Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610. Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1874.
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James I: September 1610
858. Form of Warrant of Possession. [Sept. 3.] Carew Papers, vol. 630, p. 76.
By the Lord Deputy and Commissioners for the Plantation of the escheated lands in Ulster.
Recites the grant by patent to the undertaker, and authorises the sheriff to remove or cause to be removed out of the premises tenants, possessors, and occupiers of the same, and to deliver livery and seisin of the premises unto the patentee or his assigns, and also to require and command the natives and all others now dwelling upon the same, or any part thereof, to depart with their families, goods, and chattels, from time to time, unto such baronies and precincts as have been or shall be assigned unto them, or elsewhere at their own wills and pleasures, where they may have best conditions of living.—Camp, near Dungannon, 3 September 1610.
Subscribed as before.
"To the sheriff of the county of——." (fn. 1)
P. 1. Copy.
859. Form of Warrant for Timber. [Sept. 3.] Carew Papers, vol. 630, p. 77.
By the Lord Deputy and Commissioners of the Plantation.
Authorising delivery to undertakers of good oaks of several sizes, and of growth sufficient to make timber for buildings upon the proportion, growing either within the county or else upon any the escheated lands in the province of Ulster.— Camp, near Dungannon, 3 September 1610.
Subscribed as before.
Add.: To the commissioners generally appointed for the assignation of timber to the undertakers of the escheated lands in Ulster.
P. 1. Copy.
860. Form of Warrant of Deputation. [Sept. 5.] Carew Papers, vol. 630, p. 78.
By the Lord Deputy and Commissioners of the Plantation.
Authorising the undertaker to present a trusty and sufficient person to be his substitute for the space of five months, within which time he is to do his best for the performance of his part of the plantation.—Dungannon, 5 September 1610.
P. 1. Copy.
861. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 9.] Philad. P., vol. 4, p. 35.
They signify the King's assent to Sir Humphrey Wynch's retirement from the post of Chief Justice, from which he has been long absent on account of ill-health, by reason that the air of that country seems disagreeable to him; though His Majesty is unwilling to withdraw so necessary a servant from that country, where there is need of many such.
His Majesty leaves the time to himself, either before the hardness of the winter comes or the next spring; only he wishes to have his speediest resolution, in order to have the utmost time to make choice of a successor.—9 September 1610.
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, Lenox, Notingham, T. Suffolk, Gilb. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester, T. Bruce, Jul. Cæsar, Thos. Parry.
P. ½. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 9th of Sept. 1610. From the Lordes of the Councell, lycensing the retourne of the Chiefe Justice, Sr Humphrie Wynche into England. Re. the 1st October."
862. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 9.] Philad. P., vol. 4, p. 37.
Recommend to his care, for a speedy and favourable determination of her long suits, the poor lady, the bearer (the Lady Sidley), being now at length to remove from hence, and to settle herself with her children in Ireland. Request that their former letters in her behalf may not be the less respected for their date, which is ancient, and that he will accept them (in regard of the occasions which kept her here longer than she expected) as if written at this present.—Hampton Court, 9 September 1610.
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, Notingham, T. Suffolke, Gilb. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester, Jul. Cæsar.
P. 1. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 9th of September 1610. From the Lordes of the Councell in the behalfe of the Ladie Sydley for a speedy hearinge and despatch in her business recommended by their Lordships in letters of former dates. Re. the 20th of October."
863. The King to the Lord Deputy. [Sept. 9.] Docquet Book, [Sept. 9.]
Directs him to pass a grant to Thomas Thornton, James Casie, Edmund Purcell, John M'Enery, Gerald M'Enery, and Shane M'Thomas M'Enery.
864. The King to the Lord Deputy. [Sept. 9.] Docquet Book, [Sept. 9.]
Directs him to cause a survey to be taken of the lands of Henry Lynch, and to charge and tax every six score acres of his arable land lying within Galway and Mayo with the rent of 10s. by the year only.
865. The King to the Lord Deputy. [Sept. 9.] Docquet Book, [Sept. 9.]
Directs a survey and tax of 10s. per acre on the lands of Henry Smith of Galway and Mayo, according to a composition made with the late Queen and confirmed by the King.
866. Privy Council to [the Lord Deputy]. [Sept. 9.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 123.
Grant leave to Sir Humphrey Wynch to return to England.
Signed: Lo. Chancellor, Lo. Treasurer, Lo. Privy Seal, Duke of Lenox, Lo. Admiral, Lo. Chamberlain, E. of Shrewsbury, E. of Worcester.
Pp. 2. Endd.: "9 Sept. 1610, Sir H. Winch.
867. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. [Sept. 9.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 432.
At the suit of Thomas Trenton, of Ballygrenan, Esq., James Casey, of Rathcanon, Esq., Edmund Purcell, of Croagh, gent., John M'Enery, alias M'Endrie, of Castletowne, Gerald M'Endrie, of Ballysallagh, Esq., and Mr. Thomas M'Ea, of Kilnorie, in the county of Limerick, and in consideration of their and their father's good service, His Majesty directs surrender and re-grant of one farm of land, with all rights and appurtenances thereof, in the counties of Cork and Limerick, to be made to them with advice of the Council, to be held at free and common soccage, at a reserved yearly rent of 6d. for every ploughland not granted by former letters patent, with right to hold court leet and court baron at Croagh and Garramoe and a weekly market at Ballymacleshan and Castletowne.—Hampton Court, 9 September in the eighth year of the reign.
Pp. 1½. Signed at head. Sealed. Add. Endd. Enrol.
868. Grant to Lord Audley. [Sept. 10.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 324.
Patent by the Lord Deputy and Commissioners of the plantations of allotment of 500 acres in the barony of Oryer, in Ardmagh, to Lord Audley, with the reversion of 2,000 acres now allotted to Arte M'Barron for his life.—The camp, near Ardmagh, 10 September 1610.
Signed: Th. Ridgeway, R. Wingfelde, Fra. Aungier, Ol. Lambert, Garrett Moore, Jo. Davys, Rob. Jacob.
