Index: O, P

Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 31, 1657-1659. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1931.

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'Index: O, P', Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 31, 1657-1659, (London, 1931), pp. 369-377. British History Online [accessed 19 June 2024].

. "Index: O, P", in Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 31, 1657-1659, (London, 1931) 369-377. British History Online, accessed June 19, 2024,

. "Index: O, P", Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 31, 1657-1659, (London, 1931). 369-377. British History Online. Web. 19 June 2024,


Obson. See Hobson.

Ochincurt d'. See Monchy, Charles de, marechal d' Hocquincourt.

Odenarde. See Audenarde.

oil, ship lading, plundered at Diano, 225.

Olivenza [Estremadura, Spain], capitulates to Spaniards, 79, 81.

Omont, d', marshal. See Aumont, Antoine.

Onslow, Anslo, Sir Richard, speech on proposed change of government, 27.

Opdam, sieur de. See Wassenar, Jacques de.

opium, administered to Cromwell, serious effect, 169.

Orange, Princess of. See Mary, daughter of Charles I.

Orange, Dutch warship, stopped and searched Society, 163.

Ormond, Ormon, countess of. See Butler, Elizabeth.

-, marquis of. See Butler, James.

Ormont. See Aumont, Antoine.

Ostend [Prov. W. Flanders, Belgium]:
-, Louis to help English to take, 51.
-, English prisoners at, proposed exchange, 54.
-, blockade of, some ships slip out, 95; 13 English ships blockading, 184.
-, letters to be sent by instead of Dunkirk, 112, 117.
-, Goodson reports destruction of Dutch squadron off, 177; ships of Charles at, question of Dutch ownership, 182.
-, Aumont's attempt to capture by intelligence, 195; failure of, 196; report of disaster at confirmed, 199; failure at might cool relations with French, 203.
-, Spanish troops withdrawn to, well defended and supplied, 227; English want to begin campaign with siege of, 287.

-, ships of:

depredations by, 24, 43, 47, 73.

activities restricted by blockade, 51; capture most of provisions sent to Dunkirk, 271.

Ottomans. See Turkey.

oven, portable, invention offered to the Senate, 166.

Overton, Everton, Major Gen. Robert, ex-governor of Hull, fetched from Jersey, 292; reception in London, arrested, 298; summoned before parliament and set at liberty, 300.

Oxford University, members of sent for, for consultation, 176.


Pack, Pach, Sir Christopher, ex-mayor of London, asks leave to introduce proposal, 22; opposition of army to, 23.

Pain, Richard, captain of the Eastland Merchant, 141n.

Paizeley, —. captain of Cromwell's guard, succeeds Bright as governor of Hull, 103.

Palatine, Elector of the Rhine. See Charles Louis.

pamphlets, broadsheets:
-, recounting benefit conferred on Brandenburg by Sweden, 232.
-, issued by Petkum on causes of
-, Swedo Danish war, 300; another in reply to, on Swedish side, 300—1.

papal nuncios. See tinder ambassadors.

-, states. See Church, States of the.

papists. See Catholics.

Paramour, Paramor:
-, gallant conduct in fight at Dardanelles, 87.
-, demand for pay due to, 125, 173, 183, 249, 272; satisfaction promised, 133, 145, 256.
-, heavily engaged off Imbros, 173n.

Pardini, —, merchant, money of Dorat in hands of, 246.

Paris, France, 25, 51, 185, 234, 241.
-, despatches dated at, 14, 16, 21, 26, 30, 33, 37, 44, 47, 131, 133, 136, 142, 151, 161, 175, 184, 186, 229, 245, 247, 257, 259, 273, 276, 278, 281, 287.
-, news from, 50, 180.
-, Lockhart returns to, 7, 10, 13, 15–6; his wife joins him at, 21; his state entry into, 29, 30; Lockhart gives up house at, 44, 50; Lockhart returns to, 135, 257; Lockhart in bad odour with people of, 150.
-, Giavarina finds London as expensive as, 80; Finchen will find pledges at, 151.
-, Bordeaux allowed to return to, 132; Turenne at, for some days, 142.
-, Lockhart conferring with Mazarin at, 141, 150; Lockhart dislikes living at, 259.
-, Neapolitan refugees at, 158; plan to kidnap two English youths at, 180.
-, Mazarin wishes to see what written from, about king's illness, 227; Court returns to, 245.
-, failure of Arson at, 233; Signori Zanardi arrive from, 239.
-, application of merchants to against La Meilleraie, 275.

