James I: July 1609

Pages 238-263

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610. Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1874.

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James I: July 1609

410. The King's Proclamation against Alienations by Spiritual Persons. [July 3.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 345.

Inasmuch as the godly and religious laws of England which restrain spiritual persons from alienating their livings, being the dowries of their churches, through the neglect of the times, have not been followed or imitated by any Act of Parliament made in Ireland, by means whereof the church there is like to grow to utter ruin and overthrow, His Majesty commands all archbishops, bishops, deans, chapters, prebends, archdeacons, parsons, vicars, and all other ecclesiastical persons, that from henceforth they shall not make any gift, grant, alienation, or lease in possession or reversion, of any of the lands, tithes, or possessions of their churches or spiritual promotions other than during their incumbency or for 21 years; and that such lease be in nowise of the Bishop's seat or principal mansion house, whether the same have been heretofore let or not, and also that the best rent which has formerly been yielded be reserved; and if not formerly let, then such as shall be certified; and His Majesty charges all his loving subjects to abstain from dealing for such possessions. And as there will be great need of timber for repairing and rebuilding the mansion houses belonging to such ecclesiastical possessions, he expressly prohibits spiritual persons from felling any timber, unless for repairing and building of their said houses and maintenance of their husbandry, for three years, upon pain of contempt.—Westminster, 3 July 1609.

Pp. 2. Signed at head. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 3rd of July 1609. From the Kinge's Matie, to restrayne the makinge awaye of the temporalties belonginge to byshoprics, by proclamation. Re. the 16th eodem, by Reynolls."

411. Sir James FitzGerald to Salisbury. [July 3.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 94.

Desires to return to Ireland, and offers to convey the treasure which is to be sent over.—3 July 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.

412. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [July 3.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 95.

A suit betwixt Mr. George Courtney and one Morice Fitz Thomas FitzGerald has long depended before him, in which he earnestly endeavoured to make some end, as well as to free his Lordship from the trouble thereof; but finding after all his labour, that his order could not content them nor end the difference, in due regard of the several letters which Morice FitzThomas had procured in his behalf from that honourable Council, he restrained Mr. Courtney from commencing suit against him by course of law; and so they have appealed to his Lordship, and have both resolved to repair thither to receive a final answer. The matter and their (the Deputy and Council's) proceedings here is more fully declared in their general letters to the Lords of the Council. George Courtney is his (Chichester's) near kinsman, and he makes bold by these letters to present him to his Lordship, being the rather induced thereto because he is a very honest and towardly young gentleman, who greatly affects the good plantation and settlement of his signories, and desires to pay His Majesty's rents; but he finds that his mind is partly unsettled by reason of this difference, and that he is forbidden the course of law in a matter of that value, and so properly his, as his learned counsel has informed him. Prays his Lordship therefore, that if in consideration of State and of the hopes given to Morice FitzThomas, those lands be confirmed to him, Courtney may then receive some other comfort and consideration from His Majesty, such as his Lordship shall think convenient; for Morice FitzThomas does not expect to carry it gratis, being contented here to have given his kinsman some money for an end in the matter; but in respect of the sum, it being but 100l., and the hopes he has of better favour there upon the hearing of his cause, he has refused it, holding it his better course to apply himself to his Lordship, to whose favour he (Chichester) recommends him.—Dublin, 3 July 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.

413. The King to the Lord Deputy. [July 3.] Docquet Book, July 3.

Letter to the Lord Deputy for a grant in reversion to be made for Walter Wilson of the offices of prothonotary and clerk of the Court of Common Pleas, after William Crowe.

414. The King to the Lord Deputy. 1609. [July 3.] Docquet Book, July 3.

Letter to the Deputy of Ireland, with a proclamation touching restraint of the clergy from alienating their temporalities, according to a minute entered at large in the private book. [Docquet of No. 410.]

415. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [July 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 96.

The O'Moores, together with some other Irish septs, their fosterers and followers in the Queen's County, are all removed from thence and dispersed into sundry remote places of Munster and Connaught; by which it is to be hoped that others will be warned by their example to forbear such desperate and rebellious courses as they have often attempted. Only some young children of that name, without parents or other near kinsmen that have any care of them, are yet remaining among their fosterers in and about those borders. Wishes they were taken into England, to be put to occupations and other services, where they may forget their fierceness and pride, which they will otherwise retain, though they be but bastards of that name. This is a course not to be taxed, easy and incommodious to none, saving to such of this nation as are or shall be inclined to kindle the fire of rebellion, which has commonly been wont to be fetched or taken from those white Moores.

Urges a like consideration of the children of the Earl of Tyrone and Caphare O'Donnell, notwithstanding his late letters; for he foresees that the keeping of them here will at one time or other breed an infallible mischief, which in wisdom ought now to be prevented.

The Jesuits and priests from abroad have flocked hither of late, in greater numbers than has at any time heretofore been observed. The most eager and stirring of them usually come and go hence with the swallow, making a yearly revenue here of poor and rich by their indulgences, pardons, and other Romish illusions (such as he thinks no nation in Christendom are abused withal besides this); and keep in life the party of ill subjects with feigned remonstrances of matters of state, intelligences, and news. Herewith they have an excellent faculty, but very dangerous to this State, that they can at any time (without his being able to prevent them or even to hear of them until it has been done and past); assemble together an incredible number of people to receive absolutions and pardons, specially the idler sort and malefactors. There is not one, from the murderer of his brother to him that steals a goat, but believes in them and flocks to them, and will make a conscience to cherish and protect them from officers, if any be so honest and dutiful as to offer to attach them. At a place called Minahinche, on the borders of the county of Tipperary, the week before Easter last, and since at another place called Inishgaltaghe (in Connaught), an island near the Shannon side, there were gathered together in each place to the number of at least 15,000 persons, and some say they were many more. Presumes to inform his Lordship of these mischiefs, hoping that in due time he will be pleased to prescribe some convenient remedies in so desperate estate.

Sir Neile O'Donnell was here arraigned this last term many days before the receipt of his Lordship's letters in that behalf; for, after conference with Mr. Attorney, he (Chichester) expected no other directions; but it seems by his Lordship's letter, that the Attorney mistook him therein. Though the evidence against him were as clear as the sun, in the judgment of all the standers by, yet the jury which were here elected out of threescore at least, determined rather to starve themselves than to find him guilty without he could have been proved to have drawn his sword, and so have declared himself in open action against the King. Soon afterwards he (Chichester) heard that in their way hither they had all bound themselves with vows and oaths, one to another, to acquit him; wherefore, their resolution and obstinacy being known, and after they had been kept together near full three days, he caused the King's Attorney to withdraw the indictment, and so to dismiss them. Expected no better success against Sir Donell O'Cahane, and therefore forbare to proceed with him. For all this inconvenience and mischief knows no effectual remedy nor hope of redress, so long as jurors have no freehold nor goods of value to answer their undutifulness or contempts.

