Heversham and Milnthorpe

Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 2. Originally published by Titus Wilson and Son, Kendal, 1924.

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'Heversham and Milnthorpe', Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 2, (Kendal, 1924), pp. 141-167. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol2/pp141-167 [accessed 21 June 2024].

. "Heversham and Milnthorpe", in Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 2, (Kendal, 1924) 141-167. British History Online, accessed June 21, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol2/pp141-167.

. "Heversham and Milnthorpe", Records Relating To the Barony of Kendale: Volume 2, (Kendal, 1924). 141-167. British History Online. Web. 21 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol2/pp141-167.


The ancient manor of Heversham was subdivided by the grant of one fourth (sometimes described as one third) of the vill with the church to the monks of St. Mary's, York. The remainder belonged to the barony of Kendale and was given by William son of Gilbert de Lancastre, in the reign of Henry II, to Alexander de Wyndesore in marriage with the grantor's daughter Agnes. The caput of the rectory manor was Heversham Hall, that of the Wyndesore manor was the Chamber or Court House in Milnthorpe. The Wyndesore portion of the manor descended in the posterity of Alexander and Agnes until the death in 1385, of William de Wyndesore, Lieutenant of Ireland, as shown in the annexed pedigree.

Descent of the manor of Heversham.

The manor was in the possession of Margery Duket in 1398, when she conveyed it to trustees, probably for sale. The trustees appear to have sold the manor, with that of Warcop and the moiety of that of Morland to Ralph, earl of Westmorland, who held the two last named tenements of Sir John Clifford in 1422. The earl appears to have given all these tenements to his third son by his second wife, George Nevill, who was created lord Latimer by Henry VI in 1432. The manor descended in the posterity of lord Latimer to the fourth in descent, namely John, lord Latimer, who died in 1577 without male issue. His four daughters and their respective husbands were: Katherine wife of Henry Percy, 8th earl of Northumberland; Dorothy wife of Thomas Cecil, 1st earl of Exeter; Lucy wife of Sir William Cornwallis of Brome, co. Suffolk; Elizabeth wife of Sir John Danvers, father of the first baron Danvers of Dantsey. Heversham fell to the pourparty of Thomas Cecil and Dorothy his wife and in 1583 they conveyed the manor to Thomas Bradley of Arnside, esq., who in turn conveyed it in 1597 to James Bellingham of Over Levens, esq. In or before 1689 Alan Bellingham conveyed the manor to James Grahme, esq., since whose time it has descended like the manor of Levens.

The rectory manor and demesne of Heversham Hall was parcel of the possessions of St. Mary's abbey, York, until the dissolution of that house. It remained in the Crown until 1558, when Edmund Moyses, Richard Bowskell and another purchased it. Bowskell purchased from the others their interest in the rectory manor and in 1582 settled it upon his son Thomas, at his said son's marriage. Thomas died in his father's life time, at whose death in 1602, Jasper, son of the said Thomas, was found to be heir of his grandfather Richard. In 1613–4 Jasper Bouskell conveyed Heversham Hall and the rectory manor to Edward Wilson of Nether Levens, in whose posterity it has since descended with the Dallam Tower estates.

The lands which belonged to the Sizergh estate in 1429 in Heversham were, two tenements, one of which was called "Showe"; those in Helsington were a close called Stoth or Stot Park and a tenement called "Ald Natland."

In a plea of trespass by fishing in 1343 it is shown that the three parceners of the barony of Kendale then had a free fishery in the estuary of the river Kent opposite Heversham, Haverbrack and Foulshaw.

1090–1097 Ivo Talebois gave to St. Mary's, York, the church of Hevresham with its land. Cal. Chart. Rolls, iii, 115. See also charter 1 in the appendix to vol. i.

1120–1130 Chetel son of Eltred, by the advice of Christiana his wife and William his son, and at the instance of archbishop Thurstan, gave to the monks of St. Mary's, York, the church of Clapaham and one carucate of land, the church of Kirkebi Kendale, the church of Heversham, the church of Kirkebi Lonesdale and the lands belonging to these churches; also the vill called Hotun, the church of Bethum and land called Hafreb[r]ec, and the church of Burton and one carucate of land. Witnesses: Archbishop Turstin, Christiana (the donor's) wife, Archil the seneschal, Ralph Lasne (Asinus), Yvo son of Forne, Ravenchil son of Suter. From the original (?) D. at Levens; Dodsworth's MS. CLIX, f. 180.

1160–1170 William de Lancastre 1, at the prayer of William de Lancastre, his son and heir, grants to Alexander de Windesoure with his daughter Agnes in marriage what he had in Heversham, Grarigg with the appurtenances, and what he had in Morland. Witnesses: Geoffrey earl of R( ), Roger de Vallibus son of Hubert de Vallibus, William de Lancastre the grantor's son, William the chaplain, Robert de Montgomery, Richard de Heruie (sic), Gervase D'Eincurt, Simon de Turs, William de Laceles, Walter de Windesoure, Robert the chamberlain, Robert Crisp, Gilbert son of William [de Lancastre] and Jordan his brother, Gamel the priest, Robert Mustell; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1190–1205 Roger, parson of Heversham, a witness. Farrer, Lancs. Pipe Rolls, 361, 402.

1210–1215 Gilbert Fitz-Reinfred and Helwise his wife confirmed to the monks of St. Mary, inter alia, the churches of Eversheim, Biethum and Kirkeby in Kendale with their chapels. Among the witnesses was Roger, parson of Heversham. Brit. Museum, Add. Charters 17153.

1216 The son and heir of William de Windlesores, begotten of the neice of Gilbert Fitz Reynfrid, is a hostage for the said Gilbert. R. Chart, 221b.

1222 Mandate to Philip Mark to release the son of William de Windesore, late a hostage for William de Lancastre, and lately taken prisoner and lodged in Nottingham castle when returning home after redemption from being hostage; R. Litt. Claus., 1, 497 b.

1228 Thomas parson of Eversam; Reg. of Archbp. Gray (Surtees Soc.), 161 n.

1246 Alan de Wassand, rector of the church of Heveresham, has dispensation to hold the church of Mideltun in Rydal [co. York], together with the said church of Heveresham, by reason of his probity, knowledge of letters and to enable him to support the multitude of people who resort to him; Reg. of Archbp. Gray (Surtees Soc.), 98.

1247 Alexander de Windelsore is amerced ½ m. for default; Nicholas son of Roger de Hauersham and William le Sauser are amerced for default as sureties; Parker, Pipe R. of Westm., 204–5.

1249 sAlexander de Windesour was attached to answer Roger de Lancastre of a plea that he should do to him customs and right services of his free tenement which he holds of him in Morelaund, namely for one carucate of land, by homage and by feeding Roger's serjeant, which is called "Landserjaunt" when he comes to make summons for suit of his court of Barton, and also by the service of doing suit at his said court from three weeks to three weeks, as of the gift and feoffment of Roger de Lancastre, who enfeoffed him thereof. They made agreement; Cur. Regis R. 136, m. 22.

1277 The abbot of St. Mary's, York, arraigned an assize of novel disseisin against William de Wyndesouir touching a tenement in Heversham. Dep. Keeper's Rep., 46, app. 188.

1281 Peter de Kendale complained against William de Karliol for pulling down his house at Heversham and taking away the timber of the same to the value of 50s.; De Banco R. 41, Trin., 9 Edward 1, m. 66; 42, m. 42d.

William de Windesore, a juror. Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 253.

Ante 1282 William de Windessoure gave to St. Bees 12 a. in the common pasture of Heversham. Reg. of St. Bees, 409n.

1282 William de Windeshover, a witness. Coucher of Furness, pt. i, 381.

1283 William de Windesouer held Heversham, Grarig and Morland of William de Lindeseye for 15s. 10d. rent. Lancs. Inq. pt. i, 257.