-, the Louvre, Lockhart received at, 30.

-, Catholic plot to blow up, 9; Richard III instituted by, like Cromwell, 34; Henry VII raised to crown by, 48.
-, power to decide occupant of throne, 37; Cromwell's confirmation by, 74.
-, Lambert likely to oppose royal title when meets again, 103; Cromwell promises consideration of Palatine's pension when meets again, 122.
-, Fairfax gives assurance for Buckingham to appear at next, 128; Protector and Council considering reassembling of, 139, 140; Buckingham banished by, 241, 296.
-, Colonel Cook served, 156; and Pudsey, 157.
-, Cromwell thinks of calling another, 172; may be hard to get, as people may refuse to elect to, 172; Council devising way to summon, 185.
-, Council decides to summon another, 189; to meet in June, 194; calling up postponed, 200; to meet in September, 226, 231.
-, discussion upon business to be presented to, 194; need of, to grant money, 226, 230.
-, will take up question of royal title, 226; Cromwell obliged to appoint successor by act of, 239.
-, arrangements for meeting, issue of writs, 228; postponed to November, 239; deferred till later, 244.
-, grant of assignment to protector's widow illegal without sanction of, 285–6.

-, the long:

passed Act of Oblivion, 4, 6; Cromwell condemned action of, 47; Cromwell wishes repeal of act concerning treason, 47, 53.

appointed Warwick as admiral, 102; some who bore arms against unseated, 293.

peers who were loyal to retain right to sit in House of Lords, 297.

-, the second Protectorate:

discussions on raising money for Spanish war, 1, 5; proposals for poll and hearth tax in, 17.

silent about question of succession, 2, 4; Lockhart refers to wish to make Cromwell king, 32; effect of decision on Lockhart, 44.

probable dissolution of, 4–5; believed to be at hand, 7; likely to continue to September, 19.

sharp letter of Cromwell to, about death sentences, 4; account of plot sent to, congratulations on escape, 11; accident to deputation, 14.

question of Act of Oblivion in, 4–5; royalist petition to against decimation, 6; conspiracy devised to prevent amnesty by, 9; decimation discussed in, 12; abolished, 16.

discussion of Militia Bill in, 5, 12; noisy disputes over, 15; Militia Bill defeated in, 16.

adjourned owing to illness of Speaker, 9; sittings resumed, 11; thanksgiving for Protector's escape, entertained by him at banquet, 20–1.

reason for favouring decimation, 13; votes subsidy as sop to Cromwell, 16.

finds no means for raising the monthly tax, 17; decides to tax new houses, 21.

Pack introduces motion in for change of government, 22; proposal approved, id.

army to present paper to, against change, 23; question left open, 27; debate on Onslow's proposals about change, 27; Lambert walks out when question debated, 28.

decision about succession and Lords, 28; continues discussion, articles pass easily, 30.

decides on rule of army and appropriation of supplies, 33; decision to offer crown, strenuous opposition, 35; Cromwell certain to approve resolution, 36.

deputation to offer crown, Cromwell's reply to, 37; demurs at delay of decision, 38; Cromwell sends for and declines offer, 41–2.

takes measures against Catholics, 38; plot of Fifth Monarchy men put in hands of, 46.

Thurloe's time occupied by, 40; Cromwell would dissolve but for need of money, 45.

decides to press offer of crown, goes to Whitehall, reply to, committee appointed, 42; disgusted at delay and presses for decision, 44; to go and renew offer, 50.

Cromwell gives committee questions to be decided, 48; examining his articles, 50; reply upon, satisfactory, 53.

to go and hear decision, 53; Cromwell's reply to, unexpected, 55; no decision about reply, 56.

army petitions against giving royal title, 55–6; discussing title to give, 57; army petitions to appoint another general, 60.