Sir Neale's brothers and his son have been here in prison as long as himself, and yet no criminal offence can be justly laid to their charge. Is determined, therefore, to dismiss them home upon security of their good behaviour. Would willingly have his son sent back again to Oxford, where he may be kept without any greater charge to His Majesty than has been allowed him here for these two years in respect of his father's former services, out of 300l. a year allowed to be disposed in pensions to some Irishry, at the Deputy's discretion. The boy is of an active spirit, and yet much inclined to his book.

Expected with the coming over of the Chief Baron and the Master of the Ordnance, or one of them, to have received commission to go into Ulster this summer about the settlement of some part thereof at least, or else to put it in some forwardness. The year is already far spent, and the winter will grow on very early in those parts; and withal some necessary preparations are to be made aforehand, besides the drawing together of some convenient forces to attend the commissioners; howsoever, in order that there may be no obstacle for that, if he or other commissioners less chargeable to he King, shall yet be required to go thither in any due time, he has provided sufficient store of bread to be sent before to the Newrie, which, if the journey be put off, may be otherwise expended among the garrisons, without extraordinary charge to His Majesty.—Dublin Castle, 4 July 1609.

Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd.

416. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 1609. [July 4.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 97.

Many of his Lordship's letters express a wish and expectation that this kingdom should yield some better means than hitherto towards the support of the charge thereof, and he (Chichester) confesses, were the people lovers of peace, the King might be eased of his charge, and the kingdom might easily be brought within short time to keep itself and to repay part of England's expenses so long disbursed to preserve it from ruin. But they are so guided by the hot-brained Jesuits and seminaries who never leave working upon their weakness until they have brought them to utter ruin by rebellious courses, or to apparent beggary by feeding upon them, that nothing is left them to give to His Majesty by way of subsidy or composition towards all his charges and disbursements. The consideration thereof, and of the huge deal of dross and rubbish which must be removed and carried away before they come to the groundwork of that business, makes him almost despair to see in his days his Lordship's good intentions take that effect which is wished by all good men. To preserve it as it is, will require providence and labour, with the helps they have from thence, and to refine it greater store of workmen. If every Irish county in the kingdom had three or four honest and industrious men, lovers of peace and reformation, and having a power and voice with the people, to be able to put such orders and directions as the State or Deputy should give them in due execution, much more were to be expected from them. But howsoever he may be understood, he prays his Lordship to believe that he has not, abroad nor nearer home, that assistance which is supposed. Loves rather to do other men's labours than complain of their sloth, which makes his burthen heavier than otherwise it would be. His hope is, that things amiss will in due time be amended; and that, every man adding a little of his invention or advice for the King's profit, His Majesty's charge will be eased and his revenue increased, which he wishes and studies more than all his own private whatsoever.

Sends herewith a project, whereof some profit may be made. Prays him to consider of it, and to return him some answer at his good pleasure, that he may accordingly proceed, or surcease the discourse he has had with the party that would undertake it, who is a Dutchman, and factor here for some merchants of Amsterdam. The coin of England is of so fine silver that little or none of it stays here; which makes the kingdom so bare of money that most times it is not to be gotten upon any conditions whatsoever; and surely the silver alloyed according to the project cannot be grievous or unwelcome unto any; and seeing it may be undertaken without disbursements of money beforehand, or other charge to His Majesty, he is the more bold to recommend it to his Lordship.

The King has assumed his customs from the corporations, and a reservation thereof is made in such charters as pass here; yet they do not permit the farmers thereof, Long and Cheatam, to collect the profits nor to look into the business; as Sir John Davys states it is not his Lordship's pleasure that they should, but that it should be taken up by the mayors or some others in each corporation, and the money left in their custody for a time. For this, however, he has given no directions, conceiving that Mr. Attorney misunderstood his Lordship, for by that course the corporations will surely conceal the values and expect ever to retain it as hitherto they have done. Wishes rather that the farmers should be permitted to look into it, and to execute their office for some few years; by which course it may be brought into charge without further grudging or repining against His Majesty, after which they may surrender their lease, and His Majesty may make his best profit thereof. Their lease was for 21 years; has dealt with them to surrender it for some reasonable consideration towards their travels and expenses. They demand a lease for seven years, or some valuable consideration, in money or other ways, upon which they are content to submit themselves. Thought they had done the King good service when they first passed them the lease for 120l. rent yearly, where nothing was ever paid before; since which time they have prosecuted the business (as they say) to their great charges, and paid the rent reserved. Now if his Lordship, upon these considerations, consent to give them a lease for five years or other satisfaction in money, he (Chichester) will conclude with them, and follow his directions to bring the customs in charge, which, he conceives, is too long neglected, and which the farmers will do with least trouble and charge to His Majesty.—Dublin Castle, 4 July 1609.

Pp. 3. Signed. Encloses,

417. State of the Coinage in Ireland. S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 97 I.

A project for the relief of the miserable estate of this kingdom of Ireland that now it stands in, by reason of want of money both small and great.

People of all sorts are driven to great extremity; for the better sort, having occasion to take up moneys to serve their use, are forced to give to the greedy usurer after 40l. per 100l., and that upon a pawn either of plate or land in mortgage, not daring to trust one another upon their bonds; the poor sort being forced to pawn their apparel or other necessary implements wherewith they get their living, and pay ordinarily for 20s., 6d. every week, to their utter undoing.

The marshall men and poor soldiers who have no means but the King's entertainment to live upon, by reason of their want and the uncertainty of the treasure coming forth of England, are forced to give after the same rates, or else to sell their entertainment then due, at as hard condition, to their utter undoing, and no benefit at all to His Majesty; and the poor farmer, for want of money, is forced to sell part of his corn on the ground before it be ripe, and only for want of money to get in the rest of his corn. The want of small money in this kingdom of Ireland is such that the poor want relief, and men's charities are altogether hindered and grown cold, whereby the poor are in miserable estate, as not being able to buy unto themselves any relief at all in such a country as this, where victuals are at reasonable rates.

A reason of this scarcity and want of money in this kingdom of Ireland, as experience shows, is that the coin that comes forth of England and is there used, is of so pure silver that it is worth the value it goes for in any place wheresoever it shall be transported. The result of this, together with the excessive rates exacted by usurers, is an enriching to some few, and the utter undoing of many thousands, being taken upon pawns which within a year or two eat out themselves.

It were good (if it so please His Majesty) to grant and allow in this kingdom of Ireland a mint of small money to be here coined, the biggest piece to be 3d., and so downward to a halfpenny, whereby they may be relieved, and all sorts of people in the land bettered, as experience shows in other kingdoms where small money (although but base money) is used, and that in great abundance; as in Spain, France, Germany, and all the Low Countries, and as has been used in England in the times of His Majesty's predecessors of famous memory, the plenty of whose days is yet fresh in the knowledge of many yet living.

The coin too, being all silver, bearing weight with the standard of England, but 20 in the 100 coarser in the silver than the coin now used in England, and being 30,000l. yearly, will in time bring a plenty in this land, and will be an occasion to retain therein money which now is transported forth to the prejudice of this kingdom. Divers other benefits this mint would bring, as may easily be conceived.

