by the lough and river of the Earne, but he learns they are of no great quantity. The other parts of Ulster afford none worth the speaking of; but in order that his Lordship may be particularly informed of what is in that province and in other parts of the kingdom, he suggests that he should depute this gentleman (whom he thinks a meet man for such an employment), or some other by the name of wood-ward or some other title, to survey all the woods in the kingdom. Will give him an easy and a safe passage in the dispatch of that business, and with small charge to the King's Majesty; and whatsoever woods he shall find fit will be at this time either the King's, or they will get them from the owners for a small matter.
This is the best course he can devise whereby to give his Lordship a true and full satisfaction of his desires in this kind, and this shall be effected before May-day next, if that be his pleasure; and if he thinks it not fit to authorise him in that place and office, it shall be done here upon his direction, and without offence to any man that has the use of common sense; and upon return of what he finds, his Lordship may resolve further of this business. In the meantime he is to present specimens of several kinds of timber which he has ready to transport thither. Shilelagh is a strong, fast, and remote country, the common receptacle and shelter of the thieves and ill-disposed members of those parts of Leinster.
This gentleman and his partners have offered to build a strong castle in the most dangerous part thereof, if he would give them a ward of a dozen men. This he would do out of the companies; but that is not that they expect, but to have them a standing ward, and to employ their own men therein, which he cannot well grant to them without direction and allowance from the King or his Lordship; and therefore he recommends the consideration thereof to his Lordship, with this addition of his own opinion, that the service will be of good moment and the charge well bestowed, until that country be better reformed and settled.—Dublin Castle, 27 October 1608.
Pp. 4. Signed. Add. Endd.
127. Peter Barnewall to his sisters. [Oct. 28.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 250.
Advises them, and suggests many considerations in support of the counsel, to remain in Ireland. He himself is in good health, but he is in debt. His brother Patrick has been obliged to break off his studies.—Paris, 28 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
128. Peter Barnewall to his brother Patrick. [Oct. 28.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 251.
Sends directions for him and his brother Robert to come over. Enters into various details. Concludes with certain family matters.—Paris, 28 October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. Sealed.
129. Peter Barnewall to his brother Edward. [Oct. 28.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 251 A.
Is in great want of money. His brother Patrick has been obliged to leave his studies. Begs he may be sent over again. —Paris, [ ] 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
130. Michael Chamberlayne to William Deise (his uncle). [Oct. 28.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 252.
Mr. Sedgrave has delivered here some 20l. for his (Chamberlayne's) use, for which he says he has already passed his acquittance with Pathericke (sic) Hamling, who undertook the payment of some of that money in Ireland, inasmuch as he (Deise) was not at that time able to make up the whole sum. This surprises him (Chamberlaye) much, seeing that at last Easter he was to have received thrice as much from Mr. Ham ling. Understands however that Mr. Hamling has not kept his promise, and takes this to be the cause of his not sending any money. Prays his good uncle, if Hamling deal so with him again, to make no agreement with him, but to try and get his own from him, seeing that he will stand to no agreement that he makes. Begs him to write by the next how the matter goes, for nothing has more displeased him than his uncle's long silence all this while, which he finds not broken up, otherwise than by other men's mouths, neither is there anything that could comfort him more than letters from his uncle. Doubts not but that they all look for his being at home next summer. Indeed, at his coming away he so purposed; but since then, considering all troubles at home and also his own age (which is past 18 or 19), and not being, in very deed, addicted to the trade of merchandise, he thought it better, and not without good advice and counsel, to remain, these four years to come, at his studies. After which time he means to come home and discharge his uncle of such care as he has hitherto taken for him, and then proceed in such farther course of living as shall seem most competent for his estate, and as, he hopes, will be no less pleasing to them all than the former which they elected. Desires him, therefore, always to send him, with as great expedition as possible, his means, that is 15l. every year, not forgetting to write ten times a year if it may possibly be, though he should write but commendations. Has written another letter contrary to this by the bearer, and now cannot stop the passage of it, as he has packed it up among other letters; but it makes no matter. Is in good health, and agrees very well in these countries. Wishes the same to them all at home.—Paris, 28 October 1608.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
131. Philip Cottingham to Salisbury. [Oct. 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 253.
Describes the vexatious conduct of Sir Richard Boyle in withholding money for the men's wages. Has procured money from Mr. Young, receiver of rents in Munster. Has chartered a ship for carrying the timber.—Moggely, 30 October 1608.
Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd.: "29 Oct."
132. Lord Chancellor to Salisbury. [Oct. 31.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 254.
This passage has brought his Lordship's letters of the 3rd instant, which have given him full contentment. Thanks him for this and all his other favours.
Touching the Lord of Howth's dealings with his Lordship, begs him not to conceive that he ever believed his vaunting reports; but he thought fit, de industria, to make them known to his Lordship, to the end that, by his (Howth's) abuse of himself, he might the better discern his readiness to do wrong to any of those who serve in this kingdom; and in regard of his daily croaking by his letters to incense His Majesty against him, who neither has meant nor ever means to have any dealings with him, he was forced, not being known to His Highness, to rely upon his Lordship's knowledge of him as a true and faithful servant to His Highness, and honest in his worldly courses and dealings.
In the other, which concerns the two young peers of this realm, he is so fully satisfied, that his Lordship shall not be troubled any more therewith.
Understands by a letter received from Mr. Dudley Norton, that his Lordship has been mindful of his humble suit to His Majesty for the passing of Tristernaght in fee farm. Confesses that he is altogether unworthy of these manifold favours, and that he cannot make him any requital but by the gratitude and incessant prayers of his Lordship's daily beadsman and his poor posterity.—St. Sepulchre's, Dublin, last of October 1608.
P.S.—Recommends the bearer of this letter, Sir Oliver St. John, as an honourable gentleman and a wise counsellor, very careful of his charge, and a faithful servant to His Highness.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.
133. Lord Danvers to Salisbury. [Oct. 31.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 255.
Has observed more particularly the merits of this gentleman, Sir Parr Lane, who for his virtues carries over the supremest recommendations of Ireland to the Council table, by reason of his Lordship's esteem of him; and therefore presumes to add to the Lord Deputy's recommendation, that, considering his temper, integrity, his extraordinary zeal for religion and His Majesty's service, he has not met with a man more apt to govern a citadel or fort upon town or harbour, which are not only places of repose and trust fit for his years and experience, but which, if in the least measure misgoverned, are apt to breed ill-blood in any people; and even in that satisfactory kind of command he has seen many good soldiers to seek. To so much duty binds him, and so he humbly leaves his (Lane's) employment to opportunity and his Lordship's favour.—Waterford, last of October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Endd.
134. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Oct. 31.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 331.
As they have directed the profits of a part of the fishing of the river Bann to be sequestered, pending the controversy between James Hamilton, Esquire, and Sir Randall M'Donnel, Knight, and as Mr. Hamilton has prayed that Sir Thomas Ridgeway might be named sequestrator, and Sir Randall has demanded the Bishop of Derry to be appointed, they (the Lords) suggest that they be made joint sequestrators; but, if the parties are not content with this arrangement, Sir Arthur is to appoint some indifferent person for sequestrator. —Whitehall, 31 October 1608.
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, Notingham, T. Suffolke, E. Worcester, E. Wotton, J. Herbert, Jul. Cæsar, Thos. Parry.
P. ½. Add. Endd.: "Of the last of October 1608. From the Lls. of the Councell, tutchinge the sequestration of the fishinge of part of the Ban. Rec. from Sir Randall M'Donnell the 11th of May 1609."
135. John M'Grery to John Clenton. [Oct. 31.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 225, 256.
Has often written but received no answers. Requests him to send letters and money by Patrick Mathew. All their countrymen abroad in good health.—Paris, last of October 1608.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.
136. Privy Council to [Sir John Davys]. [Oct.] S.P., Ireland. vol. 225, 256 A.
Directs him to confer with Mr. Serjeant Foster on the subject of the charters and customs of Ireland.—[Oct. 1608?].
P. 1. Endd.