Cromwell would be surprised, if dissolved at once, 55; Cromwell may decide to dissolve, 57; he decides to continue, 67–8.

decides not to press royal title but to confirm dignity of Protector, discussing powers, 59; votes him all powers of crown, 61.

army thinks of having deputies to treat with, 60; votes estate for Fleetwood, 74.

present title and powers to Cromwell, 61–2; his reply to, 62.

discussing bill to substitute Protector for king in laws, 62; discussing how to raise money, 68.

informed of Blake's victory, greatly elated, 64; appoints day of thanksgiving, 69.

date of adjournment fixed, 68; hastening to wind up business, 71, 77; acts to be approved before adjournment, 72, 78, 82.

proposed bill against Catholics, 68; egged on by preachers, 69; Lambert's opposition to, only two supporters, 78; Catholics suffer under, 116.

adjournment so that obstacles to kingship may be removed in interval, 71.

question of prolonging session, 74; Cromwell grants prolongation for week, 77; fixed date of prorogation to please Cromwell, 81.

votes fine for those who absent themselves, 78; date of reassembling postponed to January, 82.

desires investiture of Cromwell before separating, 82; invited foreign ministers to attend, 82.

decisions serve to aggravate burden on people, 84; voted tax on new houses, 85; voted enlargement of Council, 87; and oath for, 88.

business done by committees during adjournment, 84; reassembling considered, 139, 140, 144.

French clergy point to act of against Catholics, 124; Catholics persecuted in view of reassembling, 160.

date for reassembling fixed, 142; Cromwell and Council busy preparing for opening, 151, 153; military precautions for opening, 152; all attention fixed on, 155, 159.

likely to settle question of Cromwell's coronation, 155.

Cromwell opens in state, 157–8; time spent in appointing ministers, 158; committees appointed, 162.

day of fast and humiliation for, 158, 162; disputes about Upper House, 164.

Cromwell summons to Whitehall and addresses, 162; asks that speech may be printed, 164.

Cromwell dissatisfied with, and dissolves, 165; Cromwell's real motives for dissolving, 167; Cromwell apprehensive at opposition from, 168; his excessive agitation after dissolution, 169.

people extremely incensed at breaking up of, 168; members create worst impression of government among people, 174.

French think may be upset after dissolution of, 175; Bendish may be awaiting orders from, 189.

act of, for security of Protector's person, 195; dispute about lords had much to do with dissolution, 284.

-, of 1659:

measures for speedy meeting of, 253; Richard eager for, to confirm, 255; meeting deferred until after Cromwell's funeral, 261.

suggestion to counties to choose suitable persons, 255; members chosen creatures of late Protector, 282.

expected to lead to changes, 255, 282–3; dispute whether two houses or one, 277; eager anticipation of, 282; to consist of two chambers, 284.

Whitehall busy over writs for, 275, 277; Thurloe busy over, 276; prevents attention to foreign affairs, 278; all the ministers fully occupied about, 284.

may provide money for carrying out plans, 280; affairs of army officers will be revived with, 283; alone can remedy shortage of money, 289.

elections hurried on, 282, 285; many royalist sympathisers chosen, 284; and many opponents of government, 285; some expelled as malignants, 293.

date for opening, members gathering in London, first business, 285; state opening of, 287; Richard's speech to, followed by Fiennes, 288.

fast to be celebrated by, 285, 289; celebrated, 291.

need for money likely to prevent premature dissolution, 286; Protector uncertain what to do about dissolution, 292; dissatisfied with but hopes will end well, 294–5.

chooses Speaker, preliminaries, 288–9; chooses deputy to take place, 298–9; chooses another deputy, 300.

question of votes of members for Scotland and Ireland in, 288–90; debates on, 298, 300.

and peace with Spain, 291, 297; asks for information about Swedo Danish war, Thurloe informs, 295; decision to equip powerful fleet, 296.

may deal with reinforcing fleet in Mediterranean, 291; orders report on finances of army and navy, 292.

act for recognising Protector's title debated, 291; Protector spoken of disrespectfully in, 292; act of recognition carried, 293–4.

petition to, to take army and veto out of Protector's hands, 292; debate on restriction of Protector's powers, 293.

sends ship to fetch Overton from Jersey, 292, 298.

question of constitution and powers of upper chamber, 295; debates on, 297–8.