Therefore, in consideration thereof, the undertaker prays of His Majesty to have a patent for four years for the coining of this small money, and will yearly pay unto His Majesty's use in Ireland 2,500l. of the said money so coined, by equal portions every half year during the said patent.

His Majesty to appoint two sea masters [assay masters], for the trying of the silver to be of the said value, to whom the undertaker will allow yearly 100l. apiece.

His Majesty to pay in London every 14 days, for the use of the undertaker, unto his assigns, 1,000l. sterling, and he will pay to His Majesty's use in Ireland every two months 4,000l. of the small coin.

Further, His Majesty to appoint four stamps for the coining of the small monies, viz., of 3d., 2d., 1d., ½d.

And by reason that there is yet some small store of mixed money in this land which goes at no certain rates, but as pleases the giver and taker, the King by his proclamation to call in all such coins that exceed the value of 4d., to be brought unto the Mint-master, there to be exchanged at such rates as the State shall appoint; and by His Majesty's proclamation this money only to be made current.

Pp. 3. Endd.

418. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 8.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 346.

Recommends Captain John Baynard, for some fit employment in consideration of his good service in Ireland in the time of the late Queen.—Westminster, 8 July 1609.

P. ½. Signed at head. Endd.: "8 July 1609. From the Kinge, that Captain Baynard may have some imployment here that shall be without charge to His Matie."

419. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 8.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 348.

In consideration of the long and faithful service in Ireland performed to us and the late Queen by John Leigh and Daniel Leigh, brothers, and more especially for their building of a fort of lime and stone at their own cost, named Fort Omagh, in the county of Tyrone, His Majesty has granted to them aud the longest liver of them the constableship of the said Castle of Omagh, and of the 20 warders there, with their several entertainments, as at present.—Westminster, 8 July 1609.

Pp. 2. Signed at head. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 8 of July 1609. From the Kinge's Matie in the behalfe of Mr. John and Daniel Leigh, to be constables of the Omaghe, &c. Re. the 21st of September."

420. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 8.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 350.

Having resolved upon the settlement of Ulster, heretofore the seat of rebellions through the great Lords abusing the ignorance of the people to their own ends, and by a firm plantation of his civil subjects there to make those parts not only secure, but a pattern to the other provinces of that kingdom; and considering that his greatest hope of good success in this scheme depends upon planting the Gospel in those churches for the comfort of the settlers, and the reducing of the natives to God's true service, and a due acknowledgment of their loyalty to him; for this purpose he has in his project and instructions directed unto him (Sir Arthur Chichester), taken care of the plantation of the particular churches of that province by appointing tithes to paid to them in kind, and by allotting them convenient glebes in every parish. And as he must chiefly trust the bishops, understanding that the estates of those bishoprics have been much entangled and rendered nearly unprofitable to them, partly by the claims of the late temporal Lords to all the churches' patrimony within their countries (who seek to discourage men of worth and learning from undertaking the care of those places, and by that means to continue the people in their former ignorance and barbarism, that they (the Lords) may the more easily lead them into all dis loyal courses); and partly by the claims of the patentees, who under colour of abbey lands and of escheated lands, the seats of cathedral churches, and residences of the bishops, deans, and canons not excepted, seek the frustration of his religious intent, the King hereby makes known, as well to prevent this inconvenience, as to restore the other decayed bishoprics in Ireland, that it never was his intent to pass away the patrimony of the church to any temporal person whatsoever; and therefore authorises him (Sir Arthur) to compound with any patentees found by the approaching inquisition for determining titles to be in possession of church lands under their patents, and to pass them other escheated lands in exchange. If any shall refuse, and shall be afterwards evicted by law, they shall then meet no consideration. All expedition is to be used in trying these titles at law, and all favour to be shown to the church. And that the bishops may be wholly employed about the reformation of the country and not diverted from their proper business by suits at law, he (Sir Arthur) is to take notice that such lands as by the late survey were found to owe any rents, refections, or pensions in former times to the bishops, are to be passed granted to those bishops' sees, notwithstanding any claim that he (the King) or his successors might claim by attainder or escheat, Act of Parliament, or other means. And if upon the new survey any similar lands be discovered, they are to be added to the bishops' sees, the better to maintain the dignity of their places. And as the bishops have relinquished to the incumbents their interest in the tithes of the several parishes in those northern dioceses, whereof they have been heretofore possessed, excepting only such impropriations as have been impropriated to the bishops, deans and chapters in right of their cathedral sees and dignities, which he (the King) is content they shall still retain, yielding a proper stipend to those that shall serve the cures for their maintenance; this relinquishing of their rights being a great prejudice to the bishops, which he (the King) intends to repair unto them by this his grant, it is his (the King's) will that this survey of the ecclesiastical lands shall be enrolled in some court of record, in perpetual proof of his gracious pleasure; and a transcript is to be sent over by the Bishop of Derry, that thereby he (the King) may be directed in the erecting and settling of those bishoprics, and confirming the patrimony of the church to the succeeding bishops in those sees, which being the first of his (the King's) erection, he is pleased, for the glory of God, the encouragement of worthy prelates, and the honour of himself and his successors, to effect with all favour and according to the form of the foundation of bishoprics in England. To the Bishop of Derry he (the King) has committed this business, and he is therefore to be sent over to England fully instructed for that purpose. With regard to the Commission for the plantation of Ulster, the Archbishop of Dublin is to be of the quorum in the distribution of church lands, also the Archbishop of Armagh and the Bishop of Derry.—Westminster, 8 July 1609.

Pp. 3. Signed at head. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 8th of July 1609. From the Kinge's Matie, signifieing his pleasure tutchinge the Byshopp's landes and the lands of the church in Ulster; and to send over the Byshope of Dyrrie, &c., with sundrie other directions, &c. Re. the 18th of the same."

421. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 8.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 353.

The Bishop of Derry, Rapho, and Clogher to be Bishop of Meath, and the first-fruits to be remitted in consideration of his great losses, and charges sustained attending to the affairs of the church by the King's appointment. And understanding that the bishopric of Meath had in former times, before our Chancellor of Ireland was possessed thereof, been much impaired by the Bishops of that see, and that the grant of the rectory of Lough Suethy formerly annexed to that see by his (the King's) predecessors, is defective in point of law; he (Sir Arthur) is to make inquiry how the proxies, the consideration of the said grant, have been paid to the King; the lease of which proxies and the arrears was made to one Sedgrave and to George Beeston, on information that they had not been paid.—Westminster, 8 July 1609.

Pp. 1½ Signed at head. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 8th of July 1609. From the Kinge's Matie, to passe the Byshoprie of Meath to the late Byshope of Dyrrie, &c. Re. the 20th of No. 1611."

422. John Leigh's Petition to Prince Henry. [July 8.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 97 A.

Petition of John Leigh (commander of Omagh) to Prince Henry. Prays that his appointment to the command of the Omagh may be signified to the Lord Treasurer and Privy Council. [The privy seal granting this office to John and Daniel Leigh is dated 8 July 1609.]