1282 Benedict prior of St. Bees demises to Roger Croyser his land in the vill of Heversham in the territory of Milnthorpe for one half mark yearly. Wilson, Reg. of St. Bees, 409–10.

1282–1290 Master Roger de Warewike, rector of the church of Heversam was a witness to a deed wherein William de Stirkeland confirmed to the prior and convent of Kermel (Cartmel) the perpetual cure and custody of the chapel of Croskrake in the grantor's territory of Staynton-inKendale. Contemporary copy at Sizergh. See Stainton.

1291 By the "antiq. taxatio" of Pope Nicholas IV, the church was valued at £66 13s. 4d. and the pension of the abbot of York at £2.

1293 William de Goldington demands against William de Stirkeland that he hold the agreement made between them touching 14 messuages, one mill, etc. in Helsington and Heversham. De Banco Roll, Mich. 102, m. 229d.

1294 John Bradfot impleaded Robert son of Nicholas de Rughale and Adam de Rynangs for taking away his goods at Heversham to the value of 100s.; De Banco R. 103, Hil. 22 Edward 1, m. 79.

1302 Robert de Wessington of Kerneford (Carnforth) recovers by replevin 24 messuages, 200 a. and 5½ bovates of land, 5 a. meadow, 14 a. wood and two-thirds of a mill in Heveresham, lately seised for his default against Walter [de Stirkeland], son of Elizabeth, daughter of Ralph Daincurt; Cal. Close R. 1302, p. 572.

1305 William de Hamelton, clerk, parson of the church of Heversham, owes William de Hamelton, dean of St. Peter's, York, 800 m.; ib., 1305, p. 327.

1307 Grant to Walter de Stirkland and his heirs of free warren in his demesne land in Heveresham; Cal. of Chart. R. iii, 100.

1309 Nicholas de Leyburne and William de Wyndesore, two of the four commissioners in Westmorland to levy and collect the subsidy of a twenty-fifth; Cal. Pat. R. 1309, p. 184.

1317 By deed dated at Heversham on Ascension Day [12 May], 2 (sic) Edw. II, A.D. 1317, Ranulf de Windsore son of William de Windsore, granted to William son of Ralph de Heversham 13 acres of arable land upon Le Astenthwaite in the vill of Heversham in Kendale, next the croft of Adam de Conisheved on the north side, and ½ acre of St. Michael's [land], which Roger Waterward formerly held; to hold for 2d. for cornage. Witnesses: Sir Matthew de Redman, Richard de Preston, Thomas de Levenes, Nigel de Carus, Thomas de Niandesergh, John de Sigiswike, Matthew de Knott; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1318 Ranulf son of William de Windesore of Heversham in Kendale grants to William son of Ranulf Payfoote of Heversham a dwellinghouse in Astenwhate with 20 a. of land within the praedolium of Heversham, which Roger Waterward formerly held, and 1 a. of St. Michael's land, which the same Roger held, to hold for 2s. cornage. Witnesses: Sir Matthew de Redeman, Richard de Preston, Thomas de Levenes, Nigel Carus, Thomas de Niandesergh, John de Sigeswick, Thomas de Bethum. Given at Heversham on the feast of the Holy Trinity, 11 Edward 11 [18 June, 1318], A.D. 1319 (sic). Reg. of D. at Levens (parchment), f. 120.

1318 By the "nova taxatio" of Clement v the church was valued at £20. See the footnote under Grasmere, p. 2.

1318 Pardon of outlawry for Alexander de Wyndesore, an adherent of Thomas earl of Lancaster; Cal. Pat. R. 1318, p. 232. Cf. Cal. Close R

1318, p. 108.

1320 Roger de Clifford complained that Alexander de Wyndesore and others broke his park at Qwynnefell, co. Westmorland, and took away the eggs of his sparhawks lately nesting there, whereby he lost the profit of his aery; Cal. Pat. R., 1320, p. 546.

1322 Protection for Simon de Baldreston, parson of the church of Heveresham; Cal. Pat. R. 1322, p. 85; 1325, p. 92.

1331 Protection for Alexander de Wyndesore, knt., Matthew de Redeman, John Daunay, Roger de Redemayne, Thomas son of Walter de Stirkeland, etc. going to Ireland on the King's service; Cal. Pat. R. 1331, p. 104.

1332 Subsidy of a fifteenth. Excheq. Lay Subsidies, Westd 195/A.

Dominus Alexander de Wyndesouer in goods £1 10 0
Dominus Roger Burnolvesheved " 1 6 8
William Spelhow " 2 5 0
Adam Anickesey " 1 10 0
John the clerk " 1 10 0
Thomas the cobbler " 2 5 0
William . . . . .eler " 1 0 0
John . . . . n " 1 0 0
William Rausone " 1 0 0
Alexander Milner "
John fil Ga"
William Nay"
Adam Bercher " 1 2 0
Thomas Nautehirde " 15 0
Henry Belleson " 1 2 6
Alan Bercher " 15 0
William Dausone " 15 0
Thomas Scatergod " 15 0
John son of Richard " 15 0
Richard Langta " 7 6
Alexander de Asceuth " 15 0
Peter de Staynton " 15 0
Richard of the Mill " 7 6
Alan Caboche " 7 6
Robert P . . . . man " 15 0
Roger Cr " 15 0
Robert Saul " 15 0
William Wyse " 7 6
Walter son of Roger " 7 6
Roger son Adam " 15 0
Sum of goods £30, whereof to the king 40s.

1334 Grant to Alexander de Wyndesore, lord of two parts of the vill of Heveresham and to the king's clerk, John de Wodehouse, parson of the church there and lord of the third part of the same vill, that Alexander and his heirs and John and his successors, parsons of the said church, shall have a weekly market there on Wednesday and a yearly fair on the eve and feast of St. Peter and St. Paul the Apostles; Cal. of Chart. R. IV, 312.

1335 The same Alexander de Wyndesore, knt., is accused of trespass against Henry Fitz-Hugh at Mikelton in Tesedale; Cal. Pat. R. 1335, p. 216.

1335 Grant to Alexander de Wyndesore, who holds two parts of the vill of Heversham and of the hamlets of Milnethorpe, Ascentwayt, Rouhol and Wodehous in demesne, and to his heirs, and to the king's clerk, John de Wodehous, parson of the church of Heversham, who holds the remaining part in right of his church, and to his successors, of free warren in their demesne lands in those places; Cal. of Chart. R. IV, 348.

1336 William de Coucy was summoned to answer Alexander de Wyndesouer of a plea that he took his cattle unjustly and detained them, namely 8 oxen and 8 cows at Heversham, in a place called Milnthorpe. William says that Alexander formerly held of one Christiana de Lyndeseye, as of one moiety of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale, the manor of Grarig, three parts of the manor of Heversham and a moiety of the manor of Morland by homage etc., and suit at her court of Kirkeby in Kendale every three weeks and the service of 50s.; that at the death of Christiana the moiety of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale descended to one William de Coucy, as son and heir, who granted the same to the said William, who took the cattle because the yearly rent of the said Alexander was in arrears. Alexander says that one William de Lancastre, ancestor of the said William de Coucy, granted to Alexander de Wyndesore [great]-great-grandfather of the said Alexander, whose heir he is, and to Agnes, daughter of the said William de Lancastre and their heirs in free marriage all that he had in Heveresham, Grarig and Morland free from all service. Adjourned De Banco R. 306, Easter 10 Edward III, m. 47d.

1337 William de Coucy by Thomas de Bethom, his attorney, appeared against Thomas de Yeland, John son of John de Segeswyk, John son of Thomas de Levenes, Thomas de Levenes, William son of Thomas de Levenes, Richard Gernet, Ralph son of Thomas de Levenes, Roger son of Thomas de Levenes and Thomas le Smyth of Kertemel of a plea wherefore they fished in the free fishery of the said William de Coucy at Heversham and took fish to the value of £10. John son of Thomas was distrained to the value of 6d. and it was done by John Bewell, Robert de Askeby, Roger Taillour and Peter son of Margaret etc.; De Banco R. 310, Easter, II Edward III, m. 119d.; 312, m. 96. See Westmorland Note Book, 367.