Buckingham petitions for his liberty, 296; Petkum publishes counterblast to Thurloe's speech in, 300.

makes no progress, to annoyance of Court, 299; session interrupted by lack of Speaker, 300.

expected dissolution of, 300.

Passerini, Passarelli, Filippo, envoy of Queen Christina to Cromwell:
-, brings letters for Protector, Whitlock and Swedish ministers, 156; sees Cromwell informally, suggests attack on Naples, 158; Cromwell not disposed to listen to, 171.
-, an unfrocked Theatine, 161; makes no progress, wants to go, 171; leaves without seeing Cromwell again, 179; taking reply, 180.

Patcham, co. Sussex, 188.

Paul, the Chevalier, M. Polio, to command Toulon fleet, 161.

Pearce, Capt. Jeffrey, commander of the Guinea, fetches Overton from Jersey, 292.

Pell, Pel, John, English resident at Zurich, maintains friendly relations with canton, 129; recommended Henry Ulrich to Morland, 129n.
-, recalled, hopes for better employment, 223; back in London, 238.

Peñaranda, Pennaranda, count of. See Bracamonte, Gaspard de.

Penrose, Capt. Thomas, commander of Maidstone, 260n, 283n.

pepper, from Indies, at Leghorn, 250.

Pera of Constantinople [Turkish Empire], despatch dated at, 279.

Petersen, Hans, envoy of Hamburg to England, arrival, come on matters of sea and trade, 110; his first audience, 139; death, 231.

petition and advice, instrument, remonstrance:
-, kingship voted, army opposition, 35; Cromwell certain to accept, 36,
-, to be presented to Cromwell, 35; presented by Speaker, 37; Cromwell's reply to, asks time, 37–8; he answers by a paper declining title, 41–2.
-, parliament decides to persist with, 42; pressure on Cromwell to accept, 44.
-, Cromwell would like to accept all the articles, without the royal title, 42; he tries to gain time over, 44, 48.
-, hands criticisms of articles to deputies, 48; parliament busy considering, 49; reply taken back, considered satisfactory, 53.
-, army opposition to, 55–6; Cromwell will try to win army for, 57.
-, decision to proceed with, abandoning royal title, discussion on powers, 59; gives Cromwell same powers as with royal title, 61.
-, presented, introduced by Speaker, 61–2; Cromwell accepts, 62.
-, will make palpable change in government, 62–3; provides for Upper House, 71.

-, of royalists against decimation, 6.
-, for demolition of churches, 6.
-, against celebration of feasts, 6.
-, of E. India Co. against Dutch, 163n, 237.
-, of city of London for reducing Protector's powers, 292.

Petkum, Simon de, Danish agent, resident in England:
-, reticent about war with Sweden, 77; admits rupture, 79; denies that war with Poland one of religion, 79; presents letter to Cromwell justifying war, 86.
-, not present at Cromwell's inauguration, 82; question of precedence, 82–3.
-, has secret audience of Cromwell, 86; tries to prevent help for Sweden, 92.
-, Melo did not inform of arrival and entry, 108; no fresh credentials sent to, 264.
-, complains of seizure of Danish ships in Thames, 116.
-, to ask for levy, 156; cannot get access to Cromwell, 170; will probably be refused, 171.
-, hoping for good news about Copenhagen, 243; claims victory for Dutch in Sound, 265.
-, has audience, presents letters, 267; did not attend Cromwell's funeral, 269.
-, says king will change his mind about sending extraordinary, 277; expecting arrival of Rantzau, 297.
-, considers Thurloe's statement one sided, publishes account of rupture with Sweden, for members of parliament, 300; pamphlet in answer to, 301.

