James I: October 1610

Pages 514-522

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610. Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1874.

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James I: October 1610

891. Sir Arthur Chichester to Sir John Davys. [Oct. 1.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 325.

Warrant to draw a fiant of a new corporation for the town of Cavan, and to pass to the said town 500 acres of land.— Merrion, 1 October 1610.

P. 1. Orig. Endd.: "A warrant for the corporation of the Cavan."

892. Sir Arthur Chichester to Sir John Davys. [Oct. 6.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 327.

Warrant to make out a fiant of a grant to George Trevillian of the office of provost marshal of the province of Munster, in pursuance of the King's letters of 20 June 1610. —Dublin, 6 October 1610.

P. 1. Orig. Endd.: "Captn. Trevillian, 1610."

893. Sir Arthur Chichester to Sir John Davys. [Oct. 8.] Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 327.

Warrant to draw a fiant containing a grant from the King of the office of His Highness's escheator and feodary in the counties of Dublin, Wicklow, Wexford, Kilkenny, Catherlaugh, Kildare, King's and Queen's Counties, Louth, Meath, Westmeath, and Longford, to Walter White, heretofore enjoyed by Nicholas Kenny, on the death or other avoidance of the office by the said Nicholas Kenny, according to the tenor of His Highness's letters written in behalf of Walter White, dated Hampton Court, 13 Sept. 1610.— Dublin Castle, 8 October 1610.

P. 1. Orig. Endd.: "Mr. Walter White, 1610.'

894. Sir Humphrey Winche to Salisbury. [Oct. 10.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 130.

The Lord Deputy has committed to him the charge of business to be propounded in the intended Parliament here, and he, with some of the judges, barons, and King's learned counsel, have made some entrance, but the propositions being many and of great moment, it cannot well be before Candlemas, in regard their proceedings will receive some stay by the term causes, the taking of the accounts, and other services which daily interpose; but by the midst of February he hopes to present them to his Lordship and the rest of His Highness's most honourable Privy Council. Complains of the great defects he found in trials during his last circuit in Munster, for want of indifferent jurors, which would be amended if the undertakers of that province performed their covenants in making freeholders and planting of English, who might be indifferent between His Majesty and his subjects, and his subjects of English and Irish birth (which those of this country's birth are not). Suggests that the undertakers be urged to settle freeholders and English upon their seignories according to their covenants, or else that they be punished for the breach.—Dublin, 10 October 1610.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.: "To remember that a letter be written from the Lords that the undertakers of Mounster may be urged to create and settle freeholders."

895. Sir Thomas Ridgeway to Salisbury. [Oct. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 131.

Learns by a letter of Henry Reynolds that an information has been made against him for defects of payment. Is deeply distressed by this, and is prepared, when he learns particulars of the charge, to refute it. Prays to be judged by his books, by which he will stand or fall. Appeals to the Lord Deputy and to all in the public service for the punctuality of his payments. Enters into particulars as to payments for the public service in the presidency of Munster, and cessing on the country in that government, in which he declares that he will fully establish his promptness and accuracy of his payments. Repeats his confident assertion that never was there under any treasurer, a more provident care had of the resources and service of the kingdom, and begs of Salisbury to send forward without delay the balance still unpaid of the supply for last quarter, which he will expect in a month at furthest. —Rathfarnham, 12 October 1610.

Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.

896. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Oct. 14.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 132.

Expects to send their general dispatch concerning their proceedings in the matter of the Ulster plantation, signed by all the commissioners who attended that service, in eight or ten days. Sir Humphrey Winche, the Chief Justice, intending to return to England at Candlemas next, he (Chichester) is to advertise Salisbury in the meantime to think of a person to be his successor.

As the judges of late have all come from Lincoln's Inn, which grew (as he conceives) from the recommendation which the predecessor gave to his friend whom he wished to succeed him, suggests for his Lordship's consideration whether some selections should be made from the other inns. Such has been the scarcity of money, that the army whilst they were this summer in the field was supplied with borrowed money and beeves taken up upon credit, and he doubts not but Mr. Treasurer has given bills for the money payable in England, and that they are satisfied accordingly.

To these matters of Treasury he is almost a stranger, for since his (Salisbury's) time they have been so well paid that no complaints have been made to him by captains, officers, or soldiers until now, when (as they say) it is hard with them, for the scarcity and want of money is so general that little is to be taken up in town or country.