1342 John de Etton, king's clerk, parson of the church of Heveresham, on the presentation of the abbot of St. Mary's, York; Cal. Pat. R. 1342 pp. 482, 515.

1343 William de Coucy, knt., Robert de Tweng, and Thomas de Ros of Kendale impleaded Thomas de Levenes and John, Ralph and Henry, his brothers, for fishing in the several fishery at Heversam and taking fish to the value of £10; De Banco R. 333, Hil., 17 Edward III, m. 199d.

1343 Ratification of the estate of John de Neweland, king's clerk, as parson of the church of Heveresham, on the presentation of the abbot of St. Mary's, York; Cal. Pat. R. 1343, p. 25.

1346 Pardon for good service to the king in his passage to Normandy for William son of Henry de Redman and Thomas son of Robert Croyser of Heveresham; Cal. Pat. R. 1346, p. 485.

1351 Alexander de Wyndesores died before 1343; William de Windesores, chivaler, was his son and heir; Ministers' Accts., bundle 1118, n. 5.

1351 The manor of Heversham was held of William de Coucy by cornage, wardship and relief, and on the day of his death (6 February, 1342) was in his custody by reason of the minority of William, son and heir of Alexander de Wyndesore; and the said William de Wyndesore, now of full age, holds the said manor; Cal. Inq. ix, 458; viii, 308.

1354 William de Wyndesores, chivaler, son and heir of Alexander de Wyndesores, deceased, made fine with the king for trespass in entering upon his father's lands before he did homage for the same; Mins. Accts. bundle 1118, n. 5; Cal. Close R. 1354, p. 39.

1356 Alan son of Hugh de Heversham impleaded John son of Nigel Cayrous for reaping and carrying away his corn at Heversham to the value of 100s.; De Banco R. 384, Hil. 30 Edward III, m. 41d.

1362 Order to the sheriff of Lancaster to cause 60 archers on foot of the best of that county to be chosen and furnished by the oversight of William de Wyndesore, whom the king is sending thither for the purpose, and brought to Lyverpole by the octaves of Midsummer etc.; Cal. Close R. 1362, pp. 340 ff.

1362 Grant to William de Wyndesore and his heirs of a weekly market and yearly fair at their manor of Morland, and licence to impark 700 acres of land in Heversham and to hold the park so made without hindrance of the king, his heirs or their ministers; Cal. of Chart. R. v, 170.

1365 William de Wyndesore and his men are retained for one whole year upon the king's service for furtherance of the war in Ireland, namely with 120 men at arms and 200 archers etc.; Cal. Close R. 1365, p. 108.

1368 Irish vessels between 20 and 200 tuns to be sent to Lyverpool, co. Lancastre in England "by the feast of St. Hilary (1369) ready for the passage of William de Wyndesore (fn. 1) and his men at arms and archers for service in Ireland; Cal. Close R. 1368, p. 453.

1372 Nicholas de Feriby, parson of the church of Eversham; Yorks. Feet of Fines (Yorks. Rec. Soc.) III, 160.

1373 John Marschall of Heversham one of many trespassers against Randolf de Dacre; Cal. Pat. R. 1373, p. 311.

1375 William de Wyndesore, knt., held of Joan, late the wife of John de Coupeland, deceased, the manors of Heversham, Morland and Grarige by homage and fealty and the service of 13s. 4d. yearly, as of her manor of Kirkeby in Kendale; Chanc. Inq. p.m., 49 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 29.

1377 ndult to William de Wyndesore, knight, of the diocese of York, that his confessor may give licence to religious persons to eat flesh meat at the knight's table once a month on lawful days; Cal. of Papal Reg., iv, 227.

1378 Nicholas de Feriby, rector of the church of Heversham, was one of the executors of the will of William de Feriby, archdeacon of Cleveland, who was buried in York Minster in 1379; Test. Ebor. (Surtees Soc.), i, 105.

1378 John Marshal of Heversham, together with John de Wasshyngton. Adam de Midelton and Robert de Goldyngton were sued for debt of £20 by Thomas de Rookby, younger, John de Rookby and Christiana late the wife of Thomas de Derlay; De Banco R. 471, Trin. 1–2 Ric. 11, m. 351d. 472, m. 41.

1380 William del Chambre of Milnethorp, by William Yeland, his attorney, impleads John Maymorne, John Milner and John Spryntdop for debt £6 13s. 4d., and William Hoggeson of Nateland for debt 100s.; ib. 477, Hil. 3 Richard II, m. 506.

1385 Ratification of the estate of Master Nicholas de Feriby as parson of Heversham and prebendary of Stilyngton in York cathedral; Cal. Pat. R. 1385, p. 548.

1385 William de Wyndesore, chivaler, died on 15 September (alibi October), 8 Richard II (1385); Christina wife of Sir William Murers, knt., aged 34 or 60; Margery wife of John Duket, aged 32 or 50, and Isabel Wyndesore, aged 38 or 60, were his sisters and next heirs; Chan. Inq. p.m., 8 Richard II, nos. 38 etc.

1387 James de Pykerynge, knt., executor of the will of William de Wyndesore, knt.; Cal. Pat. R. 1387, pp. 356, 410.

1391 John de Wyndesore, king's esquire, and heir and executor of the will of William de Wyndesore, knt.; Cal. Pat. R. 1391, p. 388.

1398 Marjory Duket sometime granted to John Darell, Richard Feldon and Robert de Louthre the manors of Heversham, Morland, Delacre, Holme and Burton and land in Grayrig. The attorneys of the said Darell and Feldon authorize Thomas de Burgham to receive seisin of the premises; Cal. of Anct. deeds, iii, B. 4081.

1404 Ratification of the estate of Thomas de Toueton as parson of the parish church of Eversham; Cal. Pat. R. 1404, p. 414.

1406 Pardon to Roger de Wyndesore and Ellis de Wyndesore, of co. Westmorland, and others, of 100 marks in which they made mainprise (fn. 2) in chancery to have the body of John de Wyndesore, esq., before the Justices of the Common Bench to answer for a debt; Cal. Pat. R. 1406, p. III.

1411 William de Windesore, chivaler (formerly?) held of Philippa, late the wife of Robert de Veer, late duke of Ireland, the manors of Heversham, Moreland and Grarigg, as of her manor of Kirkeby in Kendale (as in 1375); they are worth yearly £40; Chan. Inq. p.m., 13 Henry IV, n. 44.

1428 Archbishop Kempe visited Heversham Church on 9 Sept., 1428, and again on 19 Sept., 1442. Surtees Socy., vol. 127, pp. 207, 278.

1429 Ratification of the estate of Richard Arnall (Arnold), canon of York, as prebendary of the prebend of Barneby in the same, and rector of the parish church of Eversham in the diocese of York; Cal. Pat. R. 1429, p, 36.

1429 "Thomas Strikland, knt., held lands in Helsington and Heversham, of Thomas Lumley, son and heir of John Lumley, knt., by knight's service; Feudal Aids, V, 198.

1436 Ratification of the estate of John Marchall, as rector of the parish church of Everysham, co. Westmorland; Cal. Pat. R. 1436, pp. 496, 506.

1448 Licence for John abbot of St. Mary's, York, to appropriate the parish church of Eversham in Kendale; Cal. Pat. R. 1448, p. 207.

1453 Pardon of outlawry for Thomas Clyveland, late of Eversham alias Hersham, chaplain, for not appearing to answer John Marchall, clerk, touching a debt of £40; Cal. Pat. R. 1453, p. 13.

1459 On 19 October, 1459, the church of Heversham was appropriated to the abbot and convent of St. Mary's, York, reserving out of the fruits of the same a competent portion for a vicar, and in recompense of the injury done to the Cathedral church of York, the archbishop reserved to himself and successors a yearly pension of 3s. 4d., to the dean and chapter 3s. 4d., to the archdeacon of Richmond 5 marks yearly and to the poor of the said parish 3s. 4d. yearly.