Philip IV, King of Spain, the Catholic:
-, plate from Indies most necessary to, 10.
-, Charles may sent to draw attention of, 10; money provided may delay the mission to, 13.
-, Dutch go privaterring with commissions from, 24; forbad trading with English, 107; cannot refuse shelter to Dutch ships, 109.
-, unlikely to begin overtures for peace, will never grant trade demands, 40; reduced to extremity by English success, 65; without means of defence against English, 87.
-, preparing ships at Cadiz, 95; Tuscan ship flying flag of, 141.
-, English encourage breach of Portugal with, 110, 132; offers Brazil to Dutch, if will fight Portugal, 119.
-, French and English plan to attack dominions in Italy, 234.
-, expecting treasure fleet, 259; Don John recalled by, 271.
-, asks for Dutch mediation with England, 271; reports of peace with England, 281.

Philip, duke of Anjou, brother of Louis XIV, received Lockhart's wife at palace, 175; displeased that Falcombrige brought him no present, 212.

Philip, Infant of Spain, birth celebrated in Flanders, 160.

Phœnix, state ship, sent to Toulon, 225.

Piedmont, Protestants of. See Vaudois.

Pillau [East Prussia, German Empire], English ship seized and sunk at, 163n.

Pinchman. See Incham.

Pinerolo [Prov. Torino, Italy], France would like to unite Vaud to, 186.

Pinocci, Girolamo, Polish envoy to England, arrives in London, 298.

pistols, Mazarin sends to England for, 195.

Plessis, M. du, M. di Plessie Bisancon. See Besançon, Bernard de.

plot, conspiracy:
-, to fire Whitehall, discovered, 7–8; and assassinate Cromwell, 8–9; investigation of, 11.
-, thanksgivings for escape from, 8, 11; Sindercomb's complicity in, 18; effort to discover accomplices, 20; English envoy at Vienna does not believe in, 32.
-, of Fifth Monarchy men, 45–6, 53; put in hands of parliament, 46; further intrigues discovered, 49.
-, every one discovered, 54; Senate notes with astonishment, 55.
-, White and others arrested on suspicion of, 171.
-, of gentlemen of Sussex, disclosed by Stapley, 188.
-, proposal to set up High Court of Justice to examine into, 188; gentlemen suspected of, sent to Tower, 198; plan for rescue of those arrested, 201.
-, Cromwell invents, to arrest his enemies, 198–9; good reason for fearing fresh attempt, 202.
-, plan of seizing London, 201; betrayed to Cromwell, 202; suppressed by Protector's sound methods, 207; Giavarina congratulates Thurloe on success in dealing with, 230.
-, some suspected of complicity in, ordered to come and clear themselves, 224.

Plumleigh, Capt. Robert, sails to blockade Dunkirk, 43n.

Plymouth, co. Devon, Blake died off, 101; Sprew detained at, 135n.

-, Meadowe to ask Dane not to intervene for, 28; Sweden hampered by war with, 43; Petkum denies that war with one of religion, 79.
-, levy in England to help Sweden against, 29; English want Sweden left free to deal with, 34.
-, negotiations for peace with Sweden 77; Cromwell wants to unite Sweden and Denmark against, 107.
-, Denmark holding back till German troops enter, 79; Leopold's army committed in, 121.
-, collection in England for Protestants expelled from, 129; doubtful success of, 130.
-, Sweden threatens to make peace with, if not helped, 205.
-, Brandenburg goes over to side of. 232.
-, ambassador expected from, 297.

-, king of. See John II Casimir.

-, want Leopold's help in Pomerania against Swedes, 140.
-, King John Casimir encouraged by, 140; Denmark, Dutch and Brandenburg help, against Sweden, 301.

Pollo, M. See Paul, the Chevalier.

Pomerania, German Empire, Leopold's help desired in, against Swedes, 140.

pope. See Alexander VII.

-, ships of. See ships, papal.

Porte. See Turkey.

Porte, Charles de la, due de La Meilleraie, governor of Brittany, marshal of France, marshal della Migliare, demand for restitution of merchantman taken by, 275.

Portman, John, arrested, 168.

Porto Farina [Tunis, N. Africa], Cromwell recalls Blake's exploit at, 137.

Porto Ferraio [isle of Elba, Italy], English refused permission to careen at, 159, 161.