P. 1.

423. Patrick Crosbie to Salisbury. [July 11.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 98.

They have a custom amongst them in Ireland when they come into parleys to decide country causes, that those who dwell furthest off shall be first heard and dispatched, and those that dwell nearest shall be last. If this order be used here, where all good orders of Christendom are, he (Crosbie) cannot be stayed long, considering the distance between this most noble court and poor Kirrie where he dwells. Besides, he sees that all good husbands of England, when they plant a young tree, will be very careful of it until it have taken root, which puts him in mind that it behoves him to be much more care ful of those trees which he has planted, as being even more subject to every blast and mischief; and albeit his Lordship's consideration, together with the Lord Deputy's advice, are good motives for his speedy dispatch, yet he is very fearful to be troublesome to him to whom he sees everybody is troublesome. If his Lordship dislike of anything in his petition, something else may serve instead of it, what may be more pleasing to his Lordship, though less profitable to himself. If he could of himself go through with this business without any help, he would be loth to importune his Lordship; but since he is not able to bear the weight of so great a body, he hopes he is the more excusable. It were pity that so great a service, so well begun, and so successful hitherto, should receive disparagement for want of ability in him, considering how small means may bring it to a perfect and perpetual establishment.—11 July 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.

424. Sir Thomas Phillips to Salisbury. [July 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 99.

Has thought good to present the enclosed estimate of the charge of this worthy plantation, and how it might be defrayed, which, as he has set it down, will not only remain ever a firm strength to His Majesty's service, but a great commodity to the undertakers. When it shall please his Lordship to command him he will yield them sufficient reasons to every particular which they may desire to know. They deal like merchants who will first know what benefit will arise for their money disbursed. Mr. Edmonds, agent for the city, was with him to have the particulars of his knowledge, which he has omitted till he should first acquaint his Lordship. In the mean time has given them all the encouragement that may be. The first year will be the worst, in which, with such courses as he shall set down, will come to them between 3,000l. and 4,000l. What the years following will be when they are settled into the trade, his Lordship may judge of.

Reminds his Lordship that in this his forwardness to further this worthy work he goes against his own profit in divers ways. But his zeal for His Majesty's service, and his bounden duty to his Lordship in particular, in whom rest his fortunes, is the cause. Represents the great losses he must sustain by this plantation, in which, at his great charge and infinite toil and danger, he has made the bogs and woods passable to transport timber, of which he has a lease for six years to come of some seven miles. Suggests further the great charge he has been at to bring that plantation to that pass of himself, where he has a fair market and where there is a good congregation every day at church to hear divine service, to the discomfort of the ill-disposed people. After these great charges and losses he was now in hope to reap some profit. His being here 11 weeks, and his losses at home, have hindered him very much; so that through the many crosses it has pleased God to send him, his estate is not much better than when his Lordship caused him to come out of France.

P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.: "12 July 1609." Encloses,

425. A Brief of such things as Sir Thomas Phillips, Knight, is to convey unto His Majesty for the advancement of this intended plantation in Ireland. S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 99 I.

Enumerates the particulars of the property proposed to be surrendered to the Crown, of the expenditure already incurred by the proprietor, and of the pecuniary loss which he will suffer by the transfer, the total of which is 2,500l. Notwithstanding all things thus undervalued, it is alleged by some (not being thoroughly acquainted with the dangerous hazards he had in getting and holding the place), that it cost him a small matter; to whom it may be well answered, the price of a head, which he often ventured for it, is not to be undervalued; besides, it is well known that his plantation there, and making good that place and others in those parts, was a great means of relief to such of His Majesty's subjects as fled at the overthrow of the Derry and gave a scope to O'Dogherty and others that they (thanks be to God) did His Majesty no further damage; to this may be remembered that he was a good means so to civilize that part that it gave no small encouragement to the Londoners to proceed and esteem things of good value in this their plantation. In bringing of this from a vast wilderness he spent much money and long time; and yet for all this, his hazard, care, and industry hath not made his estate much better (his debts being paid) than it was in France, where he first tasted the bounty of his honourable good Lord that drew him thence into that kingdom, by whose only favour he has ever since been upholden, and has raised to himself this small fortune which he now prays may notbe undervalued.

Pp. 2. Endd.

426. Estimate of Profits of the Derry Plantation. [July.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 99 A.

Particulars of what profit would arise yearly in paying the citizens 5 per cent. on 50,000l. in the plantation of Derry and Coleraine, by Sir Thomas Phillips, in addition to the estimate alluded to in the above letter.

Also of the profits to be derived from fisheries, houses, cattle, pork and bacon, tillage, pipe staves, export of corn, malt, oatmeal, flax, yarn, and linen, tanneries at Derry and Coleraine, brew-houses in each city, &c.; which are certain to be for the first year not less than 9,050l., but which, if transported wholly into other countries, will amount to a far greater profit.

There is reserved over and above the profits set down, 1,500l., which is to be employed either in the iron-works or such other commodities as shall be thought for the best profit; as likewise the sum of 2,500l. more to be taken out of the estimate of charges and employed in like manner, amounting together to 4,000l., which are here omitted.

P. 1. Endd.

427. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [July 13.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 100.

Being now constrained in some sort to leave this place for a season, in regard of the noisomeness of this house, has thought it fit to acknowledge the receipt of two letters of His Majesty, one of the 3rd of March, and the other of the 24th of the same, in all which points he will dutifully perform whatsoever is therein commanded.

Sends herewith an estimate of the cost of the work which is required to be done in this castle for strengthening the gaol and making up offices to keep His Majesty's record; and requests his Lordship's direction for the money. Reports the decay of Kilmanam [Kilmainham], His Majesty's only house in this kingdom meet for the Deputy to reside at, which, unless some present charge be bestowed upon it this summer, to sustain it, is likely to be utterly ruined and blown down this next winter; the hall is so weak, and the rest for the most part uncovered. It has been a goodly vast building, and therefore will now require 3,000l. at least to make it habitable as becomes; whereas less than half that money would have repaired it since his (Chichester's) time. Says this only in discharge of his duty, not expecting money to rebuild and repair it, unless this shall seem fit in consideration of future times.

Has by letters acquainted the bishops and prelates with His Majesty's princely direction concerning the lamentable impoverishment of the church by alienations of the temporalties thereof. It is no ordinary spirit, specially of the English nation, that can now content himself with pluralities of benefices here of what kind soever, whence many mischiefs and inconveniences arise. But yet, to make the same more binding and coercive, he has determined to publish it by proclamation, as also His Majesty's commandment for revocation and restraint of noblemen and gentlemen's children from the seminaries of beyond the seas, but with some convenient distinctions from that other late proclamation to like purpose in England. And therein he will also include the sons of merchants, that is, such as may go thither for education in seminaries, and others who are amenable to law, and who can answer their fines or other penalties to be inflicted upon offenders in that kind.—Dublin, 13 July 1609.