P. 1. Orig. Endd.: "Lord Awdley."
869. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 13.] Add. Papers, Ireland, P.R.O.
Grant of annuity or yearly pension of 6s. 8d. sterling a day to Sir Thomas Phillipps, Knight, and Dudley, his eldest son, in reversion for life, for services in war in Ireland as well as in the new plantation of Ulster, and to the said Sir Thomas, his heirs and assigns in fee-farm, the castle of Thome [Toome], in co. Antrim, with 30 acres of land, &c., now enjoyed by Sir Thomas, yielding 10s. or a pair of gilt spurs for all manner of rents, when the Lieutenant, Deputy, or other chief Governor shall come in person to the said castle of Thome [Toome], in free and common soccage, and not in capite nor by knight's service, with a weekly market at the said castle, and a fair once or twice in the year; the 10 men at the service of Sir Thomas, now at Colraine, to be joined in ward under his command at Thome, making 22 footmen, with entertainment for himself and footmen.
Pp. 1¼. Endd.: "13 Sept. 1610."
870. The King to the Lord Deputy. [Sept. 13.] Docquet Book, [Sept. 13.]
Directs him to grant to Walter White the office of general escheator in the province of Leinster, together with the office of feodary.
871. Lord Deputy to Salisbury and Nottingham. [Sept. 21.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 124.
Conceives that they have already heard of the death of Saukewell, that petty rebel and pirate, and that Easton, who threw him overboard, has made offer to submit himself. Sends them Easton's own letters written to the Chief Justice and Chief Baron of this kingdom, who were at that time judges of the assizes in the province of Mounster, and to Sir Richard Boyle and Sir Thomas Rooper, who were by them directed to confer with him, together with Sir Richard Boyle's letters to him (Chichester), by which they will perceive what hath hitherto passesd between them.
Temporises with the pirates, considering their power to do harm and his own weakness in shipping, the "Lyon's Whelp" being too weak to grapple with them. Has signed a protection for them for the space of 40 days, in which he has restrained them from coming ashore, other than two or three at once, and those to be only such as the Vice-President shall allow of, to make provision for their money for fresh acates for their eating from day to day. Is this day advertised that the Vice-President, perceiving that the pirates made their access to the shore more securely and without fear than they had been accustomed, and in greater number than allowed by their protection, had sent some forces to intercept them; but being discovered upon their first approach the pirates made to their ships and so escaped, all but one, Captain Gabriell, who is a consort of Easton's, and is now prisoner, ready to be sent to their Lordships if that be their pleasure.—Meryon, near Dublin, 21 September 1610.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.,: "With certain letters concerning the manner of Salkeild the pirate's death. All the letters concerning the pirates are returned upon the Lord Deputy's own request."
872. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 22.] Philad. P., vol. 4, p. 89.
In favour of Nicholas Maisterson, of Ardcromman, in the county of Wexford, to aid him in his suit (as far as equity will allow) for the recovery of his castle of New Castle and 26 ploughlands, which he acquired, together with the castle of Ardcromman, by his marriage with Alison Roche, the daughter of Robert Roche. It happened that in the time of the late rebellion he intrusted one John Roche, his servant, to keep possession of New Castle and 13 ploughlands belonging thereto; but he treacherously gave them up to one John Roche, who pretended himself to be next heir to the said Robert Roche; and in the time of that rebellion the said John Roche died, leaving issue Walter Roche, who continuing the possession of the said castles and lands (the petitioner making continual claim), was found ward unto Her late Majesty, and afterwards became allied by marriage to some men of great wealth and countenance in that county, and thereby is likely to overlay the petitioner in the prosecution of his right. Prays Sir Arthur to aid him, in consideration of his good deserts in Her late Majesty's service.—22 September 1610.
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, Jul. Cæsar.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
873. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [Sept. 23.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 125.
According to directions from them of 2nd of June, brought hither by this bearer, Captain Richard Bingley, has sent away about 600 of this nation in two ships for Sweden. The continual fear of constraint into that employment does no less discontent and perplex the people of Ulster than this late distribution of escheated lands and new population of the country. They are a people that understand no truth of the affairs of the world, specially that way; besides, the priests and other ill spirits which govern them, spread false tales and incredible defamations of the usage of this nation. This with some other conceits, have caused idle and able men to run into the woods or to stand upon their keeping for the time. Notwithstanding these difficulties, they got some 200 out of the province, of the worst sort, and most of them appearing at sessions of necessity, upon bonds which had formerly been taken for their loyalty and forthcoming at any time. If any more are to be weeded out, the officers selected for this service ought to be allowed imprest money, with warrant of process also, and authority to punish the offenders with death, as the manner is elsewhere, in case they shall afterwards run away. The rest who made up this whole number were voluntaries, most of them out of Munster and some out of Connaught. It may appear by the catalogue of their names which he sends, that some were Englishmen; but many of those were pirates or of other desperate courses, who embraced this other service. Understands Captain Bingley has imprested 180l. to the captains, and did every thing requisite for his part, which he recommends to their consideration, for this and other experience had of him. He was recommended hither by letters from them for the office of muster-master-general of the risings out of all the English undertakers and inhabitants of Mun ster and the Pale, which had been from the beginning much neglected;—an appointment which would have been profitable for the King's service and prosperity of the plantation, but in regard of his going into Sweden, he did not press it. Now the like use may be made of the same officer in Ulster as well as in the other places, that he may see and certify whether they have observed or shall observe the articles of the plantation. He has presented reasons to him to induce the erecting such an officer general to muster all the people, as well natives as others, throughout the realm. He (Chichester) is advertised since his return out of Ulster, that the ship which was freighted at Carlingford for Sweden was, after her departure thence, cast upon the Isle of Man, in extreme danger of drowning there, after she had spent her masts, with all her sails she had; but in the end, she was, by good fortune, relieved by a Scottishman, who espied her in that distress and guided her into a port of Scotland, where the captain hired another ship and is departed in good trim.— Merrion, near Dublin, 23 September 1610.
Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd.