1460 On 6 January, 1460, the vicarage was ordained by William archbishop of York, namely that there be in the same a perpetual secular vicar to be presented by the abbot and convent who shall have for his portion £20 yearly clear with a manse and competent garden to be built and repaired the first time at the costs of the abbot; for which £20 the vicar shall have assigned to him out of the fruits of the church the yearly sum of the third part of the Miln of Milnthorpe anciently belonging to the church, the tithes of the demesne lands belonging to the church, the Quadragesimal tithes of the parishioners, tithe of lamb, wool and hay of the whole parish, all sorts of tithes of fishings, mills, foals, calves, pigs, brood geese, hens, ducks, bees, eggs, pigeons, line, hemp, leeks, onions and garden fruits of the whole parish, mortuaries both quick and dead, all sorts of oblations made within the parish church or elsewhere. For these the vicar shall find bread, wine and wax in the said church for ever and he and his successors shall pay a yearly pension of 106s. 8d. out of his part of the fruits of the church to the said abbot and convent in money at Martinmas and Whitsuntide in the church of Eversham, shall repair the chancel of the church and sustain all archiepiscopal, archideaconal and other burdens incumbent on the said church. The vicarage to be taxed at future vacancies thereof at 10 marks sterling and not more; MS. at Levens.

1469 George Nevill, late lord Latymer, before his death was seised of the manors of Heversham and Warcopp and of a 3rd part of the manor of Morland and enfeoffed James Strangways, knt., John Conyers, knt., and others, by covin and collusion with intent to deceive the king concerning the custody and marriage of his heir. The manor of Heversham is worth £20 yearly. Richard Nevill, son of Henry, son of the said George, aged one year, is his kinsman and next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m., 9 Edward IV, n. 28.

1480 Elizabeth, late the wife of George, late lord Latymer, knt., held conjointly with him at his death the manor of Eversham alias Hersham (etc., as in 1469). Richard Nevyll, son of Henry Nevyll, her son, aged 12 years, is her next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m., 20 Edward IV, n. 73.

1481 Grant to Robert Clifford, esq., of a yearly rent of £40 from the issues of the manors of Eversham alias Hersham, Morland and Warcopp, during the minority of Richard Nevyll, kinsman and heir of George, late lord Latymere, knt., namely son of Henry Nevylle, his son, from the death of Elizabeth, the wife of the said George; Cal. Pat. R. 1481, p. 274.

1482 William Redman of Harewood, knt., devised in his will one cloak of Damask, silver coloured, to the church of "Everysham" to make a vestment thereof; Test. Ebor. (Surtees Soc), iii, 280.

1529 Lease by Edmund, abbot of the monastery of Our Lady of York, and the convent to Richard Whalley, the abbot's servant, of the tithes of corn and hay late in the holding of Sir Walter Strikland, knt., in the "parishynges" of Eversham and Kirkeby in Kendale, namely belonging to two tithe barns called Croscrak and Laikrige belonging to the parsonage of Eversham, to the tithe barns of Natland and Sizar, belonging to the parsonage of Kirkby in Kendale, to hold for a term of 41 years at £18 14s. 8d., namely for Croscrak and Laikrige, £14; for Natland and Whynfell 74s. 8d.; and for Sizar, 20s. payable at Easter. Dated 2 Feb., 20 Henry VIII (1529). Orig. at Sizergh.

1541 Anthony Duckett, esq. passed by fine to John Nevyle, knt., lord Latymer, the manors of Eversham, Milnethorpe and Morland, 60 messuages and 30 cottages, 2 mills, 50 acres of land, 70 acres of field, 1000 acres of pasture, 50 acres of wood and 100s. rent in Heversham, Milnthorpe and Morland. And John gave the aforesaid Anthony £90 sterling. Feet of Fines, Hil. Term, 33 Henry VIII.

1555 Abstract of the will of Bryan Bakhus of Heversham, dated 21 Jan., 1555. Ric. Bakhus and Bryan his brother 2 cowes etc. Godsonne Edward Bakhus a lambe and to his sister Elizabeth a lamb. John Bakhus. My wife to have my tennyment during her weadowhood, and after her my son Rich. to have it. Son Rich. to pay his brother William 40/-. Wife and thre of my . . . . . James and Anthony to be Exors. John Veyreye, Robt. Bakhus and Ric. . . . . . . and Nycholas Bakhus to be supervisors. Witnesses John Veyreye, Henry . . . . . ., Nicholas Bakhus, Ric. Bakhus, John Kyrkbie.

Proved in the Arch. Richmond, Deanery of Kendal. Original will, mutilated.

1557 Abstract of the Will of John Cowen of Heversham, dated 22 June (?) 1557.

Burial in the Churchyard of my p'ishe Church of Hev'sham among my elders at the East end of the Churche. The whole title and right of my farmhold unto Peter my son agreying with the lord thereof according to the custom of ye lordshippe. If Peter die without lawfull issue my daughter Isabell to have my said farmhold, and if she die without lawfull issue, then to my daughter Elsabeth. It is my will yt James Sawle have my son Peter wt my house and tenement for 5 years and also my said daughter Elsabeth wt her childs portion. Walter Hellme shall have my daughter Ysabell's portion in his hands unto such time as she come to marriage. Daughter Isabell to have ye cowe and her calfe wch her grandfather gave her. Daughters Ysabell and Elsabeth to be exors, and the residue to be divided between them. Henry Benson and . . . . . . supervisors. Witnesses: Walter Helme, Rych. Robenson, James Sawle, Edmund Cowen, Henry Hodgeson (?), John Mit(?) son.

Proved in the Arch. Richmond, Deanery of Kendal. Inventory £6 18s.

1557 Abstract of the Will of John Alenbye. Dated 12 Feb. . . . Burial in my parish Church of Heversham. Wife to have my hole tenement during her widdowhood, and after her decease to my two sons Thomas and Christofer equally between them, they paying their brother John 10 mks. Lawrence Stone (?) to have £5 for his marriage portion yt is behynd. Brian Preston to have . . . . for his marriage portion yt is behind. Walt. Rawlynson lambs, etc. Wife Alice to be sole ex'ix. Witnesses: Rych. Bowskell (?), Brian P'ston, Anthony Storye, Christofer Wille (?) wt other.

Proved in the Arch. Richmond, Deanery of Kendal, ? 12 Apl., 1557. Mutilated.

1557–8 Grant to Edmund Moyses, Richard Foster and Richard Bouskell of the manor of Heversham (i.e. one third of the ancient manor) late parcel of the dissolved monastery of St. Mary, York.

1561 Edward Moyses was required to show by what title he held the manor of Eversham. Jones Index to Records, ii, s.v.

1571 Richard Bowskell held of the Queen in chief one capital messuage of the manor of Eversham, 6 cottages, 72 a. land and all the works of the tenants of the said manor called "bond days" if any of right accustomed be appertaining to the said capital messuage, which messuage and premises were assigned to the said Richard Bowskell and his heirs in full recompense of the portion which he or his heirs might claim of the said manor of Eversham by the release of Edmund Moyses and Richard Foster. And the jurors further find that the said Richard Foster released to the said Edmund Moyses his right in the residue of the manor, and that Edmund Moyses sold the whole residue to the said Richard Bowskell, except one tenement sold by them, the said Moyses and Foster, in Rowel to Gabriel Croft, another in Leesgill sold to Thomas Smith, one in Woodhouse sold to John Preston, esq., one in Aughtinwhaite sold to Walter Strickland, esq., one in Milnethorpe, then in the tenure of Thomas Moyses, brother of the said Edmund, and one in Rowel, late in the tenure of Edmund Moore, and also several other tenements granted severally to William Wilson, Christopher Holme, John Jackson, Henry Holme, John Holme, John Atkinson, Thomas Holme, Christopher Wilson, Walter Parke, Robert Wilson and William Benson, parcel of the premises in Eversham, Milnethorp, Aughtinwhaite, Rowel, and Woodhouse.