At this time of the year the wealth of this city is in wares and commodities, and not in money, for the merchants bring from thence in summer what is to serve the best part of the kingdom for all the winter following. Besides which he conceives that the London undertakers of the plantation deal with the merchants here to make over their payments to their agents in the north; which he would gladly prevent, that their purse might walk among us as well as their commodities, for by this they are disabled to borrow as they have been accustomed, with which he finds Mr. Treasurer very much grieved and discontented. Urges, therefore, a speedy supply of treasure.— Dublin Castle, 14 October 1610.

Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd.

897. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Oct. 16.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 438.

Warrant to accept a surrender of, and make a re-grant of all his manor, castle, and lands of Keantwirck, held under the Crown to Dermond M'Owen M'Carthye, of Keantwirck [Kanturk], in the county of Cork, to be held of the King in free and common soccage as of the Castle of Dublin, with liberty to impark and have free warren in 150 Irish acres of the lands, together with courts leet and courts baron, two fairs yearly, and one weekly market, to be kept at and within the said manor of Keantwirck; a proviso to be inserted in the grant that the same prejudice not the payment of compositions of Leinster, Connaught, and Munster.—Westminster, 16 October, in the eighth year of the King's reign.

P. 1. Signed at head. Add. Enrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 16th of October 1610. From the Kinge's Matie, to accept of the surrender of the castle, lands, &c., of Dermond M'Owen M'Cartie, of Keantwicke, &c., and re-grant the same. Re. the 20th of March."

898. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Oct. 16.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 440.

Warrant to accept the surrender of, and re-grant to David Roche, Lord Viscount Fermoy, of the manors, castle, land, &c., of Castletown, Glenor, and Bealaghaghie, in the county of Cork, and to re-grant the same to the said David, Lord Viscount Fermoy, the said manor of Castletown only to be held of the King by knight's service in capite, and to hold all the rest in free and common soccage as of the Castle of Dublin.— Westminster, 16 October, in the eighth year of the King's reign.

Pp. 1½. Signed at head. Add. Enrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "In the behalf of the Lord Roche, &c. Of the 16 of October 1610. From the Kinge's Matie, to accept a surrender of the lands of Lord Roche, and to re-grant the same. Re. the 19th of March."

899. Earl of Kildare to Salisbury. [Oct. 17.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 133.

The death of his old aunt has given him new occasion to desire his Lordship's indifferent favour. The letter he has written to the Lords of the Council expresses the cause. His adversary challenges all the lands belonging to his title, and has cunningly crept in to be a tenant for certain of his lands, which, possessing as a lessee, he holds as his inheritance. He has used peaceable means to come by his possession, and has been forcibly resisted by Sir Robert Digbie's men. His Lordship may judge whether a few of Sir Robert's men could keep possession of his inheritance, but he has forborne to use violence, hoping by his favour and by the information he has sent to the rest of the Lords, to be, according to His Majesty's letters and their Lordships', established in his possession. Desiring the continuance of his favour, &c.—Maynooth, 17 October 1610.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.

900. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Oct. 19.] Philad. P., vol. 4, p. 91.

Requests on behalf of one John Carpenter, gentleman, that Sir Arthur may expedite the passing of his patent for the reversion of some preferment in Ireland, as promised by His Majesty, and according to the King's own letter already sent to Sir Arthur; the rather as he (Mr. Carpenter) is obliged to employ a friend in the business, being himself unable to go over, having departed in the train of His Majesty's ambassador to the State of Venice.—Whitehall, 19 October 1610.

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, T. Suffolke, Gilb. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester.

P. ½. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 19th of October 1610. From the Lls. of the Councell, in the behalfe of one Carpenter, to passe a graunte of what it hath pleased the King's Matie to bestow upon him. Re. the 10th of Februarie."

901. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Oct. 25.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 442.