Thinks it fit to revoke those children that are already beyond sea, and will insert that in this new proclamation, as being in his opinion a thing very expedient. Prays three or four lines of warrant for this, which he will first expect.

Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Recd the 25th, with an estimate of the charges of the works to be done within the castle of Dublin. Somewhat of Kilmainham."

428. Abstracted out of the Lord Deputy's three Letters to the Lords of the 2nd, 4th, and 13th of July. [July 13.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 101.

2 July. Jennings, the pirate, sent over, and the Earl of Thomond written to, to send over Trevor, Roope, and Drake.

That neither they of Dublin nor Waterford ever spake or complained to him of any burthen they endured by the cessing of soldiers, until they brought over letters from the Lords about it.

The agent of Waterford complained against Sir Ric. Morrison without warrant or direction from the city, who have disavowed the complaint.

200 or 300 men in readiness to be transported by Captain Richard Bingley into Sweden.

That hereafter Irish, and not English, commanders be directed to transport men for that service.

4 July. That the Moores being transplanted, there are yet remaining some of their children with their fosterers, and some that are without parents, and so nourished by their other friends.

That some may be taken in England and put to occupation, and so taught to forget their first breeding.

That Tyrone's and Caffer O'Donnell's children may be also brought over.

Of the great number of Jesuits and seminaries that flock over, and of the hurt they do.

Of assemblies of at least 15,000 persons at two several places in Tipperary ond Connaught.

Of Sir Neile Garvye's trial and the jury's obstinacy.

That example caused O'Chane's trial to be forborne.

That he means to dismiss Sir Neile's brother and his son upon security.

That the son may be sent to Oxford and kept there at the King's charges out of the allowance of 300l. a year left to the Deputy's discretion to give in pensions to some of the Irishry.

13 July. Expectation of money for the alteration commanded in the castle of Dublin, being 500l. or 1,000 marks English, according to an estimate thereof now sent.

Of the great ruins of Kilmainham.

Direction for recalling the children of the Irish from beyond the seas.

Pp. 2. Endd.

429. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 15.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 355.

By his (Sir Arthur's) own testimony, and that of the Chancellor of Ireland, the bearer, Robert Maxwell, has painfully laboured for certain years past in his ministry. And he (the King), intending a reformation of that country in manners and religion, designs to confer upon him some ecclesiastical livings in his gift as they shall fall void, to see him sufficiently pro vided for. Meantime he is to continue to receive the means he (Sir Arthur) has hitherto afforded him.—15 July 1609.

P. ½. Signed at head. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 15th of July 1609. From the Kinge's Matie in the behalfe of Mr. Maxwell. Re. the 21st of October."

430. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [July 16.] Add. Papers, Ireland. P.R.O.

Writes in behalf of Francis Annesley and for the reversion of the office of provost marshal of the province of Connaught after the decease of Captain Charles Coote, who now holds the same by letters patent during life, and is as young and as likely to live as the other. Annesley has lived in Ireland long enough to learn the experience of the country, and is one whose fidelity and sufficiency he (Chichester) knows well, for which he presumes to recommend him to favour and furtherance therein. Assures his Lordship he will find it a benefit but well bestowed upon Annesley, and in himself no other than an effect of debt and obligation. Craves pardon for troubling his Lordship so often in this kind of requests. Does it with intention only to give satisfaction where it is due, and many times to free his Lordship of further importunities.—Castle of Dublin, 16 July 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add.: "To the Right Honorable my very good Lord the Earl of Salisbury, Lord High Treasurer of England." Endd.: "16 July 1609. L. Deputy, in favour of Mr. Annesley for the reversion of the provost-marshalship of Connaught."

431. Earl of Clanricard to Salisbury. [July 16.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 102.

Though he purposed before this time to have been in England, yet the many incumbrances and lets unto which all the affairs of those that live, and specially that govern, in this kingdom, are subject, have prevented his doing so. And now also, although ready at Dublin to go over, he has met with such accidents and with such a pack of villainy, that out of reason and care he has resolved for some few days to return into Connaught again, the better to settle and secure the state of things there in his absence. The particulars of all this and all things else he will defer till his over-coming, which shall be, God willing, within this month, if wind and weather fail not. Has also resolved for the present, till he shall himself speak with his Lordship, not to settle any vice-president in the place he holds, many having used many means for it; but he thinks it fitter to leave for the present a commission with two of the Council of the province, who cannot take exceptions to their alteration. And the person whom his Lordship, upon his (Clanricard's) coming, will admit or allow of, shall be the most pleasing to him.—Dublin, 16 July 1609.

Pp. 2. Signed. Endd.

432. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [July 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 103.

Some former letters of his have had worse speed than other men's written about the same time; for, intending that his should go by the post bark, they are returned, and, before he could again dispatch them, the King's letters and instructions for a more exact survey of the escheated lands and other preparations towards the intended plantation of Ulster, have arrived; all which he received together with his Lordship's, on the 16th inst. Had they stayed but one week longer, the judges would have been in circuit and the Council dispersed, so that nothing could have been done therein this summer. But now he has so ordered and disposed the business that, God willing (if money fail not), they will be at Dundalke on the last of this inst., and the next day about Armagh; with which country they intend to begin, and so to proceed as the time and season of the year will give leave.

Has acquainted Mr. Treasurer with his Lordship's letters. He is labouring by all means to get money to set them forward, in which he has his (Chichester's) best credit and assistance; but in respect of the great sums already taken up for the times past, part of which is to be paid here out of the treasure appointed for the last of June, which is not yet arrived, it is very scarce and hard to be gotten. Takes with him such horse and foot as may be spared in these parts and others that lie in his way, but draws none from Munster nor Connaught.

The Lord Chancellor is not well able to travel at this time, but will be ready to follow them, if they have occasion to call for him. The Bishop of Derry's absence will be a great impediment to the service, especially for so much as shall concern the lands claimed by him and other bishops. Prays his Lordship to hasten him away, for some of their instructions require his presence, advice, and consent; he has, as it seems, made strange propositions, and well laboured his own ends, and he (Chichester) fears the granting of his desires will both disadvantage the King and the plantation. He has incensed against him (Chichester) the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, who has complained of him to the King, which he willed Sir Oliver St. John to communicate. Takes God to witness he never gave cause of offence to the one nor the other to his knowledge, unless the Bishop of Derry take it for advising him sometimes to leave the care of the world, to which he thought him too much affected, and to attend to his pastoral calling and the reformation of his clergy, which, for what appeared to him (Chichester), he greatly neglected; but that my Lord of Canterbury should complain of him to the King upon his Lordship's or any other man's bare reports (and in such a manner to make him odious to His Majesty, whom he serves with a faithful heart,) before his Grace had heard what he could say for himself, seems very strange; and if his Grace understood the carriage and behaviour of most of the bishops here, he would rather blame him for his sufferance than complain of him for advising them to the care and attendance of their charges. Could deliver much more of these passages, but holds it not fitting; neither would he have made mention of this much, had not my Lord of Canterbury told Sir Oliver St. John that his Lordship knew he had complained of him (Chichester) and thereby thought that he had understood it. Now, by his (Salisbury's) never making mention thereof, he (Chichester) conceives it is his meaning that he should take no further notice thereof, to which he submits himself if His Majesty and his Lordship be well satisfied therein; and during the time of his being Deputy, he will not so much as speak unto the Bishop of Derry of it, unless himself minister the occasion; for this place has taught him patience to suffer these and the like wrongs to pass unspoken of. Confesses, however, it is hard to dissemble his affection. Intends to go hence as far as Drohedagh [Drogheda], on Friday next, which will hasten the coming of the Commissioners and companies. Will leave the Lord Chancellor with the secretary and some other of the Council, to attend the service here, and will take with him the Treasurer, the Marshal, and some others of the Council, besides the Lord Chief Justice and the King's Attorney. They have set down all the bishops interested in any lands within those escheated counties to be of the commission, which was so expected, as Sir John Davys reports.