1577 After the death of John Nevill, knt., lord Latimer, a survey of Heversham was taken to the use of Henry, earl of Northumberland, and lady Katherine his wife, Thomas Cecil, knt., and Dorothy his wife, John Danvers, knt., and Elizabeth his wife, William Cornwallis, esq., and Lucy his wife, daughters and coheirs of the said John, lord Latimer. Dated 12 September, 19 Elizabeth. [The headings include: Particulars of the manor, bounds of the same, demesne lands demised to tenants, rents of free tenants, tenants at will, survey of Woodhouse, Akenthwaite, Milnthorpe, Linbanke, Mabben Hall; perquisites of the court. Total issues of the manor, £45 9s. 10½d. and 38 hens; less reprises, 53s. 4d. Particulars of woods and commons]; Orig. at Levens.

Abstract of the Will of Richard Crosfeld of Leasgill in the parish of Heversham, dated 28 Oct., 1577.

Burial in my p'rysh churchyard of Heversham and such dewties as belong to the said church to be paid. All covenants I have maid with my master Ric. Bowskell, my landlord, shall stand and be abayed in full . . . . . concerning the sayle of my tenement, also my sayd master shall paye unto me my exors. or assigns £10 before Easter next ensuing, and I to sett free my forsayd tenement. After my death my forsayd Mr. to enter my forsayd house and tenement at Candlemas next after my decease. Debts to be paid. Residue to Richard Crosfeld, Authur (?) Crosfeld and John Crosfeld, and to be exors. I ded agre wth al my three bretherine for theyr full grement of my father's tenement, and ded geve unto . . . . . . . . . . ded paye unto my bother Edward Crosfeld, the which was made attorney for the other towe of my bretheren, Sr (?) Willm. Crosfeld for ayther of them 40/-; the foll some was £6 that I ded paye. Master Ric. Bowskell . . . . . . Witnesses: Thomas Watson, Anthony Benson, Wymman Selme (?), Edward Wilsby.

Proved in the Arch. Richmond, Kendal Deanery, 27 Jan., 1580.

1582 By indenture dated 8 August, 24 Elizabeth (1582), made between Richard Buskell of Heversham, gent. (1), Jasper Cholmley of Highgate in Middlesex, esq. (2), and Thomas Buskell of Gray's Inn, son and heir apparent of the said Richard (3), the said Richard Buskell, in consideration of a marriage to be had between the said Thomas Buskell and Frances, one of the daughters of the said Jasper Cholmley, settled the manor of Heversham on the issue of that marriage; Rawlinson MS. (Nicolson and Burn, ii, 200).

1583 By their deed dated on the 15 May, 25 Elizabeth (1583) Thomas Cecill of Burghley, co. Northampton, knt., and Dorothy Cecill his wife alienated to Thomas Bradley of Arneshead, co. Westmorland esq., their manor or manors and demesnes of Eversham alias Hearsham and Milnethorpe, late the inheritance of John, lord Latimer, with all the messuages, lands, rents, courts, view of frankpledge etc. and they appointed John Masseye of Laton, co. Lanc., and Geoffrey Braythwaite of Lancaster, yeoman, their attornies to deliver seisin.

This was confirmed by deed dated the day following and seisin was delivered of the chief messuage called "the Manner house of Milnethorpe" on 18 June, 25 Elizabeth, in the presence of William Travers of Nateby, gent., Albany Butler, Thomas Strickland, Richard Buskell, Thomas Hutton, John Smith, John Pill, Brian Preston (by mark); Reg. of D. at Levens.

A fine was levied of the premises on the morrow of Holy Trinity, 25 Elizabeth (1583); ib. f. 39b.

In Michaelmas term, 25–26 Elizabeth a common recovery was suffered of the manors of Eversham alias Heversham and Milnethorpe, 100 messuages, 20 tofts with a mill, 100 gardens, 1000 a. land, 600 a. meadow, 1000 a. pasture, 100 a. wood, 500 a. heath and gorse, 200 a. turbary, 20s. of rent and one faire with a market in Eversham and Milnethorpe; ib.

1586 Edward Middleton of Middleton Hall, esq., in part performance of covenants dated 30 March, 28 Elizabeth (1586), made between him and Thomas Stricklande of Nyanserghe, esq., grants to the said Thomas a messuage etc. in Leasgill in the tenure of Oliver Benson, yearly rent 13s. 4d., and a messuage etc. in Bronetwhaitt in the tenure of Richard Levynes, yearly rent 5s., to hold in fee; Thomas Parke of Hincaster, younger, and Roger Saull of Heversham, attorneys to deliver seisin. Dated 1 April, 28 Elizabeth; Orig. at Sizergh.

1594 Abstract of the will of Sibbell Browne. Dated 9 Dec., 1594. Burial in the P'ishe Churche of Ev'sham in or so nigh my owne . . . as conveniently may be, and duties to be paid thereto. Rychard Graveson my brother in lawe one cowe. Bridgett Dobson 4 piece of puder and one chettle, a girdle, a beanderath, a candlestick and a cov'let. Rychard Graveson John sonne a brass pott. Janet Jackeson 8d., Robart Cocks wif 2d., John Backhus wife 2d., Edmund Browne one sheipe. John Graveson all those goods which I delivered unto him when he came to me. To John Towson, clarke, 8d. Residue to John Graveson to bestow upon his children and to be exor. Edmund Browne and John Langthorne to be supervisors, and 8d. each for their pains. Witnesses: Edmund Browne, John Langhorne, John Towson, clarke.

Proved in the Arch. Richmond, Deanery of Kendal, 13 Dec., 1599. Original Will. Inventory by Xpof. Fletcher, John Langhorne and Nicholas Benson, £13 7s. 2d.

1595 By letters patent dated 27 October, 37th year, queen Elizabeth pardoned Thomas Bradley, esq., for a fine of £30, his trespass in acquiring the manors of Eversham and Milnethorpe, held in chief, from Sir Thomas Cecill, knt., and Dorothy his wife, without special licence; and further confirmed to the said Thomas Bradley the said manors etc.; Orig. at Sizergh.

1597 By deed dated 15 October, 39 Elizabeth, 1597, Thomas (fn. 4) Bradley of Arneshead, co. Westmorland, esq., in performance of certain articles of agreement made with James Bellingham of Over Levens, esq., dated 14 October, same year, alienated to the said James his manor or manors of Eversham alias Hearsham and Milthrop, late the inheritance of John, late lord Latimer, deceased, with the messuages, lands and tenements appurtenant and all those messuages, rents, lands, and tenements in the same places which Thomas Bradley, esq., deceased, late acquired from Sir Thomas Cecil, knt., and Dorothy his wife, one of the daughters and coheirs of the said John, late Lord Latimer. Appointment of George Braband and Arthur Gilpin, yeomen, attorneys to deliver seisin. Witnesses: John Massie, James Buller, Henry Wynder, Richard Ayraye, Robert Crosfield. Sig. of William Bradlaye; Orig. at Levens.

1597 On 24 October, same year, seisin was delivered to James Bellingham in the presence of George Brabaun, Arthur Gilpin, Thomas White, George Dikes, Anthony Arey, William Hutton, Thomas Lancaster, Henry Winder, William Hutton and George Dickinson; ib.

1602 Richard Buskell, gent., lately deceased, long before his death was seised of the manor of Eversham, a capital messuage called Evershamhall, 6 cottages, 72 a. land, and of one burgage or messuage in Kendal; that on the marriage of his son Thomas he settled the premises upon the issue of that marriage; that the said Thomas died in his said father's lifetime; and that Jasper, son of the said Thomas, is heir of the said Richard and is now aged 15 years and 2 months.

