Milan: 1421

Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts in the Archives and Collections of Milan 1385-1618. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1912.

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'Milan: 1421', in Calendar of State Papers and Manuscripts in the Archives and Collections of Milan 1385-1618, (London, 1912) pp. 3-4. British History Online [accessed 19 April 2024]


Oct. 21.
3. Public instrument of peace and alliance between Henry V, King of England, and Thomas di Campo Fregoso, Doge of Genoa. (fn. 1)
Be it known that Philip, bishop of Worcester, John Stafford, keeper of the privy seal, and William Alnevil, the king's secretary, on behalf of King Henry, and Rafaelo Spinula and Stefano Lomelino, ambassadors of Genoa, on behalf of that city, has made the following treaty:
Firstly there shall be friendship, unity, alliance and a firm league between the said king and his subjects and the said community.
That all injuries inflicted hitherto shall be considered as quit, and no action shall be taken on their account.
That each party will maintain peace and good will with the other for all time, though they shall not be bound to enter any war in which the other party may be engaged, but may even continue to trade with the other party's enemies.
The king will not give any help to the Aragonese, Catalans or any exiles of Genoa, provided his allies and confederates are not at enmity with that city. His allies are: the pope, the King of the Romans, Charles, King of the French, the Kings of Portugal, Sweden, Denmark and Norway, the Dukes of Savoy and Bavaria, and Jacoba, Duchess of Holland.
Genoa will give no help to the Dauphin Charles, or to any other disobedient subjects of the king's realm of France, to the Castilians, Scots or any other notorious enemies, provided the allies of Genoa are not at enmity with the king. The allies are the pope, the King of the Romans, and King Louis, if he makes war for Apulia and Sicily, and any others who shall be notified before All Saints next, but not including the dauphin or others named above.
If the king, by virtue of some previous league, gives help to any making war on Genoa, he shall give Genoese merchants and their agents eight months' notice to withdraw freely from his territories with all their ships and goods; and Genoa shall do the same for his merchants in like case.
All subjects of the king may trade freely at Genoa and go and come as they please with their goods, except such as cannot be taken away, owing to special prohibition, after paying the customary duties; and all Genoese subjects shall have the like privileges in England upon the like conditions.
If any one infringes this compact he shall be punished by the party to whose jurisdiction and power it pertains, but the league and friendship shall not be affected on that account.
If either of the parties enters into an alliance with any other power, the other party shall be specifically excepted. The subjects of both parties shall treat each other as friends by land and sea, and shall be under the safe conduct of their respective rulers.
The king and doge will ratify all the above articles.
The doge and community of Genoa will pay to William Waldern and his fellows, citizens of London, who obtained letters of marque against the Genoese for wool taken at Genoa, 6,000l. sterling, and for damages and expenses, to wit, 1,000l. at Michaelmas next, and so yearly until the whole sum is paid, when the letters of marque shall be surrendered.
The above was agreed upon on the 29th May, 1421.
Ratified by the king and the said ambassadors.
Dated at Westminster, the 26th October, 1421.
Examined and authenticated by Antonius de Credentia, public notary and chancellor of Genoa.


  • 1. Dumont: Corps Diplomatique, Vol. ii, part 2, pages 155–7.