874. Sir John Davys to Salisbury. [Sept. 24.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 125 A.
Though the contrary winds stayed him some time at the water side, yet he arrived early enough to attend my Lord Deputy this journey into Ulster, where he and the rest of the Commissioners for the plantation have performed four principal services.
1. They have made choice of such natives as they found fit to be made freeholders in every of the escheated counties, and have distributed several portions of land unto them, having respect to the quality of the persons and the quantity of the lands assigned to the natives.
2. They have made the like choice of servitors, and made the like distribution of the lands allotted to them by the project.
3. They have published by proclamation in every county, what precincts of land are given to the British undertakers, what to servitors, and what to natives, giving warning to the natives to remove from the lands assigned to the other undertakers presently, if they shall come and require the present possession; otherwise, in regard the undertakers are not prepared to manure and till the land against the next year; (so that, if the Irish tenants be presently removed, a general dearth is like to follow in those parts, to the prejudice of the plantation), the Irish who now possess the land may hold the same till May next, paying rent for that time to the undertakers, who, on the other side, are to pay the Irish for their corn and fallowes when they shall leave their possessions unto them.
4. For such undertakers, both English and Scottish, as have presented themselves to the Lord Deputy and Commissioners in this journey, they have made several warrants to the sheriffs of the several counties to give them possession and seisin of their portions; and have assigned them timber in the great woods for the erection of their several buildings.
They began at the Cavan, where (as it falleth out in all matters of importance) they found the first access and entry into the business the most difficult: for the inhabitants of this county bordering upon Meath, and having many acquaintances and alliances with the gentlemen of the English Pale, called themselves freeholders, and pretended they had estates of inheritance in their lands, which their chief lords could not forfeit by their attainder; whereas in truth, they never had any estates, according to the rules of common law, but only a scambling and transitory possession, as all other Irish natives within this kingdom.
When the proclamation was published touching their removal (which was done in the public session house, the Lord Deputy and Commissioners being present), a lawyer of the Pale, retained by the inhabitants, endeavoured to maintain that they had estates of inheritance, and in their name, desired two things: first, that they might be admitted to traverse the offices which had been taken of those lands; secondly, that they might have the benefit of a proclamation made about five years since, whereby their persons, lands, and goods were all received into His Majesty's protection. To this (by my Lord Deputy's commandment) he (Sir J. Davys) made answer, that it was manifest that they had no estate of inheritance either in their chiefries or in their tenancies; for the chiefry never descended to the eldest son of the chieftain, but the strongest of the sept ever intruded into it; neither had they any certain estate in their tenancies, though they seemed to run in a course of Gavelkind, for the chief of the sept, once in two or three years, shuffled and changed their possessions, by making a new partition or division amongst them, wherein the bastards had always their portions as well as the legitimate; and therefore, this custom hath been adjudged void in law by the opinion of all the judges in this kingdom. Hereunto two other arguments were added to prove that they had no estates of inheritance; one, that they never esteemed lawful matrimony to the end they might have lawful heirs; next, that they never built any houses nor planted any orchards or gardens, nor took any care of their posterities, both which they would have done if they had had estates descendible to their lawful heirs. These reasons answered both their petitions, for if they had no estate in law, then could they show no title, and, without showing a title, no man may be admitted to traverse an office; and, again, if they had no estate in the land which they possessed, the proclamation which receives their lands into His Majesty's protection does not give them any better estate than they had before. Other arguments were used to prove that His Majesty might justly dispose of those lands as he has now done, in law, in conscience, and in honour, wherewith they seemed not unsatisfied in reason, though in passion they remained ill contented, being grieved to leave their possessions to strangers, which their septs had so long, after the Irish manner, enjoyed. Howbeit, my Lord Deputy so mixed threats with entreaty, precibusque minas regaliter addit, as that they promised to give way to the undertakers if the sheriff, by warrant from the Commissioners, put them in possession. Whereupon his Lordship and the Commissioners signed a warrant to the sheriff to give possession to one Taylor, an English undertaker, who was then arrived and present in the camp, which warrant was executed without resistance; and thereupon distribution being made to the better sort of natives of several portions of land in the baronies assigned unto them, they not unwillingly accepted of several tickets containing the quantities of land allotted to every particular person.
The eyes of all the inhabitants of Ulster were turned upon this county of Cavan, and therefore when they saw the difficulty of the business overcome here, their minds were the better prepared to submit themselves to the course prescribed by His Majesty, for the plantation. So that in the next two counties of Fermanagh and Tyrconnell (though the countries were never entirely resumed nor vested in the Crown as Tyrone was, but only surrendered and re-granted to the chief lords, who forfeited their estates by their several attainders), there was no man that pretended any title against the Crown, and there were very few who seemed unsatisfied with their portions assigned unto them. Only Connor Ro M'Guyre, who has an entire barony, and the best barony in Fermanagh, allotted unto him (because in the first year of His Majesty's reign, when the settling of that province was not so verily intended as now it is, the State made him a promise of three baronies in that county,) seemed ill contented with his allotment; yet he did not oppose the sheriff, when he gave possession to the undertakers of lands whereof himself was then possessed; but affirmed he would forthwith pass into England, and there become a suitor for better conditions. But when we came to Tyrone and Ardmagh, where we expected least contradiction, because the best of the natives there had not any colour or shadow of title to any land in those countries, the same being clearly and wholly come to the Crown by the attainder of Tyrone and others; yet divers of Tyrone's horsemen, namely, the O'Quins and Hagans, to whom, because they had good stock of cattle, the Commissioners distributed por tions of land, such as the scope assigned to the natives of that county afforded, refused to accept the same from His Majesty; yielding this reason of their refusal, that they would rather choose to be tenants at will to the servitors or others who had competent quantities of land to receive them, than to be freeholders to His Majesty of such small parcels, for which they should be compelled to serve in juries, and spend double the yearly value thereof at assizes and sessions; wherein he, for his part, easily believes them, for all the Irish (the chief lords excepted), desire naturally to be followers, and cannot live without a master, and for the most part they love every master alike, so he be present to protect and defend them. And therefore he is of opinion that, if they were once settled under the servitors, the Bishops, or others who may receive Irish tenants, they would follow them as willingly, and rest as well contented under their wings, as young pheasants do under the wings of a home-hen, though she be not their natural mother; and though their transplantation be distasteful to them (as all changes and innovations are at first unpleasant), yet they (the Commissioners) hope that when they are once seated in their new habitations, they will like the new soil as well and prove better themselves, like some trees which bear but harsh and sour fruit in the place where they naturally grow, but, being transplanted and removed, like the ground better, and yield pleasanter and sweeter fruit than they did before. Thus much concerning the natives. Touching the servitors; though the last year, none but my Lord Audelay would undertake any land according to the articles published in print, yet now there were so many competitors for the land assigned to servitors, that it was not possible for the Commissioners to give contentment to all; and therefore many of them returned home unsatisfied. Such as have portions allotted to them are men of merit and ability, and for the most part such as have set up their rests in Ulster. For the rest, who returned without portions, my Lord Deputy has given them some hope that they may be provided for, either by placing them upon the lands granted to the city of London, in the Glinnes of Tyrone, or upon the Bishop's lands at easy rents, or by some other means which may arise before the plantation be accomplished.