1613–4 Jasper Buskell, counsellor-at-law, conveyed to Edward Wilson of Nether Levens, gent., the capital messuage of Heversham Hall and the demesne together with his manor of Heversham; Nicolson and Burn, ii, 201.

1613 Edward Wilson endowed Heversham Grammar School, and a deed confirming the same is dated 24 January, 1619–20 as follows:—

1620 Indenture made 24 January, 17 James 1 (1619[-20]) between Edward Wilson of Netherlevens, co. Westm., gentleman, of the one part and Thomas Kilner of Helsington, yeoman, Edward Fisher of Kirkby Kendall, clothier, Thomas Wilson of the same, clothier, and Robert Crosfeild of Stricklandroger, yeoman, on the other part. Witnessing that Edward Wilson "out of the zeale, goodwill and ingenious disposition wch he allways heretofore hath hadd and now hath unto Religion, good learning and discipline and especially to increase, maintayne and continewe the same in the parish of Hevershame wherein he liveth by the helpe of a good Schoole which he hath allready founded there and sett on foote for the education of youth and to season their tender yeares with good principles which may be as rules and directions to frame a good course of life which the said Edward Wilson in his christian and charitable disposition principally intendeth. And for the mayntenance and support thereof and for divers other good causes and considerac'ons him thereunto moveing" enfeoffed those of the second part and their heires of all those burgages, messuages or tenements in Kirkbie Kendall and in Whinfell which he lately purchased of Cuthbert Chamber, gentleman, namely the burgage in the Market stead within the Broughe of Kirkby Kendall on the south side of the Markett stead now or late in the occupation of Thomas Beck, annual rent 16s.; also the shopp there late parcel of the said burgage, now or late in the occupation of George Fleeming, annual rent 16s.; also the burgage in Branthwait Brow on the east side thereof, now or late in the occupation of Gawyn Castley, annual rent 26s. 8d.; the burgage in Stramongate on the south side now or late in occupation of Henry Peareson, annual rent 26s. 8d.; that close or parcel of land, meadow or pasture called Townend Close containing one acre lying at or neare the Crossbancke on the north side of Stramongatebridge in Kirkby Kendall, late in occupation of John Smith late Alderman, annual rent 7s. with one Barne standing in the same close; those "tow" burgages, messuages or tenements in Stramongate at the east end thereof, now or late in the occupation of Robert Hubberstie, annual rent 26s. 8d.; that messuage and tenement in Whinfell, now or late in occupation of the late wife of Lancelote Denyson, annual rent 2s.; those burgages, messuages or tenements in Kirkby Kendall which the said Edward Wilson lately purchased of Richard Sidgswicke, gentleman, namely the burgage on the east side of Stricklandgate, heretofore in the tenure of Henry Forrest, deceased, and now or late in occupation of James Staveley, annual rent 36s.; and the burgage in Stramongate on the east side thereof, late in occupation of Nicholas Hodgson, deceased, annual rent 12s.; and the burgage in Stramongate on the north side of the street, now or late in the tenure of Robert Wilson, annual rent 18s.; and the burgage in Stramongate betwixt the sayd burgage last mentioned and Stramongate bridge, now or late in tenure of Nicholas Rowlandson, annual rent 6s. 8d.; and the burgage in Stramongate now or late in the tenure of Thomas Sleddall, gentleman, annual rent 6s. 8d.; and the burgage in Stramongate on the south side, now or late in the tenure of Nicholas Fisher, annual rent 9s.; and also the burgage in Kirkby Kendall which he the said Edward Wilson lately purchased of Jasper Bouskell, gentleman, in Stramongate on the north side thereof, now or late in occupation of [blank] Nicholson, annual rent 20s.; also those burgages which Edward Wilson lately purchased of Thomas Garnet, gentleman, namely the burgage on the west side of Stricklandgate, sometime in the tenure of James Barrowe and since of Thomas Potter and now in the occupation of Ralph Ainscoughe, yearly rent 36s. 8d.; the burgage on the west side of Stricklandgate, late in the tenure of Henry Wilson and now of Robert Wilson, mercer, and George Muckeld, yearly rent 20s.; also the shopp parcel of the said burgages or one of them late in the tenure of George Benson, barbor, heretofore demised to the said George by the said (sic) Thomas Garnet for divers years yet to come, on which the rent of 10s. is reserved during the said term; the shopp parcel of the said burgages or of one of them adjoining the same late in the tenure of John Wilkinson and now of John Lowes, yearly rent of 11s.; the shopp and Gallerry, parcel of the said burgages or one of them and builded upon the fronte of the same, late in the tenure of Thomas Garnet and now of Robert Wilson, yearly rent 6s.; the burgage on the north side of Stramongate with one crofte, heretofore but half a crofte adjoining to the last mentioned burgage and therewith all now used or late in the tenure of Nicholas Rowlandson, yearly rent 13s. 4d.; also all those burgages lately purchased by Edward Wilson of James Eskrigg of Hallgarthes, co. Westmorland, woollen-draper, namely a burgage late in the possession of Richard Seele and now of Allan Gilping, yearly rent 20s.; a burgage now or late in the possession of John Ellerry, yearly rent 5s.; a burgage now or late in the possession of Isabel Wane, yearly rent 5s.; a burgage now or late in the possession of Robert Vickers, yearly rent 5s.; a burgage now or late in the possession of Robert Blisse, yearly rent 10s.; a burgage now or late in the possession of Rowland Studdert, yearly rent 10s.; one shopp, one lofte and two Tavernes or Cellers, now or late in the possession of Rowland Dawson, yearly rent 45s.; and all other burgages, messuages, lands, tenements of the said Edward Wilson purchased of the said Cuthbert Chamber, Richard Sedgswicke, Jasper Buskell, Thomas Garnet and James Eskrigg, and also the close or parcel of land in Strickland Ketle called Dawson Close, containing six acres which Edward Wilson lately purchased of the said Thomas Wilson; "also all that Schoolehouse builded by the said Edward Wilson wthin his mannor of Heversham in the said county and one acre of ground" thereto adjoining as now "mered furth" with all . . . . appurtenances in Kirkbie Kendall, Whinfell and Strickland Ketle to the said tenements belonging; to have and to hold to those of the said second part "to the uses intents and purposes and upon the trust and confidence hereafter following: That is to say to the use and behoufe of the said Edward Wilson for and dureing the term of his naturall life and after his decease then to the use of the said [feoffees] and their heires upon this trust and confidence, neverthelesse and to this end and purpose that if the said Edward Wilson shall purchase some other landes wch he shalbe willing hereafter to assure unto the use or for the maintaynnance of the said Schoole that then the sayd [feoffees], their heires and assignes upon request made by the said Edward Wilson shall reconvey the premises to the said Edward Wilson and his heires and in default thereof that then the said [feoffees] shall immediately after the decease of the said Edward Wilson wth the yearely rentes and profittes issuing and ariseing out of the before graunted premisses provide, fynd and maintayne from tyme to tyme for ever hereafter one sufficient and fitt Schoolemaster to keepe a free Grammer Schoole at Heversham aforesayd in the said Schoolehouse Wch is allready built by the said Edward Wilson; To be removed and placed or displaced as occasion requireth by such persons as shall hereafterwards be assigned to be Governors for that purpose; and likewise that they the said [feoffees] from and after the death of the said Edward Wilson shall yearly pay unto him and them who shall be maister there successively for ever hereafter the sume of Twenty poundes of lawful English money yearly upon the feastes or dayes of St. John Baptist, commonly called Midsummer day, and St. Andrew the Apostle by equall porc'ons at the said Schoolehouse, and shall likewise therewith from tyme to tyme hereafrer repayre, maintayne and uphold the said Schoolehouse in all sufficient and necessarie reparac'ons; And the surplus of the proffittes of the premisses (if any be) after the deduction of their necessarie charges to distribute unto such poore Scholler or Schollers of the said parish or for the stipend or maintaynance of one usher continually or from tyme to tyme as the Governors of the said Schoole shall thinke fitt, untill occasion or alteration of tymes shall require a greater increase or allowance of stipend or maintaynance for the better findinge and maintaynance of him wch shalbe Maister at the schoole aforesaid in the judgement of the Governors of the said Schoole; The wch said Burgages, messuages, landes, tenements, hereditaments and premisses are alotted for a perpetuall maintaynance unto the said Schoole, Schoolemaister, usher or poore schollers is granted upon this further trust and confidence and wth this further direction and declaration of the intent and purpose of the said Edward Wilson, that they the said [feoffees], their heires and assigns shall upon reasonable requeste wthin three monthes after the death of the said Edward Wilson, graunt the same unto eight of the best reputed men in the said parrishe in their opinion, whereof the immediat owner of the inheritance of Hevershame Halle to be one, and to their heires to the use of them eight and of the said Thomas Killner, Edward Fissher, Thomas Wilson and Robert Crosfeild and their heires upon trust and confidence and to the intentes and purposes to performe the intentions and true meaning of the said Edward Wilson, therein expressed and therein to be declared wth this further caution and declaration as a principall direction and truste therein to be expressed, that whensoever the said owner of Hevershame Halle shall die or that soe many of the said twelve persons shall die soe that there be but fower onely liveing, that then the survivors or the greater number (whereof the owner of Hevershame Halle to be one) if he be elected shall chuse one or more of the parrishioners of Hevershame aforesaid to supplie upp the number of twelve aforesaid, soe that after the death or removeall of the owner of Hevershame Halle those that shalbe the immediat owners of the inheritance thereof be allwayes elected to succeede in the said trust; The wch said twelve feoffees soe to be continued from tyme to tyme for ever hereafter. He the said Edward Wilson doth hereby declare and appoynte to be Governors of the said Schoole. And that they or the greater number of them, whereof the owner of Hevershame Halle to be one, to have full power to chuse, place and displace the said Maister and to retayne him for longer or shorter tyme they please and to sett doune orders, rules and directions for the government of the said Schoole and the revenewes thereof in such sorte as in their discretions they shall thinke most convenient, and if the said feoffees shall make default in choise of Maister after the death or removeall of any Maister thereof by the space of Forty dayes, then it is the intention of the said Edward Wilson that those wch are called the Fower and twentie men of the said parrishe and the church wardens then being shall for that presente have power to chuse and electe one fitt person to be maister who shall have all the stipend usually paid to his predecessors and not to be removed by the Feoffees dureing his life wthout sufficient cause; nevertheles it is covenanted, concluded and agreed upon betwixt the said parties to these presents and the said Edward Wilson doth declare his intention to be that if any Trouble or sute arise or happen to be commenced against the said Feoffees or their heires for, concerning or touching all or any parte of the said Landes soe graunted and lymitted to be and remayne for a stipend and maintaynance of the said Schoole Then if the parrishe doe not willingly contribute and beare the charge thereof that then the charge thereof shalbe defrayed and disbursed out of the proffittes of the said Landes soe lymitted to be the maintaynance of the said Schoole and soe much to be deducted from the said Stipend limytted to the said Maister, Usher or poore Scholler for the tyme of the continuance of the said Sutes untill the sume soe disbursed may be levied or receaved out of the yearely proffitts thereof at the discretion of the Feoffees for the tyme being. Provided nevertheles and it is further concluded and agreed upon betweene the said partyes to these p'ntes and the said Edward Wilson doth further declare his purpose and intention to be that the said Thomas Wilson his heires and assignes shall and may have the possession, occupac'on and proffitts of the said Close called Dawsons Close wth app'tenances so long and dureing such tyme as they shall pay the yearely rente or sume of three poundes of lawful English money to such uses, intentes and purposes and in such manner and forme as herein before are mencioned lymmitted and intended; Or doe purchase Landes of the yearely valew of three poundes over and above all charges to be conveyed to the like uses, Intentes and purposes as the said Close called Dawsons Close is hereby graunted and conveyed; And after such purchase hadd and made then the said Close wth app'tenances to be to the use of the said Thomas Wilson and his heires for ever. In witness whereof etc., 1619.