Porto Longone [isle of Elba, Italy], arrangement for joint attack on, with French, 234; fear of attack, 241.

Portsmouth, co. Hants, 101.
-, Overton brought to, 292n.

-, peace with proclaimed, 17; mission of Meadowe to, 28: ships from, at London, 78.
-, Spanish Court firm in design against 20; Spanish decision to invade deranges Charles's plans, 24; can repulse any Spanish attack, if England helps, 108.
-, salt from captured in Baltic, 65; Swedes promote alliance with, 79.
-, levy of Scots for, 75, 86.
-, Blake withdraws to, for repairs, 75; Montagu's fleet not intended for, 89.
-, Dutch victory over in E. Indies, 76; Dutch fleet to be used against, 79, 85; Montagu's fleet prevents Dutch sailing against, 91, 94.
-, not good policy for England to assist in weakness, 86; in need of support, 86; probable English policy in case of disaster to, 89.
-, Montagu to sail for, 99; English fleet back from, 101; Frisendorf to proceed to, 108.
-, Dutch fleet going to, with hostile intentions, 105, 108; Dutch hope to get satisfaction from, but unlikely, 109.
-, English help themselves in aiding, 108; England certain to help, 110; will allow England use of ports, 115; English require use of, 118.
-, Dutch fleet thought to be off, 113; Dutch fleet at, 129; Dutch fleet recalled from, 147.
-, England may demand unacceptable conditions from, 115; ready to offer English places in E. Indies, 118.
-, Dutch offered Brazil if will make war on, 119.
-, favourable reception of Dutch commissioners, 129; likely to seek adjustment with Dutch, 132; Dutch goods and merchants arrested in, 134.
-, Dutch capture fleet of, from Brazil, 132, 134; news disliked in England, 132; Cromwell bound to help but will be slow, 135; astonishing slowness of negotiations with, 141.
-, Dutch have Spanish letters of marque against, 146; article in treaty with, about prizes, 149, 151.
-, Dutch fleet recalled from, 147; Dutch decide to prosecute war with, 211; Dutch fleet sails for, 212, 217.
-, adjustment with Dutch, Cromwell desires share in, 149; proposals for adjustment with Dutch, 232–3.
-, ship searched for carrying goods of, 163; reliance on mediation of France and England, 233.
-, Don John recalled for war against, 271; great victory of, at Elvas, 290.

-, King of. See Alfonso VI.

-, ships of. See ships, Portuguese.

Postillion, East Indiaman, captured by Dutch, 237.

Posts, Master of the, says letters will go safely by Ostend, 112.

-, -, in Flanders. See Tatis.

Potter, Joachim, Swedish commissioner:
-, associated with Barckman for maritime negotiations, 66; presses Cromwell for help, 92, 98, 125.
-, will soon be beating up levies, 86; urges despatch of troops, 113.
-, annoyed at capture of Bremervord, 92.
-, distributes money for levy, 127; busy over embarcation of troops, 129.
-, departs, 182.

Pougny, marquis of. See Angennes, Jean,

powder. See gunpowder.

Prado, Count of, to go as Portuguese ambassador to Hague, 177.

Prague [Czecho-Slovakia], despatches dated at, 101, 121, 140, 153.

preachers, ministers, suggested terms of bill against Catholics, 69.

Prencia. See Proenza.

President of the Council. See Lawrence, Henry,

prices, greatly raised in London, 43.

priests, religious:
-, Bordeaux tries to get, but rejects as too Spanish, 72; instructions to Giavarina about arrest of, 153.
-, superiors of go to thank Bordeaux, 72; asks why so Spanish, 73.
-, Cromwell orders arrest of, eight sent to prison, 144; Bordeaux makes move for release, 147–8; examined and sent back to custody, 147.
-, houses of Catholics searched for, another arrested, 150; hiding places of revealed to Thurloe, 160.

Principe di Toscana, English ship, fought for Turks against Venetians, 167n.

-, proposed exchange of with Spaniards, 54.
-, Spanish confined at Chelsea college, 54n; Spanish brought in by George, 102.

Princess Maria, sent with supplies to Blake, 43n.