Must recommend to his consideration the cause of Sir Henry Power, who by letters patent passed in my Lord of Devonshire's time, is Governor of the Queen's County, and has a fee of 10s. a day. The place necessarily requires the attendance of such a one; and having occasion upon the remove of the Moores to send Sir Henry Powre thither, he complained that, his Government being left out of the Establishment, his fee was taken from him, notwithstanding he had been at great charge and expense in living there at all times to give furtherance to the service. This he (Chichester) knows to be true, and thereon he (Sir Henry) besought him to move his Lordship that his fee might be restored, which his service and charge well deserve. It is but 10s. harps, and unless he have it, he (Chichester) will not make him stay there, whereby much harm may ensue if those Moores, or other ill neighbours, should chance to be stirring.—Dublin Castle, 18 July 1609.

Pp. 3. Signed. Not add. or endd.

433. Abstract of the Lord Deputy's three Letters to Salisbury of the 2nd, 4th, and 18th of July. [July 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 104.

2 July. That there is a charge sent to Mr. Chancellor of the Master of the Ordnance's defalcation upon apparel from the 1st of October 1603 to the last of March 1605.

That Mr. Treasurer hath sent a certificate of the receipts and issues of the revenue.

Of the friar Owen Grome Magragh, and the reason why the Lord of Delvin was brought to give evidence in person against him.

The man is old, not able to do harm; neither active nor ingenious. He is willing, in respect of my Lord of Delvin, that he be pardoned, and rather confined into some part of Ulster than banished, for there is hope of intelligence by him.

The Lord of Delvin beareth himself well and thankfully for the grace he hath received.

The Lord of Howth and Delvin not to be reconciled, neither their reconciliation to be much wished.

Howth is a discontented man, and no good to be expected of him if he were able to do harm.

The Viscount Gormanston is discontented at his pardon, he desires rather to put himself to the trial of the law than to stand suspected. He and Sir Thomas Fitzwilliams offer but 200l. for Mr. Florio; it is hoped that they will be drawn to 250l.

That Sir Neill Garvey and O'Chane may be sent into England.

4th July. Of the priests and Jesuits.

The project for base moneys.

Of the customs.

That Long and Chetham are not permitted to collect the profits, because the Attorney signified your pleasure to be so.

He wisheth they executed their office for some few peers, whereby it may be brought in charge.

The corporation are like to conceal the values in hope to retain them still.

Long and Chetham demand for their old lease a new one of seven or five years, or valuable consideration if they surrender.

18th July. Acknowledgment of the receipt of the commission, and instructions for plantation, and accordingly will prepare for the journey.

The Lord Chancellor not able yet to go, but will set forward when he shall be sent for.

That the Bishop of Derry may be hastened away.

He hath made strong propositions, and well laboured his own ends, but hurt the plantation.

By his means the Lord of Canterbury hath complained to the King against him; he never offended the bishop, but by advising him sometimes to leave the cares of the world, and to intend better his pastoral calling.

Of Sir Henry Power's complaint that his fee of 10s. a day was taken from him, because his Government was left out of the Establishment.

Pp. 3. Endd.

434. Commission of Escheated Lands. [July 19.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 105.

Commission to the Deputy, Chancellor, Archbishop of Armagh, and others, giving authority to ascertain the extent of escheated lands in Armagh, Coleraine, Tyrone, Donegal, Fermanagh, and Cavan, to make an exact survey of the said lands, and to divide them into parishes, precincts, and proportions, according to the former project.

Pp. 3. Endd.: "Copy of the Commission for the plantation."

435. Sir John Davys to Salisbury. [July 20.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 106.

By the last dispatch received a letter from his Lordship, wherein, to his great comfort and encouragement, he found the continuance of his Lordship's favour towards him, which he will ever study to preserve. This dispatch has given new life to the hope they had of the plantation, which had begun to languish, when they saw the year so far spent before any directions came for that business; but now they are glad to see every man so cheerful and ready to undertake the journey, as they hope it presages a fortunate success. The Chief Justice and himself were appointed Justices of Assize for the shires of Low Leynster; but these new directions have diverted their course from thence into Ulster.

Has opportunity to send a copy of their commission for the plantation, because in the draught of it opus laboris was imposed upon him. Conjectures my Lord Deputy named so many commissioners in order to take away occasion of emulation among the Privy Councillors, which might arise if some were named and others omitted. Confesses, however, that he himself was an earnest suitor that all the bishops of the north might be put in this commission, because the omitting of one bishop the last year, though he was present when the inquisition was taken, and showed all his title and opposed against the King's title more than he could have done if he had been a commissioner, gave him some colour to complain, whereby he gained all the Termon land. If there had been fewer commissioners appointed now, perhaps the service would have been performed as soon as now it will be; for he thinks that prince wished well and wisely for himself, who said, "Give me a thousand hands to defend me, but only two or three heads to counsel me." For his particular, though his voice and opinion will have but a weak passage among so many counsellors, which is a rank above his place, yet in his zeal and diligence to advance this service he will not be inferior to any.

Is not a little comforted to hear that my Lord Audeley and his son desire to be, and are like to be, undertakers in so large and frank a manner. They do not in this degenerate from their ancestors, for it was an ancestor of the Lord Audeley who first undertook to conquer or reduce North Wales, and was one of the first Lord Marchers there. Besides, one or two of the same family accompanied Sir Jo. de Cursy (sic) in the conquest of Ulster, and planted there, in testimony whereof Audley Castle is yet standing in Lecael [Lecale], inherited at this day by one of same surname.

The Lord Deputy moves northward to-morrow, the 21st, but they do not begin their journey till the 31st, when they will make Dundalk their rendezvous. As occurrents shall arise, he will make the best commentaries thereof that he can; and according to his duty will transmit them to his Lordship from time to time, albeit he expects after their return a perfect relation from all the commissioners.—Dublin, 20 July 1609.

Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.

436. Earl of Kildare to Salisbury. [July 21.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 107–8.

Complains of the course pursued against him by Sir Robert Digby.—Dublin, 21 July 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.