Sig. of Edward Wilson. Seal broken off.

Sealed and delivered in the presence of Richard Geattskett, Rowland Dawson, Antho: Warde, Thomas Wilson, junior, John Holme. Primo die Aprilis Anno Dni, 1620. The day and year abovesaid quiet and peaceable possession and seisin was given and delivered by the wthin named Edward Wilson to the wthin named Thomas Kilner, Edward Fisher, Thomas Wilson and Robert Crosfield, etc., etc. Farrer, Heversham Grammar School Records.

1630 Inquest taken at Kerkbie Kendall 29th October, 6 Charles I (1630), before John Cowper, esquire, escheator, by the oath etc., who say that:

Richard Gibson, yeoman, late of Rowell was seised in his demesne of one close of land, commonly called "Newlandes" on the south side of Millnthorpe greene in Aughtenthwaite alias Aftenthwaite; and of one close of land called "Crostonlaugh" in Aughtenthwaite; and of one close of land called "Eskrigge" in Aughtenthwaite; and of one close of land called "Branside" in Aughtenthwaite; and of one close of land on the west side of the close called Branside; and of one close called "Farrclose"; and of one parcel of land in a place called "Toddhols" in Aughtenthwaite; and of a parcel of land in Sylecrofte in Aughtenthwaite; and of a parcel of meadow in Foggyholme in Aughtenthwaite which same closes or parcels of land contain 12 acres of land, arable, meadow and pasture, and lately were parcel of the messuage and tenement of one William Hutton.

So seised Richard Gibson by his charter dated 6 January, 19 James I (1621–2) granted all the said lands and tenements to his son Rowland Gibson and his heirs for ever. The closes and parcels of land aforesaid and the whole messuage and tenement aforesaid are held of James Bellingham, knight, as of his manor of Heversham in free socage by a rearly rent, with the aforesaid messuage and tenement and four acres of land late in the tenure of the said William Hutton and now in the tenure of John Brigges, of 2s. for all services, and are worth yearly clear 10s.

Richard Gibson died 1st August, 1628, and Rowland Gibson is his son and next heir and he is aged 41 years and more now. Court of Wards, Inq. post. mort.: Vol. LXXX, no. 31.

1630 John Preston, esq., holds three messuages with the appurtenances in the manor of Eversham by fealty and suit of court, paying 2s. for free rent; John Briggs holds one messuage and 20 a. land as aforesaid, paying 2s.; Rowland Gibson holds 13a. in Aughthwaite, paying 2d. as aforesaid; MS. at Levens.

1655 Orders made respecting the mosses in Sinderbarrow and Brigstear at the court held at Over Levens on 25 May, 1655, for Sir John Preston, bart., and Allan Bellingham, esq., owners of the said mosses [details omitted here]. Orig. at Levens.

1662–4 Schedule of defaulters to Hearth Tax. Lay Subsidy Roll, 259, n. 13. (fn. 5)

A note of them is not abel to pey nor nothing at be had.

Willyam Casone nought at be had.

John Tunstel

Belseser [Belzeazar] Wright one downe.

John Smith nought at be had.

Richard Prestone "

James Parke has ey bute tow.

Widow Hinde elder nought at be had.

Thomas Smithes "

Robert Hudsone "

Miles Dickinsone "

Robart Cornthwhet "

John Cragge"

Peter Coupers none dwelt in 2 yeare.

Robert Becke nought at be had.

Miles Croft a instake but one.

Thomas Hudson one falane.

For one hearth each due at Michaelmas, 1662 and again at Lady Day, 1663. This I give in a Courte as is Sworne. Thomas Sanderson, constable, X his mark. Witness yt is his owne marke Thomas Cragge.

1669–71. Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73, m. 3.