Touching the British undertakers, the greatest number of them are come over, and have presented themselves to the Commissioners, and have received warrants for their possessions and for timber, and are now providing materials for their buildings against the next spring.
Lastly, the agents of London have made far better preparation for the erection of their new town at Colrane than they (the Commissioners) expected; for they found there such store of timber and other materials brought in place, so many workmen so busy in several places about their several tasks, "as methought I saw Didoe's colony building of Carthage in "Virgil.
"Instant ardentes Tyrii; pars ducere muros,
"Molirique arcem, et manibus subsolvere saxa;
"Pars aptare locum tecto et concludere sulco, &c.
"so as we returned with an assured hope that the plantation "will go on roundly and prosperably, and that God will "bless it."—Dublin, 24 September 1610.
Pp. 5. Signed. Add. Endd.
[This letter will be recognised as in many parts a transcript of the well-known letter to Lord Salisbury, dated 8 Nov. 1610, and printed in Sir John Davys's Historical Tracts; but as there are many discrepancies, some of them very characteristic, it seems desirable to print it without alteration.]
875. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 25.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 434.
Warrant for the appointment of William Knight, an ancient Master of Art, to be coadjutor to the Archbishop of Cashel, in consequence of the information received from Lord Danvers, President of Munster, that, as well on account of the Archbishop's great age as because he is seldom resident upon his see, but absent in the north upon his own temporal lands, it were very convenient for the better government of that province of Munster that a coadjutor were assigned him.
Sir Arthur shall also allot to the said William Knight all the profits arising from the jurisdiction which the Archbishop's son now enjoys, who (as the King fears), is a recusant. And when the see shall be next vacant by the death of the Archbishop incumbent, the said William Knight shall be Archbishop.—Hampton, 25 September, eighth year of the King's reign.
P. 1. Signed at head. Add. Endd. Inrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 25th of September 1610. From the Kinge's Majesty, to make out warrants, &c. for Wylliam Knight to be coadjutor to the Archbishop of Cashell, and to succeed him in the Archbishopricke. Re. the 15th of July 1611."
There is a further note endorsed as follows, in Sir Arthur's hand:—
"I praye you the Lo. Chancellor to call unto you the Kinge's attorney, and to certifie me what you thinke to be the fittest course wherby to establish Mr. Knight in the place for which he comes recommended by His Matie."
876. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Sept. 27.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 126.
Postpones a true and ample discourse of their travels, actions, and observations in Ulster for the present, as many of the British undertakers are not yet come, and because some of the Commissioners who were with him the whole journey are now absent, and the matter itself is not yet digested into a form and method fit to be presented to him. Begs, however, that he will accept of some particular notes and advertisements of his own, not so well known, perhaps, to the rest, nor so fit to be imparted in general letters. First, he thinks he shall not live to see the plantation performed according to the project laid down, of which opinion he was when he first beheld it, and began to be informed of the quality and condition of the undertakers, and would gladly have stayed his journey thither this summer had he not doubted the same would have displeased His Majesty; for, how well soever he wished to the business, he never thought it a work so easy and feasible as it seems it is conceived. For to plant almost five whole counties in so barren and remote a place with new comers is not a work for such undertakers as those that for the most part are come unto them. Such of them as are of best judgment and understanding now conceive the hardness of it, and will undoubtedly become suitors (if already they be not) to His Majesty, for license to retain the natives, and with them to plant the most part (if not all) their proportions, especially the Scottish, who have already given hopes thereof to the people; if this be yielded unto, the main business were overthrown, and the few servitors that have land assigned to them should therein receive hard measure. They have now made an entrance into the business, and have prepared the natives to bethink themselves of a new course of life and of the plantation; and therefore to alter or go back from what is resolved on were dishonourable and scandalous: which makes him wish that they (the undertakers) may be held to their conditions, by which something will be done, and the rest time may bring to perfection, if God bless the land with peace and quietness. But to hinder the same the natives of those countries will do what in them shall lie, for they are generally discontented, and repine greatly at their fortunes and the small quantity of land left to them upon the division; especially those of the counties of Tyrone, Ardmagh, and Colerayne, who, having reformed themselves in their habit and course of life beyond others and the common expectation held of them, (for all that were able had put on English apparel, and promise to live in townreeds, and to leave their creating,) had assured themselves of better conditions from the King than those they lived in under their former landlords: but now they say they have not land given them, nor can they be admitted tenants, which is very grievous unto them.
Has both studied and laboured the reformation of that people, and could have prevailed with them in any reasonable matter, though it were new unto them; but now he is discredited among them, for they have far less quantities assigned to them in those counties than in the other three. In which the Commissioners (to whom the care of the distribution was committed) were, in his opinion, greatly overseen, or went not well, as it seemed unto him; for to thrust the servitors with all the natives of a whole country which paid the King near 2,000l. rent yearly into little more than half a barony (as in Tyrone) was a great oversight, if not out of the meaning. If he speaks somewhat feelingly in this particular, it is his Lordship to whom he must and will appeal when he conceives he suffers wrong, in which he beseeches his Lordship to excuse him, for he has some reason to doubt the affection of some of those Commissioners towards him, though he never deserved ill at their hands; and he prays that he may not be guided by any directions of theirs, for they know not Ireland so well as he does, especially Ulster; nor do they wish better to the good and prosperity thereof, nor to the advancement of the King's profit and service.