437. P. Arthure, Mayor of Limerick, to Salisbury. [July 23.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 109.

The corporation of Limerick, out of their excessive grief and poverty, have enforced him to come thither to declare the same to his Lordship, and to be suitor in their behalf only for the coquette customs, as all other cities and corporations of Ireland, especially those of Munster, have been granted them, having no other means or revenue to repair their great and spacious walls, bridges, with many castles, bulwarks, and towers of defence. Prays his Lordship, therefore, to pity their poor estates, and to respect their several services, especially against the traitor Tyrone, besides the voluntary parting with a great deal of land upon promise of recompense from His Majesty for the enlarging of the fort and castle there. Besides of late they gave a thousand men's labour or more, with other helps, for the speedy finishing of the work, Begs him to recommend their suit to His Majesty for his grant of the said coquette custom (if not their poundage), or at least to procure His Highness's promise of the same when the lease in Ireland is resumed. Unless they receive relief herein, the inhabitants will abandon the city and disperse themselves to the other cities and towns of Munster that are exempted from that kind of taxation; and the suppliant being their mayor, unfortunately employed by them as their agent, receiving no favour herein, will be more willing to go to the remotest part of the kingdom than return again to them, his suit unsuccessful.—23 July 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd

438. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 24.] Add. Papers, Ireland.

Directs the appointment of — Hasset, (fn. 1) Esq., an ancient councillor, as extra Baron of the Court of Exchequer, with the customary fees, &c. of the others, by reason of the infirmity of some of the barons, the extraordinary charge and office to continue until some place of a baron now full fall void.— Westminster, 24 July, seventh year of the reign.

P. 1. Add.

439. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 24.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p 400.

On the application of the Lady Sydley, late widow of Henry Malby, Esq., praying some allowance towards repairing the castles of Roscommon and Longford held by her under a rent payable to His Majesty, Roscommon being ruined by the garrison planted there first by Sir John Norris, and afterwards by other governors, being a place much decayed by that means and fit to be maintained for His Majesty's service, they direct that some fines and casualties be allotted to its repair; but some money having been assessed on the county of Longford, and part thereof collected, they pray him to apply that sum already collected to the repair as was intended, and to proceed to collect and apply the remainder.— Whitehall, 24 July 1609.

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, T. Suffolke, W. Knollys, L. Stanhope, Jul. Cæsar, Thos. Parry, John Corbett.

P. ½. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 24th July 1609. From the Lords of the Councell in the behalfe of the Ladie Sydley to give an allowance out of some casualties towards the rebuildinge of the house of Roscommon, and for the convertinge of a cesse imposed upon the countie of Longford towards the buildinge of the castle of Longford. Re. the 20th of October 1610."

440. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 25.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 403.

He will see by the enclosed a proposal made by the Lord Audelay to undertake in Ireland, and on what conditions. They do not mean to enter into the question of the plantation generally, but only to apprize him that, as Lord Audelay spent a long time in Ireland, and has had much experience of the country and people, the King has favourably noticed his services, and commends his zeal in furthering the plantation. Refer the particulars of the offer to his Lordship's consideration.—Whitehall, 25 July 1609.


"For the better satisfaction of the Lord Audelay for the proportions which he desires to have of woods, we pray your Lordship that he may find himself so much favoured by your Lordship as may not be prejudicial to the general work, which must be preferred before all private respects whatsoever."

Signed: R. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, T. Suffolke, E. Worcester, W. Knollys, L. Stanhope, Thos. Parry.

P. 1. Orig. Add. Endd. Encloses,

441. Lord Audley's proposed Plantation in Tyrone, 10 July 1609. [July 10.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 404.

Articles propounded and offered by the Lord Audelay to the Commissioners for Irish causes.

The Lord Audelay is an humble suitor to His Majesty for 100,000 acres, which he promises to undertake to plant in manner following:—

1. The 100,000 acres to be in Tyrone or the adjoining parts of Armagh, excepting lands allotted to forts, colleges, free schools, hospitals, and natives.

2. He will divide the 100,000 acres into 33 parts, on which he will build 33 castles and as many towns. To each castle he will assign 600 acres and to each town 2,400, which shall consist of at least 30 families, comprising foot soldiers, artificers, and cottagers, with allotments of land to each.

3. He will pay the rent expressed in the articles 533l. 0s. 8d. for 100,000 acres, the first half year to be paid at Michaelmas come four years.

4. He will perform the building within four years.

5. He prays that of the 33 towns, six may be market towns and one incorporate, with two fairs yearly and one fair yearly in each market town.

6. He is content to have only the advowsons within his own territories.

7. He desires, within five manors, felons' goods, outlaws, and fugitives, felons of themselves, waifs and strays, court leet, and court baron.

8. He desires license freely to erect iron mills, to make iron and glass, and sow woad within his own land for forty-one years.

9. Lord Audelay and his son are content jointly to assure land of 1,000l. value on recognizance to His Majesty for the performance of the conditions; the bond to be cancelled at the end of five years on the Lord Deputy's certificate of the fulfilment of the conditions.

Lastly, the great woods of Glanconkeyne, Killetro, and Slutart and others, are reserved to His Majesty.

All these, together with all the printed articles not repugnant to these, he undertakes to perform, and he desires that they be transmitted to the Lord Deputy for his consideration and approval or disapproval.

(Signed) G. Audelay.

Pp. 1½. Orig. Endd.

442. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 25.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 407.

The controversy depending between Sir Richard Boyle, Thomas Ball, and one William Chishall was, by their (the Lords') letters in December last, referred to the determination of the Lord President of Munster, to be concluded before Midsummer last, if he could; if not, then to be left to the decision of him (Sir Arthur). And the wife of Chishall affirming that the Lord President made his award by consent of all parties on the 6th of March 1608, but it being alleged on the other side that, by reason of new matter very considerable on behalf of Sir Richard Boyle, the Lord President left the determining of the matter to him (Sir Arthur), he is to consider of the allegation, and, if it be true that Sir Richard Boyle and Ball were present by their attornies, and consented, he is to go no further; but if not, then he is, with the aid of the Chief Justice, Lord Chief Baron, and Master of the Rolls, or any two of them, to rehear the cause; and in the determination thereof charitable care is to be had of Chishall, as also of the preservation of the iron-works.— Whitehall, 25 July 1609.

Signed: R. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, T. Suffolke, W. Knollys, L. Stanhope, Jul. Cæsar, Thos. Parry.

P. 1. Add. Endd.: "Of the 25 July 1609. In ye behalfe of Mr Chiswell, concerning the matters betweene him & Sr Rd Boyle & others."

443. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 26.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 357.

To confer on the bearer, John Aston, who has been over there, having been summoned for the causes he (Sir Arthur) knows, and has suffered sufficient punishment for his folly in his (the King's) opinion, such ecclesiastical preferment as may be fit for him. But he (Sir Arthur) is to admonish him that he forbear from henceforth, not only in earnest but in sport, to publish that he has any skill in that faculty which it is so unseemly for his calling to use in one kind or the other. And he (the King) thinks him the rather to be warned of it since, even of late and since his reconciling to the King's favour, he has not abstained from speeches that he is not without such knowledge.—Farnham, 26 July 1609.