Priuli, Venetian Admiral, encounter with English ships, 206, 231; affair of Angelo, 207; Cromwell might resent search made by, 221.

-, of peace with Portugal, 17.
-, for Catholics and royalists to leave London, 173.
-, for registration of lodgers and tenants, 173.
-, of new High Court of Justice, 195, 198.
-, for sending supplies to Flanders, 203.
-, fixing values of money, at Dunkirk, 228.
-, of Richard Cromwell, as Protector, 242, 248; went off quietly, 243; at Dunkirk, 249.
-, that all office holders shall continue to exercise their functions, 245.

Proenza, Prencia, Don Francisco, Lieutenant Governor of Cuba, sent prisoner to England, 192.

Prosperous, sent with supplies to Blake, 7n.

Protector, the Lord. See Cromwell, Oliver; Cromwell, Richard.

Protectorate, government:
-, 1657:
-,-, very short of money, with many calls to spend, 10; many who supported involved in Sindercomb conspiracy, 11; all plots against discovered when about to take effect, 45, 54–5.
-,-, French debt to crown to be repaid to, 51; depressed by safe arrival of silver fleet, 52; dislikes news of Dutch captures from Brazil fleet, 132.
-,-, palpable change noticeable in, though not in title, 62; will probably be unwilling to use force to gather in new taxes, 84; employs torture to extract confession, 103.
-,-, extreme caution and reserve in conducting business, 89; all energies of devoted to Flanders, 126.
-,-, ambitious designs, grows more formidable with every day that passes, 146.
-,-, priests charged with stirring people to revolt against, 147; will not have holy days celebrated, 150.
-,-, treating Catholics very harshly, 150; ignorance of diplomatic forms, 218.
-, 1658:
-,-, apprehension of rising at opening of parliament, 154; unexampled severity causes disgust, id.
-,-, suspects made to give security to be loyal to, 154, 156.
-,-, parliament to propose measures for firmer establishment of, 155; exmembers of parliament create worst impression of, 174.
-,-, libels circulated to turn loyalty of troops from, 171; royalist efforts to overthrow, 201.
-,-, all people showing hatred of, 174; people not devoted to, only support from fear, 185; people thoroughly nauseated with, 196.
-,-, fears of about king's designs, 182, 188; information from sentenced royalists expected to tend to preservation of, 219.
-,-, disgust at interruption of Flanders campaign through king's illness, 224.
-,-, vast ambitious designs of, 234–5; newspapers report satisfaction of people with, 239.
-,-, position at change of rule, foreign powers waiting to see issue, 243.
-,-, army to be paid, to encourage loyalty to, 244; expects usual formalities from foreign powers, 245; cannot expect those customary among Catholic powers, 246.
-,-, Dutch dismiss royalists, to gratify, 246; excessive slowness, 281.
-,-, no sign of expected confusion at change of, 248; an irregular government and will do nothing to offend people, 250.
-,-, very anxious for recognition by foreign powers, 263–4; secrets of inscrutable, but may be guessed, 268; irreconciliable animosity against pope, 275.
-, 1659:
-,-, parliament expected to make change in, 280; many members lean more to royalist party than for, 284; other members dissatisfied with, 285; members for Scotland and Ireland thoroughgoing supporters of, 290.

-, Cromwell claims to be working for general benefit of, 128; union of Brandenburg with Austria causes jealousy to, 153; Cromwell's intention to be protector of, 186.

-, refugees from Poland, collection for, 129.

-, of Piedmont. See Vaudois.

Provence, France, order for embarcation of troops in, 225.

Pryttz, J., Swedish commissioner:
-, associated with Barckman for maritime negotiations, 66; will soon be beating up levies, 86; urges despatch of troops, 113.
-, annoyed at capture of Bremervord, 92.
-, presses Cromwell for help, 92, 98, 125; distributes money for levy, 127; busy over embarcation of troops, 129; departs, 182.

Pudsey, Daniel, maitre du camp, offers to raise levy for Venice, 157; matter dropped, 209.

Pyrenees, Giustinian urges as suitable for peace congress, 193.