The people of these three counties (with the full agreement no doubt, and consent of the rest) have (as he is informed) dispatched a priest to the traitor Tyrone, to hasten his return or to send his son Henry (who is now said to be dead in Spain), or to send them arms and munition wherewith to arm themselves against the plantation: for they will rather die than be removed to the small proportions assigned to them, or seek a new dwelling in other counties; and what firebrands of dissension are sent among them from other parts, this enclosed from Sir Donnell O'Cahan, out of the Tower of London, to his brother Manus, may assure them, which Manus himself caused to be delivered to him.
The priests now preach little other doctrine to them, but that they are a despised people, and worse dealt with than any nation that hath been heard or read of; for being received to mercy upon their humble submission, their bodies, goods, and lands were taken into the King's protection, but now they are injuriously thrust out of their houses and places of habitation, and be compelled, like vagabonds, to go they know not whither, all which, as lessons taught them by the hellish fathers, some of them (the ancientest and of most credit among them) in effect delivered unto him at his being there.
Writes not this as wishing to have any alteration made of what is resolved to be done, but to advertise his Lordship of their minds and affections towards them and the plantation in hand; for how ill soever they be disposed, he sees not how they can rebel in any great numbers unless they have assistance of arms and munition from foreign parts. But suggests that, if any convenient relief may be found out for the best of them, upon other men's inability to perform the conditions of the plantation or be otherwise weary of his bargain, they may be thought on (if they carry themselves accordingly) before the lands they shall so leave or give over be other ways disposed.
He was so scantled by the division and found so many servitors of good desert and quality competitors for land, especially in the counties of Tyrone and Ardmagh, that he could not help himself to the three thousand acres assigned unto him, but was driven to forego it towards their satisfaction, and likewise to strike out the names of his nearest kinsmen, that he might have wherewith to pleasure strangers (as it were): whereby it may appear that he affects the general far before his private commodity in this work of plantation; for he assures him that he has forgone therein more acres of good land than he has in all the barony of Einshowen [Inishowen], which His Majesty bestowed upon him, and would have yielded him profit accordingly.
Urges their great want of money. This bearer, Captain Dodington, came with recommendations from his Lordship. Has performed towards him what he could, as himself can best deliver, upon the grant made to the Londoners of the entire county of Coleraine. Recommends him to his Lordship's notice and that of the Lords in general.—Merrion, near Dublin, 27 September 1610.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. Signed. Encloses,
877. Sir Donnel O'Cahan to his brother Manus. S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 126 I.
Brother Manus, I commend me unto you, and let you understand that, if I had friends to follow my business since I came hither, my imprisonment would be shorter by the half. For my innocency hath (God be praised) been known and heard. Wherefore, if ever you look, or rather desire my release, which you both should, and I think do, or if you be not as deep in false accusing me as others have been liars in the matter, and therefore wish rather my death than my relief; if these things, I say, hinder you not, then perform a brotherly part to gain yourself a loving brother; and gather both from yourself and from others your best help, that either yourself or some others might come with my wife hither to sue for my liberty, if by that time I have it not. Nor let covetous hope of lands debar you from this, for look on Torlagh M'Art Oge, who had a patent for the whole land, and whose company slew Sir Cahir O'Dogherty, with what hath he to any purpose ? or what hath Cuconnaght M'Guire's son, Brian I mean ? Less (I say no more) than ever I offered you. But if villainous (which is not to be feared in any human creature) or dunghill cogitations should (by the devil's motion) hinder you from this good office, then I contest and call to witness God, his holy angels, the whole world, and that country especially, that Manus O'Cahan hath served Donell Ballagh so. Nor blame me for being thus earnest other wise. Thus in haste I bid you farewell, resting always your assured loving brother.—Tower, 1 June 1610.
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Came to my hands the 22 of Aug. 1610."
878. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [Sept. 27.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 127.
Defers the detailed report of their proceedings as Commissioners in Ulster, and has thought it sufficient for this time to give them this general notice of it; that they have executed their commission everywhere as far as time and occasions would permit, all which shall be shortly specified by letters more at large and the relation of some person of observation and trust who was always present.
Marking the general discontent and hearts grief of all the natives specially (for which their least threatening is to appeal and complain to His Majesty), they did at their departure out of the province double the garrisons of Coleraine, Mountjoie, and Charlemont, and left other convenient succours upon the borders, Prays them, if there be any more letters patent for lands or charters of franchises in Ulster offered to be passed there, they will be pleased to make stay of them until they have considered of their reports, when some errors in the former shall be showed.
By their letter of the 6th of August, received 13th inst., was required to make stay of the barony of Tullochgarvie, that it might be bestowed in recompense of the composition rent of the county of Longford (a matter worthy of their regard). But they should know that the same, in the beginning of their affairs and about the last of July, was divided among the servitors and natives, as they were authorised and required; neither does he yet know any means here wherewith to compound for the same, as he desires, in order that the same, or so much thereof as shall be thought fit to be reserved, may again revert to the Crown: only there hath been of late a commission granted forth to inquire of the King's title to certain lands in the said county, and if the title can be found, holds it best to be bestowed that way, that it may work some reformation there by the access of more civil people among them.—Merrion, near Dublin, 27 September 1610.
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.
879. Petition of Wm. Hill, Gent. [Sept. 28.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 128.
Prays for compensation for the tithe fishing of the Ban, unjustly taken from him by the Londoners.
Note by Salisbury.—Because it seemeth by this petition that Mr. Recorder is acquainted with the state of this matter, and that I hear it is also well known to Sir James Fullerton, I desire that they will join in certifying their knowledge and opinion unto me.—28 September 1610.
880. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 29.] Docquet.
Letter to the Lord Deputy in favour of Sir James Semple for a grant to Sir James Fullerton and Eusebius Andrewes, of lands in the county of Carbery.
881. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 29.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 436.
Warrant to pass to John Wakeman, his heirs and assigns, St. Mary's Abbey, near Dublin, with all lands, tenements, rents, services, tithes, and hereditaments thereto belonging, excepting only and reserving to the Crown such lands, &c., as have been granted in fee simple or fee farm by the late Queen before the 28th August, in the 17th year of her reign; and excepting also the several tithes of Ballybaughill, Portmernock, Robbuckwales, Dubber, and village of Sanctriffe, and excepting such lands as have been passed for years by the late Queen to Thomas Earl of Ormond, the said 28th day of August, in the said 17th year of her reign; to be held by said Thomas Wakeman, his heirs and assigns, in free and common soccage, as of the Castle of Dublin and not in capite.—Hampton Court, 29 September, in the eighth year of the King's reign.
P. ½. Signed at head. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 29th of Sept. 1610. From the Kinge's Matie, to passe unto John Wakeman, &c. the lands, &c. of St. Mary's Abbey. Re. the 14 of Feb." Inrol.
882. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 29.] Docquet.
Letter for grant to Pierce Tumolton of Portaferry, in co. Down, on surrender of certain lands.
883. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 29.] Docquet.
Like letter to confirm to the assigns of John Manwood, deceased, a former warrant for the sum of 200l., escheated to the King by some of the late fugitives.
884. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 29.] Docquet.
Like letter for grant to Thos. Cole, of the office of clerk of the Crown and Common Pleas, and of keeping the rolls and records in the King's Bench Office.
885. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 29.] Add. Papers, Ireland, P.R.O.
Sign manual for granting the office of Clerk of the Crown, &c., in the counties of Dublin, Kildare, Catherlogh, Queen's County, &c., to Thomas Cole, in reversion after Eusebius Andrews, who holds the reversion after Garrett Dillon.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. by the Lord Deputy: "Rec. 22nd Dec."
886. Charge of His Majesty's Army and Garrisons in Pay for Half a Year from 1st April to 30th Sept. 1610. [Sept. 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 128 A.
The Lord Deputy and other officers of the army, with their retinues, viz.:—
Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy General of Ireland, 50 horsemen, 50 footmen.
Sir Thomas Ridgeway, Knight, Treasurer at Wars, 20 horsemen, 20 footmen.
Sir Richard Wingfield, Knight, Marshall, 30 horsemen.
Sir Oliver St. John, Knight, Master of the Ordnance, for the ministers belonging to the office, viz., attending the master at all services: 1 clerk, 7 gunners, a bowier, 5 artificers; placed in sundry forts, wards, and castles, 5 gunners, 1 at Maryborough, 1 at Carrickfergus, 1 at Athlone, 1 at Phillipstowne, 1 at Waterford; 6 clerks of munition, viz., 1 at Newry, 1 at Carrickfergus, 1 at Athlone, 1 at Cork, 1 at Waterford, 1 at Limerick; Engineer-ministers of the Ordnance entered by His Highness's establishment, 1 Oct. 1607, master gunner, his mate, 3 gunners at Derry, Galway, and Cork; 3 clerks of munition, 1 at Derry, 1 at Galway, 1 at Castlepark and Halbowling.
Sir John Kinge, Knight, Muster-master-General and Clerk of the Cheque for Ireland, 10 horsemen.
Thomas Smith, Commissary of the Victual in Connaught.
Sir Allen Apsley, Knight, Commissary of the Victuals in Munster.
Edw. Lenton, Provost Marshal of the army, 4 horsemen.
Sir Josias Bodley, Knight, for directing and overseeing the fortifications to be made.
Dr. Metcalfe, physician to the State.
Edmond Cullon, surgeon ditto.
Joice Everard, engineer.
Sir Thomas Dutton, Knight, Scout-master, 6 horsemen.
Governors and other officers, with their retinues, in the provinces of Connaught, Munster, Ulster, and Leinster.
The Earl of Clanricard, Lord President of Connaught, viz., for his diet and the Council's there, 30 horsemen, 20 footmen.
Capt. Charles Coote, provost marshal there.
The Lord Danvers, Lord President of Munster, his diet and the Council's, 30 horsemen, 20 footmen.
Richard Aldworth, provost marshal of Munster.
Sir Henry Docwra, Knight, Governor of Loughfoyle.
Capt. Edmund Ellis, provost marshal there, succeeds Beverly Nucomen [Newcomen].
Sir Henry Folyot, Knight, Governor of Ballyshannon.
Sir Arthur Chichester, Knight, Governor of Carrickfergus.
The Earl of Thomond, Commander of the forces in Thomond.
Sir Edward Blaney, Knight, Seneschall of Monaghan.
Robert Bowen, provost marshal of Leinster, 6 horsemen.
Warders in several Provinces.
Henry Pierce, constable of Dublin Castle, 14 warders.
Sir Henry Power, Knight, constable of Maryborough, 16 warders.
Francis Hison, porter there.
Sir Gerrott Moore, Knight, constable of Phillipstoune, 12 warders.
Henry Fisher, constable of Laughlinbridge, 10 warders.
Sir Lawrence Esmond, Knight, constable of Duncannon, a lieutenant, a gunner, and 30 warders.
Capt. Dennis Dale, constable of a fort in Kinselaugh, 6 warders.
Sir William Usher, Knight, constable of Wicklow Castle, a porter.
Richard Milten, constable of a ward at Carnowe, in co. Wicklow, 12 warders.
Sir Richard Masterson, Knight, constable of Wexford Castle, 10 warders.
Sir George Carey, Knight, constable of Dungarven, a porter and 12 warders.
Sir Thomas Roper, Knight, constable of Castlemaine, 4 horsemen and 12 footmen.
Sir Francis Barkley, Knight, constable of Limerick Castle, a porter, a cannoner, and 20 warders.
Capt. Henry Skipwith, constable of Castle Park, a lieutenant a cannoner, and 20 warders.
Sir Francis Slingsby, Knight, constable of Halbowling, a lieutenant and 20 warders.
William Smith, gunner.