Warrant to accept of Sir Christopher Plunket, of Dunsoghly, in the county of Dublin, in consideration of the good services, as well of the said Sir Christopher as of his grandfather and ancestors, who of long time have served the King's noble progenitors, a surrender of Laragours and Flemington, in the county of Meath, and also of the late dissolved monastery of St. John the Baptist of Newton by Trim, in the said county of Meath, which he holds by lease for years; part of which premises is passed to others in fee-simple and fee-farm, and by leases in reversion, and to grant to him so much as are held by leases for years as are not as yet passed to others, in fee-simple and fee-farm, and also to accept his surrender of Dunsoghly and Harristown, in the county of Dublin, to be held at their former rents and services.—Westminster, 25 October, in the eighth year of the King's reign.

Pp. 4. Signed at head. Add. Enrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 25th of October 1610. From the Kinge's Matie, in the behalfe of Sir Christopher Plunkett, to re-passe his landes upon a surrender, &c. Re. the 17th of December."

902. Patrick Tirry to Salisbury. [Oct. 25.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 134.

Is an alderman of the city of Cork, where he was mayor four years since, and was the first that both repaired to church and swore the oath of His Majesty's supremacy since His Highness's reign or many years before; for proof of which he refers to the late Lord President's letters to him, sent herewith, signifying his thankfulness to him for the same. For this he is maligned and hated of all his kinsmen, neighbours, and citizens, as well within the said city as elsewhere; whereby he is not able to inhabit or dwell amongst them without the countenance of his Honour and this State.

Beseeches his Lordship therefore that, for the many good offices he has done during the time of his mayoralty, and especially in procuring sundry the inhabitants of the said city to come as then to the church, according to the trust reposed in him by the said late Lord President, as may be testified by sundry,—that he will accept him into his service and attend ance, and he will not fail to do the uttermost of his faithful service to him during his life.

Note signed by Salisbury.—"I have more servants than I need to keep, and therefore must require the petitioner to seek some other master.—25 October 1610."

P. 1. Orig.

903. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Oct. 27.] Philad. P., vol. 4, p. 93.

They send over the form of a surrender of certain escheated lands granted to the Lady Mary Nugent, Lady Dowager of Delvin, and Richard, Lord Delvin, her son, by two several patents, the one dated 14th of June, in the second year of His Majesty's reign, the other the 7th of December, in the third of his reign, which they have previously purported to surrender to the King in order to restore the lands to the O'Farrells, the former owners, but the surrender failed of effect for some imperfection in the instrument of surrender.

The present form has been signed by the Attorney-General of England, and when executed (if the said Lady Nugent be still alive) by the said Lady and Lord Delvin, is to be there enrolled, and then sent over to England in order to the King's granting the said surrendered lands, as to his wisdom shall seem meet.—Whitehall, 27 October 1610.

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., R. Salisbury, H. Northampton, Notingham, T. Suffolke, Gilb. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester, E. Wotton.

P. 1. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 27 of October 1610. From the Lls. of the Councell to cause the L. of Delvin to make a newe surrender of the lands he past formerly within the countie of Longforde, &c. Re. the 21st of Januarie."

904. Sir Arthur Chichester to the King. [Oct. 31.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 229, 134 A.

"Most gracious Sovereign,—It is now almost six years since it pleased your Majesty to advance me to this kingdom's government, in which I have carefully followed your princely directions and the advices and directions of the Lords of your Council, and have of myself taken hold of every occasion offered for the advancement of your Majesty's service and profit, or for the reformation of what time's neglect or countries' troubles had brought into error and confusion, whereby your kingdom and people are somewhat amended and greater hopes of reformation and quiet appearing than in former times hath been conceived.

"My carriage and success therein is not fit to be rehearsed by particulars in my letters to your Majesty, seeing your gracious acceptance of my labours (of which sundry of your Highness's letters do make ample declaration) doth assure me that the same are otherways sufficiently made known unto you, but I may say I hope (without being thought a praiser of mine own actions) that what I have undertaken upon your Majesty's directions, or of myself for the good of the commonwealth and the advancement of your service, it hath prospered and taken good success, which I do wholly attribute to God's blessings poured upon your Majesty's happy government.

"And for this great work of the plantation of the escheated lands in the province of Ulster now in hand, though it be a matter of difficulty and will be infinitely opposed by the natives, who are many in number, and not sufficiently provided for by the distribution of the precincts made there, yet am I confident of the success in some good measure, if the purses and resolution of the British undertakers be answerable to the work they have in hand, and that we, by your Majesty's power and providence, secured from open invasion and all underhand aid and assistance to be given to the discontented here from foreign parts.