Mr Wilson 7
Mr Bellingam 2
Tho: Kitchine 2
Widd: Dickinson 1
The same I wald up
Myles Croft 1
Robert Preston 1
Robt Becke 2
Tho: Cocke 1
William Atkinson 2
Arthur Hudson 1
Math: Adlington 2
Tho: Wright 2
Mrs Wilson 2
Mrs Duckett 3
Rich: Cragg 2
James Murthwte 3
Mr Bigg 2
Mr Wilson 5
John Wilson 1
James Harrison 1
Edward Barrow 2
Peter Cowper 1
James Jackson 1
Robt Woodhouse 1
Willm Parker 2
Symond Watson 1
Henry Preston 2
Rowland Parker 2
Leonard Croft 3
James Moone 1
Tho: Cragg 2
Mr Wilson 2
Robt Cornthwte 1
John Saull 1
The same I wald up
Robt Gibson 1
Tho: Barton 1
John Cornthwte 1
John Hadland 2
Rowland Bickas 1
George Atkinson 1
John Hudson 1
Robt Dickinson 1
Widd. Clarke 2
Thomas Bellingam 1
Belchar: Wright 1
Willm Docker 1
Tho: Powe 1
Widd: Parke 3
John Gregg 2
Willm Ridley 1
Discharged by Certificates.
James Hetherton 1
Jerimy Parcinell 1
John Parker 1
John Garnett 1
Rich: Burrow 1
John Greenopp 1
Jannatt Hind 1
Tho: Walker 1
George Benson 1
Antho: Lowrymer 1
Rich: Luckas 1
Widd: Saull 1
John Cragg 1
Tho: Fainton 1
Margrett Bellingam 1
Thomas Sandrson 2
Rodger Greedin 1
Rich: Warker 1
Robt Houseman 1
Widd: Preastman 1
Peter Hutchinson 1
Thomas Preston 1
Benson 1
Thomas (?) Bland 1
Robt Dowker 1
Robt Hudson 1
John Turner 1
Myles Dickinson 2
Richard Bolton 1
Widd: Higgin 1
Widd: Gueldart 1
James Moone 1
Widd: Lister 1
Myles Hinde 2
Richard Setle 1
George Barker 1

c 1700 Memoranda touching the claim of Edward Wilson of Dalam Tower, esq., to a third part of the manor of Heversham and to fishery rights and rents of new improvements there. Reciting that Sir James Bellingham, knt., kept his Court Leet at Milthropp at Michaelmas, 1598, and the jury then sworn found, as of antiquity had been presented, that the said Sir James is chief lord of the water of Beethay from Staveley Stone to the Gray Stone above Beetham bridge under St. John's Chapple, which verdict was at every court for 60 years after found and presented; and Staveley Stone and the Gray Stone are two Boundary marks of the said manor; and on the 11 June, 1607, the said Sir James Bellingham attended by several inhabitants did ride the boundaries of the said manor; within this manor there is a Fair kept every first day or May yearly, the tolls whereof were always paid to him, his heirs and assigns, and the Fair always ridden by them; there was likewise a weekly market kept, but now not frequented, likewise every boat that comes up the river pays fourpence for unloading.

This Sir James Bellingham had issue Henry and Allan, and after his death this manor inter alia descended to Henry, who had issue James, who died without issue, whereby this manor descended to Allan, son of Sir James, who had issue James, who had issue Allan, who sold the same inter alia to the Hon. James Grahme, esq., who in 1689 entered and kept his Courts and received the Tolls etc.; and on the 5th August, 1698, he kept a Court Baron and, being attended by all his tenants and the jury, then sworn, and several neighbours, did ride the boundaries of the said Manor; and the jury, being most of them very ancient men, declared that they had heard their fathers say the aforesaid Sir James Bellingham did ride his boundaries to the several marks and limits mentioned in the Boundary then produced to them.

One Edward Wilson of Dallam Tower, esq., being seised of the demesne at Hearsham, and of some few customary tenants, pretends to keep a Court Leet and taking all opportunities to incroach upon the liberties of this manor. And that in time to come it might appear that he is lord of the water of Bethay aforesaid he compelled two men that had been fishing in the said river to enter into bonds to him in some penal sum, with condition to forfeit their said bonds, if at any time they ever after should fish there without his leave; and likewise he caused his jury at his Courts whenever any of Mr. Bellingham's tenants had leave to inclose any small part of the waste grounds to set a rent upon such inclosure to be paid to him; viz.: a third part, i.e. if two pence to Mr. Bellingham, then a penny to himself; and now pretends to be joint lord of the said manor, though [neither] he nor any of his ancestors ever pretended to ride any Boundary; now that the mills upon the water called Beethay and the mill dams that quite cross the water, belong to Mr. Grahme and were part of the purchase from Bradley; MS. at Levens.

1702–14 Manerium de Milthrop in Comitatu Westmrland. A Proclamac'on for Milthropp Faire primo May Anuatim:

The Honble James Grahme Esquire, Lord of this Manour doth in her Majties name strictly charge and Comand all manner of persons of what degree soever which are here present or shall be here assembled dureing the time of this present Faire or Markett that they and every of them doe keep her Majties peace. And that none of them doe make Affrays, Tussles or Hubleshews, Pick any Quarrells or use any disturbance of the Peace upon paine and Forfyture of Forty shillings for every party soe offending within this Towne or the Liberties and precincts thereof and for every partaker Twenty shillings and their bodies to prision there to remaine dureing the sd James Grahme's pleasure. And also it is hereby Comanded that noe manner of person or persons doe bear or carry at any time within this Fair or Markett here kept this day Any unlawfull Weapons as Halberts, Pitchforks, Bills or any other Invasive or defensive weapons, Saveing such persons or Officers as by the said James Grahme are assigned, appointed and authorised for the preservacon of her Majties peace and for good Order to be kept dureing this said Faire time upon paine of forfeiture of such weapons and their bodies to Prison as aforesaid. And further it is Comanded by the said James Grahme that noe manner of person or persons whatsoever shall dureing this Fair time sell or exchange or offer to be sold or exchanged any Goods or Chattells, Wares or Marchendises but such as are good lawfull and Marchandizable without fraud or Collusion and that in open Fair or Markett and not in any private house Backside or secrett place upon paine to forfeit such Goods or Wares Chattells or Marchendizes so sold or exchanged or offer to be sold or exchanged. And also that noe manner of person or persons within this Fair or Markett doe buy or Sell any goods Wares or Marchendizes by any false Yards, Ellwands weights or Measures but such as are lawfull usuall and allowable by the Ordinances Lawes and Statutes of this Realme. And that noe manner of person or persons doe conceale convey or defraud the Officer or Officers authorised and appointed to Call for and collect any of the Customes and Tolls usually due within this Fair or Markett upon paine for every peny soe wrongfully purloined or detained to forfeite Twenty shillings. And lastly if there be any person or persons that find themselves greived injured or wronged for any matter or offence to him or them done or comitted dureing this Fair time Let them repair to the Officers of the said James Grahme appointed for that purpose there to open and declare their wrongs And they shall have the same duely heard examined and determined According to Justice And the Ancient Custome here used. God save the Queen and the Honble James Grahme Esquire Lord of this Manour; MS. at Levens.

1772 The feoffees of Heversham Grammar School purchased for a master's residence the Ship Inn and two acres of land called Fluster Gaps and two wands [or roods] of moss on Hastead Mosses. Farrer, Heversham Grammar School Records.


  • 1. In May, 1369, he is described as the king's lieutenant in Ireland; Cal. Close R. 1369, pp. 24 ff. In October, 1373, he is governor and guardian of Ireland; ib. 520.
  • 2. Manucaptio, The taking or receiving of a person into friendly custody, who otherwise might be committed to prison, upon security given that he shall be forthcoming at a time and place assigned. A man under mainprise is supposed to go at large, but a man under bail is under arrest and not at his own liberty even if he be allowed out of prison.
  • 3. Covin is a deceitful compact, between two or more, to deceive or prejudice others.
  • 4. "William Bradley" in one MS.
  • 5. See footnote on page 38.