The Earl of Clanricard, constable of Athlone, 20 warders.
Sir James Fullerton, Knight, for the ward of Sligo, 10 warders.
Sir John Kinge, Knight, for the ward of the abbey of Boyle, 10 warders.
Jesper Harbert, constable of Burrishowle, 10 warders.
Capt. John St. Barbe, constable of a castle on the Curlewes, 10 warders.
Capt. Maurice Griffith, constable of Drumruske, 9 warders.
Sir Richard Greame, Knight, constable of Fort of Old Court, 9 warders.
Sir Thomas Phillips, Knight, for ward of Coleraine, a constable and 10 warders.
Capt. Faithful Fortescue, constable of castle of Carrigfergus, 20 warders.
John Dallwaye, constable of palace of Carrigfergus.
Capt. Anthony Smith, constable of castle of Newry, a porter and 12 warders.
Archie Moore, constable of Ballinecargie, 6 warders.
Capt. Henry Athertone, constable of Mountnorris, 10 warders.
George Trevillian, constable of Masseryn, 10 warders.
Sir Thomas Phillips, Knight, constable of Toome, 12 warders.
John Liegh [Leigh], constable of Thomey [the Omey], 6 horsemen and 14 footmen.
Sir Arthur Chichester, Knight, for the ward of Cullmore, a constable, a gunner, 10 warders (increase of entertainment granted by letters patent upon letters of the 13th June 1609).
John Meeke, ward of Dunganon, a constable and 12 warders.
Thomas Ledsame, porter there.
Capt. William Elling, constable of Doe Castle, discharged ult. July 1610, 12 warders.
Capt. Richard Bingley, constable of Doe Castle, succeeded him 1 Aug. 1610, 12 warders.
Capt. Bassill Brook, constable of Donegal, 15 warders.
Capt. William Cole, constable of Enniskillin, 10 warders.
Capt. Hugh Culme, constable of Cloughoughter, 10 warders.
Marmaduke Whitchurch, constable of castle of Carlingford, 6 warders.
Arthur Bagnall, Esq., constable of Greene Castle, 10 warders.
Capt. Edward Doddington, constable of Dungevan, 15 warders.
Sir Foulke Conway, Knight, for the ward of Enishlaughlin, constable and 14 warders.
Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy, in list for 50, a captain, lieutenant, cornet, and 50 horsemen.
The Lord Danvers, Lord President of Munster, in list 50, like officers, &c.
The Earl of Clanriccard, Lord President of Connaught, in list 50, like officers and company.
Capt. John Kingsmell, in list 50, the like.
Sir Richard Wingfield, Knight, Marshal, in list 20, a lieutenant, a cornet, and 20 horsemen.
Sir Oliver Lambert, Knight, in list 25, a lieutenant, a cornet, aud 25.
Sir Gerrott Moore, Knight, in list 25, like officers and company.
|Sir Henry Folyot, Knight, in list 10||10 horsemen.|
|Capt. Charles Coote, provost marshal of Connaught, in list 12||12 "|
|Captain Richard Aldworth, provost marshal of Munster, in list 12||12 "|
|Sir Edward Harbert, Knight, in list 12||12 "|
Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy, in list 150, a captain, lieutenant, ensign, 3 serjeants, 2 drums, a surgeon, and 142 soldiers.
Earl of Clanriccard, Lord President of Connaught, in list 100, a lieutenant, an ensign, 2 serjeants, a drum, a surgeon, and 94 footmen.
Lord Danvers, Lord President of Munster, in list 100, like officers and company.
Sir Thomas Ridgeway, Knight, Treasurer at War, in list 100, like ditto.
Sir Richard Wingfielde, Knight, Marshal, in list 100, like ditto.
Sir Oliver St. John, Knight, Master of the Ordnance, in list 100, like ditto.
Earl of Thomond, in list 100, like ditto.
Lord of Howth, in list 100, like ditto.
Sir Henry Power, Knight, in list 100, like ditto.
Sir Richard Morrison, Knight, in list 100, like ditto.
Sir Henry Folyot, Knight, in list 100, like ditto.
The Mayor, Sheriffs, and commonalty of Carrigfergus, 100 footmen, a captain, and like officers.
Sir Francis Russhe, Knight, in list 50, a lieutenant, an ensign, 1 serjeant, a drum, a surgeon, and 45 footmen.
Sir Oliver Lambert, Knight, in list 50, like officers and company.
Sir Foulke Conway, Knight, in list 50, like ditto.
Sir Thomas Roper, Knight, in list 50, like ditto.
Sir Richard Hansard, Knight, in list 50, like ditto.
Sir Thomas Rotheram, Knight, in list 50, like ditto.
Capt. William Nuce, in list 50, like ditto.
Sir Edward Blaney, Knight, in list 50, like ditto.
Sir Francis Rooe, Knight, in list 50, like ditto.
Sir Tobias Cawlfield, Knight, in list 50, like ditto.
Sir Thomas Phillips, Knight, in list 50, like ditto.
Capt. Hercules Francis Cooke, in list 50, like ditto.
Capt. John Vaughan, in list 50, like ditto.
Capt. William Stuart, in list 50, like ditto.
Captain Patrick Craforde, in list 50, like ditto.
Lord Crumwell, in list 50, like ditto.
Capt. Arthur Bassett, succeeded by Sir James Parratt, in list 50, like ditto,
Pensioners of the list, at 4l. 19s. 2d. per diem.