P. 1. Signed at head. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 26 of July 1609. From the Kinge's Matie, in the behalfe of Mr Aston, minister. Re. the 23d of June 1610."

444. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 26.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 409.

The practices of the Lord Bourke having defeated the several attempts during four years past of Edmond Bourke, son of Thomas the elder brother of Theobald, the reputed Lord Bourke (which Thomas was slain in the service of the late Queen) to prove his legitimacy, notwithstanding the obtaining of many commissions, as alleged by the mother and nearest friends of the said Edmond, they (the Lords), though they have no intention of determining anything to the prejudice of the Lord Bourke, whose deserts are worthy of favour, cannot but recommend the cause to his (Sir Arthur's) care, that he may direct speedy inquisition and trial, considering that the child's father was slain in the service of the State, and that His Majesty has some interest in the wardship.—Whitehall, 26 July 1609.

Signed: R. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, T. Suffolke, E. Worcester, E. Zouche, W. Knollys, Jul. Cæsar Thos. Parry.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 26 of July 1609. From the Lls. of the Councell in the cause in difference betwixt the L. Bourke and his nephew. Re. the 23d of Sept. following."

445. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 26.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 47.

Duplicate of No. 444.

P. 1. Copy. Not add. Endd. in Sir John Davys's hand: "The Lords' Letter."

446. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 27.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 411.

Request him to call to his aid such of the Judges as are of the Council, and inquire into the complaint of Edward White, clerk of the Council of Connaught, who alleges that of late the justice and attorney of that province, under pretence that the bills and pleadings of common causes are determinable by virtue of the general commissions for holding of assizes and sessions, and not by the Lord President's joint commission and their own incident to the presidency, have taken to their use and that of their clerks, the fees and perquisites which, for thirty years, he had been accustomed to receive as clerk of the Council of Connaught and Thomond.— Whitehall, 27 July 1609.

Signed: R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, T. Suffolke, E. Worcester, E. Zouche, W. Knollys, J. Herbert, Jul. Cæsar, Thos. Parry.

P. 1. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 27 of July 1609. From the Lordes of the Councell tutchinge the difference betweene the Justice, &c. of Connaught and the clarke of the councell there. Re. the 13th of No."

447. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [July 28.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 110.

Among other propositions made to him for erecting of new offices, not altogether warranted by law, and yet not seeming unnecessary for the Commonwealth, this one has been lately moved: that, whereas there are two or three measures of several kinds in all or most of the port towns of this kingdom, with which they use to buy and sell at their pleasures, to the great deceit and discouragement of merchants, strangers, and to the impoverishment of the realm, it is thought expedient for reformation thereof, that one sole measure of the Bristolband-barrel should be established, by proclamation, in all the said port towns at least, as the manner is now in England, and none other permitted; and that a sworn officer should be authorized by His Majesty's prerogative to oversee the due execution of the said proclamation, with allowance of something out of each barrel of salt and corn exported or imported only; whereby the abuses may be corrected and restrained without charge to His Majesty or further contention and trouble. The reasons offered to induce him hereunto are these enclosed; whereof it may please his Lordship to consider, as also that many other now laudable institutions have some times been new, and unwillingly received, which are since become so necessary that the Commonwealth cannot well stand without them. Should their Lordships allow thereof, there is one Clement Greene, an honest and sufficient Englishman, that he (Chichester) thinks very fit to be employed in this reformation, and one that will give His Majesty a competent yearly rent for it, according to the allowance to be made to him out of every barrel of corn and salt brought in or carried out of the realm. Refers it to their Lordships' further consideration.—Mellefont, 28 July 1609.

P. 1. Sealed. Signed. Add. Endd. Encloses,

448. Uniform Standard Measure for Ireland. S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 110, I.

Reasons for adopting the Bristol band barrel at the standard measure to measure all sorts of corn, salt, &c., imported into Ireland.

P. 1.

449. Sir Alexander Hay [to Salisbury]. [July 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, p. 111.

It has been certified to him by packet from their Chancellor that there are now a great many undertakers for the Irish plantation of their countrymen, who have found sureties to their Council there for performing of all conditions enjoined. And as it is much urged by them that they may presently be put a-work, my Lord Chancellor has willed him to certify him what course these undertakers are now to take, and to whom they are to address themselves in order to receive their proportion of land, which shall be by lot apportioned to them. His Majesty has commanded him to write hereanent, that advice may be returned with speed. In setting down the proposition to undertakers, finds most of all the proportions to be of 2,000 acres apiece. The reason whereof is alleged to be the unwillingness of any of ability to accept a less quantity. There is a roll of names of undertakers, and their cautioner is sent up, who has undertaken the planting of 75,000 acres, which he thinks is more than is intended for their country people. Will expect his answer as to what he may certify back to my Lord Chancellor.—Bewlie, 30 July.

P. 1. Signed. Endd.

450. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 31.] Philad. P., vol. 3, p. 415.

Request his advice on the suit of John Fitzpatrick, son of Lord Upper Ossory, for the reversion in fee farm of the impropriate parsonages belonging to the Abbeys of Rathhassell and Jerripont, now in lease for seventy-one years to come. He has been recommended for some good services done by him both in the last wars and since, and they would be willing to give him good contentment as well for his own deserts, as also in regard of the nobleman, his father, who has ever been a faithful, true subject, well affected to the State, and always a good furtherance in His Majesty's service. They also require him to confirm unto Dermot O'Brien, the young Baron of Inchiquin, and to Mabel, his mother, wife to the said John [Fitzpatrick], the wardship of the said Dermot, according to the King's pleasure, that the wardships of all those that perish in His Highness's service be granted to the use of their wives and children. Lastly, they recommend to his care the freedom of Harold's Grange, near Dublin, that, if he find that it is an ancient freedom, he may give him such satisfaction that he may not further trouble His Majesty. —The last of July 1609.

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, T. Suffolke, W. Knollys, Jul. Cæsar.

P. 1. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the last of July 1609. From the Lords of the Councell in the behalfe of John Fitzpatricke. Re. the 7th of December."

451. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [July 31.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 359.

Neale Garvy and O'Cahan, both prisoners in the Castle [of Dublin], to be sent over under sure guard and in the charge of some discreet person; inasmuch as the proceedings of the jury in the case of Neale Garvy may be otherwise than justice, their notorious treasons, and the manifest proof of them requires; as also because of the danger of keeping them in the King's castle.—Farnham Castle, 31 July 1609.

P. 1. Signed at head. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the last of July 1609. From the Kinges Matie requireinge me to send over Sir Neale O'Donnell and Sir Donnell O'Cahaine. Re. the 16th of August."

452. William Saxey to Salisbury. [July.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 112.

Solicits the place held by Baron Heron, lately deceased, and also payment of his entertainments, being 550l.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.


  • 1. John Blennerhasset, created Chief Baron and a knight, March 1, 1621.