"For the first, albeit some of those that have repaired hither are noblemen and gentlemen of good spirits and sufficiency, yet do they not promise in the general so much as is to be done in a work of so great moment and consequence, for to remove and displant the natives (who are a warlike people) but of the greatest part of six whole counties, and to bring in strangers to replant the same, is not a work for private men, who expect a present profit, or to be performed without blows or opposition.

"For the latter, I have reason to believe that the natives of those counties, and not they only, but many others as ill affected towards the good settlement of that part of the kingdom as themselves, together with the priests, friars, and Jesuits here, do labour to draw over the fugitives to their aid and assistance, or to furnish them with arms and munition, thereby to enable them to give opposition to your Highness's intentions; for albeit they have plentifully tasted of your Majesty's clemency and happy government to their great profit and comfort, yet to alter their rude and uncivil customs and to bring them to live by their labours, or on small portions of land by manuring and stocking of it with goods of their own, is as grievous unto them as to be made bondslaves.

"And therefore, that the work should receive some opposition is not strange or to be repined at by those that are to undertake it; for it is one of the greatest that hath been taken in hand by any your Majesty's predecessors in many ages.

"Great things move slowly, and if this be not brought to pass within two or three years, yet if it be fully effected in your Majesty's time it will be a great happiness to all your dominions and memorable to all posterity.

"If my poor endeavours may give any help and furtherance to so glorious and worthy a design, besides my obedience and duty to your Majesty, my heart is so well affected unto it, that I had rather labour with my hands in the plantation of Ulster, than dance or play in that of Virginia.

"I have endeavoured in one thing since I came to the government in which I know the success hath not answered your Majesty's expectation, nor hath it given unto me and many other of your good subjects here the comfort which we promised to ourselves, which is the extirpation of Popery and the reformation of your people in matter of religion and the true service of God; but in this we have failed, not through any default of ours, but of the times, the divine and almighty providence having reserved it to be the work of some other, to whom God grant better success and that speedily, for His glory and your Majesty's better security, for until the hearts of your subjects be clarified from the dross and poison of the Church of Rome, you shall never be free from the practices of rebels and traitors in this land, nor in the rest of your dominions.

"I know it becomes me not to write long letters to your Majesty, but my zeal to your service and of your safety hath carried me beyond my wonted manner. I am unknown to your Majesty other than by my employment here, and I doubt not my advancement to this place is attended with envy and perhaps with malice, but your Highness hath promised to support me in my actions, and in my old age, in which I rest so assured that I spend my time next in the service of my God wholly in that of your Majesty, and desire no longer to live than that I am your Majesty's humble subject and faithful servant.—Dublin Castle, last of October 1610."

Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd.

905. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Northampton. [Oct. 31.] Cotton MSS., Tit. B. x. 9 (2) f. 195. B.M.

As there is little in the condition of affairs of importance except what concerns the plantation of the escheated lands in Ulster, and as he has entered largely into the subject in his general letter, he will not trouble him with more. His Lordship has made a good choice in the persons he has sent "to undertake his precynct," and if "their resolution be as good to abide a storme when it happens, there is no doubt but they will doe well and will finde commoditie by it." But when he considers the greatness and difficulty of the work, and the condition and qualities of the parties that have undertaken, that is, such as have yet come in person, he conceives that these are not the men who must perform the business; for "to displant the natives, who are a warlike people, out of the greatest part of six whole counties, is not a work for private men who seeke a present profitt."

In the distribution of "precyncts," cannot but think that the natives and servitors were greatly neglected, except in the Cavan. Conceived that one half, at least, of each county would have been left assigned for them; but now they have but one barony in a county, and in some counties less. This has discontented the natives and servitors, and has caused them to embarrass the work in every way; and, had he not disarmed them in the first and second year after he came to the government, many of them had by this time declared themselves "reables;" and even now, if he be not furnished with money and munitions to encounter them at the first symptom of a rising, their strength will be formidable.

Has already recommended the laying by of 20,000l. or 30,000l. for the purpose, which may save many a thousand at one time or other.

Sir Oliver Lambert is well acquainted with all occurrences there, and with his (Chichester's) views. Professes his gratitude and entire devotedness.—Castle of Dublin, the last of October 1610.

Pp. 2. Hol. Sealed. Endd.