George Ridgeway, Richard Bingley, Thomas Hibbotts, at 5s. each per diem; Edward Southworth, at 4s. 10d.; Capt John St. Barbe, Wm. Longe, at 4s.; Francis Gainsforde, at 3s. 9d.; Sir George Greame, at 3s. 6d.; John Strowde, at 3s. 4d.; Dermot M'Morrice, Martyn Lysley, Adrian FitzSymon, at 3s.; Christopher Wackley, William Hamden, at 2s. 8d.; Walter Whyte, James Delahoyde, John Lye, at 2s. 6d.; Capt. Samuel Harrison, at 2s. 4d.; Gerrott Boine, John Kelly, William Story, Michael Pinnock, at 2s.; Fergus Greame, Jonas Liliard, at 1s. 8d.; Morough M'Teige Oge, Hen. Borrowes, John Gillett, Walter Brady, William Putt, at 1s. 6d.; John Frith, Richard Mapouther, at 1s. 4d.; Daniel Burne, at 1s. 3d.; Robert Moore, at 1s. 2d.; Nicholas Crehall, John Nellson, Edmund Leadbeter, William Hitherington, Robert Whitheade, John Norton, Thomas Marshall, Robert Dixon, at 1s.; Capt. Mar. Nelson, John Birckett, at 10d.; Quintyne Rutledge, at 9d.; William Carie, at 8d.; John M'Sheary, at 7d.; Simeon Field, Cahier O'Reilye, at 6d.
Pensioners by letters patent, at 17s. 1½d. per diem.
Christopher Payton, Esq., assignee to Thomas Fleming, at 20d. per diem; Capt. Mar. Nelson, at 30l. per annum; Owen Ap Hugh, at 4s. per diem; Manus M'Shehee, Anthony Farrs, at 20d.; Dowly M'Brian, at 2s. 6d.; Anthony Huggins, at 2s.; Gilduff Smith, Willam Brereton, at 12d.
Edmund Booy, John Caswell, Richard M'Sett, John FitzGerrald, Dennis Brady, John Brenon, Henry Hawe, Patrick Martyn, John Donnell, William Trevor, Edmund Kelly, Turlaugh O'Galchor, at 4½d. each per diem; John Beaghan, deceased, at 4d.; William Gallway, succeeding him, at 4d.
Pensioners lately erected.
Lawrence Mastersone, Richard Owen, Rory M'Quilye, Gregory Norton, Henry O'Neale, Con O'Neale, Lesaugh O'Connor, at 4s. each per diem; Donell Cavenagh at 10s. per diem; Jane, Ellyn, and Elizabeth FitzGerald, at 5l. each per annum; John Wogan, at 2s. per diem.
Pensioners newly increased.
Walter Edney, Bryan M'Donagh, at 4s. each per diem.
Pensioners entered by establishment, 1 April 1605.
Sir Charles Wilmott, at 200l. English per annum; Robert Cowell, at 8s. per diem; Patrick Cullen, deceased, at 4s. per diem, beginning 1 April 1610, and ending 3rd of the same, which day he died.
Eighteen maimed soldiers.
Bryan O'Dollane, Thomas O'Mullchane, William Birte, Philip Brady, Laughlin O'Harraghan, William O'Connor, Dennis Kelly, William O'Lorkan, Thomas Purcell, Henry Till, Daniel Enose, Richard Taafe, Walter Nugent, Dennis Purcell, Edmund Bowen, Laughlin Colman, John M'Can, Bryan Gill, at 3s. each weekly.
Pensioners entered by establishment, 1 April 1606.
Sir John Jepson, Sir Ralph Constable, Sir Richard Piercy, Knt., at 100l. each per annum; Sir Richard Trevor, at 50l.; Capt. William Meares, Capt. John Pikeman, at 6s. 8d. each per diem.
Pensioners entered by establishment, 1 Oct. 1607.
Robert Savage at 2s. 8d. per diem; Capt. Henry Moyle, at 5s. 4d.; Sir Oliver Lambert, Knt., at 4s.
Pensioners entered by establishment, 1 Oct. 1608.
Donnaugh Kelly at 12d.; Daniel O'Carroll at 18d.
Officers of the Musters.
John Corbett, Esq., overseer of the Musters, at 3s. 4d. per diem; Ralph Birchensha, Esq., comptroller, at 20s.; John Maynard, John Staughton, commissaries, at 3s. 4d.; Anthony Reynolds, commissary, deceased, 1 to 7 April 1610, John Cary succeeding; Baptist Johns, commissary, discharged 1 April to 15 June 1610, William Holland succeeding.
Entertainments allowed for keeping of boats.
Capt. John Vaughan, for boats of Loughfoile, and 10 men; Capt. William Cole, for boats of Balleshanon, and 10 men; Capt. Hugh Clottworthy, for bark and boats of Masseryn and Loughsidney, and 16 men; James Williamsone, overseer of boats at Athlone.
Entertainments allowed to provost marshals and servitors of Irish birth.
Moyses Hill, provost marshal, cos. Downe and Antrim; Hugh Culme, provost marshal, co. Cavan and parts adjoining; William Lyons, provost marshal, co. Wexford and parts adjoining.
Servitors of Irish birth.
Tirlaugh M'Arte O'Neale, Bryan Modder O'Neale, and three others, Dennis Dae, Owen M'Hugh, Edmund Groome O'Hanlone, Shane M'Bryan O'Neale, Turlaugh O'Gormley, Rory O'Cane, Tady O'Farrall, Rory O'Doghertye.
Sum of the entertainments grown due to the Lord Deputy and other officers, with their retinues, bands, and companies of horsemen and footmen, warders, pensioners, and others, contained and allowed in His Majesty's establishment dated 1 Oct. 1608 doth amount for 183 days, beginning 1 April 1610 and ending 30 Sept. same year, to the sum of, viz., to—
887. Victualling of Ships. [Sept. 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 129.
Declaration of the charge for victualling the ships on the coast of Ireland for two years and three quarters.
P. 1. Endd.
888. Petition of Randall Ince to the Earl of Salisbury, Lord High Treasurer of England. [Sept.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 129 A.
Prays for a grant in reversion of the office of usher and marshal of His Majesty's Exchequer in Ireland, with all such yearly wages, &c., wherewith Richard Dutton now enjoys the same.
889. Petition of Mr. William Parsons, Surveyor of Ireland, to Salisbury. [Sept.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 129 B.
Solicits a lease in reversion of the rectories of Clonaghles and Palmerston and other lands to the value of 100 marks per annum.
890. Petition of James Duffe to Salisbury. [Sept.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 129 C.
Prays for immediate payment of sums lent to Sir Thos. Ridgeway, who had induced him to come to London for that purpose.
P. 1. Add. pasted on.